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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1882.
OUR SOLDIERS' COLUMN.
A Ringing Appeal from a Veteran
to His Comrades.
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.
Our Subscribers Hold a Little
Camp-fire of Their Own,
To the Editor National Tribune:
Enclosed find $1 for four new subscribers to
your most valuable paper. If I am not mis
taken, this makes twenty-one- subscribers I
have sent you, and I havo but one regret, and
that is this: that it is not one hundred and
twenty-one, but I havo opened a recruiting
office, and, as I havo set my stakes for fifty
recruits, I will have them if we have to resort
to a draft; and, if it comes to that, wo will
double the call to mako suro of tho number of
substantial men. It is the strangest and most
unaccountable tiling that old soldiers and com
rades will stand in their own light and close
their eyes and refuse to sec where their inter
est is. Now, it is an open and very apparent
fact that Tun National Tribune, with its
fearless and very able editor backed up with
three or four hundred thousand subscribers, is
a power behind tho Congress of this United
States that must cause them to pause in their
wild career and inquire from whence cometh
these warnings of vengeance, ami, unliko thoso
of old, they would need no interpreter to re
veal the facts that threo hundred thousand of
tho Nation's defenders had spoken. " What ! "
you say, " threo hundred thousand subscribers
to The National Tribune?" Of course I
say so, and out loud, too. Wo havo ono mil
lion and a half of soldiers in this country, and
Ave all havo rights, and aro more or less inter
ested in tho affairs of tho country and Nation
we helped to save that wo may enjoy the
fruits of our labor. And where is there a paper
that has so openly and fearlessly advocated tho
demands of justice that havo been made by
theso million and a half of soldiers as tho
Editor of the Tribune? And now I give
this titlo to Tun National Tribune:
" Tho soldier's champion and friend." Boys of
tho army of tho rebellion and comrades of tho
G. A. E., rally to the support of your champion,
and don't delay, hut send in your subscriptions,
and by so doing you will manifest your appre
ciation of his efforts in a wise and substantial
manner, and I don't hesitate to say that I be
lieve tho future will reveal tho wisdom of your
acts and choice, for tho record of The National
Tribune as an organ of power for the sol
diers speaks for itself in the favorable re
sults that have been reached through Congress,
appropriating ono hundred million dollars to
pay pensioners, and many other bills of justice
which have been championed by The Nation
The last time I sent to you, my Post num
bered sixty -nine and wo number to-day
seventy-three and still they come, and they
are all true blue, and I shall use every effort to
secure their subscription to The Teibune.
Tho time has come when tho people of this
great Nation must arise and shako off this leth
ergy into which they have fallen and assert their
rights as a people and stamp out those political
shysters that havo no motive hut that of a per
sonal nature. The wishes of tho masses aro
ignored by the frauds, and corruption of money
used for tho purpose of nominating and elect
ing men to this Congress of the United States
as well as tho Legislatures of tho States, from
tho highest to the lowest office in the gift of
the people. Money has been and is used to an
alarming extent, corrupting tho purity of our
politics. Wo havo had a sample of it in my
own congressional district, and by the Eternal
Towers that exist they shall hear from it in tho
Comrades, let us stand by those that stand
by us, and before the 1st of January, 18S3, let
The National Tribune triumph in tho fact
that it is supported by one hundred thousand
of tho truo and loyal sons of liberty. Don't
you back down one inch, for it is but a ques
tion of time (and a short time, too) when you
will be hacked by an army that will give you
power and prestige, and that will stand by you
through thick and thin ; for you aro worthy
of the support and beet efforts of every soldier
in the country!
Now, in conclusion, comrades of the G. A. E.,
our four years of war brought us to appreciate
a friend, and wo would divide our last cent or
our last crust, or hard-tack; and we havo not
forgotten yet how to manifest our approval or
disapproval of a friend or an enemy.
Every ono of the soldiers are loud in their
praises of The Tribune. They say: "What a
grand paper; it is a power for tho soldier!"
That is so. Now, just you send tho small sum
of one dollar, and then your saying will bo
effective, and you can realize that you havo
complied with tho small request made by the
You will hear from me again soon, for I shall
never let up until I have received a subscrip
tion or a decided "No" from every member of
May you prosper far beyond your highest
hopes, is the wish of
F. M. J.
Fair Haven, N. Y.
SOME PERTINENT QUESTIONS.
To the Editor National Tribune:
Realizing that your paper Is read by thou
sands of ex-soldiers, and perhaps as many
civilians, I would like to put a few questions
for them to ponder over. Is it possible that
the deeds of sacrifice, Buffering, bloodshed and
heroiim have been forgotten by our Govern
ment? Is it not a shame that tho high-minded
boys who wore tho blue, twenty years after
the war, have to stand up and clamor for
justice at the hands of tho Government? Is
it not the duty of all who enjoy the privileges
of a Government saved to them by tho old sol
diers to see that this justice should not be
delayed? Wishing The National Tribune
all the success possible, 1 am,
Truly yours, J. B. Dry.
remembers little red cap.
To the Editor National Tribune:
Enclosed find $1 for the Tribune. My paper
failed to como this week, and I took tho hint
that my time wjis out. I cannot do without it.
