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The National Tribune.
,. is CAhi nn mm mm two ounni. inc i iic, jam rust
MR widow and orphans." Abraham Lincoln.
tioncd." Sec , Art. XIV, Constitution of the United
errt or the soloier pubuehed in the country. I earnestly
Paul VAnDERvoofrr,
CosouKKiMN-CHicr. G. A. R.
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The National Tribune,
615 Fifteenth St., Washington, D. C.
The National Tribune.
WASHINGTOtf, D. C, JULY 17, 1834.
To any persoa who win send, us
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THE TRIBUNE we will present
a. npcv ""W&terbiiry watch, iuelosed
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"! i m !! .i I.
2. The Tvatjokai. Teieukc employs no agents.
Jt has man' olunteer cauvasscrs. and they are
generally honest and iaithfui; but persons who
onfidelbcir subscriptions to them inust be their
to judges of their responsibility.
The Katxokal Teieoke will only be sent on ro
c5pt of the Bubseription pries.
. Tee National, Tiuboxe does not keep any
cpenaceoinile whatever. The low price at which
itis furnished renders it necessary that its manae
saent should be on a cash basis. Orders tjotacccm
jwnsed with eabU will rcociv no attention.
ILlnrcnevriiijj.eubscribcrs hbould be careful to
tend us lb label on tlie last jjapor recei-ed, and
peafy any corrections or changes they desire made
In name or address. Always give the old as -well
a the new address.
i. PerKJiie who receive Bam pi o copies of The
JCatjokai. TimirsE should see to it thai they reach
tiiose who wdl be likely to subscribe for it, and
ttzge thcin to -do so nt once.
6. Wc do not return xsommunications or manu
ariptsun1es3 they are accompanied by a request
to that cITlci and the necessary postage, and under
o circumstances guarantee their publication at
sb (tecuu dale.
"We IfiMic, this week, a large extra edition,
vfeiefa. Including regular subscribers, -LU
reach 150,090 copies.
Omrades wlio intend going- into
Cfwp at Minxieanolis should order
aU letters to be addressed to
Camp Beath, Minneapolis, Minn,
1 Mil i. - ,-, -
We ure indebted to Commander-in-Chief
Beech, of the Grand Armyf for the following
fficM return, showing the growth of the
Grand Araiy during his administration.;
Jane 30, 1SS3.... ...1T8.311
1st e.r. opt. 30, 1883. ..... Hi,47
A &r. liec 31, 1SS3 ,.,..,,... yi0,32S
M r.HIarelt 31, 1884 233,193
44fc st-June 30, 1SS4 SCI.OOO
Gain daring the ynar.-T. ,... 72.IS9
51ie returns for the last quarter are from 26
Iefrtment6 only.
' II !- ..1 .
The most valuable of military works is un
toubtcdly the Eekdiaan Record, the official pub
lication of the War Department Volumes
dg, two, three and live of this work are now
ut of print, but The -Teiboke has managed
to-secure a complete set (eleven toI nines) and
wHl send the st to any address on receipt of
H7, Address simply The Natioxax Txmj
VKE, "Washington, D. C
"Life of Gen. Locan," which Teje
XATlOKAi TjtcsuKE now has in press, is, in
ftddition to its being the only genuine and
Authentic life of Gen. Logan, a book of deep
interest from rst to last. It was written by c
gentleman of Hue scholarship, and the author
f several very successful books. He was given
Access to all of Gen. Logan's private papers
and memoranda, and undertook the work as a
labor at love, to make a. book that would be &
sjonunicnt to its Eubject and its author. The
book abounds in stirring incidents any record
f Gen. Logan carecrmustbe fall of those its
stories of cstnp, battle, march and siege are
splendid bits of description and literary art,
said the whole has a captivating ewing to it
that holds the Teader's attention irom tho first 1
page to the last.
The book 36 gotten up in tho best possiblo 1
tyle, witts clear, distinct typo, on heavy white
Hye:. Its 300 pages, handsomely bound in
doth, make a very attractive volume, which
Bells at the low price of $L Books of that size
and make-up tisually sell for $L50, but as Tux.
National Tiubpne expects to sell un enor
mous qoanUty of them, it has pat the price low
iown. Evry eoldier and Bailor in tho country
should have one. Scud your money in early,
for the orders will be filled in the order re
ceived, and there wiU bo quite a rush for
liielwok the moment it is put on the market
fifec advertisement on another page.
fVe fehaH print in the next issue of The
Teibuse the full is:t of the address to be de
livered "by Gen. E. B. Beath, Coauiuuider-ia-Chief
of ihe Grand Army, at the next annual
Jincampment, together with a carefally pre
pared dige3tof the reports of the national offi
eerjs so far as they may be ready for publication
at that time. -Gen. Bealhfs address and these
Mperis will enable er reader te obtaia as
esact idf3s of ihe actaal conditioaof tho Grand
Ariay &t the dse of tho administration year,
July 1, 1SS1, and will bo of tho greatest value
for future reference. It is true that by the
order of tho National Encampment sovcral
thousand copies of the address and reports are
printed in book form every year, but of course
it is impossible to supply every comrade with a
copy, and their publication in The Teibune
will therefore be of tho greatest possible inter
est and valuo to tho Order. In onr Issue of
July 44 wo shall also print a foll-report alike
of the proceedings of tho ISth National En
campment of the Grand Army, the second
annual Convention of the "Woman's Itelief
Corps, and the National Soldiers' Ecunion
which is to be held at Minneapolis in connec
tion with both. Tho remotenes3 of Minneapo
lis from our office of publication will mako it
difficult to present a complete report in that
issue, but we hope to accomplish that feat with
the aid of our representatives there, among
whom, as already announced, will be Past
Commander-in-Chief Paul Van Dervoort and
Mrs. Kate B. Sherwood, Senior Tico-Prcsident
of the National Belief Corps.
