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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, JULY 3.0, 1885.
;
A
LOYALWOMP'SWORK
The Ilouseliold Conversation CInl).
Puzzles, etc.
? CIno Coofcorr.
Fjeiestjs of TnK Cookisg Ci.oti: A Boston girl
who attended n nicnio at Plymouth Itock the other
day and enjoved some dainty cakes, found-out the
Tedpe for the benefit of The Tihbusk Cooking
Ciub. The tfirls Vrill aU surely like to make them
and the boys to eat them. .
liovs-Kwbts. Cut thin puff paste m strips, and
shape them on tho balzingpan to form a double bow
knot. When baked, put jelly on each loop of the
Arid now, lcat you do not know-how to make the
puff paste, I -will give the recipe, as follows :
Puff Taste One pound of the best butter, one
pound pastry flour, one scant teaspoonful of salt,
about one oupful of ice water. By measure, use
one quart of Hour and one pint of butter. Scald
vour bowl, then fill with cold water. Dip your
hands into hot and then into cold water; this
makes bowl and hands smooth, and keeps the but
ter from bticking. IS'ow wash the butter by work
ing it in the cold water until it is soft and waxy.
Divide into four parts; pat each part into a long
and narrow strip, and wrap in a clean wet cloth,
and lav it in a cool place (better on ice) to harden.
Mix the salt with the flour, then break in one quar
ter of the buUer. Rub with the tips of the fingers
only, and keep plenty of flour between the lingers
and the butter. A good way is. to chop it, so the
warm hand will not melt the butter, which should
be in little crumbs. When mixed fine, pour in the
cupful of ice water slowly. Be careful not to knead
the dough, which will toughen it. Roll out the
paste, and on a corner of the board one of the quarters
of the butter, after which lay it on the dough. Fold
over one side and then the other, letting tho edges
meet in the middle. Double again and pound into
a flat cake. Proceed as before with the next quarter
of butler pound and roll. When the butter is all in,
the dough may be folded, rounded, and rolled from
two to seven times, as your strength will permit.
Twice makes delightful pics, while three or four
times is required for tarts and more for bow-knots
and other dainty pastry cuts. Keep your paste cold
as possible; the more bubbles formed in pounding
and rolling the nicer it will be. It is the quantity
of air in it that makes it puff in baking. Boston
Fbiexds op the Cooking Club: jNow that you
have started the Cooking Club in real earnest, will
some one give me a nice recipe for making biscuit?
lama soldier's daughter, 1C Mamie C. Thompson,
"Washington, Iowa.
Editor's Chat.
"Soldier's Son," New Lisbon, O., mustsend name
with request.
J. J. "Weeks, Locust Valley, Long Island, N. Y.,
offers a delightful book, by a standard author, for
the best essay furnished by Sept. 1. When the
award is made the Conversation Club will have the
pleasure of reading it in The Tbiduxe; air. Weeks
having promised the same, wfth the writer's name.
Kate Rogers, meriting for correspondence, for
gets to give her address in full. That will never
do, Kate, if you would keep even with the wide
awake members of the Club.
If Lulie 3L Davis, Qucrcus Grove, Ind., will turn
to Mark, Clh chapter, 3d verse, she will find tho
authority for the statement that Jesus was a car
penter: '"Is not this the carpenter. Hie son of Mary,"
etc.
Well-expressed letters on the L.ngland ana Kussia
John Lawer, Stratford, Conn.; Oscar II. Johnson,
Gosport, Ind.; W. O. Foote, Wood River, Ncb.;
Otis M. Powers, Cardington, O.; May Wortman,
Hanidcn, O.; Ada Burke, Scranton, Iowa; Wni.F.
Healey, San Francisco, Cal.; William H. Brewer,
Onondaga, Mich.; Parnell O'Connell, Yankton,
Dak.
The Editor cannot make out Minnie Williams's
question. She must write more distinctly.
Anna E. Litton should send the song direct to
Ella Dinsmore. Tub Tbibukb has not space for a
hundredth part of material offered, and must give
preference to fresh matter.
Clara Hurbut, Fort Bassinger, Fla., will accept
thanks for the pencil sketch done by her brother.
The Editor returns love to both.
Mary Ward, Clinton, Mass., reminds Edgar W.
Cooley that the working classes of England always
stood by the Union, and in our darkest hour held
meetings, to maintain the integrity of our cause.
And quotes her father as an example of the service
of Englishmen in our ranks, he having served 40
months, and was wounded five times: in his last
fight the bullet passing through his body.
C.J. Fox: For correct answer see Tbibuks of
.Tuly 15.
We must remind our young friends of lhoneces
,sity of studying the Rules of the Club; particularly
of sendiug answers with puzzles, etc., for informa
tion of the fcditor.
Delaware is known as the Diamond State, be
cause of her small size and large wealth.
FredS should study the rules of poetry. He
will find these in any school text book of rhetoric
or grammar.
Mary Maples, Walnut Hills, Cincinnati, O.: Yes,
for five names, accompanined with S5, addressed to
Mrs. Kate B. Sherwood, Toledo, O., you will re
ceive live, copies of " Camptire Poems," and the
present of on6 for yourself additional. This offer
wllllio'ld goodtfor any member of the Conversation
Club.
To Comrade Benedict- tho Conversation Club
stands indebted for a very interesting reply to one
of the questioners, giving an account of E. W.
Locke, the ballad singer, and his romantic history.
Who can tell where he is ?
"Amateur Printer," Mosiertown, forgets to send
his State.
Jane Fowler's question is not clear enough to
print. What does she mean ?
Nellie L : Address Oliver Ditson & Co., Boston,
Mass., for "National War Songs."
Miss Aughey E. Haworth. Oakford, Ind.. and
Ella M. Harrison and Jennie 31. Parker, North
Hope, Pa., answer prize puzzle onder date of July
2 and July"; also, Phebe McClelland, Eugene,
Iowa.
Conversation Clab.
Rules of the Club.'L.- Write briefly. 2. Write
on one side of the paper. 3. Write to the point. 4.
Write on one subject. 5. Write your best. 6.
Send answers to all puzzles for use of Editor. Each
week the names of those writing the best lettcra
style, composition, spelling, penmanship and gen
eral merit considered will be named at tho head
of this column on the Honor Roll. First honor will
include all of these requirements. Second honor
will include a deficiency in some one point. No
others will be named.
HONOR BOLL BEST LETTERS.
First Honor Glcncora Klephardt, Osceola Mills,
Pa.; Wm. H. P. Brewer, Onondaga, Midi.
Second Honor M. Helen Calvert. Shiloh. W.
"Vs.; Ada Burke. Scranton, Iowa; Wm. W. Ifcaley,
No. 5, Caroline street, San Francisco, Cal.; Delia L.
Kerr, Shelby, O.; Edith L. Crist, Liberty, Ind.
PATIENT GLEANERS.
Chas. Day. Silvcrlon. Col., 7; A. M. J. Todd,
Vergennes. 111., 2; Donna Sayles. Mill, Iowa, 6;
John Hoskins. New Hartford. 111., 1G ; John W.
Griffey : J. A. Li tt I era, Downs, Kan., G ; Wm. Lett,
Barnard, Mo.; M. Ivy Goodalc, Mansfield, III., 16;
Ed. Rynearson, Gettysburg,., 6; Carrie Williams,
Olarksville, O.. 6; O. Matthews, Gilleepicville, O.,
6; Edith L. Crist, Liberty, Ind., 4.
DOES INVENTION BENEFIT LABOR?
Fbiesds of the Club: On this question I take
tho affirmative. What would the farmer do with
out his machinery t and the women without their
sewing machiues? I say, God bless the man who
invented the sewing machine. Inventors are ben
efaclors,nnd inventions make work for all, in one
form or another. Edith L. Crist, Liberty, Ind.
FEiEJfiw ok the Club : Inventions make work
easy, and, therefore, aid the workingman. One
man can cut ns much grain with a self binder as 20
with a rcaphook, but there is 20 times as much land
cultivated, so as many men aro employed, though
in a different way. The same with a cornplantcr
and other farm inventions. Let those who do not
think inventions benefit labor try farming under
the old way and the new, and their ideas will soon
undergo a change. Wm. Baird, Orizala, 111.
A NEGATIVE VIEW.
Fbiekds of the Club: Invention isnot a benefit
to labor, for tho reason that it is a benefit to capital.
Is guuowder, nilro-glycerine and other explosives
a benefit to the laborer? Is the sewing machine a
benefit because it makes rich men or women, who
should hire laborers, operate them, or secure the
same work at a price far below the standard when
they were not in vogue? Was the cotton-gin a
benefit to the laborer? No; but it benefited the
man who raised the cotton, for he sent his children
to Europe for education and in various other
ways managed not to invest where he made his
ynoney. The inventor is in the meantime racking
liisbrain for an invention on a riding plow. After
years of patient work he produces his plow.
