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The National tribune. (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, July 24, 1884, Image 2

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of sSims tiia unfortunate, reverently, In truo
fraternity, gaining from reluctant lips the
wants aud neofia of those who to care for is
the glorious mission of the G. A. E, and its
Dnring the administration of Gen. Horace
Binnoy Sargent as Department Commandcivof
Massachusetts a movement towards forming a
permanent organization of the different auxili
aries in Massachusetts "was instigated by A. A
G. Jas. F. Mecch. Securing. the co-operation
of the ladies of Fitchburg, Mass., an invitation
was lamed to every auxiliary in the State to
hold a oouvention at the above-mentioned
lilace. This resulted in the organization of the
Woman's Belief Corps of Massachusetts auxili
ary to the G. A. B. In the following year the
ladies of New Hampshire united with those of
Massachusetts, and the organization of the
Union Board was offecled, composed of the
Department officers of each Department.
In 1851 Corps wore organized in Connecticut
and a strong effort made to enlist tho ladies of
Maine already organized to unite with us,
hut nothing of importance was accomplished.
At tho 14th annual Encampment the subject
of womiui'i work was again agitated, resulting
in the appoialtux of a committee, consisting of
Comrades J. F. Lovering, Geo. Bowers, and B.
Crabb, to carefully consider the subject and
report at next Encampment.
At the JjBth Eucatnpment, held at Indianapo
lis, 19KL, the following resolutions were reported
by the committee and adopted:
J?obe That we cordially approve of the work
whisk bee already been done by the Woman's Ilo
lief Oorpe b3 every oilier organization ot loyal
-woman for lle furtherance of the principles of
the G. A. It
Jftwefwd, That we approve of the project entcr
trducd of orgwiiziri a ''Woman's National Itelief
JloeoUttd, Tht such "Woman's Itolief Corps may
est) under mob title the -words ' auxiliary to the G.
A. 3L" by special indorsement of the Kational En
campment of the U. A. IL, June 15, 18SL
Duriug the annual convention, W. B, C, De
partment Mass., 1883, Commander-in-Chief
Van Dervoort visited the convention, and
in meet emphatic terms indorsed the work,
complimenting the ladies in their earnest
endeavor for the soldier, assuring them that
the ambition of his administration wa3 that a
Kational organization should be perfected. This
was followed by General Order Ho. 11, inviting
til ludios interested to meet at Denver and
form & National organization.
In response to this invitation, extended to
every auxiliary in the Union as far as known,
2G States responded. After some preliminaries,
the work of organizing was taken up. Many
earnest remarks were made by Commandor-in-Oiiief
Van Dervoort, Chaplain-in-Chief
Foster, Gen. Hazard, of Pa., and Commander
Houghton, of K. J. On motion of Mrs. Kate B.
Sherwood, of Ohio, it was unanimously voted
to orgaaise as the ""Woman's National Eelief
a ooaiPLTansNT to mis. ehebwood.
With S6 different organizations represented, I
think the result gained very complimentary to
woman's legislation; and I cannot refrain from
complimenting Mrs. Sherwood the pioneer in
the Kational work for the position she took
upon that occasion; preferring, as she stated,
open work, sue gracefully waived a point in
ihe interest of harmony, and advised those
preferring open meeting to submit to the testi
mony of those having already the experience
of soerot work. Thus, through her endeavor,
was one point of wide difference overcome. Had
the same spirit pervaded the hearts of all our
Eueeoss hfi beon more complete. .
The question ofloyal ladies involved aspirited
debate. The work of Massachusetts hadalready
been adopted, and unlimited membership the
basis of organization, 2few Jersey, tho only
Department reporting besides Massachusetts,
stated thzt they could not join with us, as they
came instructed not to join the Kational
organization if that measure prevailed. Here
occurred wfiat many have termed our great
mistake. I cannot yet consider it as such.
Here was a sister State desiring to unite, they
informed us, but unable to do so on account of
instructions received fromt" eir Department;
knowing of their good work and earnest effort
the delegates from Massachusetts felt that now
was her hour; having received the compliment
of adoption by the convention of the Massa
chusetts work she could now do something to
caite the ladies. From a loyal woman having
no tin 5n the service Mrs. L. A. Turner
came the motion to permit Departments to
decide the question fur the following year,
thereby giving tho Department of New Jersey
opportunity to unite with us, trusting that
thus would be secured entire harmony. After
this concession on the part of Massachusetts,
which tboy acknowledge most graceful, they
etffi stand aloof. I think the result, not the
resolution, the mistake.
JlS fiem as eteh.
MassacimEetts is as firm as ever upon the
above question; facts have proved beyond
a doubt tfet to-day she owes her Euccess
to loyal women sod their work. Xet all loyal
snoa were soldiers; not every loyal woman a
soldiers wife.
"We ar told, as auxiliary to tho G. A. B., we
should follow them limit our membership to
the wives, mothers, sisters and daughters. I
have never hoard tho idea advanced that we
should limit the membership to those who
wore wives dariag the war; neither have I
lumsA tltal the G. A. B. admit their fathers and
broAorswaless t&e? were soldiers, .also.
This Satsert&at question must receive our
most osrelul coa&Sdeeatie. First, let us re
iBember we arc ba&dt-d together to assist the
GvgA. TL -Second, we should remember th at not
fxm tk aoMier alone came all the sacrifice ;
xns&y a brave woman's duty ia "hospital, yea,
ca tfeo awweh an in the field hospital, would
compare ia deeds of valor witk that of the sol
dier. To-day many a soldier in the gratitude
of his heart testifies to the value of women as
xtttUMt taring the W9. You tell me we will
give tlbetn an bottomry membership.
JBttt, my friends, there i another contestant
for tour CJusiderstion. Having disposed of the
seises, wsai aball we do w-tffe the zaaiden
tttseqgf. wl.ose veias counted the same praud j
utevO, in wnose heart was toe same love of
freedom as in that of her tree, manly lover's,
who, with white ltpfi- and 1naot breaking
boact, folded -away Hi wedding garments,
uaakfog her aaeri&ee in the stiettt chamber,
w&f.c bite prayed for strength to go fottli to
TiH i.'T all good-hy aad charge him to remem
ber her jinyis wrf fottowiag, amid shot and
shell, the hratmat aoMier is the land hers.
And um f oar nvMcetttry
We'll both tie itwrthy. Lot ber show
11 future Jor we made bar free.
Is x sparine immn. nut tMe,
2ribMs, tfcw tteartfcrs&k.
So di-3 she ixaaart strength to him, making j
Hn. t IhMaix aolaiexw a traer man. I
"Who of us eamaak turn hack to titose dsys of 4
'tr.a; and the paeaure from. aft.
TU Iw-astfM ytk,
I'm Insert f Itoeor, the teagH of truth,
J J, uiv :itt mn life of as ail.
V, i,vic waiec -warn blithe as a hagtaeeH,
WiM kH one ibHawtxl with oto oousent,
S3i0Bwor of whose lauh and whoeo pleasaut
HiiebedikT marmuTSot dlsoontent.
