Newspaper Page Text
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE -r WASHINGTON, D. C, THURSDAY,. AUGUST 19, 1897.
W homeJP IS THERE flOPESTY Ifl BUSINESS? A Question That May Iad lo Educational Reform. The story is told that Gsn. Grant, while EervinR as President of the "United States, was writing a message to Congress, when the card of a Tisitor was brought in. An oJBceron duty, knowing that ho did not wish to be disturbed, and seeing a sorvantapnroachiug with the card, eaid : "Say that the President is not in." Gcn Grant was not so preoccupied but that ho heard the remark, aud turning around Bharply said to the servant: "Tell him no such thing. I don't lie my self, and 1 don't want anyone to lio for me." This is a very high moral standard, and one to which but few men attain, not only in busi ness, but in oflicial life. It has como to be a matter of course that men under certain cir cumstances are not expected to adhere to the exact truth, and yet in Holy Vrit lying Is classed with what wo call great crimes. "The Lord hateth a lying tongtfe," said the wisest of men, and acain and again arc wo en joined to trust not in lying words. The early Christians laid great Btress upon truth-telling. Wo all recall how Ananias and Sapphira were Btruck dead for lying, and of tho denunciation of thoso who wauted to buy the Holy Spirit for gain what is now called joining the church to advance one's business interests. Through out the cntiro Scripture?, from tho first utter ances of Mosaic law to the last classification by tho divine John of the virtues and vices, lying and theft are classed with murder and all pol lutions of the flesh. A wiso philosopher says that no matter under what part of tho heavens they may dwell men are controlled by four or five pas sions always the Same, which never vary in their character, no mutter how they may diner in their expression. One of these is tho passion for gain, and to achieve this man will sometimes sacrifice everything that is high and worthy and noble. He will fatten on dishonesty aud gild it with lies. A very distinguished American, who for many years represented a great Western State in the United States Senate, once said that the moral law had no place in American politics; aud when wo coiiBider tho practices to which men resort to get otlice, the trickery, the perfidy, tho violation of pledges, tho reliance upon venal and corrupt methods, one is quite ready to believe that it is Machiavelli with his maxim, "The end justifies the means," rather thai! Christ with his admonition, " Do not evil that ood may come," w ho rules the hearts and consciences of our officeholders from the great est tb the 'small est. The crimes perpetrated upon the American people through the world of business are of the same class. Adulterated funds and drink?, shod dy goods and watered storks are eating the sub stance out of theAniciicau people, and have required legislation thiouuh Boards and Com-ttiisions-fii every State in the Union. This subject, dishom-sty in business life, is commanding the attention of our great educa tors, and the question has arisen whether we have not gone too far in secularizing our pub lic schools; whether in cramming the heads of our children with knowledge, we have not been wo fully negligent in filling their hearts with vitalizing moral food. Now that home education is almost wholly neglected, and mothers have turned over to Sunday-school tcachersthe huEiuess of instruct ing their children in morals, often the only training they get is tho hour spent in the Sundny-school room, divided between singing songs that they never learn and a reliearsal of juiialrack passages -of Scripture of which -they have ltD'Com prehension-. Sound moral judgment is the basic'roclc of human character, and upon this rock Gen. Grant was well grounded. To be honest, a man mutt first bo truthtul; to deal honestly in business he must be well rooted in the Golden Bale. Moral teaching should form a largo part of the education in our public schools. It should not be what religion wauts, but what God wants: Purity of body, because a sound mind dwells alone in a 6ound body; purity of mind, because a pure spirit is never associ ated with an impure mind; purity of spirit, because the higher we rise in the higher life the more shall we understand that the one great object in human living is the develop ment, through-succeb&ivc stages, from the lower in i trial form of life (o the higher order of seiugs co ordinate wish itic divine. The ranks of our business men are largely recruited from our giamninr schools, and the moral standard of cur boys