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"TO CARE FOR HIM WHO HAS BORNE THE BATTLE, AND FOR HIS WIDOW AND ORPHANS." ESTABLISHED 1877-NEW SERIES. WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, MARCH 10, 1887. VOL VI NO. 31.-WH0LE NO. 291. -rxtSlt"" lkttxmal rflnut&. MISS0UII IN M Gen. Fremont Superseded in Command by Gen. Hunter. A.. 'VIGOROUS CAMPAIGN Results in the Signal Defeat of Gen. Price. DRIVEN" TO THE SOUTH, Hefljosos Wagons, Supplies and Many Prisoners. IBYMAJ.-OEN. JOnN TOPE, U. S. A. ooi'vmoiiT 16S7. IY. (Shortly after I got baftc to a houso near which ray command was encamped I re ceived notice to attend a council of war that eveniug at Gen. Fremont's quarters. I attended on time and found Gen. Fremont standing behind a long table which was stretched across one end of the room, and in front of it were a number of officers of rank, most of whom seemed to be talking in earnest tones. It was a cool night early in November, and I stood with my back to the fireplace listening to what was said as wnll ns I could, but savimr nothing. There were maps and papers of some kind on the table, and the conversation seemed to relate to them. After a short time Gen. Fremont turned to me and asked what I thought of the plan of battle. I replied that I would be glad to know first the position of the enemy, as according to the information in my pos session thcro was no enemy near us. Ho seemed surprised at my remark, and at once called on Gen. Sigel, who said very promptly that his scouts reported heavy forces of the enemy marching on Springfield by every road from the south, and that they would be in our front by the next morning. I said so more on that joint, nor on the plan of battle, because just at that moment the outer door was opened and Gen. Hunter, much TEAVEL-WOItN AND DISHEVELED, strode into the room. Gen. Fremont said: "Good evening, General," to which Gen. Hunter replied in the same words. Gen. Fremont inquired whether Gen. Hunter in tended to relieve him of the command, to which Gen. Hunter replied that ho did, and Bpon being asked when, he said, "Now!" Of course the council of war dispersed, and the next morning Gen. Fremont marched out of SpringGcld to return to St. Louis, preceded by his excellent silver band, play ing " The lied, "White and Blue," and escorted by a band of Shawnee and Delaware Indians in bright colors, yelling and dashing nbout in a manner more picturesque than alarming. That same morning Gen. Hunter sent a strong force of cavalry to reconnoitcr south ef Springfield. They went 20 miles below the town, and on their return next day reported not only that there was no ene my in that distance, but also that none of the enemy had been within 20 miles of Springfield for six weeks, except a small force of cavalry, scouting and forag ing. Price was encamped with his force at a point HO miles south. "Whether this strange delusion of his being in our immediate front and ready to give battle was really believed by those who gave it circulation, or whether It was only given out for its effect upon the authorities in "Washington and the people generally, to give the impression that Gen. Fremont was relieved of his command just ache was on the point of giving battle to the enemy, I never knew; that Gen. Sigel believed it, I cannot credit The second day after ho took the com mand Gen. Hunter called a council of war, to which his principal officers" were sum moned. He read to us a LETTER. FKOM THE TKESIDENT of the United States suggesting that the army be drawn back to the railroad. There was no order to this effect given to Gen. Hunter, but the suggestion was so strong, and the wish of the President so manifest, that it is difficult to see how Gen. Hunter could have ignored them, even had the Bit nation been favorable for a further advance against Price. The fact is, however, that we were not eoly in no condition to move further to the front, but in no condition to remain at Springfield. It was sufficiently manifest that Price would retreat again to the south as boon as we advanced on him. No provis ion whatover had been made for a campaign even as far south as Springfield, a fact made clear to me by the necessity of unloading my wagons alsiost entirely to supply pro visions to the sick in hospital, who were re ported, in a letter to me abking for the sup plies, to have been 30 hours without food. Although I marched back to the railroad with all speed, I only succeeded in reaching there without Buffering for food because I met about halfway a small train which I had sent back from Humausville for rations 10 da3's before, with orders to load and to follow me, which, under