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TEE NATIONAL TBIBUNE WEINGlrfUj CC THURSDAY, DECEMBER. 26, 1895.
FIG TING THEM 0.VER, Wlial'Our Vclerans Have to Say About Tiicir Old Campaigns. The Editor would bo glnd to rccolvc articles or from 8.000 to C.OOO w ords. or horiul papers of greater length, for publication on Uie iht pugo. r. n'1" wtitioii oioluvely fr, Tim National Tin hunk. Tiio blllgucli- submitted should be of intcrcM. to the veterans in Ki'iietid. mid Mioiild he treated with CfptHiul regard t hisiunenl necuincy t flHlemenl. Ailick-s on the behavior of some purtii'ulitr u'ci tmMit or brigade on sonic field whciooit it dis tiiijzufohcd ifelf. m tonic cntupniitti in which it toi-lc ii prominent purl, in some Mejje wheiein it ncted defen.sivoly or ofleiihively; reminiscences ol prison life, the iiinruh or tin camp; pernomii adventure, nil Mich arc solicited. .Shorter paper-, of from SO0 to 1,00(1 w-oidi, and of llicnic clinrne tcr, Hio nVko doMii-d for " Fightim: Them Ovor. ' All articles will receive cont-idci-Htioii. iniU Ifnvnil nble will have invertion. .Stumps s-hottld bo in closed if it is desired that the manuscript bo re turned if unavailable. CUTTING DOWN THE NAVY. Itoarrangoment ami CoitM)lidation of Forces at 'tho liiul of the War. -. EditoIi National Tkihunk: The dif ferent naval squadrons operating on the oceans and along our coast during the civil war had nsnumed extraordinary proportions at its termination. A reduction of expenses was absolutely essential, and a brief review of the steps taken for that purpose may be interesting. - Immediately after the fall of Fort Fisher nud the occu ration of "Wilmington, Charles ton, Mobile, and Galveston, a reduction of the blockading equadion was determined upon. The Potomac Flotilla, so abb' com manded for 20 months by Opt. Foxhail A. Parker, was disbanded. The vessels were of an inferior class and mostly unserviceable, and were disposed of to the highest bidder. The men were honorably discharged with the thanks of the Department, and CapU Parker was granted one month's leave of absence. He hauled down his flay off the Navy-yard at "Washington, July 31, J8G5. The" flotilla had rendered distinguished and meritorious service on the Potomac, Rappahannock, and York Rivers and the waters ol Chesapeake Hay. On or about June 1,1865, the North and South Atlantic Squadtons were combined in one command, under Commodore Wm. Rad ford, aud such vessels as were not required were sent North to be sold. A reduction ol more than one-half of the force was made. Many of the Government-built vessels, which the Department decided to retain, were sent on foreign stations to look after our interests abroad. Commodore Radfoid continued in command until Oct. 10, 1SG5, at which date he was assigned to command the Washington Navy-3'ard. His successor was Commodoie Joseph Lanman. The East Gulf Squadron w:b disbanded July 1, 18G5, as a separate command. Rear Admiral Strihlintr. '? commander, was Admiral Fakragut. ordered to Boston, Mass., and granted one month's leave of absence. A greater part of the vessels were sold. The East and "West Gult Squadrons were combined in one command uuder Acting Rear-Admiral Heurv K.Thatcher. The boundary ol his fqttadrou I River, along the coasts of Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana and Tt-xas. The Western Flotilla, which had been commanded re8iocii'ely by Cajits. John Rodgers, A. H. Foote, C. H. Davis, D. D. Porter. S. P. Lee and S. M. Penuoek, at the cIohc of the war consisted of more than 100 rtte!p. Jt was disbanded on the 34th of August, JfeGo. Commodoie Livingston, the naval commander at Cairo, III., wa en trusted with the duty of disposing of the veesols and closing up the affairs of the squadron. The vessels being intended for inland navigation, very few of them wore retained in the service. They encountered more bard fighting than any other squadron of the war, being almost continuously under fire from the very commencement of hostilities until about the middle oi June, 1HG5, when the Confederate forces on the Red River were aurieudered to our vessels. In the reduction of our naval forces in the Western waters it must be admitted that the Confederate torpedo played a veiy important part. They appeased to be everywhere, and would Btrikewheii least expected. Some ingenious individual had made a contract with the Confederate Government for the destruction of our gunboats on a per centae of their value. By this arrangement a number of vessels were fceut to the bottom of the Missie uippi and it various tributaries. The Pacific Squadron at the close of the war was commanded by Acting Rear-Admiral George F. Piorson, aud consisted of the foUowiHK vessels: Lancaster, Saianak, Ruanee, Moliongo, Watetee, Saginaw, SU Mnrys, Cjane, Kack, Fredouia, aud Fara limes. The principal dutie of this squadron Admiral David D. Porter, wore to look after our interests on the Pa cilic Coast. This hqundron was reinforced on Nov. 2, 3805, by the.followiug vessels, which sailed from Hampton Roads, commanded by Com modore John Rodjiers: Monadnock Tusca rora, Powhatan, aud Yanderbilt. ' At the close of the war it wasfound essen tially requisite that our Navy should be properly represented in foreign waters. A European Squadron was organized, com manded by Rear-Admiral L. M. Goldsbor ough, to which the following voxels were assigned : Colorado, Kearsarge, Ticonderoga, Caunudaigua, Fiolic, Iuo, aud Guard. Its cruising grouud embraced the coast of Eu rope, the Moditerrauenn, the Madeira, Cana ries, aud coaRt of Africa as far as St. Paul de Loando, Admiral Goldsborough died Feb. 20. 