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"TO CARE FOR HIM WHO HAS BORNE THE BATTLE, AND FOR HIS WIDOW AND ORPHANS."
ESTABLISHED 1877. "WASHINGTON", "D. C., SATUBDAYj SEPTEMBER 10, 1883 NEW SERIES. Vol. I., No. 4. THE ATTACK ON LEE'S 51 ILLS. ACROSS THE RIVER, INTO THE RIFLE-PITS. A (Jalhint Affair Hon the Vermonter.. Crowd the I:im. A Tonrhint; Tiiridcnt m-fli of Prhate Scott. "God IMoss President Lincoln." By P. D. IF. For Tin: National Tr.iiurxr:. Having read with much interest the article "In Front of Yorktown," published in Tin-: National Tribune of August 27th, I send the following as my remembrance of the tight near Lee's Mills on the lGth of April. 18G2, referred to therein : I was an eye-witness to the engagement, which took place on the farm of Mrs. Garrow, whose house had been burned by order of General Ma gnifier. The chimneys at each end of the build ing were still standing. The Warwick River ran through this farm, and its Tight bank was occupied and fortified by the rebels. Just in front of their works they had dammed the rher with a breast, say four or five feet wide and twenty-five or thirty yards long. This breast was the onlv means of crossing the ,.: ,T... 1..-v-l ....l i - ..:i...l,l 1... ., w rvf 4Hr rtrtTIr. mwimI ir 4lio Tn,,.lSnc T -"! 1, .i, uirBUW) ..m. , ;. v . aS,. tery be ordered to fire ihe national salute on w Vi f" I T . """ L,Itm echo from Fort Pillow, are sc vuu..u -..., ....-,- v .. ., ,,. .,x uut. tll0 ground, at lorktown. this battery, it ap- , ; .' unworthy of his uniform to tJafii-i 1iio virlmilif itwl -flirt tm-oi -n'-ri of lnoct .,.... inf nf wnnm T fitrVprl rmpfifYn5- nimnvontlv Toil , . . ;-- ...lt pears, was organized by the iew lork Fro- " ....v.....,.., ;J "4" the pick of the army could lu inic-ui iu.-1m. mi- uuiiri auuc mc u.un- nc Convention. Januarv G. 117C. and AW- ,w i'i' "'- " " l" " '" " , . . ArllfmA , . , breast was in some places five feet deep. Below it where the shallow water spread over much ground, excavations had been dug, pit-falls, I might properly term them, so that men attempt ing to cross there while walking or running in the shoal places would suddenly plump into one of these holes and go clear out of sight. After a vigorous shelling of the rebel works by Mott's battery, four companies of the Third Ver mont charged gallantly across the dam under cover of twenty pieces of light artillery, under command of Captain (now General Ay res. who was the senior artillery officer present. The in fantrv commenced to fall soon after entering the water, but advanced bravely through a perfect shower of minie balls and grape and canister until they had gained a footing on dry land. They succeeded in driving the Fifteenth North JJUinaRqsjneixteejuniijeorgiiurf-gimerus 11UUI LUC 1J1U-J1U2, UU.4. .13 IKC HTUtlS V VT1 C UU11 ' reinforced by the Seventh and Eighth Georgia and part of the Second Louisiana regiments, our Spar tan band was compelled to retire, after gallantly holding its position for nearly or quite an hour AGAINST FIVE TIMES THEIR NUMBER. During this time. howeer, four or five com panies of the Sixth and about an equal number of the Fourth Vermont had been sent to their assistance, but the original force of the rebels had been much increased, and their artillery and in fantry had opened such a terrible cross-fire on our brave Green Mountain boys, that they were compelled to retire, bringing with them many of the wounded. It is too late, I suppose, to find fault, but it has always seemed strange to me why the First and Third brigade were not ordered across. They were there in line of battle ready and willing. In connection with this fight I would mention that among the killed on that day was Private "William Scott, Co. K.. Third Vermont Volunteers, ' whose fate made a deep impression, not only upon the mind of his immediate comrades, but of all I others throughout the army who chanced to hear his sad story told. The following are the facts of his case as now remembered, after the lapse of j twenty years: Shortly after the Union army sat down before Yorktown, young Scott, a mere boy, I had been found sleeping upon his post. For this violation of the Articles of War he was tried by -ourt-martial and condemned to be shot. His case attracted considerable attention, as it was the first of its kind which had arisen, and the commanding general was disposed to make an -example of the unfortunate soldier, that others might be deterred from