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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. 'a, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1883.
Some Practical Suggestions for Our
Tlie statement is sometimes made that drain
ing J9 of but little use in a country where hot
Eun and dry weather are so common; that
instead of trying to get rid of water we should
rather try to retain it. Those who reason in
1hh manner do not seem to be awaro that the
purpose served by draining land is the removal
of superfluous water only, and not that of ex
tracting all the available moisture which it
livery hind of soil has its relative degree of
porosity or power for retaining moistuic.
Peaty or uiorey soils, which are mainly com
posed of organic matter in different stages of
decomposition, are very porous, and in conse
quence absorb water readily and in great
quantities. Clay soils, on the other hand, be
ing clocc and compact, absorb water slowly and
to a limited degree. Draining a peaty soil
will not deprive it of porosity; it may bo i
likened to a sponge, which will retain all the
wajer that may be poured on it until its pores
become filled : afterwards the water will drop
from it as fast as it is poured on. Ho it is with j
draining a son: no water win escape iiy uic
drains until the soil is saturated aud cannot
contain any more; then the superfluous water
passes oir by the drains, leaving the land al
ways in a condition for healthy plant growth,
whicli is completely reversed when the super
fluous water is only removed by the slow pro
cess of surface evaporation.
Clay soils cannot be cropped to their best
advantage until thev arc drained. The ordi- i
nary operation of plowing has a teudeucy to
form a hard surface at the bottom of the fur
rows which in time becomes compacted and acts
as a basin in holding water. Soils of this kind
are well designated as cold. The heat of the
sun cannot warm the soil until the water is
flrot removed by evaporation, a process whicli
produces cold; so that, in addition to the im
practicability of putting in early, crops, every
heavy summer rain cools the earth, and the
plants growing in it receive a series of checks
in their progress towards maturity. Draining
removes all these evils.
Brilly, it may be stated that some of the ad
vantages of draining are the removal of super
fluous water from the soil, and thus the tem
perature of the earth near the surface is kept
nearly to its normal state. This makes early
planting possible, and hastens the growth of
crops; it equalizes the temperature of the land ;
it equalizes the moisture of the soil, and grow
ing plants arc thus to a great degree exempted
from the evils which follow either deficiency or
excess of rainfall; the roots of plants are more
generously supplied with soluble food carried
down by rains : the formation of plant food is
increased by the admission of air to the soil;
the land is more economically worked, and
cultivation suffers less interruption at all seas
ons, and as a consequence crops arc increased
to their maximum production, at least so far as
they are dependent upon the physical condi
tion of the soil, a factor of equal importance
with that of its chemical constitution, and one
which is greatly underestimated.
COMPARATIVE VA1XE OF DRIED CORNSTALKS
The Agricultural Experimental Station of Xcw
Jersey has been making tests with reference to
the value of green cornstalks which have been
preserved in silos and stalks of the same ma
turity which have been harvested, dried, and
preserved in the usual manner for fodder. It
Has been claimed that in the case of ensilage
cattle will eat the whole of the stems, whereas
with fodder only the leaves are eaten, and the
etcnis are rejected. It having been suggested
that this might partly lie owing to the finely
cut condition of ihe ensilage, it wasconcluded
to cut the dry corustalksJu..anilar riJonncr,
ana uy an auuy.-7.i.u arrangement on the cut
ting box epnees were so fixed as to tear the cut
drycsin steins into shreds. When thus pre
pared it was found that the animals consumed
ie whole as clean as with the more succulent
lensilage: and, furthermore, after a series of
rtests with milch cows it was found that their
flow of milk, hoth in quautity and quality, was
alike, whether fed upon cut ensilage or cut corn
fodder. These experiments have led to the
conclusion tliat a ton of good corn fodder, after
being subjected to the shredding process, is
shout equal in feeding value to a ton of good
clover hay. This discovery is of very great value,
and if acted upon is worth more to the coun
try than the cost of all the experimental sta
tions throughout the States up to the present
time. We trust that the time will soon arrive
when every State in the country will establish
mi agricultural experiment station and give
it liberal support.
MAKING AND KEEPING- "WALKS.
Very much of personal comfort and pleasure
cf a rural residence depends upon good walks
or pathways A smooth, firm, dry walk is one
f the greatest conveniences; while a rough,
ofr, muddy walk is one of the "worst annoy
ances of country life. Water is the one great
trouble in preventing good walks; acla3s5il
makes a good jiath when it is dry, hut it be
comes all but impassible when it is wet. The
leading principle, therefore, in having a good
walk is to keep it dry. A porous, gravelly or
candy soil will make a good walk if the surface
is rounded so as to throw the rains rapidly to
the sides. It should be filled up so that 'the
whole of the pathway will be above the neigh
boring surface; this will cause the water to
run off the walk and prevent its accumulation
and liability to wash. Instead of excavating
for a path, it will serve a better purpose to add
material to the surface, rounding it well, so
that in a walk four feet in width the contrc
will be five or six inches higher than the sides.
This convexity is too great for roadways, but
not for foot paths. Coal ashes form a good
surface, and become compact with use. When
gravel is used, it should be such as contains a
Email portion of reddish clay. Gravel which
consists merely of sand and rounded pebbles
makes a disagreeable material to walk upon, as
it does not become firm. Koads for vehicles
are constructed on the same principles, but
they have to resist great pressure on small
Eurfaces, and, therefore, require a stronger
foundation than a mere foot path.
About twelve mouths ago The National
Trikine suggested the propriety of trying
ostrich farming in Texas and in others of the
Southwestern States. The subject has recently
received attention so far as to lead to small
importations of the birds for the purpose of
testing their acclimation in this country.
Doubts have been expressed as to the profits of
ostrhli culture, bat on this point we have no
very definite information. As to their profit
able culture in Africa, we extract the follow
ing from the Tropical Agriadturisl : "Mr.
Jfoycc, of Natal, having failed in sheep farm
ing on account of drouths, came to the con
clusion to try ostriches, which have turned out
well. On ten pairs of birds he has been able to
make a profit of about $20,000 during the past
two years, lie has not kept more than ten
pairs of breeding birds, and he thinks this
number is quite sufficient for one man to man
age. The best birds for a beginner to buy are,
in his opinion, those fiom three to four years
old. They should have three meals a day. and
the greatest care should be taken to feed them
at regular intervals. They will also have to
be supplied with salt. When there is a scarcity
pi grass food, thistles, lucerne, cabbage, green
larley, or rye, ana garden produce must be
Pjrjrovided. The birds must also have crushed
Ames of about an inch in length, and also wood
ashes in which to roll themselves to prevent
vermin. They are seldom sick. The food for
young birds is somewhat similar to that for the
old ones, only it should be cut up very short.
The birds generally lay from ten to sixteen
eggs, and the period of sitting is gencrally
forty-two days. They should not bo disturbed
when sitting. The older they get the more
reconciled they become, and sometimes they
"will continue breediug for a long period pcr
fcsps for twenty years."
TRAINING YOVNG ANIMAL?.
It is one of the first essentials in early tiain
Ing to bring the animal to depend upon the
driver. Food, water, care and training should
bo mainly by one person. A feeling of de
pendence, as opposed to independence, should
be cultivated. There should also be i strong
friendship, a familiar acquaintance, and the
fuHcst confidence of the auim.il. There need
be no fear of unrctunicd affection; all of our
domestic animals love naturally the hand which
cares for them and the voice which calls them.
