Newspaper Page Text
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. ..Ci, THURSDAY, OCTOBER Id, 1886.-TWELTE PAGES.
FIGHTING THEftJ OVER,
What-Our Veterans Have io Say About
Their Old Campaigns.
BLUE AND BUTTERNUT.
the discipline wns perfect anil cruel towards the
private soldier. 1 saw the severest punishment
TOE THE MOST TRIFLING OITEXSTS.
Tho incident for Whittier's poem, "Barbara
Froitchie," had no foundation in fact, unless it
ho the antics of a Maryland Gonoral in the rebel
nnny, who, ovorcomo with joy at mooting his
old acquaintances who staid at home, wont
fribking around tho streets with a United Slates
flue tied to his horse's tail and too much Wash-
(Craillilc Dftsorljitlon or Loc'k Occupation of Ynt
cricl, Mn., in ISO.
iKittTon Natiokal TitnirxE: It was soeu
nflor our bloody ropulse at Hall's Blufl' that 1
was awignod to duty at tbo old barracks at
JVradoriok city, Md to ueist in ostablishiiiR a
Hvteiou hwpttal for Gun. Banks's boys, who
wore nlMiut t go into Winter quarters in mid
around that place. 1 found that Dr. Crane, of
tt'h 3d Wis., had already routed out a troop of
Murylftttd cavalry and oecupiod one of tho
troonih on the ground tloor for a hospital, whoro
!ho hnfl collected some sick and wounded, be
longing chit-fly to hie own regiment. It was
mot a giswl while boforc our hospital had grown
to oonwderitMo fliao, with a fine medical staff in
,atonfl3, hs an ojau Whiter oroated a large
anion lit of sickness in the various camps, somo
df which wtsic very unfavorably situated.
Alio divwioH was composud of tbo 3d Wis.,
iGol. ltugur, doing guard duty in the oity ; 12tb
Must, VaA. Wulmtur ; ICth lud., Col. llackul
liuau; Jt7tli lnd., Col. Colgrovo; 9lli Jf. Y.S.M.,
wiho wore rod stripos down tho lugs of their
tbroaflolotb uniforms that they bad tbcmeolvos
iftiniitrtiod tony follows, who, boing from tho
dv, contributed nearly all thtj details for
oloriout duty at tbo various headquarters; bo
siaofi other commands UikI 1 cannot recall.
Tbo boy had a nioe time during tbo Winter
of '6l- (Iwrriug tbo "mud, that was goueraily
Iknoofloepj attending balls and parties and
miakiug love to
Tin: imibtty aims or auitYLAXD,
iand not, a few captures woro made from our
raiiks by the doar oronlurue. And yot it was a
hard Winter upon the troops, as smallpox,
.measles and typhoid fever ragud with consider
able suvurity, and mauy a oor follow got no
iarllior in his effort to suppress the robollion
tlhan tbo little cemotory ou tiic hill beyond the
I will not prctond to uarnito the many in
toroetiing and amusing events that occurred
during our encampment at Frodoriok, but all
will remember the habit of almost everybody
wearing hoBldor-straps with great silver letters
tin Gorman text to donote the branch of service
ithoy bulongod to, and the guards wore sordy
ipuzelud to know how to sululo whon an oflkor
made his apjKwranco, as the M. S., Q. J)., A. S.
of the Medical Staff. Quartermasters aud Sut
Horswore often mistakou forgenonil officers.
But Stirinc came at last, and Gen. Banks
coininonccd bis moraornble campaign up the
iShonaudoab Talloy, followod by his equally
momorablo rotrognidc movomout out of it into
Jluryland again, which we consoled our&elvos
was'onc of the most masterly retreats in the
annals of warfare.
Tbo Summer passed away, and tho bloody
battles ou the Pouiusula had been fought and
JPojio dofealed, and our hopes and fears wore
abasing such other from zero to blood heat aud
Ibadk again like the mercury in the thormomo
lor. Our hospital was no longer a division, but a
gonoral hospital, aud one of the very best in the
country. Dr. Bobort F. Weir, T7. S. A,, was in
idhurnu, with a large staff of assistants, and St
.Josopli's furnished tho nurses from the sister
Jliood. THE at, Aim.
On Sept. 5, 3SG2, 1 was OfDcor of the Day at
(the lioopUttl, aud Gon. Lee was crossing the
B'otoumc with his army to invade Maryland.
The Surgeon in charge, late in the uvouiug, had
gone to take a Bttic much needed rest, leaving
ordure llwtt 1 should "watch the telegrams from
'Gen. Milne ift Harper's Ferry, aud obey orders,
lif any,'t the bostof my judgment. The valiant
lrovoit Manmal had lied with all his " fisiugs"
flong before. Is'ctar midnight 1 received the fol
lowing dispatch from Gen. Miles and tbolastho
Usee's army will enter Frederick to-morrow. Any
projKirlytliirt you do not wnnt to full into the lunula
of, the umimy htid bctlor be detrtroyed. Our com
iminiaitioiib will soon be destroyed.
' SIii.ik, Commanding.
I ordered tho long roll beaten, and about
COO convalescents, with their arms, answered,
and wore sent off in charge of A. A. Surg. C. P.
Harrington towards Gettysburg, Pa., with two
wagons loadtd with tho most valuable medi
cines and other property of tho hospital. Then
iBOttiug lire to the hospital aud quartermaster
utores that could not be removed wc awaited
itho arrival of "Lcc's Miserables."
Saturday, Sept. 6, 9 o'clock a. m., and no reb
els. Dr. Pat. Uoany had jubt rclieTed mo as
OlOcor of the Day, aud after adjusting his sash,
rsaid, as he took his sent among the group of
01b core ou the secoud story of tbo balcony:
"Bo jalicrs, but wouldn't it be a purty piece
of work for us to destroy all that property and
(have no Leo put in his appearance at all, at
A DEMAND FOR, HUBUENDEK.
There wjib a commotion at the cntranco of tho
.grounds auiongtbo group of watchers as a single
'horseman dad in butternut dashed through the
gate, up t and in front of whore wo were sit
ting, ruined up his horse, brought his carbine
to Ills fHiouldor, covering Dr. lleauy, who had
risen to hi feet and stood at the bead of the
stairs with 1ih badge :u Ollicor of tbo Day over
'his shoulder, aud said :
"1 demand the surreudor of this post in tho
.name of Gon. Lee and the Coiifedoratc States
.of America," still covering Dr. Heany with his
The Doctor turnod to me and asked, " What
JliadJ hotter do V"
"If you aro prepared to defend the place tell
the man hi; if not, surreudor it," I replied.
