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The National tribune. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, August 27, 1896, Image 3

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JRflial Our Yeierans Have to Say About
Tlieir Old Campaigns.
Bn'trtTnole Billy Sherman "Wotild not Believe
' tlio"ijebels wero Thero in Such Force.
'' Editoh Rational Tribune: In a recent
issue of a St. Louis newspaper appeared the
' "The late Gen. Madison Miller was at the
front when the Sunday battle of Shiloh be
gan ; and if Gen. Sherman had not pooh
poohed his report of the previous day, and
that of Maj. Ricker on Friday, as to the
coming of the Confederate army, a surprise
would have been prevented, and the Federal
forces would have done their fighting under
ipuch better conditions."
Tbi's contains more war lmtory than shows
at a glance; and-Pbelieve, because of Uncle
Billy's "pooh-pooh," it was never writien up
by him. Yet only for the "pooh-pooh " not
lesstban 250 men at that time would have
made oath aud staked their lives in support
of the fact that the rebs were approaching
in force on Friday afternoon or evening be
fore the Sunday battle of Shiloh. April 6.
The first question then is, Who is Maj.
Hicker? Then, Where weie the rebs, and
how did wc know ? Where did Uncle Billy
get his information ?
Kicker was Major of the 2d battalion, (and
-if not dead is still to be found at Batavia,
O.,) 5ih Ohio Cav. It is necessary to say
:?the 5th Ohio Cav. was at that time attached
'to'Shermah's Fifth Division, and had been
for weeks sconliug between Shiloh Meeting
House and Corimh, Mis., mostly on what
"was the rond to Monterey, distant 10 miles
from the church and eight from Corinth.
Sometimes we were sent on the Furdy road,
branching off to the right from the Monterey
road a little south of Turkey Creek, and
near five.and.a half miles southwest of the
The rebs generally bad an ontpost at the
said creek and nt the intersection of the Mon
terey and Portly road?. We had become ac
customed to finding 1 0 to 5 Johnnies. Sev
eral times we slipped up on them and capt
ured some of the outpost before they could
jget on the road or hide in the brnsh. So our
battalion of Cos. A, D, L and M had become
,bold just at that particular place.
On Friday, April 4. between 3 and 4
o'clock, the 2d battalion (and perhaps others)
""was starTecT oh our old road to do some
jBcouting again.- The boys were a little hot.
-We had been on the road a day or two be
fore. Our sutler had just got on some
..postage stamp?, sold -at 10 cents apiece, and
scarce at that. But we could write, and
were writing to our girls. This was stopped
all of a sudden, hence our "hotuess." So
ire started growling at everything, and the
Johnnies in particular.
Maj. Bicker had been in the Mexican war,
and he was a good commander. He had his
.men well under control. This day he was,
oxjeomejcoufiea little more cautious, and
-sjaorwartFtwo platoons, one from A, one
'from L. -They found the Johnnies with a
strong outpost about three and a half
miles out, and on what we considered onr
"garden,5,' and some two and a half miles
(from "where -we usually struck them.
So the two platoons concluded they were
the cause of all the trouble, raised the yell,
and started. But Johnny wasn't quite ready
to go yet, and those two platoons of about
.30 men saw lhey had more than they cared
'for, and they dropped back 200 yards and
waited for the Major. This was about three
fourths of a mile from the east and north
bank of the creek, which is a little abrnpt
approach. The south and west is a beautiful,
gradual slope, and limbered on both sides
for miles along the road to Monterey and
When the Major arrived the Johnnies
w.ere still there, as impudent as if they
owned fhe ground. The Major said :
" Well, now, they'll go, and don't you for
get it."
The platoons formed skirmish-line, one on
the right of the road, the other on the left.
Co. L went to the right, Co. A to the left,
the other companies to the rear a little and
across the road; the rest quite a distance
!to the right and left flank. Skirmishers
went 40 yards in front, and were ordered to
i crowd the Johnnies.
I We Went Pell-Meil.
u Co. A, L, aud M, draw sabers; prepare
f for a charge," cried the Major.
J The Johnnies did not appear so sassy, and
?ilowly gave back.
f "I'll start them," said the Major. "Blow
ithe charge."
Never did a bugle ring as clear as in those
f woods that evening. The way we went,
'250 or 300-trong, pellmell for .over a half
mile to the bluff of the stream was a cau
tion. Suddenly there came into view, about 100
yards down the slope, near the creek bottom.
,.. .-. -1-1 .I
Droper, a rebel line-of-battle.- They yelled
for us to come on
One of our skirmishers, Dutchman,
charged down the slope, saber in hand, hal
looing, " Surrender, you damt rebels ! "
The Johnnies appeared amused and in
good humor. He was permitted to ride
through their line-of-battle, over the creek,
and up the west slope, facing north and east,
covered with Johnnies as far as the eye could
see. There was artillery parked, ambulances,
A m "111
ill" -Gfrh --ifT6iiiu y yui I
tsf JoM
- "V VKT
Rebels ! "
officers' tents, arms stacked, men making
fires, louuuing around, playing cards; ne
groes gathering brush aud dancing; none
paying any more attention to the 300 Yanks
than if we had not been there.
The-Dutchman was in among their fires,
guns, and coffee, we lookiug to see him
killed. I don't know what became of him.
We never heard of him.
