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THE NATIONAL TBIBUlsrE: WASHEKTGTO D. C, JULY 8, 1882.
THE BULLDOG AND THE KNIFE.
A bulldog sat in a butcher's shop,
And all around was ft lovely crop
Of chickens nnd turkeys, pork and beef,
Tempting to any bulldog thief.
But for poultry c bulldog felt no whim,
$i ft -3
Though it charmed others, it charmed not hiin.
Ko poultry, no beef, nor pork he'd cat,
For he'd set his heart on some sausage meat.
Some sausage meat ! Some sausage meat 1
His most capricious
Fancy thought it sweet.
If he could stick In
A liver or chicken,
"Why not some sausage meat.
To the sausage cutter ho sauntered round,
He jumped to the hopper with a frantic bound;
He grabbed a chunk of meat so tight
He couldn't let go, or else he might
a -s a
For the cutter bad caught on that piece, too.
As he couldn't let go, it hauled him through.
It hauled him through in a manner neat,
And cut him up into sausage meat.
To sausage meat! to sausage meat 1
This most capricious
Canine lost his life
To learn that never
Can bulldogs ever
Combat a sausage knife. Boston Posl.
high land, when dried are known as English
hay. Here in Massachusetts we divide our
hay into three sorts English, fresh and salt
hay. While, as above stated, the English
grows on high lands, the fresh grows on wet
lands, and is composed of the natural grasses
that grow without the aid of cultivation, and
the salt hay grows on the low land that is
occasionally covered with salt water from
500 to 700 pounds per acre.
CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM SAUNDERS,
Washington-, D. O.
Correspondence lssollcitcd to this column. Com
munications addressed to the Rural Department
of The National Tribune, 615 Fifteenth Street,
Washington, D. 0., will be appreciated.
Rosemary. This small evergreen shrub
was formerly more frequently seen in gar
dens that it is at present It is a native of
the south of Europe. Its use as a medicinal
herb is very ancient; it was considered use
ful in headaches and in stimulating the flag
ging mental powers, whence it was called
Herb of Memory. It is now chiefly used as
a perfume, and its odor strongly resembles
that of camphor. It yields by distillation
an essential oil which is used in hair oils
and for scenting toilet soaps. The flowers
of the plant enter into the ingredients of
the distillation called Hungary water.
Rye with Buckwheat. The Fruit Re
corder remarks that "sowing rye and buck
wheat together is a new idea. The buck
wheat shades the rye, and thus protects it
from the sun while young. The crop of
buckwheat is taken off in the fall, and the
rye is in fine condition for winter." This
may be worthy of a trial, but we have never
observed much of success where the endeavor
has been made to grow two crops on the same
piece of ground at the same time. As to rye
requiring shade, we think it a mistake;
better put in something to shade the buckwheat.
Growing Plants without Earth. We
can scarcely pick up a paper without seeing
minutely-detailed accounts of a "wonderful
discovery " which has been made by a French
man, "who is a student, a writer, a scientist,
a horticulturist, and a son-in-law of a great
historian." And what is the great discovery?
"This eminent man has discovered that by
imparting a fertilizing compound to moss
and using this moss instead of earth, plants
can be made to grow and thrive without the
Slightest interruption, and with more vigor
and health than in their native soil." "We
have waited patiently for the announcement
that this "fertilizing compound" is St Ja
cob's Oil, and we suspect that it will come
to that yet; if it does not then St. Jacob
has missed a good point.
But, seriously, it cannot be considered as
anything new or unusual to grow plants in
moss, even without any particular fertilizing
compound. Moss baskets with growing
plants are common enough, with or without
earth. The plants which we see flourishing
in hanging baskets are more indebted to the
thick casing of moss than they are to the
limited portion of soil for their subsistence.
Given a sufficiency of water and the roots of
plants will ramify in moss much better than
they will in compact soil. Most people are
familiar with the factthat the great majority
of the extensive family of orchids, or air
plants, live entirely upon air and water.
