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The National tribune. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, September 06, 1888, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82016187/1888-09-06/ed-1/seq-1/

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;$p&g &M Hg&iHHT Adventures of
. fw Boys
58" 3881, '62.
-4PBifelGriLi5iOn "Victorious atS oone
LfBuor flf Dor Tvleis. "Tho Young
f&klmae "Tfae'Vi-Mur of the Vivian " "Fulton
. Sl 3viK$fe." "Decisive Battles Sua
ffntarkw "Marco Peto
for Boys ami Girls,"
JjacraaeKxra igSS. Atx stains Hsgngvxo.I
HE regiment to which
oar young friends
were attach ed the 1st
Iowa received orders
to move southward.
Everything was bustle
and activity in the
cams, and the boys
made ttiemselves use-
- mi in a variety ui
JcjX As before stated,
- r: Tir -nrwrp in flffififfl-
pany the WEgon-train,
and at once proceeded
Zir"riSli-j to mke friends with
with that branch of
the regiment's aervioe; and they were not
only friedly with the men, but with the
horses. Some of the animals showed a
tendency to be unruly, but by gentle ways
aad words Jack aad Harry secured their
coufid&uee, and it was often remarked that
lie brutes would do more for the boys than
for anybody else. One of the teamsters
asked Ja& bow it was, and aaid he would
give a good deal to know their secret of
horse training.
" There's no secret about it,a replied Jack ;
" at leagt, noae that I know of. My father
is very food of horses, and has ofton told
me that ke aiJrajrs igmts i ham ikindfy, but
at the mate titnefeiiJy, IT lie sets out to
have a horse do any thing he makes him do
it ; if the creature is, stubborn be ceases him
and pete him, and keeps on urging him to
do what he wants, and after a while the
Itocae does St. When he has once begun he
never lets vea. aad the animal soon knows
that the man h master, ad at the same tame
learn thai hm isn't to be cruelly punished,
vay often for not understanding what is
To show what lie could do in the way of
equestrian training, Jack took charge of a
" teUky " horse that frequently stopped short
in his tracks and refused to move on in spite
f a sound thrashing. All efforts to get
him to go ahead were of no use, and alto
gether the beast (whose name was Billy)
was the cause of a great deal of had language'
on the part of the teamsters, which even the
presence of the CiaaVain could not restrain.
Jack harnessed Billy intom cart, and after
askine those about him to make no inter
ference, and Mfot even to come near him, he
started to mount a small hill at the edge of
the camp. Before he had ascended 10 feet
of the sloping road Billy halted, and showed
by his position aad the roil of his eye that
he intended to stay where he was.
Jack dismounted and took the animal by
the bead; he tagged gently at the bridle
three or lour lime", sneaking gently and
kindly all the while, hat to no purpose.
Billy was set M in his determination, and
did not propose to oblige anybody.
AU right," said Jack ; if job want to stop
here 111 stay too." And with thai lie pulled
out a dime novel Sad aat down by the road
side close to Billy's head.
Jack opened his book and began to read,
while Lilly looked oa aad meditated. Half
an hour passed and then an hour. Ac the
end of that time Jack made another effort
to start the horse up iht hill, but with the
feaiae result as beScn.
Then he zead another hoar and then
another, stopping onee in a while to try and
coax the animal to move oa. By this time
it was noon, and Jack catted to Harry to
bring htm anwrHShittg to eat. Harry caate
with &m f nw wn- f3 iece of
' . t a .i"''. aui ; ', leaving
- -tut. : ; , which
T" -. ' " ' aded he
irau Kuvuaer unnjiiiir w vwq, and then he
took Billy once mere by ik& bridle aad ia
the same getritc tones urged Mm to pro
ceed. idently the horse had thought the mat
ter over, as he showed a perfect willingness
to do as bis yonng master deaf rod. "Without
the least hesitation he went straight ftp the
hill, and when they were at the top Jack
petted and praised Mm, and after a while
took him hack to camp. The lesson was
repealed again in the afternoon and on the
following day, and from that time on Billy
was a model of obedience as long as he was
kindly treated.
