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The tooiE Tribune:
WASHINGTON, D. C, APRIL 23, 189C.
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THE VERMONT BRIGADE IN THE
WILDERNESS. By Brevet Maj.-Gcn.
L. A. Grant, commander of the 'brigade,
and late Assistant Secretary of War.
THE BATTLE OF FAIR OAKS, Oil
SEVEN PINES. By Maj.-Gcn IT. M.
Plaisted, formerly Lieutenant-Colonel of the
11th Me., and aftencard Major-General of
FIRING ON FORT SUMTER. A thrilling
story of a young Ohio mechanic tcho cm
in Charleston at the time, and was compelled
to join the rebel, but icho aflencarde escaped
and-scrved three years in a Union regiment
THEJiATTLE OF POISON SPRING. By
Wiley BrilJon, late of the V'ar Department,
end-author of "7 he Civil War on the Bor
THE HAMPTON SOLDIERS' H03TE. A n
admirable dc&crinlinn nf Hie vz-lnvn ' i
refuge. Jig .John W. Haight, Hospital
TN AND OUT OF CHARLESTON. By
R. 0. J?.f a young Connecticut man, nJto
teas caught in CJiarleslon at the openin g o
SALISBURY PRISON. An-accounlof the
famous outbreak. By Henry Mann, Wth
TrGJvirrs to national icncampjiknt.
We will again furnish first-class return-trip
tickets to the National En
campment for clubs of subscribers to The
National Tkibuke or This American
Fabmbr. Go to work at once Eolicitinjr
subscribers for both these. Send to us
for all the sample copies you may need,
and notify us that such subscribers as you
fiend in are to be applied on your ticket.
Write us as to how many subscribers
you must secure. You can easily pro
vide yourself with a ticket in this way.
Ik you see it in Tiik National
Trihiuni: or any issue ot The National
Tjtrauyjc Lj beaky it is absolutely so.
What au awful bad lot we are in the
eyes of some people. The Mexican
Ticvvpo, which is the organ of the Cleri
cals and the purely Spanish party in
Mexico, says about the citizens of the
They arc lynchers by profession, the ex
ecutioners of the Chinese, the robbers of half
our territorj', the propagators of Protestant
ism, me men who meddled with the Sand
wich Islands, overthrowing the Queen, and
sowing anarchy in the country. The men
who assareinnted Italians en maf$c at New
Orleans, and those who hn e openly fomented
and aided with arms, ships .and money the
Cuban iu6urrcction are Americans.
AN OPEN LETTER
To the Members of the
House of Representa
tives. Gentlemen: Feb. 11, 1887, Presi
dent Cleveland, in Ills veto of the De
pendent Pension Bill, devoted much
space to the consideration of Service
Pension legislation in the past. He said
that the Revolutionary Service Pension
Bill had been passed in ISIS, 35 years
fter the close of ihe war; that for service
in the "War of 1812 was passed in 1S71
56 years after the close of that war;
and thatfor service in tlurMexican Yar
was passed in 1877 39 years after the
close of that war.
The deductions that he made from the
facts that presented themselves lo him
were, that probably about 150,000 men
served in the Revolutionary War, and
62,069 of these received pensions; that
about 263,000 men served in the War of
1S12, and that 60,178 pensions were
granted them and their widows. In this
connection he said :
Hitherto sneb relief has been granted to
surviving so'diers, few in. number, vener
able in age, after a long lapse of time since
their military service, and as a parting bene
faction tendered by a grateful people.
We sharply criticized this utterance
afc tjme for tie ac- 0f parallelism
-jet;veen cCrviCcs in previous wars with
,, . . ., r .i Muu,- nri ,rA
LiJ.lO ill UlU MU Ul lliV I1,U1,111UU) ..w. i.vy
were particularly severe upon the ad
vocacy of a policy which would make
a parade of National gratitude and
generosity, at the smallest possible ex- j
pense, by waiting until Death had
enormously reduced the number of tho
recipients of such "benefaction," and
Old Age had made it certain that the
expenditure UQuld only be for a few
AW, that was nine years and some
The " lapse of time since their mili
tary service " has come very near what
the President believed then to be the
proper interval before granting a Serv
Since he penned those lines many
scores of thousands of veterans have
passed away without this " parting bene
faction of a grateful people." Myriads
of manly, patriotic hearts, that were
chilled by the words of that veto, have
suffered the final chill of death since
then, and the only benefaction a grate
ful people can give them is the annual
gift of a wreath of flowers upon their
More than twice as many men as were
in the Army of the Potomac at any one
lime have died since those words were
Is this not a sufficient diminution of
number a sufficient "saving" to the
National Treasury to satisfy anyone?