committing a similar olTene. There were some mitigating circum stances to be found. chiefly in his extreme youth, and the fact of hi having been on guard the night previous, or at least it wa so understood. and thee were made known to Mr. Lincoln. Scott's mother, too, is reported to have made a personal appeal to the President for tin- lifr of her son. The result wa.stlr.it a pardon was granted, and reached camp just baiely in time tosa'.e him from undergoing the sentence of the court. Young Scott was completely oercome by the .glad :-.ews, and expressed hi gratitude to the friends who had advocated his caue. and espe cially to Mr. Lincoln, who had stretched out the pardoning power so graeiouly in his behalf. Xot long afterwards only a few days came the at tack on Lee's Mills described above. Scott, with !.:. rades of the Third Vermont, was one of to cross the fatal dam. and among those 1 cio-e up to the enemy. It was reported .it h spoke only once after being shot, and then fciat.dy said: "OOD ISLE.-, PRESIDENT IJXCOI.X." 'li;;more; but what a volume of meaning in .- ' ! rt prayer thus uttered in the agonies of ..m "God ble.s. President Lincoln" were the Jy v. rds uttered, but had it been vouchsafed ii t speak further. Scott would have doubtless Uti "for he has s:ied me from shame, and i ed me to die the honorable and glorious ,tb fa soldier facing the foe." ( 1 was present a few days after the battle, when i i r.pw of i'ti r,x,r.i,.....A,. . -'j) " i" viMiiciiciaic juny, came ; the dam-breast under a flag of truce, and ! requested permission to carry to us our dead, as they were very offenshe, and it Avas impossible to bring them while our sharp-shooters -kept such vigilant watch on the fort aud rifle-pits -where they lay. The request was complied with, and fence-rails were brought into requisition as stretcheis. The rebels would not permit our men to go across, but brought over to us thirrv-one or thirty-two of our dead. Among these was Scott, and al though the corpses were so black as almost to defy recognition, the boys identified him, arid cut off as mementoes, first his buttons, and then locks of his hair. The bodies were loaded on army wagons, and taken off for burial. This engagement, though of comparative insig nificance, was really a bold and daring affair, and reflects great credit gh the gallant Yermonters who were engaged therein. AN ANCIENT ARTILLERY COMPANY. Major Asa Bird Gardner, J. A., U. S. Army, has written to Colonel Corbiu giving an interesting history of Battery F, Fourth Artillery. Captain and Brevet Major J. B. Campbell, and repeat ing his previous recommendation that this bat ander Hamilton appointed its first captain. March 14. It served with distinguished credit in the battles of -Long Island and "White Plains, and in the retreat through the Jersevs formed part of the rear-guard, and had a sharp artil lery duel acros the Raritan River at New Bruns wick with the advance division of the British, then under Earl Cornwallis. It was subsequently at Trenton and Princeton, and in January, 1777, went into winter quarters at Morristown, N. J. The conduct of this company had particularly attracted General Washington's attention, and on the lt of March. 1777. he nromoted Camain Hamilton to be lieutenant-colonel and A. D. C. on his staff, then a distinct office. Lieutenant John Doughty was then promoted to be captain and subsequently major by brevet, and the comnanv transferred to the Continental iiipTif- subsequently "main" army under General Washington, and at Brandywine, Germantown. Valley Forge (in camp), Monmouth, Springfield, and siege of Yorktown. When the rest of the Continental Army was discharged it was specially and alone J retained in service at West Point, under Major ' J. Doughty, who, when other companies of artil lery were raised, was on the "20th of October, 17S6, promoted to be major of the artillery bat talion, and First Lieutenant Bradford became , its captain. Bradford was killed in St. Clair's ( defeat in 1789. Since then the company has on three separate occasions been subjected to incor- ' poration. Nevertheless it has continued a living unit of artillery organization, and has preserved its rnntiimirv for 105 vears. :mfl i! irmpli flip i oldest organization in the Arm v. and the onlv I one of Revolutionary origin. GONEj BUT NOT FORGOTTEN. ! Captain Howgate's bondsmen are making anxious inquiries for him in all directions, and ' yill doubtless surrender him to the