Wlhataoidier caanet romambar the sequel?
when these loving letters were welcome as
caaahitt, aod bo false pride kept the soldier
Smm allowing his comrades to know how he
was hlessed. And, then, can ha recall the fol
lowing day's work the remit ! The daty that
washfeioretaru to the maiden her messages
of iove, aad tell her of the bullet's fatal work,
Al f ia a vfaaon liow liw acd fleet
Ti. fwMi buliet wont bpeedbi forth
1 j n rt&dhcA Vwm in Hie dwtat SCorth, '
T t. r ai-hed u. tiiwaw to aaanoy stetwt,
1.' r-4.4e4 m fesarl Ua eoaed to beat
V iihont n. mamnur, without & cry;
i d a s -ii wm luIUtd to tbat tiuc-ofr town
i r tu wlw bad paied from cross to erown,
Ajuci vbe xMsbbors wo4orod tb&t sbo sbould
And aaw?; whan so purified as by fire," she
eoaoc 9 our doors aahing leave toVork with
us for her lover's comrades, under shield of the
lot tors, which the death of her hero and such
as he made possible, we ignore her past, and
ssk, "Had you a husband in the war? " her heart
eaawers, s!" but lips must eay "Hoi"
'The man of God luid not joined oar hands:
God hiioclf Led wedded our liearts." shall
we say, "Stand aside; you are not worthy!
"We ha?e only honor enough to extend over the
wives, mothers, sisters and daughters of our
licroes, aad unless ranked among those you
cannot work under our banner to relievo those
you may be united to by their common sor
row." It would seem now, if ever, were the time
and placo, to. exemplify th glorious threefold
watchword; to exemplify Charity in recogniz
ing her Loyalty by extending to ker our Fra
ternity. So, while we enjoy tho blesiiing of
our returned soldier, install her among us in
tho honored place of the soldier's friond, fear
A not to trutt the, cause in tho hands of those
who answered when tho country invoked her
"youth to go forth to die if need be."
Now take my sweetest without pause,
To heljithc Nation's cause.
I beg every one of this Convention to lay
aside all personal feeling on this question, and
do justice to the cause we represent. Remem
ber, woman is loyalby birth, not marriage.
The limited time we could" devote to the
organization left it very imperfect, and I trust
ero the close; of tho convention wo shall have
inoro thoroughly systematized our work.
Immediately on tho organization communi
cation was scut in to tho National Encamp
ment informing tho comrades of tho samo;
that on the 26th day of July, 18S3, the Wo
man's National Belief Corps was organized
and asked its approval. Some discussion en
sued; tho comrades were anxious to take no
step3 that should In anyway infringe upon
their glorious Order. This watchfulness wo
commended, and still our hearts were troubled
that any doubt should arise in the minds of
tho veterans that for their assistance alone
were we organized. Tho result of the discus
sion was tho following resolution:
Besdlved, That ive cordially hail the organization
of a National Itelief Corps, and extend our greet
ing to them. Yvre return our warmest thanks to
the loyal women of the land for their earnest woi k,
eupport and encouragement, ana bia tucui uoa
epeed in their patriotic work.
Thus securing their indorsement, we stand
to-daj- second to the most glorious charitable
organization in the land a society embracing
every color, every nationality, every religion.
With this baptism we commenced our year's
Before our return home we were invited to
counsel with tho Commander-in-Chief, at which
he assured us of his warmest support during
his administration.
Immediately upon our return to Massachu
setts Headquarters were established at No. 12
Pemberton Square, Boston, by invitation of
Dept. Com. Evans. This was, indeed, an in
dorsement of our work, as by extending the
courtesy of Headquarters, Dep't. Masa., G. A.
E-, he also secured for us tho valuable assist
ance of the Assistant Adjutant-General of the
Department; also, the advice of the comrades
of the Department, who are so proud of the
Order in their State.
The question of how to meet the immediate
demands of supplies was a serious question, as
we had to immediately contract a heavy print
ing bill, with only $15 in the treasury. It was
a problem hard for our competent Treasurer to
solve, but again was tho needed assistance prof
fered us by Comrado E. B. Stillings, who had
enabled us to present so complete printed mat
ter at Convention from Massachusetts, assur
ing us we were to order what we should need,
and meet bills when able. Our badges were
obtained by similar courtesy from the manu
facturer. You can appreciate our desire to pay
these hills as promptly as possible.
The careful report of the Treasurer will give
you the result.
Early in the year the Commander-in-Chief
came to our Headquarters to consult with us,
assuring us we should not delay our work for
lack of funds or any assistance that conld be
obtained from him.
Again, on the 22d of February, at the Sol
diers' Home in Massachusetts was he the guest
of the National Officers of Woman's Belief
Corps, and I desire to thank him for the kind
ness and fraternal spirit he has extended to us
as othcers during the year. Vith his many
duties he has ever given us the kindest atten
tion; this from him, and like favors,from the
comrades in nearly every Department, has
given us great encouragement to go on in the
good workl
Starting out for the year an effort was made
to divide the work into something like a sys
tem, but in its crude state it was found an im
possibility. The officers in the extreme West
were unable to Tender the assistance they were
most willing to, through no-fault of theira or
their associates. Thus, the burden has fallen
rather heavily upon the executive officers.
Mrs. Sherwood, our Senior Vice, early assumed
the position of Instituting and Installing Offi
cer for the Western States, with power to ap
point her assistants. How faithfully sho has
performed that duty, results give evidence.
Adding to all this that of counselor, during
the year she has written me over 1G0 messages.
Thus have we counseled together through, this
medium more successfully than is often the
case in correspondence, with tho added pleas
ure of forming a firm friendship while in tho
line of duty. She has also condncred the de
partment of "Loyal Woman's Work" in The
Nationai. Teibdne in our interest, through
whose columns we have reaped such a rich har
vest To tho editor of The Tribune that
earnest advocate of our causo arc we greatly
indebted for the use of his paper, his hearty
indorsement, and many important and wise
I dare not write words of merited praise
whick I could not trust my trembling voice to
utter, but like them of old I can say: " Well
done thou good and faithful servant, thou hast
been faithful over a few things, I trust this
Convontion will make you rnler over many."
I would most earnestly Tocommend that the
office of Secretary of National and Department
Corps be made an appointive one. It is very
important that the Secretary should not only
be a competent, faithful officer, but also one
who will work in unison with the President.
This, I am told, makes the Secretary a cipher:
granted! Sho will then increase the value ten
fold, if placed on the President's right, becom
ing valueless if placed upon her left The
President is held responsible for both, offices;
therefore it would seem but just she should bo
given the power to make her own choice. This
is the method followed by the G. A. E., and I
am informed is most successful. Personally I
cannot testify against an elected Secretary,
having always been favored with the most effi
cient officers by selection of the Convention ;
but in this my experience has not been that of
the many my good fortune has been that my
choice has leco indorsed by Convention. No
more earnest and efficient Secretary could
have been selected than was secured to me by
vote of last Convention. But with this faith
ful, devoted officer, how disastrous it would he
not to have ouo who would make your work
her pleasant duty and your policy hers. I can
understand, unless the utmost harmony pre
vails between these officers, their work must
be very imperfect and unsatisfactory.
I also have realized the importance of an Ad
visory Board, to which to refer the many ques
tions iacumbent upon the President to de
cide, and I trust you will authorizo such a
body, that the demands upon your President's
good judgment may not bankrupt her.
The Secretary is to follow me with a consol
idated report of our condition, and I fear the
promise I have given her not to intrude upon
her jrrounds will not permit mo to remark upon
our growth.
I desire to call the careful attention to the
Treasurer's report. Thi3 part of our work may
not admit of so much sentiment in Teport as
some others, hut a careful examination of tho
books and tho knowledge of the prompt man
ner in which, every duty of the office ha? been
conducted, must olicit the admiration of all
who know aught of the care of tho same.
