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THE NAOWAL TRIBME: WASHINGT$'D. 0.,' THURSDAY, AUGUST 15. 1895.
2 tlierc wis a hand-car. The hand-car was placed on lop and across the wagon body, and around it was placed the ammuniTion. About this time it was broad day light, and Harlan started with the team for the crossing of the Kolling Fork. The .t renin was "belly-deep" to the liorscs. In order to direct the team, Harlan mounted the leader without sad dle or equipments. On reaching the south bank the hand-car was placed on the railroad track, the ammunition loaded thereon, -and then pushed to the iop of the hill, thence down-grade to Sherman's Headquarters. As Harlan was about to enter the stream, mounted on the leader, a Special aktjst of an illustrated paper was on hand to make a sketch of the perilous under taking. This sketch would have been jmiclf more interesting if it had been knoun Unit the snddiclcss outrider was destined to act a prominent part in the great war, and finally become a member of the Supreme Court of fclie United States, and rocosnized as one of the most laborious and painstaking members of that a.igrusl tribunal. I ' - " '" HOGS AS SNAKE-KILLERS. XTow '' rorlci Vanquished " Army or KaltlrrFivc Hundred in an Hour ami a Hair t nolo John I,;iko Kidding; Cow llaiu-li r thu Keptiles. Oaltfertua Letter, KnVork Timoe.' The KHtlu'ni cud of this State is noted for 3s rattlesnakes, and many adventures aie re ported with the reptiles. A desperate and almost mwoseriDuble battle iK'tween a norue of raUiflaaakre and a hunch of hogs occurred a few dvs ago ou John Lake's place, at the foot of the ftin Jacinto Mountain. This fjrnneh of The San Bernardino spur of the coa-t ianre has Ions been noted as the home and rendezvous of thousands of luttlesnakes of the duhVy-urown species, which have been 3oolcd upon with dread by hunters, because iheyliHve always been cxeeKlinglyares.-'ivc raid dangerous. For years this mountain had been tin- .error and dread of the people of the vicinit, and it was seldom that any traveler or liuntci had the temerity to cross the ridge at or near a certain point, so numerous and deadly ucie the poisonmis reptiles. But all tbai 1ms been changed, owing to the fact that John J-ake has imjwrtcd from North Carolina a bunch of long-nosed, long-legged bogs, - liich. frtR their elongated appcnmii'-c, have been duBbed "slugdiggers."' Uncle John had been fco pestered and annoyed by the army of snakes whieli infested his cow ranch that he set his wits to work, and finally hit upon the plan of importing these lank and xn3r swine, which bad the reputation of leiiig inveterate enemies of the snake family. He hauled over the mountains 22 big bogs of this specie5:, and placed them in pens, where they were well fed and trea'ed. "When the old man concluded that bis mus cular pets were sufficiently acclimated and at home he released thorn, and early in the morning, while it was yet cool and the snakes were half benumbed or asleep, he went up the mountains to a spot where he knew the reptiles dwelt by the thousand. All along the path be dropped ears of corn until be reached the side of the snake-pit, a sunken spot on the side of the mountain embracing about half an acre. Here he threw down a bushel of loose corn, and, with his boys, took libeller in a low tree. "Within a few minutes the satisfied grants of the porkers were heard, as they followed the trail of corn, until the whole drove of bogs broke into view from, the underbrush. They emie on until they arrived at the pit, where they stood for a minute or two until the old boar, an immense fellow, came up, when he took the lead and went granting down the bank into the pit. All the other membeiis of the family followed, until the 22 hogs were in the small amphitheater of half an acre. JJy the time they bad thoroughly cleaned tip the com the snakes, aroused by the heat of the morning sun and the noise of the porkers, began to appear from th crevices. A dozen, and then 20, then several hundred rattlers writhed 1bcir lithe isodies irom their holes, and looked at the hogs with shining eyes and darting tongues. Two or three hundred snakes, in a mass of riimy, surging Iwdies, !cgau to draw themselves toward the hogs, but they had not emu led more than 30 or 40 feet awry from the crevices in the rocks Ijefore the old boar gave a shrill, infuriated squeal, when the whole drove of hogs was among its enemies. The scene which followed cannot be put in words. The few spectators would not Have missed the sight for a ranch. The hogs charged their enemies, picking them np in their jaws and tramping them under foot. while the snakes hhook their rattles and I Biruek their enemies with their fangb. The j JigUt raged lor nan an hour, a hog retreating for a moment's rest, and then recharging into the midst of the writhing mass, ripping and trampling the snakes until the ground was lilcralh cowred with their Mjuinning bodies. At one time the old hour wju, almost covered with snake, but he didn't apjxstr to care for their bile or their ixiison. lie would reach around, catch a snake in his jaws, throw it to the ground, and then hold it therewith his feet until lie tore its body to pieces. This he kept up tor lialf an hour, retreating but once foi a breath of air or a brief rot, when back he went again. In loss than an hour the hogs conquered, not one snake being left alive, ex cept a few which bad succeeded in regaining the ere ices before the hogs had Hanked them. After vanquishing the army of snakes, the porker Jay down among the dead bodies of thtir enemies until they had suflicienlly rested, wln-n they again aroused themselves, and, led by the old boar, they began to root up and turn over the rocks, every now and then exjiosing a rattler which had hidden his body away from his jwixtinc enemy. "When a snake was thus cxjwsed there was a rush, and in a iiflv that rattler v:in torn into lit.llo