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-TO CARE FOR HIM WHO HAS BORNE THE BATTLE, AND FOR HIS WIDOW AND ORPHANS."
ESTABLISHED 1877-NEW SERIES.
WASHINGTON, D. CL, THURSDAY, MARCH 17, 1887.
VOL. VI-NO. 32.-WHOLE NO. 292.
IN U TIMES.
illhe National Capital Just Before the
EHUD GATHERING- 3TOKM.
iDarik Glouds That Hung Over
vUha 'SMt of Govornmant.
iBOBft&Gr AGAINST HOPE.
GrKttiig "'iPamoaV "Peace!
$mmm 'tfuare "Was no Peace.
by tuvux. iwk; pjwley 4'oobe,
w&x, i). a
" Hike ove of a groat event is the holiday
of ifodls.M So says an English -writer, and it
was certainly the case at the National Me
iropdlis during the "Winter preceding the
rebellion. The Northern residents and so
journers wore inclined to think with Mr.
Seward, that thore would be no war. Many
of thorn romombercd the exciting times 10
years bofore, when the Union was threat
ened, but that danger was the signal for the
noblest efforts of patriotism and of statcs
monship in the councils of the Nation. All
that -was best aud highest in tho two great
parties, Webster, Clay, Cass, Dickinson and
a ho9t of worthy compcors in both nouses
of Congress, had thrown down tho weapons
of party warfare, and had united in a truly
National spirit in averting the shipwreck of
our institutions which was pending.
But when the election of Mr. Lincoln
again stirred the Southern heart, no one ap
peared anxious to secure harmony and con
ciliation. Horace Greeley -wrote in the New
Fork Tribune on the 9th of November, 18G0:
' If the Cotton States shall become satisfied
that thoy can do better out of the Union
than in it, we insist on letting them go in
peace." When Congress met, the Sonthcrn
conspirators in the Souate and in the House
OUTSPOKEN AND TRUCULENT,
while the North orn Abolitionists were de
fiant and oxasporating. A fow endeavored
to pour oil on the troubled waters, but with
out offset. There were regular moetings of
the Congressional conspirators in the room
of the Senate Committee on Military Affairs,
Mid it was agroad that while some of them
were o secede from Congress and organize a
Jew DAVife'te Lam SpEncn in the Senate.
Soutliern Confederacy, others wore to remain
Ihore aud defeat till legislation for coorcion.
On Monday, the 22d of January, 18ai,
Senator Yuloe (originally Lovy) rose at his
dcrfk aud formally withdrew from the Senate.
He was sucocMively followed by Mullory,
of I'lorida; Olsy and Fitzpatriek, of Ala
bama; then Jeff DaviB, tall and erect, in tak
ing lite loave expressed a desire that the
National Flag, " when it shall no longer be
the common flag of the country, shall be
folded up and laid away like a -vesture no
longor ufecd ; that it shall be kept as a sacred
memento of the past, to which each of us
can mIcc a pilgrimage, and remember the
glorious days in which we were born." In
concftuHion he defiantly declared that "the
South, putting its trust in God and in
their own firm hearts and strong arms,
would vindicate the right as best they
Iu the dreary debates which followed,
Maaon and other Southern Sonators who re
mained at thoir seats, bullied and raved,
encoring xt oooreion as the discipline that a
pedMK inflicts on a village urchin at
school, and pronouncing hanging for treason
sheer nonBonse. The alionation of the sec
tions now vicMVIy increased, and the spirit of
fraternity was so far extinguished as to
globe the hearts
of the pooplc of the North and at the South
to the afliniwriou of any adjustment which
wouldbe houorable aud satisfactory to all con
servative citizens. A Peace Congress mot at
WfUwd'u Mall, with the venerable ex-Frow-doirtJIoltn
Tyloraitprosiding officer. It was
eviflont, liowo'er, that most of the delegates
lhad !1joh scdociod with u indirect uuder
lanAing Mat thoy would not agree to any
The Government of the Confudoratc Ststes
was formally inaugurated at Montgomery,
Ala with .Taffcraou Davis as its President
and Alexander II. Stevens as its Vicc-Presi-donL
Tiie Stuie sovereignly, flboat wbioh
so nittdh hd boon said, thoncofortli stood in
aboyawac to the supreme authority of the
new Confederate Government, which was
clothed with full powers of peace and wai,
as wot! as of civil administration.