UI believe a horse has to think things
over just as we do, said Jack; aad if you
wakh him you'll find out that he can't
tlmikfast. "What I wanted was to have
him understand that he had got to stay
there all dy and all night if accessary, until
he did what I wanted him to do. "When he
caw me reading that book and sitting so
quiet by the roadside, and particularly when
he saw me cat my dinner and sit down to
wait just as I had waited before, he made
7 II ---.--.i-. w B,
&iftwi -
11 fct "lKri
rip Lis mind that 'twasn't any use to hold
out. Horses have good memories. Here
after -when lie's inclined to be bailey he'll
.think: of that long wait and give in without
any fuss."
The regiment went by steamboat down
the Mississippi River to the frontier of Mis
souri, and there waited orders to advance
into the interior of the would-be neutral
State, and while it waited there was a rapid
progress of events in St. Louis, to which we
will now turn.
Gen. Lyon had positive information that
the rebels were preparing to bring troops
from Arkansas and the Indian Territory to
assist the Missouri State Guard in keeping
Patience ts. Obstinacy.
out the "Dutch and Yankees." Of course
this was quite in keeping with the neu
trality about which they had so much
to say, and if allowed to go on it was
very evident that the whole of the in
terior of the Stale might soon be in their
control. Accordingly ho asked for further
authority to enlist troops in the State, and
requested that the Governors of the neigh
boring States should be directed to furnish
him with several regiments that were in
readiness. His request was granted, and
within less than a month from the capture
of Camp Jackson Gen. Lyon had a military
force aggregating 10,000 men in St. Louis,
and as many more in Kansas, Iowa and Illi
nois waiting orders to move wherever he
wanted them to go.
Besides these troops there were several
thousands of Home G uards in different parts
of the State ; many of these men were Ger
mans, who had seen military service in the
old country, and were excellent material for
an armv. Onnosed to them the Governor
had a few thousand Stato troops, many of
them poorly armed, but they greatly made
up in activity what they lacked in numbers
or equipment, so far as keeping the country
in a perpetual turmoil was concerned
It was Tory evident that the State troops
could not hold out against Gen. Lyon's dis
ciplined army, and consequently the Gov
ernor made ready to abandon Jefferson
City, the Capital, whenever Gen. Lyon moved
against it. All the Stateproperty that could
be moved was sent away, and the Governor
and other officials prepared to follow when
ever hostilities began.
Through the efforts of several gentlemen
who still hoped for a peaceful solution of
the troubles of Missouri, a conference was
held at St. Louis on the 11th of June be
tween Gov. Jackson and Gen. Price on be
half of the State authorities, and Gen. Lyon
and CoL Blair on the other. Gen. Lyon had
guaranteed that if Jackson and Price would
come to St. Louis for the purposes of the
conference they should have " safe conduct"
both ways and not be molested while in the
city. v
The meeting was a historic one. Gen
Lyon, on being notified of the arrival of
Jackson and Price in the city, asked them
to meet him at the United States Arsenal.
The wily Governor did not consider himself
altogether safe in venturing there, in spite
of the aafe-cendnct that he held, and sug
gested that the conference must be held at
the Planters' House, a well-known hotel of
St Louis, and at that time the principal
one. Accordingly the General went there
with Col. Blair, aad after a fay,' polite
phrases the negotiations began. Present,
but not taking part in the debate, were Maj.
Conant, of Gen. Lyon's staff, and Col. Suead,
the Private Secretary of Gov. Jackson.
Four or five hours were consumed in the
discussion, which was an animated one
throughout. The Governor demanded that
the United States troops should be with
drawn from the State and that no recruiting
for the Union cause should be permitted
anywhere iu Missouri. "When the troops
were withdrawn he would disband the State
Militia, and Uius the State would be kept
entirely neutral. Geu. Lyon insisted that
the Government had the right to send its
troops where it pleased within the bounda
ries of the United States, and he would lis
ten to nothing else. No progress was made
by cither side, as neither would yield a
point. Finally Gen. Lyon brought the con
ference to an end by telling Gov. Jackson it
was useless to talk longer, and that in one
hour an officer would call to escort them out
of the city.
Lyon and Blair went at once to the Arse
nal to give orders for the movement of
troops, and within an hour from the end of
the conference Jackson and Price ware on
their way to Jefferson City as fast as the
railway train could carry them. On the
way they ordered the bridges over the Onge
and Gasconade Rivers to be burned, in order
to prevent pursuit.
