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The National tribune. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, April 12, 1883, Image 2

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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, .D. 0., THURSDAY, APRIL 12, 1883.
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A stosy;qf 11JE,
WAR
How Poor Little June Pound Massa
Linkum aast.
2Jj JSKsa5c7tMartPwi?psJ
June laid down lier knives upon uic scrau
Ijinj? board, aud stole softly out into the yard.
Madanu- -Joilet was takiuK a nap up stairs, and,
for a. few minutes at least the coast seemed
td"be quite clear.
June was a little girl who had lived m Rich
mond ever since she could remember, who had
never lwwn ouLsido the city boundaries, and
-who ha a vague idea the Korth lay just above
the Chickahonihiy, and Uio Gulf of Mexico
about a milk holow the James. She could not
tell A front Z, nor the figere 1 from 40; and
K-hencMT Madam Joilet made those funny
little curvttoand dots and blots with pan and
ink, in drawing up her bills to send in to tho
lodger; vp stairs, June cojisfclortxl that she was
moves! tb-rU bv witches. Her authority
fortius '.acrv lay ia. a diarminj; old woman
across thn wav, who "and oue tootft, aad wor a
yellow cap. aud used to toll her ghost stones
Bometiuj? m the evening.
Somt.dv asked June once how old she was.
"'Sj.v-ct Vs a hudrd danae," she said,
j?avolv. Sbowus not tall onouph to bo more
than sewn, but hor face was like the face of a
little o'.d woman. It was a yuoerlittlo face,
with tln-k lips and low forehead, and j:roat
mournful eyes. Ther wus something straugo
about those eyes. Wlnatcver they lonked at
one, tlicv sand to cry right out, as if they
had a voice. Butaio one in Bichmond cared
about that. Kobody cared about June at all.
"Yheu she was unhjyt no one asked what
-was th- matter; when she was hungry, or cold,
or frarhKaed. Madame Joiiet laagiied xt her,
Aud whoa slie was sick, ske bafct her. If she
broke a Unmnp. or spilled a mug of coffee, she
had her car boxed, or was shut up in a iqitiuic
3ark cellar, where the rats were as large as
kittens. If she tried to sing a little in her sor
rowful, smothered way over hor wwk, Madame
Joilet sho k her for making so much noise.
When .'.! stopped, she scolded her for being
Eulfcv. Nothing thai she could do ever hap
pened to be right; everything was sure to be
wrong. She had not Iialf enough to eat, nor
half tsuonsh. to wear. What was worse than
that, she- had nobody to kiss her; nobody to
love her and pet lier; nobody in all the wide
world l core whether &he lived or died, ex
cept a half-starved kitten that lived in. the
wood-shed. For June was black, and a slave;
and this French woman, Madame Joilet, was
Jier mi&tress.
Hungry was the kitten. Juno liati named it
bo because it was black. She had an idea that
even-thing black was hungry, in the nature of
things.
That there bad been a war, June -bad gath
ered from old Creliue, who told her the ghost
stories. What it was all about she did not
know. Madame Joilet said some terrible
giants, called Yankees, were coming down to
cat up ali the little black girls in Jttclunond.
CreTiue aid that the Yankees were tho JIcs-siah-'s
people, zm were coming to set tho
negroes fre. Who the Messiah was, June did
not know ; but she had heard vague legends
from Crtiiao of old-time African princes, who
lived in great free forests, and sailed on spark
ling rivers in boats of painted bark, and she
thought that he must be one of them.
Kbw, this morning, Creline had whispered
aysteriously to June, as she went npthe street
tosell somoeggs for Madame Joilet, that Massa
Iankum was coming that very day. June
knew nothing about Massa Linkum, and noth
ing about those grand, immortal words of his
wMchhad made every slave in Eichmond free;
it had jit-ver entered Madame Joilet's plan that
she should know. Ko one can tell, reasoned
madame, what notions the little nigger will get
if she finds it out She anight even ask for
wages, or take a notion to learn to read, or run
away, or something. June saw no one; she
kept her prudently in tho house. Tell her?
Jfbn, won. impossiUe!
But June had heard the beautiful news this
jBoraisji, like all the rest; and Juno was glad,
though she had not the slighest idea why. So,
-while her mistress was safely asleep up stairs,
she had stolon out to watch for the wonderful
Bht.
"She was standing tliero on tiptoe on the
fence, in her little ragged dress, with the black
kitten in her arms, when a great crowd turned
& corner, and tossed tip a cloud of dust, and
swept up the street. There were armed sol
diers with glittering -uniforms, and there were
lags ilyjiig, and merry -voices shouting, and
Inzzas and blessings distinct upon the air
There were long lines of dusky faces upturned
auid wet with happy tears. There were angry
faces, too, scowling from windows and lurking
in dark corners.
It swept on, and it swept up, and June stood
still and held her breath to look, and saw, in
the midst of it all, a tali man dressed in blade
Ee had a thin, white- face, sad -eyed, and kindl v
snd quiet, and he was bowing and smiling to I
sac people on cither side
&ou bress ycr, Massa Linkum, God Dress
yerl" shouted the happy -voices; and then
Ihere was a chorus of wild hurrahs, and June
-Jaughed outright for glee, and lifted up her
-thin little voice, and cried, " Bress ycr, Massa
JLiuknm!" with tho rest, and knew no more
than the kitty what she did it for.
The great man turned aud saw June stand
ing alcr.e in the sunlight, the fresh wind blow
ing her ragged dress, her little black shoulders
jast Teaching to the top of the fence, her wide
ppen, mournful eyes, and the kitten squeezed
an her arms. And he looked Tight at her, oh,
teo kindly ! and gavchcr a smile all to herself
one of lib rare smiles, wit'n a hit of a. quiver in
it and bowed and was gone.
"Take mo 'long wid ycr, Massa Linkum,
Massa Liakum!" called poor June, faintly.
But no one heard hcrf and the crowdswept on,
toiS. June's voice broke into a cry, and tho hot
tears came, and she laid her face down on Hun
gry to hide them. You see, in all her life no
ene iad ever looked so at poor June before.
"June, June, eoniG here!" called a sharp
tcTco from the house. But June was sobbing
bo hard rhat she did not hear.
&&i into, vc.- juuc. tuuaz XUS
little nigger will be tho death of me. She tears
ay heart. June, vite, I say ! "
June started, and jumped down from the
fence, and ran into the house with great fright
ened eyes.
1 just didn't mean to, nowayn, missns. I
Trent to see Masea Linkum, an he look at me,
an I done forgot obcryting. Oh, missus, don't
beat me dis yere timer an' I'll neber "
But Madamo Joiiet interrupted her with a
box oa the car, and dragged her up stairs.
There waB a terrible look on Madame's face.
Just what happened np stairs, I liave not the
lieart to tell you.
That night, Jnne waij crouched, and bruised,
and blooding, behind the kitchen stove, when
Creline came in on an errand for her mistress.
Madame Joilet was obliged, to leave the room
for a few moments, and tho two were alone
together. June crawled out from behind tho
tovc
"I see niin I cee Massa Linkum, Creline."
'He Lord bress him foreber 'n cber. Amen ! "
exclaimud Creline, fervently, throwing up her
old thin hands.