During the year the National Order has been
represented upon several occasions by the offi
cers. I cannot lengthen this report to give b
detailed account. I have visited New Hamp
shire, Connecticut and Maine. I have written
over a thousand letters; and, while my mis
takes may have been many, I have never for
gotten my pledge that to tho best of my
ability would I perform my duty.
I would say to my associate officers that tho
execution of this obligation has been made pos
sible by your kindly assistance. You r caro and
watchfulness that I should make no grave mis
takes have touch od my heart perhaps oven
more than your prompt response to all my de
mands upon your time and patience Truly,
no administration can ever have a more har
monious term. I have desired to so conduct
the office that the great demand made upon
your time and talent may ho forgotten in
reraombrance of the pleasure we have received
while working together in thfc cause we love
so welL
To thosa who have rendered assistance In
formation of Departments and organizing
Corps; to comrades who have assisted as in
stalling officers, I would tender my grateful
thanks, not only for the work, but the manner
in which ifc was performed. And I am proud
to know our Order contains women who can
enlist the attention of the noblest of our land;
also, that the prominent women are coming for
ward to join hands with us. Nothing has given
me more pleasure than the spirit of earnest
ness pervading tho formation of Departments.
Tho establishment of a Soldiers' Home is a
subject upon which, many are taking a promi
nent stand, and I trust that success will indeed
crown their efforts. " To tho women of Massa
chusetts is duo tho Soldiers' Homo in Massa
chusetts," says tho President.
Through your works have yon becomo known
to me, and tho reports from every section on
Memorial Day assured mc that you wero lend
ing your influence to make that day what it
should "be not alone a holiday, but a holy day.
In closing my year, which has been one of
unremitting labor for this causo so dear to mo,
I extend to you ray thanks for tho courtesy
shown me, for your kindly bearing with my
failures to perform all you may have desired,
tho tender words of encouragement, tho
charity extended to Headquarters all of which
aro prized reminders that the object of tho
Order is more than empty words. I trust wo
shall never forget the hour of our birth, July
20, 18S3, in the Centennial State the object,
tho encouragement, tho responsibility, but,
with love for our Order, move on in the line of
duty until every soldier who wore the blue,
his orphan and widow havo received tho ten
der caro we pledged so willingly when calling
on them to help the Nation's cause. May tho
Great Commander of us all guide and direct us.
Gratifying Growth of the Woman's Belief
Corps in the IVest.
Office of Seniok Vice-President.
Toledo, O., July 15, 1884.
E. Flobesck Barker,
National President, Woman's Eelief Corp3:
I have the honor to make the first annual report
of tho Vice-President, Woman's Belief Corps. For
the year ending July 15, 18S1, 1 have sent out 2G3
applications for charter, with instructions in or
ganization ; havo written over SOU personal letters
on Relief-Corps work; issued three sets of general
circulars; have direetly.or through my immediate
assistsuts, instituted 30 Relief Corps and five Stato
Departments ; have received over 500 letters for the
Woman's Department, National Tribune, ac
knowledging many of these by postal or letter, and
answering questions according to my information,
or after receiving from you an oulcial decision. Of
applications ent out, 203 were upon, applications
received through tbo Woman's Department of The
National Tribune, and it is gratifying to report
that of that number fully four-lifths have reported
organization and work; others are forming, and
only two or three have reported temporary dis
couragement, but the intention to go on with their
work at soma future time. It has been my care,
as far as possible, to follow up each society form
ing and to render such aid and encouragement as
was possible at the distance wo were removed from
each other.
At Denver you asked me to "look after the
"West." Upon returning and looking over the sit
uation, I became couvi need that the West was a
mighty territory to cover. I therefore asked that
I be made Chief Instituting and Installing Officer
for the States of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and Michi
gan, with the power to take such steps and ap
point such assistants as might be necessary to the
work. The appointment was granted, coupled
with the general discretionary power, under offi
cial sanction, to extend my labors into other States
and Territories, as the demand might arise, or as I
might have the time to give for the same. This
seemed necessary, as with the rush, after Denver,
for the first six months, we were all very hard
pressed to supply information and service fast
The plan of work proposed for myself has been
carried out. though it has been less in its accom
plishment V1311 't was liojwd, owing to the fact that
the time wCs limited which came to me for Itelief
Corps work. This plan was threefold : (1) to call
upon tho Auxiliary Societies, working under the
Toledo plan, to reorganize; (2) to communicate
with Department and Post Commanders, particu
larly with those to whom I had the pleasure of
talking Eelief Corps after Denver and upon our
Boelry Mountain excursion; (3) to continue my
charge of the Woman's Department of The Ka
tional Tribune, temporarily assumed, through
the recommendation of Commander-in-Chief Van
Dervoort, and to do what 1 could to create an in
terest among the Posts by tho publication of letters
and communications from comrades all over the
country, who had tried the experiment of a Eelief
Corps and found it a success. To The National
TkirunEj which had made the National Eelief
Corps a living possibility, to its readiness to supply
printed instructions nnd to give so much of its val
uable space to Eelief Corns records, coupled with
its ringing editorials upon the necessity and the
value of woman's work in tho G-. A. E., must be
attributed largely the success that has crowned our
efforts everywhere. And no more cordial recog
nition lias been made of this than by the National
President herself.
My first care upon returning from Denver, early
In August, was to place myself in direct commu
nicatjonwith the Ohio Auxiliaries, asking them
to take their plaees among the charter Eelief Corps
of the Buckeye State. This was not done without
some apprehension, since I was well aware of
their partiality for open meetings, as, like Forsyth
Auxiliary of Toledo, they were all working on the
Toledo plan. At Denver I had made applications
for charters for these Auxiliaries, conditional upon
their reorganization, and had the happiness to eeo
Forsyth, Toledo, take her place as No. 1, Depart
ment of Ohio, without a dissenting vote. Ford Aux
iliary, Toledo, declined, after due deliberation, to re
organize, as did McCoy Auxiliary, Columbus, while
a lew others are still halting between two opinions.
fcix Auxiliaries came forward to claim their num
bers as charter Corps viz., Robert I. McCook,
Carthage; Tod. Youngstowii; Canton, Canton;
Stout, Fayette; ErintondMcBride.Eichfield. These
Corps were speedily mustered, and have formed
strong missionary center throughout the State;
wliile among the 51 Relief Corps, numbered by tbo
Department of Ohio to date, are numbers of stanch
Auxiliaries all bound together by stronger ond truer
ties than was possible under their independent or
ganization. Correspondence was not confined to the Ohio
Auxiliaries, but extended to Michigan, Pennsyl
vania, Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin, Kansas, Colo
rado nnd California, and in all these States the
Auxiliaries came nromotlv with the Order. Somo
of these hesitated about reorganizing, upon tho
grounds thatthey would lose the records they had
made in their years of work. But this has been
obviated, as with Forsyth, Toledo, which gives its
date of organization March, 1879, as an Auxiliary,
reorganization as a Relief Corps, November, 1S3J,
the date of initiation.
From my memorandum-book kept atDenvcr, and
upon onr Rocky Mountain trip, the names of De
partment Commanders and others interested in the
Jtelier Corps were taken, and the information they
obked was forwarded. In nearly all instances tho
promise extended to do personal work m their own
Post, or Department, has been kept. The last to
report an organization was Col. Stcrrett, P. C,
Custer Post, SL Joseph, Mo. True to n soldier's
word the loyal ladies of the western border of Mis
souri are now enrolled, and will be represented at
the Minneapolis Convention. The Department
Commanders personally addressed wero C. T.
