Newspaper Page Text
- K". ssif aS isssiesaasswaA 3" - Ah - i SS. .rW H-iT "iT V?'1"2(&. LiTVG.t THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASffltfOT&Xr ft (E TSDBSDAY. AUGUST 27, 1896. n.BH-rW.j,",1 4HKWi. J:' 7X iX3 . .in,rtinrmn mirii nwr-l JRflial Our Yeierans Have to Say About Tlieir Old Campaigns. ft.:-SAW AN ARMY. Bn'trtTnole Billy Sherman "Wotild not Believe ' tlio"ijebels wero Thero in Such Force. '' Editoh Rational Tribune: In a recent issue of a St. Louis newspaper appeared the following: ' "The late Gen. Madison Miller was at the front when the Sunday battle of Shiloh be gan ; and if Gen. Sherman had not pooh poohed his report of the previous day, and that of Maj. Ricker on Friday, as to the coming of the Confederate army, a surprise would have been prevented, and the Federal forces would have done their fighting under ipuch better conditions." Tbi's contains more war lmtory than shows at a glance; and-Pbelieve, because of Uncle Billy's "pooh-pooh," it was never writien up by him. Yet only for the "pooh-pooh " not lesstban 250 men at that time would have made oath aud staked their lives in support of the fact that the rebs were approaching in force on Friday afternoon or evening be fore the Sunday battle of Shiloh. April 6. The first question then is, Who is Maj. Hicker? Then, Where weie the rebs, and how did wc know ? Where did Uncle Billy get his information ? Kicker was Major of the 2d battalion, (and -if not dead is still to be found at Batavia, O.,) 5ih Ohio Cav. It is necessary to say :?the 5th Ohio Cav. was at that time attached Scouting. 'to'Shermah's Fifth Division, and had been for weeks sconliug between Shiloh Meeting House and Corimh, Mis., mostly on what "was the rond to Monterey, distant 10 miles from the church and eight from Corinth. Sometimes we were sent on the Furdy road, branching off to the right from the Monterey road a little south of Turkey Creek, and near five.and.a half miles southwest of the chnrch. The rebs generally bad an ontpost at the said creek and nt the intersection of the Mon terey and Portly road?. We had become ac customed to finding 1 0 to 5 Johnnies. Sev eral times we slipped up on them and capt ured some of the outpost before they could jget on the road or hide in the brnsh. So our battalion of Cos. A, D, L and M had become ,bold just at that particular place. On Friday, April 4. between 3 and 4 o'clock, the 2d battalion (and perhaps others) ""was starTecT oh our old road to do some jBcouting again.- The boys were a little hot. -We had been on the road a day or two be fore. Our sutler had just got on some ..postage stamp?, sold -at 10 cents apiece, and scarce at that. But we could write, and were writing to our girls. This was stopped all of a sudden, hence our "hotuess." So ire started growling at everything, and the Johnnies in particular. Maj. Bicker had been in the Mexican war, and he was a good commander. He had his .men well under control. This day he was, oxjeomejcoufiea little more cautious, and -sjaorwartFtwo platoons, one from A, one 'from L. -They found the Johnnies with a strong outpost about three and a half miles out, and on what we considered onr "garden,5,' and some two and a half miles (from "where -we usually struck them. "ACCUSTOMED TO FlNHINO JOHXJflES. So the two platoons concluded they were the cause of all the trouble, raised the yell, and started. But Johnny wasn't quite ready to go yet, and those two platoons of about .30 men saw lhey had more than they cared 'for, and they dropped back 200 yards and waited for the Major. This was about three fourths of a mile from the east and north bank of the creek, which is a little abrnpt approach. The south and west is a beautiful, gradual slope, and limbered on both sides for miles along the road to Monterey and Purdy. When the Major arrived the Johnnies w.ere still there, as impudent as if they owned fhe ground. The Major said : " Well, now, they'll go, and don't you for get it." The platoons formed skirmish-line, one on the right of the road, the other on the left. Co. L went to the right, Co. A to the left, the other companies to the rear a little and across the road; the rest quite a distance !to the right and left flank. Skirmishers went 40 yards in front, and were ordered to i crowd the Johnnies. I We Went Pell-Meil. u Co. A, L, aud M, draw sabers; prepare f for a charge," cried the Major. J The Johnnies did not appear so sassy, and ?ilowly gave back. f "I'll start them," said the Major. "Blow ithe charge." Never did a bugle ring as clear as in those f woods that evening. The way we went, '250 or 300-trong, pellmell for .over a half mile to the bluff of the stream was a cau tion. Suddenly there came into view, about 100 yards down the slope, near the creek bottom. -I ,.. .-. -1-1 .I Droper, a rebel line-of-battle.- They yelled for us to come on One of our skirmishers, Dutchman, charged down the slope, saber in hand, hal looing, " Surrender, you damt rebels ! " The Johnnies appeared amused and in good humor. He was permitted to ride through their line-of-battle, over the creek, and up the west slope, facing north and east, covered with Johnnies as far as the eye could see. There was artillery parked, ambulances, A m "111 ill" -Gfrh --ifT6iiiu y yui I tsf JoM l-AfTl - "V VKT Jv "SUERENDER, YOU - Rebels ! " officers' tents, arms stacked, men making fires, louuuing around, playing cards; ne groes gathering brush aud dancing; none paying any more attention to the 300 Yanks than if we had not been there. The-Dutchman was in among their fires, guns, and coffee, we lookiug to see him killed. I don't know what became of him. We never heard of him. We stayed there aud looked for not less thau 10 minutes. Not a gun was fired on either side. No