The labor is half accomplished when the ani
mal has confidence in aud a thorough acquaint
ance with the driver. Such confidence is
always sought by good drivers, men under
standing the influences which govern animals,
no matter how well and thoroughly trained
they may be. No demand should ever be made
of a young animal with which he cannot
readily comply. It is a good rule to so direct
that the easiest way to move is in the very di
rection you want the movement made. Any
and all demands must be enforced ; the trainer
never sutlers in the estimation of the animal
when he succeeds, even if force be necessary to
effect the wished-for result. He who would in
struct must never yield the slightest evidence
of passion, anger, or even impatience; he who
is not most thoroughly under self-control
should never attempt instructing the ignorance
of any other being.
EXPERIMENTS IN TfRNIP CULTURE.
Frof. Jamieson, of Aberdeen, Scotland, at a
meeting in Forfar a. few weeks ago stated,
in relation to experiments in turnip cul
ture, that they bad proved : First, that the tur
nip plant can no moro grow without phosphate
than without water or" air; second, that the
plant must have the phosphate in an unhurtful
form must be neutralized by oxygen and lime ;
and third, that a full crop of turnips, or 60,000
pounds per acre, contains only about thirty
pounds of phosphates, and, yet, that the plant
can no more grow without that two-thousandth
part of the crop than without air or water;
fourth, that bonedust was an effective manure
mainly on account of the phosphate it con
tains;" fifth, that a more thorough pulveriza
tion, by grinding the final division, cxereises a
quicker or earlier action on the plant the
finest state of division being got by mixing
bone with an equal weight of vitriol or sul
phuric acid, the result of whicli was to make
dissolved phosphate a phosphate which, when
put in water, disappears as water does. The
sixth discovery was that undissolved phosphate
in finely ground coprolitc acted almost identi
cally with undissolved phosphate in bone; and
the seventh was, that dissolved phosphate acts
more quickly than undissolved phosphate, and
gives usually a rather heavier crop, but very
often a Jess healthy one.
BEST CREAM FOR BUTTER.
The American Cullicator states that Quincy
market butter dealers, those who handle the
choicest lots of line fresh butter, say that all
the popular and high-priced lots of gilt-edged
butter arc made from ripened cream. Neither
the highest flavor or aroma can be developed in
such butter as is produced from sweet cream.
Though fresh butter, made from sweet cream,
is very acceptable the day it is made, its dete
rioration is immediately afterward apparent,
while that from ripened cream maintains its
good qualities for n much lougcr time. Those
who have never tasted butter made from
ripened cream do not realize the possibilities of
the butter maker s art.
3Ir. Dickenson, of Springfield, 3Iass., who is
famed for growing watermelons, takes sandy
ground in sward and spreads manure on a strip
three or four feet wide, and theri turns two fur
rows together and plants seed on the ridge, but
does not plow the spaces between. Melons
want a good deal of heat, and they get some
from the fermentation of the sod and manure.
NOTES AND EXTRACTS.
A Digest of Information Collected From Tarlous
To show the advantage of deep cultivation
take one thousand tons of soil and dry it in its
packed state, then expose it to an ordinary
summers atmosphere for twenty-four hours,
aud the absortion of moisture will be found in
sandy loam equal to five tons, clay loam seven
tons, and garden mold twelve tons. Take the
same soil, thoroughly pulverize and dry it, and
then expose it in like manner to the other, and
the sandy loam will absorb twenty-six tons,
clay loam thirty tons, and the garden mold
forty-five tons. Thus it will be seen that the
latter process is a guarautce against drouth,
to say nothing of allowing the roots of plants
free .scope to grow and seel: nourishment for
the plant, which they could not otherwise do.
The saving in manure will le an item of im
portance, and the increase in production in
credible. When the subsoil is clay it will re
quire several years of deep cultivation to thor
oughly amalgamate it with the top soil, but
once done, the productiveness of it will repay
for the trouble and time taken to do it. South
COMPARATIVE VALUE OF GRASSES.
Timothy or herd grass, in the northern half
of this country, is unsurpassed by any other
grass, as a hay crop. It is later than clover: it
is very productive; two to three tons of dry
hay arc often cut to the acre. It is very nutri
tious, giving, by analysis, a larger proportion
of nutriment than any other grass it sells bet
ter in market than any other hay.
Orchard grass or cockfoot is one of the most
valuable grasses. It is as early as red clover,
and is, therefore, the grass best adapted to sow
with it. It is productive, yielding frequently
from two to three tons to the acre. It is very
nutritions, and very palatable to all kinds of
6tock. It affords pasture earlier than almost
any other grass, is permanent, will bear close
and constant cropping, stands severe drouth,
and when cut will in a week give a good bite
to stock. It is therefore admirable as a perma
Kentucky blue grass early, productive, nu
tritious and palatable. This is one of the most
valuable pasture grasses on all soils containing
limestone. It endures the cold, but is liable
to be parched by drouths. It takes two or
three years to arrive at perfection, and is there
fore adapted only for permanent growth. It
makes very choice hay, but the crop is never
large. It should be cut just before the seed
To raise sixty bushels of oats to the acre,
plow the .ground in November; be careful to
turn it all over; then in winter give a light
coat of manure, spread evenly, from five to ten
loads per acre, according to the fertility of the
land, liirly in the spring, as soon as the
ground is dry enough, sow the oats and work
them in with a cultivator, going over aud then
across; level the ground by going over once
with a harrow and roll if desired, thus getting
them in early. A late supw storm will not
hurt them. If not put in early the ground
The Exploits of Knormous Eaters In the Brave
Da)s of Old.
From the Echoharic (A". Y.) Republican:
For many years there lived in Albany or
Watcrford a man named Peter Ellis, or Ellison,
lie died about three years ago. At the time of
his death he must have been near 70 years of
age. The writer saw him at Saratoga Springs
in thesummcr of lf"70. He was then a large,
loose-made, big-boned man, not much under
six feet in height. He was known as a most
enormous cater. A dressed turkey, weighiug
twenty-one pounds, was roasted, and on a
wager Ellison ate the whole of it at one sitting,
or within about the usual time occupied at din
ner, together with bread and some kind of
wine. A dozen years ago a New York sporting
man made an offer in the way of a bet to the
late John Morrissey that he could produce a
man who would eat a twenty-three pound
dressed turkey roasted, and, when he named
Peter Ellison as his man, Mr. Morrissey said
"I know the man," aud the offered bet was not
At the time alluded to, when the writer met
Peter Ellison, the old man related the particu
lars of an eating match between another aud
himself which took place many years before at
Snediker's, on Long Island, then a well-known
roadside inn much frequented by lovers of the
horse. The dinner was to consist of broiled
spring chickens, bread and wine. The chick
ens were to bo split open at the back and
broiled whole, or as Peter termed it, "in
spread-eagle style," and each man to take the
half given him by the carver and referee. Elli
son ate thirty.-two halves, being sixteen chick
ens, and won the bet.
In the spring of 1815, at the season of making
maple sugar, a student of tire seminary at Man
chester, Vt., Albert Pettibonc, then 1!) years
old, after eating what he wanted of hot maple
sugar at the sugar houe of his father, in that
town, finished up by eating twenty-four hard
boiled eggs. This was witnessed by a number
of Pettibone's fellow students, whom he had in
vited to the sugar house to cat maple sugar
aud sec the process of " sugaring off."
During the first cholera season in this coun
try, that of lS32.two women living in the Mar
cloy or Kniskcrndorf neighborhood, now in the
town of Esperance, Schoharie county, sat down
by themselves to a dinner of boiled green corn.