the charge of a most energetic and efficient officer Maj. Robert son, of the 6th Iowa was so effectively done as to meet me as described just at the right time. One-half of this train I left where I met it for the division which followed me, and retaining barely sufficient for the use of my troops I pushed on to the railroad at Ottcrville. By the time Gen. Hunter reached the rail road he was superseded in command by Gen. Halleck. About one-half of the army that retired from Springfield was .distributed along the railroad from Sedalia, then its western terminus, to Jefferson City. Of this force I was placed in command, and occu piedwith it a eection of the country officially iwiguatcd the " DISTRICT OF CENTRAL MISSOURI." Soon after the withdrawal of our forces to the railroad, Price began again to advance north slowly and cautiously, so that by Dec. 1 he had reached the Osage River and en camped in nnd around Osceola. His army and the forces under my command were separated by the Osage River and by about 70 miles of undulating prairie country, everywhere practicable -for artillery and wagons. Price issued from his camp on the Osage another of his stirring proclamations, inviting and urging the young men of Mis souri to join his army. His great personal popularity and commanding influence in the State worked great mischief and kept up dangerous excitement. Thousands of men, both young and middle-aged, flocked to him from almost every County of the Stale, car rying with them in wagons taken from the people all the supplies they could beg, bor row or take by force. So long as Price re mained on the Osage River, easily accessible, the excitement grew, and every day he was reinforced by men and supplies plnudered from peaceful people. There was no hope for peace or quiet in Central Missouri until he was driven off. I accordingly, after making known to him the foregoing situation, proposed a plan to Gen. Halleck to move with my whole force against Price, and gavo him the details of a movement which seemed to promise success. It is not necessary to give these details, as Gen. Halleck did not consent to the move ment, but on the 14th of December he sent me an order to move a portion of my com mand from Sedalia toward Lexington the very OPPOSITE DIRECTION TO TRICE and try to intercept a large body of recruits for Price's army, said to be moving from the Missouri River toward Osceola. I persuaded him, however, to permit mo to move south west toward Price, instead of northeast away from him. The results, as I shall recount, were completely satisfactory and gave us the first success we had met with in Mis souri since the death of Lyon. On the 15th of December, having left a sufficient garrison at Sedalia, I marched from that place with a force of infantry, cavalry and artillery, numbering between 3,000 and 4,000 men, and divided into two brigades, commanded respectively by Col. Jeff C. Davis and Col. F. Steele, both officers of the Regu lar Army holding volunteer commissions as Colonel. The object of this movement was to interpose between Price's army on the 03age at Osceola and a large body of recruits, reported to be about 6,000 strong, moving south to join him from the Missouri River at Lexington and Arrow Rock, and having with them a large train of supplies for his army. Leaving Sedalia by the road to Warsaw, merely to mislead the enemy for that night, I encamped on the main road thereto about sunset Four companies of cavalry were thrown forward to observe any movements of the enemy from Osceola, and next morn ing I made a forced march of 25 miles, and at sunset occupied a position between the direct road from "Warrcnsburg to Osceola and the route via Chilhowee to the west It was this latter road that the recruits and return ing soldiers of Price pursued in joining his forces. . Shortly after sunset the advance, consist ing of four companies of the 1st Iowa Cav., under Maj. Florence, CAPTURED TnE ENEMY'S PICKETS at Chilhowee, and learned that he was en camped in considerable strength about six miles north of the town. After resting horses and men for a couple of hours, I threw forward 10 companies of cavalry and a sec tion of artillery under Lieut-Col. Brown, of Miasouri, to assault the camp, and followed with my whole force, posting the main body between "Warrcnsburg and Rose Hill, to support his movement I at the same time reinforced Maj. Hub bard on the direct road to Osceola with sev eral companies of Merrill's regiment of cav alry, and directed him, in order to cover our flank in the movement on Chilhowee, to push vigorously as far as he was able to the ene my's lines north of the Osage at Osceola. He executed