I am greatly interested in Little Ecd Cap, as I
remember him well at Andersouvillo; also in
Free Lance's Recount, for I was with him in all
that ho has been writing about, and remember
well our trip from BJackshiro to Florence I
was back to Andersonvillc in March la.it, and
was all over the old prison pen. The old stockade
has all tumbled down, except three logs on tho
east side. The logs have been split into mils
and tho ground is fenced in. The north and
Eouth ends of tho ground aro cultivated. The
wheat was about kneo high when 1 was there
the 22d of March, 18S2. The old Providential
spring being all grown up with briars, I hired
a colored man to clean it out and wall it up
with brick. Tho wells that were dug on tho
north side are as round and perfect as the day
they were dug ; also tho nitches in their sides
for tho purpose of climbing up and down. Tho
cemetery is beautifully kept under tho able
management of Superintendent James K.
Dunbar, formerly of the Eighth Pennsylvania
volunteers. It is twenty-five acres in extent,
and has a nice brick wall about seven feet
high around it. I secured enough of the
old stockade to frame one of Comrade Felix
Lo Bautne's pictures of Andersonvillc stockade
and Hospital, and perhaps tho last relic of
the old dead line a piece of one of the stakes
that supported tho dead-lino in tho swamp on
the east side. Continuo your good work and I
believe some day we will havo what belongs to
us. Yours, with best wishes,
H. S. Beaman,
Late Co. I, 8th Iowa Cav.
rr excels them all.
To the Editor National Tribune :
I have examined soveral papers intended for
the interest of tho soldier, and I must say that
the Tribune excels them all, and I will do what
I can to influence others to toko it. I heartily
indorse tho sentiments expressed in your cir
cular. I believe if tho United States Treasury
is Tieh enough to pay out $18,000,000 for tho
Elver and JIarbor bill, it certainly is rich
enough to pay $7,000,000, or even $10,000,000,
to the disabled soldiers who took their lives in
their hands and saved the Union. I lost my
right hand in the service, and I feel that
money cannot mako it good. 1 am interested
in tho $40 bill, and hopo every eflbrt may bo
put forth to make it a law. It becomes every
comrado to cast his ballot for men in sympathy
with the soldier. Yours, respectfully,
E. B. Lovering,
Co. G, 27th Mass. Vols.
THE CHEERFUL DOLLAR.
To tho Editor National Tribune:
The aggresBivo spirit of tho party press to
ward tho ox-soldiers ought to drive us in 6olid
lino to meet it. The Tribune, in its bold,
strong editorials in our behalf, its bright and
vivid pictures of tho marches and battled that
are part of our own lives, in the high order of
its agricultural information, and its pleasing
homo features ought to bring out the cheerful
dollar from everyouo of us, however dull, sick,
dead, or "fragmentary" ho may be. Hero is
niino I wish it was as big as a cart wheel.
D. P. Bond.
Hartford, Kas., Sept. 22.
THE FIELD ALREADY FULL.
To tho Editor National Tribune:
Wo took a copy of The National Tribune
with us to introduce it to the now Tost at Gcn
tryville. Judge of our surprise when they
began talking about "Our Paper," in which ail
seemed deeply interested. Tho thought oc
curred to us: "This will bo a barren field in
which to get up a club for The Tribune ; "
but wo ventured to ask: "Is Our Paper pub
lished here?" "Nosir-rec," was tho reply "it
is published in Washington city, and is called
The National Tribune. Everybody takes it."
We did not try to get up a club the field was
too full. C. H. Myeriioff.
Sharp Cracks of tho Ontliug Guns All Along the
Maine. " Go on with your good work until
all tho survivors subscribe." I. B. Hagan, Han
cock co. " The National Tribune is grow
ing more in graco overy day." P. J. Hodgdon,
Caledonia co. " I am eighty-eight years old,
and I liko your paper very much." Mrs. O.
Mills, Oxford co.
Ehodo Island. "The Tribune takes here
with Young America, tho same as a loaf of fresh
bread after many months of hard tack and salt
pork." Walter H. Mowry, Providence co.
" I take soveral papers, but yours will bo tho
last to be discontinued. Geo. W. Dinian, Bris
Massachusetts. " May your fullest hopes ho
realized. I cannot do without it." C. C. Has-
ford, Hampshire co. " Tho best paper I over
had in my house." E. B. Bickford, Essex co.
" Firo low and keep it up. I always get my
money's worth in The Tribune." "1 must
have The Natioanl Tribune, for I cannot do
without it." A. Falconer, Middlesex co. "I
send four recruits. I will keep scattering with
small arms until I get all to surrender." John
Eyan, Hampshire co.
Missouri. "All like it that have scon it, and
wo are going to organize a G. A. E. Post here."
Loftus Teeters, Barton co. " I would not do
without it for fiva times its prico." W. n.
Lewis, Clinton co.
Now Hampshire. "It should circulate tho
length and breadth of tho land, for it is a mer
itorious and energetic paper." Eebccca N.
Earned, Grafton co.
Vermont. "I shall subscribe
live. Hit them hard and often."
as long as I
D. D. Priest,
Eutland co. "I have learned to lovo it, be
cause it is a true advocate of tho just claims of
the soldier." N. S. Eogcrs, Orleans co.
Connecticut. "Any soldier who realizes tho
good you are doing ought to take a littlo pains
to increase tho circulation. We get in tho
Tribune all the important news of tho coun
try." Wm. H. Gladden, Hartford co. "It
is the ' Excelsior.' " Levi A. Blis3, Windham co.
