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THE NATIONAL TRIBME: WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1883.
'-s'a
FIGHTING THEfVj OYER,
What Our Ycisrajis Have (o Say About
Tlieir Old Campaigns.
How Con. Sain Jnns Gobblon Up n Wagon Train.
To the Editor Xatokcax. Tbdwhtb:
Thirteen miles aenrly oast of Tazowall. East
Tennessee, is a Hrd on Clinch liivar called
Evauts' Ford. Oh the east skfe of the ford is a
complete horae-sLoe bend. Three niilos further
is Clinch Mountain Gap, Avhile just over the
mountain is Beau Station, a place of some note,
w uerc two of the main roads of East Tennessee
intersect. Soon titter tfte siege of Knoxvillc,
Lonpstreet went into winter quarters at or
iiui. KopeMville, while the army of Btirnside
advanced to the vicinity of Bean Station. The
othiT portion of the East Tennessee Army,
known a Wilcox's division, were stntionod at
ih;;HjrUnt places between Bean Station and
Caniberiaad Gap. The One Hundred and
Jriileeuta Indiana were in the horse-shoe bend
at Lvaus' Ford. The regiment had no rations,
and the men looked gaunt and hungry, for j
iheie was not much to be gotten by foraging.
One evening a heavily-loaded wagon train
came to the lord and commenced to cross. The
Ih'V' swunp their caps aud ran to Uic river
luti:. thinking the huge loads Of provisions
vu-ri in tended for us. A the stream was con
sul,, rably swollen at the time, and two soldiers,
v iio were ia a log cauc. coining down the
rier, conld not keep oat of the way of the
tn..i., the canoe struck a six-mule team "broad
ji.df, knocking down every mule and burying
tin- two men out of sight in the water. The
iuul-s come up all right, while the men swam
.nnJ wiidfl ashore. But just imagine our sur
prise when tlic big loads of sugar, coffee, bacon,
etc, kept right on for Bean Station. We
kuew who it was intended for. Did they get
it? Not much! This wagon train went into
camp at the foot of Clinch Mountain, guarded
by the One Hundred and Seventeenth Indiana
Colonel Thomas J. Brady ). The rebs heard of
tbv big load for Burnside's army aud sent Gen-cn-
i Win. E. Jones to gobble it up. Jones came
over to the west side of the mountain, swung '
around to the rear of Brady and took the sap- j
pl;s. Brady resisted but feebly, and made a
pf-nlons night march over the mountain to J
'Junide at iiiain's Cross-roads, I think a small
lu.o- of John nice wae stationed on the summit,
and tbey drove Brady to the by-paths, and
ju.ir great effort i&cygotto tlie army below
Ikau Station. Brady was blamed at the time,
hi: . for some reason, went scott free. The One
II l Mired and Sixteenth regiment was within
supporting distance. We were aroused at mid
m.t and stood in line of battle till near
dayhgut, and then we double-quicked to the
sce;e of action, or rather smoke, for Jones
burned what lie did not take. If I am not
xij:ht about tie afikir, I will stand corrected.
TLi One Hundred aud Seventeenth Indiana
rcpriuient was a good one, but was surely
badly managed on that occasion.
TlLLPORD DAOGE2,
JC i;wTOKt Ixd. Co. C, 116th Ind.
A (Joo Jake en tho With Coun. Volunteers.
To toe Editor Xatioxal Tmbuxe:
I have been a reader of your paper but a
Ehtn time, yet I can hardly express my appre
ciation of its value to old soldiers. I don't see
how anyone who can raise a dollar can do with
out it. I very well know there is not an old sol
dier living, whether a three months msn or a
three or four years man, who does not like to
ec something In regard to his old regiment
chronicled.
1 s -rved myself tiixec years and nearly two
months in the Fifty-fifth Illinois volunteers,,
and was discharged in October, I86i, but
when there was a call for old soldiers after
wards, I enlisted in March. 1S65 in what was
cailrd then "Hancock's Yoterans" properly
T. 8. V. V., First Army Corps. We were sent
from Chicago to Springfield, 111., thence to
"W-isbingtoii, D. C, and organized, into xegi
xn nis at Camp Stoneman, D. C nine regi
ments in all. 1 was assigned to the Sixth regi
ment, and afterwards transferred 'to the Fifth
xeg-uteut, U. S. Y. V. On or about tho 21st of
Ju.y. I63, this t3ie Fifth regiment was or
doavd to Hartford, Conn., by way of New York
city. Arriving there a steamboat was ready to
take us on aud convey us up the Connecticut
Eiver. This was on Saturday evening, and it
seems that the Fifth Connecticut volunteer
infantry was expected at New York the same
ewuiug, bat got delayed, and, being ahead of
thfci, we took the boat already furnished for
them with rations. We skirted up the river, j
and, on bnnday morning, at several of the
towns where die boatstopped, people came out to
che-r the Fifth. Connecticut who were on their
wa;. home to be innstertd out at Hartford. It
seems as if everybody knew of their coming
Lome and what made it the better fun for our
bos was that they had the figure five on their
caps At about l&Q'ciock a. m. Sunday wo got
to Hartford, aud the whole popolace were out.
I vas told afterward that they left the churches
to see the regiment return. Of course they
so x found out -their mistake, and went back
io town disappointed. We were marched
ihiou:jh 3is beantiinl city to a nice camp,
v at re plenty of tents had been pat up. and there
stu:isd for the night. About midnight the
Fifth regiment Connecticut volunteers arrived,
but as they were better known in that county
tliun we were, the most of them stopped in the
c:ty that night, and left as in possession of the
nice camp so careidly prepared for them.
W..at bccinteof ckem I do not know. Wo were
sent to diiTereut parts, and had to serve our
tliiic out Jacob Fikk,
Late of Co. C, SfJi U. S. Y. Y.
SXITBFJSSM IlX.
Hrc Xhont Sjufcu Fort awl Blakely.
To the Editor Katioxax Tjubuke:
In yor wsoe of September 13th, in reply to
George W. Cox as to what army captured Span
ish i ort, yoa said it was the Thirteenth and
MxUieuch Corps. That is correct But thore
is oue thing 1 want to know, viz. : Wliat corps
ud the troaps belong to that were in the Gulf
Lc;&rtment before those corps came down after
th .-apture of Yicksbnrg and Port Hudson? I
was under the impression that we belonged to
tit Nineteenth Corps, and if we were not
tr.n-Jerred to either of the other corps (the
luiiteenth and Sixteenth) we arc left out in
me cold, for our regiment (the First Indiana
h-avy artillery was there all through the
sie. and if we belonged to the Nineteenth we
hh ud have proper credit for what we did.
Oui company iCo. C was stationed a little on
lb left of the center with our J4-pouud how
jtzcrs, and opened up fire on the fort about
Apr.: 1st, but we did not stay there very long,
at we were in dhect range of their water bat
i ri, and tiiey soon tore oar breastwork all
to pieces, covering up some of our men with
uirt and logs, aud wounding some slightly. We
then changed our position about fifty yards
iuuher to tho left, and kept up a continuous
Hie on them until they surrendered on tho
mjrht of the 8th of AnriL We had. one man
kiiJc-d in Co. C daring the siege. Will some one
t-U through The National Tkibunb what
in&niry-regiment was in the ditches in front
of L. C, First Indiana, on the night of the
burreuder. Alf. N. Middletox,
Orderly Sergt, Co. C, 1st Ind. Heavy Art.
"tt oiirm XGTOK, 1nt.
The First Indiana heavy ariiHory served in
the Department of the Gulf, but, with the ex
ception of a, brief period after its transfer from
an in&ntry to an artillery regiment, (in Feb
ru.tr , laffit.) it did not serve in the Nineteenth
wp. Eight hHndred rank and file of the
regiment were ordered to the field as infantry
in April, 1664, but soon returned to their old
position in defense of Now Orleans, where they
i-i uiu'.ued until the movement against Mobile.
Tne following troops were ia operation against
Squish Fort, Fort Blakely, aud Mobile In
Apni, lfcS65 : Sixteenth Corps, Major-Gcncrai A.
J. Mnith; First divioion, Brigadier-General J.
MtArthur; Socond division, Brigadier-Goncral
K arrard; Third division. Brigadier-General
L. A. Carr; Thirteenth Coqis, Major-Geueral
Goid'm Granger; First division, Brigadier
(x UL-ral C. Yeatcb : Second di-isiou, Brigadior-Gi-bt-ral
a C. Andrews; Third division. Briga-dir-Genoral
W. P. Benton. Brevet Major
Gtiut ral W. H. Emory was the last commander
of the Nineteenth Cons, which was discontin
ued as a ooips March 20, 1865. Major-General
Fred Steele commanded troops operating from
the East against Mobile. Ed.
