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The National tribune. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, September 17, 1881, Image 7

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" Unit ! who goes there?" The sentry Mauds
At challenge by the White-House gate ;
44 Friends of the post ! " " What number.? halt I '
Comes the sad answer-" Thirty-eight ! "
"From California we have come.
From every sorrowing Southern State;
From Carolina. Jersey, Maine,
To watch him we the Thirty-eight'
44 Pass, friends of post ! " The sentry stands
With arms at port, while those who late
Were deadly foe go by the guard,
With streaming eyes the Thirty-eight.
.No discord now no North, no South.
Hands clasped, heads bowed, they sit and wait,
That sleepless picket round the walls
The watching States the Thirty-eight !
IF". K. V. Horner in Army and Navy Journal.
Since the convenient o-cent coin which, in com
mon talk, is called "a nickel.5' has come into gen
eral circulation the question above, is asked either
mentally or orally hundreds of times every day,
and but few get an intelligent answer. In China
and India, a white copper, called pack tong, has
long been known, and has been extensively used
both there and in Europe for counterfeiting sil
ver coin. About the year 1700 a peculiar ore was
discovered in the copper mines of Saxony, which
had the appearance of being very rich, but in
smelting it yielded no copper, and the miners
called it kupier-nickol, or false copper. In 1751,
Constadf announced the discovery of a new metal
in kupfer-nickel, to which he gave the name of
nickel. It was in combination v ith arsenic, from
which he could relieve it only in parts. The al
loy of nickel and arsenic which he obtained was
white, brittle, and very hard, and had a melting
point nearly as high as cast-iron. It was not un
til 1823 that pure nickel was obtained by analy
sis of German silver, which had for a number of
years hcen produced at Suhl, in Saxony. Its
composition Avas ascertained to be copper 10
parts, zinc o, and nickel 4. If more nickel be
used the alloy is as white as silver and suscepti
ble of a very high polish, but becomes too brittle
and hard to be hammered or rolled, and can be
worked only by casting. Pure nickel is a white
metal which tarnishes readily in the air. Unlike
silver, it is not acted on by the vapor of sulphur,
and even the strong mineral acids attract it but
slightly. Nickel has the hardness of iron, and,
like it, has strong magnetic properties, but can
not be welded, and is soldered with difficulty.
Pure nickel has heretofore been used chiefly for
plating, for which purpose its hardness and power
to resist atmospheric influences admirably adapt
it. "Within the last year the French have suc
ceeded in rolling the metal into plates, from
which spoons and other table furniture may be
pressed. Xickel bronze, which consists of equal
parts of copper and nickel, with a little tin. may
be cast into very delicate forms, and is suscepti-
, , v 1 1 "i:-.-, irino nCninl-nl ora wnvl-orl
ble of a high polish. Mines ol nickel are hoiked
at Chatham, Connecticut, and LailCOstei. leilll-
sylvania, and it is said to be found at Mine La
Motte. Missouri, and at several points in Colorado
and Xew Mexico, where but little attention is
paid to it. It is extensively mined in Saxony
and in Sweden, but the late discovery of a new
ore (a silicate of nickel) in New Caledonia will
1 1 1 f .-.. . - .1 .4-1. ,n - r-. .-. j- 4i.r. at vafi -v- t.tt I n-j-x r
land, m Tlie year innz, inuue ;i cum vi ociiuaii
silver which is identical in composition with our
nickel coin. The United States made nickel
cents in 185G. and eight years later coined the o
cent pieces. Belgium adopted nickel coinage in
160. and Germany in 1873. England has lately
coined pennies for Jamaica, but at home she and
France adhere to the clumsy copper small change.
There was a bit of jocularity in one of the
magazines, about half a century ago, which told
of wonderful inventions likely to be published in
the papers of (say) the year 4797. The news-!
writers are supposed to have to speak of a war
between the Northern and Southern States of
America, in which the former invaded the latter
with an army of one million four hundred and
ninety tiiousanu men. ine reality, eignt years ;
ago. approached nearer to the actual wording of i
the extravagant idea than the joker could have
possibly supposecl. Uut he goes on to quote,
from the supposed newspaper of 4707, the follow
ing paragraph: "General Congreve's new me
chanical cannon was fired last week at the siege
of Georgia. Jt discharged, in an hour, eleven
hundred and forty balls, each weighing five hun
dred pounds. The distance of the objects fired
at was eleven miles: and &o perfect was the en
gine that the whole of these balls were lodged in
tne space. of twenty square feet." Of course, in .
the year 1821, it was mere reckless fun to talk of
such calibres, weight of metal, repetitive or re
volving action, range, and accuracy: but our .
