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The National tribune. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, January 24, 1884, Image 2

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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE f WASHINCTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, JANUARY 24, 1884.
- fxm-f ifvy - vi 7,3ffacK"T'w.s .iAW
f 4th Missouri-was stationed. OoL Can- was at
enee ordered to advance to therelief of ibis out-
?bstf vk'hlch movement brought on the battle,
'ills gallant division moved into position un
der fire, and Davis was ordered to support it,
Trot a sadden attack on the left changed the
direction of the latter to the relief of Oster
lisus. General Cariis Bays; "TheliaiUo raged
Sn the center with terrible fury. Calonel Ba
visheld the position against fearful numbers,
and our brave troops nobly stood or charged in
steady lines. The fate of the battle depended
on sncecs3 against this flank movement of the
cne-niv, and here, near Leetown, was the place
to break it down. The fall of Generals McCul
loch, Mcintosh and other officers of the enemy,
who fell early in the day, aided ns in our final
success at this most critical point; and the
steady courage of officers and men in our lines
chilled and broke down tho hordes of Indians,
cavalry and infantry that were arrayed, against
us. While the battle thus raged in the center
the right wing was sorely pressed, and the
dead and wounded were scattered over tho
field. Colonel Carr sent for re-enforcements,
and I sent a few cavalry and my body guard,
-with the little mountain howitzers, under Ma
jor Bowcn. Thcso did good service at a most
critical period. I xirged Colonel Carr to stand
firm tkt more force could bo expected soon.
Subscouejitlv Colonel Carr sent me word that
lie could not hold his position much longer. I j
could thou only reply by sending Jnm tho or
der to 'persevere Ho did persevere, and the
sad Imc ec in the flth and 4lh Iowa and Phelps5
Missouri a&& Major Weston's 24th Missouri
and all die troops in that division will show
how earnest aud continuous Avas their perse
verance.'' Sige! defecting a movement on the part of
Mc(4slIoch to join forces with Price on tho
south. !:ttTmptel to intercept it with cavalry
and throe pieces of artillery. By a vigorous
onslaught of ihe Indian cavalry, tho guns
were captured, tie cavalry routed and tho way
opened far MeUulioca to obtain for his infantry
the cover of a dense wood, on tho west of
which was a Ire open field. Here ensued a
protmetsed ud fearful struggle between Mc
Culloch and the force under Qstarhaus, who,
"by hard fighting, held his position until tho
arrival of Davis wife his division, when, by a
gallantly wcaed charge, the Confederates
trcredifvcNL from tSte field. In the crisis of
the sfcraae McOulkK dashed forward to re
conaoiU r, aad fell a victim to his rashness.
Almost at the same moment Mcintosh fell
white koAht,! cavalry charge apon a battery
ofar&ls. Il'ftrivod f these two favorite
graew'- t 'a .oaUfioed forces of the enemy re
tired . u- viay, to rally, Jtftnc s. wide circuit,
rpi.
till rawd with unremitting
njrht and center, where Price, in a j
lodged by a charge all along theTJnion line,
and tho retreat of Yan Doru's army was tc
vcalod to the astonished gaze of the Union
army south of tho Boston Mountains, where j
Curtis could not lollow mm.
Tho Union loss in this battle -was as follows :
The 1st division lost in killed 11, wounded 94,
missinir 51: the 2d division Jost in killed 20,
wounded. G4, missing 36; the 3d division losfcin
Kincu -ks, wounuea so, missing xx; iu uiu -am
division, (Calx's,) which hero the brunt of tho.
ugut on tho right, the casualties were iearitu
95 were killed, 501 wouuded, and 85 taken
prisoner making a total of killed, wounded
and missing of 1,3S1. 1,020 of which were in
Davis' and Carr's divisions.
Van Dorn placed his loss at S00 killed and
wounded and 300 prisoners. But the casualties
did not measure tho Confederate loss. The
movement against Curtis was intended to aid
in Cbnfcderato operations upon St. Louis by
compelling tho withdrawal of Union troops
from Cairo to ro-enforce Curtis, failing which
victory was counted, upon to crown tho Confed
erate arms. Thus, by tho united efforts of
Generals Curtis, Buell, Grant and Pope, in co
operation with Admiral Porter's fleet of gun
boats, Missouri, Kentucky and a largo portion
of Tennessee was relieved of tho presence of
Confederate troops. There were a few preda
tory bands of Confederate cavalry and guerril
las in all theso States, but tho latter took to
their heels at tho sight of an armed force, and
were far more dangerous in stables and hen
roosts than in battle. The objective point of
the next campaign for both Halleck and Buell
was to be found at Corinth, Mississippi, which
will bo the subject of the nest chapter.
i ii
THE WORK GOES ON.
WOMB'S LOYALWORK
Some JBriglit Examples- Experience
Meeting-Relief Corps News.
on P'
The i
jury b .!i
detenu; i
pushed i
io. At
tore-caf
Oofoa
"WoanS
slowly
3aay
groau
awS d '
Iowa. 4kr.
ci a ;mwt te carry that position, had
:. trKps iai the light regardless of
3 pm. General Cqrtk ordered Sigel
. x the 3d and ilk divisioas.
Iut. Cijwxed with blood from three
.tt' one arm disabled, was Mling
k coMtesciug liie gros-nd stepbystep.
ft - titM-SSs had fallen, and the
. : (nmt, cuvtapeA wit' the wounded
;iJd how s(bbrB had been the re- 1
th hcrok 4th division. The 4th
beck for nmtBimition, dressing on
its odbi in jerfect has, wat aaet by General
Cnrttfc, ulor4erud the regiment lo fece-about
and hold its jasitkKi until re-enforcements
nvould rnve. Ouimel Dodge rode forward
and exft-aated that his men were out of car
tridgfe. Charge with she bayonet, then'
said Cartis. The aiea faced-about at the order,
and, with a cheer, pressed forward. The
enemy, wot liking the giitteringsteel, fell back,
and tiw I&st groand was won, where the gal
lant Slh was reiwly t eupiort theei.
Arho'b piijtted his artillery in the road jand
opened ou the enemy. The 2d Missouri de
ployed and pressed forward. The shades of
aiight wane falling, but the fight raged with in
creasing vehemence. Colonel Gsierhsus had
moved to the support of General Davis, who,
with a portion of his division, wasstill engaged
on Carr left : hut it was too late when he got
into positron to open fys, and his "weary troops
Belief Corps Xotes from Tarioas Points Along the
Line.
Major W.B. Shockly, of Fort Scott, officiated
as installing officer for W.H. Lytle Belief Corps.
The officers are as follows: President, 5Trs. C.
H. Haynes; senior vice-presideut, Sirs. JEL
Pond; junior vice-president, Mrs..Lucas; sec
retary, Mrs. W. P. Shockly ; treasurer, Mre. G.
3Iyers; chaplain, Mrs. W.Cormary; conductor,
3Irs. McOombs; guard, Mrs. Dodson. The
Corps will be folly represented at Topeka,
February 4th, to organize a Department Corps.
The -Daifyroi fiimiras a bright, crisp little
soldier sheet, published in connection with
the fair, in South Boston, of Dahlgren Post
and Corps, resulting in a grand success. Tho
Corps, organized in April, 1BS1, numbers nearly
one hundred zealous and noble-hearted women.
They have done a grand work among the sol
dier poor. The newly Installed officers are:
President, Mrs. M. E. Lawton; senior vice
president Mrs. Dora G. Eoss; junior vice
president, Mrs. M. H. Vaughn: secretary, Mrs.
J. I Spoouer; treasurer, Mrs. Fannie Wilcox;
chaplain, Mrs. Eleanor Johnston; conductor,
Mrs. Susie JEL Young; guard, Mrs. Hatrie M.
Tuttle.
' Broomstick," Xew Haven, Conn., writes us
that Belief Corps 2vo. 3, auxiliary to Admiral
Foote Post, of that place, held its installation
of officers on the 2d inst., at which all the old
officers were installed, as follows: President,
Mrs. Juliet I. Baldwin; senior vice-president,
Mrs. Mary J. Dyer; junior vice-president,
Mrs. Phebe A. Foster; secretary, Miss Ida P.
