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ASSUME THE OFFENSIVE,
and tilie Scccsli began to give us a wider
One amusing thing occurred that day
a few miles back from oui; camp. The
people along the line of march gathered
on the roadside to see what they bad
never seen before a regiment of sol
diers, and among thera was -a man
named Angell, who was looting after an
estate belonging to Gen. Wm. S. Pres
ton, Jaloly fled to Dixie. Angell was a
rabid rebel, and as the rear of the regi
ment passed he yelled for Jeff Davis,
' and put spurs to his horse. Maj. Anson
G. McCook, being in close proximity to
the man, put out in hot pursuit, and
soon brought him into camp, where he
concluded that he would rather swallow
the " Lincoln oath " than languish in a
bastilc. So down it went, and he re
turned home a crestfallen Angell with
his wine clipped. IU any amusing turns
in affairs mound the Springs now took
place, but it would be too tedious to re
late them here.
Our Fikst Camp.
Just here the fine Italian hand of
Gen. William Nelson began to show up.
One rainy morning it was anuounced
that he had lodged with Gill the previ
"Who the is Gen. Mson?"
-was heard all round.
About 9 o'clock a. m. the General
came riding down, into camp, and we
were called out in line to receive him.
He appeared, a large, corpulent, stern
looking man, mounted ou a beautiful
black horse, and looking every inch a
commander. He was well covered from
the cold, drizzling October rain while
we stood there. Some of the men were
in their shirt elceves. Nelson made us
a little speech, telling us that the most
of his army had passed on up the old
State road, and would make a short halt
on the Dry Ridge, where he had every
thing necessary to equip us for the cam
paign up the Sandy Valley.
. He lirged us to go. Our men had
been promised and disappointed bo often
that they had grown very skeptical, and
refused to go one step till they were bet
NELSON GliEW FUEIOUS,
and said :
"I will publish you in every paper in
the State for this infamous act."
A Sergeant standing almost in front
of him said :
"For a little, I would publish you
with a cartridge."
ISelson looked him square in the face,
but made no reply. He then announced
In Hot Pursuit.
to us that the Government would not
receive us as 12 months men (we had
already been mustered as State troops),
but if we would enlibt for three years
we would be 'accepted. He then dis
banded us, and 1 never caw rats disap
pear in their holes somicr than the ma
jority of there ragged soldiers disappear
ed for their homes.
The officers stood looking after them
like men who had let so many birds go ;
but as soon as they could collect them
selves together again they called for the
music, and amid the rain, which was in
creasing, began to beat for three years
Tomalcc a short story of that part of
my history, they finally ue-enlisted, near
ly all of them, for three 3'ears, and they
formed a part of the 2-ith Ky., as gal
lant a regiment as ever went from old
To be continued.
HIE VBTKKAN'S rUXERAX JJYAIX.
BY W. ., 2l H. J.
A Ir : Avid Lang Syne.
Oin-iflnjr'd lmU-nnsl Hgnln to-day.
We hour tlie in u filed drum;
Another cumrndeV mustered out,
Hit Inst dlsclinrcc lias come.
No more he'll hear the uuglc-c&U
At i cvolllc or tut-too;
1IU "light' put out," lio'n cone to Bleep,
Jlw'e fought life's buttle through.
N more he'll olnjr the battle Bongs,
Or toll the Inleu of wnrj
Ilei joined the nrmy of the Lord.
And left the G.A.K.
Aunlhcr velerau'n pasted away,
iJunlli claimed him for his own;
WVtl Rntly luy him in his crave.
On the hill ui the Soldiers' Home.
WVI1 lenve him in our graveyard here.
With his comrades gone before;
In it few yenra more we'll nil join him
On " Jordiiu'B Milninctshore."
V prity bin spirit above lias flown,
With ttiiRe!, there to dwell;
Vltili o'er inn grave wu'll shed a tear.
Ah we binu our IrnI hue well.
All birds that lire on seeds are furnished
'With blronfi gizzards.
WW ! . I I ! ! .Ill III. II ... I I I .1.
Children Cry for
And Something of its History for 120
BY ISABEL -WOailELL BALL,
Of the W.R.C. National Committco on Talrlollo
The Fetich of a Nation is its flag. Before
it men of all conditions bow, and an insult
to (he honor of a Nation's flag its people re
sent to tbe sacrifice of liberty and life.
Tribal and National ensigns and emblems
bad tbeir birtb in tbe sunrise of history.
Time never was wben separating signs were
not. Tbe first standards were of wood aud
stone, precious metals, and ivory, and were
tribal ratlier than national. Diodorus says
that tbe Egyptiau standard was usually a
carving that represented an animal. The
Assyrian staudards bore a carved bull.
The imperial standard of Rome was an eagle
elevaied above a cross. The North Amer
ican Indians who met Columbus carried a
talL standard decorated with tbe wing fea
thers of a full-rown eagle. The Alaskans
have tbeir iotum poles, aud tbe Athenians
carried an owl.
Tbe Bible tells how the children of Israel
designated their tribes with much the
same order of emblems, wben in accordance
with God's commands they " pitched their
tents, every man by his own standard." It
is not the metal nor the wood, the beasts
nor the birds, neither is it the gaudy -arrangement
of paint and. tinsel and silver
upon priceless fabrics that appeal to the
people when the National standard is dis
played, "but the primogenital principles
winch that standard embodies.
