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THE NATIONAL TPJBIINE: WASHINGTON, D. O., APRIL 8, 1882.
For ,The National Triucitk. THE DYING VETERAN. Bt Abbaham IlVJiST, Co. F, 53d Keg't, P. V. I am flying, comrade, dying, God with wisdom doth control. Br His will my name is Riven, Filed on Time's eternal roll Bids mc Ienvo this world of sorrow, To a world forever West, "Where no foes will boast and triuraph,- Evcr there is peace and rest. Dangers caper to encounter. Comforts Avillinc all to yield. Dear onci sadly left behind me, Marching to the battle-field. Mighty armies thus were marching, Sweeping from us slnvedom's woo, But for freedom and the Union Many heroes were laid low. Fearless and with Spartan vigor. Like the Grecian bands of old, Who for kindred and their country Fought with valiant spirits bold, We with earnest zeal contended For our lands and homes to save, And we gained a crown of glory" Gaining freedom for the slave. Since our land enjoys new freedom, 5jj jpj , Honor those that gave it birth, -.That the ruling of the people rnn- jfcverperisi, from t,e earth; For the people we have struggled, Let the people never fall : Aid him who has borne the battle, Widow's wants and orphans' wail. I am going, comrade, going, Whence no one returns again; May no war aecurpe our Nation, Peace and plenty ever reign; MHy the wisdom of the people, Still advance our liberty. Spreading light to every nation, Till the earth like Eden be. THE BATTLE OF GOHTWN DEFEAT OF AN EXPEDITION THROUGH MISSISSIPPI. Continuous Rain and Bad Roads Grlerson's Car- airy Encounter the Enemy Tito Infantry Hurried to the Front Flanked and DriTcn Back The Retreat. BY BRIG.-GEX. S. D. STURGIS. On tho 31st of May, 1SG1, at the instance of the major-general commanding the mili tary division of the Missouri, I was placed in command of an expedition then being organized and concentrated at Lafayette, Tennessee, by the major-general command ing the district of "West Tennessee, for the purpose of operating against tho rebel forces under Forrest, in northeast Mississippi, -with a view to creating a diversion in favor of Gen. Sherman's army then engaged in the campaign against Atlanta. My command was composed of about 8,000 men infantry, cavalry, and artillery. My instructions were to proceed to Corinth, Mississippi, by way of Salem and Ruekerville; capture any force that might bo there, then proceed south, destroying the Mobile and Ohio Railroad to Tupelo, Okolona, and as far as possiple to ward Macon and Columbus, with a portion of my force; thence to Grenada, and back to Memphis. On the 2d of June I arrived at Lafayette, assumed command of the troops, and at once proceeded on that service, but owing to heavy rains and bad roads leading through a low, wooded country, and to the fact that my command was necessarily en cumbered with some 200 wagons, our progress was slow, notwithstanding- every exertion was made by me to expedite the march. We were compelled to carry our supplies, as the country to bo traversed was totally des titute of supplies for either man or beast. For a distance of some 75 or 100 miles (I cannot speak definitely as to the exact disv tance at this late date) our line of march lay along a narrow and almost impracticable road. Then, too, I was ordered to strike a point 200 miles distant, which could only be reached by a long and tedions march, and at which, tho enemy having the interior line and railway communication, could concen trate a force superior to mine in a few hours. The inhabitants of tho country through which wo passed were, of course, all hostile men, women, and children so that it was utterly impossible to glean any reliable in formation from them regarding the enemy or his movements; whilst, on the other hand, every hamlet furnisbed its ready and swift messenger to the enemy with news of our approach, and kept him thoroughly posted as to our movements from the moment my command took up its line of march. On the tenth day out the enemy was encountered at Brice's cross-roads, about twenty-three miles from Ripley and (some) six miles from Gun town. At Ripley (three days before the battle) it became a serious question in my mind as to whether or not. I should proceed further. The rain still fell in torrents the artillery and wagons were literally mired down, and tho starved and exhausted animals could with difficulty drag them along. Under these circumstances I called together my division commanders and placed before them mj views of our situation. At this inter view one brigade commander (Col. Hogc, of the One Hundred aud Thirteenth Illinois,) aud two members of my staff, were incident ally present also. I called attention to the great delay we had undergone on account of the condition of the roads and the exhausted condition of our animals the great proba bility that the enemy would avail himself of the time thus afforded to concentrate an over whelming force against us, and the utter hopelessness of saving our train