Early the next morning the Governor
issued a proclamation calling the people of
the Stale to arms, for the purpose, as he
said, of repelling invasion and protecting
the lives and property of the citizens of the
State. He also asked the Confederate Gov
ernment to send a co-operating force into
Missouri as soon as possible, and gave orders
for Gen. Price to take the field at once with
all the troops he could muster.
Gen. Lyon ordered three regiments wilh
two batteries of artillery, under Gen. SwcS
ney, to occupy the southwestern part of the
State, and by the 13th they were on their
i I 3ggv if Iks 5a ElW f 1 1 W
. -yx Ajtr-:-- --
way to Springfield by way of Eolla, which
was then the terminus of the railroad in
that direction. The object of this move
ment was to stop the advance of any Con
federate force coming from Arkansas to help
the Missourians, and also to head off Jackson
and Price in case they marched in that di
rection. At the same time Gen. Lyon, with
two regiments of infantry and a battery of
artillery, together with about 500 Regular
infantry, went up the Missouri River to
Jefferson City, which they captured on the
loth without opposition, the rebels having
left on the day that Gen. Lyon started from
St. Louis.
At the same time that he gave orders for
themovementsfromSfc. Louis, Gen. Lyon tele
graphed to the commander of the Iowa regi
ment to which Jack and Harry were at
tached, to advance into Missouri in the
direction of Booneville, a flourishing town
on the south bank of the Missouri, and the
spot selected by Gen. Price as the rallying
point of the State troops. There was a con
siderable amount of war material stored
there belonging to the State, and by orders
of the Governor an Arsenal had been started
at Booneville for the manufacture of cannon
and small-arms. Most of the inhabitants
sympathized with the Secession movement,
which was not the case with the population
of Jefferson City, largely composed of Ger
mans. Jack and Harry fairly danced with delight
when they found they were to march into
the enemy's country. They regretted that
their duties kept them with the wagon
train, which is not usually supposed to take
part in battle, and wondering if there was
not some way by which they could change
places with two of the soldiers and have a
share in the fighting. During their first
night on the soil of Missouri they lost a fair
amount of blood; it was drawn not by the
bullets or the sabers of the enemy, but by
the musketoes with which that region is
abundantly supplied. Jack thought ho had
spilled at least a pint of gore in feeding the
Missouri musketoes, and wondered if he
could be fairly charged with treason or giv
ing "aid andicomfort to the enemy."
- Chapter Y.
fiiicrr CArxuEiNG
on the
It was a new life for Jack and Harry, and
they greatly enjoyed it. Both declared that
they slept more comfortably on the ground
than they had formerly slept in bed, and as
for the distance accomplished in a day's
march itwas nothing to them. They cheer
fully gave up their places in the wagons to
some of the footsore soldiers, and trudged
along behind the vehicles as merry as larks.
There was very little danger to be appre
hended on the march, although they Tvera
technically in the enemy's country. In the
part of Missouri north of the river of the
same name, there were a fevr straggling
bauds of State troops under the command
of Gen. John B. Clark, but nothing like a
disciplined force that could offer resistance
to a well-equipped regiment like the 1st
Iowa. "Whenever the regiment approached
a town or village, most of the Secessionists
fled in dismay, after spreading terrible sto
ries of the atrocities that the invaders would
be sure to commit as soon as they arrived.
Those that remained were no doubt greatly
surprised at the good order that prevailed
and the perfect respect shown to private
property. Everything required for the use
of the soldiers was fully paid for, and in
stead of bewailing the visit of the invaders
many of the citizens, even those whose sym
pathies were not with the Union, hoped they
would come again. Later in the war things
changed a good deal in this respect, as we
shall see further on in our story.
One town through which the regiment
passed, and where it halted for one day and
a part of another to wait orders for further
movements, was one reputed to be one of
the worst nests of Secession in that part of
the State. It had a printing office, where a
weekly paper was issued, and an examina
tion of the files of the paper showed that
it had been advocating Secession in the
strongest possible terms. There were sev-
Missouri Mud.
eral printers in the regiment, and they at
once took possession of the office. Under, the
guidance of a newspaper correspondent, who
accompanied the regiment, they issued a
new edition of the paper, the owner and
editor having decamped and left things to
the mercy of the invaders.