Beecher; treasurer, Mrs. Louisa C. Goodrich;
chaplain, Mrs. Hattie Buckingham; conductor,
Mrs. Emily Sharp; guard, Mrs. Lizzie Arnold.
Our correspondent adds that the Corps, which
was organized on the 19th of May last, with
sixty-six chaiier members, has now a member
ship of SS : over $1,000 in the treasury, and is
in every way prosperous.
Since January 1st the Belief Corps in many
places have been pushed to the utmost to pro
vide for the suffering soldiers' families, which,
the severe weather found Uly prepared, in the
way of food and clothing. Forsyth Belief
Corps, Toledo, the first two "weeks in the
month, -were called upon to arrange for two
funerals, two births, and to provide articles
of clothing and food for over twenty-five per
sons, over the usual average of about twenty
liatteritis x&n out of ammunition, the Confed
erates firing ihe last shot, when the two divis
ions were arrayed along the edge of a piece of
timber with fields in front, when, titterly ex
liausted. the men sought rast in sleep.
The result of the day's fighting "was not
cheering lo either generaL The loss on Curtis'
sight had been comjiensated by victory on his J
ed auyiiting like panic. Tliey had been forced
hack by superior numbers, but had held to
gether, and, ia proportion to the numbers, the
divisioii vim as strong for service as before the
conflict began. Yan Dora's headquarters was
at Elkbwa Tavern, where Curtis had been on
the pw mfus morning. Each army held its op
ponent . line f reixttsL There was no resource
fmt to hi fw timir eoumuiai cations with their
Tespeotivc bases. If a conference could have
hem hestd between Cartas ad Yan Dorn, such
was the snxiery f enck to avoid a battle on the
snorram it i highly proLtWe that an arrange
laent could have hum made so change the po
sition f tiitsir respactive aruaies. It is said
that mi " al d&eer. of the Union amy met at
., -icrf of a division eoannaader, and
i, me eotoaci of a carairy regiaien't,
1 iu, n Gtee of de&at, to liold hismen
-,- ? psaort tltm -to the open country
' A x'uv 3on!t.-oVrate lines. They
mi. prt ted from rivaling the
i r'j. a. i.Ilirtr, hy& tameiyre-
- ;,- ., and i C -vn of day.
i..f ih o.u i "ulestkejietrospect
'y mo 'Lvuriug. lit his Teport
-. a : " i j..i ,j p. ia. 1 received, by
p" the )'.! rn-itiHi tiat Generals 1
v- uod Mils iVu und Ceioel Hebert
: jitid ttb: i- divisiou 'was without
i evtsri m jressed forward with
is. n ' ai uias t the eeeray was Seeing
i .tHriMj trorps at owsry point in
aud fiha m'zht ft 11 we had driven
' -j from i h- ntid ol batlle.
apt slttpt u;rfw their mm nogrlya
.:u the j,-a ut bidb he a.defais
thefe
sm&t .
diseti .
in jx
u
et:p
txn "
Oi-.
wa -Tim
v
atd
vnas j
any
the-c
beioi.
oar i
linn r
! t.
XAlh. !
hialt -
"We ,
drf
tkxt :
astd '
sup
the
Tjlk
auy
aitt
fojr
davu
thi-
mWUZKKMXi. 1U IMH yU. w mmfli.tl. omii miMfrnf 1.m .m
On she right the Snog continued until the ij,nflwT JLmT-jfAaj,. mnfT,CT
Save birth to twins, having four other children,
under ten, and another comrade's wife died
leaving six boys, the youngest a year old and
the eldest under thirteen. And yet the Belief
Corps are constantly met with the question:
' What do you do ? I thought all the soldiers1
children were grown up bvjhia -time."
Zora 3L Pram, Fecretary of Patchin Corps,
Burton, Ohio, writes us that the installation of
the officers of Patchin Post, conducted by
Comrade H. W. Crittenden, Senior Post Com
mander, -was a happy occasion to all. Patchin
Corps attended in a body, and the Itall was
well filled with friends of the Grand Army.
There was speech-making, singing, and an
oyster supper served to over three hundred.
Mrs. Fram says: " The ladies united in bring
ing together such a guantity of everything
good to eat there was enough and to spare, and
as for oysters, if any one left that hall hungry
for them.it was their own fault, and ifewas
very evident that, though so many of the boys
have seen maay times wheu actual starvation
held them in its strong grip, they did not
intend this occasion to remind them of that,
unless by contrast. The occasion was a pleas
ant one and long to he remembered as the
beginning of what promises to be a happy Kew
Year, We are very proud of our Post, it
laving gained 115 new members in the last
year, which is considered excellent. For those
who livo in the country labor under one dis
advantage those in the city do not that of
living so for away. The officers are men who
not only take pride but manifest great enthu
siasm in the work they have to do, and per
form their duties creditably to the Order they
represent."
The following is aa extract from the annual
report of the secretary of the Ladies' Aid As
sociation of the Massachusetts Soldiers' Home,
at Chelsea: "In wiewing briefly the general
work of the Ladies' Aid Association during the
past year, it is pleasant to refer to the sociabil
ity and harmony which have been character
istic features of its monthly gathering; to the
increasing interest manifested in ihe Soldiers
Home, and to the cordial response which has
greeted efforts for its support. The association
has a total membership of 335, and forty-one
cities and towns of the State are represented.
A leading feature, that is appreciated by both
officers and inmates of the home, is the weekly
visits of the Board of Visitors, who have pro
vided Sabbath services, and arranged a series
of dramatic, musical and literary entertain
ments, securing, in many instances, the best
professional talent. They have made over seventy-five
official visits, and theirJisfc of4 contri
butions embraces several hundred articles. A
reference to the matron's reports shows that the
Woman's State Belief Corps has sustained its
reputation as a valuable auxiliary to the G. A.
E., the department officers and subordinate
corps having always co-operated with all plans
for the benefit of the home. The formal pre
sentation of a flag by Mrs. J. C. Johnson, the
address of Miss Clara Barton and other exer
cises connected with tho anniversary nicnic
j July A, and the assembling of 400 membersand
in ends at the reception tendered tho BoaTd of
Trustees, October 4th, are incidents in our
past year's history that will be pleasantly re
membered. The report closes with a compli
mentary allusion to the services of the efficient
president, Mrs. Dyer, and congratulations to
the members upon the auspicious prospects of
the p.nstiin!Trrei.r."
Hi
it
ad mv to-. .Udxteis for the night
ijkht ii. "xtam. We had taken
dy em i a c&utki and about 00
i ,
A ..V
the -
iaN
hi! .
vill
deft.
.L, course of the niefct I ascertained
witiuniij'v was aunast exhausted,
Tut othc. u charge of the ordnance
;..u not i.nd his wagons, which, with
i . tis.i tj, lied been seat to Banton-
oi ta. troops had been without
. - Ti -.c hn raorarog of the Sth, and the
i-.o were be&tcu oat. It was, ihere
. i-u htUc anxiety that I awaited the
! jv Wheu it came it rcveaied to me
5 in a uewr ami stvtme position, offer
ing .. tic. I inad my depositions at once to
aoe ,, tae uagc and by 7 o'clock thecannonad-
mP V - -fc 'i!rH W K tl.at rtf 1,rt tiw.Pinnc Ant'
"r ' " " " " '. . -..W IKWMUIW U44-,
fwoKUHi had proved a failure from
rt Hie supply tram was lost The
wi'iffleatt of General Price had lost
'pjKrt-tUMity to cut oWSijgiiL at Benton-
j Iialf of hi army had been terribly
4 ir? llsvte and Obterhacs, and the con-
cotti iv j - of Curtis' entire force in hi3 front at
JJk m lament, which he was powerless to
pc f iuvtvood iiim of the folly of any
furl u i iapt to obtain a victory. His first
dut$ - n save hs amy, and every move- I
met, Ti'v lonvsrfl was made to that end.