Some years ago, when it was announced
that in the islands of Sumatra and Borneo
rhododendrons were found growing on the
branches of trees as epiphytes, it was consid
ered as an extraordinary occurrence,- and
only for the well-known character of the dis
coverer as a practical botanist of the highest
authority, it would have been taken as a
f "'"I't's tale. That succulent stems might
on air and water did not seem im
e, but that hard-wooded plants,
g to the size of small trees, should
jfficient nourishment on branches
feet above the surface, was, in the
scientific teachings in regard to the
alue of inorganic or mineral ingre
as plant food, considered surprising,
the importance given to it by those
rite on cultural matters, but who never
.ited plants, one would suppose that
i consumed earth as a cow consumes
It is much more in accordance with
to look upon the earth as a medium
3 ramification of the roots of plants in
that they may find sufficient strength
sistance to support the plant in an up
oosition. This may be looked upon as
manical value to plants. Its chemical
lies in its being a laboratory where
food is prepared and conserved for the
plants. Plants depend for their ex-
i mainly upon the gases which result
jhe decomposition of organic matter,
now that decomposition cannot pro
i the absence of air and moisture, and
.o know that in their presence every
musfc ultimately succumb and decay,
therefore evident that a loose, porous
yell drained, presents the best condi
for the preparation of plant food. Tb
i water passing freely through it, has
lecay and decomposition in whatever
c matter may be present Turning
le soil, and thus exposing fresh surfaces
oxydizing influences of the atmos
is one of the best means of preparing
bod, as is well exemplified in the re
vhich follow a well-cultivated sum
low. Plants are much more indebted
atmosphere for their existence than
e to the mineral earth, so far as direct
Quassia Bark. This article of com
merce is produced by several tropical trees.
The original source was from a medium
sized tree, a native of Surinam. The tree is
called Quassia amari, or the Bitterwood. The
name Quassia was bestowed upon this tree
by Linnams in honor of a negro named
Coissi, or Quassia, who employed its bark as
a remedy for fevers, and enjoyed such a
reputation among his iellows as to be almost
worshiped by some and suspected of magic
by others. It was introduced into Europe
about 175G, and came into great reputation
and general use as a tonic and stomachic.
A solution of quassia chips is a valuable
remedy against leaf-eating insects, also such
as attack fruits in the green state, and safer
than some of the virulent poison substances
now so freely used. For curculio on plums
and peaches, thrips and leaf-eating beetles
on grapevines, aphis on roses, cherries, cur
rants, &c, caterpillars on cabbages and other
vegetables, a weak solution of quassia chips
sprinkled over the foliage will render it so
bitter as to be distasteful to the insects. The
bitterness will disappear by rains washing
it off, or artificial waterings can be resorted
to in order to get rid of the bitter taste.
Rhododendrons At the Centennial Ex
position held in Philadelphia, one of the
most attractive features in the floral line was
the flowering display of rhododendrons from
the nurseries of Samuel and Robert Parsons,
of Flushing, L. I. A noted English grower
of these plants also had a fine collection, and
was specially favored by having a house
placed at his disposal, in which his plants
were protected from the sun while in flower.
Sincethen the demand for these plants has
become popular, but many purchasers have
failed to realize their expectations; the
plants, instead of flourishing, have dwindled
and died, and they have consequently been
abandoned. In providing artificial condi
tions for these plants we must observe them
in their native habitats. We will always
find them in sheltered and shady places on
side hills, generally not far above moist val
leys and streams. They do not obj ect to sun
light, provided they have abundant inoist-
Silk Culture. Being desirous of help
ing forward the domestic industry of silk
culture, we propose to publish, from time to
time, such notes of information in regard
to it as may be thought useful. The follow
ing is of recent date :
The Corinth, Mississippi, Silk Company
states that Florida, Louisiana and Texas
have sent the first samples of cocoons of the
new crop to the market at Corinth.
The superintendent says : "The steaming
of the cocoons, or stifling of the chrysalis,
is a very delicate operation ; then we want
to do it ourselves, and we will not trust
any novice's dried cocoons without trying
them in filature, in order to asseft that they
have not been burned with, too much heat,
or spoiled by the dejections of the moth, if
not completely choked.
"Alive cocoons can bo safely shipped by
express to distances of two to four days, if
well packed. Boxes one foot deep to three
to four feet wide would be the best for the
purpose. Two rows of holes, four inches
distant, must be bored with an auger of the
size of the little finger, on the four sides of
the box. It must be exactly, completely
filled up by shaking it several times and
pressing lightly with the hands, in order
that the cocoons cannot be thrown from one
side to another and mashed by a rough hand
ling on the cars. The soft cocoons must be
sent in a separate box, not to spoil the
good ones. If mixed the whole lot would
bo refused. Each lot will be paid for ac
cording to merit, taking our type for good
cocoons, or comparatively, as half cocoons
according to merit, if they come from our
seeds or not if fed on best mulberry trees, or
on Osage orange.
