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The National tribune. (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, April 08, 1882, Image 1

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"TO CARE FOR HIM WHO HAS BORNETHE BATTLE, AND FOR HIS WIDOW AND ORPHANS."
ir
ESTABLISHED 1877.
A RACE FOR LIFE.
JOHN MORGAN'S RAID THROUGH KEN
TUCKY;4ND1ANA, AND OHIO.
flolwon und Shackelford In Porsnit-Onnbott
Patrolling the Biter The Kentnckj Hills
So 'esr and let So Far.
BATTLE OF BUFFINGTON.
1 Fanie-Strlcken
Mob Retreat
Morgan.
and Captnro of
By G. C. Kniffin.
CONCLUSION.
General Hobson reached the Ohio River in
time to witness the last boat-load of Mor
gan's command debarking on the opposite
shore. One boat was burning, out tno orncr
escaped and was dispatched to Lonisvillc to
secure others to aid in crossing. The St
Louis, which was at Rock Haven, came down,
and the crossing was immediately com
menced. As the day passed boats continned
to arrive, and by nightfall quite a fleet hactf
arrived. Morning found the last ot ins
forces across the river. The command
moved forward at 3 a. m., and all day Wed
nesday the march of the pursuing force was
kept up along the route marked by burned
mills and houses. Late into the night the
hardy veterans clung to their horses. Halting
a few hours for much-needed rest to man and
beast, the bugle sounded " boots and saddles"
long before daylight, and the cavalcade
moved on. The ladies, no longer fugitives
from their homes, met them with cooked
provisions and cheered them onward with
smiles and patriotic songs. Many a brave
Kentucky youth surrendered at diperet ion
to the warm greeting and swi'ct smiles of
the f.vir daughters of Indiana and Ohio.
General Hobson's force consisted of the
brigadrs commanded by IJrigadier-General
J, M. Shackelford. Cotonel Frank Woodford
of tho First Kentucky cavalry, and Colonel
A. V. Kauiz, Second Ohio cavalry. They
were tv.mpa-ed of detachments from the
lbllowjm; rogimcnls: Second and Seventh
Ohio cavalry. Colonel A..V...Kautz: Ninth
- Ifenti:rtkv.ivalrv. Colonel Jacobs: Twelfth
'. KciiuHlkv&nA'siIry.Ccil'BisgciioCntlW
Eighth Kentucky cavalry, Colonel B. H. Bris
tol and Lieutenant-Colonel Holloway; Third
Kentucky cavalry, Major Woolflcy; First
Kentucky cavalry, Lieutenant -Colonel
Adams; second East Tennessee mounted
infantry, Colonel Miiton; Fourteenth J 111
now cavalry, Colonel Caprc.n: F-ith Indiana
cavalry. Captain Power.-,; 1'hii.l Ohio cav
alry, Captain Dodd; the For'y-fiflh Ohio
mounted infantry, Licutcw.M oionn Ro,
and Twenty-second Imrana JJ.itr.ery. CaptAin
B. F. Di-imnm.
Moving through Sahne the command en
camped on the night of the 11th at Vienna,
where, as at Salem, Morgan had burned the
railroad bridge. At 5 o'clock on the morn
ing of the 12th the coihnia was again in
motion, marching through Paris to Verscilles,
which was reached at ." p. m. on the 13ih,
four hours after Morgan crossed tlie State
line into Ohio at r.anison. On ncanng
Vermes Morgan had detached Colonel
Grigsby with his regiment to dash into the
town, where he broke up a meeting of militia
and captured their horses. Twenty-live miles
from Harrison at Sumansville, on the Ohio
and Mississippi Railroad, Morgau halted to
rest. Twenty-five hundred militia loaded in
box-cars, unconscious of Morgan's presence,
lay there for some tune, then moved on to
Cincinnati.
At one o'clock on the 13th Morgan reached
Harrison, where he begun to manoeuvre to
get past the line of Cincinnati. Here he
expected to be confronted with Burnsidc's
troops. If he kept moving in a direct line
eastward, clearing the country of all the best
horses, the troops in his rear could not over
take him, and it would be difficult to con
centrate troops in his front by railroad from
Cincinnati.
