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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: HOSHETGT051 ft 0 THURSDAY, DECEMBER 21. 1893.
CONGRESS, Abstract of the More Important Proceedings of Both Houses. Tuesday, Dec. 12. In the Senate, during the morninjj honr. Sen ator Squire (Wash., ) introduced a bill for the establishment of aXational Park in tho State of Washington, and tho bill was referred to the Committee on Public Lands. There is a Fcction in the northern part of tho extreme Northwestern State which is as yet unsettled, and which explorers declare to be fully equal to the Yellowstone Park in beauty and pict urpcqueness, and in some particulars superior to that remarkable reservation. Senator Ctillom (111., .) was given per mission to speak on the hill to repeal tho Fed eral elections laws by unanimous consent, al though tho resolution of Senator Hoar on tho Hawaiian question had precedence. The Sen ator from Illinois directed his attention partic ularly to the political methods which hereto fore have been manifested by tho Senator from New York, Mr. Hill, who now, he says, poses as a champion of pure elections. There was a heated colloquy between Senator Colluin and Senator Hill. Senator Cullom said it was idle for Coneress to sit supinely down, contented with the falso theory that tho States had full control of the franchise. It was only necessary to go into tho enlightened State of New York to find volumes of proof of the inability or tho indisposition of the State to guarantee an honest casting and true counting of honest vote". Did it not, ho asked, bring the blush of shame to the cheek of American Senators to think even of tho public fact of the gigantic frauds upon decency, tho monstrous outrages upon the elective 1 ranch ise, which had been perpetrated within tho last few months in that great Commonwealth? A futile attempt was then made to dispose of some business on the calendar. Tho first bill reached was the one in reference to the famous McGarrahan claim, but as Mr. Teller (Colo., R.), who reported it, and has special charge of it, has not been present yet this session, tho bill was passed over informally, and tho Senate proceeded to Executive business, and at 3:30 ad journed until to-morrow. In tho House, thcro was a small attendance. Mr. Geary (Cal., D.), one of the conferrces on the New York and New Jersey bridgo bill, re ported that the conferrces were unablo to agree, and -asked for a further conference, which was ordered. Mr. Harmer (Pa., R.) presented a memorial from workingmen and other citizens of Frank ford, Philadelphia, protesting against tho pass age of the Wilsou tariff bill. Mr. Myers (La., D.) called up tho resolution providing for a joint commission to investigate tho rank, pay and other matters relating to the personnel of the Nary. This resolution has on several previous occasions proven a bone of contention. Successful filibustering against it occupied the morning hour, and the bill went over. The House, in Committee of the Whole, took Tip the lull to enable the people of Utah to form a Constitution and Stale Government and to be admitted into the Union on an equal footing with the original States. Mr. Kilgoro (Tex., D.), who submitted the majority report of tho Committee on Terri tories, iccommeuding tho admission of Utah, epoko in favor of the bill. Ho believed that the discontinuances of polygamy removed the last objection to the grautiug of Statehood. Mr. Blair (N. H., R.) reared that polygamy would rovivo under Statehood, and Mr. Morso (Mass., R.) vigorously denounced Mormonism. Mr. Rawlings, the Utah Delegate, was heard is bis maiden speech in favor of admission. Soon after the House adjourned. Wednesday, Dec. 13. In the Senate, after the routine morning busi ness was disposed of, the' Hawaiian resolution offered on Monday last by Mr. Hoar was laid be fore the Senate, and Mr. Frye (Me., E.) addressed the Senate. He directed his attention particu larly to tho statement of Mr. Gray last Monday that the United States flag had been dishonored and made to cover an act of piracy. That statement, of course, Mr. Frye said, could only refer to tho conduct of Mr. Stevens as Minister to Hawaii. Mr, Frye gavo a sketch of Mr. Stevens's career and drew a parallel bo tweeu Mr. Blount and the late Minister to Hawaii. He ailirmed that Mr. Blount in bis t report had not written one single unvarnished i lino of truth, nor given one unprejudiced opinion nor rendered one impartial judgment, mid ho also asserted that in intelligence, in education, in integrity of character, in famili arity with affairs, in experience of life, especially of public life, in knowledge of inter national law, in acqur.intanco with tho usages and requirements of diplomacy, in devotion to the interests and honor of his country, in fidelity to our Christian civilization, Mr. Stevens is paramount to Mr. Blount, and no President could change that condition. Mr. Vest replied, commenting upon what ho termed the partisanship of Senators Hoar and Frye. Mr. Gray (Del., D.) then cited numerous precedents for the appointment of Mr. Blount as commissioner without the consent of tho Senate. The Hoar resolution went over till to-morrow without action. Mr. Morrill (Vt., R.) ad dressed tho Senalo on tho tariff question. His Temarks were particularly addressed to a definition of the difference between protection and free trade, which latter, he contended, is a dismal failure. One great difference, ho said, between those who now favor a protective tariQ and those who favor revenue reform appears to be that tho protective party seeks to find work and good wages for the many, while tho reformers are struggling to find good wages without work for the many iu the Ex ecutive patronage pasture; but that pasture, even with the paramount aid of Houolulu, is likely to bo overstocked. The Senato went iuto Executive session and tbcu adjourued. In tho House, Mr. Hudson (Kan., D.) by unanimous consent called up a bill granting the Kansas, Oklahoma Central & South western Railroad right of way through Okla homa and Indian Territories. Mr. Holman offered a resolution ordering an inquiry into the practice of giving premiums for excess of speed in the new war vessel. The resolution alleged certain irregularities snd the colluMon of the designers of tho ships in tho Navy Dcpailmcnt with tho contractors. Tho resolution was referred. Mr. Mycis (La., D.) moved that the House go into Committee of tho Whole to consider tho resolution providingfor a joint commission to investigate the por&ounel ot tho Navy. Fili bustering began at once. But after much time being wasted, the resolution was agreed to. The House went into Committee of tho Whole on tho bill admitting U ah as a State. 