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The National tribune. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, October 18, 1888, Image 4

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TKK. Every man who wore the Imae otigfet ie i
takt The XatioxalTkibuitx.
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He ought to ask ail his comrades io sub
scribe for it, for it is as much to thorn as to
The paper ought to have a half-million
circulation, and will have if the oomrades
work for it as iaithroilyae it labors for
"And if one reedoet -ami mk U it le
ornwbi he did not metre Umg cttomfk; tmd
cm fa be toard to complain if "he gel a jmot
rait equal lo ii feUtnc-ooldierg, ami for Ike
remm i, dir of the rduf ueerooaty to hit support,
lit thall be aUotced, $ other citizens ma(, to
aecepttlx ckaritgof the local auihoriHeo.CoL
Hateott's Report on Hhs Mangled Disability
fjF iSaSaamWamw3aL'i
The veto of llieall to pension Mrs. Sally
Ann Bradley illustrates tho feelings Mr.
Cleveland entertains toward the "widows
aad dependent mothers of deceased Union
veterans. No more deserving claim than
hors was ever presented to Congress. This
was demonstrated in an admirable report
on her case made by the Committee on In
valid Pensions, through Dr. m. W. Ells
berry, of Ohio, a prominent Democrat and
a gentleman of high character. He said :
We find from an examination of the papers in
this case that a similar bill was favorably reported
by the Committee on Invalid Pensions, and passed
the House in the; 48th Congress, but failed to bo
reached in the Senate. Aa the report referred to la
r fair resume of the points in the cose, your com
mittee herewitb incorporate the same into their
report, viz:
The Committee on Invalid Pensions, to whom was
referred the bill (II. R. 2520 granting n pension
to Sally Ann Bradley, have liad the same under
consideration, and beg leave to submit the fol
lowing report:
Sally Ann Bradley Is the widow of Thomas J.
Bradley, wbo served as a private in Co. D, 24th
Ohio, from June 18. 1S61, to Oct. 9, 1565. He was
pensioned on account of shell wound of back
received at Murfreesboro, Tcnn., Jan. 2, 1863,
and died Oct. 21,1882. His death is not entirely
chargeable to his military service, and conse
qixwtiy his widow has no title before the Pension
A iKjtilion signed by nearly 800 of the best citi
zens of the County in which she resides, some of
whom have known her and her deceased liusuanu
for ninny years before the late war, sets forth that
fchei 70 years of age, is as helpless ns an infant,
nd ,eA without mans of support, or friends able
to asdM her.
Having been left destitute by the death of her
husband, who served faithfully for more than four
years in defense of his country, and who, while in
such service, contracted a disability which neces
sarily impaired his ability to provide fur himself
and wife a comfortable bupport in their declining
years, your committee are clearly of opinion that
she should not now be abandoned to the charity of
the world, but be, in a measure at least, provided
for in her old days, and therefore report favorably
on the bill and ask that it do paaa.
Your committee indorse all the statements of the
foregoing report as fully borne out by the facts and
record proof, and in addition find that four of her
sons followed their father into the cause for the Union,
Uoo of wliom died upon battlefields ; the others returned
home, one trith Uie lots of an eye, the olhr an arm,
and ore cripples for life. YVe believe this a case de
serving of the attention of Congress, and therefore
recommend that the pending bill do pass.
Is it possible to find a woman more de
serving of a pension than this poor old war
widowed, war-bereaved wife and mother?
She was the wife and mother of heroes of
men who sacrificed everything even life
itself to purchase for this country the pros
perity it now enjoys. Her husband served
over four years, and even after receiving a
severe wound continued for nearly two years
to carry a mnsket in the ranks and do a
brave volunteer's duty. Her hnsband died
and left her, at the age of 70, destitute. Of
the &ur stalwart sons who would have been
the props of her declining years, two perished
on the battlefield and the other two were
terribly wounded combating the enemies of
the Nation. Here were five good and suffi
cient reasons ibr the Nation's generosity and
justice to her. Lot us see what trouble the
President took to find an excuse for with
holding from her the meager pension that
both Houses of Congress said by handsome
majorities that site was justly entitled to.
Here is his message in full :
I herewith return without approval Uoue bill
number 54, entitled. "An act granting pension to
Sal lie Ann Bradley."
The husband of this supposed beneficiary was
discharged from the military service in 15, altera
long service, and was afterward pensioned for gun
uot wound.
