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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. C, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1382.
OUR SOLDIERS' COLUMN.
What They Have to Say About Pension
and Military Mailers.
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.
Small-Shot "but Plenty pf it
from the Boys.
A ETKOKG n,EA FOR UNITY OF ACTION.
To the Editor National Tnir.UNE:
In a forinor communication I spoko of pen
sioning all Union soldiers who wcro prisoners
of war and served thrco months or more in
Southern prisons. My reasons for so speaking
are these: No man can find language expres
sive enough to depict the horrors and misery
that had to be endured in those prisons, and
our Congressmen and Senators arc, I think,
wholy uneducated in this matter, except as it
is represented to them. But many comrades
as well as mysolf can testify as to the afflic
tions wo bore in thoso pens, and wo should
speak up, even if it is in a rude and uncouth
As wo have representatives from Southern
prisons in every section of the country we
should try to mako our representatives in Con
gress and in the Senato feel our power in tho
near future. We say "hail to our chioftains;
we will stand by you in peaco as well as in
war, so long as you arc in tho right." Come
out, all you old prisoners, and speak your pieco
this is a speaking meeting where you all
have a right to Speak and let everyone know
what you think upon this subject. I think, as
many of my comrades do, if tho Government
can lavish money upon deceased Presidents'
widows and ex-Presidents, (though I am not
opposed to giving them what they deserve), it
can afford to do justice to tho poor soldier, and
sooner or later it must come ! Let us unite in
our demands for it; let every soldier and sailor,
whether a prisoner or not, speak up, even if ho
will not bo directly benefited ; you are indi
rectly benefited, and, iu order to have a better
hearing, become, if you are not ouo already, a
subscriber to Tub National Tkibune, for in
its columns. you can speak out and wiH bo
heard. And let us mauago to get a copy of
The Tiubuxe in tho hands of each and every
Congressman and Senator in tho United States,
and let them feel tho force of our demands.
Let us make our influence felt in our ballot-in
the near future.
Ifwearoto bo ignored by tho Government
officials surely we are at liberty to ignore such
of them as ignore us, and it becomes our duty
to work for those who work for us, for Uncle
Sam well says, give the Eoldier all that which
belongs to him ; but some of thoso petty repre
sentatives strive to wear tho golden collar and
rule with an iron will. Ex-pri6oners, soldiers,
and sailors, will you submit without a murmur
or will you put your shoulder to the wheel and
try what virtue there is in earnest appeals, and
cause our representatives to givo another ex
pression on this subject. Lot us brand each and
everyone of them who ignores our rights, and
eudeavor to put men in their places who will
heed our requests. Yours, truly,
Er. TATiTAN. '"
the only wondeb.
To the Editor National Tiubuxe:
I have been a subscriber only a very short
time, and Bow tho only wonder with mo is
how any. ox-soldier can do without your paper.
Heading it takes us back in memory to the old
times of seventeen to twenty years ago, and I,
for one, often wish them back. Not that I wish
war, with all its horrors, upon us again, but
only to tho good old jolly times wo had, while
serving Uncle Sam. I am proud of tho position
you take upon the side of the soldier, and
while I believe there are many drawing pen
sions undeservedly, yet I sincerely wish overy
oue of Uncle Sam's boys that deserve help to
have it. I was a soldier for nearly four years,
a member of Capt. Jno. V. Keeper's Battery B,
First West Virginia light artillery, for threo
years, "veteranized," and when old Battery
B's time expired was consolidated with Battery
E of same regiment.
Givo in your paper, if convenient, an ac
count of some of tho West Virginia battles.
The account in your issue of September 9th of
tho battle of Kcrnstown and of the transac
tions of Gen. Banks in tho Shenandoah Valley
was read by mo with a great deal of interest,
as our battery at that time was in Gen. Shields's
division. Wc were with him on his march to
Fredericksburg, and return forced march back
to Front Eoyal to the assistance of Gen. Banks,
ending with tho needless slaughter of two of
his brigades at Port Eepublic.
Spbinkle's Mills, Ohio, Sept. 11.
TIIE CEEA3I OP ALL PUBLICATIONS.
To the Editor National Tiubuxe:
Enclosed you will find $1 for a new sub
scriber. Georgo Ilill is a pensioner and wants
your paper. It is the cream of all publications
for the interest of tho boys. I like it, and will
not do without it as long as I live. If I can't
pay for it, my boys will for me.
I served in tho Third Now York company. I
have a pension claim pending sinco two years
a."o last March. I hope it will come soon, as I
need it. I did not get tho Government bounty.
I enlisted in August, 16G1, and served up to
September 30. I got an honorable dischargo
through injuries incurred on tho lino of march,
eo I will be glad if the equalization of bounties
passes, as it should. Tho cx-soldier has got
one good and true friend, and all tho boys
should appreciate it as I do.