1 he Republican); did not offer any determined opposition to the bill and it passed without a division. Before adjournment tho resolution of Mr. Sitf, callinir for the correspondence in tho Gett Thin is often equivalent to getting ill. If loss of flesh can be arrested and dis ease baffled the "weak spots" in the system are eradicated. i PJIM! I is an absolute corrective of " weak spots." It is a builder of worn out failing tissue nature s food that stops waste and creates healthy flesh. Prepared bv Scott i Bwno. Chemists, aevr vorK. so;auy aruggistsovcryivncre. tm& his" 4 BHJ UH SksSLCfafti K D JBRS Jk Hawaiian affair, amended so as to inclndo an extension of tho poriod to bo covered by tho correspondence to" March, 1889, tho beginning of the Harrison Administration, was taken up aud passed. Thuesday, Dec. 14. In the Senate "red-tape" practices in Gov ernmental affairs, especially in the Postoffico Department, were discussed during the con sideration of a bill brought in by Mr. Cockrell from tho "Commission to inquire into tho status of the laws rcgulatiug the Departments." That is, it is intended to get rid of a great deal of red-tapo business and waste of time and labor in tho Postofiico Department. It was advocated by Mr. Cockrell, who wanted it pushed to a quick passage. Change is not always reform, Mr. Gorman suggested in an ironical tone of voico. It is better, he thought, to go a little slower in adopting tho ideas of new men suddenly elo vatcd to high places who imagine, in the early dnysof theircarecrs, that they have discovered many matters that ought to be changed. Mr. Gorman indicated that his experienco had taught him that such "reformers" wore not altogether safe. Messrs. Cullom and Cockroll showed that tho proposed change1; had not originated with those Department officials. On the contrary, tho Department officials were not rushing in for "reform," but that considerable trouble bad been experienced in convincing thoso officials of tho necessity for tho proposed change, which now they aro most ardently supporting. Mr. Vance, (N. C, D.) from tho Committeo on Privileges and Elections, reported back favorably tho House bill to repeal tho Fed eral election laws, aud it was placed on tho calendar. Mr. Voorhees (Ind., D.) introduced a bill for tho coinago of silver dollars, tho rotirc mont of small denominations of gold and paper and for other purposes, and it was re ferred to tho Committee on Finance. Seunto bill to repeal a clause iu tho last pension appropriation hill, which proiiibits tho payment of pensions to persons roiding iu foreign countries, except in tho case of disabled pensioners, was taken from tho calendar aud passed. In the House the Dockcry hill for improving methods of accounting in tho Postofiico De partment. This is the bill to change tho money-order system, and passed. Mr. Pendleton (W. Va., D.) callod up tho celebrated McGarrahan bill aud moved that the House go into Committeo of tho Wholo for its consideration. A small filibuster was at once started, a division demanded aud tho point of no quorum raised. Tho morning hour expired in an effort to get a quorum and the bill went over until to-morrow .is unfin ished business. Mr. Wheeler (Ala., D.) moved that tho House go into Committee of tho Wholo to con sider tho bill admitting Arizona Territory as a Suite. Mr. Hooker (N. Y., R.) mado tho point of no quorum, and the yeas and nays wero ordered. As tho necessary quorum failed to appear, owing to the fact that the Re publicans refused to vote, tho House, on motion of Mr. Wheeler, adjourned until to morrow. FitrnAY, Dec. 1.". Tn tho House, Mr. W. C. P. Breckinridge (Ky., D.), from tho Committee on Appropria tions, reported tho urgent deficiency bill, and gave notice that he would call it up to-morrow. Mr. Pendleton (W. Va., D.) called up tho McGarrahan bill, which camo over from yester day as unfinished business, and moved that the Honso co into Committeo of tho Wholo for its consideration. Mr. Saycrs (Tex, D.), Chairman of tho Committee on Appropriations, demanded a division on Mr. Pendleton's motion, and then made the point of no quorum. Tellers wero appointed, and after consuming three-quarters of an hour a quorum appeared and tho motion was agreed to 179 to 11. After tho bill had been read Mr. Pendleton moved that tho committee riso and report it favorably to tho House. To this Mr. Sayera objected. The whole House gathered about Mr. Pendleton and Mr. Saycrs in the center nisle, aud there was much confusion. Finally Mr. Pendlctori said that as tho opponents of tho bill seemed delerminrd to prevent it from com ing to a vote ho would occupy tho remaining fivo minutes Jiimsol. Ho thereupon delivered a forcible and earnest appeal iu favor of tho claimant, which was listened to with interest and applauded at its conclusion. Mr. Wheeler (Ala., D.) moved that the House go into Committee of tho Whole on tho bill to admit Arizona Territory as a State. The Republicans, as on yesterday, retrained from voting, but a quorum was finally secured, and tho motion tn go iuto Committee of