Nebraska. "Keep up tho firing on all such
as oppose justice to tho soldier." J. N. Brooks,
Saunders co. "Keep up your firing. It is
the best paper for tho boldior or anybody else."
N. Fellow, Polk co. "I chip in my mito to
keep up tho fight." A. E. Gates, Thayer co.
"I think it is just tho thhig to
open a great many eyes that have been blind
to the rights of tho soldier. Would as soon do
without my rations as without The Tribune."
M. Chambers, Johnson co. "To say 1 liko
your paper is little in comparison with my ap
preciation of it. Every number brings some
thing to my mind of thoso trying days." Jaa.
Plait, Gage co.
New York. "I am well pleased with tho
paper. It is much needed to keep tho soldiers
informed as to who aro their friends." F. J.
Kennedy, Cayuga co. "Although I thought
everything of tho Veteran, 1 am more than
pleased with tho change." G. W. Mather, Gon-
cseo co. "As long a3 I livo I shall find somo
way to renew my subscription." H. W. 1 Talsey,
Suffolk co. "I eagerly look for tho rehearsal
of the terrors of prison life. My only regret is
that I havo not been a subscriber to your paper
from tho first issue." J. C. Fuller, Ulster co.
"It is the truo friend of tho soldier in tho
right place." Geo. Newman, Erie co. " Tho
best paper in tho country." J. A. Van Valken
burg, New York.
New Jersey. " It sustains the principles wo
fought for." Isaac E. Slcllo, Middlesex co.
Pennsylvania. "You should be sustained
by tho vast army of soldiers throughout tho
country." Edward Marbaker, Wyoming co.
"I obtained thirty subscribers in two days
without special exertion.which is conclusive ev
idence that tho soldier's friend The Nation
alTribune is appreciated hero." LewisGrim,
Mercer co. "To be without The Tribune
would bo liko being on tho picket lino without
the password." E. Troutmau, Berks co. " I
cannot wait for each week's issue. I am so
anxious to read it." Winfield S. Harvey, Fay-
etto co. " Tin: Tribune is boss of all." Jno.
N. McBarron, Schuylkill co. "We lovo to
read it, for it is a charm in the household cir
cle." Jaa. M. Sheffield, Wayne co.
Tennessee. "I want to sco The Tribune in
tho hands of all who feci interested in tho wel-
faro of tho Union soldier. Thos. Hicks, Scott
co. "If all soldiers were of my notion they
would tako The Tribune if they had to sell
the oldest speckled hen on tho place." W. J.
Davis, Hawkins co.
Ohio. "Tho only soldiers' paper worthy of
notice by ex-soldiers." B. E. Deely, Erio co.
"I wonder how any ex-soldier can do with
out it." L. Darbus, Miami co. " Will for
age for subscribers until your magazine is
brim-full, so you can open the fire at short
range." W. S. Brown, Williams co. " It fills
tho bill entiroly as far as soldiers' rights aro
concerned." II. V. Wilson, Hardin co.
Indiana. "It is tho imperative duty of
every soldier and soldier's friend to stand by
The National Tribune." J. W. Overman,
Delaware co. "It is my ideal of tho soldier's
real friend and essential advocate." N. II.
Kingman, Cass co.
Illinois. "This is tho paper every soldier
should take." Capt. Wm. Vincent, Jo Daviess
co. "Tho most substantial proof that The
Tribune suits me is my subscription, and hero
aro eight moro who want their rations." J.
W. January, Woodford co.
Michigan. "Don't miss ono, please, for I
hail each issuo with comfort and lots of good
cheer." J. E. Norton, Wayne co. "I would
rather do without my tobacco than stop my
subscription." A. W. Walkes, Allegan co.
" Without The Tribune I am liko the soldier
lost from his command." William Collins,
Berrien co. " I vote for The Tribune overy
time." Franklin K: Doming, Muskegon co.
"You deserve tho praise and support of
overy ono who defended tho red, whito and
blue." Adam Summcrcr, St. Clair co.
Iowa. "An 'A No. 1 ' paper for the soldier."
E. Wescott, Tama co. " I havo como to tho
conclusion, that it is my duty, as an ox-soldier,
to subscribe." Isaac Ehodcs, Clinton co.
Kansas. "Tally another for The Tribune,
tho best papor ovor published." O. F. Smith,
Osborno co. " Tho only paper with tho pluck
to rako the papers controlled by monopolies
with grape and canister." John Beck, Bour
bon co. ' Hero arc tho names of two sub
scribers. Wo aro rallying again." Georgo
Stephenson, Johnson co. "As my friend
stopped lending to me, I had to subscribe."
F. M. Cretors, Labette co. "I could not
keep house without The Tribune." Willkun
Myers, Harvey co.
Colorado. " I was a nurse at Gayoso Gen
eral Hospital, and my heart warms with grati
tude to The Tribune for so maufully lighting
for tho rights of tho soldier." Mrs. llattio
Haunis, Arapahoe co.
California. " Tho best paper in tho United
States so far as old soldiers aro concerned. J.
L. Tharp, San Francisco co. " Consider me
a lifo subscriber." H. C. Brown, Alameda co.