Uta In an hour and a half not a living niake ! could Ik found, and the hogs were, to all ap peamnceh, as sound and hearty as ever. Chcle John then picked up bis feed sack and made a trail of corn back to the bouse, but the hogs did not follow, beeming to prefer the flesh of the wiakes to the com. Ever since the drove of bogs has remained in the mount ains, coining home only to get a change of food. The hogs have cleaned out the snakes. "Uncle John bays that there were uot less than fiOO rattlcrh killed in the fight, and not one hog wab hurt. ii N Kvuliiix llu Toll. New York Tribune. The incident recorded of a cyclist evading toll by carrying his machine through the gate is not without ru amuwng precedent. The btory is (old in "The Autobiogiaphy of an Lnglihli Gamekeeper." Joslin, the'un dcrheepertoMr. Muiittind ofSian.Mead Park, Essex, who was reckoned the strongest man in SUuntewd, was one day on the road to Storiford, mounted on his donkey. On teach ing the turnpike gate juBt pr.stZion Uoni-e he asked the pikoman how much would be charged lor hits doukey to walk through. "Two pence," was the leply. "And bow much do yon charge for carry ing a parcel through the pate? " "Kotliing,"baid the pikeman. "Whoa!" cried Jo-lm, and, quietly dis mounting, he deliberately slipped his" head under lbe aiiitunlV belly, and. seizing his fore legs, lifted him ofi the ground carried him through the gate, and, lemouuting, trotted n. Children Ory for MONKEYS, Many Interesting Stories Told of the little Animals Kol J3ascd on Facts. The truth is that monkeys nro caricatures of human beinpp. The word ape, which moans man, wus applied to the gorilla, chimpanzee, orang ontauc and gibbon before the Darwinian theory was conceived, while the word monkoy was derived cither from "manikin" or " ho munculuE," both of which mean "a funny little man." Men find pleasure in observing specimens of this Rieat family because in them they sco Rrotesqiio counterfeits of themselves, and be cause, whether at play, quarrelling, or in re pose, monkeys are always funuy. Of all things, men like best to bo amused. The monkey suggests a man a dwarfed, weazened old tnnn, for all monkeys seem old. even the nursing babes in their mothers' arms. Some men are caricaluics of their kind. Certain Africans aud a European typo of man display remarkable facial resemblance to monkeys, especially to the Old World maca ques, and many of the South American family. A clmcnia once on exhibition in a Chicago museum hud such a humanliko cnuntenanco that he constantly suggested to visitois the faco of sonic unhandsome human acquaintance. Many tribes of people in India, equatorial Africa, JJornco. and Java believe tho clinltor ing, grinning animals to be real men who havo voluntarily or through compulsion set them selves apait ft oru their relatives who havo tho power of speech. Naturalists give tho monkey a reputation it ; does not desorvo by insisting that tho piaytul ness and humor of youth are fiivaiiably suc ceeded by viciousness in age. This conclusion has boon readied from a -study of it in captivity, and in temperate au.l colder climates consump tion quickly seizes this child of tiopic birth. In prison it is irritable because it is sick and dying. In its native homo it becomes sedate, serious, and dignified with advancing years, but affords no more evidence of upliness of temper than does the lord of creation in his native condition. Equally slanderous are the stories that havo been so freely circulated concerning the corrupt morals of tho monkey; the vices suggested, where they exist, having been flight it by human preceptors, and not acquit by its own natural depravity. Old llauno, the Carthageuian, started a cock and bull story to tho elToct that certain monkeys chased after his frcehooting followers, and pelted them with sticks aud stones, which in volition bus come down through the ages with modifications to suit the credulity of tho successive genet aiions. Now, as a fact, mau alono has reconrso to other means of offense aud defense than those afforded by nature. Lilco most fables, which traveler in all ages havo had a fondness for palming off for vetaeious happenings, there is a suggestion of a foundation for tho fiction. JJnboons, which usually live in billy countries, when frightened, semi per off up hill at a terrific speed, and in so doing dislodge loose stones, which may roll down upon their pursuers. So other monkeys, which are all arboreal in their habits, will leap from branch to branch in their efforts to oscapo from their arch enemy, man, aud in so doing will cause dead branches to full upon the heads of the hunters below. JJut they do not throw stones and sticks. 2or i. 'jj.u' a s iu i !;- vVUXi; : ft , t.M '1".-.T. IV i p wr "H h t ' . ': &mxav l i, MO && Li Kas ', X.V j ;S3tf mgsgmtti ysasaww ;; Vtt Jvfl 4' '. ClllMPAKZr.K. do roonkeyB throw cocoanuts at anybody. They are univaisally a greedy set of lascals, aud uni formly hold fast to all nuts and fruits upon which they can lay their hands. Another fallacy concerning tho animal is that relating to its intelligence. IJowcverclnsely it may resomblc man anatomically, it is infinitely removed from him in intellect. Tho dog aud tho horse aro much higher in tho scale of knowledge, wisdom, and understanding. Natural ists asenbe this fact to the long domestication of the canine and equine, botli of which have been man's intimate since tho latter has had a place upon earth. But does this afford explanation? If so, what of tho cow, and tho sheep, aud thu uoat, creatures remarkably lowfiu intelligence, that havo alo been thu companions of man from time im memorial? The plain truth about the monkcy'is that it is playful, imitative to sosno extent, may be affectionate some epecies are remarkabljTso is intensely selfish, ami a thief from its birth. No man lias yet been ablo to convey to a mon key any appreciable idea of the ownership of property. The