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THE NATIONAL TJRIBUNB: WASHINGTON, D. C, SEPTEMBER 17, 1881.
3 For The National. Tkiiiuxu. THE FORLORN HOPE. Two hours we lay on Hie battle's mnrgc In siKht of the conflict's blood -rcI wave?. Then came the order for us to charge; And shadowy forms of new-made graves "Rose on our sight as the bugle shrill Called the men to arms. The ranks fell in. The regiment formed to storm the hill, From whose fearful crest would soon begin To bellow monsters whose food is death. And who gorge themselves at each hot breath. The Fifth was only three hundred strong Twns twite that number a month before And the eyes of our colonel ran along But a shortened line as he gazed it o'er; Yet his gal hint heart was undismayed As he looked beyond to deadly height "Whose crown of cannon and men arrayed Shone clear in the summer's golden light; For lie knew the souls of those who stood To do hix will, in the sheltering wood. " Forward, march ! " the command was given ; And the living line, all tipped with steel, Gloved to the Held where white smoke driven By gentle breeze, began to reveal The windfall of death which paved the way In our front with bodies, of gallant men "Who had joined in battle's fierce afl'ray To but fall in war's red .-laughter pen. Then sounded the cannon deep and loud And the smoke closed 'round like fun nil shroud. Our eagles pointed the way. With cheer We charged ahead as the word rang out On the sulphurous air so loud and clear That it rose above the battle's rout, We charged ahead, while the sky rained shell And iron grapes: while the vengeful breath Of carnage breathed on us hot from hell We charged right into the jaws of death. We knew scores fell as each cruel blast Swept our ranks, but readied the guns at last. Then the red tide ran with swiftest flow. Then the stricken forms, with glazing eye. Lay thickest on blood-stained turf below, And few were they whom grim death passed by. We readied the guns, and the gunners fled; But concealed behind their strong redoubt There had lain, all silent as the dead, Foes eager to let our life-blood out. From their ready rifle sheets of flame Fast graved new names on the roll of fame. We reached the guns and held our own tAs cr-t we had done within the year Till we heard above the dying groan And lire-arms' rattle the ringing cheer That told us relief was coming fast. And then, as we peered the smoke-cloud through. Which hung o'er the field we late had passed, We saw the long, waving lines of Blue, And knew that our work was nearly done That the bloody field was fairly won. We camped that night where we fought. The lieanis Of the pale moon looked on a little band Not half so large as the sun's bright gleams Had kissed, or the morning's breezes fanned. Around us lay. locked in death's embrace. Full many a comrade true and tried. And many a silent, upturned face Bore marks of the conflict's fiercest tide. We won the field, but at fearful cost Two-thirds of our Forlorn Hope were lost. AT GAIKES'S MILL. SCENES AND INCIDENTS OF THE BATTLE. J. S. Slater in National Republican. At the commencement of the Seven Days' Fight upon the Peninsula in June, 13G2, the right wing of the Union Army, consisting of the Fifth Corps and Pennsylvania Reserves, under command of General F. J. Porter, lay upon the left or north bank of the Chickahominy, extending from the vicinity of Gaines's westward to Mechanicsville, or a little beyond. During the progress of the battle of Mechanicsville, fought mainly by the Pennsylvania Reserves, on the 26th of June, the men of the Fifth corps were busily engaged in preparing for the heavy work which all seemed to instinctively feel was impending, and when, late at night, the order to fall back from Mechan icsville behind the Gaines's Mill stream was re ceived by General Porter, the efforts to dispose of all impediments to his movements, by sending the trains, material, sick and wounded of the corps to the smith bank of the Chickahominy, in the direction of Savage's Station, and which had been begun in anticipation of possible contingencies some hours earlier, were redoubled : but davlight on the 27th found some of the heavy siege pieces yet mounted in the vicinity of Gaines's and Ho gan's plantations, and these being no longer of use in their then localities, owing to change in the Union front, were eventually dragged off by the men of the First Connecticut heavv artillery, having them in charge. Meantime, General Bar nard, of the engineers, whom McClellan had left for that purpose when he returned to his head quarters from before Mechanicsville, accompanied