THE GOLDEN OPPORTUNITY
to capture him was at the time when he
crossed into Ohio. With the facilitics'for
transporting troops northward by the various
roads two or three divisions might have been
concentrated at different points in his iront,
one or the other of which he would be com
pelled to fight or else make a wide detour
to avoid. He was now in a fertile country,
abounding in fine horses, forage, and pro
visions and traversed by finely macadamized
roads.
Duke says: "nis object therefore, enter
taining these views, and believing that the
great effort to capture him would be made
as he crossed the Hamilton and Dayton Rail
road, was to deceive the enemy as to the
exact point at which he would cross the road
and denudJ that point as much as possible
of troops. Ho sent detachments in various
directions, seeking to create the impression,
however, that he was marching to Hamil
ton." After two or threehours' halt at Har
rison, or about the same hour at which Hob
eon entered Verseilles, thirty miles in his
rear, the raiders moved directly towards
Cincinnati, the detachments joining tho main
body as it moved rapidly forward. Of the
2,460 men with which he crossed the Cum
berland there were now less than 2,000 left.
AH the enterprise except that which kept
the men in their saddles for purposes of
safety had been jolted out of them in the
long ride through Kentucky and Indiana.
In the night march around the city Morgan
had great difficulty in keeping his column
together. Marching in the rear of the ad
vance brigade and separating it'ixora that in
the rear was Clukc's regiment, which from
the period of its organization had been under
lax and careless discipline. The men would
halt of their own accord, and in the dark
ness it was impossible for the commander of
the rear brigade to tell whether the halt was
occasioned by the advance brigado or not.
Then galloping forward a wide gap would
be left in the column. At dawn the column,
or mob rather, had passed through Glendalc
and across all the principal suburban roads
leading out of Cincinnati, and soon after
crossed the Little Miami Railroad, where in
sight of Camp Dennison a halt was ordered
and the horses fed. After a picket skirmish
and burning a park of Government wagons
the raiders were again in the saddle, from
which they dismounted at Williamsburg at
four o'clock of the loth, having marched
since leaving Sumansvillc
.NINETY MILES IN TniRTY-FIVE HOURS.
Feeling comparatively safe here they went
into camp and remained during the night.
On the night of the 13th Ilobson encamped
at Harrison, his men and horses thoroughly
jaded and worn out.
U three a. m. of the 14th the command
remounted and followed in the wake of Mor
gan's troops through Springdalo and Sharon
to Montgomery, where Morgan had caphyrcd
150 good horses. Ilobson encamped at night
and continued his march after ft few hours'
rest at two a. m. on the loth through BatAvia
and Williamsburg to Sardinia, which place
'was reached at 11 p. m. and the command
ordered into camp. Ilobson had been led
fifteen miles out of his way by a Methodist
preacher who acted as guide, and who after
performing this exploit made his escape.
From Sardinia to Winchester the march was
made between the hours of eight in the morn
ing and eight at night of the lfflli. After
leaving Williamsburg on the morning of the
IGth Morgan marched through riKcton,
Jackson, Vinton. Berlin to Wilkcsvillc, where
he halted before nightfall and went into
camp. At th.rc o'clock the following morn
ing the command was again in the saddle,
and at one oVlook p. m. reached Chester.
The road lay along the Ohio River, about
thirty miles distant, with roads leading to
it down every ravine Occasionally gaps
through the hills revealed the blue range of
mounianis on the Kentucky shore. Between
them and that land of freedom there was a
great gulf fix"d. The distant hills flashed
upon 'their sight Tantalus-like as led by
Grigsby with the Sixteenth Kentucky they
dashed along the road towards Buflington
Island. Every road leading from the river
--L-van fi4ln!-"vi 1 h-troops-tuho ..wjirappsjed-Upon
I.," .- " :ii. :i AC iUr.n -Tlio
me rmges on uiim;i mu ui u. u.....- ."
sight of
2,000 jiopJt.mkn' running the gauntlet
was inspiring to the men posted on the
ridges and exceedingly interesting to the
raiders. There was no time to halt and dis
lodge their assailants. Behind them with
a steady tramp came Ilobson with his cavalr'
like an avenging Nemesis. Gent ral Judah,
after committing the blunder which rendered
the raid posible at Marrowbone, had pro
ceeded to Cincinnati, where he had procured
a large body of troops, embarked on trans
ports and was keeping abreast of Morgan
on his way up the river.