Clarke, Ohio; H. T. Harper, Illinois; O. A. James,
Michigan; T. J. Anderson, through H. V. Devcn
dorf, Kansas, and Phil. Cheek, jr., Wisconsin. Col.
Carnalmn, of Indiana, was not addressed by me for
the reason that Indiana was represented in con
vention at Denver, by delegates irom an Auxiliary
Department, who had promised to lead off in tho
work in that State. Not until they hud declined to
go on, owing to tome dissatisfaction Avith the terms
of reconstruction, was the work taken up by my
self in behalf of National Headquarters. With the
organization of Sliiloh Corj3, Elkhart, by Mrs.
Howe, of Toledo, in April last, a new interest has
sprung up in that State.
From the Commanders whose names are record
ed, most cordial and efficient aid was given, and
my request that in their annual addresses the im
portance of the formation of Relief Corps be urged
upon the Poats was granted aud presented in terms
to excite tho warmest gratitude. Col. Cheek, of
Wisconsin, following the honored example of the
Honored uommamler-m-Jruei or the uranu Army,
made the recommendation a part of hih first Gen
eral Order after Denver, and Gen. James, of Michi
gan, embodied itin his General Order conveningtho
J-iepartmcnt in annual meeting at Detroit, January
23, li8t. The result of my couference with Gen.
James was a call, issued by me to the Relief Corp?
of Michigan, to meet at Detroit simultaneously
with the Department, nnd form aSlate Department.
I was present at the meeting, and met in open ses
sion many comrades aud loyal ladies interested;
but, as but few regular delegates were present, it
was deemed best to adjourn the meeting tp Lans
ing, the State Capital, to a. date to be fixed later.
Accordingly, another call was issued for April 2,
when Lois F. S. Holbrooke, of Toledo, was present
aud conducted tho meeting. Col. Rush J. Shank,
of Lansing, having been elected Department Com
mander at Detroit, 1ms proved as stanch a friend of
the Reliuf Corps as his popular predecessor, and in
his General Orders following tho JSncampment com
mended Loyal "Woman's V' ork and tho establish
mtmtofa Corps in connection with every Post. Lans
ing had already pledged herself to tho work, and
Mrs. Shank was President of the large and flourish
ing Corps, Clutrles T. Foster, at that place. It was
most proper that bhe bo elected Department Presi
dent, wluch office the is filling with zeal and credit.
For valuable absifrtanes in Michigan I am indebted
to Comrade W. L. Smith, editor of tho Veteran,
which has a column devoted to tho Relief Corps of
that State.
The Department of Kansas, through Col. IL X.
Devendorf, A. A, G.. was zealous from the first, and.
through the active and unceasing encouragemeut
of the Department and the comrades, Kansas stands
close to Ohio in the number and influence of Corps
formed and rapid growth and development. Wis
consin promises well, a Department having been
formed June 7, with Clara B. Sloune as President,
and which was instituted by the Department Com
mnnder. Some of the most inspiriting letters come
from the Wisconsin Corps.
By special request, the Department Commanders
of Ohio, Michigan and Illinois wero appointed a
Conference Committee from the Encampment to
confer with the hidies assembled. Gov. Richard J.
Oglesby, of Illinois, was appointed by Col, Harper
to head tho Conference Committee in that State.
The Committee visited tha ladies at their hall at
Decatur, Juno SO, when the Department was
fonned,and gave them a cordial indorsement; and
Godspeed in their work. Lois L. S. Holbrooke, of
Toledo, instituted the Department. Julia G. Sine,
of Rockford, who hnd been berving as Instituting
Officer, was elected President. The officers of the
Relief Corps, with the Instituting Officer, were in
vited to seats on tho platform at the Encampment
Camp-fire. Gov. Oglesby and Gou. IJcath, Commander-in-Chief,
were both eloquent in their ap
peals for Loyal Woman's Work, and Mrs. Hol
brooko was given an opportunity to speak for the
Relief Corps, rln houorluid a privilege duly appre
ciated by us all.
A Conference Committee, appointed by Qan.
Janes at Detroit, nftcr full explanation of the char
acter and work of Eelief Corps, recommended it
strongly to tho Encampment, and the Commander-in-Chief
gave us a ringing speech, after which a
call was made for th Senior Vice, to which, iu bo-
half of tho National Relief Corps, I felt proud to
A Conference Comml(tco,( -appointed by Col.
Clarke at Zanesville, madfc a fatorable report to tho
Encampment, and here the Relief Corps delegates
wero honored Irt the request to be present at the
installation of Department' officers, and the Depart
ment President joined nib, by request, in replying
to congratulations and "explaining tho objects of
our work. A special mention iof the invaluable
services rendered me by the Department President,
Lottie L. Myers, In tho work of, organization, can
not bo estimated, and her election to the position
sho is filling so acceptably was particularly grati
fying to mo. Other able and'- untiring assistants
have been Emma D. Siblev, Anplo E. Howe, Nellio
Bacon and Mrs. Holbrooke, heretofore mentioned,
all of Toledo. Col. H. P. Lloyd, the present De
partment Commander of Ohio has given us noble
assistance, recommending thp establishment of
Relief Corps in General Orders andspccially calling
upon the Relief Corps to aid UnfFosts in his Memo
rial Day Order. i
Miss Sibley mado the trip to St. Paul, Neb., to bo
present, April 2, at the institution of the Depart
ment of Nebraska and aid Louise M. Merrill,
through whose auspices the call was made and
with whom I had held considerable communica
tion. Bliss Sibley was hospitably received and
showered with kindnesses by both comrades and
Juno 7. Mrs. Bacon, of Toledo, visited Elkhart,
Ind., and instituted the Department of Indiana,
with Hattie A. Floyd, of Kcndallville, as President
The Department Convention was held under tho
auspices of Shiloh Post and Corps, and the ladies
tendered a reception in tho evening at tho Opera
House parlor.
To the organization of eight of tho 10 charter
Corps in Pennsylvania I had tho pleasure of con
tributing by correspondence; also, to many of tho
charter Corps of New York, Maine, Kansas, Ne
braska and Colorado, and had tho honor of aiding
Mrs. M. E. Hausbcck, Chief Instituting and Install
ing Officer and present Secretary of the Depart
ment of New York, in the duty assigned her of
instituting and convening the charter Corp3 for the
formation of a Department. But the greatest
pleasure I havo known in this work has been to
aid in the formation of Eelief Corns in California,
Washington Territory and Dakota. From Maino
to California, through New Hampshire, Vermont,
Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsyl
vania, Ohio, Indiana and Michigan, Illinois and
Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa and Missouri, Da
kota, Nebraska and Kansas, Colorado to Cali
fornia, Oregon and Washington Territory, runs
this strong heart-chain of Union, broken only
by tho rocky slopes and semi-civilization of Utah
and Nevada. In all that wide expanse of country
we measure its magnificent distance to-day, not by
houses and lands, by gold heaped up and vast pos
sessions, but by tho strong fraternal attachments
which have rooted themselves, firm and fast, in the
hearts of soldier comrades and tho warm, sympa
thetic nature of the loyal women, whose best ener
gies are concentrated to tho disabled veterans of
the Union and to their widows and orphans. My
special acknowledgments aro duo to the Commander-in-Chief,
Robert B. Bcath, for important
advice, whenever consulted; for his encourage
ment and support at Detroit, Decatur, and Zanes
ville, and his cordial indorsement of our work, and
for tho opportunity extended to members of Forsyth
Eelief Corps and comrades of Forsyth Post to meet
him in my own homo January 24, 18SI, upon his
return from Detroit. Also, to the Department Com
manders and others already named, as well as to
Senior Vice Commander E. B. Brown, of Ohio:
Department Chaplain T. C. Wirner, of Ohio; Past
Commander J. S. Kountz, of Ohio ; Col. Austin
Curtin, of Pennsylvania; Capt. O. H. Barton, of
Kansas: Gen. H. B. Bowen. of Nebraska: Depart
ment Commander E. C. Babb, of Minnesota; Maj.
