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THE NATIONAL TRIBUTE: WASHINGTON, D. C, JULY 29, 1882.
ONLY A LITTLE LAD.
He was only a little lad,
Barefoot and brown,
With large eyes, wistful and sad,
And dark hair waving down.
Over the vine-clad hills,
From the golden Tuscan land.
By olive groves, and by singing rill3,
With a lute in his little hand,
He sang; but his heart was sad
At the heedless hurrying town;
lie was only a little lad,
Barefoot and brown 1
There wcro tears in his little voice,
JIc sang and he played;
Ko mother had ever heard
The sad, sweet bongs he made.
But only in dreams to him,
On the vine-clad hills, she sang,
And ever sweetest when day grew dim,
And tlie bells at vespers rang.
Konc knew the dreams he had,
Jn the friendless, pitiless town;
He was only a little lad,
Barefoot and brown 1 ' ' :
R E. Wcaihcrby.
CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM SAUNDERS,
Washington, D. C.
Correspondence issoUcited to this column. Com
munications addressed to the Rural Department
of The National Tninuxit, C15 Fifteenth Street,
Washington, D. C, will bo appreciated.
Peach-tree Yellows. The Michigan
Pomological Society has been discussing the
subject of yellows in peach trees, and have
arranged their conclusions in a series of
formulas, which, although positively stated,
do not appear to add anything to previous
facts, and contain some very curious sug
gestions. The conclusions reached may be
briefed as follows: "The disease is con
tagious; it did not originate in Michigan,
but was probably imported from its original
home, the peach region of Xew Jersey, Dela
ware, and Maryland; neither soil nor cul
ture is a factor in its spread; that all
varieties are subject to its attack; that it
may be communicated from tree to tree
by pruning-knife, shears, or saw; that no
remedy is known except to destroy the dis
eased trees promptly; that the burning of
the diseased trees may stop it entirely in an
orchard, and that nothing but a stringent
law for the destruction of the diseased trees
applicable to the whole State will prevent
the loss of every peach tree in the State."
"We do not consider that these conclusions
sre of much value, or that they are even
based upon facts. "We have taken buds from
diseased trees in the orchard and set them
in healthy trec3 which were planted under
glass and the disease was not communicated
to the healthy tree. The States of !New Jer
sey, Delaware, and Maryland are no more
the original home of the disease than are
the States of Pennsylvania, New York, Ohio,
or Michigan. "We consider that soil, cultiva
tion, and climate are all factors in the origin
and spread of the disease. It is probably
true that no remedy is known that will cure
diseased trees, although we have known
cases where diseased trees ultimately became
healthy, but these were under conditions
which could not bo generally secured or
profitably applied. But perhaps the most
futile of the above conclusions is that which
advises the destruction of all diseased .trees
with the view of stamping the disease out of
the State. This would be akin to advising
the destruction of the population of a mala
rious district in order to stamp out the " fever
and ague;" the two cases are precisely alike ;
they are both resulting from certain un
healthy conditions of soil and atmosphere.
Killing off the population would certainly
diminish the number of cases of disease, but
it would not remove the cause of disease.
Destroying diseased peach trees will not re
move the causes which render the yellows
possible; although it is a wise thing to do,
because a diseased peach tree is of no further
use, and it may communicate the disease to
others which are specially sensitive to ac
quire the malady through climatic or other
It is a significant fact that yellows in
peach trees is not found in climates which
permit the fall and healthy ripening of the
3'early growths of the tree. This disease
does not originate in districts where the
leaves of the peach tree go through the
gradual changes of color which indicates
approaching maturity in the fail of the year,
and when its mission has been fulfilled the
foliage drops to the ground without being
prematurely precipitated by biting frosts.
Neither is it to be found on peach trees
which are cultivated under glass, even when
they are surrounded by orchards of diseased
trees, as we have had repeated occasion to
observe; and, as already mentioned, we have
seen the disease appear in three-year-old
trees which were transplanted from an
orchard and planted under glass and after
wards disappear; the conditions -for its
spread did not exist, and it was outgrown,
so to speak.
With facts such as these before us we need
not expect to remove the cause of yellows
by simply removing the trees.