Referring again to the commissariat of
Southern Ohio Colonel Duke takes occasion
to acknowledge the kind hospitality of the
people during tlicse last two days' march.
IIo says: "At every house that we ap
nroaehed the dwellers thereof, themselves
absent, perhaps unable to endure a meeting
that would have been pamini, naci icio
warm pies freshly baked upon the tables.
This touching attention to our tastes was ap
preciated. Some individuals were indolicate
enough to insinuate that the pics? were in
tended to propitiate us, and prevent the
plunder of their houses." The halt of an
hour and a half at Chester gave the pursuing
cavalry time to close up, and when at eight
p. m. Morgan reached Portland, a little vil
lage upon the bank of the Ohio, a short dis
tance above Buflington Island, Hobson's
advance was close upon the rear. By travel
ing day and night the Union cavalry had
reached Chester at eight o'clock on the morn
ing of the Iflth of July, Kantz's brigade
in advance, Colonel Sanders's brigade next,
then General Shackelford's, and Colonel
Woolford's in the rear. Two miles out from
Chester, on Sabbath morning, the 10th,heavy
artillery firing was heard in the direction of
Buflington Island. Morgan had chosen this
point for crossing on account of the shoals
between it and BlannerhaSset's Island twenty
miles above. The gunboats Moose, Reindeer,
Springfield, Naumkeg, and Victory, in com
mand of Lieut-Corn. Le Roy Fitch, had been
for some days patrol ing the river between Rip
ley and Portsmouth, but as it was definitely
ascertained that Morgan was pnshing east
ward, the Moose, towed by the Imperial, start
ed up the stream, followed at proper distances
by the remainder of the fleet The Moose
reached the foot of Buflington Island on Sat
urday night, the 18th, and remained until
the next morning without changing position,
on account of a dense fog.
MORGAN FOUND HIMSELF IN A DILEMMA.
The halt of an hour and a half at Chester
was a fatal blunder. An earthwork had
been thrown up to gnard the ford, and
manned by two companies of militia and two
pieces of artillery. To cros the river it was
first necessary to assault and carry this work,
ne had been able to steal everything on the
march but cannon balls, and hhs artillery am
munition was nearly exhausted. If trans
ports could pass Pomeroy,ho knew that they
would bo laden with infantry and convoyed
by gunboats. If not, a good road led from
Pomeroy to Buflington, over which Jndah
was then marching, and in either event they
would be upon him at daylight. The night
was one of inky darkness, and a heavy fog
hung ever the river. He had no guides, and
to storm a work over unknown ground was
obviously impossible. His men were broken
WASHINGTON, D. C, SATURDAY, APRIL 8, 1882.
down and badly demoralized, more willing
to surrender than to fight If the attacking
party should bo repulsed, as they had been
on the fourth of July, they would carry rout
and panic through the entire command.
The crossing came near being successfully
accomplished. The steamer Starlight, loaded
with 30,000 barrels of flour, ran aground on
Buflington bar the day previous to Morgan's
arrival. Captain Wood, of the Regular army,
on duty as mustering officer at Marietta, took
charge of two companies of militia, and
dropped down the river where he found the
Starlight aground. Ho at once lauded his
men and manned the earthwork, lightened
the steamer and towed her out of reach of
Morgan, who was reported to be approach
ing, held the work until midnight, when he
ordered it to be deserted and abandoned.
Morgan had, in the meantime, entered the
town and held the consultation above referred
to.
AN HOUR OF DAYLIGHT WOULD HAVE BEEN
"WORTH A THOUSAND MEN.