The name of the paper was changed to
Our Whole Union, and its editorials were
quite the reverse of what they had been un
der its former management. There was a
salutatory and valedictory, both in the same
number, the new editor apologizing for the
brevity of his stay on account of the neces
sity of moving on with ttie regiment on the
very evening of the day of publication. The
runaway-editor's name was Johnson, and the
"new incumbent of the office thus addressed
him :
"Johnson, we leave you to-night. "We are
going where bullets are thick and musketoes
are thicker. But for all that, Johnson, we
have no ill feeling3 against you. If you come
our way, call. Johnson, adieu."
There was a hoCel in the town, and its
owner had recently, so Jack learned from a
boy of about his age with whom ho estab
lished friendly relations, given it the uame
of the Davis House, in honor of the Presi
dent of the Southern Confederacy. Jack
informed the soldiers of this discovery, and
an examination of the front of the building
showed that the former name of the hotel
had been painted out to make a place for the
new one.
Immediately a pot of white paint and one
Seaeching tiie Houses.
of black were procured, a rough staging
was erected, the word " Davis " was painted
out, and ''"Union " took its place. The pro
prietor protested, but his protest was of no
use. He was told that the Union House
would be much more popular than the Davis
House could be by any possibility, and when
they came around again they expected to find
the new name retained. The proprietor said
his neighbors would burn the building over
his head if he allowed it to remain as it was,
and as soon as the regiment had gone he set
about changing the obnoxious appellation.
But he showed some worldly wisdom in
giving it a new name altogether instead of
restoring what might have brought him into
trohMe with fulnro visitors of the kind he
ad just had. Hovoidecf both "DaVis"
and " Union," and called the establishment
the "Missouri Hotel," a name at which
neither side could take offense.
The boywho told Jack about the hotel
also informed him where a rebel flag" was
concealed. It had been made by several
young women whose sympathies were with
the Southern cause, and was intended for
presentation to the Captain of a company
which would soon leave the County to fight
on the Southern side.
Jack hastened to Capt. Herron, one of the
officers of the regiment, and told what he
had heard. The Captain sent a detail of
soldiers, under the guidance of Jack, who
led the way to the house of one of the.prin
cipal inhabitants of the place.
The Sergeant in command of the squad of
soldiers rapped at the door, which was open
ed by a servant. Ho- asked for the lady of
the house, and Tory soon a comely matron of
40 or more stood before him.
" "We beg your pardon for disturbing you,"
said the Sergeant; but we want a rebel flag
that we are told has been made here recent
ly." "You sha'n't come" into my house," was
the angry reply ; " and we've no flag for you
She was about to close the door in the Ser
geant's face, but the latter stopped her from
so doing by stepping forward and holding it
open. Then he ordered his men to follow
him, which they did, accompanied by Jack.
" Be kind enough to show us through the
house," said the Sergeant ; " we don't; want
to trouble you, but we must have that flag."
" If you are after a flag you won't find
any," she answered-, "and as for showing a
lot of Yankees through tho house, I won't."
The Sergeant ordered one man to stay at
the front door and another at the rear, and
permit nobody to leave the house. Then he
called the servant," a negro woman, who
had opened the door, and ordered her to
show the way through tiro rooms. Accus
tomed to obedience, the woman did as she
was told, her mistress being so overcome
with rage that she did not endeavor to exer
cise her authority over the servant.
Jack had told tho Sergeant that the flag
was hidden between the sheets of a bed in
the first sleeping-room at the head of the
stairs; consequently that was the room
which the ScrgcanWintimated he would like
to sec first.
The room was found and so was tho bed,
but no flag. The bed showed signs of very
recent disturbance, as though something had
been withdrawn from it. Evidently the flag
had been taken away during the parley at
the door. The room was searched in every
part, but no sign of the flag was found ; then
other rooms were fexamined, but with the
same result.
The soldiers went through tho entire
house, the Sergeanf giving them strict or
ders to Eearch everwsvbere, but at the same
time to injure nothing. Just as they were
about to give up the enterprise as a bad job a
brilliant thought occurred to Jack.
He mounted the stairs again and went
straight to the bed which had first been the
object of their examination. Pulling down
the bed-clothes, which had been left in a dis
ordered condition after the investigation of
the soldiers, he found the desired flag and
bore it in triumph tithe Sergeant.