the Wholo agreed to. Tho bill was read by sections for amendment, with tho result that the bill was amended in several particulars. Section 3 was amended so as to provide for one Representa tive in the 53d and 54th Congresses, instead of tho 51th and 55th. At3:30 Mr. Wheeler moved that tho bill bo favorably reported to the House, which was agreed to. Mr. Wheeler then moved the previous ques tion, and tho amendments wero agreed to en masse. On the final passage of tho bill Mr. Everett (Mas?., D.) demanded tho yeas and nays; ! which resulted in tho passage of the bill by a voto of yeas 185, naj-s 01. As soon as tho Arizona Statehood bill had passed the House, Mr. Wheeler (Ala., D.) moved that tho House go into Committee of tho Wholo to consider the bill for the admission of New Mexico to the Union. This was agreed to and the bill road. Mr. Wheeler then moved that tho committeo riso aud report it to tho House. Mr. Bingham (Pa., R.) spoko against tho bill, and Mr. Pierce (Colo., P.) in its favor. The latter thought Oklahoma should also be admitted. This diverted the discussion and the ques tion of admitting Oklahoma aud New Mexico was temporarily sidetracked. At 5:20 tho committee roso and tho IIouso adjourned until to-morrow without reaching any conclusion in regard to tho New Mexico bill. Satueday, Dec. 16. In the House, there was begun tho consider, ation of the urgency deficiency bill, and an item for Special Examiners in tlio Pension Bu reau provoked a lively discussion of tho pen sion policy. Mr. Cannon, of Illinois, led tho attack, and was supported by Maj. Lacey, of Iowa, who, as a member of the Committee on Invalid Pensions, has had occasion to investi gate the management of tho Peubion Bureau under this Administration. Mr. Cannon stated that the Commissioner of Pensions and various Chiefs of Divisions of the Pension Ollicc had been called before the Com mittee on Appropriations and asked many questions in regard to tho conduct of business. The Commissioner of Pensions stated that the actual saving resulting from tho investigations for fraud since May 1. when that ruling of Commissioner Lochrcn wont into effect, was something over $1,000,000. On cross examina tion it appeared that the exact amount which was saved during this period was only $31,000. Mr. Dingley (Me., R.) asked whether this $'51,000 included tho reductions as well as tho disallowances for fraud. "Certainly," replied MrCannon. Continu ing, he said that the Commissioner of Pensions had stated that in tho conduct of the business of his office, which disbuiscs from $150,000,000 to S1GO.OCO.000 to over 1.000,000 persons there was no uioru fraud than iu tho ordinary con duct of business iu tho courts. Mr. En Joe (Tcun., D.) abked Mr. Cannon who had changed the construction of Order No. 101. Mr. Cannon replied that it was dono by tho present Commissioner of Pensions and tho peseut Secretaiy ol tho Interior. Tho 51st Congress made two appropriations, certainly one, to meet tho requirements of this law, and appropriated $150,000,000 for pensions, a larger uortion of which wero adjudicated under that law. When the 521 Congress camo in, with its 140 Democratic majority in tho Honso of Repre sentatives, that Congress appropriated tho money to meet tho requirements of this law, aud did it with tho apptoval of tho Democratic House. But in the appropriation bill of tho fj'2l Congress was an amendment which revoked Rule 104, promulgated during tho Administra tion of President Harrison, which affected 400.000 pensioners. Tho Democratic House had refused to accept tho amendment, aud it was stricken out of tho bill. But in May, 1893, with William Lochren Commissioner of Pensions, Hoke Smith Scro tary of tho Interior, and Grover Clovelaud President of the United States, tho Pension Office niudo hasto to revoke this Order No. 1G1, thus cutting off about 400,000 pensioners, aud had thus commuted an act which was akin to a crime, Mr. Cannon belioved that a soldier 75 years of ago was entitled to a pension, aud should bo putou tho list without controversy; bobolieved that 75 per cent, of tho men of that age who had gone through tho war wero physically and mentally disabled. Ho epoko of tho tardiness with which cases wero adjudicated under tho present Adminis tration a3 compared with the previous Ad ministration. Ho stated that under the Clove land Administration 44,000 certificates bad been issued, whilo during a corresponding .period of Gen. Raum'a Administration of the Pension Office 124,000 pensions hud been granted nearly three time3 as many. " There were 300,000 cases," said Mr. Cannon, "awaiting adjudication under tho law of 1890, and thero aro 300,000 cases in jeopardy at this time. "Somo ono may ask," said Mr. Cannon, in conclusion, "whether I Intend toattack thoPen sion Office. No, I do not; but I intend toat tack tho atmosphoro of tho Pension Office, which is now about 20 degrees below normal." Mr. Livingston defended tho policy of tho Administration in regard to pension matters. Ho spoko of tho numerous cases of fraud against tho pension laws, and instanced cases iu tho Arizona, Now Mexico, and Albany districts. Ho was frequently interrogated by Mr. Van Voorhis; Mr. Bakor (N. H.), Mr. Pickler, and Mr. Dingley. Mr. Lacey (Towa. R.) made an earnest speech in favor of tho soldiers and in criticism of tho Administration and tho policy of tho Pension Ollico in suspending pensions pending nn in vestigation of charges secretly brought. In Venice, in tho olden days, thero was tho insti tution of tho "Lion'3 Month,'' in which charges against anyone might bo secretly dropped, and tho charges would bo examined secretly. In our day thero was no "Lion's Mouth," but tho letter-boxes answered tho samo purpose, and charges sent secretly by mail wero investigated, and, pending an investigation, tho pensiouers wero suspended. In speaking of tho disability pension law, Mr. Lacey said that, no