or artillery in case of defeat, on account of the narrow ness and general bad condition of the roads, and the impossibility of procuring supplies of forage for the animals. All agreed with me in the probable consequences of defeat. Some thought our only safety lay in retracing our steps and abandoning tho expedition. It was urged, however, and with some propri ety, too, that inasmuch as I had abandoned a similar expedition only a few weeks before, and given as my reason for so doing "the utter and entire destitution of the country," and that, in the face of this, we were again sent through the same country, it would bo ruinous on all sides to return without meet ing the enemy. Moreover, from all the in formation General Washburne (commanding the district) had acquired, there could be no considerable force in our front, and all my information led me to tho same conclusion. To be sure, my information was exceedingly meagre and unsatisfactory; and, had I re turned, I would have been wholly unable to present any facts to justify my course or to show why the expedition might not have been successfully carried forward. All I could have presented would have been my conjectures as to what the enemy would naturally do under the circumstances, and these would have availed bat little against the idea that " the enemy was scattered and had no considerable force in our front." Under these circumstances, and with a sad foreboding of the consequences, I determined to move forward keeping my force as com pact as possible and ready for action at all times hoping that we might succeed, and feeling that if wo should not, still our loss might be insignificant in comparison with the great benefit that might thus accrue to Gen. Sherman, by the depletion of John ston's army to so large an extent On the evening of the 8th, one day beyond Ripley, I assembled the commanders of infantry brigades at the headquarters of Col. McMil len, and cautioned them as to tho necessity of enforcing rigid disciphno in their camps keeping their troops always in hand and ready to act on a moment's notice that it was impossible to gain any accurate or reli able information of the enemy, and that it behooved us to move and act as though in his presence that we were now where we might encounter him at any moment, and that we must, under no circumstances, allow ourselves to be surprised. On the morning of the 10th tho cavalry marched at half-past five o'clock the infantry at seven thus allowing the infantry to follow immediately in rear of the cavalry as it would take the cavalry a full hour and a half to clear their camp. The habitual order of march was as follows, viz: cavalry, with its artillery, in advance; infantry, with its artillery, next; and lastly the supply train, guarded by the rear brigade, with one of its regiments at the head, one in the middle, and one, with a sec tion of artillery in tho rear. On this morn ing, I had preceded tho head of the infantry column, and arrived at a point some five miles from camp, where I found an unusually bad place in the road, and one that would require considerable time and labor to ren der pract icable. Whilst halted here to await the head of the column, I received a message from Gen. Gricrson that he had encountered a portion of the enemy's cavalry. In a few minutes more, I received another message from him, saying the enemy numbered some GOO, and was on tho Baldwin road ; that he was, himself, at Brice's cross-roads, and that he had a good position, and would hold it. lie was then directed to leave GOO or 700 cavalry at the cross-roads, to precede tho infantry on its march towards Gnntown, and with the remainder of his force, to drive the enemy towards Baldwin and then rejoin the main body by way of the lino of the railroad, as I did not intend being drawn from my main purpose. Col. McMillen arrived at this time, and I rode forward toward the cross-roads. Before proceeding far, however, I sent a staff officer back, directing Col. McMillen to move up his advanced brigade as rapidly as possi ble, without distressing his troops. When I reached the cross-roads, I found nearly all the cavalry engaged, and the battle growing warm, but no artillery had yet opend on either side. We had four pieees of artillery at the cross-roads, but they had not been placed in position, owing to the dense woods on all sides, and tho apparent impossibility of using them to advantage. Finding that our troops were being hotly pressed, I or dered one section to open on tho enemy's reserves. The enemy's artillery soon replied, and with great accuracy every shell burst ing over and in tho immediate vicinity of our guns. About half-past One o'clock the infantry began to arrive. Col. IToge's brigade was the first to reach the field, and was placed in position by Gol. McMil len, when the enemy was driven a little. Gen. Grierson requested authority to with draw tho cavalry, as it was exhausted, and well-nigh out of ammunition. This I au thorized, as