Ma died In JB82. The widow appears to have
never died a claim for pension in her own right.
Ko cause ie given of the soldier's death, but it is
net claimed that it resulted from Ms military sorv
loe. her pension being asked for entirely because of
her need and the faithful service of her husband
and her sons.
This presents the question whether a gift, in such
a ease U a proper disposition of money appropriated
Ant the purpose of paying pensions.
The passage of this law would in my opinion
establish a precedent so far-reaching, and open the
door to such avast multitude of claims not on
principle within our present pension laws, that I
am constrained to disapprove the bill under con
sideration. Ghovek Clsvklasd.
Exhccttvb Hakbiok, July C, 1886.
The judgment of every man who reads
this cruel utterance must be that the Presi-
dent hae gene a long distance out of his way
in order to strike a deliberate blow at a
widow and mother of veterans.
The man who would prevent Congress
from bestowing a pension on a woman wilh
such a history as Mrs. Bradley's must be
actuated by settled hatred of veterans, their
widows and mothers.
The pretended 'reasons that he gives are
absurdly inadequate. How, in the name of
common sense, is giving a pension to Mrs.
Bradley going to "open ike door to such a
vast multitude of chums not on principle
within onr present pension laws " ?
3s not such a case as hers directly " on
principle within onr present pension laws"?
If it is not, then not an instant should be
lost in making it " on principle within our
present pension laws," for fhe offense of
soeh injustice mounts up to heaven.
If there is "a vast multitude of claims"
of other women, who, like Mrs. Bradley,
gave a husband and four gallant sons to the
service of the country, and are now, because
of their loss, eating the bitter bread of pen
ary in their old age, then the more shame
to the Nation which permits such a thing
the more blistering shame to iho man whose
veto of the Dependent Pension Bill cnt off
from these mothers in Israel the relief which
the Nation was anxhms to bestow upon
It most he kepfc in mind that only a short
lame before this shameful denial of a pension
io Mrs. Bradley, Mr. Cleveland hastened to
sign a hill which placed on the roll the
widow of every man wbo served so much as
80 days in the Maclean war, even though
the husbands were killed fighting the Gov
ommont "We want thfa irrepressible animosity
against Union veterans aad those connected
with theni stopped in the most effective way
by the defeat at the polls of the man who is
animated by it
Mr. Cleveland Jias Jieen actively vetoing the
soldier for four pears. Wore lei the soldiers
veto Mm. Comrades, get your vetoes ready.
"And if one receives not enough it is he
muse lie did not serve long enough; and
j ow& he be heard io complain if he gels a just
rate equal lo his fdlots-ioldiers, and for the
remainder of the relief necessary io his support, j
he shall le allowed, as other citizens must, to
accept the charity oftiic local authorities." Col.
Mstson's Eoport on His Mangled Disability
Col. Matson must not attempt to deceive
the comrades by pleading that the discus
sion of the Mills Tariff Bill engrossed the
attention of the House to such an extent as
to deprive him of all opportunity of pushing
the consideration and passage of pension leg
islation. The House met on the 5th of De
cember, and the Committee on Invalid Pen
sions was announced on the 5th of January.
Col. Matson knew that he was to bo the
Chairman of the Committee long before this,
however. The Tariff Bill was not reported
until the 2d of April, and the discussion of
it did not begin until the 17th. Here was
four and a half mouths' time since the open
ing of the session, and three and a half
months since his appointment as Chairman,
in whieh there was little business of real
importance before the House, and presuma
bly he could have had all the time he want
ed for the discussion of pension measures.
The greater portion of the Members desired
the opportunity for such discussion, and it
could have been had at almost any time by
CoJ. Matson taking the necessary steps.
The discussion of the Mills bill ended July
21 almost exactly three months ago and
since then the House has been mainly en
gaged in killing time.
Here, then, has been between seven and
eight months of time bristling with opportu
nities which any earnest man would have
employed. These opportunities were given
by the power wilh which he is clothed by
Paragraph 5 of Rule XXIV of the Rules of
the House of Representatives, and which
power cannot be taken away from him "ex
cept by a vote of two-thirds of those present
and voting thereon":
Afier the morning hour shall have been devoted
to the reports from committees (or the call com
pleted) the Speaker shall again call the commit
tees in regular order for one hour, upon which call
each committee, on being named, shall have the
right locall p for consideration any bill reported by
it on a previous day on cither the House or Vie Union
All the Chairmen of committees have en
joyed this power during the entire session,
except while the Mills bill was being dis
cussedfrom April 17 to July 21 and
nearly every one of them made use of it
to secure such legislation as they desired.