3877. The Ilrnzil Squadron al the cIoec of the Zv li. .w . AW Wm war was nlaced under command of Acting Rear-Admiral Shanus WT. Godon, with the dollowing vessels": Brooklyn, Susquehanna, Juniata, Nipsic, Shaniokin, Shawmut, Kansas, Wasp, Supply, and Onward, with orders to cruise on the eastern coast of South America, and on the const of Africa from Cape Town to Sk Paul de Loando. Admiral Godon died May 17, 1879. The East India Squadron, as organized at the close of the war, consisted of the follow ing vessels: Hartford, Shenandoah, Wyom ing, Wachusetts, and Relief. Acting Rear Admir.'il Henry H.lJell was assigned to coni ni ind in August, 18G5. He sailed from New York on board the famous sloop-of-war Hart- f Admiuat. GoLDsnoitouGrr. ford, and the records of the Navy Department sliow that he was drowned in foreign waters on Jau. 11, 18G8. The AY est India Squadron at the close of the Avar, as organized, cons stcd of the fol lowing vessels: Connecticut, Kansas, De Sola, Rhode Island, Swatara, Monongaheln, Florida, Ashulot, Augusta, Shamrock, and Monocacy; commanded by Commodore Jas. S. Palmer. Our Jaigely-increasing commer cial intercourse with the West India Islands was intelligently gum (led by this efficient officer. He died in the service Dec 7, 38G7. During the rebellion he served in the WTest Gulf Squadron, which ho tempoiaril3 com manded. When the war commenced we had 7,G00 men in the Naval service. At its cIofc we hud 51,500, and the total number of enlist ments was 21,900. The blockade had required in its enforce ment over 500 vessels in active service, which t he cloj-e of the war released from duty. This permitted a still greater reduction in the expenses. The total number of captures made during the civil war was 3,150. of which there weie 210 steamers, 5G9 schooners, 339 sloops, 13 ships, 29 brigs, 25 barks, two yachts, 139 rebel rams and ironclads, sixiebel gunboats, 10 torpedo boats. Classification of balance unknown. The number of vessels burned, wrecked, sunk, or otherwise destroyed during the same time was: Steamers, 85; schooners, 114; sloops, 32; ships, two; brigs, two; barks, four; small boats, 9G; rams, five; ironclads, four; armed schooners and sloops, 11. Nearly all the captures of value were ves sels built in so-called neutral ports, and fitted out and freighted in the ports of a Government with which we had treaties aud were on friendly terms. The gross proceeds of properly captured during the war aud condemned prior to No vember 1, 18G3, amounted to $21.529,543.9G. Costs and expenses of condemnation was l,Glfi.2:3.9G; leaving a net proceed for dis tribution of over $20,500,000, one-half of which was added to the Naval Pension fund for payment of naval pensions. Fiom a tabulated statement- nowbeforc meof captuies made, we learn the interesting fact that the steamer Gra3'hound, captured by the U. S. S. Connecticut, was the most valuable prize captured during the var, and realized $49785K55. The next most valu able prize ctptured was the steamer Tristram Shandy, captured by the U.S.S. Kansas, aud sold for $438,873.81. Another valuable prize was the steamer Princess Royal, which sold lor $3G0,382.G1. The court expenses in this case was over $22,000. One-half of the bal ance was divided among the crews of the following vessels: Unadilla, Housatonic, America, Blunt, Memphis, and Quaker City. William Simmons, Philadelphia, Pa. AT MARYE'S HIGHTS. IIow the Sixth Corps lieltavcd and "What tho lilumlci-M Were. Editor National Tkihuxe: Maryc's Rights, May 3, 18G3, was a distinctive action fought by part of the Sixth Corps, assigned to assaulting and taking the position, which was a strongly-fortified hill directly in rear of Fredericksburg. The position was the key to the part of the enemy's line which extended from Banks's Ford on their left to Hamilton's Crossing on their right, some six miles, and was occupied by Ewell's Corps, Jackson's old command. Maryc's Highls was about the, center of the line, and had at its ba.se a sunken road pro tected by a stone wall, the rebels having dug out the road so as to make a complete cover for their infantiy, which consisted of Barks dalc's Brigade of the 7th; 17th, 21st, and 27th Miss. Up the slopes they had dug rifle-pits, while surmounting the llights were 32 pieces of artillery, part of which were in a redoubt. Tliesc pieces commanded the approaches to the Hights. On the road to its left were ar tillery posted undercover, whilein front of the Hights was a canal that the icbels had dam med up so that it had flooded that position. This obstruction was cut away by a detail from Shaler's Brigade, under an annoying fire, thus allowing the overflow to pass awav. Tluc Hights in the battle of Fredericks burg, Dec 13, 3802, had been assaulted by the Second Coqis, troops that could not le ex celled, second to none, with three distinctive division charges, led by Hancock, Humphreys, and Tyler, and each time were repulsed with a total loss of Hearty 5,000 killed and wounded. At the time of the attack made by tlieSixth Coqs on the morning of May 3," 3HG3, the same troops occupied the relief position, with the. exception of Wilcox's Brigade (this bri gade in the attack of Dec. 13 did not fnca shot, being held in support of the guns on the Hights), which had been sent before the at tack to Banks's Ford, it was a very for tunate thing for the enemy, for when the Hights were taken it gave Wilcox the inside track in falling back to establish a position at Salem Church, where a severe action was fought later in the afternoon. It is now conceded that if a vigorous ad vance had been made after Marye's Hights had been taken, Wilcox could have been cap tured, and Salem Church or Hights secured before the enemy. "With this, perhaps, the Chanecllorsvillc campaign might have changed to the disastrous defeat of Lee. However, the plan of the Chanecllorsvillc campaign was a brilliant one in conception, but most blunderingly executed. Someone was to blame; not the grand old Army of the Potomac, nor its old guard, the Sixth Corps. The movement began the night of May 2, 1RG3, the Sixth Corps crossing at what was known as Franklin Crossing, five miles below Fredericksburg. After considerable skir mishing the Bowling Green roud was secured. Our brigade (Shaler's) of Newton's Third Division took the advance up this road in the direction of Fredericlcsburg, with the Chas scurs (the Goth N. Y.), under the command of Col. Joe Hambliu, leading. At Deep Ruu quite a resistance was met with, but with a sudden dash thcroad was cleared. The 23d Pa., uuder Col. John Ely, then took the advance, and just before daylight entered Fredericksburg. Lieut.