Mr. Beecher once said of the American
" IT IS A WHOLE NATIONAL niSTORY.
It is the Constitution. It is the Govern
ment,. It is the free people that btand in
Iho Government on the Constitution." lie
thus aptly illustrated the tio which binds a
people to their National emblem. The gol
den bees of Napoleon fired tbe hearts of his
followers and ltd them to victory on many
a field of battle. Tbe white plume of Henry
of Navarre inspired the defenders of his
houne to deeds of desperate valor. The
sacred ravens of the Danes led to them merci
less defeat, yet they preferred death by tbe
staudard to desertion aud life, and the pas
sion red cross of the crusaders was an inspi
ration as they marched to battle chautiug
Tbe Star-Spangled Banner floating serene
above the smoking hell of battle, has re-invigorated
thousands of fainting hearts and
has been the theme of poets and inspiration
of artist3 for more thau a century. Senator
Hoar once said in a
speech: "I have seen
the glories of art aud
mountatu and river.
I have seen the sun
set on Jung Frau
and the full moon
rise over ML Blauc,
but tbe fairest vis'on
on which these eyes
ever looked was tbe
flag of my country
in a foreign land.
Beautiful as a flower
Flag or Floating to these who love it,
Batteiueb. Mot- terrible as a meteor
to "An Awjsai, to those who hate it,
to Hkatex." jt is a symbol of the
power and glory and the honor of 50,000,000
of American"." Thatisaseutimeutthatevery
true American will echo. There never was
another emblem like the Americau flag, be
cause no other flag on earth ever meaut so
much to its people. It is essentially "the
fla of tbe free hearte, hopo and borne," and
the people of a fcto laud adore it accordingly.
Ttie trail down tbe history of time is set
thick with mile-posts and memorial stones
where the shadow of the flag has fallen,
fcometimes to succor the fainting, often to
shroud a hero'd form. Here iti shred -j mark
the far north limit where its folds ki-feed the
Arctic iceberg, aud in the Orieut tradition
tells of " tbe flower flag" of the free, which
one day lifted its raiubow radiance against
the hky in the porta of tbe Celestial king
dom, causing wondering comment.
In J discoveries of new territory national
standards have ever played a prominent
part. The sovereign ralcr alwaj-s gave
license to bis representative " to set up the
royal banners and ensigns in tbe countries,
places, or mainlands newly found by them,
to conquer, -occupy, and possess them as bis
vassals and lieutenants." Thus under
THE EED CKOSS OF ST, GEORGE
England hasucquired possessions upon which
thesuu neversets. Jfer standard planted on
the north coa&t of America by the Cabots
gave to Great Britain by right of discovery
and possession all tbe territory known as
British America. In the same manner the
liJies of France planted themselves upou our
poutheru soil. -But before any of these came
Columbus, who flung to tbe breeze tbe first
flag ever kissed by the winds of the new west
world, tbe royal standard of Spnin, with its
feudal castles aud rampant lions!
Oct 12, 1492! Every child knows the
date. Next to his birthday and the 4th of
July comes tbe date of Columbns's landing
at San Salvador, bearing the royal standard
of Spain emblazoned with the arms of Castile
and Leon, in bis own hand, followed by bis
men bearing tbe banner of the expedition,
viz., the white flag with a green cross. It
was nearly 300 years before a Nation " indig
enous to the soil " united its people under a
National bauner in the new world.
It is greatly to be regretted that at this
time, on tbe 119th anniversary of the adoption
of the design for the American flag, there is no
data to show how it came to be suggested
who was responsible for thebplendid idea, or
whether it was debated pro and con. It was
on Saturday, June 14, 1777, that the Ameri
can Congress resolved "That the flag of the
33 United States be 13 stripes, alternate red
and white; that the
Union be 13 stats,
white in a blue field,
representing a new
is the first, and so far
as the records show,
the only legislation
on the subject of a
National standard for
the United States of
Amei ica at that time.
It iB altogether prob
able that there were
bicu nmuiwinRrraBjj AN pAK.
to whom tbe ties of thick Flag or Penx
blood, if not birth- bylvania, 1st Biflb
right, bad endeared Hkgiment.
any one of a dozen flags of other nations.
They were all men of strong will and
powerful in argument. The clash of op
posing opinions must have been some
thing to remember, us each urged the merits
of bis favorite flag, idealized and transmog
rified for the uses of a Republican Govern
ment But upon this controversy history is
mute. There was a "Journal of Congress,"
but is was evidently too severely edited to
pauder to the possibly profane levity of such
a debate, aud there were no omnipresent
reporters there to lake down the heated
language while the sling rankled. Con
gress in those days does not seem to have
talked "for home consumption," but when
legislation was needed they enacted it, and
the act itself seemed to be the only thing
they thought worth recording. Neverthe
less it in a matter to regret forever that the
'birth of out beautiful flag should be so
shrouded in mystery and obscurity.
THE NATIONAL TEJBDNB: . WASHOfGgJgJ. D. 0.. THURSDAYJTOE 11, 1896,
WHY THE STARS AND STRIPES.
The "why" of tbe selection of the Stars
and Stripes for the design lias always been
hotly contested and debated. Lowes, a
Indkpkndence Hall. Philadelphia. Pa.