Franklin, of Nebraska, and Commander Carnahan,
of Indiana, for many favors received.
It will be borne in mind that I was among thoso
who preferred the open auxiliary society, on the
old Aid Society plan, to the secret work of tli8 Ee
lief Corps, and only waived my objection to the
latter ia the interest of harmony and union. In
our own (Forsyth) Corp3andin our Slate there wero
many who held to the same views and who sur
rendered those views for the same reasons. It may
now be proper to say that tho adoption of secret
work upon the part of any I103 not only removed
any objections we may have entertained against it,
but that we unite in saying that we find a greater
interest among members, more prompt attendance,
the development of greater talent, an increased spirit
of fraternity, a growth of charity, and an interest
that borders upon enthusiasm where often before
the individual was moved by a simple sense of
duty. We, therefore, fninkly and unconditionally
lay this tribute before Relief Corps work, and will
never ceoso to congratulate ourselves that He who
governs in the afi'airs of men chose wisely for us in
thaping events at Denver.
Again, it will bo remembered that I was among
those who warmly approved the eligibility of all
loyal women, with the important qualifications of
willingness to work for the soldier and of good
moral character. If I were strong in that faith
then, I am, if possible, more earnest now. In Ohio,
where the question has never been raised and
where applications are pouring in upon the Depart
ment daily, the loyal woman feels t liat she has th.e
same right and privilege in a Eelief Corps tuat she
would have in a church or benevolent society. It
is understood that the very word auxiliary means
a helper, and as her earnest desire is to help tho
soldier, whero else could she do it so well as in a
society pledged to soldier work. Fully one half of
our organizers and untiring workers in the Corp3
are only loyal women, and on the staff of our De
partment President are several who have done
Spartan service in the institution of Corps. To ex
pel loyal women from our Ohio Relief Corpswould
be a blow at the noblo record of Ohio in the war,
since hosts of the noble women who worked for us
then are with us now. It-Jjivcs me great pleasure
to say that the feeling in nearly all the Corps and
all tho Departments formed, save one, is unani-.
mous for individual loyalty as the first qualification
for membership.
In concluf ion, I wish to place myself on record as
in favor of enlarging and extending the power for
good of the National Eelief Corps by the establish
ment of a general relief fund by every Department,
as well as by National Headquarters, to be used in
the coses of army nurses and other loyal women
who may have rendered important service to their
country in time of war, and who are now, in their
declining years, oner struggling along ror a Dare
subsistence, left to dio friendless and unknown,
without even tho means to secure hospital attend
ance. Such a caso is that of the noble and gifted
Anna Ella Carroll, who planned some of the most
important campaigns of the war, and who did more
than any other by her writings and personal efforts
to hold Maryland true to the Union. A relief fund,
in the hands of the National President, to bo judi-
ciousiy used to relieve somo present distress in a
caso like this, would bo a divine benediction upon,
many a sorrowing one who has been cast aside by
a forgetful people to fill a pauper's grave. I would
have the National Relief Corp3 memorialize Con
gress from every State and Territory in tho Union
and they have now the organization to do it ask
ing Congress not only to provide fittingly for tho
widows and orphans of soldiers, but to grant an
honorable pension to every woman who gave her
best borvices, her dearest hopes, for the salvation
of her country and the care of the men who fought
their country's battles.
Before closing I would bear testimony to tho
noble Zealand broad and enlightened policy that
has characterized the executive officers of the Na
tional Relief Corps. To the President, Mrs. E. Flor
ence Barker, the Secretary, Mrs. L. E. Fuller, and
theTrcasurer, Mrs. L. A. Turner. With eneh and all
my relations have been frank, fraternal and cordial.
In all our intercourse we have withheld nothing,
dicussed all matters freely, and, laying aside all
personal preferences or individual opinions, havo
done everything in a common effort to promote tho
welfare of the National Relief Corps.
To you, my dear President, my most loving
thanks are due for tho unbounded measure of trust
and confidence you have bestowed upon me; for
your gentle forbearance when my importunities
have been sometimes exacting; and for the ex
ample placed before mc In a nature overflowing
with generous impulses and sweet womanly sym
pathies, liiich and all must ever dwell in my heart
as among mystanehest, truest, most trusted friends
and admirers.
I have tho honor to ba, yours, In F., C. and L.,
Kate B. Sherwood.
Belief Corps News from tho Various Departments
of tho Order.
The Department of Indiana was instituted at
Elkhart, July 8, by Miss Nellie Bacon, Toledo,
0. Officers: Pres., Miss llattic Floyd, Kendal
ville; S. V. P., Miss. Mary Childs, Madison ; J.
V. P., Mra. Titus, Elkhart ; Sec, Mrs. James,
Brazil; Treas., Miss Amanda Murdock, Brazil;
Ins., Mrs. Addio Hall, Kendaivillo.
Mrs. Clara N. Hurt, Clinton, Iowa, informs
us that a Ecliof Corps is about to bo organized
at that place.
A Belief' Corps auxiliary to Jesse Nelson Post.
No. 62, of Tecnraseh, Kan., was recently organ
ized. Officers : Pres.,.Mra. Ellon E. Bead ; S. V.
P., Mrs. Col. Jarvis ; J. V. P., Mrs. Alma Wood;
Chap., Mrs. Carrie A.- Biley; Sec, Mrs. Maria
C. Faxon; Treas., Mrs. Esther Campbell; Con.,
Mrs. Carrie Kerr; G., Mrs, Alice Loicuranco.
J. D. Zimmerman,' Leipsic, O.: On tho 9th
instant, Mrs. Mary Zimmerman instituted He
lief Corps, No. 46, atBelmorc, with 20 charter
members. Officors : Pros., Mrs. Mary M. Hick
erson; S. V. P., Mrs. Elizabeth Pitch ; J. V. P.,
Mrs. Minerva Hemorick;- Sec, Mis3 Viola
Klino; Trcas., Mrs. Lydia Bader; Chap., Mrs.
Delilah Baker; Con., Mrs. Margaret Myrice;
G., Mrs. Nancy Mull
Mrs. J. E. Doy, Stromshurg, Neb.: J. A.
Mowor Belief Corp3, No. 11, which was organ
ized hero March 22d Jasfc, gave its first enter
tainment last month, which was a great suc
cess. Officers: Pros., Mrs. H. C. Graves; SV.
P., Mrs. W. C. Bartholomew; J. V. P., Mrs. O.
W. Colo; Sec, Mrs. M. L. Pemhleton; Trons.,
Mrs. H. P. Cutting; Chap., Mrs. Joa. Kimble;
Con., Mrs. A. N. Stafford ; G., Mrs. P. McLaugh
lin. The latest Craw.
N. Y. 8un.
The latest crazo is to invite Christy min
strels, who for years have been consigned to the
lowest and most vulgar form of public enter
tainment, to fashionable parties, and the latest
device of the dude is to wear a lace cravat and
a waistcoat which, going down on tho hips, is
called tho swanbill, a name borrowed from tho
corset most affected by the society lady.