authorities as soon as thev can secure his arrest. Captain - Howate left here the next day after his release 0n bail, on the pretext that he had urgent nrhate interests requiring his attention in New York, and said that he would return within a day or two. Since then his bondsmen have heard noth ing of him. What makes the matter worse for the hitter is that, through the negligence of How gate's attorney, an indemnity bond executed by the accused officer was not recorded until after the Government had attached hisreal and personal property in the civil suit brought against him, so that the bondsmen, in the eent of Ifowgate's escape, will have to lose ?40,000 for which they hold themselves liable in the event of his failure to appear to answer the criminal charge.'' How gate is supposed to have gone to Canada, to inter view Ycnnor, probabh . EXPERIMENTS IN ARTILLERY FIRING. Ordnance Notes No. KM, now in preparation, will contain the report of First Lieutenant E. L. Zalinski, Fifth United States Artillery, of his ex perieneesa! Creedinoreand at the Xaf ional Armory at Springfield. Mass., in perfecting his method for determining wind allowances. The deductions which Lieutenant Zalinski makes from his expe riments in this direction are about as follows: The tiring has been improved immensely, both as to direction and range. At Fort Monroe, where practice wa had with heavy guns, the number of targets destroyed exemplify this. The range used was about :,000 yards. Heretofore the target used was ten inch square, kept afloat by an an chored raft of barrels. To hit and destroy one of these targets in a whole seaon was considered remarkable. But this year, to fully exemplify the new method, upon a raft bearing a simple scantling, a flag a as nailed, making the target a barely visible point. The womi shot destroyed ! it. and within two days two other similar targets ' were hit and destroyed. This was by direct hits, ' not by shells. The firing was with eight-inch , converted rifles, hundred-pounder Parrot Is, and !ii : i .1 ,., ;..i ,.,wir.i, l...,.-.. nueeii-uicu aim nn-iuvu .-muuiii hiv;.-. each, the target was hit. with hilisV.nsttitjul-a&?ignKVto-tlie Seeon®i.2 I?. LUigitfid, than Forts Steadman, Haskell, and Sedg- ' , Colonel John Lamb. The company Avas . ' ' . , . , wick, which lie within sight to the north ami f thmilirh nil tMP mOVPTllMlts ftf rllP wtli, Mijaau. , iu I ,t " 1U.IUU1 lilt I1WJ1 rm,nwl j-,,,,,. ftf pni4 ,;,,. nnt fnil ' w. , -..,... w ..-.. PETERSBURG REUNITED. AN IRISHMAN'S IDEA OF THE "CRATER. Forts Steadman. Haskell, and Sedg;vie)c Jlon the. A li near To-Day The Explosion of the 3in. Hatchers Run and Foe -Fork. es. M.. in Philadelphia Times. $ America's Sebastopol, which V make bold to call this place of prolonged siege.seems to me t be a sort of Richmond on a sinall scale. The streets and stores of this pretty little city on the Appomattox are much like those of the proud beauty on the James: the nooks and crannies of the one suggest those of the other, and there is that in the air here whereby the stranger recog nizes the Yirginia capital in miniature. In Rich mond, however, there may be felt the snap and dash of a lively new South, while at this ancient point of trade there is a hint of Dixie, not alto gether unadulterated, but still pleasantly suggest xe of the land of "cinnamon seed and sandy bottom." Though the iowti is surrounded by the ruins of numerous forts, arid though manv matter of battle-fields. Very likely it is because they have them at their doors, and it is the old story of the weather prophet who is not without success save in his own country It wouldn't be at all wonderful if St. Peter had ceased to admire the golden hinges of hi big gate, and no doubt the devil fails to appreciate the interesting section over which he presides. :: Where'll I find the Crater?" T asked, coming out from the built-up part of the town and emerg ing upon Jerusalem plank-road. "Feth, an' am fhinkin' ye'll be after gettin' yer "nun av the crathur beyant there in Jimmv O'XaiFs saloon,'' replied my interiocutor, pointing to a sign whereon Old Rye.' XX Ale." and things of that kind blazingly figured. "He don't mean that crater: some other crater chimed in a small boy: "It means the big liquid herself:" and as I drove on I left the bov telling the citizen how Burnside had wasted his tons of powder. Passing along the Jerusalem road for more than a mile I came to a road 1-hat branched off into a field