" The cocoons must be gathered as soon as
the chrysalis are formed not while they are
at work. One can know when this work of
the worm is finished by shaking lightly the
cocoons near the ear. If there is no noise in
side, thesilk worm is yet busy in spinning; let
him alone; if you hear a little rattling, the
chrysalis is formed.
Rowdy Boy of pacing fame, when, in point
of fact, that horse has been in Brooklyn,
N. Y., since last fall, and is now being pre
pared for the season's racing campaign. We
hope a plan will be devised to checkmate
such, worthies, and bring summary punish
ment upon them. Spirit of the Times.
WAsn for Outside Work For wood
work slake half a bushel of fresh lime by
ponriKigover it boiling water sufficient to
cover it four or five inches deep, stirring it
until slaked; add two pounds of sulphate of
zinc (white vitriol) dissolved in water; add
water enough to bring all to the consistency
of thick whitewash; it maybe colored by
adding powdered ether, Indian red, umber,
etc. If lampblack is added to color, it
should first be thoroughly dissolved in
alcohol. The sulphate of zinc causes the
wash to become hard in a few weeks. Mural
the growth of peas on land during onr sum
mers may be attributed to the mere covering
which they afford the soil, protecting it from
the rays of the summer sun and obstructing
the escape of fertilizing gasses from the
soil. From Georgia Crop Report for May.
ure at their roots. Their roots run quite
RP Oranges. We have long had
pears, dwarf apples, and dwarf
s. Now comes up dwarf oranges a
idea. Dwtrfmg, in this connection,
ichmcal expression. It means that
r grafts inserted into trees of much
growth than those from which thp
ere taken, will be retarded orweak-
i growth, and, in consequence, will
produce fruit. This is effected (as
aple) on the pear by grafting it upon
nee; the apple is similarly dwarfed
grafted on the paradise, a very weak
r kind of apple, and the ordinary
is said to be similarly dwarfed when
on the Olaheite orange, which is a
of rather weak growth. These inin-
rees, from 3 to 4 feet injaeight, well
'ith oranges, will not only present a
1 appearance, but will have the very
vantage of enabling orange growers
e crops in a few years from budding,
3f having to wait from 8 to 10 years
ie trees come into bearing.
isii Hay. This term is often noticed
ew England agricultural papers, and
often wondered what it meant. In
.o a correspondent the Massachusetts
.an explains the term as follows:
:rm English hay as known in New
I is used to distinguish the high
Lay from low-ground meadow hay.
v, clover, and redtopand many other
nutritious grasses that grow on
close to the surface in the strata formed by
the annual decay of leaves from the over
topping forest trees. It will also be found
that they prefer the neighborhood of ever
green trees, such as the hemlock spruce, and
in all cases, on a surface where surface water
rapidly disappears. In choosing a situation
for these plants, the best is that which is sur
rounded by trees; and in preparing a site for
them the soil should be excavated to a depth
of 18 inches at least, and thorough drainage
secured by filling up 8 or 10 inches with small
stones, oyster shells, or brush-wood chopped
into small pieces and firmly packed in the
bottom of the bed. Over this place any
kind of soil except clay, the upper 4 or 5
inches being formed of the decayed leaves
and debris found on the surface of forest
land. The roots of these plants being con
fined to the surface, they should not be deep
ly planted. We have seen the best success
where they were merely set on the surface
and a quantity of fine soil thrown over the
roots to bo washed in among them by rains
or a thorough watering immediately after
planting ; then a coating of leaves, or short
straw, grass cuttings from the lawn, or even
chaff, if nothing better is readily available,
should be carefully spread over the roots and
repeated from time p time until they have
become well established. A small bed thus
prepared will amply repay all the initiatory
uix,tiUi3 mvoiveu, unu win secure success,
where a proper selection of the hardiest im
proved varieties is secured.
Grates and Rotting. A. W. Pearson
protected his grapes from mildew and rot by
the method which has been extensively re
commended but not so generally tried, namo
!y hy providing a roof or shelter over them.