Col. Matson was the only Chairman of an
important committee who declined to
avail himself of it. Only in a single in
stance did he make use of it. On Monday,
Sept. 17, he called up and had passed the
bill increasing the pensions for deafness.
This benefited in all less than 500 soldiers.
At that time quite a number of Representa
tives called out to him to have the Disabil
ity Bill and the Axrears Bill also put on
their passage, but he declined to accept their
At no time did he make an effort to se
cure a day for the consideration of pension
legislation. March 2G Maj. Morrill, a mem
ber of the minority of the Invalid Pension
Committee, attempted to have the 2d and 3d
of May set apart for the consideration of pen
sion legislation, but as this did not have the
support and sanction of the Chairman it
April 3 the Committee on Rule3 set apart
days for the consideration of business com
ing from the Committees on Commerce, on
Military Affairs, on the Pacific Railroads,
Territories, Public Lands, Foreign Affairs,
Agriculture, Public Grounds, and the Judi
ciary ; but no time was assigned to the Com
mittee on Invalid Pensions, and it did not
appear that the Chairman of the same had
asked for or desired such time.
April 23 Maj. Morrill renewed his effort
to secure two days for the Invalid Pensions
Committee. Again he was not seconded or
aided in any way by his Chairman, and
again the effort failed.
Later a petition, signed by 150 Repre
sentatives, praying that this time be given,
was presented. CoL Matson's name was not
on the petition.
Aug. 15 Maj. Lyman endeavored to force
a consideration of pension legislation by ob
jecting to any other business until time was
assigned for this purpose, and maintained
his attitude for six days. Col. Matson's
voice was not raised in support bf him.
Even during the discussion of the Mills
bill the Chairmen of the Labor Committee
and the Committee on Military Affairs were
able to secure days for the consideration of
Imsiness from their committees.
In brief:
Every committee has bad all the time it
needed except the Committee on Invalid
Every Chairman has been active and suc
cessful in forwarding the business of his
committee, excepting Col. Matson.
Everybody has been able to be fully heard
in Congress except the veteran, his widow
and orphan.
He and they Time $ot been hcatd, simply
became Ool MatsoH. decided in advance that
they ahovdd not be.
"And if one receives not enough it is be
cause he did not serve long enough; and
can he be heard to complain if he gels a just
rate equal to his fellow-soldiers, and for the
remainder of the relief neeeesary to his support,
lie shall be allowed, as other citizens must, to
accept the cliariiy of the local authorities." Col.
Matson's Report on His Mangled Disability
Col. Matson found no difficulty in get
ting the floor last month when he wanted
to call up aud havo passed the bill increasing
the rales of pensions for deafness. Would
he have had any more trouble in calling up
the Disability Pension Bill or Arrears Bill ?
An active, zealous Chairman of a com
mittee like R. W. Townshend, of Hlinois,
could find a way, even intho midst of the
discussion of the Mills bill, to secure the
consideration of business from his committee.
Could not Col. Matson haye done the same
if he desixed? Most certainly.
The apologists for President Cleveland
urge in his defense that he has approved
1,264 bills, while' only vetoing 199. This
statement was made one of the corner-stones
of the defense of the President in the House
of Representatives Aug. 2, 1883, by L. P. Mc-
Kiuney, of New Hampshire, which defense
was undoubtedly directly inspired from the
White House, if not par&ally prepared there.
Mr. McEIinney, said:
The number of private pension hills approved
by President Cleveland, orallowcd to become laws
by him by limitation, to July 24, 18S8, were 1,201.
During President Cleveland's administration ho
has vetoed of private pension bills 19y ; bills failed
for want of signature, 55. And for this he is called
the enemy of the Union soldier a strange way lo
show his enmity, llad ho desired to show his
opposition to pensioning soldiers how much better
ho could have done it by vetoing the 1,261 and
allowing tho 199 to pass.
This statement, coming in such an authori
tative form, was and is made the text of all
who are striving to show that after all the
President has really been quite friendly to
the veterans.
Like the generality of utterances regard
ing the veterans from that source, this is
mainly made up of misstatements cunningly
arranged to deceive.
What are the absolute facts ?
