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HkJ I ra I 1 H Mm mm Wr "0 rave for tout ulia to Irornc flw tattle, unit for tife ttita ana ontatf." WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1883. VOL! II-NO. 2G.-WII0LE NO. 78. ESTABLISHED 1S77 jStEAY SERIES. MOSSY CREEK A Desperate Battle FougM in East Tennessee. STURGIS and MARTIN Colonel Campbell's Narrow Escape at Dandridge. BROWKLOWS CHARGE. Gen. Tom Young Gets in His Work "With the Bayonet General Longstreet's campaign in East Tennessee- in November, 1S63, culminating in tho repulse of his assault upon Fort Sanders on tho 13th of November, has already been fully de scribed in tho columns of The National Tribune. After tho fruitless attempt to capture tho advance- of the pursuing force at Bean's Station on the loth of December, Longstreet's infantry returned to their camp at Rogcrsvillc and went into winter quarters. His cavalry, under com mand of General Martin, took position in tho vicinity of Dandridge, Russell's brigade of Morgan's division was posted four miles East of Dandridge, Crews' brigade midway between Morristown and Dandridge, Armstrong's divis ion was concentrated at Talbcrt's depot, on tho road leading from Morristown to New Market, all with instructions to attack the flank and rear of any force that might attack cither of the positions above mentioned. Tho strength of the Confederate cavalry corps on the 31st of December, as given in the returns of thatmonth, was as follows: Efftclive Total Present. Cavalry. Artillery. Abstract from Offi- . 1 CIAIi Retdkss 2 o a . tr c C " S C O 3 O D J. T. Morgan? s Division Kusssell's brigade) Crews' brigade J 178 2,611 5 129 4 Armstrong's Division Dibbrcll's brigade Harrison's brigade." 1C9 2.0C6 5 10G 4 Total............ 317 4,710 10 235 S Ransom's Division (de tached) Giltner's brigade W. E. Jones brigade. 104 2.1S0 30 102 4 Total cavalry..... 511 G.S90 13 337 12 Brigadier General S. D. Sturgis superseded General Shackelford in command of the cavalry corps of tho Army of the Ohio on the 12th of December. Tho command consisted nominally of two divisions of two brigades each, but the long, wearisome marches over tho mountains of East Tennessee had reduced the mount to such an extent that one-third of tho men had no horses to ride. General Sturgis established his camp at Blaine's Cross Roads, and was indefat igable in obtaining information as to the posi tion and movements of his antagonist, and having ascertained through spies and recon noissances the location of General Martin's camps, reported tho facts to Major-Gcneral Foster, commanding tho Department of Ohio. In pursuance of orders given by General Grant to Brigadier General W. L. Elliott, com manding the cavalry corps of the Army of tho Cumberland, that command, re-equipped for service, moved from Sparta, Tenn., early in De cember, and encamped at Kingston, whence, on the loth, General Elliott marched at the head of two brigades of Brigadier General E. M. Mc Gook's division to co-operate with General Sturgis in his operations against the Confed erate cavalry. General Sturgis, being the rank ing officer, assumed command of tho entire force, when, after a vexatious delay in crossing the Holston, swollen by recent rains, the junc tion was formed a week later. Tho returns for December 20 show the strength of both these commands to be as fol lows: t Union Cavalry Present for Duty, Equipped. Cavalry. Artillery. 03 X g a S - 2 O o U KUioU's Cavalry. MoCook'fc divij-ion Campbell's brigade .. 81 1,207 Iji Grange's brigade 120 1.KJ2 f-fventh Ky. cavalry 27 210 Lilly's battery 4 79 C Total 231 3,305 4 79 0 Ulurgis' Catalry and Mounted Infantry. "VVolford'h division Adams' brigade. CI 920 iJond's brigade - 70 1,433 All lbon'b battery . 2 55 C Foster's division Garrard's brigade 33 487 Capron's brigade 43 433 Total cav. and rn't'd inf.. 425 0.5SS C 131 12 Jlott's infantry brigade.. SS 1,553 3 120 C Total force 513 8,111 9 2C0 18 The total number of officers and enlisted men in General Sturgis' cavalry corps, present for duty at the same date, was C.0S9. Of this num ber, Peunebaker's brigade, 1,01-1 strong, was on detached service, and 1,511 men were dis mounted. Tho field of operations was in the mountainous region tying east of Knoxvillc. The season was the depth of winter and very inclement. The object to bo gained was two fold. First, the interposition of a cavalry force between that of General Martin and the in fantry lines at Bean's Station and in the vicin ity of Knoxvillc ; hecond, to subsist the cavalry men and horses, and, third, to protect the in habitants, who, when sure of their deliverance from Confederate oppression, had been so pro nounced in their expressions of loyalty to the