To the Editor National Tbicune:
In Tuibcne of 13th comrade G. W. Cox, of
Ninety-first Illinois, wants to know what army
took Spanish Fof tand Blakoly. Our corps com
mander was Major-General Gordon Granger,
and General Steele, who was formerly our com
aoander, commanded a new corps, organized
3st before the opening of that campaign. The
Thirieenih Corjs occupied ihe left, resting oa
the Bay (Mobile), the Sixteenth Corps the
center, ana Steele's command the right, in
front of Blakoly. Steele's corps started from
Pensacola, Thirteenth and Sixteenth from
Mobile Point, investing Fort Spanish, and at
the sumo time Steele invested Blakely; Thir
teenth aud Sixteenth took Spanish Fort, aud a
few hours later Blakoly fell into the hands of
Steele. Our lines, from extreme, right to left,
was twelve or fourteen miles long, and our
whole force was estimated at "10,000, exclusive
of the naval force. Both of our old command
ers have joined " the silent majority " aud an
swered to the last roll-call.
Will not sonic comrade of Solomon's division,
Seventh Corps, that panicipated in the battle
of Helena, Ark., 4th of July, 1SG3, write up a
history of the" same, and tell us how the John
nies did not dine in Helena that day, aud how
we killed, wounded, and captured nearly as
many of them as our whole force amounted to.
I am a deeply-interested reader of Tite Thib
UlfK,aud await oagerly the coming of each
number. Cilys. 0. Musske,
Serg't, Co. A, 28th Iowa V. I., Abe Lincoln
Post, No. 29, G. A. R.
Council Bluffs, Iowa.
From the Jtotlier of Co. 11, SSth Pa. Y. I.
To the Editor National Tkibune :
During the winter or early spring of 1SS3,
while the Eighty-fifth Pennsylvania volunteers
was encamped on St. Helena Island, S. C, Ser
geant John B. Norris got a thirty days' fur
lough to go home to visit his friendsjn the old
Keystone State, and at the expiration of his
furlough, while preparing to return to his com
pany, ho thought he would bring the boys a
treat. So he got a gallon of old rye whisky,
boxed it up and carried it as if it were a satchel.
He arrived safely about 4 o'clock in the aiter
noon, and, of course, it was not long until the
boys got a taste of the contents of tho box, and,
as it was not bad to take, tho boys imbibed
pretty freely. It seemed to be contagious, for
many of the boys who had never been known
to indulge took too much, and almost every
non-commissioned officer in the company was
protty noisy. I was on camp guard that day,
and Lieutenant Mitchuer, of company D, a
&vorite.iu the regiment, chanced to be olliccr
of the guard, and well it was for some of tho
boys, too, that he was ou duty. About 7 or 8
o'clock some of the boys got pretty happy, and
the nontenant inquired of rac what was the
matter with company B. I told him they had
some hard cider, and asked him to come down
and got some himself. So down we went, and
our little orderly-sergeant treated him, aud
when he left he told the boys they might have
all -the fun they pleased, but they must not
make too much noise. But the whisky was in
and tho sense was out, and after taps had been
beaten the lieutenant relieved me from duty
and sent me to my quarters with instructions
to keop the boys quiet if I could, and you may
be sure I had my hands full; for, by the time
I got the boys quieted in one quarter, the noise
would break out in another. Some of them,
indeed, got so much under the influence of
the whisky that, if I succeeded in getting them
in their tents and keeping them still for a little;
while, they would be fast asleep. Others I had'
to carry by force to their tents, and hold them
until they went to sleep. By 12 or 1 o'clock
everything was quiet, but at roll-call the next
morning there were some anxious faces, and a
number asked nic if they had been very noisy,
and some of them expected to bo reduced to
the ranlcs. But when I told them that Lieu
tenant Michner would not report them they
felt like hugging me, and said I had been a
mother to them, and ever after I went by the
name of "mother."
Now, if any of my old companions are read
ers of The Tribune, (which I hope they are,)
and should sec this little article, 1 should like
to hear from them. "Motiieb."
ErwoBxn, Iowa.
IVho TOU IVrite Up the Deep Bottom Fights.
To the Editor National Tkibune:
I have been a subscriber to your valuable
paper for over a year, and I now wish to tress
pass a little on your space. I was a private
soldier in Co. D, One Hundred and Eighty
third Pennsylvania volunteers. First brigade,
First Division, Second Army Corps ; had my
first baptism in the Wilderness; was slightly
wounded in the chin at Deep Bottom on the
James Itiver, on or about tho 12th of July,
1864, but was only away from my regiment a
few days. Now, I have a strong impression
that there was a little fighting done between
the Bapidan and Petersburg, and what I want
to get at is this : Will not some comrade write
up from his diary the battles that took place
between the 3d day of May, 1864, and the IGth
day of June, of the same year, and if this re
quest should be seen by auy of the boys of the
old First brigade. First division, Second Army
Corps who are handy with the pen, will they
not give us a few lines about Deep Bottom,
where three regiments of our brigade captured
four 24-pounders? I was not in at the death,
butl have a recollection of marching across an
open field while the "blasted" shells were
tearing up the ground, aud then starting up
the hill, when the infantry opened on us, and.
one of those little fellows that make such a
"sickening thud" when a fellow happens to bo
in the way, scraped the bark off my chin aud
stopped me from eating hard-tack and salt
horse for a few days. B. F. Naylob,
San Juan, Cal. Co. D, 183d Pa. V. I.
i
A 3Irstcrioos Search.
To the Editor National Teiejjne:
Asaconstantreaderofyourpaperlwishtoask
a question that, perhaps, some officer or soldier
who was ou the Wilson raid through Alabama
and to Macon, Ga., can answer. After being at
Macon, Ga., a few days, we received orders to
march at 5 o'clock the next morning. The
usual routine was gone through with in the
way of packing, aud tho bugle sounded " boots
and saddles,'' and wemarched out in regimental
order, fell into our place in the brigade, aud the
brigade fell in with the division. We marched
a few miles out and filed to tho right into a
large field each regiment to itself and the
order was given, "By company, right wheel,
halt; prepare to dismount form ranks!" This
being done, our captain disappeared, and a
Strange little captain, from some other com
pany, with his popinjay uniform on, stepped in
on the right of company D, and went through
and made a general search. The balance of the
division was served the same way, when wo
marched back to the'same camp that we left in
the morning. I don't think that our regiment
was out of camp longer than four or five hours,
if that long. Every member of tho Fourth di
vision who was at 31 aeon, Ga., will remember
the circumstances. Will not some one tell why
the search was made ? The Fourth division of
Wilson's cavalry corps was commanded by Gen
eral Upton. Samuel Shaffee,
Lamoine, Ia. Co. D, 1st Ohio Cav.
" ... .,..,-
Another Call on the Army or the rotomac.
To the Editor National Tbibune:
Some time since I wrote an article calling on
some of the boys of tho Army of the Potomac
to come forward and give us a little news from
that grand old army. Since then I have closely
watched for answers, but so far have seen but
two one from an old comrade who belonged
to the same company as myself, (and I canas
sure you I was glad to hear from'him,) and the
other from a member of the Thirty-eighth
Now York volunteers, Kearney's old division.
Now, boys, I will once more call on vou, espe
cially you of the old Third Corps, 6nce com
manded by the gallant Daniel E. Sickles, who
lost his leg at Gettysburg. Yell I remember
how we of the Third Corps regretted losing
him, and I believe that the boys would have
gone farther and done better fighting for him
than for any mau that ever commanded us.
Now, boys, give us a few letters, and tell us of
Uie days along the Kapidan aud around Peters
burg and Fort Hell. Let us hear from the men
of the Second divisiou. Third Corps.
B. W. Yan Deb Yeeb,
Co.I,120thN.Y.S.V.
Lineville, Wayne Co., Ia.
Some Curious Questions.
To the Editor National Tbibune:
I wish to ask some questions of the boys who
were at Knoxville, Tenn., during the siege,
and especially those who were stationed at or
near Fort Sanders:
First Did Burnside cause spears to.be driven
into the ground, points up, for tho rebels to
fall on when they stumbled over the wires that
were woven among tho stumps? I was there
myself, and never heard of such a thing until
some time ago, when an cx-quartcrmastc-r mado
a statement to that effect and showed one of the
spears ia "oof.