Armstrongs, , nitwortii.s. and Fallisers could tell
us how steadily and wonderfully we are advanc
ing towards results which are at least analogous
if not exactly similar. ''Again : Dr. Clark crossed
the Atlantic in seven days." A fiction. But how
near our Cunard steamers constantly bring it to
a reality!
1 once shared his room and bed at a miserable
tavern in Oxford county. The house was ld i
and rickety, the window rattled hideously in the
easement, the chill November wind came through '
:i couple of broken panes with too much force '
for comfort, and sleep was nearly impossible.
After turning and tossing awhile in a vain en
deavor to court forgetfulness, Art emus rose, and ;
lifting the lamp made a most solemn survey of ',
the room in ixqiv part. Presently he emerged j
from a deep closet in the corner with a dilapi- j
dated hoop-skirt in his hand, which he gravely i
hung up before the window. i
Xow, what are vou
doing?" was asked of
Artemus slowly placed the lanfp on the floor,
turned on me a look of pity, and. with an argu
mentative gesture of his right hand, half mut
tered to himself:
'''Twill keep out the coarsest of the cold, any
r :
Friendship which Hows from the. heart cannot
he frozen by adversity, as the wafer that. Hows
from the spring does not congeal in winter.
prouamy suspenu m uc ui u.c .uscu.uu ui, wke(1 umier the lash, perhaps, in the great -ov-and
yet bring nickel into common use. Switzer- ernment cigar factorics of Austria, and make no
The snide cigar maker is generally a foreigner
of rapacious type, without good credit, or any
i reputation for his products. Ife resorts to bands
: of music in inland and California eities to push
off his goods and devotes all his time and sagacity
to inventing some means of putting a slave in
j the working cigar maker's place. Jfe acconi-
plishes this through the tenement-house system,
! Instead of setting up a factory with the proper
machinery, and holding toward his laborers a
; system of neutrality and humanity, he first pro-
! ceeds to constitute himself a landlord of the
workman, lie rents an old and filthy house in tie chicken was observed sitting on three eggs . expression. "An accident of an accident," is bor
! a crowded and diseased quarter, say for $2,000 a and the snake near by was curled around one. ' rowed from Lord Thurlow. "The greatest hap
, year, and then cuts it up into tenement rooms. ' The sight of a snake constantly encircling a hen's piness of the greatest number," occurs in Ben
, for which he charges rent to families, sufficient e'"' was so rare a sijrht that the result was awaited tham, but as an ack no wl edited translation from
to pay his own rent as a cigar maker, and also to
leave him a profit. lie thus pays nothing for
his factory, but makes its occupants, the cigar
makers and their families, pay his rent. JJe es
tablishes in this building a den or office, from
which the work is given out and where the cigars
are received. He avoids tlie revenue taw lor
malities to a great degree in this way. The
floors of the tenement houses are generally
twenty-live feet wide by sixty feet in length, and
there will be half a dozen families, on every floor
of this area.
Enter one of these little apartments, of about
twice the size of a street passenger car, and you
will find it contains a cheap cooking-stove, worth
$1 or $5, three or four wooden chairs, a long bench
against one side of the wall to Avork the cigars . heard of the creature come from all parts of the ' sometimes led to its being ((noted as from one or
upon, and the wooden eating table on the oppo- county to look at it, and the young owner has an other of the Ifebrew'prophets: the words are, in
site side. Out of this little den open one or two . jtiea that it may be a small fortune for him should ' fact, an extract from -the judgment of Lord Den
small bedrooms, in which are common bed-ticks u showman chance to see it. Phi ladclphia Times, i man at the trial of O'Connell. Chambers's Journal.
stuffed with bunches of straw and a straw pillow. j -
There the whole family sleep and live, working ! WHO NAMED THE COLLEGES. j SENATOR FAIR.
fourteen hours out of the twenty-four, and im- ! Harvard College was named after John liar- ! It is a curious circumstance that all four of the
pressing in the job every person in the family.
