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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: HOSHETGT051 ft 0 THURSDAY, DECEMBER 21. 1893.
Abstract of the More Important
Proceedings of Both Houses.
Tuesday, Dec. 12.
In the Senate, during the morninjj honr. Sen
ator Squire (Wash., ) introduced a bill
for the establishment of aXational Park in tho
State of Washington, and tho bill was referred
to the Committee on Public Lands. There is
a Fcction in the northern part of tho extreme
Northwestern State which is as yet unsettled,
and which explorers declare to be fully equal
to the Yellowstone Park in beauty and pict
urpcqueness, and in some particulars superior
to that remarkable reservation.
Senator Ctillom (111., .) was given per
mission to speak on the hill to repeal tho Fed
eral elections laws by unanimous consent, al
though tho resolution of Senator Hoar on tho
Hawaiian question had precedence. The Sen
ator from Illinois directed his attention partic
ularly to the political methods which hereto
fore have been manifested by tho Senator
from New York, Mr. Hill, who now, he says,
poses as a champion of pure elections. There
was a heated colloquy between Senator Colluin
and Senator Hill.
Senator Cullom said it was idle for Coneress
to sit supinely down, contented with the falso
theory that tho States had full control of the
franchise. It was only necessary to go into tho
enlightened State of New York to find volumes
of proof of the inability or tho indisposition of
the State to guarantee an honest casting and
true counting of honest vote". Did it not, ho
asked, bring the blush of shame to the cheek of
American Senators to think even of tho public
fact of the gigantic frauds upon decency, tho
monstrous outrages upon the elective 1 ranch ise,
which had been perpetrated within tho last
few months in that great Commonwealth?
A futile attempt was then made to dispose of
some business on the calendar. Tho first bill
reached was the one in reference to the famous
McGarrahan claim, but as Mr. Teller (Colo., R.),
who reported it, and has special charge of it,
has not been present yet this session, tho bill
was passed over informally, and tho Senate
proceeded to Executive business, and at 3:30 ad
journed until to-morrow.
In tho House, thcro was a small attendance.
Mr. Geary (Cal., D.), one of the conferrces on
the New York and New Jersey bridgo bill, re
ported that the conferrces were unablo to agree,
and -asked for a further conference, which was
Mr. Harmer (Pa., R.) presented a memorial
from workingmen and other citizens of Frank
ford, Philadelphia, protesting against tho pass
age of the Wilsou tariff bill.
Mr. Myers (La., D.) called up tho resolution
providing for a joint commission to investigate
tho rank, pay and other matters relating to the
personnel of the Nary. This resolution has on
several previous occasions proven a bone of
contention. Successful filibustering against it
occupied the morning hour, and the bill went
The House, in Committee of the Whole, took
Tip the lull to enable the people of Utah to form
a Constitution and Stale Government and to be
admitted into the Union on an equal footing
with the original States.
Mr. Kilgoro (Tex., D.), who submitted the
majority report of tho Committee on Terri
tories, iccommeuding tho admission of Utah,
epoko in favor of the bill. Ho believed that
the discontinuances of polygamy removed the
last objection to the grautiug of Statehood.
Mr. Blair (N. H., R.) reared that polygamy
would rovivo under Statehood, and Mr. Morso
(Mass., R.) vigorously denounced Mormonism.
Mr. Rawlings, the Utah Delegate, was heard
is bis maiden speech in favor of admission.
Soon after the House adjourned.
Wednesday, Dec. 13.
In the Senate, after the routine morning busi
ness was disposed of, the' Hawaiian resolution
offered on Monday last by Mr. Hoar was laid be
fore the Senate, and Mr. Frye (Me., E.) addressed
the Senate. He directed his attention particu
larly to tho statement of Mr. Gray last
Monday that the United States flag had been
dishonored and made to cover an act of piracy.
That statement, of course, Mr. Frye said, could
only refer to tho conduct of Mr. Stevens as
Minister to Hawaii. Mr, Frye gavo a sketch
of Mr. Stevens's career and drew a parallel bo
tweeu Mr. Blount and the late Minister to
Hawaii. He ailirmed that Mr. Blount in bis
t report had not written one single unvarnished
i lino of truth, nor given one unprejudiced
opinion nor rendered one impartial judgment,
mid ho also asserted that in intelligence, in
education, in integrity of character, in famili
arity with affairs, in experience of life,
especially of public life, in knowledge of inter
national law, in acqur.intanco with tho usages
and requirements of diplomacy, in devotion to
the interests and honor of his country, in
fidelity to our Christian civilization, Mr.
Stevens is paramount to Mr. Blount, and no
President could change that condition.
Mr. Vest replied, commenting upon what ho
termed the partisanship of Senators Hoar and
Mr. Gray (Del., D.) then cited numerous
precedents for the appointment of Mr. Blount
as commissioner without the consent of tho
The Hoar resolution went over till to-morrow
without action. Mr. Morrill (Vt., R.) ad
dressed tho Senalo on tho tariff question.
His Temarks were particularly addressed to a
definition of the difference between protection
and free trade, which latter, he contended, is a
dismal failure. One great difference, ho said,
between those who now favor a protective
tariQ and those who favor revenue reform
appears to be that tho protective party seeks to
find work and good wages for the many, while
tho reformers are struggling to find good
wages without work for the many iu the Ex
ecutive patronage pasture; but that pasture,
even with the paramount aid of Houolulu, is
likely to bo overstocked.
