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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE. . -! '- in? frs 'S ll I'll tf'l ft IV 51 Bl H m .I m m mm :' j B ffMf i ' '1 SolMcro" &ommumcaons. (Jorrcspanbcnts' Column. Etna, Cor.us Co., III., January I, 1881. Htdltor of The National Tribunn: I aid ftvrAvo that my subscription for jour much valnott paper is about up. I tluvrnforo forward you 1 to pay tor tho paper monthly f.tr tho year tvSl, ami tho premium pocket-knife, which I 800 you propose glvl 'g to eneh aubsorlhor. I c.innt think of doing without Thh N'ATiovALlntnu.iu.as Isco It uuhes tattngly lofonds the soldier In every respect where rlicht is demanded. 1 hone to sou the columns tor thu your 1SSI, as all have louo here tofore, defending tho worn-out, deblliutod man who I-ht ull ho bad to Bare his country. Respectfully, WlLMIAU CASH. LiviJinsTO.vviiXR, N. Y., January 18, 1881. -Erfffor of Tf.e National Tribune: I received Tour paper, anil I would llko to give yon tho fooling'' of the soldiers in this nluco. Thoy all think Bontley their worst enomv, and wondor why ho hs boon kopfc ao long at tho head or the Pension Ouloo. It looks as if ho woro Ju-rt kopt there to rob us poor soldiers. Nor why d mss Oongross allow this man to out dowa tho an jh of min y duo h muscly dm m poor sol. dlcrs t It looks; to mo n if tho soldlors aftor satf-jrlng and doing 11 they eouttl for tho country, woro now Iwfttopuckthe bank teat, If thoro Is any milk loft. I wnto my o vn sontlmo its and those of all other soldlors about hero. A St. P ml ay j itrebhron, these thing ought not to bo.M Yourrrlonl, AN" INVALID SOLDIER. ICiKKSVtLLB, Madisox Oo., Ky,, January 16, 1SSI. Editor of The National Trtbune : DkarSiu: I rooelvo my paper regularly every month. It is tho bust piper over gotten up for tho sold lore, giving thorn a clear insight Into m utors in which thuy ure mosr interested I xm doing .11 loan for It. I hopo to go, m my subscribers for It I want to k tow whether or not, if tho Kquilizitiou Bdl passes' soldiers who enlistotl on or about April 14, 1S35, w 11 bo on titled to the same b mntvns th no who ontorod tho service at an arller period. (Seo answer to this In corresp indents' column ) I hope Icao got subscribers onouh to rooelvea present. Please yrlnt this In your paper. Yuurs, respootru.lv, J.' BALLARD. Editor of The National Tribune: Medina, Orlkans Co., X. Y., January 13, 1S3L Dbak Sm: A an ox-soldler and a roador of Tick National 3?rikumk for tho list two yoirs, I omnot afford to be without it. It makes my bout glad to know that Uvth are thoao who iro In fcorested In the affairs or tho mn who fought, sutrarod, and died that tho natl.tn might live. I rooaivo I tho rod wrapper, and aslnce that a sample paper, which I sent to my broth jr In Wis consin. 1 hope that Its influence will be folt there In the heart of every ox-soldier or tho republic, and greatly inofoaso tho sub. srlptIon list or your monthly jvipor. I incleso stamps forT.iK TxiBONKpr another year, hoping and prayim? that your sub eriptltn list may be largely Inoroasod during tho year 131, and ' that It may make glad ovory month th s hoarts ot all tho bovs -whoTTore tho blue. Please give those few linos a place (u vour joapor. Yours, truly. A T. jt4vRi. Maqookuta, Jackson Oo., Iowa, January '20. Is&t. Milter of The National Tribune : Db.b V' 1 1.!. th.ftt th0 la,wgrantln? baolc nnslon distinctly ays that It shall bo the same in amount as tho origina po slon ifow has Mr. Bantloy the riglib to change the law and w tliii .Id wytnouoy? lam a cripptod ?oldlor and need ovory cent that belongs to too, as I have, i wire and Ave ohihlron to support. 1 1?J.,0-titS?,t(JiW?rci,a,n,d?2l.,y get 18 l'r month. My pension cer tiflca.e is dated prli -2-2, 1374, at tho rato of 418 nerinintli I was a member of Company U.Sjcomt InCintry, Kentucky Vols. Toh,lAo4?,ltloyrI?r,,(ll!d my hao,c Pennon as follows: From Juno '20, 1831, to June 21. 