In a leading editorial on tho platform and
nominees of tho Bepublican party, which ap
peared in theso columns immediately after tho
Chicago Convention had completed its work,
we expressed tho opinion that tho association
together, on the same ticket, of tho names of
Blaine and Logan was a most auspicious cir
cumstance, and calculated to fill tho hearts of
our veterans with joy and satisfaction, yet we
urged them, nevertheless, to ,at onco "turn
their attention to tho choice of candidates by
tho Democratic Convention," and especially to
"see to it that the issue was as clearly present
ed and as great an influence exerted there to
compel the recognition of their Tights."
That convention ias now completed its la
bors, and as tho record of its action is before
the country, the time has come, it seems to us,
when every veteran in the land should calmly,
dispassionately, and in the light of the most
accurate information ho can obtain, decide for
himself which of tho several parties and nomi
nees it is to the interest of himself and his fellow-soldiers
toaupport in the approaching cam
paign and vote for at the Presidential election.
For our own part we may say that tho nomi
nation of Cleveland and Hendricks by the
Democratic Convention has made it easy for
us to come to a conclusion, and while we do
not take it upon ourselves to dictate how any
individual eoldier or sailor should vote, Eave
only that he should be able to justify his action
to his reason and his conscience, we shall not
hesitate to plainly state the grounds of that
Why should The Naxxoxax. Tbibuxe ad
vocate tho election of Blaine and Logan, rather
than that of Cleveland and Hendricks?
Let us first consider the character of the can-
didates and their records. The Presidential
nominee of the Democratic party is compara
tively an obscure and unknown man. It is
true that he was identified with the Citizens'
Eefornx movement in BuiXalo a few years ago,
and became Mayor and finally Governor in
consequence, and that as Goveraor he has done
some praiseworthy things, yet the fact still re
mains that he knows nothing of national af
fairs and ias displayed none of the qualities
that are requisite to the satisfactory discharge of
a President's duties. Aside, however, from his
UHfitness in this respect, he is unworthy to fill
the Presidential chair by reason of his attitude
towards our ex-soldiers and the laboring classes,
in which onr veterans are not ashamed to bo
included. We do not propose to make the point
against him. that when the country's -very lifo
was menaced and the Nation called for her sons
this ambitious youth, then in tho early flush
of manhood, was content to remain at home
and nnconcernedlypursue those law studies
which, presently led to his first political ap-
1 pointment. His reasons for not seizing the op
portunity, which so many of our youthful
patriots embraced, to serve his country, may
have been entirely creditable to him, but it
should not be forgotten that he must necessar
ily be lacking, therefore, in that acquaintance
with the principles involved In the war, and
that personal sympathy and regard for the men
who brought it to a triumphant close, that are
essential to the administration of the affairs of
this Government in a spirit of justice to our
veterans. It is true that at tho dedication of
the Soldiers' Monument at Buffalo, on the 4th
of July, he made a patriotic speech, but unhap
pily for him, the Tecord shows that as Governor
he vetoed a number of meritorious bills in tho"
Interest of our ex-soldiers and the Grand Army
and did equal injustice to the laboring classes
of New York by refusing his assent to measures
intended to deliver the people from tbo clutches
of the elevated railroad monopoly. So stanch
a Democrat as Mr. Tilden even has admitted
this to bo the fact, and ironically observed that
' he is very popular outside of his own State."
ThB Chicago delegate who said Mr. Cleve
land's nomination was like taking the chances
of a lottery it might be a Moses and it might
bo a false prophet exactly expressed the opin
ion of all sensible men. The truth is, that
even by his own party he is looked upon as
an experiment, and as an ardent supporter of
tho soldiers' causa Thk National Tbibuwe
will certainly never advocate the election of any
man to the Presidency whose devotion to the
interests of our veterans has not been attested
by deeds as well as words.
A very different sort of man is Mr. Blaine.
The brave stand lio made in tho halls of Con
gress, in behalf of the Union and to conserve
the fruits of tho Nation's triumph over seces
sion, did much to deepen and broaden the
gratitude of tho country towards our ox-soldiers
and sailors. It was the voice of Blaino recit
ing anew in the face of the rehabilitated South
the story of Andersonville that recalled to tho
Nation tho horrible reality of' the war and its
own still gaping wounds. But between a
novice liko Cleveland and a statesman like
Blaine it is absurd to institute any comparison.
It is enough that fha latter has openly asserted
it as his belief that " a too liberal policy could not
I be tticd totcarth (he xdcrans by ftc Gotcrnmait."
Equally striking is the contrast between
er-Gov. Hendricks, the nominee of tbo Demo
cratic Convention for Vice-President, and Gen.