British antiquarian, gives well founded utter
ances to tbe idea that, tbe "Washington coat-of-arms
furnished the device for tho flag.
He says :
"Like Oliver Cromwell, the American pa
triot was fond of genealogy, and correspond
ed with our heralds on the subject of his
own pedigree. George Washington, who
gave sanction if not birtb to that most demo
cratical of all f entiments, ' that all men are
free and equal,' was, as the phrase goes, a
gentleman of blood, of ancient time, and
coat-armor; nor was he slow to acknowledge
the fact. When the Americans, in their
most righteous revolt against the tyranny
of tho mother-country, cast abont for an
ensign with which to distinguish themselves
from the English oppressors, what did they
adopt? A 'gentleman's badge.' a modifica
tion of the old English coat-of-arms borne
by their leader and deliverer. A few stars
bad, in the old chivalrous times, distin
guished his ancestors ftom their compeers
in the tournament and upon the battlefield.
More stars and additional stripes, denoting
the number ot States that joined in the
fctrugi:le, now becamo tbe standard around
which the patriots of the West so success
fully rallied. It is not a little curious to
note that the poor worn-out rag of feudalism,
as so many would count it, should have ex
panded into the bright aud ample banner
that now waves from every sea."
That it could have been no easy matter
to adopt a National emblem was evidenced
by the Slate banners, each one of the 33
having its own peculiar device, and 61 dif
ferent flags represented theJ3 Stales on land
and ou tea, before the National design was
at last adopted. Six of these sported a
rattlesnake in as many stages of coiling and
THE FIRST FLAG
to represent the United States upon the
high seas was a field striped red and blue,
wiih a rattlesnake crawling across it. It
was the flag which Paul Jones fiun to the
breeze upon the Alfred, about 1775. The
Alfied wns the flagship of the new-born
navy, which consisted of five vessels. This
ship mounted 20 nine-pounders. The weight
of a shot thrown from her entire battery, or
both broadsides, was qot equal to the weight
of a single solid 6hot such as is thrown by
one of our smallest monitors.
On the day of the passage of the Flag biH
by the Continental Congress, it also resolved
that Panl Jones bo appointed to command
the new warship llanger. Abont a week
after the action of Congress, a number of
patriotic ladies of Philadelphia met in the
old Swede Church in lhat city, and, tinder
the direction of John Brown, Secretary of the
new Boatd of Marine, arranged and made a
flag in accordance with the act of Congress,
with the exception that only 12 starB were
placed upon it in groups of four threes. It
was never made quite clear why only 12 stars
were placd there instead of 13. Some his
torians have asserted that the women were
superstitious and left off the odd star pur
posely. Others contended that the flng
makers, being unskilled in tbe business,
could not arrange the 13 stars symmetrically,
and so left off the odd one, not realizing the
sicnificance of the symbolized union that
had been set forth in the act of Congress.
At any rate, the historic flag had only 12
stare, and is in existence to-day to tell in
mute and moldering manner the tale of the
The flag is of English bunting eight and
one-half feet long and one yard five inches
wide. Small as it is, it probahly cost an
immense sum, as bunting had to be im
ported from England, and was very high.
As soon as it was completed it was presented
lo Commander Paul Jones, of the Ranger, by
Miss Mary ana Miss
Sarah Austin, in bo
half of the patriotic
women of Philadel
phia. He unfurled
it at the masthead
of a small boat on
the Delaware Ktver,
and thousands of
people gathered on
tbe shore to look at
aud cheer the new
banner. A few
months later Paul
Jones wrote to the
"1 am happy to Beer Flag op Nhw
have it in my power 'Iv"
to congratulate my adopted country on ray
having seen tho American flag for the first
time recognized in the complelest and ful
lest manner by the French." This was in
the French harbor of Quebcron Bay, and
was enough to make glad tbe heart of any
patriot, as it was an acknowledgment of
It was this same flag lhat floated above
the Bon Homme Ktchard in the historic en
counter with the Serapis, Sept. 23, 1779. It
was shot from the mast, but before it fell
was rescued by young Stafford, nephew of
the Captain, to whom the flag was later pre
sented by the Marine Committee. The let
ter of transmittal and the flag are both in
fair preservation, and both in the hands of
the grandson of the Stafford who rescued
tbe flag from a watery grave.
Although Congress adopted a design for
the flag in June, 1777, the official order to
that effect was not promulgated until Sept.
3. Eight days later the battle of Brandy
wine was fought, Sept 11, 1777, and the
STARS AND STRIPES FLOATED FOR THE
as a legally-constituted National emblem
above a British victory. It was a humili
ating precedent seldom observed since.
From the hour that Congress adopted the
design, however, flags multiplied upon the
earth. The troops in Fort Stanwix, later
known as Fort Schuyler, were without a
National emblem. On Aug. 2, 1777, the
enemy appeared before them and laid niego.
There were ingenious minds in the beleag
ured fort, and their owners set to work to
fashion a flag on the plans laid down by
Congress. The white btripes were made
from the ammunition shirts of the soldiers ;
tbe red was pieced up from the stray arti
cles of scarlet clothing, and the blue field
was made from a blue camlet cloak said to
have been captured from tho enemy at
Peckskill. It is a thousand pities that this
remarkable mosaic has not been preserved.