As the Slates seceded the Confederates
lhad flc4'.od the arsonals, the navy-yards, the
iininls, the Custom-houses and the postoffices,
while many officials civil, military and
navafl had unceremoniously loft Hie sorvice
of thciTJnitad States to entor that of the Con
(fedorate iStatos. Secretary Floyd had sent
all like arms and munitions of war South
i i -! r.-C
tliat ho possibly could. The express carried
daily from "Washington supplies of swords,
revolvers, cartridges, percussion caps and
other munitions of war. Armorers through
out the South were engaged in altering mus
kets, rifles and shotguns from flints to per
cussion, while village blacksmiths beat large
The seceded Slates resounded with the din
of military preparation, and armies had been
raised, equipped and drilled with the de
clared purpose not only of maintaining their
independence of the United States authority,
but also of capturing the city of Washington.
It was the intention of tho conspirators,
beyond a doubt, to establish their new Gov
ernment at the earliest possible moment at
Lincoln and Buchanan on Their "Way
TO THE CAriTOL.
"Washington city. Many of the clerks who
left the Departments in which they had been
employed for years to enter tho civil service
of the now Government, openly declared that
they would Boon be back at their old desks,
butundcr different masters. Aclergymau in
Georgetown was so confident that he would
soon return, that he left his favorite cat shut
up in his collar, with a three weeks' suiply
of meat and bread.
President Buchanan found himself power
less to act, but he was not willing to have
the Capital seized during his Administra
tion, and his new Cabinet made preparations
for its dofeuse. Gen. Scott, who felt some
what sore toward the South, after their re
pudiation of him when he was a Presidential
candidate, intrusted the defense of Wash
CArT. CHARLES V. STONE,
of Massachusetts, who had graduated from
tho Military Academy in 1845, and had sub
sequently distinguished himself in tho Mexi
can war, and he received a stafT'appointment
with the rank of Colonel.
Col. Stono immediately commenced or
ganizing the militia of the District of Colum
bia,and in addition to the existing companies
an entire regiment was recruited, com
manded by Col. Carrington. Arrangements
were made for a parade on the 22d of Feb
ruary, with two batteries of light artillery,
stationed at the Arsensal. When ex-President
Tyler learned this, he protested against
the military display, and on the morning of
the 22d the order was countermanded. Mr.
Holt, who had succeeded Floyd as Secretary
of War, interfered, and the parade took place,
to the annoyance of Mr. Tyler, who wrote a
letter to Mr. Buchanan,
SHARPLY REIJUKING HIM
for having permitted it The President ex
cused himself, saying that he " found it im
possible to prevent two or three companies
of Regulars from joining in the procession
with the -volunteers without giving oflense
to the thousands of people who had assem
bled to witness the parade."
The Confederate flag, known as the Stare
and Bars, was substituted throughout tho
Confederate States for the Stars and Stripes.
Mr. Hemphill Jones, an amiable old gentle
man from Delaware, who was a cleik in the
Treasury Department, was sent by Gen. Dix,
Acting Secretary of the Treasury, to New
Orleans, to look after the public property
thore, and he notified the Secretary that
Capt, Brcshwood, who commanded the
United Stales revenue culler stationed there,
meditated going over to the Secessionists.
Gen. Dix immediately telegraphed to Jones
to take possession of the revenue cutler, and
added, " If any one attempts to haul down
the American flag,
SHOOT JIIM ON THE SPOT."
This message never reached New Orleans,
but it was made public at the North, and
gave assurances that tho Union would be
defended. Thearquaintances of theestimable
Mr. Jones, to whom the message had been
sent, were much amused at the idea of his
shooting down Capt. Brcshwood or anyone
Griffin's Battery in Judiciary Square
cine, and he was warmly congratulated when
he returned to Washington unharmed.