Nelson's Division on That Woody Field Interest
Ono of tho most interesting of the many enter
taining speeches made at tho Army of the Cum
berland Reunion at Milwaukee, Wis., was that
of Dr. A. W. Ellis, of Hamilton, Ohio, on tho
battle of Shiloh, which wo print below in full:
Comrades of the Army of the Cumber
land Gentlemen: A bravo and eloquent fellow-soldier
ol ours, who laid down his young
lifo on Keuesaw Mountain, in speaking of tho
rapid march to relieve Grant's stricken army
at Pittsburg landing, used the following strik
"Tho highest romance in military life cen
ters in a succoring army. Tho sturdy heart of
England throbbed responsive to tho tread of
Billow's legions the fortunes of consular
France rested upon Dessaix's eagles the hopes
and fcar3 of the loyal North marched with
Bu all's columns, surging to tho red field of
Shiloh ! " '
On the battle-field of Pittsburg Landing trea
son danced on blood-ioses her wanton bridal
measures, for in thoso days secession was a
bridegroom who had invited all the world to
a feast of suffering. Backward, across tho
chasm of those years that aro gone, again I see
that bloody scene again I see the faces of the
dead again I hear tho piercing groans of the
wounded, while over and above all roars tho
fearful cadence of battle. '
AN AWFUL SUNDAY NIGHT.
In my imagination I am once more amid that
surging crowd of panic-stricken men on that
awful Sunday night. In front a victorious
and defiant enemy; at our backs a foaming
river; in our hearts a derennination to do or
to die. Twenty minutes more and all would
havo been loot, with all tho torriblo con?c
qumces cahmlato them you who can of such
a misfortune. On camo the rebel hosts, antici
pating an easy victory. Sinco early moruing
they had pushed Grant's flying troops, and
now, in this last charge, they would complete
their work ol destruction. On, on they came,
until we almost saw tho whites of thoir oyes,
and then the red light blazed from Nelson's
guns, and, as tho living wall in front of us
ebbed away liko a great wavo, tho gallant
Fourth division cont up tho first shout of vic
tory that ever went up from the Army of tho
Cumberland. How that cheer btill lingers in
my brain. Tho tido was turned. The field
was saved. Tho old war horse tho Ursus
Major of tho quarter-deck was thorc when wo
wanted him, and thcro ho will ever remain in
the memories of the gallant men whom ho led
to that torn, trampled, and war-swept field.
Since then the blood of our division has been
poured out like water upon many other fields,
yet ofiicois and nifn still rofer to that night in
the woods at Shiloh, when wo lay all thoso
long hours in the rain, on our amis, watching
for tho coming of the dawn listening to tho
Milieu roar of tho gunboat-cannon swelling
high above that raging .storm as tho most try
ing time wo ever know. Such places havo a
terrible significance, but, horriblo as they are,
they set forth tho spiritual greatness of man,
who ha3 gone to far as to defy his greatest
hereditary enemy deatl. Th battle-fields of
tho world ate the mile-stones on tho road of
human progress beneath every gravo-atono
lies a world's history.
Tho gravo grows wider and deeper every
day. One by one wo aro falling into line and
talcing up the route step on that last long
march; and to-night, as we, with kindly greet
ing, meet around tho well-filled table and live
over again thoso years of toil and danger, per
mit me to tell you of how we went to Shiloh,
and at tho same time claim our eharo of credit
for deeds well done.
Nelson's division broko camp at Nashvillo
bright and early on the morning of the 17th of
March, lsG2, and took up tlto lino of march
down tho Franklin piko. McCook led the ad
vance; Crittenden camo just behind us; Ward
camo next after him, and Thomas brought up
the rear. Our line of march led away oil' south
ward, toward where Urant was supposed to be,
with whom wo wero to make a junction, anil
then go 'n to Corinth, cat up Sidney Johnston,
knock the confederacy into a cocked hat, finish
tho war in a blaze of glory, and then como
home, hold all tho offices, marry all tho rich
girls, and finally, in the sweet bye-and-bye,
die of nothing short of a green old ago.
Never lor one inomnit did we givo the rebels
credit for brains and plans of their own. Evi
dently the officer who commanded at Pittsburg
Landing thought about as wo did. Ho had
f-cattcred his forces around in the woods, never
dreaming that thoso fellows ovor across tho
way would ever givo him a call somo time in
the early spring. lie had not even thrown up
a line of intrench men ts, for "fear it would
mako his men timid." It was not long before
something took place that made them very Fhy
and timid that afternoon when Bucll found so
many of them under tho hank.
The third day after leaving Nashvillo wo
wero brought to a htund.il ill by finding tho
bridge over Duck Eiver had boon burned by
tho enemy's caalry. This was a serious mis
hap, as it delayed our march nine days. Mc
Cook at onco tackled tho job of replacing tho
bridge, and a big job it was too. It was one of
tho highest structures in Middle Tennessee, was
about threo hundred feet long, and boneath it
van a raging torrent somo forty or fifty feet
doe). No'.gon wan very impatient at tho de
lay, and oxhaustod a great deal of strong lan
guage on tho way things wer shaping. Ho
used to ride down to tho bank of tho river
every day and say things which did not reflect
much credit on his early Sunday-school train
ing. Ono day, when riding along tho piko bc
tweon Spring Hill and Columbia, Nelson hap
pened to meet a courier just through from
Grant to Buell, and from him learned that tho
former had established his army on tho south
side of tho Tennessee, and that, too, within
striking distance of a large force of tho enemy.
LIKE THUNDER TKOM A CLEAR SKY.