Evidently tbe mania for preserving relics
had not then developed. The men who
1 were making hialory were so engrossed in
the business in hand that they had no
thought for the picTuJesqno or jirtislic feat
ures of the fight theyr .vrero waging.
As has been sLaledj'France was tho first
to recognize the power 'of tho "United Col
onies of America," 'rfifd' gave the first naval
salute to the flag Fe"b. 15,1778, just nine
days after the treaty' of alliance bad been
ratified between the ndw Republic aud tho
first foreigh power. 'The first time that the
American flag ever was unfurled above a
foreign frt was on Jan. 28, 1778, when the
sloop-of-war Providence' took possession of
ono of tho little Bahama Islands, and lib
erated a lot of Americans who had been
aboard British prison-ships aud bad escaped
there. The American seamen captured a
big British gunshMp lhat was cruising in
those waters, bullying all Americans it
came across; spiked all the guns of tho
fort, carried the arms and ammunition on
board their own vessel, the Providence, and
after holding tho fort two days tinder tho
American flag, almost frightening the senses
out of the British residents, they burned
the two ships captured and sailed back to
FIRST APPEARANCE IN ENGLAND.
The Political Magazine, of London, 1783,
tells what consternation the Stars and Stripes
created in England: "The ship Bedford,
Capt. Moorcs, be
longing to Massa
chusetts, arrived in
the Downs on the.3d
of Fsburary, 1783,
passed Gravesend tho
3d, aud was reported
at the custom-house
on the Gth instants
She was not allowed
regular entry until
had taken place be
tween the Commis
sioners of the Cus
toms and the Lords
of Council, on ,nc
count of the many
acts of Parliament
in force against the Flag Wrrn 13 Stabs
rebels of America. asdi3Stp.ipks
She was loaded with
487 butts of whale oil, is American built,
manned wholly by American seamen, wears
the rebel colors, and belongs to the Island
of Nantucket in Massachusetts. This is the
first vejscl which has displayed the 13 re
bellions stripes of America in any British
FIRST TAINTING OF THE FLAG.
Elkanah Watson, the noted philanthropist
of Philadelphia, relates in his reminiscences
the story of the first authentic painting of
the flag, lie says:
''At the close of the Revolutionary struggle,
having on the occasion of Lord Howe's relief
of Gibraltar received 100 guineas, the result
of a wager, and the same day dining with
Copley, the painter, he resolved to devote
that Hum to a portrait of himself. The paint
ing was finished all but tho background,
lhat being reserved by Copley to represent a
ship bearing to America the intelligence of
the acknowledgment; qf independence a
rising snn gilding,the Stars and Stripes of
the new-horn Nation streaming from her
naff. All was completed, favo tiie flag,
which the painter, did,1 not esteem prudent
to ineert, as bis ga(lery was a constant resort
of the royal family and nobility. lI dined
with the artist,' says Watson, on tbe glori
ous 5th of December, 1782, after listening
with him to the speech of the king formally
receiving and recognizing tho United States
of America as one of the nations of the
earth. Previous to dining and immediately
after our return from the House of Lords
Copley invited us into his studio, and then
and there, with a bold hand and master
touch and American heart the painter wns
Mr. John Singleton Copley, of Boston
1 attached to the ship the Stars and Stripes.'
Thus, while the words of acknowledgment
were still warm from the king's lips, the late
rebel, but henceforth free colors, were dis
played in bis own kingdom and within a
few rods of his own palace."'
FIKST APPEARANCE IN CHINA.
The first vessel to carry the Stars and
Stripes into the Chinese Sea was the ship
Empress, Capt. Green. She sailed from New
York on the 22d of February, 1784 Wash
ington's birthday. "When the 13 stripes
and Stars first appeared at Canton it is said
that much curiosity was excited among the
people," says Preble. "News was ciculated
that a strange ship had arrived from the
farther end of the world bearing a fljg as
beautiful as a flower. Everybody went to
see tho kow-kee-cheun, or 'flower flag ship.'
This name at once established itself in the lan
guage, and America is now called Kow-kee-koh,
the flower flag country, and an Ameri
can Kow-kce-koch-yin, flower flag country
men. Foreign names, however
unmeaning originally, when written in
Chinese acquire a significance which is often
strikingly curiou". Thus two Chinese char
ters, Yong-kec (Yankee), signify ' tho flag
of the ocean,' and Washington, or Wo-shting-tuug,
as it would be written, signifies
'rescue and ulory at lat.' "
FIRST VOYAGi: AROUND TnE WORLD.
The flag was first carried to Japan by the
ship Franklin, of Salem, Capt. James Dov
creaux. lie reached Japan July 19, 1799.
His log book is in Ihe Essex Institute at
The Stars and Stripes circumnavigated tho
globe the first time in 1789-90 on the ship
Columbia, Capt. Gray. The Columbia River
was so named for this "globe-trotting" ship.
It had many curious 'encounters, aud a
medal was struck in ' commemoration of
The Washington of Nantuckot, Capt
George Banker, displayed the Stars aud
Stripes in a Spanish port the first time on
July 4, 1792, in the harlor at Callao in Peru.