The Senato went iuto Executive session and
In tho House, Mr. Hudson (Kan., D.) by
unanimous consent called up a bill granting
the Kansas, Oklahoma Central & South
western Railroad right of way through Okla
homa and Indian Territories.
Mr. Holman offered a resolution ordering an
inquiry into the practice of giving premiums
for excess of speed in the new war vessel.
The resolution alleged certain irregularities
snd the colluMon of the designers of tho ships
in tho Navy Dcpailmcnt with tho contractors.
Tho resolution was referred.
Mr. Mycis (La., D.) moved that the House
go into Committee of tho Whole to consider
tho resolution providingfor a joint commission
to investigate the por&ounel ot tho Navy. Fili
bustering began at once. But after much time
being wasted, the resolution was agreed to.
The House went into Committee of tho
Whole on tho bill admitting U ah as a State.
1 he Republican); did not offer any determined
opposition to the bill and it passed without a
Before adjournment tho resolution of Mr.
Sitf, callinir for the correspondence in tho
is often equivalent to
getting ill. If loss of flesh
can be arrested and dis
ease baffled the "weak
spots" in the system are
is an absolute corrective
of " weak spots." It is a
builder of worn out failing
tissue nature s food that
stops waste and creates
Prepared bv Scott i Bwno. Chemists,
aevr vorK. so;auy aruggistsovcryivncre.
Hawaiian affair, amended so as to inclndo an
extension of tho poriod to bo covered by tho
correspondence to" March, 1889, tho beginning
of the Harrison Administration, was taken up
Thuesday, Dec. 14.
In the Senate "red-tape" practices in Gov
ernmental affairs, especially in the Postoffico
Department, were discussed during the con
sideration of a bill brought in by Mr. Cockrell
from tho "Commission to inquire into tho
status of the laws rcgulatiug the Departments."
That is, it is intended to get rid of a great
deal of red-tapo business and waste of time and
labor in tho Postofiico Department. It was
advocated by Mr. Cockrell, who wanted it
pushed to a quick passage.
Change is not always reform, Mr. Gorman
suggested in an ironical tone of voico. It is
better, he thought, to go a little slower in
adopting tho ideas of new men suddenly elo
vatcd to high places who imagine, in the early
dnysof theircarecrs, that they have discovered
many matters that ought to be changed. Mr.
Gorman indicated that his experienco had
taught him that such "reformers" wore not
Messrs. Cullom and Cockroll showed that
tho proposed change1; had not originated with
those Department officials. On the contrary,
tho Department officials were not rushing in
for "reform," but that considerable trouble
bad been experienced in convincing thoso
officials of tho necessity for tho proposed
change, which now they aro most ardently
Mr. Vance, (N. C, D.) from tho Committeo
on Privileges and Elections, reported back
favorably tho House bill to repeal tho Fed
eral election laws, aud it was placed on tho
Mr. Voorhees (Ind., D.) introduced a bill
for tho coinago of silver dollars, tho rotirc
mont of small denominations of gold and
paper and for other purposes, and it was re
ferred to tho Committee on Finance.
Seunto bill to repeal a clause iu tho last
pension appropriation hill, which proiiibits
tho payment of pensions to persons roiding
iu foreign countries, except in tho case of
disabled pensioners, was taken from tho
calendar aud passed.
In the House the Dockcry hill for improving
methods of accounting in tho Postofiico De
partment. This is the bill to change tho
money-order system, and passed.
Mr. Pendleton (W. Va., D.) callod up tho
celebrated McGarrahan bill aud moved that
the House go into Committeo of tho Wholo
for its consideration. A small filibuster was
at once started, a division demanded aud tho
point of no quorum raised. Tho morning
hour expired in an effort to get a quorum and
the bill went over until to-morrow .is unfin
Mr. Wheeler (Ala., D.) moved that tho
House go into Committee of tho Wholo to con
sider tho bill admitting Arizona Territory as
a Suite. Mr. Hooker (N. Y., R.) mado tho
point of no quorum, and the yeas and nays
wero ordered. As tho necessary quorum
failed to appear, owing to the fact that the Re
publicans refused to vote, tho House, on
motion of Mr. Wheeler, adjourned until to
morrow. FitrnAY, Dec. 1.".
Tn tho House, Mr. W. C. P. Breckinridge
(Ky., D.), from tho Committee on Appropria
tions, reported tho urgent deficiency bill, and
gave notice that he would call it up to-morrow.
Mr. Pendleton (W. Va., D.) called up tho
McGarrahan bill, which camo over from yester
day as unfinished business, and moved that the
Honso co into Committeo of tho Wholo for its
Mr. Saycrs (Tex, D.), Chairman of tho
Committee on Appropriations, demanded a
division on Mr. Pendleton's motion, and then
made the point of no quorum. Tellers wero
appointed, and after consuming three-quarters
of an hour a quorum appeared and tho motion
was agreed to 179 to 11.