He constructed a roof sixteen inches wide of
half-inch pine boards, over one hundred
yards long. The grapes under this shelter
had no rot, while others on adjacent vines
not protected nearly all rotted. Tho widtJi
of the shelter was found not sufficient, as
vigorous fruit-bearing shoots would extend
beyond it. Mr. Pearson does not decide on
the theory of this protection, whether by
preventing tho downward settling of the
spores, or obstructing the upward radiation
of heat, or from some other cause. All he
knows is the success of his experiment. He
tried paper bags for enclosing the bunches,
and this also succeeded, provided he put the
bags on early enough, or before the spores of
the rot had entered. But there were so
many drawbacks in the use of the bags that
it is found not to pay in raising grapes for
market. It may be a good-method to adopt
by the amateur, who wants his fruit superl
atively nice. Although the shelter just do
scribed saves all the grapes, it is deemed too
expensive for profitable marketing at the
present low prices. Mr. P. has therefore
given up the Concord and other sorts liable
to rot, and is looking for sorts not liable to
the disease, and which can take care of them
selves. From Proceedings of New Jersey State
When to Cut Grass. The method of
curing grass among farmers varies, some
for Hogs. Farmers in tbn
great hog-producing sections of this country
are paying more attention to pasture for hogs
now than heretofore. One who has given
the subject no little study and tried various
experiments in that behalfsays that there isno
question about green oats and peas being a
most appropriate food for pigs, and that it
comes at the very season when pasture is apt
to be short Corn being the most universal
fattening food for hogs in the West after cold
weather arrives, it is very important that tho
summer food for pigs should be more nitro
genous and better adapted to the develop
ment of muscle and bone than corn. The
pea is very rich in muscle and bone-building
elements, and oats are also superior to corn
in this respect. The oats also assist in hold
ing up the pea vine, so as to prevent early
lodging, and thus cause it to retain its suc
culence longer. The crop should lie sown in
the proportion of two bushels of peas and
one of oats per acre, and well covered. The
drill puts them in best The united crop
should produce from 40 to GO bushels of grain
to tho acre. Now the grain is only part of
tho crop. The succulent pea vine is admir
able food for pigs, and they should bo turned
in when the pea is just passing out of tho
milk. They will then devour the whole
plant, and it contains as much nutriment as
when fully ripe. The succulent stalk con
tains from 40 to 50 per cent as much nutri
ment as me gram, a good crop ought to
produce a growth in live weight on hogs of '
drying it more than others. Too much dry
ing impairs the feeding quality of the hay.
In curing some put hay into the mow while
green in color, but not so green in condition
as to heat. This method was deemed the
best. One day of curing for grass that had
been cut free from dew, was ordinarily
enough to cure the grass. When or at what
stage of growth should .grass be cut for hay,
was a question often discussed. It was gen
erally conceded that early-cut grass made
hay of a better quality than that cut late.
Early-cut fodder was more digestible than
late cut, the digestible nnlriment being the
measure of value. Young plants were richer
in proteine than later cut, and therefore
more nutritious; but not only quality,
but the quantity, from a given area
had to lie considered, which complicated the
problem. The proteine after the grass blos
soms was transferred to forming seeds, tho
stem or stalk. As the woody fibre was form
ing, theproteine decreased in both leaves and
stalks. The older the plant the less digesti
ble it was. The increase of quantity was at
the expense of quality. Seeds were not
masticable, and for practical purposes hay
that was fully ripe was little, if any, better
than straw. If but one crop had to be cut
the cutting ought to be done when the
plants begin to bloom. The lectnrer then
went on to give tho results of exnerimonts
calculated to show that it was more profit
able to cut two or three crops of young grass
than one crop of ripe grass ; in practice,
however, it had to be remembered that tho
fertility of the soil, the length of the season
and the cost of labor were all elements that
must enter into the calculation. No general
and inflexible rules could be laid down in
this matter. Early cutting favored quality,
while late cutting favored quantity. Tho
i:., r ..... - -t .-..
muinujr ui luncn ui eounu crop vanea m
quality according to the richness of the soil
and the time of cutting the first crop. If cut
at a comparatively early date of its growth,
and properly cured, it is a valuable fodder
for mileh cows and sheep. It requires more
skill and care in curing than tho first crop
or it suffers loss in quality. Lancaster (Pa.)
Pastup.es for Cows. At a late meeting
of the Oro,nge County, New York, Farmers'
Club, Mx. Alvord said : Small pastures and
few cows in them are better than large
ranges with a largo number of cows. Next
to the grasses in the pasture, I believe in
shade and water in as many places as pos
sible. Mr. Lewis, of Herkimer county, ac
quired a large reputation for milk produc
tion, and when asked for its causes, said he
aiwa.ps endeavored to keep his cows when
in thie pasture as comfortable as possible.