There were peculiar and strong rea
sons wliy the people postponed the
previous- Service Pensions as long as
they didj, 3u)rmore than a quarter of a
century after the close of the Revolution
ary war the countrj' was virtually bank
rupt. It was with the utmost difficulty
that money could be gotten for the bare
necessaries of Governmental existence.
Then, it was plunged into, the cosily
war of 1812, which ended with a bur
den of debt of $127,334,933 upon the
people. This, with the population and
resources of the day, was a vastly greater
load than any the country has borne in
recent years. That Congress should,
three years after the close of the War
of 1812, vote a service pension to the
soldiers of the Revolution was incom
parably more liberal and generous than
the pnssagc of such a measure would be
The great majority of men who served
in the war of 1 81 2 had very short terms.
They were militiamen called out for
brief emergencies. At most they could
not be called for longer than three
months. The average was only a few
Then it must be remembered that the
country was very new, and money very
scarce. A pension of $8 a month was
very much more than several times that
much -would be now. The pay of a
private in 1 792 was only 3 a month.
A Lieutenant got but $2G a month, and
a Captain only $40.
Then land-warrants were given with
the greatest liberality, and it was sup
posed that each one provided the sol
dier, his widow, orphans, or dependent
parents, with a comfortable home and
means of support At first these were
graded, by giving 40 acres for one
month's service, and so on upward. Pi
nally it was enacted that any man who
had served 14 days in any war should
receive 160 acres :if;hc had before re-1
1THE IfATIONMi TRmOSffi WASEINgfM, ffij Og SHURSDAY, APRIL 23, 1896.
ceived less than that, his grant was to be
made-up to that amount; if he-had died
his widow, orphans, or dependent father
or mother succeeded to his rights, a "sub
sequent marriage" did not deprive his
widow of them, and it was made the duty
of the Commissioner of the General Land
Office " to cause to be located freo. of
expense," any warrant "upon good
farming land " in any district that the
holder might designate.
3ow, we earnestly urge upon you the
undeniable fact that the immediate pas
sage of the Service Pension Bill is de
manded to place all the survivois of the
war of the rebellion upon the same
grounds of treatment as those of previous
wars in which this country engaged.
L-et us have it as a " present benefac
tion," not a " parting " one. At least a
quarter of a million of veterans have
passed away since President Cleveland'
made his formal objections to a Service,
Pension Bill as premature. Whatever
force from his standpoint his objec
tions then had, it has been removed by
the passage of time. Nearly 1 0 years ago
he admitted that a Service Pension Bill
was right, just and gracious, when the
time for it arrived. Is not 31 3ears
after the close of the war sufficient ? It
would seem as if there could be no ques
tion of this. s
Then why not pass it at once
Yours, in hope,
TitE National, Tribune,
GKN'. SHERMAN'S MI5MOIKS.
This week's installment of " The Per
sonal Memoirs of Gen. W. T. Sherman "
-g fl hig,yintcresting ona Tt is vjvjd
account of an old-time experience,which
has all the fascination of a sea romance
a voyage in a sailing ship from New
York to California around Cape Horn.
Outside of whaling ships and a few
freighters, this is a rare experience now
adays. It is hard to conceive of putting
a battery of United States artillery on a
trim sailing ship and sending it on a six
months' journey through the tropics,
down the verdure-clad Brazilian and
Argentine coasts, then to battle for n
month with the storms and cold of tem
pestuous Cape Horn, to be succeeded by
weeks of sailing northward through the
Summer seas of the Pacific to the then
little-known California coast. The story
has a delicious old-time flavor of experi
ence and adventure, which must fasci
nate every reader, young and old. Next
week's installment will tell of the arrival
in California and the excitement of tak
ing possession of that fair land for the
United States. Unlucky for them, the
men who did it could not pierce the
mists of the future and realize the great
ness of the work they were doing. The
National Trirune is the only paper
in the United Stales to publish this
great story, and we do it by special ar
rangement with D. Appleton & Co., who
own all the rights of publication of the
book. IHs a great opportunity for the
readers of The Natonat, Tribune,
who get in this way for the subscription
price of the paper what would cost them
from S3 to S5 in book form. Renew
your subscriptions promptly, that you
may not miss a single number.