soon as sufficient infantry were in position to permit it, and he was directed to reorganize his command in tho rear, and hold it ready to operate on the flanks. In the meantime, I had ordered a section of artillery to be placed in position some three or four hundred yards in the rear, for the purpose of opposing any attempt of tho ene my to turn our left flank. I now went to this point to see that my orders had been executed, and also to give directions for the management and protection of the wagon train. Whilst here, tho wagon train, which had. been reported still a mile and a half in rear, arrived. The pressure on the right of the line was now becoming great, and Gen. Grierson was directed to send a portion of his cavalry to that point At this time I received a mes sage from Col. Hoge that he was satisfied that tho movement on the right was a feint, and that the real attack was being made on the left. Another section of artillery was then placed in position a little to the rear, but bearing on the left of our main line, and a portion of the cavalry was thrown out as skirmishers. The cavalry which had been sent to the entreme right began to give way, and at the same time the enemy began to appear in force in rear of the ex treme left, while Col. McMillen required reinforcements in the centre. I now en deavored to get hold of the colored brigade which formed the guard to the train. Whilst traveling the short distance to where the head of the brigado should be found, the main lino began to give way at various points. Order soon gave way to confusion and confusion to panic. I sent an aide-decamp to Col. McMillen, informing him that I was unable to furnish him any additional assistance, and that he must do all in his power with what he had to hold his position until I could form a line to protect his retreat On reaching tho .head of the sup ply train, Lieut-Col. Hesse was directed to place in position, in a wood, the first regiment of colored troops I found. This was done, and it is due to these troops to say that they held their ground well, and rendered valuable aid to Col. McMillen, who was soon after compelled to withdraw from his original line and take up a new position in tho rear. It was five o'clock p. m. For seven hours the gallent men held their position against overwhelming numbers, bnt at last, overpowered and exhansted, they were com pelled toabandon, not only the field, butmany or their gallant comrades who had fallen, to the mercy of tho enemy. Everywhere tho army now drifted to the rear, and was soon altogather beyond control. I requested Gen. Grierson to accompany me and aid in Checking the fleeing column and establish ing a new line. By dint of entreaty and force, and the aid of several officers whom I called to my assistance, we at length suc ceeded in checking some 1,200 men and establishing a line, of which Col. Wflkins, of Minnesota, was placed in charge. About thiB time it was reported to m that Col. McMillen was driving the enemy. I placed little faith in this report, yet disseminated it freely for the good effect it might pro duce on the troops. In a few minutes, how ever, that gallant .officer, sad and disheart ened, arrived, and reported his line broken and in confusion. The new line under Col. Wilkins also gave way soon after, and it was now impossible to exercise any further control. The road became crowded and jammed with troops the wagons and artil lery sinking into the deep mud, became inextricable, and added to tho general con-, fusion which everywhere prevailed. No power could now check or control the panic-stricken mass as it swept toward the rear. About ten o'clock p. m. I reached Stubb's, where I found Col. Winslow's brigade. I informed him that his was the only organ ized body of men I had been able to find, and requested him to add to his own every possible foico he could rally as they passed, and take charge of the rear remaining in, position until all should have passed. I also informed him that on account of the extreme darkness of the night and the wretehed condition of the roads, I had little hope of saving anything more than the troops, and directed him, therefore, to destroy all wag- j ons and artillery which ho might find blocking up the road and preventing the passage of the men. In this way some two hundred wagons and fourteen pieces of artillery were lost many of the wag ons being burned and the artillery spiked and otherwise mutilated. The mules and horses were brought away. By sev en a. m. of the 11th we had organized at Ripley, and the army presented a quite respectable appearance, and would have been able to accomplish an orderly retreat from that point but for the unfortunate cir cumstance that the cartridge boxes were well nigh exhausted. At seven o'clock the .column was again put in motion on the Salem road. The enemy pressed' heavily on the rear, and there was nothing left but to keep in motion so as to prevent tho breaking up of the rear and to pass all cross-roads