Secoau Can anyone give the song (com
posed, I think, by some Indiana soldier) about
the assault on Fort Sanders?
Third. What was the name of the spy hung
at Knoxvillesoon after the siege?
Fourth. Can any reader of The Tbibune
give the names of any or all of the four matrons
1 at Knoxville? God bless
them for their kindness thero during 'G4 and
'65. Long live Tiie Tbibune. tho friend of
tho soldier! J. M. .Tolley,
Auel, Lv.
Co. B, 107th 111. V. I.
The Spiking Party at Island Xo. 19.
To the Editor National Tbibune :
I saw sometime ago in The Tbibune an in
quiry as to the whereabouts of thejparty of six.
volunteers who spiked the guns at Inland No.
10 on that dreadful stormy night of April
29, 1SG2. The man who had command of that
brave little squad is living in Springfield, 111.,
and his name is Jacob Grnsc. lie then belonged
to company K'Twenty-sixt h Illinois infau try ;
and he yet carries the mark of a stioko from
a cannon swob inflicted by a rebel picket
after the work of spiking the guns had been
accomplished. Jake is a lively comrade, and
would like to know if any of that noble six are
living besides himself. L. Steele,
Late 30th 111. Inf'y.
Chestee, III.
.... - '
Ho Pulled the Lanyards at Hoover's Gap.
To tho Editor National Tkibune:
I have scon in your valuable paper, several
times, mention of tho affair at Hoover's Gap,
Tenn., and I could not but notice that Wilder's
brigade seems to claim all the credit. It seems
to me that the writer is a little off. I remem
ber very distinctly pulling the lanyards quite
lively in that engagement. I would like to
hear from some member of our brigade, which
was in tho Third division, Fourteenth Corps
Thirty-first, Thirty-eighth, and Seventeenth
Ohio, Twelfth Kentucky, and Eighty-second
Indiaua. E. McDonald.
Union City, Mien.
Thrilling Experience of tho Harris Light CaTalry.
To tho Editor National Tribune:
In the early spring of- 'G2 our regiment of
cavalry took tho advance and marched on Ccn
terville, Ya. We soon discovered that there
wero only a few straggling rebs there, and,
therefore, charged in. Evidently they had
been gone but a little while, as fires wero still
burning in the huts thero. We pushed out to
Mannassas Junction to find it in fiames and
the rear-guard just gone. Everything was
ablaze but a ten -gallon keg of whisky, which
apparently had been rolled out on one side
especially for our use. Tho boys soon filled
their canteens and took the last drop from tho
keg, but had not yet drank any of it, when
some one suggested that tho whisky might bo
poisoned. With our canteons uncorked and
and partly raised to drink, just think of any
body making such an assertion ! It was posi
tively cruel, but it arrested every movement
to drink. Some were in the act of drawing tho
cork' and some with lips parted readyfo swal
low. We stared at the speaker for at least five
minutes, when one old chap said he could not
stand it any longer. "I'll drink this whisky'
said he, "if it kills mo in five minutes!" and
he took a long pull of it. All his comrades
closed around him and said if ho lived ten
minutes they would all take a drink, too. That
steady gaze at the old man was a comical sight.
"Time up!" andtheu you should have seen
tho boys go for it, and they were soon feeling
very happy. The next day wo took some pris
oners at Bristol Station, and they told us thev
had rolled the whisky out to let the boys have a
good time. I suppose there are some of the
boys living yet who remember this circum
stance well. War. H. Wood,
Co. A, Harris Light Cav.
Eoslyn, N. Y.
a
The Twenty-First Iowa at Yickslwrg.
To the Editor National Tbibune:
I, too, have noticed tho communication of
Comrade C. M. Moody, and have waited in
hopesthat some one would give us a good de
scription of our campaign in the rear of Yicks
burg. Well do I remember the charge that tho
comrade from the Twenty-third Iowa speaks
of j for the Twenty-first Iowa infantry was
there, the next regiment to tho left of tho
Twenty-third. I well remember the storm of
leaden hail that rained over and around us,
but through which the Twenty-first and Twenty-third
Iowa, with the Twenty-second Iowa
and Ninety-ninth Illinois as support, passed
without a falter until we had taken the works
in front of our lines. The troops on other parts
of the field wero equally successful, taking
many prisoners. Here our bravo and gallant
colonel, Samuel Merritt, of the Twenty-first
Iowa, was wounded through tho hips, and tho
colonel of the Twenty-third Iowa was killed.
Well do I remember the mush and corn-cakes
that we lived on until wc got communication
opened by waj'of Yazoo Pass the mush cooked
in oyster cans and tin cups, and tho corn-cakes
baked on shovels and spades or wrapped, in
paper or leavesand baked in the ashes. It was
a hard campaign, of which there has been but
little said, but which would afford material for
a first-class army story of facts; and I hope
that some of the many competent men who
participated in that famous campaign will take
it in hand. Above all, let us all do what little
we can for that best of soldiers' friends Tite
National Tbibune, that it may long live to
stand at the front as the champion of soldiers'
rights. F J P
Co. F, 21st Iowa Vol. Infj 13th A. C.
Wayebly, Brewer Co., Iowa.
, .,,, , - 9 ,.
The First New York Mounted Bifles.
To the Editor National Tribune:
In reply to "Carbine" and " Carbine No. 2,"
in regard to the First New York mounted
rifles, 1 would like to say a word. What regi
ment took tho lead in the fight at Deserted
House ? What regiment made a bold dash into
Longstrcct's camp on tho Edington road?
What regiment was in tho advance at Bottom's
Bridge in the fall of 18G3? I happened to bo
with Colonel Underdonk and Major Whcelan,
just in rear of the advance guard, and I think
I know whereof I speak.
The First New York mounted rifles was
always in the advance wherever they went. I
would like to hear more from " Carbiue No. 2."
If he will give me his name through The Trib
une, I will send him tho address of our regi
mental headquarters in New York City. Tho
regiment has a Reunion every spring there,
and the secretary sends cards of invitation
to all its old members when he knows where
they are. Wrho is J. G. T., H. S. A.?
M. F. Wait,
Troop E, 1st. N. Y. Mounted Eifles.
Weeping Water, Neb.
c. i - i. ....
Can Anybody Furnish This Poem !
To the Editor National Tribune:
During our march to Charleston, S. C, we
came across a tombstone erected to the memory
of a revolutionary soldier, on which was in
scribed a beautiful poem. A sergeant of some
Iowa regiment, I remember, copied the vorses,
which were afterwards published insomo news
paper. I can recall but one verso, which is as
follows :
Ye patriots slumbering 'ncath tho sod,
Know yc the woes of poor, unhappy, Stnto?
Know yc the turf has drank your children's blood.
And your loved homes arc spoiled and desolate ?
Can any comrade furnish The Tribune with
a correct copy of these verses?
Geo. H. Aemstead.
Carterville, Mo.
He "Wouldn't Give up the Drum.
To the Editor National Tribune:
This is my first attempt to write to you. I
am a reader of The National Tribune. My
father, whoso name is Jeremiah Wilhclni, who
was a drummer for over four years, and be
longed to the Third Missouri V. V. I., Second
brigade, First division, Ninth Army Corps, and,
while attending the licunion at Hastings, Neb.,
found his drum, which -was stolen from him in
front of Petersburg, Ya., August, 18G4, and at
once identified it as his own. Tho possessor,
however, refused to give it up to him. I am a
child of fourteen. Mannie Wilhelu.
Dorchester, Neb.
THE QUESTION SQUAD.
Yetcrans IVho Want to Hear from Their Old Com
rades. Comrade William If. Smith, lato Co. K, Eighth
Iowa cavalry, Sutton, Neb., wants somo comrade
to write up a sketch of the operations of the First
brigade (Croxton's), First division. Cavalry Corns
Army of the Cumberland, from Why 8, 18G1. untii
its arrival at Macon, Ga., May, 1S. lie adds : " I
think it was equal if not superior to Gen. Elliot's
crack brigade in fighting, foraging, endurance,
eineken-hunting, or persimmon knocking. I was
a pcraimmon-knocker myself. The brigade was
composed of the Second Michigan cavalry, Fourth
Kentucky mounted infantry, Firtt Tennessee cav
alry, and the Eighth Iowa cavalry. Our brigade
commander, General Croxton, was one of the best
men Kentucky ever sent to tho field, but our divis
ion was commanded by McCook, who sacrificed
our regiment on bis raid in the rear of Atlanta.