"Thou I fcurreudor, sir," said Dr. lleauy
The Confederate smiled at the Doctor's em
ibarrawimcut, told us he bulougcd to White's
company of bordor cavalry, and was the ad
vance of Lee's army that would soon be up. He
tidvisud tie to keep within the grounds until the
army had panned and taken possession of the
city, and ihou rode off, after promising to send
'Dr. lleauy soon rccovorod himself, and aftor
the man had gone began to complain that " the
hnython would have allot me in a moment,
without a bit of scruple, 1 really do believe, so 1
do; and a mean trick it was to point a rusty old
tblundorbtioi at a gontletiiHii as nivor 'harmed
'him in bis life, so it was; and divil tho bit
would 1 Jmuoiit if be foil dead iu the first fight,
A Tear of laughter from the officors was not
calculated to soothe his wounded feelings.
We wore soon placed under guard, and a baU
lory of light artillery oncamped in the grounds.
21ebei Srgcons wore not long in making thoir
appuaniueo, but except to uhare our supply of
fllquons made no demands, aud were salibucd to
the our guols
Xi'UUJi WE "WEUE TIIEIK J'BISOKIHIS.
Stonowall Jackson's Medical Director, a brusque,
pomjious Doctor of some ability, seemed to bo
"ibesl niHii " among them, and with rare excep
tions nil woro gentlemanly in thoir behavior.
Tho pafejte of the army continued day and
night witliout interval until Wednesday, and it
mppoarod tw though it would uover ceii-o. It
reminded me of what I had mad of Peter the
Hormit's followers. Tho artillery were oaen
mounted on the rudest of carriages, and rickety
01a uirni wagons wore been moving along id
tad coiitntut with captured United States
wagons. The uniforms of the soldiers wore not
uniforms, but aotMintod of everything, from al
most notiuug to the tuotit gorgeous apparel of
fa ubad4 of colors. But squalor and altjeot
Vrrotciiwiiiow appsarod to prolomiuato, while a
lack of bkilled mechaitios was everywhere
On Tuesday wc wore paroled aud pormitted
to go upon tho streets and to our holols; but
What a change had come over the city. Every
whore wfi found tho butternut instead of the
ibluo. The gonoral bohavior was good, and
raroly did any act of outrage or disturbance oc
cur. The utrlctest discipline was ou forced in
every cum, lu fact, tho common soldior ap
peared too wrotched and inanimate to caro for
anything but to oat and sleep. Now and then,
as a gonoral ollicor would be recognized, the pe
culiar yil! of the army would be heard in that
xnoumfui ,ort of key that appeared to come
from an empty stomach and a sad heart, bo dif
ferotit from tho cheer nud tiger of our own
woll-fed Union soldiers.
The points that struck me most forcibly were
their groat numbers-1 wondered where upon
earth thoy all came from and thoir wretched
condition. They threw themselves down any
where and fllopt. They ate anything and
everything that was offered them, and about
800 staid in the hospital when tho armj' moved
away. How men famished and footsore could
light as they did was a question I asked myself
iiiirton Cotinrv annleiack uudor his jacket.
We had been told by the Confederate Surgeons
that Gen. Loc did not intend to remain iu Fred-
THE CHARGE AT JACKSON.
orick, and all day Thursday aud Friday saw in
dications of preparing to evacuate the city. Wo
liad heard nothing from our forces sinco our
rapture, aud were profoundly ignoraut of what
wis going on outside of tho city, aud nearly so
as to what wont ou in it.
Exactly ono week from tho hour that wo
wore captured tho same group of medical officers
werowltiug on the same balcony, facing cast, iu
company with about au equal number of Con
federate Sttrgeulrfe, when a puff of smoko was
seen to rise from the Monocacy hills, about threo
miles from the city, on tho turnpike leading to
Baltimore, followed a moment later by tho boom
of a cannon. Another and another followed in
quick 8uocoi8u. Tho pui& of smoke farthest
away appeared largor than thoMj nearer, aud
tho reports wore loudor, aud wo surmised they
wore our guns.
Tho Confederate Surgeons now arose, and,
telling us that our army was approaching and
they would soon leave the city, took a long, lat
pull at onr supply of spirits frumcuti, hhook
hands, bade us good by, aud mounting their
horses rode away. We watched tho puffs of
smoke oome nearer and nearer after each short
interval of silence, and soon saw hues of skir
DAKK BLUE COMING TOWAltD US,
stretching a long distance on each side of tho
turnpike, while a body of Confederate cavalry
slowly retired toward tho city, stopping every
now and then to fire a shot or two from their
light field piecos.
When our forces had como so closo that I
thought tho enoniy must have left tho city, I
ran down Market street to the corner of Pat
rick, expecting to meet some of our advance
guard, but judge of my surprise at seeing a Con
federate ollicor with large, sandy whiskers
calmly sitting on his horse, apparently waiting
for soinobody. As I approached ho beckoued
to me and said :
"You are a Federal Surgeon, aro you not?"
I answered affirmatively, and ho continued:
"Tell your commanding officer that we have
treated your friends kindly whilo in possession
of the city, and wo will expect your army to do
tho same toward those who sympathize with
I repliod that I could dolivcr no verbal mes
sage, but if ho would put his request ou paper
1 would deliver it.
lie replied that ho had no time for that, but
if bo heard of any ill-treatment toward them
lie would he in a position to retaliate, and then
ho informed me that he was Gon. Stuart.
I loft him, and, walking down East Patrick
streot had approached the edgo of tho city,
whon I mot a body of Union cavalry galloping
past, led by a gray-headed Colouel. Almost
immediately a section of artillery unli inhered
a short distance down tho street from whore
I was, and 1 saw the gunners standing by thoir
guns with lauyards in their hands, apparently
waiting for au oncmy from up tho street where
our cavalry had gouo. Hesitating for a moment
which way to go, after failing to outer a door
that I had tried, I heard a dreadful clatter of
hoofs up tho street,
MINGLBD WITH TISTOL EIIOTS
and shouting, aud a moment lator a surging
mass of cavalry came dashing down the street
toward where I stood in tho fioutdoorofa
Tho Union cavalry wore being driven by tho
robots, who were close up against their rear,
firing and slashing at thorn with their sabers.