To Nelson, that piece of news was a revela
tion as astounding as a clap of thunder out of
a clear sky. Ho rushed back to Buell's head
quarters, declaring if we did not at onco cross
Duck Eiver and go right on to Pittsburg Land
ing, that Grant would be whipped for want of
assistance. Bucll did not think that tho dan
ger was so great as Nelson represented it to be,
,yet ho did not seem displeased at tho idea of
our crossing Duck Kiver and taking tho ad
vance, lie at once sent a telegram to Uallcck
at St. Louis, to know if Grant had really posted
his army on the further side of a broad, deep
river, and that, too, almost, under tho guns of
a concentrating foo. Halleck did not inform
him to the contraiy.
Meanwhile the stream had fallen somewhat,
and Gen. Amnion took soundings and reported
a pretty good ford. So wo all stripped oil and
wero soon across. It is truo that wo did not
look very aisthctic in our shirt-tails. Not as we
did on dresvparade in tho presence of our
wives and sweethearts. We did not caro very
much. Onco across Duck Eiver, Nelson took
his way liko a whirlwind toward tho South.
Ninety -five miles of miserable dirt-road
stretched on ahead between us and Pittsburg
Landing much of it through tho most barren
lands of Tennessee. Tho country was so poor
that we had to tako our forage along with us.
Strong details wero made out from tho infantry
regiments to drag tho wagons and artillery
through tho creeks and swamps. Soon Halleck
telegraphed to Buell to concentrate his troops
at Waynesboro, thirty miles from Pittsburg
Landing. Bcforo that telegram could flash
across tho wires Nelson had passed, liko a streak
of lightning, through Waynesboro, and that
very night wont into camp at Savannah. I
mention theso things to show our rapid prog
ress, for I verily believe that the march of our
division from Duel: Eiver to Pittsburg Land
ing was a far greater feat, and accomplished
moro for tho Union cause, than Sherman's
march to the sea I
Tho day before wo iciched Savannah wo
met tho telegraph corps putting up tho wires,
and received a dispatch from Grant telling us
not to hurry, as he could not cross us over tho
river to Pittsburg Landing until the following
Tuesday. Had wo taken Grant at his word
and began to loiter on tho road, that Tuesday
would havo either seen tho Army of tho Ten
nessee totally destroyed or prisoners of war in
the camp of the enemy.
BUELL AND NELSON.
Tho value of tho aid that Buell gavo to
Grant at Shiloh cannot bo overestimated, and
it is not for any penny-a-liner who essays to
write history (?) in tho interest of any man or
set of men to rob him of his just due, or to
cast tho slightest imputation upon tho bravo
men ho led to that field.
When any person takes up his pen and says
that " tho results of tho battle of Shiloh would
have been different had Buell's troops come on
to the field in tho way they should have done,"
ho is guilty of tho most lying and unjust
insinuations ever placed upon papor.
Nelson's lips havo long since been scaled in
tho eternal silence of tho grave, yet there are
thousands still living who can bear witness to
that rapid march through tho almost impassa
ble swamps and tangled jungles of tho Tennes
see bottoms to relieve our comrades in that
hour of almost irrctriovablo disaster.
Bucll was a great soldier. In the council
and on tho field ho was nover found wanting.
The task assigned to him was too great for the
means placed at his disposal. His lot was cast
in a day when an impatient public and clamor
ous press demanded results which we now know
could not bo obtained. Ho laid wide and deep
tho foundation for all tho subsequent fame of
jnd usefulness of tho Army of the Cumher
h'u. Ho took the raw material and formed
it into a weapon of power and eilieieney.
Ho found our army a rude, unskilled, dis
joined militia mob. He left it tho best
i drilled, tho best disciplined, tho most trust-
-worthy of all tiio great armies which for tho
lfour years upheld and advauced tho banner of
It is not for me to say whero Nelson's place
'.should bo in tho history of tho war. Prior to
entering tho volunteer service in 1SG1, ho had
been an officer of the United States Navy for
moro than a scoro of years, and had always
been recognized as a man of undoubted cour
age, ability and attainments.
Throughout his whole career, by land and
sea. no one ever knew him to faltor or to flinch
in the discharge of his duty.
He was the man to save his native State from
tho vortox of rebellion to which she was
rapidly drifting, and thus not only saved her
G0.000 men for the sido of tho Union, but also
transferred the seat of war from the immedi
ate border of the free States.
Generous toward all, over careful of the in
terests of his command, he never evaded a
task assigned to him, and from tho first to tho
last was an open, bitter, uncompromising
enemy to all kinds of treason !
He infused into his troops a large sharo of
his awn heroic and unconquerablo spirit, and
had he lived through tho stormy period in
which his lifo was quenched, would havo,
doubtless, ranked as one of tho most distin
guished characters of our times.
Answers to Correspondents.
T. N. G., Loogootee, Ind. Your communica
tion has been handed to a responsible attorney.
O. O.. Arlington, Pa. l. Scott, McClollan,
Halleck, and Grant. 2. If 3011 claim increaso
on account of jino disability, yes; if increaso
was claimed on disability for which pension is
now drawn, it would not bo so important.
Ex-Soldier, Eldorado, Kan. If you havo not
done so, you should furnish testimony of neigh
bors (in the absenco of medical evidenco), as to
your physical condition prior to onlistmont.
Your inability to filo tho latter class of testi
mony will not necessarily defeat your claim.
You ought to hear from tho Pension Office in
the courso of a month.