June crept a little nearer, and looked- all
sronud tho room to see if the doors were shut.
"CrcHnt; what's he done gone come down
liere far? Am he de Messiah? "
'Brcss ycr sonl, chile! don' -ve know Letter
'aidatarl"
"Don' know nufun," said June, sullenly.
"Keber knows Baffin; 'spects I never's gwine
to. Can' go out in de road to fine out die
beat me. Can' ask nnffia sho jest gib me a
push down cellar. Oh, Creline, der seek rate
down darnow daris!" '
Yer ior critter! " said Creline, with great
contempt for her ignowace. "Why, Massa
Linkum, everybody knows 'boat he! He's
done gone made we free whole heap on we."
" Free ! " echoed June, with imzrfed eyes.
J,Luw, yes, chile: 'pears like vers dreffnl
stupid. Yer don' blong" Creline lowered
ier voice to a mysterious whisper, and looked
carefully at the closed door "ycr don' b'Jong
to Missus Jolly no more dan she b'long to you,
cl daf s dc trufe now, 'case Massa Linkum say
se God bress him!"
" Just then Madame Joiiet came back.
' What's that 'obxo talking about?" she
ftsid, sharply.
"June was jes' savin' what a heap she tihk
b you, missus," sain Creline, with a grave face.
Janclayawakcalojigtime'thatnight, think
isg about Massa Linkum, and the wonderfnl
etrs Creline had brought, and wondering when
3fdaii;c Joiiet "would tell hor that she was
Set many days nassad, and Madame asid
. "" ! I
nothing about it. Grcline's son had left his
master and gone Xorth. , Creline herself had
akcd and obtained scanty wages for her work'.
A little black" boy across the street had been
sentenced to r,pccive twenty-fivo lashes for
some trifling fault, and they had just begnu to
beat him in the yard, when a Union officer
stepped up and stopped them. A little girl,
not a quarter of a milo away, whose name
June had often heard, had just found her
father, who had been sold away from ler years
ago, and had come into Richmond with tho
Yankee soldiers. But nothing had happened
to Juno. Everything went on as in' tho old
days before Massa Linkum came. She washed
dishes, aud scrubbed knives, and carried baskets
of wood, so heavy that she tottered under their
weight, and was scolded if she dropped so much
as a shaving on the floor ; she swept the rooms
with a broom .three times as tall as she was, and
had her cars boxed because she could not get
the dust up with such tiny hands. .
One night Creline was going by the house,
when Juno called to her softly through the
fence.
"Creline!"
" What's de matter? " said Creline, who was
in a great hurry.
" Ps gwine to find Massa Linkum don' you
toll nobody."
' Laws a massa, what a young uu dat ar chile
is!' said Creline, thinking that June had just
waked up from a dream, and forthwith for
getting all about her.
Madame Joilet always locked Juno into her
room, which was nothing but a closet with a
window in it, and a heap of rags for a bed.
On this particular night blic turned tho key as
usual, aud- then wont to her own room at the
other end of tho house, where sho was soon
soundly asleep.
About eleven o'clock, when all the house was
still, tii o window of June's closet softly opened.
There was a roofed doorway just underneath
it, with an old grapo-vine trellis running up
one sido of it. A littlo dark figure stepped out
timidly on the narrow, steop roof, clinging with
its hands to keep its balance, and then down
upon the trellis, which it began to crawl slowly
down. The old wood creaked and groaned and
trembled, and the little figure trembled and
stood still. If it should give way and fall
crashing to the ground !
She stood a minute looking down; then sho
took a slow, careful step; then another, and
another, hand under hand upon tho bars. Tho
trellis creaked, and shook, and cracked, but it
held on, and June went on, and dropped'softly
down, gasping and terrified at what sho had
done, all in a little heap on the grass below.
She lay there a moment perfectly still. Sho
could not catch her breath at first, and sho
trembled so that sho could not move.
Then she crept along on tiptoe to tho wood
shed. She ran a great risk in opening tho
wood-shed door, for tho hinges were rusty,
and it creaked with a terrible noise. But Hun
gry was in there. She could, not go without
Hungry. She went in, and called in a faint
whisper. The kitten knew her, dark as it was,
and rau out from the wood-pile with a joyful
mew, to rub itself against her dress.
" We's gwine to fine Massa Linkum, you an"
me, bof two togeder," said June.
" Pur! pur-r-r "" said Hungry, as if she wore
quite content; and Juno took her up in her
arms and laughed softly. How happy they
would be, she and Hungry! and how Massa
Linkum would smile and wonder when he saw
thcin coming in! and how Madame Joilet
would hunt and scold!
It was very still and very dark. The great
trees stood up like giants against the sky, aud
the wind howled hoarsely through them. It
made June think of the bloodhounds that she
had seen rushing with horrible yells to tho
swamps, wkere hunted slaves were hiding.
" I reckon 'taint on'y littlo ways. Hungry,"
sho said, with, a shiver; "we'll git dar 'fore
long. Don't be 'fraid."
"Pur! pur-r-i!" said Hungry, nestling her
head in warmly under June's arm.
"'Spect you lub me, Hungry 'spects you
does!"
And then June laughed out softly once more.
What would Massa Linkum say to kitty? Had
he ever seen such a kitty as that in all his life?
So sho folded, her arms tightly over Hun
gry's soft fur, aud trudged away into the
woods. She began to sing a littlo as she walked,
in that sorrowful, smothered way that made
Madame Joilet angry. Ah, that was all over
now? There would be no more scolding and
beating, no more tired" days, no more terrible
nights spent in the dark and lonely eellar, no
more going to bed without ker supper, and
crying herself to sleep. Massa Linkum would
never treat her so. She never once doubted,
in that foolish littlo trusting heart of hers, that
he would le glad, to seo her, and Hungry too.
Why should she? Was there any one in all
the world who had looked so at poor little
June?
So on and away, deep into tho woods and
swamps, she trudged cheerily; and she sang
low to Hungry, and Hungry purred to lier.
The night passed on and the stars grew pale, the
woods deepened and thickened, the swamps
were cold and wet, the branches scratched, her
hands and feet.
"It's jes ober here little ways, Hungry"
trying to laugh. " Wo'H find him pu Try soon.
I's terrible tired an' sleepy, Hungry."
About noon they came to a bit of a brook.
Juno scooped the water in her hands, and
Hungry lapped it with her pink tongue. But
there was no dinner to be found, and no sign of
Massa Linkum; tho sun was like a great ball
of fire above the tree-tops, and the child grew
faint and weak.
"I didn't 'spect it was so fur," croaued poor
Jnne. "But don' yer bo 'feared now Hungry.
'Pears like we'll find him berry soon."
The sun went down, and the twilight came,
nothing but the great forest and the swamps
and the darkening sliadows and the long hun
gry night. June lay down once more on the
damp ground where the poisonous snake hid
in the bushes, and hugged Hungry with her
weak little arms, and tried to spctk out brave
ly. " We'll find him, Hungry, sure, to-niorrer.
He'll jes' open dc door an' let U3 right in, lie
will; an' he'll habbrcafas all ready an' waitin'
'pears like he'll hab a dish ob milk up in de
corner for you now link o' dat ar, Hungry ! "
and then the poor littlo voice that tried to be
so brave broke down into a great. sob. " Ef I
on'y jes' had one little mouthful now, Hungry !
on'y one!"