Another year, and he gets a patent on it. He gets a
paltrjsum and the praises of the monopolist. The
same monopolist discharges two men out of three
in his employ. They go out to find work, but where
do they &et it ? Mr. Nelson says tliat the more ma
chinery yc have for saving labor, the better. Why
is it belter-? The men that labor aro not going to
redouble their efforts to do the same amount of
work that the machine does; but, on the contrary,
will hijye- more help and be more independent.
Will tflc chAinpions of inventions tell me why
So 'nwby invcn"ons are discarded as useless, when
they are gocrd mechanical productions? Charles
Day, Silvertojn, CoL
FitiENDS ov the Club : We hear much to the
eflcct tliat inventions cheapen labor. Now, if it
cheapens lalW. how does it benefit the working
clas-ea? Tb?e workmanship performed on these
elfhindcrs (are (50 per cent.) done by boys. They
earn froinhree to live dollars per week. It is all
done by contract and piecework. If one averages
jnr.e-aian the other he is cutdown several per cent.
a'ow, are these machines a benefit to the mechanic?
I think not. Suppose we take tho ' wood-carving
machine." See how many men are employed in
manufacturing them, and ae how many hands are
thrown out of employment by the use of them.
Alter serving their time in learning their trade, it
is now of no benefit to them. It is the same way
with most of trades nowdays. We would like
very much to hear tiie Editor's opinion on the
( question. Win. Lloyd, Hartford, N. J.
The snhject will bear discussion a little
longer. Ed.
ymO WERE THE GREATEST PATRIOTS?
Fbiekds of the Club: As much as I stand for
and commend tho patriotism of the women during
the "laying of the foundation of our Republic,"!
trill not say, as T. Welch says, that they did more
flum men. Who was it that rose to the top of the
question, now closed, are acknowledged iromivoveu
J. Decker, Dawn, Mo.; E. E. Warren, Co. E, 8th
Ohio. SeradO. Kan.: Edwin Wray. Lcnora, Kan.;
oratorical ladder; or, in other words, who was It
that, when they arose iu an assembly, held tho
audience spellbound? Was it the women? No.
Who was it that went to France to get more help
nnd obtained it? Who was it at Blinker Hill
(or Breed's Hill) who fought hand-to-hand with
the enemy? Who was it that wrote the grandest
Constitution that was ever vrittcn in the annals of
the world? I will acknowledge that the women
stayed at home and cared for the comforts of the
household and its interests. So, wo might say,
then, that those who remained at home during the
rebellion nnd wished the soldiers Godspeed, did
mo-e than those who fought. It was the men who
wcretraced by the blood which, for a free Govern
ment, so freely oozed out of their feet, and were
shot down like brutes. Have I anyone who believes
as I do on this subject? If so, take up the quill and
let it move freely. Ed. Ryncaraon, Gettysburg,
Darke Co., O.
BELLING THE YOUNG COUPLE.
FniKN'ns of the Club: Did any of the Club cvw
go a " belling? " Those who have not may like to
know something of this queer country custom.
Well, when a young couple get married the men
and boys assemble around the house where they
reside nnd "bell" them, while the fair gender go
in the house nnd honor them with their presence.
The "boilers" outside make all tho noisothey can,
both vocal and instrumental. The favorite instru
ments of torture are cow-bells, horns, conch shells,
shotguns, wash-boilers, etc., anything to make a
racket. Then there is the horse-fiddle, which
makes a noise that makes one's ears dance; tho
circular-saw, and also tho dumbell. Tho former
car-cracking machine is mado by simply taking a
common store-box, salting it with rosin, and tor
turing it by drawing a scantling or rough plank to
and fro across it. If you cannot imngine the sweet
and cxpressivo music derived therefrom, try it
yourself and be satisfied. One objection to it is
that it does not sound far enough only about four
miles or so. Charles Davidson, Van Wert, O.
BRAVE BOYS IN DAKOTA.
Friends of the Club: A word for Yankton, in
tho extreme southern part of Dakota. It is 'situ
ated in the valley of tho Missouri and James
Rivers, which unite four miles east of Yankton.
The soil of Yankton County is n mellow, fine black
loam ofgrcalrichnessandstrength. Therenrethou
sands of farmers that have come to Dakota with
almost nothing, who are now worth from $3,000 to
10,000. The city of Yankton has a population of
about 5,000. Yankton County is well drained and
good roads are maintained with little expense, nnd
no part of the County is over two or throe hours'
drive from the railroad. Land is sold on easy
terms; several farms to rent for one-quarter or
one-third of crop. The climate of this part of Da
kota i&ibout that of Northern Illinois nnd Cen
tral Iowa. Crops of all kinds arc raised here; av
erage yield wheat, 25; oats, GO; corn, 50; flax, 15,
per acre, and always a sure crop. Now, for our
selves, can any of the boys show a better record of
work done this Spring? I am 15, brother John 12;
father was sick, and together we have under crop
104 acres. Father is one of tho oldest subscribers of
The Tbibuse. Parnell O'Connell. Yankton, Dak.
A NEBRASKA DRUM CORPS.
FkiendsoftheClub: My father was in Co. A,
4th Wis. Cav, and was in Libby Prison. We have
a G.A.R. Post here and a Drum Corps, of which I
am Sergeant. Members: Frank llartnyui, Harry
Coon, Rufus Easton, John Steward, James Lyon,
James demons, Willie demons, Julius Stingley,
Judson Marsh, and myself. We arc going to tho
soldiers' Reunion tho 17th of September at Beat
rice. Our teacher and Drum Major is Wm. Beau
pro, an old soldier, of Ohio. I think none of us are
over 15 years. Would hear from sons and daugh
ters of veterans, also from other drummer boys.
James D. Boyle, Hebron, Neb.
FAMOUS BALLAD SINGER OF THE "WAR.
Friends of the Club: 1 noticed some months
since in The Tbibukb Exchange an inquiry for
the author of the song, tho chorus of which is as
follows:
Then tramp away, while the bugles play,
We're marching on to Richmond ;
Our flag shall gleam in the morning beam
From many a spire in Richmond.
The fifth and last verso of this song is:
Our thoughts shall roam to scenes of homo
While marching on to Richmond ;
The vacant chair that's wailing there,
While wo march on to Richmond ;
'Twill not be long till shout nnd song
We'll raise aloud in Richmond,
And war's rude blast will soon be past,
And we'll go home from Richmond.
The song is entitled "We Are Marching on to
Richmond." The words and music are by E. W.
Locke, the composer and singer of many army
ballads, among which are: "We Aro Marching
Down to Dixie's Land," " We Must Not Fall Back
Any More," nnd various other popular songs of tho
war of 1861. Tho old comrades of the Armies of tho
Potomac and Cumberland will remember this pop
ular ballad singer, for I presume there is hardly a
brigade or regiment in these armies that have not
listened to the songs as sung by the author himself,
who usually, upon visiting tho camps, would
mount a "hardtack" box or barrel and begin to
sing, and soon the whole regiment would gather
about him, singing with him thoso soul-stirring
and patriotic songs. He also sold copies of his
6ongs with music and furnished us with postago
stamps, and did good service in the hospital besides.
Ho was the identical person we supposed at tho
time was captured and hung as a rebel spy near
Frederick, Md., in 18G3, but it did not prove to bo
him, although he disappeared from us for a timo.
The spy that was hung at that place was an imi
tator of Mr. Locke, selling his songs and postage
stamps, but was proved a rebel spy and hung. In
tho Spring of 18G4 who should turn up but tho
ghost (as some of the boys thought) of the hung
bpy in the person of Mr. Locke, the same old chap,
wig and all, with a new edition of songs, nnd he
was warmly welcomed by his old friends iu the
Sixth Corps and other troops he assisted. He was
truly loyal to our cause, and I have often thought,
in his chosen role as ballad singer, was worth a
thousand muskets in keeping up the spirits of tho
soldiers in our hardships nnd trials in the field by
patriotic song. His absence from us was caused by
visiting other armies. Tho Army of the Cumber
land will recollect him particularly, for ho was
among the boys there. Mr. Locko went to the war
from Maine, 1 think, nnd if now living and any
comrade knows his address, he will confer a favor
to many old soldiers to let it bo known through tho
columns of The Tribune. Mr. Locko published a
book of about 400 pnges, entitled "Three Years iu
Camp and Hospital." I met the author ataRcunion
of Vermont Soldiers iu 175, and had the pleasure
of hearing some of those old songs once more, and
purchased a copy of the book. It contains his ex
perience of three yearsof camp life, together with
the songs he used to sing to us. with the music, and
I highly prize tho work. If Mr. Locke is living
and the book is in print, I presume many old com
rades would like to procure it. Tho book cost me
$1, and is a valuable reminder of our soldier days
yours ago. J. A. Benedict, Sergeant, Co. B, 2d Vt.,
Sixth Corps, East Poultney, Vt.
