Newspaper Page Text
TO CARE FOR HIM WHO HAS BORNE THE BATTLE, AND FOR HIS WIDOW AND ORPHANS." '
gg?T3PMW.lT ;Eazai5c253iS33KKa5K ESTABLISHED 187 WASHINGTON, D. C, SATURDAY, OCTOBEll 1, 1881. NTTW SEBIES. yoi.. I., no. 7, i J3SS23CiE52S25E5EiE53E ?I!S?iZ!eSISSSSm33ESSSSaS25SmSISSS. S2m1332BS!UmZftS GEN. M'PHERSOX'S DEATH. WHAT PRIVATE REYNOLD'S SAYS ABOUT IT Where and By Whom ihc Dead Heme's Body Was Found. Details of the Sad Event (iencr.il Order 'o. S. and a Medal of Honor. A recent publication of the account of the death of Gen. McPherson, as given by Sergt. Thompson, and published in the Army and Navy Journal of August 27, threw doubt on the hitherto-received account that George Reynolds, of the Iowa Volun teers, stumbled upon McPherson as he lay dying at the foot of a tree. Sir. H. Seymour Hall, a neighbor of Reynolds, has received from him, and sends to the New York Times, this account: "I enlisted when a. mere plow-boy on my father's farm, at Ottunvwa, Iowa, in 1S62 ; was a private in Company D, Fifteenth Iowa Volunteers. In March, 1861, re-enlisted as a veteran at Vicks burg, went home on my veteran furlough, and on my return from furlough was detained for duty at headquarters Third brigade, Fourth division, Seventeenth Army Corps, remaining there till July 22 the day Gen. McPherson was killed. In obedience to orders, five others, with myself, starting on the morning of the 22d to rejoin my command. Starting out in the direction my regi ment was supposed to be, I SAW A LINE OF BATTLE in the distance advancing toward us, and suppos ing them to be our men, one of our number called out, "What in the are you shooting this way for ? " As we approached nearer we saw that they were rebels, one of whom, when about ten feet jfrom me, tired on me. his bullet grazing the upper side of my right arm, my abdomen, and passing through the under side of my left arm. My gun was seised by a rebel soldier, who said, "Give me that, and you 'git' to the rear.'' As I moved away the rebel line continued to advance on the flank and rear of our line, which they had broken, and I was left to take care of myself. I was after ward told that all but two of mv comrades were killed. After checking the bleeding of my wound the best I could, I started to make my way out of there. The thought of being a prisoner was terrible to me. mtmfmsiimniygiomoi and scarcely knowing which way to go, I finally started in a northwesterly course. I struck a road leading into Atlanta, where the rebels had cap tured a piece of artillery, and seeing their cavalry still in possession of this road, I went back into the timber and come out on the road further out 1 and crossed, and some little distance after cross- 1 iug the road I saw a man in blue uniform lying ; on tne grounu some instance uneau, anu m nearer approach recognized our beloved commander, the brave Gen. McPherson, without a living being then in sight of him save myself. He was still o living, but in his death struggles, and when I offered him water he made no reply. He seemed unconscious, but showed signs of life for 15 or 20 minutes, his struggles during that time changing his head to the opposite point from what it was when I first saw him. His sword and shoulder straps were both gone. BALLS AND SHELLS WERE STILL FLYING around us in all directions, and one shell burst so close to the General's body that it swept every leaf or loose thing from the ground. A few minutes after the General's death I saw one of our men passing some distance off, and called to him, "come here!" He asked, "Is there any danger? "' I replied, " No." He then came, and while we were talking of what was best to do, three rebel soldiers, one of them carrying part of a stretcher,. came up, and talked of carrying off the General's body, but fearing they would en counter some of our forces, decided not to do so. As they went away they ordered us to accompany them, but as they were unarmed like ourselves, we declined the invitation. I think the name of the Union soldier who was with me was George Farlin. He and I then started AT A DOUBLE QUICK to try and find our lines. In about a quarter of a miie we came upon a train of ambulances. I asked the driver of the first to go with me and get the General's body, but he refused. I went to the next one. and just as I