So anothernigM passed, and another morning
came. A bitter winrt blew trom tiie east tliat
day, and long before noon tho rain was falling,
dreary and chilly and sharp. It soaked June's
feet and ragged dress and pelted, in her face.
The wind blow against her, and whirled about
her, and tossed her to and ' fro she was such a
little thing and so weak now and faint.
Just as the early twilight fell from theleaden
sky, and the shadows began to skulk under the
bushes, and the birds gathered to their nests
with sleepy twitter, she tripped over a little
stone, fell weakly to the ground, and lay still.
She had not tho strength to get to her feet
again.
But somehow June felt neither troubled nor
afraid. She lay there with, her face upturned
to the pelting rain, watching it patter from leaf
to leaf, listening to the chirp of the birds in
their nests, listening to the crying of the wind.
She liked the sound. She had a dim notion that
it was like an old camp-mectinghymn thatshe
had heard Creline sing sometimes. She never
understood the words, but the music came back
like a dream. She wondered if Massa Linkum
overheard it. She thought lie looted like it.
Sho should like to lie there all night and listen
to it; and then in the morning they would go
and find him in the morning; it would come
very soon.
The twilight deepened, and the night came
on. The rain, fell faster, and the sharp wind
cried out aloud.
"It's berry cold," said Juno, sleepily, and
turned hor face over to hide it on the kitten's
warm, soft fur. "Goo' night, Hungry. We'll
git dar to-morrer. We's mos't dar, Hungry."
Hungry curled up close to her cold, wet
cheek llungry did not care how black it wa3
with a happy answering mew; but June said
nothing more."
The rain fell faster, and fhe sharp wind cried
aloud. The kitten woke from a nap, and
purred for her to stir and speak; but Juno said
nothing more.
Still the rain fell, and the wind cried ; and
the long night and the storm and the darkness
I passed, and tho morning came.
Hungry stirred under J une s arm, and licked,
hor face, and mewed piteously at her ear. Bat
June's arm lay still, and June said no word.
Somewhere, in a land where there was never
slave and never mistress, where there was no
more hungry days and frightened nights, littlo
Juno was laughing softly, and had found some
one to lovo her at last.
And so she did not find Massa Linkum after
all?
Ah ! who would-have guessed it? To that
place whore June had zone, whero there are
no masters and no slaves, ho liad gone before
her.
t
GOOD-BYE TO DIXIE,
e
JTIceing from Danville In the Hands
of Loyal and Loving Women,
By John F. ITtU; Co. K, SOlh 0. V. X
hi:
Around the cheerful fire in the cabin of our
gentle host wo again rehearsed our story, but
she still seemed incredulous, aud when wo
asked her if there were any Union men in the
vicinity sho replied that she did not know of
any. The door was kept shut all tho time, aud
I noticed that a littlo boy was stationed in tho
yard to watch out for the appearance of any
strangers. After a while it was announced
that breakfast was ready for us in tho other
house. Wo all went in together and found
there another lady the one who had prepared
the meal. It consisted of corn bread, stewed
chicken, cabbage slaw, stewed pumpkin and
rye coffee. Imagine my feelings, for my pen
cannot describe them ! The good lady said we
were welcome to all wo could oat, but my
friend Thompson suggested thnt we had better
be careful aud not eat too much. Still, ho did
not heed his own precaution, and I ate till I
thought I had eaten an ordinary meal, and
was then quite unsatisfied. After breakfast was
over, our hostess, who had been very much
reserved for some time, finally gave way to
her feelings, and expressed herself as follows :
" My young friends, I must acknowledge that
you'took me by surprise this morning, and I
was, for a while, afraid that you were spies.
The Confederates often resort to such means to
find out persons whom they suspect of dis
loyalty to their cause, and xmnish them by
seizing their property and sending them to
jail. But now, siuco you have becu so candid
with me, and told mo tho same story over so
frequently, I feel that I can put full reliance
in your truthfulness. I believe you now.
You have asked for help, and such as is in my
power to give you Bhall have at all hazards."
She then told us that hor name was Sarah
Corbin. She had a husband in tho rebel army,
who had been compelled to go as a conscript,
though, like herself, ho was as loyal to tho
Union as any man who ever swore by the stars
and stripes. Sho was poor, exceedingly poor,
having five small children to feed and clotho
by her own exertions, and tho Confederate
government had refused her tho aid which
other soldiers' wives received because she had
expressed her sympathy with the North. She
and her sister tho other woman present had
cultivated the land ten acros with hoes
themselves. She had owned a horse, but tho
authorities had taken it away from her and
given her no compensation for it, aud even hor
two cows had been driven away for beef for
the army. By hard labor aud the most rigid
economy sho was able to supply the wants of
her family. "I have often felt," said she, "as if
I would like. to do -something for my country,
and now I see I may havo an opportunity, and
I ouly ask you to command, and anything
within my power, even at tho peril of my life,
I will do for you. I havo always been a
staunch friend to the rebel deserters who left
the rebel army because they would not fight
against their principles. But remember," sue
continued, her whole face beaming with entnu
siasm,
losing
'T on in-T-colf tMiiivoMa crrnn f. m clr- nT
j. cm uijdvu 'i'""'"o &-" "-
mv own ireedom it x attempt; to oo oy
you as I wish, though I trust my God will help
and nrotect mo and save my country in tho
end." Wo knew then that we had. fallen into
tho hands of aloyal and Christian "woman. Wo
now renewed our inquiry as to whether sho
could not take us to the house of some good
Union man who would be willing to kelp us.
A DA.Y OF REST.
She replied that she could, but would have to
go and see the. man first and satisfy him as
to who wo were. The distance to his "house
was six mile.;, and she volunteered to go there
licrself that day and alone. What was to be
done with us through the day ? That was tho
next question. To remain around or in her
house might be her ruin should, we be seen
there. It was determined at last that wo should
return to the woods. She said she knew whero
two men who once had beea soldiers of Gen.
Lee's armv, but had deserted, had concealed
themselves, and offered to take us to them and
put us in their charge for the day. It was nec
essary, however, that we should not be seen in
hor company, nor even take her path, for fear
of an accident; but we were instructed to keep
her in sight. The distance was a milo and a
half, andL whon she got to the place she was. to
turn and give us a signal. It became our turn
now to be suspicious that sho might betray us.
We told her our fears, and I think she felt a
littlo offended. For a moment hor eyes sparkled
and then I could seo the tears rolling down,
and she asked us why, as muck as she had suf
fered and undergone, any one should doubt her
devotion to tho Union cause. Wo said, no
more, but did as sho ordered us. Though stiff
and sore, our walk refreshed us, aud we were
not long in reaching our destination. When
we saw her halt, face about, and give tho
j signal we joined, her. A man was approaching
her from the opposite direction, aud when lie
came up we were formally introduced to the
stranger, who proved to be a good looking
and intelligent young man. While talking
another man came up, who turned out to bo
his brother. They had been kiding in the
woods for over a year, and their mother, who
lived within half a mile of the place, had been
caring for them in their state of semi-captivity.