We went jnto that raid with 330 men, of whom
only seventeen got back. Sly own company (Co.
K) lost thirty-two men out of thirty-five."
Comrade J. W. Scott, formerly a member of Co
A., Eigbty-Uurd O. V. I., writes that since JJSG5 he
kasseen but one and heard from but two members
of liis old regiment, and would like to know what
luts become of them all. Cointhdc Seolt went into
the war when a mere boy, and was not thirteen
years of age when he participated in the battle of
Shilob. lie was on the picket line, and writes
that lie helped back to the line the first man who
was shot in Sherman's di4sion Comrade J. Trim
bour, of Cincinnati, nnd that during the second
day's fight, on Monday, he helped to carry out of
range Captain Bertram, of Cincinnati, who was
shot through the head with a grape or canister
shot.
Comrade John McCuskor, company C. Eighty
first New York, Mount Vernon, Ala., writes that
he was much interested in the letter from n coni
rado of his olJ regiment, published in our Lsue of
September i"0th, concerning the terrible charge
made by the regiment at Cold Uarbor, June 3,
1SCI. He states that on the evening of JuneS tha
rebel bands played all night in honor of the victory
they had won, and that the band of the Thirteenth
New Hampshire followed their example and also
played during the night. The Eighty-first New
York met with about the same fixte at Fair Hopes
the last day of Amy, 18G2. as nt Cold Harbor. Com
rade McCusker would like to hear from the boys
of the old Ninety-eighth New York, which seemed
to share the fate of the Eighty-first regiment from
FairJlope3 to Cold Harbor and Petersburg, nnd
especially at the blowing up of the mine in front of
the latter plnce. He would nlso like to correspond
with the comrade of the Eighty-first New York,
whose letter stppeared in Tnr: Tiubuse of the 20th
tilt.
Comrade H. S. Lowry, company E, Fourteenth
Illinois infantry, Eatavia, 111., wants to know if
the boys of the Second brigade, Fourth division,
Seventeenth Army Corps, remember marching to
the tune of the "Bob-tail Horse" near Walcrford,
Afiss.. and how it started. Perhaps Lieutenant
Colonel Canim, of the pious Fourteenth, could tell
(if alive). A peculiarity of that brigade was that
it could always be identified by the fife and drum,
of the regiment (the Forty-sixth Illinois), which
never failed to play "Soap Fat Alan" or "Nigger
in tho Wood-pile."
Comrade Lowry would like to hear from Billy
Aliddleton, Pntersou Clark, or any of the boys
upon whom lie waited, nt Natchez Post hospital.
as well as A. P. Coon, who was with him one after
noon when strolling through tho streets of Natchez
in hospital robes, which attracted great atten
tion, and made tho children think we were Yan
kec prints. He hopes thero is not as much jeal
ousy existing between Sucker nnd Iloosier as there
was when the Fourteenth Illinois presented Gen
eral Yeaeh (an Indiana ofilcer) with a sword at
Memphis, Tenn.
A POST CAMP-FIRE.
An Address That Hay Serrc as a Model for Com
manders Generally.
At tho Camp-firo of Chauncoy Lawrence
Post, No. 163, Sabula, Iowa, on tho 7th inst.,
Com-mandor Harvey Boid opened tho meeting
with the following felicitous address:
CosniAiiKS and Friends: "We, tho veterans of
the Grand Army of tho Republic that marched and
fought in defense of our country and its flag in the
dark days of the rebellion, meet to-night to recall
to our own minds and to represent to yours some
of the events of twenty years ago. It is the camp
scenes and experiences of the soldier's daily life
that remain strongest in his memory, and familinr
almost as tho door-yards in which we played in
our youth, are the low shelter tent, the stack of
arms in front, tho cartridge-box and belts, the
knapsack (his trunk and his wardrobe), the can
teen, aud the haversack its lankness too often,
alas ! portraying the dismal fact that " the enemy
have got across our craekcr line" and then the
camp-fire's cheerful blaze, around which we lay as
evening shades began to fall and sang the stirring
old army songs or "swapped lies!"
Aroifud our emblematic camp-firo to-night will
gather some of the surviving members of Co. A,
Twenty-fourth Iowa infantry, and we shall learn
from them something of that saddest, grandest
event in their army experience the battle of
Champion's Hill.
We were "boys" together in tho old army, von
know, friends. Uncle Sam would not accept for
his defense any man who had passed the age of
forty-five, and so our ranks became filled with the
young nnd vigorous, whoso pulses were bounding
with the exuberant restlessness and frolicsome
spirit of that age when hope rules tho mind and
care is a stranger.
In the daily camp life, therefore, gloomy forebod
ings of the future had no place. "Sullleient unto
the day was the evil tliercof,"'and so much of fun
and enjoyment as our limited facilities could afford
was eagerly embraced. To cacli other we are still
" tho boys." We can no more grow old than could
Dr. O. W. Holmes' classmates, of whom ho writes
on the thirtieth anniversary of their graduation :
Has there any old fellow got mixed with the boys?
If there has, take him out. without making a 'loise.
Hang the almanac's cheat and tho catalogue's
spite!
Old Time is a liar! We're twenty to-night.
We're twenty! we're twenty! Who says we arc
more,
He's tipsy, young jackanapes! show him the
door !
"Gray temples at. twenty?" Yes! 7n7e if you
please ;
Where the snow-flakes fall thickest there's noth
ing can freeze.
Was it snowing I spoko of? Excuse the mistake I
Look close, you will see not a sign of a flake !
We want some new garlands for those we have
shed,
And these are white roses in place of tho red.
So we first recall a camp-fire before tho battle,
when cheerfulness and fun ruled the hour. We
shall hear the old martial music and the old bugle
calls; sing some of the old songs, and some new
ones, that have more of nonsense than of pathos in
them, nnd then Ave will try to tell something of
that other phase of a soldier's life, when for his
country's sake he bravely dared to march into the
storm of dcath'dealing bullets and tho cannon's
terrible missiles and demand that the traitor's
cause must fall.
A DECISrATED COUP ANY.
The camp-firo after the battle wo shall not
attempt to portray; we have no desire to recall it.
Filly-four members of com pan v A, Twenty-fourth
Iowa, marched up Champion's Hill on that ICth
day of May, 1SC3, but when thoy went into bivouac
that night there were not more than twentv-three
in the ranks. Sergeant George Davis attem'ptcd to
call the roll, but it was too much; tears came more
readily than words to all that little band, and they
sought their sorrowful couches in silence. Nine of
the company had been left dead on the field ; eight
more died of their wounds within a few davs;
fourteen others were wounded, of Avhom five wero
so maimed that they were discharged from the
service without again entering the ranks. I have
already in public print called attention to this
extraordinary mortality of seventeen killed or
died of their wounds in one battle from a company
of iiity-four men, and expressed the doubt whether
such a dread experience befell anv other company
met but one response that of the Eleventh Ohio
battery at the battle of luka, September 19. 1S62.
winch lost sixteen killed, thirty-five wounded, and
three missing. It will be noted, however, that tho
battery must have gone into the engagement with
much greater numbers than did company A, and
their proportion of killed, to wounded was much
less.
I have read recently somo statistics that are of
interest in this connection. Probably the most
famous organization of troops produced during the
war was the "Iron Brigade" of the Arm v of the
Potomac, composed entirely of Western troop3
the Second, Sixth, and Seventh Wisconsin, Nine
teenth Indiana, and Twenty-fourth Michigan. It
participated in most of the hardest-fought battles
of that splendid army, and I believe it is granted
that it buffered more casualties than anv other
brigade in the service. The Second Wisconsin, of
that brigade, was in the fitt battle of Bull Run ;
the united brigade received its first baptism of fire
at Gainesville, or the second Bull ltun, on tho 28th
of August, 1662, whete they left 783 dead and
wounded on the field ; .four of the regiments lost
their colonels one dead, three wounded. At South
Mountain they lost liSO killed and wounded, and
the next day, at Antictnm, whero they received
from AlcClellnn their title of tho " Iron Brigade,"
thoy left 313 more comrades dead and wounded.
