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THE NATIONAL TPIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. C, SEPTEMBER 17, 188J.
7 THE COUNTERSIGN. " Unit ! who goes there?" The sentry Mauds At challenge by the White-House gate ; 44 Friends of the post ! " " What number.? halt I ' Comes the sad answer-" Thirty-eight ! " "From California we have come. From every sorrowing Southern State; From Carolina. Jersey, Maine, To watch him we the Thirty-eight' 44 Pass, friends of post ! " The sentry stands With arms at port, while those who late Were deadly foe go by the guard, With streaming eyes the Thirty-eight. .No discord now no North, no South. Hands clasped, heads bowed, they sit and wait, That sleepless picket round the walls The watching States the Thirty-eight ! IF". K. V. Horner in Army and Navy Journal. WHAT IS NICKEL? Since the convenient o-cent coin which, in com mon talk, is called "a nickel.5' has come into gen eral circulation the question above, is asked either mentally or orally hundreds of times every day, and but few get an intelligent answer. In China and India, a white copper, called pack tong, has long been known, and has been extensively used both there and in Europe for counterfeiting sil ver coin. About the year 1700 a peculiar ore was discovered in the copper mines of Saxony, which had the appearance of being very rich, but in smelting it yielded no copper, and the miners called it kupier-nickol, or false copper. In 1751, Constadf announced the discovery of a new metal in kupfer-nickel, to which he gave the name of nickel. It was in combination v ith arsenic, from which he could relieve it only in parts. The al loy of nickel and arsenic which he obtained was white, brittle, and very hard, and had a melting point nearly as high as cast-iron. It was not un til 1823 that pure nickel was obtained by analy sis of German silver, which had for a number of years hcen produced at Suhl, in Saxony. Its composition Avas ascertained to be copper 10 parts, zinc o, and nickel 4. If more nickel be used the alloy is as white as silver and suscepti ble of a very high polish, but becomes too brittle and hard to be hammered or rolled, and can be worked only by casting. Pure nickel is a white metal which tarnishes readily in the air. Unlike silver, it is not acted on by the vapor of sulphur, and even the strong mineral acids attract it but slightly. Nickel has the hardness of iron, and, like it, has strong magnetic properties, but can not be welded, and is soldered with difficulty. Pure nickel has heretofore been used chiefly for plating, for which purpose its hardness and power to resist atmospheric influences admirably adapt it. "Within the last year the French have suc ceeded in rolling the metal into plates, from which spoons and other table furniture may be pressed. Xickel bronze, which consists of equal parts of copper and nickel, with a little tin. may be cast into very delicate forms, and is suscepti- , , v 1 1 "i:-.-, irino nCninl-nl ora wnvl-orl ble of a high polish. Mines ol nickel are hoiked at Chatham, Connecticut, and LailCOstei. leilll- sylvania, and it is said to be found at Mine La Motte. Missouri, and at several points in Colorado and Xew Mexico, where but little attention is paid to it. It is extensively mined in Saxony and in Sweden, but the late discovery of a new ore (a silicate of nickel) in New Caledonia will 1 1 1 f .-.. . - .1 .4-1. ,n - r-. .-. j- 4i.r. at vafi -v- t.tt I n-j-x r land, m Tlie year innz, inuue ;i cum vi ociiuaii silver which is identical in composition with our nickel coin. The United States made nickel cents in 185G. and eight years later coined the o cent pieces. Belgium adopted nickel coinage in 160. and Germany in 1873. England has lately coined pennies for Jamaica, but at home she and France adhere to the clumsy copper small change. PRETTY NEAR THE TRUTH, There was a bit of jocularity in one of the magazines, about half a century ago, which told of wonderful inventions likely to be published in the papers of (say) the year 4797. The news-! writers are supposed to have to speak of a war between the Northern and Southern States of America, in which the former invaded the latter with an army of one million four hundred and ninety tiiousanu men. ine reality, eignt years ; ago. approached nearer to the actual wording of i the extravagant idea than the joker could have possibly supposecl. Uut he goes on to quote, from the supposed newspaper of 4707, the follow ing paragraph: "General Congreve's new me chanical cannon