T' i fgbt of tie ff)llowing inoroing was of
brie1 duivm'itt,btwas hotly contested while
it k -t 1 At JO o'clock Yan Dorn "decided to
witl d w from Hie iield.
Tfc it! Hit- rkring ou the Union troops now J
cow v -tavi upon rriee attd the lew scattcr
injt ' i Alio had joiusd him aftertheirde
fet -A Uv procwding day. Davis division
ope. ! tl.i aght frem one of his batteries,
wlnri, , u replied to wit terrible correctness
bjT TfM the Confederate batteries posted
wfef , Ltrjr wmld do tlie most execution. The
eaiam Union line now advanced. The dark
Mm Ime of ihe 36th Illinois in front steadily
Titsi from vtsm1a siitninif. nf 41u. vlAim nTV.i.,nn
Uhe iotrfoderate lotteries had dealt Seath and 1
dostenfibioii lo the union ranks. The 12th
Missouri, far in advance, rushed into the
enemy's lines, bearing off a flag and two pieces
of artillery.
The roai of artillery was deafening, for every
gun continued firing until it was captured, or
driven back. Whoa Yan Dorn determined to
withdraw from the field, lie left Colonel Henry
Little, with a Missouri brigade, to hold the
field as long as possible. For two hours this
gallant command held their position in sup
port of several batteries. Unshaken by the
tremendous artillery firo converged upon
them, they remained until their Tanks were
decimated, their artillery horses killed, and
f,1imT rmiis: vnTrt V'lcmrtiniwyl lw 4-tn fatiMn
Conducted by JTatc B.ShertvoodJ
A correspondent writing from Elwood, IT. J.,
and who says she is a soldier's daughter and a
constant reader of The Teibune, makes the
following requests:
Please give the name and some account of a his
toric personage answering to tliefollowing descrip
tion : A noble and heroic character; an illustrious
knight and commander in u sucred cause, and who
refused to be made a king:. Ho is the hero of one
of the works of a celebrated Italian poet also,
something about .Elizabeth Pry ; her life and char
acter. Godfrey de Bonillou (pronounced Boo-you),
the hero of tho first Crusade, born in South
Brabant, a portion of tho Netherlands, about
1060, died in Jerusalem, July 18, 1100. He
was the son of Eustace H of Boulogne and
brother-in-law of Edward tho Confessor, and
was possessed of immense estates, some of which
he mortgaged or disposed of at greUtsacrifico to
raise an army of 80,000 foot and 1G.0W horse to
reclaim tho holy sepulchre from the Saracens
in Jerusalem. His brothers Eustace and Bald
win, jrith many leading nobles, accompanied
him on his expedition at the head of an army
made up of French and German warriors.
Godfrey "had won renown as a leader in hav
ing planted the banner of tho Emperor Henry
IV on the walls of Bome, in the contest of that
monarch with Popo Gregory YJJ, after slaying
Budolph of Swabia, Henry's rival, in the bat
tle of Moalsen, 1030; besides, lo spoke both
German and French fluently, as he belonged
to both nations. He was, moreover, a man pf
prodigious strength and courage and a devout
and God-fearing knight.
The Crusaders under Godfrey encountered
privations and perils to which nothing in
modern warfare is a parallel. They wore over
three years in reaching Jerusalem, the army
having been sadly decimated by its encounters
with Turk and Mussulman on their way
through Asia Minor, so that but 21,500 soldiers,
but 1,500 being mounted, marched upon Jeru
salem. There, while they lay siege to the city,
thousands more died from the terrible droughts
and from tho boiling oil and pitch and enor
mous beams and stones cast down upon them
from the city's walls. Plants and animals per
ished, the torrent ofKedronwas dry, and all the,
cisterns filled up or poisoned. A skinful of fetid
water, brought from a distance of three leagues,
cost three silver deniers, and to protect them
selves from the heat the Eoldiers dug holes in
the soil and eagerly pressed tho moist clods to
their parched lips. " During tire day," says a
historian, "they looked anxiously for tho
uight, and at nightlonged for the break of day,
in the constantly disappointed hope that the
return of either the one or the oiher would
bring some little freshness or a few drop3 of
rain. Every morning they were seen to glue
their parched lips to the marble3 covered with
dew. During the heat of the day the most ro
bust languished beneath their tents, seeming
not to have even strength left to implore tho
assistance of Heaven."
The horrors of famine seemed to be quite
forgotten in the terrible thirst, and it was uo
uncommon thing for fierce quarrels to arise
over a little unwholesome, muddy water.
Many deserted to be slain by tho Saracens, or
to reach the ports of Palestine and Syria, to
await an oppoi trinity to return to Europe.
The arrival of a Genoese fleet at Jaffa with
provisions and ammunitions, with skins of wa
ter from the fountain of Flpira, on the xoad to
Damascus, Tevived the drooping army, and gave
them courage to lay active siege to the city.
It was the splendid conduct of Godfrey at
this terrible time that Tasso, the Italian poet,
has celebrated in his " Gerusalemme," or ,f Je
rusalem Delivered," tho "Iliad" of,Christiau
warfare. Godfrey was one of tho first to enter
Jerusalem through the fierce flames, "while
from all "sides resounded the ivar cry of the
Crusaders : " B is ihe will of God J It is the vnU
of God!"
Godfrey was not tall, but 3n?an of prodigous
strength. At the siege vf Antioch he cut off
tho head of a Saracen at a single blow, and
after the taking of Jerusalem killed a bear, in
a hand-to-hand encounter, which had attacked
onof his soldiers. After the capture of tho
Holy City lie proved himself as wise a ruler jNatlon " written by
--. 1 1 JJ 1i A. TJI x J.7. i li'J1 IRRfl in fVlft f
iia jio uuu. a vuijiiuir jsoiuier uj. uiu cross, anu
evinced remarkable judiciary ability in found
ing the Kingdom of Jerusalem. He declined
to be crowned king, as he deemed himself un
worthy to wear a crown of honor where his Sa
viour had been crowned with thorns.
Beturning from an expedition to Galilee
against the Saracens, Godfrey was poisoned by
a present of fruit from the Emir of Cesarea,
and died lamented alike by Christian and Mus
sulman, being as lenient to the subjected peo
ple as he was considerate of his followers. Ho
Tvas entombed at Calvary besido the Holy Se
pulchre.
Godfrey was the special champion of tho
widows and orphans, "which he declared, in de
fining the obligations of a king, was one of the
first duties of all those in authority.
Elizabeth Fry was an English philanthro
pist, and a striking illustration of what a
woman who consecrates her life to iumanity
may do for her age and people. She was born
at Bramerton, near Ixbrwieh, England, May 21,
1780, and died in Bamsgate, October 12, 1845,
in her sixty-sixth year, having spent nearly
half a century in doing good.
Mrs. Fry was the daughter of John Gurney,
a member of the Society of Friends, but of a
family whicli did not conform closely to its
usages in dres3, language, or social habits. But
when Elizabeth Gurney was eighteen years old
an American Quaker named William Savory
visited England, and through his instru
mentality the earnest young girl was con
verted to tho strict piety and customs of a
" plain Friend." She donned the Quaker cos
tume, the same as worn in all portraits of ler
with which we are familiar, and was so strenu
ous in the faith that in 1810, or ten years after
her marriage to Joseph Fry, she became a min
ister, and extended her ministrations and gave
charities throughout the United Kingdom.
Mrs. Fry was the first to institute prison re
form, at a time when tho jails everywhere were
teeming with unfortunate men whose only crime
was their inability, fronisickness or sudden mis
fortune, to pay theirdebts,andwho were thrown
into cold, squalid, reeking dungeons with the
worst criminals in the land. In ISlSsho visit
ed Newgate prison for the first time, and in
1817 had made such progress as to succeed in es
tablishinga manufactory and school within the
prison, and organizing a ladies' association for
the reformation of the criminal element, besides,
securing better quarters and more wholesome
fare for all classes. This good work was 'ex
tended to most of the jails, houses of correc-
prrn
reputation of the Post, thus Injuring the whole
organization. Bat if the applicant is eligible and
tho Post electa Mm. it cannot be heloed. no matter
how unworthy lie may be except by a court-1
martial. Posts should ammtiib member who will
lessen tho esteem and confidence in which tbe
Grand Army 5s universally held, -for that .lessens
our ability to do our duV to- our comrades lirinff,
and those more snereddutieswe owe to the wid
ows and orphans of thocfho fell that the Ration
might live."