United States Government as to have aroused the hostility of their Confederate neighbors. The orders given General Elliott by Major General Foster in person on tho 15th, were to cross the Holston river and attack the Confed erate cavalry, reported to be in tho vicinity of Morristown. On the 16th, Campbell's brigade crossed the river, barcl' fordable, at A nnstrong's Ford. Tho river was rising, and in the hope of finding the crossing more favorable higher up tho stream tho two brigades marched abreast, one on each, side' b tho river to Straw berry Plains, where General Elliott reported by courier to General Sturgis, who directed him to proceed to Nance's Ford. On arriving at the latter point the river was still found to bo unfordable, and the entiro command re traced its steps to Strawberry Plains, Teaching thcro on the night of tho 19th, where four days later the water had lowered sufficiently to allow Granger's brigade and tho artillery to cross to the north side of the river. CAMPBELL AND GARRARD MARCH TO DAN DRIDGE. On tho 21th Campbell's brigade, consisting of the Ninth Pennsylvania cavalry, Colonel Jor dan ; tho First Tennessee- cavalry, Colonel .T. P. Brownlow, and the Second Michigan cav alry, Colonel Campbell, with four guns, of Lilly's battery, w:is ordered to Dandridgo to co-operate with Garrard's brigade in an attack I upon tho Confederate forco reported to bo stationed at that placo. Colonel Campbell marched from New Market at threo o'clock on tho morning of tho 21th December, through Flat Gap, reaching Dan dridge at niuo o'clock a. in., but found tho placo unoccupied. Here he halted his command an hour, whero ho received a dispatch from Colonel Garrard directing him to advance on tho Bull's Gap road to his support, as the enemy was about to attack him. Colonel James P. Brownlow, commanding tho First Tennessee cavalry, was ordered for ward, and soon commenced skirmishing. Lil ly's battery, under command of Lieutenant Scott, was placed in position, and tho Second Michigan cavalry ordered to its support. Tho Ninth Pennsylvania cavalry dashed forward at a trot to support tho First Tennessee, which in a gallaut charge upon a lino of dismounted skirmishers killed three and captured fifteen prisoners, whereupon tho Confederate com mander opened an artillery firo with such pre cision as to call for an advance of a section of Scott's battery to tho hill, near Hayes' Ferry, four miles from Dandridge. The cirect of this movement was to drive the Confederate lino back upon the reserves, where an order camo from Colonel Garrard to advance on tho road, promising to move his command upon a par allel road not more than two miles distant. THE CONFEDERATES FIXED TO RECEIVE COM PANY. General Martin in his report, referring to this attack, says: "On tho morning of tho 21th, simultaneous attacks were made upon General Armstrong and Colonel Russell. After spirited skirmishing tho former, Icing flanked and out numbered, was compelled to withdraw his pick, cts from near New Market to tho eastern side of Mossy Creek. An unexpected attack upon Colonel Russell was made by two thousand cavalry under Colonel Campbell. Russell's brigado was for a moment in confusion, but rallied and re pulsed tho enemy, who fell back two miles, to wards Dandridge. In tho meantime- Crews' brigade moved in rear of the enemy. Two of the regiments being in advance, made a spirited charge on tho enemy and captured his battery of artillery. Support being too far off, tho bravo men who made the charge wero driven from tho guns, and Major Ball, commanding tho Sixth Georgia, was left dead in the midst of tho battery." Crews' brigade consisted of tho First, Second, Third, and Sixth Georgia cavalry. In advancing along tho road indicated in Garrard's order tho Ninth Pennsylvania was in column, and the First Tennessee cavalry was in line, on the right of the road, resting on tho French Broad River. Tho Second Michigan (dismounted) was in support of the section of artillery. After advancing half a mile, an order came from General Sturgis to return at once to New Market. This order was immediately for warded to Colonel Garrard, and the column halted. THE FIGIIT OPENS A GALLANT CHARGE. Colonel Campbell says: "Tho enemy soon commenced firing in my rear, charged with three regiments, and captured tho two pieces of my artillery not in position. I at once or dered the Second Michigan and Ninth Penn sylvania cavalry to charge and recapture the guns, which order was executed with great promptness and gallantry, tho guns recap tured, and the enemy driven nearly one mile, with heavy loss in killed and wounded on tho field and fourteen prisoners in our hands." Confronted by Russell's brigade in his front and attacked