John A Logan tho one a bitter opponent of
the prosecution of the war from the very first,
and the latter a typical patriot, voluntarily
relinquishing his scat in Congress to raise a
regiment of volunteers and take thofield in
defense of that Union which was dearor to him
than tho good opinion of his neighbors or any
political distinction I Can The National
Teibunk hesitate In its choice when a soldier
liko Bosecrans, a man of unblemished charac
ter, great abilities and intense patriotism, iB
contemptuously pushed aside to mako room for
such a political trimmer as Hendricks? When
Logan was nominated, "Pshaw," said our
Democratic friends, " that is simply to catch
tho soldier's vote! Wo will trump that trick
at Chicago." Yot when the time came they
passed over such gallant Democratic soldiers
as Slocuni, Vilas, A. V. Eico, Palmer, Black
and Hancock, to confer tho lost honor upon
Mr. Hendricks I Ah, well, perhaps that is
the party idea of gratitude to the soldier I
And now wo come to the platforms and rec
ords of the parties. The Republican platform
assumes what the gentlemen who composed
the Democratic Committee on Resolutions ap
pear to havo thought was still an open ques
tion that the payment of pensions already
allowed will never be stopped by tho failure of
Congress to raise tho revenue necessary to meet
this class of the Government's obligations, and
instead of glittering generalities, offers this
distinct pledge:
The grateful thanks of tho American people aro
due to tho Union soldiers of the late war, and the
Republican party stands pledged to suitable pen
sions to all who were disabled, and for the orphans
and widows of those who died in the war. Tho
Republican party pledges it.clf to the repeal of
the limitation contained in the arrears act of 1879,
so that all invalid soldiers shall share alike, and
their pensions shall begin voiih the dale of disability
or discliargc and not with the date of application.
It is true that on a vote being taken in tho
Upper House of tho present Congress, seven
Republican Senators voted with the Democrats
against this proposition, and that two others
were paired, thus defeating it, but every Demo
cratic rote teas against it, and it therefore only
shows the necessity of replacing some of the
present members of the Senate Democrats
and Republicans who are nnwilliug to deal
as -fairly with the soldier as with tho bond
holder. That plank expresses tho sentiment
of the country, and it is for our voters to say
whether a Congress shall bo elected that will
carry it out
What does the Democratic platform promise,
on the other hand?
On its face the declaration is very alluring,
it says:
The system of direct taxntion known as the" in
ternal revenue" is a war uuc, and 0 long as the
law continues ihe money derived therefrom should
bo eacredly devoted to the relief of the people from
the remaining burdens of the war, and be made a
fund to defray the expense of the care and comfort
of worthy soldiers disabled in the line of duty in
the wars of the Republic, and for the payment of
such pensions as Congress nuty from time to time
grant to such soldiers, a like fund for the sailors
having been already provided, and any surplus
should be paid into tho Treasury.
How empty thispromisc really is will readily
be seen upon the examination of the party's
record during the last session of Congress. In
another plank of tho platform it declares that
the necessity of a change of administration in
national affairs is " proved by an existing sur
plus of more than 5100,000,000 which has been
yearly collected from a differing people;" yet,
In spite of the declaration in the plank first
quoted that this surplus should bo sacredly
devoted to the relief of our veterans disabled
pensions as Congress may from time to time
grant it is notorious that the party in Con
gress during the last session refused to so
devote this surplus.
Hero are the proofs :
In the Senate, Juno 24, tho 'final voto was
taken ou tho Mexican pension bill, which had
been amended so as to grant pensions " to every
person who for three months served on tho
Union side of tho war of the rebellion who has
an honorable discharge and is or shall become
disabled from, any cauEo not tho result of his
own gross carelessness, disreputable conduct or
vicious habits, and is dependent on his own
labor for support," etc.; "to increase widows'
pensions to $12 per month ; to continue an in
valid pensioner's pension to bis widow, or minor
children without requiring proof that his death
was directly due to his service; to remove the
restrictions as to proof in claims of dependent
parents and making the Govornmont record of
enlistment and muster j7n?na facie evidence of
soundness at date of enlistment."
On tho roll being called there were yeas 37
all Republicans, except Butler (S. G), George
and Lamar (Miss.) and Ransom (N. G); nays
27, all Democrats, except Edmunds (Vt.) and
Hawley (Conn.)
Tho record in the Honse is even worse, for
there the Democratic members were in the ma
jority. Mr. Townsend, a Democratic mem
ber from Hlinois, had charge of tho bill and
eloquently advocated its passage, but while tho
Senate amendments, so far as they related to
Mexican war pensions, wore readily agreed to,
on those relating to Union soldiers ho was
never able to get a vote that showed a quorum
of the House present, while on a motion to
postpone tho consideration of tho mcasuro to
next December, 55 Democrats voted yea, and
not a single Republican nay!
These aro the facts and thoy cannot be dis
puted. In the face of such a record, the pro
fessions of concern for tho interests of our vet-
I erans contained in tho platform upon which
Cleveland and Hendricks stand cannot bo re
garded as aught savo mere buncombe. Tho
real intent is clearly to so cut down tho reve
nues of the Government that there will bo no
surplus out of which to meet tho payments re
quired by now pension legislation, and vice
versa, to pass no new pension laws, so 'as to
havo an excuse for abolishing tho internal rev
enues entirely, and thus "relievo a suffering
people" the majority of whom havo no idea
that they aro paying any taxe3 at all to tho
United States!
The question, therefore, simply reduces it
self to this, so far &s our ex-soldiers nro con
cerned: Shall the "battle for equal recognition with
the bondholders at the bauds of Congress go
on under the leadership of Blaine and Logan,
or shall the straggle, on the eve of success, bo
abandoned in deference to tho well-defined
policy of tho men who now control tho once
great Democratic party?