one appeared scared par ticularly. All seemed entranced by the vis ion of the Confederate army. Finally, away to our left we began to hear the carbines crack. The Major had seen more than he wanted, and for fear they would cut off our retreat on the road, the bugle sounded the rally. Our senses returned, and we were as keen to get out as we were to go in. The Johnnies did not crowd us on our return, so we went back at leisure. Someone had preceded the command to camp and reported us all captured to Uncle Billy. About one mile southwe3t of the church we met Sherman, and the Mnjor told him what we had seen. But Urcle Billy was not in the humor to believe any such report. He ordered us back to camp, and told the Major not to report such old wornout grannjT tales. Then we were all hot again for his trying to make us out cowaids and liars. Uncle Billy was hot, too, so he traded our regiment to Gen.llurl bnt, commanding the Fourth Division, and the next morning we went back in camp near the peach orchard, some two and a half miles nearer the river. But by noon on Sunday we were glad, for near where we were camped was where the battle began. It was not over 200 yards to the spring where the 54th Ohio first got into line, and about 100 yards from where the rebs caught Hildebrand's Ohio regiment in bed. Now, I do not know Gen. Miller, as spoken of in the printed slip, but perhaps he got the same kind of a reprimand we did. Ed C. AurniAN, Co. L, 5th Ohio Cav., Melrose, Kan. AN O.RDER THAT FAILED. Death Prevents Cliarjre'That Must Have Involved a Sacrifice. Editor National Tribune: On the 22d of May, 1863, very late in the afternoon, Gen. Boomer, commanding the Third Bri gade, Third Division, Fifteenth Corps, re ceived orders to lead his commaud over the walls of Yicksburg. Possibly the main ob ject of the assault was to relieve about 30 men imprisoned in the ditch in front of the wall. This wall was 12 miles long, and it was nearly dark when we arrived on the ground designated for the assault. Our line was formed and marched down the hill on double-quick time to the rifle pits, and halted for "a short rest behind the low bank. By this time, the rebels had ' caught onto the racket," and the bullets were flying over the rifle-pits as thick as a swarm of bees. Butorders must be obeyed, bullets or no bullets. Gen. Boomer rose upon his knees and said: "Third Brigade Forward" The next word would have been "inarch," but it was cut short by a bullet passing through the General's head. He fell iorward almost onto our bayonets. It so happened that I was closer than auy one elsejo the General, and I looked up and down the line to see if his orders were being obeyed, but every man was hugging the ground, as still as death. In about 20 minutes darkness had prac tically put an end to the firing. Several of the officers came to where the General was lying. They held a short council and de cided to abandon the assault and fall back. Gen. Boomer was very highly esteemed and well respected by all of his command. He died for us; for by the word "march " not being called the brigade was saved from a dreadful slaughter. D. L. Marks, Co. D, 10th Iowa. Where Was Gen. T.ytle Killed J Editor National Tribune: I have not been on the field of Chickamauga since monuments have been placed there, and therefore do not know personally where any of them are erected, but it cannot be possible, notwithstanding the very many blunders made in locating troops and assigning the hours of their movements, that so gross a blunder could have been made in placing the monument to Gen. Lytle at the spot stated by Comrade D. F. Lawler in your ssue of July 30. Comrade Lawler says in that issue that Gen. Lytle's monument is erected on a hill about 150 yards nearly due south of the Widow Glenn's house. He says that some say the General was killed some 200 yards southeastof where the mouumeutstands. I think the troubleis that Comrade Lawler has made a mistake as to the house, for Gen. Lytle was killed almost exactly one-half mjle nearly due noith of the Widow Glenu'shouse. If one will take a map of Chickamauga and find what is called on those maps "Tan yaid," a quarter of a mile southeast of the Dyer house, and then locate a point about an eighth of a mile aud about 15 rods south of due west from the so-called tauyard, he will have the spot where Gen. Lytle was killed. It-was near the edge of the timber at the west side of the field in which the tanyard .-was. And, by the way, there was no tauyard there. There were a couple of large.lish-hoppers, .used in making potash. TheLtdocation'can still be found by the ashes that have been plowed into the ground. I with to say to all comrades that the Re bel lion Uecords are nearly all published, aud the maps Qf.batlles, etc., are completed, aud if any comrade desires to know in which books his regiment or battery is mentioned in the Records, nd in which" any battle, skirmish or march is shown in any of the maps, I will cheerfully give him the infor mation on'in's sending stamp to pay post age. Geo. E. Dolton, 24 South Commer cial street, St. Louis, Mo. Excursion to S. Paul. That all members of the Grand Army of tho Republic, together with their families and friends, may attend tho annual Encampment G. A. K., to bo held at St. Paul, Minn., Sep tember 1st to 4th, all eastern lines will Bell" excursion tickets, August 29, 30 and 31st, via Chicago, Milwaukee aud St. Paul railway, at tho rateofiibQUj,. ooo cent per mile, good to return until September 30tb. For further particulars call on the nearest ticketagent, or addreasJohn H. Pott, district passenger ajieut, Chicago, Milwaukeo aud St. Paul railway, Willianuport Pa.' wm&mmti .n w&toftr5i . iyEfHyi v CUSTER'S CHARGE. Little Hngerstown the