was fired last week at the siege of Georgia. Jt discharged, in an hour, eleven hundred and forty balls, each weighing five hun dred pounds. The distance of the objects fired at was eleven miles: and &o perfect was the en gine that the whole of these balls were lodged in tne space. of twenty square feet." Of course, in . the year 1821, it was mere reckless fun to talk of such calibres, weight of metal, repetitive or re volving action, range, and accuracy: but our . Armstrongs, , nitwortii.s. and Fallisers could tell us how steadily and wonderfully we are advanc ing towards results which are at least analogous if not exactly similar. ''Again : Dr. Clark crossed the Atlantic in seven days." A fiction. But how near our Cunard steamers constantly bring it to a reality! ANECDOTE OF ARTEMUS WARD. 1 once shared his room and bed at a miserable tavern in Oxford county. The house was ld i and rickety, the window rattled hideously in the easement, the chill November wind came through ' :i couple of broken panes with too much force ' for comfort, and sleep was nearly impossible. After turning and tossing awhile in a vain en deavor to court forgetfulness, Art emus rose, and ; lifting the lamp made a most solemn survey of ', the room in ixqiv part. Presently he emerged j from a deep closet in the corner with a dilapi- j dated hoop-skirt in his hand, which he gravely i hung up before the window. i "X- Xow, what are vou doing?" was asked of him. Artemus slowly placed the lanfp on the floor, turned on me a look of pity, and. with an argu mentative gesture of his right hand, half mut tered to himself: '''Twill keep out the coarsest of the cold, any way r : Friendship which Hows from the. heart cannot he frozen by adversity, as the wafer that. Hows from the spring does not congeal in winter. prouamy suspenu m uc ui u.c .uscu.uu ui, wke(1 umier the lash, perhaps, in the great -ov-and yet bring nickel into common use. Switzer- ernment cigar factorics of Austria, and make no ; SNIDE CIGARS. The snide cigar maker is generally a foreigner of rapacious type, without good credit, or any i reputation for his products. Ife resorts to bands : of music in inland and California eities to push off his goods and devotes all his time and sagacity to inventing some means of putting a slave in j the working cigar maker's place. Jfe acconi- plishes this through the tenement-house system, ! Instead of setting up a factory with the proper machinery, and holding toward his laborers a ; system of neutrality and humanity, he first pro- ! ceeds to constitute himself a landlord of the workman, lie rents an old and filthy house in tie chicken was observed sitting on three eggs . expression. "An accident of an accident," is bor ! a crowded and diseased quarter, say for $2,000 a and the snake near by was curled around one. ' rowed from Lord Thurlow. "The greatest hap , year, and then cuts it up into tenement rooms. ' The sight of a snake constantly encircling a hen's piness of the greatest number," occurs in Ben , for which he charges rent to families, sufficient e'"' was so rare a sijrht that the result was awaited tham, but as an ack no wl edited translation from to pay his own rent as a cigar maker, and also to leave him a profit. lie thus pays nothing for his factory, but makes its occupants, the cigar makers and their families, pay his rent. JJe es tablishes in this building a den or office, from which the work is given out and where the cigars are received. He avoids tlie revenue taw lor malities to a great degree in this way. The floors of the tenement houses are generally twenty-live feet wide by sixty feet in length, and there will be half a dozen families, on every floor of this area. Enter one of these little apartments, of about twice the size of a street passenger car, and you will find it contains a cheap cooking-stove, worth $1 or $5, three or four wooden chairs, a long bench against one side of the wall to Avork the cigars . heard of the creature come from all parts of the ' sometimes led to its being ((noted as from one or upon, and the wooden eating table on the oppo- county to look at it, and the young owner has an other of the Ifebrew'prophets: the words are, in site side. Out of this little den open one or two . jtiea that it may be a small fortune for him should ' fact, an extract from -the judgment of Lord Den small bedrooms, in which are common bed-ticks u showman chance to see it. Phi ladclphia Times, i man at the trial of O'Connell. Chambers's Journal. stuffed with bunches of straw and a