We stayed there aud looked for not less
thau 10 minutes. Not a gun was fired on
either side. No one appeared scared par
ticularly. All seemed entranced by the vis
ion of the Confederate army. Finally, away
to our left we began to hear the carbines
crack. The Major had seen more than he
wanted, and for fear they would cut off our
retreat on the road, the bugle sounded the
rally. Our senses returned, and we were as
keen to get out as we were to go in. The
Johnnies did not crowd us on our return, so
we went back at leisure.
Someone had preceded the command to
camp and reported us all captured to Uncle
Billy. About one mile southwe3t of the
church we met Sherman, and the Mnjor
told him what we had seen. But Urcle
Billy was not in the humor to believe any
such report. He ordered us back to camp,
and told the Major not to report such old
wornout grannjT tales. Then we were all
hot again for his trying to make us out
cowaids and liars. Uncle Billy was hot,
too, so he traded our regiment to Gen.llurl
bnt, commanding the Fourth Division, and
the next morning we went back in camp
near the peach orchard, some two and a half
miles nearer the river. But by noon on
Sunday we were glad, for near where we
were camped was where the battle began.
It was not over 200 yards to the spring
where the 54th Ohio first got into line, and
about 100 yards from where the rebs caught
Hildebrand's Ohio regiment in bed.
Now, I do not know Gen. Miller, as spoken
of in the printed slip, but perhaps he got the
same kind of a reprimand we did. Ed C.
AurniAN, Co. L, 5th Ohio Cav., Melrose,
Death Prevents Cliarjre'That Must Have
Involved a Sacrifice.
Editor National Tribune: On the
22d of May, 1863, very late in the afternoon,
Gen. Boomer, commanding the Third Bri
gade, Third Division, Fifteenth Corps, re
ceived orders to lead his commaud over the
walls of Yicksburg. Possibly the main ob
ject of the assault was to relieve about 30
men imprisoned in the ditch in front of the
wall. This wall was 12 miles long, and it
was nearly dark when we arrived on the
ground designated for the assault.
Our line was formed and marched down
the hill on double-quick time to the rifle
pits, and halted for "a short rest behind the
low bank. By this time, the rebels had
' caught onto the racket," and the bullets
were flying over the rifle-pits as thick as a
swarm of bees.
Butorders must be obeyed, bullets or no
bullets. Gen. Boomer rose upon his knees
and said: "Third Brigade Forward"
The next word would have been "inarch,"
but it was cut short by a bullet passing
through the General's head.
He fell iorward almost onto our bayonets.
It so happened that I was closer than auy
one elsejo the General, and I looked up and
down the line to see if his orders were being
obeyed, but every man was hugging the
ground, as still as death.
In about 20 minutes darkness had prac
tically put an end to the firing. Several of
the officers came to where the General was
lying. They held a short council and de
cided to abandon the assault and fall back.
Gen. Boomer was very highly esteemed and
well respected by all of his command. He
died for us; for by the word "march " not
being called the brigade was saved from a
dreadful slaughter. D. L. Marks, Co. D,
10th Iowa.
Where Was Gen. T.ytle Killed J
Editor National Tribune: I have not
been on the field of Chickamauga since
monuments have been placed there, and
therefore do not know personally where any
of them are erected, but it cannot be possible,
notwithstanding the very many blunders
made in locating troops and assigning the
hours of their movements, that so gross a
blunder could have been made in placing
the monument to Gen. Lytle at the spot
stated by Comrade D. F. Lawler in your
ssue of July 30.
Comrade Lawler says in that issue that
Gen. Lytle's monument is erected on a hill
about 150 yards nearly due south of the
Widow Glenn's house. He says that some
say the General was killed some 200 yards
southeastof where the mouumeutstands. I
think the troubleis that Comrade Lawler has
made a mistake as to the house, for Gen.
Lytle was killed almost exactly one-half mjle
nearly due noith of the Widow Glenu'shouse.
If one will take a map of Chickamauga and
find what is called on those maps "Tan
yaid," a quarter of a mile southeast of the
Dyer house, and then locate a point about
an eighth of a mile aud about 15 rods south
of due west from the so-called tauyard, he
will have the spot where Gen. Lytle was
killed. It-was near the edge of the timber
at the west side of the field in which the
tanyard .-was. And, by the way, there was
no tauyard there. There were a couple of
large.lish-hoppers, .used in making potash.
TheLtdocation'can still be found by the ashes
that have been plowed into the ground.
I with to say to all comrades that the Re
bel lion Uecords are nearly all published, aud
the maps Qf.batlles, etc., are completed, aud
if any comrade desires to know in which
books his regiment or battery is mentioned
in the Records, nd in which" any battle,
skirmish or march is shown in any of the
maps, I will cheerfully give him the infor
mation on'in's sending stamp to pay post
age. Geo. E. Dolton, 24 South Commer
cial street, St. Louis, Mo.
Excursion to S. Paul.
That all members of the Grand Army of tho
Republic, together with their families and
friends, may attend tho annual Encampment
G. A. K., to bo held at St. Paul, Minn., Sep
tember 1st to 4th, all eastern lines will Bell"
excursion tickets, August 29, 30 and 31st, via
Chicago, Milwaukee aud St. Paul railway, at
tho rateofiibQUj,. ooo cent per mile, good to
return until September 30tb.
For further particulars call on the nearest
ticketagent, or addreasJohn H. Pott, district
passenger ajieut, Chicago, Milwaukeo aud St.
Paul railway, Willianuport Pa.'
wm&mmti .n
w&toftr5i . iyEfHyi v
Little Hngerstown the Scene of Bloody Strife
In 18G3.