these orders with great vigor and Bkill, driving back and capturing the enemy's pickets and oneentire company of his cavalry, with its tents, baggage and wagons. The forces encamped at Chilhowee received hurried notice of Brown's advance and broke up in a panic, scattering in every direction, in parties great and smalL Brown followed in pursuit all night of the 16th and all day of the 17th, and about midnight reached Johnstown. The enemy scattered in every direction, and ns they themselves and their two-horse wagons belonged to the country, the troops could not identify those living quietly at their homes and those en route to Price's army. "When the pursuit reached Johnstown, about midnight, the enemy had COMPLETELY MELTED AWAY. The main liody of our troops moved slowly north in the direction of "Warrcnsburg, wait ing for Brown to return. He scoured the whole country within reach of Johnstown, and brought in 150 prisoners and 16 wagons loaded with tents and supplies. Next morn ing, the 18th, Col. Brown rejoined the main body. jAs I knew that the force he had dispersed was not the party he intended to intercept, which must Btill be north of ub, I moved slowly toward 'Warrcnsburg, and when near that place the spies and scouts I had sent toward Lexington and Arrow Rock before leaving Sedalia returned and informed me that the large force we had expected was then on the march from those places, and would probably encamp that night at the mouth of Clear Creek, just south of Milford. I at once posted the main body of my command between Warrensburg and Knob Nosier to close all outlet to the south be tween those two points, and instructed Col. Jeff C. Davis, with Beven companies of cav alry afterward reinforced by another com pany of cavalry and a section of artillery, to march rapidly on the town of Milfoft, so as to be in position to intercept tho enenvy's retreat toward the northeast, whilst Merrill's regiment of cavalry was to march also on Milford, approaching it from the northwest The main body of my command was four miles south of Milford, and ready to prevent escape in that direction. At a late hour in the afternoon Col. Davis came up with tho encniy encamped on the west side of tho Blackwater opposite the mouth of Clear Creek. The Blackwater was deep and miry, and could only be crossed by A LONG, NARROW BRIDGE, which was guarded by tho enemy in force. The troops under Col. Davis, led by two companies of the 4th U. S. Cav., commanded by Licuts. Gordon and Amory, charged tho bridge nnd carried it in handsome style, with the loss of one killed and eight wounded. They followed up the enemy with such force and vigor that, finding himself pressed in front and cut off from retreat in every direc tion, ho surrendered at discretion. It was tho first taste of real fighting that most of the troops had had, and too much cannot be said of their gallant conduct The enemy's force, as reported by its com mander, consisted of three companies of cavalry and parts of two regiments of in fantry, numberinc in all 1.300 men. There were three Colonels, one Lieutenant-Colonel, one Major and 51 company officers. Five hundred horses and mules, 73 wagons loaded with powder, lead and other military stores, fell into our hands, as also a thousand stands of arms. A number of the most influential, and therefore the most dangerous, Southern men in the State were captured with this party, and the effect of the expedition was ex tremely useful all over the State. "Within five days the infantry marched fully 100 miles and tho cavalry nearly double that distance, and they swept the whole country south of Lexington as far as the Osage clear of all parties of the enemy. They captured nearly 1,500 prisoners a number of them the most important personages in the State from the Southern point of view; 1,200 stands of arms, and nearly 100 wagons loaded with supplies. On the seventh day after marching from Sedalia the troops reoccupied their camps at Ollerville. As an immediate result of this operation Price BROKE UP niS CAMP at Osceola and fell back to Springfield, leav ing all the country north of the Osage com paratively quiet Tho prisoners captured by CoL Davis were brought into the camp of tho main body of the command near Knob No3ter, arriving there about midnight It was bitterly cold and a blustering snowstorm set in at day light and continued the whole day. "We marched for Sedalia early in the day and reached there with the prisoners and cap tured property at sunset Everything was shipped to St Louis as soon as cars could bo collected, and the troops once more settled down into temporary quiet in their camps. As soon as it was known