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The National tribune. (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, June 03, 1882, Image 3

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Heetlnpi of tho Tarlon Committees AnnjleJTands
ProTldcd The Blue and the Gray Inf prcpt
leg Letter from a Xetr .Terser Cora,
rade, Ac, &c.
Special Correspondence National Tribune.
Baltimore, June 1. The coming Grand(
Army Reunion will undoubtedly prove the'
most interesting ever held. Everything that
could add to the popular interest of tho event
lias been provided; all the money necessary to
give "the boys" an old-fashioned Maryland
velcome has been secured, and representative
citizens of every political shade have- united
in the arrangements, extending the most cor
dial welcome to tho delegates and other com
rades who will be present. During the past
"week the Committee on Transport:'. t ion has
succeeded in securing a railway reduction on
the eastern as well as tho western trunk lines.
This, it should be stated, has only been accom
plished with great difficulty and only through
tho untiring efforts of General Ross, Chair
man of tho National Executive Committee,
Major Bailey, and a few other zealous com
v xades. It may be interesting to the readers of
The Natjonai, Triiiuxk to know that General
Boss will bo strongly indorsed for tho high
offico of Commander-in-Chief, and while there
are several other candidates tho indications aro
strongly in favor of tho Maryland veteran, who
lost a leg in the service of his country.
letters are being constantly received from
prominent persons in all parts of the country
asking to have accommodations provided at
the various hotels. Everything, it may be said,
is now in order for the enjoyment of both gu'esfc
and host during the festival.' The details of
tho organization have been most complete, and
have excelled anything of tho kind in the
history of the Grand Army. No such recep
tion as is now being prered was ever at-
9 tempted before. Tho Executive Committee
lias determined not to invite any other societies
to take part in the parade, as the line it is now
believed will contain about 15,000 men. Tho
route is not yet fully determined upon, but it
will be comparatively short. Tho review by
the President will take place at the City Hall,
on the march up town. -The line will be re
viewed by the Commander, General Eomcyn
B. Ayres, at the Battle Monument, where he
will receive a marching salute, and ifc will bo
there dismissed.
Tho official programme of the celebration is
now being prepared. The cover, which is an
artistic piece of design and coloring, will bo
v lithographed. Messrs. O'Conncll and Benoit
are tho .publishers, and 30,000 copies will be
issued and sold by Mr. James Crowley, a news
agent. The pamphlet which is being prepared
by Comrade John A. Thompson, Jr., Secretary
of the Executive Committee, will be quarto
size, and will consist of forty-two pages, con
taining a history of tho Grand Army of tho
Republic, compiled by Colonel BobertB.Becth,
of Philadelphia. It will contain a list of
prominent business firms of tho eity, a roster
of all the Departments of tho Grand Army of
the Republic in tho country, a directory of
representatives to tho National Encampment,
end v:heie they will stop when they arrive
here, and a programme of the entertainment
and parade. The design of tho cover shows
two Corinthian pillars, at tho base of each of
which are a soldier and sailor. In tho fore
ground is a dismantled cannon and siege mor
tar, in tho muzzle of which an oriole has built
its nest and is rearing its young. Almost
hiding these guns and rusty relics of war is seen
a thrifty tobacco plant in full blooni, ripe corn,
canteloupes, peaches, and grapes, ail products
peculiar to the soil of Maryland, and typifying
eh abundant harvest, the results of indvistry
and peace. Suspended from a lance, supported
by yeoman's arms, depends the five-pointed
EtaT, the badge of tho Grand Army of the He
public, sustained by a woven ribbon represent
ing the national standard in appropriate colors.
From the lance also droops a veil, which is
drawn aside by a sailor, and djscloses a view of
tho harbor, around which are seen tho great
grain elevators and otbdV evidences of a grow
ing, manufacturing industry. In the harbor
arc seen the bay craft, pleasure boats, ocean
Eteamers, and the huge square-rigged vessels
of a- widely developed and growing foreign
trade, all contributing in coloring and design
to produce a memento which will be well worth
The Executive Committee met at head
quarters on Monday, Gen. Boss, chairman. It
was reported that the price of round-trip tickets
from Washington to return, good for five day3,
would be $1.63. Tho different Posts of Balti
more presented lists of names from which to
Eclect members of eommittes on reception, etc.
Gen. Boss reported tho visit of the special com
mittee to "Washington, as noticed in tho last
issue of The National Tiubuxe, and that
they had secured tho promise of attendance
during tho Encampment of the President and
his Cabinet, and other notables. Also the selec
tion and acceptance of Gen. Homeyn B. Ayres
to act as commander of the parade. Gen. Sher
man promised to come and take part in the
parade in a carriage, and the retired naval offi
cers would also be in carriages. General Boss
stated that the committee had asked Congress
for the loan of tents for the accommodation of
5,000 comrades, and that the request would
likely be complied with. Sleeping accommoda
tions for '300 persons will be provided at th'o
Masonic Temple, and a restaurant will be placed
in the lower floor to feed 300 more. Dushane
"Post will keep open house during the Encamp
ment, and refreshments will be provided for
all visitors to their hall. Pennsylvania will
send 2,500 men as a Department, and the visit
ing militia from Washington will come on the
morning of the parade. The Washington Light
Infantry will bring the Marine Band, fifty-fivo
pieces, with them.