Yours, truly, JOHN BEGAN.
Eakt ILvjiptos, Mass.
To the Editor National Tjubune:
It is to bo hoped that suspicions will not
arise in the misds of any of your many readers
thai there is an effort prevailing among surviv
ing prisoners to see which one can tell tho
" biggest story." To exaggerate the horrors of
Southern prison life is au impossibility; as
validly as pen may bo able to portray tho suf
ferings or language tell the inhuman treatment
endured by Union prisoners of war, no writer
has yet been able to reach beyond the border
of the maelstrom of agony and distress contin
ually prevalent and indelibly impressed upon
Vaq minds of surviving prisouers. Previous to
ging to Andcrsonvillo I was on Belle Island
about five weeks in February and March, led.
For nearly a week our squad of ninety men was
obliged to face the sleet and chilling wind that
caraesweopingdowu Die Jamcs,deprivcd of shel
ter, and only the damp,frozcn ground to lie upon.
Two of us, however, wcro more fortunato than
some of the others, having secured thrco sticks
of cord-wood upon which to lie, which, -with a
blanket, was better lodging than Bella Island
usually furnished. Comrade Wood's experi-
enco with the lieutenant's dog reminds mo of
the " kidnapping" of tho surgeon's little fat ca
nine by one of tho older inhabitants, which was
not discovered until tho little fellow was about
half catcu, Tho penalty was to cat what re- j
maincd of the dog raw or endure severe punish
ment. It is hardly necessary to sny that he
ate tho dog and made a cap of tho skin that
he woro many months afterwards in Auder
Eonvillc. Bello Island had more filth and " grcybacks "
to tho square inch than any other three-acro
spot on earth. A " llcb." ouco said tho "grey
backs" came with tho " Yanks," but his theory
was outdone by a practical Yankee, who claimed
to have discovered the cotton-spun initials, " C.
S. A.," on the back of tho largest.
The boys out here are happy with their
champion, "The National Tiubune," and
you may expect a largo list from this quarter.
Truly, yours, J. M. Emeky.
Le Maks, Iowa.
Onr Sharpshooters ricking Off tho Kncmy at L0115
"The National Tiubune is giving uni
versal satisfaction among old soldiers here."
A. T. Pintlcr. "Comrades, send for The
Rational Tiubune,. and sustain, tho paper
which is pouring shot into tho camp of tho
enemy." D. S. Hinman. 'Your paper is
tho bravest and most outspoken advocate that
the 6oldicr has, aud you can rest assured that
tho 'boys' in tho North Star State will back
you up as long as there is a button on their
coats." M. M. Luce. "Keep on in your
good work, aud we will win." Geo. F. Walter.
"I have been reading my neighbor's paper
until I could get a sparo dollar, and I don't
think I could mako a better investment."
Samuel Graham. -"Enclosed plcaso find post
ofEco order for $5. I was a subscriber to tho
Union Veteran, but am so well pleased with your
paper that I renew my subscription." Ira
Swart. "It entirely fills tho bill. It is the
best paper I ever saw. Consider mo a life sub-
rcribcr." G. T, Michaels. "Enclosed pi ease
find money-ordor for $10. I am doing all 1 can
to increase tho circulation of TriE National
Tkibune. I think it a most excellent paper."
Calvin 0. Diffenbaokor. "Keep on in the
good work, and if $1 don't pay you for publish
ing The National Tiubune you would not
lose a single subscriber by charging $1.50. For
my part, I can't do without it." W. IT. Wool.
"I enclose $G. Every soldier ought to have
your excellent paper." Ivnowlton Ferguson.
The National Tkibune voices our sen
timents. We will help you aud by so doing
help ourselves. Wo shall organize a G. A. B
Post this winter." Erastus Smith. " Now,
boys, lot us all subscribe for that friend of ours,
The National Tkibune, and keep posted as
to what Congress is doing for tho 'boys who
woro tho blue I am going to try my hand at
getting up a club." Chas. M. Peterson.
"The Tkibune grows moro interesting with
every number. Wo are talking of forming a
GraudArmy Post."L. B.Moon. "I consider
Tiie Tkibune second to no weekly paper pub
lished. I take two other weekly papers, but
neither of them can comparo with it. This
being tho case, I will do what I can to increase
its circulation." Geo. T. Byland. "I wish
TnE Tkibune was printed on parchment, so
that it would not wear out so soon." Geo. W.
Buck. "I would like to shako 'Freo Lance'
by tho hand, for his suffering and mine make
me feel near to him." ,T. W. Gcpner. "You
may put mo on your list for a lifo subscriber.
I would not be without The National Tkib
une let tho cost bo what it may." J. A. Bich
ardson." "Your postal notifying mo that my
subscription to tho best of all papers has ex
pired is at hand. Thanks. Hero is my $1.