in rear by Crews' brigade, Colonel Camribcll, after failing to obtain- re-enforec-ments from Colonel Garrard, determined to fall back and make the best of his way to New Market, uruering tnc artillery ambulances and led horses into the woods to the left of the original front, and moving them as rapidly as possible by a path towards the New Market road, followed by tho Ninth Pennsylvania and First Tennessee, he dismounted the Second Michigan and formed it as a rear-guard. Tho retreat was conducted in good order, but not without severe fighting. A fter marching about one mile it became necessary to order a charge by tho Ninth Pennsylvania, which being gal lantly executed relieved the left Hank of severe piessure. Tho First Tennessee, with the bat tery in charge, advanced to a good position and unlimbercd. A vigorous cannonading had the desired effect, and soon the Second Michigan came forward, turning at regular intervals to deliver their firo upon tho pursuing force. Russell's brigado seems not to have followed up when Campbell withdrew from tho field. Couriers from General Martin failed to reach him, and it was not till the Union forco had got well on his way that he moved forward in pursuit. CAMPBELL'S WELL-MANAGED RETREAT. Tho pressure upon the rear soon became too strong to be resisted, and Colonel Brownlow was ordered to make a sabre charge with his regiment. General Martin bears testimony to the desperate character of the conflict that en sued. He says : " I have never witnessed greater gallantry than was displayed by Colo nel Crews' brigade. The enemy mounted three times, charged our dismounted men in open fields, and wero as often repulsed, but not until mingling in our ranks many were brought to the ground with clubbed guns." Colonel Campbell says: "Tho First Tennes see, ordered to charge with the sabre, executed it nobly, driving tho enemy's line over a fence, with severe loss to their ranks. The regiment lost three killed, nine wounded, and eleven missing. Thirty-two horses wero killed or Wounded. While the Tcnnessccaus were flesh ing their sabres in the ranlcs of the Georgians, the Ninth Pennsylvania and the Second Michi gan poured in a galling fire, and the enemy, seeming to bo satisfied with what they had received, fell back." Russell's brigade camo up soon after and fol lowed for several miles, but accomplished nothing. Tho loss sustained by tho Confederates in this action was estimated at 150; thut of Colo nel Campbell's brigado was five killed, twenty six wounded, and thirteen missing. He cap tured twentj--nino prisoners, and w.as obliged to leavo ono gun and cannon disabled on tho field. Tho command reached New Market soon after dark. PLOTC AND COUNTEP. PLOTS. General Armstrong advancing on tho road towards New Market, on tho same day, encoun tered tho pickets of La Grange's brigade near Dr. Peck's, at 8 o'clock in tho morning. Col onel La Grango immediately rc-enforced his picket, and soon half his forco was drawn into the engagement. Armstrong'sskirmishers wero gradually driven back acioss Mossy Creek Iwq miles, leaving seventeen dead (including ono lieutenant) on the field. La Grange encamped for tho night at Mossy Creek Station. Heavy rain fell on tho 25th, but tho pickets of both forces frequently camo in contact, and on tho 27th an advanco on tho Morristown road by McCook's division drovo Martin's skirmishers beyond Talbcrt's Station. General Sturgis now determined to assume tho offensive, and in pursuance of his plan sent Foster's division, with four of Wolford's regi ments and four pieces of artillery, to Dan dridgo to meet whatever forco might bo found. Stationing La Grango's brigado al a point where the Mossy Creek road to Dandridge crosses Bay's Mountain, within supporting distance f Foster, ho sent Colonel Wolford on tho road leading from New Market to Dandridge, and directed Colonel Campbell to occupy the entire line and fill up tho gaps occasioned by detach ing so largo a portion of his force, with instruc tions, if detached, to fall back without much resistance to the line of Mossy Creek. Colonel Palmer's Fifteenth Pennsylvania cavalry and ono company of Tennessee mounted infantry, then guarding the right flank on the Chucky Bend road, were withdrawn aud posted on the line selected for battle, where Colonel Mott's infantry brigado was posted. While General Sturgis was thus planning an attack, General Martin was advancing with the same intention on tho road from Panther Spring, where he had concentrated Armstrong's and Morgan's divisions. THE BATTLE OF MOSSY CREEK. General Sturgis no sooner saw that he was to bo attacked than he sent orders recalling tho expeditions above mentioned. Referring to Martin's attack, General Sturgis