best-traiRod animal affects to regard everything in sight as its own, if it covets lhc article. This it usually doc, whether the urticle can be of any service to it or not. Monkeys aro worshiped in India, and eaten in South Ameiica. They aro of all sizes, from tho gorilla, which may bo larger than a man, to tho callitlinx of South America, which is no larger than the squirrel. No Old World mon key has a prehensile tail, and no New "World monkey has check pouches. Not all South American monkeys havo pre hensile tailfi, hut alt have a-tail of some kind, which is altogether wanting in the higher apes, and nearly so iu certain lower species of the Old World group. Some havo met beautiful and varied colorings aud markings, as the gucuoiifi, the callitltrix, and the marmosets; others have uieat beards or heavy mane, aud one species 1ms a prodigiously long none tho proboscis monkey. Those that have no cheek pouches nro pro vided wilh an extra stomach for the ftorac of food. No monkey ever had mi Indent intel ligence to build a nest orsheltcr for itself. Do. Chhillu aud eoiiio other travelers to the con trary notwithstanding. All tho great group, numbering several hun dred varieties, Jive in trees, with the exception of tho baboon. All of them are decidedly mis chievous, and to the last one is as afraid of a snake as a Digger Indian of a bath. Innumer able anecdotes might be told of the tricks and diabolism of these manikins of tho foro'.t. Baboons affect human vices with man-liko suggestivencss. Any one of this family will learn to chew tobacco, or cat it rather, within a week of captivity, whilo many instauces are of record where they became drunk as a lord or a Jack tar on shoro leave. They aro shaped like a dog, have amino beads, aud run pre cisely like that creature, except that they bd dom bound or jump. Despite their fierce appcaranco they aro amiable enough, and only fight in sclf-defcnsc. To this class belong the hamadryuti, gclada, mandrill, etc., and they aro piobably the big gest thieves in tho world. In their nativo country they aro tho lerror of fruit growers, whose orchards they approacii by stealth in large, well-oiganized bands and make havoc, wantonly destroying what they do not cat or cai ry away. An old Italian organ grinder in New York owned a common baboon, which he had trained to steal its own provisions. Its favored method was to feign death iu order to distract the no tice of venders of fin it, and when it hud suc ceeded covertly approach tho stand, where it would seize nnd quickly disappear with a cheek pouch full of dates, its favorite food. The amusement it occasioned UFually saved it from the punishment it deserved. This scamp, however, came to woful grief at last. One day when making off oil Baxter street with a loaded pouch of dates a liulo terrier dog btiippcd its hind leg. Pitcher's Oastoria. " rStiS kvv ; n l.l I I : 7&Yl-z ' I u . Illl "f??.MT rr?- I WT Thinking tho fruit seller tho offendor. it turned quickly about and sprang furiously upon tho man, who, being an Italian, carried a stiletto, which ho buried to tho hilt iu tho poor brutobeforo its owner could intorferc. The monkeys about which Rudyard Kipling writes so charmingly, and yet with such indif ference to fact, aro the sacred animals, or the scmtwjrithcci, as tho naturalists persist in call ing them. They aro all Asiatic, and, tho Hin doos protecting them, iu many sections abound, to tho constant mcuaco of fields of rice aud other grains. One of this genus, the douc, a native of tho woods of Cocbin-China, was owned by a gen tleman in New Jersey, who princd it highly be cause of its Kcntleness as well as its great beauty. It had long, glossy, whilo whiskers biushed back from its naked, orange-colored face, and joining tho black hair of tho forohead. Tho head, neck and back wcro n grizzly gray, tho thigh", fingers and toes black, the legs and ankles a bright-red, whilo the forearms, throat, legs and tho tail were a pure white. Tho white of the throat was surrounded by a circlo of bright-red, like a ribbon. Mr7 y" .'3 Wv-HJJ, y Thk "Baby." This beautiful ereaturo formed a devoted at tachment for a MaltttJto cat, which it teased to its own content, because pus3y never resented its impertinences; it would drag grimalkin around by its lid!, cuff its cars, poke it iu tho ribs, pull its whiskers, aud roll it over like a ball. Ono day a strango tomcat camo to visit the douc's pet. and tho monkoy, which must have been gulFerins from temporary nearsight edness, mistook him for its pet. Tho result was most disastious, tho visitor reluming tho douc's playful attacks with such visor that its beauty was greatly marred for many days. Thenceforward it haled poor, in nocent Maltcso with a venom that was inex tinguishable, so that the gentleman was con strained to keopthe aforctimes frionds utterly apart, to tho evident surprise of the JlaUeso, which, not having seen tho onslaught oftho tomcat, was ataloss to understand tho animos ity of its quondom intimate. "A Chicago citizen once owned a th limbless Colohos ferrurfmem, or bay monkey, which, like all of its family, was a nativo of Africa. Tho species is raie, aud its owner prized it highly. This colobos was inoidinately fond of fruit and wine, and moro than once Dccatno in gloriously drunk from ovcriudtilgciico in tho latter when given by the master in larjier quantities than usual under tho delusion that it would euro it of tho habit. . While a swift runner upon the ground, tlii3 pretty creature was an agile clitiilKr and a prodigious leaper from branch to branch, mov ing from tree to tree in its owner's capacious grounds with almost lightning-like rapidity. Cuffee, as it was termed, had an inveterate habit of teasing aud worrying dogs. Its prac tice was to take a position on tho fence near tho front gate aud lie in wait patiently until a canine camo by. whou, without warning, it would leap nimbly upon tho poor creature's