-Col. John F. wing of the 23d to make a feiut in the direction of the stone wall at the foot of Maryc's Hights, so as to develop the enemy's line. The morning was very foggy. You could scarcely see your baud before your face. The deployed line advanced to within 10 rods of the wall, when it was met with a mur derous fire from the road and hillside. For tunately, the fire was rather high and did very little execution. The position of the enemy being developed, the regiment was or dered to fall back a short, distance, and held- the grouud, with the aid of our batteries, un- til the final charge avjis made. Preparation was then made for the assault of this intrenched position, in which the enemy felt so secure, the plan adopted be ing that of Gen. Newton, our division com mander, at the consultation invited In' Gen. Sedgwick, the corps commander, wliich was to deploy the enemy's line as much as pos sible with this in view. The Goth N. Y. (or Chasseurs), Col. Joe Hambliu, aud the 122d N. Y. was sent oil to the enemy's left as a feint to attack Taylor's 1 fill. This caused Wilcox's Brigade to be sent in the direction of Banks's Ford, leaving the enemy's troops and batteries with out immediate support; our brigade com mander, Gen. Alex. Shaler, forming a column of attack in one of the streets of the town, consisting of the Gist Pa., Col. George Spear; G7 N. Y.(or Lone; Island), Col. Cross; 43d N. Y., and 82d Pa.,Maj. Bassctt. This column was to charge up the road that passed around tho left oft he Hights, while a line to the left of the road, composed of the Gth Me., 5th Wis., and 31st N. Y., under the command of Col. Johns, was to charge directly on the stone wall at the foot of the Hights. About 13 a. m. the attack began. Shaler's command moving down the road iir column of compauies was met with a mur derous fireof musketry and canister, the head of the column being almost annihilated at the crossing of the Canal road bridge. Here Shalcr distinguished himself, for which he was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor, in personalty Hushing forward his column, carrying everything before them, piercing the enemy's line on their left, and flanking the position. The column of Col. Johns charged directly on the stone wall and up the" Hights." The 23d Pa. was not of the storming parly, but at a critical moment of the charge on the stone Aall spontaneously, without eiders, joined in the column that swept over the wall and nu the Jlunits, losing 2 killed and wounded All hail to the Gth Me and the 5th Wis. for the heroic work of tlial day. After the capture of the Hights the division (Newton's) was ordered to advance'to Salmii Church, about five miles in rear of. Fredericks burg, where the First and Second Divisions of the Sixth Corps were holly engaged; Gen. Sedgwick, our " Uncle John," commanding the corps, having pushed on to this place, to form a jnpetion with Hooker aud the bal ance of the Army of the Potomac, who were at Chancellorsviile. Here the greatest blunder was made. In stead of Hooker attacking the enemy on his front when the Sixth Corps was thundering in his rear at Salem Church, he contented himself with holding his positon. It now ap pears that Gen. Lee lelt 13.000 troops on J looker's front, keeping up a continuous fire, while the balance of his army was sent back to crush the gallant Sixth Corps. The glorious old corps with Sedgwick formed lines with both wings refused and maintained their lines, repulsing attacks in front and on both flanks, holding the army of Lee in check until, late at night of May 4, they recrosed the river with the loss of one piece of corjis property, that of a blacksmith's forge,- which drove into the streets of Freder icksburg alter tiio enemy had reoccupied the town. The Sixth Corps lost in the two battles of May 3, Marye's Hights and Salem Church, 4;000 killed and wounded, bringing off the field four stands of the enemy's colors, five pieces of artilleiy, and 13.000 prisoners. The balance of the artillery captured in tho morn ing were left in the streets of Fredericksburg, aud fell into the enemy's hands when they reoccupied the town. The corps did all that it was expected to do, and more, and its sur vivors believe had Hooker at Chanecllorsvillc attacked Lee vigorously while the Sixth Corps was holding its end up at Salem Church the close of the day would have wen Lee's army destroyed. rM. J. Wit ay, 23d Pa., Eric, Pa. SCOUTINGON MULE BACK. Tribulations or a First Attempt to Mount the Ctli Iowa on Uncertain Steeds. Editor National Tjhiicxe: Did you ever try to ride an army mule? If not, be wise, take our advice, and don't. An army mule is different from any other animal on earth. He will stand on his head when that end should be up. He will lie down and roll over when he should be getting from that spot as fast as his legs could carry him. He will plunge bead fiist into a mudhole or deep water when he should shy around both. A whole regiment of soldiers cannot get him over two rails of a feiice at a time when heshould be skipping over it and flying from the danger lurking near. He will not cat a biteoi the forage you have carried for him 10 miles on your back, but will slip his hal ter, stal into your tent, and get into your cracker-box with both hind ftct. I would swear to this statement, for my regiment was once mounted on army mules. In the Winter of J802-G3 the Gth Iowa was stationed along