says: "The enemy advanced steadily aud handsomely over the open country beyond the creek, and Col onel Campbell as handsomely contested the ground whilo falling back to tho ground se lected for the engagement." General Morgan's division was dismounted and formed on tho left of the railroad ; General Armstrong's on the right. The country is open, lolling fields that had been tilled during the season, flanked by high woodland on both sides. General Martin could not manoeuvre his artil lery except near tho railroad, and to distract the attention of the Union commander Ann strong's division was moved rapidly forward with tho artillery, whilo ho attempted a flank movement with Morgan's division on Sturgis' right. In the meantime General Sturgis had sent Colonel Thomas L. Young with his regiment, the One Hundred and Eighteenth Ohio, un perccived by Martin, into the woods on the left of the Morristown road, and placed a section of twelve-pounder guns in position on tho right of tho road, with the Sixteenth Kentucky in fantry in support. The Twenty-fifth Michigan infantry was held in reserve, and one battalion of the Eightieth Indiana infantry w:is sent to guard the Dyer's Ferry road. In the advance of Martin's forco Crews' brigade of Morgan's division had crossed the railroad, and Armstrong was ordered to charge with tiiis brigade added to Dibbrell's and Harrison's brigades of his own division. The artillery was brought up to within canister range, and tho charge was exe cuted with spirit on the left and left centre of the Union line held by Campbell's brigade aud the Ono Hundred and Eighteenth Ohio. A FURIOUS CHARGE GALLANTLY REPULSED. Referring to the chargo and repulse, the re ports of tho two commanders are substantially in unison. General Sturgis says : " Tho enemy now niado a desperate charge on our left and left centre for the purpose of securing a position which would enable him to command the crossing of tho creek, but in this attempt lie signally failed, Colonel Campbell's brigade and threo 3-inch rifled guns making havoc in his lines as he advanced over tho open ground. "Tho infantry reserved its fire until tho enemy came up within easy range, then de livered a deadly volley into his ranlcs, and, charging with the bayonet, drove him back in confusion. While this was beingacconiplished, tho First Tennessee cavalry, (Colonel Brown low,) on the extreme left of the line, charged with the sabre, breaking the enemy's line and throwing him into disorder. Meeting with nothing but disaster on our left, tho enemy made but little effort against our right, and soon began to fall back." General Mai tin is equally explicit. He says : "Owing to the nature of the ground, Crews' brigade had been thrown to the right of the railroad, and General Armstrong, with his division and Crews' brigade, was ordered to move up his artillery to within canister range and charge some woods in his front. Colonel Russell's brigado had its right resting on the railroad and his left on tho woods. Imme diately in his front the enemy had occupied some barns and out-houses. I ordered him to dislodge them. The whole lino moved for ward. Tho enemy was driven from his posi tion on our left, but by a charge of cavalry upon our right and of a brigado of infantry upon Crews' brigado and Armstrong's left, we were compelled to yield the ground." Colonel Young charged too far and was driven back, but held his first position. About this time the cavalry commenced arriving upon the field. La Grange was sent out on tho right to harrass the retreat. Finding that heavy rc-enforcements were forming in his front, General Martin lost no time in with drawing from tho field. Darkness, combined with the weariness of both men and horses, prevented pursuit. Tho fight busted from 9 a. m. until dark, 'and was for several hours hotly contested, Tho Union loss, mostly in General Elliott's command, was eighteen killed, seventy-seven wounded, and five prisoners. The Confederal o loss in this engagement is not reported, but was estimated by General Sturgis to have been from 250 to 000. Forty four prisoners were taken by the Union forces. General Martin, referring to the condition of his command, says : " A very largo proportion of my men, and even officers, are ragged, bare footed, and without blankets or overcoats, and have not received any pay for six. months." MY MARYLAND. The Part. Borne by Her Troops in the Gettysburg Campaign. GREGG'S CAVALRY. Warm Welcome to the Union Troops in the State. mFAJSTRY and ARTILLERY The Right Flank at Gettysburg. A Good Record. Tho organizations from Maryland actually engaged in the battle of Gettysburg wero tho First cavalry, Co. A Purucll cavalry, Colo's bat talion of cavalry, (in