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n or t&xt fry !um who to fomw ite tattle, anil fox hl$ wi&m m orptonus. ESTABLISHED lSTT-NEW SERIES. AYASnETGTOff, D. 0., THURSDAY, JANUARY 11, 1883. YOL. II NO. 22 -WHOLE NO. U. J Longstreet's Assault Upon Sickles' Corps. THE PEACH OKCHAHD. Terrific Kgliting "by tlie Third and Eiffcli Corps. LITTLE ROUND TOP. Caldwell's Division of Han cock's Corps Engaged. Chapteb VII. While these movements were taking place on the left of the Union lino preparations were in progress on the Confederate side for a simul taneous assault upon the right, centre, and left of the position occupied by General Meade. Orders to this effect were issued by General Lee about noon. General Lee says in hi3 report : " The enemy held a high and commanding ridge, along which ho had massed a large amount of artil lery. General Ewell occupied the left of our line, General Hill the centre, and General Longstreet the right. In front of General Longstreet the enemy held a position from which, if he could bo driven, it was thought that our aVmy could bo used to advantage in essailing the more elevated ground beyond, and thus enable us to reach the crest of the ridge. That officer was directed to endeavor to carry this position, while General Ewell at tacked directly the high ground on the enemy's right (Culp's Hill), which had already been partially fortified. General Hill was instructed to threaten the centre of the Federal line, in order to prevent re-enforcements being sent to either wing, and to avail himself of any oppor tunity that might present itself for attack. After a severe struggle Longstreet succeeded in Map of the Vicinity getting possession of and holding the desired ground. Ewell also carried some of tho strong positions which he assailed, and tho result w:is such as to lead to tho belief that we would ultimately be able to dislodge the enemy. Tho battle ceased at darlr." Such is the brief mention made by the Con federate commander of tho bloody struggle of the 2d of July. The attack upon the left was made by Ander son's, McLavrs' and Hood's divisions. A Confederate writer sajs : " On tho extreme right of Anderson's division, connecting with HcLaws' left, was Wilcox's brigade, then Per ry's, Wright's, Posey's, and ilahone's. At half past five o'clock Longstreet commenced the at tack, and Wilcox followed it up by promptly moving forward. Perry's and Wright's brig ades quickly followed. Tho two divisions of Longstreet's corps boon encountered the ad vance of the Union line, and after a short but spirited engagement drove it back upon tho main line on the crest of Bound Top." General Sykes had reached the left of Gen eral Sickles opportunely with the Fifth Corps, and with his Hank protected tho latter, held his thin line, stretched out to a mile in length, in the teeth of the storm, until forced by over whelming numbers to fall back. THE riFTIi COEPS TO THE RESCUE. The tide of battle swelling towards the left, Involved tho Fifth Corps and a large part of the Second Corps in support of tho Third. General Sykes' report is as follows: "My troops first took position on tho right of our line, but it being thought too extended they were subsequently massed near tho bridge over Bock Creek, on tho Baltimore pike, and within reach of the Twelfth Corps. While thus situ ated I was directed to support the Third Corps, General Sickles commanding, with a brigade, fehould it bo required. At 3 p. m. General Meade sent for me, and, while myself and other Corps commanders wero conversing with him, the enemy formed, opened tho battle, and developed his attack on our left. I was at once ordered to throw my whole corps to that point and hold it at all hazards. This, of course, relieved my troops from any call from tho commander of tho Third Corp3. En route to the position' thus assigned tho Fifth Corps, various staff officers from General Sickles met me, and, in tho name of that officer, asked for assistance. I explained to them that it was impossible for me to give it ; the key of tho battle-field was intrusted to jay keeping, l GETTYSBURG CAMPAIGN X f a 1 x x I i M If' M WM . J fejZcun3 gzfZ. fX. ,1 X,. g. MP WJl X. and I could not and would not jeopardize it by dividing my forces. "A rocky ridge, commanding almost an en tire view of the plateau held by our army, was on our extreme left. Between it and the posi tion occupied by Birney's division of the Third Corps