G. S. W., Olean, N. Y. Your attorney should
bo tho better judge as to the completeness of
claim. From your statement, however, wo do
not think it will bo very long before your caso
will bo decided one way or tho other.
P. P., Frecport, 111. Sorry wo cannot assist
you. Your attorney would bo tho propor per
son to mako tho inquiry.
T. II. P.., Nianiic, lll.l. Ho means filed in
tho Pension Office. 2. Evidenco is being called
for in invalid claims as high its .'170,000. 3. Seo
The Tribune of September 1G, 1SS2, and you
will find full particulars as to tho maunor in
which tho G. A. E. can bo built up.
J. S., Sicanton, Ohio. If tho claim was filed
subsequent to Juue 19, 187S, tho attorney may
collect tho legal fee of ten dollars in advance
Sec. 5-lSJ, U. S. Eovised Statutes, relates to the
penalty to which ho is liable, in the event of
directly or indirectly contracting for, demand
ing, receiving, or retaining any greater com
pensation than tho legal feo for his sorvices or
instrumentality in prosecuting a claim for
T. B. N., Hartford, Kan.l. Tho bill did not
fail. Sco reply to W. J. W. in ours of 2od ulfc.
2. Apply to tho Commissioner of Pensions, giv
ing number of certificate, company, and regi
ment, and present place of residence.
R. G. K., Baltimore, Md. 1. It used to vary
from six to eight months; with tho present in
creased force the time may bo diminished. 2.
Depends upon tho number of your claim.
L, AT., Parhville, Mich. Wo believe the porsou
named practices before tho Department.
J. It. S., Belle Itive, III. Not that wo aro
J. C. !'., Pino mil, N. Y.lt relates to pen
sions. Seo Tribune, No. 33.
Remaining kiiswum next week.
Wc nre obliged to utuwer certain inquires of the same
nature in ouch iwne or our paper. While we cheerfully
furnish information to subset 1 hers in this column, v2
Murkest timtnuKh labor, linie, uul M.'i'iwi!i.i.v t.e wived
both to o'lielvfi ami to our correspondents, if till aub
bcribers would keeji u ilto of the itijer. They could then,
tit tiny time, turn to the file mid m-ijuably find the very
inquiry answered about which they would lmve written
to us. AVc trust that every subscriber will profit by this
sucuesUou, Jin J,
SOME FAMOUS FIGHTERS.
Well-Told Anecdotes of the Great
Generals of the War.
A ROMANTIC MEETING.
The Battle of Stone River and
a Visit from Garfield.
Continued from last tccch.
It may not bo out of place to mention one or
two incidents that occurred during the battle of
StonoEiver. Corporal Ed. C. Hockcrsmith, of Co.
C, Twenty-first Kentucky, acting as color-bearor
on the occasion, was confronted by a rebel, who
demanded him to "surrendor thoso colors;"
but Hocker, who was as bravo as ho was fat,
answered : " You may get me, hut not this flag,"
and pitched it to tho middlo of the stream.
Sergeant John T. Gunn, of Company E, Twenty
first Kentucky, who was less an object of rebel
attention at the moment, dashed into tho river
and recovered the flag. Subsequently, whilo
the chargo was being made, a large number
from various regiments rallied around thoso
colors, and to this promiscuous battalion is duo
tho honor of capturing the colors of the Twenty
sixth rebel Tennessee regiment and rolling
from the field tho largo Parrott gun that had
been so fatal early in tho action.
A ROMANTIC MEETING.
During tlm sanguinary conflict men of kin
dred blood met in mortal combat even broth
ers measured bayonets with each other, as on
many other battle-fields of this unfortunate
war. One man of tho Twenty-first found a
wounded brother lying on the fieid at night
soon after the fighting ceased, whom ho kindly
cared for. Colonel Prico himself discovered a
cousin lying badly wounded on tho field. Tho
circumstances of tho meeting woro peculiar
and even romantic. Whilo he was riding over
tho battle-ground at night in search of tho
dead, dying, and wounded of his command, ho
was stopped by Colonel Broadus, of the Eighth
Kentucky, to inquiro about the fate of Lieutenant-Colonel
May, of his regiment, who was
missing. Whilo in conversation with him an
inquiry was mado in a feeblo voico by a man
lying near by, if that was Colonel Woodson
Price, of Lexington, Kentucky. Eeceiving an
affirmative response, tho wounded man in
formed him that he was a rebel cousin of his,
Kidder Woodson, of Frankfort, Kentucky.
The Colonel at once dismounted, and, removing
the blanket from tho face of the prostrate man,
discovered by the light from his lantern tho
familiar features of his relative. Colonel Prico
at onco called an ambulance, and, with the as
sistance of Scott Dudley, tho brave and noble
hearted adjutant of tho Twenty-first, young
Woodson was placed in tho conveyance and
sent to the hospital, Colonel Price, in the mean
time, directing his regimental surgeon to tako
particular caro of him. Put tho poor fellow
was mortally wounded, and, despite the careful
nursing, died in a few days after tho wounded
wero removed to Nashville. This is a striking
illustration of tho unnatural divisions which
sundered Kentucky families during the war,
and, on tho other hand, of the over-existing
brotherhood between them in this National
A VISIT FROM ROSECRANS AND GARFIELD.