straw pillow. j - There the whole family sleep and live, working ! WHO NAMED THE COLLEGES. j SENATOR FAIR. fourteen hours out of the twenty-four, and im- ! Harvard College was named after John liar- ! It is a curious circumstance that all four of the pressing in the job every person in the family. During the winter when the small-pox is rife, the windows are kept fast, and the place reeks with bad air. filth, cooking fumes, and tobacco dust. The family has no other place to go, and their onlv resort after working from daylight till eight or nine o'clock in the evening, is to send out for beer, which they drink till it compels sleej). They eat principally cheese and sausage. All night the floors are covered with tobacco, which has been wetted down, and must dry during the night, in order to be ready for the cigar-maker's hands next day. Here, perhaps, lies a child with the scarlet fever and another with the measles. These chil dren tread upon the tobacco, lie upon it. and com mit the offices of nature anywhere around, as it covers the whole floor, and next morning the in dustrious cigar roller picks up the decoction and proceeds to make cigars for the million. in order to make S-l a day in these tenement houses, it is requisite to complete TOO cigars, which will take a man and his wife and two children fourteen hours of steady work. The ' chndren striji the tobacco-that is, pull the leaves , ,r- .m Tl,Mvr,mM11vPnnv(tl1P"T1,1I,r.l1P5" off the stem. The women prepare the bunches 01' tobacco, which constitutes the cigar-fillers. The men roll the cigars. Instead of these 700 cigars coming out of a well cleansed, fumigated and aired factory, they come saturated with every kind of dirt and every seed of disease. It is gen erally Bohemians who make these cigars. They j protest against the way they are crammed into American tenement houses. No other business is carried on in the living apartments of people in Xew York except a very little tailoring. A necessary feature of the tenement house system is cheating the revenue. It is done so regularly that it is a well-known fact that in the vicinity of these tenement-house factories the small cigar dealers cannot sell their goods, the neighborhood being supplied with crooked or smuggled cigars. The milkman comes in the morning about four o'clock, before a revenue officer or anybody else is stirring. 1 Fe appears to lake the inik into the house, and these Boh e- mians are very clannish, and will only have milk from their own folks. He comes out with his pockets stuffed with cigars, which he conveys to the saloon near at hand, or perhaps to the shop 0f tjie proprietor of the tenement, who. perhaps, acts as tie butcher or grocer underneath, so as to secure his rent and his provision bill the first thing. For some reason, too, these Bohemians require a great deal of vinegar, and the vinegar man goes in Avith his double load of vinegar, and comes out well crammed with cigars. So with the sausage vender. It may be asked how the cigar makers can cheat the furnishers of tlie tobacco, but this is not difii- cult. It is almost impossible to accurately settle upon how many cigars a given amount of tobacco will make, it is generally assumed that from twenty-five to thirty pounds of tobacco will make one thousand cigars, but almost any cigar roller possesses the knack of making his cigars lighter and netting from two hundred to three hundred , more than the thousand out of his quantum of ' tobacco. The Government derives an annual nftf fti.i rinr i nnn frnm lio. dnmesiie m.-:nii- . 1r lts facture of cigars, and it is believed that the smug- . rli-i-nrtiiTiiiirti lio tn-monf linnspsvKfpiil umormti gllllj, IIIIWU,,.! IHV. lVUt...V..V.,v U,.v , to a figure small in particulars, but in the aggre- , gate immense. The effect on the clean and decent manufacturer of such competition as this is to make him dock the proper wages of his workmen. A few weeks ago 1 went through the tenement-house dens of George Bence, in Avenue 15 and in Second street, reeking places; scarcely better were the fine five story double tenement houses of Sutro and New mark, in Seventy -fourth street. Men doing any considerable business ought to be able to rent clean factories and keep them for manufacturing only. (,'aih in Cincinnati Enquirer. DISCOVERY OF GALVANISM. Galvanism was discovered by accident. Fro- lessor Galvani, of Bologna, in Italy, gave his j name to the operation, but his wife is considered : as actually entitled to the credit of the discovery, j She being in bad