detached bodies as guides, orderlies, &c.,) Kigby's battery, First Potomac Home Brigade infantry, First Eastern Shore infantry, and the Third infantry. Tho First cavalry, under Lieutenant-Colonel Deems, with Mcintosh's (First) brigado of Gregg's (Second) cavalry division, broke camp at Aldio on tho 2Gth of June, and marched to Lcesburg, covering tho rear of tho army ad vancing into Maryland. Thus was commenced that series of rapid, continuous, and exhaust ing marches which culminated upon tho field of Gettysburg, and continued with scarcely an intermission until tho opposing armies were once again confronting each other on tho lino of the Rappahannock. On Saturday, June 27th, the First Maryland crossed tho Potomac at Edwards' Ferry, and took tho road to Frederick, where it arrived next day. Halting for a few hours' rest dur ing the extreme heat of tho day, the entiro di vision, about the middlo of tho afternoon, was onco more in tho saddle, and marching along the turnpiko to Baltimore, its duty being to guard tho right Hank of tho army from any dash of Stuart's cavalry, which had crossed the river at Scnecaand was now between tho Army of the Potomac and Washington. All the next day and night tho march con tinued, the column entering Westminster at noon, pushing on thence to Manchcstor, near the Pennsylvania line, whero it bivouacked focj the night. All along the route Stuart's rear guard had been strongly pressed, and many stragglers captured. MARYLAND HOSPITALITY. The earnest patriotism and generous hospi tality manifested by tho people of Western Maryland during this march across tho State is thus told by tho chaplain of the First New Jersey cavalry, who accompanied Gregg's com mind : '"The transition from Virginia to Maryland, from a region inhabited by active or secret enemies, to ono where every village poured out a throng of enthusiastic friends, was ono that delighted and inspired tho war-worn veterans of the army. No longer scowled at as in vaders, or repaid by hate when they sought to supply their necessities, the march of the cav alry through the fertile country was ono long series of ovations, a succession of grateful greet ings. All along the road the inhabitants camo thronging out to gaze upon the hauly figures and weather-beaten visages of tho troops who had defeated the famed cavalry of tho South, and with shouts and joyful tears they cheered us forward in the pursuit. From doorways, windows, balconies, handkerchiefs and scarfs were waved in welcome; young girls saluted us with patriotic songs; matrons brought out abundant provisions for our refreshment; men opened barns, and granaries, and store-rooms, with ono impulse of zeal for the glorious stand ard, of the Nation, displayed upon every house. Not a village in that littlo Stato of Maryland, whose sympathies the rebels claim to bo with them, allowed tho soldiers of tho Union to pass without a tribute of hearty sympathy and un restrained applause." Leaving Manchester at an early hour of July 1st, the march was continued almost without a pause until the command reached the sceuo of action at Gettysburg about noon of July 2. tiii: first cavalry ox Tin: field. Up to this time tho marching had been unu sually severe, and for eight days tho men wero kept in the saddle on an average of twenty horn's out of tho twenty-four, with little to eat and scaioely forage for their horses. Upon ar riving at Gettysbuig, with men wearied and horses jaded, Gregg's division (or rather two brigades of it, Huey's brigado having been left at Westminster) was posted on tho extreme right of tho army, near tho point of inteiscc tion of the Honaughtown (or Hanover) road with the Salem Church (or Low Dutch) road, and about threo miles from tho town, east ward ly. A line of pickets was established connecting with the infantry (Twelfth Corps; on the left, and extending well to the right of the Bonaugh town road. About 7 p. in. a spirited fight took place, in which tho enemy was repulsed. This affair occurred simultaneously with E well's heavy attack on Cemetery and Culp's Hill. About 10 p. m. all of Gregg's cavalry, with tho exception of a strong picket-line, was moved over to tho Baltimore pike, whero it took posi tion in rear of tho artillory reserve, and re mained thoro during tho night. On the morning of July 3d, General Gregg resumed his position of tho previous day, and during tho terrific cannonade of that afternoon held, with tho assistance of Custer's brigado of Ivilpatrick's division, tho right Hank o'f tho army against repeated attempts of Stuart's wholo corps to force a passago and gain tho icar of tho Union army. At tho beginning of this engagement tho First Maryland was drawn up in column of squadrons in a