THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHING-TON, D. O., APEIL 15, 1882.
THE TRUE HEROINE.
"What was she like? I cannot tell ;
I only know God loved her well ;
Two noble fcons her pray hairs blest
And he, their hire, was now at rest.
And why her children loved her so.
And called her blessed, all shall know;
Phe never had a selfish thought,
Kbr valued what her hand had wrought.
She could be just in spite of love;
And cherished hates she dwelt above;
In nick-rooms, they that had her care,
Said she was wondrous gentle there.
It was a fearful trust, she knew,
To guide- her young immortals through;
But Love and Truth explained the way.
And Piety made perfect day.
She taught them to be pure and true,
And brave, and strong, and court eous, too;
She made them reverence silver hairs,
And feel the poor man's biting cares.
She won them ever to her side;
Ilome was their treasure and their pride;
Its food, drink, shelter, pleated them best,
And there they found the sweetest rest.
And often, as the shadows fell,
And twilight had attuned them well,
She sang of many a noble deed.
And marked with joy their eager heed.
And most she marked their kindling eyes,
When telling of the victories
That made the Stars and Stripes a name,
Their country rich in honest fame.
It was n noble land, she said
Its poorest children lacked not bread;
It was to brod. so rich, so free,
They sang its praise beyond the sea.
And thousands sought its kindly shore,
And none were poor and friendless more;
All l)Icscd the name of Washington,
And loved the Union, every one.
She prayed the skies might soon be bright,
And made her sons prepare for fight;
Brave youths! their zeal proved clearly then,
In such an hour youtlis can be men I
By day she went from door to door
Men caught her soul, nnfclt before;
By night she grayed, and planned, and dreamed,
Till morn's red light war's lightning seemed.
The cry went forth ; forth stepped her sons,
In martial blaze of gleaming guns;
Still striding on to perils dire,
They turned to catch her glance of fire.
No fears, no fond regrets she knew,
But proudly watched them fade from view;
" Lord, keep them o '. " she said, and turned
To where her lonely hearth-fire burned.
ORIGIN OF THE GRAND ARMY.
The following incident regarding the or
jganization of the Grand Army of the Repub
lic Avill be read with interest by many in our
city and members of the organization else
vrhere. The credit is due to the brains of
two Morgan county soldiers. Chaplain Wm.
J. Rutledge, -who conceived it, and Major B.
F. Stevenson, who pushed forward, the idea
to a nicecssful termination.
February 1, 18G4, some 25,000 brave men
tinder General Sherman left Vicksburg and
vicinity on what was then called, "the Meri
dian raid," as Meridian and Enterprise were
almost the extreme eastern points from
v.hich the return march was made to
Yiekcbarg. But for the iailure of General
Smith to reinforce the command with cav
alry from Memphis, they would have gone
southward to Mobile, thus anticipating the
experiment of the "Grand March to the
"While they tarried two nights and one day
at this eastern end of the raid, awaiting
General Smith and breaking up some rail
road tracks, most of the baggage train and.
provisions had been left some twenty miles
west under guard, that they might be less
encumbered in the final conflict with General
Polks force, thinking he would not tamely
yield to destruction these important railroad
connections. But as his lighting for a fort
night availed him. nothing he retreated
beyond their reach.
Having accomplished an important work
by the raid, they started back, via Canton,
Miss., toward. Vicksburg. The first day's
march brought them to the train and pro
visions, over which they were the more
jubilant as they had been without coffee for
three days. Then they unwisely undertook
to make up for lost time by drinking an
excess of hot, strong coffee, and never until
then was its full effects as a stimulant made
known to many. Sleep was banished for
that night, and as there was probably no
rebel force to be feared within fifty miles
the soldiers whistled, sang, squealed, neighed,
and crowed all along the line. The gravest
officers were not exempt from this coffee
exhileration, and bursts of laughter hero
and there indicated that the wag or wit of
that squad was perpetrating his best jokes.
Even the staid hospital mess, with no sick
to care for, fell into the same nervous, sleep
less current. Though speaking especially
for the Fourteenth regiment Illinois Volun
teer Infantry, this vigil was probably kept
by most of the Fourth division of the Seven
teenth Army Corps.