General Porter to Gaines's, and pointed out, in a general way. positions for a portion of the troops, principally upon the left, near the river. Before , separating, Porter requested him to send over immediately a detachment of the engineer bat talion with axes to fell trees for breastworks and to obstruct the advance of the enemy, explaining that, except those with the batteries, there were few axes in the corps. General Barnard left quite early, agreeing to send the needed assistance, and also to remind McClellan of his promise to Porter of the night before, that he would send SLOfTM's DIVISION of Franklin's corps to his support. On his way over, however, he met some of Slocum's troops on their way to the north bank, and supposing McClellan had complied with his promise to strengthen Porter, and finding the former asleep on reaching his tent, went to bed without dis turbing him. As a result Slocum's promised movement, and which had been entered upon, was countermanded by some one, so that instead of reaching the field in the morning, as had been contemplated, he did not arrive until after three o'clock p. m.. and. then only in response to re peated and urgent calls from the commander of the Fifth Corps. Nor did the axes reach Porter, through some misunderstanding, until nearly sundown: and then they were without handles, and some of the Pennsylvania Reserves were de tailed to helve them, Porter hoping he might be able during the night to render his position im pregnable to any force the rebels could hurl Against if, After General Barnard's departure Porter began withdrawing from Beaver Dam Creek, and before ten o'clock the corps had occu pied the ground previously selected, upon which a stand w:ls to be made. Like that at Mechanics ville, the new line was formed upon the east side of a small water-course 'Gaines's Mill Creek), ! flowing a few hundred yards to the eastward of Gaines's house and entering the Chickahominy from the north at nearly a right angle. The troops constituting the first line, for about half the distance, beginning on the left, lay along the bed of the ravine, which was quite heavily timbered, through which the stream , ran. The woods, however, were but a narrow i strip, although the trees were mostly of good ! size, and comparatively free from underbrush, extending on the east to near the top of the de- ; clivity, but upon the wesb barely crossing the ' creek at most places, beyond which the ground ! rose quite precipitously to a height ranging from ten to fifteen yards, the slope and crest, as well as the country for some distance beyond, being i perfectly bare, thus affording excellent range FOR Gi'xs and musketry against the foe. Toward the left . or south the ravine spread out fan-shaped, and the i high ground of its banks descended gradually into j had been frightful. ' the open, narrow valley of the Chickahominy, i Immediately after the attack upon the centre which at that point was swept by the Union ar- a similar demonstration was made upon the ex tillerv upon both sides of the river. Morell's treme left, whicb also resulted in the repulse of division of the Fifth Corps held the ci't. occupy- 1 ing the strip of woods as already indicated, its : left flank resting upon the descent to the river, ' and extended in a northerly direction into the elevated and open country on the right. General Butterfield's brigade, composed of the Eighty- third Pennsylvania, Twelfth, (the Seventeenth being absent on detached duty), and Forty-fourth New York, and Sixteenth (Stockton's) Michigan regiments, occupied the extreme left: then came the First brigade, made up of the Twenty-second i him. As yet no trace of Slocum was to be seen. ! iork (Irish brigade), arrived. regiments be seen on a battle-field. They will Massachusetts, (the Eighteenth being absent with j Near the Union commander, sitting upon their The appearance of two fresh brigades enabled i henceforth take position with the reserve ammu . the Seventeenth N. Y.,) Thirteenth and Twenty- i horses, unmoved by bursting shells and flying the Union commander to reconstruct his line, nition, and the hospital and commissariat stores, i fifth New York, Second Maine, and First Michi- bullets, sat the Prince de Joinville and his neph- I which he did by carrying out the formation al- in the rear. i gan; and next Griffin's brigade, consisting of I ews, the Due de Chartres and Count de Paris, i ready begun upon the high ground overlooking This change being inevitable. Broad Arrow seeks the Sixty-second Pennsylvania, Fourth Michi- ; volunteer aides upon his stalf for the occasion, j and