During the first session of the 49th Con
gress 747 private pension bills were passed,
of which he signed 491, vetoed 101, took no
action on 154, which accordingly became
laws by Constitutional limitation, and ve
toed one by pocketing until after adjourn
ment. During the second session 230 bills were
passed, of which ho Bigncd 186, vetoed 22,
took no action on 2, and vetoed 22 by with
holding them until after adjournment.
His record for the 49 th Congress there
fore stands thus:
Bills passed 977
Bills signed 077
Failed of approval... 300
Of these :
Became laws by Constitutional limitations 156
Vetoed 123
"Pocket "-vetoed 21
Total disapproved 300"
Paragraph 2, Section 7, Article I of the
Constitution, says:
Every bill which shall havo passed the House of
Representatives and tho Senate, shall, before it be
come a law, be presented to the President of tho
United Stales ; if he approve he sliall sign it, but if
not he shall return it, with his objections lo that
House in which it shall havo originated.
If any bill shall not be returned by the Presidont
within 10 duys (Sundays excepted) after it shall
have been presented to him, the same shall be a
law, in like manner as if he had signed it, unless
the Congress by their adjournment prevent its re
turn, in which case it shall not be a law.
This makes it clear that every bill which
he does not sign he " disapproves."
Consequently, Mr. Cleveland "disap
proved" 300 of the 977 bills sent him by
the 49th Congress, or very nearly one-third.
He actually vetoed 144, or about oncin six,
and the presumption is j ust that he wanted to
veto 156 more, but could not find for doing
so even as slender excuses as he gavo for
withholding his signature to those which he
did veto. '
The record of the.present session is not
yet made up, but up to the close of August
he had vetoed 77 pension bills. This would
make his total vetoes to that date 221, in
three years and a half
Neither President Lincoln nor President
Johnson vetoed a pension bill.
In his eight years as President Gen. Grant
disapproved of but five bills, and three of
these were for the benefit of the pensioners.
Gen. R. B. Hayes did not disapprove of a
pension bill during his lerm, nor did Presi
dents Garfield or Arthur.
Thus in three and a half years Mr. Cleve
land has vetoed 45 times as many bills as his
six predecessors did in the 24 years they
were at the head of the Government J
Counting the bills which he disapproved by
not signing, he has disapproved of! nearly 80
times as many as Lincoln, Johnson, Grant,
Hayes, Garfield and Arthur did in 24 years !
Let us step this by vetoing the vetoer. Com
rades, get your vetoes ready.
"And if one receives not enough il is be
cause lie did not serve" long enough; and
can he be hoard to complain if lie gets a just
rate equal lo hi fellotP-aoUlias, and for the
remainder of the relief necessary io his support,
he sliall be allowed, as other citizens must, to
accept the charity of the local auilioriiies." Col.
Matson's Report on His Mangled Disability
In his speech, which he did not deliver
Col. Matson said, concerning the arrears
I have reported tins groat measure of relief in
both Congresses prior to this one.
Col. Matson's colleague Hon. Win. D.
Owens, of Indiana called his attention to
Ibis "inaccuracy," in the following lan
guage :
ne did not roporl such a bill as this (arrears) in
lliehist the 40th Congress. Nor did hereport&uoh
a bill prior to the 48lh bngrei. He has never re
ported such a bill prior Uo this time. c
I will give my colleague a check for f 1,000 if ho
will produce his favorable reirt of an arrears bill
to this House prior lo h" nomination for Governor
of Indiana.
This seems to be "a fair challenge a very
fair challenge. A flat contradiction isinade
to Col. Matson's statement, jmd statement,
too, that is of much importance in making
up his case for tho soldiers of Indiana. If
what hesaid is true, it can.be readily proven
l by the Congressional Record. In doing this-
Col. Matson will not only vindicate his own
truthfulness, but get 1,000 for his cam
paignfund, and he needs campaign funds very
much, to judgo by tho way his party is
lavishing money in Indiana.
Will Col. Matson accept the challenge:?
The one all-sufficient answer to the asser
tion that we have a much larger pension ex
penditure than any other Nation on earth is
that wo had a much bigger army than any
other Nation ever had. We fought a terribly
long war with it, which killed, wounded and
broke down vastly more men than any pre
vious wax by any Nation.