A PRIZE WORTH WINNING.
Dear Editor: I am a constant reader of The
Tribune, and, although 35 years old, take much
interest in the children's department, puzzles,
questions, etc. I wish to make this proposition to
the young readers of your paper: To any person
not under 12 years of age or over 18, who shall, be
fore the first day of September, 1885, send to me
what I shall consider the best essay or composition,
(original, of course,) I will present a copy of a book
published by Houghton, Mifilin 4c Co., entitled
"Cape Cod," by Henry D. Thorcnu. Each writer
shall choose his (or her) own subject. No essay or
composition shall contain over 1,500 words nor less
than 800, and must be accompanied by tho full
name and address of tho writer. Tho ago must
also be given. The book will be sent to the winner
of the prize some time during the month of Sep
tember, 1883. J. J. Weeks, Locust Valley, Long
Island, N. Y.
CLUB WHISPERS.
Great-grandfather was in the Revolution ; grand
father in the war of 1812; father in the 7th Iowa,
war for the Union. Lizzie Dakc, Woodburn, Iowa.
Vermont boys, to the front I We hear nothing
from you. Jatncs Whitney, Rochester, Vt.
I attended tho Portland Encampment, and it was
a grand sight to sec so many old veterans together.
Father, Nye C.Blake, Co. E, 9th VU, would hear
from comrades. I would like letters nnd the song
of "The Dying Soldier." Willie L. Blake, New
port Center, Vt.
Let us do all in our power to get up a proper
sentiment for tho pensioning of our disabled sol
diers. The Government lias always money for
every other purpose; but when a dollar is to bo
given to the men who saved the Nation, some soldier-hating
paper, like the New York Herald, raves
of taxing the coplo for undeserving claimants.
Agnes Purdy. 5SJ Dock St., Easton, Pa.
I agree with Lillic, Exeter, Neb., and think tho
motto of sons of veterans should be "Never use
tobacco." But does not Lillie exaggerate its evils ?
If not, why do those addicted to its uso look so
well and healthy ? L. Royalstou, Box 28, Worces
ter, Mass.
O, my young friends, bo careful how you ask to
correspond with strangers. The world is full of sin
nnd vice, and how cau you tell whether tho ono
who answers your letter is good or bad ? Have you
not some friend who will write you? Correspond
ence with strangers often leads to bad ends. Father
is a veteran of the Black Hawk, Mexican and civil
wars, and would hear from comrades. Walter W.
Woodworth, Gratiot, Wis.
A. M. B. : It is true that no battle was fought at
Bunker Hill, but at Breed's Hill instead. It wason
tho 17th of June, 1775, instead of the 16th. Col.
Prescolt, however, mado no mistake. He marched
his men to Charlestovn Neck and chose Breed's
Hill as a more commanding silo than Bunker Hill,
nnd there gave the famous command. E. H. W
Lock Box 7. York, Neb.
Here is my album verso :
When the golden sun is setting,
And your mind from care is free;
When of others you arc thinking
Will you sometimes think of mo?
Emma Strobel, Greenfield, O.
I have just finished reading a Southern mnga
zino, the liitouuc, but would not give The Trib
une for a dozen of such exchanges. Long livo The
Tribune! Would hear from Delia Champlin,
Canto, Mo. Jessie Lister, Glidden, Iowa.
I am a son of a 1st Kan. battery veteran, who
served four years; um 21, and greatly enjoy The
Tribune and the Conversation Club. I will ex
change photograplis with tho first young lady writ
ing me in every Stale and Territory, and prcscnthcr
with a package of chronic cards besides. Will ro
fi
ily to all others sending postage stamp for reply.
eruert. Ireland, xsiue J&ariu, aliun.
The use of tobacco is of nil liabits the most filthy.
What is more discouraging to a woman than to
black a stove and have her husband come in and
undo all her work by spitting on the stove? Ma
mie C. White, Spring Brook, Mich.
My lather wishes to know if any member of the
77tb Pa. can tell him anything of Jacob Forbes, who
was shot through the right lung at Chickamauga,
nnd was last seen at the general field hospital ?
Bell Holdemnn, Dorchester, Clark Co., Wis.
Trlbane Exchange.
Wanted, to exchange : Postal cards for album ; fol
low Tribuke directions. Florida moss to those
sending postage. S. E, Chandler, Yallaha, Fla,
Western curiosities for scashclls. L. G. Barber,
TJtica, Neb.
Postals for albums. Ethel Kildon, Bcthcsda, O.;
Chas. A. Kclton, Calais. Vt.
Songs and instrumental music for select pieces.
Minnie E. Brown, Unity, Wis.
Seamoss, pressed or natural, for Indian curiosi
ties, pretty seashells. or fern. Nellie Jakins,
Point-no;Point, Port Gamble, Wash. Tor.
Wanted, letters: By Dclmer A. Budd, Knttskill
House, Kattskill Bay. Lake George, N. Y.; Jessie
White. Mount Hope, Wis.; Bertha Goodrich, Shi
loh. W. Vn.; Glencora Kephart, Osceola Mills, Pa.,
whoso father (Simon Kephart) would hear from
Lieut. Shultz and other comrades of the Third Di
vision, Second Corps ; Delia L. Kerr, Shelby, O. ;
Nellie Gamer, New Brighton. Pa.; John E. Lnns
den, Bethany. III. Hither and eight uncles in tho
war; Irving H.Jackson, Box 7, Bailey's Harbor,
Wis. (18), and sends thus album verse:
In bailing down life's harbor,
In your little, light canoe,
May you have a pleasant vogage
And always room for two.
Wanted, special correspondence: Letters on the
country from young ladies East and young gentle
men in Colorado or Northwestern Kansas. Bcrnio
Sybil, Wayland, Neb.
Charles Snowdcn nnd young gentlemen West to
exchange photographs nnd receive the words of
"Under the Daisies." Mat tic M. Car r ell, Warsaw,
Mo.
From gentlemen, 20 to 25, nnd exchange cards
with tho Club, by a daughter of a veteran, of Co. F,
G3d Ohio. M. Helen Calvert, Shiloh, W. Va.
From the South. Ida Cook, Millard, Mo.
From young people of 17 who love music. Pinkie
Hnttcn, Marshall, 111.
From 17-year-old sons and daughters of veterans.
Ed. Lock, Box 7. York, Neb.
From Winnie E. Conover, Kansas. Albert F.
Wakefield, Osceola, Mich.; son of an 11th N. Y.
veteran, and seven years a cripplo from inflamma
tory rheumatism.
From some ono who lives or ha3 been in Nan
tucket Island. Jane Fowler, Gunter, Mo.
From soldiers' daughters. Nellie Cole, Creston,
111.
From shorthand correspondents, by a Munson
writer. O. P. W., Lock Box 122, Putnam, Conn.
Wanted, songs: "Amber Tresses." Maggie Bai
ley, Box 462, Spencer. Mass.
"A Package of Old Letters"; also, to exchange
" Wood Up," a quickstep, for a march. Ida Cook,
Millard, Mo.
"Curfew Shall Not Ring To-night." Otis M.
Powers, Cardington, O.
The Curious Corner.
Answers to questions will not be published with
in two or three weeks after questions appear. So
all will have a chance to send replies, and receive
honorable mention with number answered.
Edgar Bowcrs's Mathematical Problem: Cost,
first cow, S36; second, SG0; total, 00.
Delaware is called Blue Hen State, and also
Diamond State.
The area of the Pacific Ocean may bo roughly
estimated at 80.000,000 square miles, or about two
fifths of tho entire surface of the earth.
Mount Everest is a little over 29.000 feet high.
Washington is called City of Magnificent Dis
tances on account of tho extensive scale on which
it is laid out.
Our kind Editor wished to know how I knew
that tho people of Nebraska aro called "Bug Eat
ers." The qucstipn is asked and answered in a
very popular schoolbook, called " How to .Study
U. S. Historv," edited bv John Trainer, of Decatur,
111. M. Ivy'Goodell, Mansfield. 111.
What captive monarch proposed to fill the room
in which he was imprisoned with golden vessels as
high as ho could reach for his ransom ? How large
was tho room? How much did the captors receive?
A. L. Tweedy, Lincolnvillc, Ind.
1. Which is the Gate City? 2. What city is called
the Smoky City? 3. What river is the longest in the
world? O. Mathews, Gillcspievillc, O.