Scene of Bloody Strife In 18G3. Editor National Tribune: I wna in Hagerstown when the battle of Gettysburg was being fought, and we conld distinctly hear the cannonading and knew that a de cisive buttle was going on. The town was then practically isolated from the rest of the worlcL Gen. Lee began his preparations for the retreat on Friday, July 4, 18G3,and on Sun day evening the retreating columns had pro ceeded as far as the west side of the South Mountain, near Smithsburg. That evening John Zittle and I took a walk. Suddenly we heard reports of cannon, and looking over to the South Mountain, just be yond Smithsburg, we-could see the battle going on between Stuart's cavalry and that of Custer and Kilpatrick. We could dis tinctly see the flashes from the cannon as they fought until long after nightfall. Stuart was defeated and lost the train he was guarding, consisting of between 300 and 400 wagons, which Custer and Kilpatrick captured and took down the mountain road to Boonsboro, and sent them across the mountain to Frederick City. At about 9 o'clock the following morning I was standing in front of the Eagle Hotel, on tlie corner of the Center Square, when the.advance of Lee's retreating nrniy arrived. This consisted of ambulances filled with wounded men, sutlers' teams and straggling horsemen on their way to Williamsport and Falliug Waters, on the Potomac River. It was then that I saw the first Confederate infantryman who entered the city on the retreat. Ho was a tall, rough-looking fellow, and about as ugly a man as I ever saw. We engaged in conversation, and I learned that he had been struck with a spent ball, which entered below the eye at the right cheek-bone aud lodged underneath the right lower jaw, which was terribly swollen and added to his ill looks. I asked him: " Which way are you going ? " "Across the river." "What is wrong?" "We are on the retreat. We got whopped like up 'there at a little town called Gettysburg." This same morning, July 7, Stuart at tacked Custer and Kilpatrick at Boonsboro. Stuart was again defeated, and driven that afternoon 14 miles up the pike to the sub urbs of the city. Just before midday we learned of the battle going on, and I, in company with a few others, walked to the southeast end of the city to Andrew Hager'a farm. Here we fouud the advance of Stuart's retreating col umns, which occupied Hager's barn and barnyard for hospital purposes. The Sur geons were busy amputating limbs and ex tracting bullets from the wounded and ad ministering such other aid as possible. I remained there about a half hour, and then returned to the hotel. Shortly after my return the retreating columns came thronging into the city. Gen. Stuart massed his troops in the streets and alleys to re sist the victorious columns of Custer and Kilpatrick. George Sands, Col. Cramer (both of Hagers town) and myself ascended to the top of the Eagle Hotel to view the battle. The sight which we beheld was indeed terrible, yet grand. The Federal artillery was stationed on the pike near the Seminary Building, on the Boonsboro road, and Stuart's artillery near the Reformed Church, at the north end of the city, on t,he Leitersburg and Waynes boro road. The artillery duel over the eastern end of the city lasted only about a quarter of an hour, yet it shook the city to its very fonn dation, and terrified its inhabitants. We could see the flying shells, which appeared like pigeons sailing in the air, reflecting the golden sunlight as they whirlt-d and twisted in, their angry flight, some bursting high up in the air, others falling near the, mark., . When the artillery ceased firing the final charge was made. This was more than ter rible, the discharge of pistols and carbines, the cheers and yells of the men and the flashes of the bright sabers as they glittered in the sunlight being a wonderful sight to behold from a position such as we occupied. One of Hagerstown's artists, John Stemple, who had ascended to the top of Mr. Stranb's house, on the corner of the Square and almost directly opposite to us, for the purpose of viewing the battle in order to make a paint ing of it, was shot through the head by a sharpshooter. CapU Snyder, 1st Mich., and Capt. Penne broker, 38th Pa. Cav., with their companies, led the charge into the city, and both were wounded in the Center Square. The cutting and slashing was beyond description; here right before and underneath us the deadly conflict was waged in a hand-to-hand com bat, with the steel blades circling, waving, parrying, thrusting, and cutting, some re flecting thebright8unlight,otherccnnj3oned with huuiau gore; while the discharge of piBtols aud carbines was terrific, and the smoke through which we now gazed down through aud on the scene below, the screams and yells of the wounded and dying, mingled with cheers and commands, the crashing to gether of the horses and fiery flashes of the small-arms presented a scene such as words cannot fully portray. , The contending forces were so intermingled that sometimes two or more men were" cut ting at one. I saw Cape. Snyder cut down three men in less than three minutes. He struck the first man on the head with his sword, turned and thrust his sword through the body of another, withdrew it aud struck another on the head and felled him to the ground ; after which he was shot in the side with a pistol-ball and wounded by a saber cut about two inches long above the right ear. Capt. Pennehroker was shot in the leg and his horse was killed and fell on him, injuring the other leg. Both officers were carried into the Frank lin House and cared for. Our troops had now cleared the Center Square of the Con federates, and I went down from the top of the building and ran out Potomac street to assist in