Then the Sergeant withdrew his men, af
ter again apologizing'to the mistress of the
1 -R
house, who was so angry that she could not,
or would not, speak. On the way back to
camp the Sergeant asked Jack how itwas he
knew the flag was where he found it.
" I sort o' guessed it," replied Jack. " I
noticed that the woman aud her two daugh
ters didn't stay with us while we were rum
maging the house, but kept going in and out
of tho rooms, leaving the servant to show us
"Ithonght they were up to something,
especially as one of the daughters didn't
show up at all while we were talking at the
door before we went in.
"Now, I figured out that while we were
talking with the old gal the young one we
didn't seo was taking the flag out of the bed
and hiding it somewhere else. When they
saw us at the door they knew what we'd
come for, and probably guessed we'd been
told where the flag was.
"Well, after we'd looked through that
bed and all the room without finding any
thing, wo went on to the next room. They
knew we'd hunt high and low for the flag,
and go through every part of the house. Now,
if you'd a-been in their placo what would
you have done, when you knew yon couldn't
get out of tho house without being seen ?
"I see it now," said the Sergeant, "though
I didn't before. I'd have watched my chance
by going round through the halls, and pnfc
the flag in one of the places that had been
searched, and there wouldn't have been any
better placo than the bed where we first
went for it."
"That's just what I thought," said Jack
in reply ; " and when I saw the old gal give
a wink to the young one and the young one
winked back again, it just occurred to me
to go to the bed and have another look."
" You'd make a good detective," said the
Sergeant approvingly, and then tho conver
sation turned to the flag they had captured
and the probable use that would he made of
"That's for the Captain to say," replied
the Sergeant in reply to Jack's query.
The Sergeant turned the flag over to the
Captain and the latter duly admired it aud
praised Jack for his acutenes3. The Seces
sion emblem was a iine one, being made of
the best bunting procurable in St. Louis,
whence tho material was specially ordered.
It was the regular Secession flag, the " Stars
and Bars," and was intended to be displayed
on the battlefield, where the rebels confidently
hoped to put the defendera of the Union to
flight at the first fire. Along the center of
the flag the following couplet had been
deftly embroidered by the fingers of the
young ladies by whom the banner was made,
and the lines were said to have been the
composition of the maiden who so signally
failed in concealing the precious standard
from the search of the invaders :
" Federals from thec slmlMlec,.
Gallant sons of Liberty!"
Jack suggested that they should have
added the following quotation from' Robert
Burns, as a suitable intimation of the possi
bilities in the case :
' The best laid schemes o' mice and men
Gang aft a-gley."
"When the matter was submitted to Harry,
he thought the epitaph that ia said to have
been on an infant's tombstone in an Eng
lish churchyard would have been appro
priate to the history of the flag :
" If sp soon I must be done for,
1 wonder w hat I was begun for."
Chapter VI.
When the march across Missouri began
the weather was fine, and our young friends,
as before stated, were delighted with cam
paigning life; but the fair weather didn't
"When they were on the road again, after
the affair of the rebel flag, they found a
change of situation. A storm arose, and they
had the disagreeable experience of marching
and camping in the rain. Old soldier3 think
nothing of rain, though of course they pre
fer fine weather, but for new campaign
ers the first rain-storm is a serious affair. So
it was with Jack and Harry.
They had provided themselves with water
proof coats, which protected their shoulders,
in fact, kept them fairly dry above the knees,
but could not prevent the mud from form
ing on the ground nor protecb tho feet of the
Finding the Eebel Flag.
boys as thoy marched along. It was a weary
tramp through the mud, and anyone who
has traveled in Missouri leuows that the
mud there is of a very sticky quality; in
fact, in most of the "Western States the soil
has a consistency that is unknown in many
parts of the East. "When dry it is hard, and
forms an excellent road, though it is apt to
give oflf a good deal of dust in specially dry
ana wm;
, . .
nr net. wnen tnere is muen
a road, and no. rain falls for
some tiir" 5. e dust is a great; (leal more
than peio le.
Butit the wet season that the soil of
the "Wes jx i iu its fine work. The mud
has the nose of glue with tho solidity
ofputtj ch time the foot goes downH
picks up a small quantity, very small it
may be ; but as continual dropping will wear t
away stone, so will continual stepping con
vert the foot into a shapeless mass of mud.