On Aug. 15, 1791, when Mr. Monroe, as
United States Minister to Franc, presented
his credentials he was received with the
"fraternal kiss" by the citizen President
and loud acclamations by the audience. It
wu9 decreed at this meeting thatf tho colors
of the French and1 American Republics
should be hung at th'6 Vault of the hall " as
a sigu of perpetual alljance and union." Mr.
Monroe to do bonor'ltfthis fraternal feeling
had a stand of American colors carefully
arranged, which hd riresonted to France in
the name of the new'-Republic. The colors,
the first ever presntcfi'fo a foreign nation
by the United States, were received with
the highest honors.
on Oct 21, 1797, was the first of the new
navy to float the flag with 15 stripes and 15
stars, and she carried it to Tripoli and
plauted the flag over Fortress Derne in 1805,
the first time the Stirs and Stripes ever
waved above an Old World fortress.
The ship Anu, of Boston, Capt. Daniel I
sawyer, carried tne ursc American uag into
Smyrna in 1797.
In 1797 a small schooner, the name of
which has been forgotten, was lancbed on
Lake Erie, the first vessel to invade the great
lake chain under the American flair.
In 1800 the George Waahiagion, Capt. 1
William Bainbridge, anchored under the
walls of Constantinople and flung out tho
Star-spangled Banner Tho nationality of
the vessel was Teporled to the authorities
and they replied that their Government bad
never heard of the United Slates of America
as a nation. Matters wero explained, and
when the Sultan learned that the ship came
from the"" New World of Columbus," he sent
on board a lamp and a bouquet of flowers as
tokens of.nmity and welcome.
In 1839 tbe Flying
Fish, of tho United
Stntes exploring cx
p o d i t i o n, a boat
hardly a? large as
some of tho whales
carried the Stars
and Stripes farther
south and pene
trated tbe Antarctic
circle farther than
any other nation had
ever explored. In
18-10 Wilkes planted
the flai on the Ant
arctic continent and
Liberty Thee Flag,
Motto, "An Appeal
in the same year the United States schooner
Shark carried the American flag on its first
trip through the Straits of Magellan.
'The flag was first carried to China rountj
the Cape of Good Hope in 1844 on the
schooner Madras, from New York, Capt.
The flag first made its appearance in the
West Indies in 1815, on the ship Edith, of
Boston, Capt George Lewis.
Gen. John C. Fremont, "tho Pathfinder,"
was the first to carry the flag across the
continent in 184516, aud planted it over his
Headquarters when ho aud his followers
proclaimed the independence of California on
July 4, 184G, and declared war against Mex
ico. Three days later the Stars and Stripes
were raised above the Governor's palace in
Monterey, and on the 8th of July on the flag
staff in the plaza in San Francisco, hitherto
sacred to the rcd-and-yellow flag of Spain.
In 1843 Lient Lynch explored the region
of the River Jordan and Dead Sea, carrying
with him two small boats, tbe Fanny Mason
and the Fanny Skinnor, to launch upon the
water, upon which the natives declared it
was certain death to venture. Ho writes:
IN THE HOLY LAND.
"Friday, March 31, 1848. Hoisted out
the two Fannies and landed our effects.
Pitched our tents for tho first time upon the
beach without the walls of Haifa.
For the first time, perhaps, without the Con
sular precincts the Americau flag has been
raised in Palestine."
About the 1st of April the party reached
Tiberias, on the shore of the blue Gallilee.
Lieut Lvncb writes:
"April" 8, 1848. Took all bands up the
mountains to bring the boats down. Many
times wo thought that, like the herd of
swine, they would rush precipitately into
the sen. With flags flying we car
ried them triumphantly beyond the walls
uninjured, and, amid a crowd of spectators,
launched them upon the blue waters of the
Sea of Gallilee, the Arabs singing, clapping
their hands to the time and crying for back
shish, but wo neither shonted nor cheered ;
from Christian lips it would have sounded
like profanation. A look npon that lake
ever brongbfc to remembrance tho words,
'Peace! be still.'
"Buoyantly floated tbe two Fannies, bear
ing the Stars and Stripes, the noblest flag of
freedom now waving. Since tbe times of
Jo3ephus and tho Romans no vessel of any
size has sailed upon this sea."
on the dead sea.
On tho 19th of April the Fannie Skinner
entered tbe Dead Sea, and for tbe first time
the emblem of freedom floated above these
waveless waters. On the 23th that flag
hung sadly at half-mast, when the new3
reached the party of the death of ex-President
John Quincy Adams, and over the echo
less sea the dull bpomof the National salute
21 guus thundered tho last tribute of re
spect in that far conntry to the memory of
the new Nation's honored dead. A few days
later the Stars and Stripes were carried do-,J
fiantlv-and undisturbed into the streets ofJ
Damascus, though surrounded by a howling
mnb. A little later the flag was unfurled
for the first time " over against tne hills that
encompass the city of Jerusalem," and en
tered into Jaffa, the Joppii of the ancient?.
The American flag was planted on the
walls of Chapultepec for tho first time on
Sept. 13, 1847. It was the flag of the Yolti
geurs of Baltimore, and tattered ant! battle
rent it rents to-day in the possession of the
State of Kentucky. The first American stand
ard raised in the City of Mexico was pre
sented to the South Carolina volunteers by
the City of Charleston, Dec. 24, 1846. The
banner was of blue silk bearing the coat-of-arms
of theStateon ono side and the United
States arms and a palmetto tree on the other,
with an appropriate inscription. At the
battle of ChurubuBco the .color-bearer was
killed. A report of the Senate committee
fully detailed the hoisting of this flag above
the Palace in the City of Mexico. The flag
came gloriously back to Charleston and was S
burned in the Statehonse ou Feb. 17, leb5.