But to return. There was Wm. J. Rut
ledge, regimental chaplain; Major B. F. Ste
Ainson, surgeon: Dr. Chafec. assistant sur-gr-on;
Jos. Meacham, hospital steward, Szc
Each man was a marked character, but we
have not time to describe them now. All
wf-re warm personal friends, yet fond of
iokmv each, other. Dr. Stevenson, provoked
by this sleeplessness, began to moralizo on
" the giory of war being a humbug; as a man
may hornetimes be left by his comrades to
die on the bloody field, 'unwept, unhon
ored, and unsung,' :ind if transferred to
Paradise he must be greatly chagrined to
see His name misspelled hi the reports, leav
ing his friends in doubt as to whether it were
he or some other man." The chaplain, al
ways buoyant in spirits and fruitful in
resource, replied: "That won't apply to you
and J. Doc, for we have had no battle yet
where all were killed on both sides; some
escape to roll about it; so we will be' those
lucky dogs: we will live on after this land
lias been snbsoiled by the plowshare of war
and rebellion and slavery turned under so
dcp that they will never sprout again, and
h our peaceful firesides we'll 'shoulder our
i rutch and show how fields were won.'
"Moreover," continued the chaplain, "as
Knight Errantry and Masonry were womler
olly revived during the wars of the Cru
sades, so we in the years that lie beyond will
revive them by organizing, on a fraternal
basis, the Grand Army of the Republic.
You, Doctor, shall be grand mogul or commander-in-chief;
Dr. Chafee, your adjutant
general ; Meacham, your aid-de-camp : Scott,
your paymaster: Goldsmith, your inside
sentinel; Sam. Logan, your vidette, and I
your chaplain. Being now organized under
this venerable oak, that may have sheltered
Indians, Aztecs, or Druids centuries ago, we
will, after due examination, proceed to col
lect the initiation fees, and admit the breth
ren, swearing them to liberty, equality, and
sympathy with the under dog in the fight.
"Thus shall we insure a soldier's reunion
every full moon. We shall bind. together a
brotherhood who were previously united in
the fellowship of suffering; and as some
doubtless will deserve pensions who will
fail in obtaining them, we can supply this
lack by our voluntary contributions."
Thus with suggestions, humorous or ear
nest, the night wore on, the morning
dawned, and the march was resumed. Dr.
Stevenson, though not imaginative and in
ventive like the chaplain, was methodical
and a born organizer. The chaplain had
built this castle in the air, as the pleasant
pastime of a sleepless night. The doctor
brought that castle to the ground, made
moat and drawbridge for it, commissioned
its officers, mounted its sentinels, and
manned it before his death with 100,000
men. To the chaplain it was one of the
beautiful myths plowing through his brain ;
to the" doctor it was "a ghost that would not
down " at his bidding. These two, though
very dissimilar as men, were agreed in regard
to the projected organization iu all save this:
The doctor wanted to give it a decided polit
ical tinge, claiming that those who had borne
the burden alone should have the benefit, but
the chaplain of the old Fourteenth discarded
the "machine" idea, insisting that the fra
ternal and benevolent one was best to insure
usefulness and jycryetuity.
Ardent as the doctor was about this new
ideal, it was not till the spring of 1SGG that
he (having removed from Jacksonville to
Springfield, 111.) telegraphed the chaplain,
(who was then stationed in Bloomington)
for a special interview. So the Doctor, the
Chaplain, Colonel John M.Snyder, and Colo
nel A. Weber, read and corrected the proof
sheets of the Constitution and By-Laws of
the Grand Army of the Republic, aud the
first "Tost" was organized in Springfield,
near the home aud tomb of Lincoln, whence
it soon spread through Illinois and into other
Dr. Stevenson remained the first commander-in-chief
up to the time of the first
general rally, held in the Representatives
ITall of the old State House. It was with
great hesitancy, then, that the committee on
nominations substituted the name of Gen
eral Jno. A. Logan, leaving Dr. S. as commander-in-chief
for Illinois alone. The
committee knowing Chaplain Rutledge's
intimacy with the doctor, requested him, in
seconding General Logan's nomination, to
award to the doctor all the credit duo him,
which he did in a brief but earnest speech,
that will long be remembered by those who
heard it. The doctor was somewhat grieved
at being superseded in the general command,
but ho was deeply moved by the chaplain's
reference to the memories of the Mississippi
forest, and in reply said that the chaplain
gave him more credit than was due; for "it
was the chaplain himself who had originated
the idea, and aided and encouraged him in
pushing it to its consummation."
Thus the Grand Army of the Republic,
that first flitted as a phantom through the
forests of Mississippi, now marshals its hosts
and keeps step to tho music of the Union.1
Jacteonvilic (111.) Daily Journal.
AN INCIDENT AT " HATCHER'S RUN."
While we were yet before Petersburg, two
divisions of our corps (the Fifth) with two
divisions of the Ninth, leaving the line of
works at the Weldon Railroad, were pushed
out still farther to the left, with the inten
tion of turning the enemy's right flank.
Starting out, therefore, early on the morn
ing of Thursday, October 27, 1SG-1, with four
days' rations in our haversacks, we moved
off rapidly by the left, striking the enemy's
picket-lines about ten o'clock.
"Pop! pop! pop! Boom! boom! boom:
We're in for it again, boys; so, steady on the
left there, and close up."