health, some frogs were ordered ' for her. As they lay upon the table, skinned, sue noticed mat tneir limbs became strongly con- yulsed when near an electric conductor. She called her husband's attention to the fact ; he instituted a series of experiments, and in 17.9 the galvanic battery was invented. Ridicule is the test of truth. Lord Shaffshurjj. - A SNAKE-ROOSTER STORY. ' Some time ago a farmer's son in the vicinity of Marlton, N. J., caught a young watersnake and i conceived the idea of forming a sort of happy family by placing the reptile and a newly-hatched ' chicken in company, with a view to ascertaining whether or not they would live contentedly to- gether. Strange to say, they soon became insep- erable and attracted the attention of all the neigh- borhood. The most curious feature of the case was to follow, however. The snake urew and the chicken grew, and in time the latter laid her eggs alui i,eiran to hatch. Before many days elapsed i3 with great interest. Finally the eggs were hatched. The eggs on which the hen sat pro duced regulation chickens, but from the egg over Avhich the reptile kept watch came an exceed ingly curious freak of nature. It consists of a rooster's body and claws with a perfect snake's head. The head is sunken into the neck some what and is stuck out something after the fash ion of a turtle's head. The creature has a forked tongue, like anv snake, and issues forth a rumb ling sound. This phenomenon is confined in a coop along with the hen and the snake, and the hen neglects her regular brood for the snake and the snake-rooster. The latter has to be kept j Caed, as it is very savage and has already killed soie eight or ten chickens. People who have var(1 Avl)0 in 1Go3 left t0 lhe cowe 779 aiKi a library of over 300 books. "Williams College was named after Col. Ephraim "Williams, a soldier of the old French Avar. Dartmouth College was named after Lord Dartmouth, who subscribed a large amount, and was president of the first board of trustees. Brown University received its name from Hon. xicholas Brown, who was a graduate of the col- we went into iiess, became very wealthy, and endowed the college very largely. Columbia College was called King's College, till the close of the war for independence, when it received the name of Columbia. Bowdoin was named after Gov. Bowdoin of Maine. Yale College was named after EHhu Yale, who made very liberal donations to the college. Colby University, formerly TVaterville College, was named after Mr. Colby, of Boston, who gave 350,000 to the college in 1SGG. Dickinson College received its name from Hon. ' "1111 -IJICJyI I1SU11. lit" llliUlC il CI V UUClill UUUil- tion to the cole.e and was pre5kleilt of the ,. . .-,.. , T , , . John Dickinson. Ife made a very liberal dona- board of trustees for a number of years. Cornell University was named after Ezra Cor nell, its founder. THE HUMAN PULSE, Physicians have always attached for all ages the greatest importance to the frequency of the heart's action as indicated by the pulse. The num- her of vmlsations of the heart, as stated bv Dr. Mine Edwards averaTes seventy per minute in a male and from six to ten more in a female. The pulse of Napoleon, however. wa.s much below the average. That of Sir William Coilgreve is said to have been about 123 per minute even in health. But, as a general thing, the variations at Guy's compiled by Milne Edwards have been verified by observation. The following table of the pulse is interesting in this connection: Males. Males. A verage. 97 Age. 42 to 40 . . 40 to 5(5 . . 50 to G3 . . Average, 2 to 7 8 to 14 14 to 21 70 84 76 . . . bJ ia oa G9 21 to 2S 73 28 to 35 70 35 to 38 G8 Xew York Herald. hi 10 ,u '" 0 to Of 77 to S4 71 RUSSIAN ARMY RATIONS. The recent improvements in the organization of the Itiissian army have extended to the food as well as to the arms and discipline of its sol diers, and the day's rations of a Russian private of 1881, rough as it is, would have been thought aosonue juxury ov ins nau-siarveu predecessor 1 . 1 I -t 1T-T1i T T ol the generation. The farinaceous ration in time of war is a little over two pounds of hard black biscuit per day; in peace it is the same amount of wheat or barley flour and buckwheat grwel, the latter being much esteemed by the Russian peasantry. Four days in the week (the other three being fasts by the rules of the Greek mircn- eaen man receives nan a pound oi meat Per Kv, exclusive of bone, with a certain amount of tea, vegetables, spirits, etc. Few men, how- - .1 .1 i' l . .. ii. . l- I S1 li " 1 ! i lll-'uu!'iR " iiiuiiuuii i,. o.i1i1hiw. im uuu- nary Russian. The military annals of the Cir- ' ' i i ji r i" , cassian war have preserved the fame of a regi- ", are so nmepeiiueiii ui Mippnes as tne orcu- ,,.,,.,,,.',, - .. , . "iem Allien lasted ior tnree days and louglit a : name on xne lourrn. i sun more conspicuous lim aiiuauuiig m.