A woman's cukiosity.
To the custody of these two men for tho day
we were consigned by Mrs. Corbin, who then
repaired to the house of the mother of tho de
serters, but returned in a few minutes accom
panied by their sister and another young lady
a neighbor wno was curious to see a live
Yankee soldier. Mrs. Corbin told us that the
two young ladies would prepare our dinner and
bring it out to us while she paid a visit to tho
Union man of whom sho had spoken. The day
passed very pleasantly. In the company of tho
two deserters we exchanged old war stories and
fought our battles over again. About one.
o'clock our dinner was brought out by the
ladies who had visited us in tho morning, ac
companied this time by a very old woman
the mother of the two deserters who had
come, as she said, to give us her blessing, and,
though her oyes were dim, she praised God
that she had lived to see a loyal Union soldier.
Our dinner was all that a hungry stomach
could wish boiled beef and cabbage, "sweet
potatoes, corn bread, pumpkin pie, and sweet
milk, and it was succeeded at five o'clock by a
supper of cakes and pies the latter baked in
the shape of a half moon. Our benefactress
returned about four o'clock. She had been all
the way to tho Unionist's house a distance of
sis miles on foot, and had had a long talk
with him. Ho had been fearful at first that we
were spies, but finally, after sho had taken all
the responsibility on herself, had agreed to re
ceive us and care for us a few daj's. Wo were to
meet him at a certain gate on his plantation
near tho hour that the moon would set about
ten o'clock and were to use as a countersign,
when hailed, the word " Charity."
The next question was, how were wo to get
thore, since we could not go through the open
country and inquire the way without running
tho risk of being recognized and recaptured?
The two deserters solved tho problem by agree
ing to act as our guides. They had often
visited this man, and ho had often done them
a good service. They accordingly looked up the
old muskets which they had brought home
with them from the Army of jSbrfchern Vir
ginia. They were already loaded, and we were
prepared for action on a moment's notice. As
night came on tho air grew very chilly, aud I
was beginning to shiver again, for my old
clothes wero Yery thin, when Mrs. Corbin,
having noticed my distress, came over to mo
aud asked me if I was not suffering from cold.
I replied that 1 did. not know how I could do
otherwise, considering how thin and ragged my
clothes were. At this the tears came into her
eyes, and she said, "Oh, I do pity you! You
have a desperate undertaking before you, and
I am fearful you will fail. 1 am very poor, as
I told you before, but I will do another small
favor, i f you will accept it. When you pass my
house this oveninglwill meet you and give
you something to wrap up in to keep you
warm." About 8 o'clock we all five started,
tho two deserters carrying their muskets for
protection in case we should encounter any
danger. We passed near Mrs. Corbin's cabin,
and at tho appointed spot she met us, carrying
in her arms two large bed 'quilts. However, as
much as wo actually needed and appreciated
her sacrificing gifts, wo took only one, and for
that our hearts were overflowing in thankful
ness. Mrs. Corbin's mission was now over.
She had under tho circumstances dono all that
was in hor power for- us, and as we bade her
good-by she wept like a child. "Oh," said
--rfS&.tSS.B
J..'.-i -
2" W jo
she, " that I could
do more for my country's
defenders, anil so
with many a God bless
you " and ' God speedybuvwell " we parted.
A UEWjFKIEST).
With two men " tp"the Ihanor born" as our
guides, we were not long inHraversing tho dis
tance, and on tho way we took lessons from
them in their cautiou3 method of traveling
that proved of great advantage to us after
wards. They would not permit us oven to
walk in the sand along the road, lest we might
leave suspicious tracks, and they told us wo
must learn to bo selfish to hot leave anything
behind, not even a footprint: At tho appointed
time wo reached tho rendezvous agreed upon,
and when within fivo Todsof the gate" were
challenged with "Who comes thore?" Wo
halted immediately, and oue of tho guides
answered, "Friends with friends." Our chal
lenger then directed " one friend to approach
with the countersign," and Ave waited, while
one of the guides went forward. Ho returned
in a moment bringing with him an old man
our new friend who grasped us by our hands,
aud gave us such a Teception as wo had never
anticipated. He told U3 his namo was Yates,
aud that at ono time of his life ho had ranked
among tho first famile3 of Virginia, but the
misfortunes of war and speculation in Southern
trado at the time of the breaking out of the re
bellion had left him in very much embarrassed
circumstances. "But." added ho. "we must
not tarry hero ; come to my house. Supper is
waiting in tho kitchen for you." He told us
iii a whispor, as we walked along, that his sen
timents were Union, out and out, and ho was
doing all ho could in a clandestine way to fur
ther our cause and to injure the causo of our
enemies by encouraging desertion from tho
rebel army, in protecting deserters at homo,
&c. " But, ' by tho eternal,' " hi3 favorite quo
tation from Jackson, " this is the first time,"
ho declared, "that I havo seen a Yankee since
the war began, and I feel very much lifted up
in having the pleasure of your acquaintance
and being allowed to minister to your wants."
Wo. were shown into tho kitchen, whero we
found supper was on tho table for us three
only. Our new friend had been out in the
afternoon and killed a couple of squirrels for
us. This was tho fourth time that wo had
eaten that day, but wo could not seo that our
appetites had abated. An hour's chat by tho
fire followed, during which we discussed among
other things the cruel manner in which our
prisoners had been treated while in the hands
of the so-called Confederate government. 'Our
host said tho authorities were to blame for it
all, for ho know very well that they could fiavo
done better by us had they chosen, no had
heard thatafternoon of our outbreak at Danville,
aud had learned of several Tobel soldiers being
in tho neighborhood on tho lookout for us. A
toward of ?30 had been offered for each one of
us, dead or alive. Ho told us, too, that great
precaution would havo to be used, or wo would
be recaptured, but he would do ail that ho dared
to assist us and save us from falling into rebel
hands again, llo had arranged, for us to sleop
that night in tho garret of his house, which
was reached from the second floor by a small
ladder, and ho presently showed us the way
thither. After we were up the trap-door was
put down and tho ladder removed, but we were
assured wo would be perfectly safe, as the lad
der would bo carried to the barn, and if tho
house should bo searched no pue would, bo likely
to discover anyway of getting into the garret, or
suppose thatauy one was concealed there. We
were enjoined, however, to keep perfectly still,
and, in event of danger, our host told us ho
'would have us up before daylight and take us
to a more secure spot. We found our bod to
consist of a few blankels an-tho garret floor, but
as it was such an improvement on the previous
night's quarters, we deemed it quite a luxury.
To be iontimied.
SONGS OThIe CAMP.
The Old Canteen.
Bu O. M. White.
Send It up to the garret? Well, no ; wliat's the
barm
If it bans like a horse-shoe to servo as a cbann?
Had its day to be sure, matches ill with things
here ;
Shall I sack the old friend just because it Is queer?
Thinff of beauty 'tis not, bukajoy none the less,
As my hot lips remember its ojd-timo caress,
And I think on tho solace once gurgling between
Sly lips from that battered old tin canteen.
It has bung by my side in tha long, weary tramp,
Been my friend in the bivouac,, barrack and. camp,
In the triumph, capture, advance and retreat,
Moro than light to my path, more than guide to
my feet.