Keeping Butter. The Massachusetts
Tloughman says that to keep butter during
hot weather it must be of first quality when
made, and the butter-milk must bo all
worked out and the salt well-distributed
through it; it must also be packed in per
fectly sweet vessels ; wood is objectionable ;
stone jars answer the purpose well. To keep
through the hot weather it should be stored
in a cool place. Some are very successful in
keeping butter in a salt pickle, while others
have no trouble in keeping it in lumps with
out a pickle. The real secret of keeping
butter is in the manufacturing of a good ar
ticle, giving it the proper proportion of salt;
if all right to start with it will keep, unless
put in improper vessels and kept where it is
New Guide to Orange Culture : ty
E. A. and A. II. Manville, Lake George,
Florida. One of the characteristics of
American fruit growers is their constant ef
fort to classify and describe varieties of iruits
so that they can be recognized, and their
merits and faults, as well as their adapta
bility to certain climates and soils, thorough
ly investigated and made known. The
American Pomological Society, during the
30 years of its existence, has done more good
work in this direction than all other societies
of which history makes mention. But it has
not done much in regard to the Citrus family ;
indeed the culture of this family is compara
tively in its infancy in this country, and but
little has yet been attempted in regard to dis
tinctive nomenclature of the many varieties
of oranges, lemons, limes, &&, of which the
Cilrua family is composed. The " Guide " of
the Messrs. Manville, although partaking
largely of the business catalogue, contains
many useful hints to beginners in orange
culture ; the varieties of fruits which they
enumerate are systematically arranged, and
that probably in as correct a manner as pres
ent experience warrants. They have enu
merated about thirty sweet oranges as being
distinctive in character, and many of these
are seedlings which have been raised in this
country. "We doubt whether they have men
tioned the true Bahia, or Navel Orange, so
highly prized in California, although we find
the variety alluded to iu their list ; there are
many oranges, we find, that have a strong re
semblance to the true Bahia and yet are
much inferior in regard to size, quality, and
productiveness. The following extract is
taken from " Suggestions on Culture: Situa
tion and Exposure. Much nonsense has been
recently circulated about a so-called 'frost
line,' viz., an imaginary line somewhere in
the State north of which the orange cannot
be successfully grown. "While the trees are
less frequently injured by cold south of
about 29 degrees north latitude, still in
every county in eastern, middle and south
ern Florida the orange can be and is profit
ably grown. It is as a rule more difficult to
get the young trees up to maturity in the
northern part of the Stato, yet even here
there are favorable locations, where the trees
are as exempt from the effect of cold as in
south Florida. "Where there is an occasional
danger of the young trees being injured by
cold they can be protected temporarily;
when they attain any considerable size they
will protect themselves.
Fractious Horses. Obstinate horses
may be quieted by removing their attention
from the object Tippermost in their mind.
Ilorses which are disposed to bite and kick
when attempts are made to shoe them, may,
it is stated, be rendered quiet and manage
able by dropping a small portion of the
ethereal oil of parsley on a rag and holding
up to the nose of the animal.
Grinding Wheat. The perfection of
milling will be reached when the entire
grain of wheat will be secured minus the
external covering of woody fiber, commonly
called bran. This covering possesses no
nutritious qualities, and when given as food
it acts as a laxative by irritation of the in
testines. But it has not been found possible
to remove all the valuable nutritious matters
from the skin, so that much of it goes with
the bran, and thus making it of some value
as food. It is announced that a process has
been adopted in Switzerland of removing the
bran of wheat without losing any nutritive
matter. This consists in soaking the grain
before grinding it in a solnlion of caustic
soda and water. This swells and loosens the
hull proper, so that it may be removed by
the slightest friction, leaving the gluten with
the body of the grain.
Pear-tree Blight. -It is stated that a
Pennsylvania fruit-grower uses the following
as a remedy and preventive of pear blight :
"A pound of potash or concentrated lye is
dissolved in twenty-five gallons of water
and poured around the trees, a pailful at a
time, two or three times during the growing
souson. He claims it is thoroughly' effective,
not only as a preventive, but that it will
check and stop the blight after it begins to
show, the affected limbs of course being cut
away." It is safe to presume that ibis ap
plication will have no effect in preventing
or stopping pear blight. We have cut off
blighted limbs until the tree was reduced to
a bare pole ; the tree would then form a new
growth and live and bear fruit and not be
again attacked by blight for a dozen years,
and for how many more wo cannot say. "We
have cut down blighted pear trees to within
a few inches of the stock upon which they
were grafted, and new shoots have come up
and formed as healthy, fruitful trees as those
which never had an attack from blight.