It was every man for himself, aud some whoso
horses had'fallou scalod garden fences while
others darted up side alleys, but tho body came
rushing along liko a cyclone. One Sergeant
came dashing past at full speed, standing in his
stirrups, with a rebel closo aftor, thrusting at
him with his sabor at every jump of his horse,
but unable to reach him. As they neared whore
I stood tho rebel dropped his saber, and, draw
ing his revolver, took deliberate aim aud fired,
not 10 feet from the back of tho Sergeant, who
foil dead from his horse within a few yards of
whoro I stood. Ho was a fine-looking man,
and I examined his revolver afterwards aud
found ovory chamber loaded, aud why ho did
not uso it I nevor could undcrstaud. I had
him buried with others, and sent his watch,
revolver and effects to his widow in Michigan.
On wont the conglomerate mass of blue aud
butternut, followed a second later by a terrific
roar, and men aud horses were hurled back,
torn and scattered liko chaff in a hurricane.
They had rushed poll-mcll upon and overturned
tho cannon, discharging them at tho moment
tho mass was densest. The rebels who were
unhurt hastily retreated, but a sickening mass
of dead and wounded, friend and foe, lay side
by side, with thoir horses, torn limb from limb.
Our cavalry, a Michigan regiment, had been
ambushed at the bend of West Patrick street.
A moment lator and Burusidc's infantry
swarmed through the city, driving everytbiug
before them toward South Mountain. And now
commenced the series of terrible battles of this
campaigu at Burkottsvillc, South Mountain
and Antiotam. C. E. Goldsuouough, Hun
tVas Gen. La u man Cbargrable With the Costly 311s
takc. Editor National Tuirune: I have read
Comrade Jackson's articlo in reference to Gen.
LaumanatJacksou,Miss. Hcsccms to infer that
I had done Gen. Liu man an injustice. I wish to
say that I had no intention of so doing. I said
the assault was a fearful mistake, and that Gen.
Lauman was immediately placed under arrest,
and that Gens. Ord and Sherman said ho was
to blame, while ho (Lauman) contended it
was not his fault. It is true, I might have
given a moro detailed account, but those wcro
the simple facts a3 thoy occurred. Now I
should like to have all the facta in this case,
aud hopo Comrado Jackson will give us all he
knows in referenco to it. As ho was a staff
officer at headquarters, he ought to know more
than thoso who wcro iu the ranks. Ho says:
When the halt was tnailu at the cdjro of the woods
Gen. Ord blurted out, in n viy peculiar to liimclf,
n rcinnrk tlmt offended Clcn. 1 -iiiimnn, nml in sheer
desperation he repealed the order for Col. 1'ugh to
Will Comrade Jackson tell us what was Gon.
Ord's romark at that critical moment to Gen.
lauman ? This will perhaps cast somo light on
the affair. Wo wish it understood that wo aro
no admirer of Gen. E. O. C Ord, and think it
fortunate for tho army at Hatchie Ittvcr that a
bullet interfered and relieved him of tho com
maud. The gallant Stcpbon A. Hurlbut sailed
down to tho front and took command and soou
straightened out the division, charged tho reb
els and sent them, with their commander, Gen.
Van Dorn, flying to tho rear.
Wo have alwnj'S felt kindly towards Gen.
Lauman, and claimed he was not to blame for
the great loss of life at Jackson. Ho was held
in high esteem by his command, and I can yet
remember the scene when ho was placed under
arrest. Accompanying Gen. Hovey, who super
seded him, ho came around after wc had re
turned from that terriblo charge, and calling
tbo -list 111. out, ho introduced Gen. Hovey,
"General, is this all of the list III.?"
Gen. Lauman, with tears streaming down his
checks, said: " No, General; tho rest lie sleep
ing over there," pointing to the battlefield.
Again, before ho left for homo, ho visited us,
aud said ho was not to blame, and thanked God
thero was a day coming when it would bo
known who was to blame That he wasa bravo
and gallant officer every member of tho First
Brigade aud the entiro Fourth Divtsiou well
knew, aud tho feeling toward Gen. Ord was
very bitter so much so that somo of the boj'S
of tho Fourth Division after our return to
Vicksburg gathered in a crowd and throw
6toncs at his headquarters tcut until ho ha1 to
skip out in his nether garments to save his
scalp. Tho next morning ho reported to Gen.
Grant that he could do nothing with the Fourth
Division, and Gen. McPhcrson requested that
tho division bo given to him. Wo woro trans
ferred to the Seventeenth Corps, where wo re
mained until tho closo of tho war.
Gon. Lauman should havo been accorded a
hearing and the facts mado known. Wo learn
ho was so worried over tho matter at Jackson
that his mind becanio unsettled aud ho died at
his homo in Iowa. Will some of tho old 7th or
3d Iowa givo us tho particulars of his death?
I remember just as Col. Pugh halted tho bri
gade an Orderly rodo up to Gen. Lauman and
handed him an order. What it was I do not
know, but he ordered Col. Pugh forward with
tho brigade. I wrote Gen. Sherman last Sum
mer iu reference to this charge, and this is his
912 Gauhison Avenue.
St. U)Vis, Mo., July C, 1SS5.
K.T. I.cn, Ccrro Gordo. HI.
DkakMk: Your letter of inquiry under dato of
July 11 is received. Gen. Sherman, in answer,
wishes me to say that the charge "you refer to was
made by Iiiiiiihii'm Division against tho instruc
tions of the Corps Commander. Gen. Ord. On the
extreme right Gen. Sherman ntlho time was dis
tant feoiuc four miles, near the Clinton road. For
Litis mistake Gen. Lauman was, at Gen. Ord's re
que&t. ivlievcd of hiseoinmand. I think this cov
ers all the points contained in your letter.
Youre, very truly. .
J. M. BAcnETT. Secretary.
Comrado Jackson will now see why I said in
my article that Ord aud Sherman said Lau
man was to blame; but I suppose Gen. Sherman
simply took Gon, Ord's word for it, which
would not pass with the Fourth Divisiou. E.
