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The National tribune. (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, July 17, 1884, Image 2

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Tlie JIalieras and Port loyal Expedi
iions and their Results.
"BY CARtKrOJf." . ,
IWrilien for IV.o 'allonal Tribune
3b thr Bop and Girls ofila United Stales:
In this brief history of the great civil -war I
have made so attempt to give a description of
lattles in chronological ordT, but have en
deavored to picture the proprvssof the war in
diSorent sections of the country. Wo must
.now go back in time to the first year to lffiL
To Domjtrehwid iho greatness of the work
sccomplisbfd by the loyal people of the United
States in the war wc must look at the opera
tions carried on along the Atlantic sea coas-L
It is a long hue of iwast from Chesapeake Bay
to the month of the Biver Jlio Grande. As you
jook st your map of the United States yoa will
see a network oflnlaiid waters along the North
nd South Carolina coasts. If yoa were to oail
Bouth from Hampton Bauds, 150 miles would
bring you to tht head-land of Cape Ilatteras.
That stor.ny capo till sailors -dread, because the
Gulf Stream a great iieatd river in the sea
Bweops along the shallow waters off ilatteras,
proftuciug such changes of temperature that
froqueut storms are the result. The sailora
call it the storoi breeder."
Eound:ng the cape you come to Ilatteras In
let, through which vessels of light draft can
pass into the still waters of Albemarle Sound,
find from thence into Pamlico Sound.
One hundred and fifty utiles south of Hat
teras is Cape Fear Uiver, the stream which
drains a large portion of the territory of North
Going oa to South Carolina, we come to
Cbar!otja Harbor, where the civil war began.
Snath of it is the magnificent harbor of Tort
Eoyal; further south, Tybee Sound, the en
trance to the SavauUah Rivor,and beyond that,
Warsaw xnd Ossabaw Sounds.
You will readily see, therefore, that tho
people of the Xwrth would have needed 3 great
many war skips to establish a blockade of all
thesoRporis of the southern coast, and that in
Epite of th vigilance of the sailors, vessels
from Engiund, with cannon, muskets, ammu
nition ad supplies for the Southern army,
would have little difficulty m sailing into the
harbore at night, and less trouble to slip out
with their docks iiiled with cotton, to bo sold
,t a high jrice in England.
Tojy soon after the first battle of Bull Hun,
"wben the Confederates saw as did the people
of the JJorih that the war was to be a trial of
strength and endurance, they began to build
forts along the coast.
One day, Daniel Campbell, of Maine, who
had been a prisoner in North. Carolina, made his
way to Fortress Monroe, and gave Commodore
Stringhani. who cominaodd the naval vessels
there, tt rrt deal of Yaluable information.
'TJie l k federates are building two forts at
Hatteras Iiiiet, and blockade runners from
Siglaud are passing in and out," he said.
Gen. Butler, after questioning Mr. Campbell,
jBent word to the Secretary of War that it
would 1e an -easy matter to capture these forts.
Going down to Hatteras Inlet, you would
Stave seen a great gang of slaves building Fort
Hatteras, which stands on a point of laud
nearly surrounded by water. The whito waves
of the Atlantic break along the narrow-strip of
sandy beach which is washed on the other side
by the waters of Pantile Sound. The Confeder
ates arc building a bamb-proof large enough to
afford shelter lor 500 men. The bank of sand is
25 feet ia thickness. It is turfed over and
there are 10 heavy cannon mounted two of
them 32-poauders and so placed as to sweep
fhenarrew causeway leading to the main laud.
An army advancing along the beach to charge
the fort would be cut xo pieces with grape and
canister. North or Fort Hatteras is Fort Clark,
jBoautuig seven gens.
On Tuesday, Aug. 27,1801, the Confederate
soldiers in the fort, looking seaward, saw a
Union fleet coming down from the north the
frigate Minnesota, with the flags of Commo
dore ScriBghain and Gen. Batler flying in the
"breeze; the frigate Wabash, the sloop-of-war
Pawnee, and three war steamers, the Mouti
eello, Harriet Lane and Quaker City. There
were also the steamers George Peabody and
Adelaide, with 900 troops on board, commanded
ty Gen Buficr.
It was & short Summer night. At 3 o'clock
n Wednesday mornmg the Bailors were stow
ing away their hammocks, and s.t 4 o'clock
Ifcey were eating breakfast. Tney were very
jolly, for they knew they would sooa have a
-chance to lot tae big guns thunder.
The Cumberland a sailing frigate, the de
struction of which by the Mumtor you have
lready read about came from Fortress Mon
roe with hor white sails spread to the breeze.
The Wabash took her in tow and the whole
JLeefc steamed in towards the forts.
It was nearly 10 o'clock before the vessels
"were raady. 4tnd theB the sides were all aflame
sending & storm of shells juto the forts. Wmle
the cannon were tttuudunug, iSKJ soldiers jump
ed into Wut and rowed toward thebhure. The
-white surf was breaking on the beach, but
they dai&ed tbrougti it, and running up the
beach, formed in line. Boat-load after boat
load laeiod, notwithstanding the waves were J
no high. CoL Weber, of Kew York, com-
.jnanAed Sha -troops. The Confederate cannon
intirt; tort mturaed the fire of lite shijis, but
the fchc'fe 4ver badiy aimed and did no barm.
For teur IrtHtrs the Jxju 'ardinent went on. One
of the UtsoH gunners dropped his rammer
overboard, bet to an instant be was out of the
pott b3e ma diving into the see, picked it up,
ud gpt Wiek to his work btsiore" the officer
-cotfA teftrkoand him. From It) o'clock till
wm, irvm, neon till boh-oc, a marm of bbotls
Tamed jea Uie forts. The -bomifardmeot was
eo lerri&e tlmt tiie Confudenttes pulled down
tbolr Atse. Tbe ai!rs gave a hurrah, and the
Motttieelbs sbmuiod in, whettsoddenly the guns
of Hotter ed upon tlie ship, and solid
6bytro4tJjrottgli her sWei while shells ci-
ploie4 reaud bar. Frcntst2iy. however, the
Ctittate got out. of thuk and saved his ehip
from 4ent2"aetioQ It was n act of perfidy
"wind eTrwi onr brtive Jack tars.