Sweeter nectar ne'er flowed, howo'er sparkling
and cold,
From out chalice of silver or fioblet of gold
For a king or an emperor, princess or queen,
Than to mo from the mouth of that old canteen.
It has cheered the desponding on many anight,
"Till their laughing oyes gleamed in the camp-nro
light,
Whether guns stood in silenco, or boomed at short
range.
It was alway3 on duty, though 'twould not be
strange,
If in somnolent periods just after " taps "
Some colonel or captain disturbed at his naps,
May have felt a suspicion that "spirits" unseen
Had somehow bedeviled that old canteen.
But I think on tho time when in lulls of the strife
It has called the far look in dim eyes back to life ;
Helped to staunch the quick blood just beginning
to nour.
Softened broad, gaping wounds that wero stiffened
and sore,
Moistened thin livid lips, so despairing of breath
They could only speak thanks in the quiver of
death ;
If an angel of mercy e'er hovered between
This world and the next, 'twas that old canteen.
Then banish it not as a profitless thing,
"Were it hung in a palace it well might swing,
To tell in its mute, allegorical way
How the citizen volunteer won the day.
How he bravely, unflinchingly, grandly won;
A.nd how, when the death-dealing work was done,
'Twas as cosy his passion from war to wean
As his lips from the mouth of that old canteen.
By and by, when all hate for the rag with the bars
Is forgotten in love for the "stripes and the stars,"
When Columbia rules everything, solid and sole,
From Her own ship canal to the ice at the pole;
When wo Grand Army men have obeyed tho last
call,
And the May flowers and violets bloom for us all ;
Then away in some carret the cobwebs may screen
My battered old cloth-covered, tin canteen.
A Whole Family in tho War.
"I enlisted at tho age of sixteen, the youngest of
five brothers who volunteered to defend our dear
old Union. If my father had been alive at the timo
I am sure he would have enlisted also. He served
in the war of 1812, and his father in the Revolution
ary war. So you see wc arc true Americans all the
way through. My regiment was the Seventh
Maine V. I., and I was wounded at the battle of
Gettysburg. One of my brothers lost his rightarm
at the Wilderness. Another one was shot through
both legs" Another contracted disease which made
him-a burden to himself and his friends. Another
was taken prisoner and returned a mere skeleton.
Comrades, we should all rally tothesupport of The
National TninusE, and cram the he down the
throat of the first man who dares to call our pen
sioners frauds. Letourbnnner bo The National
Tuinorns, and our battle cry Soldier's Rights."
F. W. Call, Deer Island, New Brunswick.
Tho Lurnsido Expedition A. Correction.
To tho Editor Natioxai, TaiBUNK:
In my account of Burnside's Expedition I nm
made to say that the " Cfossack," had on board tho
Sixth Xew Hampshire,. which was not the case;
and the names of two of the transports are omitted.
The followinjr is a correct list of transports and the
troop3 which they carried: ,1s ew York, Twenty
fifth Massachusetts volunteers ; Northerner. Twenty-first
Massachusetts volunteers; Guide, Twenty
fourth Massachusetts v6luntecrs ; New Brunswick,
Tenth Connecticut volunteers; Ranger, Twenty
seventh Massachusetts volunteera; Iliglilander
and Hussar. Twenty-third Massachusetts volun
teers; Cossack, Fifty-ilrea Pennsylvania volunteers;
Louisiana, Sixth New Hampshire; Eastern Queen,
Fourth Ithode Island.
Fraternally, yours,
O. W. Putkau.
SO Eut St., Woucesteb, Mass.
A Chip of tho Obi Block.
To tho Editor Natiosah Tribune:
I have been a constant reader of Tnn TainrifE
for six months and cannot do without it. I anx
iously await it's coming each Friday, and greet it
as a welcome visitor full of intelligence. I read nil
tho letters of ex-prisonors with great interest, and
it always fills my heart with indignation too deep
for utterance when I learn how tho poor follows
suffered at the hands of traitors. I uin a young
man, twenty-one years of age, and ain't remember
much about tho war, but my father was a guide
and scout for the Union army through the moun
tains of Eaat Tennessee, and knows nil about it.
LAKTAXA, TENX. A. L. FliYNlf.
lled-EIdilen nncl Cured.
W. E. Huestis, of Emporia, Kansas, says that
his wife had been sick -nearly seven years, and
for the last four months bed-riddon. She has
been treated by a number of physicians and
only grew wors?. Her attention was called to
Dr. P,ierco's " Golden Medical Discovery" and
"Favorite Prescription,' which she commenced
using. In oneweelc sho cmhl sit up, aad in
threu weeks could walk about, By druggists.
Sfe"-;Si-3ti'ftfo.fe .ftfrwtSr. v.J v ," .Su,A iX SstfiKis. iJfy-vif jfe WaswK ..tfg
WITpJ paper bullets
Oar Yclerans Fidit the Battle of
Shiioh Over
Again.
How the Battle Began.
To the Editor National Tribune:
As I am a reader of your valuable paper, I tako
the liberty of writing a few lines about the battle
of Shiioh as I saw it. I was a member of company
F, Twenty-fifth regiment Missouri volunteer in
fantry. Second brigade of Prentiss' division. The
brigade was composed of the following regiments :
Twenty-first and Twenty-fifth Missouri, tho
Twelfth Michigan and the Sixteenth Wisconsin,
commanded by Colonel Evart Peabody, of the
Twenty-fifth Missouri. This brigade occupied tho
right of Prentm' division, and- the Twenty-fifth
Missouri tho right of the brigade. We were camped
about two miles from the landing,on the Tennessee
River. There was a space of about 300 or -iOO yards
extending from our right to Sherman's left that
was not occupied by any troops. We had been in
this position about a week when that bloody battle
began. I went on cam) guard on Saturday morn
ing. Major Powell, of the Twenty-tilth MisMiuri,
was brigade officer of the day, and at 12 o'clock
Saturday night ho came to tho guard quarters.
The two reliefs of the guard not on duty turned
out, and after the usual solute he gave the com
mand to right-face forward by file-right march !
We accordingly marched out of camp and halted,
and he then told us what bis object was in taking
us out of camp. He said he had heard from good
authority that a squad of rebel cavalry bad gone
into camp at an old house ono and one-half miles
from our camp, and ho wanted to take them in
" out of the wet." He told us to keep cool, and
ordered us forward. We were on what was called
the Corinth road. The night was very dark, and
we were forced to grope our way over the hills and
through tho deep ravines as best we could. Wo
felt our way cautiously uutil wo eame out on some
high laud near the old house. Here we baited for a
short time, when the major, with two or three men,
went a few paces ahead to reconnoitre. While we
were halted we could hear tho enemy moving in
every direction, and the. major concluded that there
were too many for us to attack, so he ced us about
and marched us back to camp, relieved us, and re
ported what lie had discovered to Colonel Peabody.