Blight is known to be a fungus which
grows on the exterior of the bark, and sod
applications have no influence to prevent it
or to cure it, and the only preventive is ap
plications such as lime wash on the branches
and trunk of the tree; but even this will
only be effective on the surfaces which are
covered; a portion of the tree so covered
will not prevent blight on other portions of
the tree which do not receive the application.
What Potatoes are Used kor. The
value and importance of the potato in the
arts and manufactures may be partly seen
from the following, which we extract from
an unpublished work entitled " Plants and
their Products " :
Besides their use as a table vegetable,
potatoes furnish a large quantity of starch,
which is employed for various purposes in
the arts, and forms the basis of a variety of
farinaceous foods, such as artificial tapioca,
sago, vermicelli, &c. It is much used for
culinary purposes, and many famed gravies,
sauces and soups are largely indebted to it
for their excellence, as also are bread and
pastry. It is sometimes called potato flour,
but it is destitute of gluten and will not make
dough. In certain proportions the fecula of
the potato may be mixed with wheat flour,
so as to produce good bread. It is stated
that if the proportion of potato starch ex
ceeds one-fifth of the weight of the flour a
peculiar flavor is communicated to the
bread, arising from a small quantity of oily
matter, which is supposed to be identical
with fusel oil. This is sometimes called oil of
potato spirit, and has been extracted as a
colorless oily liquid, possessing a very
powerful odor, at first rather agreeable, but
afterwards exceedingly nauseous.
A substance called dextrine, or starch
gum, is prepared either by torrifying potato
starch, or by the action of heat, aided by a
small portion of nitric acid. Dextrine is
produced in the forms of a pearly powder,
a sirupy solution, or as a gum. Powdered
dextrine is used as a substitute for gum in
calico printing, and by manufacturers to
give body to their woven fabrics which are
made slim and with wide meshes, which are
filled up with starch. It is also employed
for adhesive labels and postage stamps, and
for many other similar purposes. Dextrine
in the form -of sirup is employed in the
preparation of various alimentary sub
The gum is made by boiling the sirup
and then running it into flat vessels,
where it remains until it assumes a pasty
consistence; it is then cut into small pieces,
which are rolled out flat and then dried.
This gum is easily dissolved, and makes a
clear solution ; it is moro easily packed than
powdered dextrine, and does not ferment
like liquid gum.
Polenta is prepared from potatoes, which
are first boiled or steamed, then bruised,
dried, sifted and separated into coarse
grains. It keeps for a long time if stored
in a dry place; it is used to give consist
ency to soups, and for other culinary purposes.
Glucose, or grape sugar, is prepared from
potato starch ; this substance is employed in
the manufacture of beer, and for mixing
with grape juice in the manufacture of wine.
Potato pulp is distilled to produce brandy,
and cognac, so-called, is thus made and sub
stituted for that distilled from grape juice.
In the manufacture of brandy from potatoes
a peculiar alcohol is formed which is vari
ously called potato spirit, fusel oil, or amylic
alcohol. This gives a disagreeable flavor to J
the brandy, and is separted by rectification.
"When this spirit is distilled with oil of vit
riol it yields the volatile liquid called potato
spirit ether, or ainylic ether, which, when
compounded with various acids, gives re
spectively apple oil, grape oil, and cognac
oil. Many of the artificial sweet smelling
ethers are chemical productions from potato
ether, and under chemical treatment pro
duce cheap imitations of various agreeably
fragrant perfumes. '
Potato cheese is made by reducing boiled
potatoes to a pulp. To five pounds of this
pulp are added one pound of sour milk and
a portion of salt. The whole is kneaded to
gether and the mass allowed to lie for a day
or two, when it is further worked and made
into small cheeses, which are hung up in bags
or baskets to allow the escape of superfluous
moisture ; they are then dried in the shade
and kept in close vessels in a dry place till
The pulp remaining after the extraction
of the starch becomes hard and horny when
dried. It is employed in the manufacture
of various ornamental articles, as picture
frames, snuff boxes, and toys of the papier
mache character. It is also stated that pota
toes steeped for a certain time in water to
which has been added eight per cent, of sul
phuric acid, and afterwards submitted to
pressure, will form into a material which
can readily be carved into any design, and
when made into pipes has a resemblance to
meerschaum; billiard balls have been made
of it, so hard does it become.
Raspberries. Among the newer rasp
berries the Cuthbert stands very high. It is
a fine flavored fruit, although traders com
plain that it is rather difficult to transport
in good condition, but for the amateur
grower it is possibly the best raspberry
The Surprise is also new ; it is a coarser
fruit than the Cuthbert, has more acid in its
composition, and is quite firm, so that it can
be Handled without injury, and will carry
well to market.