Editor National Tribune: I wna in
Hagerstown when the battle of Gettysburg
was being fought, and we conld distinctly
hear the cannonading and knew that a de
cisive buttle was going on. The town was
then practically isolated from the rest of the
Gen. Lee began his preparations for the
retreat on Friday, July 4, 18G3,and on Sun
day evening the retreating columns had pro
ceeded as far as the west side of the South
Mountain, near Smithsburg. That evening
John Zittle and I took a walk.
Suddenly we heard reports of cannon, and
looking over to the South Mountain, just be
yond Smithsburg, we-could see the battle
going on between Stuart's cavalry and that
of Custer and Kilpatrick. We could dis
tinctly see the flashes from the cannon as
they fought until long after nightfall.
Stuart was defeated and lost the train he
was guarding, consisting of between 300 and
400 wagons, which Custer and Kilpatrick
captured and took down the mountain road
to Boonsboro, and sent them across the
mountain to Frederick City.
At about 9 o'clock the following morning
I was standing in front of the Eagle Hotel,
on tlie corner of the Center Square, when
the.advance of Lee's retreating nrniy arrived.
This consisted of ambulances filled with
wounded men, sutlers' teams and straggling
horsemen on their way to Williamsport and
Falliug Waters, on the Potomac River.
It was then that I saw the first Confederate
infantryman who entered the city on the
retreat. Ho was a tall, rough-looking
fellow, and about as ugly a man as I ever
We engaged in conversation, and I learned
that he had been struck with a spent ball,
which entered below the eye at the right
cheek-bone aud lodged underneath the right
lower jaw, which was terribly swollen and
added to his ill looks. I asked him:
" Which way are you going ? "
"Across the river."
"What is wrong?"
"We are on the retreat. We got whopped
like up 'there at a little town called
This same morning, July 7, Stuart at
tacked Custer and Kilpatrick at Boonsboro.
Stuart was again defeated, and driven that
afternoon 14 miles up the pike to the sub
urbs of the city.
Just before midday we learned of the
battle going on, and I, in company with a
few others, walked to the southeast end of
the city to Andrew Hager'a farm. Here we
fouud the advance of Stuart's retreating col
umns, which occupied Hager's barn and
barnyard for hospital purposes. The Sur
geons were busy amputating limbs and ex
tracting bullets from the wounded and ad
ministering such other aid as possible.
I remained there about a half hour, and
then returned to the hotel. Shortly after
my return the retreating columns came
thronging into the city. Gen. Stuart massed
his troops in the streets and alleys to re
sist the victorious columns of Custer and
George Sands, Col. Cramer (both of Hagers
town) and myself ascended to the top of the
Eagle Hotel to view the battle. The sight
which we beheld was indeed terrible, yet
grand. The Federal artillery was stationed
on the pike near the Seminary Building, on
the Boonsboro road, and Stuart's artillery
near the Reformed Church, at the north end
of the city, on t,he Leitersburg and Waynes
boro road.
The artillery duel over the eastern end of
the city lasted only about a quarter of an
hour, yet it shook the city to its very fonn
dation, and terrified its inhabitants. We
could see the flying shells, which appeared
like pigeons sailing in the air, reflecting the
golden sunlight as they whirlt-d and twisted
in, their angry flight, some bursting high up
in the air, others falling near the, mark., .
When the artillery ceased firing the final
charge was made. This was more than ter
rible, the discharge of pistols and carbines,
the cheers and yells of the men and the
flashes of the bright sabers as they glittered
in the sunlight being a wonderful sight to
behold from a position such as we occupied.
One of Hagerstown's artists, John Stemple,
who had ascended to the top of Mr. Stranb's
house, on the corner of the Square and almost
directly opposite to us, for the purpose of
viewing the battle in order to make a paint
ing of it, was shot through the head by a
CapU Snyder, 1st Mich., and Capt. Penne
broker, 38th Pa. Cav., with their companies,
led the charge into the city, and both were
wounded in the Center Square. The cutting
and slashing was beyond description; here
right before and underneath us the deadly
conflict was waged in a hand-to-hand com
bat, with the steel blades circling, waving,
parrying, thrusting, and cutting, some re
flecting thebright8unlight,otherccnnj3oned
with huuiau gore; while the discharge of
piBtols aud carbines was terrific, and the
smoke through which we now gazed down
through aud on the scene below, the screams
and yells of the wounded and dying, mingled
with cheers and commands, the crashing to
gether of the horses and fiery flashes of the
small-arms presented a scene such as words
cannot fully portray. ,
The contending forces were so intermingled
that sometimes two or more men were" cut
ting at one. I saw Cape. Snyder cut down
three men in less than three minutes. He
struck the first man on the head with his
sword, turned and thrust his sword through
the body of another, withdrew it aud struck
another on the head and felled him to the
ground ; after which he was shot in the
side with a pistol-ball and wounded by a
saber cut about two inches long above the
right ear. Capt. Pennehroker was shot in
the leg and his horse was killed and fell on
him, injuring the other leg.
Both officers were carried into the Frank
lin House and cared for. Our troops had
now cleared the Center Square of the Con
federates, and I went down from the top of
the building and ran out Potomac street to
assist in caring for the wounded.
I helped to carry into Squire Bicrshing's
house a man who it was said had been shot
by a lady from her father's porch when the
charge was made. The soldier was a mem
ber of the 18th Pa. Cav., and was from
Waynesburg, Pa. He was shot ia the head,
and died in about a half-hour.