THE LEAVENWORTH SOLDIERS' nOME.
Gol. R. W. Blue, Reprcsentative-at-Xarge
from Kansas, made a very de
termined and able fight in the House of
Representatives last week against- the
management of the Leavenworth Sol
diers' Home. He thonghtvit necessary
to l)egin the fight at headquarters by
opposition to the re-election of Gen. W.
B. Franklin as a member of the Board
of Governors. Only by defeating Frank
lin, it was thought, could Col. A. J.
Smith be reached. Though Col. Blue
made a strong showing against Col.
Smith, the showing in his favor was ap
parently stronger, and Col. Blue was de
feated. Leaving out of the question the dia
metrically opposing testimony as to the J
character of Col. Smith's administration
of the Home, there are two or three
special features that the people every
where will demand further light upon.
Tho first is why a man whose habits
were such that he had to take the
Xecley cure was appointed to the Gov
ernorship of such an institution and
was retained in it.
Next, that whole Keeley business has
a very bad look. The victims pay $22.30
for treatment, and about $6,000 a year
is collected from them. The Governor
of the Home has a pecuniar interest in
this institution, which he certainly should
not have, and it is not clear how the
money is disbursed.
It would certainly seem that the
Leavenworth Home offers a profitable
field for a searching investigation by
ENGLAND IN EUYPT.
Ostensibly, the English took posses
sion of Egypt to protect the European
holders of the Egyptian bonds. Really,
these bonds are an instance of the bit
terest cruelty and oppression of a poor,
ignorant people by civilized and en
lightened ones. Forty' years ago the
Egyptians dull, stupid farmers were
living in the same condition that they
had for thousands of years. They cul
tivated the fertile valley of the Nile in
the same clumsy, inefficient way that
their forefathers had done in the days
of Moses. The Turkish tax-collectors
I skinned them alive, as the tax-collectors
do all Eastern peoples. In spite of this
they managed to keep a largo part of
the proceeds of their labor. Then came
De Lesseps, who proposed to dig the
Suez Canal. They had absolutely no
-interest in the project. It was of no
importance to them that Europe should
Iiavc a shorter route to India and
China. Their highway was the Nile,
within five miles of which every one of
them lived. They had as little interest in
cutting through the Isthmus of Suez as
a farmer in Oregon has in the Cape Cod
Canal. But the cunning Frenchman
played upon the vanity and ambition
of the Khedive, who drafted them by
the hundred thousand to work in di--ging
the canal, with no other recom
pense than their scanty board. Worse
than this, the Khedive took about
$20,000,000 worth of bonds in the en
terprise, and these became a charge
upon the country. Still worse, he
learned the evil knowledge that he
could borrow money in Europe, and
straightway took all he could get to
squander in opera houses, harems, and
other ridiculous ways. The result was
that in a few years he had piled up on
his poor little country a debt of $520,
000,000, or about? as much as that of
this country yhen the present Adminis
tration came xiito power. This was
upon a land scarcely larger than Mas
sachusetts, and 3 inhabited 'by only
6,000,000 very poor people. The debt
amounts to mote 'than $100 for every
cultivatable acre in the country, and
the interest and the Government ex
penses amountr to an annual tax of more
than 10 p2rsicro. The Khedive had
to go into bankruptcy, and England
and France- seized the country to pro
tect their bonilmSulcrs. Next, the Eti--lish
got rid of i the French, and have
since been managing Egypt themselves,
much to the anger of France. The
Egyptians tried to rebel, but they are
not fighting men, and the British troops
and fleet made short work of them.
There was a reserve fund created for
the bondholders, and what now excites
France is that England, with her usual
thrift, proposes to take this money to pay
the expenses of an expedition she 13
sending to Dongola for-the purpose of
consolidating and extending her power.
France protests, and Russia quietly
backs her, but England goes ahead, all
the same. She Want3 Egypt for various
reasons as a protection for her route
to India, as a profitable investment for
her bondholders, and as a source of her
cotton supply. Therefore she will hold
on, and increase her holdings. The rest"
of the world may kick, but England is
used to that sort of thing.
France's treatment of Madagascar
shows what the commercial policy of
European Nations is to be. First,
France declared that Madagascar was
under her protection, and that in trade
matters she would consider herself simply
as " the. most highly favored Nation."