1. Who was the Lowland Beauty? 2. Who was
the Tanner President? 3. Who was the Dark Horse
President? 4. What did tho Powhatans call to
bacco? 5. Who was tho Sage of Mentor? 6. What
are the natives of Alabama called? 7. "Who said
"Give 'em Hail Columbia, boys"? M. Ivy Good
ell, Mansfield, 111.
1. When did the British take possession of Wash
ington nnd burn the public buildings? 2. When and
where was a printing press first set up in tho United
States? 3. When was the first cargo of negroes
brought to Jamestown? 4. Who was mado Em
peror of Rome when 17 years of ago? 5. When
was Col. Baker killed? 6. When did Antiochus
invade Greece? Carrie Williams, Clarksvillc, O.
Decoration Day always comes on May 30. Why
and when established? What was Darius Tucker's
plan for the rebellion, and what would have been
the result had it been carried out? Who was Judas
of the West? Give incident. Ed. Rynearson, Get
tysburg, Darko Co., O.
BRAIN-RAC KERS
From Our Yonng Contributors.
To- Contributors: In sending answers immo
No. of The National Tribune in which tho puzzle
is found. Answers of gncssers mny bo forwarded
within a week after receiving this Tribune. Do not
make numerical enigmas of your own names.
Answers must accompany nil puzzles forwarded.
PUZZLE SOLVERS.
Jessie White, Mt. Hopo, Wis., 1 ; Bessie Cowan,
Grafton, Kan., 4 ; Fred E. Bader, Manhattcn, Kan.;
M. Ivy Goodell. Mnnsfield, III., 2; E. Haworth,
Oakford, Ind.; Hattie Strong, Springfield, Pa., 3.
THE HERDSMAN'S TUZZLE.
A man, wishing to start a herd, having one cow
to begin with, the cow coming in fresh the first
Spring with one heifer calf, and each calf coming
in fresh at two years old, nnd so on from year to
year, each bringing in a heifer; what would -tho
herd number at the end of 21 years? Herdsman.
ANSWERS TO PUZZLES IN TRIBUNE JULY 9.
Enigma Bed.
AMERICAN CONUNDRUM.
Tho Lily may droop and wither away.
The Rose its sweet petals may sever,
Tho Shamrock and Thistle may fall to decay,
But the Stars shine on forever.
THE RIDDLE OF THE SPHINX.
Ed. Rynearson: Tho Riddle of tho Sphinx, with
the reply, are as follows:
What animal is it that walks on four legs in tho
morning, two legs at noon, nnd three legs at night ?
Ans. Man. When n baby, he creeps on his hands
and knees; when n young man, lie walks upright
on two legs; when an old man, he walks with a
6taff, which makes three legs. Annie Trowbridge,
3150 Twenty-first Ave., Minneapolis, Minn.
CHARADES.
No. 1.
One day I took a pleasant stroll,
Went in a shop and bought my whole:
Then round my first my second placed,
And homeward then my ways I traced.
NO. 2.
My first in many a field doth grow;
Most easy 'tis to guess ;
Without it we should come to wo,
To troublo, and distress.
My second in a farmer's barn
You very oft may find,
And when I say 'tis made of yarn,
It may come to your mind.
My wholo is but my second, too,
And used to carry in
My dear and precious first; so you
To guess may now begin.
Elmer E. Teeple, Burlington, Kan.
POLITICAL ENIGMA.
I am composed of 52 letters.
My 2, 8, 46, 10, 41, 27, 52, tho author of a work on
ciicss
12, 42, 37, 20, n noted translator.
34, 35, 50, 38, 4. a nation of modern Europe.
1. 21, 18, 6, 30, 10, G, author of " Orlando Furioso.'1
32, 47, 51. 13, 21. 45, a Mohammedan date.
3, 21, 22, 40, 43, 50, a Hunnish leader.
4, 31, 23, a French marshal.
19, 1, 26, 36, 48, an English philosopher.
14, 10, 5, 9, Madame Dudcvant's pseudonym.
7, 15, 39, 49, tho inventor of tho double-acting
condensing steam engine.
41, 11, 52, a poet laureate of England.
2. 25, 28, 46, 120. a writer of poetry and fiction.
31, 17, 33, 1, 16, a novelist of tho Victorian age.
My whole is an extract from Webster's reply to
Hayne. .
ANSWERS TO LAST WEEK'S BRAIN-BACKERS.
No. 32 Conundrum. One rocks on a bough;
tho other boughs on n rock.
No. 33 Rebus. It is pried (pride).
No. 34. Conundrum.
T f'
Why is the lower picture like tho upper ono?
Answer next week.
No. 35 Puzzle.
Twelve things to be seen in this picture: 1. Voters
In the nfllrmalivc. 2. Negative voters. 3. Meas
ures of length. 4. End of a river. 5.. Musical in
struments. 6. Fruit of maize. 7. Part of a barrel.
8. An obeisance. 9. A box of clothes. 10. A tie.
1L Voice of dog. 12. Arithmetical reaulU,
Answer next week.
44fll 1 1 1 1 1 ri i i i 4-JLM4.
OUR RURAL TOPICS,
Tfn
-J L
Some Practical "Sn&eslions for Our
AjmcuMraFReaders.
tir
TREATMENT 3..0F lOAEDEN
SOIL.
Wo have frequently alluded to tho necessity
and importance of causing a thorough, pulveri
zation of tho soil -as a-prcparation for tho
reception of tho sebji opcrops, and tho moro
minute 'the seed ttic 'ireater tho need of
thorough palverizatlon.But while this ne
cessity exists, it most ho borne in mind that
many of the seeds of vegetables aro minute,
and hence do not requiro much depth of soil
over them at timo of planting; because, should
they be deeply imbedded, and perhaps beyond
the influence of heat and light, they would fail
of germination, or if germination occurred
would nofcpossoss sufficient force to push them
selves to tho surface. In warm, dry weather a
soil that is carefully pulverized soon becomes
dried upon its surface, and so seeds that are
planted very shallow in a loose soil are soon
deprived of moisture, and so wc find that un
less tho planting of small seeds can bo planned
so as to precede a shower of rain it becomes
necessary to compact tho soil at tho surface
after planting -tho seed. This serves a doublo
purpose of not only assisting tho germination
of tho seed by packing tho soil around it, in
which condition it will retain moisture for a
longer timo, but such compact soil also serves
as a support to tho young plants when they aro
fcoblo and have hut a slight hold upon tho
soil, which if loose would afford little or no
support. As soon as the plants aro of sufficient
size, or have a suitablo hold of tho soil, pul
verization should bo renewed, because, oscept
under the conditions named, there is nothing
better for growing crops than to keep tho soil
in a looso, pulvcront stato. Ex.
HOW TO BEAR A CALF.
When tho calf is weaned (and the sooner this
is dono tho bettor) and it is taught to drink
milk, it may be fed upon skimmed milk warm
ed to tho heat of the now milk, and fed in suf
ficient quantity aud no more. It is overfeeding
which does most harm to calves. Tho first
month thrco quarts of milk three times a day
is enough; tho second month four quarts may
bo given at a meal, and tho third month six
quarts twico a day with a drink of water at
noon. After two months tho calf should bo
taught to eat a little mixed bran and cornmcal,
aud this may bogradually increased until it gets
a pint a day when four months old. Tho milk
may bo continued up to five or six months if it
is convenient, and it may be mixed with an
equal part of warm water. A small quantity
of meal should bo given overy day.
THE KIND OF HORSE TO CHOOSE.
Moro weight in a horse is no indication of his
valuo. A horso may bo so heavy and yot so
weak that ho cannot do moro than carry his
own weight around, whilo a lighter horse would
outdraw and outwork him. Tho old Morgan
horso was small, but so wiry and strong in sinew
and musclo that no other horse, howovor largo
and heavy he might bo, could outdraw him.
Tho farm horso anid the roadster, tho army
horse, and tho othcH horses which do active
work should bo of this kind. Tho very heavy
horses havo their uses, chiefly for drawing
heavy loads on pavetbsjareets in cities. Somo of
theso heavy Pcrchcrons and Clydesdales havo,
singly, moved a lo&l oD seven tons upon the
ordinary paved streets o'fiSities whero they aro
kept. But this is notwhat a farmer wants at all,
and he should not mistakomerosizo and weight
for general-purpose nsefalness, nor fat and
sleekness for strength, a
FEED THE CAtvEBEPABATELY.
