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The National tribune. (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, July 01, 1882, Image 2

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aud bear-skin hats, won many a smile from
the ladies along the route. lint, perhaps, the
objects of the greatest interest to the public,
were the tattered battle flags which were
carried by some of the visiting Posts. Pa
thetic reminders of many a bloody field,
they spoke a language which even this new
generation could understand! The Duryee
Zouaves, as was to be expected, from their
flaming uniforms, and the fact that they
were stationed at Baltimore early in the war,
were greeted with marked favor.
The procession was about an hur and a
half in passing a given point, and the head
ha 1 reached the City Hall, where it passed in
review before President Arthur, General
George V. aierrill, and the other distin
guished company assembled on the east por
tico, almost before the last of the line had
begun to move. As the column came insight
the President bowed his head and gracefully
acknowledged the marching salutes which
were given as the various commands, filed
by. It w:is not far from two o'clock w hen
the last of the Posts in line reached the place'
of dismissal and broke ranks. It is estima
ted that ten thousand mCn were in line.
Towards dusk the veterans began to move
out to Camp Agnus, which was pitched in a
beautiful park in the northeastern snperb3
of the city. There tho citizens' committee
had made the most generous provision for
their entertainment and what with the
music from twenty-five bauds and the choral
society organized specially for the occasion
by 3Ir. Frank Supplee, of Baltimore, the
"commissary " of sandwiches, coiVee. etc. the
interchange of friendly courtesies between
the various Posts, and the fireworks which
were set off as dusk came on, tho afternoon
and evening passed in a whirl of merriment.
took place on the camp grounds upon the
return of the delegates from an excursion to
Annapolis. Ex-Mayor Latrobe presided,
and wel corned the "boys in blue" and the
"boys in grey" to the Monumental City,
lie was warmly applauded, and in response
General Merrill expressed the thanks of the
Grand Army for the generous hospitalities
extended the comrades in a Southern city.
Speeches were also made by Corporal Tanner,
of Brooklyn; Captain AVard, an ex-confederate,
and others. The latter, in introducing
his remarks, addresse'd the "boys in blue'.'
as "comrades," which provoked a storm of
applause, as did also a toast offered by Gen
eral Barnum, of New York, to the " brave
boys of the South." The assemblage was
characterized by the utmost good fellowship
throughout, and the occasion was one long
to be remembered.
"With a proper appreciation of the interest
attaching to the grand parade the editor of
Tire National Tribune arranged for the
publication, on the day after the great
public demonstration, of a full account of
the procession, together with the business
of fiie convention as far as transacted, and
in fact, of everything that could interest our
readers, up to the time of going to press on
Thursday our regular publication day. The'
difficulty of accomplishing this will be un
dersioud when it is known thafc.ndt a single
weekly journal, whether published in the
ntiTett. of the Grand Army'ornob,TU'nder--tok
the taric The National Tribune
lt4jt "he on? v paper that competed. with llie
d.ti.y jmirnais of the country. That we
nf Ythollv Miccessful ia the undertaking
).- t4u u by the complete record of every
tliin that transpired on the opening day,
winch we presented in the last issue of this
Mj.er. It may interest those of our readers
u:.funul:nr with the ways of modern jour
nalism to know how this feat was accom
plished. In the first place The National
Tribune secured "headquarters" at the
Academy of Music, where the convention
met, occupying the exclusive use of the
main ticket office, over which a neatly paint
ed sign bore" the following: "Headquarters
of The National Tribune, Washington,
D. C."
A fnll staff of correspondents were dis
tributed at various points along the line of
the parade, at the convention, on the steamer
provided for the excursion for the delegates,
and at the camp-ground where the final wel
come was extended to the visiting Posts.
Aa fast as the manuscript could be prepared
it was transmitted to the Capital and put
in- type by a large force of compositors.
Such, however, was the lateness of the hour
when the reception closed at the camp and
its great' distance from the heart of the city
that it was almost daylight before the last
"copy" was in the composing room of The
National Tribune. As speedily as pos
sible the work of "closing out" was accom
plished, and at an early hour the last forms
were in the hands of the stereotyper, and
very soon thereafter the eight metal plates
were revolving rapidly on the lightning
press, printing and folding the paper at a
rate of speed that is almost marvelous.
Before the convention met on Thnrsday
morning thousands of copies of. The
National Tribune were being distributed
from our "headquarters" in the Academy
of Music, and were later in the day placed
by special messengers in the hands of every
uniformed delegate in Baltimore. The suc
cessful manner in which all this was accom
plished is of course exceedingly gratifying,
but our main object in referring to it is to
demonstrate not only onr complete facilities
for printing a modern journal, but our in
tention of giving the freshest intelligence
of interest to our soldier .readers, no matter
how great the labor or cost may be. There
were numerous compliments bestowed upon
The National Tribune for the enterprise
displayed. General Vandervoort and other
distinguished members of tho Order when
in this city made a personal inspection of
our publication and printing offices and ex
pressed their pleasure at the completeness
of their extent and character.
lPitxKSS of cohaxii::m:.'-cihkf ul'kkill.
The session of the Grand Encampment on
the opening day Wednesday was brief, hav
ing been called for the'purposeof organization
aud arranging the preliminaries for the busi
ness to bo transacted. The interior of the
Academy of Music was handsomely decorated,
and tbostagc was set with a realistic cam) scene.