After tho bill had been read Mr. Pendleton
moved that tho committee riso and report it
favorably to tho House. To this Mr. Sayera
objected. The whole House gathered about
Mr. Pendleton and Mr. Saycrs in the center
nisle, aud there was much confusion. Finally
Mr. Pendlctori said that as tho opponents of tho
bill seemed delerminrd to prevent it from com
ing to a vote ho would occupy tho remaining
fivo minutes Jiimsol. Ho thereupon delivered
a forcible and earnest appeal iu favor of tho
claimant, which was listened to with interest
and applauded at its conclusion.
Mr. Wheeler (Ala., D.) moved that the
House go into Committee of tho Whole on tho
bill to admit Arizona Territory as a State. The
Republicans, as on yesterday, retrained from
voting, but a quorum was finally secured, and
tho motion tn go iuto Committee of the Wholo
agreed to. Tho bill was read by sections for
amendment, with tho result that the bill was
amended in several particulars. Section 3 was
amended so as to provide for one Representa
tive in the 53d and 54th Congresses, instead of
tho 51th and 55th.
At3:30 Mr. Wheeler moved that tho bill bo
favorably reported to the House, which was
Mr. Wheeler then moved the previous ques
tion, and tho amendments wero agreed to en
On the final passage of tho bill Mr. Everett
(Mas?., D.) demanded tho yeas and nays; !
which resulted in tho passage of the bill by a
voto of yeas 185, naj-s 01.
As soon as tho Arizona Statehood bill had
passed the House, Mr. Wheeler (Ala., D.)
moved that tho House go into Committee of
tho Wholo to consider the bill for the admission
of New Mexico to the Union. This was agreed
to and the bill road. Mr. Wheeler then moved
that tho committeo riso aud report it to tho
Mr. Bingham (Pa., R.) spoko against tho
bill, and Mr. Pierce (Colo., P.) in its favor.
The latter thought Oklahoma should also be
This diverted the discussion and the ques
tion of admitting Oklahoma aud New Mexico
was temporarily sidetracked.
At 5:20 tho committee roso and tho IIouso
adjourned until to-morrow without reaching
any conclusion in regard to tho New Mexico
Satueday, Dec. 16.
In the House, there was begun tho consider,
ation of the urgency deficiency bill, and an
item for Special Examiners in tlio Pension Bu
reau provoked a lively discussion of tho pen
sion policy. Mr. Cannon, of Illinois, led tho
attack, and was supported by Maj. Lacey, of
Iowa, who, as a member of the Committee on
Invalid Pensions, has had occasion to investi
gate the management of tho Peubion Bureau
under this Administration.
Mr. Cannon stated that the Commissioner of
Pensions and various Chiefs of Divisions of the
Pension Ollicc had been called before the Com
mittee on Appropriations and asked many
questions in regard to tho conduct of business.
The Commissioner of Pensions stated that the
actual saving resulting from tho investigations
for fraud since May 1. when that ruling of
Commissioner Lochrcn wont into effect, was
something over $1,000,000. On cross examina
tion it appeared that the exact amount which
was saved during this period was only $31,000.
Mr. Dingley (Me., R.) asked whether this
$'51,000 included tho reductions as well as tho
disallowances for fraud.
"Certainly," replied MrCannon. Continu
ing, he said that the Commissioner of Pensions
had stated that in tho conduct of the business
of his office, which disbuiscs from $150,000,000
to S1GO.OCO.000 to over 1.000,000 persons there
was no uioru fraud than iu tho ordinary con
duct of business iu tho courts.
Mr. En Joe (Tcun., D.) abked Mr. Cannon
who had changed the construction of Order
Mr. Cannon replied that it was dono by tho
present Commissioner of Pensions and tho
peseut Secretaiy ol tho Interior. Tho 51st
Congress made two appropriations, certainly
one, to meet tho requirements of this law, and
appropriated $150,000,000 for pensions, a larger
uortion of which wero adjudicated under that
law. When the 521 Congress camo in, with its
140 Democratic majority in tho Honso of Repre
sentatives, that Congress appropriated tho
money to meet tho requirements of this law,
aud did it with tho apptoval of tho Democratic
House. But in the appropriation bill of tho
fj'2l Congress was an amendment which revoked
Rule 104, promulgated during tho Administra
tion of President Harrison, which affected
Tho Democratic House had refused to accept
tho amendment, aud it was stricken out of tho
bill. But in May, 1893, with William Lochren
Commissioner of Pensions, Hoke Smith Scro
tary of tho Interior, and Grover Clovelaud
President of the United States, tho Pension
Office niudo hasto to revoke this Order No. 1G1,
thus cutting off about 400,000 pensioners, aud
had thus commuted an act which was akin to a
Mr. Cannon belioved that a soldier 75 years
of ago was entitled to a pension, aud should bo
putou tho list without controversy; bobolieved
that 75 per cent, of tho men of that age who
had gone through tho war wero physically and
Ho epoko of tho tardiness with which cases
wero adjudicated under tho present Adminis
tration a3 compared with the previous Ad
ministration. Ho stated that under the Clove
land Administration 44,000 certificates bad
been issued, whilo during a corresponding
.period of Gen. Raum'a Administration of the
Pension Office 124,000 pensions hud been
granted nearly three time3 as many.