the Memphis & Charleston Railroad between Memphis, Tcnn., and Cor inth, Mifs. In December the regiment was doing guard duty, stationed in small squads, on the line. South of us, in Mississippi, wtts the rebel Gen. Chalmers, in commnud'of nu merous bauds of rebel cavalry; while north of us, in Tennessee, the rebel Gens. Forresl and Shelby were hovering close by. These commands were mounted on the fleetest horses the Southern States could fur nish. An infantry command could do noth ing toward capturing them. A most .daily a squad of these rebel cavalrymen would dash down upon a small squad of our com mand guarding some small bridge, capture them, fake them a few miles from the place of capture, and shoot them as though they were dogs. There was not enough Union cavalry in that locality to hunt down and Capture these guerrillas, and the infantry only lost their time when they undertook to go after them, for they would'not stand and fight. Geu. Sooy Smith was in command of the Union troops, and he was determined he would put a stop to these raids. He con sulted Gen. Hatch, of the 2d Iowa Cuv., and decided that the Gth Inf., mounted on the wagon mules of the two com mauds, could either whip the Johnnies, capture them, or frighten them out of the country. The members of the Gib were consulted, but expressed grave doubts as to the success of a mount on mules; k but as they were there to put down the rebellion, or get put down themselves, they were willing to try it, on mules or any other way. On Christinas Day, 16G2, the bnglo sound ed fall in for our Christmas presents. We were marched to the reserve camp of the 2d Cav., where each man was to receive his ration of army mule. The mules were tied to trees, and were harnessed with a short rein blind-bridle, which perhaps bad not beeu off that mule since it left St. Louis, some months before. There was no choice ; each man took the mule he happened to ho halted behind. Not one in six had ever been ridden. Not a saddle could be had, aud each man took his mule to the camp as best ho could. When we returned to camp word was brought iu from the front that a body of rebel cavalry had dashed down on n small squad of our regiment, captured all of them, took them a short distance into the woods, and murdered every one of them. This Glenn was ordered with the right report made, every 'man who had a mule eager to jump onto iteback and hasten out to capture tho merciless guerrillas. We cut the tentropes, made ropes of bark, and every thing we could twist'ihto a rope with which to tie a blanket on the back of a mule, pre pared ourselves with. rations and ammuni tion, tied our blankots on the mule's back, and wero ready to mount. Each company took mules to company quarters, tho company officers stationed themselves at the bead, of the company, nnd the bugle was sound eft to mount. But the mules had not been Consulted, nud no mount occurred at that command. Another ready was sounded by the JJttgler, the command to mount given, but f.ho mules either did not understand the order' or suddenly changed their minds, for no soldier could be seeu on a mule's back. Time was flying fast; horrible reports of the butchering of our comrades came into camp thick and fast, and no time could he lost. Every fourth man was detailed to hold the mules until tho other three could mount at will; bill, then, the mule had not yet understood the order, or was not ready or willing to be mounted, and but few were mounted in this way. Several hours had been consumed in these efforts to get the boys on the backs of these wild mules with out success, aud some other plan must lie adopted. Three out of every four mules wero tied, and tho three soldiers whose mules were tied wero detailed to put the fourth soldier on the back of his mule. In this manner, after a time, a little over half of the regiment were mounted in a half-day and started on a scout after the rebels. This scout was tho event of the soldier life of tho Gth Inf. hoys never to be for gotten. " Them mules are peculiar critters " could be heard from every line when ve returned to camp. One comrade was mounted on a mule full 1G hands high, which, when it got into a mudhole, where the mud was three feet deep, dropped as though shot, rolled over on its side, and buried completely out of sight its rider. Another very small one, where the holly and thorn-brush were the thickest, took" a shoot into the brush and hung its rider a la Absalom in the brambles. Another, whose rider had done all in his power to induce it to take a drink when crossing Coldwntcr River, refused to touch the water, but soon after plunged over a steep bank into deep water, and stood there aud took a big drink, and nothing could induce it to move until its rider was soaking wet. An army mule sometimes fears everything in sight, then again it does not fear a whole regiment of soldiers. They are better than a horse in a retreat, for they cannot be stopped as long as they can hear the roar of a cannon or the crack of a rifle. They get out of danger in good shape. But an army mule in camp is the meanest creature on earth. He cannot be kept tied; he will destroy ever3 thing he can get at, and no soldier could tell what damage he would do or mischief he would be in if left alone an hour. Our mount on mules was a success. No Johnnies ever stopped long enough in our path to see what they looked like, after we made our first scout' on mules. An Iowa soldier soon leauied n?any tricks, and we soon learned the fnek of transforming an army mule into aTflect Southern horse. Austin P. Loweky, Co. I, Gth Iowa, Des Moines, Iowa. J , WSi if caieilSefnildi res. foul within, fair without. How many of our bodies are in a like condition?.' Bad blood is the cause of a large per cent'.1 of the ills that flesh is heir to. It clogs thtfwhecls of life poisons existence. Dr. Peter's Blood Vitalizer cleanses the blood 'and' gives new life to every organ. It is inside of roots and herbs has been provingtSj healing power for the lat century. Not, .druggists, but only local Vitalizer agejits. ..pell Peter Fahruey, Chicago,Ill. it. Write Dr. HELPED WIN" CROOK'S STAR An Interesting Incident. In the the -Mill Ohio. History of Editor National Tkihilve: I have long read the columns of your very interest ing paper, and have just as long looked in vain for something from any old comrade of the 44th Ohio. Theie are quite a number of the old hoys left who could tell you stones of the44th Ohio that are entertaining and exciting. 