bfclr, bury its fliarp nails in tho quivering ll$h. and as quickly leap back to the fence. There was that human-like in its grin of satis faction as its sharp little eyes followed iho thoroughly frightened and yelping brute in a mad flight down the street. A naval officer of tho Unitod States, travel ing in Abyssinia, encountered several varieties of the gncuous. a genus that pertains to equa torial Africa, all of which aro noted for thoir beauty. They arc saucy and full of iufiulto mischief, ouo of them onco eutering his tent in his absence and mixing up his medicines iu a dreadful manner, the officer having left bottles of quiniuc, magnesia, aloes, etc., upou tho ground. What bottles the merry sprito could not un cork it ruthlessly smashed, and all their con tents, very precious in that disease-breeding country, wore lost forever. Tho culprit whs found an hour later at the foot of a palm tree, desperately sick from overdoses of the drugs. Tho officer captured it. and would have mado of it a pet but for its thieving and destructive propensities. This guenon was choleric, lint its anger soon pasted. When cuingcd it had a maiiuor of drawing back its cars like a dog iu a passion. Macaques connect tho unctions with tho ba boons, which end tho Old World group that be gins with tho gorilla. But two of the latter were ever taken alive to Europe, ono to Stutt gart and thu other to Hcilin. America is yet to greet tho first one. Tho savago nature of this beast has been greatly exaggerated, juid if the natives of Africa did uot stand iu such awe of them there is no reason iu tho world why they might not be captured and shipped to other countries. Chimpanzees havo found their way to this country, and these arc the most interesting and intelligent of the ape family. Orangoutangs and gibbous may bo seen in the larger col lec tions of animals iu America as well as in Eu rope. But the apes, liko the monkeys, do not long survive captivity in colder countries. They are ci eat tires of warmth and sunshine, and chill weather speedily consigns them to death. Hunting stories told of fierce encounters with gorillas chimpanzees ami orang outangs may generally bo set down to tho credit of tho imagination of those who write them. Monkeys that arc seen in museums and me nageries in this country aro chiefiy from South A Batmon FAirrr.Y. America, although Africa is fairly well repre sented. European naturalists who havo seen and studied the American monkeys only in captivity in the countries of tho writors invari ably refer to them as less intelligent and less playful than other members of the great family. These writers appear to forget that enptivo Judah cannot sing thn songs of Israel iu a strange land. Thcsocbildreuof the wild woods of tho American tropica novcr fully rocovor from the pains and terrors of an ocoun voyage, and they aro shocked out of all gayety by the chill and damp air of Europe. He who lias seen them rollicking, leaping, riotously playing, chattering, and grinning in their native wilds, and who has obsorved tho ncutcness, intelligence, astuteness, aud secrot iveness wilh which they make a raid'' upon plantations and orchards is ready to swear they aro the most mischievous, playful, aud saga cious creatures in all tho enrth. 4 Their resemblance to man is absolutely start ling, tbe baby chimpanzee, not the adult, alone, of all tho Old World group, offering anything to compare with them. This rcsemblauco be comes moro striking when, as consumption advances, tho faco grows pensive nnd melan choly, and seems to havo tho agony of a soul written upou the wrinkles aud Hues of tho countenance. Tho writer shot ono of theso creatures, and ono only, a coaita (Atclcs puniscus), in a big forest a fow miles distant from Para, 111 Brazil, and tho inomory of tho deed still broods as an avenging Nemesis. Tue&o creatures are found in greatest nu ru bers along tho upper voters of tho Amazon, but they range nearly or rjuito to tho Atlantic sea coast. They havo long coarso, glossy-black hair, whilo thoir facesaro a reddish flosh-color. They aro thumblcss, like tho African colobos, and exceedingly agilo.J Tho day was very hot, as nil days aro at Para, and, weary from pursuit jof the ogilo creatures, I finally placed my ti fip' to tho shoulder and fired iu a sort of desperation at a dusky crea ture, as it was flying 'through the air from one treetop to auolhor. Thejdistancc was so great that the nativo guide httcrcd a grunt of sur prise, as well as of satisfaction, when tho flight of the coaita was arrested and it tumbled head, long to tho ground. Hastening to tho spot. T reached forward my hand to soizo it, but if lifo doponded upou tho act I could not havo touched the creature. Tho word "murdered " seouicd to bo hissed into my stunned oars. The ereaturo lay upon thu dump ground with upturned faco that was positively human, while a groan like that of a man burst forth from its thin lips. It rcqnircd no imagination to enduo it with humanity. In a moment it was dead, but that reproachful faco, the tiny, pallid, innocent, suffering face, has been in dreaming aud wak ing moments a thousand times since. Tho native suffered no qualms, even after eating, as he did, tho major portion of tho ereaturo for his supper. Tho coaita is often scon iu captivity in this country. The most curious of all tho American family is tho genus of howlers (mycutos). These crca inres correspond, iu a moasuro, to corlaiu of tho gibbons, which appear to sing in a sort of uni son, while tho howlers really do sing. They make a chorus whoso swoll runs out threo or four miles in every direction, and causes an imaginative person to think that every beast of tho fovost is engaged in a deadly contest aud putting forth his most tireless effort to frighten away his adversary by resounding cries. Tho howlers arc among tho more numerous of tho South Amorican genera, and offer several species for admiration. Iho Indians