The State of New Jersey is becoming fa
mous for the introduction of new fruits, es
pecially new strawberries and raspberries.
A new and very early variety called the
Hansell is now being propagated, and will,
we presume, soon be for sale. This variety
has been brought into notice by Mr. Lov.ett,
of Little Silver, N. J., who seems to keep his
eyes particularly widely open in picking out
good things in the way of fruits.
The Hansell raspberry is earlier than any
other variety of raspberry in cultivation;" It
is pronounced to be of good size, a bright
'crimson color, of superior flavor, audsp fini
that it ships well without injury. The plant
is said to be as hardy as the hardiest of rasp
Dwarf Horse-chestnut. This is the
popular name given to the I'avia pavijhra,
a beautiiul flowering shrub, which forms a
handsome spreading bush specially adapted
for an isolated plant on a lawn. Its flowWs,
which are white, are borne in long erect
spikes to which the prominent stamens give
a feathery appearance. It flowers in July, at
a time when few shrubs are in bloom. Like
others of the horse-chesnuts this plant suc
ceeds best when grown in a rich, moist soil.
It is easily increased from suckers, which are
produced in great profusion ; indeed the
shoots from the base increase so rapidly as to
soon form a dense mass. The plant is quite
Influence of the Grange. Take any
neighborhood containing a live, first-class
grange, and compare it as it is now with
what it was before the organization of that
grange ; it will give you some idea of the in
fluence of the grange. You will know for a
certainty that the atmosphere of the grange
breeds sturdy independence, intelligent ac
tion, and kindly, sympathetic feeling. Before
the organization of that grange who ever
heard such talk of the rights of a fanner, the
prerogatives of the producer, the encroach
ments of combination of capital, or the op
pression of railroad monopolies, as you now
hear? Did you ever hear of farmers main
taining their just position and gaining
their just right by united action ' SJo.
Did you hear of farmers helping one an
other in distress and trying to strengthen
the bond of common interests thatbind them
in friendly relations, before the grange was
organized for that purpose? Did you hear
farmers engaging in public speaking or writ
ing for the press, and to advocate some meas
ure for their good and advancement? Very
rarely. These and a dozen other things that
you cannot fail to notice are but the result
of the influence of the grange. It may be a
fancy of mine, but 1 think that on the far
mer's centre-table you will find more books
and periodicals than before he was a granger.
You will find the door-yard neater, the fence
prettier, and flowers in as well as outside,
the house. You find a hundred little acts
and courtesies that make life better, happier,
truer, and they have been learned at the
grange. Yuu will find the crops better tilled,
the cattle more economically fed, and the.
manure more intelligently applied than, be
fore, for farmers profit by the experience of
one another, and this experience is related in
the grange hall. After noticing all these
very noticeable things, are you prepared to
pay that the grange has no influence? J. M.
S., in Grange Bulletin.
New Stkawhekuiks. The Manchester,
regarding which we have hitherto restrained
any positive expression of opinion, is one of
the most desirable strawberries we have ever
raised, and avo have tested not less than 250
different kinds. The only thing that can be
said against it is that it is a pistillate, and
mast be grown near perfect-flowering sorts
which lor many farmers is attended Avith
trouble or perhaps inconvenience. Our
plants arc exceedingly vigorous and produc
tive. We have jnst examined them and find
that each plant, on an average, bears l(j
peduncles or flowering stems, and that each
flowering stem bears, on an average, 10 ber
riesgiving K;u berries to a plant. We hog
to emphasize that wcare speaking of average
plants. On one plant we counted 22 pedun
cles and 220 berries in tho various stages
from ripe to just set. This berry is firm,
very uniform as to shape, which is roundish
conical ; it ripens in every part and aver
ages above medium as long as it remains in
fruit. The quality when ripo is good,
though like the Wilson it is sour when it
first colors a characteristic, it seems, of all
excellent market berries. It ripens with the
Sharples3 and after the Bidwell. On the
grounds of the plain, hard-working farmer,
, Mr. Jesse Beatty, Avith whom it originated,
it thrives in a light, dry, sandy soil. With
us it thrives in a moist soil inclining to clay.