before the ememy could reach them, as the com mand was in no condition to offer deter mined resistance, whether attacked in front or in rear. A BLOCKADE RUNNER'S STORY. The historv of blockade-runuiiiir during tho late war, says a correspondent to the Philadelphia Press, would bo a work of rare interest, filled, as it would be, with wonderful escapes, daring deeds aud wild ad ventures that would compare favorably with the most exciting tales of the sea. As a rule, those engaged in this dangerous busi ness at tho close of the war entered at once into commercial pnrsuits, and tho story of their deeds became known only to a few personal friends to whom they were related. Some sketches and more pretentious efforts, it is true, have been written, but nothing like a full and accurate account of the many adventures experienced by those daring men in taking their vessels through the fleets of the blockading navy along the Atlantic coast and in the Gulf of Mexico. The other day a reporter had the pleasure of meeting that veteran navigator and gal lant gentleman, Captain John P. Smith, now located in Galveston as inspector of vessels, once one of the most successful and venturesome commanders of blockade-runners that ever entered Havana. Speaking of tho war times, the Captain dropped into a talk about his own cruises in the GulfJ and it was like listening to a tale of Marryattf to hear him recount some of his remarkable escapes. Speaking of one hazardous voyage, he said that once in 18G2 he was engaged as commander of the Alice, formerly the Mata gorda, of the Morgan line, then lyiugjn the harbor of Havana. After some little delay she was loaded with munitions of war, provisions, etc., for Mobile, and arrived safely. Leaving Mobile on her return, she steamed out and was chased and fired at by the United States steamer De Soto. To use the Captain's words : "The De Soto FEEL IN WITH ME at sea and was gaining on me very fast and I saw that I must lighten my vessel to get away. Accordingly I ordered tho cotton to be thrown overboard, and wo got out 137 bales out of the 1,000 we had on board. The De Soto kept up the chase and was gaining, when suddenly she was enveloped in steam, one of her boilers having exploded, injuring a number of her crew. I then knew the chase was up, and headed off on my course, straight for Havana, dipping my colors to the disabled cruiser as we left her. We got safely iu Havana, saved only by the explosion of the De Soto's boiler. We loaded up and soon started for Mobile again, when our old friend the De Soto one afternoon, at one o'clock, hove in sight Wo were only a day's sail off Mobile and sho headed directly for us. We knew sho could beat us by pre vious experience with her. We hoped for! night EVERY EYE WAS FIXED on the sun, and it seemed as if a second Joshua had commanded it to stand btill, so slowly did it approach tho horizon. She crept closer and closer, and at last night came on with tho De Soto only three miles astern. I then called the engineer and told him that probably the De Soto's commauder j would think I would stand to sea that night, ' and, therefore, to deceive him, I was determin ed to go through the fleet before morning. It j was very dark, and I felt secure from our chaser. We steamed directly for Mobile, everything working smoothly, when I was startled with a cry of " Sail ho " from our lookout I turned and looked, and there stood the De Soto, not more than three hun dred yards off under our lee looming up in tho darkness. Every moment I expected her to fire. I ordered all sails furled, and turned my vessel's stern toward my chaser. I saw that he did not see rae. She put on steam, and I kept my vessel with stern toward her, and she was soon lost in the darkness. I then ran in safely under the guns of the fort in Mobile Bay, and just as we got there we broke down ; but the danger was passed and we were safe. We loaded in Mobile with cotton, and ran safely to Havana, and while PREPARING TO RETURN heard the news that Mobile had fallen. This caused a chango in our destination, and we started for Galveston. Arriving there, it was impossible to get in, and wo steered down tho coast for the Brazos river. We quietly drew off from the Galveston block ading fleet and ran up tho Brazos river to Columbia, where we discharged our freight and loaded with cotton to go back to Ha vana. While we were going down the river a gale of wind came up, and to our dismay drove tho sand up and formed an im passable bar at the mouth, so that we could not get out. We laid there for some time, with no prospect for release, and the cotton was sent back to Galveston. As tho vessel was now light we thought wo would make the attempt to go out, but wo ran ashore on the bar. We could not get her oil", and while we were using our best efforts a large blockadcr came down and commenced to bombard the vessel, all the crew having left the vessel and sought SECURITY IN THE FORT at tho mouth of the river. She kept up her firing