arc vry fond of them dead, aud make merciless war upou them. In fact, tho natives are inordi nately fond of any sort of monkey moat, which they will cat three timos a day, or ofteuor if they can get it. The howlers aro the largest of tho New World monkeys, being three feet long, exclusive of their amplo prehensile tails. Tho lagothryxes offer a species, the caparro, whoso features aro startingly liko thoso of a negro, the head being round and large, whilo the faco is ebon in its blackness, and entirely naked. It isscarcoly moro th-in half the length of tho howler, but it is said, unlike all other South American moukoys. to frequently stand upon its hind legs, and when it does its resem bianco to the negro is complete. Indians hunt and kill it with a blowpipe, out of which they shoot little poisoned arrows. Tho caparros travel about a great deal, chiefly from tree to tree, aud on theEc joiirnoys tho mothers carry their young upon their backs not on their arms, as tho ordinary ptaclicoof monkey mothers. Probably tho most intolligont and cert unly the most tractahloof all tho American monkeys is tho chamcck, a nativo of Brazil. It soon learns to recognize and love its master, and is capahlo of superior training. Tho ereaturo is striking, and, indeed, very protty for a monkoy, thu fur being long and falling down gracefully over the body aud limbs, mil being nearly uniformly black iu color. Like all of the Now World monkeys thus far named, its tail is its fifth hand, ami, indeed, is fir moro usuful than any one of tho other four. Ittprcsoiilativcsuf the largo families of spider and capuchin monkeys are what 0110 sues most in collections in t,ho United Stales. They oiler great variety in coloring and size, but are by no means the handsomest or moit intelligent types. Tho capuchins aro red-faced, round-headed, sumli. active, graceful, and long-tailed. They coiicludo tho proheiisilo-lailcd grouping, and aro followed by the dainty and exceedingly pretty squirrel monkeys; tho highest typo of which is tho golden-haired chrysothrix. Tho night monkqys and thoie queer-looking creature4, tho marmosetos, end tho list, the lalter always a favorite among monkey fan ciers, because of their winning and aflectiouato ways. Alonkoys are well, monknys. They look like men, aud someof them behave hotter than certain members oftliuman society. Unless one havo a decp-soated fellow-feeling for all crea tures of God, he had better be content with oc casional visits to tho monkeys in tho gardens and museums. ; Too constant association with them is rather trying to one's patienco, and the amusiugncss of their tricks, which aro usually repetitions, does not repay one for tho mischief they do, or tho petulance thoy exhibit. Take them all in all, mini has no special rsaon for showing prido in trying to trace a family lelatiouship with them. Tho monkey opinion of this mat ter is yet to bo expressed, however. Chicago Daily Tribune. Coasting Down Ml. "Washington. Oiiiiiflt.l ""We rode pneumatic safeties of the best make, but they were unprovided with brakes. The result was that, when the grade lmcame, as it did at times, steep, our wheels attained an absolutely uncontrolable momentum. At such times the only thing we could do was to steer lor the first heap of sand or clump of huckleberry bushes that hove in sight, and sail into it with our eyes shut tight aud head down. 44 Thus wo proceeded on onr extraordinary way, and I doubt not that the Old Man in the mountains grinned saidonioally as he took note of the Professor's apparel, which after every charge liecauic more and more 4pio niiscuous,' until it dwindled into shreds. When within a mile of our destination our wheels again began tdvget beyond oureontrol, but we wcte so near the foot that we decided not to try to stop them. So down we How at a fearful rate, when at the end of a long out vc we saw ahead in the dim light two four-horse mountain wagons passing each othernnd tak ing up the entire road. Neither of us said a word, but we slid off our wheels, and were burled through the bushes down the SO-foot gravel embankment, and thiough the tiec3 down the steep mountain slope. Meanwhile the bicycles were running riot. The Profes sor's went over the embankment and flew along with increasing momentum, until with a hop, skip and a jump and a farewell somer sault, it disappeared over the ledge, and wo saw it no more. The Professor himself was badly stunned, but we brought him to, going down in the wagon, and beyond a couple of tender ankles, a lame shoulder and various cuts ami bruises, lie arrived at the base in, as he expressed it, 4 pretty fair form.' " Tho Lessor Evil. Trulh. 'tt seems strange Mint every passenger on board the train which' was wrecked should have perished in lbe burning ears?" ""Well, you rice, the majority of them escajied in the first place and were congre gated beside llic track, attending to tho wounded or watching tho llames, when .Taw smith, the life insurance agent, mounted a convenient bowlder apd announced that ho would occupy the tiipe till the arrival of tho relief train by nufkfnga few appropriate and timely remarks oil the subject of lite insur ance. TheroupoiF the whole company cried out in a loud voice and, rushed right hack into the blazing wreck, mercifully carrying tho wounded with thim.'' "AndJnwsinith?"' "Oh, he rushed iu after them to finish his remarks." J "T"T I Can't Sleep la tbe complaint of many at this season. Tho reason is found in tho fact that the nerves aro weak and the body in a feverish and unhealthy condition. The nerves may bo restored by Hood's Sarsaparilla, which feeds them upon pure blood and this medi cine will also create an appetite, aud touo ! up the system and thus give sweet refresh- I ing sleep aud vigorous health. Hood's Sarsapanlia Is the only true blond punlier prominently in the public eye to-day. Mnnrf'Q Pl3!i " tolwv.ensxto ink, nUUU & BIIIO o.Wy lii effect. U5o. WEALTH