In April of 1848,
on the 11th day
Lieut Stone, of the
United States Army,
ascended to the crater
of mighty Popocata
pctl, the second high
est mountain -in
North America, and
there planted the
Americau flag nearly
18,000 feet above sea
In May a party of
and Navy officers as-
npnrlpfl ATnnnf. Plri.
Connecticut Troop ,.. . . ,
Flag with Coat-of-
if not quite as high
as Popocatapetl. They
constructed a flag before ascending, and at
that immense bight left it flying to mark
the beforo uneqnalled feat This flag was a
patchwork a flair made of the shirts of the
sailors' red and blue, the white of au officer's
shirt, aud had only 13 stars. The party sat
up all night before the ascent to make it.
Tho New Orleans Delta in speakingxif this
All the time; weak, nervous, out of sorts.
This is the condition of thousands in the
Spring. The cause is found in tbe blood.
It is loaded with impurities. It is depleted
in quality. It is thin and poor, and it
fails to carry sufficient nourishment to the
Muscles and organs of tho body. There
fore the nerves are weak, appetite is poor,
and tho person is "all played out" En
rich and purify tho blood with Hood's
Sarsaparilla, and health, vigor and vitality
will return. Be sure to get Hood's because
Is the Ono Truo Dlood Purifier. All druggists. 91.
arc the. only pills lo take
with Hood'd Sarsaparilla,
at the time said: "On the highest pinnacle
of the frozen smnmit of Orizaba waves the
Star-Spangled Banner! So you may tell Mr,
Polk and bis Cibinet, and all Congress as
sembled, that they may pas what laws they
please, make treaties and the Mexicans issno
pronunciamentoos, but still will the Ameri
can flag wavo over their country; for who
will go up to pull it down ? "
A touching incident concerning the flag is
rrlnled by tbe-Ifaltans. In May, 1349, when
the Italian tn-colored banner '
"fled for the patriot' blood,
Orcon for the mnrtyr's crown.
White for the dew and tliascrric.
When tho morning of God coincs down."
was consecrated by the Patriarch of Venice
in that city, the American Consul was the
only foreign diplomat invited to be present
In tbe conrso of the ceremonies the com
mander of the troop called:
"Attention! Honor to the flag of the
United Stntesof America! " The multitude
shouted lofic and loud: "Long live our sis
ter Republic!" Then the people of all
classes, soldiers and. civilian", who could get
to him, embraced the Consul and kissed the
American flasrv pressing it to their hearts,
while many with moistened eyes reached
their hands through the crowd merely to
touch it, "exclaiming: uViva il Console!
Viva gli Stite Unite ! Viva I.i gran Repub
lica!" The American flag, though it floated above
Japanese waters as early as 1799, was not
welcomed to Japan until in 1853, when
Commodore M. C. Perry landed at Urajta,
on the Bay of Jeddo. In March of 185 1 was
celebrated tbe treaty of Yokohama, which
opened Japan to the world after closed har
bors for nearly 200 years. The flag then
unfurled held 31 stars, aud is stored in the
Naval Academy in Annapolis.
In 1854 Dr. Kane planted the flag on the
land nearest to the North Pole then discov
ered, " the first flag that ever waved over
that solitude." This flag was the one that
was plauted in the Antarctic region first, and
later had circumnavigated the globe n the
Columbia. In 1861 Dr. Hayes, of the Arc
tic expedition of I860, which sailed from
Boston, plauted the American flag yet fur
ther north than ever before. This flag, too,
has a history. On the 4th of March, 1861
Dr. J rayed, then in the hitherto unexplored
regions of the north, hoisted this flag in
honor of the inauguration of President Lin
coln, although no news bad reached them of
Lincoln's election, aud they did not know it
surely until Aug. 14 of 1861, when they
were returning. Dr. Hayes simply had
faith that Lincoln would be elected. The
flag was made for the purpose, and had only
18 stars, because there was not enouuh ma
terial to make more. When they learned 'l
live months later that Lincoln had been
elected and inaugurated they learned also
that their flag had anticipated history a lit
tle and that only 18 States wereat that time
left in the Union.
The Associated Pres3 gave the following
narrative of the rawing of the American
flag over her new possessions. The formal
transfer and delivery of Russian America to
the United States Government took place
on the 8th of November, 1867, Capt Festro
hoff acting on behalf of the Russian Govern
ment and Maj.-Gen. Rousseau acting on'be
half of the United States. At 3 o'clock
p. m. a battalion of United States troops,
under command of Maj. Charles O. Wood,
of the 9th Inf., was drawn np in line in
front of the Governor's residence, where tbe
transfer took place. By 3:30 a large con
course of people had assembled, comprising
Americans, Russians of ail classes, Creoles,
aud Indians, all eager to witness the cere
monies. UNFURLED IN ALASKA.