"Buchu-paiba," Great Kidney and Urinary
The Condition of the Order ou tho Pacific Coast,
Junior Vico-Commandor-in-Chiof Walter B.
Holmes roports from San Francisco, under dato
of July 1, that now life- scorns to havo been in
fused into the Departments of Oregon and
Washington Territory, and tho membership
there has increased 25 per cent, since Aug. 1,
18S3, and that nowhere else can there bo found
comrades more loyal to tho causo. Ho has vis
ited ovory Post
and finds them, without exception, in a flour
ishing condition. Among thoso which aro
worthy of special mention aro:
Lincoln Post, No. 1; Geo. IT. Thomas Post; No.
No. 42; Gen. Meado Post, No. -10, and Appomattox
Post, No. 50; these Posts having taken the lead in
tho matter of recruiting, as well as tho work per
formed and through which tho success of the De
partment has been attained.
The number of Posts in the Deportment of Cali
fornia, up to date of Juno 30, 18S3, wai 41, with a
membership of 2,015 comrades. Since that date 11
now Posts have been added to tho roster, and tho
number of members has been swelled to 3,392, a
gain of 777 comrades. During the year seven Posta
have been dropped but even with this loss, a gain
has been made over tho number of a year ago of
four, the number of Tosts being now 43, every ono
of which is established on a firm basis aud in a
thoroly good condition.
The report says:
Special attention is called to George W: De Long
Post, No. 45, of this Department, located at Hono
lulu, II. I., far off our western shore, in mid-ocean;
in a Btrange country Burrounded by a strange peo
ple. A Grand Army Post of 33 members not only ex
ists, but has made its influence most potently felt for
good, and have won a name for charitable deeds
and for loyal and earnest work that called forth
the worm plaudits of native and foreign alike, and
the hearty recognition of the "King," who, on last
Memorial Day, accompanied by tho royal gentle
men of his suite, paid sacred tribute of respect to"
''Our Soldier Dead," who lie entombed in that fur
off foreign clime, over whose graves tho comrades
of George W. De Long Post strewed their floral of
ferings in loving remembrance.
Your earnest attention Is directed to the Veter
ans' Homo, which has been established in thlsStato
by the comrades of the Grand Army of the Repub
lic of this Department, aided by the generous con
tributions of our loyal citizens, within whose walls
35 old veterans of our lato war havo already found
a refuge and a home.
The Uomc is situated at Yountvillc, in one of the
prettiest valleys with which this State abounds.
Nearly 9C0 acres, two-thirds of which i3 valuable
arable laud, is comprised as the property of the Vet
erans' Home Association.
A large and commodious as well as elegant
building has already been erected as the main por
tion of the Home, while several smaller ones give
accommodation to the inmates that are now being
cared for at this place. Nearly S40.000 has already
been raised through tho exertions of our comrades
of the Grand Army, which bo3 been judiciously
and wisely expended. Much, however, has yet to
be done in the way of raising funds before the
Home can be entirely completed and the institu
tion placed on a sure and sound basis. The com
rades are not, however, weary, and they mean to
continue their efforts until completion crowns their
labors and a Home is made for every old veteran
in our Slate who needs its shelter. The Legisla
ture of the State of California at its last regular ses
sion passed a bill granting nn appropriation of S130
per annum to each and every inmate who may be
come and continue to be an inmate after the expi
ration of six months from date of admission. This
will not be available until September next for any
portion of thoso now resident therein, therefore it
is necessary to keep up the contributions In order
to provide for their maintenance, and no more ear
nest work has been performed to this end than is
now being carried on by tho ladies of the Auxiliary
Eelief Corps of Lincoln Post, No. 1, of which the
wife of our Past Department Commander, C. Mason
Kinno, is President. Sub-committees have been
appointed and are continually at work to advanco
the welfare of the Home, their labors being re
warded with great success, end it is hoped by all
that sooa our hearts will be made glad by tho full
attainment of our desire in this respect.
The Statistics of the Order for the Past Year Or
ganization of 'Sbtt Departments and Substantial
Growth in the Old.
Adj't-Gen. J. M. Vandersllce'fl report Is dated at
Headquarters in Philadelphia. July 15. Ho reports
at the beginning of Gen. Beath's term there were
32 Permanent and four Provisional Departments,
with a total membership in good standing for the
quarter ending March 31, 1SS3, of 146,183. There
ore now 36 Permanent Departments, with a mem
bership in good standing, JIarch 31, 181, of 233,595,
being a gain of 87,412 members. During the year
the following Permanent Departments were organ
ized: Utah Embracing Utah, Montana and Idaho.
Organized Oct. 19, 1883. Headquarters at Ogden.
Tennessee and Georgia Embracing Tennessee,
GeorgFa and Alabama. Organised Feb, 20, 1BS4.
Headquarters at Nashville.
Gulf Embracing Louisiana, Texas and Missis
si ppL Organized May 15, 1884. Headquarters at
New Orleans.
Florida Organized JunelO.lSSi. Headquarters
at Key West.
In regard to the Department of Florida, the
Adjutant-General says :
Florida was reported upon the roster as a Pro
visional Department, but Icould find no report of its
strength or condition, and after fruitless efforts to
obtain a report from tho Headquarters atPcnsacola
or Warrington, through the exertion of Comrado
B. F. Stearns, Assistant Inspector-General, I was
enabled to get reports from tho Posts direct, which
showed that there wero In the Department two
Posts, with a membership between them of 28
barely sufficient to fill the Department and Post
offices. With your sanction the Provisional De
partment was at once disbanded, and the Posts or
dered fo report direct to National Headquarters.
Since then five good Posts have been organized in
the State, and u Permanent Department organized.
This has been accomplished to some extent through
acquaintances in the State, but principally through
the cflorts of Comrade B. F. Stearns, to whom tho
credit properly belongs. From the reports received
of tho largo number of Union soldiers from tho
North who have made their homes In Florida,,
there is every reason to believe that wc shall soon
have a good Department there composed of the
very best material.
The Adjutant-General is opposed to the creation
of any more Provisional Departments: "If Posts
Bkould be established in any Stato in which there
is no Department Organization, they should bo
either attached to an adjoining Department or be
ordered to report direct to National Headquarters,
until a Permanent Department is organized, as in
this manner there can be that direct communication
with and direct supervision by experienced com
rades so necessary in the incipiency of the Order.
The following table shows tuo gams Dy sue JLe
partments during the year :
June 33,
March 31,
Gain slnca
P a.
Off. 7
N. Hamp...
N. Jersey...
N. Mexico-
New York,
R. Island..,
W. V ,
Wash. Ter,
The reports received show tho following
gaius for tho quarter ending Juno 30, 1884.
iloat of the Departments will forward supple
mental reports, which, will largely increase the
State. Gain.
Missouri- 933
New Hampshire...,
I ew Jersey ............
New Mexico..........
W m
Oregon ...,
," 84
Illinois .1,893
Indiana. .1,199
Iowa. 1,020
Kansas .1,125
Kentucky 287
Maine ...
Massachusetts 025
Maryland 83
Micuicran 102
Bhodo Island..
Tenn. and Georgia
Vermont ......
Virginia, 79
west Virginia. 147
Wisconsin 1,837
Wa3hIncton Tar... 183
Minnesota - C97
Total gain for quarter.. ,.,.,..,..,.... ..29,823
2; Sumner Post, No. 3; Frank Bartlctt Post, No. 6;
Ellsworth Post, No. 20; W. II. L. Wallace Post, No.