Then it was that the efforts of Daniel
Wolistor in putting down nullification in
3831, and bectional agitation in 1850, bore
glorious fruit The ardent and dovotcd love
of country which he had inspired, had not
died with him, but he had loft a love for the
old flag ancl Jl desire that it might stream in
its original luster, "not a stripe erased or
polluted, nor aeiuglostar obscured," bearing
the motto, " Liberly aud union, now and for
ever, one aud inseparable."
At Mr. Lincoln's inauguration, he was
escorted to the Capitol by the United States
troops, the District Militia aud the Albany
Burgess Corps. Col. Stone had also taken
precautions against assassination. Riflemen
were posted on the high buildings bordering
Pennsylvania avenue, with instructions to
fire on anyone seen
AIMING A WEAPON
at the President, and there was a body-guard
of trained United Stales Engineers, com
manded by Lieut Duane, now, I believe,
Chief of the Engineer Corps.
It was known at Washington that armed
bodies of Confederates were moving north
ward from the Cotton Stales, aud their camps
were soon visible on the Southern side of
the Potomac, where the Confederate flag was
everywhere displayed. Confederate badges
were openly worn in the streets of Washing
tan, and young men were displaying revolv
ers -with which they intended to shoot the
Yankees. Many army and naval officers
followed the example of Col. Robert E. Lee,
and left the United States service for that of
Meanwhile Col. Stone was not idle, and
he concentrated at Washington about 1,000
Regulars, commauded by Brevet-Col. Harvey
Brown, Major of tho 2d Artillery. The
command embraced the famous Magruder
Battery, commanded by Lieut. James B.
Fry; Co. A, of the 2d Artillery, Capt,
W. F. Barry; a detachment of dragoons from
West Point, acting as light artillery, Lieut.
Charles Griffiu; a detachment of dragoons
from the Carlisle.Depot, Lieut, Holliday ; a
company of Engineers, Lieut, James C.
Duane; Co. H, 2d Artillery, as infantry,
Lieut.-Col. Horace Brooks; Co. D, 1st
Artillery, as infantry, Maj. J. A. Haskiu ;
Co. Iv, 2d Artillery, as infantry, and Co.
E, 2d Artillery, as infautry, Capt A.
Elzey. Then there were about 200 marines,
commanded by Col. John Haines, and a bat
tery of boat howitzers, manned by sailors,
under the command of Capt. Dahlgren.
Washington began to assume the appear
ance of a garrisoned town, and the hotels
were crowded with excited men in abund-
m if P7"58 J' mi
Gen. Scott and Col. Stone.
ancc, each one anxions like Jack Downing
to shed the last drop of his blood, but
losing the first drop.
Everything began to foreshadow the
bloody tragedy of civil war that was about
to be enacted, and yet but few apprehended
There was, however, a general desire to
rescue the menaced Capital of the Union aud
to uphold the Stars and Stripes. Every
loyal lip was tho vehicle of a vow to sustain
the administration, which was no longer
viewed in a partisan, but in a National aspect
" Our country, our whole country, and noth
ing but our country," was the pivotal senti
ment upon which the loyal North, sinking
all political divisions, wheeled into a com
pact and solid front of resistance to rebellion.
To be coi!iiuI.
jWrittcn for The National Tkiiidnk.
THIS FLIGHT OF JOHN LKL'ARK.
BY IJYLANI) C. K1KK.
Of perilous deeds thut htir the mind
And fcytnjmthy for human kind.
Few have beou told of cacc or ar,
Surpassing the flight of John Lcfurr.
Twus the hundielh year of tho Nation's life,
Tho day of the rtit;uinary btrifo
When Ciihlurund his pillaut band
Fell by thu rcdman'h savuno hand.