TW rmfod!iites finally abandoned Fors
Ciai. itad lw or three of the .kirafihers.
tinder Capt. Weugel, ran in and hoisted the Stars
jmd ScriiMME. The Confederates in Hatceras.
Ifeloking FortOark was full f Union soldiers,
ojou4 tipetii it with ail tueir guus, wasting
their axnaiuuittett and hurting uo one.
At eenrise the next morning the cannon
again bogus to Lhuuder, and the Confederate
steamer Witislow opened fire upon the troops
on shore, but during tfae night CoL Weber had
placed two howitzers and a rifled jiix-pounder
In peitaes behind an embankment, and the
Winslew was obliged to kwp at proper dis
tance. It whs a grand sight when the Susque
hanna, the Wabash, Minnesota, Harriet Lane,
Pawnee. nd QurabetfaucL one after another,
opened tbear broadeidus upon Hatteras. Com
modore Barron was &is Confederate commander
in tfce fort. Once more the Confederate flag 1
came down, but Commodore Strutg ham paid no
Itewd to it , he was not be deceived a stscotid
time, and the shell kttpt poarmg into the fort
tffi a white flag went up. Then the sailors
Eave a horrak. and let tketaninu eouL More
than TIKI priMners wore captured, with 1.000
mtn&etei and 81 heavy caeuou. Nearly 50 of the
Cotritadutatee bad baeu killed or wounded, while
&ot a Uutou eoUHor or sailor had been injured.
"A Coblodrai rat-hole has been stopped,"
tutu one ot the newspapers.
No longer could English vessels enter and
dopart through Hatteras Inlet, and several
which arrived dnriug the next tow days, un
constfious of danger, were captured, to the great
chagrin of the Captains and crews.
The loss of the forts and their occupation bj
the Union troops was a groat blow to the Con
JoderateB, for now a Union fleet could gain en
trance to Pamlico and Albeuiarlo Sounds, and
Union Army could secure a foothold in North
In nuarlBGL four men Maj. John G.
Banjaroeaginoor; Prof. Alexander Bache,
nperinteadent of the Coast Survey; Capt.
Samuel F. Dupont, and Capt. Cba. H. Davfc,,
f the Navy, aat around a table in a room In the
Jiavy Dejiartmeut at Washington. Thev hail
jnapsf the harbors all along the coastof Caru-
lina And Georgia before them. They talked so
Jw that even themau who tended theaoorcoald
t bw what thy were conversing about.
M W aunt fet yuMmioa, af a kaxfeer coae-
vriiere along the South Atlantic Coast where
our blockers canind refuge inptorms and from
whence thoy can receive supplies'," they said.
Mr. Fox, Assistant Secretary of the Navy 'con
sul ted with them. Thoy agreed upon a plan
which Mr. For took in hand. What is was no
one knew.
Presently tho great Sect of vessels gathered
at Fortress Mouroe. On Oct 29, 50 vessels
vrar ships, ocean stoamcrs and sailing vessels
weighed, anchor and swept out into the Atlan
tic. Tliero -were 3.5,000 troops on board, under
Gen. T. W. Sherman. Tho Captain of each
vessel had a sealed letter in his pocket, which
ho was not to open until he was out on tho
ocean. Not one of the Sea Captains and nono
of tho men and officers in the army, except
Gen. Sherman, knew what the destination was
to be, so well had the secret been kept.
The Confederates had spies at Fortress Mon
roe, and Jefferson Davis knew just how many
vessels there wero in tho fleet and how many
regiments on board, but the spies could only
guess where the blow was to fall.
" It will be Charleston," said the Charleston
newspapers, " for Charleston struck the first
blow." The people of New Orleans were sure
it was to be there.
The fleet, leaving Hampton JBoads, turned
southward. The sea was calm, but very soon
after it had passed the dreaded Hatteras a ter
rible storm came.
One of the steamers sprang a-Jeak, but tho
350 men on board wero rescued by one of
the other vessels. Two vessels loaded with
cattle went to the bottom, while another
steamer went ashore and the men wore captured
by the Confederates. The gale was so heavy
that some of tho war vessels had to throw over
board their cannon. Three put bank to Fort
ress Mouroe with tidings of the disaster, which
filled the hearts of the people of tho North
with dismay at the same time that they made
the Southern people rejoice.
'Tko stars in their courses fought against
Sisera; so the winds of Heaven-fight for South
ern Independence," said one of tho newspapers.
It is very natural for men who believe that
they aro right to think that the Lord is on
their side. The Southern people who, when
they heard, that some ships of the Union fleet
had gone to the bottom, had Tejoiced that God
was fighting their battles, had reason to change
their opinion before another Sunday came.
When the storm was at its worst the Captains
of the vessels opened their sealed orders and
found that they were to rendezvous at Port
Soyal the wide estuary 20 miles north of the
Savannah Eiver. On Monday morning, Nov.
3, the frigate Wabash, the flagship of Commo
dore Dupont, and 25 of the vessels dropped
anchor off Port EoyaL Before sunset nearly
all the vessels were there, and it was not until
then that the people of the South learned where
the blow was to be struck.
m mar
ISCArta Rj;
' -
The Confederates had built two forts to guard
the entrance to the sound Fort Beauregard,
with 20 guns, on the northern side, and Fort
Walker, with 24 guns, on the southern. Gen.
T. F. Drayton commanded Fort Walker. A
litje distance from the fort stood his mansion.
He owned a great deal of land and a large
number of slaves. He had made much money
before the war in raising the beautiful Sea
Island cotton, which commanded a high price.