Now she frankly announces that Mada
gascar is to be considered a true French
colony, and all trade with her by other
Nations must be under the same restric
tions, and subject to the same protective
duties as with France herself. Mada
gascar is lo "be made a market for
French products. This is wliat we
should do wilk'"'Guba when we get the
r.II-15 OF CKN. TTIOaiAS.
The next issue, of The National
Tribune Library will be "Life of
Gen. Georgoj if. Thomas," by John
McElroy. u -'
A leading 'Spanish paper advocates
extermination' aj the only solution of
the Cuban situation. There are two
peoples who will have to be consulted
before extermination is carried very far :
the Cubans and ourselves. As to the
first, it certainly looks as if they could
play the policy of exterminating with
more success than their adversaries. As
to the second, the first wholesale massacre
the "Spaniards committed would bring
down upon them such a tornado of
American wrath that they would call
upon the mountains and the caves to
hide them from our vengeance.
PAY OF NON-COMMISSIONED OFFJCEItS.
The proposed increase of the pay of
non-commissioned officers of the Army,
which the House Committee on Militnry
Affairs recommendsshould by all means
be made. There are several strong
reasons for this. The first is that all
non-commissioned officers are underpaid,
wlidn their duties and responsibilities are
taken -into consideration. For example,
a First Sergeant, who has the respon
sibility for the entire company, and must
carry it incessantly day and night, gets
but $25 a month, and only reaches $30
after 10 years' service. This is ridicu
lously insufficient. The non-commissioned
officers make the Army, and it is
strongly to the public interest that the
best kind of men be attracted to those
places, and be induced to remain in them.
Then, the pay of non-commissioned offi
cers of the Army is far below that of the
same class in the Navv. Leaving out
the Chief Musicians and Hospital Stew
ards, Signal Sergeants and Engineer
Sergeants, who get paid ns specialists,
the highest pay is that of Post Ordnance,
Quartermaster and Commissary-Sergeants,
who get from $34 to $39 a
month, according to length of service.
Next come the Sergeant-Majors and
Quartermaster-Sergeants of regiments,
who only get from $23 to $28 a month.
On the other hand, Boatswains, Gun
ners, Carpenters, and Sail makers in the
Navy get $1,200 a year for the first
three years when at sea; and this is
gradually increased according to the
length of their service to $1,800 h year
when at sea, after 1 2 ycare from date of
appointment. They are retired the same
as the commissioned officers, on three
quarters pay. The Chief Mastcrs-at-Arms
receive $65 a mqnth ; Chief
Boatswain's Mates and Chief Gunner's
Mates $50, etc. Other " petty .officers "
get from $30 to $40.
The new tactics throw a great additional
weight of responsibility upon the non
commissioned officers, and call for the
best class of men to wear chevrons. We
should pay them at least fairly. It will
be a good investment. We will get good
dividends from this in the event of a war,
when these Corporals and Sergeants will
prove invaluable instructors of our vol
unteers. .Last week the Spaniards publicly
shot three Cubans in the public plaza at
Habana, andarrested Rev. Alberta Jesus
Diaz, a naturalized American citizen
and a Baptist missionary of prominence.
He has been supported by the Georgia
Baptists, who are now thoroughly aroused
in his behalf. These two incidents have
had a profound effect in strengthening
the Cuban sympathy of our people.
Eno'r M. L. Endicott, of the Navy
and the Nicaragua Canal Commission,
last week told the House Committee on
Commerce that the canal was feasible;
that it was important in a military sense,
and that it could be easily controlled by
the United States in case of war, but
that it could not be built for the com
pany's estimate. Mr. Noble, the civilian
member of the Commission, testified that
the climate of Nicaragua was more
healthful than that of the Lower Missis
The school question continues to bo a
burning one in Canada in spite of all the
efforts of the politicians to side track it.
The Mennonites, who have heretofore
been strongly opposed to "the godless
public schools," are being won over to
Every renewal subscriber should not
fail to inclose an extra 40 cents for The.
National Tribune Library up to
date. The Library, so far as issued,
is: No. 1, Statistics of the War; No. 2,
Words of Lincoln ; No. 3, Miscellaneous
Memoranda relating to the events of the
War, and personnel of the Union Army ;
No. 4, Pension Statistics; No. 5, The
History of Slavery in the United States;
No. 6, The Monroe Doctrine ; Nos. 7 and
8 a double number Fine Portraits
of the Commanders of the United States
Army since the adoption of the Con
stitution ; No. 9, The Story of Cuba.