Away into the woods we plunge in lino, of
battle through briers and tangled under
growth, beneath the great trees dripping
with rain, "We lose the points of the com
pass, and halt every now and then to close
up a gap in the line by bearing off to the
right or the left. Then, forward we go
through the brush again, steady on tho left
and guide right, until I feel certain that
officers aswell as men are getting pretty well
"into the woods" as to the direction of our
advance. It is raining, and Ave have no sun
to guide us, and the moss is growing on the
wrong side of the trees. I see one of onr
generals sit on his horse, with his pocktt
compass on the pommel of his saddle, peer
ing around into the interminable tangle of
brier and brush, with an expression of no
Yet still, on, boys, while the pickets are
popping away and the rain is pouring down.
The evening falls early and cold, as we come
to a stand in line of battle and put up breast
works for the night.
We have halted on the slope of a ravine.
Mimebails are singing over our heads as we
cook our coffee, while sounds of axes and
falling trees are heard on all sides; and still
that merry "z-i-p! z-i-p!" goes on among
the tree-tops and sings us to sleep, at length,
as we lie down shivering under our India
rubber blankets, to get what rest we may.
How long we had slept I did not know,
when some one shook me, and in a whisper
the word passed around :
"Wake up, boys! "Wake up, boys! Don't
make any noise, and take care your tin cups
and canteens don't rattle. We've got to get
out of this on a double jump!"
We were in a pretty fix, indeed! In plac
ing the regiments in position, by some blun
der, quite excusable no doubt in tho dark
ness and the tangled forest, we had been
unwittingly pushed beyond the main line
were, in fact, quite outside the picket-line !
It needed only daylighlt to let the enemy
see his game, and sweep us off the boards.
And daylight was fast coming in the east.
Long after a Company A boy, who was on
picket that night, told me that, upon going
to the rear somewhere about three o'clock,
to cook a cup of coffee at a half-extinguished
fire, a cavalry picket ordered him back with
in the lines.
"The lines are not back there; my regi
ment is out yonder in front, on skirmish !"
"No," said the cavalryman ; "our cavalry
is the extreme picket-line, aud our orders
are to send in all men beyond us."
'Then take meat once to General Bragg's
headquarters said tho Company A boy.
When General Bragg learned tho true
state of affairs, he at once ordered out an es
cort of five hundred men to bring in our
regiment. Meanwhile, we were trying to
get back of our own accord.
"This way, men !" said a voice in a whis
"This way, men!" said another voice in
That we were wandering about vainly in
the darkness, and under no certain leader
ship, was evident, for I noticed in the dim
light that, in our tramping about in the
tangle, Ave had twice crossed the same fallen
tree, and so must have been moving in a
And now, as the day is dawning in the
east, and the enemy's pickets see us trying
to steal aAvay, a large force is ordered against
us, and comes SAveeping doAvn Avith yells and
whistling bullets just as the escort of five
hundred, Avith re-assuring cheers, comes up
from the rear to our support !
Instantly Ave are in the cloud and smoke
of battle. A battery of artillery, hastily
dragged up into position, opens on the charg
ing line of gray with grape and canister,
Avhile from bush and tree pours back and
forth the dreadful blaze of musketry. For
half an hour, tho conflict rages fierce and
high in the daAvniug light and under the
dripping trees the officers shouting, and the
men cheering and yelling and charging, often
fighting hand to hand and with bayonets
locked in deadly encounter, Avhile the air is
cut by Avhistling lead, and the deep bass of
the cannon wakes the echoes of the forest.
But at last tho musketry -fire gradually
slackens, and Ave find ourselves out of dan
ger. Tho enemy's prey has escaped him, and, to
the Avonderof all,Ave are brought Avithiu the
lines again, begrimed Avith smoke and leav
ing many of our poor felloAVS dead or wound
ed on the field.
Anxiously every man looked about for his
chum and messmates, lost sight of during
the Avhirling storm of battle in the twilight
Avoods. And I, too, looked, but Avhere Avas
,' Andy ?St. Nicholas for April.
EX-SOLDIERS IN CIVIL SERVICE.
During a late Aisit to Springfield, 111., avo
Avere desirous to know how the old soldiers
Avere treated by the heads of the different
departments, and on inquiry Ave learned that
the Governor of the Stale had three men in
his office, one of Avhich Avas a soldier. The
Secretary of State has connected with his
office thirty-five employees: eighteen of them
are soldiers. The State Treasurer's office em
ploys eight men ; three of them are soldiers.