OF THE STATES. Masiic1iusptU J One oT tho llicliest Now York the Wealthiest. SL Louis Globe-Democrat 1 New Mexico is worth $M,G7.j,209. The State of Maine is worth $235, 073 ,7 1G. The State of Vermont is worth ?8G,80G,77o. The State of Kansas is worth $ltiP.8!)l,G3D. The State of Arkansas is valued at 8G, 100,- The value of Montaua, minc3 and nil, is 1S,6S!),802. "Wyoming was at the last census worth $i:?,021,829. Nevada has an assessed valuation of $20,- 291,'ir.n. The assessors of 3890 rated Michigan at $517,GG0,;.')9. Maryland has an assessed valuation of 197,307,G7fi. New York has $28,000,000 invested in private libraries. The assessed valuation of New Hampshire is 2or,reG,so5. Arizona's territory and resources are valued at .?),270,2M. Idaho has the least nominal valuation, being only $6.M0,87B. The clocks in the country aro estimated to number 14,000,000. The little State of Delaware might be bought for 09,951,013. South Carolina's wealth of all kinds is es timated at 133,500,135. In 1S91 tltere were 407,000,000 in gold and 59,000,000 in silver. Oregon, with all its resources, is estimated to be worth $52,522,03 1. The State of Louisiana, sugar plantations and all, is worth $130,102,439. The State of Colorado was estimated at the last census at 71,471,093. "Washington, including real and personal property, is valued at J2S,810,G93. . The great State of California was valued by the assessors of 1890 at 534,578,080. Utah, including the improvements made by the Mormons, is worth $24,775,279. In 1880 over 2,000,000,000 worth of prop erty was legally exempt front taxation. The Dakofas were rated in the 11th census as having a wealth of 20,321,530. West Virginia's wealth, mostly in real es tate and mines, is valued at 140,991, Gd8. Indiana is a very rich State, its property of all kinds reaching a total of $727,815,131. The Lone Star State of Texas has in its enormous territory a wealth of $320,36 1,515. The State of Alabama, including cotton fields and iron mines, is worth 122,867,223. The State of Iowa, including its farm land and manufactories, is worth 398,671,251. New Jersev is bv no means noor. Its real and personal property is valued at 702,518,- 361. The wealth of "Wisconsin of all kinds, in cluding the pine forests, amounts to 406,303,- ia5. Jn 1891 the total assets of the savings banks of the United States were 1,855,000, 000. It is slated that the hotels of New York City have 20,000,000 invested in tableware and furniture. The shoe leather annually worn out by the people of the United States is said to co3t 180,000.000. The State of ICentncky, inclnding blue grass land, blooded horses, and tobacco, is worth 3.70,743,384. The State of Illinois is one of the wealthiest of the Western States. Its valuation reach ing 786,016,391. The tbreescctions of Tennessee east, west, and middle arc valued by the assessor at 228,151,432. North Carolina, although a large part of its territory is uncultivntable land, has a valua tion of 156,100,202. Ill 1880 the approximate wealth of the country was 43,612,000,000, an average of $870 to each individual. The State of Connecticut is enormously rich iu comparison to its size, having an as sessed valuation of 327,177,385. The State of Florida has a smaller valua tion than most of the Southern States, being estimated at only 30,038,309. Minnesota hits developed more rapidly than any other Northwestern State. Its assessed valuation is 258,028,037. The State of Georgia hits developed greatly since the war, the estimate now reaching the respectable total of 251,963,124. Missonri ranks high among tlie Western States; the assessed valuation of real and per sonal property being 561, 939, 77L The State of Ohio comes very close to Penn sylvania in the matter of wealth, having an assessed value of 1,534,300,508. In 1890 the census reports estimated that tho wealth of the country was about 62, 600, 000,000, or neaily 1,000 pec head. The District of Columbia, not including the Government buildings and public works, has an assessed valuation of 99.401,787. Rhode Island, in proportion to size and population, is among the richest of our Com monwealths, being assessed at 252,530,673. Massachusetts is one of the richest of the States, having a valuation of real and per sonal projicrty amounting to 1,584,756,802. Viigjnia is not so wealthy as bofore the war; at least, in the cstimutc of the first families, but still has a valuation of 318, 331,441. Between 1850 and I860 the wealth of this country increased 120.5 per cent.; in the next decade, between 1860 and 170, it had in creased 85.5 per cent.; between 1870 and 1880, tho incrcaso was 45 per cent.; and be tween 1880 aud 1S90 the increase amounted to 43.6 per cent. Mississippi, from being one of the rworest, has attained excellent rank among the South ern States. Its wealth is valued at 110, 623,129. It is estimated from the returns of the 11th census that 95 per cent, of the wage-earners of this country own less than 10, Olio each. New York is the wealthiest of tho States. The value of its real and personal property reaches the enormous aggregate of 2,651, 940,006. In wealth Pennsylvania ranks next to New York, having an ttssessed valuation of 1,683,459,016, owing largely to the enor mouj maim fact ires carried on within the limits of this Co umonwealth. Ancient 'J radii iunn ami Military Weapons. Korlh American Review. Ancient traditions are clung to most per sistently in the selection of military weapons. In modern cavalry armament we find the saber and lance a modification of the ancient sword and spear, adhered to with a perti nacity for which it is difficult to account ou rational grounds. Let us fancy two soldiers iu the mounted service, equally brave, one thoroughly trained to handle the saber, aud tho other an accomplished revolver shot; station them 100 yards apart aud let them advance townrd each othor.tit auy gait, with hostile intent; can anyone for an iuatant