spoke to the driver General "William E. Strong, Assistant Inspector General, Army of the Tennessee, of Gen. MePher son's staff, rode up, and I told him my story. He at once ordered the ambulance driver to follow me. when Farlin and myself led back to General McPherson at double quick, followed by General Strong, his orderly, and the ambulance driver. We five put his body in the ambulance. Farlin and I got in, and the driver, following the lead of . .. Strong, drove rapidly to General Sherman's dquarters, where Gen. McPherson's body was on out of the ambulance, which was then 'en on with me to the Twenty-third Corps -pital. On the 2Gth day of July, four days after the ! ' ve events, an ambulance was sent up to the pital, with orders to TAKE ME TO MY REGTMENT. it- orant of the purpose of this, on my arrival, I -,uid my regiment drawn up on parade. I was 1 t"ken to the front and General W. W. Belknap, u hat time Colonel of the Fifteenth Iowa, read to ibe command an order, which was then for the first time known to me. It read as follows : "H'dq'rs Seventeenth Army Corps, Dept. of the Tennessee, Before Atlanta, Ga.. July 26. 1S64. G. O. No. S. "During the bloody battle of the 22d inst,, in which the Corps was engaged, Private George J. Reynolds, Company D, Fifteenth Iowa Infantry Volunteers, was, while in the performance of his duty on the skirmish line, severely wounded in the arm. In attempting to evade capture he came to the spot where the late beloved and gallant Commander of this Army, Major-General McPher son, was lying mortally wounded. Forgetting all considerations of self, Private Reynolds clung to his old commander, and AMID THE ROAR OF BATTLE. and a storm of bullets, administered to the wants of his gallant chief, quenching his dying thirst, and affording him such comfort as lay in his power. "After General McPherson breathed his last, Private Reynolds was chiefly instrumental in re covering his body, going with two of his staff officers, pointing out the body, and assisting it to an ambulance under heavy fire from the enemy, while his wound was still uncared for. The noble and devoted conduct of this soldier cannot be too highly praised, and is commended to the consideration of the officers and men of this com mand. In consideration of this gallantry and j work at the right time and place, or strict atten noble and unselfish devotion the gold medal of I tion to minor details. This diminutive adjunct honor will be conferred upon Private George J. : of the milk trade and manufacturer of dressing Reynolds, Company D, Fifteenth Iowa Infantry j for peach brandy can sing, s'tpg, and make honey Volunteers, in front of his command. This order simultaneously: and, although, but little larger will be read at the head of every regiment, bat tery, and detachment in this Corps. By com mand of . . Major-General Frank P. Blair. A. J. Alexander, Assistant Adjutant-General. "'Colonel Belknap then fastened to my breast the gold medal of honor, which is still and Avill remain in my possession as long as I live. "Who gave the information to General Blair upon which this order was issued I do not know." Mr. Hall adds : " General Strong. General Bel knap, and too many officers of General Sherman's staff knew of this matter at the time to leave his statement unsubstantiated. The order of Gen eral Blair, issued at that time, speaks for itself. The post-office address of George J. Reynolds is tim&s -smw. .-j: .-,. ; -. m. I jtoZttl- LrX7,aikt .,-, i, ?-. -a uarrorcon, Carroll county. Mo: Jliris a prosper ous farmer and respected citizen, whose word is not doubted by any one who knows him. I know him to be a man of honor and truth, whose state ment, even if not so satisfactorily proved as it is, could be implicitly relied on." GENERAL MEADE'S MONUMENT. The Philadelphia Record, of September, 10 says: "The Fairmount Park Art Association has re ceived nine sketch models from competing art ists for the equestrian statue of Major-General George G. Meade. One more model from an artist in Rome is now on its way. The cost of the statue, placed in position, is not to exceed 25,000, and the following premiums will be paid by the asso ciation for sketch models: For the best sketch model $1,000 ; for the second best, $600, and for the third best, $400. Owing to the efforts of the