After eating awhile they bantered one another
as to which could eat the most of that succulent
dish when green and properly boiled. One of
the women ate twenty -i-- tais yf corn and tho
other twenty-ni ne. The latter felt no ill effects
from her extraordinary meal. The other was
almost immediately taken sick and died within
thirty-six hours. The doctors said she died of
Fire Generations Figure on a Photograph.
From the San Francisco Clironicle.
There arc now living in San Fraueico, within
a few blocks of each other, five generations of
one family. The great-great grandmother is
seventy-one years of age; the great-grandmother,
fifty-six; the grandmother, thirty
eight; her son, twenty-one, and his baby daugh
ter, six months. They all met recently at the
house of the grandmother, Mrs. B. E. Arnold,
on Valencia street, and a photo of this extra
ordinary group was taken. The great-grandmother
and great-great grandmother arc so
much alike that they are frequently mistaken
Fifteen Men of Immense Wealth.
J-Voiu the Troy Times.
Fifteen Americans are said to own $-920,-000,000,
as for instance: W. II. A'anderbilr,
$200,000,000; Jay Gould, $100,000,000; Lclanil
Stanford, $100,000,000; C. P. Huntington, $100,
000.000: Chas. Crocker, $GO,000.000; Mrs. Hop
kins, $T)'0,000,000 ; Russell Sage, $40,000,000; Jas.
Flood, $40,000,000; J. G. Fair, $-10,000,000; J. G.
Mackev, $30,000,000; Cyrus W. Field, $2,1,
000,000; Jambs Kcene, $20,000,000: estate of
Thomas Scott, $20,000,000; John W.Garrett,
$20,000,000: Samuel J. Tilden, $15,000,000. It
is probable that these amounts arc at least fifty
per cent, overstated.
Thousands of Buffaloes Slain Yearly.
From the Siour City Journal.
Tho kill of buffalo last winter was estimated
at 80,000, which, from the number of hides
shipped, is probably very close to the mark. The
kill of this winter promises to fall a long way
short of last. A dealer of this city, who has a
buyer in the field, reports that he has so far
secured but 900 hides. The amount of the
matter is that the buffalo are rapidly becoming
extinct, and unless the attempt to domesticate
the animal succeeds the noblest" American game
will pass into history bcfoie the next census is
Waiting, Still Waiting.
From Hie Portland Oregonian.
A large mercantile establishment in this city
has a book-keeper who is a man of few words.
The head of the establishment left for the East
some time since, leaving the book-keeper in
charge. A few days since a man called at the
office and inquired if the proprietor was in.
The book-keeper said he was not. The man
called again the next day and for several suc
ceeding days, always receiving the same an
swer. At length one day he asked if he could
sit down and wait for the arrival of the pro
prietor. The book-keeper nodded assent and
the man waited till he was tired, and then
asked when the man he sought would be in.
" About the 1st of March," was the reply.
An Alarm Clock at a Prayer Meeting.
From the Slattnton Vindicator
On Thursday evening last, while the prayer
meeting at the First Presbyterian Church was
in progress, the congregation was startled at
hearing an aTarm .clock, in the possession of
one of the ladies present, go off at a furious
rate. It appeared that the owner had had a
watchmaker repair it, and was very particular
in telling him to set it for half-past five o'clock.
The lady was thinking of a. m. and the watch
maker of p. m. It was set for 5.30 p. m., and
went off on time in the prayer meeting, where
the owner stopped on her way home.
The Xcw Bonnet in York State.
From the Home Sentinel.
A correspondent writes: Here is an account
of a droll incident related to me a day or two
since that has never been in print. An old
lady who had purchased a new bonnet received
it on Saturday. Not long after she was missed,
and her absence was so protracted that tho
family became concerned about her and insti
tuted a search. After looking the premises all
over her daughter found her in her chamber,
sitting quietly with the new bonnet en. The
daughter exclaimed, "Why, mother, what are
you doing here? "Go along down," tho old
lady replied: "I'm only getting used to this
thing, so that I shall not be thinking about it
all the time in church to-morrow."
SONGS OF THE CAMP.
The Volunteer's Wire.
I knew by the light in his deep, dark eye,
When be heard the beat of the mustering drum,
That he never would fold his arm and sigh
Over the state of ills that would come;
I knew that the blood of a patriot sire
Coursed through his veins like n stream of fire;
So I took his hand,
And bade him go,
But be never drenmed
That it grieved me so.
Two fair-haired children he left with me,
Who lisp his name at the eventide
The very hour when upon his knee
He used to fondle his pet and pride.
Alas ! they may never again be blessed
By a father's care in the old home nest;
And he never again
May hear the tones,
Or kiss the lips
Of liis little ones.
I know that he has answered his country's call,
That his breast is bared at a high command;
But my heart will break, J know, if he full
In the battle-front by a traitor's hand ;
Yet 1 murmur not, though my tcar-wet eyes
Attest the worth of the sacrifice;
Tis a wife's free gift,
Two lives in one,
In the name of God,
And of Washington.
Perhaps, when the maple trees arc red,
And the golden glories of harvest come,
I shall wake some morning to hear his tread.
And give him a wnnn heart's welcome home;
To kneel with him in a fervent prayer,
Thanking our God for his watchful caro
Jn shielding hi heart
From the rebel's brand,
Who honored the flag
. Of the cherished land.
''Good-lye, Boys I'm Coins. -Uy
Mary A. Denison.
The battle rnged with fiercest heat ;
The guns unloosed their thunder;
Shame on the cowardly retreat I
Shame for the cruel blunder!
Along the ground the hissing ball
Ploughed deep black furrows throwing,
When faintly enme the dying call
Of "Good-bye, boys I'm going!"
Brave volunteer! Upon his brow
Death's chilly dews are creeping;
The lugging blood ran slower now,
And many a man was weeping
Yet, as they knelt, 'mid bullet-ram,
Their eyes with vengeance glowing,
Came up the sobbing cry again,
Of " Good-bye, boys I'm going! "
Great soul! No wish, no coward word,
No vain regret was spoken ;
And they who loved him, silent heard
Their very hearts were broken.
Oh. let it be their warrior-cry,
The vilest traitor showing
How calmly brave our men can die,
With "Good-bye, boys I'm going! "
Tho Urate at Home.
Iiy T. Buchanan Head.
The maid who binds her wnrrior's Fash
With smile that well her pain dissembles,
The while, beneath her drooping lash,
One starry tear-drop liangs and trembles.
Though Heaven alone records the tear,
And Fame shall never know her story,
Her heart has shed a drop as dear
As ever dewed the field of glory.
The wife who girds her husband's sword,
'Mid little ones who weep or wonder.
And bravely speaks the cheering word
What though her heart be rent asunder?
Doomed, nightly in her d renins, to hear
The bolts of war around film rattle,
Hath shed ns sacred blood ss e'er
Was poured upon the plain of battle.
The mother who conceals her grief,
While to her breast her son she presses',
Then breathes a few brave woids and brief,
Kissing the patriot brow she blesses;
With no occ but her secret God
To know the pain that weighs upon her,
Sheds holy blood as e'er the sod
Itcceived on Freedom's field of honor.
He Has Xo Objection.
India x.vro lis, Ikd. The lion. Daniel W.
Toorhees, United States Senator from this State,
remarks : "My opinion 6ir, I have no objection
to giving. I suffered from rheumatism of tho
back, used some St. Jacobs Oil, which gave me
instantaneous relief and finally cured me com
pletely. I think it a remarkable remedy, in
deed." Ilis candid and courteous expression
WOMAN'S ' WORK,
Aunt Helen's Home TalksOur Letter-BoxColor
in Dress. &c.