Ono great reasonswhy; calves do poorly tho
first season is becausj tjicvaro not fed with suf
ficient regularity ana their rations often vary
so much. Several calves rwill often run to
gether, thomilk witf be poured into a common
trough, and tho larger brlnoro greedy will get
moro than their share, anil tho weaker will se
cure less than their share.' At ono timo thoy
will overeat, cloying their appetites, causing
indigestion and loss of appetito; at another
they got less than enough to' satisfy their wants.
Every calf should havo his ration separate,
where ho will not be annoyed by others, and
should reccivo at regular times just oneugh to
fully satisfy without surfeiting.
SCAB IN SHEEP.
The parasitic diseaso known as scab in sheep
should bo treated as soon as discovered. The
treatment is as follows: Steep ono pound
of strong tobacco to tho gallon of boiling-hot
water, add four ounces of flowers of sulphur,
stir frequently until tho liquor is cooled to 120;
pour this over tho sheep along tho back, and as
it runs down rub it into the scabby part with
tho hand, breaking np all tho scab3, if neces
sary, with a corn-cob ; do this thoroughly. Tho
same treatment will provont healthy sheep
from being infected, as this diseaso spreads rap
idly through a flock. Farm, Stock ami Home.
GRAPEVINE MILDEW.
Grapovino mildow, says- tho Gardeners'
Monthly, can be prevented by soaking stakes
on which tho vines twino in a solution of bluo
vitriol. A recent oxporimout, whero such
stakes wero mixed with othcra not soakod,
throughout tho vineyard, showed that in evory
case whero not soakod all tho leaves wero en
tirely ruined, while thoso on tho soaked stakes
wero healthy. A weaker solution of tho vit
riol was not so effective. Tho offect of tho
soaking gradually dies out, but will last from
four to six years.
DAIRY NOTES.
Milk is of a delicate quality and very sen
sitive to bad odors or unpleasant influences.
Worrying or running a cow, or fretting her in
any way injures tho milk and causes it to moro
quickly decay.
Incoming cows should havo a limited diet
of dry hay, with a little bran, for a few weeks
previous to calving.
A squ aro, symmetrical cow is not always
tho best dairy cow. Tho milker is rather
wedgo-shaped, as seen from beforo, and. has
plenty of belly, with great hips and thighs.
Cows do better on mixed feed than when
confined to a single ration.
NOTELETS.
A writer in tho Prairie Farmer says : "I
havo kept hogs for over 40 years, with never a
6ick ono, though tho so-called hog cholera has
often been prevalent all around mo. I at
tribute this oxemption to the regular soapsuds
which I havo always given them. Every
washing day, except in extremely cold weather,
all tho suds aro emptied into tho swill-barrel,,
and tho hogs drink it greedily. I do not think
tho suds any better for tho contact with dirty
clothes, but whero only a fow hogs aro kept tho
weekly suds seem about tho amount neoded.
Thoso who mako the suds specially for the pur
poso should mix about three pints or two
quarts of good soft sb'ap x$th a barrel of water,
stir to a foam imdj&vvat to tho pigs ono to
three times a week aud theiy will bo all right."
An Indiana farmer states that by banish
ing slops from the pigpen jihd giving tho swiuo
clear, pure water, hoJJ!ccujfed firmor and moro
solid meat than he had ov.ftr raised beforo.
Give tho pigs cplentyi. of oxerciso. Tho
run of a clover fiold'wili 6 much for the ani
mals. Do not try Tfatf$i them until thoy
have tho frame-wor', constructed. In other
words, lot tho fat gojand wis to tho growth.
A pound of guano with two pounds of sul
phate of potash, dissolved 'in half a barrel of
water, makes an excelJCRt fertilizer when
sprinkled on lawns. p t ,7
Experienced slropherds claim that not
over 50 sheep should: fbo together in ono flock.
The moro feed lirfh btf'Varicd in caring for
sheep, tho better wifljtb tjlp results.
In selecting br,Qc.clins anjnials look to
form and perfection before Jargo size.
Canada and tho JJnited States exported
787,785 barrels of apples in 1884-'85. For tho
season of 1883-'&1 tho total exports wero 81,532
barrels; 1882-'83, 395,594 barrels; 18Sl-'82,
239,252 barrels; 1880-'81, 1,328,806 barrels.
Tho shipments havo been distributed as follows:
From Boston, 309,800 barrels; Now York, 256,
332 barrels; Portland, 91,433 barrels; Montreal,
85,479 barrels; Halifax.36,073 barrels; Annapo
lis, 8,612 barrels. .All -but 14,000 went to
England. Thoy probably averaged $1.50 a bar
rol, netting over $1,100,000.
When dried fruits or other articles aro
very carefully inclosed in strong paper bags,
moths, millers or worms cannot get into them.
If not entirely free from them or their cttgs,
iuu iruib buuuiu uc ursii uuuweu m uu oven as 1
hot as it can bo without injuring it beforo put-1
ting it in bags, so a3 to kill the eggs or germ3
of insect or plant life.
The approximato number of sheep in the
world is set down at 415,000,000. Of this num
ber 53,000.000, or nearly 14 per cent., are raised
in tho United States.
The production of honey in California is
enormous. In Southern California there are
1,000 beekeepers and 100,000 colonics of bees,
which produco millions of pounds of honey.
A writer in BradslreeVs asserts that after
35 years' experience in Iowa he has never
known a inortgago foreclosed on a dairy on
stock farm.
Stables and pens should bo airy and well
ventilated, but not drafty. Placo a horse or
other animal that is warm from exercise in a
stall where a draft will strike, and injury must
surely follow to tho health of tho beast.
Orchard grass is one of the best pasture
grasses, starting early in tho season and spring
ing quickly after being grazed. It likes a good
loam or oven a sandy soil, if rich. Eedtop is
excellent grass for moist situations, and it re
tains its hold on tho soil for a long time. In
fact, we havo too fow pasture grasses, or, rather,
farmers aro not sufficiently awako to the im
portance of variety in pasturo grasses.
In California thoy havo a remedy for lice
on stock composed of an ointment of an equal
part of lard and, snuff. It is not applied to tho
ontiro body, but a ring of it, two or thrco
inches wide, completely around tho neck has
the desired effect.
OUR CORRESPONDENTS.
Replies to Questions on a Ynrloty of Interesting
Subjects.
To Correspondents. Write questions on n sep
arate sheet of paper, give full name and address,
and mark it " Correspondents' Column." No atten
tion will be paid to communications that are not
accompanied with full name and address of writer.
Our readers arc requested to inclose a stamp for
reply to their inquiries.l
IK. IT. M., Kingsboro, N. T.l am drawing pen
sion for hernia. Some years ago I was without the
means to purchaseatruas.andarcgularly appointed
Examining Surgeon took my measure andsaid that
ho would order me one. After waiting along time,
and could get nothing from him, I bought one. 1.
Am I entitled to commutation for truss, having
never received ono since I was discharged from
service in 18G3? 2. To whom should I apply for truss?
3. Can I contiuuo to get them as often as needed ?
4. "Will I have to apply wheneverl want one? .4n
swer. The Examining Surgeon could not order a
truss for you. Had you made application for a
truss it would have been given you. 1. No. 2.
The Surgeon-General. IT. S. A., Washington, D. C.
3. A truss is furnished every two nnd one-half
years to all cx-soldicrs who are pensioned for
hernia. 4. Yes; but they aro not furnished oflcner
than above-mentioned.
enteral Readers. We desire to again state that
there is no new law in regard to the three months
extra pay due Mexican War volunteers. All the vol
unteers who were entitled were probably paid this
extra pay at or shortly after discharge, nearly 40
years ago, aud tiiere is nothing further due them
on this account. The act authorizing such pay was
passed July 19, 1848. A comparatively recent de
cision gives the benefit of said not to those mem
bers of tho Regidar Army and Navy who remained
in the service after the war was ended.
II. B. D., Tyrone, Pa. The heirs of soldiers of the
Revolutionary War are not entitled to anything.
T. R. B., Clark's Hill, Ind. 1. A pension claim
rejected on the ground of no record, and of no
medical or other satisfactory evidence of the exist
ence of lung disease while in tho service or at the
date of discharge, in such a claim, where medical
testimony cannot bo furnished, what would be con
sidered " other satisfactory evidence " ? 2. Can the
claimant, when he has an attorney who does not
give the claim tho attention that he ought to, file
the evidence in his own claim? 3. Or will the De
partment require that he file through his attorney?
Answer. I. That is a difficult question to answer.
It would depend upon the character and standing
of the witnesses, the perspicuity of their evidence,
nnd their means of knowning the facts to which
they testify. 2. Yes. 3. As a rule, the testimony
should be filed through tho attorney ; but if there
is good reason to do otherwise, it can be sent direct
to the Pension Office.