matter whether a man wero a lawyer or a minister, if ho wore dis abled from performing manual labor, ho wa3 entitled to a diSahility pension just as much as ono who depended upon his labor for his living. There had been many charges of frauds, ho said, but ho would liko any goutloman on tho lloor to instance, if ho could, any cases occur ring in his district. After a few minutes' delay, Mr. Livingston (Ga., D.) stated thai ho knew of a caso of fraud in his district. "Good!" said Mr. Lacey; "wo have ono caso in Georgia ono case out of many thou sands. But what is fraud in Georgia may wear a different aspect in Illinois or Iowa;" and it was just possible that tho gentleman from Georgia might regard any man who helped to put down the rebellion as having been guilty of fraud. "In 1803," he said, "tho boys went marching through Georgia; in 1893, Georgia goes marching throuch the boys." Mr. Enloo (Tenn., D.) stated that ho had not witnessed any moro pitiable spectacle on thid floor than tho lino of defeuseof tho ex-Union soldier adopted by Mr. Lacey. Ho did not suppose that thero was an honest cx-Un ion sol dier in tho country who would stand up aud defend fraud and object to an investigation. In conclusion, hosaid that no more iniquitous law had ever been framed than tho law of July 1, 1890. .Mr. Morso (Mass., R.) said that ho was sur prised at tho statement mado in tho President's last mc3sago that thcro wero numbers of fraud ulent pensioners living in every community. Ho considered that statement a libel on many bravo men and on the Grand Army of tho Re public, aud Mr. Morso repudiated tho state ment. Ho said that tho Democrats wero too cowardly to strike out pension legislation en tirely, but knocked down ono man hero and another there. "They cxecuto a pensioner first and try him afterward," was tho way ho put it. If a man must be a pauper beforo ho can become a pensioner, thou ho was iu favor of abolishing all pension laws and making tho pensioners paupers dependent on tho various communities, and not National paupers. At 5:10 tho Houso adjourued. Monday, Dec. 18. In tho Sonato, at 12:18 tho President's mes sago was received and read. A wranglo fol lowed, the Administration Democrats wishing the instructions to Willis not to bo read and others desiring their publicity. Finally,, they wero read. Three of the papers were read. Mr. Morgan, Chairman of tho Committeo on Foreign Relations, offered a bill providing that whenever tho United States shall acquire dominion over any foreign country by annexa tion, cession, or otherwise, tho President of tho United States may appoint a Governor and Council of Five, whose acts shall bo subject to tho revision of Co tigress, such Governor and Council to form a Piovisioual Government of such country. Mr. Morgan also offered a joint resolution for tho appointment of a committeo of threo Sen ators aud threo members of tho IIouso of Representatives on the Nicaragna Canal. Mr. Dolph made a set speech on tho tariff, after which tho Senate at 5:20 adjourued. In tho House, tho urgent deficiency bill was taken up, iuterruptcd for a while by tho read iug of the message. Mr. Baldwin (Minn., D.) took the floor. Ho believed tho President was a true fiiend of the soldier. He defended tho present pension policy and eulogised Comini-siotior Lochren. Mr. Dingley (Me., 11.) did not sec tho ne cessity foran augmented examining lorco iu tho field, for it did not expedite the settlement of cases. However, friends of the ex-soldier would hold tho Administration to a strict account for its uso of thi3 money. The Republicans ob jected to tho studied attempt of the Democrats to bring tho Pension Bureau iuto disrepute when they conveyed tho impression that frauds wero tho rule aud tho honest pensioner tho exception. Of tho 12,822 cases suspended on Hiispicion between May 27 aud November 1, 9,128 wore restored to tho rolls without a lino of new evidence, and only iu deference to tho popular outcry. And of tho 3,750 cases still under suspension but few of them wero sus pended for fraud, but because of tho changed construction of tho act of 1890. Mr. Cooper, Indiana, took issuo with tho statement made by Mr. Cannon on Saturday that 400,000 pensioners had been dropped or placed in jeopardy since May, lbU.'J. lie said iio had just received a statement from tho Pension Bureau giving tho statistics up to Dec. 10. Tho total number suspended wasl2,4b8. Of these 8,357 had been restored to tho rolls; 527 had been reduced, and thcro wero dropped not 4,000, hut 073. Gen. Sickles did not think any one political party should claim a monopoly of ulleciioii and regard for tho soldier, lie appealed to Mr. John C. Black, of Illinois, who sat hesido him, io in dorses his statement that not ono caso of fraud ulent pension had over passed through his hands. And said, in conclusion: "No party will rnlo long in this country, and no ruler will possess or deserve tho confidence of tho' American people who casts unmerited stain on the pension-rolls of this Nation." Tho committeo roso without finishing tho reading of tho bill. u It is very hard on a young man to spend two months deciding which of two girls ho will choose for his wife, and then to find out when ho proposes that neither of them will have him. Life. MANLY PURITI To cleanoo tho blood, akin, and ecalp of every eruption, Impurity, nnd dlocaso, whether Dimple, Acromions, ncrcuiiary, or ul cerative, no agency In tho world ia eo enccdy, cconorn lcal, and unfailing aa tho- CUTICURA Remedies, condstlng of Cuticuka, tho great Un car, CuTicunx Sou, an exquisite skin mlrifier aud beaullfior. and CtrricintA Resolvknt, tho now blood purifier and groatcitt of humor remedies. In n word, tboy aro tbo greatest hkin cures, blood purifiers, arid humor remedied of modern times, and inny be uecd in tbo treatment of every humor und disease, from eczema to scrofula, with tho raobt gratifying and unfailing buccohh. Sold everywhere. Potter Duua and Chemical Coup., Boston. 