They wero at Fredericksburgand Chanccllorsvillc,
but with small casualties at either place. At Get
tysburg they opened the fight on tho 1st day of
.Inly, 18G3, and won imperishable honors captured
Archer's brigade of Alissiggippians nnd that gen
eral himself, but at the cost of fcW dead and wound
ed. From tho Wilderness to Spottsylvnnin Court
house they left 813 dead aud wounded comrades,
nnd they were at Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Yellow
Tavern, Hatcher's Run, and Fivo Forks. Yet
with nil this arduous service and terrible casualties',
the aggregate of killed and those who died of
wounds in tho brigade for the entire period was
but 1.00G men, or an averago of twenty to tho com
pany, whereas company A, Twenty-fourth Iowa,
lost seventeen m one battle.
CHAMPION'S HILL.
IwasnotpresentntthebnttleofChampion'snni,
my service was not with Grant's army, nnd tho
las, therefore, assigned to mo is the more distant
one of historian; to present a hasty sketch of tho
plan of campaign or how the armv got thero. Ishall,
however, lot this also bo made from the standpoint
of the Twenty-fourth Iowa. That regiment was
organized at Camp Strong, Muscatine, Iowa, in
August, 1SG2; remained thereuntil the latter part
of October, when it was transferred by steamer
to Helena, Ark., and became part of Grant's Army
of the Tennessee, whoso objective point was the
capture of Vicksburg and tho opening of the Alis
sissippi River.
In April, 1863. the regiment left Helena by
Steamer fur 'Millilmii'a Tt..,,,i , n nrt r n,.i
A. P. Hovey's division of ArcGlernand's Thirteenth
Army Corps, to participate iu tho final move
against Vicksburg. They were assigned to the
Second brigade of Hovey's (Twelfth) division tho
brigade consisting of the Forty-seventh Indiana,
Twcnty-fourtti Iowa, Twenty-eighth Iowa nnd
Fifty-sixth Ohio, commanded by Colonel Slack, of
the Forty-seventh Indiana. Grant's army was
marched from Alilliken's Bend, which was on the
west side of the river, in Louisiana, down past
Vicksburg to a landing called Hard Times, La.,
opposite Grand Gulf, Bliss. Hero they wcreloaded
on transports that had run past tho batteries nt
Vicksburg and Grand Gulf, wiih Admiral Porter's
fleet, and dropped down the river a few miles to
Brumsburg, Bliss., where they landed without op
position. The bold movement was then made of marching
the entire army with only fiVo days' rations in n
campaign against Jnekson, the capitol of AHasis
sippi, forty-four miles in the rear or Vicksburg.
-The movement was entirely successful, Jackson
being taken by Shermau's Fifteenth Corps; nnd tho
army was then turned towards Vicksburg to meet
Pcmbcrton's onny, advancing from thence to en
oi cquai birengin uurmg me war. to my mqiurv
through The National TninuKK, the most widely
circulated veteran's nauer nnblishcd. I have ns vnt,
deavor to cut off Grant's communications with the
Mississippi River. McClernand's corps, being on
the left of Grant's army, wns nearest Vicksburg,
nnd became the advance in the movement now
made.
A SUBSTANTIAL VICTORY.
Hovey's division bivoun6ked on the night of May
15 at Bolton Station, on the railroad, twenty-seven
miles from Vicksburg and seventeen miles from
Jackson. Pemberton's army on the same night
was in position in front of Champion's Hill (a hill
about seventy or eighty feet in height on the plant
ation of a Alf. Champion), about five miles west of
liolton Station. Under orders from General John
ston, Pcmbcrton's army commenced a retrograde
movement on the morning of AlaylC; but the ad
vance of Grant pressing them, they were compelled
to halt and give fight. This led to the battle of
Champion's Hill, fought on our side mainly by the
divisions of Hovey and Osterlians of McClernand's
corps, and Logan and Qniuiby (then commanded
by Crocker, of Iowa) of AlcPherson's corps. It re
sulted in a complete victory for tho Union troops,
who captured twenty-four pieces of artillery and
2J50O prisoners, and, being vigorously followed up.
tho rebels were driven into their works at Vicks
burg and finally surrendered on the -ith of July.
Eleven of the guns and many of the prisoners
were taken by Hovey's division, and Gen. Hovev
in his official report gives to the Twenty-fourth
Iowa the credit of having taken five of them. I
cannot better close this paper than by quoting
from Gen. Hovey's report what he says about tak
ing the eleven guns, and the compliment he pavs
the Twenty-fourth;
"The Eleventh Indiana (Colonel Maccaulcy) nnd
Twenty-ninth Wisconsin (Colonel Gill) captured
the four guns on tho brow of the hill at the point
of the bayonet. Colonel Bringhurst, with the
Forty-sixth Indiana, gallantly drove the enemy
from twognnson the right of the road, and Colonel
Byam, Avith his brave and eager Twenty-fourth
Iowa, charged a battery of five guns on the left of
the road, driving the enemy away, killing gunners
and capturing several prisoners."
The casualties in company A, Twenty-fonrth
Iowa, at the battle of Champion's. Hill, as obtained
from the report of tho Adjutant-General of the
State of Iowa, were as follows: Killed on the field:
First Lieut. Chauncey Lawrence, Serg't Michael
Seeber, Corporal Danes Al. Caton, Corporal Martin
Guering; Privates Henry Bruntlett. Edw'd Henry,
Lorenzo Ross, George William. Aliasing, probably
killed outright. Job Cuttel. Died of wounds:
Serg't Alfred Scofield, Corporal William A. Seeber;
Privates "William Babe, Aaahel T. Gage, James L.
Hickson, Theodore Jacobsen, Patrick Pendcrgast,
and Alfred J. Waddilove. Wounded: Second
Lieut. S. J. ArcKinley. in the head; Serg't Charles
Davis, slightly, spent ball; Serg't Wm. B. Davis,
in calves of both legs; taken prisoner, but bid in
a ditch until recaptured by our troops; Corporal
Winfield S. Kellogg; William Aikman, severely, in
left arm : captured aud taken to Vicksburg by the
rebels; discharged for wounds September 7,1863;
David F. O. Cuttel, discharged for wounds Novem
ber 5, 18G3 ; Stephen Depue, in the left arm ; dis
charged for wounds; John Drown, slightly; Jas.
Esmay, in the left arm; Isaac N. Esmay, in the
left shoulder; Fred Krumvicde, in the bead; Cor
nelius ArcKinley, in the left shoulder; discharged
for wounds; John Sturm, in the left shoulder;
Eenj. Van Stccnburg, right arm amputated.
THE MERCER SCHOOL.
An Investigation Into Its Conduct Discloses Jfoth
ing Vi'roHg.
At the recent Encampment of tho Mercer
County (Pa.) Ycteran Association, the onestion
recently raised by The National Tribune as
to the management of tho Soldiers' Orphans'
School at Mercer, and its recommendation that
an investigation should be made thereof, was
taken up, and a committee selected from 500
ex-soldiers present was ordered to proceed at
once to thoschoolaudmakeatkorough inquiry
into its condition. Carrying out their instruc
tions the committeo duly visited the school and
now mako the following report, which will be
received with general satisfaction :
First We found theinstitutionfavorablylocatcd.
It occupies the site of a wntcr-care establishment of
years ago, whose buildings were purchased for the
purposes of the school. To them others have been
added as has been found necessary. It is upon a
level extensively occupied by private dwellings.
Itluis good drainage and isnbundantly supplied by
a fine spring of soft water.
Second The building affords ample and com
fortable accommodations to nil the children who
attend. The dormitories are large and well ven
tilated. They are provided with stoves for heating
and drying purposes. They are mopped out every
morning except Saturday, when they are scrubbed.
They are comfortably supplied with beds aud good,
clean bedding. We saw them on Saturday, alter a
week's use, and found nil in exceedingly good or
der. The dormitories arc provided with sullicieut
fire escapes, and thesexes arc in different buildings.
Third The personal cleanliness of the children
seems to be looked to. Provision is made for their,
bathing, both summer and winter. Once a week
they receive changes of underclothing, nnd due re
quisition of cleanliness is made upon them.
Fourth The sanitary record of the school Is
exceedingly good. In the last six years only three
cases of death have occurred, although the attend
ance has runabout three hundred, and the children
have been subjected to the ordinary run of disease.
One of these cases was by poisoning through eating
a wild parsnip. Another was an epileptic case at
the time of arrival at the place. The third was a
case of scarlet fever, which was treated by the
child's own guardian, a physician. It will be diffi
cult to show a better record.