On Thursda' there was a full attendance of
delegates. General George S. Merrill, the Commander-in-Chief,
presiding, and the following
officers of the Encampment present: Senior
Vice Commander-in-Chief, Charles' L. Young;
Junior Vice Commander-in-Chief, C. V. R.
Pond; Surgcon-Gcuoral, Charles Styer; Chaplain-in-Chief,
Hcv. Joseph F. Lovcring; Adju
tant General, William M.Olin; Quartermaster
General, William Ward; Inspector-General,
James B. Carnahan ; Judge Advocate General,
George B. Squires. Every Department was
represented, and over two hundred delegates
answered the roll-call. The seats were well
filled by tho fraternity, as every member of
the G. A. R. i3 entitled to bo present during
the council who is in possession of tho counter
sign with which to pass tho sentry. The Com-mandcr-in-Chiof
presented tho following re
port :
Comrades: Auother Grand Army year has
closed, and as we come together in sixteenth
annual session, at the most auspicious hour in
our organization's history, we may rightfully
exchange congratulations upon the bright
record of success in the past and the glad
promise of the opening future. When, by your
mi lira sees, chosen to this position a twelve
month ago, I found the plowing aud seeling
had been so well done by my predecessors that
the field was already white to the harvest, and
the company of willing reapers po numerous
and wc 11 organized that the year has proved of
exceptional, 1 may say of phenominal, ingather
ing, the uain in membership from April to
April having been above o;5.0l)0, double that of
any one ol the previous ten years, and, with
the large number of new Posts organized since,
aud the natural growth of the second quarter,
giving us, without doubt, to-day a membership
of fully 100,000 upon the roll's ol the Grand
Army of the Republic. And this great growth
has equalled in character its extent; many of
the very best among the veterans, who joined
our organization in its early days, soon to diop
out ol the lauks, and others wiio, from various
reasons of prejudice or indifference, stood aloof
from the first, have" learned to respect the
principles and adiniie the work of the Grand
Army, and have now cordially come in, anil,,
best of all, they have come to stay. At the
beginning of the year, following the excellent
plan of my predecessor in official visitations,
which had proved productive of admirable
results, and with the cordial commendation of
the Council of Administration. 1 arranged for
vibits to as many sections as possible, and have
been able during my teim to personally meet
comrades in thb following Departments: Maine,
New Hampshire, Vermont, Mas-uehusetts,
Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New
Jersey, Pennsylvania. Delaware, Maryland,
Potomac. Ohio. Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin,
llichifi-iii, Minnesota, Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska,
Tins has necessitated traveling over 23,700
miles, aud allorded me the opportunity for
participating in five Department Encampments,
tho organization of one Department, three
Grand Army meetings under canvas, twenty
five Camp-fires, six receptions, two Memorial
Day services, the unveiling of two soldiers'
monuments, one hall dedication, sixteen meet
ings of Post, eleven soldiers fail's, aud twenty
two Reunions and other soldiers' meetings.
The Department of California has also been
officially visited by a member of the stall',
specially detailed for that purpose, and Ten
nessee aud Dakota have been in like manner
visited for the organization of Posts wheie
none before existed. The reports of tho adjutant-general
and inspector-general, giving in
detail the work of their Departments, and of
the quartcrmastei-general, exhibiting tho
financial coudition of tho organization, which
will be found most satisfactory, 1 commend to
yfur careful consideration. I desire to express
my acknowledgment of the earnest support
and co-operation of the officers of tho Encamp
ment, and of my personal and ollicial staff,
especially recognizing the conscientious, intel
ligent, and efficient work of Comrade Olin,
adjutant-general, a service made unusually
laborious by the extraordinary growth of the
I am glad to be able to report that the several
Departments are, I believe, with not au excep
tion, in excellent condition. Along our whole
line there is no break, hardly a weak spot, and
the grand growth of the year has been shared
iby almost every D. partYncnt-, shdwfiig'Svhat
cjiu be done, what is passible for even somo
years yet to come, by persistent, systematic, in
telligent effort, judiciously guided and, con
trolled. Kansas leads the van in the percentage of in
crease in Post and membership, having swelled
tiie number of the former between April and
April from 10 to 50, and tho membership from
27.1 to 1,000, fully lbi) per cent., and since April
1st, this year, 20 additional Posts have been
organized in this Department. "Commander
Walkinshaw has been untiring in his efiorts,
and tho results are his best praise. Missouri
follows with an increase of 2S3 per cent. ; Mich
igan, 2G2; Minnesota, I&3; West Virginia, 166;
the Mountains, 122; California, 111 ; Washing
ton, 10S; Wisconsin, 93 ; Iudiana, si ; Iowa, 71,
and Illinois, G(5, while other Departments, it
will be seen, follow with an increase which
would be deemed great in ordinary years.
The larger Departments have done admirably,
though the percentage upon their large basis is
not so great. Massachusetts shows an increase
of 1,91 1, Pennsylvania of L,0S0, and .New York
In Ohio, where our organization, once
large, has for years been comparatively weak,
the past twelve months has presented, perhaps,
the most extraordinary "boom" our history'
records. Through tho enthusiastic efforts of
Commander Kountz its 38 Posts and 1,930
members of April 1st, 131, have been increased
in twelve months to 199 Posts aud S,729 mem
bers. Early in tho year I personally organized a
permanent Department in Minnesota, and good
work is being done in increasing tho member
ship there. Missouri has been constituted a
permanent Department, and a charter has also
been granted lor a permanent Department in
Washington Territory, but for some unknown
reason no report of its organization has been
received at headquarters. Provisional Depart
ments have been organized in Oregon and Ken
tucky, and one additional Post has been added
in the latter .State.