The National Tribune for one year
which will include " The Memoirs of
Gen. Sherman " complete, soon to start
as a serial in our columns and all The
Library to date nine numbers only
The issues of Tub National Trib
une Library are invaluable for school
purposes. There is nothing better to
give children to teach them patriotism.
We will send them in lots of 100 for
$3. In this, the double number " Com-
manders of the United States Army"
counts as two numbers.
It 13 clear thnt substantially the
whole population of Cuba sympathizes
with the insurrection.
Too people of Khodo Island havo sent sir
Democrats to tlioir Legislature, merely aa relics
and samples, wo suppose
lit TOR SCHOOLROOM.
Tcachor Samuel, aro yon Buro you nndor
stand tho diflbronco between "throw and
Samnol Ye3'm. Tho boy that cats np a
banana gets throuRh, and tho boy that stops on
tho skin gets thrown.
A NEW IDKA OF A CALKSDAIt.
John S. Brooks proposes that after Jan. 1,
3900. wo have. 13 months in tho year. TIu3 i.
not ao foolish ns it looks at fust sight. It
would make 12 months of 23 days, and ono of
29, or 30 in leap year. ;ch month would
hnvo just four weeks, and thero would bo no
need of calendars, for tho same day of tho
week would have tho samo dates throuj-hout
tho year. For example, if tho year carno in
on Monday, Monday would ba.tho 1st, 8th, 15th,
and 22d of each month throughout tha year.
Tho changes of the moon would bo on about
tho samo dates throughout tho year, and hiany
calculations. like interest and the maturing of
notes, would bo greatly simplified. Mr. Brooks
proposes to call the new month ''Lunar."
JONAfl AND THE WHAT.E.
In the first plnce, Ilia Biblo does not say that
it was a whalo which s?;al!owcd Jonah. It
saya that it was a "great fish." Tho whale is
not n fish. This, however, is not important, as
tho translators of tho Bible, were not skilled
naturalists of tho 19th contury typo, and
merely cmploycu words that would convey the
idoa to tho renders. But a French scientist
baa started out to provo that it was actually
pos3ibIo for a sperm whale to have swallowed a
man, and ho has succeeded. La'st year thero
was killed near tho Azores a sporm whale 13.7
meters (44 foot) long, and in its stomach, in a
perfect stato of preservation, wero several
marine animals, ono of which was more than a
nietor 3t feet) long. The contents of the
stomach weighed 100 kilograms (231J ponnds).
This sliowi ft is not only possible fur a sperm
whale toswalldw a raan.but that Ufa may remain
in him for a considerable time. This is further
confirmed by the s:ory of the Captain and crew
of tho whaler "Star of tho East," who, iu 1891,
attacked a magnificent whalo. which shattered
ono of their boats by a blow with Im tail. Tho
men wore tbrown in tho water, but all but one
James Bartlett wero saved. Thawhale was
finally killed, and the work of cutting it up
commenced. A day and a half later the crew
reached tho stomach, and were overwhelmed
to find James Uartletr, unconscious, but still
alive. IJo was a strong raaD, but was a long
timo in fully recovering from bis experienco."
The Hoke Smith-Crisp joint debato bas
readied tho point where each ono laments that
the other ba3 descended to such low demagog
cry. The genoral opinion J3 that Senator Chand
ler's explanation of that New Hampshire Con
vention needs to go into a dry dock for general
Scientists tell 03 that tho evidence 13 accu
mulating that Mars was once inhabited, but is
so no longer. This information will soon bo
mado use of by two classes of hystoricky
sliriekers preachers wbo will tell us that tho
pecplo thero were destroyed because of their
pride, luxury, and sins, and Populists who wiI
insist that the planot became a barren wilder
ness on account of " Tho Crime of 1872P
Life: At tho masquerade: Lottie From
this timo I shall believe in ghosts.
Tottie Why so?
Lottie Well, you know that "widower"
who ha3 been devoting himself to me all tho
evening? Well, his dead wife ha3 just appeared
and taken him homo.
New York Sun: "Your Excellency," said
tho great Thnrbor, ''it may interest you to
know that a newspaper hag stirred up a good
deal of interest in tho question, 'Who aro the
thrco greatest Americans?'
" Who are ahead for tho second and third
places?" asked Mr. Cleveland, with languid
Mr. TJmbell Evcn-tlie worm will turn.