He had joined, the Confederacy, hut he had a
truebearted, loyal brother Percival Drayton
who was Captain of the Pocahontas, one of tho
war ships of the expedition. The Confederate
engineer who planned the forts did not think
it worth while tobutld any bomb-proofs. Doubt
less be supposed no attempt would ever be made
by the Union forces to gain a foothold on the
islands of South Carolina. ,Gen. Drayton had
JU600 men in Fort Waiker and there were 640
in Fort Beauregard 2,500 in alL There was
a fleet of small vessels in the harbor, carrying
one and two gun3 each, under Commodore Tat
nall a brave old man who had done good serv
ice in the Navy of his country, but who now
was fighting against the old flag.
There is a bar at the entrance to Port Boyal,
10 miles from the fort, and the Confederates
had removed all buoys, but Capt. Davi3 and
Capt, Boutelie, who knew the bar well, soon
had other buoys in place, and before sunset
nearly all the vessels were inside tho harbor,
Commodore Dupont planned to attack both
forts at once, not by steaming in and anchor
ing his ships, but by steaming round in a cir
cle. The harbor between the forts is two miles
wide, and his plau was to steam up towards
Fort Beauregard, pour in a fire, pass tho fort,
and then turn back and rain a storm of sheila
upon Fort Walker. He detailed several of tho
small gunboats to engage Tatnall's " Musquito
fleet," as it was called.
It was 8 o'clock in the morning, Nov. 7,
when the signal flag for battle went cp to tho
masthead of the Wabash. There were 13 ves
sels. The Susqqehanna followed the Wabash,
then came the Mohican, Seminole, and the
other sma.il vessels.
The morning was clear no5 a cloud flecked
the sky. Suddenly Fort Walker tainted to be
afiamft, and every gun aimed at the Wabash,
but the noblo frigate went straight on, making
no reply. The batteries of Fort Beauregard
opened. Still no response! The Susquehanna
followed and .then the Mohiean, both forta
thundering upon them. Then the frigates
spoke, each vessel pouring its broadside at tho
same instant 75 shells screaming through tho
atr at once. On thoy came, steaming elo wly,
t firing delinerately and with accurato aim, oue
by one pouring its shells, now into one fort,
then into the other. For four hours the uproar
went on. In single file the eteamera moved
round in this imaginary circle or ellipse. Then
a portion of the vessels took position in front.
A portion on the flank of Fort Walker deliv
ered a fire which in a few moments dismounted
every gun strewing the ground with killed
and wounded. So terrible was tho fire that
Gen. Drayton's troops fled panic-stricken to the
woods throwing away their guns and knap
There was consternation among tho planters
of the Sea Islands when tho thunder died
away and word came that ihe Yankees had
taken' the forts. One of the planters on Sfc.
Helen's Island came riding home in haste. Ho
had scon the battle eon the Stars and Stripes
go up on the forts and was in a hurry to got
to the main land.
"Get tho negroc3 together qnhsk; we must
leave," he said to his overseer.
The overseer went out to the huts of the ne
groes, but not a negro was to be seen old and
youug, men, women, and children they had
ali disappeared. They had heard the thunder
ing down tho bay. It had set their hearts to
beating, and they thought it the sweetest mu
sic to which they had ever listened. They
knew its meaning. Although ignorant and de
graded, thoy knew that behind that thunder
there was an issue in which they wero con
cerned. "Tho Great Day of the Lord is com
ing," said one of their preachers.
Sam, the planter's bo4y tjervant, heard what
had happened. He ran to the cabins.
"Ta the woods! To the woods! " ho said,
and ia an instant tbey were gone.
When the overseer came to gather up his
44 human cattle," not one was to be found, and
j the planter was obliged to leave without them,
llis wealth had not taken wings, but legs, and
had vanished forever. Never again would he
revel in the wealth thoy had earned for him.
The cannon of the Union war-ships wero thun
dering slavery's doom. With the raising of
tho&tare and Stripes abovo Forts Walker and
j Beauregard, theSea Islands of South Carolina,
with their stately mausions and thousands of
slaves had passed from 'the control-of tho Coa
fedftracy for all time.
Xo U cdfUinutd.1
Ml J" .
B Fit H v K
1 Itl'tS &
Mll.i. W A
list LL""
J? M Ton
The Battle Viewed from a Confederate
Written for The National Tribune.
Buggies' division, Trabue's Kentucky brigade
and detached regiments of othercommands cdm
posed Bragg's lino of defense on the left of the
Confederate line. He says: "This force ad
vanced in the early morning and pressed the
enemy back nearly a mile, securing for our
left flank an eminence in an open field near
Owl Creek, which wo held until near tho close
of the conflict against every effort the enemy
could make. For this gallant and obstinate
defenso of our left flank, which tho enemy con
stantly endeavored to force, wo wero indebted
to Col. Trabue's small brigade in support of
Capt. Barns' battery. Against overwhelming
numbors this gallant command maintained its
position from the commencement of the action
until about 12 o'clock, when our forces on tho
right falling back, it was left outirely without
support Cir in front of our whole' army." Safety
required it to retire. During this time tho
right and center were actively engaged. Withers'
division, in conjunction with portions of Har
dee's and Breckinridge's commands, obstinately
disputed every effort of the enemy. But his
overwhelming numbers (a very largo portion
being perfectly fresh troops), the prostration of
our men and tho exhaustion of our ammuni
tion (not a battalion being supplied), rendered
our position most perilous, and the command
ing General ordered a retrograde movement to
commence on the right. This was gradually
extended to the left, now held by Ketcham's
battery. The troops fell back generally in
perfect order, and formed lino of battle on a
ridge about half a mile in the Tear; Ketcham
retiririg slowly as tho rear guard of the wholo
army. The enemy evinced no disposition to
pursue. After some half hour our troops wero
again put in motion, and moved about a mile
further, when line was formed and final ar
rangements made for our march to Corinth,
the enemy not making tho slightest demon
stration upon us."
Referring to the close of tho battle, Hardoo
says: "Many of our best regiments signalized
in the battle of Sunday by their steady valor,
reeled under the sanguinary battle of tho suc
ceeding day. In one instance, that of the 2d
Tex., Col. Moore, tho men seemed appalled,
fled from the field without apparent cause, and
were so dismayed that my efforts to rally them
were unavailing." The fighting after 1 o'clock
was purely defensive, and Beauregard deter
mined to withdraw to Corinth. "Lines of
troops," says Hardoo, "to cover tho movement
were deployed near Shiloh Church, but tho
enemy slackened in attack and were unable to
follow. Our artillery shelled the woods, but
evoked no reply, while disordered regiments
and stragglers assombling withdrew slowly
without pursuit or molestation to the rear.