The General Hospitality Committc also held
a meeting on M onday, which was wel 1 attended.
Ex-Mayor Latrobe, the chairman, jmnouneed
the following additional names of members of
the committee: Summerfiold Baldwin, James
A. Gary, It. Q. Taylor, J. Boss Diggs, H. W.
Maitton, Win. F. Clautice, J. O. Bates, Samuel
D. Buck, S. L. Frank, George D. HiR, G. W. M.
Crcuk, J. S. Lewis, Daniel McLaughlin, John
Q. Herring, Samuel M. Shoemaker, Joseph Ben
eha v, Kviiry Clark, Bobert Evitt, Charles
Hiisf r, Edward Pels, Thomas Gallagher, Edwin
11. Webster, and Charles W. Booze.
The chair announced the following as mem
bers of the Executive Committee: Gen. Felix
Aj,nus, Capt. F. X. Ward, Gen. W. E. W. Boss,
J. Frank Supplee, Joshua Horner, W. S. Pow
ell, C. A. Vogelcr, Gen, F. C. Latrobe, George
H C. Real, and Col. John L. Thomas.
Tne following committee was appointed to
wait upon the Governor of Maryland and the
Mayor of Baltimore, and request them to atk
k the citizens, by proclamation, to Mispend busi
ness on June 21st, and to decorate their houses:
CoL Silas M. Sparklin, George Savage, and Col.
Eugeno T. Joyce.
The Finance Committee, through Geo. H. C.
Ncal, presented a satisfactory report.
Mr. Norman asked if it was known how much
money was required to properly entertain one
guest, for ho knew of many merchants and
business men who would give fifty dollars, if
needed, whero they had only given twonty
fivo. General Latrobe said that wo innst entertain
our visitors from tho North and South in a style
suitable to our reputation and creditable to our
people. Wo have tho pride and honor of our
city in our charge, and it cannot possibly bo
maintained with a less sum than $13,000.
Gen. James -B. Herbert said tho Committeo
on Bcccption of Visiting Comrades would re
quire from $2,500 to $3,000. Ho agreed that
Baltimore ought not to bo niggard, and thought
that our citizens, from one end of tho town to
the other, would unite heart and hand in mak
ing this a grand reception. He thought wo
ought to have at least $25,000. Tho sum of
$2,500 or $3,000 docs not provide for tho regular
forces of tho United States, such as tho army,
marijic corps, or sailors of the fleet who may bo
ordered here.
Mr. Supplcc said : Only toll us what is wanted
and tho merchants and business men will sup
ply the means when they arc told what is re
quired and how much is expected of them.
General Latrobe said the visiting Posts and
guests were to be here two days.
General, Herbert said hat when tho Com and
Flour Exchange was called upon it would be
found in tho front rank, and would contribute
The chairman said it would bo well to ap
point a special committee to visit the Corn and
Flour Exchange.
Mr. Horner said we cannot treat our visitors
too well. This reception is tho talk of tho
whole country. Dickinson College is making
its commencement secondary ro it, so tho fac
ulty and students can come here.
Geu. Rosssaid that $1.0 15 had been subscribed
before the General Hospitality Committeo was
organized, an 1 that amount was allowed to bo
retained by the Executive Committee of the
Grand Army to assist it in tho expenses of in
vitations, headquarters, clerk hire, and a great
many other incidentals.
If was moved by Mr. Horner, and seconded
by General Herbert, that it is nectary to have
$25,000 to entertain the .guests. The motion
was carried.
Mr. Horner said that he thought there wore
1,000 business men who could readily give $50
General Herbert moved that it is the sense
of this meeting that the press be asked to aid
in tho matter of receiving subscriptions to the
amount of $25,000.
General Agnus said he wanted to introduce
to tho meeting a gallant young fellow, an ex-
confederate, who had a favorable record in the
past and a bright prospect for the future, a
clever gentleman who was heart and hand in
the movement to welcome thd soldiera of tho
Union Mr. George Savage.
Mr. Savage was received with applause. Ho
Eaid: I thought I was coming to a business
meeting where I would not be expected to talk, J
but I must say I am heartily in favor of this
reception, as a Balfimorean, an American, and
an ex-con federa to. I am thoroughly in accord
with this movement to receive tho Grand Army
of the Republic. I was a private, and I am
sure thero aro a thousand ex-confederates in
this city who, if not in a body, will, at least,
individually heartily receive them. I havo
crossed Mason and Dixon's lino as a guest of
tho. Grand Army of tho Republic, and there
was the most enthusiastic cordiality in the
reception. To better show tho warm feelings
of our friends, I will read a letter which never
was expected to bo shown. I am sure it will
be heartily received by the ex-confederates of
this city. It is from General E. S. Campbell,
of Trenton, the Department Commander of tho
G. A. B., of New Jersey. Ho entered tho
army as a captain, was wounded severely threo
times, and rose to the rank of brigadier general.