commanding the bridges. Sykes, whose front , to find what comfort it can in it. It says: "The ; gan. Ninth Massachusetts, and Fourteenth New j The Count, becoming alarmed for his uncle's i had remained unbroken, was drawn in from Cold genius of Utility is, it may be repeated, abroad, York volunteers, joining Sykes's division of Regu- safety, rode up to Porter and begged him to send ! Harbor, and, facing northward, was joined on his I and its requirements are that the balance of ad- 1 lars, and the Fifth (Duryea's Zouaves) and the the Prince beyond danger. Porter, who had been ! left by the remnants of Morell's troops, facing ' vantage must be on its side. If, therefore, the , Tenth New York, under "Warren, which, partly in contemplating another effort to secure help, im- . westward. French and Meagher were in the val- sacrifice of life entailed by the presence of the wooded, partly in cleared ground, extended to mediately dispatched him to McClellan with a ley: Slocum's men wherever their strength was colors in the field is greater than it need be, Util- fhe rear of Cold Harbor. The entire position de- i message stating his needs, and he departed, not i most required. "While taking part in the move- . ity declares that they must go, and there can be ' scribed about the arc of a circle, some two miles in extent, facing west and north, enveloping with- in the curve and thus covering the bridge heads to the rear in the valley of the Chickahominy. McCall's division of Pennsylvania Reserves, hav- ing been engaged the day previous, were formed in a second line in rear of the first : Meade's brig ade on the left, in the low ground. REYNOLDS ON THE RIGHT, covering the approaches from Cold Harbor and Dispatch Station to Sumner's Bridge, further down the river, and Seymour's brigade in reserve j to the second line yet further to the rear. Gen- New York, Fifth Maine, and Ninety -fifth and I slope. Hello!" shouted one of the sergeants; wars, and, indeed, wherever the British and , eral P. St. George Cooke, commanding five com- Ninety-sixth Pennsylvania, were assigned to ! "where do you belong?" "Griffin's battery," came J French troops have been opposed, the risk of the j jiauies of the Fifth and two squadrons of the strengthen the line on different parts of the field, i back the reply. "Then take these colors and give former as regards loss of colors has always been i First Regular cavalry and three squadrons of In half an hour's time all were in the midst of them to the Thirteenth New York, or be d d to more than double that of their enemies, the the Sixth Pennsylvania (Rush's lancers), selected the conflict. The three or four batteries which ; you.'' The flags were thrown across, gathered up French carrying but one eagle to a regiment of his own position and posted his command behind , accompanied Slocum also went into action and j and borne to their proper owners, just as the ser- about 1.500 men: whilst with us there are two a hill in rear of the infantry upon the left, near did splendid service, especially ITexamer's (New I geants were made prisoners of war. At nine colors to a battalion. This is now permanently 1 the Chickahominy. The artillery of the corps, Jersey. ) Five o'clock, and another determined ; o'clock the fighting ceased and found the Unian ! removed : but the argument adduced by the au consisting of Kingsbury's (Griffin's) and "Weed's ' attack was made upon the Union left and centre. troops nearly half a mile in rear of their position thorities is doubtless that which has most ope ( batteries (D and I, Fifth United States); "Weed- The foe succeeded in making their way nearly to j of the morning, and with a loss of about 9,000. rated towards the dismissal of colors from the ! en's (C, First Rhode Island); Martin's and Allen's ' the foot of the slope before they were checked. ' out of 33 000 men (including the reinforcements : field. The rifle regiments have never had colors, , (C and E, First Massachusetts); Easton's, Coop- , During the assault the Thirteenth New York from over the river) engaged. ' because their loose order of formation rendered , er's, and Kern's (A, B, and G, First Pennsylvania captured the flag of the Fifct Tennessee, of Long- ; good generalship .them an encumbrance rather than a rallying- , Reserve artillery); Edwards's (L and M, Third i street's corps, and the Second Maine volunteers and the most desperate fighting alone saved the I point in action. As the rifle formation now ex , United States)", with one or two others, including took a similar trophy from an Alabama reg- i Union Army from utter overthrow; for had