The battle now became general over the
whole city. The troops had mostly dis
mounted, and the charging columns fell
back into their line, and the streets and
alleys were ablaze with fire and smoke from
the contending forces. One of the Connec
ticut hoys, who had been on provost duty
in the city, and with whom I was well ac
quainted, was marching some prisoners to
the rear. He handed me a musket and
some other accoutcrments, and told me to
pitch in, which I did with a will.
Entering Squire Smith's yard, a few doors
above the Lutheran church, I had a good
position behind tho iron picket-fence, aud
was protected by the building adjoining.
There I made the best possible use of my
ammunition. Three of our men fell in the
yard, and were carried into Mr. Smith's
house. We held our position for over an
hour. Then the Confederate infantry came
marching into the city in a solid body, fill
ing the street from side to side, aud bore
down on us too strontr. As mv ammuni
tion was about exhausted, I, like the rest of (
the men, retreated in good order.
Crossing the street, I ran into a house,
where I left my accoutermeuts, and after
the columns had passed I again returned to
the hotel.
The Federals retreated from before this
overwhelming force of infantry down tho
Sharpsburg pike toward Falling Waters,
where they overtook and captured another
Confederate train.
I have never seen an account of the battle
fought in Hagerstown ; but' as this might
only be termed a skiraiish in comparison to
many others, yet oVer 350 men were killed
and wounded int the day's battle, beginning
with the retreat frqm Boonsboro, in which
10,000 men were engaged.
I called on Capt. Snyder and Capt. Pen
nehroker in the 'evening of the day the bat
tle was fought. They were both in the
same room at ;the Franklin Honse. DTr.
Scott, of Hasrerstowh. had been called in and
extracted the bullet from the side of Capt. j
Snyder. I remained with him that nignt
and bathed his Wound every 10 minutes
with cold water.
Gen. Coster made another brilliant charge
into the city July 13. This time he came
in on the Leitersburg road on tho rear of the
Confederate army.
When Custer made the charge, it was done
so unexpectedly-, that -he took about 500
prisoners in less than 10 minutes' time. The
Eleventh Corps, which had advanced to the
edge of the city, now marched into it in an
almost simultaneous movement with .Custer,
and occupied the city. The Confederates
were driven to their line of intrenchment9,
which wero drawn in a semi-circle about
seven miles in extent, protecting the Boons
boro, Sharpsburg, Williamsport, and Clear
Spring pikes.
No man could have appeared more cool in
battle than did Custer on this occasion. He
rode by us near the head of his column, his
long yellow curls flowing over his shoulders,
his hat in his left hand, waving it and bow
ing to the ladies at the windows, who were
waving handkerchiefs, while storms of bul
lets were sweeping his ranks. Here the
armies rested three days. When Meade
held a council of war and was overruled as
to the propriety of attacking the enemy, Lee
threatened that in the event of an attack he
would destroy the city by turning his guns
upon it. Lee rccrossed the Potomac without
a general engagement.
I was with Capt. Snyder when Custer
charged into the cily. He became so ex
cited that he got.out of his bed, wrapped a
blanket around himself, and walked out on
the veranda to see his old comrades, and in
so doing irritated his wound, which morti
fied, and this caused -his death in a few days.
Capt. Snyder was a brave and daring officer,
and was much admired for his handsome
appearance aqd manly conduct. He had
been on duty for awhile in Hagerstown, and
had formed the acquaintance of many of the
fair sex of the city, and ho told me that it
was by his special request that Custer al
lowed him the, privilege of leading the
charge on July 7, because of the many favors
bestowed upon him by the ladies of Hagers
town. '
After the smoke of battle had passed away
many of the window-shutters, porches, aud
signs in front of places of business bore evi
dence of the terrible conflict, as some of them
were literally riddled with u"ullet-boles.
The brick house adjoiuing Mr. Smith's,
where we endeavored to hold the fort, stood
out on the bend pf the road, "nd in line of
the street leading to the Center Square.
The side of this )ipnse caught many of the
bullets intendefgftgs, aud it stands there
to-day, scarred jand. gnarred with scores of
bullet-holes, as a monument of the battle.
W. W. Jacobs, Chaiubersburg, Pa.
Free Cure for 'Kidneys and Bladder.
Wo adviso our'readers who sufTer from Kid
ney and BlaadeV'dFaordera, weak back or
rheumatism to try tho-Now Botanic discovery
Alkavie, made frdm tho Kava-Kava shrub.
The Church Kidiiey Cure Company, 418Fourth
Avenue, New York, to provo its great value,
aud for introduction, will send you a treatment
of Allcavia prepaid by mail free. Alkavis is
certainly a wondgrul remedy, and overy suf
ferer should gladly accept this freo offer.
s t i
But the Kentucky Ifprsos Were Valuable to
i- dtfJP- i"i.
Editor NATrOJrATTR'rnrjNE: I belonged
to Capt. W. F. PattcrBori,8lndepcnde'nlCdm
pauy. On Sept. ,14, 18G2, we were sent to
blockade Roger's Gap, aboutlO miles south
of Cumberland Grip.
We bad to blast and throw in rock to
fill up the road, and this made the rebels
think we were cannonading. They came
over on us, numbering 40, and our squad
was only 14. Each rebel had two horses,
the finest in Kentucky. We held the
Johnnies from 3 o'clock p. m. until 10
o'clock a. m. next day. A battalion of Mon
day's cavalry came to our relief, and we all
went in together.