The National Tribune for its part has al
ready decided that question, and to the best of
its ability it will advocate the election of
Blaino and Logan as most deserving of tho sol
dier's support, and as standing on a platform
which is unequivocal in its declaration in
favor of carrying out the Govornmont's pledges
to our veterans.
A Congress largely made up of men who wore
lately in arms against tho Government, and
tho lower houso of which was completely under
their control, has lately concluded a singularly
fruitless session of seven months.
The session was a remarkable exhibition of
how little real work 325 men, pretending to
bo busy all tho time, can accomplish in. 212
days of steady employment.
But, considering the character of tho work
done, or attempted to be done, wo should
rather bo thankful for this sterility of results.
Tho less there was done, the less reason to com
plain of bad and injurious action.
That, however, which most startles whoever
reviews tho history of the session, is tho steady,
quiet, undemoustrativo hostility of tho ex
Confederatcs in both Houses to any measure or
proposition calculated to be of benefit to those
who adhered to and supported tho Union dur
ing tho war.
No matter how much tho ex-Confederates
might disagree on other' things widely apart
as they might bo on the tariff, on internal im
provements, on Mississippi River schemes, on
questions of financial policy when it came to
vote to give a Union soldier that which his
wrecked health and maimed bodyjustly entitled
him to, they wero found shoulder to shoulder
as they were 20 years ago.
They might dispute over protection to Lou
isiana sugar and Texas wool, and range them
selves in boslilo factions on the speakership,
but thero was only one mind among them
when voting against an increase of from $S to
$12 a month to soldiers' widows and parents.
Bitter experience in tho past had taught
them to be careful in tho manifestation of their
smoldering hate for those who saved tho
Nation's life. Bcpcated defeats had shown
them the folly of arousing tho slumbering
patriotism of the country by any open exhibi
tion of their hatred, bub tho feeling was none
the less savage for being masked for reasons of
political expediency, ncr was the sinister work
it did les3 effective. It was only the difference
between a manly shot in the open Held and
deadly bushwhacking from safe cover.
This dispels the last hope of the Union sol
dier, or his widows and orphans, of any gen
erosity in Congress by the men who fought
against him in the field.
But tho comrades should not bo discouraged
now any more than they were years ago when
the Confederacy gained a battle. This is not
any worse than Fredericksburg or Chancellors
ville was.
The only wav is to keep in ranks and renew
tue attack all along,?-thoXme. The National
Tjubunje will continue to lead in the fight, and
confidently expects yictorv to perch upon our
banners in the nerfaire. Comrades, rally
around us ! B I
Shriekers aguinst-just allowances to tho dis
abled soldiers of thl latcfwar make continual
display of their ignorance by Attempted con
trasts of the " extra vagahco" of our pension
system with the "severe economy " of those of
foreign nations. , :-
This contrast would bef Valueless even if true.
It is true that our neusfon rate is mnch hisrhcr
1 -j. "
than, those of European countries, but 'so is
uvui puviuuui i-uuuccteu.'iYim our military
establish ment. The pay of the average Euro
pean soldier is not one-fifth that of the Ameri
can private. Pensions should be much higher
hero than in Europe for reasons quite, inde
pendent of the difference in tho rates of pay
and the cxpensiveness-of living. The European
soldier as a Tule is a j)eassnt boy, put into
the ranks at a time when his labor commands
the lowest price. During our war wo called
into tho field hundreds of thousands of well
paid artizaus, mechanics, and skilled opera
tives, whoso monthly pay did not amount to as
much as they were in the habit of making in a
week at home.
But for all this the pension systems of Europe
have a thoroughness which far exceeds ours. The
English, Trench, and several other nations give
an unqualified pension after a certain length of
service. According to this idea every man
who served a three years' enlistment in our
army should receive a pension, for service even
in snch, wars as they have across the Atlantic
counts double sometimes trcblo in making
up estimates. How much more should three
years of such awful fighting as our armies did,
Theso pensions aro doubtless small, but so
aro the living expenses of tho classes which
furuish the soldiers. These are eked out, how
ever, in a thousand ways unknown here. The
Government finds some fitting employment for
tho disabled soldier in almost every instance.
In France and most other Continental coun
tries tho sale of tobacco is a monopoly in tho
hands of the Government, and tho licenses to
6cll it are given to broken-down soldiers, or
the dependent relatives of such as havo died.
Discharged soldiers aro ovorywhere given the
preference for all Governmental positions
within their capacity.
Taking everything into consideration, there
fore, the pension systems of Europe aro really
much more liberal than that of this country.
There i3no limit to the absolute recklessness
of statements which papers opposed to pen
sions allow themselves in striving to drive
people into accepting their viowa. For in.
stance, the Buffalo ifrpiWsays:
' There is still nearly. 1,500,000,000 of debt to pay
off, but it ia no longe'r m great a burden as it was.
Tho annual interest charge, which at its highest
was over 110,000,000 is now less than 860,000,000.