clover field west of Lett's house. It was subsequently moved over to tho right of the Salem Church road to guard a very important point. Most gallantly and successfully was this duty pcr itjnncd. The regiment lost two men wounded and threo missing. Till: EIGHT FLANK AT GETTYSBURG. This cavalry engagement on tho right flank of the army had a most important bearing upon tho results of tho battle. In his excellent con tribution on "The Right Flank at Gettysburg," Colonel Wm. Brooke-Rawlo very properly says: "But little has been written of tho operations of the cavalry during tho battle of Gottysburg. So fierce was the main engagement, of which the infantry bore tho brunt, that tho 'affairs' of tho cavalry have almost passed unnoticed, yot on tho right flank thero occurred ono of tho most beautiful cavalry fights of tho war, 1 and ono most important in its results. "It may bo confidently asserted that had it not been for General D. McM. Gregg and tho threo brigades under his command on tho Eo naughtown road, on July 3, 1SG3, that day would have resulted differently, and instead of a glorious victory, tho name of 'Gettysburg' would suggest a stato of affairs which it is not agreeable to contemplate." On tho morning of tho 4th, tho First cavalry was moved, with its brigade, to tho extreme left of the army, to picket tho different roads, and to observe tho movements of tho enemy in that direction. In tho retreat of Leo's army, which begun on tho night of the 4th, under cover of a violent storm which had set in be fore sundown, Mcintosh's brigade of cavalry, with Neill's brigade of tho Sixth Corps, was sent to follow up tho rear and co-operate with Couch's militia advancing from Harrisburg by tho Cunbcrland Valley, while tho main army moved by tho left flank toward Frederick and Middletown. Tho First Maryland participated in a skir mish near Emmittsburg, in which ono man was wounded, then crossed South Mountain at Caledonia Furnace, capturing on tho way a large number of stragglers. Reaching Waynes boro, upon the heels of the enemy, the regiment went into camp and enjoyed a three days' rest. Whilo hero tho men were handsomely enter tained by tho good people of tho town and neighborhood, who wero profuse with their gifts of bread, pies, &c. These acts of hospi tality wero duly appreciated by the soldiers and taken as conclusive evidence of the donors' piety as well as loyalty. A SI'IIJITKD ENGAGEMENT. Whilo recouuoitcring in tho direction of ITagcrstown, on tho 10th of July, tho enemy was encountered at Old Antie'tam Forge, and a spirited engagement ensued, in which the First cavalry bore a share. Rejoining the division at Boonsboro' on the 12th, the Potomac was crossed at Harper's Fer ry on the 1 lth, and the next day an advance was made to Shepherdstown, where tho enemy appeared in great strength. On tho afternoon of the 16th he attacked with considerable show of forco on tho right of Gregg's position, aud soon after opened on the left with great vigor and in largo numbers. Line of battle was quickly formed, the First Maryland being thrown out as skirmishers upon tho left of the division. During the whole afternoon and until some time after dark the fight raged with unabated fury, the enemy redoubling his efforts as night approached, repeatedly charging at different points, aided by storms of shot and shell, but tho rapid aud deadly volleys of Gregg's men as often drovo him back with great slaughter. At midnight Gregg withdrew his command to Boliver Heights, tho enemy making no at tempt to follow. The loss of tho First cavalry in the fight was eleven men captured. As tho Army moved forward again to tho Rappahannock, tho First cavalry crossed tho Shenandoah at Harper's Ferry on tho 19th of July, and marched to Purcclljylle, and thence to Hillsboro'. From' this point it scouted tho country on tho east side of the Blue Ridge and towards Charlcstown, obtaining much valuable information of the enemy's move ments. On tho 23d of July it marched to Snickers ville, remaining there until the 2Gth, when it moved through Upperville, Middleburg aud Warrenton to Warren ton Junction, arriving there on the 25th. The balance of the summer was spent upon tho upper Rappahannock guarding the fords and watching the enemy. In the discharge of this irksomo duty tho regiment acquired a perfect practical knowl edge of the roads and tho character of tho country, which proved of incalculable value in after operations. Company A, TurnoH cavalry, under Captain Duvall, having joined Mcintosh's brigado at Mount Airy, accompanied it to Gettysburg and participated in the actions of July 2d and 3d. It also took part in all tho skirmishes from Gettysburg to Shepherdstown. On tho ISth of July it was again