, When we got tp the foot of Cumberland
Gap, Gen. George Morgan ordered the rebels
to be blindfolded and their hands tied be
hind them. We marched , them up to the
top of the gap and kept them there until
we sent a flag of truce to Bragg. They
found a Colonel who claimed them, and who
had some of our men, and we exchanged
man for man.
We never could have got away if it had
not been for the capture of those horses.
Our horses were worn out and not able to
pull our artillery. Our rations were about
out, and we had Bragg and John Morgan to
fight, one before us and one behind us. We
had to fight from Cumberland Gap to the
Ohio River every day a skirmish. Those
horses enabled us to carry all our artillery
away, and saved us from capture.
We had about 100 pieces of artillery,
worth $80,000, and horses worth $1G,000.
Some of my readers may think $1G,000 a
big price for 80 horses, but they had picked
the very best in Kentucky, and $200 was a
low valuation for such. John Freeman,
Oil Center, Ky.
i i.
Two Sergeants of tlte 5th Mich. Cav. Escape
a General Slaughter.
Editor National Tribune: J. K Low
den, of North ville, Mich., has written for you
a short history of the 5th Mich. Cav. In
the issue of July 30 ho says that near
Berryville 25 of the regiment wero shot to
death after surrender by Mosby's order.
On ltlth of August, 1864, 30 men and two
commissioned officers were detailed from the
5th Mich. Cav., near Berryville, Va. We
had orders to go some four or five miles
irom camp ana nurn a aweinng ana some
other property.DnTbe work was done as
directed. .J, , '
In returningjjto cjimp a short stop was
made. The head of ,the column was on the
Woodville road; leading to Berryville. A
Sergeant of Copland I were in the last set
of fours, aud I tpld tjie Lieutenant a column
of cavalry was close by.
After we hadTgbne(80 rods we saw a barri
cade 10 feet high across the Woodville road.
A stone fence was oUj our left, a rail fence on
our right, and we were practically hemmed
in. Some GO of Mosby's men caught us at
this barricade. f j3onie of the men said they
would surrender! Serg't Noble and I took
off one rail of the fence, leaped over, went
by Mosby's menjmiij escaped. Sixteen men
were shot deadj-one-man's throat cut, and six
badly wouuded. Tho total deaths were 22.
As I was neyer,jRvay from said regiment
from the time ii lb4Detroifc, in 1862, until it
returned, in 185u am sure this is the time
J. K. Lowden refers to. Ole C. Olson,
Sergeant, Co. F, 5th Mich. Cav., Hoi ton,
Mich. j : 5
, -
Right This Time.
Editor National Tribune: Comrade,
in last week'sjssueyou ask comrades that
havetbeeu reading "The National Trib
une for 18 years if you had .notbeenright
all 'the time.. . No ; no one is right all the
time, but you are right most of the time on
nearly every subject. You are right just
now when you' are "fightings mob law, re
pudiation, aud dishonor. Keep right on,
and hit 'em in front and rear and both
flanks. We, ,w,ill stand "byyou. W. WlL-KINS,-
Co. H, 48th Pa., First Brigade, Second
Division, Ninth Corps, Kaneaholm, Pa.
From Alcr( Comrades All Along the
Benels "Well Treated.
Luke A. Delozier, Co. C, 143d Pa., National
Military Home, 0., writes: " I was at Hart's
Island, New York Harbor, in 1865, and this
is the first time I have ever heard of cruel
treatment to rebel prisoners, such as was re
cently referred to. Icanrccallincidentsunder
my own observation that were the reverso
of cruel. I was on guard on the well next
to the gate, when one of the prisoners came
up to me and asked for tobacco. I had been
much bothered with them in that line, and
told him I could not furnish tobacco to all
the prisoners, as my pay would not permit
it. He hung his head and turned away. I
saw him wiping his eyes. I called him back
and asked him what was the matter. Ho
said he had used tobacco ever since ho was
10 years old, and could not do without it.
I pulled out a ping I had just bought from
the sutler, and gave him half of it. He
thanked me time and again.
'"Another prisoner, a nice-looking young
man, was standing a short distance off. He
came up, and told me he had been con
scripted in the Confederate service, and had
only been married a short time, when he
had to go in. He said: 'I would like a
sheet of paper, envelope, and stamp to write
to my wife. I have not seen her for two years.'
I told him when I was relieved I would get
them for him ; to be at my post when I
came on guard again in the afternoon. He
asked me for toba'ceo. I gave him the bal
ance of the plug. His name was Henry
Sea, and he lived 15 miles from Columbia,
" These men did not complain of crnel
treatment. When our regiment left there
the prisoners shook hands and cried because
we were going away. Is Henry Sea still
living at Columbia, S. C?"
At Cedar Creclr.
C. Porter, Grinnell, Iowa, writes: "Dennis
Wilhoal, in the issue of April 9, says Bat
tery D, 2d TJ. S., took position on the left
of the road just before the battle of Win
chester, aud held this position for about an
hour, when the rebels retreated towards
Fisher's Hill." He evidently refers to the
fort on the bights just south of Winches
ter, and to some other battle than the one
I spoke of, as tho rebels did not retreat in an
hour, or several hours., The road to which
I called attention is the one on which we
reached the battleground of Sept. 19, 1864,
the road through the gorge after crossing the
"The work was not a fort, strictly speak
ing, but one of those semi-circular earth
works called half-moons. The right of my
regiment rested on the road spoken of, aud
I have some reason for-suppo3ing one of the
batteries to have been Cowen's. I remember
hearing one of the relieved batterymen say
ing to those who were relieving his battery:
'You will find it hot in there,' and
whether he meant the weather or something
else I don't know."