32; Jos. A. Garfield Post. No. 31: John A. Dix Post,
Members reported in good
standing March 31, 1883......
Gain by muster In 105,065
Gain by Transfer ... S,o
Gain by Reinstatement....... . 15,311
iouw gain
Aggrcgrate V
Loss by deaths during the year
Loss by Honorable Discharge'
ioss oy uxansier..................
Loss by Suspension..................
Loss by Dishonorable Dis-
A vUU- lOoo
Members In good standing
March 31, 1SSU
Membership reported for Juno
30th L
of Posts. March 31.
of Posta. March 31.
Net gain In membership dur
ing tho year........
Net gain in Poats...................
Number of members of tho G.
A. E. relieved... ..... ...........
Number others.
Amount expended for relief......
87,412 I
8153.3G4 30
The amount reported as expended for relief
does not properly represent the amount actually
expended, as many Posts aro not particular in
this respect, and some of them make no report
of the amount expended in charity.
The report contains a number of very valu
able tables aud compilations, which we wonld
very much, like to give did not lack of spaco
absolutely prohibit it. We must, however,
make room for tho following extracts:
The very heavy loss during the year of 23,801 by
suspension, with a gain by reinstatement of only
15,311 calls for very serious consideration. lam
convinced that the principal cause of this Is Incom
petent or, what Is still worse, negligent Post officers;
encumbered with such officers no Poat can propper.
It is to be regretted that this heavy loss should be
due to such officers, and It Is to be regretted still
more that Posts will persist in exercising so little
judgmentand care in the selection of their officers
after being so often warned as to what the results
of carelessness will surely be.
I would also call attention to thefoct that 5.834
comrades have taken transfer cards during tho
year, while but 3,557 have again joined the Order.
During the past year 1,807 of our comrades have
been summoned from the fellowship of the Post to
cross the river that borders Eternity. A whole
brigade of the old army have been detailed from
our midst for duty with the battalions that havo
gone in advance. How forcibly, how painfully we
are reminded how few must be the years before our
Grand Army shall bivouac with the dead until the
reveille of the Eesurrection, and the glorious memo
ries of our Order shall live only in history. Until
then may no act of our Order stain its proud record
and bright escutcheon.
The Condition of the Order In theTarloos Depart
ments. Insp.-Gen. C. A. Santmyers report is dated at
Carthage, O., June 30. He reports that in the
Departments of ITaine, New Hampshire, Mas
sachusetts, Ehoda Island, Connecticut, New
York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland,
Potomac, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan,
Colorado, California, Missouri, Kansas, Minne
sota, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Oregon, Utah,
Dakota, Gulf, Tennessee and Georgia, and.
Florida, the condition of the Post3 and the
Order is very good, indeed. Ho was unable to
obtain reports from Vermont, Iowa, Washing
ton Territory, and New Mexico, while the
reports from other Departments aro meager
and insufficient. Ia regard to Kentucky, ha
I have personally inspected the Department
Headquarters of Kentucky and find them in a very
unsatisfactory condition. Commander W. H.
Harton assumed command of this Department
about May 1, receiving from the former adminis
tration a roster of 23 Posts, with a membership or
S65. This being a new Department no books or
accounts were received by him, and a majority of
the Posts were In arrears for due3, etc. The Com
mander and his A. A. G., Chas. Rademacher, and
the A. Q. 31., Gen. L. E Hathorn, have labored
diligently since they have been In office to
Btraighten up the affairs of the Department. They
have mustered three Posts, and have granted char
ters for four more. To-day the Department haa
26 Posts, with a membership of 1.02L The As
sistant Adjutant-General and Assistant Quartermaster-General
have opened a complete eet of
accounts, and ere long the Department of Ken
tucky will be found in a prosperous condition.
The present officers deserve credit for the fair con
dition the Department is in at this date. Only three
Posta have been inspected.
The Receipts, Expenditures and General Finances
of the Order.
Q. M. Gen. John Taylor's report embraces
the accounts of the year with itemized state
ments of receipts and expenditures. These are
recapitulated as follows :
John Taylor, Q. if. G., in account vatfh G.jLZ.
Cash balance on hand July 31,
Cash from TJ. S. bonds called
inforredemption............ 5,000 00
Received from sale of supplies -
as per abstract 45,753 23
Received from per capita tax as
per abstract.......... .. . 8,274 77
Received from charter
fees as per abstract. $165 00
Received from int. on
Investm'ts, as per ab
stract, etc 225 66
Total to be accounted for 564,363 65 $64,323 65
Expenditures as per nbstract
Salaries...................S3,2(50 CO
Traveling expenses..... 1.493 75
Incidentals, postage,
freight, etc.. ...... 8,073 13
12,771 SI
Purchase of supplies, as per
Total expenditures.,
54S.9S8 03 43.9SS 03
Balance cash on hand June 30, 1SSI....... $15,375 63
Cash on hand..... $15,375 73
Due by Departments- $2,74S 91
Less due Dep'ts. 75 13
S13.Q49 51
Office furniture-.,
724 57
227 95
Total assets..,
Total Absence of Vexations Disputes.
Judge Adv.-Gen. Wm. Vandevex iepcTt3
from Dubuque, Iowa, that
No important decisions have been rendered dur
ing the year which affect the general work of tho
organization. Minor questions have arisen, and
been referred to this oOico by the Commandar-in-Chief,
replies to which have generally been In
dorsed upon the papers, referred, and returned.
Ths freedom of our organization from
vexatious disputes and perplexing legal contro
versies during tho year just closed is a matter of
great congratulation. The signal ability displayed
by my predecessors in office in settling and deter
mining the true intent and meaning of the Rales
and Regulations lias made th8 discharge cf my
duties pleasant and comparatively light.
"Xcaj" or "YTomau."
What distinction should bo made between the
terms '"lady" and "woman?" This question
arises not unfrequently in London, where in the
slum3 every cr-stermonger's wife is described
as the lady nest door, and in Franca it is at
present ono of tho vesed questions of tho day.
Parisians, it is said, no longer acknowledge the
word lady. With them every member of the
other sox is always women, whila the squires
of the provinces arc ofieuded if their wives are
called women. Where, then, should tho line
be drawn ? It would sound strange to say " the
women of the ballet," or "the women of ths
corps diplomatique," hut it would be equally
unfamiliar to say "a virtuous lady," or a
"pretty lady." If town and country cannot
agree on tho point, it would perhaps be well
that the French Academy should speak a de
cisive word and lay down rules for the correct
US3 of disputed terms. Pen Matt Gazette.
Ha Forgot Hlmsfelf.
Western Cowboy You peoplo in ths East
here all look alike to me.
Eastern Friend That, I suppose, Is caused
by tho similarity of costumo; but yen should
observe faces moro closely. I can tell any num
at a glance.
"I don't see how you doit."
"All that 13 needed is a little study of physi
ognomy. By the way, there goes the author of
'Over tho Garden WaU.,w
" Whorc where ? "
"Eight over there."
" By George, what a chaaca ! Quick, let ras
oh, hang It, I forgot 1"
"Forgot what?"
"That in the East it's agin taelaw to shoot."
Fliea, Boach.es, ants, bed-bug3, rat?, mice,
cleared out by "Bough, on Bate." 15c
4 jl
"Fax nil of thoso Painful Complaints nasi
TVcalincssca so common to our best
v fidiai,t:popuiation.