Under the superintendence of Inspector-General
Carnahan, who visited Tennessee for that
puipose, three Posts have been organized in this
State at Nashville, Chattanooga, and Memphis,
attached for the present to the Department of
Indiana. By aid of comrades of Iowa ten Posts
have been organized in the Territory of Dakota ;
these are now attached to the Department of
Iowa, but will speedily be in condition for or
ganization into a Department. The Territory
of New Mexico has been assigned to the Di pai t
ment of Kansas, and Commander Walkinshaw
has already organized a Post at Las Vegas, with
yet otheis at different points in pi ogress of
formation. An application is awaiting comple
tion for a Post in North Carolina, and there is
good prospect for the early formation of a Post
"on foreign hoil,"in old Mexico, wheie a con
siderable number of veterans reside
During the year quite a .number of questions
as to interpretation of rules and regulations
and appeals have come up for decision, but, as
was stated by my immediate predecessor, many
were so closely i.n tho line of some previous
construction of opinion that they were decided
without the necessity of reference to the judge
advocate general. The following decisions of
general interest have been rendered :
I. A comrade claimed a scat in the Depart
ment Encampment of Maryland, by reason of
being a post provisional Department comman
der. An adverse decision of tho Department
commander was overruled by th Encamp
ment, and the comrade given a seal. From
this the Department commander appealed.
The appeal was sustained; theio is no recogni
tion by the rules and regulations of "past"
provisional officer?, and lightfully, they being
created by appointment.
II. Upon a question submitted by the De
triment of Virginia whether the Department
Encampment or the senior vice commander has
the right to declare vacant the office of De
partment commander in consequence of the
absence from the .united "Stated during the
greter part of the year of tho comrade elected
to that position, and whether such Department
commander is entitled to tho lionets of tho
The first question was answered negatively;
tho second in the affirmative.
III. Case of appeal from the Department of
Massachusetts :
C. E. G.. a comrade in good standing, takes a
transfer card from Post 2. He subsequently
presents his, and asks admission to Post 23,
bub this application is rejected. His transfer
card, without any endorsement thereon, is re
turned to him, and, after tho expiration of the
year for which the transfer is granted, he ap
plies for membership in Post 35. Tim judge
advocate renders au opinion that the rejection
of G. upon-application upon transfer card, ne
cessitates the consent of PoSj 23 to his applica
tion for membership in any other Post, and
that the provision giving an honorable dls
chargo to comrades who. taking a transfer
card aud not joining any other Post within
one year, does not apply to anyone who ap
plies to and is rejected bv a Post on said trans-
icr. This opinion was affirmed by the Depart-,
iiu-iu cuiiiuianucr, ana iroin uns ueeasion .roso
35 appealed.
The decision of the Department commander
was overruled, and the appeal sustained. G.
not being admitted to any Post within a year
from the dale of his transfer card, was " hon
orably discharged from the Older,"' within the
meaning of sec. 2, art.-i, chap. 2, rules aud
regulations. Being so "considered," he is en
titled to readmission under the conditions sef
fort bin sec. 3, art. 4, chap. 2, and is subject to
no others. His rejection by Post 23 involves.,
not thc question of admission to membership
in the Grand Army, but the materially differ
ent question of admitting a member of the
Older to membership in a particular Post. The
case, therefore, docs not fall under sec. 3, ait.
2, chap. 2, rules aud regulations, nor under
Op. 72, of 1S76. There seems to be nothing in
the language of sec. 2, art. -1, chap. 2, rules and
regulations, or in the context, implying any
discrimination between co'mrades who apply
and are not admitted on transfer cards, and
those who do nof so apply at all. The absence
of any provision in t be rules and regulations
for reporting rejections on transfer cards, is a
fact which, though not conclusive, is confirma
tive of the view here taken. t
IV. J. (J. II. applied and was admitted as a
new member in Post 3, of New Hampshire; it
was subsequently discovered that at thof time
of such admission ho was a " dropped member
of Post -12, of Massachusetts: the commander
of Post 3 ordered hisnamc dropped from tho
10I Is, on the ground of illegal admission. H.
refused to go; later he applied to Post -12, of
Massachusetts, paid his arrearages, was rein
stated, aud obtained an honorable discharge;
he thee claimed a continuance of his former
membership in Post 3, of New Hampshire.
The Department commander sustaining his
position, Post 3 appealed.
The appeal was sustained. II., being a
dropped member of Post -12, Department of
Massaehusetts,Avas not eligible for admission
to Post 3, Department of New Hampshire, aud
his admission to said Post 3 being obtained by
misrepresentation or concealnu at of facts on
his part, is null and void. His .subsequent re
instatement and honorable discharge by Post
12 does not render valid his previous admission
to Post 3. On the contrary, it shows more dis
tinctly the illegality of that admission, and is
a tacit acknowledgment by 11. of his false posi
tion. V. P. II. G, Department of Kansas, was
dropped from membership in Post 1, by order
of Post commander, upon evidence that at tho
time of his admission he was ineligible, being
a dropped member of Post 7, and nls'admission
to Post 1 null aud void! 0. appealed, pn the
ground that tho Post commander had no power
in the piemises, being himself in same condi
tion as to membership with said C. The appeal
was ovenuled by the Department commander,
lrom which decision C. appealed.
