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STEW SEBIES. W FRONT OF YORKTOWN. ITS EVACUATION BY THE CONFEDERATES. How the Pickett; Took the Town Blown Up by Torncdot-". A Johnny Ileb-A Happy Contraband 200-Found Shells and a Demolished Cook-honsc. For The National Tribuxk. During the latter part of April tlie enemy made many attempts to drive in the Union pickets and take the rifle-pits constructed espe cially upon the right of the line in front of York town. They were repulsed, however, upon each occasion. The parallels were well up to the rebel works by the 1st of May, nearly all the besieging guns in position, and it was generally expected that by the 5th or Gth at farthest they would be opened in force. On the night of the 3d the men in the trenches, as well as the pickets beyond, were made aware of the fact that something unusual was transpir ing -within the Confederate stronghold. There was an unusual activity manifested, and in several localities large fires lit up the horizon, and in some instances revealed the grim outlines of i the fortifications. Besides, the enemy's guns, usually silent during the night, kept up a continuous cannonade, and the heavens were illuminated with the light of bursting shell until nearly daylight. The mortar ; practice was exceedingly fine to witness, but j owing to its accuracy rather disagreeable to the j troops in camp east of Worniley s Creek, where the main body of the besieging force was located. Occasionally a 100-pounder or 200-pounder from Battery Number One on the Union side -would renlv. but as a general thing the Federal artillery remained quiet. I At daylight on the 4th the Union pickets were j suprised at the unusual stillness in their front, j Ordinarily the dawn had brought with it the j dropping fire of the rebel sharpshooters and Magruder's morning gun, but no such demonstra tion welcomed them. Presently one man, bolder or more rash than his comrades, stepped up out of the shallow trench in which he had found ; protection; others, seeing him unharmed, did j the same, and within five minutes the whole j picket line covering half a mile in extent of the j Union front, broke from cover and made for York- ( town on the double-quick. Almost every regi- j ment in the Third. Corps was represented. The j pickets, transformed into skirmish line, swept on j across the level space, and had traversed nearly ! if not quite half the distance to the fort when a ; loud explosion in their midst sent a thrill through every vein. One member of Company G of the j Twenty-second Massachusetts, slightly iii ad- J vance of the others, had trodden upon and ex- ploded a torpedo, and the result was six men were blown up and seriously wounded. ! After that the troops made haste slowly. The : mound was dotted here and there with little J -4?skl.-r fi.il 4li.pn -trk.-i utttAAitli' OVAIllnil Oiul frkV , ' A. . J , ., . "C" shell so arranged as to be exploded by the ' .T,.l;i 1... .11.,.. slightest pressure. In less than ten minutes the fort was reached, ' and the men, tumbling into the ditch, soon ' scrambled up the opposite slope and stood upon the parapet. In the twinkling of an eye the j stars and stripes were unfurled, and Yorktown was occupied. i In company with those who first entered the town was a detachment of the Thirteenth New ' York Volunteers. ; A few moments after the explosion of the tor- j pedo referred to one of the men discovered a "Johnny Reb" partially concealed behind a little i clump of bushes. Bringing his gun down he was j about to fire when the Confederate cried out, "For God's sake don't shoot !" and walked up to the Boys in Blue, lie turned out to be a Northern man named G rover, known to many- j 1)reseutcd with the original gate-post to the of the "Thirteenth,' and who had been doing Andersonville stockade recently, has had a sec business in the South at the outbreak of the war. j tion of jt sawed up and sent to several Grand Thinking the threatened hostilities would soon I ,rmy Posts, suitable pieces for gavel-heads. lass away, he had remained too long, and, event- gfcuicn (A7. Y.) Courier. ually compelled to enter the rebel army, had j taken advantage of his first opportunity to desert. In Yorktown he held the post of ordnance ser geant, and his services after capture proved valuable in pointing out the locations of the torpedo shells. About nine o'clock a detachment of cavalry attempted to enter the town through the main J gateway on the southwest, -and the leading horse 1 auu naer were killed oy ti torpeuo imneu in tne road A number of "Oilier explosions occurred through carelessness but no one else was injured. Inside the fort everything was in disorder; tents were dowii, guns dismounted, stores were strewn over the ground, and, in addition to these signs of destruction, the buildings, parapets, and bomh-proofe gave evidence of the effectiveness of the fire from the heavy battery of 100 and 200-poundcrs located about 2,500 yards east on the snugin of the river. The only occupant to Ik- seen was an old darkey, who' claimed to have been Magru der's cook. " IV 'Gotl, Massa, I'se glad