Other positions further to the rear were suc
cessivly taken to cover our columns, but no
serious effort was made to follow, and wo with
drew towards Corinth. Thus ended the battle
of Shiloh." Beferring to the conduct of the
Confederate troops, he says, after giving credit
to those who stood by their colors: "Many
straggled from the ranks or withdrew without
orders. Some, allured by the rich plunder,
halted in the conquered camps, and a
few, terrified by the bloody scenes, fled toward
Corinth. From these causes, and the casual
ties of battle, we could not, on Monday, form
in line more than 20,000 men."
It is evident from the reports that the strag
gling in each army was about the Eamo. Tho
sudden onset of Johnston's army at all points
on Sunday morning gave an appearance of im
mense strength to his command. The separa
tion of the camps of the front line rendered it
an ea3y matter to flankthem; and, there being
no defenses, the suddenly-awakened men, new
to the thunder of artillery, the rattling of fire
arms, the shouts of officers and the sudden call
to arms, obeyed the impulse of self-preserva
tion and sought safety in immediate flight,
when it is probable they would have fallen into
line behind breastworks if there had been a
continuous lino, and held Johnston's army at
bay without aid from tho Army of the Ohio.
The Confederates within the first hour laid
the foundation for victory by a fnrious on
slaught upon Hildebrand's brigade, which,
falling back after a brief resistance, widened
the gap already existing between Sherman's
remaining brigades and Prentiss. Into this
opening poured the strong columns of Hind
man and Gladden, opening an enfilading fire
right and left, compelling those divisions to
fall back upon their supports in the rear. Up
to this time there had been no occasion for
panic in the Confederate army. Tho soldiers
found their opportunity when the Union camps
were reached, and all the reports unite in relat
ing how eagerly they embraced it. While the
great bulk of both armies were engaged in a death
struggle at 4 p. m., the stragglers from the ono
were plundering the Union eamx3 and those
from the other were crouching in mortal ter
ror beneath tho bluff at Pittsburg Landing.
The failnro to follow up the success of Sunday
afternoon by Beauregard was equaled by Grant
on Monday. He made no attempt to discover
the position of the enemy after the final charge
of McCook, bherraan and Wallace at 3 p. m.
had forced the Confederates beyond tho line of
the recaptured camps. Early on the following
morning Gens. Sherman and Wood, with two
brigades each, made a reconnaissance towards
the front, and found that tho prey had flown.
The Confederate cavalry made some show of
resistance, but wero scattered like chaff before
the wind.
The division of Lew Wallace, endaugoredby
the" falling baek of gome troops to his left, was
saved from isolation by the 32d Iud. Willich
says: " When, during the last charge, they fired
at too great a distance, I stopped the firing and
practiced them in the manual of arms, which
they executed as if on the parade ground, and
then reopened deliberate and effectual fire."
Boyle s brigade, held as reserve to Crittenden,
was used all along the left, the 9th Ky. com
ing in contact with the Confederate 6th Ky.,
commanded by Col. Lewis, which tho former
drove from the field with heavy Ios3. The 6th
had beeu detachod from Trabue's Kentucky
brigade which fought on the enemy's left.
Tho 13th Ky. was led by Crittendeu to the sup
port of the Fourteenth Brigade, where itform
ed to tho right of tho 11th Ky., and partici
pated in the charge of the 14th before described.
Both regiments behaved with great gallantry,
and received special mention in general reports
of tho battle. Kentucky contributed 12 regi
ments, 314 officers, and 0,170 men; two regi
ments of which, the 17th and 25th, fought on
both days. Buell'a army on the field numbered
21,571). In all the victories achieved in Ken
tucky and Tennessee tho Union men of Ken
tucky attested their loyalty to the General
Government by their valor in tho field, and
sealed the compact with their blood.
Writing of the battle and its results, Van
Horn says, in his history of tho Army of tho
Cumberland: "The compact lines of tho Army
of the Ohio, the absence of all straggling, the
space it occupied in the battle front, tho way it
ivas handled, and the manner qf ita fighting
from flank to flank, give it a record for disci
pline and valor in its first great engagement
that will not suffer in comparison with that of
any other army on any other field of tho war."
In concluding his report Gen. Sherman gener
ously says: "I am now ordered by Gon. Grant
to give personal credit whexo I think it is due,
and censure whero I think il merited. I con
cede titat Gen. McCook'6 splendid division from
Kentucky drove back the enemy along the
Coriuth road, vrkich waff the groat center of the
field of battle, and whero Beauregard com
manded in person, supported by Bragg's, Polk's,
and Breckenridge's divisions." Tho praiao be
stowed by Gen. Shorman upon that portion of
Buell's army whose fighting he witnessed was
equally deserved by the divisions of Nelson
and Crittenden, who fought beyond hia range
of vision.
It has been well said that Shiloh was the
first serious battle fought either in tho East or
West. All those previously delivered wero
mero skirmishes In comparison. It opened the
eye3 of tho people of both sections to the true
nature of tho business which thoy had on hand.
It taught each tho mettlo of the other, and from
that date Federal and Confederate entertained
a wholesome respect for his adversary very
different from tho vainglorious imnsense with
which each took tho field. The Northern sol
dier no longer anticipated an almost bloodless
promenade to tho'Giuf and an only-90-days'
term-of servico. ono and dissipated forever
was the SoutherKsoldwr's pleasing delusion
that " one of outboya' could " whip threo
Yankees." When that terrible grapple on the
banks of tho TeniiefiscoThad closed, tho ground
"drenched with fraternal blood" and covered
with more than 20,"000 dead and wounded men,
bore startling testimony to the character of the
contest. The boldest tdight well hold their
breath, appalled athofierco work of the future.