was a narrow gorge filled with immense boulders and flanked on either side by dense woods. It afforded excellent cover and an approach for tho enemy, both of which ho promptly made use of. Tho rocky ridge com manded and controlled this gorge. In examin ing it and tho ground adjacent, jrevious to posting my troops, I found a battery at its outer edge, and without adequate support. I galloped to General Birncy, whose troops wcro nearest, explained to him tho necessity of sup porting tho guns, and suggested that ho should close his division on tho battery and hold tho edge of tho woods on its right. I promised to fill tho gap ho opened, which I did with Sweitzer's and Tilton's brigades of my First division, posting them myself. VINCENT'S BRIGADE AT LITTLE HOUND TOP. " In the meantime, Vincent's brigado of this division had seized tho rocky height, (Littlo Bound Top,) closely followed by Weed's brigado, Second division. Theso troops wcro posted under tho direction of General Warren, chief engineer of this army. After closing the interval made by Birney with the brigade of General Barnes, I rodo rapidly to tho Taneytown pike to bring up tho remaining troops of tho corps, and on my return with them fouud the greater part of Weed's brigado moving away from tho height whore it had been stationed and where its presence was vital. I dispatched a staff officer to know of tho general why ho had vacated tho ground assigned him. His reply was, ' by order of General Sickles.' I at once ordered him to re-occupy it, which was done at tho double-quick step. Hardly had he reached it before the enemy came on in tremendous force." Tho furious onset of Hood and McLaws compelled Birney to call for re-enforcements, in response to which Humphreys detached Burling's brigado and Sykes sent Barnes' di vision. The latter, on passing along tho baso of Little Bound Top, detached Vincent's bri gado at tho earnest solicitation of General Warren, tho chief engineer, who, finding it undefended and about to fall an easy prey to of Gettysburg. Hood's advancing column, called upon tho first troops within call to occupy and hold it. How well this duty wa3 performed by the Sixteenth Michigan, the Forty-fourth and One Hundred and Fortieth New York, the Eighty-third Penn sylvania, the Twentieth Maine, and Hazlctt's battery, ha3 already been related in these col umns by Mr. Gerrish, a participant in thobloody encounter which resulted in Hood's repulse. TIITON AND SWEITZEtt ENGAGED. The remaining brigades of Barnes' divisiom commanded by Colonels Tilton aud Sweitzcr, moved rapidly forward over broken ground to the relief of Birney's hard-pressed division. The angle in Birney's line at the Peach Orchard marked it for a salient point, and hero the assault was most severe. It was attacked by McLaws' left aud threo brigades of Anderson's division, and, after a stubborn resistance, car ried, and as tho heavy columns of tho enemy passed through the gap, tho faultincss of tho position was apparent to the most unpracliced eye. Humphrej's' left was "in tho air," and to protect it the only course was to refuse his left and form line of battle facing Fouth. General Birney says in his report : " At six o'clock I found General Sickles seriously wounded, and at his request took command of the troops. 1 immediately visited Humphreys' division, and, finding that the enemy advanc ing through a gap in the line of my division would lake it in reverse, I ordered a change of front. General Humphreys accomplished this promptly under a most effective artillery and musketry fire, and advancing his division rapidly recaptured several batteries that the enemy had temporary possession of." HANCOCK TAKES COMMAND. On hearing of the injury to General Sickles, "General Meado directed General Hancock to assume command of tho Third Corps in addi tion to his own. General Hancock at once led Colonel Willard's brigado from the Third divis ion of his own corps to the support of the sorely pressed troops of the Third Corps. On his way to the front ho met General Birney, who in formed him that his troops had all been driven to the roar from tho position to which Wil lard's brigado was advancing. General Hum phreys' small command yet remained in posi tion. Tho left of Anderson's division had overlapped Humphreys and fatnick Caldwell's division. General Hancock says: "The force which had turned Caldwell's left and driven tho left of the Third Corps, now