that Price had fallen back to Springfield a considerable force under Gen. S. R. Curtis was sent from Rolla to follow him up. This command was reinforced by a division under Col. Jeff C. Davis from the force under my command, and brought Price to a battle at Pea Ridge, where he was defeated by Curtis, although he had been heavily reinforced from Arkan sas and Texas. I went, shortly after my return to Sedalia, to Jefferson City, and from there was called early in February to St Louis to organize and command the troops assigned to tho operations against NEW MADRID AND ISLAND NO. 10. In these paper I have confined myself to a mere detail of such events as fell under my personal observation which I thought would be interesting withoutprovokingcontrovcrsy. Gen. Fremont's policy and his administra tion of civil as well as military affairs in Missouri are, of course, subjects concerning which there were then, and may perhaps now be to a much less degree, wide differences of opinion, or perhaps it is better to say, " of feeling." It is certainly a matter on which any man has the perfecL right to haveaud to express his opinion. It is understood that Gen. Fremont has written a book, in which he deals quite fully with all these matters, and perhaps when his statements and opin ions are plainly set forth it may bo some one's duty, to himself at least, to review them. Certainly I have no wish now, and shall never have, to reopen that unpleasant page of history unless nccessit demands it The end. ' PEACH TREE CREEK. Ward' Dlvhion lVau an Acthe Participant, and Xot In Reserve. Editor National Tnmu.VE: I have been watching tho pickets for some time, and think I will take a shot myself. "Carleton" says Ward's Division was in reserve at Peach Treo Crock. J. IL Betting, Co. A, 55th Ohio, says he belonged to a brigade which was in tho ad vance, and that the 2Gth Wis. was tbo first en paged. My recollection is that Co. B, 22d Wis., was the first troops of tho Twentieth Corps that crossed Peach Treo Creek on that mcniorablo 20th day of July. Wo wcro deployed us skirmishers and drove tho enemy's fakiriiiishcrs from a ridgo whero they wcro through a deep ravino and over another ridgo, which wo held. A Zonavo regiment tho 33d N. J. I think joined us on tho right There wero three com panies of tho 22d on tho line, which wo held uutil the Johnnies flanked us on tho left Tho Fourth Corps skirmishers had fallen back into their works; wo had nono to fall back into. I thiuk my whole regiment was on tho lino be fore wo wero driven back. Immediately in rear of our position tho 2Gth Wis. was formed in the ravino spoken of, and a few of them fired before wo wero iu, with tho rebels right at our heels. Tho 20th mado things red hot for them, too. Tho Second Brigado was on tho right of tho 20th Wis. . As to Ward's Division being in reserve, it has always been my belief that it took a very important part in tho fight without any breast works or protection whatover. It received tho terrible chargo of Drake's Mississippi Brigado and hurled them back with fearful slaughter, leaving their bravo commander dead on tho field and tho colors of tho 33d Miss, in posses sion of tho 22d Wis. As to who was first Into At lanta, tho Alexander Sharpshooters (Co. B, 22d Wis.) was "thar" as Boon as auy of them, and our regimental colors wero undoubtedly tho firtt to wave over tho captured city. Alex. B. Pope, Co. B, 22d Wis., Stewart, Twuk UI1 A BRIDGE. Recollections of an Army of the Poto mac Pontonier. AT THE NORTH ANNA. Effecting a Crossing Under Fire of the Enemy's Guns. THEN THE MUSKETS, And the Pontoniers Plunge Into the Thick of Battle. BY WALTER H. rARCELS, CO. D, 50TH N. Y. ENGINEERS, LEWISTOWN, PA. "A soldier, a nipger and a mule are all alike." Few, if any, of the Union veterans of the war will fail to recoguize in these n striking similarity. Though we often gave utteranco to this declaration dur ing those well-remembered days when we wore tho blue, I doubt if many really be lieved in the existence of such remarkable equality. Of the proper status of tho col ored " man and brother" I decline to speak, but, glancing back through the vista of years, it occurs to me now that there would have been less vexation of spirit and heart ache among the rank and file had more been willing to learn the lesson of patience and forbearance from the mule. That much-despised animal was the per sonification of forbearance. Ho obeyed or ders, meekly enduring tho flagellations of the driver nnd the profanity of the wagon master; demanding as his only recompense his daily rations and, during his festive moments, ample room for the exercise of his heels. Not so with tho