ladies more than 625,000 of the $30,000 now in hand were collected. In recognition of their efforts the ladies will be given a voice in the se lection of the statue. The committee will be called together at an early date, and as soon as it is practicable a final decision will be arrived at. As yet none of the models have been seen by the members of the committee." SUIT AGAINST GENERAL BANKS. Notice was issued in New York Tuesday to General N. P. Banks that a suit brought against him by William R. Hodges, of New Orleans, would be placed on the calendar of the United States Circuit Court for November. Mr. Hodges was in business in New Orleans as a commission merchant in 1863, when General Banks levied a tax on various articles taken by him to New Or leans. Under threats of having the property seized Mr. Hodges paid a tax of $5,551 , and began an action against General Banks in 1S75 in the State Supreme Court. The case was transferred to the United States Circuit Court. The plaintiff, on the ground that the tax was illegal, asks $20,924 damages. THE LAKE FISHERIES. A census bulletin just issued gives the statistics of the fishing industry in our great northern lakes for the year 1S79. The fisheries reported are those of Lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron, and St. Clair, Erie, and Ontario. The kinds of fish returned are white fish, trout, herring, stur geon, hard fish, soft fish, rough fish, coarse fish, and mixed fish. There were employed in the business 5,000 fishermen, with vessels, apparatus, and accessories valued at $1,345,000. The fish caught in 1879 weighed 68,750,000 pounds, and were worth $1,650,000. The leading kind was white fish, of which 21,000,000 pounds, valued at $77S,000, were taken ; $220,000 worth of trout were caught, and over $100,000 of each, herring and sturgeon. Of the whole amount of fish ob tained, $1,100,000 worth were sold fresh, $400,000 worth were salted, $120,000 frozen, and $109,000 smoked. The industry was carried on to the oreatest extent in Lake Michigan, where the yield amounted to $663,000 in value, and in Lake Erie, where the value exceeded $400,000. YELLOW JACKETS. AN EXCEEDINGLY HOT ENGAGEMENT. A Fine Exhibition of Bee Pluck and Tactics A Funny Story of the War A Hanu to Tail Encoun ter Ketrcat of the Forces. J. S. Slater in National Republican. Yellow-jackets are hot, peppery little fellows, endowed by their Creator with certain inalien able rights and a capacity fbr devilment out of all proportion to their diminutive bodies. The blue wasps, though exceedingly slim-waisted, are otherwise built upon sound business principles and provided with' a stinger-attachment capable of fathoming the most profound depths of human feeling and bringing pain to the surface in chunks bigger than a man's fist. The bumble-bee is a dull-witted, heavy-going, lumbering old winged coach of evil a sort of stupid' Jack Falstaff among insects, yet ordinarily good natural; but the dear old bumble can nevertheless on occasion kick up a pretty lively rumpus, as -.any person who has accidentally or otherwise trodden upon his pre serves can testify. None of; these, however, can compare with the honey-bee, either as regards general business capacity, ability to get in good than a good-sized house-fly nas been known to knock a man across a ten-aqre lot with one blow delivered straight from the: tail. It weighs all the way from a few ounces-up to a ton or more, according to the spot upou.svhich it -- -.n.. CHANCES TO SJp DOAVN; and there are those AvhoseKioses have been tem porarily occupied ready xOjEswear that the six teenth of an inch of the creature's sting is twofold heavier that Cleopatra's needle. Scientific people who have investigated tllS; matter say that the honey-bee has two stomach?, which fact may pos sibly account for its unifornlly bad temper a case of double dyspepsia, as itY.ere. But, whatever may be the failings of the manufacturers of combs and sweetness, they certaMy understand the art of war. offensive and defejve, and know how to make a purely defensive-jn..o?i as offensive to the enemy as thous rtn.V -.-..