approached the line of .battle aa originally eatabliahed. Humphreys' command was forced back, con testing the ground stubbornly. Tho two regi ments sent from tho Second division to General Humphreys' :issistance, tho Nineteenth Massa chusetts and Forty-second New York, both under command of Colonel Mallon, formed lino of battle, delivered a few volleys at tho advanc ing enemy, and then retired in good order to their position in lino in tho Second Corps, having suffered heavy loss. Tho encmj' pushed them so closely that a number of prisoners wero captured from theso rogiments." Previous to tho commencement of the action, two regiments, tho Fifteenth Massachusetts, Colonel Ward, and the Eighty-second Now York, Colonel Huston, wcro sent to occupy a crest near a brick house on the right of Humphreys' line. In retiring from their advanced posi tion when Humphreys fell back, these regiments suffered heavy loss, Colonels Ward and Huston both being among tho killed. General Hancock at once ordered Humphreys to form his command on tho ground from which Caldwell had moved to tho support of tho Third Corps, which was promxtly done. Tho number of troops which General Humphreys was able to collect was, however, very small, but with many colors; they wore tho fragments of many shattered regiments. Threo guns of ono of its batteries had been left on tho field, owing to the loss of men and horses. Willard's brigado took position at tho point through which Bir ney's division had retired, and directly in the face of tho advancing Confederates. " Thero were no other troops on its right or loft," says General Hancock," and tho brigade soon bo came engaged, losing its commander, Colonel Willard, and many officers and men. At this juncture re-enforccments, for which I had sent to General Meade, consisting of Doubleday's division and tho remnant of Bobin3on"s, ar rived, established themselves on the line, meet ing tho enemy at konce, and doing good execution." It was at this time that tho First Minnesota met tho head of a Confederate column advanc ing through an unprotected interval in the line, charged it, capturing tho colors of tho advance regiment, aud drove it back in dis order. CALDWELL'S DIVISION IN A TIGHT PLACE. Tho fight along tho whole lino now raged with desperate energy. Tho Nineteenth Maine bore a conspicuous part in repulsing an attack from the direction of tho brick house on tho Emmittsburg road. Tho line being incomplete on tho left of the Second Corps, caused by tho withdrawal of troops to re-enforce tho Third Corps, General Meado brought up in person a part of tho Twelfth Corps, consisting of two regiments of Lockwood's brigade, under Gen eral Lockwood, which, by a gallant charge, cleared tho ground, and, in conjunction with Humphreys' division, recaptured tho artillery which had been left on the field. Tho Ono Hundred aud Eleventh New York boro a dis tinguished part in tho gallant charge made by Willard's brigade, under Colonel Shcrrill, upon tho Confederate batteries to tho right of the brick house before mentioned. Birney's troop3 having been swept from tho field, tho brunt of the battlo fell upon Caldwell's and Barnes' divisions. The disputed ground was an intermediate position of woods and wheat-fields between Sickles' lost front aud tho Bound Tops in tho rear, securely held by tho troops of tho Fifth Corps. Caldwell's left skirted Littlo Bound Top, and pushing forward, tho brigades of Cross and Kelly wero at onco engaged. Tho former was killed and tho troops badly cut up, when General Caldwell advanced his two re maining brigades, commanded by Colonels Brooko and Zook ; tho latter was mortally wounded at the first charge. Brooko led his command gallantly forward, and, aftor a stub born fight, drove tho enemy from their newly gained position. This success, howover, was but momentary, notwithstanding the support of Sweitzer's brigade, which was again ad vanced to assist the attack. Colonel Sweitzcr says: "Every officer and man in tho command did his whole duty. All stood their ground and fought unflinchingly until they were ordered by me to retire, and in falling back behaved with coolness and delibera tion. Wo lost many of our best officers and men." The reports show a loss in this brigado of 4GG out of a total effective strength of 1,010. AYP.ES GOES IN WITH niS KEQULA11S. Hood had already carried tho whole of tho position originally held by tho Third Corps, and to hold him