Keep sending it. I would not miss its weekly
visits for fivo times its costs" 4Ccorgo'A.
Walker. "I like The Tkibune fully as well'
as the Union Veteran. It is a largor paper, wo
get it moro frequently, aud tho news it pub
lishes is very interesting." W. A. Ogden.
"I have taken The Tribune for ono year, and
find it the best soldiers' paper I have over
taken." W. W. "TnE Tkibune is very
much liked here. I think I can send you somo
moro subscribers." N..K. P. Dunning. "I
send you $12 for twelvo new subscribers."
Isaac Shakely. "I would not givo The
Tkibune for all tho papers printed in the
State of Wisconsin. I will send you a few
moro solid shot soon. Continue to shoot at
Senator Beck and tho New York Sun with your
big gun." William Jaques. "Do not by any
means stop my paper not even next year for
I want it as long as I am able to pay for it.
Every ex-soldier should have it in his house."
E. E.Trim. "I admire tho change from tho
Veteran to The Tkibune, and will scud you
some moro subscribers soon.' Alex. B. Camp
bell. "I enclose ono year's subscription;
when that expires lot mo know and I will for
ward another year's subscription if I have to
sell my shirt to get tho money." Willis P.
Cobbs. "It is just such a paper as I have
wished for. I shall call the attention of my
comrades in this vicinity to its character and
merits." Oscar Shoppard. " It does mo good
to read of the battles I onco helped to fight."
W. Tcrwilligcr. "I want your paper. I
think it the soldiers' paper in every senso of tho
word." P. II. Smith.- "Among all tho other
periodicals we subscribe for tho 'boys' gener
ally go for The Tkibune first, and cry if they
don't get it." W. J. McNeir, Win. B. Hatch
Post, No. 37, Camden, N. J. "I could not
keep houso without it. It keeps mo posted in
everything that affects tho soldier." A. J.
Stone. "I hope tho time will como when
every comrade will look well to his own inter
est and subscribo fbr The National Tkib
une." Benjamin F. Kelly.-: "Let our battlo
cry bo 'forward,' and keep up tho firo all along
tho lino until we gain the victory." J. A. Leon
ard. "I think Comrado La Bauino could not
have put the subscription list of the Union Vet
eran in better hands than yours." Moses
Dimon. "I was ono of tho subscribers of
tho Union Veteran. I liked that paper very
much, but like TnE National Tribune full
as well." L. II. Smith. " I feel that yon aro
doing a glorious work. May you always be
found at tho post of duty." A. Needs. " I
intend to do all in my power to placo The
Tribune iu tho hands of every ex-soldier in
the country. I love it above all other papers."
Georgo W. Parrott. "I send you two moro
subscribers. As a matter of course, I feel in
terested in a paper like The National Trib-
UNE." James Wolls.-
This is the first shot
from my skirmish line, and you will hear moro
when tho ' boys' get their guns loaded." P. S.
Potter. "I have watched with much inter
est your advocacy of tho soldiers' rights during
tho last session of Congress, and I will do all I
can to get you subscribers." J. It. Hall.
"In 'C2 tho boys in Blue woro all right with
some people who would like to ignore their
claims now. I am glad to have a paper that
advocates the soldiers' rights." J. F. Jackson.
"I have been a reader of The Tribune
sinco April, and liko it very much." ltobert
Hewitt. "The moro I read The Tribune
the better I liko it." A. G. Miller. "En
closed pleaso find two dollars for tho best sol
diers' paper under tho sun." F. P. Shepherd.
"I havo been reading The Tribune for
almost a year, and I think it is tho best sol
diers' paper printed." W. Camp. " It is tho
best thing of the kind I ever saw. It ought to
be in tho hands of every old veteran." C. H.
Schermerhom. "I was an old Union Veteran
subscriber, but am well pleased with The Trib
une." N. B. Noycs. "It is tho best paper
printed." W. O. Gregory.
Somo men, otherwise steady -headed, can
novcr keep their balance in a bank. JJoslon
The Old Baltic-Field as It Looks
ROCK OF CHICKAMAUGA.
The House "Where Rosecraus
Made His Headquarters. ,
George Morgan in Philadelphia Times.
With Lookout Mountain, -dark and cloud
capped, on his right, and tho long, low lino of
Missionary Itidgo on his left, the visitor finds
the road of scvon miles from Chattanooga hither
bordered with most pleasing objects. I was
surprised when Tom whipped his horse from
the Kossvillo piko into a by-way, remarking as
he snapped his lash among tho bushes: "Hcah
we am, an' wo como a-kitin' ; put nigh cz fas'
ez I kited away from heah 'bout twenty yeah
in the blackjack woods. .