It will curat Krrnrst.T tits woust rona ve Fs
3LYL3 CojTFLAnrrS, Ali. OViKIAH TBOCBfcStf, Itf-
3rUk3arATWJkKoTJtciRATio:f. Faixukj a.vo Bti-
xes3, ajtd is pa3ticuxabi.t xdx2tso to xu3
Cizaxgz ot Lets.
It wot dissolve JLsri xxpxt. Ttnroiw raozt xna
TrNDESCTToCAScxiioua Htraous?nznscK3ex?
It KsaoTts Faestxzss, FuLTursscT, BsrraoTS
NEsa ot tub Stomach. It cubbs Buuxro, Hxad
acue, Nrr.70us Pbostbatios-, Gskxuai. Dsmejtt,
DErusssioirAsuLtDiasgrioir. .
Tuat feelc? a o? Bsaiuho Dowir, cACsots Faet,
"Weight ajto Backache, is always rsKxurzirsEr
It will at all ttuss axb trsusn. all ctkckh-
' JSS"lzs Penrose 13 SOLELY torthslwhtoliss
For; tee ecus' or Keoset CoarLAsrw rx
Ernrzu sex this bsmzdt l usuckpassd.
prepared at Lynn, Haas. Frico Jt. Six battiM Utc $3.
Sold bzcX druggists. Bent by roall, postage p&Hl, in farsx.
of. Tills or Lozenges on receipt ot price as above. Hm.
Finkhara's "Guide to Health." wlU be rnoikd free t aay
lady sanding aimp. Letters cocnilenHalljanawsred.
KotemUy nhonld bo irltboat LYIHA E. FUSX8.UT3
LIVER PILLS. TiT extra- Constipation. BiBoaanee&axa
Torpidity o taa Liver. 23 centa per box,
Shot bj- Bushwhackers Kilpatrlct's Bald igalust
To THS Editos: Tour answer to corres
pondent inquiring date of Col. Dahleran'a
death, in The National. Teibtjxe of Jury 10,
is incorrect. Dahlgren was killed on the night of
tho 3d of 3rarcfc,lS64, in, I think, King WiiHam
County, east of the Mattapony River, and about
30 miles from Eichrcond. 31y regiment went up
the Peninsula IrumWiUiainaburg to co-operate
with. Kilpatrick in an attempt to seize Rich
mond. Kilpatrick vrs3 at White Hoeseontae
Pamunkey March 3. Dahlgrea wa3 ambushed
in the night in tho woods, and shot by guerril
las (farnier3 by day, aoldiors by night). Kil
patrick took our regiment and the llih Pa.
Cav., crossed the York at Gloucester, and pene
trated King' and Queen County to the spot
where he was killed. From negroes and others
we learned the particulars, hunted his slayers,
caught some of them, burned their houses and
barns, destroyed tue camp of the 9h Va.
Cav., and in fact searched King and Queen, not
because they killed Dahlgren that was war,
but because they cut off one of his fingers on.
which was a diamond ring-, and also, for addi
tional reason, that those that killed hin were
" Confederates fighting ou their owa account;"
they were not regularly mustered into the serv
ice, and it is important to .cavalry scouting in an
enemy's country that their opponents should bo
uniformed, that they may be recognized by day
as well as at night. I send you, eopkd from, the
Richmond Dispatch of 3Iarch. 10, l84t an ac
count of the disposal of his body. Note the feci
that Dablgren was in uniform; his murderers
confiscated his uniform coat and cloak, also his
ontside woolen shirt ( that every otScar ware) ;
consequently the word "assassinate does not
fit him ; assassins do not wear uniforms
I rememberan incident: in, our search for him
that I think would he interesting to your
readers that followed Kfluatriclc When w
were in King and Queen, about March, 10,1864,
wehaltedatacros3-road3. Itwas raining very
hard. Our horses were tied to the fences; the
bams were speedily emptied of corn, and hay
for horse aud man ; fences were piled up in greai
leaps and fired. Around every fire a com
pany gathered. The wood was handy and
plenty and the heat was great, so that, with th
fallingrain and our wet clothes, the steam made
the scene weird. Kilpatrick stood ou the road
with his back to the fire drying hirosebf. A,
woman came down the xoad inquiring fiwr the
General. He was pointed out to her. She im
mediately gave him a piece of hex mind. She
was a good talker. She denounced U3 for burn
ing her fences, stealing her corn, etc. cursed
the Yankees, and 'got into quite an argument
ou the laws of war. Of course she did not have
all ths say, for our General could talk some,
too. He said something to her that nettled her,
for she drewherself up to her lull night; and,
with a look of disdain, said she was an F. P.
Y." Then I remember him sayius: to her thai
if history was true, she usotlMws ef Virgiuia'a
first families were shipped from Loudon fo;
England's good, and were purchased by the first
fathers of Virginia at so many pounds of tobacco
a head, according to choice, from ths Captain of
the ship that brought them over to Hampton,
Ya. Here is the extract from the j&eoraend
On Sunday morning last the body of CoL TJIri
Dahigzen. one of the leaders of the late Yaakee
raid on this city, aa4 o wtoee body lbs papers
ravealiuK their dealgaa, if successful, were ftHiad,
was brought to that city on the York JKver fiatt
road tHh. and remained in the ear (Vuggnjgq) in
which it was til! yesterday afiernooa, when it was
transferred to some retired burial place. The ob
jeet in bringing Dahljjren's body here wag far iden
tification, and was vailed, among others, by Capfc.
Dement and Mr. Moirtcastle, of thia city, who were
recently captured and taken around by Uw raiders.
These gentlemen readily recojeiuzed it as that of
the leader of the band sent to aasaediitate the Presi
dent and burn the city. The appearance of the
corpae yesterday was decidedly more genteel thaa.
could be expected, considering the length of thaa
he has been dead. Ha was laid in a plain whit
pino coffin, with, flat top, and waa dressed in a
clean, coarse whit cotton shirt, dark blue paata,
and enveloped in a daik military blanket. In
statue he was about 5 feet 19 inches high, with a
Ions', eadaverouj face, light hair, slight beard,
closely shaven, aad had a small goatee, very MghJ
In color. In age wb suppose he was abons 30 years,
and the expression of his countenanc Inrtfcatui
W. H. AE3I3T2OX0, 1st IT. Y. Moantal
Eifles, Greenvflle, Hudson Co., K. J.
3bt Eueh of a Eera.
From the N.Y.Sun.1
Tboy ware enjoying the river view oTeo,a
light at West Point, and George, wife Ma gray
uniform, looked every Inch a soldier.
" George," 3he remarked softly, "d js
ever expect to become a great general 2 Lii
Sherman, for instance?"
George rather allowed that he did net expscl
"I have alwa.?3 admired General Sherman,"
she went on, quietly.
" Yes," George replied, General Sharman U
a distinguished fighter. Ha did splendid 3ervic
during the war."
"I don't remember very much, about tin
war," she said, "but I haw met General 3fear
man several times, and do you know, Geoxg
that he always tissed m ? He 13 a great sotdiaj,
and I admire him immensely."
"Yes, indeed," acquiesed Georja. "General
Sherman is a great soldier."
And then she complained of thg cMIl In th
air, and as they returned, Georga wonder
why she was silent.
Yoaaj 2IaaJ Eaa This.
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j vigor and manhood guaranteed. 2To xiak 3l
Incurred, as thirty days' trial is allowed, n w
them at oace for illustrated pamphlet fir.
Nervous Weakness, Dyspepsia, Sexual D
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Thin People, "Wells Hcaltk Eenewar,"x.
stores health, and vigor, curw dyspepsia, ka. $t
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; -Ot fc"- v?

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