yo' come," said he to one of the men. "I'se pow'ful glad, I is." And then, pointing to the wreck of a small shanty close by, 'he continued: "Dar's wha' dis darkey mos' kill. See dar? One ob dem big chu-chu-whack! fel lers mos' big's a bar'l kim out'r ovah dah when Hlis' chile dar gettin ob Massa Magruder's break- 'TO CARE FOR HIM WASHINGTON", fas'. Den dis darkey no whar! De stove, and de pans, and de pots, and de cabin all went out'r de winder, and den bang! Golly, Use frighten' den, shuah." From all that could be gathered it appeared that one of the 200-pound shell had struck the cook-house, and that its occupant escaped with his life was a miracle, for the heavy mass of metal exploded almost instantly. An examination of the works demonstrated their great strength. The bastioned fronts look ing towards the Union approaches were from fif teen to eighteen feet thick, with a ditch of from eight to ten feet in depth, and the water batteries had parapets averaging eighteen feet in thickness. All were well made in every respect. Emplacements existed for something like forty guns, mostly of large calibre, some of which (one 8-inch columbiad, one 42-pounder, and one S-inch siege howitzer) were left behind, dismounted. Bomb-proofs, magazines, and covered-ways be tween the guns, taken in connection with the other details, left no room for doubt that the works, well garrisoned, could have withstood the assaults of almost any number of men from the eastward. They must have eventually succumbed to a seige, but the danger to the enemy of being cut off by a movement up the river to their rear, pre cipitated a withdrawal, which was effected as already indicated. THE FRENCH AT YORKTOWN. The French Military Commission which, in ac cordance with the request of the Government of the United States, will participate in the centen nial celebration of the surrender of Yorktown by the British, consists of General Boulanger as head of the commission ; Colonel Bossau, of the dra goons: Lieutenant-Colonel Blondel, of the arti lery; Major Depusy, of the engineers, and Cap tain Masson. The commission will sail for this country September 24. Two or three French men of war, with troops, will sail a little later. BUTTER AND CHEESE FOR SCOTLAND, During the month of July the Scotch importa tions of butter and cheese from America were very heavy. For Glasgow alone the "boxes of cheese during the month numbered 133,852, and the tubs of butter 39,650, of which latter 2,500 were oleomargarine. This was an increase of 47,000 boxes of cheese and 19,900 tubs of butter, the largest increase known in any month of the year. For the seven months since January last there had been an aggregate importation of but ter of 98,220 tubs, which was an increase of 13, 518 over the same period last year. Of cheese, the aggregate was 257,724 boxes, and the increase 31,492. More than one half of these 257,724 boxes of cheese came in the month of July, and for the 1oc?4- iiTnr.l-c -"lio4- lYtnnf'K AC C(f l-i---nc? -wck-vn otimt - ' ' , 1 - . , J -" ;;"J . . . , , ---- cneese as soon as it arrives, is picKeu up in eoi- land, and the quality is described as "very fi fine." .Vm 'nf1- TinifiS --HIV J. VI I -tuitvv. MASSACHUSETTS AT YORKTOWN, The citizens of Boston are determined that Massachusetts shall be properly represented at the Yorktown centennial celebration, and are engaged in raising money by subscription to send a full regiment of the State militia the Ninth, an Irish regiment, which is regarded as the best disciplined in the State. If this is the "Old Ninth" of the First Division, Fifth Corps, or composed of men who belonged to that organi zation during the late war, we take occasion to say that no better regiment ever marched under the haii and sunburst, or, for that matter, under any other flag. RELICS OF THE WAR. Colonel A. B. Lawrence, of "Warsaw, who was THE GOVERNOR'S ISLAND MUSEUM. Captain J. M. J. Sanno, Seventh Infantry, made a San reporter happy by giving him half a column, of information about the curiosities in tUtt mu seum of the military institution on Governor's Island, which cover a wide range, from a chest filled with paints, pigment brushes, sticks, and other articles used by Hogarth, to the stuffed skin nf Sheridan's war horse Winchester. There are chess-men and a chess-board made by a daughter of General Worth from a flagstaff which stood in the City of Mexico when it surrended to Scott ; the lock and key of the old Sugar-house prison in which the British jugged the patriots during the Revolution- apiece of Martin Luther's pul pit brought home by the traveler Loomis Lang don; an East Indian weapon obtained from Jung Bahadur, Prince of Nepaul, and no end of other articles, to make the heart of the antiquarian .clad. GENERAL SHERMAN. 