Fifth Some of the children, whom we picked up
here and there on the grouuds, expressed them
selves well satisfied with the food provided. Their
appearanco shows they are liberally and health
fully provided for. It would be difficult to find a
healthier-looking lot of boys and girls. .We saw
them at their dinner. It was good, very good, and
they were well behaved. From what we saw and
heaid we have no hesitation in saying that the
commissary department is all that could be reason
ably expected. It is-as good as that of most sol
diers' children at home, and better than afforded
in any cases. They are given fresh meat in good
supply; vegetables m season; canned fruits; tea
and coffee as often as any children should have
them; butter at almost every meal, sirup at other
times; rice, raisins, pies, and other dainties very
frequently. Indeed, our impression is that anyone
should be satisfied with what is set on the table.
And so avc have found old soldiers to be Avho have
Aisited the place. The cooking seems excellently
done.
Sixth The clothing is all that can be desired.
The boys are clad in dark blue jackets and light
blue pants, and ordinary good caps and shoes dur
ing the week. The "Sunday-suit" is of dark blue
material throughout. All are of excellent qualitA-.
The children all I. ok neat aud trim, although the
new suits have not yet arrived this fall. The girls
have on the average five outside suits at the pres
ent time. These are made at tho place, the girls
doing a fair share of the Avork. Their entire outfit
makes them ns presentable as most young misses
and children, anil more so than Aery many Avho
depend on their parent. Parents anil friends are
not expected to furnish anything in the AA-ay of
clothing, nor, indeed, in any other Avay. AH "the
children h.-we good underclothing for the winter.
The girls Avill Avear flannel dresses, and are also
provided with a Avarm wrap for outdoors.
Seventh Opportunity is afforded to learn how to
Avork. Tho boys, by detail, attend to tho fatigue
duty ns far as consistent with their school duties.
Tho mopping and scrubbing nnd bed-making of
their own departments are done by both boys and
girls. All are sent by turns into wash-house," bake
house, ironing-room, sewing-room, cook-house,
according as may suit age and sex. Wc suav them
nt most of these things. They are, most of them,
as proficient at ordinary Avork as other children of
their age.
Eighth Tho moral and biblical training is as
good as any like institution, Avhetfter under State
or private control, affords. The corps of instructors
arc excellent Christian ladies and gentlemen.
Chapel services are held e'ery day'. On the Sab
bath there is Sabbatli school. Pains are taken ca-cii
to have neighboring ministers and Christian work
ers come in and talk to the children. They are at
liberty to attend any of the churches in the town.
It would seem difficult to tsdee exception to the
opportunities thus afforded.
Ninth Wo made inquiry as to tho competence
of the instructors for their work. YTe Avere assured
they are in every way qualified, and that they gave
as good education as hi any school of like grade.
Wo have no doubt that tho pupils here aro as well
and correctly advanced in their studies as other
children of their age, and that they will make as
good marks as those in the ordinary graded
schools. We esteem the tuition given as beyond
honest criticism.
In conclusion of this report avc commend tho
school to tho confidence of all concerned. It is
Avorlhy of patronage. Its management in every
Avay seems excellent. Tho purpose of those in
charge manifestly is to honestly carry out the pur
pose of tho State in mnking proA'ision for tho edu
cation and training of tho soldier's orphan. We
Avould IikoAA'iso say that the representations of Col.
Bumptis respecting the school in Tiik National
TmnuxK of last summer were, as avo understand
them, correct.
This report is respectfully submitted.
Signed J. A. Guier, .
Co. O, 33d 111. Yet.Vol. Inf., Pastor 2d U. P. Church,
Alerccr, Pa.
AL R. Z.vnsiSER,
Co. B, 110th P. V., Sharpsville, Pa.
W. J. Neymav.
Co. H, 7Sth P. V., Grovo CitA', Pn,
J. W. Fkuit,
Capt., Co. G, 10th Pa. Reserves, New Hamburg, Pa.
JIt. CAT.DWnrj,,Ar. D.,
Co. , 10th Pa. Reserves, Ncav Hamburg, Pa.
E. O. Stuacss,
Capt., Co. K, 57th P. V., Aleadville, Pa.
Casit "WAnXKU, Meucck, Pa., Oct. 0, 1SS3. '
a
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u
CHRONOLOGY OF THE WAR.
The Leading Events of tho War
Weekly Anniversaries,
Arranged
by
1SG1.
Oct. 16. Action at Boliver Heights, Ya., bv Co.
0, 13th Alass.: detachments of 2Sth Pa.
and 3d Wis. inf.; battery B, 1st R. I.,
and 6th N. Y. battery of art.
16. Skirmish near Linn Creek, Aio., by
Fremont's battalion of Afo. cav.
16. Recapture of Lexington, Aio., by Co's O
and L, 1st Mo., and Naughton's Co. of
Mo. cnA'., and 27th Aio. mounted inf.
17-18. Skirmishes near Frederick town, Aio.,
by detachments of 1st Ind. cav., Haw
kins' Co. of Aio. cav. and 21st III. inf.
18. Reconuuisennce down the Mississippi
River, by gunboat Tyler of tho navy.
IS. Skirmish at Wnrrensburg, Mo., by de
tachment of 1st AIo. cm.
19. Action nt Big Hurricane Creek, AIo., by
detachment of 18th Mo. inf.
20. Reconnaissance to Heradon Station,
Va., by 1st Pa. rifles.
19-21. Skirmish on New River, W. Ya., by de
tachment of 2Sth Ohio inf.
21. Engagement at Balls Bluff, Va., bv
15th. ISth. 20th Brass., i2d N. Y. and
71st Pa. inf. ; detachments of battery
B, 1st R. I.. 6th N. Y. battery, and bat
tery 1. 1st U. S. art.
21. Skirmish near Edwards' Fcrrv, Va., by
defachment of 3d N. Y. carl
2L Engagement nt Frederiefctown, Afo., by
ist. inu., aiewart s to. ot m., and
Langren's Co. of AIo. ca-. ; Hth AIo.,
17th. 20th. 21st. 33d and 38th 111. inf
alass. mi.
2L Action at Wildcat, Ky., by detachments
of 1st Ky. caA; 7th Ky., Kth, 17th
Ohio, 33d Ind. inf., and battery B, 1st
Oluo art.
Oct. 21 ro
Dec. 10. Expedition to Tort Roval and captnre
of Hilton Head, S. C. bvSih and 9th
Are., 3d and 1th N. H., 3d R. I., 6th
and 7th Conn., 1st N. Y. engineers,
46th, -17th, 48th and 79th N. Y 50th,
100th Pa., nnd Sth Blieh. inf., and bat
tery E, 3d U. S. art.
1S62.
Oct. 16. Skirmish nt Wild Cat Afountnin, Ky;,
by 6th and 27th Ky., 41st Ohio, 9th,
36th-and 79th Ind. inf.
16. Skirmishes at Shell's Mills, Aro., and
Elkhorn Tavern, Ark., by 2d Kan.
cav. '
16. Affair at Portland. AIo., by detachment
oflst battalion (S. 31.) Mo. cav.
16. Reconnaissance from Harper's Ferry to
KearneysA-ille, Ya., by detachment of
6th N. Y. cav.
16-17. Reconnaissance from nearSharpsburg,
Aid., in the direction of Kearueys-A-ille,
Leetown, and Smithfield, Va.,
and skirmishes en route, by 1st Alass.,
and detachment of 5th U. S. cav.: 3d
Brass, battery, and battery D, 5th U. S.
art.; 9th and 32d Alass., 14th N.Y".,
G2d. 91st. l6th. 129th and ISith Pa., 2d
D. C. 4th Afich., 6th, nth, 14th and
17th U. S. inf.
16-17. Reconnaissance from Harper's Ferry to
Charlestown.W.Ya., by detachments
m uui -. l. mm ou jxHiwna. ist, zu.
5th and 6th U.S. cav.; batteries A, 1st
R.I., B and G, 1st N.Y.,and E, 4th
U.S. art.; Sth N. II. 20th and 29th
n.i r-.i- rn.i .. ..
17. Skirmish at Lexington. AIo.. bv detach
ment of 6th AIo. (S. 31.) caA
17. Skirmish at Mountain Home, 3rc, by
detachment of 14th Aro. IS. 3L) eav.
17. Skirmish at Sugar Creek, Ark., by 2d
Ivan. cav.
17. Skirmish nt Thoroughfare Gap, Ya.j
troops not gtA-en.
17. Skirmish at Island No. 10, Tenn., by Co.
L, 2d 111. cav., and Co's G and 1, 15th
"Wis. inf.
IS. Skirmish nt California House. 3Io., by
detachment of 13th Aro. t.S. AL) eav.
18. Skirmish at Nelson's Cross-roads, Ky.,
by 90th Ohio inf.