Per- ; tends, with very little modification, to the whole l the batteries of Smead and Yoegeleer, aggregating iment. Six o'clock, and then the tide of battle i ter been driven from his position the troops upon i of the line, the withdrawal of the colors becomes ' between sixty and seventy guns, was posted extended from the Chickahomiuy to the extreme I the opposite bank of the river would have been j a logical result. It is impossible to censure a on the commanding ground and at intervals between divisions and brigades, and the horse batteries of Tidball and Robertson (A and B, Second United States), from the artillery re serve, were stationed, the former on the extreme right of Sykes and the latter on the extreme left of the line in the Valley of the Chicka- hominy. Before noon everything was in readi- ness, so far as human foresight and military skill could determine, for the onset. About twelve o'clock there was a stir in front of Sykes, A few scattering shots were heard, and then, without any preliminary feeling out the way, the conflict was begun by the enemy marching down the Cold Harbor road from the west. For half an hour the roar of cannon and rattle of musketry was terrific. Neither side seemed to be yielding. All at once the guns upon the left edge of the storm slackened fire, a good old-fashioned Union cheer i rent the air, and those who heard it knew the Boys in Blue were charging. The wave of sound moved westward; the rebels were being driven back. Five, ten, fifteen minutes the time dragged slowly along and the enemy upon the right had been repulsed: then, like the , low- murmurings of the sea to be heard upon a , still night near the coast, there came to the ears of those forming the Union centre sounds which told them their hour of trial was rapidly ap proaching. Presently some of Bcrdan's men, from their stations in trees and from other elevated points began picking off the leaders of the rebel column marching from Gaines's house to the as sault. While thus engaged a single shot was fired from the high ground to the westward, and at the signal the heavens began dropping the bolts of death upon the waiting lines below. The enemy were SHELLING THE TIMRER. lu"C branches, like giant arms twisted and torn j from their sockets, tumbled down from above, mingled with human fruit, as here and there a , rifleman fell from his lofty perch ; and yet, save , a battery or two upon the right, slfcd a few pieces ; Mb- ; farther to the left, the Union artillery was dumb. Suddenly, as though throttled by some mighty . grasp, the rebel batteries ceased. Behind their , frail defenses, hastily constructed upon their ar- ' ! rival, the men, realizing what was coming, , , crouched with leveled muskets. Boom ! boom ! which the Union troops were forming a second j Ninety-fifth Pennsylvania, Hatfield of the First dried, the appearance of pearls. It proved, how I boom! from the rear. Over their heads shrieked ' line, in rear of two or three batteries. Nearer i New Jersey, and Rossell of the Third Regulars; ' ever that the pearly coat when placed outside the shells and hurtled the fearful tempest of, ! grape and canister. Porter's guns, masked in ' the timber, had watched and waited for the su- prcme moment and it had come. They had . held their peace long enough. The opportunity was ripe, and they were having their say. The , smoke from their muzzles settled below the free- ' tops, and hung like a canopy above the men. ; Earth and sky seemed to meet at each discharge, ' Presently tne ncaa oi tne rebel column appeared, ! twenty feet ot the muzzles of the pieces when coming over the crest of the hill, at the foot of j the command to limber up was given. A part j which lay the First and Third brigades of Mor- ( ing salute of grape and canister, and then four J ell's division. First were seen through the va- j of the guns were dragged off, partly by hand, ..,,,,,.., ... - porous fringe of smoke, slowly drifting upward, the GLEAMING BAYONETS j and waving banners, then the heads, shoulders, " j and bodies of marching men dimly outlined I against the blue sky. The command to fire was j given, and it was time, for the foe were within less than fifty yards. The ready flames leaped i from thousands of rifles pointed at the gray ranks j above, and simultaneously the enemy's bullets i began in return to patter upon the leafy screen over bead like the frozen pellets of a tremendous j hail-storm. Ten minutes, and the tempest had i passed away, but the grassy incline in front was , strewn with its wrecks of mangled, bleeding i forms. The herbage, in patches, had taken on a I