"Tp.entox, N. J., May 18, 1652.
"My 'Lear Mr. Favage: I shall be delighted
to meet you at Baltimore, and, I think I need
not add to you, shall take more pleasure in
seeing tho soldiers ef tho gray participate in
the demonstration than any others. To somo
this might sound a little extrcmv, but to me it
is certainly real, and scerns logical and natural.
Tho dear old Union of our fathers in the pres
ervation of which I believed, and still believe,
all possibilities of prosperity and happiness lor
tho future, North, South, East, and West, to bo
bound up is preserved as an organism. If I
can only see, before I die, the hearts of our
people thoroughly cemented, the smouldering
embers all quenched, and our country one, as
it should be, one Eplurihus umimI shall feel
that I can fully enter into sympathy with the
old Semitic priest and say, 'Now, Lord, lot thy
servant depart in peace, for mine eyes have
seen thy salvation!' It is for this reason thai
it is so specially gratifying to mc to sec any
thing like 'getting together' on tho part of
those who lately were so very far apart (and
yet so distressingly near). Although I always
w:ts, and still am, as decided and firm in my
unionism as perhaps any Northern soldier, I
find in my heart no remaining trace of ani
mosity towards anyone because ho fought ' on
the other side.' On tho contrary, my heart
warms towards them whenever and wherever I
meet them. Recognizing tho fact that there is
not one of us who was not more or less respon
sible for the shedding of a torrent of human
blood, for the waste of treasures which battled
our arithmetic, and for an ainount of human,
suffering of every kind and description, which
transcends even our powers of imagination 1
think I do not exaggerate it seems to mo to
be more consistent with the highest wisdom,
patriotism, and humanity, that, instead of
weighing and balancing our mutual degrees of
responsibility, we should devote ourselves to
preventing all possibility of such a reign of
terror in the future. My experience has been
that the more men meet each other tho bettor
they like each other. Even those who tljink
thoy hate each other often find they do not.
They learn to know each other better, and
therein lies the ieorct of tho whole matter.
Whilst on some points wo may not oxpecfc to
agree, contact and reflection will give us ro
epect for each other's motives and charity for
each other's faults and mistakes. Let us keep
our baelts turned sternly to that buried past,
and our faces to a itituro which 1 fully believe
is full of hope and promise."
Mr. D. M. Ncwbold moved that tho Execu
tive Committee take into consideration tho
propriety of inviting the Senate and House of
Representatives of the United States to be
present during the celebration, and it was
agreed to.
General Herbert inquired if General Han
cock had been invited, and Genera! Ross re
plied, "Yes, but that ho could not positively
prom iso." General Ross knew he had an ap
pointment to meet tho Army of tho Potomac
from the 14th to thp 18th of June, but ho had
urged his secretary to press upon him tha wol
como that would bo given and tho earnest
deoire of the committee to havo him come.
The chair appointed the following Recoption
Committee: James A. Gary, Henry C.Smith,
James Hodges, Wm. If. Perkins, Summorficlci
Baldwin, Frank P. Stevens, Edwin II. Web
ster, E. V. Hermangc, James It. Herbert, Wm.
S. Young, Israel M. Parr, Charles A. Baker, A.
L. Scott, John GiB, and Charlea A. Vogolor.
Tho Unties of Patriotism and the Sweet Office of
Itfincnturances Eloquent Words, 3Iilitarj
Pageantry, and the People's Imposing
Tributes Imrossko Decoration
Day Ceremonies.
Tho observance of Decoration Day was nover
so general as on Tuesday last, when the
graves of our sleeping heroes in all parts of the
country received their floral tributes at the
hands of fair women and brave men. At many
of the cemeteries the graves of ex-confedorato
soldiers were alsi strewn with ilowcrs by tho
members of the Grand Army, and many of tho
speeches delivered at several places breathed
a spirit of fraternal reunion that augurs hap
pily for a complete restoration of peace and
harmony between tho sections. To such a re
markable extent was this spirit manifested that
To-day we tell the history of our country's
life; recount the lofty deeds of vanished years;
the toil and suffering; tho defeats and victories
of heroic men of men who made our Nation
great and free.
Wo seo tho first ships whoso prows wero
gilded by tho western sun. Wo feel tho thrill
.of discovery when the New World was found.
Wo seo the oppressed, the serf, the peasant, and
the slave men whose fiesh had known tho
chill of chains the adventurous, the proud,
the brave, sailing an unknown sea. seeking
f homes in unknown lands.
Wo seo tho settlements, the littlo clearings,
the block-house and the fort, the rude .and
lonely huts, brave men, true women, builders
Of homes, fellers of fmwsts fnimlnr: nf RfnJ-ql
Separated from the Old World, away from
tho heartless distinctions of caste, away from
sceptres and titles and crowus, they governed
themselves. They defended their homes, they
earned their bread. Each citizen had a voice,
and tho little villages became almost republics.