1S70, at $3 per month an I fruin J in 1870, to June 20, lh73, at S por montlL Ho ilrat s ihl that I h?l 114 months and 2 days, and bo p Ud $1J8.& The la w Jays plaint that mv back pension should bo tho same per rnwuh iroin tlio date of my disoharo as tho original pension, that Is t8 !)or month. I was mustered out or tho service Juno 10 1834- so v,?n " fl gt Mi'- Bent.oy lias wronged mo an ?ny hf. n'y ouo" $l,2o0. Please publish this in Tiik National minu"L "ll oblige Your, truly, MARTIN" RAFF. Aktiioxt, Hatiprr Uo Kansab, January, soih, issi. Mkittor of the National Tribune. It seems to bo a wondor to somo persona whv somn (iit(1M,i BOldlers pr the rebellion have not applied for a JensZ uS i 2 lato a, date there Is a groat many reasons wny they did not a few of which I will try to relate. J ' a IeW -Many 'enlisted for tho good of tho cause, and not ror tba money they wore to reoaivo dy husband was iiVsnlVn 5 ,? jnan till ho served throe voirs f i the war inrt iRm i? h,ftfy down He has boon sloklilmost over slnc'e "i have seen h S .orae la from it s work, after laboring halt tliod.iv In.i ii ii and groan hair the night. 0 has oTrte S to mh S' Jt ffi S 'sure in the army ruined his constitution. I lave o tin reSues ed him to apply for a pension, ho would sav he hatml to as ?on- as 0 could (ivo without it. Wo llvl in lioutuolcy vhor o il.fr malority were rebets much opposed to penslona and tliev talked as though a pensioner was a government robber anX impostor. .My bnsban.Io.uld not earnon.mb or S s ippSt BSffir HAS? lTiB teTisalyToSodHltoV?,"U! nntnP SSsionVtJS 2Sf.niS ?irt m iia ,f iwVfiUioZSdSil him thlt he should live, and that tho enemy's flro iin n.i . ,.! if i Youra truly, MARY A. BEARD. Attention, Soldiers I Thoro is a lanjo class of ex-volunteer omcers and sol diers principally of the cavalry arm of the service, who, after tho fall of Riohmonrl, were, with their conuntucK ordered to the Plains to fi-Ut Indians, or to Texas, on the nvor Rio Grande, to watch marauding Mexicans. These men wore mostly veteran volunteers, and h id enlisted for "daring the war," or for one, two, or three years, "uu less sooner discharged," by reason of tho close of the trno n 0af6S tlQ understanding, both on the part df wi-nna1mMUf and1lUe solclier' was that when the re ShlH . iUl? hiavB ie put dovvtl ihQy would bo dls Sri??H?i . i Wh0n th v"men6 vi latod its contract Z t2S ?i V mQ? aud od them to the PUIih or Ka7? numbers or them, having served the Qv S?S ufcfclilully according to the terms of their enlist- So5fnSSB' tUuS ,fopfi,ltIn a" Pay, bounty, and other mJZ MfV'Vrobably, pennon. All survivors of a' aml Jlw hoirs of such as have died, are ro- 2nmna L fc .thiS W0V tllh' M natn0J, wfth Tank, 5KS,P ?' I0eiraent and post-olHco address. By so doing fcuoy may reap an unexpected benefit. hS 0i .ollr ubsoribera who kno.v of any persons era K, fcho osses referred to will confer a favor on tho latter by sending us their names, &o., as above. J. Kaokr, Nkw Mti.Koun, Covni.M.v brother wtw a ponHloner nncl had two ycnrM aooruou votudon tluo him fit his donth. O. Onu I collcot Hold noorurd pension 1 A. If your brother lolt iiof thor widow llor minor child Hurvlvltu? him, only ho much of tho accrued poindon ius Is necessary to roiuihurHo tho person who bore tho cxuohhor of 11 lut sloknoas and of IiIh funeral can b'c allowed. If our brother loft assets sulUclont to dofray Hhid pxpooH, a olalm for roimbnrRonuuit would not bo allowed. In rojmi'd to a hond-Htono Jor your brother's fjrave, you hUouUI apply to tho Qnartonnnster-Goneral of the Army, WtiHlilngton, l. C, by letter. J 4. A. C4., Cn wroun, Onto. Tho rate of pension for n disability incapacitating for any manual labor was, up to Juno 0, 1800, $s a mouth: from that date to Juno d, 1872, It was $20 a month : and from tho laid date, and at present, $'Jl a mouth. Tho phraso "any manual labor," which occurs In tho law. Is construed to Includo tho lighter kinds of labor requiring education and skill. H. J. , KtmitKA, Kansas. 