The decision of the Department commander
was sustained, and the appeal dismissed. Far
mer decisions are to theeflect that no action of
a Post can- admit to membership a person de
clared by the rules and regulations ''ineligi
ble." The allegation against the Post com
mander does not become an element in decid
ing this case.
VI. The case of C. V., Department of New
York, tried by Post court-m,artial for petty l.ir
ceny; V. had previously been tried befoio a
civil court for the offense, and sentenced to a
term of imprisonment. It was during this con
finement that tne couit-martial was convened ;
the latter held that the accused vas "willfully
absent." and the tiial pioceeded under a plea of
not guilty, entered by the J. A. The accused
was found guilty, and sentenced to dishonor
able discharge. The proceedings aud senteiye
wero overruled by Department commander,
the judge advocate giving an opinion that
while V. was serving out a scntonco as above,
no court martial could anaign aud bring him
to trial. From this decision the Post annealed.
The decision of' the Department e
Was affirmed, and appeal dismissed. .
by reason of confinement under civV .
tion cannot be considered willful ; a . . .
civil nor military law permit tlfc
person so absent. The case seems tc
which the rules and regulations s
vide, but they do not.
1 indorse the suggestion of tho .mjiuu...
general, and of the judge advocate-general, for
the appointment of a committee to ptepare a
digest of tho opinions heretofore rendered and
to make such modifications in the rules and
regulations -as shall harmonize with recent
changes; one of these opinions, altcrwaids ic
versed by resolution' of the National Encamp
ment, led me unguaidedly into an error in a
general order, subsequently con ected.
The resolution adopted at the last Natjonal
Encampment in relation to tho pre-payment to
headquarters for supplies has proved a most
excellent ono ; most of tho Departments at ouco
adopted it for transactions with Posts, and tho
entire business of the organization has now
been changed from tho troublesome and dubi
ous basis of credit to the sound principle of
pensions and other things.
The committee appointed at tho last session
to consider tho question of pensions, and. to
whom all resolutions on that subject wero re
ferred, designated a sub-committee of five,
Past Commander-in-Chief Wagner, Comrades
IJrodie, Tanner, Ames, and the Commander-in-Chief,
who spent some days in Washington in
consultation with tho Commissioner of Pen
sions and the committeo of the two houses of
Congress, with tho most satisfactory results;
their report will present this matter in detail.
A committeo of five, as directed by resolution
of the Encampment, was also appointed, con
sisting of P;ist Commander-in-Chief Robinson,
Comrades Tanner, Ames, Brodie, and the Commander-in-Chief,
who waited upon the Presi
dent of the United States to present the views
of this Encampment in relation to giving the
preference in positions in the Government
service to veteran soldiers and sailors of tho
Union. The President kindly made for us a
special appointment, and expressed himself
heartily in favor of the piinciplopresent'ed, with
the assurance that his inlluence would bo cor
dially in the direction of tho most liberal in
terpretation of tho provisions of the statutes
declaring that in appointments tho preference
be given to the defendeisof tho Republic. Tho
committee on testimonials to Past Commander-in-Chief
Wagner will be ready to report during
tho Encampment. In accordance with your
vote, complimentary resolutions to the former
Adjutant-General Beath mid Chaplain-in-Chief
Lovcring have been handsomely engrossed by
our one-armed Assistant Adjutant-General,
Monroe, and suitably framed for presentation.
The Committee on Military History has been
c iti tuted, as directed by resolution of tho
Encampment, with Comrade Johnson, of Illi
nois, as chairman, and its report will bo pre
sented in due time. Memorial Day, theserviccs
of which somo wero but a short time ago pre
dicting would soon decrease in interest, was
never bo generally observed as the past month ;
all over our land citizens vied with comrades
in the graceful and tender mission of covering
with bright flowers the mounds above our
fallen comiades, recalling to our own memories
and renewing in the minds of the fast rising
generation the lesson of patriotism and loyalty
which brightened the lives and glorified the
death of those whose muster-out hasahcady
come. And hero let me emphasize tho perti
nent suggestion of my predecessor, that tho
30th day of May is legally and properly
Memorial, and not Decoration Day; the latter,
while justly included within the former, far
from comprehends the broader, more touching
and patriotic suggestivencssof the name right
fully chosen ; but while we hear comiades con
tinually using the expression Decoration Day,
it is only to be expeited that in so many of the
addresses aud public journals the same mis
nomer will bo applied. Let it bo our care and
duty, my comrades, that the better, more fitting
name bo applied to this special creation of tho
Grand Army of the Republic Memorial Day.
Since the adoption of tho rank badges of the
Grand Army, based upon official designations
in the Regular Army, tho i emulations of the
latter have been so far changed as to substituto
for the four stars for a general two stars, with
the arms of the United States between; I sug
gest whether it would not be well to authorize
a corresponding change in tho badge of tho
I exceedingly regret that ono Post, in ono of
the central Western Diparlments, where it
would seem tho lesson of the past in relation
to interference. with partizan or political topics
ought never to havo. been forgotten, has so
failed to comprehend the spirit, at least, of the
rules and regulations, as to formally adopt, in
regular Post meeting, a series of resolutions,
not only criticising the action of a member of
Congress, but pledging its comrades to oppose
his renomination, and. as a Post, furnishing
these resolutions, officially certified, to every
Post within the district, and to the public
press. The attempted justification that this
was not in violation of the rule prohibiting
nominations for office, and that tho person
named was not condemned "as a Democrat or
a Republican," or on any other party consid
erations, was, with strange inconsistency, sup
ported bv tho declaration that some of his
commendations of persons to office did not pos
sess tho poor qualification of "party loyalty."