A equud of be ven that bloody day
Vcro bcoutttiK bomc three miles away
From the main command. The nniiric vast,
As ihcy halt on tho plain for a brief rcpiut,
Lies quiet and btill. No bound or slu
Of utif;ht but peace could one divine
As John Icfurr, n boy in his teens,
l'icpared to mount. When a hundred flends,
From the prairie Krass ilh a yell of death,
Were on them ere they could draw breath 1
To turn his hone anil with a suing
Of the frightened ttocd on his back to spring
Was a nionient't) work, and looking back
lie saw the devils upon his track.
His comrades were behind him, too,
But one by one they fell fiom view
Fell as tho dcath-tiruck only fall,
Juch life ertmhed out by a minic.ball.
John saw this huggi"; clo:e his horse,
Straining to cheat the bullet's courec.
How s idly hope revives the mind.
Ah death and danger fall behind.
But a thud on his neck and a smart of pnln
As a ball tore through, made him doubt again.
Then the uouud of a bullet's biiddcu ping,
And across liN check a llcry tlng,
And the dullish gluck of a ball in his thigh.
Which stopped, while n score or more went by,
All made him fear; yet on he Hew,
And each leap gained on the murderous Sioux.
Fiu minutes inoic and the leaden rain
He would outstrip and the timlxr gain.
But his horse rears upright plunges falls,
As another shower of the cursed balls "
Go hislling by. Now, soldier, pray,
lire you see no more the light of day.
He hears the bound aud devilish clp
Of a (single faioux. J no lest to scalp
And rob his ft tends, have stopjtcd behind.
Again hope rises in his mind.
Hid in the grass, his gun in place,
Ho uwaltH n glimpse of tho warrior's face.
A cat bine's ack and u dying bound
And John was creeping over the ground
Like a stealthy cat concealed iu the sedge.
AIiih, iib he reaches a rising ledge,
Thfirdcmon w hoop again ho hears,
And now redoubled are all his fears.
But life is sweet, its ally thought.
To save and keep It, yield to naught.
Throw ing away his useless gun,
He starts into an open run.
lie gains the w ood. What can he do?
He's growing faint; but hid from view,
He jet may bafllo savage hate;
A moment must decidu his fate.
He drops his hat. and n space remote,
But further on, throws by his coat;
Then, i tiekly stealing back, lies Hat
Some distance rearward of Ids hat.
A fthndly log. Mine clustering leave,
And favoring shadow of tho trees
Conceal him as the Sioux go by.
His cRst-oir garments they ospy.
But thinking that their w ily prey
Intends by these their course to slay,
They speed right on ami on and on
One awful moment, and they're gone.
Wounded and weak, ho reached his friends,
Ami with them safe, his story ends,
Save this: his hair, as black us night,
Whs changed in hue to milky white.
Few perilous deeds of peace or war
Surpass the tliyht of John Lcfurr.
TALL OF NEW ORLEANS
A Graphic Sketch of the Opening of
PAST THE BATTERIES
The Vessels of the Fleet Swept
TILE ORESCENT CITY
Surrendered to the Federal
Forces Under Farr&gut.
nrwrxnnr. n. wnnr.Kn, co. u, 6Tn Mien., lam
About the 15th of April, 18G2, our brigade,
consisting of the 21st Ind., 4th Wis., and Gth
Mich., were ordered on board the sailing
vessel Great Republic, which had a few
days before arrived at Ship Island. "We
had been stopping at the Island about a
month and were anxious to get away, as our
camping-ground was a low bed of sand, over
which the water swept in hard storms. The
fleets, both Farragut's and Porter's, had some
time before sailed for the mouth of the Mis
sissippi, and the land forces were being for
warded as fast as possible. A small steamer
was used to "take us from a few timbers
called a wharf to tho immense vessel it
then being the largest sailing-ship afloat.