private soldier. His was a proud, a restless Bpirit Ho could not readily lose his individuality. The shriek of shot and shell was often less galling than the austere manner, PKOFANITY AND ABUSE of the officers in command. At least such was my experience. Gradually, though, I learned the necessity of military discipline, and with it the lesson of forbearance. Gradually it dawned upon me that I was of very little consequence anyway only one of that great Federal army. Then I tried to make the most of th situation. I sought for the humorous side T everything. I did not always find it, aLC realized a world of pleasure in tantalizing comrades older than myself who possessed, unfortunately, an irritable disposition. These thoughts are but a prelude to a detailed account of soldier life at that particular period when, as a pon- Three op a Kind. tonier and a private in the ranks, I made my first and only visit to the now historic banks of the North Anna. I was but a boy, marching along with sunburnt face on the afternoon of that never-to-be-forgotten day in May, 18G1, when Grant's army was moving forward to meot in deadly combat the army of Leo upon the banks of this small but now memorable river of the Old Dominion. "Wo had not como from Jerusalem, but we were certainly going toward Jericho an old mill upon the North Anna bearing this name. There is historic proof that A JOUKNKY TOWARD JERICIIO is not a safe one to make. I was a member of Co. D. 50th N. Y. Fng. We were attached to the Fifth (Warren's) Corps. Late in the afternoon I noticed some little excitement among tho officers. Anything to relieve tho monotony of the march 1 A few moments later the " flying pontoons " boats made of wooden frames covered with canvas pulled out of their placo in the wagon train and started on ahead at tho full limit of mule locomotion, the heavy wooden pontoons following at a less rate of speed. "Wo as Engineers needed no help to inter pret these movements. "Wc were Bimply go ing to build a pontoon bridge, and that as quickly as possible. "We had a liking for this work, but we had a mortal dread lest tho enemy might be posted upon tho oppo site side of the stream ready to give us in dividual attention while wo performed our work. "We had no little anxiety to know what Fate had in store for ns this time, and rather relished the order to double-quick, which would bring us the sooner to a solu tion of the problem. Our fears were allayed when we saw the river and no enemy, albeit I could not quite understand why, if there were no enemy, near, a battery should be already in position with its guns frowning toward the other shore. This was at tho loft of the road lead ing down to Jericho Mills. "Wo filed to the right, stacked arms and threw off our guns an'd accouterments. A few rods away wo had passed a houao, in the doorway of which stood a woman wringing her bauds while the tears rolled down her cheeks. God only knows what became of her an hour later when tho battle was raging all about Famous is the artist who can place upon canvas accurate pictures of human emotions, but that single glance at that forlorn creature in the doorway placed upon my memory a picture, a MASTERPIECE OF WO and sadnesa, which the passing years have not effaced. I noted the fact the Fifth Corps seemed to be all about us, waiting like the children of Israel upon the banks of tho Red Sea for a passageway across the water. The North Anna is a small and rapid stream, with very high banks, the space tj !. iZz&zZZ jSeL fr' l n r ,1' tx-e ivu c-sWoiA r SsViS 'mpkr v ie"vs On the SniEMisu-LiNE. between which it probably filled in some prehistoric era. Before the work of con structing a pontoon bridge is begun details of the pontoniers are quickly made so many men to use the oars, so many for the anchors, for the joists, for the planks, and a certain number to use the ropes with which the different parts of the bridge are lashed together. "When everything is ready the order is given, and all perform their duties at once. The harmony, the regularity and, abovo all, the rapidity of their movements are generally the admiration of all observ ers. A certain number of men are detailed to construct approaches to the bridge, and in rare instances this is the chief part of the work. Down the steep hank to the water's edge went the pontoon train and the work began. I was one of the number to construct an ap proach at the opposite side of the stream. For this purpose we carried axes, picks and shovels. WE WERE FORCED TO WADE, and as tho water did not appear to be deep I pulled off my foot-gear and rolled up my pants. About tho middle of the river I re alized that I had