While, as defenders of the Union, we should be
unworthy of ourselves, did wc not earnestly
stand by and support deserving veterans, for
mal action of the Grand Army in tho organized
form, in declared opposition to the " renomina
tion" of any candidate for office, which must
como through party conventions, canno, bo
justified or defended, aud injurious not only tho
handful of comrades participating in such mis
taken effort, but proves of incalculable harm to
the organization throughout the Union. In
the West tho Grand Army has been twclvo
long years in recovering from the nearly death
blow it received from interfering with political
nominations; no one Post must be permitted
to givo it another, which might prove a fatal
Very many comrades have of late expressed
a desiro that the meetings of the National En
campment should bo again arranged, as for
merly, at the same place and time with somo
of the leading army societies ;t a large number
of our comrades are members also of these
other organizations, and wish to attend both,
without feeling tho ability to bear the loss of
time and expenses of thus being present at
different limes. I appreciate the feeling which
led to tho separation, but perhaps one such
gathering might bo held, and with tho present
numbers and importance of tho Grand Army,
there would be little fear of losing our identity,
and if tho proposition commends itself favora
bly to you, a committee might bo appointed for
conference with other societies as to joint ar
rangements for somo future year.
The organization of Ladies Relief Corps and
Sons of Veterans has made considerable pro
gress in several Departments, aud generally
met with encou agement from our comrades.
-While I believe we should keep our own organi
zation entirely distinct from direct alliance
with any other, wo cannot afford but to wel
conio every association which promises to aid
in our great work, especially when composed
of the wives, sistws or sons of veterans. I am,
however opposed now or hereafter to opening
the doors of the Gianl Aimy of the Republic
to any person whatever who was not himself
among the defenders of the Union against re
bellion. No one, not even our sons, can appre
ciate the memories of camp and march, of biv
ouac and battle, 3 those who were participants
theiein ; the scenes of the great struggle can
never be to them what they are to us, and
while we encourage and welcome tho organiza
tion of olir sons in a society whose purposes are
akin to ours, let our own recruiting ranks be
only those closed forever with the end of the
war, and when the lastvetcr.au shall receive
his final di&chaige from life's arniy, let there
close with him, except in its glorious record
and bright memory, the last scene in the lifo
of the Grand Army of the Republic.
The year now closing, while full of gladsome
growth, has been sort ow fully eventful, and
Memorial Day brought to our hearts and mem
ories. Commingling with the tears of peisoual
sorrow, grief for tho loss of illustrious leaders.
The list of our Past Commanders-in-Chief has
been broken for tho first time since the organi
zation of tho Grand Army of the Republic,
and two honoied names transferred from the
army of the living to the rolls ot tho rapidly
increasing hosts beyond. Comrade Stephen
A.,lluilbut, who first held the office under our
permanent organisation, dii d on foreign shores,
while in the civil service of the country whoso
integrity ho loyally defended amid the strife
of arms; a bravo soldier, his early service for
the Grand Army was of" that earnest, enthu
stic character, in those days of "small
ingg," which entitles him to our grateful aud
dug remembrance. Aud yot another: Com
dc Ambrose E. Bumside. third Cummander--Chief,
and the earliest whose name still re
ained upon our list of membership answers
d more to the roll-call in our annual Eiicamp
lents. Burnside! Tho loving and loved;
modest as brave ; with the unaffected simplicity
of childhood, the tenderncess of woman, the
devotion of a lover; great-hearted, white
souled chiei.'ain we wcavo our choicest chap
let to encircle the name written in golden lot
tcrs upon the everlasting tablets of our hearts.
And iu all our land, through the weeks of
weary watching, no hearts more reverently
bowed at the bedside of the stricken soldier
President, than of his old comrades in arms.
And when tho end came, the veterans of the
Republic felt that they rightfully stood within
the sorrowing circle of relationship, bound by
the comradeship born of battle and cemented
in a coflict for the Ingest weal of man. Patriot,
scholar, soldier, statesman ; tho glory of Gar
field's life, tho sweetness of his memory, is a
part of the inheritance ot every soldier of the
I should bo aliko unfaithful to tho prompt
ings of duty and a grateful heart did 1 fail to
express to you, my comrades, my deep appre
ciation of your generous confideneo in con
ferring upon me the distinguished lionor of
this position, aud for the unvarying courtesy
and kindness I havo everywhere and at all
'times met; to your. consideration and cordial
co-operation is due the large measure of suc
cess attending tho year's administration. I
shall return to tho ranks with a deeper lovo
for our Order, and a swift willingness, I am
sure, to render in tho future the best service
in my power to tho Grand Army of the Re
public. The Grand Army is to-day tho representa
tive organization of the soldiers and sailors of
America; the one great association which in
cludes the veterans of every army and of all
ranks; the men who followed the flag upon
the land and who fought beneath its folds upon
the sea; men of every nationality, color and
creed; tho officer who wore tho wull-won stars
of a general, and the private whose only badge
of distinction was in patriotic and faithful
service in tho ranks all upon the common
level of Comrades of tho Flag. With fraternity
which would bind in closer ties tho veterans
who offered all that they possessed upon tho
altar of country; with charity which would
protcc and care for tho needy ones among all
tho Nation's defenders, their wives and little
ones, and loyalty which would keep ever
brightly burning that spirit of patriotism lead
ing a free people to risCj'Hu the majesty and
might of ldGl, to defend tho unity ol tho Re
public and secure to generations yet unborn
a government lrom, by, and for all tho people;
let tho success of the past bo but an inspiration
to greater efforts in behalf of our organization
in tho future, and rest aud sleep como not
within our tents until every honorably dis
charged soldier and sailor, who merits our con
fideneo, is enrolled in tho Grand Army of tho
How scarcely do we realize the swiftness of
tho dj-ing years f that a generation has been
born and grown to manhood since peril to the
Republic first summoned her sons to ocean and
field; 'seventeen years have successively como
and gone sincotho ranks from which tho Grand
Army can bo recruited wero closed forever; as
an organization we have nearly reached tho
summit of our life, and shall soon be inarching,
with ceaseless tramp, but over lessening tread,
adown the slope towards tho land beyond,
where the waves of eternity's ocean are over
beating upon tl;e sand and shingle of the shore.