" There were 300,000 cases," said Mr. Cannon,
"awaiting adjudication under tho law of 1890,
and thero aro 300,000 cases in jeopardy at this
"Somo ono may ask," said Mr. Cannon, in
conclusion, "whether I Intend toattack thoPen
sion Office. No, I do not; but I intend toat
tack tho atmosphoro of tho Pension Office,
which is now about 20 degrees below normal."
Mr. Livingston defended tho policy of tho
Administration in regard to pension matters.
Ho spoko of tho numerous cases of fraud against
tho pension laws, and instanced cases iu tho
Arizona, Now Mexico, and Albany districts.
Ho was frequently interrogated by Mr. Van
Voorhis; Mr. Bakor (N. H.), Mr. Pickler, and
Mr. Lacey (Towa. R.) made an earnest speech
in favor of tho soldiers and in criticism of tho
Administration and tho policy of tho Pension
Ollico in suspending pensions pending nn in
vestigation of charges secretly brought. In
Venice, in tho olden days, thero was tho insti
tution of tho "Lion'3 Month,'' in which charges
against anyone might bo secretly dropped, and
tho charges would bo examined secretly. In
our day thero was no "Lion's Mouth," but tho
letter-boxes answered tho samo purpose, and
charges sent secretly by mail wero investigated,
and, pending an investigation, tho pensiouers
In speaking of tho disability pension law,
Mr. Lacey said that, no matter whether a man
wero a lawyer or a minister, if ho wore dis
abled from performing manual labor, ho wa3
entitled to a diSahility pension just as much as
ono who depended upon his labor for his living.
There had been many charges of frauds, ho
said, but ho would liko any goutloman on tho
lloor to instance, if ho could, any cases occur
ring in his district.
After a few minutes' delay, Mr. Livingston
(Ga., D.) stated thai ho knew of a caso of fraud
in his district.
"Good!" said Mr. Lacey; "wo have ono
caso in Georgia ono case out of many thou
sands. But what is fraud in Georgia may wear
a different aspect in Illinois or Iowa;" and it
was just possible that tho gentleman from
Georgia might regard any man who helped to
put down the rebellion as having been guilty
of fraud. "In 1803," he said, "tho boys went
marching through Georgia; in 1893, Georgia
goes marching throuch the boys."
Mr. Enloo (Tenn., D.) stated that ho had not
witnessed any moro pitiable spectacle on thid
floor than tho lino of defeuseof tho ex-Union
soldier adopted by Mr. Lacey. Ho did not
suppose that thero was an honest cx-Un ion sol
dier in tho country who would stand up aud
defend fraud and object to an investigation. In
conclusion, hosaid that no more iniquitous law
had ever been framed than tho law of July 1,
.Mr. Morso (Mass., R.) said that ho was sur
prised at tho statement mado in tho President's
last mc3sago that thcro wero numbers of fraud
ulent pensioners living in every community.
Ho considered that statement a libel on many
bravo men and on the Grand Army of tho Re
public, aud Mr. Morso repudiated tho state
ment. Ho said that tho Democrats wero too
cowardly to strike out pension legislation en
tirely, but knocked down ono man hero and
another there. "They cxecuto a pensioner
first and try him afterward," was tho way ho
put it. If a man must be a pauper beforo ho
can become a pensioner, thou ho was iu favor
of abolishing all pension laws and making tho
pensioners paupers dependent on tho various
communities, and not National paupers.
At 5:10 tho Houso adjourued.
Monday, Dec. 18.
In tho Sonato, at 12:18 tho President's mes
sago was received and read. A wranglo fol
lowed, the Administration Democrats wishing
the instructions to Willis not to bo read and
others desiring their publicity. Finally,, they
Three of the papers were read.
Mr. Morgan, Chairman of tho Committeo on
Foreign Relations, offered a bill providing that
whenever tho United States shall acquire
dominion over any foreign country by annexa
tion, cession, or otherwise, tho President of tho
United States may appoint a Governor and
Council of Five, whose acts shall bo subject
to tho revision of Co tigress, such Governor and
Council to form a Piovisioual Government of
Mr. Morgan also offered a joint resolution for
tho appointment of a committeo of threo Sen
ators aud threo members of tho IIouso of
Representatives on the Nicaragna Canal.
Mr. Dolph made a set speech on tho tariff,
after which tho Senate at 5:20 adjourued.
In tho House, tho urgent deficiency bill was
taken up, iuterruptcd for a while by tho read
iug of the message.
Mr. Baldwin (Minn., D.) took the floor. Ho
believed tho President was a true fiiend of the
soldier. He defended tho present pension
policy and eulogised Comini-siotior Lochren.
Mr. Dingley (Me., 11.) did not sec tho ne
cessity foran augmented examining lorco iu tho
field, for it did not expedite the settlement of
cases. However, friends of the ex-soldier would
hold tho Administration to a strict account for
its uso of thi3 money. The Republicans ob
jected to tho studied attempt of the Democrats
to bring tho Pension Bureau iuto disrepute
when they conveyed tho impression that frauds
wero tho rule aud tho honest pensioner tho
exception. Of tho 12,822 cases suspended on
Hiispicion between May 27 aud November 1,
9,128 wore restored to tho rolls without a lino
of new evidence, and only iu deference to tho
popular outcry. And of tho 3,750 cases still
under suspension but few of them wero sus
pended for fraud, but because of tho changed
construction of tho act of 1890.