Wc were riding through fiat woods, tho larger
trees of which had been much cut up on the 19th
of September, tho first day of tho battlo. Hero
had occurred a series of brilliant charges and
counter-charges, nono of any account excopt
that in thorn hundreds were slain. Most of tho
trees aro blackjacks, which, though So hard
that lightning itself scarcely can crack tho
wood, bear countless scars and axe-marks. Tho
scars wcro raado by bullets Yankee lead on
one side and rebel lead On tho opposite bark.
Tho axe-marks were caused by Chattanooga
darkies, who from tho blackjacks and among
the leaves picked thousands of pounds of val
uable metal. Tom hitched his hor6o to a sap
ling in silence. Then ho lod tho way between
trees until he came to an oak as big around as
the body of Senator David Davis. In tho bark,
about fivo feet from tho roots, was a wound
such as might have been mado by the gee
sawing of a limb Swayed in the storm's fitful
desolation at the field's centre.
A trot of ten minutes took us out of the flat
woods aud along a level road with trees border
ing to the Widow Glenn's place, which is tho
centre of the battle-field. Here Rosecrans had
his headquarters, and hero, on tho 20th of Sep
tember, tho great day of tho great battle, some
heavy fighting was done. Tho houso stood on
the crest of a hill, ashigh as any round about,
and with his glass Bosecrans could seo along
both of his wings. As he looked to tho cast ho
could catch a glimpse of the yellow Chicka
mauga winding between low banks. Moro
than two miles in front of him was Bragg's
lino of 70,000 men, thero being among them
Longstrcet and his fresh legion from Virginia.,
As at Murfrccsboro McCook was on tho right,
and as at Murfreesboro McCook was driven in
utter rout. Tho wholo right wing was swept
from the field.
THE ROCK OF CHICKAMAUGA.
When half tho grand army was in route, the
other half drew itself around tho "Rock of
Chicamauga " and withstood as wild a storm
as ever split to shreds tho sails of a ship of
state. With Rosecrans gono Thomas' took1'
foothold on tho ominonco known in books
ns"IIorscshoo Ridge," just beyond tho Dyer
houso and a littlo out of eyo-shot of tho '
I would liko to picture this hill in all its
outlines if I wcro able would liko to mako at
this point a sort of red-letter-mark for long
after readers and writer' aro dead and gono
the hill will bo a placo of pilgrimage, a Mecca
for lovers of tho brave. Now it carries its
wild covering of ages, but tho generations yet
to spring will clear it and crown it while
cannons thunder. From its crest will bo lifted
a pillar of stone, and thereon will stand tho
imago of tho hero.
On his front pressed tho enemy, on his left
thousands stormed, and, liko tho incoming of
mighty waves, lino after lino rolled against
his right. But thero Thomas stood, almost
surrounded, yet with no thought of surrender,
calm in tho midst of tho thrust, tho parry,
tho hoarse call of man to man, tho rattle of
many muskets, tho roar from hugo logs of
iron too hot to touch, sraoko that screened
and reddened tho September sun firm in tho
whirlpool of battlo.
SIGHTS ON THE FAMOUS HILL.
Rhetoric is rhetoric and fact is fact, and so
I hasten to tell tho reader that this hill with a
history is known locally as Snodgrass hill. As
tho worshipful knight in armor of gold walks
in tho samo footpath as tho clown witli cap
aud bells, so tho words "Snodgrass" and "tho
Rock of Chickamauga" walk tho same chalk
lino of fame. Guided by Mr. Dyer I climbed
tho slope on tho east to tho spot where General
Thomas stood in tho thick of tho battlo. Tho
wholo surface of tho hill is well salted aud
peppered with bits of flint. Growing out of
tho gravel aro trees of several kinds black
jack, black oak, hickory, pino and sassafras
and tho dovil's shoe-string, with tho roots of
which ono could securely bind a Samson, is
found hero and thero among tho vines. Most
of tho old trees arc scarred and chipped. Tho
Union defenders of tho hill fired down tho
slope, and whilo their bullets remain on ono
sido of a tree tho bullets of tho enemy may
bo dug from tho other. Hundreds of scooped
out places, like such as aro mado by wallowing
swine, are found on tho slopes by tho scoro.
All such sinks onco contained dead men, but
tho bones havo been shoveled out to fill tho
cemeteries. In somo places wo camo across
burial trenches that looked as though thoy
must havo contained wholo companies, so
long, deep and wido do thoy yawn even in
these days of peaco when tho partridge flutes
among them aud tho whip-poor-will whistles
above. Threo or four littlo -gravo mounds,
whereof tho reddish soil seemed nowly turned,
wcro objects of surprise to mo until Mr. Dyer
coming up explained that here on tho top of
tho hill was tho unfonced burying ground of
the Snodgrass family. Thcso aro not tho only
undisturbed graves, for on ono of tho spurs of
tho Ilorseshoo is a pit containing tho bodies of
a dozen Union soldiers, and in tho timber just
at tho foot of tho western slopo thirteen con
federate soldiers of tho Fifth Kentucky lie in
It Sometimes Worlia tho Other Way.