13. Skirmish at Cross Hollow, Ark., bv 2d
Kan. cav.
IS. Skirmish near Helena, Ark., by detach
ment of 43d Ind. inf.
18. Skirmish nt Rockcastle Rfvor, Kv., bv
6th and 27th Ky., 41st Ohio and 9th
Ind. inf.
IS. Skirmish at Bloomfield, Ky., by 2d Kat.
cav.
IS. Skirmish near Unionton. AIo., by de
tachment of 2d Mo. caA nnd enrolled
militia.
IS. Action at Lexington, Ky., by detach
ment of 3d and 4th Ohio cav.
19. Skirmish nt BardstOAvn, Ky., by detach
ment of 4th Ohio cav.
19. Skirmish at Piitman's Cross-roads, Ky.,
by 6th nnd 27th Ky., list Ohio, and
Sth Ind. inf.
19. Skirmish at St. John's Parish, La., by
Co's B and F, 9th Vt. inf.
19. Reconniussunce on the Afndison road.
-y. by bill and 2lst Kv., olsB Ohio,
and S3th Ind. inf.
20. Skirmish on Gallatin pike, near Nash
ville, Tenn., by 74th Obio inf.
20. Skirmish at Pittman's Fork, Ky., by
Sth Ind. inf.
20. Skirmish near Helena, Ark., by detach
ment of 13d Ind. inf.
20. Skirmish at Hedgesville. YT. Va., by de
tachment of 4th Pa. cav.
20. Skirmish at Hermitage Ford, Tenn.,
by 7Sth Pa. inf.
20. Skirmish near ATarshfield, AIo., by de
tachment of 10th 111. eav.
21. Reconnaissance from Loudoun Heights
to Lovettesvilie, Va.. by detachment
of 0th N. Y. cav.; 102d N. Y., 2Sth,
109th and 11th Pa., 3d Aid., Sth, 7th
and 60th Ohio inf., and battery E,
Pa. art.
2L Skirmish near "Wheatland, Ya., by de
tachment of 6th N. Y. cav., and bat
tery E, Pa. light art.
21. Skirmish at Vt oodville, Tenn., by de
tachment of 2d III. eav.
21-23. Expedition front Hilton Head to Poeo
taligo and engagements near Poco
taligo. S. a, by 3d and 4th N. H., 6th
and 7th .Conn.. 4Sth N. Y., 47th, 553th
and 76th Po. inf ; detachment of 1st
Alass. caw: IstN. Y. engineers; bat
teries Ar, of 1st, and E, of 3d U. S. art.
22. Action at old Fort Wayne, near Alays-
ville. Ark., by 2d Ind. battery.; 2d
and '6th Kan. cav., aud 3d Kan. Indian
homo guard.
22. Action at Coosawhatchie, S. C, by de
tachment of 3d R, I. art. ; Co's F and
G, IstN. Y. engineers, and 13th. N, Y.
inf.
22. Skirmish near Helena, Ark., by detach
ments of Sth and 9th 111. cav.
23. Skirmishes near Waverly and Richland,
Tenn., by detachment of battery C,
2d 111. art.; S3d Iowa inf.; Co. A, Sth
111. cav.
23. Skirmish nt AIana3sas Junction, Ya., by
detachment of 1st AM. cav.
23. Skirmish near Catlett's Station, Ya., bv
Co. A, 3d W. Va. eA
23. Skirmish near Shelby Depot, Tenn., by
55th HI. inf.
23. Skirmish at CInrkston, Aro.. by Co. D.
2d III. caw; battery K, 2d 111. art., and
detachment of 72d III. inf.
1SG3.
Oct. 16-18. Engagement at BroAvnsville. Aliss., by
portion of the 15th and 17th Corps,
Maj.-Gen AlcPherson.
16. Skirmish at Cross Timbers, Mo., by 18th
Iowa vols.
17. Destruction of two blockade runners in
Tampa Bay, Fin., by Union gunboats
Tahonia and Adelo.
17. Action at Clinton, Aliss.. by detachment
of the Army of the Tennessee, com
manded by Maj.-Gen. MePheraon.
17. Action at Rapidan, Ya., by 1st div., Cav
alry Corps, Army of the Potomac.
17. Skirmish at Humansville, Mo., by 6th
Mo.'AIilitiacnv.
IS. Skirmish at CharlestoAvn, Ya., by 9th
ATd. A'ols.
IS, Skirmish at Bcrrysville, Ya., by Slth
Arass. vols, aud 17th Ind battery.
19. Action nt Buckland Alilte. Vs.. bv Sd
div., Cavalry Corps, Army of the Po-.;
nine.
20. Action nt Barton Station. Albs., by
troops of the Army of the Tennceee.
20-22. Action at Philadelimki, Tumi., bv iStli
Ohio Mounted inf., let, Hth and 12th
Ky. cav,, and 24th Ind. battery.
21. Action at Cherokee Station. Ala., by
Oitorhau 1st div., 13th Corps, Army
of tho Tennessee.
21. Action at Opelousas. La., by Franklin's
div. of Banks' troop.
22. Skirmish at Beverly Ford nnd TUpjta-
hnnuock Cro&dng, Va by 51 Pa. and
1st Me. cuv.
22. SkirmUhnt New Aladrid Bond, Tenn.,
by 32d Iowa vol-.
23. Skirmltth at supply tmln, TuHaboma,
Tenn., by 70th Ind. vol.
isai.
16. Action at Ship's Gap, Taylor's Eide.
Co., by 1st dlv.. Kth Csrpa. A
17. Skirmish at Cedar Ihm Chiwm, Va by
detachment of 1st Conn. hv. "'
13. Aeiion at Pierce's Point, lHaokwnter
Flo., by lth Iowa vob, 2d M. and
Oct
.i&i, r m. crv.
Action Rt Lexington, ATo.. by 3d Wis
3th. Hth, 13th, nnd Mth Kan. car
Price's invasion, of Missouri.
Battle of Cedar. Crack for 3detoAvn
19.
19.
va., oy is ami m ma aw., ml 6th
Corp. Array of the Potomac, sth
Corps and cav.. Amy of West Vir
ginia.: and 1st tuxl 2d div., 9th Corps.
20-26. Skirmish at Fort Lcavenwscth. Run -troops
not given. " '
20. Action at Lrttte Rfver, Tenn.. by cav
and portion of 19th Corp.
21. Skirmbh at Ilarrodsbnrjj, Ky., by 5th
U. S. colored v.
21. Engagement at Little Brae, -Mo , by 2d
Col., 3d Ww.. Sth, ltth, 25th, and 16th
Kan. eav., ami ono brigade of Kan.
mitia, 3d and Sth Mo. militia., and
two bat. of the 2d Me at: two en
gagements, ftw'i invasion of Alis
soun. 22. Action at Independence. Afo., bv 2d
Col., 3th, 7th. 11th. 15th. and lfith KiUi
cav. and Kan. militia. 1st. 2d, Kh. 6th,
7th. 3th, anl Sth 31a. militia cav. 1 Jth
Mo., 3d Iowa and I7th 111. eav., two
engagements. Price's invamon of
Missouri.
22. Skirmish at White JHver, Ark., by 53d
u. S. colored troops.
22. Gunboat attack on the Union battres
on the James Rhrer, Ta. Confederate
lose, 11 wounded.
23. Skirmish at Hurricane Creek, Alias., by
1st Ioavr and 9ih Kan. eav.
23. Skirmish at Prineatoti, Arik by 3d 3ro.
eav.
23. Engagement at Weatport. Bi Blue.
Mo., by Afo. militia eav., cav. of f;n
A. J. Smith's eomiMnd, aa eav and
Kan. militia of the Army of tins Bor
dr; Price's invasion of AftMouri.
OUR CORRESPONDENTS.
Replies to Questions on a Variety of Interesting
Snhiccfcu
IF. IT. T.. Corinna, Jfnn. The event mentioned
took plaee February C and 7. 1N. and was a recon
naissance to cover Kilpatriek's raid on JBehniond.
xour letter Avas mislaid; hence the defery.
A. L. P.. Utica. JTo.Tho altornev manfclnne..? ia
I in good standing so far as we kiww. If yo write
to mm, no doubt lie ean inform you of tho cause of
delay. It is time you heard, from it.
H. IT. 2T., Centra Point, Iowa. Yon should have
been nothied had your claim for increase hen re
jected. We would advise that you state ai the
facte again, ineiudingtbe date of yorexawaiat:n,
to the Commissioner, and ask eonditioa of tno
claim. It may be that it was rejected and the
notice of such feet failed to reaek. you.