in these schools will be a very good u-st of what will be the moral fctainlard.of the men iuto whom they are to develop. Tho dishonest aud lying boy will be the .dishonest and King man, aud no num ber of sudden conversions can save him from himself. A prominent educator has been to much pains to collect data from the schools of the United States relating to instruction in morals and behavior, aud quotes Commissioner Harris, of the .National Bureau of Education, as authority for the statement that but one State cast of the Mississippi South Caioliua makes instruc tion in morals obligatory. Only Vermont, Massachusetts, Maryland, and Jndiana require instruction in good behavior. Maiuo requires her bchool-teacher8 to instruct their pupils for 10 minutes each week on the duty of kitidncs3 to birds aud dumb animals. Everything is left to the teacher in must schools, aud where these teacheis aro well selected their influence is in the right direction. JJut he:e again the baleful influence of politics comes in and the teacher is too often one who has no higher idea of salary-earning than to keep order and listen to a rcheatsal of tho btudits in a prescribed course. from a great number of replies from teachers, coitieiutng the truthfulness of pupils under thctr charge, thefoilotving are quoted. Three teachers from Massachusetts unite in laying: "About two-thiids of the bovs can bo absolutely trusted." A teacher in aCouuieti cut High School Bays: "Smc of the 17 boys of my class would, 1 think, be perfectly honor able." The President of an Eastern Acadcmv Bays: "O; the boys I have known in my schools from one-fifth to one-third are fairfy trust worthy." A country Echool-teacher of 23 years' experience save: "rive percent., I think, is a large estimate to make of thoso who would stick to tho naked truth when closely cornered, or when a lie will help them out." The consensus of opinion is that the percent age of the girls who He outright is smaller than that of the boys, although petty deceit is more common among thoguls; also, that the middle locial class furnish the most honest pupils, which is plain enough, as it is tuc middle class, neither the very rich nor the very poor, that mothers traiu their children in sound morals. So much for the echools. Aud now for the larger school of business life. A banker says : "Tested by the number of meu who, when they were secure from detection, would restore money paid them by mistake, 1 think 15 per tent, is a high estimateof the numberof honest ind tiuthTul men." A railroad man says: "Kitiety per ceut of the men habitually cheat the corporation, and esteem the cheating clever ness." A manufacturer says: "Not more than 10 per -cent, of tho men with whom I deal in the world can bo trusted when pecuuiary in terests are at stake." A druggist says: "When itis & matter of competition J have not found 25 per cent, of bubiuc?s men whoso word can be relied upon." A dealer in groceries says: "1 fear that 15 per cent, of honest men is a higher estimate than my experience warrants." A lawyer says: " 1 am compelled to say that I believe m mercantile affairs 40 per cent, will take dishonest advantage." A group of dry-oods men, whom the writer of this has just consulted, say thev aro obli"ed to keep an extra force of floor-walkers on days of their great bargain sales to keep the womeit from carrying off their yoods, and all of them employ clerks whose chief duty is to keep an ye on trinkets and tho ribbon counter. And these are mothers of coming business men. The fao-simile sign&ture of &LM&Z A prominent business man says: "Careful, observers- seem to be of one mfnd that in our commercial life thestandard of integrity is not as high as it was five years age. These same men tell us that the standard is steadily be coming lower." Inasmuch as these business men arc not from tho criminal or pauper classes, but are tho products of the American home, the Apierican ecliool, and American Bociety, the question is: Have we outgrown the old-fashioned maxim, "Honesty is the best policy"? It is estimated that not less than six millions boys, out of tho seventeen millions pupils now in schools and colleges, are about to be transferred to tho counting-room, the factory, the great world of various aud varied activities. Their morals will be subjected to severe tests. How many of them will stand tho strain is tho natural question that presents itself. The confidential clerk of a great business bouse, upon being asked if the boys in tho business ho represented were honest, snid : " Oh, the first six months they do, mechanically, what they are bidden without