From the Detroit Free Press.
The occupant of an oflico on Congress street
west fixed matters ono day this week in such
shape that any caller had to run tho gauntlet
of a boy in tho ante-room, and as ho retired
into his den beyond he said to the youth :
"Now, young man, look me in tho oyo."
"And remember what I say."
"If any person calls and asks if I am in, you
must say you don't know. You will then ask
thoir business. If they say it is a financial
matter, you must come in hero, stop a minute,
aud return and say that I am out of town to
tako baths for my rheumatism."
It was hardly au hour beforo a stranger
camo up, and when asked his business ho re
"Well, I called on a little errand involving
That was the cuo for tho boy. Ho retreated
to tho back room, winked at his employer,
and returned to the ante-room aud reported :
"Ho has just left for the country on a vaca
tion." "Then I'll leave a note," said tho man, and
ho sat down and wroto a few linc3 and took
his departure. When ho had been gono ten
minutes tho employer camo out to read it. It
"Called to pay you that $90, but you were
out. Am off for Tennessee. Seo you when I
return in January. Tra-la ! "
It was the work of only ten seconds to fling
on his hat and reach the street ; but it was too
late. An hour's hard work, including a walk
I to ono of the depots, failed to turn up the man
who had money to leave instead of a bill to
collect. Tho boy over thero was looking very
much cast down yesterday. One would have
said that somebody had been swearing at him.
FOR SUNDAY AFTERNOON.
Something About lVhut is Goins on in tho Religious
Thero aro G10 Chinamen attending the Chi-
'neso Sunday schools in New York.
Tho American Missionary Society needs but
$25,000 to Close the year without loss.
A Nortn Carolina clergyman, who has been
receiving $3 per week, has struck for $!.
Dr. Robert Moffat, tho African missionary,
is still in good health, though in his eighty
"Fighting Parson" Moody, of Ohio, has
asked to bo placed on tho superannuated list
of tho M. E. Church.
Supplying lithograph sermons to lazy clergy
men of the Established Church has becomo a
regular business in England.
Evangelist Barnes has concluded his four
weeks' revival in Indianapolis. Tkerowero
983 applicants for Divino aid.
Tho Lutheran Ohscrvcr wants Thanksgiving
Day sot back to somo day in October, in order
to mako it a real celebration of harvest homo.
Tho Rev. Dr. Rhodes, of St. Louis, says tho
prevalence of suicides is due to infidelity and
pessimism, and tho remedy is faith in this lifo
and the lifo to come.
Tho General Unitarian Conference began
Monday its biennial session at Saratoga. Gov.
John D. Long, of .Massachusetts, presided. F.
Rockwood Hoar, Dorman B. Eaton, and other
distinguished layman have arrived, as well as
the principal clergymen of the denomination,
among thorn Edward Everett Hale, James
Freeman Clark, Charles G. Ames, Samuel R.
Cnlthorp, Georgo L. Chanoy, and Rush R. Ship-
Tho German Reformed Board of Missions of
tho Synod of the United States opened its an
nual session at Harrisburg, Pa., Monday. It
has under its chargo missions in Now York,
Pennsylvania, Delaware, Virginia, North Car
ol.na, Iowa, Nebraska, Kansas, California, Ore
gon, and Washington Territory. Tho estab
lishment of a mission church at Roanoke, Vir
ginia, was agreed to. A proposition to iucreaso
thb superintendent's pay was voted down.
Did you over hear of a church invalids'
room ? In every congregation there are a few
chronic invalids who would gladly attend
warship for at least a portion of tho service.
For such is prepared in at least ono church
ttot wekjiow of, on ono sido of tho recess in
which stands tho pulpit, a room, with a win
dew (invisiblo to most of tho audienco) which
loi's (fir"ectly down on- tho preacher's desk.
Ttis apartment is divided by a thick wall
frcm the main audience-room, and entered by
a privato door. In it aro tables, chairs,
loimgcs, and other conveniences. Tho in
mates may sit or stand or lio or walk, cough
when disposed, and leave tho houso at their
plttisuro without disturbing tho congregation.