Let us strive to so fulfill our duty to ourselves,
our country, and our God, that when our last
battle has been fought, oilr last march ended,
we may join tho Grand Army of Pcacoin their
shining tents upon tlie eternal camping ground
Corporal Tanner presented a, resolution ex
pressing tho sense of the National Encampment
that the Senate should promptly pass the total
disability pension bill, which has been passed
by the House of Representatives, raising tho
pensions of all soldieis who are suffering from a
total disability by loss of a leg or arm below tho
knee or above tho, elbow. The resolution was
unanimously adopted, and it was voted to im
mediately telegraph it to Senator Blair, of tho
Committee on Pciwious. Tho increase of pen
sions, should tho bill pass, -will raise the pen
sion of this class to $10 per. mouth; it is now
iJ-21. At half past 12 tho Encampment took a
recess until 2 p. in.
Pritato Yanderroort, of Nebraska, Chosen as Commander-in-Chief.
Tho Encampment met again in the afternoon
at 2 p. in., General Merrill, presiding, and after
tho calling of the roll, which showed two hun
dred ami thirty-eight delegates present, tho
Chaplain, Rev. J. F. Lovcring, of Massachusetts,
presented the following report:
In presenting my annual report it is possi
ble for me to mention only briefly the service
I have been able to render the Grand Army.
If more opportunities had offered, as in former
years, more work would have been done. I
have visited seven Departments, either at their
respective headquarters or in the performance
of special duties to Posts in such Departments,
viz.: Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massa
chusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, and Mary
land. I have delivered an address by invitation
before the Department of Maine, another before
the Department of Vermont, and an oration at
tho dedication of tho soldiers' monument in
Peabody, Mass. Other addresses have been
made at Camp-fires and other gatherings ofthc
G. A. 11. On the Sunday before Memorial Day
I delivered a discourse before Post C, of Phila
delphia. On Memorial Day I gavo an address
at Saxton's River, Vt, in the morning; ut
Bellow's Falls, Vt., in the afternoon ; at
Walpole, N. II., in the evening. Returning to
Vermont, 1 delivered two memorial addresses
one in tho afternoon, tho other in the evening
in Wallingford. Last Sunday morning, by in
vitation of the executive committee charged
with the arrangements for this Encampment, I
preached a sermon on "National Unity" in the
Second Presbyterian Church ot this city. I have
written another hymn for Memorial Day, copies
of which can be had at this office. During the
year I havo officiated on four occasions at the
burial services of comrades. At evory service
I gavo a memorial address.
In connection with such duties, and, in ad
dition to them, it is proper for mo to mention
that I delivered a discourso before Post 10,
Worcester, Massachusetts, at the time of tho
attempt on the life of our beloved comrade, the
late President of lhe United States, and when
the sorrowful intelligence reached us of the
death of our comrade, I delivered and published
a sermon of the life and character of James A.
Garfield. Copies of this sermon can bo had of
me so long as they last on application to me.
I havo been in correspondence with Post
relief sccieties and leagues during tho year,
and should a special report be called for will
make it later. In general, I have to say that
there has been uniform success and much in
terest in the work that has been attempted.
The peculiar conditions under which we
meet for our sixteenth aryiual Encampment
induces mo to reiterate iu substance what, from
time to time, has been incorporated into the
reports I have the honor to make before this
body. Every soldier, true to his convictions,
faithful to his Hag, is to be respected. The sol
dier is tho heroic nervo of civilization its
spinal cord the pith and marrow of its back
bone. Every soldier's grave is to be honored.
But that soldier only can expect immortal ro
nowu whose convictions are in harmony with
that cause which respects human rights, tho
elevation of humanity and tho service of Al
mightyGdd, and that soldiers' graves only are
to be adorned with laurel and amaranth that
can be called the altar of patriotism. For in
the grand march of progress honor must rest
upon him only tf ho, under the leadership of
the eternal right, accepts, so far at least as the
Nation is concerned, this as the summary of
his faith : Patriotism is the piety of citizenship.