1 would like to remind some of the old comrades of their neglect and try and prod them up a little. The 4 lth Ohio was organized at Springfield iu September, 18G1, and was immediately sent up the Ka miwah Valley, W. Va. S. A. Gilbert, an entire stranger, was appointed Colonel, and joined us in the valley at Camp Piatt, about lo miles east of Cuarleston. He was a dis ciplinarian clear through, and at once went to work to make the regiment one that ho could be proud of, and one that would be an honor to the State and Nation. As usual, the boys were down on him at first on ac count of his rigid discipline and hard drill, but it was not long before the men were icady to Jay down their lives for Col. Gil bert. Drilland discipline will always make good troops, and the 44th could be depended on iu any emergeucy. The 44th and 3Gth Ohio won for Gen. Crook his first star. At tho battle of Lewtsburg, Vn., we wore tho only two Yankee regiments there. Crook was Colo nel of the 3Gth, and senior to Col. Gilbert. The rebel Gen. Heath attacked us there with five Confederate regiments and a bat tery of four guns. Among his regiments was the celebrated 22d Va. We were look ing at them while they formed their line-of-battle, and then Col. Crook ordered ns for ward. I won't attempt to describe the battle, but we cleatied them out completely. The 44th captured the battery without stopping to fix bayonets, for which we were highly com plimented by special order, and were pre sented with one of the guns ns a memento. The gun is in Springfield to-day, and is used on tiie Fourth of July.aud other occasions for firing salutes. Col. Crook was at once made Brigadier-General. In January, 18G4, we were on our Avay home, sifter re-enlisting, and stopped in Cin cinnati a few days awaiting a mustering officer. Gen. Rosecrans was in the city at the time, and we mjtyojmddown to the hotel. Gen. Rosecrans cantc- op ton the verandaand made a nice little Hjieecli. In his remarks he mentioned the battle of Lewisburg, aud said: jo:; i "I consider it tbc'Tientest little stand-up fight of the wtir, and have often brought it to the attention of Yho' officers when holdiug a council." 0,n I met several of vino'' boys at Louisville, Ky., during the Nuflol.ml Encampment, aud was told by uearl',a.llof them that I was reported dead scveraj years ago ; hut if any of my old comrades rcitljhis article they will find my address attnchwl.and I will he more than plenscd to heriti from them. Keep the hall a-rolling.- Vot.viJii' B. St. Johx, Co. A, 44lh Ohio, Erie,!?. ' i-lU&-i An A'Kthuiulimt'o at Lust. Medical science atf'fatrrcports a positive euro for Asthma in tho'rcmarknblo Kola plant, a now botanical discovery found on tho Congo River, West Africa. Its cures aro realty mar velous. Itov. J. L. Combs, of Martinsbur", W. Vn., writes that it cured him of Asthma of fifty years' standing, and Bon. L. G. Clutc, of Gree ley, Iowa, testifies that for three years ho had lo sleep propped up in a chair, boing unnblo to lio down night or day from Asthma. Tho Kola Plant cured him at once. To niako tho matter sure, these aud hundreds of othor euros aro sworn to under oath boforo a notary public. So great is tlioir faith in its wonderful curativo powors, tho Kola Importing Co., 11G4 Broadway, Now York, is Bonding out largo trial cases of the Kola Compound froo to all sufferers from Asthma. Send thern your uatuo and address on n postal card, and thoy will send you a largo trial case by mail free. It costs you nothing, and you abould surety try it. PICKET SHOTS, From Alert Comrades All Along the lino. All communlcnUons for this column will rccclvo duo Attention, nud those found nvnllnhlo tucd as noon as possible. ComradeB should write very briefly nud to tho point, on ono side of the pnper only, nnd on uinttrs of Roiiornl interest. Tho number of Picket Shots which reacli tho Editor i so Rrent thnt room ennnot be found for nil, how ever meritorious, nud thoso chosen now ennnot Hud insertion for some Httlo while. Stniupsshotild be inclosed if it la desired thnt manuscript unuvnil ublo bo returned. Lincoln's Kindness. W. C. Reiff, Eddy, N. M"., sends a story of an Irish soldier's visit to Lincoln. He says: "Hugh McLaughlin, a genial and brave Irishman hailing from Boston, after having served a three-months' term in the G9th N. Y.,and being also wounded in the First Bull Run battle, later on found his way into my company nnd regiment. Hugh was several times wounded while with us, which, as a matter of course, compelled his going North to hospitals. "An acquired desire to spree at times caused Mac, or Ilughey, as we called him, to leave the diffcreut hospitals and have what he considered n 'good time' of it-before going to tho front. One day, in 3864, Hugh brought up in Washington City and applied to a certain Army Paymaster whose office was, I understood, opposite the Treas ury Department. He asked for his pay, hut the Dispenser of Greenbacks said he could not accommodate him on account of his hospital record. Ilughey volunteered the lnlormatiou that lie would nave ins pay even if he had to see President Lincoln about it. He turned his hack npon the Paymaster's office nnd started for the White House. Right here I must add by way of explanation that our Ilughey was a polite and intelligent man when