Tho Adjutant General's office employs four,
all of Avhoni Avere soldiers. The Auditor's
office keeps eight men employed; four of
them Avere soldiers. Tho office oT Superin
tendent of Public Instruction gives employ
ment to three men, none of Avhom Avere in
the sen-ice. The Attorney-General's office
employs two men; one Avas a soldier. The
appointive offices in the capitol building are
fairly represented by soldiers, but not as fair
as it should be. It is necessary to remind
our soldier readers of the treatment accorded
them ; and as Ave propose to folloAv up tho
recognition of employing soldiers, Avhen all
things are equal, Ave propose to bring the
subject before the soldiers of Illinois in due
The following Illinois State officers haA'e
honorable soldier records: Lieutenaut-GoA'-ernor
Hamilton, Secretary of State Dement,
Treasurer of State Ruiz, AitorneyGeneral
McCartney, Auditor of State Swigart, Adjutant-General
Elliott. Weekly Freeman.
REMINISCENCES OF SPOTTYSYLVANIA
"Boys, Ave have got a hard job before us!"
So spoke old "Brick-Top,"' Colonel S. S.
Caroll, of the Eighth O. V. I., commanding
brigade. A ravt' recruit might not have seen
anything very difficult, apparently, to reach
that little line of fresh earth crowning the
crest of the hill about thirty rods to our
front, but Ave veterans of the brigado knew,
although Ave had been in, many a hard-fought
battle, that it Avas the toughest job avo had
ever undertaken. It Avas early in the day
Avhen Ave received the order, " Be ready to
charge tho enemy's' Avorks at three o'clock
p. m." Our lines had been moved up as
near as possible to tho rebel Avorks; our
position Avas in quite a thick Avoods. We
had stacked arms, and had stolen out by
twos and threes to tho skirmish lino to have
a look at the Avork cut out for us to do.
The Johnnies Avere A'ery quiet, evidently
courting attack. Their position Avas on the
top of a steep hill; they had formed an
almost impenetrable abatis by dragging
trees and bushes up on tho hillside, Avith
the limbs all pointing dowmvard and every
twig aud branch thoroughly sharpened.
Without axes it Avas impossible to get
through it. As each group returned to the
line it was plainly Avritten on each face that
they considered it an almost hopeless job.
Wo can never get through there Avithout
axes, aud those avo haAen't got ; but thero
Avas no trying to steal to the rear no volun
teers to take the company's canteens and go
for Avater, to be gone all day. Our brave
Colonel kneAV his men would do all that
men could do, and the charge must be made
if every man Avent doAvn. The order avjis
imperative. As the hour of three approached
knapsacks Avere piled and the officers took
off their coats and threAV them on the pile.
The Aveakest man iu .the company Avas de
tailed to stand guard over them. Guns Avere
carefully inspected and loaded; comrades
gave messages in low tones to comrades
for the loved ones at home; no jest or gay
banter iioav; every face Avears a serious but
determined look; that strange hush Avhich
precedes a battle Avas oA'er all. Boom
boom far down the line. That's the signal.
Attention! fix bayonets! Fonvard, double
quick! march ! and aAvay Ave go, Avith a ring
ing cheer, which is immediately answered
by a tremendous volley from the rebel Avorks,
and men that but a moment before Avere full
of life throAV up their hands and clutch
Avildly at the empty air ; then fill heavily
to the earth and are numbered -vvith the
killed in battle. Others go limping or craAvl
ing on their hands aud knees to the rear.
Tho untouched go bravely on in the face of
that murderous fire until the abatis is
reached; there they halt and A'ainly look
for some opening to get up the hill, but
none is found. I don't think any order to
retreat Avas given ; but it Avas soon evident
that that Avas tho best policy, and in a short
time avc were formed again in line of battle
in our original position. We hastily threw
up temporary rifle-pits of old logs and such
stuff as avc could gather, ate a cold supper,
and lay down on our arms and Avere soon
dreaming of home or fighting our battles
over. About midnight our officers aAvoke
usAvith tho whispered order to "Fall in"
Avith as little noise as possible, and Ave
moved off silently to the rear. Where are
avc' going? Noav all agreed that the old
programme of the Army of the Potomac
Avas being carried out Avhipped again and
Avere falling back to some safe place to re
organize and recruit preparatory to trying
some neAv point. "Guess Grant will find
out that he is fighting different generals and
troops than he did out West." Such Avere
some of the remarks made that night. But
Ave had not yet got acquainted Avith our com
mander. We Avere on the roadto give the
rebels such a twist on the folloAving morn
ing as they had not receiA-ed in iwauy a day,
and Ave did it. P. S. Potter,
Late Sergeant Co. II, 8th O. V. I.
HELL IS BETTER THAN THIS."