Judge Thurman speaks on tho pension
question with the astonishing lack of in
formation that has characterized his treat
ment of all matters of current polities dur
ing the present canvass. Hesay3:
I haven't counted up tho number vetoed or
signed, and I don't care a straw about it; but why
didu't the Senate pass these bills over his voto if
they wanted them to pass? They had the power
to do it, and yet they did nothing at all. The law
requires that the Senate shall consider all such
bills, andvif they don't do it who is to blame?
This is simply an impudent, shyster-like
trick to shift the responsibility. No one
knows better than Judgo Thurman its
falsity, unless it be the papers which have
taken up this utterauce and are parading it
as if it were asufficient answer to all tho
criticism of the President's malignant vetoes.
In the first place, it is not "the law," but
the Constitution which controls. It is sin
gular that Mr. Thurman should forget this.
He always claimed to be a great Constitu
tional expert, and during the war he was
constantly bristling like tho fretful porcu
pine with "provisions," "interpretations,"
and "constructions" of the Constitution
which would prevent the Government doing
anything necessary 'to put down the rebel
lion. Section 7, Article 1, of the Constitu
tion, says:
Every bill which shall havo passed the House o!
Representatives and the Senate shall, before it be
come a law, be presented to the President of tho
United Statos. If ho approve he shall sign it; but
if not, ho shall return it with his objections to that
House in which it shall have originated, who shall
enter the objections at large on their journal, and
proceed to reconsider it. If after such reconsidera
tion two-thirds of that Homo shall agree lo pass
the bill, it shall bo sent, together with the objec
tions, to tho other House, by which it shall likewise
be reconsidered, and if approved by two-thirds of
that House it shall become a law.
As much the greater part of the vetoed
pension bills originated in the Democratic
House of Representatives, they had to be re
turned to that body aud repassed there
before they could go to the Senate.
Is it possible that Judgo Thurman, who
ciaims to have been a diligent student of our
system of Government all his long life, who
sat in the Senate for 12 years, and who is
now a candidate for the second highest office
in the gift of the people, is ignorant of a pro
vision in the Constitution which every school
boy is familiar with ?
No; the only explanation is that it was a
deliberate attempt to confuse the public
judgment by an audacious misstatement.
Then as to those bills which originated
in the Senate. Judge Thurman says that
the Senate had the power to pass over the
veto any bill which it wanted to pass. Now
tho article of the Constitution above quoted
says that a two-thirds vote is necessary to
pas3 a bill over a veto. During the present
Congress the Senate has consisted of 37
friends of tho President to 39 opponents.
How, with party lines drawn as they have
been, and with the President holding a club
over the head of every Democratic Senator,
was any two-thirds vote to-be got to pass a
bill over the veto?
Supposing that all the Republican Sen
ators were in favor of passing a pension bill
over the President's veto. It was necessary,
supposing all the Senators to bo present, to
get at least 12 Democratic Senators to join
them. Of the total of 37 of these 21 were
officers of high rank in the rebel army;
another was a member of Jeff Davis's Cabi
net ; still another was a member of the rebel
House of Representatives and Senate; still
another was Governor of Georgia during the
war, and seven more, representing Southern
States, were almost as closely connected with
the rebellion as if they had actually borne
arms in its support. Here we have 31 of the
37 whose past history and present affiliations
make them naturally opposed to pensions to
"Union veterans. There would be small
chance indeed of getting any of them to vote
to pass a pension bill over a veto.
Tho remaining six. are Senators Hearst, of
California ; Voorhees and Turpie, of Indiana ;
Payne, of Ohio whose son-in-law is a mem
ber of the Cabinet, and McPherson and
Blodgett, of New Jersey. While they are
all well enough disposed toward the veter
ans to vole for any just pension bill, it is
not expected that they will carry this friend
ship to the extent of antagonizing their
vindictive party-chief by voting to pass a
pension bill over his veto.
So it is quite clear that when Judge Thur
man stated that the friends of the veterans
in tho Senate had " the power to pass these
bills over the vetoes," he stated what he
well knew had no foundation in faefc.
"And if one receives not enough it is be
cause he did not sooc long enough; and
can he be heard to complain if he gets a just
rate equal io his fcllQWSQldiers, and for the
remainder of Uic relief necessary to his support,
he sliall be allowed, as oihw citizens must, io
accept the charity of the local authorities." Col.