- it were planned for an aggressive movement. One of the finest exhibitions of bee pluck and tactics ever witnessed was upon the day preceding the battle of Malvern Hill. MY BRIGADE HAPPENED to take up position close down by the river, not far from a fine, large mansion, near which stood a bee-house of some twelve or fourteen feet square, and about the same m height, and m which the t - hives, to the number of perhaps thirty or forty, Avere arranged in three tiers upon three sides of j a saluting battery she has an armament of six the structure. We stacked arms about three p. j teen 9"illcn DaMgrens 0n the gun deck, and four m.. exnectimr to have a few hours for resting 80-pound breech-loading Parrott rifles, and two (Sumner, Franklin, and Heintzelman, had relieved us, and Avere holding the enemy in check at White Oak SAvamp and in the vicinity of Charles City), and upon breaking ranks Ave at once dis persed in search of "grub," of Avhich avc stood sadly in need. One of our foraging parties dis covered the bee-house, and immediately the neAvs spread abroad Ave struck a bee-line individually and in detachment, for the depository of concen trated SAveets. THE 1IEES, APPRIZED OF OUR APPROACH, strengthened the garrison by calling in their scouts, light cavalry, and outposts generally, and threAV out a double line of skirmishers (sharp shooters), armed Avith needle-guns and supported by heaA'y reserves, around their citadel. Unde terred by the formidable array, Ave detailed a storming party of picked men, avIio steadily ad vanced, under a plunging, stinging discharge from the enemy's breech-loaders, to batter doAvn the outAvorks Avith a rail. This Avork Avas ac complished : but the breaking doAvn of the gate leading into the fort seemed to encourage its de fenders and render them more desperate and dar ing. They swarmed upon the ramparts over head, under foot, cveryAvhere meeting us at every point with the bayonet. It Avas A HAND-TO-TAIL ENCOUNTER throughout. The casualties were heavy, princi pally upon our side. Thousands of eyes, gleam ing Avith the light of true courage, Avere closed never to open again until the SAvelling should haA'e subsided and thousands of gallant hearts Avere made to groan in agony before any appre ciable success Avas gained. At length a man be longing to the Second Maine Infantry seized a hiAre Avhich contained something over a million of the garrison, and made a dash outward, fol loAved by a member of the Thirteenth Ncav York Volunteers, similarly laden. This created a diver sion, of which Ave who remained immediately took advantage and succeeded, under many difficulties, in filling our hands Avith spoils from the OArerfloAV ing storehouse of the foe. THEN REGAN A RETREAT more disastrous to us than Napoleon's famous retrograde movement from the Russian capital. The hive-bearers Avere, however, the chief centres of attraction. The Maine man Avas struck be tAveen the eyes by a red-hot bolt, stumbled, fell, rolled over, got upon his feet, and in a moment's time became a living, cursing pyramid of bellicose bees, red-hot for him and honev. -j cj ' "With a yell of which Sitting Bull might be proud, he made a rush for a small inlet jut ting in from the river, into which he plunged head first, and thus succeeded in drown imr several hundreds of the persistent foemen. The Thirteenth New York man followed suit, taking his hive with him. Honey flowed like water and the bees stung like the devil. The air was full of curses and wings, while sting-stemmed engines of misery were darting, dashing, wheel ing, buzzing, humming, prodding at everybody with two legs and a drop of honey within smell ing distance. When the combat was apparently AT ITS HEIGHT the bugle sounded the assembly and Ave incon tinently retreated from the field, glad of such an excuse to get away with our honor, and the bumps, knobs, and closed optics eA'idencing the A-alor of our assailants. It Avas a mile to where our colors Avere planted, and Ave walked, or rather ran, beneath a canopy of bees the entire distance. They enveloped us like a cloud crawled up our coat-sleeves, down the backs of our necks, up our pantaloon legs, got into our hair well, Avhen Ave formed line the officers mistook us for an animated apiary, and Ave took thrust after thrust from our uncomfortable tenants Avith becoming grace, although, as a matter of fact, Ave had wasted the greater part of our sweetness upon the surrounding country. AVE WERE ORDERED UP on the high ground to Avhere the