During the winter when the small-pox is rife, the
windows are kept fast, and the place reeks with
bad air. filth, cooking fumes, and tobacco dust.
The family has no other place to go, and their
onlv resort after working from daylight till eight
or nine o'clock in the evening, is to send out for
beer, which they drink till it compels sleej). They
eat principally cheese and sausage. All night the
floors are covered with tobacco, which has been
wetted down, and must dry during the night, in
order to be ready for the cigar-maker's hands next
day. Here, perhaps, lies a child with the scarlet
fever and another with the measles. These chil
dren tread upon the tobacco, lie upon it. and com
mit the offices of nature anywhere around, as it
covers the whole floor, and next morning the in
dustrious cigar roller picks up the decoction and
proceeds to make cigars for the million.
in order to make S-l a day in these tenement
houses, it is requisite to complete TOO cigars,
which will take a man and his wife and two
children fourteen hours of steady work. The
chndren striji the tobacco-that is, pull the leaves ,
,r- .m Tl,Mvr,mM11vPnnv(tl1P"T1,1I,r.l1P5"
off the stem. The women prepare the bunches
01' tobacco, which constitutes the cigar-fillers.
The men roll the cigars. Instead of these 700
cigars coming out of a well cleansed, fumigated
and aired factory, they come saturated with every
kind of dirt and every seed of disease. It is gen
erally Bohemians who make these cigars. They
j protest against the way they are crammed into
American tenement houses. No other business
is carried on in the living apartments of people
in Xew York except a very little tailoring.
A necessary feature of the tenement house
system is cheating the revenue. It is done so
regularly that it is a well-known fact that in the
vicinity of these tenement-house factories the
small cigar dealers cannot sell their goods, the
neighborhood being supplied with crooked or
smuggled cigars. The milkman comes in the
morning about four o'clock, before a revenue
officer or anybody else is stirring. 1 Fe appears to
lake the inik into the house, and these Boh e-
mians are very clannish, and will only have milk
from their own folks. He comes out with his
pockets stuffed with cigars, which he conveys to
the saloon near at hand, or perhaps to the shop
0f tjie proprietor of the tenement, who. perhaps,
acts as tie butcher or grocer underneath, so as to
secure his rent and his provision bill the first
thing. For some reason, too, these Bohemians
require a great deal of vinegar, and the vinegar
man goes in Avith his double load of vinegar, and
comes out well crammed with cigars. So with
the sausage vender.
It may be asked how the cigar makers can cheat
the furnishers of tlie tobacco, but this is not difii-
cult. It is almost impossible to accurately settle
upon how many cigars a given amount of tobacco
will make, it is generally assumed that from
twenty-five to thirty pounds of tobacco will make
one thousand cigars, but almost any cigar roller
possesses the knack of making his cigars lighter
and netting from two hundred to three hundred ,
more than the thousand out of his quantum of '
tobacco. The Government derives an annual
nftf fti.i rinr i nnn frnm lio. dnmesiie m.-:nii- .
facture of cigars, and it is believed that the smug- .
rli-i-nrtiiTiiiirti lio tn-monf linnspsvKfpiil umormti
gllllj, IIIIWU,,.! IHV. lVUt...V..V.,v U,.v ,
to a figure small in particulars, but in the aggre- ,
gate immense.
The effect on the clean and decent manufacturer
of such competition as this is to make him dock
the proper wages of his workmen. A few weeks
ago 1 went through the tenement-house dens of
George Bence, in Avenue 15 and in Second street,
reeking places; scarcely better were the fine five
story double tenement houses of Sutro and New
mark, in Seventy -fourth street. Men doing any
considerable business ought to be able to rent
clean factories and keep them for manufacturing
only. (,'aih in Cincinnati Enquirer.
Galvanism was discovered by accident. Fro-
lessor Galvani, of Bologna, in Italy, gave his j
name to the operation, but his wife is considered :
as actually entitled to the credit of the discovery, j
She being in bad health, some frogs were ordered '
for her. As they lay upon the table, skinned,
sue noticed mat tneir limbs became strongly con-
yulsed when near an electric conductor. She
called her husband's attention to the fact ; he
instituted a series of experiments, and in 17.9
the galvanic battery was invented.