miscalculated its depth. I was now surrounded by an infantry regiment, which was hastily fording to form a line of battle upon the high bank opposite. "With ono arm over the handle of the ax which I carried on my shoulder, I reached down to give, if possible, one more roll to my pants. An angry exclamation caused me to look quickly around, when I discovered that my ax had cut an infantryman on the nose. In the most forcible language he expressed his indignation in short, he wanted to fight. An ax is a good weapon in a contest at close quarters, but a musket with bayonet fixed is a better one, so I declined to take up the gantlet he had so promptly thrown down. I wonder if he is now claiming a pension for the wound he then received? If he should come before the Board of Examining Surgeons of which I am a member, I shall be pleased to recommend that he be rated, provided we find him disabled in a pension able degree. "While I donned my foot-gear I noted tho fact that one of the boats, with three men in it, had drifted from the site of the bridge and taken a position nearly crosswise of tho river in tho rapids below. Thestrong current seemed to be IN LEAGUE WITH THE ENEMY, and for a few moments these Federals were, figuratively speaking, in full retreat. I laughed at the discomfiture of the luckless oarsmen as they floundered around in the boat and made frantic but futilo efforts to win this contest with a superior force. An officer, a skilled oarsman, upon the bank shouted orders flavored with pungent and well-timed remarks about somebody's uupardonnble awkwardness. At length the boat was headed up stream and responded to tho proper use of the oars. Our work was soon accomplished, and no sooner was the last plank laid than a battery of brass pieces was moving across tho bridge. Back we went through tho river to our guns and knapsacks. So intently were we A. Foundation for a Pension. watching the movements from tho opposite bank that wo did not notico a battery go into position a few feet behind us. ""Where is the enemy?" That was the question wo asked of ono another. Just upon the opposite hank we could see that a Union lino of battle had been formed. Be yond this was a narrow field rising gradually until it reached a dense woods. Farther to the left there was no woods, hut a plowed field with a rail fence on the side toward us. Behind this fence we could now see the Confederates, lying FLAT UPON THEIR FACES. It was probable, wo thought, that this Confederate line of battle extended along to the right, and was just within the margin of ssWSt-v W, GfiBbL fiA kx-ci. ivu c-swoia r js- . j4?sfs?n .-VVJ. lvj MM0U the woods referred to above. "While we watched we saw a few Federals deploy as skirmishers and cautiously, very cautiously, advance, keeping a firm hold of their guns while their eyes were apparently fixed upon the woods in front. They had gone probably halfway across the narrow field when we saw a single puff of smoke to the left by the rail .fence, and apparently as quickly as the lightning's flash the whole margin of the woods wa3 wreathed in one continuous cloud of smoke. The skirmishers those who did not fall at this first volley turned and ran back to their line of battle, which gave the Confed erates an answering volley. All was noise and confusion. The batteries upon both sides of the river were thundering away. The one behind us could not fire until we got out of the way. Minutes, aye seconds, were valuable. "Attention, Company Dl" shouted the Orderly Sergeant and Capt. Pettis at the same time, and then both gave conflicting orders in their efforts to get us behind this battery. New troubles were in store for me. Comrade Matthews had been injured a few days before by a horse stepping upon his leg, from which he was yet quite lame. At the first effort to double-quick he fell down. I, who was the next man behind, of course FELL OVER HIM, while others fell upon the top of both of us, how many I will never know, but it was clear to me that, though I was but a single private soldier, I was actually rendering effi cient "support" to something less than a brigade. "When relieved from this unex pected duty I picked myself up, somewhat bruised and bewildered, and started after my company, now well in the rear of the bat tery. In my half-dazed condition I ran diago nally across the muzzle of a cannon to which wVlrfN-- A Close Shave. the lanyard was already attached and held by the gunner. The next instant there was a loud report at my heels, and, thinking it was a bursting shell, I looked around to see the havoc it had made, but was surprised to find that the gunner had simply pulled the lanyard. Had he given