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If National honesty is to bo disregarded nnd a desire for territorial extension, or dissatisfaction with a form of government not our own, ought to regu late our conduct, I lmvc entirely misapprehended the mission and character of our Government und tbo behavior which tbo conscience of our people demnnds of their public servants. Tho President states tbat when tho Adminis tration entered upon its duties there was pend ing beforo Congress an important treaty, pro viding for annexation, additionally important becnuso it contemplated a departuro from un broken American tradition in providing for tho addition to our territory of islauds of tho sea moro than 2.000 miles from our nearest sea coast. It also appoarcd that the ownership of Hawaii was tendered by a Provisional Govern ment setup to succeed the constitutional ruler. Extraordinary haste characterized all tho transactions connected with this treaty, and although it was stated by tho President's rues sago accompanying it that tho overthrow of tho monarchy wa3 in no way promoted by this Government, it w.13 counterbalanced by n pro test from tho deposed Queen staling that she had yielded to tho superior forco of tho United States. Choosing to investigate tho truth of this protest, tho President selected Mr. James Blount, whose report ho now transmits, and which is backed by evidence of a high char acter, also transmitted. Tho President reviews Mr. Stevens's report, hints at unscrupulous ambition on his part, is convinced that ho was watchfully waiting for an opportunity for annexation, and condemns his acts. The President tolls tho story of tho incidents in Hawaii as ho has found thorn out to bo, com ing to tho conclusion that Hawaii was forcibly taken possession of by tho United States forces, without the consent or wish of anyono in tho islands except that of tho United States Min ister. " Therefore," ho says, "the military occupa tion of Honolulu by tho United States on tho day mentioned was wholly without justifica tion, either as an occupation by consent or as an occupation necessitated by dangers threat ening American life and property. It must bo accounted for in some other way and on some other ground, and its leal motivo aud purnuso arc neither obscuro nor far to seek." Tho President goes on to say: Tho Uni:e I Stales having- allied itself with tho Qiiren's enemies, had recognized them lis the true Government of Hawaii, nnd hud nut her nnd her adherents iu the position of opposition against Inw fttl ntuhoiity. She knew titnt she cotiltl not wilh Hliiuil tbo power of the United States, but she be lieved ilini hIio might safely lrua to its justice. Acorn dingly, Home hours nfter the recognition of tbo Provisional Government by tho United Sinter JliniHter, tbo pnlnce, t lie barracks, ami tbo polica Minion, with nil the military resources of the coun try, were di livi-red up by WicQm'cu upon tho rep resentation made to her that her can so would thereafter be reviewed at Washington, nnd whilo protecting that she hiii rendered to tbo superior force of the United Slates, whose Minister had caused United States troops to b landed at Hono lulu and declared that he would support the Pro visional Government, nnd that she yielded her authority to prevent collision of armed forces nnd lo-t of life, nnd only until such time if, the United States, upon tho fuels being presented to it, should undo the action of its representative and reinstate her iu the authority nhe cliiimrd ns tbo constitu tional sovereign of the Ilawniimi Islands. This protest was delivered to tho chief of the Provisional Government, who indorsed thereon his acknowledgment of its receipt. The terms of the protest were rend without ilNciit by those ns suiuing to constitute the Provisional Government, who were certainly charged with tho kuouledge that the Queen, Instead of finally abandoning lior power, had appealed to tile justice of the United Slates for reinstatement in her authority; and yet Ihn Provisional Government, with this unanswer ed protest in its hand, httslened to negotiate with the Uni'ed States for the permanent banishment of the Queen from power. and for a sale of her kingdom. Ag UnjJ President -apprehends the- situation we aro brought faco to face with tho following conditions: Tho lawful Government of Hawaii was over thrown without tho drawing of a sword or tho firing of a shot by a process every step of which, it may safely bo asserted, is directly traceable to and dependent for its success upon tho agency of tho United States acting through its diplomatic and naval representatives. But for tho notorious predilections of tho United States Minister for annexation, tho Committee of Safety, which should bo called tho Committee of Annexation, would never havo existed. But for tho landing of tho United States forces upon falso protests respecting tho danger to life nnd property the committeo would uevor havo exposed themselves to the pains and ponnlties of treason by undertaking the subversion of the Queen's Government. But lor tho presence of tho United States forces in the immediate vicinity and in position to afford all needed protection and support tho committee would not have proclaimed tho Pro visional Government from tho steps of the Government building. And, finally, hut for the lawless occupation of Honolulu undor falso pretexts by the United States forces, and but for Minister Stevens's recognition of tho Provisional Government when tho United f-tates forces were its sole support and constituted its only military strength, tho Qnocn and her Government would never hnvo yielded to the Provisional Government, even for a time and for tho solo purposo of submitting her case to tho eu lighteiied justice of tho United States. Believing, therefore, that tho United States could not, under