But the pension roll, widen, after running up to
SM.COO.OCO in 1S71, had declined by natural causes
to $27,000,000 in 1878, bpasiiieethattinie, through the
operation of tbo arrenrs JaV and other political
pension legislation, set as party trnpa to oateh sol
diers' votes, been steadily rising. For 1883 the pay
ments were over 66,000,000, and for the flacal year
which ended on Monday, they were, no doubt,
several millions greater HtiH, and as soon as tho
clerical force in the Pension Couimibsioner's Ofllce
can examine and pass claims enough the annual
payment will amount to a hundred million dol
lars. That Is more than it costs Germany to main
tain the greatest military edtabiahment the world
has over seen.
This is simply untrue. The payments for
ihe fiscal year ended June 30, 1883, wero but
$00,004,000, instead of $6G,000,000 as tho writer
claims, and of this $32,2-15,192, or but little
over half, were for the current pension allow,
ances tho remainder being paid for pensions
duo for 20 years or les3 1
Still more absurdly false 13 tho statement
that it will require more than one hundred
millions a year for pensions in tho future. Tha
opponents of the arrears law during the recent
session strained calculations and probability to
tho utmost to assert that it would require
$247,000,000 to carry tho law into effect. Even
they did not have the hardihood to assert that
this sum would havo to bo paid at onco, though
thoy did not make as clear as they should that
tho payment, if it reached anything liko that
figure, would bo extended over an. indefinite
number of yeara.
If tho most gcnorou3 of tho proposed pension
laws wore passed, it could not enlarge the pen
sion expenditures so that they would regularly
exceed $50,000,000 a year, and even this figuro
could not bo maintained for any longth of
Tho best actuary tables now make tho aver
ago expectations of lifo of those who partici
pated in the warafc less than 10 years, so that
if wo should start, next year with so largo an
annual payment as $50,000,000 in five yeara it
would fall to half that amount, and in ten
years to one-quarter.
In faco of theso facts such assertions as thosa
made by the Express are an insult toovery
man's intelligence.
.1 - , NI1.I.
The probable nomination of Col. Geo. W.
Hooker, of Vermont, us a Representative to
succeed Hon. Luko P. Poland, who has decided
to roliro from politicaLlife, is a matter of deep
interest to soldiers all over tho Nation. He
i3 a thoroughly representative soldier, a man
who went into tho war with a musket, and
came out with five rebel bullets in his body
and' a Lieutenant-Colouel'a shoulder-straps,
every step to which was won by good, squarOj
unflinchingsoldiorship. His name appeared on
tho enlistment rolls of the old 4th Vermont
among the very fir&t, and from that time on ho
was constantly at the front until ho was sent
to the rear from Cold Harbor with five serious
wounds, two of which the surgeons pronounced
As Sergeant-at-Arms of tho United States
Senate, and in other positions, CoL Hooker has
acquired an unusually thorough knowledge of
tho processes and methods of legislation, which
will bo of tho greatest service to him as a
member of Congress. He will enter the House
of Representatives on the same plane, as regards
legislati ve experience and cousequentetficiency,
with the older members, and this wiU be for
the benefit of his constituents and the soldiera
of the Nation, who can have no more earnest
and able advocate than be.
Col. Hooker ha3 always been an enthusiastic
Grand Army man, and was Commander of the
Department of Vermont.
Whatever the coming National Encampment
of tho Grand Army may or may not do, it
ought to compel a -consolidation of the two
Orders of tha Sons of Veterans, or else with
draw its sanction from that Order altogether.
Unless this is done the Sons of Veterans, in
stead of being a source of credit to tho Grand
Army, will degenerate into a mere social organ
ization, puffed up by personal vanity, yet rent
by personal jealousies.
During the yer Thb Tbibune has received
many applications for the formation of Sons of
Veterans' Camps, and under the apprehension
that the action of the last Encampment was
equivalent to recognizing the Pittsburg branch,
we havo uniformly referred them to the offi
cers of that'branch. We have not failed to ob
serve, however, that many young Gamps have
also been established by the rival Order. AUthis
tends to confusion and disgust. If the Sons of
Veterans have a common object and that a
worthy one Ie& them unite; if their mainte
nance is simply for the purposo of conferring
siily titles upon young men aud boys they had
better disband I Tho Sons of Veterans should
bo worthy -of their sires and should strive to
emulate the example set by the Grand Army,
which does not tolerate personal bickerings
among its members.
Everything goes to show that as soon as the
Midsummer dulness is past we shall have a
marked revival of business activity. The rea-
eous for this belief are abundant and sufficient.
In the first place the crops are everywhere un
usually plentiful, and tho demand for them
promises remunerative prices for the farmers.
The shutting down of factories for several
months has greatly lessened tha stocks of
goods in the manufacturers' and jobbers' hands,
and the retail dealers' shelves are also bare, be
cause during tho recent depression there has
been little disposition on tho part of retailers to
buy beyond their immediate wants, nor on the
part of jobbers to sell them in excess of their
actual needs.
The financial troubles, that are now at
an end, are merely storms which clear the
atmosphere. There is not a firm or bank that
has goue down but well deserved to do so, be
cause all wero rotten to the core. Liko all
rotten things they were a menace and an ob
struction. Now that they aro down, and their
debris is being cleaned away, everything wiB.
go on better.
All over tho conntry factories aro opening up
in the anticipation of a lively Fall business;
merchants, wholesale and retail, are making
ready lor an active trade, and the projectors of
all manner of enterprises are lauching out
with renewed faith and courage.