Colonel Peabody at onco ordered out three com
panies of the Twenty-fifth Missouri and three of
tho Twelfth Michigan, under command of Major
Powell. The latter had not got as for as with his
first commnnd wlfen he was tired on. and so the
battle began about3 o'clock in the morning about
one aud one-half miles in front of General Pren
tiss' camp. The major ordered the men to deploy
mto line and shield themselves behind trees as wen
as they could, for they found that tho whole rebel
armv was there. All that he could do was to keep
up the tiro and fall back to the main camp. The
rebel army was soon in motion, as they had formed
their lines during the night in perfect order of
battle, hoping to surprise the Union army which
thev did, with tho exception of our brigade. I am
satisfied that if Major Powell had not made this
reconnaissance our army would liave sutfered
much more than it did, as the rebels were ap
proaching cautiously, no doubt thinking that wc
were prepared for them, and if they had not been
discovered they would have come into our camp at
daylight on a charge, which they could easily have
done, since there were no pickets out in our front
farther than lOOyards. General Sherman says that
shortly after seven o'clock he rode to tho front and
the enemy's skirmish line fired a volley on his
party, killing his orderly. This was the first firing
Sherman had heard. But to return to Major Pow
ell and his command : As soon as he saw that he
had struck the main rebel army he sent a dispatch
back to Colonel Peabody, notifying him that
tho enemy was there in force, and the latter or
dered the long, roll to be beat m tho camp. This
Jirnnirht tho men out of their tents in a hurry, and
they were soon formed in line of battle along the
color line. It was now 7 a. m., as I well remember,
since it avos tho time nvy relief was going on post.
As we passed along the boys were forming in
line of battle a great many for the hist time.
As soon as the brigade was formed Colonel
Peabody ordered the Twenty-first Missouri, under
command of Colonel Mooro, to go to the relief of
Major Powell, who had been under lire since
3 o'clock. He had been gradually falling back,
and by this timo we could distinctly hear the
firing, which told U3 tliat tho foe was coming, and
could see the wounded hobbling back to camp, or
carried by their comrades. Shortly after the
Twenty-first had beerr sent out. Colonel Peabody
moved the remainder of the brigade about 200
yards in front, to a ridgo in front of our, camp.
Here ho did not have to wait long for tho enemy,
for by thi3 time I could see tho smoke of firing in
front of my post, which was on the extreme right
of our camp, mv beat being along the color line.
From my position 1 had a fine view of our line of
battle, as also that of the enemy. Up to this time
I don't believe there was an oflicer or soldier, out
side of our brigade, that knuw anything of the eneT
my's presence, for about this time an officer came
dashing up tho road from Sherman's camp, and,
halting at mv post, asked what tliat firing meant?
1 replied that it meant that there was going to be
tho biggest fight, that he had ever heard of, and
thut some of our brigade had been fighting ever
since 3 o'clock in the morning. Just at this time
we-heard tho firing commence in Sherman's front,
and soon after our men began to fall back slowly.
When they readied our color line, Colonel Pea
bod v formed our second line of battle. It was there
that the Colonel was killed. The brigade made
a desperate stand in defense of the camp; but
it will be remembered that there was'a gap be
tween our right and Sherman's left, and the rebels
were not long in unuing it om. iticy oegan. 10
press through to our rear and we were forced to
fall back. We formed again, however, just in the
rear of our camp, where we met a part of McCIer
nand's division, which formed on our right, filling
up the gap between our lines and Sherman's. The
fight had by this timo become general; the rebels
gaining ground gradually until some time in the
afternoon, when our lines became more consolida
ted and the good positions which our generals had
chosen aud the servico which the gunboats Lex
ington and Tyler rendered, brought the enemy to
a stand still. They tried desperately to break our
lines again, but failed in every attempt; and, as
one rebel writer says in regard to this part of the
fight, "five times did we go doWn into the valley
nnd the sliadow of death," only to be repulsed.
About sundown the rebels drew off their forces
and night closed in on this terrible sceno of car
nage. Shortly after dark the rain began to fall in
torrents and continued to fall all night. At day
light the next morning the battle was renewed.
We had been re-enforced meanwhile by part of
Buell's army and also by Lew Wallace's division
of Grant's army. The second day's battle was
opened quite differently from Unit of the day be
fore. Our lines were as strong as theirs and in
stead of losing we gained ground until about two
or three o'clock in the nfternoon, when the rebels
abandoned the field, leaving the dead and wounded
in our possession, arid retreated to Corinth. We
then took possession of our old camp. The rebels
had token all our blankets, knapsacks and cloth
ing, but had left our tents standing. It was a hor
rible sight to seethe heaps of Union and rebel dead
that lay about the camp. Wc buried over 700 dead
rebels at and in front of our camp. My regiment,
tho Twenty-fifth Missouri, went into battle with
between 800 and 900 men, and when we came out
we had less than 500 fit for duty. The officers wc
lost were Colonel Peabody, Major Powell, Captain
Wade and two or three lieutenants whose names I
do not remember. Captain Hogue, of company F,
was wounded, as also a great many other officers.
I should like to hear from any of the members of
that brigade, either personally or through The
Tiuuune. D. B. Baker,
Late of company F, Twenty-fifth Mo.
Vancouver, Wash. T.
A Ilcglnicnt Without Fodder for Its Guns.
To the Editor National Tiubune:
I was a member of the Fifteenth Michigan vol
unteers, and our regiment arrived at the landing
at 3 o'clock on tho afternoon of April 5th. Com
panies A and I wero ordered out to the front the
same evening, each provided with tents and rations
for breakfast the next morning. It was near mid
night when we got our tents up and crawled in for
the remainder of the night. The rest of tho regi
ment remained at the landing. Corporal Wallace
and myself wero up with the sun the next morning
to "chuck" for the rest of the boys. While wo
were still eating, the rebels began to fixe on us.
As Comrade Lcland J. Webb says, our regiment
bad no ammunition, and this was the first experi
ence it had had of war, although tho writer had
been present at the battle of Bull Ihin. At the time
our company had no commissioned officers and if
it bad had, they would have been as green as the
rest and the company looked to me for orders.
I formed it in line of battle and awaited the result.
The bullets aime thick' and fast, and as we had no
fodder for our guns I went over to the Sixteenth
Wisconsin to see if I could obtain some ammuni
tion from that regiment. Their fodder fitted our
guns to a dot. They refused, however, to let us
have any. Just then Lieutenant IF. F. Wallace,
who came from tho quarters of the Twelfth Michi
gan, said ho had seen seven men dead in their
tente, and told us tliat a terrible battle had begun.
General Veatch eays the Twelfth Michigan was not
surprised, but I -will take Lieutenant Wallace's
word for it. Colonel Oliver finally came to our aid
with the other eight companies of our regiment,
and formed on our left. Thoy brought enough am
munition with them, and we held our position for
an hour longer, when we sent to General Prentiss
to know what to do. Ho instructed us to foil back
until we got more ammunition, and the order was
obeyed double-quick. Wo fell baak about a mile,
met our ammunition, and then went in for tho rest
of the day. If the battle of Shiioh avos not a sur
prise, I cannot help thinking -tho Government
wanted to get rid of the Fifteenth Michigan. Com
rades, God bless General Hovey and The National
TnmuHE. Wiluam Easmck,
Sergeant Co. 1, 15Ui Mich.
Lafayette, Mien.
An Illinois Soldier triio Agrees "With Gen. Tcatch.