- (uujj nunimujiisi icn, instance occurred during Suvoroff s Swiss cam- the Rhode Islander was introduced to the Gen paign in 1709. AVhen the half-starved Russians eral. With a twinkle of the ej'e General 1 Ian poured into the village of Andermatt. of whose ' cock said : famous cheese they had heard so many stories, ' their first proceeding was to devour the contents ; of a large store filled with what they supposed to be the dainty in question, and then, falling upon the French, they beat them back across the Reuss. AVhen Suvoroff, after the battle, praised the valor of his men, one of them modestly at tributed it to the "good cheese" which they had eaten, and triumphantly displayed the half gnawed remnant of a bar of yellow soap ! A man's own good breeding is the best security against other people's ill manners, Three things principally determine the quality f a man the leading object which lie proposes to himself in life, the manner in which he sets :liJ0Ut accomplishing it, and the elfect which suc- cess or failure has upon him. Happiness, like liberty, is often overlooked in search of it. It is less painful to learn in youth than to be j uplifted hands, '-Holy Moses! is that a musk- j the music of heaven the more must they feel the ignorant in old age. j cato?" ! discords of earth. Pchoenberg-Cotta Family. ! ORIGIN OF POPULAR SAYINGS. : 15 rave Judges, and others learned in the law, have contributed their quota, as in duty bound. ' to the common stock of popular sayings. Tt is I Francis Racon who speaks of matters that "come home to men's business and bosom,'' who lays ; down the axiom that "Knowledge is power,'' and ' who utters that solemn warning to enamored Benedicts, "He that hath a wife and children hath given hostages to fortune." We have the ' high authority of the renowned Sir Edward Coke ' tor declaring that "Corporations have no souls," ; and that "A man's house is his castle." The the learned jurist lieccaria. To Leviathan Hobbes we owe the sage maxim, " "Words are wise men's counters, but the money of fools." It is John Seldcn who suggests that by throwing a straw into the air vou may see the wav of the wind: , and to his contemporary Oxenstiern is due the discovery. ''"With how little wisdom the Avorld is governed' Mackintosh first used the phrase. UA wise and masterly inactivity." "The schoolmaster is abroad," is from a speech by Lord Brougham. It does not mean that the teacher is "abroad ' in the sense of being absent, as many seem to inter pret the phrase, but that he is '" abroad " in the sense of being everywhere at work. In the fa- miliar phrase. "A delusion, a mockery, and a snare," there is a certain Biblical ring, which has ! Bonanza people are Irishmen by birth three Roman Catholics, while Fair is so much of a Protestant as to be called an Orangeman. It is remarkable, by the way. how many of the mine owners and mine superintendents are irishmen. In more than two-thirds of the mines on the Pa cific Coast the superintendent or his first assistant hails from the land of O'Connell and Parnell, and they are generally faithful if not ultra-pious Koman Catholics. The wholesale houses on the Pacific Coast are in the hands of the Jews. Americans are the politicians, the lawyers, the j railroad men. and the speculators. Although the best known millionaires are Americans, it is 1 nevertheless true that more than half of the 1 wealth of the Pacific Coast is in the hands of Irish Koman Catholics and Jews. The Irish spend their money freely and do not make good specu lators, but they more than make up for it by their aptitude for practical mining. James G. Fair was born in Clougher, Tyrone County. Ireland, in December, lc'31. Ife came to this country in 1843. attended school at Geneva. i " ' - Illinois, where some of his family still live. He wn -m nricrinnl UfW Tn tlmt ymt I.p ivns nt was an original '49er. In that year he was at work on Long Bar, Feather iiiver, California, j He did not find it profitable, so he turned his at tention to quartz mining. His first essay was at i Angels, Calaveras county. He soon ranked high as a good judge of mines and as an operator. In ; 1855 he became superintendent of the Ophir ' mine, and in 157 the Hale and Xorcross mine came under his direction. It was the latter which : gave Fair his start in the world. Soon after he made a lucky guess. He surmised that certain ground might contain a great deal of rich ore "tvi-n. -t-1.,-, i.i-.