The people ail over Europe aro settling down
to tho conviction that thoy aro to have a visita
tion of cholera which will permit no place to
escape, and are putting their houses in order
for the scourge. The English have fondly
hoped that their insular position would pro
tect them from an invasion of tho plague, but
this pleasing idea has boon rudely dispelled by
tho earnestreminder of tho leading physicians
that any ship sailing into theso harbors from
a Mediterranean port may infect tho whole
Consequently, thero is a general cleaning up
and liberal use of powerful disinfectants in all
the largo cities. This will probably be effectua
in such modern-built, well-scwored cities as
Paris, Loudon, Borlin, Vienna, but the filthy
old places like Eome, Toulon, Naplc3 and Mar
seilles, whose streets aro open sewers for the
receptacle of all manner of filth, and whoso
houses aro poisoned with tho accumulated vile
nesa of centuries, cannot help being scourged
in a way that will recall the horrors of tho
plagues of the Middle Ages.
Thero is a panic in Paris; Marsollf es and else
where, and all who aro able to get away from
tho infected and threatened places are leaving
for tho country by tho ten thousand.
Theseason is now so far advanced that thero
Is hopo that wo on thia sido of the Atlantic
may escape unscathed. But ptthe samotima
such is tho rapidity of communication between
America and Europe, and between different
parts of this country, that any day a ship may
arrive in Now York bearing enough disease
germs to infect tha whole country, which
within a week afterward may be distributed
by immigrants to every State in tho Nation.
It is our mo3t imperative duty to immedi
ately take such effective measures as will pre
vent tho spread of this scourge, should it
unhappily visit our shores. In this case pre
vention is emphatically worth not merely a
pound but a ton of cure. A little cleanliness
in advance of tho visit of the epidemic is better
than all tho medicine in tho world after it ar
rives. Special caro should be taken with refer
ence to sowers and onthou3es, for these aro the
fertile propagators of the disease. Everything
should be made as clean as it3 nature will al
low, and copperas, lime, carbolic acid, and other
disinfectants should bo used with an unsparing
hand. Remember all the time, however, clean
liness first ; disinfectants afterward.
Co3IirANIlIE-rN-CIEB, Beath's last order,
dated July 9, announces that the following
Provisional Departments of the Grand Army
havo been organized as Permanent Depart
ments during his administration :
Utah. Embracing Utah, Montana and Idaho.
Organized October 19, 1883. Headquarters at Og
dcn. Ramaford Smith, Department Commander.
H. C. Wardleigh, Assistant Adjutant-General.
Tennessee and Georgia. Embracing Tennessee,
Georgia and Alabama. Organized Feb. 20, 1834.
Headquarters at Nashville. Ed. S. Jones, Depart
ment Commander. James Chamberlain, Assistant
Gulf. Embracing Louisiana, Texas and Missis
sippi. Organized May 13, 1834. Headquarters at
New Orleans. Wa. Boy, Department Commander.
W. W. Wright, Assistant Adjntaut-GeneraL
Florida. Organized June 19, 1834. Headquarters
at Key West. Frank N. Wicker, Department Com
mander. W. H. Horr, Assistant Adjutant-GcneraL
Tho field ia now almost entirely covered, but
there is plenty of room in the Grand Army for
thousands of veterans more.
Elsewhebe in our columns wa print that
portion of the annual pension appropriation,
act which changes existing law with regard to
attorney's fees in pension cases and provides a
form of contract between the applicant and his
attorney. The essential points of the new law
are that it prohibits ths collection of a fee until
the claim has been allowed, and directs pay
ment to bo made by the local pension agent
upon the order of the Commissioner; while, on
'the other hand, tho claimant is permitted to
enter into a contract with his attorney to pay
a fee not exceeding $25. Tho law will bo pro
ductive of good results, protecting tho claimant
and assuring to the attorney a fair return for
his diligence and skiU in prosecuting a case.
- i i m , ,
Hon. James Laied, of Nebraska, was one of
the faithful workers during the recent session
of Congress. He wa3 always in. his seat, when
not paired which was raro and did soma
very good service for tho soldiers particularly
that for bilM6B6. to establish a Soldiers Home
west of the Mississippi River. He was also on
tho sub-committee which investigated the Sol
diers' Homes with reference to a decision as to
tho policy the Government should pnrsue
whether it should support an increased number
in or out of Soldiers' Homes.
The general deficiency bill passed at the
Tecent session of Congress, provided for the pay
ment of tho third'installment of New Orleans
prize money, generaUy known a3 the "Farragut
pTize money." The Fourth Auditor of the
Treasury estimates that it will take from six
weeks to two months to make the necessary
computations and preparations, and that no
claim will be paid until that period has elapsed.
The money wBl ba distributed among 5,000
claimants, and should have been paid by that
slow-boy, Uncle Sam, long ago.
Minneapolis, as everybody knows, is a phe
nominal city in. respect to rapid growth and
business thrift. It has now a population of
104,367. It contains 259 factories, and 591
distinct lines of trade are pursued. During the
last six months there haa been a net gain in
tho number of new buildings finished of 797.
This is a splendid record, and we feel sure the
visit of our veterans to this young metropolis
will be productive of mora advantage to its
interest than any gathering that has heretofore
been held there.
The train by which Commander-in-Chief
Beath and staff will proceed to Minneapolis
wiU leave Ninth and Green streets, Philadel
phia, at 6 p. m., July JLS, via Lehigh Valley
Railroad, stopping at principal points. It wfll
arrive at Niagara Falls at 8 a. m., and at 4:30
p. m. will leave trio Michigan Central for De
troit and Chicago, arriving at the latter place
Sunday a. m. In tho evening the party will
leave via Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul for
their destination.