Ridicule is the test of truth. Lord Shaffshurjj.
' Some time ago a farmer's son in the vicinity of
Marlton, N. J., caught a young watersnake and
i conceived the idea of forming a sort of happy
family by placing the reptile and a newly-hatched
' chicken in company, with a view to ascertaining
whether or not they would live contentedly to-
gether. Strange to say, they soon became insep-
erable and attracted the attention of all the neigh-
borhood. The most curious feature of the case
was to follow, however. The snake urew and the
chicken grew, and in time the latter laid her eggs
alui i,eiran to hatch. Before many days elapsed
great interest. Finally the eggs were
hatched. The eggs on which the hen sat pro
duced regulation chickens, but from the egg over
Avhich the reptile kept watch came an exceed
ingly curious freak of nature. It consists of a
rooster's body and claws with a perfect snake's
head. The head is sunken into the neck some
what and is stuck out something after the fash
ion of a turtle's head. The creature has a forked
tongue, like anv snake, and issues forth a rumb
ling sound. This phenomenon is confined in a
coop along with the hen and the snake, and the
hen neglects her regular brood for the snake and
the snake-rooster. The latter has to be kept
j Caed, as it is very savage and has already killed
soie eight or ten chickens. People who have
var(1 Avl)0 in 1Go3 left t0 lhe cowe 779 aiKi a
library of over 300 books.
"Williams College was named after Col. Ephraim
"Williams, a soldier of the old French Avar.
Dartmouth College was named after Lord
Dartmouth, who subscribed a large amount, and
was president of the first board of trustees.
Brown University received its name from Hon.
xicholas Brown, who was a graduate of the col-
we went into iiess, became very wealthy,
and endowed the college very largely.
Columbia College was called King's College,
till the close of the war for independence, when
it received the name of Columbia.
Bowdoin was named after Gov. Bowdoin of
Yale College was named after EHhu Yale, who
made very liberal donations to the college.
Colby University, formerly TVaterville College,
was named after Mr. Colby, of Boston, who gave
350,000 to the college in 1SGG.
Dickinson College received its name from Hon.
' "1111 -IJICJyI I1SU11. lit" llliUlC il CI V UUClill UUUil-
tion to the cole.e and was pre5kleilt of the
,. . .-,.. , T , , .
John Dickinson. Ife made a very liberal dona-
board of trustees for a number of years.
Cornell University was named after Ezra Cor
nell, its founder.
Physicians have always attached for all ages
the greatest importance to the frequency of the
heart's action as indicated by the pulse. The num-
her of vmlsations of the heart, as stated bv Dr.
Mine Edwards averaTes seventy per minute in a
male and from six to ten more in a female. The
pulse of Napoleon, however. wa.s much below the
That of Sir William Coilgreve is said
to have been about 123 per minute even in health.
But, as a general thing, the variations at Guy's
compiled by Milne Edwards have been verified
by observation.
The following table of the pulse is interesting
in this connection:
A verage.
42 to 40 . .
40 to 5(5 . .
50 to G3 . .
2 to 7
8 to 14
14 to 21
. . . bJ
21 to 2S 73
28 to 35 70
35 to 38 G8
Xew York Herald.
hi 10 ,u '"
0 to Of
77 to S4
The recent improvements in the organization
of the Itiissian army have extended to the food
as well as to the arms and discipline of its sol
diers, and the day's rations of a Russian private
of 1881, rough as it is, would have been thought
aosonue juxury ov ins nau-siarveu predecessor
1 . 1 I -t 1T-T1i T T
ol the generation. The farinaceous ration
in time of war is a little over two pounds of hard
black biscuit per day; in peace it is the same
amount of wheat or barley flour and buckwheat
grwel, the latter being much esteemed by the
Russian peasantry. Four days in the week (the
other three being fasts by the rules of the Greek
mircn- eaen man receives nan a pound oi meat
Per Kv, exclusive of bone, with a certain amount
of tea, vegetables, spirits, etc. Few men, how-
- .1 .1 i' l . .. ii. . l- I
S1 li " 1 ! i
lll-'uu!'iR " iiiuiiuuii i,. o.i1i1hiw. im uuu-
nary Russian. The military annals of the Cir- '
' i i ji r i"
, cassian war have preserved the fame of a regi-
", are so nmepeiiueiii ui Mippnes as tne orcu-
,,.,,.,,,.',, - .. , .