-. -.f "mi i, ...,.i !.,-. .1:... . i , , ''! since grown so iamous turougnout me worm as the Consolidated Virginia and California mines. .Senator Fair owns seventy acres of land in San Francisco, and is the owner of a residence in Menlo Park, which is said to have cost $1,000,001). He is supposed to be worth 825,000,000. I f e has a wife and four children. Living so much under- t ground ill an umfatural atmosphere, he has been troubled with rheumatism and throat diseases i aiu once took a trip to Japan for his health. ' 11 . i -ii Ari -I- i c .air S ot as rich as either Mackay or Fioed. for i his possessions represent actual money taken ! '"mill the mines rather than iivftfitm!iilpmi dnf-l- exchange. Senator Fair is a Democrat in politics, but he is on the pleasantest terms Avith his asso ciate, Senator Jones, who is a Republican The J Jour. " FOR YOUR BROTHER'S SAKE." A good story is told by the Providence Journal ' of a gentleman's mistake v hile on the way to the inauguration at Washington. Between Xew York and Philadelphia he took a seat beside a portly gentleman, and conversation began. Politics were mentioned, and the Rhode Islander said he was a Republican, and thought ' last fall that it would not be well for the country ' to have a change, but that he had a brother who was a Democrat. Soon the train .stopped at a station, and the l.'litilii iriMlitl .rnni i.il r. - l -. -m -.1 .. X ii ..... . .... I ...nX ''- x, VVvU u, iUV 1,uuio,i ami met an acquaintance, who, after a little space, re- marked : "finniil I I.1H-W1-.1' i .v., -!,:.-. 4....:.. 1 .... T vv. ...t..,v .s .,.. mi hh, aim as x ; - - """-"",- am acquainted with him, perhaps you would lil'u.in iiirrwliiff ;-iri " likean intioduction. rl' . l. U i.1 ..- 1 ,!.. v- -- - """" " " " . ' 1 v"ill shake hands with you for your brother's sake.' IS THAT A MOSQUITO? '"An so you're a-going out to. the East Hingies, my darlint .Mrs. Marooney," said an old Irish : crone to the young wife of a sojdier about to i embark for Madras; "I've been in them parts 1 meeself, and well do 1 remember the torment 1 went through nigh and day with the musk cat oes. They have long suckers hanging down from their heads, and they'll draw the life-blood out of ye before ye can say pease.' This terri- mug account meu m rue memory oi tne young woman, i ne vessel made the Madras roads: the decks were soon crowded: all hands were de- lighted at the sight of land, Mrs. Marooney among the rest, but her joy was of short dura tion, for on shore she perceived an elephant. Horror struck at the sight, and in breathless agi tation, she approached the mate, exclaiming with CLAIMS ! This Claim House Estab lished in 1865! ! (xEOTlCxE E. IjEiION J Attorney-at-Law, OFFICKSjKi:; Fifteenth St.. (Citizens' National Hank,) WASHINGTON, I). C. P. O. Dravkk32.". Pensions. Tf wounded, injured, or have contracted any disease, ; entitled. -'- --i-v- once, i uousu Heirs. Widows, minor children, dependent mothers, fathers, and minor brothers and sisters, in the order named, ara entitled. War of 1812. All surviving: ollicers and soldiers of this war, whethei in thcMilitary or Naval service of the United states, who , fotifpe remarried, are entitled to a pension of eight dollars a claims.' 1W f loyulty " lol,SW rcv,ired ln Increase of Pensions. Pension laws are more liberal now than formerly, and many are now entitled to a higher rate than they receive. From and after January, 1SS1, I shall make no chargea for my services in claims for increase of pension, where no new disability is alleged, unless successful in procuring the increa.se. Restoration to Pension Roll. Pensioners who have been unjustly dropped from tha pension roll, or who-e names have been stricken there from by reason of failure to draw their pension for a pe riod of three years, or by reason of re-enlistment, may have their pensions renewed by corresponding with tbia house. Desertion from one regiment or vessel and enlistment in another, is not a oar to pension in cases wnere the wound, disease. or injury was incurred Avhile in the service of the Unites 11 thr scrvico rf flip TTnirpfi States, and in the line of duty. Land Warrants. Survivors of all wars from 1790, ttf March 3, 1855, and j certain heirs are entitled to one hundred and sixty acres 1 of land, if not already received. Soldiers of the late war , not entitled. Land warrants purchased for cash at the highest mar i ket rates, and assignments perfected. I j Correspondence invited. Prisoners of War. : Ration money promptly collected. 