tho circumstances disclosed, annex tho islands without justly incurring tho imputation of acquiring tlieni by unjustifiable methods, the President will not again submit the treaty of annexation to the Seunto for its consideration, and iu the instructions to Min ister Willis, a copy of which accompanies this message, I havo diiectcd him to so inform tho Provisional Govern men t. But in tho present instance our duty does not, in the President's opinion, end with refus ing to eoustimmate this questionable transac tion. It lias been tho boast of our Government that it seeks to do justice in all thiuus without icgard to the strength or weakness of thoo with whom it deals. I mistako tho American people if they favor the odious doctrine tlu.t thero is no such thing as interuutional morality, that thero is one law for a strong nation and another for a weak ono, and that even by in direction a strong power may with impunity despoil a weak ono of its territory. By an actofwar, committed with tho partici pation of a diplomatic. ruprcsentativo of tiio United States, and without authority of Con giess, tho Government of a feoblo but friendly and confiding people has boon overthrown. A substantial wrong has been dono, which a due regard for our National charactnr as well as the rights of the injurcd-pcoplo requires wo should endeavor to repair. Tho Provisional Government has not assumed a republican or other constitutional form, but has remained a nicro executivo council or oligarchy, set up witlinntaho assent of tho peo ple. It has not sought tot find a permanent basis of popular support and has given no evi dence, of an intention to do so. Indeed, tho representatives of thnt'Govftrumcnt assert that tho people of Hawaii aro unfit for popular Gov ernment, nnd frankly mvow that they can bo best ruletrhy arbitrary or despotic power. Tho President applies tho principles of inter national courtesy and justlro to this case. Tho Queen surrendered not tt' tho Provisional Gov ernment, but to the U ni tod States. She sur rendered not nhsolutulyTaud permanently, but temporarily nnd conditionally, until such timo as tho facts could bo considered by tho United States. Furthermore,4;ho!Provisionnl Govern ment acquiesced in her surrender in that man ner nnd on those terms, not only by tacit con sent, but through tho positive acts of somo members of that Government who urged her peaceful submission, not merely to avoid blood shed, but because sho could placo implicit re liance upon tho justico of tho United States, and that tho wholo subject would bo finally considered at Washington. Tho President takes up tho predicament of the members of tho Provisional Government and their supporters, who, "though not on titled to extreme sympathy, have been led to their present predicament of revolt against tho Government of tho Queen by tho inde fonsiblo oucouragemout aud assistance of our diplomatic representative. This fact may en title them to claim that in our effort to rectify tho wrong committed somo regard should bo had. for thoir safety. This sentiment isatrongly seconded by my anxiety to do nothing which would invito either harsh retaliation on tho part of tho Queon or violenco and bloodshed in any quarter." In the belief that-tho Queen, as well as her enomies, would bo willing to adopt such a courso as would meet these conditions, and in view of tho fact that both tho Queon and the Provisional Government had at ono timo ap parently acquiesced iu a reference of tho entire caso to tho United States Government, and considering tho fnrthor fact that in any event tho Provisional Government by its own de clared limitation was only " to exist until forms of union with tho United States of America havo been negotiated and agreed npon,"" the President hoped that after tho as suranco to tho mombors of that Government that such union could not bo consummated ho might. compass a poacoful adjustment of the difficulty. Actuated by these desires and purposes, aud not mimindful of the inherent perplexities of the situation nor of tho limitations upon his jiower, he iustructcd Minister Willis to advise thoQdeon and her supporters of his desire to aid jn Iho restoration of tho status existing before tho lnwles lauding of tho United States forces at Honolulu on tho lGth of January last, if such restoration could bo effected upon terms pro viding for clemency as well as justico to all parties concerned. Tho conditions suggested, as tho instructions show, contemplate a genoral amnesty to thoso concerned in setting up the Provisional Government and a rccoguition of all its bona fido acts and obligations. Iu short, they require that tho past should bo buried, and that the restored Government should .rcassumq its authority as if its con tinuity had not been interrupted. These con ditions hnvo not proved acceptablo to the Queen, and though sho has been informed tbat they will be insisted npon, nnd that, unless ac ceded to, tho efforts of the President to aid in tho restoration of her Government will cease, ho has not thus far learned that sho is willing to yield them her acquiescence. Tho check which his plans have thus encountered has pre vented their presentation to the membors of tho Provisional Government, whilo unfortn nato public misrepresentations of the situation and exaggerated statements of tho sentiments of our people havo obviously injured tho pros pocls of successful Executive mediation. Hood's Sarsapnrilla, the king of medicines, con quers .scrofula, catarrh and rheumatism. BLUE EYES AND BULLETS. Men With Orbs of that Shade Are tho Best Marksmen. Tho annual report of Lieut. C. L. Collins, Inspector of Small Arms Practice of tho Depart ment of Colorado, shows somo interesting facts. Nationally, tho result of one year's competition shows tho following result, with a possible score of 100: Norway, 08.18; Austria, 91; Switzer land, 83.82; Ireland, 87.41; France, 84; Den mark, 8'.t.91; Scotland, 80; Germany, 70.80; Canada. 