Five or 10 pounds of mud may tans be
gathered upon each foot of a pedestrian, and
ifc does not require a vivid imagination to
increase the five pounds to 50. Horses " ball
up" in the same way, and there are many
localities where, under certain conditions of
weather, this balling up is so rapid, and
withal so dangerous, as to make travel next
to impossible.
The regiment went into camp that night
pretty well tired out, and it is safe to say
that some of the soldiers wished themselves
home again. But if they did so wish tbey
kept their thoughts to themselves, an4 each
one pretended to his comrades that it was
just what he liked.
To pitch tents on wet ground is the reverse
of agreeable, aud to lie down on the ground and
try to sleep there is worse than the mere work
of putting a tent in place. But both of these
things must be done, except where there is no
tent to pitch and one must sleep without auy
shelter other than the sky. When our armies
took the field in the early part of the war there
was a good supply of tents, so that the soldiers
were well protected against the weather; but
this condition of affairs did not last long. In
the early days there was an allowance of two
wagons to a company, or 20 wagons to a regi
ment, without counting the wagons of the field
officers and staff. Later on the wagon allowance
was greatly reduced ,and during the closing cam
paigns of tho war the luxuries of the early days
were practically unknown. The army with
tho smallest wagon-train can make the moat
rapid progress, as a train is a great hindrance
in military movements.
Jack and Harry slept beneath one of the
wagons, or rather they tried to sleep, during
the steady rain that continued through the
night. In tho morning Jaek thought Hanry
resembled a butterfly that had been run through
a sausage-machine, whilo the latter retorted
that his comrade looked as if he had been ashed
out of a mill-pond aad huuig up to dry. Both
wore a good deal bedraggled aad limp, bat they
would not admit it, and each danced about
as though a little more and a great deal wetter
rain was just what he wanted.
" Tell you what, Harry," said Jack, "it wasn't
being wet that bothered me so much as getting
wet. I found a reasonably dry place, and
thought I was all right, but just 83 I was get
ting asleep I felt the tiniest little drop of water
soaking through on the side I was lying on. I
tried to shrivel up so as to get away from ifc,
but the water followed me, and the more I
shrunk tho more it spread.
"Then I thought it would be better if I
turned over, but in turning I let in more water,
or rather I suppose I made a hollow iu the
soft ground, and that was just old pie for the
water. When I tu rned I exposed my neck and
got a touch of it there, and so it went on ; at
every move I got more and more of it. By the
end of an hour or so, which seemed all night, I
wo3 fairly wet through, aud then I didn't eare
half so much about it. 1 went to sleep and
sieptsrprefefcy wott till morning, amldoaifcjbeligney
I've gotabitofa cold."
"1 had about the same sort of a time with
the rain," said Harry, "and agree with you
that the worst part of it is the feeling you have
while the rain is getting its way through your
clothes and you're trying to keep ifc oat; and
all the time you know you can't do it, and
really might just as well givo iu at once."
"Never mind now," said Jack; "KJRai we
want is hot coffee and something to e&tr
They had taken the precaution to lay away
soma sticks of dry wood in one of the wagons
before the rain begau, and therefore there was
no difficulty in starting a fire. All the wood
that lay around the camp was soaked with
water, but by careful searching aud by equally
careful manipulating of the sticks the soldiers
aud teamsters managed to get up a creditable
blazo by using their dry wood to start ifc with
Hot coffee all around served to put every body
iu good humor, aud some hard bread and bacon
from the Commissary wagons made tho solid
portion of the breakfast. Harry had secured
'some 3lices of cold beef the day before, and these,
which he shared with Jack, made a meal fit for
a king wheu added to tho regular rations that
had been served out. The rain stopped soon
after sunrise, the sun came out and in a few
hours the roads were dry enough to justify the
order to movo on. Meantime everybody was
busy drying whatever could, he dried, and by
noon the discomforts of the first night- in the
rain had been pretty well forgotten.
An hour or two after the column started on
the road there was an alarm from the froufc
that throw everybody into a state of excite
ment. Bumors were passed from man to man,
aud as thoy grew with each repetition, they
becanio very formidable by the time they
reached the rear-guard. There was a large
force of the enemy blocking the way a whole
army, with cauuon enough to blow thorn all out
of existence, and possibly to take the ofleaaive
and march straight to the Capital of Iowh.