Matson's Report on His Mangled Disability
Poor old Sally Ann Bradley, bowed with
the weight of her 70 years, crnshod by the
loss of her husband and sons two killed on
the battlefield, three maimed and crippled
by rebel shot is denied a paltry 12 a month
during her few remaining years, by a Presi
dent who signed a bill putting Mrs. Pick
ett, Mrs. Bragg, Mrs. Polk, and thousands
more widows of rebels on the pension roll.
Mrs. Bradley is consigned to the poorhouse,
while Mrs. Pickett not only is given a pen
sion, but receives an appointment in one of
the Departments at Washington, with a
salary about 10 times 3 great as the pension
voted to Mrs. Bradley. Nor does the Presi
dential favor stop there. Mrs. Pickett's son,
a mere boy, also receives an appointment at
several hundred dollars salary, so that the
dependent ones of the man who led the rebel
charge at Gettysburg are very comfortably
provided for, while Mrs. Bradley, " 70 years
old and helpless as a child," goes " ovor the
hill3 to the poorhouse I"
oui; riwiTFORar.
Grover Cleveland ami a O. Mahmn stand
tons preoieely in the light of any other
politicians in office who have betrayed and
abused tho veterans. We do not ears what
their politics is; we would oppose them just
the samo if their political bias was directly
opposite to what it is. With Tkx Nation
al Truiune tho all-important qneetion is
regard to any official is his attitude toward
the veterans and their dependent ones. Had
Mr. Cleveland treated these as ikirly as his
predecessors in office, we should have had
no word of advice to offer in the campaign
now in progress, because we would bare ielt
that the interests of the Nation's defenders
would have been safe, no matter whether
he or his competitor was elected. Had Col.
Matson shown ordinary zeal in the discharge
of his duties as Chairman of the Committee
on Invalid Pensions, wo should have been
neutral in the contest in which he ia now
But we feel intensely that the conrse of
these two men deserves the sternest reproba
tion by tho men who wore the bine, and all
who sympathize with them. We do not see
how, after all the injuries and insults that
the veterans have received at the hands of
Mr. Cleveland, any man who served his
country and honora those who fought with
him, can vote for him. Self-respees forbids
it; justice forbids it; hope and expectation
for the future forbid it.
In regard to Col. Matson, if ever soldiers
are to hold to accountability politicians who
betray them with false professions of friend
ship, they must do it by opposing his elec
tion. If .they do not do it then they must
stop talking of rewarding their friends and
punishing their enemies. No politicians
elevated to power largely by the votes of
soldiers, given on the strength of professions
of friendship ever betrayed the soldiers as
shamefully, and inflicted such injury upon
them as have Grover Cleveland and CoL
The only way that the veterans can re
sent this treatment is by voting against
them whenever they are candidates, and we
think it is their high duty to do this.
We would nrge it even if Messrs. Cleve
land and Matson were our own political
The communication that we publish in
this week's paper from Col. H. L. Potter, of
the 71st N. Y., in regard to the killing of
Stonewall Jackson, is an interesting contri
bution to history indeed, and deserves un
usual consideration. The writer was in posi
tion to come into possession of important
facts, and apparently he did come into pos
sesion of them, and what he says must have
strong weight in settling the disputed point.
The comrades generaUy are interrogating
candidates for Congress as to their attitude
toward The National Tribune Pension
Bill, and whether they will support it if
elected. This is the right way. Make the
Bill the test question evsrywhere, and then
be careful that no more Matsons are elected
to betray the comrades at the bidding of
selfish ambition.
The very interesting article on the expe
riences of a private soldier disguised as a
Chaplain at the battle of Gettysburg, which
appeared in The National Teibune of
Oct. 4, was written by Comrade E. M. Sperry,
of Boonville, N. Y., who wiakls a facile pen,
as will be seen by a perusal of his story.
The signature had become detached from the
article in the printing-office.
The notorious Eugene Higgins the Com
missary of Libby Prison in its worst days
has been sent to Indiana to manage the
campaign for Col. Matson. The fitness of
the selection is beyond question. The man
who starved Union prisoners helping elect
the man who condemned Union veterans,
their widows and orphans to the poorhonse.
What a combination I
Fortunately for the veterans there is
no doubt of tho re-election of that sterling
Democrat Samuel J. Randall. Ho is a man
who has the courage of his convictions and
of his friendship. The crack of tho caucus
whip cannot discourage his determination
to do justice to the veterans.
The situation, so iar as the veterans are
concerned, is simple enough. 'Any change
in the White House must be for the better.