Answer to M Kansas Girt" for motto for auto
graph alburn: i
" Our lives are albums writfenkhrough
With jrood or ill, with false -or true?
Islay the good angels, as they turn the pnges of our
years,
Ucnd the good with smiles, and "blot the bad with
tears." J. O. WiUlicr.
For chilblains: "Bnthn ttinfnnt thoroughly with
sfceroseno or with alcohol, or apply strictly accord-
inerto fHrfrHnnu TVnaVo mnmtoln nintmnK Thft
last I know from experience is a sure, speedy our? ;
the others arc recommended by those who "huve
tried them. When they are cured, wear cotton
stockings and avoid stepping on a cold fioor with
bare feet if possible. Be careful about getting the
icei cuineu wnen tucy are wet It.
E. J. Foster, M. O., Waterbury, Tt., writes as
follows : ' I have recently returned from tho West.
On reading tho back numbers of tho best paper
published in tho United States The National
Tkibune I notice that a cOmrado asks in the col
umns of 'Loyal Woman's "Work' if Edwin Dilling
liam Post, of Waterbury, Vt, is named after a
comrade he nursed in Braltleboro' Hospital? I
answer no. I have made inquiry, and the friends
of this Dillingham know nothing of the one of
whom tho comrade speaks. Our Edwin Dilling
ham went out as captain of my company (B), 10th
"Vermont volunteers, was promoted to major, and
killed in battle at Winchester or Opequon, Septem
ber 19, ise."
Will some ono tell me how to sugar pop-corn?
W. C, Des Moines, Iowa.
Will somebody send mo a copy of "Sheridan's
Bide?" I speak agreatmany pieces, and as the sol
diers want me to speak for them, I would like to
learn tbnt. My papa is a broken-down soldier,
and, if 1 am a little girl, I have lcarntto show re
spect for tho veterans at all times. Address
Britty M, Thrasher, Erancesvillo, Pulaski county,
Ind.
the ensuing year
their guus wcro dismounted by tho terrible
Jftre. Then onward crept the skirmish line,
ad "behind them the artillery. The range
i&ricued, no charge by tho Confederates could
mye them now. A sudden rush and xapid fir
Sag ly the skirmishers drove them to the
hMc- f ifco ureeie, wiieoe thy were dic-
TVhcre the Soldier Is Xot to the Fore.
To tho Editor National Teibdxe:
It iswilhpleasurel read in TheTjiibune tho
statement that the soldier is to the fore again.
Hero in Trenton the reverso is tho case. So
lately as last week one of our veterans a
cripplo, too was removed from tho position of
janitor of the City Hall, which ho had filled
acceptably for thirteen years, and the place
given to a civilian a man in every "way un
worthy of it. Yet this veteran received soven
wounds at tho battle of Monocacy, Md., July 9,
ISGi that stubborn light, which delayed
Early's corps of Confederates aud saved tho
Capital of tho Nation. Mr. Disbrow was a
member of the old 14th regiment, New Jersey
veterans, 1st brigade, 3d division, Gth corps,
Potomac army, and has tho respect Of all classes
of our citizens. A Feieko akd Combade.
Tbimstox, TX. J.
Solid Comfort,
Everyone likes to take solid comfort, and it
may be enjoyed by everyone who keeps Kidney-Wort
in tho house and takes a fow doses
at tho first symptoms of an attack of Malaria,
j Bheumatism, Billiousness, Jaundice or any af-'
ictuuu vi me .uivcr, .aauneys or uoweis. XV is
a purely vegetable compound of roots, loaves
and berries known to have special value in
kidney troublos. Added to these are remedies
acting directly on thoUverand Bowols. tt
Ttmovcs tho cause of disease and fortifies the
system agaisst mow attacks.
felt in every clime and kingdom where Chris
tian civilization is known. Between tho years
1 1B37 and 1812 she personally carried her work
into France aud Northern and Central Europe,
visiting the prisons aud expounding her plans
of improvement to the authorities, leading to
glorious results.
Tho " Memoirs of Elizabeth Fry, with Ex
tracts from her Journals," a work in two vol
umes, edited by two of her daughters two
years after her death, is deeply interesting, but
difficult to obtain. A biography by Mrs. Cres--well,
issned in later years, may bo found iu
our leading Loolc stores.
QUESTIONS AND AKSWEES.
Will some ono kindly suggest a suitable WRy to
drets to have a photograph taken ? I am young
just twenty, Clara W., Bock Falls, 111,
Who discovered the hot water euro, and when?
I mean the drinking of hot water to cure headache,
dyspepsia, &c Medic
Iwouldsayto "Ellen M." use warm salt water
as a gargle for your tliroat trouble, Fse faithfully
and thoroughly for thirty or sixty days, and you
will obtain relief. Veteran.
W. A. Tripp, Department Inspector of Maine,
Gr. A. B., writes from Bluchili as follows: "In
Tub Katxoxax. Tiubone of December 27th, 'A
Soldier' Wife' asks if a 'man that has an honor
able discharge from the nine months' service, but
afterwaids joined another regiment, but deserted,
and lias no diseliargc therefrom and lias not dared
to veto for years, is a fit subject to become a
member of the Grand Army of the Republic? And
is one who is known to be an habitual drunkard?
"Any answer to theso questions ia simply the
expression of an individual opinion. I should say
No to each question. A soldier having nn honor
able discharge, who has never been convicted by
court-martial -of desertion or any other infamous
crimo, and who has never borno arms against tho
"United States, is eligible to membership in the
G. A.B.; but if tho comrades In a Post, knowing
that an applicant for membership had in fact de
serted after he received his discharge, should fall
to reject him, they would fiill In their duty to
the oianlzatira. In my opinion; and the same also
Jf the applicant was jux habitual drunkard, or a
nersonof such habits or ebaracter that hfa mm.
bcrBiiip -would tend to jrrado and impair ih
Would some ono please tellme some nice books
to read: also, crive mo Miss Alcott's address. I
have read a great many of Miss Alcott's booka and
like them very much. I am. twelve years old, and
have a brother eight and a sister six. We have
taken The Kattoxai. Tbibuke for a year, and are
all very fond of it. I look every week to see if
there i3 a story, and if there is, I generally read it
to my sister and brother. I like stories very much,
and I wish somo one would write a story for it
every week. My papa fought in a great miany bat
tles and I am pround of it. Mary Vidler, &d Put
nam street, Syracuse, 2T. T.
WQl some one tell me how to wako up Jn the
morning without being called, and oblige Sleepy
Head.
Mrs. George IT, TJhlen, Xebanon, Pa., sends the
pattern for a " saw quilt," to bo made as a me
mento or album quilt, with names written on. It
i3decidedly unique with avery elaborate border to
bo set on in scroll applique. We havo forwarded
it to " A Worker," who pronounces it "immense."
Will somo one please inform me, through TnE
Teicune, wliat treaties the United States has -with
Corea and Madagascar? Artie Marsh.Korth .Lake,
Wis.
Can any one send Tee Tbtjiuxe a copy of the
song on Colonel Ellsworth, beginning with theso
words :
"Sadly the bells lolled the death of tho hero"?
"W. G. D. W.," Byron, 111., writes that be has
received no answer to his advertisement in The
JSatjokac Trasuin: for a correspondent, with a
view to marriage, and adds: "During the war it
was quite customary to advertise for a wife. One
soldier had, I think, sixty letters in ono mail ; but
It seems out of date now, for I have not received a
letter in response to my request. I did think,
among so many readers, some good, sensible
woman would write. It is a good way to get
united, and it is not good or profitable for a man to
live alone."
If W. G. D. W. will send bis address to Mrs. E.