If after Shiloh thipoldfisra of tho contending
armies realized tsor,f?of fighting which was
before thorn ; if the two peoples wero less thor
oughly aroused tean appreciation of tho tedi
ous and tremendous sjaflin to which their pa
tience aud euergies would bo subjected, it is
also tho fact that, the respective Governments
know for the first time how vast wero the diffi
culties and strenuous the task with which each
wero confronted. In short, that which people,
Eoldiery, and administration, on either side,
had fondly believed would be a briof and almost
bloodless campaign, 'resulting in easy victory
and comparatively i nocuous triumph, suddenly
gave proof that it was but the beginning of a
stubborn and exhausting warfaro of years, tho
cost of which, in lijfo and treasure, no man
could compute.
Both sides could find Teason for pride in the
conduct of the battle, hut its results was in
Eome measure a disappointment to each. Tho
North, in spite of her measurless confidence in
her resources and her just reliance on tho
resolution and fortitude of the hardy volun
teers who filled her ranks, discovered that she
had underrated her antagonist, and success, if
certain in tho end, was nevertheless remote.
Tho best proof of what conclusions were drawn
from the conduct and issuo of the battle is
found in the entire change of tho Union tactics
from that day. Thorf bayonet was exchanged
for the spade, and tho'grand march was turned
intp a siege of the Soufiu The South, on the
other hand, learned then and thero that the
permanent invasion which she deemed impos
sible was an accomplished fact; that tho Union
columns which had penetrated her territory
were not to be so inevitably routed and rolled
back so soon a3 struck by her massed armies,
as she had implicitly believed. The extent
and tenacity of the Northern purpose was sud
denly revealed to her, and history will record
of her -people that nutting aside the dreamy
folly and braggart humor of tho earlier days of
the Confederacy, .they bent their wholo
strength to tho support of a cause which, had
it been a better ono, deserved to be colled
K.'1'i. Wd. il's'g. Total.
JHnt Division Moj.-Gen.
John A.McClernand.
Staff 2 , 2
First Brigade-1.) Col. A.
BLHare fW'dl: (2.1 CoL
M. M. Crocker ., 104 47 9
Second Brigade Col. O. O.
ilarsh ..,....... 80 475 30
Third Brigade (1.) CoL .
Julius Ruith (M. w'd): (2.)
Lieut-Col. E. P. AVoodiL- C6 393
Not brigaded .C.-.. S 85
Second? Division (L) Brig.-
Gen. W. H. L. Wallace "
(JL w'd); (2.) CoL J. M.
A UlllQiMtti.iitiiifiiiMyMu
First Brigade CoL James
M.Tultle - .
Second Brigade (L) Brig.
Gen. John MoArthur
(W'd); (2.) CoL Thomas
Third Brigade (L) Col. T.
89 143 678
C9 470 11 530
W. Sweeney (W'd): (2.)
Col. S. D. Baldwin............ 127 501 619 1,247
Not brigaded...... .. 5 58 63
27nYd Division Maj.-Gon,
Lewis Wallaep. ,,
First Brigade Col. rorgtf a
L. Smith IS 114 ...... 1S2
Second Brigade Coi.-John
3L Thayer. 29 S3 3 122
Third Brigade Col. Charles
Whittlesey ...r.';.. 3 32 1 35
Not brigaded ,........ 1 G ...... 7
Fourth Division Brig.-Qon.
S. A. Hurlbuu
First Brigade (1.) Col.N. G.
Williams; (2.) CoL Iaaao
C. Push......... 112 532 43 687
Second Brigade Col, James
O. Vjeatch. : "... 130 492 8 630
Third Brigade Brig.-Gen.
J. G. Lauuian..... 70 384 4 453
Not brigaded i- 5 33" 55 94
FifUi, Division Brig.-Gen,
W. T. Sherman (Wd)..X ...... 1 1
First Brigade ColS J. .it.
McDowell J. ... 137 444 70 651
" 70,.
Second Brigade (L CoL
David Stuart fw'd);f'2)
Col. T. Tv. Smith..-,....
Third Brijrade Col. J. Hil
debrand .f TTT,.
Fourth Brigade Col. K.P.
Buckland ,......'.
Not brigaded
Sixth Division Brig.-Gen.
2. M. Prentiss (captured).
First Brigade CoL .Everett
Peabody (K'd) ...,. j
Second Brigade Col. Madi-
son Miller (C'd)
Unassigncd troops...
First Division
Second Division-. ....... .......
Third Division
285 1,372 85 1,712
270 1,173 1,306 2,749
41 251 4 296
817 1,441 111 1.S69
825 1,277 299 1,901
236 28 1,003 2,172
39 159 17 215
Fourth Division
Fifth Division ...
Sixth Division,
Una3signed ,
Total Army of tho Ten
nessee 1,513 6,601 2,83010,944
X'l'd. W'd. M'a'g.TotaL
Second Division Brig.-Gen,
A. McD.iTcCook.
Fourth Brigade Brig.-Gen.
L. il. Kotisseau -.. .....
Fifth Brijrade Col. -E. N.
23 233 8 311
34 31Q 2 .815
25 220 2 217
L 13 ...... 14
16 106 B 130
43 337 1 403
23 138 11 178
2 2
83 213 13 253
25 157 10 192
Kirk ( Wd) . 34
Sixth Brigade Col. W. H.
5tb U. S. Art., Bat. H
Fourth Division Brig.-Gen.
William Nelson.
Tenth Brigade Col. Jacob
Ammen. ,-.......
Nineteenth Brigado Col.
William B. Hazcn ............
Twenty-second Brigivlo
Col. S. D. Bruce il,...
2tl Ind. Cav..
Fifth Division Brigv'Gan.
T. L. Crittenden,
Eleventh Brigade Brig.
Gen. J. T. Boj'lc
Fourteenth Brigade Col.
W. S. Smith
Not brigaded.
Second Division
Fourth Division ,
Fifth Division ....
Sixth Division ...