that string a yank a few seconds before there would have been one "Tank" less, and this tale would never have been written. Flat upon the ground we lay and waited while the battle raged. The cannonading was simply terrific, and it is claimed that Grant said it was the heaviest he had ever heard up to that time. "We endeavored to see what was going on in the front, but every effort to stand up for a better view was met by a stern order to lie down. Dark ness PUT AN END TO THE CONTEST. The following day with us was unevent ful, but the succeeding night will not soon be forgotten. A terrible thunder shower was raging. My company had taken quar ters in an old tobacco-house. There we lay and listened to the rain as it "pattered on the shingles," to the harsh music of heaven's artillery, thinking the while of the thousands of comrades all about us who had not even the shelter of a tent No King in his palace was ever happier than were we on that night when we enjoyed the shelter of that old barnlike tobacco-house. At early dawn we took up the pontoon bridge, resumed our march, and last, but not least, we again took up the cry, " On to Rich mond I " A TLEA FOr. OUR SOLDIERS. BY C. JT. O. What if we rear our shaft so high, Thut even by tho stars iu heaven. That in their course go circling iigh. Some recognition shall be given? What If each finely-chiseled stone Its niche doth so exactly fill. That when the elaborate work is done The world will praise the artist's skill? What if our treasure we shall pour With liberal hand that knows no stint. Until our coffers all run o'er With shining gold from out the mint? What if tho Muso with lofty strain The Nation's pulse shall wake and thrill, And then again her soft refrain Bid sorrow's wail be hushed and still? What more? Sly Country.hast thou done The measure of thy duty, whon Thou crownest him, the imperial one? But what for them, those galluntmen. Who helped him win the victory? Has their great debt been fully paid The treasures that they brought to thee, And on thine altar freely laid? Their youth, with its high, boundless trust. That comes butonce and not again, re it hud gathered up the rust That grows from selfish greed for gain; That hope that clothed the coming years In rainbow hues.all radiant, bright. That saw the triumph, not tho tears. The carnage, and the bloody fight. And now for aid they como to you ; See, In their broken ranks theystand. Once our gallant boys in blue. This remnant of our army grand. Andthough no outward woundd now bleed. We know that unhealed hurts are there That skillful care most sorely need, A balm and solaco for'despair. It is no charity they crave ; They have a right to all they ask; They never shirked the work you gave. But nobly finished up their task. Our country, greater than before. Her Stars and Stripes now proudly wave ; Be it her boast that nono who boro Her banner IK o pauper's grave. WHITE AND BLACK, A 507d Eefiew or Prlsonen In tho Street of Petersburg. Editor National Tribune: It was my lot, among others, to break through the thin crust of tho Confederacy at tho mine, near Petara burgi Va., July 30, 18&I. It is not my inten tion at thi3 tirao to go into tho details of that unfortunate affair, though much might be said on that subject. My dosirc 13 to givoashort sketch of events immcdiatelyaftor ourcapturo. Thero was reported at that time a loss of some seven or eight hundred men, and something less than 100 officers taken prisoners. AlLwho Ifll wero acquainted with the Ninth Corps know that at that time it contained one division ox colored troops. Quito a number of these col ored soldiers wcro among the prisoners, as well as officers of colored regiments. After the prisonors wero all collected to gether aftor tho engagement thoy wero marched to tho rear into au open field near Gen. A P. Hill's headquarters to spend tho night. First a lino of sentinels was thrown around a larga piece of ground, and the enlisted mon were put inside. Then a very 3tnall space on one sido wo3 marked off with moro sentinels, and into this small space the officers wero put and the colored soldiers along with them for com pany. Though prisoners, and having our col ored brethren for bedfellows, we slept so soundly that even our boots disappeared dur ing tho night, going off on a tramp of their own. Tho next morning, July 31, was a beautiful Sabbath morning, and nbout 9 o'clock we began to think of something to eat, especially those of us who wont into the assault tho morning before without our breakfast, as did the mem bers of my regiment, but no signs of anything to fill our empty stomachsappearcd. Something seemed to be on tho minds of our