Aunt Helen's preceding talk on Homes is in
this number appropriately followed by a talk
to yottsiy people at home.
On the next evening of meeting, Aunt Helen
found that, for some unexplained reason. Tab-
i hie had been the only contributor to her Bud-
I get. "An early defection in the ranks,-'' laughed
i Mr. Athcrton, as Aunt Helen took her seat.
Ethel sat beside tho lamp, finishing a pretty
! mantel lambrequin, which she had made of gray
j-macreme twine in shell stitch, and through
I which she was now running bands of scarlet
ribbon; Mrs. Athcrton worked industriously
j upon a small plaque, with a turquoise border of
I beautiful blue, aud upon which she was just
1 now painting a pale pink orchid ; the rest had
taken their accustomed role ot listeners, out no
word of explanation was vouchsafed, and Aunt
Helen began to read her own paper:
A TALK TO YOl'XG PEOPLE AT HOME.
Sometimes, when I have been spending n few
days with friends, I have been suddenly startled
by a succession of crashing sounds, as if all the
furniture in the upper stories of the house had
mysteriously become alive and were tumbling in
one moss down the stairs. Perhaps in the next
instant a shout, a laugh, a whistle, or a song
would tell me thnt the boys sometimes only
boy were coming down the steps, and in delight
ful relief I have settled back and let the startled
nerves soothe themselves into quiet, while invol
untarily I have wondered how it would seem if
these young gentlemen would come quietly down
the stairs blithely and merrily, and three or live
steps at a time if you will but only quietly. Some
times during my visits I have been called into a
room after these young gentlemen had gone to
bed. And unou such a scene of confusion have I
entered ! At the threshold Jay a boot, some little
distance from it lay a sock, on the other side of
the room lay the fellow boot, and somewhere, I
divined, lay the fellow sock each mateless! and
during the long night the various articles of cloth
ing worn during the day had been left to make ac
quaintance with the various chairs, the sofa, per
haps the floor, and forlorn enough they all looked
by the light of day. Here lay a lumpled towel,
and yonder another; downstairs somewhere, in
different places, were the hat and overcoat. There
is a story of an Egyptian god, whoso body was cut
into fourteen pieces, and all these pieces cast in
different directions. If, after this, the scattered
pieces were all brought together, the god would
resume his original existence. This story has al
ways recurred to mc when viewing such rooms,
and I have been glad that it was not I who each
morning had to go through the process of gather
ing myself together after the wholesale distribu
tion of the night before. But, instead of recount
ing all the unpleasant things which I have seen,
why not take the better way, and tell some of the
pleasant things which mark the conduct of the
finely-taught and gentlemanly hoy? This boy be
gins early to learn what things go to make up a
brave, a patient, an energetic, a courteous, and a
gentle manhood. At home he ia reverential to bis
parents. He never speaks of his father a's ''the
governor," "the old gentleman,'' or uses with refer
ence to him any term which is not full of respect;
to his mother he is tender, and early assumes to
ward her that protective demeanor which ouht
to be the natural demeanor of every boy and man
toward women. This it was whicli characterized the
knights of the chivalric ages ages in which every
knight's lance was pledged to the service of wo
men, of the weak, of the defenseless. The gentle
manly boy is chivalric toward his sisters, and is
ever on the alert to offer them well-timed courte
sies. He is never forgetful of those graceful little
acts which beautify the home-life.
When his mother or sisters enter the room he
rises and brings forward the easy chairs, and has
a pleasant word for them. When the papers come
he does not hasten to obtain them, and then keep
them, while his father or others may be patiently
waiting for them. He does not smoke at all hours
and in all places; he is never boisterous in the
house; he never thrums on the table or piano; he
takes liis hat oil' when he enters the house; he has
a cheerful "Good-morning" greeting after the
night's separation ; he does not use the sofas and
handsome chairs for footstools; he does not use his
toothpick in the presence of others; he learns
what to do with liis hands aud feet; he steps
lightly, as if his body were bouyant and elastic,
rather than ponderous and metallic. To the ser
vants he is respectful, and never familiar. He
never snubs people because Ihey are not fashion
ably dressed; he is respectful to the old; he is al
ways ready to defend the friendless and to reach
out a helpful hand to those whedeserve it, and he
is always willing to lear his share in the inevitable
inconveniences of life. The model for this boy is
that Great and Divine Teacher, whose life was
spent in doing good, and whose sermons were
given in actions rather than in words, and should
our boy seek to add other models to this he will
find them among the great and noble characters
recorded in history and biography. Having
learned what makes the true and noble boy the
gentlemanly boy at home he will realize what his
duties are to society, which ought to be only an
other phase of home-life, and alter this he will in
quire into the duties which he will some day owe
to his country, whether as citizen obeying and de
fending its laws or as statesman framing and
amending them. Slowly and surely, as he grows
into manhood, ought he to work his way toward
all that is true and brave and good. The knights
used to think that if they were spoken of as" with
out fear and without reproach," it was reward
enough for -a long life of faithful service, and we
have in our mind a man of whom the Great Book
says: "He was a just man and feared God," as if
that were the highest epitaph that could be writ
ten. Every boy is better for adopting, in his early
youth, some noble model, whose life shall stimu
late him to like nobleness of living, and when be
is older and enters the great battling word, having
the firm basis of character thus obtained, his own
good judgment will teach him where his precon
ceived notions must bend to circumstances, aud
how the details of one age differ from those of a
former age, albeit the principles of right and wrong
action remain eternally the same. We have said
nothing of physical development. This is a mat
ter which ought to take care of itself. To boys
belong all harmless and healthful sports. The
wise Greeks made the physique of equal impor
tance with the Intellect apparently of greater im
portance than this. Boys never teem more natural
than when engaged in some sport which calls every
muscle into play, sends the rich blood coursing
througli the veins, brings the glowing color to the
check and sparkle to the eye.
As Aunt Helen laid hor paper aside, she
glanced at Teddie. His boyish face was all
aglow, and he gave a quick smile of sympathy
to the reader, who "had always been to him
the type of loving and high-souled woman
hood. Then came Tabbie's contribution :
Bill of Fare, No. 3, with recipes therefor.
Fruit; cscaloped meat ; dropped eggs; raised muf
fins; com cake; drinks.
Escalopcd Ileal. Chop tho meat rather coarse.
Season with salt and pepper. For one pint of meat
use half a cupful of gravy and a heaping cupful of
bread-crumbs. Put a layer of the meat into an
cscalop dish, then gravy, then a thin layer of
crumbs, and continue this until the dish is full.
The hist layer should be a thick one of crumbs.
Cook in a hot oven from fifteen to twenty minutes.
All kinds of cold meat can be cscaloped, but beef
is so dry that it is not so good as mutton, veal, &c.
Dropped Fggs.llave one quart of boiling water
and one tablespoonful of Rait in a frying-pan.
Break the eggs, one by one, into a saucer and slide
carefully into the salted water. Cook until the
white is firm, and lift out with a griddle-cake
turner and place on toasted bread. Serve imme
diately. Raised Stuffing. One pint of warm milk, half a
cake of compressed yeast or half u cupful of liquid
yeast; one quartof flour, one tablcspoonful of but
ter. Beat two eggs well, arid add -them and tho
salt, butter and yeast to the milk. Stir gradually
into the flour. Beat until the batter is light and
smooth. Let it riHefour hours In a warm place.
Fill buttered muiliu-pans two-thirds to the top
with the batter, and let them'stand until the batter
has risen to the brim. Bake half an hour.