Total Army of the Ohio. 2111,897 55 2.103
Grand total Armies of tho
Tennessee and Oljio 1,754 8,408 .2,885 13,017
It is probable that a number nearly equal to
those entered as killed in action subsequently
died of wounds received in this battle.
Third Corps , .
Beserve ......,, , 6,439
Total Infantry anil artillery. 35.953 25 555
Grand total .....'..?. X 40,335 29,636
DifTerence. ......,.-. ....';.;. ..'..,...... 10,699
Casualties in battlaof jShiloh: Killed, 1,728;
wounded, 8,012; nin a9.
Deducting thcliumbbr of troops captured
from Prentiss's and W. H. L. Wallace's divis
ions 2,290 from fhe losses on tho Union side,
it will bo obscrvodthat the casualties aro about
To be conflmled in our next.
Ltfes Pro) nn god. '
Many to whom 0 eueWageraont could ba
offered, disease having progressed so far that no
chance of arresting it sfiemed to remain, have
been promptly relieved, aud their live pro
longed and rendored'comparatively comfortable,
by tho new Vitalizing Treatment of Drs.
Starkey & Palen, 1109 Girard St., Philadelphia.
Many more, who have been suffering for years
and almost incapacitated for work, are now in
tho onjoyment of a good degree of health and
able to engage actively In tho business, profes
sion, or household duties which have been
Wholly or partially abandoned. It is wonder
ful what cure1? in o-called " desperate cases "
are being made by this remarkable Treatment !
If any ouo requiring tho aid of such a treat
ment will write to Drs. Starkey & Palon, they
will promptly mail such documents aud reports
of-cases as will' enable him to judge of its value
for himself.
My two boys have received Iholr watches, and
affe awfully proud of them. They n tll ji3t how
long it takes to plough oach row of corn. Many,
many thanks. C. 0. Brown, Circtsyillo, Kan.
Tliat Hailroad Yap His Famous
Eidc-r-leeVLast Ditch.
JWriilen far Ths National Tribune.
Tho writer called tho attention of Gen.
Sheridan, the other day, to a stoty that is
going the rounds of the newspapers, to the
effect that when he and Sec. Lincoln were
going to Sandusky on their fishing excursion
lasc May thoy boarded tho limited express
on the Pennsylvania Bailroad; that the con
ductor refused to recognize their passes;
that they rofused to pay ; that he threatened
to put them off, and that thoy finally paid aud
reported the matter to tho President of tho
Boad, who wrote them an apology and refunded
the money.
Tho General laughed and said it was a very
interesting story, but was not exactly true" in
somo of the essential points.
" We did go to Sandusky," he said" that
much ia true and wo did have passes; but we
didn't board thq, limited express or any other
train on the Pennsylvania Boad, for that line
doesnot go to Sandusky. We wont by tho Balti
more & Ohio; the conductor didn't refuse to
recognize our passes, but accepted them and
treated us with tho greatest courtesy. Ho
didn't threaten to put us off, and we didn't pay
him any money. I didn't write to tho Presi
dent of the Boad, and didn't receive an apology
from him. Otherwise the story ia true."
Getting back to army reminiscences, I asked
the General if it was true that ho never issued
an encouraging order to hia soldiers before an
engagement, or a congratulatory one after.
"Only once did I do such a thing," here
plied, "and that was when I was green. It
was after the battle of Missionary Eidge, and
then I congratulated the boy3 on tho good
work, they did. But thoro was too much of
that sort of foolishness in tho war, and I didn't
care about sharing it My soldiers didn't need
that sort of thing, you know, and I don't be
lieve in buncombe in or out of tho army.
" I knew that the men realized as well as I
the importance of their duty, and thoy knew
that I believed in them ; 80, yon see, it wasn't
necessary. They shared with me the joy of a
victory, and wouldn't have felt better about it
if I had issued a thousand otders. Then, again,
you kuow, the largest number of buncombe
orders were issued by unsuccessful command
ers to cover their failures and divert attention
from dofeat."
It may be said of Sheridan that, whilo few
Generals were so much talked about during
the war, ho never blew his own horn. He was
never what is ao often called a "paper Gen
eral;" never announced what bo was going to
do, and never boasted after he did it. After
his last campaign, which crushed the tottering
rebellion, he would have been pardoned for at
least one triumphant pean of victory, but ho
did not even take part in the grand review at
Washington. He modestly unsaddled his horse
and took tho cars for Texas without so much
as a word of farewell or congratulation to the
country or to tho army he had so successfully
The General tells a very interesting story
about that last campaign against Lee, and ths
incidents of the surrender.
It will be remembered thatlie neaded off Leo
at Appomattox Court-house, and captured 11
train3 of supplies which were waiting for him
there. When Lee found out that he had no
stores or ammunition for his army, and that
his retreat was cut off, ho sent a flag of truce,
which Custer received and conducted to Sheri
dan. The two armies laid on their arms wait
ing for Grant, who was on hia way to the front.
In the meantime Sheridan and some of his
Btaff started to ride over toward Appomattox
Court-house, when they wore fired upon by a
regiment of rebels, half-concealed among some
underbrush. The General and his party waved
their hats toward the place where the shots
came from, and made all sorts of demonstra
tions to silence the unexpected and mysterious
attack; but to no purpose. Finally the Con
federate officer who brought the flag and Major
Allen, of Sheridan's staff, rode over to see what
the matter was.
They found a South Carolina regiment,
jvhpso Colonel,, in a grandiloquent tone, in
formed, them that the war wasn't over, and
that ho aud his regiment did not recognize the
authority of General Lea to make terms for
peaco. "Be Gawd, sir," exclaimed this gallant
Johnny, "South Carolinians never surrender I"
The two officers rode back to Gen. Sheridan,
who, with his party, had retired under cover,
and reported to him the situation. The Gen
eral called Custer aud told him there was one
regiment over in the brush which hadn't got
enough of it, and it would be well for him to
go over there and "snuff it out."