Anil to any building committee with a now
clujrch to erect let us say, Go and do yo like
wise. Tho Rev. Dr. Pusoy, who died in England on
tho loth iust., was a strange ecclesiastical
figure half Protestant, half monk. To tho
prcicnt generation of Englishmen, Dr. Pusoy
was chiefly known as an Oxford recluse, living
among his books and palimpsests, spcuding
weeks in interpreting a line of St. Augustin.
writing an occasional letter to tho papera to
defend an imprisoned ritualist or a disputed
reading in tho Nicene Creed. To tho past
generation ho was a powor, for ho tried to
teach it a new doctrino, to form it into a now
sect. His success was incousidcrable. Tho
Church of England regarded him as tho Princo
of Darkness; tho Church of Rome placed his
tractato on tho " Index Expurgatorius."
Preaching all that Newman preached, j-et re
fusing to follow whithor Newman led, his per
sonal fervor could not atouo for his doctrinal
inconsistency, and his following fell into dis
credit. Ho was bold responsible for tho ex
travagances of Mr. Mackonochic and tho rit
ualists, and the meaning of his ovangel was
Talmago is described as follows by tho
Boston Herald correspondent: "His mouth,
liko his church, is moro commodious than that
of any other American clergyman. Other
wise ho is a common-lookiug man. His hair
is straight, and reaches .to his coat collar be
hind, but not nearly to his forehead in front.
When ho smiles you know it, but you do not
seo tho idiotic grin of a cl own. Ho stops high
in walking to and fro on tho platform, but
does not jump up and crack his heels together.
Ho uses his arms freely in gesticulation, but
they novcr look like moro than two. Ho is
not a jumping jack at least ho was not on
this occasion. Perhaps thero was nothing in
tho sermon exciting enough to pull tho string."
Tho samo writer credits Talmago with memo
rizing his sermons so perfectly that, without
copy or notes, his delivery is almost, sentence
for sentence, identical with- tho manuscript
which ho has studied. "When it is consid
ered," ho says, " that tho longest rolo in a play
soldom equals a sermon in length, and that
tho actor is aided by tho breaking up of his
lines into dialogue, by tho dramatic situations
in which ho it placed, and by tho prompter,
whenevor, if his recollection fails, then
Talniago's two feats of memory overy Sunday
mey bo fully comprehended."
"Tho Artist's Touch."
lhj Mrs. Jllakc
Under tho artist's flying hnnd
Tho white keys rise, tlic white keys full;
Now sudden sweet, now trumpet loud,
Above tho heads in silence bowed,
Tho brave chords till tho listening hall.
But if tho " touch be low nnd soft,"
Or if he strike with llamc and lire,
Through nil the changes deftly rung
The soul of music finds a tongue
To lift its message high nnd higher.
For major chord and minor noto
Not of themselves the tones prolong ;
JluUis the rent and broken seals
Through which tho master's soul reveals
His radiant thought embalmed in song.
Dear Lord I Thine instruments are wo ;
Under Thy hands we wnitnlone !
And if Thy touch bring loss or gain,
' And if it lead through joy or pain
With still, small voice or trumpet tono
Wc may not caro to ask or know,
Nor heed if glad or sad it bo.
If in tho end Thy thought may roll
Through overy chord of heart and soul
And bear its harmony to Thee.
The History of a Bloody Day. in the
Annals of the War.
A DESPERATE CHARGE.
How Gen. Stonewall Jackson
Received His Deatli TVoiind.
Continued from last week.
And now, with the right of our line all
gone, with a yawning gap where Sickles's
corps ami "Williams's division had previ
ously been posted, with Lee thundering
against our centre and left, and Jackson
taking all our defences in reverse, his first
line being close on Chancellorsville itself, it
seemed as if the total rout of the army was
Just before this attack Hooker had de
cided to interpose more force between the
wings of the rebel army, in order to perma
nently dissever Jackson from the main body.
If Sickles had been allowed to attack the
left flank of the enemy opposite the Fur
nace, as he requested .permission to do earlier
iu the afternoon, this co-operative movement
could hardly havo failed to produce great
results ; afterward it was too late to attempt
it. As already stated, "Williams's division
struck Anderson in front on Birney's left,
and Geary attacked McLaws's across the
Plank Road to the right of Hancock. Geary
found the enemy strongly posted, and, a3 he
made no progress, returned to his works.
When the rout of the Eleventh Corps took
place, Williams also hastened back, but was
fired on by Jackson's troops, who now occu
pied the intrenchmonts he had left. Sickles
thinks if this had not occurred, several regi
ments of the enemy would have been cut off
from the main body.
The constantly increasing uproar, and the
wild rush of fugitives past the Chancellors
ville House, told Hooker what had occurred,
and roused him to' convulsive life. His staff
charged on tho ilying crowd, but failed to
stop them, and it became necessary to form
a line of fresh troops speedily, for Jackson in
his onward march was sweeping everything
before him. It was not easy to find an ade
quate force for this emergency, for the whole
line was now actively engaged, Slocum being
attacked on the south, and Couch and Meade
on the east. Fortunately, Berry's division
was held in reserve, and was available. They
were true and tried men, and went forward
at once to the rescue. Berry was directed to
form across the Plank Eoad, drive the rebels
backhand retake the lost intrenchments ; an
order easy to give, but very difficult to exe
cute. In fact, the most he could do under
tho circumstances, was to form his line in
the-! valley opposite-Fairview, and hold his
position there, the- enemy already having
possession of the higher ground beyond.