caring for the wounded. I helped to carry into Squire Bicrshing's house a man who it was said had been shot by a lady from her father's porch when the charge was made. The soldier was a mem ber of the 18th Pa. Cav., and was from Waynesburg, Pa. He was shot ia the head, and died in about a half-hour. The battle now became general over the whole city. The troops had mostly dis mounted, and the charging columns fell back into their line, and the streets and alleys were ablaze with fire and smoke from the contending forces. One of the Connec ticut hoys, who had been on provost duty in the city, and with whom I was well ac quainted, was marching some prisoners to the rear. He handed me a musket and some other accoutcrments, and told me to pitch in, which I did with a will. Entering Squire Smith's yard, a few doors above the Lutheran church, I had a good position behind tho iron picket-fence, aud was protected by the building adjoining. There I made the best possible use of my ammunition. Three of our men fell in the yard, and were carried into Mr. Smith's house. We held our position for over an hour. Then the Confederate infantry came marching into the city in a solid body, fill ing the street from side to side, aud bore down on us too strontr. As mv ammuni tion was about exhausted, I, like the rest of ( the men, retreated in good order. Crossing the street, I ran into a house, where I left my accoutermeuts, and after the columns had passed I again returned to the hotel. The Federals retreated from before this overwhelming force of infantry down tho Sharpsburg pike toward Falling Waters, where they overtook and captured another Confederate train. I have never seen an account of the battle fought in Hagerstown ; but' as this might only be termed a skiraiish in comparison to many others, yet oVer 350 men were killed and wounded int the day's battle, beginning with the retreat frqm Boonsboro, in which 10,000 men were engaged. I called on Capt. Snyder and Capt. Pen nehroker in the 'evening of the day the bat tle was fought. They were both in the same room at ;the Franklin Honse. DTr. Scott, of Hasrerstowh. had been called in and extracted the bullet from the side of Capt. j Snyder. I remained with him that nignt and bathed his Wound every 10 minutes with cold water. Gen. Coster made another brilliant charge into the city July 13. This time he came in on the Leitersburg road on tho rear of the Confederate army. When Custer made the charge, it was done so unexpectedly-, that -he took about 500 prisoners in less than 10 minutes' time. The Eleventh Corps, which had advanced to the edge of the city, now marched into it in an almost simultaneous movement with .Custer, and occupied the city. The Confederates were driven to their line of intrenchment9, which wero drawn in a semi-circle about seven miles in extent, protecting the Boons boro, Sharpsburg, Williamsport, and Clear Spring pikes. No man could have appeared more cool in battle than did Custer on this occasion. He rode by us near the head of his column, his long yellow curls flowing over his shoulders, his hat in his left hand, waving it and bow ing to the ladies at the windows, who were waving handkerchiefs, while storms of bul lets were sweeping his ranks. Here the armies rested three days. When Meade held a council of war and was overruled as to the propriety of attacking the enemy, Lee threatened that in the event of an attack he would destroy the city by turning his guns upon it. Lee rccrossed the Potomac without a general engagement. I was with Capt. Snyder when Custer charged into the cily. He became so ex cited that he got.out of his bed, wrapped a blanket around himself, and walked out on the veranda to see his old comrades, and in so doing irritated his wound, which morti fied, and this caused -his death in a few days. Capt. Snyder was a brave and daring officer, and was much admired for his handsome appearance aqd manly conduct. He had been on duty for awhile in Hagerstown, and had formed the acquaintance of many of the fair sex of the city, and ho told me that it was by his special request that Custer al lowed him the, privilege of leading the charge on July 7, because of the many favors bestowed upon him by the ladies of Hagers town. ' After the smoke of battle had passed away many of the window-shutters, porches, aud signs in front of places of business bore evi dence of the terrible conflict, as some of them were literally riddled with u"ullet-boles. The brick house adjoiuing Mr. Smith's, where we endeavored to hold the fort, stood out on the bend pf the road, "nd in line of the street leading to the Center Square. The side of this )ipnse caught many of the bullets intendefgftgs, aud it stands there to-day, scarred jand. gnarred with scores of bullet-holes, as a monument of the battle. W. W. Jacobs, Chaiubersburg, Pa. Free Cure for 'Kidneys and Bladder. Wo adviso our'readers who sufTer from Kid ney and BlaadeV'dFaordera, weak back or rheumatism to try tho-Now Botanic discovery Alkavie, made frdm tho Kava-Kava shrub. The Church Kidiiey Cure Company, 418Fourth Avenue, New York, to provo its great value, aud for introduction, will send you a treatment of Allcavia prepaid by mail free. Alkavis is certainly a wondgrul remedy, and overy suf ferer should gladly accept this freo offer. s t i THE JOHNNIES LET GO. But the Kentucky Ifprsos Were Valuable to i- dtfJP- i"i. Editor NATrOJrATTR'rnrjNE: I belonged to Capt. W. F. PattcrBori,8lndepcnde'nlCdm pauy. On Sept. ,14, 18G2, we were sent to blockade Roger's Gap, aboutlO miles south of Cumberland Grip. We bad to blast and throw in rock to fill up the road, and this made the rebels think we were cannonading. They came over on us, numbering 40, and our squad was only 14. Each