When the Twenty-first Army Corps, under
command of Major-General Thomas L. Crit
tenden, Avas marching through Ringgold
on its Avay to Chickamauga battle-ground,
the Aveek before the battle, a lieutenant Avas
discovered by the provost-guard emerging
from a house Avith a huge clasp Bible under
his arm. The disease known nowadays as
kleptomania bad, I am sorry tp say, attacked
quite a number of our officers as well as
men ; anything portable from a tin cup to
a piano had irresistable attractions for them.
The trembling lieutenant Avas taken to corps
headquarters, Avhere the general ordered him
to be placed under guard in a rail pen and
kept there until he read the Bible through.
The days Avere long and Avarm, and all
through the sultry hours' the poor fellow sat
Avorrying his Avay through the book of
Genesis. His education had been neglected
in his youth, and his subsequent reading
had never led him into such a labyrinth of
names. He had just tackled Leviticus, and
the road seemed harder than ever to travel,
Avhen the opening guns at Chickamauga
broke upon his ear. Starting up he rushed
past the sleepy sentinel Avith the cry "II 11
is better than this!" and reached his regi
ment in time to take part in the fight. I am
happy to be able to state thathe lived through
the battle, and that his bravery upon the
field excused him from further biblical
" A SCOUT'S CLAIM FOR PENSION.
A very interesting case, Avhich has been
" hanging fire " for some time in the Senate
Committee on Pensions, has been reported
back Avith favorable recommendatiou. It is
the case of Jesse F. Fhares, a scout under
Gen. MeClellan, Avhose application to be
placed upon the pension-roll Avas reported
adversely by the Senate Committee ou Pen
sions in the preceding Congress, but the
Senate took a different vieAv of the matter
and passed the bill, Avhich, however, failed,
for Avant of action in the House. The oppo
sition to the prayer of the petitioner Avas
based upon tho argument that there AAas no
law for the pensioning of scouts, and that it
Avould be impolitic to establish a precedent
by granting a pension in a special case.
" The facts in the case," the committee
says iu a report by Mr. Camden, of West
Virginia, " are clearly proven. At the out
break of the rebellion the claimant Avas a
resident of Randolph county, Va. He en
tered the service of the Government about
the month of June, 18Gl,'as a scout, serving
under Gens. MeClellan, Milroy, Kelly and
others, and by reason of his intimate
knoAvledge of the country and his intelli
gent, zeal and daring, rendered very val
liable" services to thUhion cause. In April,
lsfilV, file confederate General Imbodeu ad-A-anced
upon the Union forces at Beverly,
W1! Va., commanded by Col. Geo. R. Latham,
commanding Fifth West VirginiaCavalry. In
IheadA-auce Phares, avIio Avas then on duty
outside the Union pickets, Avas surprised by
a parly of coufederate troops, aud refusing to
halt Avhen ordered, was shot through the
body, but retained his saddle until he reach
ed the Union lines."
Phares is about 43 years of age, and has
been for several years failing rapidly in
physical strength, in consequence of the
Avound above referred to. An examining
surgeon from the Pension Office, Dr. J. R.
Blair, of West Virginia, certifies, under dato
of December 21, 1879, that he has carefully
examined Phares, and finds "that his left
hip Avas entered by a musket-ball, Avhich
passed upward through the' region of the
lOAver part of tho left lung and out near tho
stomach. The effect of the wound is to
Aveaken and partially paralyze the entire
left side, and in my judgment produces at
least a tAVO-thirds disability, Avhich will in
crease." Tho bill to pension Phares, as re
ported to-day, contains this qualifying
clause : " But the amonnt of such pension
shall not be greater than said Phares would
be entitled to if ho had been a private sol
dier, and shall commenco from the passage
of this act."
TRAVELING AS MERCHANDISE.
Three Avecks ago John McAuley, an old
aud well-known citizen of Chicago, Avho is
of an eccentric and jocular disposition, con
ceived the idea of boxing himself up and
obtaining transportation to Philadelphia as
merchandise. He Avas informed by the agent
oi tho Adams Express Company that he
could go in a box, but thathe Avould have to
pay passenger fare. McAuley declared that
he Avould go as merchandise and would pay
no more thau 2.50 per hundred. He boxed
himself up Avith a Aveek's provisions by his
side, and Avas taken by an expressman to the
office. The box was IS inches Avide, G feet
long, hooped Avith iron bands and ornament
ed Avith a padlock. Tho agent was told that
it contained flowers. It was addressed to
Miss Kisselmau, Philadelphia. The box aa-s
forwarded to its destination, tho charges
having been prepaid. Toward morning tho
messenger discovered the old man, and Avhen
the train stopped at Van Wert, Ohio, he
turned him over to the authorities, by Avhom
he Avas sent home.
A MILITARY FASHION FOR LADIES.