There was no alternative but to postpone
the attack until early dawn, when he hoped
to carry it in a few minutes and at once
commence crossing, and, by sacrificing his
rear guard, effect his escape. Colonel Duke
was ordered to place two of his regiments as
near tho work as possible, and attack at day
light Many unsuccessful efforts were made"
during the night to find other fords. When
morning dawned the troops advanced and
found the works unoccupied and the guns
rolled into the ravine. Duke at once started
his men on the Pomeroy road in pursuit of
the garrison, where they unexpectedly ran
into General Judah's advance guard, which
they attacked with spirit, taking one piece
of artillery and forty or fifty prisoners,
among whom Avas his adjutant-general, and
mortally wounding Major Daniel McCook,
fathcrof General McCook. By Morgan's order,
Colonel Duke formed his two regiments,
about 500 strong, across the road upon which
Jndah was advancing, while Colonel John
son, with his brigado, faced the road at right
angles upon which Ilobson was passing.
Neither Judah nor Ilobson was aware of the
proximity of the other. In the brief engage
ment which ensued in the Pomcry road, Mor
gan lost his Parrott guns and a portion of
the Fifth Kentucky. Captain John J. Graf
ton, of Judah's staff, narrowly escaping cap
ture, made his way to the river, and got
aboard the Moose, where he was enabled to
point out to Lieutenant Fitch the exact po
sition of Morgan's forces. The guns from
the Moose opened at seven o'clock in tho
-morning? ami as-ihc pound- Toyczb&zai
rV
turougn Uie sua morning air ami janiujj$,
eht cars of Hobson's advancing cavalry, every
man shook off "slumber's chains that bound
him," straightened himself in the saddle,
'tightened the reins upon his drooping steed,
and pressed forward. By direction of Gen
eral Hobson, Shackelford, with his own and
Woolford's brigades, moved to the left by a
road leading up the rhcr to cut off Morgan's
retreat in that direction. Meanwhile Hob
son's advance and Judah's had become
engaged, and the gunboat added to
the uproar, if not to the carnage. Notwith
standing the immense disparity in forces,
Colonels Duke and Johnson managed to
hold Judah and Hobson in check long
enough to enablo Morgan to move up tho
river with all of the disengaged tioops iho
still acknowledged hisauthority. Duke says:
"The scene in the rear was one of indescrib
able confusion. While the bulk of the regi
ments which Morgan was drawing off were
moving from the field in perfect order, there
were many stragglers from each, who were
circling about the valley in a delirium of
fright, Clinging instinctively, in all their ter
ror, to bolts of calico and holding on to led
horses, but changing the direction in which
they galloped with
EVERY SHELL WHICH WHIZZED OR BURST
near them. Tho long train of wagons and
ambulances dashed wildly in the only diicc
tion which promised escape, and becoming
locked and entangled with each other in
their flight many were upset, and terrified
horses breaking loose from them plunged
wildly through the mass. Some of them in
striving to make their way out of the valley
at the northern end ran foul of the section of
howitzers attached to the Second brigade,
and guns and wagons were roiieu Headlong
into the steep ravine. Occasionally a solid
shot or shell would strike one and bowl it
over like a ten-pin." About this time a
simultaneous rush was made for the river.
Throwing away arms, booty, and superfluous
clothing the panic-stricken mob rushed down
the bank, some mounted and others on foot,
and plunged into the water. The terror
stricken wretches had drifted away from the
battle to about one milo and a half above
Buflington Island, where they might have
succeeded in gaining tho Virginia shore, but
for the interference of tho gunboat. The
crossing was covered by a twenty-pounder
Parrott and a twelve -pounder Howitzer
dragged into position by the inen in their
hasty retreat, but before they could be loaded
they wero knocked out of position by the
bow-guns of the Moose. Still some twenty
Or thirty men made their way across tho
river. Several were killed in the water and