rebel had two horses, the finest in Kentucky. We held the Johnnies from 3 o'clock p. m. until 10 o'clock a. m. next day. A battalion of Mon day's cavalry came to our relief, and we all went in together. , When we got tp the foot of Cumberland Gap, Gen. George Morgan ordered the rebels to be blindfolded and their hands tied be hind them. We marched , them up to the top of the gap and kept them there until we sent a flag of truce to Bragg. They found a Colonel who claimed them, and who had some of our men, and we exchanged man for man. We never could have got away if it had not been for the capture of those horses. Our horses were worn out and not able to pull our artillery. Our rations were about out, and we had Bragg and John Morgan to fight, one before us and one behind us. We had to fight from Cumberland Gap to the Ohio River every day a skirmish. Those horses enabled us to carry all our artillery away, and saved us from capture. We had about 100 pieces of artillery, worth $80,000, and horses worth $1G,000. Some of my readers may think $1G,000 a big price for 80 horses, but they had picked the very best in Kentucky, and $200 was a low valuation for such. John Freeman, Oil Center, Ky. i i. A DASH FOR LIFE. Two Sergeants of tlte 5th Mich. Cav. Escape a General Slaughter. Editor National Tribune: J. K Low den, of North ville, Mich., has written for you a short history of the 5th Mich. Cav. In the issue of July 30 ho says that near Berryville 25 of the regiment wero shot to death after surrender by Mosby's order. On ltlth of August, 1864, 30 men and two commissioned officers were detailed from the 5th Mich. Cav., near Berryville, Va. We had orders to go some four or five miles irom camp ana nurn a aweinng ana some other property.DnTbe work was done as directed. .J, , ' In returningjjto cjimp a short stop was made. The head of ,the column was on the Woodville road; leading to Berryville. A Sergeant of Copland I were in the last set of fours, aud I tpld tjie Lieutenant a column of cavalry was close by. After we hadTgbne(80 rods we saw a barri cade 10 feet high across the Woodville road. A stone fence was oUj our left, a rail fence on our right, and we were practically hemmed in. Some GO of Mosby's men caught us at this barricade. f j3onie of the men said they would surrender! Serg't Noble and I took off one rail of the fence, leaped over, went by Mosby's menjmiij escaped. Sixteen men were shot deadj-one-man's throat cut, and six badly wouuded. Tho total deaths were 22. As I was neyer,jRvay from said regiment from the time ii lb4Detroifc, in 1862, until it returned, in 185u am sure this is the time J. K. Lowden refers to. Ole C. Olson, Sergeant, Co. F, 5th Mich. Cav., Hoi ton, Mich. j : 5 , - Right This Time. Editor National Tribune: Comrade, in last week'sjssueyou ask comrades that havetbeeu reading "The National Trib une for 18 years if you had .notbeenright all 'the time.. . No ; no one is right all the time, but you are right most of the time on nearly every subject. You are right just now when you' are "fightings mob law, re pudiation, aud dishonor. Keep right on, and hit 'em in front and rear and both flanks. We, ,w,ill stand "byyou. W. WlL-KINS,- Co. H, 48th Pa., First Brigade, Second Division, Ninth Corps, Kaneaholm, Pa. PICKET SHOTS. i. From Alcr( Comrades All Along the Line. Benels "Well Treated. Luke A. Delozier, Co. C, 143d Pa., National Military Home, 0., writes: " I was at Hart's Island, New York Harbor, in 1865, and this is the first time I have ever heard of cruel treatment to rebel prisoners, such as was re cently referred to. Icanrccallincidentsunder my own observation that were the reverso of cruel. I was on guard on the well next to the gate, when one of the prisoners came up to me and asked for tobacco. I had been much bothered with them in that line, and told him I could not furnish tobacco to all the prisoners, as my pay would not permit it. He hung his head and turned away. I saw him wiping his eyes. I called him back and asked him what was the matter. Ho said he had used tobacco ever since ho was 10 years old, and could not do without it. I pulled out a ping I had just bought from the sutler, and gave him half of it. He thanked me time and again. '"Another prisoner, a nice-looking young man, was standing a short distance off. He came up, and told me he had been con scripted in the Confederate service, and had only been married a short time, when he had to go in. He said: 'I would like a sheet of paper, envelope, and stamp to write to my wife. I have not seen her for two years.' I told him when I was relieved I would get them for him ; to be at my post when I came on guard again in the afternoon. He asked me for toba'ceo. I gave him the bal ance of the plug. His name was Henry Sea, and he lived 15 miles from Columbia, S.C. " These men did not complain of crnel treatment. When our regiment left there the prisoners shook hands and cried because we were going away. Is Henry Sea still living at Columbia, S. C?" At Cedar Creclr. C. Porter, Grinnell, Iowa, writes: "Dennis Wilhoal, in the issue of April 9, says Bat tery D, 2d TJ. S., took position on the left of the road just before the battle of Win chester, aud held this position for about an hour, when the rebels retreated towards Fisher's Hill." He evidently refers to the fort on the bights just south of Winches ter, and to some other battle than the one I spoke of, as tho rebels did not retreat in an hour, or several hours., The road to which I called attention is the one on which we reached the battleground of Sept. 19, 1864, the road through the gorge after crossing the Opt'quon. "The work was not a fort, strictly speak ing, but one of those semi-circular earth works called half-moons. The right