70.30; Belgium, 74; "United States, 72.73; England, G8.79; Mexico. G,"; i:stlndie3, Cfi; Sweden, liO.vi'i', West Indies, 5S; Russia, .r7.78; Italy, ."m; Holland, 43; Wales, U5; Aus tralia, 10. Thero wero but ono Australian and tw"o Welchmt'ii in tho competition. Of tho 2,200 officers and enlisted men classi fied as practicing in tho Department, 0V3.77 per cent, were born in tho United States: of these 82.73 per cent, arc white and 17.27 colored. Compared as to their merit at tho target tho whites scored 80.42 nnd the colored men u0.53. In his table showing tho merits of tho troops and their bight, men six feet tall aud over rank 83.00 per cent, and 5.5 men 09.56. It is almost a steady plane down lull from six feet to fivo feet fivo inches. Men with light blue eyes rank highest, fol lowed in their order by dark blue, slato blue, light brown, dark brown, and black. In tho colored troops light bluo eyes again stand at the top, but followed in this instance by slato blue, light brown, dark brown, black, and dark blue. Thero i3 but ono troop of Indians in Gen. McCook'a command, being L of tho 2d Cav. This troop not only stands at the head of its regiment for revolver firing, but is at tho head of the eutiro Department. This, however, is for troop work. Whites beat them individually. Kedcmtion of I.alior. The Convention of the American Federation of Labor was adjourned Tuesday. The lojcation for the convention of next year was chosen beforo the adjournment. The citios of Iudianapolis and Denver were both candidates. The Mayors of both cities sent an invitation to tho Federation to hold it3 next Convention in their municipality. In addition to this the Real Estate Exchange of Denver asked for the selection of that city. A voto was taken, which resulted in the selection of Denver. Weak Kidneys Sharp, shooting pains, hack ache, side ache, chest pains and palpi tation relieved in One Minute by the Cuti cuka Anti-Fain Plas ter, the first and only pain-killing plaster. It restores vital electricity, and hence cures ner vous pains and mus cular weakness. Price : 25c. : five, $1.00. At all druggists or by mail. Pottes Drug and Chem. Corp., Boston. BV OJJE MAN. Send for frco illustrated catalogue, showing testimonials from thousand who have sawud Iiomfttot) enrdn daily. It suttsdown trees, folds like a poeuet-Jtniic, wigni oniy 41 iu.. easily carried on shoulder. One man can saw moro timber with Ittlian two menwlth a cross-eutpaw. 73,000 in uso. We also mnke larger biscd machine to carry 7 foot saw. Firrt oriior fccpurc iiklmipv I'OMUNU SAW1NC MA G1U.NI2 CO., U41 to 49 S. Jefferson St., Chicuco, IU. Moiition I'ho Natiomt Tribune. WANTKD l.)Ii:i, MFX, ItOA'S, ftf KI.S, t vcrywlierc, to sell the Wonder Statimierv Pack age, In a nnt, handniuc box, eouta ning til sheets ex cellent U illty, hcavy,.rll. V'i itinvr Paper, 1M lirst chits XX Kiivrloprp, In beautiful assorted colors, t Penhold er, 2 Pens, l Pencil, l Wotter, 12 late Poj ular Sonss, 1 elegant KmbosM-d Art Picture, finished in 7 o'l colors. XoMiide jewelry; no pi or goo Is ; complete satisfaction guaranteed ; a lurgc number can he milli sold in your locality; everybody buys; sptfndid profit; send for oiieil tmcr for your awn use at lean; .sample mailed and special terms to Agents fur 25 cents (postal note). Addref-s Immediately, Henry frntcN, Wholesale Stationery, 37 Douglas avenue. Kigin, 111. Mention Tiik Natiokal Tuiiiuke. LWELL DRILLING MACHINERY MANUFACTURED BV WILLIAMS BROTHERS., ITHACA. N.Y. M0UMTED OR ON SILLS, FOrt I DEEP 0B SHALLOW WELLS, WITH) STEAM OR H0R5E POWER X -.. c-r ATA nftiiP -AD0RCS3 WUJJAMSBROaiTHACA.N.yy Mention The National Tribune. POSITIVELY pg?FF Our New ORGAN end PIANO BOOK. iAiAM.l TViW-ilfa -;,wvMri1 OtTers. flliil full Particulars of all our famous ORGANS AND PIANOS. Sold to anyono at wholesale price, for! Vital, yi uu I. zk Hire t-w ..-. n.u oor nn iiinnii.QIT!inn. Wtn r, AW fnv 4V.I.I V1T.TTAT1T.V. TtflflK.-Ta rnnwicu 9 Pfl washihgton.hew jersey. bUrmion Ot lU. U.tablUheil n Yean. MeutlouTlie National Tribune. Ueutlou The SotloiuU Tribaaa wit" r i "frgfeT Vl IV; 9 wm$ m so Myns J&j ho PSBIgrga, AjL TItEES. 1 IWa jaggSdia 1ES J50'08 a P "IK Complete 01? E-rRft Word and Js M 5n a. ,. Wl&WW E5yP M.USIO 3f$? Storlc. Q B3.Sa.fta Any ono sending 1 Be. for 3 months' subpcriptlon toflno Hi column Story I'aiwr will receive all tho .bove Free. E. h N AfeON, l'uliilolicr. JtU Church Street, N. Y. ul Tutu. i tauuan. or lleaie m foaafi u laisructlT or nlarlllattrat. UA ed Lecture er, ad ih!j t juris 0f Knwrulnmenu for pleasure noeuii. pper. tod id for MCALLISTER Mention The National TrftJ FREE CURE. Kidney for Disease. I 1uai S. Unman, nicaoeoe ease. fc.ivui uuiiiiui j uisBugua. Two Dollars a Mottlr. Descriptive Kookscntfrcetoali. or If you will send us Twenty Cents (postage stamps will do to rav exjiress charge, we wllJ and wo do this to prove to von itn wonderful effects. Give your lot-oillcand nearest Express, Ofllce. Address CM UKC1I KIDNEY CORK CO., Albaay ZSulIdinsr, Clucinaatl, elite. I " CLEANLINESS IS NAE PRIDE, DIRT'S NAE HONESTY." COMMON SENSE DICTATES THE USE OF SAPOLIO PATENTS Opinions rendered as to the novelty and patentability of inventions and validity of patents. Rejected implications prcse- cuted. All business relating to patonts promptly attended to. ZE Ell Perkins tells a story of a Frenchman, Baron SLAIbe,who.whpn he saw the water from the 0ysr Spring In Haratoya snout from the bow eh or the earth through solid rock SO feet from the surface and then fly an additional 20 feet Into the air, dropped his umbrella on the arm of a lady, threw up both of hla hands, and exclaimed : " IJi l dia Is zc srand hpectakie ! Suparbc ! MagnlHque t By gar, be bust np rlrst rate !' The Frenchman's suipnve and admiration hardly knew any bounds, and no words at his command were too emphatic to give expression to hLs feelings. Oop Great flpmy of Readers And themselves In about tho same frame of mind as Baron StAlbewas. When they saw the "aoparbe" supplement number issued by Tin: Katiokai. Trtim.rj.