Several years ago, from our own tests, we
8poke highly of the Sharpless, and soon
after its introduction of the Cumberland
Triumph. We have never had occasion to
regret this, and we have now little fear that
we shall regret commending the Manchester
to our readers as the best market berry at
present known. Rural New Yorker.
Pyretiirum Powder. There are many
complaints that this powder does not fulfill
the promises made in its behalf. It ap
pears to quickly lose its value when exposed
to the air; the best method of applying it
for aphis on roses and other plants, is to dust
lightly once or twice a day until the insects
are killed. It is not at all likely that this
powder will take the place of Paris green for
killing potato beetles, and from all accounts
it appears that London purple injures plants
as well as insects, and therefore it should be
used cautiously, and not in excess of what
is really required to kill insect life.
Broken Legs in Horses. Thirty years
ago a horse meeting with such an accident
was considered valueless and was at once
destroyed. When the animal is of little
value such a course would perhaps be the
most profitable, but when the animal is a
valuable one, and the fracture is not a com
pound one that is, when the end of the
broken bone is not forced through the skin,
or lacerates the soft parts surrounding it
the chances are two to one in favor of a suc
cessful termination of the case, if property
set and properly managed.
To splint a fracture properly, after adjust
ing, the part should be wrapped smoothly
with a linen or cotton bandage, then apply
three or lour strips of stout leather as splints,
keeping them in place by a single bandage.
Then mix a little plaster-of-paris, with suffi
cient water to make a thin paste; apply this
to the bandage already on the leg, filling up
the intermediate spaces between the leather
strips, and while soft apply another bandage;
paste this over with the plaster and apply
another bandage, and so continue until the
leg is cemented in a solid, immovable case.
Then turn the animal loose where he can
run round; the chances 1)3' so doing are ten
to one more favorable than when slings are
used. In the first instance the animal, like
a dog, will take care of the injured leg by
hopping around upon three legs; by the sec
ond, the animal being placed in an unnatural
and uncomfortable position, makes him care
less of the leg, hence injury is often sustained
which interferes with the healing process.
The animal with a fracture of the leg which
cannot be successfully treated without slings
cannot be so treated with them ; it looks all
very Avell upon paper, but practically it is a
Jfailfrre.' Of manageable fractures, nine in
fen will recover without slings, while nine
in ten will fail with them.
IKl ,fc91 .
Stirring the Soil. Henry Ives, of
Pennsylvania, says that one test of good
farming brought out by last year's excep
tionally severe drouth, was the superior
crops of those who kept right on stirring
the soil, even when all weeds had been
killed, and there seemed to be no more to
conquer, and they were stirring the soil that
Avas already open and loose. In one field of
corn of eight acres only one acre was hoed,
as it was thought it could do no good in
such extreme drouth. That acre returned
about as much as all the other seven. Pota
toes that were tilled Avell gave 125 to 175
bushels per acre, where those neglected
yielded 30 to GO.
Scotch Woodcock. Toast two slices of
bread, butter them on each side; wash,
scrape, chop very finely and pound in a
mortar four or five anchovies, snread this
paste on the pieces of toast and put them
together, the paste between them ; cut them
into convenient pieces. Make a sauce Avith
the yolks of one or two eggs and a gill or so
of cream. Stir it over the fire, but do not
let it boil; then pour the sauce over the
toast, and serve A'cry hot.
Perfection Cake Three cups of sugar,
one of butter, one of milk, three of flour, one
of corn-starch, whites of twelve eggs beaten
to a stiff froth, two teaspoon fills of cream
tartar in the flour and one of soda in half
the milk; dissolve tho corn-starch in the
rest of the milk and add it to the sugar and
butter well beaten together; then the milk
and soda and the flour and whites of eggs.
This cake comas nearer perfection than any
other yet discovered.
Molasses Pudding. Four cupfuls of
flour, six eggs, two and a half cupfuls of
molasses, one and a half cupfuls of butter,
or butter and lard mixed, one cupful of but
ter or some cream, and a teaspoonful of
soda. Season to your taste with cinnamon,
ginger or cloves, and eat with hot boiled mo
laHses as a sauce ; or else cold molassas, pre
pared by adding a small pinch of soda, and
stirring until it froths up well. It may be
made more palatable by the addition of
lemou or nutmeg as flavoring.
Irish Stew. Take a stewpan with a close
cover and arrange in it in layers two pounds
ol mutton cnops, iour puiumscu sneeu pota
toes, and one chopped onion. Add pepper to
each layer but no salt. Coverall with cold
Avater and let it cook slowly for two hours.