of my regiment rested on the road spoken of, aud I have some reason for-suppo3ing one of the batteries to have been Cowen's. I remember hearing one of the relieved batterymen say ing to those who were relieving his battery: 'You will find it hot in there,' and whether he meant the weather or something else I don't know." W. H. White, Co. E, 114th N. Y., Harrold, S. D., says : " I saw in a recent issue a num ber of questions propounded by Comrade Porter, also the statement that ' the wonder ful feat performed at Cedar Creek by Gen. Getty with his stubborn little division, where he and it, alone, confronted the enemy from the first attack will never be for gotten.' "Now, if Comrade Porter's memory is failing him, and he has managed to make himself believe that Gen. Getty's Division, of the Sixth Corps, did all the fighting at Cedar Creek, Oct. 19, 1864, 1 would respect fully call his attention to the history of the United States, and if thajj is not convincing enough to dispel his vision I would sight him to Gen. P. H. Sheridan's Memoirs." Will Always Remember. R. F. Sloan, Co. I, 8th Tenn., Mauldin's Mills, Ga., writes: "In 1864, after Sherman's army had crossed the Chattahoochee River, preparatory to the siege of Atlanta, Comrade Hill and I obtaiued leave for a short time to visit our families, who were living 50 miles north of Atlanta. We had not heard from them in two years; "About 12 o'clock at night we reached tho outpost of a detachment of Federal tmops stationed at McAfee's Bridge, on the Chattahoochee River. We were conducted to the reserve in command of a Lieutenant belonging to a Pennsylvania regiment. He showed us every kindness in bis power, and on our return we fell in company with a Corporal belonging to an Ohio regiment, who had been wounded at Resaca, Ga.T and was returning to his command. His Chris tian name was Joseph. I should like to hear from either of these comrades by letter." "Who Knew Edward Z. C. Jndson? Comrade Fred Mather, 63 Linden street, Brooklyn, N. Y., wants information about Edward Z. C. Judson, better known as "Ned Buntline." Tlie Naval Register (Hamers ley's) states that he was a "Midshipman Feb. 10, 1838 ; resigned June 8, 1842." A'p pleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography wiys: "During the civil war was Chief of Scouts among Indians, with rank of Colonel, and during his service received 20 wounds." It is certain that he served in the Union army, but ins name (toes not appear on the rolls of either the Regular or volunteer offi cers. As Comrade Mather intends writing a sketoh of this remarkable man, as he knew him after the war, he will be thankful for information of any kind concerning him. In the Naval Register the name is erroneously given as Edward J. C. Judson. Where Are These Old Guns? ' A. Brandley, Sergeant, 23d Ky., Elkins, W. Va., asks what became of " Lady Breck inridge" and "Lady Buckner," two pieces of artillery captured on Mission Ridge, near Gen. Brngg's Headquarters, 25th November, 1863. These field-pieces were removed from the Ridge by some of Gen. Sheridan's men after the battle. This old artillery is no doubt still in existence somewhere in the United States. Information Wanted. Henry Lee, Co. H, 93d N. Y., National Home, Dayton, O., says: "Is there any com rade living who was a prisoner in Libby from September, 1864, to March, 1865? He can confer a great favor upon a comrade who was a prisoner there by giving me his ad dress." Information wanted of Theodore Marshall, who enlisted "in either the 4th or 2d N. Y. (Duryea's Zouaves), by his sister, Helen C. Stuart, 7G Truxton street, Brooklyn, N. Y. Scattering. John Serrine, Red Wing, Minn., says he had some close calls during his service, but did not starve to death or die for his country, "If any of my comrades of Co. C, 70th N. Y., or Co. D, 2d U. S. Cav., still remember me, I should like to hear from them. I enlisted April 25, 1861, and was discharged at Carlisle Barracks, Dec. 25, 1864." L. G. Morrison, Haverhill, Mass., wants to know by letter from any shipmate late of the U. S. S. Colorado, why at the second Fort Fisher engagement those who had previously volunteered to aid in making the charge on the fort were not ordered to go. Mrs. Ruth Austin, Alleghany, N. Y., wants to know if any comrade who fought at Fair Oaks found a pocket Bible, contain ing the name of Jamea W. Leonard, Co. K, 85th N. Y. m " i DO YOU FEEL DEPRESSED? Use Horsford's Add Phosphate. . It inviporates the nerves, stimulates' diges tion and relieves mental depression. Especially valuable to tired braia-workera, THEIR RECORDS, Brief Sketches of the Services of Various Commands. ITirB Nattojtat. Txibuxb has In hand several hundred requests for regimental histories. Ail such requests will be necededtoin duo time, nlthoticb those now received cannot bo published for nt lnnst year, owinjr to Jock of space. Numerous sketches h five nl ready been published, and of thci none can be found room for a second time, until all have been printed. - New York's rightlnjr KcRlmonts. Editor National TuiijUNE: "Will you kindly give numbers of New York State regiments in the list of Fox's 300 fighting regiments? A. A. Velie,Box 2072, St Joseph, Mich. Col. Fox in his ''Regimental Losses" places the following New York organizations in the list of 300 fighting regiments: 1st N. Y. Dragoons (19th N. Y. Cav.); 2d N. Y. Cav. (Harris's Light); 8th N. Y. Cay. (Rochester regiment); 10th N. Y. Cav. (Por ter Guard); 7th N. Y. H. A.; 8th N. Y. H. A.; 9th N. Y. H. A.; 14th N. Y. II. A.; 5th N. Y. (Dnryea Zonaves); 40th N. Y. (Mozart regiment); 42d N. Y."