Fashion has turned her back on the naA'y
and taken up Avith the army in the matter of
cloth suits. Instead of the suit of navy blue
Avith blouso and sailor collar, all cloth suits
are now made a la mililmro. They aro made
with a straight, long, tight-fitting basquo
and sleeves, straight, round and rather long
over skirts, and a trimmed Avalking skirt.
The front of tho basquo is ornamented Avith
roAVs of black soutache braid extending from
shoulder to shoulder across tho top, and
groAving narrower tOAvards the waist, and
to the bottom of tho
basque. The ends of the braid are turned
under in loops or are fastened down Avith tiny
round buttons of passemenlerio. Tho front
of the ovcrskirt, tho sleeves aud tho turned
over collar are ornamented in the same Avay.
A large feather-trimmed hat and long buff
niosquetaire" gloves dnvwn over the sleeves
complete the costume. Cadet aud army
blue are tho favorite colors for these
suits. Surtouta of black diagonal cloth,
reaching to the knees, close-fit ting about the
bust and hips, and trimmed in tho same
way, aro very effective.
THE SOLDIER'S YOICE.
Communications from ex-soldiers are invited for
this Department of Tun TninuE. Personalities
must be aoided, and letters prepared as concisely
as possible. Ed. Tiueune.
GIA'E Tlin NATIONAL TRIBUNE "AMMUNITION."
To the Editor National Tribune:
I am an old soldier and a subscriber to TnE
Tribune, and I Avish to say a few words to my
old comrades of the war. Comrades, as avc stood
by the batteries on the field to protect the rights
of CA-ery American, so let us stand by the new
press of The National Tribune, to protect
our own rights, for sho is a mighty gattling
gun, Avho is throwing thousands of hot shot
every Aveek in our defence, aud all we have to
do is to ram down one cartridge in the shape of
a subscription to keep tho old gun in ammuni
tion for a whole year. There is a good gunner
at the breech, and ho makes no poor shots.
Give him plenty of ammunition, and he -will
soon batter down tho old fort of prejudico and
tardiness that now stands in the front of CA'ery
old soldier. Frank Hirst,
Scrg't 27th Mass. Infantry.
ARE THE CLAIMS TO BE CANCELLED BY DEATH.
To the Editor National Tribune:
I have perused one or two copies of your in
teresting paper, and I can truthfully say I
think it is the most A'aluablo paper for informa
tion for the soldier that is printed. It speaks
boldly in defence of our bravo soldiers, who
endured the hardships and the many trials to
save our Government. I think every soldier
ought to tako your paper, and help to aid you
in tho good Avork that you haAc so nobly begun.
Congress ought to do something soon for us
pension claimants, unless they wish to let death
cancel the claims. Respectfully,
J. A. Emison,
Late PriA'atc Co. D, oth Ind. Cav.
Bluffton, Allen Co., Omo, March 27.
an ex-soldier states the case plainly.
To the Editor National Tribune:
I have been a subscriber to your valuable
paper for OA'er one year. It grows better all the
time. I like it so avcII I hardly know how I
can bestow enough praise on your untiring
efforts in behalf of us poor old soldiers. If
every one that sit in high places were as will
ing as you aro to sec right and justice mectcd
out Avhere justice is due, there would be no de
lays thought of. Could tho men in power at
Washington realize, or even have to endure for
one month, Avhat we endured for three years,
they Avould not be so slow to appropriate the
much-needed help and money to Commissioner
Dudley, who toils early and late Avith his short
allowance of clerks to do all he can for the sol
dier. He A'ainly asks for men and means to
help him through, so those having claims pend
ing, and are so needy, may receive their reward
for long past services to their country; that
mado it inhabitable and secure to them and
future generations. The prosperous bondholder
is paid all dues, and no questions asked, no de
lays thought of. Others who already possess
hundreds and thousands of dollars, and Avcro
not objects of charity in any respect, aro pen
sioned, amounting to thousands of dollars each
year. Plenty of money for everything and
CA'crybody else ; but aa-Iio cares for a poor old
scarred, crippled, and worn-out soldier, minus
a leg or arm, or perhaps both, Avho has suffered,
bled, and worso than died for his country and
his country's good, lie can strngglo oil, enduro
every priA'ation, and CA'ery needed comfort that
to him, above all others, should be granted. It
is truly written, that "To him that hath shall
bo given, and to him that hath not shall be
taken away even that Avfiich ho hath." The
soldier lost his time, Avhich Avas money to him
and his family. He also lost his health, and
wo begin to think he has lost all claim on this
GoA-ernment for money to keep soul and body
together. I think tho Government delays tho
necessary appropriations in order that the sol
diers and all their families and relatives will
die, moulder, and decay. Then tho claim will
be cancelled, tho claimant and all his progeny
Avill bo wearing their Avooden overcoats, Gabriel
Avill blow his horn, wo will all coon tho pole
across tho riA'cr into tho Great Beyond, and be
forcA'cr freed from tho trials, cares, and disap
pointments of getting a claim allowed, or the
beautiful titlo of "Government pauper." I
want to see all provided for, not forgetting that
life, and an occasional hone to gnaw at, is as
SAveet to the little, insignificant cur as to the
sleek, well-fed coach dog.