He advocated small pastures, plenty of shade
and v rater. These suggestions are made that
you -will see the necessity of giving your
niilch cows as little labor a3 possible. You
have noticed how much more fodder your
horses and cattle eat when working than
when idle. Food given even while the
anim nl is working is expended in supplying
the waste of tissue, but when at rest, as in
tkcaise of the cow, this waste of tissue is
not so great, and the food is tended toward
the production of milk. A cow eats from
100 to 120 pounds of green grass per day.
Think how many steps she has to take in
gettiiag that supply, and the water she needs.
If the water is not handy, and the range is
large, something must supply them in their
efforts to secure both. Exercise reduces the
quantity and diminishes the quality of milk.
Beef for England. Mr. A. B. Mat
thews writes to the Commercial Indicator, of
Kansas City, the result of his- observations
on American beef in English markets. He
says that the chief objections to American
beef is the too large proportion of fat. As a
remedy for this he says we must select ani
mals for breeding purposes the fat and flesh
vi nicn are well intermingled and not
patchy, and feed judiciously. We must use
that class of feed that will produce flesh as
well as fat. We use too much corn mul nnt
enough roots and grass. Cattle having free
access to abundance of blue grass and fed
with corn will put on flesh as well as tal
low. ..This is not only the way to make the
best but also the cheapest beef. Our farm
ers should sow more blue grass and plant less
corn. - Another objection to American beef is
that it has more bone than the English beef.
Especially is this true when compared with
the Polled cattle of Scotland, and it is also
true when compared with the crosses, and I
think it is also true that our western cattle
ha.ve.il little more bone than English. It is
needless to point out the remedy, which is to
discard all rough-boned bulls, and breed only
fronvsmall boned, well fleshed animals. It is
a well-established fact that lime-stone soil is
calculated to make bone, and to counteract
this we must judiciously select small boned
Clipfing Queens Italianizing. In
reply to a correspondent who wante'd to
know how to clip the wings of the queen
and when to do it: also how to Italianize
his black bees, the American JBce Journal
"During fruit bloom, or early white clover,
we have found the most convenient time for
clipping a queen's wing. By lifting a frame
gently from the hive so as not to frighten
the queen or anger the bees, with a small
pair of scissors and a steady nerve, the wing
can be clipped off without the queen scarcely
knowing it. If, however, you are nervous
in movement, better life the queen by grasp
ing her gently at the fore part where the
wings join the body, and deliberately cut off
about one-third of one wing. Care must be
observed not to grasp her by the abdomen.
"The great majority of your bees being
blacks, you will have to cut out the drone
comb very closely from the blacks, then
stimulate your Italian colony rapidly, both
by stimulating feeding and giving sheets of
worker brood from your black colonies ; then
insert drone combs to get drone eggs and
brood as soon as possible. When you have
Italian drone brood capped, remove the
queen into a black colony, and let the Italian
colony build queen cells. When these are
ripe, remove your black queens, or form
queen-testing nuclei from your black colo
nies, and thirty-six or forty-eight hours after
graft in the queen cells. If you have been
successful in forwarding Italian drones and
suppressihg those from the blacks your work
will be easily accomplished; otherwise, it
will be quite difficult."
This Claim House Established
in 1SS5 !
GHEOKGKE E. LEMOST,
0Dlce,G15 Fifteenth St., (Citizen's XiiUonnl 3m,)
WASHINGTON, D. C,
P. O. Drawer 325.
Improving Land. A practical farmer
writes as follows: " It is no use to tell a man
to sow clover when the land will hardly raise
buckwheat. It won't catch only in little
spots and these will freeze out I will tell
my way. Plow the ground in May and sow
three-fourths bushel to the acre. Fit the
soil thoroughly before sowing. This crop
will be in blossom before June, when it
should be rolled down and chained under
as he plows. Not later than July 10th re
duce surface to a good seed bed and sow the
same again. This crop will be grown large
:and be in full blossom soon enough to pie
pare the ground for wheat. I have had a
Jiecond crop grow four feet high. I bought
a farm, some parts of which were very poor,
1 ully, and not easy of access. On these fields
1 mckwheat has been the key to success in
bringing them back to what they once were.