ICnapp, Antwerp, Ohio, be will hear something to
his advantage, as shed thinks an acquaintance of
hers will suit liim.
t
"A soldier's little girl" should not say "have
toolr," but "have taken." -C-o-r-o spells the core
of an apple, but C-o-r-p-sspblls army corps.
"Member of HeliefCorps. The plural of corps
is the same as the sigulax; simply corps. Do not
writ "corpses." r
Please say to Mrs.M."E. that I know two reme
dies for chilblains. She can try one, and -when that
fails, use the other. 1st. Take tho white of an egg
well beaten, into which put one tablespoonful of
turpentine Apply at night. 2d. Put powdered
rosm on the affected parts, and put stocking on to
keep it in place.
& Our Experience Meeting.
A BKIGHT BOY'S EETXEE STJIJ, HE JBESTS A
SENSIBLE PBESENT I.ETTEES FEOM 3XIS-
EOmil -" THE SOLDIER' POOE XECTiE 30 Y."
IfoETH TrtKR, Wis., Jan, 1, 1834.
To the Editor IT AXioAZf Tjubttke:
My father takes The smorrE and I like it very
lauen, especially tue mpry called Saving the
jNation " written by itkflelon." j&Iy fatber en
listedln 1860 in the 8tb United States infantry, to
fight the Indians, and about the time they got out
on the Plains the war brOko out. They were or
dered back into Texas, and surrendered up by tho
traitor, General Twiggs, and were held prisoners
for twenty-two long months. While in prison
-my father's health broke down, and he has suffered
Tery much ever since.
One time be and some of his comrades tried to
escape from the rebels, and when they were almost
to the Union Hues they were captured and bad to
wear a ball and chain for five months.
AjktxeMaesh.
nr itExiOBrAjr.
Cameou, Me., Jan. 11, 1SS-L
To the Editor Katiosai- Tetbune:
As I read the interesting letters fn The TnmusE
some written by old soldiers, others by tbeir
wives and children Ifeel that I, too, would like to
add my mite. I am a soldier's wife, and my chil
dren love to hear their father tell of the days when
ho was down in Dixie. I was a soldier's sister
also, but in those days that tried the stoutest
hearts there catno a message telling me that I was
brotberless; that the darling brother for whom I
bad been praying Heaven to care for was sleeping
in a cemetery in Washington. Oh, how my heart
ached when I learned, in after years, that even bis
resting place could not be spared; that the ruth
less liand of strangers bad torn away the slab that
marked bis resting place. The roses that loving
Lands bad planted there and the mound above bis
ashes all were gone. But still he rests 1
Sleep, dear brotbert sweetly sleep,
Xow no more thy vigils keep !
Twenty years have comcandfied
Since you're numbered itb the dead;
But thy memory lives for aye,
Through each varying, changing day,
And tbe flag you did uphold
Floats without a tarnished fold.
Every star it has. unfurled
' Waves triumphant o'er tho world.
J2SI1IA w,
A SENSIBLE PRESENT.
In ordering The Tribune for one year, as a
present to Dr. Eobert A. Williamson, Lebanon,
Ind., Josie Kise adds:
My fatber was acolonel in the late war, and tho
venerable Pr. Williamson was surgeon of bia regi
ment, baa long been our family physician, and has
done many acts of kindne&s for the family, and I
know of nothing that would please him better
than Tnn Tribune. I myself take great pleasure
ill reading it. I bad one brother killed in tho late
war, and another brother who was assistant ad-jntanl-gcneral
and afterwards colonel of the 120th
Indiana. My father was also an old Mexican war
veteran, and of course I have a warm heart for
the poldicr, and think everyone should tako Tub
Tmnraos."
A xtttle Missouri girl.
Plato, Texas Co., Mo., Jan. 1, 1884.
To the Editor NAtiokai. Tnmusn:
I am a little girl ten years old. My papa was a
tion, asylums, and infirmaries in Great Britain, 1 5Jldier ;.be served as a member of company 1, 9th
ind ifciiiunmcn if? fitill pnin on lnilrina ifsolf Uhnois, two years, and one year m 1st regiment,
aUttltsmuuenCOlSSimgOingon.maKingitselt comnanv E. Hancock Veteran Corns. 1T i,i
company IS, liancoeic veteran Corns. He has
taken Tim Tiubdne onoyear and we all like it
verymucb. I was much interested in "Good-Bye
to Dixie." Mamma bad two brothers in the army.
They were members of company C, U7th Illinois,
ICtb army corps. Their names were Francis and
John Geers. X have one sister dead. Papa says
be would not part with Tun Tihijune. I love to
read tbe children's letters.
i Amanda EiGaw,
A LOGICAL CONCLUSION.
SnnuJiKA, Mo., January 4, 1881.
To tbe Editor National Tribune :
As 1 have never seen anything in your paper
from any one in this town,I will write something
myself. Pa was a Soldier; bo belonged to com
pany E, 2d Iowa cavalry There are not very
many soldiers hercfbut they bavo a Post. I sup
pose they are getlmg along very well; I never
bear much about it. 1 think it will bo a great deal
nicer when they get a Kclief Corps-
I happened to know a little poem entitled "A Sol
dier's Poor Little Boy." J. do not know who tho
author is, but thought it would bo appropriate for
your paper. H yobMlfmk- so, too, 1 hope it will
lind a place. A frieud of The Tkibune.
J Jessie L.
A soldier's poor little boy.
The snow was fdstly'fallhig
And tbe wind did loudly roar,
When a poor little boy, most frozen,
Came up to a kind ludy's door;
He saw her up at her window so high. '
And it filled bis heart with joy;
".For Mercy's sake somo pity on mo take,
I'm. a soldier's poorlittle boy.
"My mother died when 1 was a child,
My father's gone to the wars ;
He bus fought in many a battle brave,
Ho is covered with wounds and scars;
For many a mile on bis knapsack
Ho has carried me with joy,
But now I'm left quite parentless,
Pm a soldier's poor little boy.
"-Tho snow so fast Is falling,
And the night is coming on,
And if you don't protept me,
I'll perish in tbe storm;
And that would gricvoyour mournful heart,
Your peaceful hours destroy
To find me next morning dead at your door;
fm a soldier's poorjittle boy."
Then she aro30 from her window so high,
And opened the door unto bim.
" Come in, you poor unfortunate child,
You ne'er shall wander again.
My own dear son on a battlefield was slain,
Ho was my life, my joy,
And as long a3 1 live some shelter will I glvo
To a soldier's poor liitle boy."
Htlief Corps lYork.
A CORPS PLEASANTLY BURBRISEE CLEVELAND
PALLING INTO LINE.
Hashiton, O., January 5, 18St
To the Editor ITatiosai Tiuuune:
Through tho courtesy of tbe Lono Star Lodge,
X. of P,,,Wetzcl Compton.Relicf Corps will here
after meet in tbeir ball, which they kindly ten
dered free of charge. This arrangement is favor
ably and thankfully received by the ladies, as our
former place of meeting was in the third story of a
very high building, and much complaint was made
of the precipitous stairways.
Our chaiter camo on Christmas day, after a long
wait, hut it was well worth waiting for, and is very
pretty. When tho expressman brought it, I Jiad
no money to pay tha express charge, (what
woman ever has money after Cbri&tmas shop
ping?) so I sent bim to the G. A. B. reading-room
with it, knowing some of tho good comrades
would pay for it. So, on -Thursday, 1 called for it,
and lol there it was, neatly framed, banging on
the wall, acompanion-pieco to tbo Wetzel Compton
Post charter.
Comrade Woods was not present, bo I took tho
charter from tho wall and a fiagfrom the shelf and
carried them to our ball, showing tho former to
tbo ladies and draping our altar with the latter.
After an interesting session, I carried them back
to tbe reading-room, and found Comrade Woods,
who, when I offered to pay for expressnge and
framing, quietly informed me both were paid for.
Nearly all of my officers were with mo, and I havo
no doubt we formed an amusing group, as wo ex
changed looks of snrnriso and delieht. Was not
that a kind Christmas gift from somo mysterious
person or persons?