In view of that historic event which gave to
Baltimore in lab'l an unenviable notorfety be
fore the Nation, and of that generous hospital
ity with which wo have been welcomed to Bal
timore in 182, by the unanimous good will, as
we are assured, of all classes of citizens, permit
me to close this report with the following
O ! city washed clean by tho blood
Of men from our Northern homes ;
O! city that felt the first dush of war's flood,
On her crimson-stained stones.
O! city where North and South met,
With sorrow and anger, too; , a,, t
Ol city whose beautiful face is still wet.
For the 'gray and tho bluo.
0 ! city where North and South meet,
Obeying a royal command ;
Where fed. and confed., yank, and reb. may
here greet
Heart to heart, hand in hand.
United, we sing your old strain
No discord of growl or brag
"Tho Star Spangled Banner," with this our
" Ono Country and One Flag."
At 3 o'clock, tho hour for nominating candi
dates for the office of Commander-in-Chief,
General W. E. W. Ross, of Maryland, calledhis
delegation around him, and stated that should
he bo so fortunate as to be elected it might bo
said it was in compliment to tho hospitality
shown tho visitors by tho citizens of Baltimore,
and that ho would not accopt an election or
allow himself to be moninated. The feeling of
regret was quite genoral when this was made
Tho candidates named wcto as follows : Post
Department Commander John S. Kountz, of
Ohio, was nominated by Commander Clark, of
the same, and was seconded by General W. S.
Rosecraus, of California, ancl General J. B.
Stecdman, of Toledo.
Corporal James Tanner, of New York, was
nominated by Delegato J. 3L Foster, of New
York, aud was seconded by Department Com
mander George H. Patch, of Massachusetts.
Past Department Commander Paul Vander
voort, of Nebraska, was nominated by dele
gato John Limit, of Iowa, and seconded by
Past Department Commander Chill W. Haz
zard, of Pennsylvania.
Past Department Commander C. V. R. Pond,
of Michigan, was nominated by Department
Commander B. R. Pierce, of Michigan.
Representative Orrin L. Mann, sheriff of Cook
county, Illinois, was also nominated.
As each candidate was placed before tho En
campment in a ringing speech, lond cheers
wero given the names by their admirers. Be
tween the first and second ballots General H.
A. Bamum, of Now York, nominated General
W. E: W. Ross, of Maryland, for Sonior Vico
Commander. This was seconded by United
States Pension Commissioner W. W. Dudley, of
Iud., and a motion was adopted that a ballot bo
taken, each commander announcing tho vote of
his Department. This was adopted, tho mem
bers rising to their feet with applause. On the
third ballot Paul Vandervoort, of Nebraska,
received 119 votes, and was declared elected.
General Ross was then choson Senior Vico
On tho first ballot for Junior Vico Comman
dor, General Isaac S. Bangs, of Maine; was
Tho Encampment took a recess at 5:30 o'clock,
and accompanied tho municipal committeo on
the excursion down tho river.
Selection of Officers The Tlaco for tho Xext En
campment A Testimonial for Haltiiuorc.
Tho closing day's session of tho Grand En
campment was held on Friday at tho Academy
of Music, Commander-in-Chief Merrill pre
Tho first business in order was the election
of the other officers. For Surgeou-Goneral, Dr
Azel Ames, Jr., of Wakefield, M:iss., Was nomi
nated without opposition and unanimously
elected. The candidates for Chaplain-in-Chief
were tho incumbent, Rev. Joseph F. Lovcring,
and Rev. I. M. Foster, of Watorloo, N. Y., tho
latter being elected by a considerable majority.
The various State Departments then announced
their respective members of tho now Council
of Administration, each Department being
entitled to ono representative, as follows:
Maine, Thomas Tyrie ; New Hampshire, J. N.
Paterson ; Vermont, Warren Gibbs ; Massachu
setts, Silas A.Barton; Ehodo Island, Thomas
W. Manchester; Connecticut, H. N. Durfey;
New York, Joseph Forbes ; New Jersey, Alex.
M. Way; Pennsylvania, R. B. Beath; Dela
ware, Georgo V. Massey; Maryland, John H.
Suter; Department of tho Potomac, Paul
Brodie, of Washington; Virginia, B. C. Cook;
Ohio, R. A. Constable ; Indiana, J. L. Wooden ;
Illinois, O. L. Mann; Iowa, John Lindt;
Kansas, William Irving ; Nebraska, J. II. Cul
ver; Michigan, L. G. Rutherford; Wisconsin,
E. A. Calkins; California, General W. S. Roae
crans; Minnesota, Adam Marty; Missouri,
William Striblcns; Department of tho Moun
tains, Be L. Carr, of Colorado.
A resolution endorsing tho House of Repre
sentatives bill, No. 3,S5G, now botore the Sen
ate, which provides for tho payment to tho
officers of the late war who were commissioned
and served, but not mustered by reason of tho
number being reduced to the minimum, tho
salary which their rank entitle them to, wa3
referred to the Council of Administration.
Many" of these soldiers performed duties of a
brave and meritorious character. It is esti
mated that the amount necessarv to do thi3
will be between three aud four hnndred thou
sand dollars.
Where to hold the next Encampment was
then discussed. Gen. Rosecrans advocated San
Francisco. Commander E. K. Stimson, of De
partment of the Mountains, urged that the next
session bo held at Denver, Colorado, and said
that the people of that placo would give them
a rousing welcome.. Minneapolis and Gettys
burg wero also named, but it was decided by
ballot that Denver bo the place for the seven
teenth session of the National Encampment. A
resolution was adopted fixing September as tho
month in which to hold the annual session of
the Encampment, the date of convening to bo
named by the Commander-in-Chief ninety days
before tho meeting and all Posts notified ac
cordingly. Resolutions were also passed in
dorsing and encouraging the organization of
Sons of Veterans.