Our cargo of men aud commissary stores
wcro so laic getting on board that no attempt
was mado to weigh anchor until the next
It was well along in the day when the
gunboat Jackson came alongside to take us
in tow. "Whilo tho preparations were in
progress, the gunboat New London raised
anchor and pasted close to us on her way
to Lakes Borgno and Pontchartrain. All
hands turned out to wish uh good luck on
our expedition. "We all had a kindly feeling
toward the New London, on account of the
dashing, fearless way the boat had of being
in the right place at the right time to annoy
the enemy or to assist their friends. After
our anchor was " catted " away, the Jackson
started out with us for the Southwest Pass
of tho Mississippi River. "We made slow
progress at first, as the gunboat broke sev
eral hawsers getting c .e to hold, nnd we
anchored for the night just out of sight of
Ship Island. The next morning broke bright
and clear, and as soon as tho anchor could
be raised we were again taken in tow. As
the sun rose higher the decks began to reflect
the heat, and the sailors were ordered to un
furl the hugo sails, which were nllowed to
flap in tho fresh gulf breeze and dry, as well
as furnish shade for the more than
THUEE THOUSAND SOLDIEKS ON BOAED.
"We found plenty of instructive amuse
ment in watching the different species of
animal life in the water around us. The
medusae, or jelly fish, iu countless numbers,
were floating on every side, like a miniature
umbrella with the handle down, forming a
protection to numbers of small fish, who
were careful never to gt far from their pro-
Si-tkrj -j W'tiy
"CONI'EDEKATE RAM MANASSAS.
lector. The most social and playful was the
awkard porpoise. Their manuer of throwing
themselves in the water suggested the appear
ance of hogs jumping in shallow places while
On the 18th, soon after the middle of tho
day, we began to see in the distance the
line of demarcation between the muddy water
of the river and the sea water, as they did
not readily mix. Tho difference was plainly
visiblo for several miles, and then nftcr
reaching the line we fouud the muddy water
in huge blotches here nnd there, gradually
growing thicker and thicker as we advanced,
until after a couple miles tho water was all
muddy. Just before dark we anchored off
the mouth of Southwest Pass and indulged
in tho luxury of some good fresh water,
which was, although muddy, the first good
water we had tasted since leaving Baltimore.
A little sugar in a cup of even this colored
water to moisten our gluey "hard tack"
was something to bo thankful for. The U.
S. frigate Colorado and tho British frigate
Mersey were anchored near us on either
The shore, or visible appearance of one
was scattering shoots of coarso grass or flag,
gradually growing closer together until in
the middle distanco bushes succeeded the
crass, and further on trees replaced the
bushes. Looking up tho pass on tho right
sonio distance away was a collection of
houses built on iiles, called Pilot Town,
whose only street consisted of a canal or
bayou, into which Bteps descended from the
floor to the boats.
We could distinctly hear tho cannonading
at tho forts Jackson and St Philip anil
see the smoke rising in the far distance. At
night we spent many an hour watching the
flash of the guns and the lighted fute of the
shells, that appeared
LIKE A LINE OF FIRE
from fleet to forts in the shape of an arch.
At times the scene would lo varied by sig
nal rockets and colored lights or the bursting
of shells in mid-air. Several gunboats tho
Saxon, Cuba and Matauzas came down to
coal, and then returned to the conflict, sign3
of which began to show in floating debris.
Many of the sailors on the mortar fleet had
to be relieved on account of the severe con
cussion from the firing of the mortars, which
so affected some of them that the skin of
their faces had broken open, while in others
the tender membranes of the eare and nose
had been ruptured, causing severe pain, and
in some cases deafness.
Several attempts were made to get us over
the bar, but the Great Republic was of too
deep draft, and every effort resulted in fail
ure. "With the exception of watching tho
bombardment at night several, days passed
monotonously away. The, night preceding
the 24th seemed to be one of unusual ex
citement in the fleet, so much so that our
deck was nearly all night crowded, watch-
Attacking Foet St. Philip.
ing the movements. Signal rockets and col
ored lanterns seemed to be continually in
motion, although the mortars still persisted
in regularly throwing their shells into the
forts. About 3 in the morning everything
had become so unnaturally quiet that we
suspected some new move, and our suspicions
were soon confirmed by the sound of whole
broadsides. The noise grew fearful. The
air seemed to be all of a quiver from the
force of the violent explosions. The contin
uous broadsides from the fleet and forts,
combined with the light of the fire-rafts sent
down by the enemy,
lighted toe heavens
with a lurid glow that, in connection with
the noise of repeated explosions, made it
appear from our distant point of view as if
the internal fires of the earth were bursting
forth. The violence of the conflict lasted
but a few hours.