His wife (scornfully) You aro scarcely a
Mr. TJmbell (rominisccntly) Pos3ibly not
now, my dear, but I can remember, away back
yonder, something the folks said about au
early bird when you. got mo.
s " s
Dr. Jacob F. Ranb, Jnnior Yico Commander
of the Department of tho Potomac, has been
awarded a medal of honor for special gallantry
brought to the notice of tho War Department
by bis superior officers. At the timo of tho
battle of Hatcher's Hun ho was Assistant Sur
geon of tho 210th Pa., but ho volunteered to go
forward from the safe position Ho which ho bad
been assigned to whero his regimont was
actively engaged. Whilo on tho way bo de
tected a heavy rebel column advancing to at
tack tho flank, aud the consequences would
have been disastrous. He at onco ran through
a severe tiro to inform tho commanding officer
of tho impending danger, and so cavo him
timoly notice by which ho averted it. Com
rade Knub picked np a musket, and fought
bravoly iu assisting to repel tho flank attack.
TgnatzGrc-raor, 123th Pa., Allentown, Pa., has
bcon awarded a medal of honor for distin
guished gallantry ntAntiotam, whore he rushed
through a heavy fire, almost fnto tho enemy's
lines, and brought off a badly-wounded officer.
Comrado Grosser was born in tho Grand Duchy
of Baden, and camo to this country in 1S51.
Ho was ono of the First Defenders, who camo
to Washington, April 18, 18G1.
A lively correspondence has taken place be
tween Gons. Willard Waruer and J. S. Fnllor
ton. Gen. Warner and many othor ex-soldiers
wanted Capt. Harlow, a ono-armod soldier in
needy circumstances, appointed Custodian of
the Orchard Knob Reservation in the Chicka
mauga National Park. Instead, Gen. Fuller
ton appointed a young man, son of tho lato
Congressman W. D. Kelloy, of Pennsylvania.
Gen. Warner thereupon wroto a sharp letter
to Gen. Fullcrton, in which ho told him "that
comfortably ensconced in tho War Department
with a fat per diem aud traveling expenses
paid, yon seem to .forget that a poor, ono armed
soldier, whoso application for Custodian is on
your table unheeded, is soekiug to mako a liv
ing for himself and family, with onearm, whilo
you appoint ono in his stead with two arms,
who was not a soldier and who is not needy."
Gc. Fullerton replied that Mr. Kolfey was too
youug to have been in tho army, bnt that his
father did enough for Union soldiers to entitle
him to consideration. As for himself, he took
tho position of President of tho Park Associa
tion at great pecuniary sacrifice, and as a mat
toT of sentiment. He had given timo and at
tention to it that would' liavo been worth
$50,000 to him in his own business. Further
more, Cant. Harlow's application had not been-
' xeceived uutil after tho appointment of Kolley
bad boon mado. Gen, Warner replied roltor
nttng his charge that this appointment had
been made in return for favors in passing Gon.
Fullerton's accounts in tho War Department,
denying that Capt. Harlow's application bad
bcon received too Into, aud telling Gen. Fultor
toi"that thero was no necessity of I113 making;
such enormous sacrifices in bahalf of tho Park;
that tho woods aro full of as competent Array
of tho Cumberland men as he, who would only
bo too glad of the opportunity to take his
place, and that Gen. Boynton, who has at lousfc
dono qoito as much for tha Park, makos no
comphiint whatever of Iii3 "peennmry sacri
fices." It ha3 been decided to cbango tbo place of
bnrial of Secretory Groshara from Onkwoods,
near Chicago, to Arlington, at tho National
Capital, and tho necessary application will b
mado at onco to the Sdcrotary of War.
Votornm or thf Country Gramtntt Array
"Who Ilavo Answered tho I.a-t Call.
Sager. At Earlton, Kan.. March 2. of dTs-
oaso contracted in the service. Fredorltk Sngor,
Co. C, 173d I'. Ho was a membor of Eurlton
Post, 206. A widow and fivo chihlron survivo
Thomas. At MHler. S. D.. March 5. Georgo
Vv". Thomas, Co. G, 102d III,, need fi-i.
Wilso.v. At Augusta. O. T.. Feb. 29. Iwaa
Wilson, Co. K, 12ih Micb., aged 75. He was
burled by Eaela Chief Post.
Pksdkr. At SoWiers Home, Hampton, Va.t
March 7, Thema3 Pender, 23d Muss., ged 58.