It is impossible that any man put there will
be as cruel and malignant towards them as
Cleveland baa been and will continue to be
if re-elected.
Col. MATS02T had such, an opportunity as
rarely comes to any man to show that his
friendship for the veterans was something
more than mere words. He used his oppor
tunity to do them a grievous injury. The
veterans have now an opportunity to shelve
him, and they should not lose it.
The defeat of Col. Matson is above poli
ties with the veterans. It is a question of
preference between a man who has betrayed
them in a most hnrtful way, and one who
has been a consistent and zealous friend.
Veterans should note how often Con
gress adjourns over days at a time. It can
waste a day or two every week, but it will
give nono to the consideration of pension
It is very singular that, with all their ex
perience, the comrades of the Philadelphia
Brigade have learned so imperfectly the great
lesson that there is room for but one flag in
this country.
There ia no politics in a veteran refusing
to voto for Grover Cleveland. It ia merely
tho proper protest of a man against kissing
the hand that smites him.
, Tjowe have bee 4,430 jtl5
ii rl r tTti itmrtinn unhid
to the House Committee em IxvaUrf
sines tits beginning of the
Of theme LML or n littl m
have been reported back to HbmMoma. The
remainder are waiting th Issstue aad pleas
ure of the gesUemon to whom tly farta
been referred. Under therakaof ifc com
mittee, aH the private pontic hBfa Jmbo
dnced by the Seaaiem aad TttprmmimlmVta
from any State, are referred ia the aeaataec
of the committee from that State fee ex
amination aad action. Ha takes Ms own
time and way fer titfa. Wvt examffe,
tho Indian Representative bxv moro
dnced since the beginning of the session
31fi hills. These wore refemd to Cak Mat
son, the Member from that Stats an the
committee. Ho has retorted aaak 19& of
thorn. ThersamuuaglflarosaUlasfnrifting
his action. An the Pen wylvaaia MUs are
referred to Mr. Lynch, of that State. Tho
number to date is 413, of whieh ho has re
portad back but 4fi, leaving 304 thai he has
done nothing with. That 1 ho has attend
ed to shoot one in seven. Hmmpsiaanis
much the smafiea of any lairahai the
committee. Tho boss records maid lave
been by Messrs. Morrill as& GaOhsger.
Morrill has reported 2S3 af tao 4m hftw re
iened to him, aad GaDinger 13B ami oi : 2S&
Possibly the widows of tho men p ssi
bly the mea themselveawho she SaUte
Ann Bradley's two sons to death, cripaled
a third, mutilated fourth, aad so sofarely
wonnded her hnsband as to incapacitate
him for labor, aad bring aboafc Ms prema
ture death, are oa the peaeieaviaUatSBa
month, while the President denies her a
single cent Horn the pnbtic Treasury. She,
"70 years old aad helpless at anbsfeat,"
most go to tho poaxsooso. Tlnafciaaway
Mr. devehmd - cares fer him waa baa hone
the battle, and fer his widow aad i
Hon. Edwakd W. GOaaamjLX, ai 2asy,
H. Y., was not in the army, bi he is a true
friend ef the comrades, mad oae of the Dame
crate whom Tux National Tkebkspb de
lights to honor. We hope ho wffi be, re
turned to the 51st Coogreos, aad kaas Sat-Can.-gress
as long as he lives. Hfe gsaalifaasta
cannot improve an him.
What exeoee has CoL Matson gtvea the
comrades of Indiana fer not maidag: any
effort whatever to pass the bflte which he
reported and placed on the eataadar? "Tine
words butter no parsnips iaveraate re
ports pass no hUleJ The bUls oa taa calen
dar are just as dead as if they wore gaiher
ing dnefe in the pigeoa-holoc hi tin miwiail
tee rooms, unless they ace pooh ad! oat the
floor of the House.
If, in Mr. Cleveland's opinion, a woman 3
having given a hnshasd aad fear seas to
the country having lost two of them an the
field of battle and the other taase terribly
wounded does not entitle her to theteader
consideration of the Nation, aha hi his
estimation, would be necessary ia eeaHle
her to that consideration ?
Would Abraham Liacotn have vateed
Sallie Ann Bradley's pension biH, or Andrew
Johnson, or U.S. Grant, or R.B. Hayes, ox
James A. Garfield, or Cheater A. Arfear?
No, for the honor of American maahood be
it said no man who ever sai in that exalted
seat would have been guilty of that cold
blooded injustice bnt Grover Cleveland.