Soon after day the mortar fleet came down
and anchored opposite Pilot Town, and as
the .forts had not surrendered we were order
ed around to Black Bay, in rear of Fort St
Philip, to land aud take the fort by assault
Accordingly the Matauzas took us in tow.
While the sailors were hoisting and "cat
ting" the anchor, and had nearly finished,
the anchor took a suddenSturn to one side
and dropped off one of the sailors into the
gulf. Word was immediately passed to the
rear to throw over something to which the
sailor could cling when he rose to the sur
face, but we watched closely along the bul
wark, and do not think he ever rose again.
The whole thing was so sudden that it caused
a general feeling of sadnes3 on the crowded
deck. A boat was lowered and spent some
time in looking aronnd, but without result.
After reaching the bay the troops com
menced landing in small boats, and as it
would take until late in the day to get to
us we spent the time in watching in the
direction of tho forts. After a little time
our attention was attracted by a dense
smoke near St Philip. From the mizzen
top the flames were easily seen, and the
occasional puff of flame and white smoke as
it heated gun went off showed that the fire
was beyond control. Suddenly, while in
tently watching, a large glare or flash ap
peared, and simultaneously a tall column of
smoke arose like a gigantic tree to the very
heavens, and then by some internal force
was flung outward in all directions, scatter
ing tho fragments of destruction all over the
Our men wero wading through the wet
cypress swamp toward the quarantine sta
tion as fast as they were landed, bruising
and crippling themselves on the pointed
knees of the cypress, many of which were
below the surface of the water, and conse
quently invisible. After landing over half
of the troops, the gunboat Lewis came up
the surrender of the forts.
Tho explosion that we saw was the Con
federate floating battery Louisiana, which
was blown up rather than surrender. The
Matanzas again took us in tow for the month
of the river, and as New Orleans had sur
rendered to Farragut, we were wanted there
immediately. We soon reached the mouth
of the river and anchored. Evidences of the
Wading Through The Cypress Swamps.
terrible conflict wero continually floating
down. One of the Confederate ironclads
floated by us into the gulf, also portions of
tho wrecks of destroyed vessels, nnd the
charred remains of flatboats, which had beeu
used as fire-rafts to injure the fleet, with
cotton still burning on them.
On Tuesday, the 29th of April, after a last
effort to get the Great Republic over the bar,
we were transferred to the St Charles, a
river boat, for New Orleans. From tufts of
grass and clumps of bushes there gradually
grew to be a soil wet aud treacherous, but
continually growiug firmer. Above the head
of the Passes or Delta trees succeeded the
bushes, and close to the river was quite a
width of solid land. As we reached the forts,
which were on opposite sides of the river, at
a bend and very narrow place, the ends of
the heavy iron cables were still hanging
from the shore, the fleet having cut them at
some point in the river and under a heavy
The havoc of shot and shell now began to
show in the broken and bnttcred walls and
casemates of Jackson and the burnt and
burning buildings of St Philip. Above the
fort3 for a few miles the destruction was
almost impossible to describe. A short dis
tance above St Philip, on the right, lay the
TJ. S. gunboat Taruna,with a portion of her
bow still out of the water, the men having
fonght to the lasfc, losing everything but
""" THE CLOTHES ON TnEIR BACKS.
The spara sticking out of the water and
burnt portions of other wrecks near by
plainly told that the Varnna was not the
only sufferer in the almost muzzle-to-muzzle
conflict On the opposite side, farther up,
near a bend of the river, the Confederate ram
Manaseas lay, pushed partly up on the levee,
where the sfeamsloop Mississippi had left
it during th action. The ram first attacked
the Brooklyn, but the clumsy handling of
the iron monster gave the Brooklyn a chance
to evade any dangerous movements. As the
Mississippi was the fastest boot in the fleet,
she was signaled to run down the ram.
And well did she accomplish the purpose.