tho rest returned to the shore. At length
Duke could hold his position no longer and
in the effort to withdraw his men they were
thrown into disorder. Many of them threw
down their arms and surrendered. Others
sought the shelter of trees or ran'wildly from
one point to another seeking shelter from tho
iron hail that fell upon them from all direc
tions. The Seventh Michigan, of Judah's
command, camo up and dashed boldly info
the crowd of fugitives. Colonels Duko and
Smith and Captains Campbell and Thorpe
and some fifty officers and men were forced
by tho charge of this regiment into a ravine
and captured. In his movement up tho river
Shackelford's rear guard became engaged,
when ho at onco reversed his column, and
camo upon a heavy force making its way out
of the valley near Bashan church. After a brief
flght the First, Third, and Eighth Kentucky
cavalry made a gallant charge. Shackelford
thus graphically describes the scene:
"Wll'lt DRAWN SABRES GLEAMING IN THE
BRIGHT SUN LIGHT,
and with a yell that filled the foe with ter
ror, they rushed upon him, and he fled at
their approach. The charge was led by
Lieutenant -Colonel TTalloway with the
Eighth Kentucky, Major Woolfley with his
battalion of the Third Kentucky, and Lieu
Icns -Colonel Adams, with the First Ken
tuck cavalry. I do but simple justice to
thescj brave and gallant officers and the vet
eran soldiers Avho followed them in that
charge, when I say that uot in this or any
other war have officers and men acquitted
themselves with more credit or manifested
mora determination or valor." A flag of
tiuce came in very soon, asking for terms of
surrender. Shackelford gave them briefly:
'IMMEDIATE AND UNCONDITIONAL SURREN
DER. Colonels Dick Morgan, Ward, and Hoff
man, with their commands, about 700 strong,
came in and Ipid down their arms, and were
mar Shed to the river. Colonel Gregsby,
Capfain Byrnes, and Captain Kilpatrick
were among those who crossed the river in
.safety, and succeeded in effecting their es
cape, Duke says : " Between 1,100 and 1,200
meirr retreated with General Morgan up tho
river, closely pursued by Hobson's cavalry."
Shackelford moved forward to Tupper's
Pla'as 15 miles where, in a dense wood at
the h ad of a deep ravine, between the forces
of J'dah and Hobson and his own, Morgan
was found posted. Several detachments had
broken oft' from Morgan's main force in the
devil-take-thc-hindmost flight from Buffing
ton,"nnd Lieutenant-Colonel Adams detached
in turn to pursue them brought in eighty
fusriuves. Cantain Hains. of the Eighth
Kentucky, captured over one hundred. Col
onel Johnson, with about 360 officers and
men. swam the river at Belleville, above
Buflington, and escaped. Morgan was fol
lowing with the remainder, when the arrival
of.tne gunboats killed over twenty-five in
iho rher and nipped tho entcrpriscin tho
bud'. "At this point," says Duke, "a negro
boy named Box, a great favorite with tho
Sicond Kentucky, a thorough rebel and
dt cdy impressed with a sense of his own
importance, entered the river and started
aerss. General Morgan called to him to
7-, urn, fearing he would be drowned. ' Massa
'.ffp s?id Box, ' If dey catches you dcy may
'.-. vn.i . lmf if lie -mrrfrnr ); r.nff.bed in a
v
ifejSlatc he ain't gwmc to git away while
do wall lasts.' He got over safely.
A reconnoissancc made by General Shakel
ford in person, accompanied by Colonel
Wcolford, Captain Hoffman, and a citizen, to
within a short distance of Morgan's line,
showed that an attack from his side was im
practicable. The naturo of the ground
would not admit of the use of artillery nor
cavalry charges. His force had been dimin
ished by detachments to gnard prisoners to
the rear and scout in search of fugitives
until he had but 000 men in the saddle when
he discovered Morgan's position. In this
state of the case Shackelford determined to
hold the road in Morgan's front and dispatch
a messenger to General Hobson, with infor
mation thai ho and Judah could attack from
their side in Morgan's rear. The information
reached headquarters too late to be acted
upon that night, but Hobson sent Kautz
with his brigade to report to Shackelford.