battle of Glen dale, or Nelson's Farms, Avas progressing; and Avith sticky hands and honeyed smiles (the latter made grotesque by the masks which the busy, buzzing, bump-building bees had provided for our use) Ave moved off with alacrity. Our chief impulse Avent Avith us. In fact, there Avas scarcely a man of us all but had a "bee in his bonnet," or somewhere else about his per son ; and a bee Avorking end foremost is a poAver ful propelling force, "and don't you forget it." Not until Ave Avere Avell under fire and en-A-eloped in the sulphurous smoke of conflict did our tormentors hie them back to their dismantled fortress, and days elapsed before some of us could take in the situation Avith both eyes. Even then 1 j our ignominious defeat clung to us, and for j Aveeks we Avere knoAvn among the boys of our division as the SAA-ellest lot of felloAvs in the army in fact, a3 "'swelled heads." -. .t. OUR LARGEST MAN-OF-WAR. The Tennessee is the largest man-of-Avar afloat now flying the American flag, and, although a wooden vessel and lacking in many of the latest and most approved modern naA'al appliances of offense and defense, it is yet of a type that does not discredit the Government. She is nearly 5,000 tons in displacement, 375 feet in length OA'er all, 45 feet breadth of beam, 31 feet depth of hold, and 23 feet extreme draught aft. In addition to 8-inch muzzle-loading rifles on the spar deck, to gether with the supplementary battery of field artillery and Hotchkiss revolA-ing cannon. There are four torpedo appliances and the usual stand of magazine and Gatling rifle guns. The engines are of the compound type. The screAV is four bladed NaA'y Department plan; diameter, 19 feet; pitch 31 feet 4 inches, and the engines have de veloped 2,900 horse-poAver at a maximum speed of 14 knots. ON THE MARCH Battery C of the 3d United States Artillery, Captain William Sinclair commanding, reached Lancaster, Pa., on Sept. 24th, on their march from Fort Hamilton, Long Island, to YorktoAvn, to at tend the Centenary. They have made the march by order of the Government over the same route taken by Washington to YorktoAvn. The battery consists of 76 men, four guns, four caissons, two ambulances, several baggage Avagons, and 74 horses. It is quite famous, being the Ring gold Battery of the Mexican War ; that is, it has retained the same name and dates its organization from that time, and it has had the proud distinc tion of having had Generals Sherman and Thomas as first lieutenants at different times. They Avere met at the outskirts of the city by a dele gation of George H. Thomas Post, No. S4, G. A. R., accompanied by a brass baud, and also by Colonel H. A. Hambright, of the United States Army, noAV on the retired list and resident here. They marched to the Lancaster Cemetery, where a salute of thirteen guns Avas fired over the grcwe of General John F. Reynolds, avIio fell at Gettys burg. Marching into the city, they saluted the Soldiers' Monument, in Center Square, after which the band played a dirge, and then the bat tery marched to McGrann's Park, on the suburbs of the city, AAiiere they Avent into camp until Monday, the 26th. . ; K THE FRENCH IN TUNIS. The French are sinking deeper every day in the Tunisian quagmire. A column of sixty thousand men has crossed the Mediterranean AA'ithout com pleting the conquest of the principality. Neither the staff nor the rank and file emerge from the campaign Avith unimpaired prestige. The drain upon the military budget Avill be exhausting. The operations in Tunis require the use of large bodies of cavalry, and this is a Aery expensive arm of the service. THE LAST OF EARTH. SAD AND IMPOSING FUNERAL CEREMONIES. Rurial or tiie 3Iurdered President Decorations. Scenes, ami Incidents of the Occasion A Sorrowing1 Multitude, and a Lons Farewell. The last sad rites have been performed, the fresh earth has been heaped above the quiet form, the mourners haA-e returned to their homes, and James A. Garfield now lives only in history, the memory of the people, and in the hearts of those aaTio loved him so Avell and tenderly in the days that are past. September 23d the funeral cortege left this city, and upon the Saturday folloAving, after hav ing passed along a route hung Avith the insigina of grief upon every side, it reached Cleveland, Avhere