A short and exciting race, accompanied by
the thunder of the heavy guns of each, and
the imperious monster lay helplessly ground
ed on the bank. There is no doubt that if
the Confederate ram Manassas had been han
dled as well as Farragut's vessels, it would
have done an incalculable amount of injury
to the aggressing fleet
A turn to the right again brought us along
a thickly-timbered shore literally strewn
with wrecks of destroyed vessels ships,
steamships, schooners, keeiboats and even
flatboats, with only small portions of some
of them remaining to show what they had
been. The crushed and splintered sides,
with dead bodies hanging here and there,
made a ghastly sight to us who were new
to the destruction of war. During the con
flict there were several river steamboats
loaded with Confederate soldiers to rein
force the forts coming down. No notice
having been taken of them by the fleet, one
of them having a howitzer on the hurricane
deck, fired it down into the Brooklyn. As
quick a3 lanyard could be pulled, a broad
side of 9-inch Dahlgren guns was poured
into the flimsy affair.
THE LAST SEEN OF THE BOAT
it wa3 literally in pieces flying in the air.
But for the impudence of the act of firing
in such a condition and wonnding several
sailors, the transport would have remained
A few miles farther brought us to the
Quarantine Station, where our sick and
woundcuwer Vfl to be eared ibiv About
the first visible signs of civilization were
T. n i j : i n
Entering New Orleans.
orange orchards regularly laid out
These were succeeded by rice and cane fields
of'great extent All vegetation was in the
advanced stages of late Spring, and the wind
wafted delicious perfumes from the flowers
and orange groves. The long, light-green
leaves of the banana, and small, dark-green
leaves of the Japan plum were new to us
and attracted much notice. The large mag
nolia with fragrant white flowers, like stars
amongst the leaves, and in the distance the
somber cypress with long festoons of Span
ish moss swaying in the wind, formed a
scene never to be forgotten. The change
from the warlike to quiet rural life was as
pleasant as it was sudden. An occasional
flatboat with burning cotton came floating
down, tho object being destruction or con
sternation to our vessels, but it wholly failed,
and the labor of hundreds of men drifted on
to the gulf and destruction
At the English Turn batteries had been
made by the Confederates by cutting em
brasures in the top of the levee for their
guns. These batteries, which were on both
sides of the river, commenced firing at the
fleet as soou as they came within reach, but
the fleet reserved their principal fire until
they could lay almost alongside in passing
up, and the result showed the wisdom of the
act The whole armament was upset and
disabled. The muzzles of the cannon
those that had whole ones left were pointing
heavenward, being completely blown on end
by the repeated broadsides.of the fleet as it
passed. At this beud we got our first view of
THE CRESCENT CITY,
which was half obscured by smoke ris
ing along the whole river front, from the
smoldering remains of the wholesale de
struction of cottou, sugar, molasses and pro
visions. As we slowly passed by the city
wharves we could not help being awed by
the menacing black hulls of the gunboats
scattered along for miles, with their huge
guns loaded and run out ready for action.
The excitement on shore only seemed to be
kept quiet by the menacing gun3. At the
head of Canal street we swung up to the
wharf and tied fast, but, in doing so, crushed
against a small steamer, which was so badly
injured that it sank before we had all landed.
The high stage of water in the river caused
the waves made by the boats to wash over
the levee aud run back, which, mixed with
the sugar, molassea and clay of the levee,
made a sticky slush quite shoe desp.
The surrender of New Orleans was, next
to the loss of Richmond, the greatest blow
that could have befallen the Southern Con
federacy. It was the only great commercial
(Continued on 2d pitc.)
t. n j : i n ."
A PRISONER Of III.
v. v. I
1 Veteran Ilinois. SoMier ini Ander-
MTSERY AE DEATH.
The Unspeatksiibl'ei Wretched
ness of the Ufmiomt Gaptzftves;.
LOOKM E0IR REIZDEHF.
And Longifngi for thei Day of
BY irSTJT. C. W. KBIKRR, VETBRAW BATTAL
ION, 14th and 16th! nit., lkabnwobtb;,
On the 3d day of October, 1SG4, when Gen.