T. Lee, Secretary, -list 111., Ccrro Gordo, 111.
Ills IJrluacIa nt Autiejam and tho wilderness.
Editoe National Tbibune: Id a recent
issue Frank L. Hicksf Lieutenant, 7th W. Va.,
intimates that Comrado Owen F. Wright, in a
former articlo, deprives the 7th W.Va., 4th and
8th Ohio, of part of tho glory showered upon tho
old brigado by our division commander, Gen.
French familiarly aud respectfully called
"Old Blinkcy," in presenting tho 11th lnd. a
prize gun. I wish to intcrccdo by saying, let
notour comrades" of either tho 11th lnd. or tho
above-named regimentg reflect slightingly upon
each other, for they thought well of each other
and all did good service. Tho -1th was on de
tached service for a time; it is possible tho re
maining thrco regiments wcro drawn closer
together thereby; but all havca record of which
they can feci proud.
I can saj-, and that truthfully, tho old bri
gado stirred up my pride to a high noint at
Antictam. I was the only member of tuo 1 1th
taken prisoner on that day, and was held as a
prisoner not over 150 yards on tho left Hank,
our brigado being then on tho cxtromo lft of
the line. The Johnnies wcro in the sunken
road just in front of the Boulcttc house. Tho
brigado on the right gavo way, and when tbo
Confederate officer saw his men following in a
charge, " now," ho said, " that brigado that
holds on so tenaciously will givo way." As mad
as a hornet I replied, using tho Johnny ver
nacular, " I reckon not."
About that" timo tho charging. column had
reached tho lino tho other brigado had receded
from.t iWhat did tho right of our old brigade
do? Ah, it was glorious. Tho boys just wheeled
on their stomachs as upon a pivot, and gavo
them a withering firo in prolougation of their
line, doubling them up, aud then tho brigado
rallied, charged forward and rc-estnblialied tho
line. When tho rebel officer saw that ho said,
"AJiosemca tight liko devils, and asKcu mo
what troojs thoy were. I told him they were
Indiana, Ohio, and West Virginia regiments.
" When thoy liedown,"! said, "thoy mean busi
ness, and will not be driven, for every man of
them knows tho great danger in rising uuder
such a fire." I feel confident ovory member
of tho 1 1th lnd. has a very large share of pride
iu tho old brigade.
Will somo member of tho 7th W. Vn. toll
where they woro in the Wilderness? My recol
lection is wo were separated. Our moat press
ing servico was at tho cros3road3. Wo woro
supportingon thorightof theroad.whcn during
the ficrco charge the regiment on the left of the
20th lud. gavo way. Carroll commanded, "At
tention, 11th lnd. Fall in left face forward
double-quick march," all without a stop, and
and when opposite tho break, "By tho right flank
march" and " Charge bayonet" followed. Thoso
that had given way charged back with us. Tho
work for a littlo whilo was fearful, but finally
tho Johnnies could stand it no longer and gavo
way. Never will I forget tho gallant work of
the 20th lnd., during tho hottest firo singing
"Bally Hound tho Flag, Boys." And old "Brick
Top" Carroll, wasn't he a daisy? Ciiakles
H. Myeeuoff, 11th lnd.. Evansvillc. lud.
The Earlh-U il ester.
Editoe National Tmnuin:: I notico con
siderable controversy in somo of your recent
dates concerning tho earliest muster of volun
teer organhmtions, Lieut. Fowler, of tbo 2d
N. Y. Militia and 82d N.Y. Vols., claiming they
wore mustered into tho United States servico
May 21, 1861; and Fred. L. Braun, of 2d and
5th W. Va., claiming a muster for his regiment
May 21, lbOl; also, othor claims in previous
issues of your valuable paper, allof which some
what conflict as to tho earliest dato of muster.
With no desiro to pluck tho laurels of other
organizations or to detract one iota from tho
earliest imnulfccs of regimental patriotism, yet
1 wish to claim for the 1st N. Y. (Col. Wm. 1L
Allen originally commanding) a muster into
tbo United States service on April 23, 18G1, by
Capt. W. H. Hayman, of tho 7th U. S. Inf., at
Camp Washington, Staten Island, N. Y., all of
which the records of the Adjutant-General's
Offices at Albany and Washington will confirm.
The 1st N. Y. was cngugod at tho battle of
Big Bethel, near Hampton Boads, Va., and sub
sequently joining McClellan's army after Wil
liamsburg was assigned to Berry's Brigade,
Kearny's Division, Heiutzelman's Corps (after
ward Third Corps), and participated in all the
battles of that famous fighting division up to
tho dato of its expiration of term of service,
and at the request of its then Colonel and Gen.
D. B. Birney, commanding division, the regi
ment went into actiou at Clianccllorsville on
May 2 and 3, 1603, although its term of service
had already then expired (and it was awaiting
transportation home), losing in that fightuearly
15 per ceut. in killed and wounded of its al
ready decimated numbers, and among whom
Avas its gallant Colonel (J. Fred. Piorsou) him
self. Immediately after that fight tho regi
ment, uuder the command of its brave and ac
complished Lieuteiiaut-Colouol (Francis L. Le
laud), was ordered home for muster out of
sen-ice John S. Buusii, Lieutenant, Co. F,
1st N. Y.
M Ih'liied Pat It There."
EDrron National Tuibdne: In looking
over your columns it is somewhat amusing to
see how some of tho comrades claim special
glory or famo for themselves or tho regiments
to which they belonged. Ono will claim that
it was his regiment that raised tho first flag at
a certain place, or took a battery at another ;
and, by tbo way they writo, you would think
the rebellion would never havo been put down
if it had not been for them.
Comrades, are wc not claiming too much glory
for ourselves? If we, after a hard-fought bat
tle, lived to plant tho flag on a fort, or capture a
battery, let us remember thoso who fell by the
1 remember reading of a soldier who fell at
the foot of Lookout Mountain, mortally wound
ed. For somo timo ho lay thero apparently
unconscious of all around him, but by and by
ho heard a shout which seemed to como from a
distance. Ho roused a littlo and asked a comrade:
"What is that?"
Tbo comrade told him that it was our boys
cheering on tho mountain; that thoy had
driven tho rebels, and our flag was floating on
"Baisc mo up," said tho dying soldier, "aud
let me look once more on that flag!"