W. H. White, Co. E, 114th N. Y., Harrold,
S. D., says : " I saw in a recent issue a num
ber of questions propounded by Comrade
Porter, also the statement that ' the wonder
ful feat performed at Cedar Creek by Gen.
Getty with his stubborn little division,
where he and it, alone, confronted the enemy
from the first attack will never be for
gotten.' "Now, if Comrade Porter's memory is
failing him, and he has managed to make
himself believe that Gen. Getty's Division,
of the Sixth Corps, did all the fighting at
Cedar Creek, Oct. 19, 1864, 1 would respect
fully call his attention to the history of the
United States, and if thajj is not convincing
enough to dispel his vision I would sight
him to Gen. P. H. Sheridan's Memoirs."
Will Always Remember.
R. F. Sloan, Co. I, 8th Tenn., Mauldin's
Mills, Ga., writes: "In 1864, after Sherman's
army had crossed the Chattahoochee River,
preparatory to the siege of Atlanta, Comrade
Hill and I obtaiued leave for a short time to
visit our families, who were living 50 miles
north of Atlanta. We had not heard from
them in two years;
"About 12 o'clock at night we reached
tho outpost of a detachment of Federal
tmops stationed at McAfee's Bridge, on the
Chattahoochee River. We were conducted
to the reserve in command of a Lieutenant
belonging to a Pennsylvania regiment. He
showed us every kindness in bis power, and
on our return we fell in company with a
Corporal belonging to an Ohio regiment,
who had been wounded at Resaca, Ga.T and
was returning to his command. His Chris
tian name was Joseph. I should like to
hear from either of these comrades by
"Who Knew Edward Z. C. Jndson?
Comrade Fred Mather, 63 Linden street,
Brooklyn, N. Y., wants information about
Edward Z. C. Judson, better known as "Ned
Buntline." Tlie Naval Register (Hamers
ley's) states that he was a "Midshipman
Feb. 10, 1838 ; resigned June 8, 1842." A'p
pleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography
wiys: "During the civil war was Chief of
Scouts among Indians, with rank of Colonel,
and during his service received 20 wounds."
It is certain that he served in the Union
army, but ins name (toes not appear on the
rolls of either the Regular or volunteer offi
cers. As Comrade Mather intends writing
a sketoh of this remarkable man, as he knew
him after the war, he will be thankful for
information of any kind concerning him. In
the Naval Register the name is erroneously
given as Edward J. C. Judson.
Where Are These Old Guns?
' A. Brandley, Sergeant, 23d Ky., Elkins,
W. Va., asks what became of " Lady Breck
inridge" and "Lady Buckner," two pieces
of artillery captured on Mission Ridge, near
Gen. Brngg's Headquarters, 25th November,
1863. These field-pieces were removed from
the Ridge by some of Gen. Sheridan's men
after the battle. This old artillery is no
doubt still in existence somewhere in the
United States.
Information Wanted.
Henry Lee, Co. H, 93d N. Y., National
Home, Dayton, O., says: "Is there any com
rade living who was a prisoner in Libby
from September, 1864, to March, 1865? He
can confer a great favor upon a comrade who
was a prisoner there by giving me his ad
dress." Information wanted of Theodore Marshall,
who enlisted "in either the 4th or 2d N. Y.
(Duryea's Zouaves), by his sister, Helen C.
Stuart, 7G Truxton street, Brooklyn, N. Y.
John Serrine, Red Wing, Minn., says he
had some close calls during his service,
but did not starve to death or die for his
country, "If any of my comrades of Co.
C, 70th N. Y., or Co. D, 2d U. S. Cav., still
remember me, I should like to hear from
them. I enlisted April 25, 1861, and was
discharged at Carlisle Barracks, Dec. 25,
L. G. Morrison, Haverhill, Mass., wants to
know by letter from any shipmate late of the
U. S. S. Colorado, why at the second Fort
Fisher engagement those who had previously
volunteered to aid in making the charge
on the fort were not ordered to go.
Mrs. Ruth Austin, Alleghany, N. Y.,
wants to know if any comrade who fought
at Fair Oaks found a pocket Bible, contain
ing the name of Jamea W. Leonard, Co. K,
85th N. Y.
m " i
Use Horsford's Add Phosphate.
. It inviporates the nerves, stimulates' diges
tion and relieves mental depression. Especially
valuable to tired braia-workera,
Brief Sketches of the Services of
Various Commands.
ITirB Nattojtat. Txibuxb has In hand several
hundred requests for regimental histories. Ail such
requests will be necededtoin duo time, nlthoticb
those now received cannot bo published for nt
lnnst year, owinjr to Jock of space. Numerous
sketches h five nl ready been published, and of thci
none can be found room for a second time, until all
have been printed. -
New York's rightlnjr KcRlmonts.
Editor National TuiijUNE: "Will you
kindly give numbers of New York State
regiments in the list of Fox's 300 fighting
regiments? A. A. Velie,Box 2072, St
Joseph, Mich.
Col. Fox in his ''Regimental Losses"
places the following New York organizations
in the list of 300 fighting regiments: 1st N.
Y. Dragoons (19th N. Y. Cav.); 2d N. Y.
Cav. (Harris's Light); 8th N. Y. Cay.