for some time, the only dangerous shot being one that killed a mule on shore. After the man-of-war left we went aboard and found our vessel filled with sand, having bilged. With much labor we got the sand out and patched up tho open seams and got her off. We took her in the river and made ready to stare out. A thick Texas fog came on, so thick that one could not see anything ten feet off. I saw this was our opportunity to gut out and run down to Gal veston and go in there. The general in command refused to allow mo to go, stating that it was foolhardiness, as there were ves- sels close at hand. He said he knew tho owners, and it would only be the loss of their vessel to attempt it I requested him to give mo a written order to that effect, but be would not I then told him I was going, and ho might sink me. At last he told me to go and lose the vessel if I wanted fro. At ten o'clock in the morning we got up steam aud worked across the bar, and headed for Galveston, which was then blockaded by seventeen ships of war. In going out we worked the wheels by hand, so that the paddles would make no noise, lor about a mile, as we could see a vessel's mastheads, and then hooked on and steamed away. We had an excellent pilot on board, and as I was standing near him I remarked : " Now we are outside, I think we can get her in Galveston to-day." He thought it TOO RISKY, but I pushed her. We had run forty miles, when the fog lifted partially, and tho fleet could bo dimly seen in tho distance. I determined to make the dash, and if I could not make the channel, at least I could run her up on the beach and destroy her so that r she would not fall in to tho enemy's hands. We put a full head of steam on and passed through the fleet safely, and went up to Gal veston, thus running two blockades in one day, a thing never done before. Here we took in a large cargo of cotton and started out for Havana iu company with the Harriet Lane, which had been captured by the Texans, and the steamship Isabel. . It was a dark night and was blowing quite hard, in fact most disagreeable weather. I was sitting on the capstan and the mate was heaving the lead. It soon showed deep water, and I told him to lay it by as wo were safe outside. Just as I spoke tho whole heavens seemed to be lit up with tho blue fires burning on tho war vessels. We were pointing directly for a big man-of-war, and wo changed our course and ran close to him. We were so near he could not depress his guns so as to hit us, although he tried hard. I was stand ing IN THE ni.OT-HOUSE when the wind of the solid shot knocked me down as if I had been struck. Everybody thought I was dead, but tho shock passed off in a moment. In a minute and a half we were outside of him, uoinc for all we wero worth I at once laid out my course The next morning our three Tfor Havana vessels were in sight, -and astern of us was a big man-of-war giving chase. They seem ed to recognize the Harriet Land, and steamed apparently for her. After ho had chased her for a couple of hours, we ran to leeward to get out of sight of him. As the Lane began to leave him he took for us, the Isabel now being out of sight, and I was just in sight of him. We could barely see him. As I was to tho leeward, he set all sail, and he had plenty of it, and headed directly for us. The vessel was the Katah din. 1 soon saw he was going three feet to my one, and so I called the mate and told him our only chance lay in crossing his bow, so that he would have the wind in his oye and would have to take in his sails. We altered our course, and headed to cross his bow, he being then ten miles off. Ho kept pointing up and up, his sails still being full, and he continued to close on us. It was difficult to say whether we would get across his bows or not, and if wo failed wo would then be exposed to his broadside and surely be sunk. We held her on,however, and it was about as close a shave as I ever want to see. We crossed him about a quarter of a mile off, and as soon as he saw it he took in sail and headed directly for us, both going for all we were worth. I told the crew to get behind tho cotton bales, as ho would soon fire, but he held on until Ave weo directly ahead, and then ho let go A HUNDRED POUNDER. The shell looked like a barrel in the air, and hit the water about thirty feet from us, and exploded beneath the surface, throwing the spray over our decks. He fired again, but was wide the mark. Then he let go a 100-pound solid shot, which went over us and struck a mile beyond. The next was lower, striking the water not far from us, and ricochet ted over us. He was now in our wake and came on for a chase, training his bow gun on us. As we were stern to him we presented but a small mark. Ho fired a shot a minute, and they came all around us. We had some ladies and childen on board, so I took them down in the hold in as safo a place as possible, and made them comforta ble. They showed less trepidation than the men during the whole chase. We soon saw