ghastly, crimson tinge. Whatever lay upon the ' level ground above and beyond could not be seen : ' but artillery, well served at point-blank range, is i merciless. There, as lower down, the slaughter the enemy. By three o'clock Reynolds, Meade, and Seymour had all been called up to strengthen the first line. There was not a man in reserve, ; except with the cavalry. Porter, from his posi- ' tion near the Adams House, within the circle of fire, viewed with alarm how the foe had closed ! in upon him, but yet there was no help for it. I The safety of the whole army depended upon his I maintaining his position, and he felt that he must i hold it at all hazards, whatever the odds against i knowing by what influence he had been sent in- ! stead of a younger and more active man. Hur- j rah ! Slocum has come at last! About half-past four in the afternoon his division crossed the ; bridge, where he was met by aides from Porter, , who directed his troops to positions where their services were most needed. of a deep but narrow ravine. They were ordered there are no colors to capture, it is hardly worth the new JERSEY rrigade. to surrender, and started first to the rear, but were while having any to lose, for the very intensity consisting of the First, Second, Third, and Fourth j cut off by the enemy rapidly approaching from of the value placed upon them renders it unde regiments, was moved to the assistance of Rey- that direction. Just when it seemed as if them- sirable that they should be jeopardized when the nolds and Sevmour; the Sixteenth, Eighteenth, : selves and colors must become ' captured prop- ! enemy is guaranteed against a similar loss. , Twenty-seventh, Thirty-first;, and Thirty-second right, in rear of Cold Harbor. Two miles of fire ! ""Will the daylight last forever?" asked the men of themselves and of each other. Ah, no! It had already gone out for many a gallant soul. Night was destined to come to all, one way or another, by and by. At about half-past six, while , contending with the gray masses in front, a 'shower of bullets from the left and partly in t their rear swept through the ranks of Morell's ' First brigade. The enemy had forced a passage I between Butterfield and the river, and had flanked j the Union left. Meade doubled back upon But- j terfield, Butterfield's troops upon those to their right Then the whole LEFT SWUNG SLOWLY (KT of the timber and up the hill. There was no or der to retreat given, nor was there any unusual haste manifested in getting back. The continu- ity of the line was not broken, but deflected to- ward the east, so that it rested diagonally, instead , of transversely, across the valley. The men had ' simply yielded, but doggedly, to overpowering ; numbers. Just when the situation was most criti- ' cal, Major "Whiting, with five companiesof cavalry, j presumably acting under orders from Gen. Cooke, . succeeded in accomplishing that which the rebels , had been striving all day to do, but in vain. Charging from the rear, riding over the Union I guns and gunners, trampling down the infantry, ; the horsemen created a temporary panic which ' well-nigh proved fatal The line, already strained to its utmost, was broken, and by those avIio should have assisted in strengthening it. Mean time Meade and nearly the whole of Morell's division had yielded, hi the ravine, where the First brigade of the latter was located, the smoke hung so dense and low that in the deepening shadows of closing day it was difficult to distin- guish friend from foe, though but a dozen feet ' apart. When the men started up the hill to-their j rear the rebels were close at hand, coming up the I ravine from below and clambering over the breast- ; work where they had lain. The scene that met , thei r gaze as they reached the upper edge of the . timber was terrip.le yet grand. Between them and the Adams House, less than half a mile to the eastward, stretched a broad, ! elevated plateau, swept from the right, left, and j rear by the enemy's fire, on the farther side of ' by, in the edge of the wood fringing the ravine, i several batteries, Griffin's and Weeden's among ; the number, yet held their ground. One of them ! was supported by perhaps fifty soldiers from dif- j fercnt regiments it was as safe there as at any j other point stragglers and slightly-wounded men. The foe swept up to the guns. Down ' went many of those who strove to stay the ad- ! vancing whirlwind. The enemy were within I ... - i justin time to save them from capture. Two j Regulars: Lieutenants Sweet of the Fifth Cav were abandoned, and those only because there airy: Van Duzen, Twelfth Infantry: Barker of was not a horse nor men enough left to move the Second and Hoover of the Fourteenth Regu them. Midway between the timber and the new j lars: Lema of the Thirteenth, Webster of the line, upon the bank of a small rivulet, exposed to the rays of a burning sun, SAT A SOLDI ER of the Ninth Massachusetts (Irish) regiment, hatless, coatless, and smoking a short-stemmed black pipe. He was dabbling his feet, which : had been struck by a shell and made to resemble i two bloody sponges, in the water, turning it to a ! bright crimson. As a little group of those who j had stood by the battery passed him, he called j out to one of them, "Avrali, Cap! Did yes iver see ', a bileel Irishman the loikes uv me?" The squad , of men passed on, leaving one after another dead , or wounded upon the field, until, at last, they reached the new position, but with less than half i the number of those who had started from the edge of the wood. The day seemed lost alto- Reserves. In all, twenty-two cannon fell into gether. Porter had called for additional help the hands of the enemy, mostly for want of trans anal anxiously looked for it. He sent the Count ' portation, the horses being killed or wounded, de Paris to hasten forward the needed succor. ' The'Count rode across the field and down toward ! the valley. On the very crest of the hill, where it was almost certain death to linger, he turned. ' rose in his stirrups, made A GRACEITL SALl'TE to his chief and disappeared. About sundown French and Meagher, the former with the Fifty- I second, Fifty-seventh, and Sixty-sixth New York, j and Fifty-third Pennsylvania, the latter with the ; Sixty-third, Sixty-ninth, and Eighty-eighth New ments indicated . tup; color sergeants " ot the .thirteenth Isew York, of Morell's division ' "both wounded, became separated from their regi- i ment. In attempting to rejoin it they were in i tercepted by a body of rebels coming up the bed j crty,'5 an artilleryman scrambled up the opposite j completely at the mercy of the foe. Roth officers and men are deserving of the j greatest praise for the steady courage displayed ; throughout the entire day. and from among the former, without in the least intending to detract ! from the credit due to others, we mention, in pass- I ing, the names of Tidball, whose battery upon i the extreme right virtually did the duty of a brig- ' ade, and of Colonels McQuade, Tilton, Marshall, ' Sweitzer, Stockton, Roberts (Second Maine), Rob- i erts (First Michigan), "Warren, Simmons, Cass, ' Woodbury, Rice, Childs, Yarney, Gilbert, Duryea, Bendix, Campbell. Richardson, Kirk, Howland. Buck, Pratt, Jackson (Fifth Maine), Gardiner, gated to the depots, they have, under other cir Bartlett, Adams, Cake, Sea vers, Myers, Town, cumstances, contributed their full share to the Stone (of the Pennsylvania Rifles), Sickell, Gal- successes which generals may organize, but can lagher, Jackson, McCandless, Magilton, Hays, j not always command." Kirk, Taggart (of the Reserves) in fact all the i The Army and Navy Gazette is inconsolable at the generals and field officers, as well as their subor- dinates, proved themselves gallant soldiers. The regimental commanders handled their men and the men obeyed their officers like veterans as they were. The artillery, too, proved the efficiency of that arm of the service in every respect: and the batteries of Tidball, Weed, Edwards, Easton. Kern, Hyde, Hexamer, Yoegeleer, Smead, Martin, Allen, and Cooper cannot be commended too highly. The final result of the battle proved the valor, discipline, and staying qualities of the troops. For four hours THE FIFTH CORPS had alone withstood the assaults of LeeV 70,000 confederates; and, aided by Slocum, French, and Meagher, had virtually held at bay Jackson, Longstreet, the two Hills, Whiting, Magruder, J Holmes, H uger, and Lawton. with their veteran soldiery, until darkness put "an end to strife. The enemy suffered terribly, their uasualities being ! considerably in excess of those upon the Union J side, but the loss of officers among Porter's troops was fearful, and the list of killed and wounded , shows scores of other names worthy of mention for conspicuous gallantry. Among the killed were Colonels Black, McLane, and Gosline, of the Sixty- .. . second, highty-third, and Mnety-fitth PennsyU.; vania; Tucker, Second New Jersey, and Gove, Twenty-second Massachusetts; Lieutenant Colo- nels Skillen and Marsh of the Fourteenth and Six- teenth New York, and Heath of the Fifth Maine: Majors Naghel and Hubbs of the Eighty-third and Captain Easton, Battery A, First Pennsylvania ' Reserve artillery ; Espy, Sixty-second Pennsyl- I vania; Comstock of the First, De Puy and Pres- ' ton of the Fourth, and Carr and Mott of the Six- l teenth Michigan; Barry and Rogers of the i Eighteenth, Harrer of the Fourteenth, and Whit- , lock of the Thirty-first New York: Brewster of the First, Dan forth of the Second, Buckley of the Third, and Men-is of the Fourth New Jersey; , . .