.??- " Ltovte1 Hieh. Where tAvo or more dis
abilities are alleged, and one is proven, pension is
Avound. There is no " usual rate " for cliAimM'unv
The rating depends entirely upon claimant's abi.-ty
to perform manual labor, and may bo from Si to
30. The fact of paralysis appearing in connection
AA-itk the rheumatism aviII have no partieniar bear
ing cpon your claim. It will probably fee included
in the rating as a result of rheumatism.
Subscriber, EouciUc, Iotca.
never heard of him.
-We do not know. We
C. E. B., Brookiyn, A'. PI It depends entirely
upon the result of medical examination of tie dis
ability. It might be rated at any sow between ;3
nnd $13, and if it is equivalent to loss of lag below
the knee, it would be rated at S24.
W. B. C, Georgetown, III. The statement made
to you that during the atot governors of some of
tho Northern States gave the inmates of prisons
and penitentiaries their liberty if they would enlist
in. the army is a malicious falsehood, and the party
whoso informed you must have served out his
time. He is probably a great admirer of Senator
Beck.
J.H., Wheding, W. Fa. It Is not a fact that pen
sioners in Ohio or any other State are rated higher
than pensioners iu West Virginia. There is no
favoritism shown pensioners in any locality. There
is a vast difference in the degree ot disability re
sulting from gun-shot wounds of shoulder and
other disabilities. Those that are receiving higher
pensions thun you are receiving are disabled that
much more. You are gettiug one-fonrth pension,
because you are only one-fourth disabled. If you
were disabled to a srreater extent van nrnnbi K
j pensioned accordingly, no matter where yon lived.
! There ore nlentv of ni'nwnnpi -emu. .t n -,(-
j are pensioned us high as those of any other State.
i ooms oi usese are m your own city
nM v., j it t . x- , . -r
I ? 0ld Comra Upper TygartKy.-lst, In qnetmg
l om ou statements, heretofore made, that "in ab-
! aure ui uuiuiim records, nnn inntwiiti'ta tnmui.
where the disability is a disease that i net readily
uisuuguisueu Dy an ormnary ouecrver. The De
partment Avill promptly reject invalid ofcthns of
above-mentioned class as soon as it is ascertained
that it isnot suscepti ble of proof as stated. 3d. The
claim cannot be rejected simply because the Surgeon-General's
report fails to show that sokher
avo3 treated in service for the alleged disability.
Testimony has to be called for and the ekum pro
ceeded with until ail the facts are developed. Jd.
Why the Pension Office attaches so mueh impor
tance to the statements of postmasters fe because
they are SAvorn officers of the Government; and it
is supposed tltat they will assist the Pension Oftke
in communicating such facts as are known to thra
Avithout fear or faA'or. Too much reliance is placed
on such statements, in our opinion. Postmaster?
are as liabls to be biased agaimt the claimant as
the Avitnesses are for him. and their reports 9bouid
be subject to tho same discount as the testimony
on file in the case is often subjected. Unfortu
nately, this is not the case, and it w wrong that it is
so. 4th. Testimony of a postmaster should be con
sidered no better than the testimony of a ereditabie
Avitness. The simple ti(ttemnt of a postmaster
should be considered as rating 'ws titan the art! la
davits of a respectable witness of known reiianu.ty
in his community. A postmaster is subject to the
same failings as any other man.
L. A". G., IleaMsbnrg. Qrf. Ton will have to prove
all thefhets alleged ittaeJalin. Yowr own uiImI.-i-
- vits as to origin will have no weight at all. If there
oe no recora oi uie injury, yon will have to funuau.
proof of eye-witnesses to its incurrence
J. B. I?., Bomerstown. A". J. All you can do m to
make an affidavit setting forth felly tile reasons
Avhy you cannot furnish testimony of -Kgimei.tal
surgeon, and semi such aflltlnvit to the Commis
sioner of Pensions.
G.L.F., Centra JWaeMon. J wa. You should moke
application for a homestead entry to the Register
and Receiver at any land office in the State where
yoa desire to enter suid kind. Yon will have to
reside thereon live years. Jess the time served in
the army. There may be public land in both ;ae
States mentioned. If you will write to either of
the United States land o tikes in those States vou
can obtain all the information yon desir. The
law in full (and location of land ontees) was pub
lished in. our issue of May 10, 1333.
W. S J, Entperia, Kan. If you hav the origi
nal furlough, and it bears indorsements then, in
showing the extensions, you can collect eommnt.i.-
tion of rations for the time of yottr authorised ab-
senee. mtnout Uie ortgmm papers yoa cannot
establish a claim.
P. 1FL. QmnteH. X. J. You AviU hare tte make
application to the Poet from which you were sus
pended, and Avill be reimh-ed to pay yor book
dues, or sueh sum as the Paat nwty decide, UVn
you ean be reobtigated in the Post which you le
sire to join, upon the written rowct oftkt' Po re
instating you. The above is providing you are ono
year, or more, in arrears for dues.
31. C, CMosyffan, JficA. 1st. Write to the Quartermaster-General,
U. S. A., for amount of clot hint;
allowances. The rates varied frequently during
1S63-'&1 ; highest in 1S64, owing to tho aiv saee
in prices of ad things. It Avouid conenme too
much space for us to publish all you ask. 2d.
When prisoners of war Avere released the Gov
ernment furnished them with new elothing. which
made good the logs by capture. beslcs the sol
diers received the money value ot tttl cMMmg not
dnvtvn by them during their service. Thfe amount
avos included in their final payments and paid to
them by tho paymaster at discharge.
T. J. B.. Lee Futfey. Tenn. Pensions to soldiers of
war of 1M2, for wounds or disability ineurse! in
servico, Avere provided for as early as 1H12 and 13;.
Such pensions consisted of half pay for ofHeers and
five dollars per month to enlisted "men. February
14, 1S71. Congress authorized the placing on the
pension roll, at 83 per month, all honorably efis
chnrged survivors of war of 1SI2 who served'stxty
days and Avho were loyal during the. late rebellion;
widotvs of jiuch Avere also entitled, providing they
Avere married to the soldier prior to the treaty of
peace terminating said Avar, and had not since re
married. Alateh 9, 1S73. former acts of Congress
Avere amended so that service of fourteen day s. ur
participation in any engagement, entitled survivor
of said Avar to pension, also widows of said sol
diers, and the clauses as to dates of widow's .-carriage
and disloyalty were stricken out. The fte rs
of soldiers of Avar of 1312 are not provided for m,
any Avay, and are not entitled.
J. M. S., Elk aty, Kern. 1st. There is no Avay of
determining tlie percentage of ofneeraand enlisted
men on the pension roll iu separate elases. f hey
are merged together as one elaa. 2d. A boat si ty
per cent, of pension claims filed since IStI have been
allowed.
G. IT., Bay Yieve, Jfrf., and K B. C, ITmd, Pa.
Soldiers who re-enlisted as veterans were emitted
to $102 veteran bounty. If you received bat !u
you received recruit bounty Instead of veteran
bounty. You ean apply for the ditfetwneei nnd. tf
your statements are correct, yon ore entitled there to.
J. B. HI, .Vert JfeMtrtMrn. Xjr.-fc. See reply to
J. S., iu our last fcHe. 3d. If dointant has Leant
not lung from hfeetaiiH for increase sine hte ex
amination several at oathn ago. it does not Indicate
"that ha ekum wiM be allowed," hot does indi
cate neglect o the pan of aojacfcwly. Sd. It
ia qnite a com won canton for the Pews a
OOJce to writ to cMinNMtt' witwccieri wd ot'tr
persona for rofatwaUon yewnHg the rfntm. H
Vheu claim for increaee on M dluhiMty fc actfw mhI
tltat end the (Mm for the tfcae hutuc. Ktufe-e-nthmtly
altered tt win Mt "dt tourfc." Hot '
worn the 4tt of the exatuiaatieu tnhH'hnrg the
iaeroa,! dWMifty.
2. J. ft. Wmr. n Yur friend wan correct
aa to date The Seeontt KfeMKchttactto ia&ntry was
tho 8rt kr ywi' rngneitBife'offwinioaervice.
The date of said ntittor wim May 28. WSU New
York comas nost -with tho Thirty-ninth rinicnt,
icuirtored in May 23, Xsii.
- -,..,. .AtJjlp. ...t.'m:- .V.
Si&fcifetojaiasifl
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