Custer ordered hia bugler to sound "for
ward," and at the head of a regiment dashed
across the interval which lay between the two
armies, which were drawn up in long line3 and
stood at rest. Itwas a beautifulSundaymorn
iug a perfect Spring day and the sight of
that regiment, with Custer's long tawnv hair
as their banner, dashing at fuU gallop across
the fields, evoked a cheer from both armie3.
Meantime, Sheridan had reached the Court
house, where he met Gen. Gordon, recently
Senator from Georgia, and Gen. Wilcox, who
had been hi3 classmate at West Point, but whom
he had not seen for many years. Wilcox has
since been a door-keeper of tho United States
While this party were sitting on tho steps of
the Court-house, chatting familiarly over th8
situation, heavy mustetry was heard in the
distance. Gordon looked up in anxiety and
alarm, and asked one of his aids to ride over
in that direction aud find out what it meant.
"Never you mind, General," said Sheridan.
"It's all right. I know what it means. Cus
ter is over there having somo fun with a South
Carol iuiau who never surrenders." "
Gordon insisted upon sending the officer to
'stop the fight, but before ho got there the
doughty Coionol had presented Custer with a
very-much battered sword. It was the last
gasp of the Army of Northern Virginia.
I showed the Genoral another newspaper
story, which represented that he was familiar
with several Indian languages, and that when
ho went among the red men ho never required
the services of an interpreter.
"I wish it was true," ho responded; "but it's
only ono of the many fictions that have beon
printed abont me in the papera. I don't know
why people get up these yarns," he said, " and
it's very provoking to be compelled to confess
that one lacks accomplishments that are uni
versally attributed to him. Tho only Indian
language I know is tho Chinook, a dialect that
is used by all the tribes on the Northern Pacific
slope, a sort of court language which is used in
great councils. All the tribe3 understand it,
and converse together in that exclusively when
they meet in great pow-wows. I learned it
when I was serving as a Lioufconant up iu Oro
gon before tho war, and have forgotten most of
the words; but those dialects are easily picked
up when ono has onco learned thorn."
Beferring to the poem of " Sheridan's Side,"
I asked tho General if he had ever met tho
"Yes," he replied; "I know Mm woll. I
first met him before tho battle of Stono Bivor.
He was a guc3l at the headquarters of Gen.
Eosecrans, and staid with us a good while."
" Do you know how he happened to write
" Yos. I have heardhim toll about it a great
many timos. There are ft number of stories
floating around, but I'll give you tho true one,
as Read told it to me. James E. Murdock sug
gested the idea."
" Murdock, tho elocutiouist? "
" Yes ; he was an actor at ono of tho Cincin
nati theaters at the time, and a great friend of
mine- He lost a son at tho battle of Missionary
Eidge Murdock did and camo down there
to get tho body. Tho enemy occupied tho placo
whore the boy was buried, and the old man
remained there a guest at my headquartera.
Hensed to ride the lines with me, and always
used the black horse ' Bienzi, ' that was after
wards called ' Winchester,' and became very
fond of him. Things wore very exciting down
there, and Murdock saw a good deal of war.
Sundays ho always road and recited poems to
the troops around headquarters, and thero
was one pocin of Browning's that was always
called for. It was a great favorite with the sol
diers and with me, and wo never let iim off
without xeciting it. It was the rido fronvGhenfe
to Aix yon remember it.
' Well, after the h&ttle of Cedar Greek then
was published in Harper's Weekly a atory of asy
ride from Winchester, and a picture of mo on
the black horse Eienzi. Murdock saw it aud
took it up to Bead, suggesting that it was 1 good
theme for a poem. Murdock had just seen an
officer who was there, aud gave, him,a descrip
tion of tho affair, and Read jumped at the idea.
Ho shut ihimsolf up in his room, wrote the
poem that afternoon, had his wifo tnaks a copy,
and sent it over to Murdock's house as sooa as
it wasdone, to see how heliked it. Murdock was
very much pleased, aud that night read ths
poem at tho theater between the acts.
" So it got into the newspapers, where I first
saw it."
" It is said that you have tho original manu
script?" " No; I never saw it."
"How did Eead happen to point the pic
ture?" " He did it on an order from the Union
League Club, of Philadelphia. They sent him
down to New Orleans, where I was stationed,
and I sat for him there. He was going to Rome
that Fall, and could not finish it, but made
some sketches and then completed the picture
at Rome. I never had a copy of the picture,
bat he afterwards gave mo the sketches, which
I still have at my house"
"Who were with you on that rid?"
" Saudy Forsy the and Col. O'Keefo, of my
staff. Forsyth ts down in New Mexico now,
Lieutenant-Colonel of the 4th Cav. CKeef
was killed at battle of Five Forks."
Aa Old Seek Presented to ths Attcleat aad Baa ar
able Artillery Ceapcajv
Boston Globt.)
Henry E. "Raymond has recently presented to
the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company,
through Col. John L. Stevenson, Chairman of
fhe Committee on Museum and Library, a book:
entitled ''Militario Discipline; or, the Young
Artillery Man' published in London in 1647.
It is described on the title page as a book
"Wherein is discoursed and shown the Post
ures both of Musket aud Pike, the Exactest
way, etc., Togethor with the Exercise of the
Foot in their motions with much variety; As
also, Diverse and several Forms for the Em
battelling 3tnall or greater Bodies, demonstrated
by, the number of asingleCorapany, with their
Reducements; Very Necessary for all such as
are - Studious in the Art Military. Whereunto
is also added the Postures and Beneficial use of
tho Half-Pike joyned with the musket. With
the way to draw up the Swedish Brigade." On
the lower part of the page Is Psalm cxliv., I:
" Blessed bo the Lord my strength, which teach
eth my hands to warre, and my fingers to fight."
On the reverse of the title page 13 written 1
"Thomas Leonard his booke," followed by:
"Samuel Leouard his book That was his
father's " on one of the leaves. In the back of
the book, under date of March 19, 1725, is
written: "Now it is Samuel Leonard's book."
The manual for the fire-lock is as follows:
1. Take heed of your exercise and carry
your arms welL
2. Jqyn your Eight hand to your fire Lock.
3. Poise your fire Lock.
4. Joyn your Left hand to your firs Leek.
5. Cock your fixe Lock.
6. Present.
7. fire.