When nearly done add salt to suit the taste
and boil a short time on the back of the
range. Serve very hot.
ColdCuaiw. Boil one dozen or more crabs
in water to Avhich a small quantity of salt
has been added. When the,"- are cold pick
tho meat from thorn very carefully and put
it in a bowl. Crack the large claws and
take out all the meat from them. Season
Avell with salt, cayenne pepper, and, if liked,
some mustaid. Clean one-half of the empty
shells aud fill them neatly with tho dressed
meat. Serve on a flat dish.
Baked II alidut. Select a nice piece
Aveighing three pounds. Score it, and put it in
a baking pan Avith half a teacup ful of water.
Dredge some flour over it, add salt, pepper,
and several lumps of butter. Bake for half
an hour, or longer if necessary. Baste it con
stantly while iL is cooking, aud Avhen nearly
done add two tablcspoonlnlsof Avalnut cat
sup. Serve on a flat dish, Avith tho gravy
poured over it.
BRAN BEDS FOR THE BABIES.
A French doctor has invented a new bed
for babies which holds them safe in its cus
tody and prevents them from ever giving
any trouble at night to their attendants.
The gentleman has subjected his system to
the most trying of all tests, for he has ap
plied it to all his own children, and consid
ers that the life of one of them is entirely
owing to its use. The idea is to fill the
greater part of the cradle Avith bran and
immerse the legs and part of the body of the
child in this nest, covering them over in the
usual Avay, but fastening down the counter
pane tight, so as to keep him firm in his
place. Why this change of tactics should
have the effect of taking away from the in
fant his usual desire to howl during a part
of every night is a question which we Avill
leave nurses to explain for themselves after
they ha-e tried the system. In the mean
time, until that trial has been made it is
only civil to belieA-e the testimony of Drs.
Bourgeois and Vigoureux, who in two French
papers of some authority declare that such
is the invariable result. This is not, how
ever, the only adA'antago to be expected from
the system. The bran is supposed to have a
warming and stimulating influence superior
to any kind of cotton or cloth, and to allOAV
children of the more sickly kind to develop
more quickly and to be sooner able to use
their limbs. The inventor of the system
declares that they delight in their bran beds,
and always "quit them Avith regret" when
removed at the age of two, to one of a differ
ent kind. London Globe.
MR. SHELDON'S GOOD SHOT,
Knocking Down a (Jrizr.Ir Hear, an Elk, anil Him
self by One Discharge of his Gnn.
H. J. Sheldon left his camp at Cooper City,
on the Fecos, last Saturday afternoon in
search of game. About four o'clock in the
afternoon the burro, Avhich had wandered
ahead, came running back, apparently in
great terror, ears and tail erect, eyes glaring,
making that peculiar, mournful sound for
which its species is noted, and refusing to be
caught or comforted. Not being able to
make out from the report of the confused
burro just Avhat had happened, Mr. Sheldon
cocked his gun and advanced slowly and
cautiously on the unknown enemy. CraAvl
iug along on his hands and knees for about
a quarter of a mile he at length doubled a
bend in the river, and there, standing in full
view in the meadow, and not more than 150
yards away, he saAV a huge grizzly bear with
three cubs, and, just beyond the bear, and in
direct range with her, an animal that he at
once recognized as the long-sought for elk.
Neither of the beasts was aware of his ap
proach ; so,quietly rising upon one knee and
resting his rifle across the other, which is
Mr. S.'s favorite position in shooting, he took
deliberate aim. Banjr went the cun. awav
sped the bullet, and down fell two animals
in fact, three the bear, the elk, and Mr. S.
himself. The bullet had cut the backbone
of the bear completely in two, and, passing
on through, had lodged in the heart of the
elk; aud the extraordinary task to which
the rifle had been subjected produced such
a violent recoil that the hunter himself was
stretched flat upon the ground. Recovering
liimself spee'dily Mr. S. advanced upon4Le
prey, hunting knife in hand, but life was
extinct in both animals. The little cubson
hearing the report of the gun, fled ; but, be
ing only a few Aveeks old, Avere speedily cap
tured, tied in bags, aud fastened on the back
of the horse. Santa Fe Kcics.
HOW A WOMAN SWEARS.
There is iu the sudden and enorgec
slamming of the door at the conclusion of a
debate a forceful emphasis which punctu
ates argument and clinches as Avith the
pounding of the fist the word Avhich has
been spoken. A shrewd Avriter calls the
slamming of the door in this style a " Avooden
oath." The definition is a Avell chosen one.