Slowly tho savage was driven, foot by foot,
back in tho dim forest. Tho days and nights
were filled with fear, and the slow years with
massacre and war, and tho cabins' earthern
floors were wet with blood of mothers and their
But the savages of the Nov,' World were
many suggestions are being made to unite in J kinder than the kings and nobles of the Old;
harmony tho dead of both armies at the samo
time. Indeed, as will be seen below, this was
observed in several instances on Tuesday.
Another thing was noticeable in connection with
these memorial services. The day was essen
tially a National holiday a holiday that struck
deep into tho popular heart and awakened a
more thorough response of popular sentiment
than on any previous occasion. If any further
necessity exisied for making Decoration Day a
National holiday, it was fully demonstrated on
this recurrence of the anniversary, and it is to
be hoped the lessons taught in that connection
will not be forgotten. From the accounts of
memorial ceremonies in various places that
havo reached us up to the hour of going to
press, we select such as wo think our readers
will find of special interest:
No Decoration Day in New York ever equal
led that ot Tuesday, .in point of magni
tude. Tho weather was clear and bright, and
the fact that President Arthur and other dis
tinguished personages participated in the cere
monies lent extraordinary interest to tho occa
sion. The reviewing stand was at Twenty
fourth street and Fifth avenue
President Arthur arrived at the stand about
ten o'clock. The arrivals up to that hour had
been so numerous that many proplo who held
tickets of admission were unablo to get on tho
ctand. Tho ladies and gentlemen on tho stand
were not nearly so comfortably off as' thoso
who wero obliged to remain on the street, for
thcrailitary guard, in pursuance of their orders,
packed those who wore privileged (?) like sar
dines. It was only a question of tho standing
capacity of the platform, and it was tested to
its utmost. The head of the procession had
reached Twenty-ninth street before tho Presi
dential party had arrived, and Major-Goncral
Shaler ordered a halt. Tho President was
waited on at his residence in th,e morning, and
escorted to tho Fifth Avcnuo Hotel. At a
.quarter to ten o'clock ho came out of tho
Twenty-third street cntraucoand was received
by tho Old Guard, Major George W. McLean
commanding. The Guard wore their bearskin
hats and were in full dress uniform. The
band played tho "President's March," and the
men stood at-present arms. The guard at tho
reviewer's stand was composed of fifty men of
the Seventy-first infantry, every man of whom
was over six feet in height. When tho Presi
dent's party approached tho order wasgivon:
" Turn out the Guard ! The President of the
United States!"
Immediately the grenadiers of tho Seventy
first wero formed in two ranks, facing inward,
and making a passageway of shining steel from
the entrance oSthe stand to tho spot where the
President's carriage would stop. Tho Old
Guard marched up iu two platoons, with tho
carriages in the centre, the latter stopping jusfc
opposite the passageway of sentinels. As tho
President was recognized he was greeted with
enthusiastic cheers, and tho great throng
swayed forward in tho hopo of getting a closer
Tho President was accompanied by tho fol
lowing gentlemen, acting as escort on behalf of
the Grand Army of the Republic : G. J. Wenck,
of Rise Post, No. 29; J. S. Phillips, of Cameron
Post, No. 79; Henry O'Brien, of Rawlings Post,
No. 89; Samuel Smith, of Stevens Post, No.
233; and Wifliara B. Oakden, of Rise-Post, No.
29. When Lieutenant Dancnhowcr was seen
and recognized by tho crowd he was enthusi
astically cheered. General Grant, among
others, started the applause. After tho Presi
dent's party had taken their position on the
platform tho Old Guard were assigned a posi
tion on the east orty side of Fifth avenue front
ing the stand, while the stand was surrounded
by the President's bodyguard from tho Seventy
first. Tins rnocnssioN'.
When Major-General Shaler appeared on his
magnificent black horse, followed by his dash
ing staff, tho sight was a most beautiful one.
Am far as the eye could reach in every direction
there was a moving mass of people. The topj
of houses and windows were filled with ladies,
who waved flags and handkerchiefs. The
bland was a bower of flowers. The parade
included the First division of the National
Guard and thirteen divisions of tho civic
parade. The Grand Army Posts that followed
the militia were much alike in genera! aspect,
but tho hearts of tho throngs that looked on
went out to tho veterans with their solemn
faces, thinking of their dead, their memorial
ilowcrs, and their riddled battle-flags. As Post
after Post filed by tho reviewing point the
solemnity of the occasion fell upon the assem
blage, and many a moistened eye followed the
thinned ranks of the comrades a5 they marched
on towaul the resting places of the dead.
The President and his party remained until
the last man nail gone by ami then passed
through the lines of the body-guard, again
drawn up to the carriages, and returned to the
Fifth Avenue Hotel.