free from drink, and not at all forward. Just now he was not exactly himself. "Upon reaching the main entrance of the "White House, there was an attempt made by tho white-gloved sentry at the door to prevent his entry. Ilughey just pushed this guardian of the National Chief aside and stepped into the home of the President, and soon found himself in the presence of that good man aud his wife. 11 The President was seated at a table, writing. Hughey made his errand known at once with the eloquence of a Burke. The soldiers' best and truest friend listened attentively, aud so did his companion. They asked Hughey a good many questions about his long army service aud his home. Then the President look tip a pen and wrote a few lines to the Paymaster. He instructed Hugh to take the note to him and get his pay. When Hugh got the funds he sent them almost all to his wife aud family in Boston." rtlcl'lierson's Death. Herman Rates, Co. G, 78th Ohio, Mount Ephraim, O., writes as to McPherson's death: "I was in the Second Brigade, Third Di vision, Seventeenth Corps. Our brigade was the extreme left of our corps. I think McPherson lost his life by the carelessness of the commanding General of the Sixteenth Corps; for the corps failed to close up on our left, and thereby left a gap open of from a half to three-quarters of a mile. This had been reported to McPherson, and he aud two of his staff started around the lines to look for this gap. This was betweeu 9 and 10 o'clock in the morning. "The rebels opened fire on us with artil lery. Just at this time McPherson came riding justin the rear of ourregiment. Right opposite our company was a byroad that led off from tho main road down through a body of timber in our rear. The General and two of his staff went down this byroad, and at the same time the rebels was charg ing through the woods. They ran onto McPherson and killed him, and his horse came runuing back." "Wheeler Gave Tt Up, A. P. Thompson, Sergeant, Co. E, 1st Tenth, Rockwood, Tetin., writes: "The 1st Teiin., Byrd's regiment, organized at Camp Dick Robinson, Ky., Aug. 20,1SG1, and was, I think, in some engagements of which no record was ever made. During the siege at Knoxville, after the battle of Chickamauga, our regiment was stationed at Kingston, and details were watching the river to see whether Longstreet would cross or go on to Knoxville. About the time the siege be gan Wheeler came down to Kingston with his brigade to take in cur regiment. We objected in very positive terms, and after arguing the case on top of the hill east of the town, Wheeler decided that wc did not need taking in, and left us." Hard to Convince. Samuel If. Bolton, McComb,0., writes: "I have always thought that Johnston ottt-gen-eraled Uncle Billy just a little at Benton ville, N. C. Those of the old Fourteenth and Twentieth Corps possibly remember the contest there. I then belonged to the Signal Corps at Gen. Slocum's Headquarters. Some of us went out foraging that morning, as was the custom. We went to left and front, crossed a large, wide swamp, went out possibly four miles beyond, and got some forage, etc. An old darky approached one of our boys, and said that old Mnssa Bragg had been marching on that road (about a half-mile off) all night, and that the wagons were to be seen yet. " We didn't stop long, but took back, nd got to the same ford where we had crossed in early moruiug. Here we found Kilpat rick's cavalry. They seemed to bo as much surprised as we had been to see us come from across the swamp. We informed Kil patrick of our observation, then rode to where the First Division of the Fourteenth Corps was engaged. Here we found Slocnm aud our Headquarters. "Johnston's men had driven our men back quite a good way. Slocuin sent Lieut. Howgate (of tho Signal Corps) with a dis patch for Sherman, then on a road to the, right. "When they overtook him Sherman refused to believe Slocum's statement, claiming that it was nothing but cavalry. Slocuin must push on to Goldsboro. "I was right there when Howgate re turned, and if ever you heard anyone swear it was Slocuin and Kilpatrick, for by that time the Generals were all together and things looked mighty blue. Slocnm then sent another dispatch by Lieut. Foraker. He still insisted that it was nothing but cavalry, but Foraker (since Governor of Ohio) insisted that Johnston's whole army was iu our front; that we had captured quite a lot of prisoners, aud that they testi fied to the same thing. "A moment later the rehs made some des perate charges on our men, and the noise of cannon soon convinced old Billy that some one else beside cavalry was there. He then ordered the Fifteenth Corps to stop and face to tho left and go in, which they did in good style, aud then, of course, it was too late for Joe to do anything but look out for himself." Scattering. THE National Tiuhuxe has a letter for Capt. Jesse H. Jones, who is believed to be somewhere in Georgia. Ezra M. Bedford, Wessels Post, 85, Port- ville, N. Y., has a valuable gold-headed cane that was probably lost by some comrade while attending the National Encampment at Louisville, Ky., in September last. He will be pleased to return it on receiving a proper description and copy of the inscrip tion upon the cane, taking sack precaution as a means of surety identifying the owner. M. C. Callahan, Co. A, 125th Ohio, Green ford, O., has the discharge paper of John Beard, Co. I, 29th Va. Thousands of now patrons will tnko Hood's Sarsa purilla this Sprlneaud realize its manifold benotits. THEIR RECORDS. Brief Sketches of the Services Varions Commands, of Tuk NATTOXAli Tribo.vk hits In hand several hundred requests for regimental hlstoriot. Allsuoh requests will be ucccdctl to in tluo time, although those now received cannot bo published for at lenst n year, owinc to lack of ipuce. Numerous sketches ImTcnlretuly been ptihlhhed. nnd of Hies none can he fou ml room