Corn Cake, JVb. 1. One qunrt of milk, one pint of
Indian meal, two eggs; one teaspoonful of salt,
butter the size of an English walnut. Let the milk
come to a boil, and gradually pour it on the meal.
Add the butter and salt, and beat well and set
away in a cool place. Do this at night. In the
morning beat thoroughly. Beat the "eggs well, and
add them. Pour the mixture into buttered deep
earthen plates. Bake from twenty to thirty min
utes. Success depends upon a good beating of the
take in the morning. ,
Corn Cake, Ko. 2. Two teadupfuls of corn meal,
one of flour, three of sour milk, two eggs, one ta
blcspoonful of sugar or of molasses; one teaspoon
ful of soda, one of salt. Mix together the sugar,
salt, meal and flour. Beat the eggs light. Dis
solve the soda in two tablespoonfuls of boiling
water, and pour into tho sour milk. Stir well, and
add to the other mixed ingredients. Add the eggs
and mix thoroughly. Four into buttered tins to
the depth of nbout one inch and a half. Bake
twenty-five minutes in a quick oven.
liaised Corn Cake. Onepintof Indian meal, one
pint and a half of boiling milk or water, one table
spoonful of sugar, two of butter, an egg, one tea
spoonful of salt, one-fouith of n cake of com
pressed yeast or one-fourth of a cupful of liquid
yeast. Pour tho boiling milk gradunlly on the
meal; then add the salt, sugar and butter, and
beat well. Set away to cool. When blood warm,
add the compressed yeast, dissolved in two table
spoonfuls of cold water, or the liquid yeast, and
the egg, well beaten. Let tho batter rise five
hours. Turn into bettered pans to tho depth of
about two inches. Let it stand in a warm place for
half an hour, and then bake It from thirty-live to
Thin Corn (Mc One cupful of Indian meal, one
fourth of a teaspoonful of salt, butter the size of an
egg, one cupful and a half of boiling water, one
teaspoonful of sugar. Pour the boiling water on
the meal, sugar and salt. Beat thoroughly. Add
the butter, and, when well mixcu, spread very thin
on buttered tin pans. Bake jlowly for about
twentj minutes. 1
Now, as on tho preceding evening, when tho
reading was ended, the same approving glances,
'not unmixed with incredulity, were directed
toward Tabbie. This little lady bore them
with admirable complacency, but, as every one
noticed, she did not venture to return them.
Aunt Helen's part was done, but her paperhad
lent a pleasant impetus to the family conversa
tion which filled up the remainder of the even
COLOR IX DRESS.
In the preceding chapters on this subject,
color was considered in relation with complex
ion, and we shall now consider the grouping of
color with color. In costume nothing is more
common than to see tints employed together
which aro discordant: for example, purple and
green. Now, be the dress or bonnet ever so
well made, and the wearer ever so beautiful,
the effect of such ignorance will be uupleasant
in the extreme. Every color has its perfect
harmony, which is called its contrast, and also ,
other colors which harmonize with it in differ- j
ent degrees. When two colors are associated I
which do not accord, the addition of a third (
may make a harmonious group. The same rule
holds good with three or more colors. In the ,
grouping of colors, two kinds of harmony aro '
acknowledged, namely, the harmony of contra.it
aud the harmony of 'analogy. When two colors
which arc dissimilar arc associated agreeably,
such as blue and orange, or lilac aud cherry, they
form a harmonu of contrast. And when two dis
tant tones of one color arc associated, such as
light and very dark blue, they harmonize by '
contrast. And in the latter instance, the
harmony is neither so striking nor so perfect, i
When two colors are grouped which are simi-
lar to each other in disposition, such as orange j
and scarlet, crimson and crimson-brown, or .
orange and orange-brown, they form a harmony I
of analogy. And if two or more tones of one
color be associated, closely approximating in !
intensity, they harmonize by analogy. The '
harmonies of contrast arc more effective, al- '
though not more important, than those of anal- '
ogy; the former are characterized by brilliancy
and decision, while the latter are peculiar for '
their quiet, retiring, and undemonstrative J
nature. In affairs of dress both hold equal I
positions; and in arranging colors in costumes, I
care must be taken to adopt the proper species ;
of harmony. The simplest rules to be oh- !
served aro the following : First, when a color
is selected which is favorable to the complex
ion, it is advisable to associate with it tints
which will harmonize by analogy, because the
adoption of contrasting colors would diminish its
favorable effect. Second, when a color is em
ployed in dress which is injurious to the com
plexion, contrasting colors must be associated
with it, as they have the power to neutralize
its objectionable influence.
We will take an example illustrative of the
first rule: Green suits the blonde, and, when
worn by her, its associated colors should be
tones of itself (slightly lighter or darker),
which will rather enhance than reduce its
effect. As an example of the second rule, Ave
may take violet, whicli, although unsuitable to
brunettes, may be rendered agreeable by haying
tones of yellow or orange grouped with it.
Colors of similar power which contrast with I
each other, mutually intensify each other's ;
brilliancy, as blue and scarlet, scarlet and !
green. When dark and very light colors are
associated, they do not intensify each other in
the same manner; the dark color is made to
appear deeper, and the light to appear lighter,
as dark blue and straw-color, or any dark color
and the light tints of the complexion. Colors
which harmonize with each other by analogy
reduce each other's brilliaucy to a greater or
less degree; as white and yellow, blue and
purple, black and brown. In dress it is objec
tionable to associate together different hues of
one color; for instance, yellow-green and
blue-green, or orange-brown and purple-brown.
Care must therefore be taken in selecting dif
ferent tones of a color to sec that they belong
to the same scale.
It is important to remember that tints which
accord by daylight may appear unharmonious
by artificial light, and vice versa;' thus, purple
and orange harmonize by day, but arc disa
greeable by gaslight; and white and vcIIoav,
which are unsatisfactory by daylight are suit
able for evening dress. There are many colors
whicli lose much of their brilianey and hue
by gaslight, and are, therefore, unserviceable
for evening costume; of this class we may
enumerate all the shades of purple and lilac,
and dark blues and greens. Others gain
brilliancy in artificial light, as orange, scarlet,
crimson, and the light browns and greens. It
is advisable that all these circumstances be
considered in tho selection of morning and
OUR LITTLE FOLKS.
Where did you come from. Baby dear?
Out of the everywhere into here.
Where did you get those eyes so blue?
Out of the sky as I came through.
What makes the light in them sparkle and spin?
Some of the starry spikes left in.
Where did you get that little tear?
I found it waiting when I got here.
What makes your forehead so smooth and high?
A soft hand stroked it as I went by.
What makes your cheek like a warm white rose?
I saw something better than any one knows.
Whence that three-cornered smile of bliss?
Three angels gave me nt once a kiss.
Where did you get this pearly car?
God spoke and it came out to hear.
Where did you get those arms and hands?
Love made itself into bonds and bands.a
Feet, whence did you come, you darling things?
From the same box as the cherubs' wings.
How did they all just come to be you ?
God thought about me and so I am here.
But how did you come to us, you dear?
God thought about you, and so I am here.