Tho decorations of tho monuments in Union
and Madison Squares were Unique in the ex
treme. At Greenwood Cemetery the ceremo
nies were participated in by thousands of peo
ple Mayor Low, of Brooklyn, presided, and
made the opening add i ess, and Mr. Robert
Collyer delivered tho oration. At Calvary
Hill, Cypress Cemetery, and othor places,
deeply impressive services wero also held.
colonel ixcn:nsoLiAs okatiox.
The day's observances in tho city closed with
the exercises at the Academy of Music, in tho
evening. The building was thronged in every
part. Among the distinguished people present
wero President Arthur, General Grant, ex
Scnalor Conkling, Secretary of the Treastiroy
Folger, Attorney-General Brewster, Chaplain
Kcwmiui, and Mayor Grace. A poem, by Wil
liam Winter, entitled, "A Plcdgo to the Dead,"
was received with warm applr.usc, after which
Colonel Ingcrsoll was introduced, and spoke as
This day is sacred to our heroes dead. , Upon
their tombs wo have lovingly laid the wealth
of spring.
This is a day for memory and tears. A mighty
Nstion bends above its honored graves and
pays to noblo dust the tribute of its love.
Gratitude is the fairest flower that sheds its
perfume in tho heart.
and so the human tide kept coming, and tho
places of tho dead were filled.
Amid common dangers and common hopes
the prejudices and feuds of Europe faded slowly
from their hearts. From every land, of every
speech, driven by want and lured 13' hope, ex
iles and emigrants sought the mysterious con
tinent of the West.
Year alter year the colonists . fought and
toiled and suffered and increased.
They began to talk about liberty to reason
of the rights of man. They asked no help from
distant kings, and they began to doubt the use
ot paying tribute to the useless. They lost
respect for dukes and lords,jnnd held in high
esteem all honest men.
There was the dawn of a now day. They be
gan to dream of independence. They found
that they could make and execute the laws.
Thoy had tried the experiment of self-govern-meiit.
They had succeeded. The Old World
wished to dominate the New. In the caro and
keeping of the colonists was the destiny of this
continent of half the world.
On this day tlio story of tho great struggle
between colonists and kings should be told.
Wo should tell our children of tho contest
first for justice, then for freedom. Wc should
tell them the history of tho Declaration of In
dependence, the chartand compass of all human
rights "All men arc equal and have tho right
to life, to liberty," and joy.
This declaration uncrownedkingsand wrested
lrom the hands of titled tyranny tho scepter of
usurped and arbitrary power. It superseded
royal grants and repealed tho cruel statutes of
a thousand years. -It gave tho peasant a career.
It knighted all the sons of toil. It opened all
tho. paths to fame, and put the star of hope
abovo the cradle of the poor man's bahe.
England was then the mightiest of nations,
mistress of every sea, and yet our fathers, poor
and few, doficd her power.
To-day we remember the defeats, the victories,
the-disaster, tho weary marches, the povorty,
tlio hunger, the sufferings, the agonies, and,
above all, tho glories of tho Involution. Wc
remember all frojn Lexington to Valley Forge,
and from thatmidnightof despairtb Yorktown's
cloudless day.
,We remember the soldiers and thinkers tho
henoes of tho sword and pen. Thoy had the
brafti and heart, tho wisdom and the courage,
to utter and defend these words: 'Govern
ments derive their just powers from the consent
of the governed."
In defense of this sublime and self-evident
truth tho war was waged and won.
To-day wo remember all tho heroes, all the
generous and chiyalric men who caino from
other lands to make ours free.
Of tho many thousands who shared the gloom
and glory of tho seven sacred years not one re
mains. The last has mingled with the earth,
and nearly-all are sleeping now in unmarked
graves, and some beneath the leaning, crum
bling stones from which their names have been
effaced by time's irreverent and relentless
hand. But the Nation they founded remains.
Tho United States nrcatill freeaud independent.
Tho " government derives its just powers from
tho consent of the governed," and fifty millions
of freo people remember with gratitude the
heroes of the Rovolution.
Let us be truthful; let us bo kind. When
peace came, when the independence of a new
nation was acknowledged, the) great truth for
which our fathers fought was half denied, and
tho Constitution was inconsistent with tho
Declaration. The war was waged for liberty,
and yet the victors forged new fetters for their
fellow-men. Tho chains our fathers broke
were put "by them upon tho limbs of others.
Freedom for all was the cloud by day and the
pillar of fire by night through seven years of
want and war. In peace the cloud was forgot
ten, and tho pillar blazed unseen.
Let us be truthful; all of our fathers were
not true to themselves. In war they had been
generous, noble, and self-sacrificing); with peace
came selfishness and grctd. They were not
great enough to appreciate the grandeur of tho
principles for which they fought. They ceased
to regard the great truths as having universal
application. " Liberty for all " included only
themselves. Thoy qualified the Declaration.
They interpolated tho word "white;" they
obliternled tho word "all." Let us bo kind.
We will remember tho age in which they lived.
Wo will compare thein with the citizens of
other nations. .
They niademcrchandisoof men. They legal
ized a crime. Thoy sewed tho seeds of Avar ;
but they founded this nation.