Douglass, Kansas, March 22.
JUST AVHAT IS WANTED.
To th$ Editor National Tribune:
Please send Tiie National Tribune to my
address, Yonkers, Westchester county, N. Y.
Tho Soldiers of the rebellion have long needed
an able and powerful adA'ocate to fight for their
rights. This nation has nover appreciated
tlie ATork accomplished by its soldiere. Our
revolutionary soliiera vrer never paid; and
Avhen their services were no longer required,
and age and infirmities made it impossiblo for
them to labor, they Avere given homes Avithin
the hospitable walls of" poorhouses " and monu
ments in " potter's fields."
In a newspaper published in Lansingburgh,
N. Y., soon after tho Revolutionary War, ap
peared tho following bitter verso:
" Our God and soldiers avc alike adore,
IS'cn at the brink of danger, not before;
The danger pa.t, both alike requited,
Respectfully yours, Cuas. G. Oris.
New York, March 60.
A REMINDER TO CONGRESSMEN.
To tho Editor National Tribune:
Will you pleaso allow mo a short "space in
your valuable paper to say, that I Avould like
to know how it is that Congress can so soon
pass a bill for tho relief of the Mississippi suf
ferers, hut tho men who lm'o suffered for the
past eighteen years from tho effects of Avounds
Avhich thoy received in lino of battle, and their
health broken down by tho cxposuro of army
lifo, and yet to this day there aro hundreds of
thousands of them that Iktvo not received Avhat
is due to them from tho GoA'emment of the
United States. Tho soldiers Avho went to tho
Avar Avhen this country was in great peril aro
tho sufferers who need a speedy relief.
New York, March 25.
A LOVER OF SOLDIERS' RICHTS.
To tho Editor National Tribune:
Being a rcador of your A'aluablo paper, I can
speak for a largo number of soldiers iu'grcac
need of what tho Government justly owes them,
being poverty stricken from the effects of poor
health and failuro of crops. If our Senators and
RepresentatiA'es knew exactly our necessary
Avants and sufferings they Avould not hesitate
nor delay one day's time in passing the equali
zation bounty bill, Avhich would relicA'o tho
great snfforing of many ex-soldiers. I wish avo
had a few friends in Congress that would urge
the equalization bill to become a law. I send
my subscription for The National Tribune,
and add ono moro to tho list of subscribers.
I remain a lover of soldiers' rights,
William M. Macicey,
Sergeant Co. C, 11th Eeg't Inf. Vols.,
Who lost his right arm at Vicksburg.
Hutsonville, Cbaavfobd Co., III., March 27.
let it be done.
To the Editor National Tribune:
It was a righteous act on the part of Congress
to grant the benefits of the arrearage act to tho
Avidow of General Alexander Hays. While no
money can compensate her for his loss, yet it
shows thero is a disposition to do justice, in
part at least. Instead of special legislation on
a few cases, Congress ought to pass a bill ex
tending tho timo granting arrears, and give all
soldiers their equal and just dues. Since July,
1SSO, thousands of meritorious claims haA'e no
doubt been filed, and it is neither right nor
just that claimants, if honest, should be debarred
from the same benefits to which their more for
tunate comrades aro entitled. Let every liKncst
claimant be placed on tho same level in tho
treatment he is to receiA'o from tho GoA'crn
ment. None will question the justness of such
a rule, and it ought to be done now, aud not
Avait until the soldier becomes gray and feeble.
The honorable course of our Northern members
in the matter of pensions needs no mention
here, but to those Avho bravely fought us for
more than four long years a Avord may be added.