'General Sherman is to visit the New England Fair, in Worcester, Massachusetts, on Wednesday, September 7. At a special meeting of the city council it was voted to extend the hospitalities of the city to him and the gentlemen who accom pany him. He will be given a military escort. . WHO HAS BORNE THE BATTUE, AND FOR HIS D. 0., SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 1881. HARRISON'S LANDING, 1862. THE REBELS SHELLING THE UNION ARMY. A Sight Attack How the Johnnies Gave the Boys In Blue ji Lively Time A Fatal Shell Driven Bock. Over the Ither and Back Again. From our Special Correspondent. Recently, on my way from Richmond to Nor folk, I passed Harrison's Landing on the James, and the event recalled a reminiscence of army experience, which may possibly interest some of the readers of The National Tribune: The night of July 31, 1802, found myself, then a member of the Army of the Potomac, lying in camp at the Landing on the James, and not fir from the old mansion which gives it its name. About midnight, or a little later, the Eighteenth Massachusetts, which had been on detached ser vice, returned to their quarters, and in a few mo ments their large Sibley tents wdre brilliantly illuminated. Suddenly it might have been half-past twelve or a quarter to one a. m., August 1 the sound of artillery to the southward brought everybody in the vast encampment out of doors. The sight which greeted them was grand, yet terrible. The night was exceedingly dark there had been rain, and the sky was yet cloudy and threatening and, looking in the direction of the river, they beheld what seemed a myriad of shooting stars, a mete oric shower, rushing directly down upon them. The rebels had run up a number of guns on the high ground Coggin's Point and at the Coles House across the James from Harrison's Landing, and opposite Westover and were shelling the Union Army. The affair was so sudden and unexpected that for a few moments it seemed as if Bedlam had broken loose. The roar of the guns and sharp reports of the bursting shells were taken up by the echoes, and the reverberations rolled along the heavy wall of timber extending across the narrow neck at the north, until it sounded as if the camp was being attacked from all sides. The bugles and long v.dl called the men to arms: orderlies and aide Uc-eamp went dashing through the darkness; thiVr SIGNAL LANTERNS FLASHED from station to station, and meanwhile the heav ens were raining veritable fire and iron. It would have been bad enough in the day time, but at night, to be awakened from sleep in such a man ner was far from pleasant, to say the least. The enemy's fire, guided by the lighted tents, was at first remarkably well directed ; and even after the lights had been extinguished, the range having been taken, there was no lack of precision. One of the first shells struck in the regimental quar ters of the Thirteenth New York, ricochetted. passed through a Sibley tent occupied by some of the officers, demolished a bunk from which one of them had just arisen, bounded over the next one, upon which the occupant was yet lying, and on through the third, which had just been vacated, riddling it completely; and then, with a hop, skip, and a jump, yelling, whistling, and scream ing like a pack of hungry panthers, landed among the guns of a battery a hundred yards distant, where it exploded. A horse, and one or two artillerymen wounded by the explosion, covered all the casualties in flicted in its wild career. Two men of the Thirteenth were standing side by side, looking at the pyrotechnic display. One spoke : " I say, Jack, that shell" (pointing to one just on its way) " is gunning for one of us."' As he said this he squat down, his comrade re maining upright. True to its mission, the deadly missile hissed by so close that it brushed Jack's garments, and striking his prophetic comrade just above the left hip, cut him across the abdomen so that, as he fell forward upon his face, his bowels rolled out upon the rain-soaked ground. His entrails were re placed, he was taken up, carried to the hospital, and lived a week in that condition. it was nearly half an hour from the time when the first hostile shot came over the river before the UNION kUNs 15 EG AN TO REPLY. and then a battwy of eight thirty-two pound rifles close down by the Landing gave mouth, and their booming was mingled with the roar of the heavy one hundred-pounders from one or two gun-boats which had hastened down from up the river at the first alarm. By one o'clock the attack was ever, and every thing had groAvn quiet. The casualties numbered some ten men killed, and twice that number wounded ; and it Avas Avonderful that so few had been injured, especially Avhen the excellent posi tion of the enemy's guns, the number of pieces, and the contracted space within which the 80,000 or more men against Avhich they avciv trained Averc huddled, are taken into considera tion. The shipping, of which there Avas a vast amount, escaped serious harm, although several vessels Avere struck during the bombardment. In the "morning troops Avere sent over the James to occupy Coggin's Point and the Coles House, Avhieh they did Avithout opposition, the foe Iuia' ing AvifhdraAvn in the darkness. And the next day General Averill, with 300 cavalry, portions of the Fifth Regulars and Third Pennsylvania, made a reconnoissance beyond Sycamore Church WIDOW AND ORPHANS." on the main road to Suffolk, and about five miles from the Coles