in check at that point, Gen eral Ayrcs with two brigades of tho Begulars of the Fifth Corps moved forward. Caldwell's division shared the fate of Birney's, being unsup ported on his right. Tho Confederate com mander thrust a flanking column to his right which penetrated almost to his rear, lie was compelled to fall back at tho sacrifice of one half his division. Sweitzer's brigado followed, and the Begulars under General Ayrcs, though holding stubbornly to their formation, fell back to tho original line. General Sykes says: "Vincent's brigado and' O'Borke's regiment of Weed's brigade wero and had been sorely pressed. Both theso he roic commanders had fallen, but Weed again in position, Hazlctt working his guns superbly, and tho timely arrival of Ayrcs' brigades of Begulars, who wero at onco ordered to attack, stemmed tho tide and rolled away tho foe from our front. At a later hour, by tho withdrawal or retreat of tiie troops on Ayrcs' right, first a division of the Third Corps and next Caldwell's command of the Second Corps, a large body of the enemy gained his right aud rear, and Ayrcs was compelled to fight his way, front and Hank, to tho heel of tho gorge. This he did steadily and in excellent order, connecting with his left brigade (Weed's) in tho general line of bat tle. But his lots w;is .fearful ; some of his regi ments left GO per cent, of their number on tho ground. As Ayrcs assumed this new position, General Crawford's command (my Third divis ion) was ordered to tho front, and entering tho woods became briskly engaged with tho en emy. This combat lasted till dusk, and rc bulted in General Crawford's gaining consider able ground, aud capturing many prisoners and a Hag of a Georgia regiment. Night closed the fight. The key of the battle-field was in our possession intact. Vincent, Weed and Haz lett, chiefs lamented throughout the entiro corps and army, sealed with their lives tho spot intrusted to their keeping aud on which so much depended." Tho line, as finally formed on tho crest of Cemetery Bidge, was composed of brave men from all regiments which had been engaged in the fruitless contest at its base. It was a timo when individual valor was of more avail than any other soldierly quality. Tho bravo men had not been driven back in panic and were easily rallied. In fact, hundreds rallied of their own accord, aud formed themselves in the improvised line of battlo. f This now lino was re-enforced by Doubloday's and Bobinson's divisions of tho First Corps and by troops of tho Twelfth Corps brought up by General Williams. THE LINE MAINTAINED. The success of tho Confedcrato attack had placed them in possession of tho intermediate ridge, between thoso on which the Union and Confederate lines were established, along which ran tho Emmittsburg road, but it was of no value unless their lino could bo pushed forward to tho occupation of Bound Top. This had now becomo a serious undertaking. The loss in Longstreet's command was great, but it was believed to bo trifling compared to that which must result from an assault upon tho heights in their front, now dimly outlined against tho eastern sky and bristling with waiting bayo nets. Debouching from tho woods in front of Littlo Bound Top, following closely upon tho heels of Ayres' retiring brigades the Confeder ate column met a force that turned it to tho right-about. It consisted of six Pennsylvania regiments led by General Crawford, whoso im petuous charge decided tho question. Tho Con federate lino was withdrawn to a respectful distance, and tho Bound Tops, little and big, remained in possession of the Union army. It was a terriblo day for Sickles' corps. In Humphreys' division alono tho loss was 2,0.'Jo. This noblo division had held its position until all support had been driven from its left, when in obedience to orders it fell back stub bornly, contesting every foot of ground. It had formed in lino on tho crest of tho ridge, and again advanced, led by its intrepid com mander, and recaptured the guns that had been left behind for lack of horses with which "to bring them off from tho field. The loss in Bir ney's division was 2,0G3. ewell's ASSAULT ON TnE lUGnT WING. It will bo remembered that General Leo's plan of operations for tho day embraced an at tack by General Ewell simultaneously with that of Longstreet, which, with pressure by Hill against tho center, would prevent what actually took place, tho detaching of troops by