Senator Call said: "If the friends of the soldier
supported him from the period of his dis-diargo
to the timo when his pension was granted, then
they only did Avhat the GoA'ernmcnt aa-us bound
to do, and did it because of the Government's
default in performing its obligation." Every
AA'ord true. Senator Garland said : " I knoAV of
none more deserving aud more meritorious than
the soldiers Avho fought the battles of this
country, and there is not a soldier of the con
federacy that I knoAV of but Avhat isAvilling to
see these men paid, and see them paid nob
giudgingly, but freely aud cheerfully." Bravo
AA-ords from a braA'e man! Senator Vest said :
"If the tide of battle had gone in the other di
rection, if our flag had floated fonvard instead
of backward, wc Avould luwc -oted anything to
these soldiers Avho won the fight." Tho Sena
tor speaks the honest sentiments of every sol
dier Avho Avoro the gray, and there is not a
Union soldier from Maine to California but
what will say they AA'ould haA'e deserved it. A
confederate officer, not long since, told tho
Avritcr that if they had been successful thero
would haA'e been no limitations in their pen
sion laAvs, and do quibbling over legislation on
the subject. EA'cry soldier Avould have been
treated alike, and paid from the day he left tho
serA'ice. How much more honorablo is tho
course of these men toAvard thoso who woro
the blue than the conduct of him, who shall bo
nameless, Avho has described the bill granting
arrearages to our soldiers as " a fraud upon tho
American people, and a stauding monument to
the ignorance, selfishness, and coAA'ardice of
the American Congress." Such an insult Avould
have been tolerated from the New York Herald,
Tribune, or Evening Post, but Avhen made in tho
Senate of the United States by oneAvho did not
haA'e the moral courage to A'ote against Avhatho
has termed "a fraud," it becomes all the moro
willing to pay
To tho Editor National Tribune:
I desiro to say in behalf of those who take
your val liable paper at this place, that we greatly
admiro its ucw style. I heard an ex-soldier
say recently that he would tako The National
Tribune if it cost 2.00 per year, and many
wonder AA'hy so grand a paper can bo furnished
for so small a sum. EllsAvorth Post, No. 20, of
this place, is in flourishing condition, and num
bers forty-one members, and gaining rapidly.
We fully appreciate tho interest The Tribune
tAkcs in tho welfare of the ex-soldier, and will
do all wo can to savcII tho list of subscribers.
May success crown your efforts.
Yours, &c, W. H.
Hartford, Van Buren Co., Mien., March 2
" ONE GOOD TURN DESERA'ES ANOTHER."
To the Editor National Tribune :
Find enclosed one dollar ($1) for The Tri
bune. I glory in your noble cause. But for
tho soldiers and sailors, and their noble com
manders, offering up their lives a sacrifice for
tho Constitution and Union, wo AA'euld not .
brcatho the air of a freo government. Ono
good turn deserves another. Now let Congress,
giving to railroad corporations and other un
necessaries, givo to them who preserved them a
nation. George Anderson.
Hibernia, Morris Co., N. J., March 20.
To tho Editor National Tribune?
I am a disabled soldier, and desiro tho pen
sion law extended, so that many poor soldiers,
like myself, may rcceivo that help from the
Government which they so badly need. 1 have
a claim pending since March, 1SS0, and have
not yet received my papers, although I havo
given all the evidence required. I should havo
put in my claim years ago, but refrained from
doing so as long as I possibly could liA'e without
it. There are thousands in the same condition.
Why is it that avc aro so neglected?
C. F. Weiseb.
Martinsburg, Adrian Co., Mo., March 26.
GLAD TO SEE THE SOLDIERS' INTERESTS PRO
To tho Editor National Tribune:
I havo been reading The National Tribune
for a long time, aud am glad to seo that wo
haA'e one man boll enough to stand and pro
tect tho interest of tho poor soldier. The prayers
of tho Avidow and the good wishes of the orphan
is in your faA'or, and I hopo that you will re
ceivo tho blessing of Almighty God for your
honest eilbrts in behalf oi the invalid soldier.
Daaid I. Jaines.
Ebensburgh, Pa., March 23.
SEND THEM ALONG.
To the Editor National Tribune:
I havo taken The Tribune now perhaps
three months, and it has becomo very dear to
me, not only for its fearless championship of all
soldiers, but for tho many A'ery interesting
reminiscences of tho Avar. I don't think any
thing is so dear to the old soldier as to fight his
battles OA'er again, either Avith a comrado or to
hear them related by tho press. Almost every
soldier that Avent through tho Avar could relate
some stirring battle scenes or adventuro if they
only had a chance, aud I think ono of the ob
jects of your paper is to give them a chance if
they Avish. When old soldiers get to talking,
if ono relates an incident it brings to mind to
tho others something similar.
Yours truly, T. S. Potter.
Dixon, 111., March 25.
LONG MAY IT AVAA'E.
To the Editor National Tribune:
You -will find tAo dollars enclosed for two
new subscriptions for your A'aluablo paper. I
wish I could send you a hundred. I think it is
the best soldiers' paper published. I admire
your honorable, straight-forward and high
minded course, and Avish that CA'ery soldier in
tho land could tako the paper. I am sure that
it Avould do a great deal of good. GiA'o it to
the money-sharks right and left. Long Avavo
TnE Tribune. J. H. Alabacu.
Eooicbridge, Wis., March 29.
a tost commander's subscription.
To the Editor National Tribune:
Pleaso forward The Tribune for ono year,
for Avhich find check enclosed.
Carl N. Bancroft,
Post Commander, Columbus, Ohio.
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