"iem Allien lasted ior tnree days and louglit a :
name on xne lourrn. i sun more conspicuous lim aiiuauuiig m.- (uujj nunimujiisi icn,
instance occurred during Suvoroff s Swiss cam- the Rhode Islander was introduced to the Gen
paign in 1709. AVhen the half-starved Russians eral. With a twinkle of the ej'e General 1 Ian
poured into the village of Andermatt. of whose ' cock said :
famous cheese they had heard so many stories, '
their first proceeding was to devour the contents ;
of a large store filled with what they supposed
to be the dainty in question, and then, falling
upon the French, they beat them back across the
Reuss. AVhen Suvoroff, after the battle, praised
the valor of his men, one of them modestly at
tributed it to the "good cheese" which they had
eaten, and triumphantly displayed the half
gnawed remnant of a bar of yellow soap !
A man's own good breeding is the best security
against other people's ill manners,
Three things principally determine the quality
f a man the leading object which lie proposes
to himself in life, the manner in which he sets
:liJ0Ut accomplishing it, and the elfect which suc-
cess or failure has upon him.
Happiness, like liberty, is often overlooked in
search of it.
It is less painful to learn in youth than to be j uplifted hands, '-Holy Moses! is that a musk- j the music of heaven the more must they feel the
ignorant in old age. j cato?" ! discords of earth. Pchoenberg-Cotta Family.
: 15 rave Judges, and others learned in the law,
have contributed their quota, as in duty bound.
' to the common stock of popular sayings. Tt is
I Francis Racon who speaks of matters that "come
home to men's business and bosom,'' who lays
; down the axiom that "Knowledge is power,'' and
' who utters that solemn warning to enamored
Benedicts, "He that hath a wife and children
hath given hostages to fortune." We have the
' high authority of the renowned Sir Edward Coke
' tor declaring that "Corporations have no souls,"
; and that "A man's house is his castle." The
the learned jurist lieccaria. To Leviathan Hobbes
we owe the sage maxim, " "Words are wise men's
counters, but the money of fools." It is John
Seldcn who suggests that by throwing a straw
into the air vou may see the wav of the wind:
, and to his contemporary Oxenstiern is due the
discovery. ''"With how little wisdom the Avorld is
governed' Mackintosh first used the phrase. UA
wise and masterly inactivity." "The schoolmaster
is abroad," is from a speech by Lord Brougham.
It does not mean that the teacher is "abroad ' in
the sense of being absent, as many seem to inter
pret the phrase, but that he is '" abroad " in the
sense of being everywhere at work. In the fa-
miliar phrase. "A delusion, a mockery, and a
snare," there is a certain Biblical ring, which has
! Bonanza people are Irishmen by birth three
Roman Catholics, while Fair is so much of a
Protestant as to be called an Orangeman. It is
remarkable, by the way. how many of the mine
owners and mine superintendents are irishmen.
In more than two-thirds of the mines on the Pa
cific Coast the superintendent or his first assistant
hails from the land of O'Connell and Parnell, and
they are generally faithful if not ultra-pious
Koman Catholics. The wholesale houses on the
Pacific Coast are in the hands of the Jews.
Americans are the politicians, the lawyers, the
j railroad men. and the speculators. Although the
best known millionaires are Americans, it is
1 nevertheless true that more than half of the
1 wealth of the Pacific Coast is in the hands of Irish
Koman Catholics and Jews. The Irish spend
their money freely and do not make good specu
lators, but they more than make up for it by their
aptitude for practical mining.
James G. Fair was born in Clougher, Tyrone
County. Ireland, in December, lc'31. Ife came
to this country in 1843. attended school at Geneva.
i " '
- Illinois, where some of his family still live. He
wn -m nricrinnl UfW Tn tlmt ymt I.p ivns nt
was an original '49er. In that year he was at
work on Long Bar, Feather iiiver, California, j
He did not find it profitable, so he turned his at
tention to quartz mining. His first essay was at i
Angels, Calaveras county. He soon ranked high
as a good judge of mines and as an operator. In ;
1855 he became superintendent of the Ophir '
mine, and in 157 the Hale and Xorcross mine
came under his direction. It was the latter which :
gave Fair his start in the world. Soon after he
made a lucky guess. He surmised that certain
ground might contain a great deal of rich ore
"tvi-n. -t-1.,-, i.i-.-. -.f "mi i, ...,.i !.,-. .1:...