General Meade from thoso portions of his lino to strengthen tho left wing. But Ewell allowed hours to pass after tho conflict had opened in Longstreet's fron' before ho made any movement towards an attack. Williams' division was withdrawn from his front, and Doubleday's Corps from opposite Hill, aud oven General Meade found time to conduct in person two regiments to the relief of his endangered left before tho oponing guns from a knoll in front of Cemetery Hill an nounced that his attack had opened. But, if long delayed, it was a desperately-in-earnest assault when it came. Tho sun was just set ting when the divisions of Early and Johnson Eallied from their position and advanced fai un broken lines up tho slopes of Cemetery and Culp's Hills, Early against tho former and John son against the latter. Swinton describes tho engagement at theso points as follows: "As Early's columns defiled from tho town they camo under tho lire of Ste vens' battery at eight hundred yards, but, wheeling into line, they pushed up tho hill and as their front becamo unmasked all tho guns that could be brought to bear upon them, some twenty in number, were opened upon them, first with schrapnel, then with canister, and with excellent effect, for their left and center wcro beaten back. But tho right, working its way up under cover of tho houses and undu lating ground, pushed completely through Wiedrichs' battery into Bickctls' battery. Tho cannoneers of both batteries stood well to their guns, and when no longer ablo to hold them, fought with handspikes, rammers, and even stones. Howard's troops were considerably shaken by tho assault, but tho firmness of tho artillery and tho opportune arrival of Carroll's brigado of tho Second Corps, voluntarily sent by General Hancock on hearing tho firing, re pulsed the atlaek and saved tho day." THE ASSAULT ON CULP'S HILL. Beferring to the failure of Early to hold his position, Gen. Leo says in his report : " Ewell had desired Bodes' division to act in concert with Early, covering his right. When tho timo camo to attack, Bodes not having his troops in position was unprepared to co-operate with Early." This was in marked contrast with tho facility with which Gon. Meade, al though newly appointed to the command of the Army of tho Potomac, was ablo to movo organized bodies of troops from ono point of tho field to auothcr, on sudden emergencies, where no opportunity could bo offered to oc cupy timo in preparation for tho movement. Johnson's attack was more successful. Tho withdrawal of heavy detachments from tho Twelfth Corps had so denuded tho right wing of troops that but ono brigado remained to occupy tho Avorks designed for a corps. This Avas Greene's brigade, and tho attack fell upon it. On its loftAvasWadsworth'sdivision, from which re-en forcoments Avere detached, and it Avas thus enabled to hold its position on tho left of tho lino of Avorks, but Ewell thrust the left of his lino around and gained possession of tho vacated breast-Avorks on tho right, and held that posi tion until ousted by tho rightful OAvners on their return from relioA'ing the pressure upon the left Aving. Night closed in upon tho battle-field; and summing up tho day's successes, Gen. Leo thought it Avorth AA'hilo to try conclusions on the morrow. Longstreet had pushed his ad vanco forward and occupied tho ground upon Avhich Sickles' corps had taken position in tho morning. EavcII's left AA'ing A-as in position to take Gen. Meade's entiro line in reverse. Tho Confederate troops, occupying all the ground that had been fought o'er during tho tAo days, Avcro in posession of the dead aud many of tho Avounded, aud if Gen. Leo esti mated tho loss to his antagonist at 20,000 bay onets, ho did not exceed tho estimate placed upon it by tho Union cominauder. Both assaults having been successful upon tho flanks of tho Union lino, it remained to make an equally suc cessful demonstration upon tho centre, Avhen, in his opinion, Chancellorsville Avould bo re peated. Never did an army sink to rest Avith brighter anticipations of success on tho morroAV than did that of Northern Virginia upon tho field of Gettysburg. To bo continued. A Souvenir of llnttle. Tho Princo of Wales had one uuiquo Christ mas present a ten-inch shell, mounted on a handsome Avooden stand, and bearing this in scription : ' Presented to II. B. H. the Princo of Wales, by Admiral Lord Alcester, G. C. B., as a souvenir of tho bombardment of