Comrado Pender was for many yoarsa reaidenS
of Newburyport. Mass., aud was a sou of tha
lute Dr. Robert Pender. Ho wa3a sartor in hia
youngor days, and when tho war broko out was
in .i vessel that was soizetl by tho rebels at Nor
folk. Va. Ho stowed himself away on board
an English vessel and wont to Liverpool. Tho
next year ho enlisted in tho United States
Navy, and was appointed Master's Mnto aboard
the Old Ironsides. He afterwards ontisted in
tho 23d Maw., aud served honorably during
the war. At Port .Royal ho was wounded, aud
never recovered from tho effects of rt. Ho was
a member of Po3t J9, of Ncwburvport, Maw.
Pekrinb. At Potoskey. Mich., Fab. 29.
Lowis B. Perrine, Co. G. 1th .Mich. Cav., aged
58. The comrade wa3 a member of Lombard
Post, 170. He loaves a widow and daughter.
Bobkrts. At Darfield. Mich.. March I, of
disease contracted in the service, II. Roberts,
Co. I, 11th Mich. At his own request Comrada
Roborts was bnricd by Iiyder Post, 12, of which
ho bad long been au honored momber. A
widow and ono son snrvivo him.
Morse. AtLisbon, N. II.. Jut-. 27. Horaco T.
Morse, Co. I", 2d Regiment Bo-dan's Sharp
shooters. Comrade Morse -was a member of
Post 23. Ho leaves a widow and threo chil
dren. Lucas. At Steele City, Neb.. March 2, H. D.
Lucas, Co. B, 34th Iowa, aged 7G. Tha comrada
was a member of Eico Post, M. Ho loaves s
Fult.kr. At Portsmouth, N. H.f Feb. 2$
Henry F. Fuller, aged G6. Ha was a metnbex
of Storcr Post, of Portsmouth, and for many
years held the position of Chaplain in the Pos.
He Ieave3 a widow, ono daughter and two sons.
Pakcher. At Biddeford. Me., March 4.
Liont. Charles II. Parcher, 17th Me., aged 55.
Comrado Parcher was a member of Bradford
Commandery of Knight3 Templars, Knighta
of Pythias, Royal Arcanum, and the Grand
Army. He is survived by a widow.
Currie. At Brock, Neb.. Feb. 26, John
Currio, Seraeant, Co. I, 28th III., aged 62. H
was a member of Roberta Post. 101.
Stewart. At Rail. Cola, March 27, Elish
C. Stewart, Co. F, 4tb Iowa, aged 73. Deceased
was a member of Richfield Post, 404, Richfield,
Clark. At Charleston, III., March 1. W. H".
Clark, Co. A. 123d HI., aged 51. Comrade Clark
was a member of Charleston Post, 271. A
widow and six children survive him.
Websteb. At Pedricktown, JT. J., March 1G,
George L. Webster. Co. I, 9Sh N. J., aged 8L.
Member of Acton Post, 33.
Hatch. At Tan n ton. Mass., March 24r Geo.
M. Hatch, Lieutenant, Co. D, 7th Mas3., aged
54. Deceased was a membor of Post 3.
Wheeler-. At Perry, Iowa, Feb. 11, John
B. Wheeler, Second Lieutenant, Battery M. 2d
III. L. A. Comrade Wheeler was a travoling
man, and died among- strangers. Ho was
buried by Redfiold Post, 20, Perry, and Otley
Lodge. 299, A. F. aid A. M. Any iu format iou
about tho comrade would be appreciated by ths
Shabples. At Worcester, Mass., March 18,
Lawrence Sharpies, Co. C, 3d Mass., aged 53.
He was a member of Georgo H. Ward Post, 10.
He leaves a widow and one son.
Apgab. At Mansfield, III., Dec. 12, 1895, of
disease contracted in tho service, Charles Ap
gar, Co. E, 34th Ind. Comrade Apgar was an
honored member of Post 357. He leaves a
widow and oar children.
Hoffan". At Lebanon, Pa., recently,
William Houman, Battery H, 3d Pa. If. A.
Coxey. At Boalsburg, Pa., March 11, of
heirt disease, J. Coxey, 7th Pa. Cav.
BCrkuardt. At Ellenville, N. Y.f March
30, Antoine Burkhardt, Sergeant, Co. E. 20th
N. Y. S. 31. (3th N. Y.). Deceased was a good
soldier and an honored member of Ward Po3fe,
101. He was buried with military honors.
An.veser. At Wapakoneta, O.. Nov.27, 1895,
Joseph Auueser, Co. V, 57th Ohio. Deceased
was a member of Kyle Post, 41.