ex pect but ono result; the man with the saber would certainly be destroyed before he could arrive in striking distance of his enemy, armed with the revolver. Suppose instead of selecting two men wo mado tho number 10, 20, or 1,000; is there any reason able ground to suppose the result would differ materially in illustrating the superi ority of tho revolver over the saber? To exemplify this in another form : let us sup pose that a saber cut over the bead, or a thrust through tho body is equal ton wound Irom a revolver bullet, and lor the sake of argument we will allow the man with saber to arrive within 10 feet of his cuem with the revolver; wo will assume that 10 seconds are required for a "sabreur" to sucessfully carve one man and get within striking dis tance, about three and a half or four feet, of another. We know thnt it is a very ordi nary feat for a good revolver Bhot, mounted, to firo five shots in five seconds and hit the size of a man every time at a distance of 10 fcot, and this with his horse at a full run. The reverence with which we cling to arms ancient might well make a wsc soldier lnimb, were its effects not so pernicious as sometimes to make n good soldior weep. J OUR CORRESPONDENTS. C. A. L., Harrison, Me. 13 it true that tho Department of the Interior has mado a ruling that no pension under tho old law shall bo al lowed on n new or additional disability unless there should be proof a3 to medical treatment forsnmoin tho service ; i. e.. a hospital record of it or tho testimony of a Surgeon or Assist ant Surgeon? Atisiter. We aro not awaro that such a ruling has in terms been made, but it is our observation that it is in effect the pmctico of tho Intonor Department to in such cases deny title to additional pension where tho tes timony referred to cannot be furnished or whero medical treatment at dato of retnrn homo cannot be furnished. We do not believo that it is the policy of tho Department to com mit itself to any positive rnlini; on tho subject, but that it will leave oach ca3o to bo settled on tho fncts presented In it, gnvernod, however, substantially by tho practice abovo alluded to. lr.S. D., Cull, Fin. Please inform mo if the Secretary of the Interior has ruled that widows of soldiers of the Into war who had a prfor serv ice in lhc Confederate army or navy aro not entitled to pension under tho act ofJnno 27. 1690? Anwer. Ye-f, lie has so ruled, snbjoct to tho exception that if tho service in tho Con federate forces can bo shown, to his satisfaction, to havo been involuntary, that such involun tary scrvico will bo held to not defeat title. Such service will in central be hold to have heon voluntary, and wo believo that in very few. if any, cases will it he conccdod by the Secretary that the service in the Confederate forces was involuntary to that dogreo ueces 3:iry to tnko the case out of tho prohibition laid down by Sec. 4716 R. & U. S. T. K lL,Setmuur,Conn. 1. What was the act of March 3, JS63. .13 regards soldiers? 2. What wa3 the call of the President of Oct. 17, 1303? jMirrr. 1. Iu substiuco it provided that persons drafted to tho servico for nino months, aud who should enlist for ouc year, should havo a bounty of $30. It further provided that every non-commissioned ollicer or other porson who ha3 or who shall hereafter bo discharged from the army of the United States within two year3 from tho dato of enlistment by reason of wounds re ceived in battle, shall bo entitled torccoivo tho BBine bounty as la granted or raay bo granted to the same class of persons who are discharged after a service of two years. 2. For 300,000 men. Jrs. M. M., Lima, Ohio. If a soldier hus band becomes insaue and is taken to the asy lum, and whilo tboro gets a divorco, can hi.? widow get a pension If sho marrioa again? .elnsirer. Wo are not at all sure that wo under stand your question ; in the first place, it would bean unusual proceeding for an insane man to succeed in getting a divorce; but if one wore secured, and if valid, then ho would leave no widow unless he married again, as a divorcud woman is not tho widow of tho man from whom alio was divorced. If the marriage between tho soldier and hi3 wife was dissolved by proper judicial decree, that ended all rights of a pensionable character. Ill CI, Traverse City, Mich. Pleaso explain why it 13 that when my pension was reduced from SI0 to $6 and whon similar reduc tions aro mado in other cases, that these reduc tions are classed a3 increases in the public press notices? Answer. We do not know. Such ad judications should bo classed, and they aro so I classed m our reports, a3 reissues, that being tho term applied to them by tho Pension Ba rean. Reissues arc made to incrcaso a pension or to roluco one, and it may bo your observa tion that at present the majority of reissues are to reduce instead of to incroasothe penson. T. J. 711, Flemington, W, Va. Please nuswor through THE Natio.vAI. TiUBUNE tho follow ing question: About 1873 a soldier in the cm ploy of a railroad company fell from a bridge and was killed, leaving threo children under the ago of 16 years. Are they now entitled to pension under any law? Answer? No. W. G., Daylan, Tenn. If a widow pensioner remarries and then is divorced from tho person sho rcmarriod, can sho, by applying for restora tion of pension, get back on the pension-roll? Answer. No; not nnless tho la3t marriago is de creed to bo void ab initio. If the second mar riage wa3 valid for any period of time, then she cannot bo restored to the pension roll. .".