Every soldier got his ride ia readiness, the
wagons were driven closely up, the rear-guard
prepared to meet an assault that might possibly
como in their direction, aud there was all the
"pomp, prido aud circumstance of glorious
war " with the band of untried warriors, few
of whom had ever smelt gunpowder in a war
like way.
Tlio excitement grew to fever heat when
somo shots were heard, and evidently indicated
the beginning of the battle. Jack and Harry
wanted to rush to tho front of the column ami
take a hand in the affair, but they wore stopped
by tho Quartermaster, who said they would
only be in the way, and had better wait a whilo
until the Colonel Sent for them. He ended his
Suggestion with a peremptory order that they
should not leave the wagons without permis
sion. This was a disappointment, but they bore -it
as pationtly as they could. They wore learn
ing tho lesson of military life, that the soldier
must obey his oflicer and each oiheer must
obey tho word of his own superior, no matter
what it may bo. As a cousokttion to them,
and also as an illustration of what they must
oxpect iu the army, the Quartermaster told a
story about a volunteer officer during the Mex
ican war.
This officer had been ordered to do some
thing that ho thought highly injudicious. Geu.
Scott was standing near, and Capt. X , as we
will call him, appealed to the General to know
what he should do.
" Obey the order," was the brief answer of
tho General.
" But it's absurd," replied tbo Captain. "Cer
tainly no ono should obeyau order like that.'
" Always obey your superior officer," re
sponded the General.
" But suppose my superior officer orders me
to jump out of a fourth-story window," inter
posed the Captain, "mostl do it?"
" Certainly," tho General answered ; " your
superior's duty is to have a featherbed Ihoreto
receive you, autt you can bo sure he'll bave it.
That's a part of his business you have nothing
to do wilh."
This may sound like exaggeration to the
young render v.ho 1ms no knowledge of the
ways'of military life, bnt let me sissure him that
ibis nothing of the kind. It is a principle of
array discipline that a soldier or oflicer should
unhesitatingly obey the orders he recefveswith
out asking for explanations. On tho battlefield
regiments, brigades, divisions, aro sent as the
commander desires- for the purposes of carrviue
oat his combinations and plans. It can readily
(Continued on 2d iiage.)
YOL. YR-m. 4S-WH0LE W. 3S0.
ARMY OF mmji
GmfugH ia tragi of WsiaHgira ia
Wlilaiilfte Sfeunor Battle in His
He I Per-emptorily Ordered to
tbe Front
ND thus, on tbe night
of the third dy after
Gen. Franklin's Corps
had been peremptorily
ordered to join the
army sadex my com
mand, it had advanced
as ibr as Aaa&udale,
six miles from Alex
andria, Franklin him
self being ia that eiiy
as late as 1 p. m.
Aug. 29. 152. 8 p.m.
To CoMMAXTwse Onrt-
I have beca laatmeted by
Geo. McOeHaa to in
form you fitet be will
have all tb available
wagons at A f examine
loaded with raiiuus for
yoor troops, and all of
4t2you send m a cavalry
escort to Alexandra as
a gnetd to the train.
Signed j W. B. Fxaxkux, Majoreoeral,
Coromaatting Sixth Corps.
Geu. McClellaaJs dispatch of Id p. m.,29th
August, states thai he ordered Franklin u to
cover the transit of Pope's sapjfcHes." Gen.
Franklin, who doubtless understood his or
ders, explained them as above by saying
that the supplies would be loaded as soon
as you send a eavahry escort,' It was thna
Gen. Frankiin was to Meover the transit.71
At 11 a. m. Gen. MeClallaa telegraphs
Gen. Halleek:
IReaeive! IJ:15 a. at.
Headquarters Axxv am Pwtokac, "1
Caxf Xkr Axkxaxdsia. Aug. 30, 1882. 11 a. m. j
Have ordered Sumner to leave one brigade m
the vicinity of Chain Bridge, aad to move the rest
via Columbia, pike on Aaoaadale ami Fairax
Courthouse-. I& tl the route 70a w&tit them to
take? Hti and Franklin are both irtel to join.
Pope a promptly aa poasfole. shall Couch move
also when he aznyea?
Signed OcokgxB. SfcClEiJUAX.