Let us gratefully remember;
Let us gratefully forget.
To-day we remember the heroes of tho second
war with England, in which our fathers fought
for thu freedom of the seas, for tho rights of the
American sailor.
Wc remember with pride tho splendid vic
tories of Erie and Champlain, and the.wondrous
achievements upon the sea achievements that
covered our navy with a glory that neither thu
victories nor defeats of the future can dim.
We remember the heroic services and suffer
ings of thoso who fought the merciless savage
of tho frontier. We sec tho midnight) massacre
and hear the war-cries of the allies of England.
Wo seo the flames climb round tho happy
homes, and in the charred and blackened ruins
wo seo tho mutilated bodies of wives and
Pcaco came at last, crowned with tho victory
of New Orleans a victory that "did redeem
all sorrows" and all defeats.
The Rovolution gAVO our fathers a free land
the war of lbl'Z a freo ea.
To-day wo .remember t lie gallant men who
bore our fiag in triumph from- tho Rio Grande
to tho heights of Cheu!tepcc.
Leaving out of question the justice of otic
cause tho necessity for war wo are yet com
pelled to applr.ud tho marvelous courage of our
troops. A handful of men brave, impetuous,
determined, irresistible conquered a nation.
Our history has no record of more darirfg deeds.
Again pcaco came, and the Nation hoped and
thought that strife was at an end.
We had grown too powerful to bo attacked.
Our resources were boundless, and the future
seemed secure. Tho hardy pioncors moved to
tho great West. Beneatli their ringing strokes
tho forests disappeared, and on tho prairies
waved tho billowed seas of wheat and corn.
Tho great plains were crossed, the mountains
wero conquered, and the foot of victorious ad
venture pressed tho shores of tho Pacific.
In tho great North all the streams went
singing to the sea, turning wheels and spindles
and casting shuttles back and forth. Inven
tions were springinglikc magic from a thousand
brains. From labor's holy altars roso and
leaped tho smoke and flame, and from the
countless forges rang the chaunt of rhythmic
Bat in the South the negro toiled unpaid, and 1
mothers wept while babes were sold, and at the
auction-block husbands and wives speechlessly
looked tho last good-bye. Fugitives, lighted
by tho Northern star, sought liberty on English
soil, and were by Northern men thrust back to
whip and chain.
Tho great statesmen, tho successful politi
cians announced that law had compromised
with crime ; that justice had been bribed, and
that time had barred appeal. A raro was left
without a right, without a hope. The future
had no dawn, no star nothing but ignorance
and fear; nothing but work and want. This
was tho conclusion of tiro statesmen, the
philosophy of tho politicians, of constitutional
expounders. This was decided by courts and
ratified by the Nation.
We had been successful in three wars. Wc
had wrested thirteen colonics from Great
Britain. We had conquered our place upon the
high seas. We had added more than two mil
lions of square miles to the national domain.
Wc had increased in population from three to
thirty-one millions. Wc wrro in the midst of
plentj'. Wc were rich and free. Ours ap
peared to be the most prosperous of nations.
But it was only appearance. The statesmen
and the politicians were deceived. Real victo
ries can be won only for the right. The tri
umph of justice is the pnly peace. Such is the
nature of things. He who enslaves another can
not be free. He who attacks the right, assaults
The mistake our fathers made had not been
corrected. The foundations of the Republic
were insecure. The great dome of the temple
was clad in the light of prosperity, but the corner-stones
were crumbling. Four millions of
human beings were enslaved. Party cries had
been mistaken for principles, partisanship for
patriotism, success for justice.
But pity pointed -n the scarred and bleeding
backs of slaves ; m- - heard the obs of moth
ers reft of babes, -n-l justice held aloft; the
scales in which ono drop of blood shed by a
master's lash outweighed a nation's gold.
There were a few men, a few women, who
had the courage to attack this monstrous crime,
They found it entrenched in constitutions,
statutes, and decisions, barricaded and bastion
cd by every Department and by every party.
Politicians wero its servants, statesmen its at
torneys, judges its menials, President's its pup-
i pels, and upon its cruel a'ltar had been sacrificed
our country's honor.
It was tho crime of tho Nation of the whole
country North anil South responsible alike.
To-day wo reverently thank tho Abolition
ists. Earth has produced no grander men, no 1
nonlcr women. They were tho real philan
thropists, the true patriots.
When tho will defies fear, when the heart
applauds the brain, when duty throws the
gauntlet down to fate, when honor scorns to
compromiso with death this is heroism.
The Abolitionists Avcre heroes. Ho Ioa-cs his
country best who strives to make it best. The
bravest men are those who have the greatest
fear of doing wrong.
Mere politicians' wish tho country to do
something for them ; true patriots desire to do
something for their country.
Courage without conscience is a wild beast;
patriotism without principle is tho prejudice of
birth the animal attachment to place.