The number of pension certificates issued
and signed during the week ending July 12,
1834, were a3 follows: Original, 1,466; increase,
469; re-issue, 41; restoration, 32; duplicate, 3;
accrued pensions, 25; total, 2,036. We are glad
to note thia very great increaso in the number
of allowances, and hopo that original claims
will soon bo admitted at the rate of 2,000 par
We congbatolate Past Commander War
ner, Commander Chamberlain, and Asst. Adj't
Gen. Pease on tho splendid result of their com
bined labors in the Department of Missouri.
That redeemed and loyal State will present at
tho National Encampment a roster of 183 Po3ts
and 8,000 members, a gain of 103 Posts and 4,000
members during the year!
Gen. John A. Logan will attend both the
National Encampment at Minneapolis and the
Reunion of the Army of the Tennessea at
Lake Minnetonka.
Commandees and members of Grand Army
Posts throughout the United States contem
plating going to the Grand Reunion at Minne
apolis, in July should not forget the "Albert
Lea Route," which, for its snperior equipment
beautiful scenery, etc,., etc., ha3 deservedly
become a most popular line between Chicago,
Minneapolis and St,-Paul. Through trains
leave tho Great Rock Island Depot (the most
centrally located in Chicago) daily. For fur
ther particulars address E. St. John, General
Ticket and Passenger Agent, Chicago, HL
The Reunion at Minneapolis.
It la announced by the Chicago, Milwaukee
feSt- Paul Railway Company that purchasers
of oxcursion tickets for Minneapolis reading
via that route are given nntil August 15 to re
turn home withoid ext ra charge. This will enable
G. A. Rvnembers to make trips from Minneap
olis to other points ofinterest in the Northwest,
including the Yellowstone National Park and
the immense wheat fields of Dakota. Further
information, with maps and pamphlets, can bo
obtained byaddresamgA.H. Carpenter, General
Passenger Agent, Milwaukee, Wisconsin,
1hy are fecglnnlagr te call Um wealtaycmtd.
men out "West " bullfonidres."
Old soldiers te tha Democrat! CeTcailoi
"Fine words bntter no parsnips."
"Why is it that tho days one ought te go ie ckta A
are the very ones that always praniiM the beat &&
Ing? An admirer hstt named a new variety of car!7
peas tho "GroverOevelaaiiL" Itianoiknowaya
how either will shell out.
This ia going: to be a very unpleasant campaign.
The wheelbarrow idlcta have already begusi ia
appear in the papers.
The man who ays "I'm saddeat whea I Ma j,
must only tune np when tha nine ho haa bet cs.
trcts whitewashed.
Snapping-turtla fights ara becoming a fkvorita
diversion of the people on Staten Island. They
are said to haVe many of tho exciting features of
lively sewing-clrclo matinee.
A Baltimore maiden has gono crasyover the
death of a iavorite dog. She ahould setter affec
tions on a perfectly bald-headed saaa; he out
never dye. That's onr pointer.
Doctor, whenever I take a bath I tako cold.
"Indeed I"
"Well, what would you do?"
" "Why if a bath, took as much, off mo as I imagins
it must off you, I ahould probably take cold, too.'
Dr. Parvin says a baby should never sleep with.
Its mother. Now, If the Doctor urill kindly dis
cover soma great physiological law that prohibits its
being In the neighborhood of the father during the
hours that should bo devoted to alumbcr we shall
bo gjad to exchango photographs with aim, as
benefactor of his species.
If things keep o In North Carolina they are
now going, it will not be long until the dates for
base-ball games will be declared legal holidays, on
which it will be unlawful to transact busineae or do
any common labor. As it Is, ihe stores are now
closed in the towns while the game isgolnaron,
and the Mayors and other official take prominent
parts in the game.
Lulu Hurst, the wonderful and magnetic gtrl
from Georgia, has been astonishing; the New York:
people by lifting without an apparent effort 250
pound men, seated on heavy chairs, etc, but the
conclusive test of her strength wfll come some day,
when a church invites her to take a contribution
box, go down through the congregation, and try
to raise the minister's back salary.
Joseph Songster, of Philadelphia, who was
"playfully drunk," tried to shoot John Sutton's
hat off with a navy revolver, and lodged a 42
caliberball In his friend's brain. Now, let us see
a highly .humorous hangman put a comical noose
around the jocular Jo's neck and mirthfully touch
a smiling little spring that will send him hence.
That kind of funny men can't be made too scarce.
Mr. Spence Bates, an English scientist, says that
the coming man will have no teeth that the ma
terial for those enameled repositories of berry seeds
and jumping aches wiU be used up la Increasing
the quantity of brains. There are some men who
could have their brains reinforced by all tho tooth
material there Is in an alligator's mouth, and still
they would not have sense enough to keep them
from writing every little while: "Stop my paper;
you've sold out to the other party."
Jeff Davis, Robert Toombs, and R. 31. T. Hunter,
three of the moat active promoters of the rebellion,
are still alive, with the prospect of several yeara of
life yet for each of them. -while the statesmen who
foiled and conquered them have slept for years ia
the grave. Being as violent rebels as ever. Messrs.
Davis, Toombs and Hunter might study apassage
In an old hymn with m uch pro&t. It runs thus:
And are we yet alive?