that he was doing a little better than we were, aud I commenced to throw cotton overboard to lighten the ship. This im proved our speed, and avo gained on him. We had got overboard three hundred and thirty-seven bales when a shot came and nocked off the oil cup of tho Avalking beam. THIS FRIGHTENED THE CREW and engineers and they came to me in a body to give up the ship, saying it was noAV no use to try and get aAvay. I told them I had resolved not to give up the ship until my wheels stoppetl; that if I Avas taken it Avould be while I was going. I ordered them to duty aud they Avent to Avork. The loss of tho cotton increased our speed and avo began to leave him. He had fired at us tAVO hundred and fourteen times, ac cording to a tally kept by an old gentleman avIio Avas on board, a passenger. The chaso Avas a most exciting one, and as we began to leave him my men Avould Avave their hats and cheer at every shot At four p. m. wo got out of reach of his guns and he left As he Avaa going off Ave dipped our colors to him, a thing, as I afterwards heard, annoyed the Katahdin's captain much. "To show you there i3 something in luck, our chaser had not been out of sight an hour when we broke down. Ye had to blow all the water out of our boilers, send men inside to rivet them, and when we reached Cuba we were short of fuel. We ran up a sort of river for coal, and not finding any, purchased a lot of mesqnite wood, and headed for Havana. While going down the coast we were well frightened by a large vessel, which headed for us, and which looked like au American man-of-war. It turned out to be an English ship, the captain scaring us by way of a joke. That was a narrow escape we had that trip, but I've had so many of them it would fill a volume to tell all. The captain, as he related his story, seemed once more to be on the quarter-deck with a man-of-war in full chase, and his eye brightened as he related how ho made these narrow escapes. He was never caught, and was perhaps the most successful blockade runner afloat BLOODY REPULSE AT CORINTH. Early on Sunday morning, before it av:is light, the enemy ran a battery of small guns right up the road to Avithin a short distance of Fort Robinett and began firing right at the fort I was on the picket line, a feAV rods in front of the fort They made it Avarm for us for a few moments, but Avhen the sun came up clear and bright, the heavy artillery in the fort opened on their little battery and cleaned it out in a twinkling. We Avent fonvard and pulled it in. All this time the enemy could be seen evidently preparing for some bold move. About nine o'clock they emerged from the woods in solid column, and led by Colonel Rogers, of the Third Texas Rangers, made a desperate charge on our fort. The artillery played havoc in their ranks, but on they came, and by some mistake they were taken for our OAvn men by our commander, and the brig ade lay flat to the ground until the enemy were right in the fort, Avhen the word was : " Fix bayonets, double quick, charge ! " The men of the little Ohio brigade sprang to their feet and in a minute the fort Avas cleared and the enemy were flying in all directions. Some few prisoners Avere taken and a great many more of the confederates never returned to their comrades. Their brave commander, the colonel of the Third Texas, fell with some thirty balls in his body in different places. The Sixty-third sullered the heaviest in this charge. The loss of the Forty-third Aras ten officers and in rank and file one hundred and ten men. Our brave and gallant Colonel Kirby Smith fell mortally wounded and we lost in him one of the finest specimens of a soldier that ever lived. The enemy next moved on our right and attacked Fort Williams. Then they made the grandest charge'that I ever witnessed. The charging column consisted of a brigade of Mississippi troops. They also emerged from the roads in solid column, but our forts had a cross fire on them and mowed them down like grain before the sickle. Never theless, they closed up and moA-ed on like clock-Avork until they reached the fort The fort Avas supported by some of Palmer's men, Avho did not seem to check them in the least. On they Avent through the line of our artillery and men right up to the town. But just when the day looked the brightest for the enemy Davis's division, that was in reserve, came doAvn upon them like an avalanche and swept eA-ery thing drove them back. None escaped the steel of Davis's gallant men, Avho drove them right past the fort they had captured from us a feAV moments before. On they went until they reached the wood, when they came to a halt and gradually fell back to our line. All this time General Rosccrans was watching tho proceedings Avith intense interest and giA'ing orders here and there as circumstances required it. About four o'clock of that memorable day he came along the line with his staff. Cheer after cheer Avent up from the men as their comrades said : " Boys, the day is ours and the enemy