These men, these women had courage and
conscience, patriotism, aiyl principle, heart and
The South relied upon the bond upon a
barbarous clause that stained, disfigured, and
defiled tho Federal pact, and made tho mon
strous claim that slavery was the Nation's
ward. The spot'of shamo grew red in North
ern cheeks, and Northern men declared that
slavery had poisoned, cursed, and blighted
soul and soil enough, and that the Territories
must be free.
The radicals of the South cried: "No Union
without slavery ! " The radicals of the North
replied: "No Union without liberty!"
The Northern radicals were right. Upon
the great issue of freo homes for free men a
President was elected by the free States. The
South appealed to the sword, and raised the
standard of revolt. For the first time in his
tory the oppressors rebelled.
But let us to-day be great enough to forget
individuals; great enough to know that slav
ery was treason, that slavery was rebellion:
that slav.ery fired upon our fiag and sought to
wreck and strand the mighty ship that bears
tho hope and fortune of this world.
The first shot liberated the North. Consti
tutions, statutes, and decisions; compromises,
platforms, and resolutions, made, passed, and
ratified in the interest of slavery, became mere
legal lies, moan and meaningless, base and
baseless.. Parchment and paper could no longer
slop or stay tho onward march of man. Tho
North wa-s free. Jlillions instantly resolved
that the Nation should not. die, that freedom
should not perish, and that slavery should not
live. Millions of our brothers, our sons, our
fathers, our husbands answered to the Nation's
The great armies have desolated the earth ;
the greatest soldiers have been ;:nh;tinn'e
dupes. They waged war for the sake of peace .
and pillagepomp and power, for the ignorant j
applause of vulgar millions, for the flattery of
parasites, and the adulation of sycophants aud
Let us proudly remember that in our time
the greatest, the grandest, the noblest army of
the world fo ight, not to enslave, but to free;
not. to destroy, but to save: not simply for
themselves, but for others; not for conquest,
but for conscience; not only for us, but for
eveiy land and evory race.
With, courage, with enthusiasm, with devo
tion never excelled, with an exaltation and
purity of purposes never equaled, this grand
army fought the battles of the Republic. For
the preservation of this Nation, for the destruc
tion of slavery, these soldiers, these sailors on
land and sea, disheartened by no defeat, dis
couraged by no obstacle, appalled by no danger, '
neither paused noy swerved until a stainless
flag, without a rival, floated overall our wido
crnment; that responsibility goes hand in hand
with liberty.
It means that it is tho duty of every citizen
to bear his share of tho public burden, to tako
part in the affairs of his town, his county, his
State, and his country.
It means that the ballot-box is the ark of tho
covonant, that the sources of authority must
not be poisoned.
It means tho perpetual- right of peaceful
It means that every citizen of the Republic,
native or naturalized, must be protected ; at
home in every State, abroad in every land, on
every sea.
It means that all distinctions based on birth
or blood havo perished from our lawsthat our
Government shall stand between labor and
capital, between tho weak and strong, between
tho individual and the corporation, between,
want and wealth, aud give and guarantee sim
ple justice to each and all.
It means that there shall be a legal remedy
for every wrong.
It means national hospitality th;t we must
welcome to our shores the exiles of the world,
and that Ave may not drive them back. Somo
may be deformed by labor, ihvarfed by hunger,
broken in spirit, victims of tyranny and caste,
in Avhose sad faces may be read the touching
record of a weary life, and yet their children.
born of liberty and love, will be symmetrical
and fair, intelligent and freet
That flag is the emblem of a supreme will, of
a nation's power. Beneath its folds the Aveakest
must be protected and the strongest must obey.
It shields aud canopies alike the loftiest man
sion and the rudest hut.
That fiag was given to the air in the Revolu
tion's darkest days. Ifc represents the suffer
ings of tho past, the glories yet to be ; and, liko
the bow of heaven, it is the child of storm and
This day is racred to the great heroic host
Avho- kept this flag above out heads sacred to
the living and the dead, sacred to the scarred
and maimed, sacred to the Avives who gavo
their husbauds, to the mothers .who gave their
sons. .
Here in this peaceful land of ours, here whero
the sun shines, Aviicre floAvers stoaa-, where chil
dren play, millions of armed men battled for
the right and breasted on a thousand fields tho
iron storms of Avar.
These brave, these incomparable men founded
the first Republic. They fulfilled the prophe
cies, thoy brought to pass the dreams, ihey
realized the hopes that all the great and good
and Avbc and just lm-e made and had since
man Avas man.
But what of those avIio fell? There is no
language to express the debt we o-e, the icvo
Ave bear, to all tho dead who died for us. Woid3
aro but barren sounds. Wc can but stand be
side their graA-cs, and in the hush and silenco
feel Avhat speech lias neA'er told.
They fought; they died; and for the first
time since man has kept a record of events, tho
heavens bent above and domed a land A?ithout
a serf, a servant, or a slaA'e.