. i , , ''!
since grown so iamous turougnout me worm as
the Consolidated Virginia and California mines.
.Senator Fair owns seventy acres of land in San
Francisco, and is the owner of a residence in Menlo
Park, which is said to have cost $1,000,001). He
is supposed to be worth 825,000,000. I f e has a
wife and four children. Living so much under-
t ground ill an umfatural atmosphere, he has been
troubled with rheumatism and throat diseases
i aiu once took a trip to Japan for his health.
' 11 . i -ii Ari -I- i c
.air S ot as rich as either Mackay or Fioed. for
i his possessions represent actual money taken
! '"mill the mines rather than iivftfitm!iilpmi dnf-l-
exchange. Senator Fair is a Democrat in politics,
but he is on the pleasantest terms Avith his asso
ciate, Senator Jones, who is a Republican The
J Jour.
A good story is told by the Providence Journal '
of a gentleman's mistake v hile on the way to
the inauguration at Washington. Between Xew
York and Philadelphia he took a seat beside a
portly gentleman, and conversation began.
Politics were mentioned, and the Rhode
Islander said he was a Republican, and thought '
last fall that it would not be well for the country '
to have a change, but that he had a brother who
was a Democrat.
Soon the train .stopped at a station, and the
l.'litilii iriMlitl .rnni i.il r. - l -. -m -.1 .. X ii ..... . .... I ...nX
''- x, VVvU u, iUV 1,uuio,i ami met
an acquaintance, who, after a little space, re-
marked :
"finniil I I.1H-W1-.1' i .v., -!,:.-. 4....:.. 1 .... T
vv. ...t..,v .s .,.. mi hh, aim as x ;
- - """-"",-
am acquainted with him, perhaps you would
lil'u.in iiirrwliiff ;-iri "
likean intioduction.
rl' . l. U i.1 ..- 1 ,!..
v- -- - """" " " " .
' 1 v"ill shake hands with you for your brother's
'"An so you're a-going out to. the East Hingies,
my darlint .Mrs. Marooney," said an old Irish :
crone to the young wife of a sojdier about to i
embark for Madras; "I've been in them parts 1
meeself, and well do 1 remember the torment 1
went through nigh and day with the musk
cat oes. They have long suckers hanging down
from their heads, and they'll draw the life-blood
out of ye before ye can say pease.' This terri-
mug account meu m rue memory oi tne young
woman, i ne vessel made the Madras roads: the
decks were soon crowded: all hands were de-
lighted at the sight of land, Mrs. Marooney
among the rest, but her joy was of short dura
tion, for on shore she perceived an elephant.
Horror struck at the sight, and in breathless agi
tation, she approached the mate, exclaiming with
This Claim House Estab
lished in 1865!
! (xEOTlCxE E. IjEiION
OFFICKSjKi:; Fifteenth St.. (Citizens' National Hank,)
P. O. Dravkk32.".
Tf wounded, injured, or have contracted any disease,
; entitled. -'- --i-v- once, i uousu
Widows, minor children, dependent mothers, fathers,
and minor brothers and sisters, in the order named, ara
War of 1812.
All surviving: ollicers and soldiers of this war, whethei
in thcMilitary or Naval service of the United states, who
, fotifpe
remarried, are entitled to a pension of eight dollars a
claims.' 1W f loyulty " lol,SW rcv,ired ln
Increase of Pensions.
Pension laws are more liberal now than formerly, and
many are now entitled to a higher rate than they receive.
From and after January, 1SS1, I shall make no chargea
for my services in claims for increase of pension, where no
new disability is alleged, unless successful in procuring
the increa.se.
Restoration to Pension Roll.
Pensioners who have been unjustly dropped from tha
pension roll, or who-e names have been stricken there
from by reason of failure to draw their pension for a pe
riod of three years, or by reason of re-enlistment, may
have their pensions renewed by corresponding with tbia
from one regiment or vessel and enlistment in another,
is not a oar to pension in cases wnere the wound, disease.
or injury was incurred Avhile in the service of the Unites
11 thr scrvico rf flip TTnirpfi
States, and in the line of duty.