J. C. Syracuse, If. F. Please inform me of the
rate established by law for dependent father? .4n
swer. Total pension according to the rank of de
ceased soldier or officer. The dependent father of a
deceased soldier draws $8; of a Second Lieutenant,
$15; of a First Lieutenant, 317; of a Captain, S20, etc
Veteran, Cortland, Keb.l. If a person applies for
Ecnsion on wound, catarrh, and diseaseof eyes, can
c go ahead and prove a case on any one of said
disabilities without changing his original applica
tion? 2. Is it possiblo to prove ordinary pension
claims without the evidence of an officer or com
rades? 3. The first notice that an applicant re
ceived from his application was dated July 8, 1S80,
that it had been received. Is it not probable that
it was on file in time for arrears? 4. In proving up
a case, are there not many things outside of sworn
testimony that would have weight in tho case and
could be used in a great many instances? Answer.
1. Yes: but he would have to get the balance of the
claim disposed of before ho could draw pension. 2.
Yes, if there is a record of tho disability alleged;
otherwise, no. 3. No. 4. There may be, in some
few cases, something of the kind.
Bounty, Chelsea, Mass. The S100 bounty paid the
substitute was probably money paid him from his
principal. If tho latter, for whom tho soldier was a
substitute, was actually drafted, then he should
have been paid, on discharge, S10O U. S. bounty.
If the principal was not drafted, then tho substitute
was not entitled to any U. S. bounty. Applications
for bounty should be made to the Second Auditor
of tho Treasury. Tho soldier's discharge should
accompany the application.
W. B. C, Challacombe, Kan. Whilo in the service
I was detailed most of the time as a clerk to the
R. Q. M.t Brigade Q. M., Regimental, Cavalry Di
vision, and Military Division Headquarters. Am I
entitled to any extra pay for the same? Answer.
Not for any service rendered after March 3, 1S63,
unless employed at one of tho several Geographical
Department or Division Headquarters.
L. V. T Hackanwn, Conn. Can a widow draw
pension if her husband drew pension at the timo of
his death, whether he died with the disease that
was contracted in the army, or paralysis, or any
other diseaso? Answer. The disease which caused
his death must be shown to havo been contracted
in the service and in line of duty to entitle the widow
to pension. She is not entitled otherwise.
E. C. W.,Franklinvilte, N. Y.li there is no hos
pital or other record showing tho existence of your
disabilities in the service, and you are unable to
furnish testimony of the Regimental (or other) Sur
geon who treated you during your service, nnd you
cannot furnish the testimony of the doctor who
treated you when you came home from, tho army,
your claim will probably be rejected.
31. 3T Togus, Me. A soldier filed a claim for
rheumatism previous to the expiration of the Ar
rears Act (Juno 30, I860), and about a year after
wards ho was informed by his physician that the
claim was not presented in proper form ; that it
should have been based upon malaria nnd results.
This information he communicates to his nttornoy,
asking him whether tho new claim could bemadea
part of tho original claim without affecting the ques
tion of arrears, and he was informed tliat by making
a supplementary declaration it would be legal, and
would entitle to arrears for malarinand results. Said
supplemental declaration having been properly
executed aud filed ami the claim for malaria clearly
proven by Special Examiners, please state whether
such a claim can legally carry arrears? Answer. In
our opinion, no. There is a vast difference be
tween rheumatism and malaria. So much so that
we think the omission to allege malaria and results
prior to July 1, 1880, will destroy tho right to
arrears.
A. A., Onaga, Kan. Thre is here an old widow
lady whose fatherserved in the War of the Revolu
tion ; also, in the war of 1812. Is she entitled to
pension? Answer. No. The children of such sol
diers are not entitled to pension.
W. Y., Verdclla, Mo.l, The rate of pension for
loss of an eye is total, or $8 per month, for an en
listed man. For chronic inflammation of the eyes
the rating depends upon the report of the Examin
ing Surgeon establishing tho degree of disability..
CouaUinl Reader, Coulterville, IU. Does the Gov
ernment furnish tombstones for soldiers who died
at home since the war, or only those who died in
the service and during tho war? Answer. The
Government did furnish headstones for both
classes, but tho appropriation out of which they
Were purchased is exhausted, and no more can be
supplied until Congress shall further provide for
theirSupply.
A. 'if. P., Fiehlsboro, N. Y.l. nas tho pension
been'i'ncreased from 21 to S30 per mouth for total
loss of arm ? I am not able to perform any manual
labor. 2. Am I entitled to S30? 3. How shall I se
cure it? Answer. 1. Yea. 2. Yes, if arm is on" at or
nbove the elbow. 3. Apply to the Commissioner of
Pensions.
E. Q. S., Vinton, O.l. During the late war, was a
person 18 years of age subject to military duty? 2.
If so, could ho draw his pay and keep the same; or
could his parents control it, he being a minor?
Answer. 1. Yes. 2. Ho could control his own pay, if
he so desired.
J. jr., Morrison, Mo.l. By what law was slavery
introduced, and when was it abolished? 2. Did
Abraham Lincoln's proclamation abolish slavery
all over the United States? 3. What is the proper
day for tho colored people to celebrate? Answer.
1. Slavery was first introduced in this country in
1620, when n Dutch trading vessel brought into
Jamestown, Va., a cargo of 20 negroes, who were
purchased by the planters for slaves. 2. April 16,
16C2, President Lincoln approved an act of Con
gress abolishing slavery in the District of Columbia.
Following upon emancipation in the District of Co
lumbia was the passage of an act removing slavery
from the Territories. Sept. 22, 18G2, President Lin
coln's proclamation abolishing slavery throughout
the United States from and after Jan. 1, 18C3, was
issued, and again promulgated Jan. 1, 1863. The
constitutional amendment forever abolishing slav
ery throughout the United States was passed Jan.
31, 1863, aud is known as the Thirteenth Amend
ment to tho Constitution. This amendment was
submitted to the States to ratify, and on Dec. 13,
1865, the Secretary of Stale officially announced
that tho amendment had been adopted by three
fourths of the States, and was therefore valid. 3.
Jan. 1.
B. J. B., Laihrop, Mo. A soldier applied for pen-
ston (on account 01 uisease comractcu in tne army;
10 years ago, and beforo the claim was decided he
died. His widow look it up, aud now she has re
married. The claim has not been settled. Tha
question is, will her remarriage estop her from still
prosecuting the claim, or con alio put it through
after remarriage and get the pay up to the time of
TlTrntJ All Fits stopped free by Dr. Kline's Great
lll0i"-"Nerve llcstarer. No Fits after first day
use. Marvelous cures. Treatise aud titw trial bottle fraa
to Fit case), feud to Dr. Kline, ail Arch St., rauju. Fa.
ifentton The National Tribua
remarriage? Answer. She can complete the origi
nal olaim of tho soldier, notwitlistanding her re
marriage, and draw the pension to which he was
entitled up to his death. If he died from disability
contracted in service and in lino of duty prior to
July 1, 1880, and she filed a claim for herself as
widow prior to said date, she is entitled, by estab
lishing her claim, to pension of S3 from date of sol
dier's death up to date of her remarriage.
THE QUESTION SQUAD.
Comrades' Queries and Replies Odds and Ends of
Information.
Robert Mayers, Co. C, 80lh Ohio, Canal Dover
O., would like the address of the Superintendent
of the Government bakery at Hamburg Land
ing in 18G2. Comrade Mayers would also like
the name nnd address of the driver who hauled
water for the bakery at that time. G. L. Pear
son, Catawba, O.. would like to hear from any
comrade of Co. I, 17th Iowa. If tho friends
of Maj. MeAloon, 73d Pa., who was wounded
and taken prisoner Nor. 23, 1SG3. at Mission
ary Ridge, desire reliable information in regard
to him, iliey can obtain the same by addressing
N. E. Bnswell, Nepouset, III. J. A. Shukers. In
dependence, Kan., would like some member of tho
First Brigade, Second Diviaion,Twenty-first Corps,
to write up an account of the battle of Stone's River.
Wm. Denring, Anoka, Minn., would like the
address of John Nelson, or any comrade of Merrill's
Horse. S. Goodwin, North Scarsmont, Me.,
would like to hear from some of the officers who
were on board the U. S. gunboat Nipsic from Oct.
8, 1863, to Nov. 21, 1S&1. John Brccn, 200 Broad
way, Milwaukee, Wis., wants the address of F. A.
Wells, Captain of the gunboat Seymour, and Medi
cal Director Chas. Martin, Surgeon on board of the
hospital ship Cumberland. Maj. A. Walker. No.
200 North 56th street, New YorT: City, N. Y., wants
the address of the Surgeons of tho hospital at Fair
fax, Va.. who had charge of Geo. H. Sheldon,
Second Lieutenant. Co. I, 15th N. Y. Engineers.