- . -', Dunning and Salter of the Twenty-second, and i Casey, Madigan, O'Neil, and McCafrerty of the Ninth Massachusetts; Dodd of the Seventeenth, Brindley of the Second, and Foote of the Sixth i Twenty-seventh, Barnard and McFadden of the Sixteenth, and Russell of the Eighteenth New York; Mortimer of Follctts battery (C, Third Massachusetts), Nugent and O'Dowd of the Ninth Massachusetts infantry; Williams and McGraw of the Sixteenth, and Jones of the Fourth Michi gan: Stuart of the First, and Kedic of the Elev enth Pennsylvania Reserves: Donohuc of the Ninety -fifth, and Ellrich of the Ninety-sixth Pennsylvania. The list of wounded, of whom many died, was even greater. General Reynolds ' and Colonel Simpson, endeavoring to hold their position against too great odds, were surrounded a little after dusk and captured, together with a large portion of the regiment of the latter (Fourth New .Jersey) and of the Eleventh Pennsylvania and were carried oft' when they fell back to the westward of the field for the night. Thus ended the battle of Gaines's Mill. About ten o'clock there was a council of corps commanders called, and McClellan announced his determination to retreat to Harrison's Landing, which movement was forthwith begun. THE BRITISH STANDARDS, Never more, according to present rules and regulations, will the historic colors of the English no doubt that the death of the gallant young offi cers in Zululand has weighed heavily on Utility's side. In addition to this, one continental nation at least has set the example, and, in accordance with experience, the whole world may be trusted speedily to follow the German precedent. If , Throughout the Revolutionary and Peninsular decision which has so many reasons to recommend it, however much we may deplore the loss of lustre which it entails. Poetic fancy, sentiment, and enthusiasm, count for much in the stress of ' battle, and mitigate, if they cannot chase away, is 'im realities. Philosophers will count the ' lives saved by the disappearance of the cherished emblems, around which many valuable ones have ' been lsrs and triey wiH estimate lightly what . they will term the false glamor which inspirited ' tne conflict; but if battles must be fought, the means by which they are won can never be de- spised; and though the colors have now been rele- change. "There is to be no more "rallying round ' Tne colors!'" it says, "no more 'fighting for the : standard!' On State days, in the piping times of peace, the fresh, bright silk is to be uncovered ana ,)0rn on parades and oilfield days of show and ceremony, and the names of scenes of strife over which they never floated are to be added to , the roll of splendid feats of arms. May the list ! nc lng and may the deeds be brilliant, as of yore ! Amen ! But with that prayer there is mingled a sorrowful sigh over the departed memories of our regimental colors, buried, with so many other associations, under ' the new sys tern,' for ever." "A pair of colors" is assigned to each regiment or battalion of the line: One, the Queen's color or union jack, charged with one or more of the regimental devices; the other, the regimental color. At first each infantry regiment had one color only; afterwards they were three, and then, in the reign of Queen Anne, the present number: was established a pair. GLASS PEARLS. Glass pearls, though among the most beautiful. inexpensive and common ornaments worn bv the ladies, are produced by a very singular process. - - In l(5(i a Venetian, named Jaquin, discovered that the scales of a fish called black-fish possessed the property of communicating a pearly hue to the water. He found, by experimenting, that beads dipped into this water assumed, when was easily rubbed off ; and the next improvement was to make the beads hollow. The making of these beads is carried on to this day in Venice, ie beads are all blown separately." By means 0f a small tube the insides are delicately coated wjth the pearly liquid, and a waxed coating is placed over that. It requires the scales of four thousand fish to produce half a pint of the liquid, 0 which a small ouantitv of al-ammonia and isinglass are afterward added. - The smaller the calibre of mind the greater the, bore of a perpetually open mouth. Holmes.