attached to General Lock wood's command, then at-Harper's Ferry. A month later it was sent to the Eastern Shore of Virginia. THE THIRD INFANTRY ON THE MARCIT. The Third Maryland infantry, commanded by Colonel Joseph M. Sudsburg, moving with tho Twelfth Army Corps, left its camp at Kane's Landing, Va., on tho morning of Juno 13th, and marched to near Hope Landing on Aquia Creek; thence countermarched, aud push ing northward all night arrived at Dumfries at 10 o'clock in the morning. It remained at this placo a day and night, and at 3 a. m. of tho loth was again in motion. Tho day was oppressively hot and dusty and many fell out by the way with sunstroko and exhaustion; but the column pressed on, crossed tho Occoquan at noon, and reached Fairfax Court House at 9 p. m. Serious inroads wero mado in tho ranks of all tho regiments, as appeared at roll-call when tattoo was beaten that night Tho suffering from heat, dust, thirst, fatigue and exhaus tion, was very great. Many of tho men had blistered their feet during tho severe march of fifty-five miles from Kano's Landing. Tho corps rested at Fairfax Court House until 3 a. m. of tho 17th, when tho march was resumed to Dranesville, whero the Third again bivou acked. Sunrise of tho next day found it in line, marching towards the Potomac. On tho way a violent hail storm was encountered, and in crossing Gooso Creek tho men waded up to their waists in tho stream. At 5 p. m. tho regiment went into cam) near Lcesburg. From this point tho Union army lay stretched south westward beyond Manassas to Thoroughfare Gap. Tho Twelfth Corps remained at Leesburg, holding the right flank of tho army, until tho 2(Jth of June. Meantimo Leo's army had crossed into Maryland, and on the last mentioned dato the corps crossed tho Potomac at Edwards' Ferry, and moved rapidly northward in pur suit. Tho other corps had now como up, and all crossed before night of tho 27th and ad vanced to intercept the march of tho Confed erate army into Pennsylvania. Marching with its corps tho Third Maryland, after crossing tho rivor passed though Pools ville, retersville, Frederick City and Ladies burg to Littlestowu, whero it arrived on tho 30th of June. Next day it marched in tho direction of Gettysburg as guard to tho division ordiianco train. Relioved from this duty early on the morning of July 2d, tho regiment immediately rejoined its brigade, now commanded by Colonel A. L. McDougall, and consisting of the Fifth and Twentieth Connecticut, Ono Hundred and Twenty-third and One Hundred and Forty fifth Now York, Forty-sixth Pennsylvania, and Third Maryland. Tho strength of tho latter at this time was 290 officers and men. TAKING A HAND IN TIIE FRAY. Soon after its arrival tho Third was moved to a position on the extreme right of the array, near the crossing of tho Baltimore pike over Rock Creek, aud placed in the second lino of battle, behind a stone wall. This position wa3 200 or 300 yards northeast of tho Baltimore pike, on tho crest of a ridgo covered with heavy timber. Tho ground was of a rough and rocky nature, affording good means of defense. In front it descended to Rock Creek. Tho regiment remained in this position until late in tho afternoon, when, with its division, under General Ruger, and Lockwood's brigade, it moved rapidly to the support of tho left wing of the army, then being heavily attacked. Upon reaching the crest of Cemetery Ridge, these troop?, led by General Williams, tho corps commander, plunged down the western slope just as the enemy had, in a most deter mined attack, swepc back the lines of tho Third Corps. As Ruger's division and Lock wood's brigade, with the Sixth Corps, also pushed into tho breach, rushed forward, cheer ing loudly, the enemy gave way, apparently unwilling to prolong the struggle with fresh troop3. As twilight changed to darkness, tho Confederates retired from this portion of the line, and tho contest ceased for the night. In this movement from right to left tho Third Maryland was exposed to a fire of the enemy's artillery, but suffered no loss. The danger to tho left flank having passed, the detachment of the Twelfth Corps was ordered to return to its position on tho extreme right. After toil ing wearily back to its former position, it wa3 ascertained that the works which the corps had vacated three hours before were now occu pied in force by EwelPs corps. After exchang ing a few shots, Ruger's command was put in line on a slight ridge running parallel with the intrenchments, and between them and the Baltimore pike. In this position tho Third Maryland rested for the night. Dis positions were promptly mado to retake tho original line, and at 4 a. m. of tho 3d a heavy fire of artillery was opened upon the