of peanut plants. At the side of the gate way was the sign : TO THE CRATER, 5 CTS. AHED. At the end of the field road, a few hundred yards from the sign, I saw a large, roundish bank of red earth topped by shrubs and small trees. Near by is a two-story frame house in which lives T. R. Griffith, the owner of the farm and the guardian of the historic hole. Mr. Griffith led me up the side of the crater, explaining as he brushed the weed from the path that for self-protection he was obliged to charge a fee, as . otherwise ins visitors, alter tne recKiess manner ' of Sunday sight-seers, would trample down his cotton and kill his corn. The lan(1 within half a mile in every direction is clear of woods, and at this time is checkered by fields of corn, cotton, and peanuts and patches Sround that are fallow. Looking to the north )C fields slope downward, and so with the strip t0 Tnc east, but passing a ravine the slope is up- ward to the Federal line. To the west and south is rising ground, with the city cemetery on the ridge and the city itself beyond. The crater now7 looks like an abandoned reservoir, of uneven banks and irregular bottom, overgrown with clumps of briars and bushes. It is one hundred , and sixty feet long, sixty feet wide, and twenty- i fie feet deep. The earth is brown, with red blotches, being clay sub-soil. The parapet of the ' fort remains and serves as the rim and border of ' the pit. Pine, peach, apple, and ailanthus trees, together with grapevines, blackberry bushes, and fruitless briars, grow thickly in the hollows, which look as if a herd of wild boars with bun- i dred-horse-power snouts had rooted them out a dozen years ago. Extending from the north eastern corner of the crater in a straight line down hill to the ravine, two hundred yards away, ( is a sunken, narrow, ditch-like sink in the earth. ; This is the surface line of the tunnel dug by Schuylkill county soldiers, who had been brought J np in mines and who wormed their way from the ravine until they scored thousands of pounds of powder jnt under this spot. As I sit in the crotch of a peach tree and look at the points of the field, now little changed from the day when it was the scene of a wonderful episode in war, the picture comes vividly up. It is not yet sunrise, and the defenders are asleep among the traverses and under the guns of the fort. A MATCH, i TOUCH. A HISSING FUSE,1 fl-fl and what a thing of mould and force infernal is now let loose. Tf is as though a young volcano, held in nature's mystery underground, has burst its bonds. The crust is rent by the up-coming bolt and fire flashes through broken clods of earth that fly to mid-air two hundred i'eet above. Sand, stones, guns, men, everything within reach of the blast, are blown skyward. A brass piece that weighs a ton is sent whirling over the para- pet for a hundred yards. Young Chandler, who an instant before lept beneath the gun, is hurled so high and so far that his bruised bodv falls within the Union lines. Men die in the air, never knowing in what unwonted and in what sul phurous guise death has enwrapped itself. An swering to the quake that is felt as far as Rich mond and that shakes the steeples at Norfolk, a hundred miles away, come the roll and roar of Grant's artillery. In redan and redoubt LeeV men are benumbed and shrink lest the old mole has toothed his blind path under other forts, and lest instantly now ether death-bolts shall start up from the depths. Lee's batteries to the right and left are deserted: the outburst lias broken his line, and into it a wedge that may end the war in a week can now be driven. The mine itself is a wonder. It does its work with the swift flight of an electric streak that zig-zags across a bank of clouds in summer time, rendering the thunderous acclaim of its own success. ! But it is in the driving of the wedge that the gain becomes loss. What thus far has been an immense success now turns to that which is worse i than a failure. What is needed is that the wedge i shall be driven with Grant's best sledge hammer promptly home. A mass of boasting black men, whose battle-cry of "No quarter!" comes as an ' Mit under a leader accomplish what only hope to do. A whole x . w -i.n.i. ... i.lliUI W l'"" JiilMOtJl frt lii.rkti" liT-tic!rkl f into the breach. Lee's artillery is again manned and hotly begins to work. Poor devils of black men from shouting "No quarter,'' now shriek wild prayers for pity. Boasting becomes beseech- ' ing. The