Precisely at the honr named the Russian
forts and fleet fired salutes in honor of the
lowering of the Russian flag; but the flag
would not come down. In lowering it tore
its entiro width clo3e by the halliards, aud
floated from the crosstrces, some 40 feefci
from the ground. Three Russian sailors
then attempted to" ascend IhS inch-and-a-
half guy ropes supporting the fiagstaffbut I
each. lulled to reach bis National emblem.
A, fourth ascended in a boatswain's chair,
saized the flag, and tKrew it in a direction
directly beneath bim ; but the motion of the
wind parried it, off and caused sensation in
every heart. Five minutes after lowering
the Russian flag the Stars and Stripes went
gracefully up, floating handsomely and.free,
Mr. George Lovell Rou33eaa having the
honor of flinging tho flag to the breeze, and
the United States steamers Ossipee and
Resjca simultaneously honoring the event
with a National Salute.
The first acquisition of territory ever
made by the United States by simply tak
ing possession was accomplished in 1868.
The Midway Islands, about half way from
the Sandwich Islands to Japan, were taken
possession of on order from the Navy De
partment by Capt. Win. Reynolds, of the
Lackawanna. Hcwent on to tbe shores of
the uninhabited islands, which lie a mile
apart, and raised the Spar Spangled Banner
on the highest point of land, while the
Lackawanna fired the National salute of 21 1
guns. The reason for taking possession of
these islands was the desire of the Govern
ment to make a coaling station of them.
Congress has seldom meddled with tbe
flag. In 1794, when Vermont and New
Hampshire came into tbe Union, they de
manded recognition on the flag, and Con
gress undertook to satisfy them. On Jan.
13, 1795, it passed a bill which changed the
flag to 15 stripes and 15 stars, but in 1818 it
Avas changed again to its present design.
There were but 20 stars in the constellation
then, and now, when time is rounding out
the century, the flag still floats, the only
change being the addition of a Star for a
State, and twice 20, with more added for
good measure, now sWell the constellation.
Flags are not merely so many yard of
silk or buuting. They stand for principles.
They represent to their countrymen all that
is honorable and enduring, all that is noble
and elevating in his country's history and
institutions Indifference to the flag that
protects the home is akin to contempt for
the institutions which have fostered that
home. Contempt for the National institu
tions breeds treason and anarchy, and an
archy threatens ruin of republican forms
of Government. For these reasons, if for no
other, lo7e and reverence for tbe flag should
ho taught the little children of the land
from the moment they are old enough to be
attracted by its bright hues. Justice, unity,
freedom, loyalty, and human brotherhood
are symbolized by our flag, aud these senti
ments, born In the hearts of American chil
dren, should be instilled in the minds and
hearts of the vast aggregation of foreign
born children, who nnder tbe protecting
folds of the American flag are fortifying
tbemaelves in free schools for the battle of
Flag Day is now almost a National holt
day, State after State having recognized it,
and tbe movement widens with each suc
ceeding year, till Congress may once again,
perhaps, legislate about the flag, aud make
its birthday a grand National holiday.
Siberian Kail way Stations.
There are to be about 200 railway stations
distributed over the new Siberian railway.
The rolling stock will comprfce 2,000 loco
motives, 3,000 passenger cars and 36,000
goods wagons. The passenger traffic will be
almost exclusively confined to third and
fourth classes, and the tariff -will be very
low. The works fu connection with this
great undertaking' are being pushed on with
much energy, and the work is expected to
be completed iu about six years..
Essential oil of garlic has been used to
cure consumption by Dr. Sejonruet of KeTin,
in the Ardenues. Mixed with 200 times its
weight of sterilised olive oil it was injected
under the skin, producing- marked improve
most in the IGpatienta on whom it was
Washington, to whom nothing connected
with his office seemed small or unimportant,
and who realized that this was naturally a
period for tho establishment of precedents,
gave much time and thought to the proper
adjustment of his social, w well as of hfs
political, duties'. Mr?. Washington warmly
seconded her husband's oflbrts to combine
republican simplicity with the ceremony
befitting the dinners, levees, and receptions
of the Chief Executive. Thus, although the
President simply bowed lo each guest as bo
was introduced to him at his Tuesday after
noon levees, making it very evident that tho
more familiar handshake was to be omitted.
at Mrs. Washington's Friday evening- rccep-
ion3 ne cuoo to be considered simply a
"a private gentleman," mingling with tha
company and entering into conversation
according to his own inclination. Upon
these occasions he U described as wearing
"a fancy-colored coat and waistcoat, and
black small-clothes, without hat or sword,"
while at his own levees he appeared in "a
black velvet coat and breeches, his hatr in
full-dress, powdered, and gathered behind
in a silk bag; yellow cloves, and holding a
cocked hat with a cockade on it and the
edjie adorned with a black feather about
an inch deep. He wore knee and shoe
bncklc?, and a long sword with a finely
wronght and polished steel hilt; the coat
worn over the blade, the scabbard of white
Itates to St. raul.
The Trnnk Line P.issenzor Association heia
a meeting at New York, Jane 3, to consider
rates to St. Pant, on account of the G.A.K. Na
tional Encampment, and decided to adopt ft
rate of one fare per capita to Chicago, plus tha
rate from Chicago to St. Paul $8 for the round
trip. That is, the rato for tho round-trip will
bo ono faro to Chicago, and 53 for a round-trip
ticket from Chicago to St. Paul. Tho tickets
will be sold Aug. 29, 30, and 31, and be good to
return until Sept. 16. except that by deposit of
tickets with tho Joint Agent of Terminal
Lines, at St. Paul, on or before Sept. 15. an ex
tension of limit may be obtained to and includ
ing Sept 30.