1. Wo do not comprehend your first query, but will answer at a venture that tho rocordu or tho War Ui-purtnient furnlnh, in a vast majority of cason. tho mili tary history of thoKoldlcr. 2. Tim Pension Olllco refers to tho War Department for (,ho military history of an applicant for a pension. 3. Tho certificate of your disability is most probably on file at the War Department, aud can and will bo referred to by tho Pension Ofilcc. but you cannot procure a copy of said certifi cate. 4. Tho certificate of dlsnbltit v docs not contain all tho facts required by tho Pension Ofileo. to bo proven by tho testi mony of a commissioned ollloer. For instance tho tlmo when, place whoro, hud tho circumstances under which the disability was Incurred, arc not set forth in such certificate; therefore, it will not serve in lieu of atlldavit of olilcor. 5. There Is no anal ogy bet ween the cases of a prlsonor before a court of justloo and an applicant for pension before an Examining Surgeon. Iu tho tlrst case the verdict of the jury Is not revlowed; In the last case tho report or verdict of tho'Exumiuing Surgeon Is reviewed, and too often revised by the Venslon Oillco to tlie detriment of the applicant, so that tho Pension Office is really tho jury, ami can and does arbitrarily set asldo tlio testimony of an unlmpeached witness the Examining Surgeon. 6. The report of tho Examin ing surgeon outweighs the tesllmonv of the family physician or any uumber of phvsiclans as to the degree of disability, and the Commissioner of Pensions, in many instances, ignores the evi dence of both family physicians and examining surgeon, and fixes tho rate of pension apparently according to caprice or guess-work. 7. All affidavits filed in pension claims become a part of the Government records, and cannot be withdrawn from the tiles. When a claim is rejected upon tho report of tho exam ining surgeon, tho hitter's report can only bo robuttcd by tho Introduction of now ovidence, or by a favorable report by an otlior surgeon or board of surgeons. D. S. IJ., RoAiinro Srmxn, Pa. Tho party to whom you refer as having paid $300 commutation money to escape the draft has no chance of recovery, for the reason that, if physically disabled for military duty when drafted, tho opportunity was att'orded him to show his right to exomptiou; and, falling to do so, ho would have no valid claim, oven if not barred by statnto of lim itation. A.G. C, Donas' Fbuuy, N. Y.-l. Wo do not sccuroposltlous under tho Government for ex-soldiors and sailors, although wo should like to seo all such provided for. 2. Extra duty pay for services such as you performed was cut oil from March 3. 1863, by act of Cnogress of that date. If you werodotalled before that date, and your services properly reported by tho Quartermaster or Com missary of Subsistonoo, you may recover pay. J. J. B Sihim'KNSVillk. Pa. If you wero discharged on no count of a physical disability, not a wound or an injury in the nature of a wound as contradistinguished from a disease, you were not entitled to the balance of bounty, but to only such In stallments as hnd. accrued at tho date of your dlsolmrgo. You may be entitled to a pension and to ratlon-mouey. (Seo adver tisement in this paper.) Wm. M. B., Mautix, Kansas. Congress will most probahly mako an appropriation before it adjourns to pay commutation money in lieu ot artificial limbs. Tho appropriation heretofore made has been exhausted. You will receive your allowance as soon as the appropriation shall have been made. W. II. S Mbucku County, Pa. -Tho Pension Olllco is uoav call ing for evidence in claims numbered from 320,000 to 330,000, and you may expect to receive tho requirements in your case very soon. If thosoldlor's donth wim duo to his military sorvloo, his wldv should also tllo an application for a rogular pension to oontiHwo during her widowhood, a. Tho lost obtainable ostium' of Uwi number of deaths In rebel prison Is 31,603. 