To the Editor National Tisibune :
It is a great pleasure to read, at this lato day, of
battles in which we havo taken part, and it is diftl
oult to keep from, criticising thoso that do not see
as we do. General Veatch appears to have seen
that Shiioh fight in a good deal tho same light oa I
did, and, of course, he knew what was known at
headquarters better than 1 did.
I havo just read two communications from com
rades of the Third brigade", who should have geen
the beginning of that haltle oa I saw it. I was In
the Forty-third Illinois, and wo lay between the
Seventeenth and Forty-ninth Illinois, and on the
same line as Prentissf division, but to tho right.
Sherman's division lay in front of ours, and his
left reached a little past Prentiss' right. We had
enten breakfast, mounted guard, and sent our
fatiguo detail to the river before tho long roll viu
rJ&.
beaten, and, after falling in on our color lino, we
stacked arms and went back to our quarters and
got our haversacks and canteens and filled them,
and the relieved guard got their breakfast and all
this some time before any shot came whistling over
our head. Tdon't believe any of the Forty-third
were caught in bed, and the Seventeenth and
Forty-ninth should not liave been, and if Mrs.
Major Belle Reynolds should seo this, she will
bear mo out in it. .
A few regiments on Sherman's left were no doubt
surprised, for they were not used to being fired at,
and made tracks for the river bank without firing
a shot. Some of thefti came near getting shot by
our boys, as they came rushing out of the brush
directly in front of us, and were taken for rebels,
but the vets of Forts Henry and Donelson and
several Missouri and Kentucky battles held their
ground till overpowered, and, when driven back,
fought so stubbornly that the Johnnies found they
had caught a Tarter, aud, old Buell to the contrary
notwithstanding, they never could have driven us
to the river if he had been two weeks longer get
ting there. It was about 4 o'clock Sunday evening
when we tamo "back on the line formed near tho
river. The rebels attacked that line in succession
from ono end to the other, hurling masses of troops
on every available point, but made no impression
except at one point, and that was on the extreme
left, and the gunboats coming to our assistance
they did not gain anything there. And all this
before we received any assistance from General
Buell.
With the assistance of General Low Wallace, who
came up that night, wo could have easily retaken
our camps on Monday, and that was all we did do
with all Buell's hosts, for as soon as our camps
were retaken the pursuit was given up, and the
rebels were allowed to retreat to Corinth at their
leisure.
As to that surprise, tliat will never be settled as
long as two Shiloli soldiers live. But one thingis
certain, no camp was fired on before bunrise
unless it was farther out than either Generals
Sherman's or Prentiss' positions, for we were in
plain sight of both, and saw the first rebel troops
phias through Sherman's left and strike Prentiss
right. That was certainly after 8 o'clock, and no
well man should have been in bed at that tune.
Tours, fraternally, D. C. Andekson,
Co. K, 43d HI. Inf.
St. Joseph, Mo.
Facts that go to Show There was Ko Surprise.
To tho Editor National Tribune:
General Veatch was my brigade commander at
Shiioh, and I havo read hi3 address delivered be
fore Forragut Post, at Evansville, and printed in
The National Tribune, with great interest, a?,
also, that of General Hovey. I am not surprised
that the latter has taken up tlie cudgels for his
old division commander, whose slow march to the
battle-field has formed a fruitful theme of criti
cism for every writer on the battle of Shilohbut I
think in the matter of a surprise on the morning of
thctitb of April the former is much more compe
tent to judge.
There are two points that I wish to make: one is,
that tho presence of our dead and wounded in the
camps of Sherman, McClernand, and Prentis3 docs
not prove a surprise, for their lines were formed
several hundred yards in front of their camps, and
they were probably shot while falling back through,
their camps, or were carried back to their tents
when they fell in the line. I have no doubt that,
as General Veatch says, thousands of soldiers wrote
home that the army was surprised. Of course we
were surprised ; to most of us the whiz of a bullet
was a surprising sensation, and wo knewnothing
nt that time of the memiing, in a military sense, of
the term "surprised." Newspaper correspondents
who had for months insisted that General Sherman
was crazy, caught at the term with no moro knowl
edge of its real significance than we had, and sad
dled the whole buiness upon him, just a they
would have robbed him of the glory if our army
had been successful that day. It was a bloody
fight, and the men, a3 far as 1 3aw, did their bet to
hold the rebels at bay. I suppose somo ran away.
Inever wa3 present In any battle when they did
not. I was wounded and carried to the rfear at the
time when the hardest lighting of the morning was
going on between twelve and one o'clock. I had
a fair opportunity to estimatethe number of men
who were on the flat between the bluft and the
river at that time, and think there wero not more
than 3,000, many of whom were wounded. I lay
wounded on a transport not more than four hun
dred yards east of the left of Grant's last line of
battle. It was said to be four o'clock when the
Union artillery opened upon tho advancing rebels.
As tho guns opened the transports unloosed from
their moorings and dropped down stream lialf
a mile, and for half an hour the roar of artillery
and musketry was incessant and very heavy. Then,
all was still, except the firing from, the gunboats,
which was kept up at intervals through the night.
It wi at tills time that Breckenridge's attack was
repulsed, so completely that his troops fell back to
W. H. L. Wallace's and Hurlbut's camps, one a
mile and the other a mile and a half from the scene
of their last bloody repulse. Whether we should
have been able, if Buell's army had not come up,
to retake our camps from Beauregard's army I
have never been able to satisfy myself, but that
Grant's army was fully able to hold its last position
against the rebel army I have never had a shadow
of a doubt. T. J. Buyant.
La Peabue, III. Capt. Co. D, 14th I1L Vols.
Either Surprised or Guilty of Criminal ifcgligenee.
To tho Editor National Tribune :
With your permission I would like to give a pri
vate's views of the battle of Pittsburg Landing. B
tho statements of General James C. Veatch. are
correct I do not-sco how ane-can come to any other
conclusion but-that our army was surprised on the
morning of April 6, 1SG2. First General Veath
tells us there was no commander-in-chief on the
field, as General Grant was at Savannah, ten miles
away. Does General Veatch or any one else sup
pose tuat uenerai urnni was anticipating an auacK:,
and he (General Grnnt) ten miles away? Is that
not evidence enough that General Grunt was not
anticipating an attaclc; and U not anticipating an
attack, and yet attacked, was not he (Gen. Grant)
surprised ? It rather looks so to me. I, like Gen.
Veatch, will not undertake to define exactly what
is meant in a military sense by "a surprise." But
Gen. Veatch tells us that no one has ever charged
that the divisions of McClernand, Hurlbut, and W.
H. L. Wallace were surprised, as they were in the
interior of the camp and marched out in perfect
order. Now, I happened to belong to Gen. W. H.