The person avIio thus A-ioleutly closes the
door is laboring under an accumulation of
pent-up exasperation Avhich, if she Avere a
man, Avould find its Avay out in a torrent of
harsh expressions uttered Avith angry inflec
tions. A man does not generally close the
door Avith a bang to indicate that he is in a
state of Avrathfulness ; neither does a
woman swear. .
The condensed volume of eloquent expres
sion which is packed into the petulant
closing of the door would, if expanded,
make several large pages of type, most of
which would be interjections and exclama
tion points. When the door shfms relief
follows, just as after tho explosion of a
steam boiler. The pressure is off. There is
opportunity for a breathing spell. With the
portiere Avhich is now such a fashionable
substitute for the hinged door, and Avhich
is mane ot dry goods, there is a difficulty.
She avIio Avould use it as a means of ven
geance against her fellow-being must tie the
end of it into a knot for assault. As to
shutting him out with it, that is as impossi
ble as to hold Avater in an ordinary sieve.
It must be admitted that the slamming of
the door as an act of argument or an expres
sion of disapproval is not graceful or lady
like. Still there are occasions when opinions
must be expressed, and even anger and con
tempt must have their littlo say. Some
times the door-slamming is all there is of
argument or debate. The object of con
tempt or scorn happens to approach the
door Avith a view either of entering or pass
ing 1)3'. Its sudden closing in his face is an
intimation that if ho values his peace of
mind he vvill do Avell to pass by. In such a
case he is not a Avise man who vengefullv
kicks the door open. That only prolongs the
argument, wears out the door and settles
nothing. Better be content thankfully and
placidly to remain outside, aud be glad
things are not as bad as they might be.
A HORSE THAT CHEWS TOBACCO.
Thore is a gray horse Avorkcd by the St.
Louis Transfer Company in one of tho lan'e
omnibus teams, Avhich is an habitual tobacco
c'lewer. The animal is really passionately
fond of the weed, and seems delighted when
offered a piece of tobacco. The fact has
become known at nearly all of the hotels
and the equine Avith such habits is the re
cipient of a great deal of attentiou by human
beings addicted to the same habit. The
driver of the 'bus says it costs him at least
iifty cents a month to keep the horse supplied,
notwithstanding the fact that the friends of
the beast treat him so often. The only draw
back in the Avay of the horse becoming an
expert in chewing the weed is that he cannot
learn to expectorate. As soon as that accom
plishment is acquired the driver expects to
purchase a decorated cuspador, Avhich is to
be placed in tho gray nag's stall. St. Louis
CLAIMS ! CLAIMS I
GKEOKG-E E. LEMON,
Oillce, 615 Fifteenth St., (Citizen's National TJanfcj
TYASDTIXGTON, I. C.
P. O. Drawer 325.
If wounded, injured, or havo contracted tiny dis
ease, however slight tho disability, apply at ouec.
"Widows, minor children, dependent mothers, fa
thers, and minor brothers aud bisters, in the order
named, are entitled.
War of 1S12.
All surviving officcra and soldiers of this war,,
whether in the Military or NaA-al service of the
United States, Avho served fourteen (1 1) days; or. if
in n battle or skirmish, for a less period, and the
widows of such who luwo not remarried, are en
titled to a pension of eight dollars a month. Proof
of loyalty is no longer required in these claims.
Increase of Pensions.
Pension laws arc more liberal now than former
ly, and many arc now entitled to a higher rata
than they receive.
From and after January, 1S81, 1 shall make no
charges for my services in claims for increase of
pension, Avhere no new disability is alleged, unless
successful in procuring the increase.
Restoration to Pension Roll.
Pensioners who liaA-e been unjustly dropped
from the pension roll, or whose names" Iiavu been
stricken therefrom by reason of failure to draw
their pension for a period of three years, or by
rcason of re-enlistment, may have their pensions
renewed by corresponding Avith this House.
from one regiment or A-essel and enlistment in an.
other, is not a bar to pension in cases where tho
Avound, disease, or injury was incurred while in tho
service of the United States, and in. the line of
Survivors of all wars from 1790 to March 3. IKm.
and certain heirs, are entitled to one hundred and
sixty acres of land, if not already received. Sol
diers of the late Avar not entitled.
Land Avarrants purchased for cash at the highest
market rate, and assignments perfected.
Prisoners of War,
Ration money promptly collected.