After two crops of buckwheat have been
plowed under, clover will "catch." The
wheat crop ought to be dressed with three
or five wagon loads of well rotted manure to
tho acre. I place red clover first to put
power and life into the land, and buckwheat
second. For worn soil buckwheat is the
best by far, as it grows so rapidly and can
be turned down in one season and soil fitted
To make potige julienne au gras, scrape
and cut into small dice-like pieces four cai -rots,
four turnips, six leeks, six onions, and
a head of celery. Add to them a pint of
small peas. Allow die vegetables to fry in
melted butter for fifteen minutes, or until
slightly browned, and then put them in a
stewpan and moisten te whole with some
bouillon. Season with salt and cayanne
pepper, and add sufficient water to cover
them. Boil over a slow fire for. one hour,
and before serving add some chopped parsley.
Thickening can be added if necessary.
Chicken Jelly. This is very nice for
invalids, for they obtain a good deal of
nourishment from a very small bulk. Boil
a tender chicken in just enough water to
cover it until the meat can be pulled from
the bones, then beat the bones and return
them to the kettle; season with salt and a
stalk of celery; simmer a few moments
longer and strain the liquor through a tin
strainer into a bowl. When it is cold re
move every particle of fat. To be eaten cold.
Stewed Mushrooms. Be sure that your
mushrooms are genuine, for if by chance one
toadstool is slipped in, the whole mass will
be unlit for food. With a sharp knife re
move the tough skin from the umbrella-like
covering, and scrape and cut off the ends
from the stalks; wash them carefully and
put them into a stewpan without water,
except so much as sticks to them ; add salt,
cayenne pepper, a luoip of butter, some
cream, aud dredge some flour over all. Cover
the stewpan and let them simmer slowly
about twenty minutes or until they are
quite tender. If the gravy is not thick
enough add a little more flour. Serve very
hot in a covered dish.
A rout Horses. Among the variety of
artful means to make worthless horses ap
pear valuable is the trick of passing oil the
animal as the offspring of a celebrated siro
or dam, or the equally deceptive dodge of
calling him the same name as some famous
track performer, and often actually attach
ing to it tho record of such horse. We
notice that these dishonorable practices have
lately been carried into tho English market
A short time siuco the reported sale of Little
Wonder, 2:.'J0, by Blue Bull, was quoted in
the London tun newspapers, although he
is actually doing good service in his native
State, Indiana; and now wo find that one
James Griffiths, hailing from St John, N.B.
has a pacing gelding which is represented to
be Rowdy Boy, nnd has shipped him, with
other stock, to England. The steamer put
into Halifax, N. S., short of coal, and our
reliable correspondent at that port was led
to believe that this gelding was tho veritable
Pea Vines as a Fertilizer. As far
back as we have any history of agriculture,
the practice of turning under growing crops
for the purpose of restoring fertility to the
soil has been practiced, and yet it is as neces
sary to-day o urge the importance and great
value of tho practice upon farmers.
Columella, who figured during the first
century, A. D., wrote: " If tho lupins, vetches,
lentils, etc., are cut down green and imme
diately covered before they wither, they fully
supply the place of barn-yard manure."
Had he lived now he would have added
commercial manure also.
The resort to costly commercial fertilizers
should be only temporary to bridge over the
period necessary to bring up worn lands by
less costly means.
The cheapest and at the sanio time the
surest means that can be adopted to restore
the worn lands of Georgia, is in the use of
pea vines grown for the improvement of tho
land, and not for the removal of the crop,
though the soil is materially benefited by
the growth of the pea vines even if the crop
is removed. This was plainly demonstrated
this spring on tho Eve plantation, near
Augusta, Ga., where a crop of pea-vine hay
was harvested last year from a portion of a
field, all of which was sown in small grain
last fall. The gram was in May, when
seen, at least 100 per cent better where the
pea-vine hay had been grown and harvested
than where none had been grown. The tall
patches of grain, where small piles of tho hay
had been left to rot on the laud, reaching up
a foot above that around them, indicated the
still greater improvement resulting from the
return of the vines to the soil and. the shade
afforded by them.
It it is a well-known fact, observed by all
farmers, that even a covering of piuo plank
left for any considerable length of time upon
laud will improve its productive powers.
Much of the benefit, therefore, arising from
To Cook New Potatoes. Wash and
scrape the potatoes and boil them in Avater
to which a pinch of salt has been added.