Tho comrade raised him up, but his eyes
wcro too weak to sco tho flag. Ho asked again
if it was ou tho top, aud his friend assured
him that it was.
"Well," said he, "if it is, I helped put it
Yes, comrades, although ho fell at tho bot
tom, or in the commencement of tho fight, yet
he truly helped put it there, just us much as
thoso that lived to reach tho top. And whilo
wo arc claiming so much for ourselves, let us
remember the bravo boys that fell at tho foot
of tho mountain. Thoy "helped to put it
there" as much as auy of us did. J. B. Bowk,
Co. M, Merrill's Horse, La Fontaine, Kan.
vor and over again. But as I havo beforo said, j will fully explain.
The Assassination of President Lincoln.
Among tbo eplcndid collection of photo
graphs made during the war by the Govern
mout Photographer and now owned by Com
rade John O. Taylor, No. 17 Allen Place,
Hartford, Conn., are the very interesting set
relating to tho assassination of our martyr
Piowdont Abraham Lincoln. The views iu
Ford'ii Theater, whoro the fatal shot was fired,
tho portraits of tho conspirators, all heavily
ironed; the hconos ou the scaffold, showiug the
reading of tho death warrants, adjusting tho
ropes and upriugiug the traps; tho dangliug
bodies of Mrs. Surratt and the others who wcro
executed with her, altogether form a scries of
sccucs tho like of which cannot be found else
where. This collection isvaluabloou account
of its beiug made up entirely of the original
jiltotograjilw. Then thero is tho views of bat
tlefields, tho hospitals and the hundreds of
othor thrilling and oucc familiar scones; these,
fortunately preserved by the photographer's art,
arc made up into most interesting exhibitions.
Nothing iu paintings or engravings can come
auywbero near in realism theso sun-painted
pictures of actual acencM of that horrible war.
Comrade Taylor will givo a few worthy com
rades an opportunity to exhibit thofco views,
nud it ought to make a good-paying and pleas
ant business. Ho writes us to say that samples
of the views will be sent for 30 2-cent postage
damps. Tbo method of inhibiting tbo views
is by powerful lenses, whkh Comrado Taylor
Tho Sanders Itald.
Editoe National Tin bune: At the time of
the Sanders raid on Knoxvillcand other points
011 tho E. T. & Ga. and 11 T. & Va. Bailroads
I was a resident of Knoxville, having gone to
that city from Cleveland, O., some years prior
to tho war. In tho early part of June, 16G2,
Gen. H. S. Sanders was ordered by Gen. Burn
sine from Williamsburg, Ky. His command
first struck Lenoir's Station, on tho 11 T. & Ga.
Bail road, and thence on to Kuorvillc, where
it appeared on tho morning of tho IStli of
June. Tho news of tho approach of Sanders
had preceded, it somo 21 hours. Tho Union
ists were elated with tho thought of seeing
Federal troops, being especially anxious for
them to occupy Knoxville.
With hundreds of others, men, women and
children, 1 stood on the high Is above tbo depot
to witness the action of this day. About U
o'clock wo saw glistening carbines aud tho
Stars and Stripes moving slowly down tho dis
taut hillside into tho plain west of tho depot.
There were but low L'oiilcileratcs in the city
probably less than 100. Capt McClung, Con
federate Chief of Ordnanco at Knoxville, had
placed a battery iu front of what was then
known as tho Summit House. Another bat
tery, worked by some members of the (Jlh Fla.,
was placed on the elevation above the E. T. &
Va. Bailroad.on the right of Gay street, facing
the depot. As soon as tho Federals deployed,
McCluug's battery opened upon them at long
range. The raiders replied with a mountain
howitzer, and with fatal precision. One singlo
shot passed through a cotton bale, cut off both
of McCIung's legs and killed two men back of
him. This was the total list of casualties on
tbo rebel sido.
Gen. Sanders's slay was very brief. Had ho
known the situation ho could have takou
Knoxville easily. Tho Federals took their
departure as they came, very leisurely, proceed
ing to Strawberry Plains and Moyiy Creek,
whero they burned the bridges. For hours
after thoy were gone tho rebel batteries were
plied with great vigor at imaginary Yankees,
and greatly to the amusement of the non-combatants,
who know thero was hot a raider within
five miles of tbo city.
CapL McClung, killed on this day, was de
servedly ono of the most popular and highly
esteemed men in East Tennessee. His death
.was sincerely aud widely lameulod, both by
Unionists aud Secessionists. 1 would liko to
hoar from somo member of this raiding party,
if there are auy yet living. W. 1). Blacjcman,
offered for best scries of advertising notices.
For particulars, address H'orW'a Dhpaisary
Medical Association, G63 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y.
The 1st X. Y. Dragoons.
Editoe National Tbibune: If it woro pos
siblo I should begin to thiuk that my regiment,
(1st N. Y. Dragoons,) did no fighting whilo in
tho service. Through your columns I have
just reminded a comrado of my regiment's par
ticipation in tho fight at Trcvilian Station, and
their forming a part of Merritt's Brigade. Pre
vious to that I read an articlo by ono of the 1st
N. Y. Mounted Biflemeuon thesiegoof Suffolk.
Ho tells about the hot skirmish which took
placo outsido the fortifications, across the Nan
scmoud Ilivcr, between tho 09th N. Y. and the
rebels. It was a part of tho 00th aud a part of
my regiment, then called 130th N. Y.
I can never forget that affair, as I was on spe
cial detail and stationed at a redoubt near the
bridge which the skirmishers crossed. I sup
poso tho skirmish was. to discover the where
abouts of the enemy if 'they had evacuated, as
they had not been seen that morning. Tho
skirmish-lino was not fired upon until they
neared tho rifle-pits, when a hot firo was opened
upon them. Gen. Terry ordered tho buglo call
for retreat as soon 03 he saw how our men wcro
being cut down, but it could not be heard abovo
the cannonading from tho redoubt. He called
for a voluutecr to order them back. I was tho
only idlo person, so I went. It was ono of my
worst experiences during tho war. To bo un
der fire aud not bo abio to send a few bullets
back in return wa3 no fun.