knowing any thing about matters." Tho question, "And after that are they still honest?" elicited tho response: '".Well, after that they, must knor that nearly every label which they put on goods. is alio." Ono of the beat skilled workmen in a great Ohio manufacturing town has been out of work all Summer. He is a house-painter and was in tho employ of a large concern which has been doing considerable business. "How is it you are put of work?" was asked. "Because my employer wauted me to do poor work, and that is something I will not do for any man." Hero is a product of tho public schools of which wo may well bo proud, and yet for men to take the courso that this man has done is to tako the very bread from their children's mouths. As a rule, tho working man simply docs what he is told and rests tho responsibility with his employer. Public sentiment has not yet been developed to tho point whero it stops to con sider tho real difference between tho genuine article aud tho counterfeit. The result is that we will not investigate and aro suffering from our own ignorance or indifference. The battle must be fought in our public schools. While religion may not be taught, good morals must, or our liberty will fast be come license, and our National independence a shame and a reproach. Goethe, the great German poet, laid great stress upon the "Throe Reverences," expressed through salutations. The arms crossed on the breast and the eyes turned heavenward with joyous expression indicated roveronco for what is above. The hands folded across tho back with a smiliug look downward expressed rev erence for what is below. Tho hands stretched out toward companions and a look turned to ward the right meant reverence for equals and things about us. "Out of these three reverences," said Goethe, "springs the highest reverence, reverence for ; ones self as the best God and nature have pro duced." What is this but the fatherhood of God and the brotherhood of man, which is destined to make itself more and more felt as the convic tion is forced upon us that wo as a Nation havo been playing with our freedom, neglecting the possibilities lying within the scope of its culti vation. Tnu Editou. GOfflHEflTS BV COflTrPuTORS. Notes About What Loyal Home Workers are Doing and Saying. Sarah R Cain. East Weymouth, Mass., writes that Comrade Hill, of Boston, would add March 17 to the Flag Day calendar, this being the date of the veryfirst victory for the A mericans.'when the British evacuated Boston, March 17, 177G, and never returned. Mrs. Estell3 N. Edgccombo, York, Nob., so long a leader in the Loyal Homo Workers of that State, is one of tho hcirs'of a large Eng lish estate, her grandmother having been the only daughter of Lady Dudley, now deceased, from whom thefortiiuc'comcs? Mrs. Emma B. Alricb, of Cawkcr City, Kan., is one of the three pioneer newspaper women of thnt'State doing everything about a print ing otlice, from Header writing to type-setting. Tub National Tribuni: has long been favored with contributions fro'm her pen. William E. Hoppes, Buggies, Pa., would like to exchahg'd'' postals with lii3 friends of tho Loyal Homo Workers, of wh'ich ho has been" five years a member. He is an Epworth League boy and the son of a veteran of Co. F, 143d Pa., now of George S. Moore Post, G.A.U. Forget-me-not Circle, of eastern New York, was organized at tho home of Miss Carrio Ar nold, 43 Baviue street, Kondout, Aug. G, with the following officers and members : Pres., W. IL Ordway, Milton; Sec, Eflie Cainwnght, Kingston; Treas., May Arnold, 43 Bavino street, Bondout; Members, Carrie Arnold, Lot tio Arnold, Amelia Aruold, and Georgetta Ar nold, all of 43 Bavino street, Bondout; Mr. Melvin Ellison, Milton, and Mr. Grover, of Walton.. Tho Circle lias decided to hold meet ings every three months, and each member en deavor to bring a new member. The next meet ing will be held at tho home of the President, W. B. Ordway, Biver View Place, Milton, N. Y., Oct. 2. EIGHTH ANNUAL REUNION, It.fl.W. Nearly Time for the Pleasures of the Great Sleeting. As The National Tjiibunr goes to its thousands of readers this week, hundreds, per haps thousands, of thoso who will be in at tendance upon 31st Encampment, G.A.R., will bo about to set out from their distant homes with tho injunction on their lips, "Put me off at Buffalo." Among these will be members of the Ioyal Homo Workers. When they reach Buffalo many of them will assemble at the general rendezvous, which will bo at the residence of Miss Ida McNeal, 908 Main street, the Main street cars convey ing them from the general denot. The Headquarters of Tun National