Alex andria, July 12, 1832. Came through tho port side of her Majesty's ship, Alexandria, above armor, passing through torpedo-lieutenant's cabin, st l uck combing of engine-room and l oiled along main deck, Avhen Mr. Harding, gunner, put it in a tub of -water, for which ho received tho Victoria Cross," CHICKJLMAEJL An Incident of the Great Battle in Georgia. m CASTLE THUNDER. A Bold and Successful At tempt to Escape. PASSING THE GUARDS On the Road to the Union Lines. II. On our arrival at the city wo Avere marched in a body under a strong guard to a largo building, standing at tho sido of the river, and confined in the second story. Tho prison was called Castle Thunder. Tho reason for the name I iieA'cr could tell. It Avas a queer look ing old building, and AA-as like cA'erything else in this neighborhood in an unfinished condi tion. There Avere several AA'indows in the room looking out on tho riA'er. It AA'as impossible to tell whether tho water closo to the house Avas deep or shalloAV. I canuot say that our treat ment as prisoners was bad. They gaA'e us rations of corn-bread, rather coarse, aud some meat. Wo got no coffeo or tea, unless some of the prisoners had, by good luck, saved a little money and purchased them. The prison was strongly guarded, and at first sight it seemed an impossibility to make an escapo. I was sick and tired, and spent tho most of the lime in sleep when tho Avouud in my head, AA'hich was at times painful, Avould permit me. At least tAVo weeks Avero passed in this Avay, when I began to bo restless, and thero being no hope of an exchange, I determined to make my escapo from tho prison if possible. There AA'ero many plans of escapo suggested by tho prisoners, but none of them appeared feasible to me. Aftor taking a careful survey of the prison and its location, I could see no other way to escapo but to let myself down into the rirer some dark night, and either swim the riA'er or come out on tho samo sido at tho end of tho building and run the gauntlet of a lino of picket guards one-half or three-fourths of a mile in extent. I told my plan to somo of my comrades, but they all, without exception, said it AA-as imprac ticable, and that if I tried it I AA'ould surely bo killed or captured. I could not persuade a single ono to accompany me. I hesitated for scAeral days before I could fully make up my mind to make tho attempt. But the monot onous round of prison life, shut up in a room Avith tAvo or three hundred prisoners, Avas to mo worse than capture or death. At any rate I came to the determination to make the trial. A STRIKE TOR LIBEKTV. When my felloAA'-prisoners Avere informed of my resolution, they agreed to assist me all they could, and manage to make tho count hold out as long as possible to aA'oid pursuit, as it was tho custom of the guard to count the prisoners eA'ery two or three days. My plan Aas to AA'ait for a dark night and tie blaukets enough together to reach tho Avater and let myself doAvn on them. The auspicious night at length arrived ; tho blaukets Avere tied to gether and let out of the windoAV, my oavu blanket tAvisted OAer my shoulder. My com rades had furnished me an old haA-ersack avcII filled A'ith such rations as avc received enough, it Avas thought, to last mo Avith care three days and Avith my canteen, which they had alo furnished me, all equipped for the dan gerous journey, I bade my friends farewell, crawled out of tho aviucIoaa, and let myself doAvn slowly to tho AA'ater. Feeling my way carefully in the AA'ater, I found, to my great joy, that it AA-as only tAvo or threo feet deep closo to the building. I ga-c the signal agreed upon to pull the blankets in, and concluded to Avado carefully to the end of tho building, tako tho shore, and try to dodge the sentinels. I moA-ed sloAA-ly in tho water, keeping close to the building, and Aiicn I reached the corner I took a careful survey of tho premises before stopping out upon the shore. I had tho adau lage of tho guards on duty. I Avas below, and in looking up 1 could barely discoA'er the dusky form of the scutincl as ho slowly paced his beat. Watching my opportunity as tho guard passed the corner of tho building, I stepped lightly on shore and Avalked in tho opposito direction as far as prudence AA'ould permit mo to go before his return. PASSING THE SENTINELS. Thero Avcro plenty of hiding-places between tho road on tho bank and tho river, consisting of boxes and lumber, of