And now comes au article from a comrade of
the 13th lnd. I have not forgotten his rcgi-
meur, 11 no nas mine. 11 nis regiment Kept a
record. as well through tho war as then it may
well bo proud of it. The comrade tells about au
engagement at Black Water Creek. I happened
to bo one of tho 10 men detailed to cut away
the trees felled by tho rebels across tbo road
near tho ford. After the work was fiuished my
comrado and self stepped behind the trees to
sco the result of a chargu that would be sure to
bo made. Down camo tho cavalry with in
fantry mouutcd behind. The horses not liking
to carry double aud tho bullets flying like hail
caused a failure. I think this happened beforo
the pontoons wcro put into the creek. As soon
as they wero put in the infantry followed. 1
thiuk it consisted of a part of the Gth Mass. aud
the 130th N. Y. After wo had driven tho rebels
out of the pits one of our regiment found a
violm and commenced playing aud dancing be
fore the fighting was over.
The hist I heard of him he was chasing a
goose around a farm-house, but ho was cap
tured instead of tho goose. I am sorry my
friend of the 13th had such bad luck tho night
wo camped ou tbo way back to Suffolk, losiug
his potatoes and burning his shoes. I dislike
to say that I stolo chickens that night, but I
dined ou them for two or three days after
wards. I also had a good wash-tub aud board
to wash my clothes with. A. F. Bouinson, Co.
A, 130th N. Y. Dragoous, Dixon, 111.
AVlhlcr's ISrlsade at Clilckamausa.
Editoe National Tbibune: In a recent is
sue Comrado B. F. Magec, 72d lnd., seeks to
correct the statement of Major Geo. B. Jeuness,
of Kansas, as to tho battlo of Chickamaugn,
Sept. 19, 1SG3. I do not wish to enter into the
controversy except to say both aro correct and
each in error. At an important juncture of the
battle on the 10th tho !fcd 111. M't'd Inf. was
ordered to the support of Gen. J. J. Reynolds
and occupied for a timt the gap referred to. It
was only part of our regiment, or COO mon of
Wildcr's Uripade, that Major Jcniiess has mis
taken for the five regiments composing "Wild
cr's Lightning Brigade."
We, tho Dd, wcro nearly enveloped by tho
double lino of rebels, who, flushed with victory
in tho death of Col. King and tho defeat of his
brigade, advanced their wholo line of battle
aud swept us from that part of the field, not,
however, without a gallant resistance on our
part and severe punishment from our Spencer
repeating rifles, in which manyou both sides
bit tbo dust. Comrades Mngco and Jcnness,
if cither of 3011 como to St. Louis call upon
James McClurc, Commander of Frank P. Blair
Post, No. 1, Department of Illinois, who was
one of the 17th lnd., and ho will corroborate my
statement. John H. Boun, Major, 92d 111.
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Horr and Br TTTiom tho Surrender r7as Becelred
Editor National Tbibune z In your issue
of Sept. 2 I noticed a letter from T. D. Pol
lock, Co. E, 30th Iowa, and also one from J.
Luckoy, 25th Iowa, regarding the entering of
Columbia, S. C. As they both qaoto from their
diaries kept at the timo they may bo correct
so far as regards tho movements of their re
spective companies, but aro somewhat incor
rect as to the movements of somo of tho troop3
of tho Iowa Brigade, of the First Division,
Fifteenth Corps. Comrado Pollock's record
from his diary is correct as to tho movements
on Feb. 10, but not correct as to tho eroding
of Broad Bivcron tho 17th, which is accounted
for by his being toward tho rear and a littlo
lato in getting over the river. The advance of
tho brigado (tho 31st Iowa) commenced cross
ing the river about midnight of tho lGth by a
rope ferry. As only about ono company could
bo crossed at onco, it took a long timo to get
the brigade over. At daybreak there wero only
some three regiments across. They deployed
as skirmishers and advanced and captured the
enemy's pickets. TI113 was early, as it was
light enough to distinguish a man from a tree.
After passing about half a milo through the
timber wc camo iuto an open field on the sido
hill, but did not halt until at the top of the
hilr, from where wo could seo the city, aud
could also seo Wheeler's cavalry on tho adjoin
ing hills. Hero tho order was given the com
mand to halt aud form the regiments. Whilo
waiting for the skirmishers to come in and
form with their commands the carriage spoken
of by Comrado Pollock was seen coming from
tho city bearing a white flag. Col. Stone, of
the 25th Iowa, commanding tho brigade, rodo
out and met it, and received tho formal sur
render of the city from the Mayor. This could
not have been later than 7:30 or S o'clock on
the morniug of the 17th. Tho order was at
onco given to march, which wo did at pretty
quick time Nor did we halt until wc stacked
arms on tho principal street, at about S:30 or 0
o'clock a. m. Tho first thing we then thought
of was to get something to cat. My bunkmato
aud myself went a few blocks from Main street
to a privato house, where wo were served with
tho best breakfast the house could give us
Comrade Pollock says: "Tho Chaplain
looked as though ho had two hcad3;" pretty
good evidence that Pollock was a little dazed
aud saw double. Comrade Luckey says : " Wo
drove tho rcb3 and took the town at sunrise."
This is partly correct, for we drove the rebs a
littlo beforo sunrise, received the surrender
about sunrise, and occupied tho city as soon
thereafter as we could march about two miles.
As soon as a pontoon could be laid Gon. Sher
man and his staff came into the city, which wa3
As to tho burning of the city lean add only
a word. Wheu we stacked arms a man came
up to the head of my company and said he was
a Union soldier who had ben held there as a
prisoner, but had escaped aud beeu secreted in
the city by Union people, and that thero were
n large number there who had becu held as
prisoners. Ho said: "If you do not burn the
city wo will." The city was burned, but who
burned it? The Iowa Brigade held possesion,
of tho city until aftor dark, when it was re
lieved nud moved about a milo from the city.
Tho men had been on duty thero 21 hours, so
that it was time for them to be relieved; with
out referring to the fact that a few wero iu tho
same condition that Comrade Pollock was and
could "sco double." R. M. Marvin, Orderly
Sergcaut, Co. H, 31st Iowa, Manchester, Iowa
BATTLE OF ATLANTA.