3. Tho prison at Andee Rouville, On., was probably tho worstof all tho prison pons, al though all woro bad onough, afaot which any survivor onu attcat. E. V. 11., Coi.ciiKSTKUt Conn. l. Tnvalld pension claims of tit Army for tho late war havoono series of numbors and tho claim or heirs, another, a. It Is tmposslblo to Inform you of the high est numbered pension olalm which has been disponed of by al lowance or rejection. Your own claim ought to no disposed ot at an early dato provided you furnish tho required ovldouco promptly, 41 Co. P, lam Mictt. Tnp.," Eaton IUimdh, Mtctr. An ox-soldlor writes from tho above place In rogard to whothor ho has fur nished evidence which will warrant favorable notion on his olaita. for pension. If ho will furnish us his full name wo will seo that ho is fully advised In rogard to his case. Wo have not tho spao in which to insert his Inquiry and a full answer, both of which, would be very lengthy, in writing to us ho should refer to Mill column giving month of lasuo. StrnscitinKU," Hacink, Wis. In our opinion Comrrass wilt ncvtr enuet a law garntlng laud-warrants for soldiers an sailors of tho lato war. Such can acquire a title to a homestead of mm acres only by actual settlement and cultivation. Tho po rind of service in tho Army or Navy will bo deducted from tho five years rosldenoo on tho land, so that an ox-soldlor or sailor who served three yoora will have to reside upon aud cultivate tho tract only two years, Avhon a patent for tho same will Issuo to hint. It Is proper to odd that a patent oaunot Issue In any caso unless tho person reside at looat ono year on tho land. Somo few queries have boon unavoidably orowdod out of tbU coluuln, but will receive attontlon in our next issue. Information Wanted. L. B Sr. JoiiN'SVirxB, N. Y. It impossible to Inform yon of Pennsylvania Vols. Mrs. O&tva V. Tiolotsox, or Whin Agenoy, Bluo Earth Co. Minn., itoslros ad tress of any of tun otllijrs or privates of Coa pimy O, ninth Uiglunnt Veteran Rjsorvod Corp-?. Wanted by 11 L WvTt,VND, of Sur.dc v, O-ooiwtmI Oiunty, Kansas, tho address of Dr. Daujhtow and Dr. Girlon.Usi, otf Darllmr TliomAs.Oonipaay G, private, olghtoonth Roglmont, la. dlana Vols. Fued. A. Mounts, Morgan, Pondloton County. Ky., dofire3 the prose it address of somo of the rctdtiiantal ofhoors of twontr sevontli Roglmont, Ohio, Colored Vol. infantry, or any comtais aionod oflloor or private ofOouipany F" of same Rogl nout. And'ikw J. IvNArr, of Calllcoon Depot, Sullivan Oo , N". Y., do sires present addro-s or Captain Ueako, formerly of Ooiapaay 15, Seventeenth Noiv York Infantry. Danike. W Joxks, of Oikoloosa, iSIahmka 0., Iowa, wants thoa-ldress of any private of Company B. Sixth United Statof (Javalry. who was with the command at Fuukstown and Fair Hold, aid., in July, 1833. AT.r.ux P, Hon us, of Ontario, Vornon Of., Wl., cleslrcs.tlit pro-ieiit address of former comrades in Battery I, Second Illi nois Lltfht Artillery, rlz., Thos. Pdnnywo.l, Jacob Htao, XeuJ Black, StlllmauStal , and Geo. T. Ward. John Lano, of Clean, X. V., desires present address of Lisa tenant Hess, or any ono formorly of Company F, Nineteenth Reg imotit V. R C. Wantkd to icxow tho company and rostlmont In which An drew J. Culver served. Ilewa-in an Indiana or Illinois regU ment. Address Tub In"ational Triuunk Offloe. Gko. V.PfiKt,rs, of Grafton, Pemblni Co., D vlcota Torrltory, desires thonaniianl aldrossof tho surgooa of tho Palrd WU consiu reglmeut in ISSt uad 13J5. amos W. Stanton, of Crown Point, X. Y., desires tho, P. O. nddrossof Win. Dor.y an I Jacob J. Conway, lato of Company it. Fifth Now York Cavalry. ItOBEUT U, 'MoBbb. of Torre Ilauto, Docatur Co, Iowa, desire present P O. address of G'ner.il Connor, who wis promoted from Third Ualitornia Iufmtry; Captain Ituttrodgo and Lieu tenant Austin, of Company I, t-aid regiment; Surgaou Furloign, or Farley, who wjw acting hospiuil stowarjl at Fort Brldger, Utah, In winter of 1SG3-1, or any of the calls