the last ceremonies AAiiere to be solemnized. The services in Cleveland Avere unusually im pressive. Upon its arrival the body Avas esccrted from the depot by a A-ast concourse of military and civic societies, and citizens generally, to the pub lic square in which the catafalque for its reception had been erected. THE CATAFALQUE itself Avas superior in attractive design and drapings to anything of the kind ever before knoAvn. A platform had been erected fiA'e feet and six inches above the leA'el of the ground, ap proached by a gentle incline from the east and the Avest. Upon the platform A'as the paAilion, square in plan, coA-ered by a curved canopy. At the apex of the canopy Avas a large globe, upon Avhich stood the figure of an angel with AA'ings extended, the snowy tips approaching aboA-e the head. The dimensions of the pavilion Avere as follows: The main part forty-five feet square; on each of the four sides an open arch tAventy four feet AAide and thirty feet high ; the canopy tapering to an apex seventy-trwo feet above the ground, upon Avhich rested the globe, a ball nearly fiA-e feet in diameter; the statue above, tAventy-four feet in height, its wing tips thus being at a total altitude of ninety-six feet aboA-e the ground. As to the adornment, everything Avas done Avhich could contribute to the effective ness of theAAork. THE FLORAL DECORATIONS f Avere the finest eAer seen or conceiAed of. One piece, "The Gates Ajar," Avas especially beautiful, and consisted of a double gate, partly opened, constructed of the richest flowers. Another lovely piece Avas a lyre of balsam and. rosebuds which leans against a column of green, over which hovered the birds of gentleness and rest. Near this beautiful piece aais another, rep resenting "The last sheaf gathered home" a dreary stubble field, all brown and bare saA'e the garnered sheaf and a sickle. THE FUNERAL SERVICES were most inipressiA-e. Thousands upon thous ands of people were congregated in a dense mass covering acres of territory, and the appearance of grief manifested upon every side showed Iioav dear to the hearts of the people the dead Presi dent had been. Members of the Cabinet, the most eminent officers of the Army and Navy, Governors of States, and many other persons of note Avere present, besides a vast array of mili tary, including the Veteran Association of the Forty-second Ohio, Gen. Garfield's old regiment. THE JOURNEY TO THE TOMB was the saddest journey ever made from the beau tiful city of Cleveland, and Avill be long remem bered by those who took part therein. The funeral car consisted of a platform 8 by 16 feet, supported on four heaAy truck Avheels. From the edge of the platform to Avithin one inch from the ground heaA-y black drapery, bordered with silver fringe, was suspended. Immediately below and contiguous to the platform hung folds of heaA-y white silk, caught up A-ith black silk cords. Tavo terrace steps led up to the pall. Be tAveen the steps i'Oavs of immortelles ran around the Avhole car. On each corner wf the platform Avas a stand of flags draped in black. The arched canopy Avas supported by three columns on each side, covered with black broadcloth and coiled garlands of immortelles, and Avith capitals of Egyptian designs. Immediately above the col ums on a projecting cornice, Avith black and Avhite rosettes in the frieze, under ATiich Avere hung festoons of broadcloth and silver fringe. On the four corners above the canopy were black ostrich plumes. The dome of the canopy, six feet above the cornice, AA'as covered Avith black cloth and surmounted by immortelles. On the corners of the dome Avere beautiful black plumes, and the Avhole Avas croAvned by a large urn Avreath Avith immortelles. The hearse Avas drawn by twelve . black horses, four abreast, and led by six colored grooms. The horses were caparisoned Avith heaAy black cloth covers braided AAith silver fringe, and carried black Avhite-tipped plumes. Behind the car folloAved the mourners whose numbers Avere almost beyond estimate. After the last impressive rites had been performed the crowds slowly dispersed and the second President of the United States to fall beneath the assassin's bullet was left in the SAveet repose of his last rest ing place. Long may the grass grow green and flourish above his grave. f