House. He struck a force of some, five hundred of the enemy's cavalry near the church, drove them back, destroyed their camp, together Avith commissary and quartermaster's stores, himself sustaining no loss. Thus ended a brief episode Avhich is doubtless remembered by every survivor of the Army of the Potomac avIio lay at Harrison's in 1862. RUINED HARVESTS. The NeAV York Herald's London correspondent under date of August 29th, says : The Mark Lane Express, in its revieAV of the British grain trade for the past Aveek, says : " The past Aveek brought general disaster and ruined the harvest. The series of intermittent storms culmi nated on Thursday in a general thunderstorm Avith a deluging rainfall. To adequately estimate the damage Ave must remember the doAvnpour of rain Avas on sheaves whick had been repeatedly wetted and dried, or on standing grain Avhich is literally eaten up by mildew. In the flooded dis tricts the disaster is complete. Unthatehed ricks have everywhere suffered from Thursday's deluge. The position of the hardest has materially affected trade, and raites improved a shilling on Wednes day and a further shilling on Friday. The ad vance, Avhich Avould have amounted to several shillings had Thursday's Aveathcr continued, was checked by Friday's sunshine. The adA'ance in the Provinces Avas a shilling beyond that in Lon don. Of the few samples of the new crop offered nearly all had sprouted. The earliest parcels are the best. Foreign Avheats are 2s. and flour Is. to Is. 6d. better. The English markets are Arery bare of foreign flour. The supply of native grain in the Provincial markets is almost nil. The port mar kets are, therefore, greatly strained. The stocks on either side of the Atlantic being in strong hands, the supply here cannot exceed the demand until growers in America forward the hcav crop in sufficient bulk to ovcrpoAver the .Atlantic specula tors. Fifteen cargoes arrived off the coast, of which three Avere sold. Values are unchanged. The forward business was considerable. The floating bulk was increased by 309,000 quarters. For barley, values Avere checked, being ruled by maize, Avhich Avas cheaper. Oats were at a stand still. Fuielgu w.rc chcapeiv The sales- of En glish wheat during the Aveek Avere 12,671 quarters I o at 51s. ldd per quarter, against 12.229 quarters at 44s. Id. per quarter for the corresponding week last year. The destruction of crops by rain in various parts of Ireland is A'cry great. THE YORKTOWN CENTENNIAL, it has been decided to entertain the guests of the occasion in Baltimore, October 10, 11, and 12, and in Washington 13, 14, and 15. It is expected (hat there Avill be twenty guests from the French Government, and that France Avill send over one or two of her large war A'cssels Avith troops. Ar rangements have already been made Avith all the leading lines of railroads and steamboats east of the Mississippi for half fares, the tickets to cover the three points Yorktown, Washington, aud Baltimore. EXPLOSION AT WINCHESTER ARMORY. Seventy thousand cartridge percussion caps exploded tit the Winchester armory August 19. Thousands of pieces of metal stuck into Maurice Reilley's flesh half to three-quarters of an inch and many burned in his eyes. There is no spot two inches square on the front of Reilley's person that did not sIioav Avhere the shells penetrated. His clothing Avas cut to pieces and teeth knocked out and arm frightfully mangled. The side of the building Avas shattered and AvindoAvs broken. None of Keilley's companions were injured. Reilley died at night. HOWGATE AGAIN. And now it appears that Captain Howgate's Arctic expedition put money into his pocket that ought not to have gone there. He is charged Avith having appropriated the proceeds arising from the sale of the vessel, and also Avith having done a little business in the fur trade. A FOREIGN VIEW OF OUR NAVY. The astounding condition of the United States Navy appears at last to have aAakoed the Goa ernment at Washington to the necessity of doing something. towever good its personnel may be, there call be no doubt that the material of the American fleet is altogether inefficient. All au thorities are agreed " that the United States has no naA-y at all." On the official list there are 114 vessels. Of these many are rotten, many hope lessly obsolete, and of those Avhich in time of peace are still worth something, none Avould "be of service if the navy Avere called into action to day." Of twenty -four armor-clad, only three. Avhich are being rebuilt at considerable expense, are expected to be of use in that not very formi dable class of ship;, the coast defenders. Fall Mall Gazelle. THE MAN OF NINE WIVES. The examination of Thomas A. Marvin, the " many married " man, Avhich Avas to lurve taken place in Richmond, Ya., August 29, has been post poned to September 7, to alloAV the prosecution to secure the attendance of Avitnesses. The prisoner is in jail. If all of Marvin's ex-wives attend the trial, there Avill be " music in the air" for every body but himself. VOL. I.No. 3. BLOWN UP BY A TORPEDO. FATAL EXPERIMENT IN NEWPORT HARBOR: To 'nvI Officers Killed Careless Handling of a Dan gerous Miwile Another Strange Presenti ment of Death That Proved" Tnie. Lieut.