Morgan leorganized his command under
Colonel CI uke and Major Webber, and
UNDER COVER OF DARKNESS
mado another dash for liberty. Stealing
noiselessly out of the woods by a bye-path,
in Indian" file, the dawn of the next morning
found the slippery raider with the rcmnanb
of his command four miles in advance of
Sliackelford, moving in the direction of
Eight Mile Island. In his report General
Shackelford says: "We at once gave him
chase and ran him fifty-seven miles. The
Forty-fifth Ohio, Lieutenant-Colonel Ross,
lu.ving the advance, skirmished with him
five or six miles and brought him to a stand,
at 3 o'clock p. m., on the 20th, at Kcigcr
Creek. A fight ensued which lasted ono
hour. Lieutenant-Colonel Adams, with tho
F.rst Kentucky, and Captain Ward, witk
one company of the Third Kentucky, wero
ordered to make a flank movement and take
possession of the only road on which the
enemy could retreat This movement was
accomplished with great rapidity and effect
iveness, after a severe skirmish. The enemy
finding his way of retreat out off, and being
holly pressed from the front, fled to an
immense bluff for refuge. A flag of truce
was sent up demanding an immediate sur
render. Tho flag was met by Lieutenant
Colonel Coleman and other officers with
nnnfher fla". who came down and desired a
jersonal interview with me. They asked
fgr ono hour for consultation among their
officers. I granted forty minutes, within
ivhich time tho whole command, excepting
(icnoral Morgan and about 600 officers and
men who deserted the command, surrendered.
It was my understanding and, as I learned,
that of many of the rebel officers and men,
that Morgan himself had surrendered. Tho
lumber of prisoners captured by m' com
mand that day was between 1,200 and 1,300."
"his included tho detachments before men
tioned. General Shackelford at once called
r 1,000 volunteers from his command with
tii o best horses who would stay in their sad
dles .as long as he would without eating or
sloping until they captured Morgan. Tho
aitiro command would have volunteered but
jbr the want of horses. They could find but
i00 horses fit for service. Colonel Capron
vith.ir9 of the Fourteenth Illinois cavalry;
Colonel Woolford, with detachments of the
First Kentucky, Third Kentucky, Second
ast Tennessee, Forty-fifth Ohio, and Second
Ohio, and men ixoui all tho other regiments,
o
fell into line, and the pursuit continued. Col
onel Jacobs was left in command of the
remainder of the command and tho pris
oners. THE HARDEST RIDE ON KECORD
now began. This chase began on the morn
ing of Tuesday the 21st and continued day
I and night until Friday evening of the 2-lth,
when Captain Ward, in command of his com
pany of tho Third Kentucky and a detach
ment of the First Kentucky, under Adjutant
Carpenter, came upon Morgan's rear guard
at Washington. A bold dash drove Morgan's
entire force out of the town with a loss
of several of his men. Morgan made a stand
a mile further cast in a dense wood. Shack
elford formed line of battle, drove him two
miles and across a stream, which ran between
rugged, precipitous banks. Morgan tore up
the bridge behind him and took position in
the woods beyond on a high hill. Shackel
ford's forco dashed through the stream in
both Morgan's flanks and again he was com
pelled to seek safety in flight, burning two
bridges over Stillwater during the night
All through Friday night pursuers and pur
sued clung to their jaded and famished
horses, which could hardly be urged out of
a walk. Daylight dawned upon both col
umns moving upon parallel roads a mile from
Athens, lr.ilf si milo bevond the roads
formed a junction. Shackelford pressed on
and gained it first and Morgan turned back
and sought refuge in the woods. In the
meantime Gen. Burnsidc had dispatched
Major Way with a detachment of the Eighth
Michigan, and Major Rue in command of de
tachments of the Ninth, Eleventh, and
Twelfth Kentucky cavalry to report to Gen.