(?. IT., Crane Eater, Ga. Whoroapensionor is notified that hi3 pension under tbe act of June 27, 1300, will stop on account of hi'3 hav ingjiad a service in the Confederate army, will his pension be continued if he can prove that he was conscripted to the rebel army and then oscaped at tho earliest opportunity and joinod tho Union army? Answer. It will be continued if ho can satisfy tbo Pension Bureau that tho Coufcdorato service was not voluntary. $2.50 BOOK, FREE! E MJBM GIVING IT TO OUR SUBSCBrBErlS AS A FEES PKE1IUM 100,000 sold at $2.50 NOW OFFERED FREE JOSIAH. SAMANTHA. Therchca been but one book written since MARK TWAIN'S palmy days thai has possessed hk power to charm by wit, and fascinate by fidelity to nature. THAT L1TEBABY SENSATION US aniantha aratoga, BY JOSIAH ALLEN'S WIFE (aiAiuETTA holley). THE BOOK was written under the inspiration of a summer season mid the world of fashion at Sara toga, thu proudest pleasure resort of America, where Prince8 of the old world, with Congressmen, Presidents, Millionaires, Kaiiroad KitiM, and Princes of Commerce of our own great nation with their wives, their beautiful daughters, and all the gayest huttcrflies of fashion luxu riate in balmy breezes, display their personal charms, costly jewels, exquisite equipages, and revel in v All the Extremes of Fashionable Dissipation. "Josiah Axlen's Vjfe" is in a vein of j RE5H strong common sense that is pure and innocent . p 1 EAST .OB as the prattle of a child, keeps the reader cou- "" i-vci -., stantly enjoying It talks of FOILTES, FI.TH.T.A.TIOX3, T.OW-XECKED DRESSING, DUDES "PTTG DOGS J tobogganing, etc., in the author's inimitable and MiBTn-PBovoiirNa style. OPINIONS OF GRITIGS. Fr6C Unparalleled Offer pfgg Until recently this work wa3 held at the high subscription price of $2.50, but lately to put it in the reach of everybody it has been published in cheaper form, of which the above cut is an exact picture. It is ex quisitely bound in cloth, stamped in ink and gilt, printed from new type nnd on fine paper. We offer this wittiest and most humorous book to our subscribers on most reasonable terms. OUR OFFER. To everyone who sends us Three Subscribers we will sentt a copy ot tlie boot, post paid Free of all cot. We wilLsend the book antl THE JNATIONAL TRIBUXK one year to any address for $1.50. Present subscribers can obtain the book sent postpaid by remitting us oO CCli i. Address THE XATIOJTAIi TBIBUNE, Washington, J. C. Oolnlons rendered as to the novelty TXX!?&FSiZ "ISS Saeeess in Li depends on little things. A Ripans Tabule is a little thing, but taking one occasionally gives n i 2 good digestion, and that fc id 3 means good blood, and that means good brain and brawn, and that means success. m Rlparvt Tabulet : Sold by tf niprfcta. or by malt 5 !f the prtce f SO cents a box h nt to Th Kfpnnt ? ('torment Company, .No. 10 SpruSt., New 3 o-k. Sample vial 10 cenU. Spiori m m is laffTKrHrssE-wrisp & S2QS7fMf8 TYbmt 5ec r- tteft rMi-iia3 if ondary crTcr U.iry BLOOD POISON permanently bomot' rsamopntotanaersnmouuraa I ty.Ifyoa prefer tocomo hero wo will con Eoebnrze.lf wofa.J torn.ro. Ifymi havo taken mer cury. Iodide potash, and still hava aches and pn-ns, IIuconIatche In mouth, SoroThronti Pimples, Copper Colored Spots, Ulcers on any partorthe bnJy.IJalrorirvebrowi faUIntr out, it Is this Secondary ltLOOD POISON wo irnaranteo to euro. We solicit tbo most obsti nate cases and crmllencre tho world for a ens wo cannot enro. Thts dleae has alrraya ballled. tho skill of the most eminent physi cians. 8500,000 capital behind oar nneondi tlonal trnaranty. Absolute proof sent aealed on application. Address COOK KEMKOY CO 307 aiusonic Temple, CHICAGO, Hi. 1 Cnro Yeurssll in . FIFTEEN DAYS. I will send TKKK to any nvn the proscription, with full partlculars.of a new and positive remedy. A sur cure for all ueakrtesa in yonui or old men. Cures Failing Mandoorf, Nervous- Wcnkiifsx, and kindred iJiseases in 15 days; disease never return. Will also furnish rt'meiliert If desired. Correspondence private. Address T. C. TSarnes. News Dealer, Box 352. 31arshall, Mich. 1 II Arrests In 48 hnre tlioso "v aneeti ms wmen copaioa and (m) injections iau to cure. AH Dr-JZsristH.or P. O. Box 208I, yew Ycrit. POST fBHC Si. GO fSEAXED) XAILKD TRKB. 19 puea. cloth-tounct. on Errors of Youth aud Disomies of 3ien and Women. Addrw Dr. iOBB.323 North fifteenth Street, Philadelphia Pa. Mention The National Tribune. SlFFKKIT 31 KN, younporold.carc yourselves of thatwistlnfrsernliml weakness by usiiifrasimplo remedy. Send 55 postoffice order, one month's treat ment. TROT cnKJJtVAl CO., Troy, N. Y. Mention The National, rnbu.ia. "WASTED-ADDRESSES. Ci I KNAPP, LEAVENWORTH, KANSAS, u-ants to know tho whereabouts of hfe brother, Charles J. Knapp, either llvln? or dead, if anyone knows. lie served in Battery B, 2d Pa. Heavy Artil lery, during the war. and if living would now be ia his 13th year. On Aug; 8th, 1S7J, he left Owego, N. Y., to go to Great Bend, Pd. Since that time we havo had no tiding from him. He wa3 fair complexion, blue eyes, light, curly hair, has a scar on onewrbt; think it It the left. Who knows him. 727-91 TTTASTED- BySallleStcvenson.FranklinTheater, VV Norfolk, Va. -Information us to death, and whero occurred, or Charles Gates, Co. G, 3d N. . Cav. .Last six monUis' of service iu Suffolk, Va., as Cora mistary Clerk, where he was mustered out in 1865. Ha was a native of Oneonta, N. Y. 7.S-4t "TTT'ANTED The whereabouts or the postoffice ad t V dress of eorge Burrls,or his wife, whose nam before marriage was Emily E. Taylor ; lastheurd from they resided at Kd wards ville, III. If this nieels tho eyeof them or anyonft knowing them or their address, please write m at Campbell. Dunklin County. JIo. An old blind soldier Aaron M. Taylor. 73l-2t Ej "ETg! E&3fi WCXV.UHI mhmi Mmn &IIiIH y "Exceedingly amusing." Rose Elizabeth Cleve land. r , "Delicious humor." Will Carleton. "IS is an evangel of tho keenest sarcasm on tno follies of fashion." Lutheran Observer. " So excruciatingly fuany, we toad to sit back and laugh until tho tears came. Weekly Witness. H' "Unquestionably her best." Detroit Free Press. " Bitterest satire, coated with the sweetest of ex htlarating fun." Bishop Newman. GEORGE E, LEMON, Lemon Building, Washington, D. C. ATTORNEY AT IlRW AND SOLICITOR OF A WW 8f)D FOREIGN PATENTS.