Avhich fact I Avas avcII aAA-aro beforo I started. I concealed myself close to a pile of lumbor and AA-aited the return of tho guard. So soon as he commenced his retrograde march- 1 would mako an advance, carefully Avatching for any movement near me, and hiding again A-hen I thought I had gone as far as 1 could AA'ithout being seen. It A-as a sIoav and tedious journey, but in this way I succeeded in making my Avay past nil tho sen tinels, somo fifteen or twenty of them, for nearly ono mile. While I Avas on this perilous journey tho guard Avas changed. I had to Avait until CA'erything Aas again quiet beforo proceeding, and I began to fear that I Avould not bo ablo get through before daylight. At last I passed tho last guard, and tho road appeared clear for a double-quick march, Avhich I mado in good time and for a considerable distance before I camo to a halt to breathe and tako my bearings. I had not passed tho city, and, as near as I could guess, (for it AA'as cloudy and dark,) it Avas nearly daylight. I AA'alked on nearly a milo further, all the time looking for a safe placo to hide for tho day. I camo at last to a lumber yard, mostly timbers and railroad ties, and after looking about for somo little time I found a secure hiding-place, aud, AA'rappiug my blanket about me, I laid down in a very com fortable position to Avait for daylight and tako a sleep. My first hiding-place must liaA'c been nearly or quito threo miles from Castle Thun der. When I aAVoko it avus nearly noon, and tho road betA-een mo and the river Avas filled Avith wagons and teams of OA'ery description, passing and repassing. I AA-as within fifty yards of the road, and a largo body of troops passed in tho courso of tho day, going up tho riA'er. Thero was one point from Avhich I had a fair A-ieAV of tho road for nearly one-half mile. I AA'as not very anxious to sIioav myself. It must have been near midnight before I ventured to .coaio out) and resume my Jouraoy, A NAP.ROAV ESCAPE. Tho night was still cloudy, and it had rained in tho afterpart of tho day, but I AA'as Avell sheltered, and my clothing nearly dry from the Avctting in the riA'er. Late as it Avas in tho night I occasionally met a team in the road, Avhich I ahA-ays avoided, stepping to ono sido until it had passed. I was following tho road up the river, which ran a Avcstcrly course, and to aA'oid as much as possible coming in contact) Avith portions of tho army, which I knoAV to be north of tho city. I kneAV I must go nearly duo north to reach Washington, or to find any portion of tho Union army. But I concluded to go west until I was fairly out of reach of the Confederate army. Nothing of a startling character interrupted mo in my travels tha second night, and I probably made twelve or fourteen miles north, and about daylight I concealed myself in a thick clump of bushes near tho road and waited for another night. Sometimo in tho morning tho clouds broka away and tho sun came out bright and warm, and had it not have been that I was beginning to feel the pangs of hunger and that theAvound in my head had become somewhat painful and needed dressing, I should ha-e been compara tiA'cly happy. As it Avas I could do nothing hnt lay still and dream of the good timo coming when I should once more be free. So soon as it was dark I commenced my journey. It avhs a starlight night ; CA'erything bid fair for mo to make a good march, and put seA'eral more miles bo tween.me and the rebel capital. Towards mid night I saAv at somo distance ahead of me sev eral horsemen coming doAvn tho road, and I stepped aside into tho bushes to let them pass. I soon discovered that they were tho advance guard of a large body of rebel cavalry, and in stead of being detained a feAV moments I Avas detained four hours. A whole brigade of cav alry, with three or four pieces of cannon and a largo number of Avagons passed by. I waited impatiently, but at last the road was again clear, and I resumed my travels. It was nearly daylight, and having been de tained so long I Aas a littlo imprudent, and continued my AA'alk until it Avas quito lights Just beforo I was going to secrete myself for the day, in a turn of the road about one-fourth of a mile ahead, there suddenly appeared three or four horsemen. I barely caught a glimpse of them, and im mediately took to the Avoods, and was lucky in finding a secure place near tho road, and waited for them to pass. They rode rapidly down the road and