Shackelford on the march, and had issued an
order placing the latter in command of all the
troops in pursuit of Morgan. When Shack
elford by a hard night's march gained the
advance of Morgan and drove him into the
woods he at onco opened upon the raiders
with artillery and
SHELLED THEM nALF AN HOUR
while he fed his horses. Morgan now took
the road toward Springfield followed closely
by Major Way. Morgan reached the town
at dark. Shackelford with the main body
was at Richmond, when at ten p. in. a mes
senger camo in from Major Way with the
information that Morgan was moving from
Springfield to Hammcrsville, and that Shack
elford could save five miles by moving di
rectly towards the latter place. Major Way
followed close upon Morgan's heels, about
midway between the two places. Maj. Rue
reported to Gen. Shackelford with his com
mand for orders. Major Ri;6 had 373 men
and horses who 'wore .comparatively Vicsji
and three'guns, and at his request was given
tho advance. Tho column reached Ham
mcrsville at daylight on Sunday the 26th,
and there was no enemy to be found. Scouts
were sent in every direction, but without
awaiting their return Maj. Rue was ordered
to take the advanco with his own command
and that of Captain Ward and move rapidly
forward on the road to Salineville. When
five miles out a courier came up in breathless
haste and reported Morgan ' moving upon
Hammcrsville. A company of men mounted
upon the best horses was immediately sent
back to test the truth of the report In the
meantime Major Way, following Morgan, had
brought him to bay and got a fight out of
him, in which 230 of the raiders surrendered
as nrisoncrs. While Shackelford was wait
ing to hear from the rear an officer came up
from the front and reported Morgan at Sa
lineville, when the column was at once put
in rapid motion for that place. Major Rue
entered the town -and found that Morgan
with about 400 men had crossed the railroad
and was marching in the direction of Smith's
Ford. Shackelford now directed Major Rue
to return with his command to the head of
the column and move on the New Lisbon
road. During the march on this day Morgan
concluded a treaty with a Captain Burbcck
of tho Ohio militia, who wished to cover
himself with glory by capturing the great
raider, through whose district he was march
ing. Duke says: '' General Morgan sent for
him. After riding a few miles side by side
with his host, General Moigan, espying a long
cloud of dust rolling rapidly upon a course
parallel with his own (about a mile distant)
and gaining his front, thought it was time to
act. So he interrupted a pleasant conversa
tion by asking Burbeck how he would like
to receive his (Morgan's) surrender. Bur
beck replied that it would give him inex
pressible satisfaction to do so. "But," said
Morgan, " perhaps you would not give me
such terms as I wish." " General Morgan,"
replied Burbeck,
"YOU MIGHT WRITE YOUR OWN TERMS
and I would grant them." " Very well, then,"
said Morgan, "it is a bargain. I will sur
render to you." no accordingly formally
surrendered to Captain Burbeck, of the Ohio
militia, upon condition that officers and men
were to be paroled, the latter retaining their
horses and tho former their horses and side
arms. If anything could be more ridiculous
than the surrender made to a militia captain
by a confederate officer in command of a
force of the enemy when under momentary
apprehension of capture by a body of regular
troops who had been in pursuit of him nearly
a month, it would be found in the indigna
tion expressed by Colonel Duke that tho
terms of tho so-called surrender Avcro not
respected by his captors. Morgan's route
led him into the New Lisbon road, which
he rained in advance of Shackelford. Major
Rue pressed forward, followed by the whole
command. A little distance ahead tho road
forked, and Morgan had gone to tho left and
was between tho two roads, while Shackel
ford moved upon tho left. A few of Mor
gan's men started to run, but halted when
fired upon and gavo themselves up. A
moment later a flag of truce came up the
road with a request from Morgan for a per
sonal interview with Shackelford. The lat
ter says in his report: "I caused tho firing
WEW SERIES. V01-1., N- 34.
to cease and rodo around to where Morgan
and his staff wero standing in the road.
Morgan claimed that he had surrendered to
a militia captain. Major Rue had very
properly refused to take any action in the
premises until I came up. I ordered Mor-
gan and staff to ride forward with Colonel
Woolford and myself and directed Major
Rue to take charge of tho balance of the
prisoners. Morgan stated to me in presence
of Colonel Woolford and other officers that
ho had become satisfied that escape from mo
was impossible; that he might have escaped
alone, but he would not desert his command;
that he did not care for the militia;
COULD WHIP ALL THE MILITIA IN OniO,
yet claimed to have surrendered to a militia
captain who had promised to parole him, his
officers and men."
General Shackelford declined to acknowl
edge the authority of the militiaman- and
escorted his prisoners to General Burnsido
at Cincinnati, by whoso order they wero
transferred to military prisons the officers,
sixty-eight in number, to the Ohio peni
tentiary and the men to Camps Morton and
Douglass. The stragglers who managed to
make their escape were collected by Colonels
Johnson and Grigsby and marched through.