captors, but just what it was wc could not surmise. Knots of officers were talkiujr together very earnestly for some time. At length it seemed thut thy had arrived at some understanding, as they separated to attend to their several duties. I will here state, what I should have dono before, that during tho night the colored soldiers had been taken away, with tho exception of some, that were sick and wounded, leaving about tho same number of colored men as there wore of the officers. Soon a tile of the colored brothers was placed in position, and then a file of officers was called for. I began to take a hint as to what was up, and stepped forward and helped to make up the first file. Then four moro darkies behind ns, then another file of officers, and so on alternately until tho colnmu was completed. The command "Forward" was then given,, and away wo marched on review through the principal streets of Petersburg, with the popu lace hooting as wo passed atftho mixed column. Many were the jibes and jeers at us as we passed in review. One sceue is fixed in my memory. A3 we passed a largo mansion the mistress, an "F. F. V." of tho first water, stood in tho front-doorway, flanked on both sides by fat and greasy wenches, as she viewed our parti-colored pro cession. She could not refrain from giving us a pieco of her mind. Screaming at the top of her voice, sho said : "Now you Yankees aro just where you, ought to bo; right among tho niggers!" I thought to myself that perhaps she had better look to her own surroundings. After we wero marched through tho princi pal streets of the city wo wero taken to aq island in tho Appomattox River and there con fined until Monday morning. Our first rations came after dark Sunday evening. Tho officer who were on that review woro all from tho old Ninth Corps, and sinco tho war closed I have never met one of them. They aro scattered and very likely many have gone to their rest. If any of tho number should read this imper fect sketch, I would be pleased to hear from them. James E. Catlin, Lieutenant, Co.LV 43th Pa., Van Horn, Iowa. STUART'S CAVALRY, And How It Was "eTlewed,, by tho Union Troop ers at Brandy Station. Editor National Tribune: In your issuo of Jan. 20 Serg't-Maj. Bull, 8th N. Y. Cav., speaks of tho Brandy Station and Beverly Ford fight, 9th of June, 1S63. Now this date and fight should not bo mistaken for one of the many Brandy Station fights. I considered this a decisivo victory for the Union cavalry. Much had been said about tho Southern cavalry arm of tho service, and many of our Northern peo ple echoed tho wish, "If our cavalry was only as proficient as tho Coufedcra to!" Butthisday tho Northern cavalry measured arm3 with tho Confederate, and was not found wunting. Ever afterward confidence and success wore with tho. Federal cavalry. Our scout had reported that Gen. Stuart was. to review his cavalry on tho 9th of June, and! the next day to lead on tho raid to Pennsyl vania. It was talked by our boys that the Union cavalry would do tho roviowing instead! of Gen. Stuart. After a loug aud tiresoma march wo halted, under covor of darkness, in closo proximity to tho ford. Wo wero not al lowed to strike a light or unsaddle, but every man was to hold his horse aud wait for the first dawn of light. It canio, and with it tho re port of tho carbines as tho 8th N. Y. drove the pickets on tho reserve Col. Da vies led! tho chargo right into thoir camp. Somo oT tho rebel officers wero in thoir saddles only half dressed. Col. Davies wasshot in a close encounter, and his Aid, or Orderly, a yonng boy, tho next in stant shot the rebel that killed the Colonel. Perhaps 20 minutes had not elapsed after the 8th N. Y. had crossed boforo Col. Davies was brought back in ablankofc, just as tho 9th N. Y. was crossing the ford. Owing to tho death of Col. Davies thero was somo delay boforo wo got into action, and this gavo tho Confederate cav alry ample tirao to proparo for the rovimv. Wo "reviewed " them all day; whipped them, fair and square, and drove them uutil tho in fantry was sent up from near Culpeperto chock the rout. Wo crippled their cavalry beforo starting on their raid, aud accomplished all wo wore sent out to do. We rccrossed tho river unmolested as tho sun sank to rest in the hori zon. Capt. Hanloy, of tho 9th N. Y. Cav., waa tho last to cross with his company, instead of the 8th N. Y. Tho victory would havo been moro complete but for tho death of one of the bravest and best commanders Col. Davies at tho very commencement of tho fight, beforo the forcos wore. assigned positions. C. J.PilUXlPS, Dth N. Y. Cav.. Jamestown, N. Y. fKVwift sat , i u. i x sznii y 'it j h't y&&-- I. It