miserable wretches are bavoneted bv friends and ohot down by the foe. Without head or order the entrapped victims huddle close about the gap in the ground, seeking shelter behind heaps of uptorn earth, and even shielding them selves vainly with the bodies of dead comrades. ' The crater is a death-trap. From many batteries, where lurid gleams come through shrouds of smoke, shot and shell are hailed incessantly, and what was a spot of triumph is now a slaughter pen a place of torn earth, soaked in THE BLOOD OF FOUR THOUSAND MEN. The Crater is the main object of interest on the ; lines of fortifications, and it is more frequently beyond Fort Steadman, and the outlines of the latter are just as distinctly marked. All the traverses have been removed, and all the cov- ' ered ways destroyed, for Fort Hell, as the armies ', nicknamed the Steadman redoubt, is now a gar- ' den wherein truck is raised for the Petersburg market. A farm-house has been erected in the enclosure, and 0. P. Hare now peacefully dwells where Gordon and havoc once swept along. Fort Haskell is in better preservation than any other of the Federal redoubts. Pine trees grow in and around the enclosure, and both the inner and outer works with a little use of the shovel could ' be made as formidable as in the days of death. Many of the oaks in the vicinity contain bullets, nor is it unusual to pick up rusty reminders of , battle anywhere along the line from that point southward to Fort Sedgwick. Only half of that famous place of strength now remains. It was built across the Jerusalem road on two planta- tions. The part on Mr. Griger's farm was long ; ago leveled, and is now in corn, but the half on the east side of the road still stands. Mahone's Fort Damnation shows many remnants. Fort Davis is in good condition and Fort R'"ee has ' suffered little from the wear and tea. In this way the curious visitor might foi. lines of defense and contravallation down to HATCHER'S RUN AND THE FIVK FORKS FIELi Wherever the land was cultivated before the war the works have been leveled, but where the lines passed through woods the works are very much as they were when abandoned. In the high and rolling lands the woods contain white oak. red oak, poplar, and hickory, but in the light, sandy soil grow pines, ash, elm, and button wood. At points where a link in the chain of fortifications is missing the line may be traced by the color of the sub-soil. Where the land is tilled most of the shells and bits of lead have been picked up. yet every rain washes out minie balls and grape on all the farms between the lines. There is a delightful thing about Petersburg that never before has been mentioned in print. The city is bordered in its suburbs by a long belt of peach trees which, in the spring, turn myriad white blossoms out to the sun, and thus give a beautiful girdle to the place once trussed with bands sf iron and cordons of steel. In that long and weary year of watchfulness the Southern soldiers were glad to get fruit, and the best things that came to them from the Carolinas were peaches, whereof the pink flesh was sweeter than honey-dew. The kernels were dropped upon th" battle-ground; the army tramped sorely on to Appomattox: winter came again, and then from the trenches sprang fruit trees that have flour ished to this day. Down in the sunny South there is a kind of peach that shows a white bud; elsewhere the blossom is touched with pink. All 1 i other peach trees around Petersburg have the I pink flower, and the battle-field peach thus keeps its mark and proud distinction. So now, starting from the river at the north, Lee's line may be traced for six miles or more bv the far-reaching orchard planted in blood. The proportion of Irish soldiers in the P.ritish service is 22 to 23 in ll). ME TREACHEROUS SAVAGE. CARR'S REPORT OF THE RECENT FIGHT. A iciHTnl I'prNiii-.' in the Apache Country Fightinc in Arizona .Soldiers and Citizens Killed Our Little A rim Doinir Its Leu'I Rest. General Carr, commanding the troops in the Apache country, whose death was reported, sends the following to Major-General McDowell, from Fort Apache, under date of September 2, 8.30 p.m. : Pursuant to orders from the commanding-general dated August 30. to arrest Indian Doctor Nockay Delklinne as soon as practicable, and a formal request from agent, dated Llth, to arrest or kill him, or both, I first hoped to arrest him when he came to hold his dances and incantations here, but he did not keep