The day after this engagement the regiment
returned to tho valley and encamped on tho
field of the contest of the day before, where it
remained for a few days, and then removed its
camp onto and near the centre of tho moun
tain top. Fully appreciating tho destitute
situation of the besieged Army of Chattanooga,
it went earnestly to work to corduroy tho road
for tho easy transit of the trains, which was its
daily occupation until ordered back to the
front. Tho constant passing of trains and
officers going to aud from the army gave inter
'est to the camp, which otherwiso would have
been monotonous on the dreary mountain top.
Frequent wero tho visitors to tho camp; somo
from motives of friendship, and others for con
venience would mako it a station by stopping
over night on their journey. One afternoon,
near nightfall, the regiment was iiouored by
a visit from Generals Eosecran3 and Garfield,
who wero travoling to Nashville after their
connection with the Army of the Cumberland
had been severed. When they rodo up to
Colonel Price's headquarters he requested them
to dismount and spend tho night with him,
which invitation they readily accepted. Tho
Colonel assigned them to his quarters, and ho
and his chum, Lieutenant-Colonel Evans,
sought beds elsewhere. Unfortunately for the
distinguished guests, a heavy rain camo up
during tho night, greatly interfering with the
comfort of the travelers; for in tho morning
when tho host went in to inquire how they
had spent tho night, he fouud General Garfiold
seated on tho side of tho rustic bed emptying
tho water out of his boot, and his comrado
arranging his coat before tho firo to dry.
Colonel Prico felt disposed to apologize, but ho
had dono tho best that he could for their com
fort. This brought vividly to General Gar
field's mind Colonel Price's application, made
only a few days before, for a tent, which had
been refused him. With an appreciative
twinklo in his eye, ho called for tho regimental
quartermaster, aud told him to mako out a re
quisition for a tent for his colonel. This was
promptly dono and presented to General Gar
field, who mado tho following indorsement on
tho margin: "I most earnestly recommend
that a tent be issued to Colonel Price, for I
know from my own oxperienco that 110 officer
in tho army needs a now one more than ho
does." It is needless to say that tho recom
mendation was recognized favorably, and that
tho colonel got what ho had so long needed
and desired. Gonoral Garfiold, in conversations
afterward with Colonel Prico, frequently re
ferred to this circumstance as a smart picco of
strategy on his part so obtain a new tout.
The saddle of venison on which tho guests
woro regaled is so intimately associated with
tho remembrance of their agreeable visit that
tho latter cannot bo mentioned without bring
ing to mind tho secret history of tho steak.
Soon aftor the visitors had departed, tho cap
tain of Company C brought to Colonel Price
one of his men (a native of tho Emerald Isle),
with tho complaint that ho had the day before
violated a solemn edict promulgated through
tho adjutant. Ho wanted to know the penalty
for tho commission of tho offenso. Tho soldier
had killed a deer with the Government am
munition. As tho offender could not prefer
tho common plea of self-defenso, usual in tho
case of a sheop or a hog, ho pleaded guilty to tho
chargo. But when the stern judge had passed
sentenco aud assigned him to three hours' hard
labor, Pat, feeling tho injustice of the decision,
spoko up and said : "If itplaze yer honor, I'd
liko to know which .is worse, to accept stolen
goods or to stalo them." It ia needless to say
that tho Colonel at once discharged tho
DESPERATE CHARGE OF THE 21ST KENTUCKY.
Tho .Twenty-first was not released from
picket duty until twelve o'clock at night, and
as tho men had stood in water up to thoir
knees for nearly a day, and ia e, drenching
rain, it was, indeed, a relief. Tho following
morning, before tho men of the regiment had.
dried their saturated clothes and satisfied their
hunger with broiled bacon, hard-tack, and hot
coffee, thoy wero ordered to join tho brigade,
then barricaded jusfc in front of tho rebel lino
About six o'clock, on the following after
noon, Colonel Prico was much surprised by au
order from General Whittaker, directing him
with his regiment to capture tho outposts,
which the General had been ordered to do tho
previous day with his brigade. After report
ing to General Whittaker, a3 ho was ordered,
for instructions, Colonel Price, with Lieutenant-Colonel
Waters, Seventy-ninth Illinois,
mado a reconnoissance, and, after satisfying
himself of tho position of tho enemy and tho
ground ho had to pass over, returned to his
regiment and moved it in front of this outpost.
After crossing over our works, tho regiment
was quickly formed in line. The three right
companies wero deployed as a skirmish lino,
and, under command of Captain W. E. Milward
(Company A), was ordered to move forward
with fixed bayonets at double-quick, advanc
ing the right of the lino more rapidly. Colo
nel Prico followed with tho remainder of tho
command with fixed bayonets, tho men yelling
with a determination of carrying tho point at
all hazards, charging tho steep slopo, on tho
crest of which tho enemy had a strong line of
breastworks. Eushing madly forward, their
desperate resolution increased as their com
rades fell thickly around them, and they did
not stop until they wero in full possession of
the knob, and had captured two companies in
thoir works. Immediately after storming tho
works, the remainder of tho brigade camo up
and took position on the knob. The Fifty-first
Ohio was thrown to the right, and tho xsinety
ninth Ohio to tho left of tho Twenty-first
Kentucky, and, with the aid of the Pioneers,
hastily constructed breastworks. The enemy,
stung by tho loss of this important point, in
one hour after the assault, sent two columns to
retake it. Seven assaults were made of so des
perate and fierce a character that tho men wero
bayoncttcd in the works, but General Whitta
kcr's Iron Brigade held its position as with
hooks of steel, and beat back tho rebels with
fearful loss. From seven o'clock until eleven
tho battle raged with intenso fury. Both,
armies wero witnesses of the combat. Imme
diately after tho first assault of tho enemy, tho
Twenty-first was retired a short distance to tho
rear. The presenco of tho valorous and spirited
Stanley during theso assaults inspired tho men
to hold fast with a determined grip. When
General Thomas heard the firing, ho manifest
ed some uneasiness, but when informed Whit
taker's brigade was engaged, he was relieved of
anxiety, and said: "That Iron Brigade wiU
hold its own." Tho loss of General Whittaker's
brigade was 273 killed, wounded, and missing,
the Twenty-first Kentucky being tho greatest
sufferers, their loss being 49 killed and wound
ed, that being about twenty per cent, of their
effective force. Tho rebels lost over 200 killed,
and between GOO and 700 wounded and pris
oners. Tho men captured wero from seven,
regiments, and these regiments wero from Gen
eral Walker's, Cleburne's, and Bates's divisions,
showing that threo brigades were in the assault.