Mr. Cooper, Indiana, took issuo with tho
statement made by Mr. Cannon on Saturday
that 400,000 pensioners had been dropped or
placed in jeopardy since May, lbU.'J. lie said
iio had just received a statement from tho
Pension Bureau giving tho statistics up to Dec.
10. Tho total number suspended wasl2,4b8. Of
these 8,357 had been restored to tho rolls; 527
had been reduced, and thcro wero dropped not
4,000, hut 073.
Gen. Sickles did not think any one political
party should claim a monopoly of ulleciioii and
regard for tho soldier, lie appealed to Mr. John
C. Black, of Illinois, who sat hesido him, io in
dorses his statement that not ono caso of fraud
ulent pension had over passed through his
hands. And said, in conclusion: "No party
will rnlo long in this country, and no ruler
will possess or deserve tho confidence of tho'
American people who casts unmerited stain on
the pension-rolls of this Nation."
Tho committeo roso without finishing tho
reading of tho bill.
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The President's Mtessp to Congress
ftho President in his'aseswgo to Congress on
the Hawaiian situationssy that although he
cannot announce any fafltafto change in tho
situation from what wa-detailed in his annual
message, yet ho is convinced that tho diffi
culties aro now in thway of a satisfactory
solution. Ho continues
I Huppose that right nndf usitco should determine
the path to be followed in treating this subject. If
National honesty is to bo disregarded nnd a desire
for territorial extension, or dissatisfaction with a
form of government not our own, ought to regu
late our conduct, I lmvc entirely misapprehended
the mission and character of our Government und
tbo behavior which tbo conscience of our people
demnnds of their public servants.
Tho President states tbat when tho Adminis
tration entered upon its duties there was pend
ing beforo Congress an important treaty, pro
viding for annexation, additionally important
becnuso it contemplated a departuro from un
broken American tradition in providing for tho
addition to our territory of islauds of tho sea
moro than 2.000 miles from our nearest sea
coast. It also appoarcd that the ownership of
Hawaii was tendered by a Provisional Govern
ment setup to succeed the constitutional ruler.
Extraordinary haste characterized all tho
transactions connected with this treaty, and
although it was stated by tho President's rues
sago accompanying it that tho overthrow of
tho monarchy wa3 in no way promoted by this
Government, it w.13 counterbalanced by n pro
test from tho deposed Queen staling that she
had yielded to tho superior forco of tho United
States. Choosing to investigate tho truth of
this protest, tho President selected Mr. James
Blount, whose report ho now transmits, and
which is backed by evidence of a high char
acter, also transmitted.
Tho President reviews Mr. Stevens's report,
hints at unscrupulous ambition on his part, is
convinced that ho was watchfully waiting for
an opportunity for annexation, and condemns
The President tolls tho story of tho incidents
in Hawaii as ho has found thorn out to bo, com
ing to tho conclusion that Hawaii was forcibly
taken possession of by tho United States forces,
without the consent or wish of anyono in tho
islands except that of tho United States Min
ister. " Therefore," ho says, "the military occupa
tion of Honolulu by tho United States on tho
day mentioned was wholly without justifica
tion, either as an occupation by consent or as
an occupation necessitated by dangers threat
ening American life and property. It must bo
accounted for in some other way and on some
other ground, and its leal motivo aud purnuso
arc neither obscuro nor far to seek."
Tho President goes on to say:
Tho Uni:e I Stales having- allied itself with tho
Qiiren's enemies, had recognized them lis the true
Government of Hawaii, nnd hud nut her nnd her
adherents iu the position of opposition against Inw
fttl ntuhoiity. She knew titnt she cotiltl not wilh
Hliiuil tbo power of the United States, but she be
lieved ilini hIio might safely lrua to its justice.
Acorn dingly, Home hours nfter the recognition of
tbo Provisional Government by tho United Sinter
JliniHter, tbo pnlnce, t lie barracks, ami tbo polica
Minion, with nil the military resources of the coun
try, were di livi-red up by WicQm'cu upon tho rep
resentation made to her that her can so would
thereafter be reviewed at Washington, nnd whilo
protecting that she hiii rendered to tbo superior
force of the United Slates, whose Minister had
caused United States troops to b landed at Hono
lulu and declared that he would support the Pro
visional Government, nnd that she yielded her
authority to prevent collision of armed forces nnd
lo-t of life, nnd only until such time if, the United
States, upon tho fuels being presented to it, should
undo the action of its representative and reinstate
her iu the authority nhe cliiimrd ns tbo constitu
tional sovereign of the Ilawniimi Islands.
This protest was delivered to tho chief of the
Provisional Government, who indorsed thereon
his acknowledgment of its receipt. The terms of
the protest were rend without ilNciit by those ns
suiuing to constitute the Provisional Government,
who were certainly charged with tho kuouledge
that the Queen, Instead of finally abandoning lior
power, had appealed to tile justice of the United
Slates for reinstatement in her authority; and yet
Ihn Provisional Government, with this unanswer
ed protest in its hand, httslened to negotiate with
the Uni'ed States for the permanent banishment
of the Queen from power. and for a sale of her
Ag UnjJ President -apprehends the- situation
we aro brought faco to face with tho following
Tho lawful Government of Hawaii was over
thrown without tho drawing of a sword or tho
firing of a shot by a process every step of
which, it may safely bo asserted, is directly
traceable to and dependent for its success upon
tho agency of tho United States acting through
its diplomatic and naval representatives.