To the Editor National Tribune:
Four merry city girls, disconsolate for the gaie
ties which lied at the approach of the lenten
season, have come to my country home in much
the same spirit, I fear, as that of the hero in the
song who "went to see his sweetheart because
he'd nothing else to do." This evening, when we
came into the sitting-room from dinner, we saw
The TnmuNE lying on the table. " Let's write to
the Letter-Box and tell wliat we have been doing
to-day," exclaims one of the girls, and I bare se
lected to write what each dictates. Number one
bos been engaged upon a piece of Rococo embroid
ery. This, ns you know, is a variety of Koinnn
jork now much used for table bordcrings, firc
eeYeens, nnd cushion covers. It ismade upon a
foundation of ecru linen and carried out in filo
selles. A pattern is drawn upon the linen nnd
filoselles of bright color selected, and each thread
split into four. With one of these the needle is
threaded, and the outline of the pattern is worked
over with fine, even button-hole stitch, the outer
edges of the rows being carefully turned so that
they always form the outside of any section of the
pattern. When the whole design is thus worked
the linen not inclosed on the lines of button-hole
is cut away, nnd the pattern will then assume the
appearance of open-work.
Number two has made a beautiful old-gold satin
screen, to be set in a frame of ebony nnd gilt. On
the satin she has painted a branch of wistaria.
Tho rich, pendulous clusters of amethyst-colored
flowers form an exquisite harmony with the! old
Number three has finished a pair of small ban
ners. One is of old-gold satin, on which is painted
a group of pale violet chrysanthemums, having
among them a few dark ones with light centers;
the other is of drab satin, with pure white chrysan
themums having greenish centres.
Number four mysteriously disappeared about an
hour before dinner. When we went to the table
number four and the family were already seated,
and before the former stood a tempting dish of
little pigs in blankets. Our run-away bad gone to
the kitchen, and there had made this little surprise
for us. She sends you the recipe :
Little Figs in Blankets Season large oysters with
salt and pepper. Cut fat English bacon in very
thin slices, wrap an oyster in each slice, and fasten
with a little wooden skewer (toothpicks are the
best things). Heat a frying pan and put in the
" little pigs." Cock just long enough to crisp the
bacon about two minutes. Place on slices of
toast that have been cut into small pieces, and
serve immediately. Do not remove the skewers.
This is a nice relish for lunch or tea, and looks
pretty if garnished with parsley. The pan must
be very hot before the "pigs ' ' are put in, and then
great care must be taken that they do not burn.
And now, for myself, I have nothing better than a
cordial greeting and good wishes for The Tkidune.
"The Pines," Loudoun co., Va.
We like your letter. It is like a living piece
out of a pleasant, home-spent day. We should
like to receive moro such.
C. K. sends us the following :
Cliocolale Caramels. One cup of grated chocolate;
one of sweet milk; one of molasses; ono of sugar.
Butter tho size of an egg. Boil one hour.
A woman went to a Michigan clergyman for
advico as to a business venture, and implicitly
followed the directions which ho did not hesi
tate to give. The result was disastrous. She
now sues him for $-1,500, that being the amount
of the damage which his bad counsel caused.
His defense is that, while his profession made
him an expert in spiritual affairs, tho woman
had no excuse for relying upon his judgment
in business matters.
Sydney Smith being ill, his physician advised
him to " take a walk upon an empty stomach."
"Upon whose?" asked Sydney. Still better
steps to take would be the purchase of Dr. R.T.
Tierce's "Golden 3Iedicul Discovery" aud
"Pleasant Purgative relicts," which are
especially valuable to those who are obliged to
lead sedentary lives, or aro afflicted witn any
chronic disease of tho stomach or bowels. By
A Glance at the Contents of The
To the Editor National Tribune:
I am the youngest son in a family which con
tributed a father and five sons to the grand old
army of defenders that saved the Union. My
father and one brother lie I know not where two
more unknown graves on the battle-field. The
other four of the detail are lmng out their short
ened existence. None of us were dratted ; none of
us deserted but, alas ! some of us died ; and worse,
some of us lived to see the ingratitude of the Gov
ernment we saved. I enlisted at the age of si.tecn
ami served two years before I knw what it was to
suffer in the true war sense. At the battle of Saline
Itiver, Arkansas, I was abandoned, together with
other unfortunates all the sick and wounded. I
was stripped as soon as captured and clothed in a
shirt and pair of pant?, "Only this and nothing
more," and was exchanged thirteen months after
wards in the same garments suprNcd that tin
exchange came so soon. We. too, were marched
through the thoroughfares of Xcw Orleans, but nt
midnight, because the authorities would not permit
seventeen hundred nude pri-oners to offend the
sen-e of decency by daylight. I was without n
blanket all the time aud without n shelter the most of
the time; from two to live hundred miles from our
lines; marched eight hundred miles barefooted,
bareheaded, and barebacked ; -tood with faceup
turned to August Min for four hours in stock"., and
wore 00-pound ball-and-chuin three weeks for try
ingto digout. AVe lived upon one pint of coarcc corn
meal and four ounces of beef, with a frequent omis
sion for three or four days ; fought for life and longed
for death, all for our glorious old Hag. I now
weigh twenty pounds less than I did when I en
listed nt sixteen years of age. I have drawn a
pension of JG per month for the past two years,
and, were it not for kind friend-', would have died
of want years ago. I make no claim for past services
further than "thecontraet" stipulates, but I would
like to see this "grateful Republic"' recognize some
of her illustrious sons of JIars by the bestowal of
a liberal share ofit9Substantial"pntronage. I be
lieve I could go into a "popular gathering" in
Washington and pick out nearly all the office
holders'. All I should demand would be to bear
their voices, for I know I should find the mo-tof
them nfilicted with chronic hoarscncs. caused by
staying at home and praying and cheering -o lus
tily during the war. Stand by your guns for there
is a new line of the enemy forming in your front.
I like The Tribune and love a soldier.
Jxo. I. Coxn.
Co. E, 12th Kan. V. I.
Cuaxute, Kan., Feb. 13, 1SS3.
THE SECOND COLORADO.
Some Further Itciuinlsccnccs of a Famous Cat airy
To the Editor National Tribune:
Since my article regarding the death of Major
Smith, of the Second Colorado cavalry, appeared in
your valuable paper I have received several letters
from members of that regiment; kind, sympa
thetic letters, some of which I have found time to
answer, all of which I will answer. The old soldiers
cannot be too grateful for The Tribune and for the
earnest interest it takes in their welfare. Tun
Tribune is doing a noble work. Long may it wave.
The following letter from one of the officers of the
Second Colorado I have just received anil will
prove of interest to the survivors of that regiment,
nearly all of whom take The Tribune.
t Very truly, A. C. Jones.
Golden, Colo., February S, 1S53.
Colonel A. C. Jonu.
ZMy dear Sir: I have noticed your communica
tion in The National Tribune of January 25th. in
relation to the death of Major J. Nelson .Smith, of )
my old regiment, the second Colorado cavalry, mm
am extremely gratified at your remembrance of as
true a soldier and as noble hearted a gentleman as
ever drew sword in his country's cause.
As you express a desire to learn whether his body
was recovered, and as you may not receive reply
from any other source, I am gratified to inform you
that his remains were removed from the field in an
ambulanceand buried at Independence. And I am
informed they were afterwards removed to his old
home in Ohio.
My recollection of the battle of Little Blue and
of incidents connected with the death of Major
Smith are very vivid, as I was probably the la'-t
officer to whom he gave an order. My men, with
those of one or two other companies of the regi
ment, were dismounted and deployed as skirmish
ers behind the fence running nlonp the brow of the
bluff facing the bottom where Price's forces were
massed. As you doubtless remember, a large force
of the enemy's cavalry were at that moment seen
advancing at a gallop towards our skirmishers.
Major Smith and myself were sitting on our horses
a short distance in rear of our skirmish line, and as
we saw the heavy battalion of Johnnies charging
across the bottom towards us, he remarked, as cool
as though on parade: "There comes Joe Shelby.
hell-l)cnt I Get your boys back to their horses and
be ready for him." As I turned my horse to otey
the order he started for another part of the field.