ted men of Compauy I, Third California Infantry Vols. D. O. Smith, Wicomlsoo, Pa., desires present address of Cor poral Jame-j C. Itiohey, lato member of Light Battery II, Third. I'onnsyivania Artiuary, uus nunurou ana uay-socona uoguneait Pithy Letter about our Premium Kriifo. EDvrATtD3POin Ind., January 19, 1831. -vKnlfo reoolvod O. K and it is an O. K. knife, top. " GEO. W. WINKLER, the uumhor of last pension claim disposed of by tho Pension Office, and if it were possible io do so at would not serve to show when the settlement of a particular claim might ho expected. For instance, claim No. 5,000 may not bo settled until to-dnv; while claim No. 250,o(K may have been settled months before. In tho month of October, 1830, upwards of 4,000 claims wero dis posed of. Tho number disposed of in November and December Is not known, but when ascertained will bo published. J. B..KutKSvrr;u:, Ky. Tho Equalization Bounty Bill proposes to grnnt a bounty of eight and one-third dolhlrs a month for each month of actual service, deduoting all United States bounty already received. Multiply $8 by the number of months you served, and from the product subtract the amount of bounty you have received the remainder, if any, will show you the amount to which you will be entitled if the said bill becomes a law. F. W. B., Ashland, Oregon'. l. We cannot Inform you of tho number of claims daily acted upon 03- tho Pension Office. Up wards of 4,000 were settled in tho month of Octobor, 1SS0. 2. Seo reply to." L. B.," In this column. 3. It is impossible to answor your third aud fourth queries, as tho offices referred to cannot impart tho information. Jas. D., Brookkikld, O. A homestead may be located by an ex-soldier or sailor through an agent, but at the expiration of six months the principal himself must locate and commence cul tivation ; otherwise all claim to the tract will be forfeited. ,T.M.S.,Lawkbncb,Kas. For answers to your first and second Inquiries seo replies to "L. B.," "F. W.B."and other correspond ents in this column. 3. According to tho rules of tho Pension Olllco no claims are made " special," lint under Special Order No. 1, of the Commissioner of Pensions of September, 18S0, claims In which tho evidence is complete, will be taken up at ouoo for set tlement regardless of dato of filing them. O. C. 13., GiiAvrsnuRG, Wis. We know of no bill having heen Introduced during the present Cpugrcss granting especial bene fits to surviving prisoners of war. Tills class are entitled to com mutation of rations for the period thoy were deprived of sub sistence 1)3 the united states Government 03' having boon in the hands of tho enemy, provided thoy have not alroad' received said allowance, aud certain heirs of those who died in rebel prisons are entitled to saiue allowance. C. M., Camijkx.N. J. Q. When was tho battlo of Fort Donolson fought? A. There wero two battles at Fort Donolson; tho first aud main battle lasted three days February 13, 11, 15, 1862 and the second took place Augustus, 1802. Joseph Scott, Wauurn'suuro, Mo. Tho posl-oflleo address of Surgeon Brady Is Coshocton, Ohio, aud that of Assistant-Surgeon Wheeler, Joncsboro', Tonu. "Soldikr," Viroinia, Itx. " J. C." The pn3' of a private sol dier wns iuorcased from $13 to $10 a month commencing from Ma3' l, 1801. F. C." Under a recent decision of tho Commisary Geueral of tho Army, it is possible to collect commutation of rations for the period on furlough, oven in tho absence of tho furlough; but as the allowance for ratlon-monoy Is only twenty live cents a day, tho amount duo on a tweutjF-dny furlough would hardly Justify an application. "O. J." Soldiers on furlough, other tlian veteran furlough, woro required to pay their own transportation to their homes aud back to their proper station. "J. B. U." Tho highest pension provided for tho loss of a leg uciow too kuoo or an arm uoiow tno oioow, is sis a montn, J. A.. Mapi.b Ranok. Mioh. Tho attorney 3-011 refer to. at In