L. Wallace's division, and avos a member of one of
the unfortunate regiments of the Iowa brigade that
was captured, and during all my sojourn in South
ern prisons I never heard an officer or private ex
press himself otherwise than that we had been
very badly surprised. Now, let us examine what
General Sherman says: "On Sunday morning
early the enemy drove our pickets back on tha
main body, when I ordered under arms my divis
ion." This, mark you, Gen. Sherman says was
after seven o'clock. At eight o'clock he saw large
masses of the enemy moving to his left and front,
and all of his regiments were inline of battle. Now,
I will ask, wbo can claim that General Sherman
was not surprised, when he had been in camp there
from the l'ith of March until seven o'clock April
6th, and not a single things had been done towards
repellinr on attack or for the protection of his
army? Does any old soldier that ever followed
Sherman suppose that be made all of the prepara
tions that he wished to in one hour? If he did not,
was he not surprised? The same is true of all the
other divisions, and General Veatch does not show
tliat there was a single move made by our troop3
towards resisting an attack until after our pickets
were driven in on Sunday morning. Now, witb. this
evidence before us, no commandcr-ia-chief present
and, sis Gen. Veatch tells us, no plan of defense, I
leave it with your readers to form their own con
clusions of whether we were surprised or not. In
conclusion, I will say, that much as our generals
may dislike to own that they wero surprised, it is
evident to every soldier who was there that they
were cither surprised or were guilty of criminal
negligence, and I, for one, think the country ought
to know which it is. Yours, very truly,
F. C Cnojrwjxi,,
Formerly Co. A, 12th Iowa,
Oaicland Yxllsy, Iowa.
OnoReglment that was Xot Snrprbed.
To the Editor National Tribune:
"As the manner in which tho battle of Shiioh
was fought is now under discussion, I would like,
with your permission, to relate what I know about
it. There was at least one regiment, the Twenty
tlrstMissouri, commanded by Colonel DavidMoore,
which was not surprised. On Saturday morning,
April 5th, the day before the battle, General Pren
tiss, commanding the division to which we be
longed, held a review, and at that time some rebel
cavalry were seen in the vicinity. In the afternoon
bo ordered Colonel Moore to take flvo companies
of his regiment and reconnoiter on our front. We
went out about n mile and found numerous traces
of the presence of rebel cavalry. The inmates of a
house which wo visited told us that the rebels were
in large force, and that we would be attacked the
following morning. Colonel Moore reported this
fact to Colonel Peabody, wbo commanded the brig
ade, and also to General Prentiss, but no notice was
taken of it, except that the pickets were strength
ened. The next morningr loand us up early and
ready for orders, and presently Colonel Peabody3
adjutant arrived with instructions for Colonel
Mooro to take out five companies. The pickets
had been fired on In tho meanwhile, and the Col
onel met them falling back. Thoy reported n heavy
force in frOnt of them, and the Colonel sent back tor
camp for the remaining live companies, and taking
tho pickets with hlra marched to the front. We
had gono about a mile, and were in sight of the
house whore we heard the atfornoon beforo that
we wero to ba attacked, when tho rebels fired on
us. Colonel Moore was shot twice. He dismounted
and told mo to tako caro of him nnd keep a sharp
lookout. Ho formed his regiment in line of battle
and the boys began to deliver a very rapid fire. At
this time an orderly arrived from Colonel Peabody
nnd wished to know whether Colonel Moore could
hold his position until he could re-enforce him.
Colonel Mooro sent back word that he would ; but"
no re-enforccment came, however, and for about
an hour wa held the ground alone. The Twenty
first Missouri never clid "wttor shooting than on
tliat Sunday morning. It was on that field tliat
Colonel Mooro was wounded for tho third time. A
minie ball broke hisleghelowtheknee.nndhewas
taken back to the camp, and afterwards placedon a
gunboat on tha river. If. after all the fighting
wo wont through tliat Sunday morning; any of our
boys wore shot down near their lcnt3, 1, for ono,
don't pitv them. They had plenty of warning'.
Colonel Mooro held his ground faithfully and
bravely, and justice Indeed has never been done
him for the part he took in the batilo of Shiioh."
WiLLiAit French,
Athens, Mo. Co. F, 21st Mo.
X riciet Corrects General Tcatch.
To the Editor National Twuuxk:
I have been reading so much In the columns of
Tiik National Tuicune about the battle of Shiioh,
that I thought I would givo the old vets a. little
sketch of what I experienced on that terrible field.
General Veatch, in my opinion, gives tho most
correct account of any that I havo seen, with one
little exception. In his repo:; hs says tha Twenty-
fifth Missouri volunteers fired the first gun. It wat
the Twenty-first Missouri. I was a member of Co.
A, and was on picket on the night before the battle.
I was stationed in front of General Prentiss divis
ion, and at 1 o'clock at night I heard theTebel grand
rounds. I reported the same to the officer of the
day. and. from what followed, I bclievo my report
was acted upon by General Prentiss. At the break;
of day. the next morning; my regiment, with Col
onel Mooro commanding, passed by my post goinff
to the front. The command, had not advanced
more than half a milo before thoy ran into tho
enemy in full force. They fired one round but re
ceived such a racking fire from the enemy that they
were compelled to fall back. General Prentiss
hearing the firing, got his men in line ready for
action, and by 7 o'clock the whole division was
hotly engaged, with results too well known. I
-was not taken prisoner with the rest of Prentiss'
division, fori stood at my post until forced by tha
eneyiy to retreat, and passed the right flank o
Prentiss' division, and made my way to tho reaz
id escaped capture. William M. Ore,
Private Co. A, 21st Mo. Vols.
Maeceiainb, lit.
After the Battle.
To the Editor National Tribune:
While we are all of us busily engaged In fighting
over tho battle of Pittsburg Landing, It occurs to
me that some incidents tliat took place after tha
battle maybe of interest to the readers of Tna
Trirune. I wo3 wounded in the Corinth road,
half a mile north of Shiioh Church, about 10:SO a.
m. on Sunday morning; wm conveyed to our regi
mental quarters.a mile or more away to the north
west. When we arrived there, a portion of Mc
Clernand's division was engaged with the rebels
on the side of a cotton field, probably a quarter of a
mile west of our camp. The men of my company
who were on the sick list hitched up the company
team and took me to the river. When wc arrived
there, General Grant was on the hill that over
looked tho landing in the neighborhood of whore
Lieutenant Chapman's 32-pound guns wero sit
uated. He had been to the front, and had taken fa
the situation, and had ordered to the rear every
buttery that could be spared, and Captain Welwtef
was already forming that line of artillery that four
or five hours later so effectually checked the rebel
advance. We were carried aboard of the stern-
wneei ooat ianmtai, and assigned a berth m a
stateroom. On Monday night, after the battle was
over, the chaplain of the Fourteenth regiment of
Illinois volunteera and Rev. J. F. Jaynes cams
aboard of the Hannibal, and their voices conld be
heard all night long, talking in cheering strains to
the suffering, singing and praying for and with tha
dying. How it did exalt one's notions of hu
manity, too, to see the forms of great, burly men.
bending over the prone forms of their wounded,
comrades, and. with tears in their eyes and soften
ed voices tenderas woman's, trying to alleviata
their sufferings. T. J. Bkyast,
Late Cspt. Co. D, 14th HI.
La Peaieie,Ixl.
Tho Famons Limber Jim of AndersonTillo.
"It may be of some interest to your readers to
know who and where the famous Limber Jim
of Andersonville Prison is. His full name is
Thomas J. Goodwin, and he is officer of the day of
Post No. 1S3, Windsor, Shelby Co., 111." J- N.
Storm, Windsor,. 111.
e
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S&mach, and General Debility,
Yours fraternally, N. EL HAB3I02T,
Pastor M. E. Church, Elsah, DJ.
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