Before Berry went out Warren had already
stopped several of the Eleventh Corp3 batter
ies, and had formed them across the Plank
Eoad behind the position the infantry as
sumed. The fire of these guns was very
destructive and was the principal agent in
checking the enemy. As soon as they formed
in line, "Warren gave orders to Colonel Brest,
chief of artillery to the Twelfth Corps, to
post more batteries on the eminence called
Fairview, to the rear and left of the others.
Few people appreciate the steadiness and
courage required, when all around is flight
and confusion, for a force to make its way
through crowds of fugitives, advance stead
ily to the post of danger in front, aud meet
the exulting enemy, while others arc seeking
safety iu the rear. Such men are heroes, and
far more worthy of honor than thoso who
light in the full blaze of successful warfare.
The thickets being unfavorable to cavalry,
Sickles had sent Pleasonton back to Hazel
Grove with two mounted regiments, the
Eighth Stew York, the Seventeenth Penn
sylvania, and Martin's battery, while the
Sixth New York was scouting tho woods
dismounted. Upon reaching the open space
which ho had left when he went to the front,
Pleasonton found the place full of tho debris
of the combat. men, horses, caissons, ambu
lances, all rushing furiously to the rear. To
clear the way he charged on the flying mass,
at Sickles's suggestion, who had ridden in
advance of his troops which were still be
hind at tho Furnace. Sickles directed Pleas
onton to tako command of the artillery, and
the latter hastily collected twenty-two guns,
consisting of his own and the Third Corps
batteries. Unfortunately thore was no time
to load or aim, for tho rebels were close at
hand, nnd their triumphant yells were heard
as the3r took possession of the works Busch
beck had so gallantly defended. In another
moment our troops would havo been com
pelled to givo up this advantageous position,
which was on an eminence, overlooking
Chancellorsville and tho Plank Eoad, and
which was really the key of tho battle-field.
A DESrEKATE ATTEIIN'ATIVK.
There was but one Avay to delay Jackson.
Somo force must bo sacrificed, nnd Pleas
onton ordered Major Poter Keennn, com
manding the Eighth Pennsylvania cavalry,
to chargo tho ten thousand men in front
with his four hundred. Keenan knew if ho
threw his littlo force into that seething mass
of infantry, horses nnd men would go down
on all sides, and thero would be few left to
tell tho tale. A sad smile lit up his noble
countenance, as he said, " General, I will do
it." At thirty-four years of ago, literally
impaled on tho bayonets of the enemy, he
laid down his life and saved tho army from
caiture and his country from tho unutter
able degradation of the establishment of
slavery in tho northern States. History will
record tho service rendered on that occasion
as worthy to be classed with the sacrifices of
Arnold Winckelried in Switzerland and the
Chevalier d'Assas in France.
A largo part of his command were lost,
but the short interval thus gained was of
priceless value. Pleasonton was enabled to
clear a space in front of him and to bring
twenty-two guns loaded with double canis
ter to benr upon tho enemy. They camo
bursting over the parapet they had just
taken with loud and continuous yells, and
formed in lino of battle within three hundred
yards of Pleasonton, displaying a United
States flag to deceive him. He soon -detected
the imposture, and fired into their
masses with all his guns at once. Tho dis
charge seemed fairly to blow them back over
the works from which they had just emerged.
Their artillery under Colonel Crutchfield,
which had been brought up to sweep tho
Plank Eoad, was almost annihilated by the
fire of the battery on the Plank Eoad. This
gave time to reload the guns.
A DETERMINED STRUGGLE.
The enemy rallied and opened a furious
musketry fire from the woods against Pleas
onton and Berry. Both stood firm, and
then came two charges in succession which
reached almost to the muzzles of Pleason
ton's guns, which were only supported by
two small regiments of cavalry, the Sixth
New York, and a new and untried regiment,
the Seventeenth Pennsylvania. The whole
did not amount to over 1,000 men. The Ono
Hundred and Tenth Pennsylvania regiment,
of Whipple's division, arrived in time to
strengthen the cavalry support, and many
of the Eleventh Corps men fell into lino
also. The last charge of the enemy was
baffled by the opportune arrival of Birney's
and Whipple's divisions and Barlow's brig
ade, which formed in columns of brigades
behind Pleasonton. They had been ordered
back at the first report of the disaster.
By this time, too, (about 9 p. in.,) Hayes's
brigade of French's corps had been posted
on the right, in rear and oblique to Berry's
second line. The latter had greatly strength
ened his position with log breastworks, etc.