When they are tender enough for a fork to
pierce, then remove them from the water
and place them in a baking-pan. Spread
some butter over the top and stand them in
a quick oven until they are nicely browned.
Fricasseed Crabs. Boil the crabs about
fivet minutes in water, adding to it a little
salt ; remove the upper shell and the spongy
parts; pick the meal from the claws and fill
up the empty places in the shell with it;
turn each crab over and give it one strike
with the potato-masher, and then fry them
brown in butter. Season high wi.th salt and
cayenne pepper, and make a nice cream
gravy. Add some parsley to the gravy and
serve very hot
Curry. Cut up one chicken and put it
in a stewpan with a quarter of a pound of
butter, three sliced onions, a small bunch of
sweet herbs, two cloves, two blades of mace,
three ounces of lean ham, a handful of mush
rooms, and one sliced apple; set the pan
over the fire for a few minutes and add a
tablespoonful of curry powder, moistened
in water, a tablespoonful of Hour, and one cup
of stock. When it has boiled hard for a short
time remove the stewpan to the back of the
stove and let it simmer until the chicken is
very tender. Place the fowl upon a flat dish
and strain the iiraw over it Serve
hot, with boiled rice.
Iced Cabinet Pudbing. Dissolve half a
box of galatine in just enough lukewarm
water to cover it When it is dissolved let it
cool. Make a custard of three pints of milk
and cream mixed, beating six i'ggs, a tea
spoonful of corn starch, and three-qnarters
of a pound of sugar to a cream before add
ing them to the boiling milk. Lei this cool
also. Take a mold holding about two quarts
and arrange it in layers ; half-pound of lady
fingers, half-pound of macaroons, one-third
of a pound of sliced citron, and moisten
mem wiiu buuiu diiuuucu rum or some
brandy. Stir the dissolved gelatine and the
custard thoroughly together, add feaspoon
ful of nectar, and fill tho mold with it Pack
tho mold in ice and salt and let the puddin"
freeze. Dip the mold in hot water for a mo
ment when ready to servo the pudding and
turn it upon a flat dish.
Nut Cake. Take one pound of shell
bark kernels and roll or chop them. Beat
the whites of seven eggs to a stiff froth, and
add them to one pound of powdered sugar
and two tablespoonfuls of flour, which have
been mixed together; then add the rolled
kernels. Line shallow pans with buttered
paper, and drop a teaspoon ml at a time of the
mixture on it, allowing plenty room for
them to spread. Bake them like macaroons.
antidote for ivy Poisoning Bathe
the parts affected freely with spirits of nitre.
It' the blisters be broken, so as to allow the
nitre to penetrate the cuticle, more than a
single application is rarely necessary, and
even where it is only applied to the surface
of the skin three or four times a day, there
is rarely a trace of the poison left next morn-
If wounded, injured, or have contracted any dis
ease, however slight the disability, apply :it once.
Widows, minor children, dependent motors, fa
thers, and minor brothers and sisters, in t:e ooler
named, are entitled.
War of 1S12.
All surviving: officers and soldiers of this war,
whether in the Military or Naval service of the
United States, who .served fourteen (11) duvs; or, if
In a battle or skirmish, for a has period.'uiid the
widows of such who have not remarried, are en
titled to a pension of eight dollars a month. Proof
of loyalty is no longer required in these claims.
Increase of Pensions.
Pension laws are more liberal now than former
ly, nnd many are now entitled to a higher rate
than they receive.
From and after January, 1SS1, 1 shall make no
chare.es for my services in claims for increase of
pension, where no new disability is alleged, unless
successful in procuring the increase.
. Restoration to Pension Roll.
Pensioners who have been unjustly dropped,
from the pension roll, or whose names have been
stricken therefrom by reason of failure to draw
their pension for a period of three years, or by
reason of re-enlistrnent. may have their pensions
renewed by corresponding with this House.
from one regiment or vessel and enlistment in an
other, is not a bar to pension in ea.cs where tho
wound, disease, or injury was incurred while in tho
service of the United. States, and in the line of
Survivors of all Avars from 1790 to March 3, 1855,
and certain heirs, are entitled to one hundred and
sixty ncres of land, if not already received. Sol
diers of the lute war not entitled. '
Land warrants purchased for cash at the highest
market rate, and assignments perfected.
Prisoners of War.
Ration money promptly collected.
Amounts due collected without unnecessary de
lay. Such claims cannot be collected without the
Horses Lost in Service.