Hood was making his great movement in
Sherman's rear, an Arkanww brigade, under
G'cn. Reynolds, swooped down upon our lit
tle Co. F, Veteran battalion, 14th and 15th
111. Inf., stationed at a water tank on the
Atlantic & Western Railroad three miles
north of Big Shanty, Ga., called Moon
Station, and gobbled us all up or, to be ex
act, all but one. This man wanted to live
to see another battle, and left at once for the
next station north.
There were 76 men of us, all told, but
with one man at each loophole firing and
two or three loading for him, with the Cap
tain in the center and the Lieutenants
standing round to " whoop 'em up," our lit
tle stockade made a lively fight while it
lasted. It was near sunset when the John
nies came in sight, and all was over at dark.
Early in the attack one of our men waa
shot through the thigh, and directly after
Capt Weisner wa3 creased, on the right sids
I think, but one of his grit wa3 not disabled
for duty. In the meantime I had
BUCKLED ON THE EQUIPMENTS
of the wounded man and taken position at
the door of the stockade to mako myself
more useful. While there I had one fair
shot at a Johnny sitting on the edge of the
railroad cut, which had stopped him in his
charge. He seemed afraid to make the
slide of 12 or 15 feet, but when I fired he
went down without further consideration. I
did not learn whether I had hit him or not
It waa growing dark when the Captain
threw up the sponge, or rather hia hat for a
sign to the enemy to ceaso firing. I turned
to go in the stockade, when a rebel soldier
picked off my hat I inuafe say I was sur
prised to find the enemy within arm's
length. I took the hat rathor suddenly
from him, shot my hand through the crown,
and said, " You don't want that old hat!"
He let me keep it
We were drawn up in line, and in less
time than it takes to tell it th& Johnnies
had all our overcoats and blankets, most of
our hats, shoes, jack-knives and money,
leaving us a motley-looking mob indeed.
While this was going on I noticed fchey had
overlooked our headquarters tent, a little way
off in a clump of trees. I said to the Gen
eral, who had ridden up, that if he would let
me go to my tent to procure some thing3 1
MAKE HIM A PR1SKNT.
He sent a guard with me, aud I soon had
my valise stufftid with clothing andi other
articles, and with overcoat and blanket on
one arm I returned. I presented him a pair
of new gantlets, and asked him to give us
what protection he could, as we were being
stripped of everything. He rode off in a
few moments, and immediately the overcoat
and blanket were snatched right and left;
but no one wanted the carpet bag, a treasury
on which I drew sparingly during my whole
We were then marched to Big Shanty and
put in the station over night with those of
Co. A, same battalion, who had been captured
CSf JTz "w s 1
',rVrSrtrir:. '!''& i&s&aC.
ft:- ' - Jt TTitf " .'jy: . a -zj-. a.. &
Off the Train at Last.
earlier in the afternoon. The Johnnies came
around in numbers to see their captives aud
for trade. I put on two or three shirts and
two pairs of drawers, fearing they would con
tinue the robbery bognn at Moon Station,
A rebel Colonel was much pleased with tho
pipe I was smoking, which had a long hard
rubber stem. I told him if he had any sub
stitute I would exchange. Ha produced a
good hand-made pipe, carved bowl, with cano
stem. I brought mine throughout am sure
the Colonel got no satisfaction, as a flaw in
the bowl caused it to fall in-two pieces
and at the time it waB only
STUCK TOGETHER WITH MUCILASE.
About midnight there was a cr.ll fbr a
covtple of volnnteera. Joe Kaed, of Co. A,
and I came out We were shown a couple of
dead bodies at the north end of the station,
and wero told to dig a hole for them. On
looking at the bodies I saw that one waa
Pony Wells, of my old company (B, 14th 111.,)
aud the other was a negro, probably a cook for
the company picked up at the station. It was
a very shallow grave when ire were told
that it was deep enough. We first put in th3
body of Wells, and wero then ordered t
u throw in the nigger." I declaimed! against
"Tir. SC MK5
T'ff Z. "-r2i-