dianapolis, is recognized by tho various Governmental Depart ments. Jo us F., IIymbut.a, Is. Having tiled your claim for pension two years since, aud having completed j-our evidence last Au gust, you should receive a pension, If entitled thereto, at nu early dato. Your application for the ballauco of veteran bounty is uu entirely distinct atl'alr from your pension claim, and will lie adjusted iu another Department of the Government. If you wero discharged bv reason of a (Unease, and not on account of a wound or injury, before tho muster oat of .vour command, you became entitled only to tho installments of bounty which had accrued at the dato of your dlsolmrgo. W. B. S., Astori v, U.L. As near as can o ascertained tho Pen sion Olllco Is calling r evidence in original Invalid olalnis num bered from 020,000 to sao.ooa. " Vi'TKit an," Guv's Mima, Pa. l. When a soldier dies during thu pondonoA' of his claim, his widow should illo a power of attorney to complete his application aud draw the same ponslou that ho would havo reoolvod had ho lived and completed his own claim. Dbxtkr Drommoxo. of New Hamburg, Pa., desires tho P. O. address of Colonel Brown, who commanded tho post at Grand Island. Rkobbx "Mktkus, of Borwl-k, Pa., formerly of Company A , Fourth Pennsylvania Cavalry, desires tho a (dress of any com rade who knew him while a member of suid regiment. Horaob R. Fmxt, of Falrbury, JotTjr-on Co., Neb., destro present address or Lironzo II. Garth walto, formerly of Company K, riilrtoonth Wisconsin Vols, J. II. BoTCKit, of Sueldm, Iowa, desires present address of Lieutenants Cyrus -1. Smith an I Ban F. S inborn, formerly af Company F, Fifteenth Michigan Regiment. J. D. Walter, of Darwin, Page Co., Iowa, desires P. O. address of Captain John J. Bell ( who before the war (vod at Mo.troa, Mich..), late of Company I, fifteenth Michigan Infantry. Ti.iru W Wit.onn ff (?mtiTia.it v W WIFhxr. H fat. rn.llnna TTnla lately residing at Brucovilte, In t., will please send his presjnl P. O. address 10 National Tutnojns, Washington, U. C. J. W. Spencer, of Lawrence, Kan., doslros present address of First Lieutenant Charles G. Summers, of the 187th Company, Vetoriin Reserve Corps, stationed at K. St. Corral at tho close of tho war. J H. Palmkr, of Yolverton, Hardin Co., Ohio, doslroa the ad dress of the surgeon who had oh irgeof tho Sixth Vard, at Clerj'S vlllo, Md., April, la83, or Major Colo, who had ohargo of said hospital. David Luvtss, JTo. 459 Princeton Avonus, Trenton, N. J., of Regiment (colored, from Massachusetts ), wishes the add re j of ajor Hogol and Dr. Fay, formerly of Michigan, both of whoa wero prisoners at Andoraouvillo in 1851. Dasiuc Fu.jrtt, ot Scotland, Edgar Co., 111., doslros to loarn present address of Captain Thos. fc). Shookey aud Private Wm, Bab man of Uis company Company K, Sovonth Kentucky Vol Cavalry. S. B. Mortos, of OasMlo, Wyoming Co., N. Y.. desires prosant address ot J. II and 6. C. Ol nor. of Company H, One hundred and olevontu itogimont, xiunois vols. Hon. Jolm A. Logan's Groat Dafensa of the Biglits and Intorests of our Soldiers. ' - We go to press very late this month. Our reason for so doing is, that wo hoped in this number to report tho final disposition of tho Sixty-Surgeoa bill and its amendments. Wo believe to-day that that bill has no earthly chance for passing either the Senate or House, but it is not yot fully disposed of. If it is finally olfectually killed, a great share of tho credit of tho work must bo given to Major General John A. Logau, Senator from Illinois, who with eloquent and powerful arguments exposed ita folly, inefficiency, cruelty, injustice, and wrong . Other Senators manfully aid patriotically cooper -atod with him especially should we mention Sen ator Plumb, of Kansas but his blows woro by far tho most tolling. Soldiers, let your gratitudo and thanks be bostowetV upon this noblo comrade and statesman. Ho has provod himself to bo your true and determined friend. u "