To give additional value to the success of tho
Twenty-first Kentucky in carrying this strong
hold of tho rebels, it is well to state that tho
picket line, composed of moro men than tho
Twonty-first had, mado an assault on tho knob3
on tho morning of tho samo day, but were re
pulsed with great loss. General Kirby, with,
his brigade, also assaulted a similar position on.
our right, carried it, but could not hold it.
Among tho wounded was tho gallant Colonel,
who fell just outside the works, shot through
the body close to tho heart. His wound was at
first supposed to bo mortal, hut through tho
skillful attention of the regimental eurgeon,
Dr. C. J. Walton, his lifo was saved, but the
wound eventually caused total blindness. No
moro heroic commander than General S. W.
Prico ever risked his lifo for his country.
A Suirsjestirc letter From a Union Soldier at
The following letter was read at a Camp-flro
in Terre Hauto during the Eeuniou whieh
took placo in that city on the 20th, 21st and
22d of September:
Augusta, 6a., Sept. 17, 15S2.
Officers and Members Morton Post, Xo. 1, G. A. H.f
Terre Haute, Ind.
Dear Comrades: By tho time thi3 letter
will reach yon 1 know you will have your
bauds and hearts full of work and preparation
for the Eeunion. But I trust whilo in tho en
joyment you experience ag.viu, and clasping
hands, and hearts together as you meet com
rades from all over tht comities in our vicinity,
that tho "loved ones" wo left "to sleep their
last sleep" in Southern oil may not bo for
gotten. My feelings have been stirred up as
again I havo looked upon the beautiful monu
ments erected by the pconle of this city to tho
memory of the con fe-lt rata dead. Ouo of tho
monuments, placed in a conspicuous position
on one of the xriiicipul business streets of tho
city is fifty feet high, co.-t $17,000, andwa3
erected by tiio women of this city. An
other, costing ucarW'iOO, was erected by the
Sunday-school of asiuglo congregation to tho
memory of the young men who went out from,
that school aud died for tho confederacy.
They aro the finest structures of tho kind I
have seen in any State, so far, North or South.
I honor tho people that havo the pride, though
a misdirected object in view, in erecting such
memorials. The inscriptions, however, wero
painful to me, in that they will bo educators
of generations to come after us, declaring, as
they do, that theso men " died for tho honor of
tho State of Georgia and for tho principles of
tho Declaration of Iudependeuce." Theso
people, as we know, wero left in poverty by
the war. With such .monuments all over tho
South teaching the youth of our land a false
hood, should it not bring the blush of shamo
to the people of Vigo county, with her $2S,
000,000 of taxable property, that wo have not
a monument completed to-day that will teach,
our children that our comrades died for a
"Nation." Now, dear comrades, whilo so
many of you aro together in Eeunion, won't
you mako it the occasion for calling their
attention to this matter? I suggest that you
issue an address upon tho subject aud havo
soveral thousand copies circulated on tho
grounds and in tho city. It will help to turn
public sentiment in our favor. 1 would also
suggest that contributions be asked for during
tho Eeunion for this purpose, and I believo
you can securo soveral huudred dollars. Mako
an appeal to the women of our city and county
to help us. Surely tho mothers and fathers
with sous sleepling in a soldier's gravo far
away from the "old homo," cauuot remain
unmoved in this matter. Vigo is rich enough
to afford it, and ought to givo us for this pur
poso at least a thousand dollars for each
million of her assessed value. With lovo for
you all, and wishing you a joyful Eeuuion,
I am, ever yours, in F., C. and L.,
C. A. Power.
The Tribune's Bold am! Determined Stand.
To the Editor National Tribune:
Your excellent paper makes its weekly visits
at our house, and is tho first of tho half dozen
taken that greets the household. The bold aud
determined stand taken by you in tho interest
ofjusticoand right for the soldier should, and
is certainly, appreciated by all in tho land,
God bless you in your noble etlbrts.
Very respectfully, Franklin Cox,
Lato F Co., Gist Ecg., HI. Inf y.
St. John, Kan.
"Confound this map!" exclaimed tho goo
graphical enthusiast. "It's no good. I can't
find half the stroams mentioned in tho river
and harbor bill." If you want a comprehensivo
list of tho watercourses of tho country you must
search, tha Congressional Record. Lowell Citixah