Another Member of the Fifteenth Corps Criticizes
Editoe National Trihi'XK: Gen. Lcggett
in his letter published Aug. 2G says that, in
writing the article describing tho part taken
by his command, he did not intend any reflec
tion on the Fifteenth Corps, and that a careful
examination of the article would show that ho
did not reflect on them. I am willing to con
cede that he did not intend any injustice to
the Fifteenth Corps. Still, as bis articlo and
the accompauying maps conveyed vory dis
tinctly the idea that the corps had beeu driven
from the line which it bad occupied in the
morniug, injustice was done to so much of tho
corps as maintained its position on the ad
vanced line, and was not driven from it. I
concede to him the right to publish a history
wherein his command shall be the central fig
uro; but while so doing it was incumbent on
him, wheu incidentally mentioning other com
mands, to stato their actions correctly. Ho
I did not know when I wrote how much of the
Fifteenth Corps was in position that day. I sim
ply learned that all in position north of lien. Wul-
cutthail been driven back; whether one division
or three, I did not know ; and for my purpose in
writing it made no difference.
Tho General may havo heard that all tho
Fifteenth Corps north of Walcutt had been
driven back, but ho never learned it, for it was
not truo. Furthermore, whilo it may havo
been unimportant to Gen. Lcggett whether he
correctly stated the result of the fight ou the
irontot tuo JMitceutn corps, it does maKe a
diflcrenco with tho boys of the Fifteenth Corps.
It would have been no disgrace to be over
powered and compelled to fall back to another
line; but it would be disgraceful to allow his
tory to bo so distorted as to make it appear that
wo wero whipped, when in truth and fact we
wcro not whipped or driven an inch.
I owo tho boys of tho Sixteenth Corps an
apology. I supposed the troops engaged in re
taking the lino tost by tho two brigades of our
Second Division, all belonged to the Fifteenth
Corps. In this I am satisfied I was mistaken.
What I took to bo a brigade from John E.
Smith's (Fourth) Division, was a brigade from
the Sixteenth Corp3. I remember that the
81st Ohio was amougst them. The brigade wa3
on our left and did its share in retaking tbo
lino. Capt. Williams's battery may have con
tributed towards the restoration of the line
south of tho railroad. I could not sec what
took place there. But I neither saw nor heard
of any assistance from that quarter on tho north
Iu conclusion, permit mo to say that but two
brigades of the Fifteenth Corps wero driven
from their line ou that day; and that no dis
credit attaches to them for falling back, 03 it
would havo been fully to attempt to hold the
ground. Thoso brigades were second to none
in our army for grit and stayiug qualities.
Further, that it will not do for auy command
to arrogate to itself more credit for the success
of that day than it awards to others. Each
brigade, divisiou aud corps did its duty nobly
and like heroes. If their positions had been
transposed, tho outcomo would probably havo
been the same. As it was, theru was glory
enough for all; then let us give each other the
credit justly due. Crosby Johnson, Co. G,
7(ith Ohio, Hamilton, Mo.
Gen. lYaltiitt's Rrlsaile.
Editor National iTribune: I wish to
thank Comrado Johnion, of tho 7b'th Ohio, iur
his article on tho battle of Atlanta, July 22,
1SC1. 1 beliovo him to'bo very nearly correct.
Gen. Walcutt's Brigade was at that timo in the
Fourth Division, Fifteenth Corps, and was com
posed of the Gth Iowa, -iOtlt 111., -ICth Ohio
(Walcutt's regiment), 07th lnd., aud 103d 111.
The brigado was commanded at Mission Bidgo
by Gen. John M. Corse, of tho Gth Iowa, ho of
Allatooua fame, where ho was " short a cheek
bone and an car, but was able to whip all Hades
After the fall of Atlanta the brigade was in
tho First Division, with the addition of the
2Gth 111. and 100th Jnd.', to tho closo or tho war.
Gcu. Walcutt was wounded at Griswoldville,
near Macon, Ga., when 5,000 home guards tried
to take his 1,300 men, but left 2,000 in killed,
wounded, aud prisoners instead, which caused
Gen. Howard to issue a special order congratu
lating tho brigade. Wo were afterwards com
manded by Gen. Cattorson, of tbo 97th lnd..
who has since died. Gens. Corse and Walcutt
are ttill living, I believe. Why don't they
speak up? Aro they all liko Capt A. B. Smith,
of tho 103d, who says, "Our record was made
years ago, and wo aro proud of it."
Bather odd that it has taken 22 years to leam
that the Fifteenth Corps was routed on tho 2d
of July, 1301, aud did not know it. Gen. How
ard paid us a deserved compliment in his recent
articles iu The National Tribune, where bo
said, upon tho arrival of the Fifteenth Corps at
Chattauooga from Memphis, "they had already
demonstrated their ability to match far, iorage
wjII, and fight hard." Wilson Fisubr, Q. M.
S., 103d 111.; Joo Hooker Post, No. CO, G.A.B.,
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evh end alt to be 13-fc Mnul rolled gold plate. With each ordirwa w ml a brand nevr cabdox of splendid
;wlrr V?e warrant
jewelry. Give u a
The Dew Venetian lLtmosdi
It'll flnler And m will nrora to tou that we clve wr&mler value for Ies monev thaa anv Other hooie.
are a frinch production, and have deceived tome ol the best connolueari of both continents. The fault heretofvre w.th all artificial
or Imitation dlamouJi wai, that tbey were not clear and glauy lack IciSre. This U not the caie with the above wonderful iaven-
ucn. vmtiian atamonui pcueis uie oeaiui'iu linn nnianu oniiiaDiKuiuiminravj, oniy iixma wumuKiuiiiwu. nun.
Tbl rloirltofa new and very beautiful pattern, guaranteed to be solid rolled gold plate; the stone with wbleh it i set Uvery
clear, brilliant and sparkling. Sent by mail for 40 cents. Ho. U a genuine Venetian diamond ring. This Is an exeeediBg ly
handaome rinp. Sample by mall. 30 cents. No. 8. Separable collar bnttoa, One. clear and very brilliant. Stes top of (Ms but
ton can be taken oil and put on quick as a wink. Sample by mall, !0 cmts. No. 3 Is a pair of ladles' ear drops, set with the eete
trated Venltlau diamonds bring tinely cut from the whitest stone and very brilliant, and set in solid rolled gold Miliar, warraoted.