Trib une during the week will be at Hotel Iroquois, whero the Loyal Home workers will call on Monday eveuiug to pay their respects to tho editor. On Tuesday morning at 9 o'clock the Admin istration Boom of tho Woman's Union Build ing, Niagara Square, three blocks from Hotel Iroquois, will be open for their use during tho week. On the same morning will bo the busi ness session, open to members only. In the afternoon a general program will ho carried out in the hall in the second story, to which all friends of Tuc National Tiiibunk and Loyal Homo Workers are invited. In tho evening there will bo a reception in tho samo hall, to which a general invitation is cordially extended. It is expected that when tho recep tion is over, the Loyal Home Workers will at tend the receptiou at Music Hull, two blocks from their headquarters, at Miss McNeal'a, held uuder tho auspices of Woman's Cilizeus' Committee, with President and Mrs. McKinley and Gen. Alger, Secretary of War, and Mrs. Alger in tho receiving line. On Wednesday alfwill assemble at tho Ad ministration Boom of tho Woman's Union Building and witness tho great parade of tho Grand Army. After tho parade they will at tend a reception to bo given by tho Daughters of tho American Bovolutioii, to which they havo been invited. Thursday will be given to sight-Eeeing and' excursions to Niagara Falls, and in tho oven iug all will jom in the reception to be held by the President of tho Loyal Home Workers aud tho Editors of Tim National Tribune at the Headquarters of tho Woman's Citizens' Com mittee, Delaware Ave. Word comes from Senior Vice-President Mary A. Sillowa-, of Minneapolis, that the Loyal Homo Workers of that city will bo rep resented at Bcuuiou in considerable numbers, a called meeting having been held to mako anangemeuta. Mrs. Alice C. Warrington will bo of the number aud will be one of the speakers under "Good of the Order." Tho L.U.W. Council will meet Tuesday, at tho Administration Boom, Woman's Union Building, Niagara Square, at 8 o'clock a. in. Members or the Loyal Homo Workers desiring to reach tho Secretary with reports or letters, will address him in care of Miss Ida B. McNeal, 903 Main street, Huffalo, N. Y. M. Boso Jauscii, Chairman of the Council, has been to St. Louis and examined tho records aud papers of the Secretary and Treasurer. Additional applicants for membership in tho Loyal Home Workers are: Mrs. Luu Stuart Wadsworlh, Bostou, Mass. ; Miss l'carlo Emer son, Spartansburg, Pa.; Miss Lulu A. White, Spartansburg, Pa. ; Melvin V. Elsou, Miltou, N. Y. is on every wrapper of CAST0MA. - TflliK TO YOti JG PS Dr. Talmage Warns Them Against Debt and Skepti cism. Temptations Which Befall Youth In City and Country The Danger of Irving' Be yond One's SIcnns The Armor of the Lord Invulnerable. Dr. Tnlmagc in Ins sermon this week shows bow running hopelessly into debt and skepticism have undone young men in town and country. Tho tcxtisProv., 7:22: "As an ox-to the slaughter." There is nothing in the voice or manner of the butcher to indicate to the ox that there is death ahead. The ox thinks lie is going on to a rich pastnre-lield of clover where all day long he will revel in the herbaceous luxuri ance; but after awhile the men and boys close in upon him with sticks and stones ami shout ing, and drive him through bars and into a doorway, whero he is fastened, and with wcll aiuied stroke the ax fells him; and so the anticipation of the redolent pasture-field is completely disappointed. So many a young man has been driven on by temptation to what he thought would be paradisiacal enjoyment; but after awhile in fluences with darker hue and swarthier arm close in npou him, and he finds that instead of making an excursion into a garden, he has been driven "as an ox to the slaughter." "We are apt. to blame young men for being destroyed when we ought to blame the in fluences that destroy them. Society slaught ers a great many young men by the behest: "You must keep up appearances; whatever be your salary, you must dress as well as others; you must give wine and brandy to as many friends; you must smoke as costly cigars; you must give as expensive entertain ments, and you must live in as fashionable a boarding-house. If you haven't the money, borrow. If you can't borrow, make a false entry, or subtract here and there a bill from a bundle of bank bills; you will only have; to make tho deception a little while; in a few months, or in a year or two, you can make all right." Suppose yon borrow. There in nothing wrong about borrowing money. But there are two kinds of borrowed money: Mbney borrowed for the purpose of