for ft second time, until nil have been printed. The 17th Inil. This regiment was organized at Indinn apolis, Ind., from June 12 to Aug. 14, 1861, to serve three years', and upon the expira tion of its original term veteranized and was retained in service, and the loth Ind. con solidated with it. The organization was mustered out Aug. 8, IHGo! Col. Milo S. Hascall, its first commander, was promoted to be Brigadier-General, March 25, 1862; Col. John T. Wilder, who succeeded Col. Hascall, resigned Oct. 5, 1864, and when mustered out the regiment was commanded ly Col. Jacob G. Vail. Col. Vail received the brevet of Brigadier-General, March 13, 105. At Hoover's Gap, Tcnn., June 24, 18G3, while in Reynolds's Division, Four teenth Corps, the regiment lost six killed and 19 wounded. At Selma, Ala., while in Long's Division, Cavalry Corps, it lost 12 killed and 80 wounded. During part of its enlistment the regiment was equipped as mounted infantry, and formed a part of Wilder's "Lightning Brigade" of mounted infantry. The command served part of the time in Crook's Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Cumberland. Its total los3 was three officers and 90 men killed and one officer and 143 men died. The 7th Mo. Cav. Editor National Tribune: I see in your issue of Isov. 21 a history of the 7th Mo. Cav. You say that the veterans and recruits were retained in service until Feb. 22, 18G5. The facts arc these: The battalion was iu the early part of 18G5 consolidated with the 1st Mo. Cav., and served as 1st Mo. Cav. until September, 18G5. T. N. Seaks, Co.'s B and D, 7th Mo. Cav., nnd, after the consolidation, Co. K, 1st Mo. Cav., Lamar, Mo. The fi3I Intl. The regiment was organized at New Albany and Indianapolis, Ind., from Feb. 19 to March 6,1862, to scve three years; veteranized, and was rfJIned in service until July 21, 18G5. W.jen the command took the field Col. Walt'i'Q. Gresham com manded. Col. Gresbarr'-Swas nromntprl in hft Brigadier-General, Aq 11, 18G3, and was succeeded in command of the regiment by Col. William Jones. Col. Jones wa3 killed in action near Atlanta, July 22, 1864. During latter part of service Col. Warner L. Vestal commanded, and he was mustered out with the regiment. At Hatchie Bridge, Miss., while in Hurlbnt's Division, the regi ment, lost 13 killed, 91 wounded, and two missing. At Atlanta, Ga., July 21 and 22, 1864, while in Gresham's Division, Seven teenth Corps, the command lost 24 killed, 93 wounded, and 65 missing. The regiment stands sixth in the number of men who re- inlisted in Indiana organizations. Its total loss in the service was nine officers nnd 93 men killed and four officers and 248 men died. The 42(1 Ohio. The regiment was organized at Camp Chase, O., in September, October, and No vember, 18G1, for three years. The original members, except veterans, were mustered out at different dates from Sept. 30 to Dec. 2, 18G4, and the veterans and recruits trans ferred to the 96th Ohio. Col. James A. Garfield, who took the field with the regi ment, was promoted to be- Brigadier-General, March 14, 1862. - Lionel A. Sheldon was commissioned to succeed Col. Garfield, and remained with the regiment until it3 consolidation At Port GibsonMiss., while in Osterhaus's Division, Thirteenth Corps, it lo3t 12 killed and 47 wounded. Ifs total loss in the service was one officer and 53 men killed aud three officers and 173 men died. The 7th 2 Y. IT. A. This regiment was organized at Albany, N. Y., Aug. 18, 1862, to serve three years, as the 113th rf. l. it was changed to heavy artillery and designated the 7th N. Y. H. A., Dec. 19, 18G2. Two additional companies were orgauized one Aug. 6, 1863, and the other Jan. 19, 1864. It was consolidated into a battalion of four companies June 23, 1865. The battalion was mustered out Ang. 1, 1865. The regiment of 10 companies left the State Aug. 19, 1862, aud served as heavy artillery in the Defenses of Washington : in the Second Brigade, Haskin's Division, Twenty-second Corps; in' Tyler's Artillery Division, Second Corps, Army of the Poto mac; in Fourth Brigade, First Division, Second Corps, iu Second Brigade, First Divis ion, Second Corps, and in Second Separate Brigade, Eighth Corps. The 7th N. Y. II. A. stood third in point of loss among heavy artil lery organizations. Its priucipal service was in Harlow's Division, Second Corps. Its total loss during its enlistment was 291 officers nnd men. Its heaviest loss was at Cold Harbor, where 127 officers and men were killed or re ceived wounds from which thoy died. At the battle of Petersburg it lost 55 officers and men killed or died of wounds. Among the officers killed at Cold Harbor was the gallant Col. Lewis O.Morris, who had com mand of the brigade. Col. Morris was an officer of the Regular Army. Col. Edward A. Springsteed, who succeeded Col. Morris, was killed at Eeams's Station, Va., Aug. 25, 1SG4. Col. Richard C. Dnryea, a graduate of West Point and an officer of the .Regular Army, then took command, and remained with the regiment uutil July 3, 13G5. Maj. John F. Mount commanded the battalion which remained in service until later. Among other battles' not mentioned previ ously, where the loss of the regiment was severe, note might be made of Spottsylvania, Totopotomoy, and Eeams'a Station. The total enrollment of the regiment was 2,6G7. Of these 14 officers and 277 men were killed aud four officers and 374 men died. Over 200 of those previously in cluded died in rebel prisons. The regiment is one .f the 300 lighting regiments given by Col. Fox. Tho 2d Ky. Cav. Tho regiment was organized at Camp Muldraugh's Hill, Ky., from September, 1861, to February, 1862, to serve three years ; veteranized, and remained in service until July, 1SG5, when the compauies were mus tered out separately. Col. Buckner Board, a graduate of West Point and first com mander of the regiment, resigned Dec. 25, 18G2; Col. Thomas P. Nichols resigned Dec. 13, 18G3j Lieut.