Captain Best, of the Fourth United State3
artillery, in the meantime, had exerted him
self to collect forty or fifty guns belonging
to tho Twelfth, Third, and gome he had
stopped from the Eleventh Corps, and had
arranged them at Fairview, to fire over the
heads of Berry's troops into the thicket
where the enemy were posted and along the
JACKSON'S DEATH WOUND.
Hooker was so disheartened at the unex
pected success of the enemy, that when the
first shock came he sent word to Sickles to
save his command if he could, and at one
time there is littlo doubt that he thought of
retreating and leaving the Third Corps to its
fate. For when the enemy charged there
was an awful gap in our lines - Birney's,
Whipple's, and Williams's divisions, and
Barlow's brigade were all absent. Fortu
nately Jackson was unable to press his ad
vantage; for the ardor of the charge, the
darkness, the thickets and the abattis in .
which his forces became entangled, caused
Ehodes's and Colston's divisions to be all
intermingled, creating such disorder and
confusion that military organization was
suspended, and orders could neither be com
municated nor obeyed. Jackson, therefore,
halted his men in the edge of the woods,
about a mile and a half from ChanceUors
ville, posted two brigades on the two roads'
that came in from the south, and sent for
Hill's division, which was in rear and which
had not been engaged, to take the front,
whilo the .other two divisions fell back to
the open space at Dowdall's tavern, to re
form their lines. Pending this movement,
he rode out on the Plank Eoad with part of
his staff and a few orderlies to reconnoitre,
cautioning his pickets not to fire at him on
his return. "When he came back new men
had been posted, and his approach was mis
taken for the advance of Pleasonton's cav
alry. His own troops fired into him with
fatal'effect. Nearly all his escort were killed
or wounded, and he received three balls
which shattered both arms. His horse ran
toward the Union lines, and, althongh he
succeeded in turning him back, he was
dashed against the trees and nearly un
horsed. He reached the confederate lines
about the time our artillery again opened
up the Plank Eoad with a fire which swept
everthing from its front. Several of his at
tendants were killed and others wounded.
"you must hold your ground."
The rebels found the utmost difficulty in
keeping their men in line under this tre
mendous fire. Sentries had to be posted,
and great precautions taken to prevent tho
troops from giving Avay. General Pender
recognized Jackson as he was carried past
and complained of the demoralizing effect of
this cannonade, but Jackson replied sharply
and sternly, "You must hold your ground,
General Pender." He was removed to tho
Wilderness Tavern, and as General Lee wa3
in somo fear that Averell's cavalry, then at
Elley's Ford, might make a dash and cap
ture him, he was sent on to Guiney's Station,
on tho Fredericksburg and Eichmond Bail
road, where he died on the 10th of May.
WThether tho rebels killed him, or whether
some of his wounds came from our own
troops, the First Massachusetts or Seventy
third New York, who were firing heavily in
that direction, is a matter of some doubt.
While leaning over him and expressing his
sympathy, A. P. Hill was also wounded by
the fire from a section of Dimick's battery,
posted in advance in the Plank Eoad, and
the command of his corps was assigned, at
his request, to the cavalry general, J. E. B.
"When our artillery fire ceased Hill's
troops took position in front of the others.
To be continued.
When tho Frost Ls on the Pumpkin.
lly Bcnj. F. Johnson.
When the frost is on the punkin and tho fodder's
in the shock,
And you hear the kyouck and gobble of the strut
tin' turkey cock,
And the clackin' of the guineys and tho cluckin' of
And the rooster's hallylooyer as he tiptoes on tho
O it's then's tho times a feller is a feelin' at Ins
With the risln' sun to greet him' from a night of
As he leaves the house bare-headed, nnd goes out
to feed tho stock,
When the frost is on tho punkin nnd the fodder's
in the shock.
Thcy's somepln' kind o' hearty, like, about tho
When the heat of summer's over and tho cooliu'
full is hero
Of course we miss the llowers nnd tho blossoms on
And the mumblo of the hummiu' birds and
buzzin' of the bees ;
But the uir's so nppetizin', and tho landscape
through the haze
Of a crisp and sunny morning of the early autumn
Is a picture that no painter has the colorin' to
When tho frost is on the punkin nnd the fodder's
in the shock.
Tho husky, rusty rustle of tho tossols of tho
And the raspin of tho tangled leaves, as golden as
Tho stubble in tho furrics, kindo' lonesome like,
A-preachin' sermons to us of the barns theygrowed
Tho strawstack in tho meddor and tho reaper in
the shed ;
The bosses in their stalls below, the clover over
O it sets my heart a-clickin' like tho tickin of n
When the frost is on tho punkin aud tho fodder's
in the shock I