S.N. Harman, TJrbana, Mo., wants tho address
of Capt. Conaway, of tho 18th Iowa. Theodore
W. Miller, London, O., has in his possession the
discharge of John W.lTnnncmnn, Co. II, 18th U. S.
Inf. Comrade Miller will be glad to return it to
tho owner, or any of his friends, on application.
L. B. White, New Dover, O., would like the ad
dress of any member of Co. F, 15th Minn.
Chas. Monthrop, Chester, Neb., would like the ad
dresses of some of tho nurses of tbo hospital in
Camp Fcnton, at Washington, D. C, in the Winter
of 186l-62. Mrs. Jennie Smith, of Carthage
Landing, N. Y., would like the address of any ofti
ccr or comrade of Co. A, 100th N. Y., who knew
Wm. Spencer, a member of that company. B. D.
Todd, Lexington. Ala., would like any information
concerning his son Robert L. Todd, who was a resi
dent of Lawrence Co., Tenn., and enlisted in Sher
man's army somewhere near Lexington, Ala., in
1863. He docs not remember the command which
his son joined. W. H. Phelps, Alliance, O., wants
to know the regiment to which Abraham A. Finch,
who is supposed to have enlisted somewhere be
tween Cleveland and Alliance. O., and to have
been killed at the battle of Stone's River, belonged.
A. Walker, 200 West 56th street, New York,
would like the address of some member of Co. I,
15th N. Y. Engineers, of 18C2. D. N. Hayworth,
Co. K, 3d E. Tenn.. Mt. Vernon. Mo., would like to
see 3omc of the doings of his regiment written up
in Tue Natiosai. Tkibune. Ira C. Gunn, San
derson Post, No. 191, Department of Indiana, Lanes
ville, Harrison Co., Ind., wants the addresses of
Jas. McDaniel and John Hicksen, both of the 40th
111., who were on duty in mule corral at Paducah,
Ky in the Fall and Winter of 18Gl-'62. Wm. H.
Merit. Co. D, 11th 111. Cav., Box 167, Waverly, 111.,
would like the address of any comrade or commis
sioned officer whoknew him m the Springand Sum
mer of 1862. Ira G. Ormsbee.West Haven, Mich.,
would like tho address of tho Surgeon in charge of
Finley Hospital, at Washington, D. C, in 18fl-'65.
His name was G. L. Pancost. W. H. Prescott,
Dixon, 111., would like the address of Jas. F. Gor
don, Co. M, 1st N. H. Cav. Luther B. Cole.Bur-
lingame, Kan., would like the address of Geo. H.
Wycoff, Co. D,7th Pa. Cav.
Ayers Sarsaparilla is recommended by tho
best physicians as tho only reliable blood puri
fier. THE BULL.
A Gentlemanly Bovine Who is Extremely Fastidi
ous Ih His Opinions About Feminine Attire.
Ban Francisco News Letter.'
A bull is a gentleman cow, with a sensitive
and excitable temperament, which renders
him an uncongenial companion, when the pre
vailing stylo of dress fails to receive his appro
bation. I have known a bull intimately for
years without a single jar in the harmony of
our relations, and then, as I sauntered home
ono dreamy Spring morning through tho nod
ding buttercups, listening to tho cheery pipo
of tho partridge or the mellow coo of the ring
dove, with my whole being en rapport with
nature, and my wife's shawl on my arm, I
havo been rudely; almost hastily, roused from
my reverie and impressed with tho improved
aspect of nature on tho othor sido of the fence.
Thi3 may havo been a momentary weakness
on tho part of my friend. I hope it was, but
since that time I havo mildly but firmly in
sisted upon my wife sending her shawl home
by one of her relations. Tho bull is equally
fastidious -in his criticism of feminine attire,
and brusque in tho expression of his opinion
thereon. A city young lady who, along with
226 other young ladies, had been my wife's
dearest friend at school, was paying us a visit
last Summer, and, after clapping her hands in
innocent gleo when sho found that butter
didn't grow in buttercups, nor gooseberries on
geese, started one day across my ancestral
acres, carrying a real sweet parasol, with red
stripes, fringed with guipuro and ornamented
a la Turque, which sho told my wife was chic
and quite a la mode.
Sho tripped along with just trip enough to
display her embroidered ankles, without en
dangering the set of her dolman, and seeing
my thoroughbred Holsteinstandingankle-deep
in clover (all aristocratic bovines in paintings
and on papor stand ankle-deep in something),
sho artressly prattled: " Oh, what a pretty cow!
Where is its darling little baby calfie ? " Then
tho Holstein seemed to get offended at the un
gcntlemanly aspersion, or else disapproved of
the chicness and a la modity of her parasol, for
ho uttered an ominous bellow, indicative of a
desire on his part to change the fashion then
and there, or die in the attempt. My previous
acquaintance with these symptoms made the
fence seem dismally faraway. I am a brave
man, but Wellington himself never knew what
it was to stand in the way of an unsuspecting
femalo with a red striped parasol, and listen to
the unqualified remarks of a Holstein bull
with fastidious tastes. I said, with great pres
ence of mind, "Let's you and I run a foot-race
to tho fenco, and the loser pays a pound of
gum-drops. Go ! "
I think I must havo got a little the start of
the youug lady, or else city girls can't run, for
I camo in first by about 10 yards, with the bull
a good third, his head down and an expression
in his eye which said : " Give mo red parasol,
or give me death." As I scrambled up on the
fence without regard to my usual dignity of
deportment, I heard a scream tho city young
lady roso in the air, tho hand-embroidered
ankles became distinctly visible, the parasol
fell on tho bull's horn3 and I clutched a
very demoralized dolman, with a hysterical
female inside of it, and held them in safety on
tho top rail. While the Holstein devoted his
attention to exterminating the offensive sun
shade, I assisted the young lady to reach tho
ground on the othor side.
After an examination, cursory on my part
and moro minute on hers, sho was found to bo
unhurt, and I asked her how she managed to
get on tho fence so quickly. Sho blushed and
stammered : " I I the nasty old cow hooked
his hookers under me, and and helped me."
" Thanks," said I, " awfully."
o
Caster and His Horsemanship.
With his own horses, says Mrs. Custer in
"Boots and Saddles," Gen. Custor needed nei
ther spur nor whip. They wero such friends
of his, and his voice seemed so attuned to their
natures, thoy know as well by its inflections as
by the slight pressure of the bridle on their
necks what he wanted. He had a way of es
caping from the stagnation of tho dull march
by riding a short distance in advance of the
column, throwing himself on one sido of his
horse, so as to be entirely out of sight from the
other direction, giving a signal that the ani
mal understood, and tearing off at the best
speed that could bo made. The horso entored
into tho frolic with all tho zest of hi3 mastor,
and after tho race the animal's beautiful dis
tended nostrils glowed blood-red as ho tossed
his head and danced with delight.
$1,000 REWARD
HORDE'S Electric Belts that can not be
recharged and tho Electricity felt Instantly by tlio pa
tient any tune witnouc cose, uan oe appuca 10
all narts
of the body.
Wliolo famllvcanircar it.
It Electrifies
the blood and cures -when all olso falls. Monev refunded
If notfounaaaauore. liZWAJiti Uf utniuijmz so
called Eloctrto, GalTanlo or Magnetic Celts. Shields and
Appliance that are' being related on the public as they
ungasgt no power and cannot be charged by tho patient.
Jj! CURES WITHOUT MBDIOmE: .Pains In tho Back,
Head, HiM or I4mu, riorvo nooiiity. L,umDatfO. uea
cru ucdiuc
tea.
GOU!
KrvBlDolas. InditreBtlonl'ImDOtcncT,
Epilepsy, Airae, Diabetes, etc AaenH
stamp for yaraphret. . . ..
r. W. 4, HtMttiJC 191 CToiMk Atc, CHICAGO.
Kention The National TrlfewM,
lpg
HO FEE 2! 1 established 1331. 1 125 Ecsth
UNTIL BETTER J CHICAGO, U.I. CLASS C7.
Tlis Esgakr, Old-Estaolisied
PHTSICIAN & SURGEON
larUUtrwUag witiihs gisitart
SKILL AND SUCCESS
YOUNG MEN, MIDDLE-AGED MEN
and all persons who bv their own acts of Impru
dence or Folly at any period of life havebronght
upon themselves, the evil effects following closely
-upon the heels of transgression of the laws
of nature, should consult tne celebrated Dr.Clarke
at once.KememberlNorvons dlsoases(with or
withouCdrcams) or debility and loss of nerva
power treated scientifically by new methods with
never failing success. Jf5Tlt makes no difference
what you have taken or who has failed to cure yon.