is flying." So ended one of the hardest fought little bat tles of the year 1862. A SURPRISED CONFIDENCE MAN," " Can you tell me Avhere Chatham street is?" asked a handsomely dressed young man of a TTorM reporter Aiio was standing at tho head of Chatham street square last night. "I promised to meet a friend in tho saloon, which he said Avas on Chat ham street. But I am a stranger in the city and have lost my Avay." The reporter Avas waiting for a Celestial guide, Ho Jee by name, Avho had promised to make a tour of the Chinese quarters Avith him. Ho therefore felt justified in saying: "I think that is Chatham street over there. I am a stranger, too, but I came up the street from my hotel, and I was told it Avas Chat ham." "Thank you very much, said the nice young man. " What a disagreeable night it is; Avou't you haAe a drink Avith me?" The reporter acquiesced and Avith his new friend entered a saloon. " I'll take some of your best brandy and Brighton seltzer." Chatham square saloons have bub one kind of brandy, a very bad kind, and the distinc tion made is in the price and not in the bottle. While discussing the liquids the nice young man glibly descanted on the marvelous sights to be seen in the city by strangers, and after disposing of the fourth brandy and seltzer proposed that the re porter should accompany him to the saloon to keep his engagement. "If my friend isn't there, we'll see Avhat's going on, and if there's no fun we'll go off" on a quiet little 'racket' that's Avhat they ciill it, isn't it?" The reporter demurred at first, but finally, unwilling to spoil a good story, started Avith the nice young man down Chatham street " Hero Ave are," he remarked, as he stopped at the head of a pair of stairs leading to a disreputable " dive," and shoAving a Avonder ful familiarity Avith the place. " Come down. Wo wont stay long. I can shoAV yon things you never dreamed of in this country. It's a lively place." The reporter, at this point, wishing to make some return for his companion's generosity in paying tAVO dollars for twenty live cents' Avorth of Avretched liquor, threAV back his coat, intending to offer him some cigarettes. Before he could carry out his intention the man turned and dashed at full speed up Chatham street He had caught a glimpse of a fire badge, Avhich closely re sembles that worn by policemen and de tectives, and had not waited to go on that little racket he proposed. -New York World. AMERICANS IN BRITISH PRISONS. An immense mass meeting avos held at Cooper Institute, New York, on Tuesday night, to pro test against tho action of tho English govern ment ifi detaining American citizens in English prisons. On tlio platform wcro Mayor Grace, chairman; ex-Speaker Samuel J. Randall, Hon. William E. Robinson, Hon. S. S. Cos, General Roger A. Tryor, Colonel Frederick A. Conkling, O'Donovan Eossa, Stephen J. Meany, Eugene Kelly, and Senator Jones, of Florida. Speeches Avero made by Mayor Grace, Hon. S. S. Cox, Hon. S. J. Randall, and others, and letters of regret at their absence Avere read from many persons prominent in public life. Ex-Senator Conkling Avrote as follows: "I heartily approve tho purpose to mako a strong public expression in behalf of our fcllow ritizens imprisoned in Great Britain. Every man has a plain right to the protection of his government, and no government deserves re spect which neglects or trifles with its duty in this respect. In tho case of all naturalized Americans deprived of liberty in foreign coun tries this fundamental principle has for years been clearly set forth and guaranteed by acfc of Congress. The law only formulates what; Avas always tho rule of civilized nations. It declares that whencA'cr it appears that a citi zen of the United States has been unjustly de prived of his liberty by or under the authority of any foreign goA'ernmcnt, it shall ba tho duty of our government to 'demand' tho reasons for such imprisonment. If the reasons be nob sufficient, the President is required to tako A'igorous action to secure the prisoner's release. When the case of a citizen hold in confinement; abroad is brought to notice, and inquiry i3 made of the government in Avhose domain tho imprisonment has occurred, neither the laAV nor the right on Avhich tho Liav stands i3 satis fied by an answer that the arrest was made on a Avarrant, aud that tiie AA-arrant Avill show tho offense alleged. Such an answer is evasive and wanting in the courtesy due from nation to na tion. If Great Britain, or her officials, or any body else supposes that our national rights and the rights of our citizens can, Avith impunity, be treated Avith the IcA'iiy and disregard re ported in recent instances, I trust the meeting will make it plain to all concerned that on thi3 sido of the sea Ave do not so understand it. An outspoken protest is, I think, needed, and it cau hardly be too emphatic. I may not get to the meeting, but my judgment and feelings are entirely and earnestly in favor of full and prompt protection