But for tho notorious predilections of tho
United States Minister for annexation, tho
Committee of Safety, which should bo called
tho Committee of Annexation, would never
But for tho landing of tho United States
forces upon falso protests respecting tho danger
to life nnd property the committeo would
uevor havo exposed themselves to the pains
and ponnlties of treason by undertaking the
subversion of the Queen's Government.
But lor tho presence of tho United States
forces in the immediate vicinity and in position
to afford all needed protection and support tho
committee would not have proclaimed tho Pro
visional Government from tho steps of the
And, finally, hut for the lawless occupation
of Honolulu undor falso pretexts by the United
States forces, and but for Minister Stevens's
recognition of tho Provisional Government
when tho United f-tates forces were its sole
support and constituted its only military
strength, tho Qnocn and her Government
would never hnvo yielded to the Provisional
Government, even for a time and for tho solo
purposo of submitting her case to tho eu
lighteiied justice of tho United States.
Believing, therefore, that tho United States
could not, under tho circumstances disclosed,
annex tho islands without justly incurring tho
imputation of acquiring tlieni by unjustifiable
methods, the President will not again submit
the treaty of annexation to the Seunto for its
consideration, and iu the instructions to Min
ister Willis, a copy of which accompanies this
message, I havo diiectcd him to so inform tho
Provisional Govern men t.
But in tho present instance our duty does
not, in the President's opinion, end with refus
ing to eoustimmate this questionable transac
tion. It lias been tho boast of our Government
that it seeks to do justice in all thiuus without
icgard to the strength or weakness of thoo
with whom it deals. I mistako tho American
people if they favor the odious doctrine tlu.t
thero is no such thing as interuutional morality,
that thero is one law for a strong nation and
another for a weak ono, and that even by in
direction a strong power may with impunity
despoil a weak ono of its territory.
By an actofwar, committed with tho partici
pation of a diplomatic. ruprcsentativo of tiio
United States, and without authority of Con
giess, tho Government of a feoblo but friendly
and confiding people has boon overthrown.
A substantial wrong has been dono, which a
due regard for our National charactnr as well
as the rights of the injurcd-pcoplo requires wo
should endeavor to repair.
Tho Provisional Government has not assumed
a republican or other constitutional form, but
has remained a nicro executivo council or
oligarchy, set up witlinntaho assent of tho peo
ple. It has not sought tot find a permanent
basis of popular support and has given no evi
dence, of an intention to do so. Indeed, tho
representatives of thnt'Govftrumcnt assert that
tho people of Hawaii aro unfit for popular Gov
ernment, nnd frankly mvow that they can bo
best ruletrhy arbitrary or despotic power.
Tho President applies tho principles of inter
national courtesy and justlro to this case. Tho
Queen surrendered not tt' tho Provisional Gov
ernment, but to the U ni tod States. She sur
rendered not nhsolutulyTaud permanently, but
temporarily nnd conditionally, until such timo
as tho facts could bo considered by tho United
States. Furthermore,4;ho!Provisionnl Govern
ment acquiesced in her surrender in that man
ner nnd on those terms, not only by tacit con
sent, but through tho positive acts of somo
members of that Government who urged her
peaceful submission, not merely to avoid blood
shed, but because sho could placo implicit re
liance upon tho justico of tho United States,
and that tho wholo subject would bo finally
considered at Washington.
Tho President takes up tho predicament of
the members of tho Provisional Government
and their supporters, who, "though not on
titled to extreme sympathy, have been led
to their present predicament of revolt against
tho Government of tho Queen by tho inde
fonsiblo oucouragemout aud assistance of our
diplomatic representative. This fact may en
title them to claim that in our effort to rectify
tho wrong committed somo regard should bo
had. for thoir safety. This sentiment isatrongly
seconded by my anxiety to do nothing which
would invito either harsh retaliation on tho
part of tho Queon or violenco and bloodshed in
In the belief that-tho Queen, as well as her
enomies, would bo willing to adopt such a
courso as would meet these conditions, and in
view of tho fact that both tho Queon and the
Provisional Government had at ono timo ap
parently acquiesced iu a reference of tho entire
caso to tho United States Government, and
considering tho fnrthor fact that in any event
tho Provisional Government by its own de
clared limitation was only " to exist until
forms of union with tho United States of
America havo been negotiated and agreed
npon,"" the President hoped that after tho as
suranco to tho mombors of that Government
that such union could not bo consummated ho
might. compass a poacoful adjustment of the
Actuated by these desires and purposes, aud
not mimindful of the inherent perplexities of
the situation nor of tho limitations upon his
jiower, he iustructcd Minister Willis to advise
thoQdeon and her supporters of his desire to aid
jn Iho restoration of tho status existing before
tho lnwles lauding of tho United States forces
at Honolulu on tho lGth of January last, if such
restoration could bo effected upon terms pro
viding for clemency as well as justico to all
parties concerned. Tho conditions suggested,
as tho instructions show, contemplate a genoral
amnesty to thoso concerned in setting up the
Provisional Government and a rccoguition of
all its bona fido acts and obligations.