Western Virginia to Morristown in East
Tennessee, where they commenced an indis
criminate plunder of the inhabitants of that
region. The prestige of the Morgan cavalry
was forever gone. Although he subsequently
made his escape and with a few of his old
officers and men, reinforced by nondescripts
and guerrillas, renewed his old trade of a
marauder, he met with signal defeat at every
turn. General Burbridge defeated him and
scattered his force a,,ycar later in Kentucky,
much of which at once resolved itself into its
original elements, and continued to ply the
vocation of guerrilla until tho close of tho
war. ROSECRANS-STANTON.
A special dispatch to the New York Herald
says : " General Rosccrans states in regard
to the published statement of General
Steedman concerning Stanton's conversation,
with him that it goes to show that the Sec
retary had no scruples about uttering cal
umnies to ruin him in the estimation of
Governor Morton and General Stoedman.
"ne is glad to learn that General Steed
man can testify that the Secretary showed
him at the War Department a dispatch,
purporting to come from General Rosecrana
as follows:
" Chattanooga, Tenn., Sept 20 1 p. m.
" Hon. E. M. Stanton, Secretory of War :
u-
My army has-been jg-hipped and xout.
'
"W. S. RosECRANS,Maj.-Gen. com'd'g.
"Gen. Rosecrans says that, whether on
record in the War Department or out of it,
the dispatch is an unqualified and absolute
forgery. No such dispatch was ever sent by
him or ordered to be sent by him or ever
heard of before by him.
"He further says that Stanton selected aa
the scene of the cowardice which he
charges, the battle of ' Iuka.' This was the
most unfortunate one he conld have chosen,
as it happened that in that battle he found
it best to ride in front of his front line the
full length of Hamilton's division, ex
posed to a fire of musketry and grapeshofc
from the lines of the enemy. Moreover ha
was riding a white horse."
FIFTEEN
MONTHS ON
ISLAND,
A DESERT
Commander Terry, of tho Marion, has for
warded a report to the Navy Department,
dated Cape Town, February 20, giving a de
railed acconntof hiscrnite of fifty-eight days
from Cape Town to, the Heard island, in tiso
South Indian ocean, in search of the'erew of
the American bark Trinity, wrecked on
Heard island in October, 16S0. He. found
thirty-three men on Heard island January
13, 18S2, and rescned them. This composed
the entire crew, with the exception of two
men who had died from exposure while
hunting for food on the island. The Trinity
sailed from New London, Conn., June 1,1830,
for Heard island, to procure sea elephant oil,
having a crew of sixteen men. At'one of tho
Cape de Verde islands nineteen colored na
tives were taken on board as an addition to
the working force. The vessel was wrecked
before the working party had landed, but;
they threw overboard provisions which were
washed on to the beach, and the crew suc
ceeded in getting ashore through the heavy
surf. With the provisions which weresaved,
sea elephant meat, and such sea fowl as they
could get, they were able to sustain them
selves for fifteen months, although the ship's
provisions had been exhausted for several
months before the rescue. They were greatly
reduced for want of strengthening food, and
their clothing was. very filthy. A suit of
clothes was issued to each man from tho
Marion's stores. The rescued party wero
given in charge of the United States consul
at Cape Town. The climate of Heard island
is reported the worst imaginable.
i
THE JEANNETTE SEARCH,
Secretary Hunt has received dispatches from
Lieutenant Harbor, at Irkutsk, in which ho
states that Shmotin, the owner of tho steamer
Lena, demands tho charter money of 30,000
paper roubles for the steamer f wm Juno 27th
to September 17th, at the signing of tho con
tract He considers Shmotin unreliable, and
does not recommend the acceptance of tho Lena.
He is negotiating for another steamer, and i5he
docs not tako it ho will start expeditions to
search the coast from the mouth of the Lena to
Lena Delta, and from Olcnk to Delta, when tho
Delta is clear of ice. . Mr. Bennett has cabled
to tho Secretary from London respecting tho
steamer Lena. Mr. Bennett viows Shmotiu's
action as surprising and mercenary, as the ves
sel was first offered without price, and as ho
learned that there wero other steamers just as
good at Irkutsk, and no delay would bo caused,
ho had declined tho latter offer of Shmotin.
Secretary Hunt cabled Lieutenant Harher, au
thorizing him to procure another stermeri
m

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