Amounts due collected without unnecessary do
Iny. Such claims cannot be collected without the
Horses Lost in Service.
Claims of this character promptly attended to.
Many claims of titis character have been erro
neously rejected. Correspondence in sjieh cases is
Bounty and Pay.
Collections promptly made.
Property taken by the Army in
States not in Insurrection.
Claims of this character will receiA-o speeial at
tention, provided they were filed before January 1,
1SS0. If not filed prior to that date they are barred
by statute of limitation.
In addition to the above we prosecute ?.niitnry
and NaA-al claims of every description, procure Pat
ents, Trade-Marks, Copyrights, attend to business
before the General Land Ollice and other Bureaus
of the Interior Department, and all tho Depart
ments of the GoA-ernment.
We invite correspondence from nil interested, as
suring them of the utmost promptitude, energy,
and thoroughness in all matters intrusted to our
GEORGE E. LEMON.
As this may reach the hands of some persons un
acquainted with this House, Ave append hereto, as
specimens of the testimony in our possesion,
copies of letters from several gentlemen of political
and military distinction, and widely known
uirouguoui mo united states:
House of Kepresextativkr,
"Washington-, D. C, Jurca , isT3.
From several years' acquaintance with Captain
GnonoE E. Lemon of this city. I cheerfully com
mend him as a gentleman of integrity and well
qualified to attend to the collection of bounty and
other claims against the GoA-ernment. His expe
rience in that line gives him superior ndvantatres
U'.P. SPRAGUE, M. C,
Fifteenth District of Ohio.
JAS. D. STRaWRRIDGE, M. C,
Thirteenth District of Pennsylvania.
House op Repi:esentatia-es,
Washington, D. C, Jlurch 1, 1STS.
"We, the undersigned. Itaving an acquaintance
with Captain Geohc.k E. Lkmon for the past few
years, and a knowledge of the systematic manner
in which he conducts his extensive business, and of
his reliability for fair and honorable dealing con
nected therewith, cheerfully commend him to
A. V. RICE, Chairman
Committee on Invalid Pensions, House liens.
W. F. S LEMONS. M. C,
Second District of Ark.
"W. P. LYNDE. M. C.
Fourth District of IVis.
It. W. TOWNS II EXD, M. C.
Xinelcenlh District of IU,
Citizens' National Bank,
Washington, D. C, Jan. 17, 1S79.
Captain George E. Lemon, attorney and agent
for the collection of war claims at Washington city,
i.-a thorough, nblo, and exceedingly well-informed
man of business, of high character, and entirely
responsible. I believe that the interests of all
having war claims requiring adjustment cannot bo
confided to safer hands.
JXO. A. J. CUES WELL.
4yAny person desiring information as to my
standing and responsibility will, on request.be fur
nished with a satisfactory reference in his own
vicinity or Congressional District.
LY. & A, M, R.A. JL<.
Every Uusty Mummi Needs Them.
Rituals, with Key. pocket form, morocco and
gilt, for ?2. Other books, goods, etc
Send for entalogue to
MASONIC ROOK AGENCY.
Iy35 115 Uroadway. Now York-
Mention this paper.
JT. JLrf jt
Chills and Fever and Pilliou-i Attack-. Po-itivclv
Cured by EMORY'S STANDARD t'URK PILLS.
Never fiul to cure the vort ctse. P'c:isant to tako
No griping or bad et:Wts. Prescribed by pliysU
clans, and sold by drtiggi-ts everywhere for IS eenfcj
a box, or by mail.
STANDARD CURE CO.,
2Ct.T) 1 1 1 Nassau St., New York.
Mention this paper.
"- of a
GENTS WANTED. The arandest selm,
lifetime; trotits larger than have CA-or
been inside by agents at any business; adapted
lor any condition of life; old and young, mar
ried and single, all make money "faster thau
ever bolore. Business strictly honorablo; no
competition; no capital required. Sehe this
(jnlden chance without delay. Send your ad
dress on postal to-day for full particulars.
Address GEU. I)E LAKA, 737 U roadway. New
BEST EVER MADE,
EMORY LIT I I.I. I'Al'ilARni- i'JLLS. No
family -hiHtl.t le w ithoitt them. I "lea-ant to take,
no grqiiag. Druggists :ell them, or by mail for 15
cents u box, in postage stamps. Standard Cure
Co.. Ill Na-v-au-strcet, New York. JySfi
Mention this paper.