At Philadclpnia the ceremonies were en a
more elaborato scale than on -any previous
occasion siuco tho Avar. Most of the leading
business establishments were closed, and 8,CD0
members of tho G. A. R. paid their annual trib
ute to the memory of their comradoar. At Fair
mount Park an oration Avas delivered at tho
Lincoln monument by I. NcAvtcn Ritntr, and at
.Laurel Hiii one by Wm. P. BoAvman. who took
the place of Gen. J. W. Keifcr, Snejiker of tho
Honse of Representatives, Avho AvasTunablo to bo
present. - The members of tho Scott Legion
(A-eterans of the Mexican war) decorated tha
monument erected to their comrades in Glen
Avood, and. an oration vras delivered by John
Dolman. Memorial services were-held at night
in many of tho churches, under the auspices of
tho different Posts.
At Lancaster, Ta., special services were held
at the gnrves of Gen. John F. Reynolds and
Thaddeus Stevens; that of President Buchanan
being also profusely decorated.
A large conconrse of people was attracted to
Avitness the decoration of the graves of the threo
thousand Union soldiers interred in tho Na
tional Cemetery at Gettysburg. Ex-Secretary
Blaine and Gen. Joseph B. Hawley and wife,
in company Avith Hon. Edward McPhcrson and
General Whylio CraAvford, U. S. A., who com
manded the Pennsylvania Reserves in the bat
tle of Gettysburg, visited .Round Top, Culp's
Hill, Cemetery Hill, and other prominent
points on the field. Meantime the gr.iA'es of
the soldiers buried in the various private cem
eteries were decorated by a committee from
the Grand Army of the Republic. At two p.
m. tho procession Avas formed anl proceeded to
the National Cemetery. Passing through tho
ccmctory gates to the sound of funeral dirges,
iht; procession soparated. After the usual cer
emonies of the Grand Army the flowers Avoro
strewn by little children OAer the resting places
of the sleeping heroes. Then, after prayor, tho
Hon. Joseph R. Hawley, the orator of the day,
AA-as introduced. The speaker gave a terse ac
count of the battle, stating that this battle aa'os
the battle of the centuries, and that is had had
a moulding influence upon the progress of pop
ular gOA'emiucnt of tio Avorld. In response to
repeated calls. ex-Secretary Blaine appeared and
spoko in substance as follows: :'He had re
proached himself that he had permitted nearly
nineteen years to pass si-ace this great contest
Avithout visiting and refreshing-his patriotism
with the sight of the grand scene of the great
battle the battle of Gettysburg. It is a proud
thiug for Pennsylvania that on her soil rebel
lion was stayed. This battle demolished1 tho
theory of State rights, and it left this Stato tho
grand right to rejoice in the result of that grand
! struggle. He congratulated himself that ho
Avas a native and to the manner born, tor on
Pcnnsyh-aniasoil on the fourth of July Avas the
Federal constitution adopted and thejrebenion
received its death blow."'- After the singing
of the national hymn ''America, in Avhieh tho
audience. Jed by Gen. Howiey, joined, the.exer
cises concluded v.'ith a benediction by Re P.
P. Strawinski.
A reception was given in the evening to ex
Secretary Blaine and Gen. Hnwley, Aho wero
the guests of Hon. Edward McPherson.
Throughout the West the day avss observed
with as much feeling if not Avith as much out
ward show as in the East. In Cincinnati tho
public schools and otlices AA'ero closed; thero
il everv human being beneath 1 wer0 iialvosin- processions, and an oration by
lately free. j nu' 'X"m L. Young.
domain, and tint
its folds was absolutely
The great victory for human rights, the
greatest of all tho years, had been avou : Avon
by the Union men of the North, by the Union
men of the South, and by those avIio had been
slaves. Liberty was national ; slavery was
dead. .
Tho fia for Avhieh tho heroes fought, for
Avhieh they died, is the bymbol of all we are, of
all avo hope to be. '
It is tho emblem of equal rights.
It means free hands, free lips, self-government,
and the sovereignty of the individual.
It means that this continent hits been dedi
cated to freedom.
It means uniA'orsal education, light for every
mind, knowledge for every child.
It means that the school-houso is the fortress
of liborty.
It means that "gOA'crnmcnts dorivo their
just powers from tho consent of the governed;"
that each man is accountable to and for thogov-
Mavor Harrison deliA'ered an address in Chi
cago, whore the programme Avas particularly
There was a large gathering at the grave of
Gen. Znchary Taylor at the old family home
stead near Louisville, Ky., Avhero tho tomb of
the hero of tho Mexican Avar was decorated,
and Gon. Ekin, U. S. A., delivered an oratioa.
At New Orleans the graves of Union, soldiers
in Chahuctte Cemetery Avero decorated. Tho
floral offerings Avere received from ex-coufed-orates.
Ihnx. J. R. G. Titkln dehvertfu an
At Petersburg, Vs., the graves of between
5,000 and G.00O Federal soldiers bnried in tho
National Cemetery wen: decorated.
Tho five thousand graA'es of confederate sol
diers (prisoners) who died at Camp Douglas,
Ills., Avero decorated at tho OflkAA'ood Cemetery .
by tho Grand Army Posts.
jt'or oUier Memorial Services sec KA page.

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