A committee composed of General H. A. Bar
num, New York ; Ex-Governor J. F. Hartrauft,
Pennsylvania, and General William Ward, of
Newark, N. J., was appointed to prepare a suit
able permanent testimonial expressive of tho
thanks and appreciation of the members of tho
National Encampment and all of the Grand
Army of the Republic for tho generous and
hospitable entertainment they received from
the citizens of Baltimore and comrades of Mary
land. When ready the testimonial will bo
presented to tho Mayor and City Council.
There was aiso a committee appointed to pre
pare a testimonial in acknowledgment of tha
great services rendered by retiring.Commander-in-Chief
Merrill and the able manner in which
ho had filled the position of presiding officer.
After other routine business the new officera
were installed. Past Commander-in-Chief
Merrill installing Commander-in-Chief Paul
Vandervoort, who then installed Senior Vice
Commander-in-Chief W. E. W. R035, Junior
Vice Comniandcr-in-Chicf I. S. Bangs, and tho
other officers. Commander-in-Chief Vander
voort made an eloquent speech, and other brief
addresses were made by General Merrill and
the new officers. Tho Commander-in-Chief ha3
appointed Past Commander John Taylor, of
Philadelphia, Pa., quartermaster-general, and
Past Commander John W. Burst, of Sycamore,
Illinois, inspector-general. The new adjutant
general, judge advocate-general, and other
members of Hie Commander-in-Chief's staff
have not yet been named. After the installa
tion of officers, at 2 p. m., thc Encampment
Many of tho members left at once for home,
while somo at the invitation of the Richmond
(Va.) Blues, visited that city, and went over
tho old field at Petersburg; others visited
Washington, tho Soldiers' Home, and Mb.
Vernon, and a few made a trip to Fortress
Monroe. Friday afternoon, through the invi
tion of Mr. W. A. Marburg, president, and tha
members of the Rena Yacht Club, a party com
posed of one member from each Department had
an enjoyable excursion down tho Chesapeako
Bay on the fast-sailing " Rena." Several of the
principal officers stated that the Encampment
was the largest and most successful ever held,
aud words could not express their appreciation
of the magnanimous hospitality showered upon
them by the warm-hearted and generous people
of Baltimore.
Interesting Biographical Sketch of Paul
Vandervoort His Military Career.
Pride of ancestry among Americans, although
frequently the subject of invidious remark, is
as much a cause for pride here as in' Europo.
That one's forefathers were held in high esteem
by their compatriots, and that they rose above
tho dead-level of mediocrity, and perchanco
woro a title, naturally incites within the breast
of a manly man a desire to show cause why ho
is a fitting representative in tho nineteenth
century of the knight whose good right arm
carved for himself a. place in the ranks of chiv
alry thrco hundred years ago. What tho
French Huguenots are to South Carolina and
Georgia, the English cavaliers to Virginia, tho
Quakers to Pennsylvania, the Puritans to New
England, or tho French refugees to Lousiana,
the Hollander is to New York. Among the"
earliest settlers on Manhatten Island were
three brothers, Peter, Paul, and John VanDor
Voort. Washington Irving assigns to tho Van
DerVoort family an honorable place in his
chronicles of tho Dutch colony. Paul remained
in New York, Peter emigrated to Virginia,
and John to Canada. From tho Virginia fami
ly sprang the Commander-in-Chief of tho Grand
Army of the Republic. Hi3 grandfather emi
grated to Warren county, Ohio, early in tho
present century, and boro an honorable part in
tho war of 1S12, having been present at the
battlo of the River Raison, and nearly all tho
engagements with tho French and Indians on
tho Ohio frontier. Tho maternal grandfather
of General Vandervoort gavo his name to Har
veysburg in Wayne- county, where the latter
was born, July 12, 13-16. At ten years of ago
ho removed, with his parents, to nimois, whero
tho family settled on a farm near Bloomington.
Tho breaking out of the rebellion found young
Vandervoort a student of fifteen years of ago
at tho Illinois Wesleyan University. His sym
pathies were enlisted in tho cause of freedom,
and ho longed to follow the flag of his country
to tho tented field. Three attempts to run
away and join an Hlinois regiment wero frus
trated by his being captured and brought back
to tho university. At length tho dark days of
tho spring of lSG2came, and with them tho
call for three months' volunteers to guard
posts and communications in tho rear to
allow -Soldiers to go to tho front. The stillness
of the' midnight hour was broken at Blooming
ton by tho violent ringing of bells, groupo of
Students gathered upon tho college campus,
where they wero spleedily joined 'by tho pro
fessors. Tho spirit of '7G was abroad in the
air. With one accord they took their way to a
recruiting station aud were mustered into tho
service of tho United States. Tho President
with a handful of students alone remained to
keep aglow the flame upon tho altar of learning.
Out of this promising material the Sixty-eight
Illinois infantry was formed, in which organi
zation Paul became a high "privato. Tho regi
ment was at once ordered to duty at tho front
and soon after reached Alexandria, Virginia
on the Potomac. The Army of tho Potomac
returning from the campaign on tho Peninsula,
was being concentrated in front of Washing
ton, and tho Sixty-eighth was doomed to inuo

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