his appointment. I then sent an Indian scout with a message that I wanted to see him. Sunday. August 23, 1 received an evasive answer from him. and next day marched with Troops D and E. Sixth Cavalry, and Company A, with scouts, the command num bering six officers and seventv-nine soldiers and twenty-three Indian scouts. I reached his vil lage on the 30th and arrested the medicine man. HE PROFESSED ENTIRE WILLINGNESS to come with me : said he would not try to escape and there would be no attempt at rescue: but as we were making camp our own scouts and many other Indians opened fire upon us and killed Cap tain Hen tig first, and ran off the animals already turned out to graze. Medicine man was killed as soon as they commenced firing, and we drove them off after a severe fight, in which we lost Captain Hen tig, who was shot in the back by our Indian scouts, as he turned to get his gun. Four privates were killed, one sergeant, and three pri vates were wounded : two mortally. After bury ing the dead I returned as rapidly as practicable, arriving on the 31st. Some of the Indians had preceded and killed eight men on the road to Thomas. Next morning they made a demonstra tion against this post, AND ATTACKED IT in the afternoon, but were repulsed. Our total loss is : Killed Captain E. C. Hentig, Sixth Cav alry: seven private of Troop E, Sixth Cavalry; one privates of Troop E, Sixth Cavalry j privates of Company D, Twelfth Infantry. Wounded First Lieutenant C. G. Gordon, Sixth Cavalrv. in the leg: one sergeant Troop E and one pri vate Troop D, and forty-five horses and ten mules killed, wounded, and missing. Tlie com mand behaved with the utmost coolness and gal lantry, and encountered danger, hardship, and fatigue Avith the greatest cheerfulness, in spite of the sudden and most traitorous nature of the attack in the midst of camp. THE OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS SPRxVNG to their arms and defeated the plan of the massa cre, and subsequently held their post and are ready for further service. We require fifty-nine horses and ten pack-mules. The officers here are Major Cochran, Twelfth Infantry; Captain B. McGowan, commanding Company D, Twelfth In fantry: First Lieutenant C. G. Gordon, Sixth Cavalry, post quartermaster; William Stanton, commanding Troop E, who moved forward with the skirmishers and most handsomely cleared the savages out of the bushy bottom close to the camp; AV. H. Carter, regimental quartermaster, Sixth Cavalry, adjutant and commanding Troop D after Captain Hentig's death ; Second Lieuten ant Thomas Cruse, commanding Comrjany A, :,Jn Scouts, and of Howard's command, Troop , Cavalry: Assistant Surgeon George Mc . S. A., who, besides skillfully perform professional duties, used the carbine e . . ely. 31 Y YOUNG SON, Clark M. Carr, accompanied the expedition and deserves to have his name mentioned in the dis patch. There are forty-five civilians here who are assisting in the defense of the post, and I am rationing such as require it. I armed four pris oners, two of whom belong to the Ninth Cavalry. They fought bravely, and I shall recommend that their ofi'ense be pardoned. I am confident that the Indians have been preparing for this outbreak for six mouths. Cooley, who is here, says so: also Phipp, whose employee (Cullenx was killed. There have been only a few Indians, around the post to-day. PLEURO-PNEUMONIA IN CATTLE. The veterinary surgeon of the Department of Agriculture who was sent to England in Jsune last by the United States Commissioner of Agri culture to investigate the question of pleuro pneumonia among American cattle landed ins Great Britain in connection with the Privy Council, has returned, and reports that upon his. arrival in London, at his solicitation, an impcy:& ant meeting of the Privy Council was held., pe loid president, Earl Spencer, presiding, and ahsu. the result of the examination and discussion, oC the subject which there took place has geatly r.ll l.niimfrk iVmil tllP minflc Cf flo VsiytIJc:1 ,,.,..,.. ,- , nnflim-iHp.; flip sh-fmir lmure.skiftn thpv K-ul firr-. , " , . , 1 , . . " , . merly entertained as to the existence contagi,- ' ous pleuro-pneumonia among the ctrttt at tlu j West a disease which, it hardly need be- said, m this country at tins time, only wts. among a small percentage of the cattle ke-pt in a narrow strip of country extending along the-eastern sea board from the neighborhood ojr Ne York City a short distance southward. T