Sent by mail for only 40 cents. No. 4 ear drops sent by mall for 3) cents. Ladles' lace pin, to match ear drops. 35 cents. Gent's
scarf pin, 35 rents. No. 5 Is a pair of cuff buttons of the latest style and finish, and retail in any jewelry store for ?.0O. Sample
pair by mail, 30 cents. No. 9 Is a wedding rintf. This grand ring has been sold inretad jewelry stores for $3.00. ItbamacnS-Centnng-Bndofgreatvalue.andtbeeqnalofaliltedrlngfrequentlysoldforl3.00
We send sample by mail for 15 cents. No.T
U a band rtng. This solid rolled gold ring Is worth l.CO. We send sample for 10 cents. No. 4 !s a heart ring. Thj favorite and
beaatlful keepialie ring sent by mad for 10 cents. No. 1 Is a gent's 7est chain. Sent by mall for 25 cents. To ascertila the size
wanted, take a illo of Daner anil Dlace it around the fineer vmj wis!', the ring on. and s-nd to us. StAons taken. Addreu.
nas. niiiuiJLMOp jsaauiaciuruiscwejcr. aA ji&utcu anwi, imcagv.
3 yeafrJiifl 3 aS&s&a n
Tho Printing Pro has rovolntloalied tha world. Throo 17tmdreo
years ao only tho Prtost-s bait general knowledge hunt. i years Mneo
only one man ludtty weutb-jtindplalareaiiiug. now we graep alevery
subject, and ourchlldrcn beforo thoy leavoschcoiStnowmurotnAa their
grandfather's did afterallfaof threo scoro yesra nnd ten Sclentteta
and Philosophers havo tried to givo tho people n KnovtlcilKO iirall
UsefUl Subjects, but tho cost of such Cyclopedic Kuowl.tgebaa
been beyond tho roach of tho masses. Appleton's Cjclopodl cost J .50,
Johnsoa's cost iii, aad tho Universal $23, bu ttbo
And Library cf Universal Knowledge,
IS GIVEN FREE
to whoever aenc.13 lis 6 subscribers. It contains
f A fs fs Separate and Dia- S Q fs jfXEngravIrgsilta&traS.
U tU U tlct lfcsrYrenceu. J. cOi?U Inir various teptes
All About a Cup.
Editou National Tiubune : I have in my
possession a silver cup given to rue by a slavo
of a wealthy banker living a mile anil a half
from Cleveland, Tenn. The circumstances
wero as follows: Shortly after tho battle of
Missionary Rillae tho Eleventh Corps was or
dered to the relief of Gen. Lurnsido at Knox
ville. While on tho march we camped over
night about a mile and a half northeast of
Cleveland, near the house of a wealthy banker.
I succeeded in getting a night's lodging at tho
slave's house referred to, whero I fouud one of
our cavalry Captains, who likewise was in search
of a place to lay his weary head. Shortly after
my arrival our colored friend pointed out to us
tho placo where his master's silverware was
buried iu a clothes-basket. Seeing that wo wero
incredulous, he approached the place of deposit,
and with tho toe of his boot raked the dirt off
and soon brought to light tho cup referred to
and a long silver tablespoon. We immediately
stopped him from tinearthiug any more of tho
treasure, and called him into tho ctbin. When
lie camo in he took from under his coat tho cup
and spoon. Wo refused to accept them. He
"OhIfurdelubo, God, massa, takedatarcup
and sjioon wid yor; cazo if massa finds dem
yero, he'll kill mo sho."
To allay his fears and prevent tho possibility
of endangering his life, wc accepted them, tho
Captain (I do not remember his name) taking
tho spoon and myself tho cup, which I attached
to tho horn of my saddle as a drinking cup for
the remainder of tho campaign. On the side
of the cup is engraved "Jcsso M. Hill," and
on the bottom is scratched. " Athens, Tenn. 1st
Tho cuphxs been in my possession since 1881,
nnd, considering the lapse of time and the bat
tering it received while on the march, it U well
preserved. If auy of tho readers of The Na
tional Tribune can givo mo any information
as to the proper owner I will cheerfully teturu
the same. Dk. E. L. H. Barry, an., First-
Assistant Surgeon, 80th 111., Mayor city of
Accurate and concise infarniat.oa on Art. Science. PMJOMHrtiv and lte.
11,'Jou. Including learaed ewuya by tha Compiler. Prof. 11. I.. Wfttteraa
and several hundred other authura. Tha article on lnntoitty.
Architecture, Afrrlctilturo, Astronomy anuthe 'lno
Arts, aro full, and explicit. Ilotauy, Clii'inlntry, Kn.
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treated ablj and explicitly. Tho articlo on ongmeerlinj is still further
'amplified by n full description. Illustrated with plate aud iltatjrnmsof
thoGrpiitUruoIilyn Kridrc: Mcchtiiilc.'iwUhpiatesUttMtrat-lnff-
Mechanical iiouom. .7neralon;y illmllctlic. Jnvr,
X.:inKtiarc nnd GoventineiitH, aro so clearly treated of, rtat
evorjuno who reads can undurstend. In addition to tjie fulland com
pleto Cvc'opedta. armumd In alphabetical form vra have, brand op In
tho volume, a Complt'to I.llirury of KnnwIcdRO. Inoluiltnx a
ftP.lViSS HOLY BIIlLB; a eomplew brief Dlofjraphleal
jctionary.ruuandcornpIeliatt!ticnl hl.'torv ortho United S'atev, corrected down torn. Tho Interest. Bunking,
lysaary, iaaowentand Homestead Laws of tho Cnltod Statoa, aro for the first tltaogrtthorod togethorla ono voluiae.
A LIST OF COUNTERFEIT NOTES VITH RULES FOR DETECTION OF COUNTERFEITS.
Separata Dletionarlta of Musical, Siiuticat, and GeoarnpMcal term; a enrefidhf prepared trtatltt
on Pronunciation, giving rulta and examples ichtnb'j everyone can become his own ieaahtr.
AH APPENDIX, OF THE ENGLISH DICTIOIfABY.
, . , Elvlnghnndredsof words not contalnol In the vnllnarr dictionaries.
KTiA(S OW ATiTi "MArnWC! beautifully Illustrated by colored panes. In fact tho hook la
tr 7 Y,. "" ,"V ,CL J'A uao acompleto library In itself, which In seperftto volumes wnnkleos
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Jit.iL? oro than tho coat of tho boot. "knovrledRolspower''thUcyclopedlawniboa80urcootweolthtotheu4aad
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