Claims of this character promptly attended to.
Many claims of this character have been erro
neously rejected. Correspondence in tuch ctteea is
Bounty and Pay.
Collections promptly made.
Property .taken by the Army in
States not in Insurrection.
Claims of this chnractcr will receive special At
tention, provided.they were Hied before JanuarvL
I'WO. If not liied prior to that datethey are barred
by statute of limitation.
In addition to the above we prosecute Militarv
and Naval claims of every description, procure Put
cuts, Trade-Marks, Copyrights, attend to business
before the General Land Olliee ami other P.ursatu
of the Interior Department, and all the Depart
ments of the Government.
We invite correspondence from all interested, as
suring them of the utmost promptitude iiery
and thoroughness in all matters intrusted to7ur
GEORGE E. LE?JON,
As this may reach the hands ofsnmi nnno ...,-
Acquainted with tins House, we append hereto :w
specimens of the testimony in our -possession
copies of letters from several gentlemen of political
anu military distinction, and widely known
throughout the United States:
House op Representatives
Washington. D. C, March . 1873.
From several years' acquaintance with Captain
GeohoeL. I.EiiON of this city 1 cheerful!? com
mend him as a gentleman of integrity and well
qualified to attend to the collection of bounty and
other claims acrninst the Gnvprnmont it, .
rience in that line gives him superior advantages.
W. P. SPK G VE, M. C,
Fifteenth District of Ohio.
.LAS. D. STKAWBRIDGE, M. C.
Thirteenth District of Pennsylvania.
House op Representatives,
it- ., Wasuinhton, D. C, March 1, 1S7S.
c, the undersigned, having an acquaintance
with Captnin George E. Lemon for the past few
years, and a knowledge of the svstematie manner
in which he conducts his extensive business, and of
his reliability for fair and honorable dealing con
nected therewith, cheerfully commend him to
A. A". RICE. Chainnan
Committee on Invalid Pensions, House Pens
XV. F. SLEMONs. 31. C,
Second District of Ark.
. , ;,, W.P.LYNDE..M. C,
fourth District of Wis.
IJ. V. TO WNSIIEND. M. C.
Nineteenth District of III.
Citizens' National Bank,
YASIIXGTON I). C, Jan. 17. 1S79.
Captain George E. Lemon, attorney and ajrent
for the collection of war claims at Washington city,
is a thorough, able, and exceedingly wel!-mfbrii!td
man of business, of IukIi character, and entirelv
responsible. I believe that thu intereit of all
having war claims requiring adjustment cannot be
confided to safer hands.
JNO. A. J. CRESWELL.
-CtfAny person dcirinc Information as to mv
standing anil responsibility will, on request, be fur
nished with a satisfactory reference in his own
vicinity or Congressional District.
A. F.&A, H.S.A.K. &K.T.-
JSvcry ICu.sty Mnson. Xct'ds Them.
Rituals, with Key, pocket form, morocco aud
P"l gilt, for Jl'. Other book-, guods, etc.
f"7 Send for catalogue to
3 MASONir BOOK AGENCV.
' ly33 145 Broadway, New York.
.Mention this paper.
Chills and Fever and Billions Attiioks Pu-Hivelv
Cured by EMORY'S STANDARD I'fRE PJLLSJ
Never fail to cure the worst cam?. P,'aant to take-"
No griping or had effect. PreMjribed by phm!
emus, and sold by druggists every where for 25 cento
a box, or by mail.
STANDARD CUTIS CO.,
2H-p 111 Nassau St., JNVwr Yerlc.
Mcntipn this paper.
A GENTS WANTED.-Tho grandest schema
- of a lifetime; rotit3 larger thau have ever
been made- hy .-.gouts at any buj,ino&; adapted
for any condition of life; old and yoan mar
ried and single, all make money "faster thau
ever before. Business strictly honorable; no
competition; no capital required. ?ehc thix
golden chance without delay. Send vonr ad
dress on postal to-day for full particulars.
Address GEO. De LAIiA, 757 Broadway, Now-York-
EST EVER MADE.
EMORY'S LITTLE C.V ril.vl: . IO TlLI No
family should bo without them. Pleiwaut U tk,
no griping. Druggists- sell them, or bv niRii for 15
cents a box, in postage stamp. Stanuahd CYnc
Co., lit Nassau-street, Now York. 1 y
Mention thia paper.