8. Eecover your arms.
9. half bend, your fire Lock.
. 10. blow your pans.
11. handle your primer.
12. prime.
13. shnt your pans.
14. Change Over to the Left.
15. handle yottr cartradge.
16. Cap your cartradge.
17. Load with cartradge.
18. Draw forth your ramrod.
19. hold them up.
20. Shorten it att your Breast.
21. fix them in thonozel.
22. Bam down your Charge.
23. withdraw your Ramrods.
24. hold them up.
25. shorten it to a handfoL
26. Eeturn your Ramrod.
27. Joyn your Eight hand under yonr lack.
23. poise your fire Lock.
29. Shoulder your fire Lock.
30. Rest your fire Lock.
31. order your arms.
32. Lay down your arms.
33. take up your arms.
34. Rest your fire Lock.
35. Club your fire Lock.
35. Best your fire" Lock. ' ' "
37. shoulder your fire Lock.
Then comes the exercise with the bayonst:
1. Take heed to your exercise.
Joyn your Right hand to your fire Lock,
poise your fire Lock.
Best upon your arms.
Draw forth your Baggonet.
screw your Baggonet.
7. Charge with Baggouet breast higi.
8. push your Baggonet.
9. shonlder, &c.
Then comes tho grenadiers' exercise:
1. Take heed.
2. Joyn your right hand to your fire Leek.
3. poise your fire Lock.
4. handle your slings.
5. sling your fire Lock.
6. handle your mach.
7. draw forth your granada.
8. Cap your fuse.
9. gard your fuse with your thusA, .
10. Blew your mach.
11. fire and deliver your granad.
12. handle your slings.
13. poise your fire Lock.
14. shoulder your fire Lock.
The preceding manuals were found in manu
script attached to tho book and were undoubt
edly intended for the use of some commanding
officer. In the body of the book, under the
heading of "The Manner of Arming the Mhs
keteer, and Postures of the Musket," are soma
queer passages : " Now, if you please, you may
perform your saluting Posture." "Cast off
your loose Corries " undoubtedly referring to
kernels of powder. " Blow your coalo, cock
fit your match, Guard your pan, Blow the ash
from your coale, Open your pan. Present upon
your Rest, Give fire breast high," etc
In a chapter entitled " Of tho Postures of the
PBt," it says :
Wherefore, that wee may observe Order in
our proceeding, we will likowise conceive their
Pikes to lie in like manner before them on the
ground: And then, as before, the first command
will be, to stand to their armes.
Which i3 to diarge with the Bat-er.d of your
Pike at tho inside of your rigTii foot, yonr Piko
in tho left hand, drawing your Sicord over ths
left artne.
Charge to ihe-j Left
Order yonr Pikes, and put up your Sword.
Note that these charges at the Foot, aro to
receive a desperate enemy on Horse, upon a
stand in some strait or other placeof advantage,
the Muskettoers to give fire over the Pike
men's head3, or elsewhere, at the discretion of
the Commander.
A Cass of Twins.
I thought at ono time that The Tribune
was rather shielding Mr. Dudley, but I sea it
is now taking off its gloves. I have about
come to the conclusion that Commissioner
Dudley is a twin-brothor to J. A. Bentley.
Samuel Fritz, Ft. Smith, Ark.
IT IS S-l!aj-JE
(Sif ia cactec BrisfeVs
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iipoas, cosra.
Mention Ths National Tribune.
G. A. R. CAIvBSt Badge iu aoterswita ami
and address, Co. and Reg't, nana of Past, ttx.
neatly printed for ib&. Wft r7T. Address
Comrade N. W BOWD.WinJWd.Cona.
Mention The National Tribcm.
; pi. ufivH ?lni !U;;:iaa5aafb Sheet,
Mention The National Tribuas.
fjn Elegant CHROMO CARDS with name, He AjVa
J USampIe Book SScta. Mtmaoa Bres Me. Carmel, Ct,
Mention The National Tribuna.
CO Stla SalifW
CoWen B-iutles.
Cord tsiJoMftf-fkh.'5''?
sane tOo.5pactxan.-ithUtte&atfol KmhdSvid Sir Hter 5M
Mention The National Tribuna.
fjn ChromoCirIs,tiotwoaICce,naasaon,lCc.,6pts.an4
JU Cant Caw 5ets. MUUe Card Co.Mt. Cancel. CX
Mentiou Th Nation! Trilmtw,
Swift's Specif.c fa entirely a vejfeiabla preparation,
and should not be confounded, with the vsnons sub
stitutes, imitation-, uon-seeret humbug?, "Succtai
Alternns," etc.. etc, which are now beinu mans
faetured by various persona. Nono of those eontsla
a bUifjle article whieh enters into the composition of
S. S. a There is only one cwiffs Specific and thr
Is nothing in the world like it. To prevent dlaajinc
and disappointment, be sure to get the gennlna.
Swift's Speetlie ia a oouipleta antidote to Bleoi
Taint. Blood Poison. Muiarial Pobon and Skin Hn
raour. J. Dicksos Smith, M. D.. Atlanta, Ga.
1 have had remarkable uuccciW with Swiftrs Sp
cifie in the treatment of Blood and Skin Disease,
and in Female Dwoaee. I took it my self for Oss
bunclea with bapoy effect.
D. O. a HE2KT, M. D.. AtlanU. Ga
I naed SwlfUsLSpecific on ruy little Janjrhtarwh
was afflicted with some Blood Poison wlnolrhad re
sisted uil torta of treatment. The Specific relieved
her ucrniRncntly, and 1 shall iue it in my practice.
W. E. BnoSTK, M. D., Cyprcas Eidea. Aric;
Oar treaties on Blood and Skin Dis maUeJ
free to applicants.
SWIFT SPECIFIC CO., Drawer 3, AUaata.&t.
New rorfc O.lke.159 West 2Sd St.
5&L ft T JTT
B-rf 2
1 SaJp
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r ss5 a!
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