-Conimander Benjamin Long Edes and Lieut. Lynuin G. Spalding, of the United States navy, Avere instantly killed August 30 in NeAT port harbor, Avhile experimenting Avith torpedoes, The folloAving is the telegraphed account of the accident: " Both officers were in the inner harbor in a torpedo launch, and Avere putting a torpedo in position in order to exhibit the experiment to Admiral Porter, who has been at Newport for: several days. The torpedo Avas to be exploded by the breaking of the electric circuit. Edes had the deadly missile in his lap Avhile Spalding was rowing the launch. The tide Avas Ioav and th torpedo was planted in about three fathoms of Avater. Near by was a steam launch with the remainder of the class under instructions on board. Admiral Porter, Captain Selfridge, and the officers of the torpedo station Avere on Goat Island, Avhere the torpedo station is located, for the purpose of Avitnessing the experiment. Edes leaned forward to arrange the apparatus in the Avater, Avhen a loud noise and explosion were heard, and the two bodies of the unfortunate men Avere seen in the air. The bodies Avent into the air some 35 feet, and Avith them ascended the debris of the boat. The Avorkmen employed on the station Avaded into the Avater as soon as pos sible and recovered all that was possible of the bodies. The class immediately returned to the island, and an officer was detailed to go to Narra gansett Pier and break the news to Edes' wifer avIio had gone there the day previous lor a feAV days' visit. She resides in this city. Spalding. avIio Avas not married, resided in Portsmouth, N IT. The cororner's jury brought in a A'erdict to the effect that Edes and Spalding met their death by the accidental explosion of a torpedo, which Avould not have happened had they followed In structions. No one at the torpedo station is to blame. This exculpates Lieutenant Caldwell:, one of the instructors, avIio in doing his duty ih cluaing the eirernit made possible the accident, for Edes depended upon keeping this circuit open., although he failed to inform Caldwell of his in tentions. Spalding had a strange presentiment of death before leaA'ing his boarding place in the morning. He gave his card, Avith his address upon it, to the landlady, and said he Avauted her and his friends to knoAv Avhere to send his body in case anything happened to him. THE TRACK OF THE STORM. t On the night of August 27th a terrific hur ricane visited Savannah. (In., the Aelocity of fhe Avind exceeding eighty miles an hour. Much, damage avjis done: the Georgia Infirmary was Avrecked, the inmates barely escaping, about fifty priA-ate buildings more or less injured, the Signal! Service office unroofed and instruments destroyed; boats Avere sunk, and the loss of several lives is reported. Along the m-er the loss of life and property is said to have been seA'ere. Farther up the coast at Charleston, S. C, considerable damage Avas done. At Tort Royal, on the same night, on account of the storm the ferryman could not convey passengers across the river. A number of persons Avere in the ferry-house aAvait ing the abatement of the storm, Avhen the house Avas carried aAvay by the high tide. Several bodies Avere recovered, but the number actnally droAvned is uncertain, as the rumors conflict, varying in number from tAventy to forty One Avasher and one dredge of the Coosa Mining Company in the Coosa RiA'er sank. No lives-.-. Avere lost there. Considerable damage was done to the wharves and lighters of the company. The estimated damage to individual and rail Avay property is $2,000. The loss at Beaufort is. estimated at 8,000. THE WASHINGTON MONUMENT. Work on the Washington monument has pro gressed so rapidly, recently, that the people have: hopes at last that the structure Avill some time he completed, aud therefore dread each stoppage of. operations, hoAvever brief it may be. Mr.. Mc Laughlin, the superintendent of the monument, -said to a reporter yesterday that he feared- the marble stock, which comes from the Cockeysville quarries, Maryland, would not be delivered as fast as it is wanted, and the supply on hand is nearly, exhausted. This cause might stop the Avork. Another trouble is the sloAvness of the contractor (Phcenix Company, of Trenton, N- J..) to deliver the iron work to build the interior stairway and platforms, and to extend the elevator. The mar- -ble courses are noAv nearly laid to the top of the elevator, aud it is feared that the iron Avill not be delivered by the time the elevator, must be raisevJ None of the memorial stones donated to ornament the interior of the shaft have been placed in posi tion since Avork Avas resumed, as it was found that those already in place had, in many cases, been inj ured during the former prosecution of the Avorkj. and, besides, Avere much injured by exposure. It is designed to place the memorial stones on hand in position after the shaft is Avholly completed. by cutting out places to put them in the inneir Avail of the shaft.