Tbo ladies are very much In earnest regarding
this new work, and the resolute look on tho face of
those being initiated' fairly thrills me. I am more
successful than I dared even dream of being. Our
officers are diligent and careful in tho performance
of their duties, and with such stanch supporters I
feel confident of success. In addition.to the regu
lar list of officers, wo have appointed an historian.
Mrs. Louise M. Leiter. Wo are preparing to hold
a Bazaar somo timo in February, from which we
hope "to realize a nice little sum for our treasury.
1 think every member of tbo Corps has as many
home-duties as sbo can attend to, yet all seem
willing to give a few hours a month to our good
work. Ono good mother said to me, "Don't be
afraid to askns to do only tell us what you want
done, and we'll do it." Is not that encouraging?
I beard of a deceased comrade's widow, tbe other
day, who baa seven children to support, tbe eldest
only fourteen years old. When 1 mentioned her
case to a member of our Post, be related an im
pressive sceno which occurred when the poor fel
low became a comrade. Said be : " As the badgo
was given bim, bo looked at it attentively for a
moment, then very reverently raised it to his lip3.
Last autumn we laid tbe bravo soldier to rest in
our soldiers' lot in Greenwood. 'Peace to bis
ashes.' "
I cannot tell you how I appreciate The Na
tional Tkibuse. Loyal Woman's Department
pleases me, particularly, and tbe suggestions to
those desiring a course of reading are certainly
commendable, and deserve to be carefully followed.
The department contained an interesting sketch of
the noble philanthropist, Peter Cooper, whose life
was a continuous prayer; for "work Is prayer,"
and his work was for humanity. Could anyone
desire a grander monument than nis Cooper Insti
tute, with the forty thousand who have gone from
its balls of learning fitted for honorable faeryice in
life?
" Great deeds are as natural to great men
As mean things aro to small onc3 ;
By his work we know the master."
Wishing The National Thiisuhe a prosperous,
nappy year, I am, yours, in F., O. and L.,
JOSEPHTSB S. WETX.EB,
President, Wetzel Compton Belief Corps,
CLEVELAND PALLING XN.
At the installation of the officers of Memorial
Post, Cleveland, 0., the decorations" were pro
fuse, at one end of tho room on a huge strip of
canvas being the following :
186L G. A. R. 1884.
" Fraternity, Charity, Loyalty.
We are the boys, the gay old boys,
Who fongbt in 'GL
We'll ne'er forget old times, my boys,
When you and I were young."
Tho hall was crowded with comrades and
their families. After the installation, Com
mander John 2. "Fizzes contn-atulated the
comrades upon tho harmony that existed in
their ranks, and then read the following letter,
Tvhich has been sent to many of the Posts in
.Eastern Ohjo .
Office Ass't Ikstxtotisg asi Ltstallthg)
Officer asd Ges'l Coreespostjest for V
Ohio. Caktox, O., January, 1884. J
Colonel J. 17. Fbazee.
Dear Comrade : As assistant instituting officer
for tbe Department of Ohio, I take the bberty of
addressing you on the subject of tbe Woman's Be
lief Corps work. Have you a relief or aid society
connected "with your Post? If you have such a
society yon fully know tho value of tbe help re
ceived, from, tbe ladies, and-undcr tbe new organi
zation we are able to- do more and better work.
Knowing tbe great benefit to every Post of such
an organization, may I kindly ask you to bring
the matter before your Post at an early day, and
nrge you to take tbe necessary steps for tbe reor
ganization of your present society or tbe formation
ofanewone? Our motto is tbe glorious motto of
your Order : Fraternity, Charity and Loyalty. We
work side by side with the Grand Array, and assist
them in caring for the eick. and tbe needy, tho
widows and tbe orphans.
s Mrs. Lottie M. 3Iters.
Commander Frazee announced that such an
organization was being formed, when a de
lightful programme was carried out, with a
banquet at Soldiers' and Sailors' Headquarters.
ALL ALONG THE LTNE.
Applications for Eelief Corps charter have
been forwarded to Comrada J. G. Lane, com
mander, Buchtel, Ohio; Comrade I. W. Irwin,
commander, Moody, Ohio.
Mrs. H. PjJJenner, president of Mfc. Ternon
(Ohio) Auxiliary, writes that their society,
which has done such noble work: for the sol
dier, is contemplating a reorganization a3 a
Belief Corps.
A comrade at Milford, Mas3., says that in the
letter which appeared m our issue of the 27th
-ult. on the Bay State Home, under the sub-head
" How it is Supported," should read instead of
Mr. Wm. E. Draper Mr. George Draper, of
Hopedale, gives annually $100.
Comrade M. C. Parker, P. C. of E. M. Moore
Post, Cincinnati, writes us that the ladies of
that Post and William Nelson Post are moving
simultaneously in the organization of Belief
Corp3, and that we may expect good news from
them when, they put their shoulders to the
wheel.
Mrs. W. H. Salada, wife of the gallant blind
soldier and commander of Croeker Post, Des
Moines, writes that she is delighted with Loyal
Woman's Department in The National
Tribune, and is interesting the ladies of Des
Moines in a project for Eelief Corps work.
Instructions will bo forwarded.
Mrs. C. Kinne Mason is tho president of an
Auxiliary Corps in connection with Lincoln
Post, No. 1, G. A. E., San Francisco, but not of
tho National Order. We trust tho ladies will
fill out a Eelief Corps application, forward it,
and fall in line with their sisters of San Diego
and San Jose.
On the 10th inst. the newly elected officers
of the Woman's Eelief Corps, of Wilson Post,
La Crosse, Wis., were installed by Commander
Bryant as follows: President, Clara Sloane;
vice-president, Mary Gale; secretary, Sophy
Nelson; treasurer, Maggie L. Mowers; con
ductor, Mrs. Clarke ; guard, Mrs. Louisa Smith.
Mrs. M. E. Hausbeck, secretary of Sumner
Corps, New York, who was last year treasurer
of the Loyal Ladies' League of New Jersey,
has been made chief instituting and installing
officer for New York, and has issued a call for
the formation of a State Department at the
time of Department Encampment, G. A. E., at
Eochester, January 30th and 31st.
Comrade E. D. Cornish, Cameron, Mo., writes
us that Comrade P. 31. Kimball, commander,
Joe Hooker Post, No. 17, installed tho follow
ing officers of tho Ladies' Eelief Corps of that
Post, on tho vthtnst.: President, Mrs. C. N.
Burnham; seniorvice-president, Mrs. N. Shutt ;
junior vice-president, Mrs. P. Wheaton ; secre
tary, Mrs. M. A. Linglo; treasurer, Mrs. M.
Jolly; chaplain, Mrs. C.Hyde; conductor, Mrs.
A. B, Cornish; guard; Mrs. A. Harriman.
Mrs. M. E. Hausbeck, secretary, writes us
that tho officers of Sumner Corps, No. 3, New
York city, wero installed on January 3d by
Past Commander Wharton, assisted by Com
rades Carlyle, Lntzen and Qainn. The officers
for tho year aro: President, Mrs. S. Meek;
senior vice-president, Mrs. S. Quinn ; junior
vice-president, Ella Lumsden; chaplain, Mrs.
M. E. Donison; secretary, M. E. Hausbeck;
treasurer, Mrs. C. Sharp; conductor, Mrs.
Hatch; guard, Mrs. Ballingor. Mrs. Hausbeck
adds : " We had the presidont of Mansfield
Corps, No. 5, Mrs. Davis and ladies, Mrs.
Jaschke and ladies from 'Prank Head Eelief
Corps, No. 9, and Mra. Baines and ladies from
j Barbara Frietckie Belief Corps, No. 8, and wo
nuu a zuurry Lima.
OUR' RURL TOPICS,
Some Practical Suggestions f0r Our
nnv
Agricultural leaders.
-
essentials in the culture of ceops.
Every person who has closely observed tho
operations of culture for a series of years, will
agreo in tho statement that tho threo main
points aro draining, subsoiling, and mulching.
If there is any ono element in plant growth
of more importance than another, it is water.