(Tammany regiment); 43d N. Y. (Albany Rifles); 44th N. Y. (Ells worth Avengers); 48th N. Y.; 49th N. Y. (Second Buffalo); 51st N. Y. (Shepard Rifles); 52d N. Y. (German Rangers); 59th N. Y.; Gist N. Y. (Clinton Bifles); G3d N. Y.); G4thN. Y. (Cattaraugus regiment); 69th N. Y.; 70th N. Y. (First Excelsior); 72d N. Y. (Third Excelsior); 73d N. Y. (Fourth Ex celsior); 74th N. Y. (Fifth Excelsior); 7Gth N. Y.; 79th N. Y. (Highlanders); 80th N. Y. (Ulster Guard)r 81st N. Y.; 82d N. Y.; 2d N. Y. S. M.; 83d N. Y. (9th Militia); 84th N. Y. (14th Brooklyn); 8Gth N. Y. (Steuben Rangers); 88th N. Y.; 93d N. Y. (Morgan Rifles); 97th N. Y. (Conkling Rifles); 100th N. Y.; 106th N. Y. (2d St. Lawrence); 109th N.Y.; 111th N.Y.; 112th N.Y. (Chautauqua regiment); 114th N, Y.; 115th N. Y. (Iron Hearts); 117th N. Y.; 120th N. Y.; 121st N. Y.; 124th N. Y. (Orange Blossoms); 125th N. Y.; 126th N. Y.; 137th N. Y.; 140th N. Y.; 142d N. Y.; 14Gth N. Y.; 147th N. Y.; 149th N.Y.; 164thN.Y.; 169th N.Y.; 170th N. Y. Editor National Tribune. The 134th N.Y. Editor National Tribune: In your paper, under the head of "Their Records," you mention the 134th N. Y., and say that its loss at Gettysburg was 60 killed, and that it took but 400 men into action. Will you, or some member of that regiment who knows, please give the total loss of killed, wonnded, and taken prisoners at Gettysburg? We marched from Emmitsburg, Md., the after noon of July 1, 1863, and went into the fight that evening. If my memory serves me right we were under fire less than 15 min utes. There were 20 of the boys guarding a wagon-train, and not with us. I have been told that there were but72 men to answer to roll-call that night, including the 20 that were with the wagon-train, and but six men left in my company. How true this is I do not know, as I was wounded and taken prisoner, being captnred while retreating, or, more properly speaking, running through the streets of Gettysburg. Comrade W. W. Moon, of my company, who now lives at Marion, N.Y. , and. who was also wonnded in the right hand, was a prisoner with me, and we both made onr escape July 4. I can safely say it was the mo3t exciting Fourth of July that either of us ever witnessed. Georoe H. Chapman, Co. A, 134th N. Y., Watertown, S. D. Col. Fox gives the loss of the 134th at Gettysburg as 42 killed, 151 wonnded, and 59 missing; total, 252. The mortally wound ed are classed with the wonnded in the fore going statement. Eighteen of these died immediately after the battle, which makes the killed or mortally wounded in this en gagement 60. As the regiment took 400 men into action, according to Col. Fox's figures, 148 must have escaped unhnrt. Editor National Tribune. 1st Me. H. A. This regiment was organized at Bangor and Augusta, Aug. 21, 1861, to serve three yearsas the 18th Me., but its name wa3 changed to 1st Me. H. A. in December, 1862. Two additional companies were organized, one in January and the other in February, 1864. Veteranized June 6, 1865, and the or ganization, composed of veterans and recruits of this and the 17th and 19th Me., remained in the' service until Sept. 11, 1865. Of the 2,047 regiments in the army this regiment sustained the greatest loss in battle, and not only was the number killed the largest, but the percentage of killed was exceeded in only one instance. It was attached to Mott's Brigade, Birney's Division, of the Second Corps. Its loss at Petersbnrg was the great est of any one regiment in any action during the war, making the charge with 900 men, and losing 632 in killed, and wounded, these being the figures furnished by Col. Fox. At Fredericksburg Pike it lost 82 men in killed and 394 wounded, six officers being killed. Maj. Daniel Chaplain, of the 24vMe., was its first Colonel, brevetted Major-General, and was killed at Deep Bottom, being succeeded in command by Col. Russel B. Shepherd, who was subsequently brevetted Brieadier-Gen-eral. Out of a total enrollment of 2,202, 432 were killed, or a percentage of 19.2, while 258 officers and men died of disease and other causes. The total number of killed and wounded was 1,283. The regiment lost men A WATCH GIVEN AWAY TO EVERYBODY. A READ CAREFULLY Every Word of the Statement is Absolutely True Though Hard to Believe. Think o! It!' fl StenHUind and Stem - . keeper that Will No one, therefore, need be without a watch equal for keeping time to any In the neighborhood a single day longer. Indeed. It will not take a day for anyone to get up this small club of only four subscribers at $1 each for the best family newspaper In tho United states. Try It, and seo for yourself how easy It is. If anyone is unwilling to spare even the little time required to get up the club, wa will send the watch and chain with Tun National TurBONK for one year to any address for 92.30. REMEMBER that we do not, care to dispose of the watch with single subscribers, but our obJect,In this unparalleled otftr la to give the watch free to our friends who will raise the clubs of four, because we want Tiih-Natio-val Tbxbuxji to go for the coming year into every patriotic home In the country. To accomplish this we are willing to male the sacrifice which this offer entails. ' , ,., DO NOT LOSE TIM En but attend to this matter the very next day after yon receive this offer. TIEE XATIONAI, TRIBVKE, Waslaiagton, JO. C. n the battles of Fredericksburg Pike, North Anna, Totopotomoy, assaults on Petersburg", June 16, 17 and 18; Jerusalem Road, 8ieg of Petersbnrg, Deep Bottom, Weldon Rail road, Boydton Road, Hatcher's Ran, Sailor's Creek. All of the losses of the regiment oo curred within a period of 10 mon ths. Tlie 3d K. J.'ltattery. This battery was organized Sept. 11,186?, at Trenton, N. J., to serve three years. Christian Woerner was commissioned Cap tain, and commanded during the battcry'3 entire terra. He received the brevet of Major for gallant and meritorious service. Petersbnrg, Deep