Iu short, they require that tho past should bo
buried, and that the restored Government
should .rcassumq its authority as if its con
tinuity had not been interrupted. These con
ditions hnvo not proved acceptablo to the
Queen, and though sho has been informed tbat
they will be insisted npon, nnd that, unless ac
ceded to, tho efforts of the President to aid in
tho restoration of her Government will cease,
ho has not thus far learned that sho is willing
to yield them her acquiescence. Tho check
which his plans have thus encountered has pre
vented their presentation to the membors of
tho Provisional Government, whilo unfortn
nato public misrepresentations of the situation
and exaggerated statements of tho sentiments
of our people havo obviously injured tho pros
pocls of successful Executive mediation.
Hood's Sarsapnrilla, the king of medicines, con
quers .scrofula, catarrh and rheumatism.
BLUE EYES AND BULLETS.
Men With Orbs of that Shade Are tho Best
Tho annual report of Lieut. C. L. Collins,
Inspector of Small Arms Practice of tho Depart
ment of Colorado, shows somo interesting facts.
Nationally, tho result of one year's competition
shows tho following result, with a possible score
of 100: Norway, 08.18; Austria, 91; Switzer
land, 83.82; Ireland, 87.41; France, 84; Den
mark, 8'.t.91; Scotland, 80; Germany, 70.80;
Canada. 70.30; Belgium, 74; "United States,
72.73; England, G8.79; Mexico. G,"; i:stlndie3,
Cfi; Sweden, liO.vi'i', West Indies, 5S; Russia,
.r7.78; Italy, ."m; Holland, 43; Wales, U5; Aus
tralia, 10. Thero wero but ono Australian and
tw"o Welchmt'ii in tho competition.
Of tho 2,200 officers and enlisted men classi
fied as practicing in tho Department, 0V3.77 per
cent, were born in tho United States: of these
82.73 per cent, arc white and 17.27 colored.
Compared as to their merit at tho target tho
whites scored 80.42 nnd the colored men u0.53.
In his table showing tho merits of tho troops
and their bight, men six feet tall aud over rank
83.00 per cent, and 5.5 men 09.56. It is almost
a steady plane down lull from six feet to fivo
feet fivo inches.
Men with light blue eyes rank highest, fol
lowed in their order by dark blue, slato blue,
light brown, dark brown, and black. In tho
colored troops light bluo eyes again stand at
the top, but followed in this instance by slato
blue, light brown, dark brown, black, and dark
Thero i3 but ono troop of Indians in Gen.
McCook'a command, being L of tho 2d Cav.
This troop not only stands at the head of its
regiment for revolver firing, but is at tho head
of the eutiro Department. This, however, is for
troop work. Whites beat them individually.
Kedcmtion of I.alior.
The Convention of the American Federation
of Labor was adjourned Tuesday.
The lojcation for the convention of next
year was chosen beforo the adjournment. The
citios of Iudianapolis and Denver were both
candidates. The Mayors of both cities sent
an invitation to tho Federation to hold it3 next
Convention in their municipality. In addition
to this the Real Estate Exchange of Denver
asked for the selection of that city. A voto
was taken, which resulted in the selection of
Sharp, shooting pains,
hack ache, side ache,
chest pains and palpi
tation relieved in One
Minute by the Cuti
cuka Anti-Fain Plas
ter, the first and only
pain-killing plaster. It
restores vital electricity,
and hence cures ner
vous pains and mus
Price : 25c. : five, $1.00. At all druggists or by
mail. Pottes Drug and Chem. Corp., Boston.
BV OJJE MAN. Send for frco illustrated catalogue,
showing testimonials from thousand who have sawud
Iiomfttot) enrdn daily. It suttsdown trees, folds like
a poeuet-Jtniic, wigni oniy 41 iu.. easily carried on
shoulder. One man can saw moro timber with Ittlian
two menwlth a cross-eutpaw. 73,000 in uso. We also
mnke larger biscd machine to carry 7 foot saw. Firrt
oriior fccpurc iiklmipv I'OMUNU SAW1NC MA
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Moiition I'ho Natiomt Tribune.
WANTKD l.)Ii:i, MFX, ItOA'S, ftf KI.S,
t vcrywlierc, to sell the Wonder Statimierv Pack
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cellent U illty, hcavy,.rll. V'i itinvr Paper, 1M lirst chits
XX Kiivrloprp, In beautiful assorted colors, t Penhold
er, 2 Pens, l Pencil, l Wotter, 12 late Poj ular Sonss, 1
elegant KmbosM-d Art Picture, finished in 7 o'l colors.
XoMiide jewelry; no pi or goo Is ; complete satisfaction
guaranteed ; a lurgc number can he milli sold in your
locality; everybody buys; sptfndid profit; send for
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Addref-s Immediately, Henry frntcN, Wholesale
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and patentability of inventions and validity
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Ell Perkins tells a story of a Frenchman, Baron SLAIbe,who.whpn he saw the water from the 0ysr
Spring In Haratoya snout from the bow eh or the earth through solid rock SO feet from the surface and then fly
an additional 20 feet Into the air, dropped his umbrella on the arm of a lady, threw up both of hla hands, and
exclaimed : " IJi l dia Is zc srand hpectakie ! Suparbc ! MagnlHque t By gar, be bust np rlrst rate !'