Crops usually fail or succeed in proportion as
they receive a uniform supply of water. Hence,
one of tho chief objects of the cultivator 13, as
far as practicable, to guard against either a de
ficiency or excess of this element. And this is
greatrynnderliiscoutrol; the three operations
of draining, subsoiling and mulching, when
properly nnderstood, enable him to regard with
comparative indifference whether the "season
is dry or wet. In wet seasons tho drains re
move all superfluous water; subsoiling allows
roots to .reach a depth where they are beyond
tho reach of surface evaporation, and mulch
ing the surface, in oxcessivo drouths, keeps
tho water in tho soil for tho benefit of tho
plants.
It is common to hear objections to draining
lands on tho ground that it is worse than use
less in a dry, hot climatoj but it is enough to
state "that even a sandy soil, if drained and
subsoiled, will support a stronger vegetation
afterwards than it ever could before being sub
jected to theso operations. Stirring up the
subsoil only enlarges the area for tho absorp
tion of moisture. It is not necessary to bring
the poor subsoil to the surface; but it should
be loosened so that water will freely sink
through it after the ground has absorbed all
that it can retain. This retained moisture be
comes available for the roots of .plants.
Draining and subsoiling, therefore, tend to
increase tho amount of available moisture in
the soil. To keep it thero for the benefit of
"vegetation, and to prevent its escaping by mere
surface evaporation, we have recourse to mulch
ing. This simply means to cover the surface
with any open, loose-lying material, such as
manure, straw, lan-bark, grass-cuttings, &c.
Whero none of these articles can be made avail
able, the best substitute is a few inches of finely
pulverized soil on the surface; this can always
he secured by tno hoe, harrow, or cultivator.
In tha culture of vegetables and small fruits,
mulching can readily be applied, and it will
add greatly to tho value of any crop. We
would again repeat that the threo principal
operations in soil culture are draining, subsoil
ing, and mulching.
t?hat to plant.
TheI?Kral New-Yorbersays asfollows : " Wesay
plant the Cuthbert raspberry for late, the Han
sel for early both are of a bright red color,
and suitable for market as well a3 for home
use. For a yellow, plant the Caroline. It is
hardy and productive, though not of the first
quality. For canning, or for table use, if you
like a fruit full of raspberry flavor though a
little tart, plant Shaefler's Colossal. It is rather
dark in color for market, and perhaps a little
soft. For a hardy, early red raspberry that i3
sweet and delicious for home use, plant the
Turner. For a raspberry that is excellent in
every way, plant tho new Marlborough. For
tho earliest and most productive of black-caps,
plant tho Souhegan. For a larger and later
black-cap, plant the Gregg. For currants, plant
the Fay's Prolific for red, and the White Grape
currant for white. For grapes, plant the Lady
for earliest white, Moore's Early and Warden
for early black. For later, plant the Victoria
or Pocklington, for light colored j the Yer
gennes, Jefferson, Brighton or Centennial for
red, and the Wilder, Herbert or Barry forblack.
For strawberries, try the CumberlandTnumph,
Charles Downing, Sharpless, Manchester (pistil
late), Daniel Boone, James Tick, Mount
Yernon, Harte's Minnesota, and Kentucky.
You cannot select a-better list for trial, nnlesa
by experience you know already what vari
eties will succeed best on your land."
lUESH eaeth.
In looking over an old gardeaing book
printed in 16S2, we find frequent mention of
tho "virtues of fresh earth." This is recom
mended as a "famous dressing for your orchard
trees and bushes, and for your gras3 plat3," etc.
This old custom., is., worthy of consideration.
One of the moat satisfactory orchards of dwarf
pear trees-which we have ever seen had been
kepfcin grass formanyyears; all that it received
in the way of fertilizing wa3 a sprinkling of
earth spread over the ground in the fall. But
little attention was given to richness of the j
sou usea: ic was procured usually trom tne
corn-field, as being the most convenient to dig
from. The owner insisted that any kind of
have, not been in danger of growing: Vo larga
or taking too much, room. "He usea mainly
wire ibr fencing, though some of the trees are
set near enough to allow xaik to bo bolted
through them.
OWXEESHII 0? STREETS AND KQADg.
At a meeting of the West Michigan Farmers'
Club, at Grand Eapids, Judge Parnsh presented
tho following pointe regarding the ownership
of tho streets and roads: "The owner of land
on which there is a public highway owns th
soil on which tha highway passes, subject to tha
right of the public to use or for tho purpose of
a highway. He la entitled to the timber and
gras3 upon its surface, and the minerals belsw
it are his, and he may maintain trespass for
any injury done to them. There is no common
right of pasture in a highway j you are under
Just as much obligation to restrain your cattla
from destroying tho grass, trees, or herbage ia
the highway along my premises, as you are ta
keep them out of my corn-field, except so faraa
tho public use will permit or deem necessary.'
COLD WEATHER AND XN3ECTS.
A vary general impression prevails that se
ver winters aro prejudical to insect life. Tha
13 notjstrictly correcrr as it & found that inmos
cases insects pas3 more safely through a steady,
oven if severe, winter, than through a mild or
changeable one. Severe and steady cold is not
only favorable to insect hibernation by can3ui
a continued state of torpor, but indirectly ia
preserving them from tha attacks of birds and
other animals, which during such severs
weather cannot reach them in the frost-bound
ground. Mild winters, on tho contrary, gen
erally cause premature activity in insects, ofteat
followed by relapses into the torpid state, and
such changes are prejudicial to their well-being.
Insectivorous animals; also fare better during
such, mild winters.
RYE HAY.
It is known fo many dairymen and others
that rye is a valuable food for stock when cut
early in spring, growing a second or even a
third, crop much more promptly than any of
the ordinary fodder crops, with the exception,
perhaps, of lncern. When cut at the proper
time it also makes a good hay, comparing weE
in its nutritive qualities with good meadow
hay. Eye should be cut before it comes into
full bloom, to obtain the greatest feeding vaiua
from tho fodder. It i3 then eaten more readily,
and a larger per cent, will be digested. It ia &
course kind of fodder, but animals soon learn
to eat it, S3 they do any kind of coursa sweet
fodder.
Eoil answered his purpose, so that it would
Pretty as a Picture.
Twenty-four beautiful colors of the Diamond
Dyes, for Silk, Wool, Cotton, &c, 10c. each. A
child can uso with perfect success. Get at
once at your druggist's. Wells, Eichrdxi &
Co., Burlingtou, Yfc -
crumble down and disappear among the roots
of the gras3. We recall an instance where a
farmer, in removing the surface soil from a spot 1
where he intended putting up some kind ot a
shed, spread it thinly over a portion of
a gra33 field. The soil seemed so poor that it
appeared to us a waste of time applying such
material ; but the spring growth was so marked
whero ths soil was spread that it formed a
striking contrast compared with the portion
which received none. After all there is soma
virtue in fresh earth. .
ALSIKE CXOYEB AS A HOSTEY T-LA2TT.
A writer in tho Germanlown Telegraph says
that Alsike clover is one of the best honey
plants known, and will yield moro honey to the
acre th3n any other field crop. He states that
it is now well established beyond successful
contradiction that it will at least produce five
hundred to eight hundred pounds per acre of
the best flavored honey known. It is far ahead
of the white clover or bass-wood as a honey
plant, and is valuable for hay, producing often
two to three tons to the acre of the best hay for
cattle. Its stems are more succulent and have
less woody fiber than the stems of common
clover, and it is eaten by all stock much cleaner
and without waste. It is as easily cut and cared
for as other hay, and will also produce two crops
in a season, the first crop being the seed crop.
Four pounds is a sufficient quantity of seed to
sow on an acre. It is a hardy clover, and will
stand well in a northern climate. It is a bien
nial plant, so that it is of no use to try to grow
itformore than two years; anew plant should be
seeded yearly to keep up a supply on tho farm.
SILOS.
When 3ilos were first introduced they were
costly affairs compared to what is now proposed.