enemy. Solid shot and shell were hurled over tho heads of the infantry into the woods which concealed, the Confederate forces. This was continued. ; for an hour, when the entiro corps advanced to a fierce and bloody contest to recover the works. For six hours the conflict raged, tho line swaying back and forth as ground was lost or won, until at last a firm and concen trated charge of the Union troops swept E well's forces through the woods and regained tho works. The lines on tho right were now com pletely restored. During the forenoon the Third was held in reserve. At noon it Tcoccupied its former posi tion. Later in the day it moved into the front line of breastworks and threw out one company as skirmishers. While in this position tho regiment was subjected to a very annoying fire from concealed sharpshooters. Captain Henry Fenton, of Company G, an excellent and gal lant officer, was killed during tho afternoon by a musket ball through the heai. Seven of tho enlisted men wero wounded. Being held in reserve much of the time, and having been subjected to little infantry fire, the losses of the Third wero light. It, however, conducted itself with much courage and steadiness. JOINING IN THE PURSUIT. Joining in pursuit of tho retreating enemy, tho regiment left tho battle-field on Sunday, July 5th, proceeding by way of Frederick City, Crampton's Pass, and Williamsport, to Sandy Hook, where it arrived on tho lGth, after a toilsome march of 100 miles. Crossing the Potomac and Shenandoah Rivers at Harper's Ferry on tho 19th of July, it marched via Woodsboro', Snickcrsville, White Plains, and. Warrenton Junction, to Kelly's Ford, on the Rappahannock, whero it encamped on tho 31st. Colonel A. L. McDougall, tho brigade com mander, in his report, says : "I cannot omit to acknowlcnge the cordial co-operation of Colonel Sudsburg, of the Third Maryland volunteers, and a a (though my juniors in rank, yet my seniors in military experience), in all the arduous duties to which, this brigado was subjected, not only during the battle at Gettysburg, but both before aud dur ing the march afterwards, aud tho. operations near Williamsport. " But higher, aud abovo all, appear conspicu ous tho courage, endurance, constancy, and fi delity of the men of the six regiments com posing the brigade, without an exception. Un Rwed by danger, unsubdued by privation, fatigue, and hardship, no duty could bo or wa3 required of them but was promptly and faith fully performed. " While my command was not brought into as severe action as others, I deem it safe to assume, if not assert, it performed, and was sub jected, in connection with other troops of tho corps, to more varied movement than any other troops on tho field." To be continued.' 3Iore A!)out tlio Death of HoPlierson. To tho Editor National Tribune: In your issue of the 4th ult. I noticed 3n .article headed "Death of McPherson," in which tho writer, B. F. Stclley, Co. G, Twen tieth O. V. I., refers to Major Fitzgihbon, of tho Fburteenth Michigan infantry, saying: "Now, if we could hear from Shoof or Fitzgibbon, perhaps wo could get his (McPherson's) dying words." I beg leave to say that Major Fitz gibbon is dead. His term of servico expired March 13th. ltoo, and he was mustered out of service at Faj'ctteville, N. C, on that date. His regiment (the Fourteenth Michigan) wa3 in tho First brigade, Second division, Four teenth Army Corps. The Major, as soon as mustered out, loft tho regiment and joined as a volunteer aid on the stall" of General Kilpat rick. commanding General Sherman's cavalry I on our raid through the Carolinas. A few days after leaving his regiment he was sent out with a flag of truco by General Kilpatrick. A robe recruit on picket, not seeing the white flair tho Major carried, fired, and shot the Major through tho thigh. The Major was taken by the rebels to General Wade Hampton's camp, thence tp Richmond, at his own request, where his leg was amputated. Ho was then sent to Baltimore, Md., whero ho died. A I was As sistant Adjutant-General of tho Second division, Fourteenth Army Corps, 1S64 and 1SG5, 1 can give you the' exact whereabouts of Major Fitz gibbon on tho 22d of July, 15b' 1 tho day Gen eral McPherson was killed. Tho Fourteenth Michigan was on tho picket-lino all that day, at Moore's Mill, on Peach Tree Creek, Ga., soma eight miles from whero General McPherson was killed. I was with him tho greater part of that day, and at dark crossed Peach Tree Creek with him, and selected a line for his regiment to occupy that night, and I am posi tive that tho Major was not within eight miles of tho spot whero General Mcx'herion fell. Respectfully, yours, Thos. Riseman, A. A. G. 2d Div., 14th A. O. Lawssnoe, Kan., Jon. 25th, 1533.