Avhen nearly opposite to mo camo to a halt. AN UNPLEASANT PP.05PECT. I could distinctly hear every word of their couA-ersation. One of them contended that he saAV a man dodge into the bushes dressed in a Federal uniform, aud said he believed him to bo an escaped prisoner from Bichmond. Tho others said that they Avere lookingdoAvn the road and saAV nothing, and they tried to make him believe it. It AA-as impossible for them to ride in the Avoods, and in a short time they passed on down the road, but not until I heard the man say he knew there Avas a Federal soldier thero in the brush, and that he would go to Es quire Meacham's and get his blood-hounds and put them on the track. This last expression as they rode aAA'ay filled mo Avith dismay. To be chased by blood-hounds AA-as more than I bargained for, and to risk it by staying where I AA'as all day Avas more than I dared to do. One of tAvo things I must do, risk taking the road in open daylight or travel in tho Avoods. Tho last AA'as not practicable. It was an ex ceedingly rough country, heavily Avooded. and full of deep cuts, rocks, and underbrush, and, bo sides,ifhedid come Avith the bounds, theywould surely OA-ertake me, Avith nothing to defend my self AA'ith except a heaAy hickory stick, AA'hich, Avas my onl yAveapon . In sheer desperation I took the road and traveled in double-quick timo at least tA-o miles, seeing no one. There I came to a long hill, and at tho foot of the hill I came to a creek, which I crossed aud passed perhapa one hundred yards beyond, when the thought occurred to mo to travel doAA'n the creek. I returned and took doAvn the stream, traveling in tho AA-ater, which AA'as not -ery deep. I fol lowed on doAvn about tAvo miles, where a rail road crossed tho stream, and perhaps one-half mile farther, where I found a nice AA'armhiding placo on the bank of the stream, and laid by I for tho day tired, sick and hungry Avaiting for the hounds. My excitement AA-as so great that it Avas impossible for me to sleep, and I passed a restless day. Several trains passed on the railroad during the day, and tho blood hounds AA'ero Avithin hearing distanco from about noon until nearly night, but they never crossed tho railroad, to tho best of my knowl edge. I mado another discovery during the I day that a Avagon road ran north in the val ley, two or threo hundred yards east of me, Avhich I concluded to tako as soou as it wa3 dark. Tir.ED AND HUNGRY. I had noAV been Avithout food of any de scription for forty-eight hours, for my three days' rations Avere not enough for one day, and it AA'as only a matter of time, as I knew then, and only a short time, beforo I Avould bo com pelled to surrender, or get something to eat, or starA'e. But I AA-as determined to travel ono more night and take my chances beforo I sur rendered. Weak and hungry as I AA'as, I started early in tho OA'ening, being almost discouraged and often saying to myself, "you had better givo up." But tho thought of being again a prisoner seemed to reneAV my courago and I traA'eled on, frequently resting by tho AAay. This road AA'as 'not so much of a thoroughfare as the one I left, and I AA-as not disturbed, al though I passed several largo plantations dur ing tho night. Tho houses Avero generally some distanco from the road. I could not hae traveled moro than fiAo or six miles beforo I discovered that it AA-as beginning to bo daylight. A short distance ahead of mo thero Avas a very largo plantation, tho largest I had seen. I Avent so far as tho corner, AA'here there was a cross-road, and hid myself in the thick bushed and AA'aitcd, in hopes somo negro AA'ould como along, and I would venture to ask for some thing to cat. Thero AA-as a A-ery largo house somo distanco from tho road, and at least a quarter of a milo from Avhero I Avas secreted, and to tho left of tho houso a littlo villago of small houses, which I knew to bo negro quar ters. It AA-as not long beforo thero AAas a stir among the negroes, and I AA'aitcd and AA-atchod impatiently for somo of them to como past. 7o be continued. Fifty per cent, profit : " If you AA'ero suddenly reduced to abject poA-crty, what business AA-ould you start in at?" asked an Austin youug man of Moses Schaumburg. "In dot gase," res ponded Moses, sloA-ly, "I AA'ould go into apish ness in a small Aay iu A'ich I could mako fifty per shent profit." " What kind of a business ?" 'I voudsphlit matches and sell 'em." Texas Sifiingi.