The introducer of these receptacles for green
fodder had them bnilt of stone and cement, and
made very strong to resist the great pressure
placed upon them. Then we heard of successful
storage in pits dug in tho field without any
building whatever. Now it is announced that
good results have been obtained by merely piling
the cut material under an open shed, the sides
left uncovered, and the pile raised to about
twelve feet in height, on which were placed
planks and stones representing a weight of 24
cwts. per square yard. When fermentation had
taken place this height was reduced to about
three feet inheight. When opened it was found
that about eight inches of the surface was dam
aged, while the interior was in good order and
greedily eaten by stock.
EOOD FOE THE SEASOST.
Thi3 is the season when you should feed root
and vegetable food in conjunction with grain
to your fowl stock, to tako the place of grass
and other green stuff that they were accus
tomed to in mild weather. If poulterers would
believe how valuable and succulent potatoes,
cabbage, turnips and carrots are, when cooked
and mixed with meal and given to tho birds,
it is certain they would make ample provision
for them in the coming of winter. Cooking tho
food in cold weather is moro nourishing than
the old plan of feeding wholly upon raw grains.
It tends to make tho stock more thrifty, and
assists in increasing their steady growth. When
improper and unnecessary work is forced upon
tho digestive organs, disease in its various
types, particularly indigestion, is sure to follow,
and as it is in our power to assist nature in
modifying these changes, a good full breakfast,
warm and fresh, is the best way of giving the
morning meal in cold weather to our fowls.
Poultry Journal.
WILLOWS FOE FENCE POSTS.
One of tho most extensive farmers in tho
Eastern States makes a practice of setting wil
low cuttings for fence posts. Whan grown suffi
ciently high ho cut3 off tho tops, which opera
tion is repeated occasionally, when needed, from
year to year, to keep the tree within bounds.
Ho tried this at first on low ground whore dead
posts quickly rotted br were upheaved,"but as
jpart of tho fence line ran up on high lands ha
tried tho cuttings there also. It was a little
more trouble in gotting them to grow on high
dryland ; but once started, the trees make sufii
ciont growth. Of late years his upland willow
fence posts have given loast trouble, as they
' ASPAEAGtra.
J. B. Moore, of Massachusetts, a successful
market gardener, advises as fellows for the best
treatment of asparagus: " He first plows very
deep, or twelve or eighteen inches, manures
very heavily, and plant3 in furrow3 efghfc
inches deep, gradually filling up as the plants
grow. The rows are four feet apart, the plants
twenty inehes in tho rows. Twice this dia
I tance in the rows, with enough, manure, would
ultimately give finer asparagus aud more of it.
Tho tbicker planting bring3 a fall crop sooner.
Abedi3 in perfection from eight to twelve
f years. He finds time sale 13 ox no use what
ever,
270TELETS.
In California the turkeys aro fed on tho
refuse apples in the orchards. This ma capital
method of using up the fruit, and will tend to
keep insects in check.
Those who exercisfj great cars in tha ocon
omy of feeding cattle, contrive to slightly warm
their drinking water during winter. Thus dees
the application of science progress.
A Michigan fanner cured his -horse of
balking by tying a blinder about his eyes. Ha
soon came to dread the strip of cloth and waa
effectually cured of the habit.
Experience proves that if a cranberry
meadow is well covered with, water during tha
winter, and slightly covered in spring up to
the first week in June, they wiH not be mncix
troubled with worms.
To ME lice on hogs, a local application of
a weak solution of kerosene, or a weak solu
tion of carbolic acid are used where the skin
is not too much, irritated; but any bland oil or
greasei3 said to be almost equally effective and
altogether safe.
r For the mite on hogs, which are emoedded
in the skin, and not merely attached, to ita
surface, ointment of sulphur or tobacco musi
be somewhat thoroughly rubbed in A mix-
I ture of lard and sulphur about five parts to
one 13 recommeuuea.
Water containing vegetable matter may ba
purified by dropping in a gallon of the water
two or three drops of muriated tincture of iron.
In the course of an hour or two the Iron will
carryall the organic matter to the bottom of
the vessel, leaving the water pure and whole
some. This wiR not ourifv water that contains
j noxious gases, such, as come; from drains and
cesspools.
Storing eggs in dry ashes i3 said to pre
serve them fora long tima. A writer says that,
although he is quite fastidious about his eggs,
he has enjoyed those thus kept during a period
of four months, and, in one. instance, a whola
year. The only precautions, after seeing that
the eggs are sound to start with, are to use
tho ashes when they are quite dry, and seo
that the eggs do not touch one another.
The Agricultural College of the University
of California, after extended experimentsupon
the growth of 03ks, both American and Euro
pean, have decided that the English oak (Qtier
ats Eahir) makes the most rapid and thrifty de
velopment. During the first two seasons tho
growth made by this oak exceeded from two to
three times that made by any other; besides
throwing out many mora branches, the seed
lings attained the height of two or three feeti
while th& tap-root was found to reach a depth
of over three feet the first season. Th latior
circumstance explains its remarkable asBiiy to
resist drought when once established, wMck
has also been reported from Australia,
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS.
Our Asrlcnltaral
Editor's Weeklj
Ueaders.
Chat Tf ita lib
I inclose a small sprig: of a beautiful red-barried
parlor plant whieh has been much akned during
the late. Christmas times ; afco, a leaf of a plan
which has a cluster f red berries. If you cart
name them for me, I will be greatly obliged; also
tell me bow best to propagate them, so- that lean
supply my friends. -iVfrs. C. E Lonr Island.
Ans. The sprig is Eivhia JmmiHa? a West
Indian plant, wjjich. has beautiful racemes of
little bright scarlet berries, and makes a very
good house plant. The leaf belongs to Ardisia
cremala, a Chinese plant, which bears abund
antly of red berries very much like holly ber
ries. The best method of propagating both of
these plants is to sow the seeds; they vegetate
freelyand grow rapidly into fine plants.
"What can I do to kill a scaly looking insect on a
cactua plant? It 13 a branching: cactus, brought
from Jamaica by a friend; tbe insects are s& no
merous that I fear tbe destruction of the plant,
nnlesa I can kill themin some way. iL, Delaware.
Arts. Take a tablespoonful of coal oUw or ker
osene, aud place it in a quart of water. Anoint
the plant daily with this ; apply with a soft
brush, andshaka the mixture well jus- befora
using it.
I am about starting fruit-growing In Georgia,
and would like to know if Ths INjltioxu, Tkxb
TCTE can tell me whether tbe Guava jelly planl
will grow there. John S., Minn.
Ans. No; the winters are too severe for it.
I bavo about a dozen Wild Goose plum trees
that bloom every spring, and the plums stick on
until they reach the size of a cherry ; then they all
drop off. Is there any way to prevent them from
dropping off until they get ripe? K. N. Pattersou
Mansfield, Ohio.
Ans. From the above description we surmis
that the fruit is stung by the curculio; for, al
though the Wild Goose plum has been repre
sented as being curculio proof, we know from
experienco-thab it is not so by any means. For
several vears our trees of this variety have
( fared exactly as described above, all owing to
their being bitten by the insect, nuns planted
in chicken yards are rarely injured by this
insect.
Nothing TTroag THth mj Lans3 XowJ
A patient writes nearly a year after using
Compound Oxygen:
"There is nothing wrong with, my lung3
now, and for that I have to thank you mora
than anything else. It is true, there are days
when I do not feel as bright as I could wish,
but if it had not Seen for the Oxygen. I dovibl if I
KOidd le here to feet at dQ."
Our "TfcatiseoTk Compound Oxygen," containing
a history of the discovery aad mode of action
of this remarkable curative agent, and a larga
Tecord of surprising cures in Consumplion,
Catarrh, Neuralgia, Bronchitis, Asthma, etcv
and a wide range of chronic diseases, will be
sent free. Address, Des. Staekey & Fames,
1109 and 1111 Girard St., Phila.
' m '
The question of fence or no feace was paased
upon on the 8th inst. by ths voters of Sichnoftd
county, Ga. Ths majority far aboliskiaglMwe
will bo about 600. This is aa iajertant qw
tion, and public sentiment ia Georgia is grow
ing in favor of doing away with feaces oa l&rjM.
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