It seemed but a moment, for I had no more than
given the order to my bugler to sound the recall,
when Captain llalloway, of L company, grasped
my knee, as I was about to ride forward, and ex
claimed, "My God! there goes poor Smith!" I
hud just time to see him falling from his horse, nnd
thnt two or three men were near him. I remember
telling Captain llalloway to see that he was taken
to the rear if possible, and then mounted my men
to be ready to avenge his death.
We lost many a gallant man on that bloody field,
but none whose death shocked me as did that of
poor Smith, ns he and I were almost like brothers.
J have always felt as though he had a premonition
that this would be his lost right, as nearly all of the
night before he spent in arranging his papers and
writing letters. His papers he gave tome in the
morning, requesting me to send them to my wife,
at Leavenworth, for safe-keeping, where she and
other ladies of the regiment bad gone when prep
arations began to meet I'riec's advance.
Although many of the subsequent battles of that
well-remembered raid were more closely con
testednotably, Westport, Mine Creek, Newtonia
none of them impressed me as did that of Little
Blue, and I suppose it was on account of poor
Smith's gallant death. Some years ago I was at In
depenee, in company with Captain Maurice Lang
horn, who commanded a company in General Shel
by's brigade in those fights. 1 rode out to the battle
ground of Little Blue, where we had met face to
face and steel to steel on that memorable day in '61.
You may be interested in learning that both Col.
Ford and Lt. Col.Uodd (in honor of whom our Post
is named) are dead. Major Pritchard and Major
Sam. Curtiss arc still living the former at Leud
ville, in this State," and the latter somewhere in
In closing this somewhat lengthy screed, I desire
to thank you heartily for the good opinion of our
old regiment expressed in your letter to The Trib
une. I shall be very glad to hear from you per
sonally, and to tnke you by the hand, should you
ever visit our State, and to extend to you a soldier's
welcome. Yours, very truly,
Late Capt. Co. F., Second Colo. Cav.
I was glad to hear from A. C.Jones, late In
spector of cavalry, Department of Nebraska. The
writer remembers him well ; also the battle of the
Little Blue and the fine Second Colorado cavalry.
A part of the Third Wisconsin volunteer cavalry
nnd the Second Colorado cavalry were brigaded
together nnd had many a tight little brush wherein
issues were pooled against the over-dreaded Qunn
trill and his Cherokee Indians. I wonder hqw
many of the readers of The National Tribune
remember the Baxter Springs affuir? It was con
ceded that the Second Colorado chaps were as
brave as brave could be, and real good provinder
providers, but never good at hiding. As an illus
tration, I will mention the hivc-of-honey affair
how well and successfully they executed a flank
movement and captured the hive but how much
more successful the Third AVisconsin boys were in
getting the honey ! Orange Warner,
Sioux ItAriDS, Ioa. Third Wisconsin cavalry.
That Jljstcrious Tugboat.
In answer to Charles Winters, of White Lake,
N. Y., I would say that I think he is mistaken ns to
the facts. In the first place, it was Commodore
Stringham nnd not Goldsboroughwho commanded
the naval forces, and although 1 was in the expedi
tion, I do not recollect that the forts displayed the
stars and stripes. On the first day, during the bom
bardment, some 200 of us were landed about a mile
and a half above Fort Clark, which was silenced
before evening, when, a strong breeze blowing up,
the entire fleet transports and all put to sea. In
the morning, however, they renewed the attack on
Fort Hatteras at the Inlet, Fort Clark being about
one and a half miles above. Now. I have no recol
lection of the Monticello, but the Harriet Lane ran
aground a little above Fort Clark, and I believe
hud to tlirow all her guns overboard before she got
off. The first vessel to enter the inlet after the
white flag was shown was the tugboat Fanny,
which was afterwards captured while on her way
with supplies to the Twentieth Indiana, then at
Chicmacomica, N. C. The Fanny was at this time
in charge of one Peacock, sergeant-major of the
Ninth New York vols. the Hawkins Zouaves.
The crew were members of the same regiment. I
would also add that Commodore Barron, in com
mand of the rebel forces, would not recognize Gen.
Butler, but surrendered to the naval commander.
Saugerties, N. Y. One of the old Ninth.
In your issue of the Sth inst., under the heading
"Who can answer this question?"! find the follow
ing mistakes, which, as they stand, take the honor
from Captain Braine not Brown, as printed. In
the first place, Captain Gleason had command of
the Monticello, but Lieutenant Commander Daniel
Lawrence Braine had charge of the management
of the ship, and you can't find a better man on the
navy rolls to-day than Captain Braine. In the sec
ond place, the Monticello was so damaged and rid
dled that she was ordered to Philadelphia for
repairs the same day. Chas. Winters.
White Hall, N. Y.
A Loyal Woman's Grievance.
To the Editor National Tribune:
I take much pleasure in reading your excellent
paper, and am especially gratified to sec the inter
est manifested by yourself and Commander-in-Chief
Van Dervoort in Ladies' Auxiliary nnd Be
lief Societies, although I have no expectations that
the revival will ever reach or benefit us up here in
this little Pennsylvania town. Still it is some com
fort to know that the soldiers at large are begining
to remember that, as General Van Dervoort ex
pressed it last week, the mothers and wives of sol
diers had the heaviest burdens to bear during the
war, and arc recognizing us as, at least, useful to
the Grand Army. And if it is not wise for the
Maine Belief Societies to restrict membership to
the mothers, wives, daughters and sisters of sol
diers, why do the soldiers set us example by so
much seereey ; and it sccmsstrangc tome that diir
ing all these seventeen or eighteen years ince tho
elwe of the war and the organization of the O. A.
It., they have just discovered that our devotion and
sacrifice are worthy of recognition. I think tho
most of us would enjoy affiliation with our ex-soldiers,
if we could feel ns we did during the war
that we were united inintcrcst and principle. BuJ
an it is an unknown thing for iw to receive an invi
tation to a Camp-fire or n publie installation or any
other -oldier's gathering, unless the inevitable cako
and refreshments are forthcoming, we donb&
whether the movement will become very general
among us, especially when some at the front cry
out, "it wont work! our society will surely go
down if wenllow ladies to take part in it," nnd'then
tell u.s we are not loyal, because we are not content
to take the position, of lookers on and admirers)
and applauders. However, we ore heartily glad
that this is not the case everywhere, ami sincerely
hope the good work will continue to go on.
Yours, truly, A Soldikk's Wife:
STAND TO YOUR GUNS 1
How Our Veteran! Ileforn the Scattering: Fire of a
" I am a soldier': daughter, fifteen years old. My
mother says that she wou!d rather be n -oldiers)
widow than coward's wife." Mollie Hopper,
" I have stopped the New York Tri&uiie. and will
never have any paper in my house again that is!
opposed to paying the soldier the pittance that
i due him.'" George B. Pike, Bensseluer Falls,
"Our old soldiers should .stop buying and rend
ing such papers as the Boston Herald. The Na
tional Tribune is a true friend of the soldier in
every respect, and should receive their support."
Philip T. Greeley, Cnnibridgeport,-Muss.
" The Colorado lioys would like to round up and
picket Senator IJcck on nn ant hill some hot day
nnd give him a cactus bed at night. If you -ee fit
to let him through your lines wo will meet him aft
the front." E. N. Studcvnut, Greeley, Colorado.