-E, and IcarneI that thereafter they could secure a series of 'M parts of 10 photographic views each, similar In style to the Supplement, and representing the flunoo "SIeIiCh It to us, together with miu nccne ui uic i oriu, uy cuuiujr Five Tmo-Gent they were emphatic also in their rxnressions of the I so great an opportunity had been placed within their Already we nave dccii complimented on the liberality or our ouer, and have every assurance that It wul be largely availed of. The Rational Mane pant Just SlnatltSaid, and if any of our readere f.ill to secure the grandest collection of handsome and Interesting views In the world It will be their misfortune and not our fault. For the benefit of those who did not exactly catch our proposition as already explained, we repeat It again In this issue. What The Rational Tribune Offers Its 5eate. .Nights anil Scene of the World consist of a masnIBcent collection of 320 photofrraphlc vlewi, 10J&xI3in. In size, of famous places in all parts of the world. With each view Is a very Interesting description, giving historical ami other data, Intended to convey a thorough understanding of the subject represented. These photographic views are bound In parts, there being twenty parti altogether, each one containing 18 views. These several parts may be obtained by our rentiers by sending to our olllce the coupon, such as may bo found npon another page of this Issue, together with five two-ceut postage stamps, upon receipt of which the part called for will Le mailed by us to the address given. The coupon for Part 2 appears om page 4 of this Issue. Cut coupon out and mall it to the Coapea Department, N'jillonnl Tribune, together with Ave two-cent stamps, for part 2. Write youj name aud address plainly on the coupon. Ziecp a sharp lookout Tor the part a they aro called Tor by the coupon eaek week, and be sure that your order is promptly sent in. 5 BEflUTIFlMY GOLOtiED PIGTURE IS IIwHBj i. Iitepfs 111 PtRi SwB$mmMn 111 Wfl &w MjW,i'WifWv wA'Jt.A 1 1 ill Wrm ,i Mi It L (rJ&&P?? ?:' -iffidSrfV' : I Put, i 3I! )W i HOW TO OBTAIN The National Tribune's MSTMASPICTURE. At nn Immense expense we have had designed and executed for our own special use an exquisite CHRISTMAS PIGT3JRE, . ENTITT.TH) Delivering Her Ghrisimas Presents. OLBQ SiLEH WMOH. HUNTING CASE. MEN'S SIZE, PRICE $9 75. Offer No. 18. No. 18 Is a genuine "Waltham or Elgin watch in a solid coin-silver ease. The works aro full-size and they are beautifully Jeweled. The ise is hunting only. Sent to any subscriber, delivery guaranteed and GOLD mim, OPEN FSOE. MEN'S SIZE, PRICE $9.60. Offer No. S3. No. 22 Is an elegant "Waltham or Elgin watch. The works contain all the improvements mentioned in No. 2(i. The cahe is made by rolling together a sheet of solid gold and another of lino com'-a-dtion metal. The ea"e thus made will wear for years' It looks just like a $100 solid gold watch, and it will brhiff a handsome, sum in cash or exchange. Price, delivered.........9-60 0L90 14k. GOLD WITOH. MEN'S SIZE, PRICE $32.80. Offer No. 36. No. CC Is a genuine Waltham or Elgin watch. The works contain seven jewels, compensation balance, safety philon, stem-wind and set, quick train (18,000 beats to the hour), plain regulator, and all improve ments. Tho case (hunting only) is made of solid 145c. gold, U. & assay. )It weighs 2 oz., and Is a beauty. We nvc subscribers many dollars, and sell this elegant watch, delivered free, for-.. 32.80 XHJi NATIONAL TKIBUNIS, Waauiugton.D. C. AND TSREOPTICONS 3ori the bcJt kail el pt cseaas of oJet baakfo? fes Cllrse, Schools, a& Bandar tfekohb Om m ruseot of VIf. illastmloz Air. Semes. Bwxt. Aaueaent astl Parlor Kntcrtntnmcat, 9c, Miliar a imoilaf. QjT Caarelt tatcrtalnmraU, Pnbua CxblVk lUf I I iH-mmlmillHyU Vim 9 WW bk&aa ti luet.t tn.nnfictaret a4 4 tte verM. If too wUh to know ho t crt'f. tutt to eomiu. rrta or Public Kxalbltlons. etc.. for MAKUQ HOSKI, our OKft DArC DnV CDTC Mr Optician. 40 Nrshh Street, New Yor& AT.KATIS is po3it!ve cure for Kidney, Liver and Urinary Diseases. It Is from the new Voiynesi&rr shrub, KAVA-KAVA (botanical name: Itper Metiiytti eTimA described In Sew York M'orld, i'eb. 8, 1S93, nd I Ifetlieat Gtuettc, of Dec 18K. Endorsed by ihe Moa n!t.alnnfl'Phvlri:niof KuroneasasureSDCClncCore ' Kidney and Bladder Diseas.". Diabetes. Brljjht'S I Brick-Dust denosits. Jtbeomatl'dn. Liver Dia- Pemalc OomDlaints. pain In back. etc. Hold at GEORGE E. LEMON, Lemon Building, Washington, D. C. flTTORHEY AT IlflW AND SOItlGITOR OF ,-,,,., . .,... .-. flfllEfllCflfl flflD FOflEIGJl PATENTS. Established 1865. Send for 67-Paj PanphkL TAKLE ! out uie coupon caiiinjf io for the same part and sending Postage Stamps, enterprise of The !Nation-at. TitrntrvPL and rpfoleerf tbat easy reach. rz It would be Inipos-ible to attempt to describe It la words; you must see it to appreciate its charm and beauty. Its size is 15C0 inches. The cost of such. picture would be fully ? at any of the art stores. HOW TO OBTAIN IT. CUT OUT THIS COUrON AND SEND IT, together with 15 cent, to Tiik National Tbib oxe Coupon Department, Washington, D. O, and we will mall you a copy of DELIVERING HER CHRISTMAS PRESENTS. POPULAR HOLED&Y 03 Folding Mirrors at less Than Cost of Manufacture. A morocco leather tinished cover, beveled plato glass, either round-cornered, like above Illustration, 5 by 7, orsquare cornered, 6 by 8. Only a fjw left, at the extremely low price of ?1.25, postage prepaid. fflimm GSE00L0WAT8H, MEN'S SIZE, PRICE $10.80. Offer No. 33. No. 23 has works like No. 2C, and a handsome c' made of gold reinforced with composition metal. Just like that In No. 22. Price, delivered ..S10.s THJ5 NATIONAL TIUBUNE, WasJiiustoa, D.& jrr"a 'Si'i -- -J-r --Jir HE VWwmJ ii3?i