1 Furlough Rations. ; Amounts due collected without unnecessary delay. I Such claims cannot be collected without the furlough. j Horses Lost in Service. ,...... .,...-, .,.,...,.,. Claims of this character promptlv attended to. Many claims o'f this character have been erroneously rejected. Correspondence in such cases is respectfully invited. Bounty and Pay. Collections promptly made. Property taken by the Army in States not in Insurrection. Claims of this character will receive special attention, provided they were tiled before January 1, 1SS0. If not tiled prior to that date they are barred by statute of limi tation. In addition to the above we prosecute Military and Naval claims of every description, procure Patents, Trade- Marks, Copyrights, attend to business before the GeneraL ' r.nnd OfnYi mid other 'Riirejins of tho Interior Dfirmrt- ment, and all the Departments of the Government. "SVe invite correspondence from all interested, assuring them of the utmost promptitude, energy, and thorough ness in all matters intrusted to our hands. GEORGE E. LEMON. Ji As this may reaeh the hands of some persons unac quainted with this lioiihe, we append hereto, as specl- mens of the testimonials in our possession, ters from several gentlemen of Political j distinction, and widely known throughoui eopies of let- uid Military hont the United States: Belvideke. III.. October 2-1, 1S75. I take-roat pleasure in recommending Captain George E. Lemox, now of Washington. D. C, to all persons who may have claim:- to settle or other business to prosecute before the Department tit Washington. I know him to be thoroughly qualified, well acquainted with the laws, and with Department rules innll matters growing out of the late war. especially in the Paymaster's and Quar termaster" Offices. I have had occasion to employ hiin for friends of mine, also, in the soliciting of Patents, and have found him very active, well-informed and success ful. As a gallant officer during the war, and an hon orable and successful practitioner, I recommend him stronglv to all avIio mav need his services. f. A. IIVll LIU'T.M. C Fourth Congressional District, Illinois. Late Major-General, U. S. Vols. Citizens" National Bank, Washington, D. C. January 17. 1S79. Captain George E. Lemon, attorney and agent for the collection of war claims at "Washington city is a thor ough, able, and exceedingly well-informed man of busi ness, of high character, and entirely responsible. 1 be lieve that tlie interests of all having war claims requiring adjustment cannot be con tided to safer hands. .IXO. A. J. CKESWELL, President. W. F. IiOACH, Secretary. Hoi'sK ok Representatives, "Washington, D. C, March . 1S75. From several years' acquaintance with Captain George E, Lemon of this citv, I cheerfully commend him as ft : gentleman of integritv and worth, and attend to the collection of Bounty : against the Government. His expert , give him superior alvantages. gentleman of integrity and worth, and well qualified to nut other claims rience in that lino pen . w. i sri'.uu !;, m. c. Fifteenth District of Ohio. JAS. D. STRAWBRIDGE, Si. C. Thirteenth District of Pennsylvania. ITocsj-: ok Representatives, Washington, D. C, 'rtrc7i 1. 1S7S. We. the undersigned, having an acquaintance with Captain George E. Lemon for the past few years, and a knowledge of the systematic manner in which he con ducts his extensive business and of his reliability for fair and honorable dealings connected therewith, cheerfully commend him to claimants generallv. A. V. RICE, Cmiraimi, Committee on Invalid Pensions, House Heps. W. F. SLEMOXS. M. C, Second District of Ark. W. P. I.YNDE. M. C, Fourth District of Wis. U. VT. TOWNSIIEND, 31. C. Xincteenth District of HI. -83T"Any person desiring information as to my stand ing and responsibility will, on request, be furnished with a satisfactory reference in his vicinity or Congressional District. Tj,e World is the book of women. Whatever knowledge they may possess ts more commonly acquired by observation than reading. Rosseau. The sun which ripens the corn and fills the succulent herb with nutriment, also pencils with beautv the violet and the rose. J. C. Abbott. The world is out of tune, and our hearts are out of tune: and the more our souls vibrate to CLAIMS !