" rMafrOSan. H&xsGC, feiiend-ra-Cf3e
To this izMjniry as to the proper direction:
of the troops at the crisis of that day Gen.
Halleckls reply is comprehensive, and point
ed r
Sentaslep. ra.J
War DKPAirrxi.vr. 1
WASHXXG-KKr, D. C.T Aug. 1982. 12:3ft p. bb.
I think Couch shook! land at Alexaodrm and be
immediately pushed out to Pope. Sad the troops
where the tighuugfa. Let me know when Couch,
arrive, as I may have other information, by that
time. Use the Connecticut officers and regntnent
as you propose. Send transports to Acquuv to bring
up Borneide'd eommaad. I nave telegraphed to
htnij and an waiting his answer.
fSiKnedl H. W. Hau-kck, General-is-Chief.
Maj.-Gen. Medelhut. Alexandria.
And adds two hoars later:
Sent 2:15 p na.
Aug. 30. 1362 2:10 p. m. 1
Franklin's and all of Sumner's Corps sfaooid be
poshed forward with all possible dispatch. They
must use their legs aad make forced marches.
Time now is everything. Send some- sharpshoot
ers on the trains to Bull Bun. The bridges
and property are threatened by bands of Frn.ce
William cavalry. Give CoL Haunt all the assist
ance yon can. The sharpshooter en top of cars
ean ftasist in unloading the trains.
Signed H. W. Haujstk,
Maj.-Qea. McCusxjlS, Alexandria.
Received 3 p. m.
ITKAixCAinrrR Akmy of tele Potomac,
AJJEXASDKU. Va.. Anjr. 30. 1262. 1:10 p. m. )
I know nothing of the calibers of Pope's artiitery.
All I ean do is to direct ray ordnance olEeer to toad
up all the wagons sent to him. I hare already
sent all my headquarters wagons. Yon will have
to see that wagous are sent Ironi Washington. I
can do nothing more than give the order that every
available wagon in Alexandria snail be loaded at
once. The otder to the brigade of Suuiuer that I
directed to retnain at Cham Bridge and Tennai ty
town should go from your headquarters to save
time. I understand yon to intend it also to move.
I have no sharpshooters except the guard around
my camp. I have sent off every man but those,
and will now send thent with the traiii, as v.m di
rect. I will also send my only remaining v
rou of cavalry with Uen. sumocr. t can agrno
more; yen now have every man of the arutft' Uie
Potomac who fe within my teach. j
Signed. Geckoe B. McCt.Eij.A2r.
Major-General Commanding'.
Maj.-Gen. HixtKCK, General-in-Chief'.
As these telegrams do not appear to fur
nish any sort of explanation of Franklin's
slow movements and of his hols at Annan
dale, it seems not improper to fornkh a tele
gram of Gan. ifedellan, which dees give
in part directly and in park by inference an
explanation of these transactions; bat be
fore doing so it seems in place to invite at
tention to the strange fact that whilst in his
telegrams, the first dated Awg. 20, at 8:30 a.
m., and the second Ang. 29, at 1 pv m., Gen.
McCleilan does not consider it safe fox
Franklin with 11,600 men to go beyond
Annandale, yet he instructs Gen. Franklin
to inform the eoaunandtHg officer at Centex
vflle (not me) that he M will have all the
available wagons at Alexandria loaded with
rations for yoor troops and all of the cars ;
also, as soon as yon send in a cavalry escort
to Alexandria, as a guard to the trains.' In,
short, whilst it was not safe, according to
Gen. McCielxun's opinion, for Franklin to
go beyond Annandale with 11,000 men, he
did consider it safe for a cevalry escort ta
come in from the field of battle through
Annandale to Alexandria and take back
wagon-trains by the same road. Not fear of
harm to Franklin therefbrer was the. atofciva
to hale him at Annandale, bnt aewe other
motive ojute removed from, such apprehen
sion. This motive will probably be found partly
set forauin. the following telegram, dated aS
2:-l p. hi., Aug. 39 :
Gxr Nsa AuecuioKiA. Va., Angv 2&, tim. y
.5J p. IU.
14a iHst news I reeived from in dleetio?w"
feManaswa waa front alssgtess, to the eSfed that tha
enemy were evaouatrnjt; CeaterviUw aad retiring
-- JL
sx,il.-feM, iis

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