And do we yet rebel T
Tis wondrous, 'tis amazing grace.
That we are oos of hell.
"When it isn't one thing it's another," the old
lady complained; and so it seems to be with; the
farmers out West. The potato-bug has succumbed
to the ameliorating influences of hard Winters and
Paris green, and the grasshoppers seem to havo
found enough, to eat in their native mountains,
without descending upon the fertile plains of Kan
sas and Nebraska. Now comes the prairie dog;
which it is said eats up the grass top in Summer
and the roots in Winter, and reduces some of the
finest grazing lands in the West to an arid desert.
The advent of the white man, who kills off his
natural enemies, wolves, badgers, rattlesnakes
and panthers, favors bis reproductivenessrso that
he is now overrunning everything, and may ia
time invade the old and thickly settled eastern
portions of the country. The Texas people esti
mate that it would be worth. $10,000,060 a year to
the country to have every prairie dog ia the State
killed. Here was an opportunity for a telling
platform-plank which both parties have lost. Few
of their recommendations refer to matters of a,
much importance S3 saving 810,000,000 to the peo.
pie. By all means do not let another year go by
without the adoption or a plank; something Uka-this:
Resolved That we view with inexpressible alarm
the rapid and insidious encroachment of the vil
lainous prairie dosr upon fertile iields consecrated,
by the valor of our dithers as an eternal heritage
for our free and honest yeomanry ; and further,
we herebv earnestly denounce the selnsh and un
principled course of the party in power, which,
acting under the guidance of soulless and sclnah,
monopolies, has neglected the true interests of tho
people, and fostered thia monster curse, which, if
unchecked, will subvert our liberties and our pros
perity, etc
Something like thi3 ought to- "stir tha boyaup,'
which is the great thing in a platform.
"John," said the Intimate Friend of the Boston
Pet, coming in where the latter was trying-to
shrink the head which the last " St o' sickness"
had left on him, until he could get through the
door without having to turn sidewise: "John, tha
b'ya are talkin o runnin ye for Congress."
" The bloody Hades they are," said the Pet,wlta
that courtesy for which he is celebrated.
"Yes, they are," replied the Intimate Friend,
scratching a match on the bust of nis pantaloons,
and lighting a cigar, the fumes from which laded
the colors in the carpet. "How does it strike ye."
"Just about as well as anything yon ever say,"
growled the champion, placing- another bog of ica
on his throbbinsf brow; "yon always was a
blatherin' fool."
"Well, yre goln to accept all tha same, an
make the run just as hard."
"Are ye settih' up for a mind-reader? Hetmt,
advise ye not to; don't leave the City to travel
with that trick, fur you'll break up at tho first
Town, an have to walk back. Why will I accept,
and why will I run? Where's there any gate
money in it?"
"Because," said the Intimate Friend, giving Hi
tall white hat an engaging- cant on the back of his
head, and sticking a dirty thumb Into each arm
hole, "because, when yre elected ye can have
these jlm-jamriea after givin' the Town a coaS
o' red. an' say it's only narvous prostration irora.
tha malarious air o'the Capitol, an no man will
dare say a word o' btamo agin ye."
" Drop me into the middle kittle o' brimstone,"
said the Pet. rousing at the thought, "but I'll do
it. Just have my name put up with, a challenge to
all comers, 5500 forfeit, hard gloves, Marki o'
Queensbury rules. I just want a chance to break
the neck o' any snoozer that dare run agin me."
The papers have revived a story, and applied 14
to a railroad bridge-builder, that during the war
used to be told ol somebody at every army orcorp
headquarters on both sides. In effect, the story Ii
that the head bridge-builder at Grant's, or Sher
man's, or Rosecrnns's. or Lee's, or Stonewall Jack
son's wherever the narrator located the incident
was a rough, unlettered man, but of great -tkill and
energy. One day he and the Engineer officers
were called upon to examine a place far which, a
bridge must be provided Immediately. The En
gineer ofllcers retired to their tent to make tha
drawings, and he set Ins men to work getting
reody. After awhile he poked Ma head into tha
headquarters tent and sold r
"Jineral, I've got the bridge bail t, but tho oS
cers hain't brought me them picters yit."
We presume this story has been told of somebody
ever since men began to build bridges for armies t
cross on, and it seems a pretty fair anecdote to paa?
on to the next generation. The boys of the old
Tenth Corps, operating armmd Charleston and
along the coast generally, used to have the best
bridge story. There was sent down to them, with
the rank and title of Brigadier-General, one of th
veteran instructors of West Point, who desired ta
have a little field experience. He was a great znaa
on calculations and plans. It became necessary ta
build a bridge somewhere la his bailiwick, and ha
prepared a 3et of plans that were the admiration,
of the Engineer Corps. But tha first time a regi
ment tried to cross it, it fell. They rushed back, to
him with, the news.
" General, your bridge fell as soon aa a company
marched on to it."
" O, but it's tr kb. Here ara soe of the men &a&
were on it."
"That bridge fell I That ana bridge fall! Why4
me see."
He turned to a drawer, pulled out a aet of plaas
and studied theia intuutiy for a few minutes.
'Ot Isiett,"he sH triumphantly, pointing wife
his finger to a plains hr tin calculation!. "I pt
plut Ikire-tteTC I o.'.e.:i Aticc ?iti a ttttnUz."
if-' "yry i
, '-

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