of American citizens every where, and now especially of Irish-Americans incarcerated in England or Ireland. This is nd party question, and in dealing Avith it no dis tinction can be tolerated betAveen native-born and naturalized citizens." Secretary Frelinghuysen has forwarded to tho President a communication informing him that active negotiations havo been going on be tween tho Stato Department and tho British government for tho release of American citi zens imprisoned in Ireland under the coercion act, and that he Avas advised on April 2 that all but three had been released. Since' that date lie has been informed that O'Connor, Hart, Walsh, DAlton, and Whito aro now in prison. Negotiations are still in progress forthereleaso of the remaining prisoners. HOW A BRAVE SOLDIER DIED. A special dispatch from St. Petersburg gives the following details of tho execution of Lieu tenant Soukanoff at Cronstadt last Friday : Ho had Avritten to the Emperor, saying that ho would rather die than endure tho life of a eon vict. He only begged that ho might be spared the shame of dying at the hands of the hang man, and be allowed to fall like a soldier. His request was granted. On Thursday evening he Avas told to prepare for execution. He answered simply, ' It is well ; I am ready." At five next morning he left tho fortress of St. Peter and St. Paul, whither ho had been transported after tho trial with the nine other Nihilists sentenced to death with him aud since reprieved. Tho day was jusG dawning as he crossed the NeAa in a closed ambulance carriage on his way to the Peterhoff station, escorted by three gens darmes. During the journey hemaintained ab solute silence. Ho was dressed in a prisoner's suit, wearing gray trousers and jacket, and a cap Avith a sort of peak at tho back, covering his neck. A rough coat was throAvn over his shoulders. At the station a train, composed of two lirst-class and two second-class carriages, Avas Avaiting. Tho prisoner got into a second class carriago with tho gensdarmes. At 7:10 tho train reached Orianenhaum, where tho party alighted and walked a feAV hundred steps, starting from the steamboat pier, where two small steamboats were Availing to tako them across the ice-encumbered river. In half an hour they reached the custom-house on tho other sido. Soukanoff still made no sign. All was silent, and the scene was 'ery solemn. The sun began to rise over the distant Baltic. Tho gensdarmes gave General Joraaroff a re ceipt for the prisoner, and the general's mission terminated. Tho deacon of Cronstadt church Avas awaiting the prisoner on the landing stage. Soukanoff, the priest and gensdarmes got into another ambulance carriage and drove off. es corted by tho rest of the gensdarmes. At S:45 they arrived at tho fortress barracks aud Avero greeted by a loud flourish of trumpets. An enormous crowd had collected to see tho execution. Tho roofs and ramparts Avore black with human beings. The military element, hoAVCA'er, Avas predominant The place of cxe bution Avas occupied by detachments of naval forces, before Avhorn the prisoner Avalkcd with hands unfettered, accompanied by the priest. Tho attitude of tho troops Avas respectful. Sol emn silence preA'ailed. Tho prisoner halted at n few paces distance from the black post to which he Avas to be fastened, and awaited tho platoon told off for the execution. It consisted of tAo non-commissioned officers and ten ma rines. Behind "these Avere stationed another marine and a nocommissioncd officer, Avho were to give the coup de grace should the first discharge not kill the prisoner instantaneously. Behind these again Avere three soldiers to re ceive tho body, and one non-commissioned offi cer, who was to bind the prisoner's eyes. Tho reading of the sentence occupied twenty min utes. Tho priest Avas praying tho Avhole time. When tho reading AvasoA'er Soukanoff said to tho priest that ho implored God's pardon for his sins, and tAvice deA'outly kissed the Biblo and crucifix tendered him. Tho priest then AvithdreAV. The prisoner Avas bound to tho post. His eyes Avero bandaged and a sort of whito chemiso was thrown OA'er him. Soukanoff calmly said, ".Raise tho bandago ; I can see." Tho tAvelvo men then silently leveled thoir pieces at him. Tho officer dropped a handker chief and tAvelA'o sharp reports folloAvcd to gether, and tho unhappy man foil. Ho was killed instantaneously. The body was thrown, into a shalloAV gravo, dug in advance. Tho trumpets sounded and tho troops filed off to their quarters, whilo the crowd quietly dis persed. . " Pa, do horses run aAvay Avith wagons be cause they love 'em? " "Well, I should say not; but A'hat put that absurd notion into yonr small hegd, my son? " "Why, pa, it's in tho paper. Whenever a horse runs aAvay the paper says 'a horse attached to a wagon.' " A man intruded into an Irishman's 3hanty tho other day.S," What do you want ?" asked Pat "Nothing," Avas the visitor's reply. " Then you will find it ia the jugiyheie the whisky was."