Land Warrants.
Survivors of all wars from 1790, ttf March 3, 1855, and
j certain heirs are entitled to one hundred and sixty acres
1 of land, if not already received. Soldiers of the late war
, not entitled.
Land warrants purchased for cash at the highest mar
i ket rates, and assignments perfected.
j Correspondence invited.
Prisoners of War.
: Ration money promptly collected.
1 Furlough Rations.
; Amounts due collected without unnecessary delay.
I Such claims cannot be collected without the furlough.
j Horses Lost in Service.
,...... .,...-, .,.,...,.,.
Claims of this character promptlv attended to. Many
claims o'f this character have been erroneously rejected.
Correspondence in such cases is respectfully invited.
Bounty and Pay.
Collections promptly made.
Property taken by the Army in States
not in Insurrection.
Claims of this character will receive special attention,
provided they were tiled before January 1, 1SS0. If not
tiled prior to that date they are barred by statute of limi
tation. In addition to the above we prosecute Military and
Naval claims of every description, procure Patents, Trade-
Marks, Copyrights, attend to business before the GeneraL
' r.nnd OfnYi mid other 'Riirejins of tho Interior Dfirmrt-
ment, and all the Departments of the Government.
"SVe invite correspondence from all interested, assuring
them of the utmost promptitude, energy, and thorough
ness in all matters intrusted to our hands.
As this may reaeh the hands of some persons unac
quainted with this lioiihe, we append hereto, as specl-
mens of the testimonials in our possession,
ters from several gentlemen of Political j
distinction, and widely known throughoui
eopies of let-
uid Military
hont the United
Belvideke. III.. October 2-1, 1S75.
I take-roat pleasure in recommending Captain George
E. Lemox, now of Washington. D. C, to all persons who
may have claim:- to settle or other business to prosecute
before the Department tit Washington. I know him to
be thoroughly qualified, well acquainted with the laws,
and with Department rules innll matters growing out
of the late war. especially in the Paymaster's and Quar
termaster" Offices. I have had occasion to employ hiin
for friends of mine, also, in the soliciting of Patents, and
have found him very active, well-informed and success
ful. As a gallant officer during the war, and an hon
orable and successful practitioner, I recommend him
stronglv to all avIio mav need his services.
f. A. IIVll LIU'T.M. C
Fourth Congressional District, Illinois.
Late Major-General, U. S. Vols.
Citizens" National Bank,
Washington, D. C. January 17. 1S79.
Captain George E. Lemon, attorney and agent for the
collection of war claims at "Washington city is a thor
ough, able, and exceedingly well-informed man of busi
ness, of high character, and entirely responsible. 1 be
lieve that tlie interests of all having war claims requiring
adjustment cannot be con tided to safer hands.
Hoi'sK ok Representatives,
"Washington, D. C, March . 1S75.
From several years' acquaintance with Captain George
E, Lemon of this citv, I cheerfully commend him as ft
: gentleman of integritv and worth, and
attend to the collection of Bounty :
against the Government. His expert
, give him superior alvantages.
gentleman of integrity and worth, and well qualified to
nut other claims
rience in that lino
. w. i sri'.uu !;, m. c.
Fifteenth District of Ohio.
Thirteenth District of Pennsylvania.
ITocsj-: ok Representatives,
Washington, D. C, 'rtrc7i 1. 1S7S.
We. the undersigned, having an acquaintance with
Captain George E. Lemon for the past few years, and a
knowledge of the systematic manner in which he con
ducts his extensive business and of his reliability for fair
and honorable dealings connected therewith, cheerfully
commend him to claimants generallv.
A. V. RICE, Cmiraimi,
Committee on Invalid Pensions, House Heps.
Second District of Ark.
W. P. I.YNDE. M. C,
Fourth District of Wis.
Xincteenth District of HI.
-83T"Any person desiring information as to my stand
ing and responsibility will, on request, be furnished with
a satisfactory reference in his vicinity or Congressional
Tj,e World is the book of women. Whatever
knowledge they may possess ts more commonly
acquired by observation than reading. Rosseau.
The sun which ripens the corn and fills the
succulent herb with nutriment, also pencils with
beautv the violet and the rose. J. C. Abbott.
The world is out of tune, and our hearts are
out of tune: and the more our souls vibrate to

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