Jfc5-The terrible poisons of Syphilis and all
bad blood and skin diseases, completely eradi
cated without mercury. Itemember that this one
horrible disease, if neglected or improperly
treated, curses the present and coming generations
JS-A11 unnatural discharges cured promptly
without hindrance to business. No experiments.
Both sexes consult confidentially. Ago and
experience Important. A. written guarantee
of cure given in every case undertaken.
X5Send two stamps for eel ebratedworlcs oa
Chronic, Nervous, and Delicate Diseases. You
have an exhaustive symptomatology by which
to study your own case. Consultation, person
ally or by letter, free. Offices and parlors pri
vate. Medicines sent everywhere secure from ex
posure. Hours, S to S; Sunday, 9 to is. Addxcssj
F. D. CLARKE, M. D.
- I8S So. Clark St.. CHICAGO, tLU
Lung Affections nilfirn
ana Consumption uUiILU
A Tyonderfnl remedy lately dbcorered. which bef era thl
time the science of roedicmo had cot developed. Saffenntr
humanity at last flnds relief, and rejoices In. health ohc
more, gnll particulars concerning this great remedy will
bo scat free of charge to all afflicted. aHdresa PROF. E. E.
RfCBVHasCUompton, Conn. Mention, thid paper.
Mention The atioual Tribune.
TO GONSUMPTIYES
TJse "WINCHESTER'S HYPOPHOSPHUil of iiHE
asd SODA, for Consumption, Diseases of
the Throat and Imngs, Dyspepsia, and
General Debility it is an acknowledged Specific
Price. 81 and S3 per bottle. Prepared only by
WiNCHESTJER & CO., Chemists,
Bold by Druggists. 18 Dey St., New York.
Mention The National Tribune.
CONSUMPTION.
I havo a posit lvo remedy forth above disease-; by lia ma
thonsands of cases of tho worst kind, and of lost; standing
have been cured. Indeed.sostrc8irkisyt&lthlnUsemeacTi
that I will sand TWO BOTTLES F SEE, together with a VAL
UABLE TBKATISE on tbts dlaeaze, to any snffarer. Glrs Kx
pre&r.aftddreM. DltT.A.BLOCUil,iaf,iiari&,K.'Si
Mention The National Tribune.
CDCC PRESCRIPTIONS """'
ritCEs '.'SCIENCE of HEAIPH," for
the 3peedy core of Nervous Dcbllity.Lost Manhood,
Despondency, etc. A copy of thi3 book will be sent
freeTaealed. Address SCIENCE ofHEALTH,
130 West Sth Street, Cincinnati, Okie.
Mention The .National Tribune.
NERVOUS REBiLiT Y
Frematnre Decline from errors or excesses,
Jjost Power, Diseases of the Kidneys Blad
der, and Prostate Gland CURED witboat
Stomach Medicines by the Harston Bolus. Va
ricocele cured withoutsargery. Treatise and testi
monials free. AH correspondence confidential.
XASSTOH REMEDY CO., or DR. H. TBESX0W,
46 West I4th Street, NEW YORK.
WEAK AND UNDEVELOPED
portions or orzans of the body enlarged and restored to
proper size and vigor. Particulars, 51 edical Testimony.
etc.. sent, sealed, free. ERIE MED. CO.. Buflalo. y. Y.
LA TTTTlC! A. RARE BOOK, Just out. "How
f I J 1 rjiT to Develop the Bust and Form-'
Full explanation. The onlymethod. Mailed, scaled, for
20c. Address P. O. Drawer 179, Buffalo, U. Y.
"VTfTl XT ONT.Y. -A- quick. Permanent cure for Lost
lVI T1! m Manhood, Debility, Xervousness. Weak
ness. No quackery. Indisputable Proofs. Book by mall,
sealed, 10 cenU; unsealed, FREE. ERIE MEDICAL CO.,
Buffalo, .Y.
TO Mak MEN!
Isnffetingf romtha af
fects of Toothful er-
Brnra. earlVdociT. lost'
manhood, etc I will send you a valuable treatise npoa
the above diseases, also directions forsalf-core. free of
charge. Address Prof. F. O. EOWLER,Mooda3,Coan.
Mention The National Tribunn.
OPIUM
HAjBIT. Sure cure in 10 to
SO days. Sanitarium treatment,
or
medicines oy express, n
rs established. Book free.
3Xarsh. Ualncy, Mich.
Mention The National Tribune.
OPIUM
Dlbrpltine Habit Cared in 10
to'iOdaTS. No nar till cared.
i Db. J. Stephens, Lebanon, Ohio.
Mention The National Tribune.
opium
HABIT CURED. I ask no pay till yoa
know yon are cured. DR. H. C BEN-
Jl 1 J 1 1 i HAM, Richmond, Ind.
Mention The National Tribune.
Cntarrli Cnreil Certain Unfailing Remedy Ad
dress, Kev. T. P. CHIT.DS, Troy, O.
Mention The National Tribune.
" A MpCR A positive cure. No knife, aa
VAfilN KmHt it plaster, no pain.
W. & PAYNE. M. D.,
Maxahalliown, loira.
Mention The National Tribune.
QTTD'n core for epilepsy or fits in 24 hours. Free to poor.
U U lllJ Dr. JCruse, 31. C, 2336 Hickory st, St. Louis, Mo.
Mention The National Tribune.
Manhood
Remedy Fuee. A victim of youthful imprudence
causing Premature Decay, Nervous Debility. Loa
Manhood. Ac, having tried in vain every known
remedy.h&s discovered a simple means of self-cure,
which he will sond FREE to his fellow-sufferers.
Address, J.TI.RKEYES, 43 Chatham St,New York.
PATENTSI
CAN I OBTAIN A PATENT?
Send a rough sketch or (ifyou can) a model of your
Invention to GEORGE E. EHION. Washington,
D. C, and a Preliminary Examination of your
Invention will be made, aHdyou will be advised whether
or not a Patent can be obtained.
WHAT WILL A PATENT COST?
If, after a preliminary examination or special search,
you are advised that your invention is patentable, send
$20 to pay the first Government fee and cost of
drawings. The application will then be prepared, filed
and prosecuted to allowance without further expense.
"When the application is allowed the attorney's fee of $23
is due : but before the Patent can issue a second Govern
ment fee of 3) must be paid, thus making the total cost
of Patent ?.
Preliminary examination of invention free. Special
exntnination and report $., which amount is
applied as part of attorney's fee should an application
for Patent bo proceeded with.
Thus you know beforehand whether you are going to
secure a Patenter not, and no attorney's fee is charged
unless n Patent is obtained. An attorney whose tee
depends on his success In obtaining a Patent will not
advise yon that your Invention la patentable unless it
really is, so far as his best judgment can aid In determin
ing the question ; hence, you can rely on the advice given
after a preliminary examination. Desicn Pntenta
and the Kcgutratlon of Labels, Tradc-DIarka
and Reissues secured. Caveats prepared and filed.
Applications in revivor of Rejected, Abandoned or
Forfeited Cases made. Very often valuable Inven
tions are saved iu these classes of cases. If you have
undertaken to secure your own Patent and failed, a skill
ful handling of the case may lead to success. Send me a
written request, addressed to the Commissioner of Patents,
that he recognize Geouok E. Listox.of "Washington,
D. C, as your attorney iu the case. Riving the title of the
invention and about the date of filing your application.
An examination and report will cost you nothing. Searches
mads for title to inventions; In wet, any information
relating to Patent3 promptly furnished. Copies of Patents
mailed at the regular Government rates (-5c. each).
Remember, this office has been in successful operation
since 1SG5, and yon therefore reap the benefits of experi
ence; besides, reference can be given to actual clients In
almost every uounty in tne unueu states upon request.
Opinions given regarding validity of Patents, searches
made. Assignments and Agreements drawn, and all
Patent business transacted.
GEORGE E. LEMON,
Attorney-at-Lnw ami Solicitor of Americas
nnd Foreign Patents,
615 13th St., WASHINGTON, D. C.
j)y Established 1S65. 40-pase pamphlet free.
lllEASETFPENSlONS
There arc thousands of pensioners throughout the coun
try who are entitled to increase. The ratings tor disabili
ties have been increased during the past few years, 8oaa
ratings have been doubled. Any pensioner who thinks h
is rated too low should write me at once. No charge fot
advice. No fee unless successful, and then payahl by vs
Pension Agent.
GEORGE E. LEMON,
613 15ta St., WaslilBstaa, IK C
J r
L im
Alt 'ITH' CI
Fr ji y
r
Restored
... 4J'-J-t,.viuCA.-y--f-.-c
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