"All hail t John A. Logan, and men of his
stamp. They talk and act as they fought. Tho
small fry that are now howling at our cx-M!dicrs
howled at them during the war. Given- fair play
gentlemen." John M. Fuderbaugh, Ozawkie, Kan.
"I have acted on your advice, not to give aid and
comfort to the enemy, and have discontinue! tak
ing the New York Weekly Herald, nnd I hoc all
ex-soldiers will follow my example. Success to
The Tribune." James Council, Yankton, Dakota
Territory. "The Utica Herald got off its base this fall on
politics and in floundering around in one of its re
trenchment spasms it struck the pension bill.
What it said was merely the echo of the New York
Sun, Tribune, and the like, but we did not expect it
of the Herald." J. P. Abbott, Frankfort Hill, N.Y.
"I hold it to be not only the duty, but the inter
est of every ex-soldier to sustain such a paper as
The Tribune. "What probability would there bo
of their ever obtaining justice, if the current of
public opinion should once set in aguin-t the recog
nition of their rights? " M. L. Jackson, Ridgcwny.
"I remcmlicr the time when our ex-soldier was
looked upon as a hero, but that was when the lifo
and property of the Nation were in danger. I am
glad to see that while so many papers are denounc
ing the pensioner nnd his friends The Tribune it
steadfast in its devotion to the soldier." The Old
"I am thoroughly disgusted with this newspaper
cry of fraud, and the attacks that are being inado
on the S40 pension bill. J do not wish them any
harm, but if such persons as the editors of tho
Chicago Ti&tuitT, New York Sun anil Herald, could
lie deprived of a limb for a short time only, I
think they would sing a different song." Isaac F.
Baker, Rose Bud, 111.
" I have taken the New York Sun for three years,
but I have borne its abuse as long as I can. Its
editorial headed 'Pensions a Monstrous Abuse'
was more than I could swallow, and I wrote tho
publishers to discontinue my subscription, telling
them that I could endure their abuse no longer. I
advise any of my comrades who may be subscribers
to the Sun to do as I have done." P. Bean, War
" The soldiers of this Nation are beginning fo
understand, with the aid of such papere as yours,
that this Government is only to erve the interest
of bankers and bondholders, and thnt it will only
dole out to the soldier what the syndicate thinks
will keep him quiet. As a soldier I want no charity.
I want only what every other honest soWier wants
even handed justice." II. C. Baldwin, Nauga
"Inclosed please find an item clipped from tho
Illinois Slate Grange Xeics, in which the statcraenS
is made that one-half of the new pensions now be
ing paid are fraudulent. It reminds me of the hun
ter, who fancying he saw some animal in the brush,
and being unable to tell what it was, concluded to
aim at it, so as to ' kill it if it was a deer and miss it
if it was a calf.' " Occasional, Tomca, 111.
"What a pity it is that the editors of the news!
papers that are now slandering our pensioner'
could not have had n taste cf army life themselves.
marching tlirough mud up to their knees, braving
the drenching rain and blustering -wind on tr;4
picket-line. 1 suggest tliat every comrade of tho
Grand Army should withdraw his subscription,
from such papers." E. B. Lovering, Springfield,
"What strikes me most forcibly is the attitude ot
the Northern press to the soldier. I see in it mora
likeness to Judos Iscariot than anything in history.
Coming from Southern journals, such expres'-ions
would not excite my surprise, but I am astonished
to see them in papers published in the loyal North,
whose gratitude to the soldier in 1865 was so un
bounded. Soldiers, remember tliat the St. Paul
Pioneer Frees is your enemy, and vote and act
accordingly." F. W. Drake, Albert Lea, Minn.
"I noticed tho statement in a recent number of
The Tribune that there are 1,027 pensioners in
Oneida county, N. Y., and it seems strange to mo
tliat they would permit such cowardly bushwhack
ers as the Utieji Herald and Obserrer to prowl at
pleasure about their lines as their predecessors did
twenty years ago among the Southern pines. If
any of them were in the One Hundred aud Forty
eighth New York, ask them if they remember'
Blackwater and woods around Seneca." Robert P.
McRae, Jarrold's Valley, W. Va.
"Inclosed please find S3 for three more recruits,
making eighteen in all tliat I liave sent yon. There
are three things thnt I would like to see accom
plished between now and the fall of 1S5I : 1st.
Every ex-soldier of the Union a subscriber to TnK
Tribune. 2d. Evry ex-soldier of the Union a
member of the Gr, ndArmy. 3d. A convention of
ex-soldiers called t k meet in the spring of 181 to
nominate Dan Voorhees for President, and an ex
soldier or a true friend of the soldiers nominated
for Congress in each Congressional district.' L.
L. Travis, Waverly, N. Y.
" The signs of the times are truly encouraging-,
now that our ex-soldiers are awaking to the danger
that threatens them. There is doubtless one mil
lion of us left to do battle at the battle box. Let us
vote for no man or party that is not favorable to
our interests, and under no circumstances support
any paper that directly op indirectly makes war on
the just claims of the Union. veteran. For myself
I will say tliat I withdrew my support from a paper
published by a personal friend, because it copied
without comment from other papers articles abus
ing our ex-soldiers. It is strange tliat Southern
Senators and Representatives in Congress are so
blind to the fact that by opposing the claims of tho
soldiers they are keeping from the Sunny South;
hundreds and thousands of industrious and enter
prising citizens whoso labor is so much needed to
develop its latent resources." Subscriber, Lock-'
Lamp-black Then and Lamp-black Xow.
"While serving on board one of the steamers
composing the" West Gulf blockading squadron, in
September, 1SC-1, we received three or four cases of
shell fuses from New York one-half percussion,
the other half time fuses. When we came to use
the fuses, it was found that the shells did not ex
plode, and our commander ordered the gunner to
take one below to ascertain what the trouble was.
He did so and found that the fuses contained lamp
black instead of iowdcr. The enemies of the sol
dier seem to be using the lamp-black: that was left
over to blacken the character of the men who fought
and bled for tho Republic." Thomas J. Peterson,
Red'Bank, N. J.
From One of the Forgotten.
" I entered hospital service in St. Louis late in De
cember, 1S61, under the authority of the Western -Sanitary
Commission. I served faithfully for four
years without other reward than the eonseiou-nes3
of trying to do my duty. I think a patriotic Gov
ernment ought to recognize in some way the ser
vices of the brave and loyal women who volun
teered their services as nurses during the war.
They are certainly as deserving of pensions as many
of our soldiers." Carrie C. McNair, Cauistco, N.Y,
Wants to Hear From the Ladies. ""
"My husband served four years in the war, and I
look upon The Tribune as the best paper in the
world for soldiers and their wives. 1 wish those
who are more favored than myself would write
some good letters for our benefit. Many of tho
readers of The Tribune are farmers, and any
advice of a plain and practical nature would bo
highly appreciated by them." Mrs. L. J. Wilson,
A SugcestiTe Comparison.
"I look as anxiously for TnE Tribune every
week as I used to look, for the load of mush that,
was brought into the stockade at Andersouville for
us." S. J. Evans, Eureka Springs, Ark.
Interesting to Erervbodr.
" TnE Tribune is the best journal I ever read, not -6imply
because of the valuable information for the
soldier, which it coutains, but because it is filled
with reading matter suitable for all classes." F,
M. Collins, Anna, Ilk
"Victims of excessive indulgence or youthful
indiscretions and pernicious solitary practices',
suffering from Premature Decay or old age,
Nervous Debility, Lack of Sdfeonfidence, Im
paired Memory, Loss gtfBwers, and
kindred symptoms, "JHk stamps
for large illustratedAcans of
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