The people of New York drink 5,000,000
gallons of whisky a year. The consumption
of beer in New York City iu a single year fa
If an express train, moving at the rate of
45 miles an hour, were to stop suddenly,-i
would give the passengers a shock equal to
that of falling a hight of 51 feet
The Columbia you want Is ready for you. j
no ueiay, u you cnoosc icguiAr cnuiy
ment. We have been preparing for
months to meet the. present gieat demand.
Women's Columblas I
THE STOCK IS COMPLETE
Such quality at such prices is. unheard of.
But Hartfords are leaders in both price
and goodness. Regular models ready forB
POPE MFG, GO. Hariforrf, Conn.
Branch Stores and Agencies In almost every
city and town.. If Columbias are nofcjpropexly
represented lnrsoui; vicinity, les as- tuiow.
The new boob by it 9. Quay. John IWssslI Yonnr,
A-K-McClure Gar. Hastings, James A. Beaver EobL
E. Iattlson, Dr. gle. Gen. Sorter, etc, entitled.
Life and Timss of A, G. Ourffn,
tho great War Governor, Is ready. A worJc of hi
tory which reads lilce romance' Outfit free tor 2S
cents to pay postage. Sample copy tZOO. Becot
territory quick I THE THOMPSON PUB'Q CO.,
235 S. 6th St, Philadelphia
Mention The National Tribune.
manr thousand Ciwses called hODeless. In
10 days a least! H of all symptoms a re removed
BooIcoC testimonials ot cures suiii 10 days trait-
Kientjrtabymaiu JPraurcea fcon, Atlanta,!
Mention The National Tribune
Why suffer the misery and perhaps fatal result caused br
tlculara of a cheap, surenml permanent Homo Cure Fh
tus-ritscHu.. .uonrave orpan-i wnen i win entl jou mil par
ticulars of a cheap, surenml permanent Homo Cure FREX
oCcharge. Dr. 1. A. WI I. LI A M 3, Eaat Uamptoa, Coa.
.Mention The NatlonttI Tribune.
?: KVW a. fc4.C7 UUJJ . c UIUMil WlltTIl i will vnn vim mi 1
rni VO rednced 15 lb.
ru Lrw amonth; anyonn
can make remedy at noma.
Miss 3r. Alnler.SUDDlv. Arlc
ssy " Host 60 lbs; and feel splendid." No
starving. No sickness. Sample box. Eta,
Mention The National Tribune.
NESS & HFATJ HD15ES CORED.
I Our IMVldlliLS TU1M. Cu3f.Kn help Ik- alt Uf fcl
utluir ..tip . tlO PA IX WuUnr kttrd. 8t-l for
JTiij Boot to r. ltltcat Co., 8u8 B'mj, Stir York. QSe Trial free
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Tott can now irrasp a Tortune.
guide to rapid wealth, t
. with '240 fine en
cravings, sent frpe to anyperson. This
Is a chanco of. a lifetime. Write at once.
Lynn tfcCo.4SUondSt.Neiv York
MentlonThe National Trihuno.
A. HAlTDSOZrx: irtrSTutCSJET
Grera Tlli TDEXISK IMIK TIQOR a mMlkul tu hi
J n ; rtfvadrt. 1m full twwt r Iiuuriut kbi
Tut 13t. r
Ht .iw.ub iwsi; p.n-ir.a nvuTkMr.M,in.
ISt. r4 ff at 3 litih 7 Ut II. miIi
TiUUlO.ST HT8 TO., 3. ., BiKra, U
4f rr at. 3 InWv. T tat il. Mii.d Vr milt
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LND WSHBINTS WANTED.
Address: W-E. Moe.KtkJcS7. lcuver. Cole.
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513rrjl V $5JK0 yesrly, no experience re
VI CCA LI quired, failure impossible: our
icheme a. new one: particular lree. Audre
Mentlon Tho National Tribune.
trial In your hmn. Cat tbls ant and wax! foi
catjJoroe. Fncs to tuit. 70a. Oxford Sr.
toe Machines awarded World' Fair AfodaL
Tit TliK aUiRASTH. MaiORT 7AIO. ADMtM '
OXrOXB MBSE. CO., S40 lTatab Ire., CHICiUS,
DOES WHATArrWrEI.DO Frtt SET Or aTTACBMIHTai
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Koulllot A Co., 123 a 3d St, Philadelphia.
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tfi Jt CnnnyiinrnCsh lordl3trlhutlnpeircnlar3.Enclo
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n ttout to ko rtad'VfaJura" for !lhw MX;
ttaiapa. LXA A CQ.,A"an. Ctty.M.
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Cnred. Box Free.
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. 9TerpIila2abI Careii la 3d
j to 3D days, no ray 1111 enreu.
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IXTAJITED By Theo. I Granville, 3i Stenben
VY srreat, Bricjepoxt; Conn. The address of tho
cooirades- rescued irocn drowning' In the Shenandoah
Elver, under heavy flie la July, 1SW.
EdBl s- 7