The Mills bill pots 142. different articles
of import on the free list, a large portion of
which are staples of onr Northern farmers.
The following additions te the. Lagan
Monument Fund have been received since
the last report:
Wsi. Young, LUIey. 3Gckw.
Johnnie Young,
Laura Young,
Willie Yobihc
Liazie Yoang, ..,.,.,,. M . m.i,..
Mamie Yoobk. " ..........
Freddie Young, .
Dahlgren Port, No. 20. Dell Rapids, Daaw
HxAnejMaxsBBS Tbos. A. Eims Post,
No. 291, Gbovs, Mich , Ot i. 2. 1S8A
2arroNATi03Ai.TsiBCE: YourLotraRt
circular received and read to t.ie Post. ixoA
I hare the good pleasure to report Pea
aad individual coutributions to tbeaavoasjfe
of $3S. Hoping succ-sa in lun claMa ftr
pnrpose in commemoration 'benieaseay
of America's greatest volunteer Genera,
Yours, in P., C. and L.,
J. A. Dxlaxo, Co-smaadsK.
Tbos. A. Bddie. Wm SleijrM
Foafc. No. 29I..S5 00 Asa J. l'a-lp aa
J. A. Delano, Wm V.it. Liewu
CotmnaiMtor-. 1 00 Luke C ook... ..
David Collins Vm. .V!i'ieroa
CbapUin 1 CO John J. Ma
Andrew Fiyna, thews.
O.M .. 90 Simon laueer. .
Cyrus S'.eisjht... 25
Stanton Po-:, Xo. 25, Fergu Falls. Mima
Porter W. H:I1. PitufleNl. M-u-. .. ....
AlexLwre Post. N. 36, Vi-..ju, Wis.. ..
Alexander Po-, No. i5S. F:.4 i i O
George H. Emerson Post, No. 288, Vm-
eennes. Iowa ...-
Jos, A. JL Dillon Post, No 2ta. Llnoiey,
Hobble Post, No. 23. Stamfor.t, Conn .. . .
OoL B. B. Ellsworth Post. Nou 25, ttvrd-
wick. Vt ,
Haaen Pea. No. 74, Lowell. Vi
A. D. Adams Poc. No. 153. L on. N. Y ...
Gen. Wool Post. No. 1S4. Morley. Mich .
From the following member of Albert
10 0
3 08
Weatherby Post, No. 128, Chetek, Ww.:
F. B. Andrua.
10 C. W. Moore 10
10 Kobei t Miller 10
10 Dr II L. Nichols IO
h Fred Muaeus 10
10 Christian Oteaon 10
WD. A. Russell 10
Mj Alien litehal 10
10iClur!tri Swan...- 10
IO Peter Swansby... 10
lO-T. C. Vmen9o. 10
lOChancv Wells...- 10
10' F-ben Piaiey 10
10, Hios. lieardan . 10
lotChas. taitncy .. 10
lftS. J. Packard IS
lets. N Blackford- 10
lOiD. 3i. Cost 10
tst. j. owiiita... -
D. Beagle .
Charles Bower.
Wm. Beas
IL D. Cumwin9
H. J. Dixon..
O. W. EJebiney
B. Ih Bfelimey
Jos. Gilbert...-.-John
James Hannifin-
Igaue Hewitt
T. IL Johnson....
L F, Loek... .....
J. J .cswyc. .........
O. W. Meadow. W
Nashville Post. No. 41S, NashvUlev 111
Rowler Post, No. 338, Cluytoa. Mi i...-
Joe Hooker Post. No. IS, Tracy. Mhwu-
A. H. Perry. Commander, Poet Now my
Traay, Mnin-. - ...... ,
HsAixj'Ha HAaaisewHf Purr. No. 833; 1
drKWaRnsow, lix. 4
Editor NATieifAr. Tmbbsb: Inclosed
find oheek for 33.96 fer the-Legm Monu
ment Fund, eoatribnted by the fellow ing
3 53
W.W.Ptefee....- 25
2SM. Anderson 25
BftWm. Timperley. 35
SOTO. T. Reader i
saLr. w.Owr ..
2SlHary Bcuiiia. 90
A D. Waiiamfl
H.H.Yetk .
H. Tinferhy
V. Baldwin.-.
W.M. Miller......
106 W
Previously aeknewledgcd-. .....
SM07 64

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