(Rochester regiment); 10th N. Y. Cav. (Por
ter Guard); 7th N. Y. H. A.; 8th N. Y. H.
A.; 9th N. Y. H. A.; 14th N. Y. II. A.; 5th
N. Y. (Dnryea Zonaves); 40th N. Y. (Mozart
regiment); 42d N. Y."(Tammany regiment);
43d N. Y. (Albany Rifles); 44th N. Y. (Ells
worth Avengers); 48th N. Y.; 49th N. Y.
(Second Buffalo); 51st N. Y. (Shepard
Rifles); 52d N. Y. (German Rangers); 59th
N. Y.; Gist N. Y. (Clinton Bifles); G3d N.
Y.); G4thN. Y. (Cattaraugus regiment); 69th
N. Y.; 70th N. Y. (First Excelsior); 72d N.
Y. (Third Excelsior); 73d N. Y. (Fourth Ex
celsior); 74th N. Y. (Fifth Excelsior); 7Gth
N. Y.; 79th N. Y. (Highlanders); 80th N. Y.
(Ulster Guard)r 81st N. Y.; 82d N. Y.; 2d
N. Y. S. M.; 83d N. Y. (9th Militia); 84th N.
Y. (14th Brooklyn); 8Gth N. Y. (Steuben
Rangers); 88th N. Y.; 93d N. Y. (Morgan
Rifles); 97th N. Y. (Conkling Rifles); 100th
N. Y.; 106th N. Y. (2d St. Lawrence); 109th
N.Y.; 111th N.Y.; 112th N.Y. (Chautauqua
regiment); 114th N, Y.; 115th N. Y. (Iron
Hearts); 117th N. Y.; 120th N. Y.; 121st
N. Y.; 124th N. Y. (Orange Blossoms); 125th
N. Y.; 126th N. Y.; 137th N. Y.; 140th N.
Y.; 142d N. Y.; 14Gth N. Y.; 147th N. Y.;
149th N.Y.; 164thN.Y.; 169th N.Y.; 170th
N. Y. Editor National Tribune.
The 134th N.Y.
Editor National Tribune: In your
paper, under the head of "Their Records,"
you mention the 134th N. Y., and say that
its loss at Gettysburg was 60 killed, and that
it took but 400 men into action. Will you,
or some member of that regiment who knows,
please give the total loss of killed, wonnded,
and taken prisoners at Gettysburg? We
marched from Emmitsburg, Md., the after
noon of July 1, 1863, and went into the fight
that evening. If my memory serves me
right we were under fire less than 15 min
utes. There were 20 of the boys guarding a
wagon-train, and not with us. I have been
told that there were but72 men to answer to
roll-call that night, including the 20 that
were with the wagon-train, and but six men
left in my company. How true this is I do not
know, as I was wounded and taken prisoner,
being captnred while retreating, or, more
properly speaking, running through the
streets of Gettysburg. Comrade W. W.
Moon, of my company, who now lives at
Marion, N.Y. , and. who was also wonnded
in the right hand, was a prisoner with me,
and we both made onr escape July 4. I can
safely say it was the mo3t exciting Fourth of
July that either of us ever witnessed.
Georoe H. Chapman, Co. A, 134th N. Y.,
Watertown, S. D.
Col. Fox gives the loss of the 134th at
Gettysburg as 42 killed, 151 wonnded, and
59 missing; total, 252. The mortally wound
ed are classed with the wonnded in the fore
going statement. Eighteen of these died
immediately after the battle, which makes
the killed or mortally wounded in this en
gagement 60. As the regiment took 400
men into action, according to Col. Fox's
figures, 148 must have escaped unhnrt.
Editor National Tribune.
1st Me. H. A.
This regiment was organized at Bangor
and Augusta, Aug. 21, 1861, to serve three
yearsas the 18th Me., but its name wa3
changed to 1st Me. H. A. in December, 1862.
Two additional companies were organized,
one in January and the other in February,
1864. Veteranized June 6, 1865, and the or
ganization, composed of veterans and recruits
of this and the 17th and 19th Me., remained
in the' service until Sept. 11, 1865. Of the
2,047 regiments in the army this regiment
sustained the greatest loss in battle, and not
only was the number killed the largest, but
the percentage of killed was exceeded in
only one instance. It was attached to Mott's
Brigade, Birney's Division, of the Second
Corps. Its loss at Petersbnrg was the great
est of any one regiment in any action during
the war, making the charge with 900 men,
and losing 632 in killed, and wounded, these
being the figures furnished by Col. Fox. At
Fredericksburg Pike it lost 82 men in killed
and 394 wounded, six officers being killed.
Maj. Daniel Chaplain, of the 24vMe., was its
first Colonel, brevetted Major-General, and
was killed at Deep Bottom, being succeeded
in command by Col. Russel B. Shepherd, who
was subsequently brevetted Brieadier-Gen-eral.
Out of a total enrollment of 2,202, 432
were killed, or a percentage of 19.2, while
258 officers and men died of disease and other
causes. The total number of killed and
wounded was 1,283. The regiment lost men
Every Word of the Statement is Absolutely True
Though Hard to Believe.
Think o! It!' fl StenHUind and Stem -
. keeper that Will
No one, therefore, need be without a watch equal for keeping time to any
In the neighborhood a single day longer. Indeed. It will not take a day for anyone to get up this small club of
only four subscribers at $1 each for the best family newspaper In tho United states.
Try It, and seo for yourself how easy It is.