Bottom, and Reams's Sta tion aro credited to tho command by tho War Department, Besides these it was ia many other battles and skirmishes. It was mustered out Jnne-19, 1S65. Its loss was eight men killed and four men died of dis ease, accidents, eta Sad Kosnlts or Following these Same Lead efs. Editor National Tribune: You can have but a faint idea of how business iat stagnated in this city. AIL woolen bnainesa is almost at a standstill, and the cotton is little bt tter. The SlidA'csex Woolen Mill, with 700 hands, shntdown the first week of July, and no one knows when it will start up. Tho Lowell Carpet Company, with 1,600 hands, ha3 not made half, time for a year. (This is the company that is run by Arthur F. Lymanrwho cried so loudly fo free wool in 1892.) G.W. Faulkner & Son's mill, 400 hand3, has been idle the last two yeare. The same can be said of the rest of the woolen mills. There are over 5,000 hands in the city in the woolen business1, and there are not 1,000 working tc-day, and they are on short time. The Lawrence Cotton Manufacturing Co, shot down last Spring, and the corporation is for sale now. They had 2,800 men em ployed. In ordinary time3 the mills in this city employ not less than 40,000 hands, and there are not 30,000 working to-day, and most of them are on short time. Some two weeks ago you gave an editorial on a comrade named Kennedy, in regard to who ran the Chicago Convention. Aftec reading Kennedy's letter and the answer to it, I think it would be well for Comrade Kennedy to send his loyalty motor to som Union repair shop and have it examined and put in running order again. M. T.W., Loyf- ell, Mass. Stand Solid for 3IcKinley. Editor National Tribune: Soon will the last of the heroes of the war "join ths innumerable caravan that moves to that mysterious realm where each shall take his chamber in the silent halls of death." In a few years the graves of the last old soldier will be decorated with those who marched at the head of the column. It requires no stretch of the imagination to call up tha scene when "taps" shall be sounded for tha last time over the new-made graves of ths warriors of the late rebellion. Therefore, all the old boys of 1861-65 should stand by ths men who made this country free, and vot solid for Comrade William McKinley and Hobart fo'r President and Vice-President this Fall, and save the Nation's credit. JOSEPH H. Pecott, Sergeant, Co. I, 47th Ohio,Bois City, Idaho. i . Enjoys the Paper. Editor National Tribune: I must write and tell you how much I enjoy your paper, and especially "Sherman's Memoirs." How vividly come to my mind the days of '49 and the gold fever ? and. when I read of the days of '61 and '62 I almost live over those days again. I shall do what I can to increase the circulation of your valuabls paper. It should be in the hands of every old soldier or his family. A. S. Chapman", Bethel, Me. m m "Down the "Whole Outfit. Editor National Tribune: In your issue of Ang. 13 I see'fhat Comrade Joseph Pecotte gives three cheers for McKinley. I say repeat thecheersr and vote not only for the head of the ticket, but the tail, middle, and every inch of it, and thus crush ths whole silver outfit the Yesfs, Joneses, Cockerels, Tilmans, Harrises, and. the whols guerrilla band. Jonas Strouse, Co. Grt 56th N. Y., Fond du Lac, Minn. RUPTURE CUSED. Worn nlcht an day. Our new finger pressure pad can be made Hard and Soft, any decree of pressure, a vilL Illustrated catalogue sent securely geiled by CJ. V- House 3ITsr Co., 714 Kroadway, X. Y. Mention The NTatlonal Tribunes m Il'llBaVH Arrests In 48 hours those affections whtcn Copaiba and Injections rail to cure. AIL Drngsrists.or V. O. Box 208 r, New-York. POSTrREE Sl.OO PILES EIVECTROBOIVE giTOSinstant re-. lief. 1'malcureina few days nd neTer returns: no rmrse.no salve.no supposi tory, no indelicacy, no dieting- EOZD BT druggists. npmMLJRUNKENNESS 171 SwSllCnrel!ti10to20aTs. oIarUU Card. D R. J.L.STEPH ENS, lBANON,OflIO. llentlon The National Tribune. BED-WETTING Mention The National Trlbunau Cured. JBoxFree Mrs. B. Rowan, MUwaukee, "Wis, ff2IASTIC ijjL truss m aV aw Lr .r (ww) CH Offer that Breaks tlie ReeorcL OUR OFFER BELOW. Set (Hateh Guaranteed a Perfect Tima Not Gost a GenL "We have secured fbr our Mends one of the mo3t serviceable watches erat made, which is a stem-winder and stem-setter having all the- modern appll ances known to tho watchmaker's art. The case Is solid cllt or nickel. according to choice. It Is two Inches In diameter and three-quarters of aa inch thick. The cut shows the correct shape. Bemember this Is no toy not sun dial, but an ordinary modern watch which will last Tor yeara, and on which any person maybe proud to carry in his vest pocket. It Is guaran teed by the manufacturer, and if not found exactly as represented thla guar antee is nssumed by as. A watch like this a generation ago would have cost (20, even if it could have been produced, but tht fact is it contains appliance unknown at that time. In addition to the watch we end In every instance a neat and serviceable Chain, so that the outfit will be ready to put on aud wear as soon as receiva4a HOW TO GET IT. "We do not sell this watch without tho paper, and no one can secure one OX these splendid timepieces by itself. We will send this watch by malt to any person who wfll send us a CLUB OF ONLY FOUR YEARLY SUBSCRIBERS to Tire Xatiokai, Tribuxk. Understand that you pay nothtnsr for the watch, but send us fbur names and addresses of subscribers The :NatioxaY Tkiituxk with t for eacli subscriber, who will receive the paper for one-year, postpaid, and we will send you tho above-described watch and chain, postpaid, to your address ab solutely free of charge. V . sffttgfc--. Si" i'-a, "0vvJ5"