-Col. Elijah S. Watts re sigued Aug. 20, 1861, and when mustered out Lieut.-Col. Owon Star was the ranking officer. The command served in Kilpatrick's Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Cum berland, aud lost five officers and 51 men killed and one officer and 122 men died. Groat Itoduction iu Time to California. Once nioro tho Northwestern Lino ha3 re duced the time of its traus-continontal trains, and tho journey from Chicago to California via this popular route 13 now made in tho marvolously short tiino of threo days. Palace Drawiug-Eoom Sleeping cars leave Chicago daily, and run through to San Francisco and L03 Angolo3 without change, aud all meals en route aro served in Diuingcars. Daily Tourist Sleoping car service is also maintained by this lino betweon Chicago and San Francisco and L03 Angelos, complotoly equippod berths in upholstered Tourist Sleepers being furnished at a cost of onlylCOOoach from Chicago-to the Pacific Coast. Through trains leave Chicago for California at G:00 p. m. and 10:30 p. m. daily, after arrival of trains of connecting lines from the East and South. For detailod information concerning rates, routes, etc., apply to ticket agcuts of connect ing lines or address: H. A. Gross, G. E. P. A., 423 Broad way, New York. l "T.Vt Tho Gnni on Mission Klclgje, etc.. Editor National Tribune: Plensenn swer through The National Tribune the following questions, if you know: 1. While at Missionary Ridge this Ia3t September there was a dispute as to whether those four cannons that aro standing where Gen. Bragg had his Headquarters are tho same guns that were there at the time of tho battle. Some claimed they were, others claimed they were not. The Sergeant who commanded the right gun (Mr. C. IL Leff ler, Sanford, Fla.) was there. He was rather of the opinion that tt was not the gun. Tho gun is marked No. 112. T. J. R., 1862. 2. Mr. Lefller say- his gun was marked "Lady Breckinridge"; that the other gung were named after certain prominent Gen erals, otc Now, there wore some who claimed it was not true; that Lady Breckin ridge, Buckner, etc., were captured on top of Lookout Monntain. Now, I had a hand in that Lookout Mountain sera per but knov? nothing about those marks. I think they had allusion to the gun3 captured near the Craven Hone. 3. Does anyone know anything of a small fort standing, possibly, a quarter or half a mile back of the Craven House, near where we first struck the rebels? My recollection ia that it was nearly one-half mile before we got to those forts by the Craven House. It had no artillery in it. We captured 14 men in it. Comrade Butler, of my regiment, took the prisoners back, and he claims thab those are the forts where we took the 14 prisoners. I claim not. When we wero there it was so hot we couldn't stand it like we did 30 years ago, so we left it unsolved. 4. How 'loes it come that some New York regiments are putting their epitaphs up at the point, or rather chiseled it in the rock jnst below the point of Lookout Mountain, when those regiments were engaged belovr the Craven House, a quarter or half a milo below the point? Our regiment belonged to Gen. Whittaker's Brigade, of the Fourth Corps (tne 99th Ohio). We struck the reb els just below the Craven House, and wo were to the right, yet, of the White Star boys. If anyone should have anything there, it's the old 3th Ky., which planted the first flag on the motinfcain, and they be longed to Whittaker's Brigade. I like to see thiugs done just as they were. More than that, I think that part of the mount ain should become a part of the park, and then let us have our epitaphs where they belong. Sajiuel II. Bolton, Co. D, 99 th Ohio, McCorab, O. With reference to the guns on Mission Ridge, we will say that in all probability they are not the same that were in the bat tie. The War Department has given the same kind of guns, but no way exists to ex actly ideiitfy them and give their history. Editor National Tribune. Quickly, Thoroughly, Forever Cured. Four out of five who saffor nervonsness, mental worry, attacks of " tho blues," are but paying the penalty of early excesses. Vic tims, reclaim your manhood, regain your vigor. Don't despair. 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At Drurclsti, or send 4. In stamps for particulars, testimonials aud "Keller ror Lame, ' in mier, ny return Mull. lO.OOO f tiiuoaulj. XaneLl'jver. ChlclirterClit;liiIc!illC'i..Alad!niNiiiin.. Sold by all Local DrugglJU. I'hlluOa., Fa. &b Instant relief, final euro in a fotr days, I K nnil nnvnp rnr.llrna? nn niirr nnltva. iSfaiw nosuDDOsitory. Kemetlvmulled free. Address, U. J. AIason', Box, Sl'j, Haw York Olty, N. Y. Mention The National Tribune. "WANTJED-ADDJEtESSESL WANTED-By Henry Jones, Liberty HHl.Teun. Tho addresses of members of Co. T. It N. Y. Art, who enlUted iu September, 15W, In said company. 730-lt l ANTED Tho address of some memUer er Co. V D, Gth Toan. Cav., who Itnew Wm. tfliuMey, of that company. Address Ed. E. Davis, SO!) lUUi street, "Washington, D. C. "TTTArrED Addresses of comrades of Solomon B. V Smith, of Co. It, 05th III. Information wanted to establish pension claim by hts daughter, Mrs. Ger trude Cannon, Wiota, Iowa. 7ts 3 tTT" ANTED Any comrade who served as a soldier TV durlmc close of rebellion, April ami 3lay, iso5, iu Camp Butlor, 111., would confer a tkvor upon me for hU postoflice address, as it Is of groat iniportuiictr to me. John IJuclcelshauson, Florence, I'inal County, A.T. "-Mt "TYTANTED By Harmon niKcher, Wutorville, VV Doissflas Co., Wash. Th address of two com rades of tho ICtU rnd. Cav., who-Uno w me at Columbus, Miss., whilo I was Orderly at the Freedinan's Uumio, in 1605. 7-tU-it LAU 3Si5 ww 9 mm. "flr i v &aaaH4 asraa aa 135 ise&k &&wm m i fccw 9t m Hrw i- --ri W rfcr? Rytv? LOOQ POISON nracEoiEaEsar SA Brummie anaBBBga TO 21 jp iag9 ft. v5-?S?vr 9 rEHM V e r U