The Frenchman's suipnve and admiration hardly knew any bounds, and no words at his command were
too emphatic to give expression to hLs feelings.
Oop Great flpmy of Readers
And themselves In about tho same frame of mind as Baron StAlbewas. When they saw the "aoparbe"
supplement number issued by Tin: Katiokai. Trtim.rj.-E, and IcarneI that thereafter they could secure a series
of 'M parts of 10 photographic views each, similar In style to the Supplement, and representing the flunoo
It to us, together with
miu nccne ui uic i oriu, uy cuuiujr
they were emphatic also in their rxnressions of the
I so great an opportunity had been placed within their
Already we nave dccii complimented on the liberality or our ouer, and have every assurance that It wul
be largely availed of.
The Rational Mane pant Just SlnatltSaid,
and if any of our readere f.ill to secure the grandest collection of handsome and Interesting views In the world
It will be their misfortune and not our fault.
For the benefit of those who did not exactly catch our proposition as already explained, we repeat It again
In this issue.
What The Rational Tribune Offers Its 5eate.
.Nights anil Scene of the World consist of a masnIBcent collection of 320 photofrraphlc vlewi,
10J&xI3in. In size, of famous places in all parts of the world. With each view Is a very Interesting description,
giving historical ami other data, Intended to convey a thorough understanding of the subject represented.
These photographic views are bound In parts, there being twenty parti altogether, each one containing 18
views. These several parts may be obtained by our rentiers by sending to our olllce the coupon, such as may bo
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5 BEflUTIFlMY GOLOtiED PIGTURE
IS IIwHBj i.
Iitepfs 111 PtRi
SwB$mmMn 111 Wfl
&w MjW,i'WifWv wA'Jt.A 1 1 ill Wrm ,i Mi It
L (rJ&&P?? ?:' -iffidSrfV' : I Put, i 3I! )W i
HOW TO OBTAIN
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At nn Immense expense we have had designed and
executed for our own special use an exquisite
Delivering Her Ghrisimas Presents.
OLBQ SiLEH WMOH.
MEN'S SIZE, PRICE $9 75.
Offer No. 18.
No. 18 Is a genuine "Waltham or Elgin watch in a
solid coin-silver ease. The works aro full-size and
they are beautifully Jeweled. The ise is hunting
only. Sent to any subscriber, delivery guaranteed and
GOLD mim, OPEN FSOE.
MEN'S SIZE, PRICE $9.60.
Offer No. S3.
No. 22 Is an elegant "Waltham or Elgin watch. The
works contain all the improvements mentioned in No.
2(i. The cahe is made by rolling together a sheet of
solid gold and another of lino com'-a-dtion metal. The
ea"e thus made will wear for years' It looks just like
a $100 solid gold watch, and it will brhiff a handsome,
sum in cash or exchange. Price, delivered.........9-60
0L90 14k. GOLD WITOH.
MEN'S SIZE, PRICE $32.80.
Offer No. 36.
No. CC Is a genuine Waltham or Elgin watch. The
works contain seven jewels, compensation balance,
safety philon, stem-wind and set, quick train (18,000
beats to the hour), plain regulator, and all improve
ments. Tho case (hunting only) is made of solid 145c.
gold, U. & assay. )It weighs 2 oz., and Is a beauty.
We nvc subscribers many dollars, and sell this elegant
watch, delivered free, for-.. 32.80
XHJi NATIONAL TKIBUNIS, Waauiugton.D. C.
3ori the bcJt kail el pt cseaas of oJet baakfo? fes
Cllrse, Schools, a& Bandar tfekohb Om m
ruseot of VIf. illastmloz Air. Semes. Bwxt.
Aaueaent astl Parlor Kntcrtntnmcat, 9c, Miliar a
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tte verM. If too wUh to know ho t crt'f. tutt to eomiu. rrta
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our OKft DArC DnV CDTC
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AT.KATIS is po3it!ve cure for Kidney, Liver
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Kidney and Bladder Diseas.". Diabetes. Brljjht'S I
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Lemon Building, Washington, D. C.
flTTORHEY AT IlflW AND SOItlGITOR OF
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Established 1865. Send for 67-Paj PanphkL
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for the same part and sending
enterprise of The !Nation-at. TitrntrvPL and rpfoleerf tbat
It would be Inipos-ible to attempt to describe It la
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beauty. Its size is 15C0 inches. The cost of such.
picture would be fully ? at any of the art stores.
HOW TO OBTAIN IT.
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DELIVERING HER CHRISTMAS
POPULAR HOLED&Y 03
Folding Mirrors at less Than Cost of
A morocco leather tinished cover, beveled plato
glass, either round-cornered, like above Illustration, 5
by 7, orsquare cornered, 6 by 8. Only a fjw left, at the
extremely low price of ?1.25, postage prepaid.
MEN'S SIZE, PRICE $10.80.
Offer No. 33.
No. 23 has works like No. 2C, and a handsome c'
made of gold reinforced with composition metal. Just
like that In No. 22. Price, delivered ..S10.s
THJ5 NATIONAL TIUBUNE, WasJiiustoa, D.&
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