Lucas. At Wapakoneta, O.. Jan. 30, B. V.
Lnca?, Co. D. 74th Ohio, aged 58.
JiiND. At Wapakoneta, O., March 20, Joba
S. Lind, Co. F, lS3d Ohio, aged 57.
SatiTir. At Granville, HI., Feb. 2S, Ellis
C. Smith. Co. E, 4th 111. Cav.. aged 76. Com
rade Smith was an honored member of Post
231, and was buried under its ausm'ecs.
GAfcitAKD. At Lacoma, Wash., Jan. 11, Sam
uel Garrard, 100th Ind., aged 63. The comrada
was a member of Custer Post. He loaves a
Watt. At Lacoma, Wash., March 20. Com
rado Wait, Co. D, 11th Minn. He Ieavcsn family.
Peck. At Wyoming. Iowa, March 25. W. H.
Pock, Sergeant, Co. F, 31st Iowa, aged 69. De
ceased was a member of Keystone Lodge, F.
and A. M aloo A. O. V. W., and Past Cora
mandor of Ben Paul Post.
Rose. At "Valley Falls, Kan., March 12,
Warren C. Rose, Co. D, 113th Ohio, aged 59. Ha
was a charter member of Post 225. and was its
Chaplain from its organization, iu 1SS2, until
his death, and was always faithful aud diligent
in G.A.R. work.
Gingrich. At Benton ville. Ark.. Feb. 15, of
heart failure. A. H. Gingrich, Co. G, 9th Pa.
Cav. Comrade Gingrich was a member of
Bnrnsido Post, 4, which passed resolutions oa
Locke. At Etna, Me., April 3, William B.
Locke, Co. C, 1st Me. Cav., aud Co. B, 30th Me.,
aged 62. Comrado Locke was a chartor mem
ber of Ruggles Post 37, aud was Past Com
mander. Revord. At Anstin, Minn.. March 30, Joha
B. Revord, Co. C, 9ch Minn., aged 6G. Deceased
was a member of Mclntyro Post, 66. Ho leaves
a widow aud four children.
Lincoln. At Taunton, Mass.. April 2. Ben
jamin Lincoln. Co. K, 1st Cal. Cav., aged 73.
Ho Was a member of Barttott Post, 3, which at
tended bis funeral in a body.
Newman. At Hallock, HI., April 2, Fredor
'ick W. Newman, Co. F, 83th III., aged 63.
Huotftcs. At Dayton, Toun., March 29, of
diseaso contracted in tho service, Andrew W.
Hughes, Co. L, 4th Teun. Cav.. aged 63. JJo
leaves a widow and several children.
Cuttle. At OakWood, Mich., Jan. 19. Mi
chael Cuttle. 13th Mich. Comrado Cuttlo was
a member of Archie Madison Post.
Harris. At Perry, Iowa, March 27, Wm. B.
Harris, Co. E, 33d Iowa. Comrade Harris was
a member of tho Post at What Cheer, Iowa.
His remains wore taken to Mahaska County
for burial. The comrade drew a pension of $72
per mouth for total disability until Jau. 1, when
he was reduced to $30 per month.
Gerard. At Ridgeville. Ind., Feb. 19. Rov.
A. C. Gerard. Sergeant, Co. A, 7th ImL.Cav.and
119th Ind., aged 55. Ho was a member of E.
T. Wood Post; also of tho J. O. O. F. He was
buried by tho two OrJers.
Gibbs. At Naslt ville, Tenn., March 25, of
diseaso contracted in tho service, John Gibbs,
Co. IT, 3th Ind., aud Co. Ur 11th Ind. Deceaaod
was a member of P. H. Sheridan Post, G7.
Farwkll. At North Yarmouth, Me., April
5, Horace A. Farwell, Co. B, 25th Me., aged Si.
He leaves a widow and three daughters.
McCord. At Manchester, Mich., April 0,
Samuel 11. McCord, Co. D, Berdau Sharp
shooters, aged 57. His funeral wns attended by
tbo Mason3 aud Comstock Post, 3."2.
KtLLlAN. -At Pittston, Pa., April 10. John G.
Killian, 52d Pa., aged 56. Comrade Kiltiau cut
down tho rebel flag nt Fort Sumter.
Carpenter. At Glen Castle. Pa., Aprils,
Emanuel B. Carpenter, Co. C, 2d Pa., and Co. Q,
55th Pa., aged 73.