If anyone is unwilling to spare even the little time required to get up the club, wa will send the watch and
chain with Tun National TurBONK for one year to any address for 92.30.
that we do not, care to dispose of the watch with single subscribers, but our obJect,In this unparalleled otftr la
to give the watch free to our friends who will raise the clubs of four, because we want Tiih-Natio-val Tbxbuxji
to go for the coming year into every patriotic home In the country. To accomplish this we are willing to male
the sacrifice which this offer entails. '
but attend to this matter the very next day after yon receive this offer.
n the battles of Fredericksburg Pike, North
Anna, Totopotomoy, assaults on Petersburg",
June 16, 17 and 18; Jerusalem Road, 8ieg
of Petersbnrg, Deep Bottom, Weldon Rail
road, Boydton Road, Hatcher's Ran, Sailor's
Creek. All of the losses of the regiment oo
curred within a period of 10 mon ths.
Tlie 3d K. J.'ltattery.
This battery was organized Sept. 11,186?,
at Trenton, N. J., to serve three years.
Christian Woerner was commissioned Cap
tain, and commanded during the battcry'3
entire terra. He received the brevet of
Major for gallant and meritorious service.
Petersbnrg, Deep Bottom, and Reams's Sta
tion aro credited to tho command by tho
War Department, Besides these it was ia
many other battles and skirmishes. It was
mustered out Jnne-19, 1S65. Its loss was
eight men killed and four men died of dis
ease, accidents, eta
Sad Kosnlts or Following these Same Lead
Editor National Tribune: You can
have but a faint idea of how business iat
stagnated in this city. AIL woolen bnainesa
is almost at a standstill, and the cotton is
little bt tter. The SlidA'csex Woolen Mill,
with 700 hands, shntdown the first week of
July, and no one knows when it will start
up. Tho Lowell Carpet Company, with
1,600 hands, ha3 not made half, time for a
year. (This is the company that is run by
Arthur F. Lymanrwho cried so loudly fo
free wool in 1892.) G.W. Faulkner & Son's
mill, 400 hand3, has been idle the last two
yeare. The same can be said of the rest of
the woolen mills. There are over 5,000
hands in the city in the woolen business1,
and there are not 1,000 working tc-day, and
they are on short time.
The Lawrence Cotton Manufacturing Co,
shot down last Spring, and the corporation
is for sale now. They had 2,800 men em
ployed. In ordinary time3 the mills in this city
employ not less than 40,000 hands, and
there are not 30,000 working to-day, and
most of them are on short time.
Some two weeks ago you gave an editorial
on a comrade named Kennedy, in regard to
who ran the Chicago Convention. Aftec
reading Kennedy's letter and the answer to
it, I think it would be well for Comrade
Kennedy to send his loyalty motor to som
Union repair shop and have it examined and
put in running order again. M. T.W., Loyf-
ell, Mass.
Stand Solid for 3IcKinley.
Editor National Tribune: Soon will
the last of the heroes of the war "join ths
innumerable caravan that moves to that
mysterious realm where each shall take his
chamber in the silent halls of death." In a
few years the graves of the last old soldier
will be decorated with those who marched
at the head of the column. It requires no
stretch of the imagination to call up tha
scene when "taps" shall be sounded for tha
last time over the new-made graves of ths
warriors of the late rebellion. Therefore, all
the old boys of 1861-65 should stand by ths
men who made this country free, and vot
solid for Comrade William McKinley and
Hobart fo'r President and Vice-President this
Fall, and save the Nation's credit. JOSEPH
H. Pecott, Sergeant, Co. I, 47th Ohio,Bois
City, Idaho.
i .
Enjoys the Paper.
Editor National Tribune: I must
write and tell you how much I enjoy your
paper, and especially "Sherman's Memoirs."
How vividly come to my mind the days of
'49 and the gold fever ? and. when I read of
the days of '61 and '62 I almost live over
those days again. I shall do what I can to
increase the circulation of your valuabls
paper. It should be in the hands of every
old soldier or his family. A. S. Chapman",
Bethel, Me.
m m
"Down the "Whole Outfit.
Editor National Tribune: In your
issue of Ang. 13 I see'fhat Comrade Joseph
Pecotte gives three cheers for McKinley. I
say repeat thecheersr and vote not only for
the head of the ticket, but the tail, middle,
and every inch of it, and thus crush ths
whole silver outfit the Yesfs, Joneses,
Cockerels, Tilmans, Harrises, and. the whols
guerrilla band. Jonas Strouse, Co. Grt
56th N. Y., Fond du Lac, Minn.
Worn nlcht an day.
Our new finger pressure pad
can be made Hard and Soft,
any decree of pressure, a
vilL Illustrated catalogue
sent securely geiled by CJ.
V- House 3ITsr Co.,
714 Kroadway, X. Y.
Mention The NTatlonal Tribunes
Arrests In 48 hours those
affections whtcn Copaiba and
Injections rail to cure. AIL
Drngsrists.or V. O. Box 208 r,
New-York. POSTrREE Sl.OO
lief. 1'malcureina few days nd neTer
returns: no rmrse.no salve.no supposi
tory, no indelicacy, no dieting- EOZD BT druggists.
171 SwSllCnrel!ti10to20aTs. oIarUU
llentlon The National Tribune.
Mention The National Trlbunau
Cured. JBoxFree
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Understand that you pay nothtnsr for the watch, but send us fbur names
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sffttgfc--. Si" i'-a, "0vvJ5"

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