starting or keep ing up legitimate enterprise and expense, and money borrowed to get that which you can do without. The first is right, the other is wrong. If you have money enough of your own to buy a coat, however plain, and then .you borrow J money for a dandy's outfit, yon have taken the first revolution of the wheel down grade. Bor row for the necessities; that may bo well. Borrow for the luxuries: that tips your pros pects over in the wrong direction. The Bible distinctly says the borrower is servant of the lender: It is a bad state of things when you have to go 'down soinc other street to escape someone -whom you owe. If young men knew what is the despotism of being in debt, more of them would keep out of it. ' The trouble is, my friends, that people do not understand the .etliicsof going in debt1, and that if you purchase goods.vw.ith no ex pectation of paying for them", or-'golnlO debts which you cannot meet, you steal juskteo much money. If 1 go into a grocer's store and I buy sugars and coffees and meats with no capacity to pay for them, and no inten tion of paying for them, 1 am more dis honest than if I go into the store and when the grocer's face is turned the other way I fill my pogkets with the articles of merchandise and carry off a ham! Yet in all our cities there are families who move every May-day to get into proximity to other grocers and meat shops and 'apothe caries. They owe everybody; witljin ,half a mile of where they now live, and n'pxt' May they will move into a distant part of 'the city, finding a new lot of victims. Meanwhile, 3'ou, the honest family in the new house, arc bothered day by day by the knocking at the door of disappointed bakers, and butchers, and dry-goods -dealers, and newspaper carri ers, and you are asked where your predeces sor is. No wonder that so many of our merchants fail in business. They are swindled into bankruptcy by these wandering Aral)3, these nomads of city life. Now, our young men are coming up in this depraved state of commercial ethics, and I am solicitous about them. 1 want to warn them against being slaughtered on the sharp edges of debt. You want many things you have not. my young friends. You shall have them if you have patience and honesty and industry. Certain lines of conduct always lead out to certain successes. ''There is a law which controls even those things that seem haphazard. Head the right way, young man, and you will come out at the right goal. Bring me a young man and tell me what his physical health is, and what his mental caliber, and what his habits, and I will tell you what will be his destiny for this world, and his destiny for the world to come, and I will not make five inaccurate prophecies out of the 500. All this makes me solicitous in regard to young meu, and I want to make them nervous in regard to the contraction of unpayable debts. "When a young man wilfully and of choice, having the comforts of life, goes into tho con traction of unpayable debts, he knows not into what he goes. The creditors get after the debtor, the pack of hounds in full cry, and alas! for the reindeer. They jingle his door bell before he gets up in the morning, they jingle his door-bell after he hasjgone tolled at night. They meet him as he comes off his front steps. They send him a postal card, or a letter, in curtest style, telling him to pay up. They attach his goods. They want cash, or a note at 30 days, or a note on demand. They call him a knave. They say he lies. They want him disciplined in the church. They want him turned out of the bank. They come at him from this side, and from that side, and from before, and from behind, and from above, and from beneath, and he is insulted, and gibbeted, and sued, and dunned, and sworn at until he gets the nervous dys pepsia, gets neuralgia, ggts liver complaint, gets heart disease, gets convulsive disorder, gets consumption. Now he is dead, and you say: "Of course, they will let him alone." Oh, no! Now they are watchful to &ce whether there are any unnecessary expenses at the obsequies, to see whether there is any useless handle on the casket, to sec whether there is any surplus plait on the shroud, to see whether the hearse is costly or cheap, to see whether the flowers sent to the casket have leen bought by the family or donated, to see in whose name the deed to the grac is iiiadc"out. Then they ransack the bereft household, the books, the pictures, the carpets, the chairs, the sofa, the piano, the mattresses, the pillow on which he died. Cursed be debt! For the sake of your own happiness, for the sake of your good morals, for the sake of your im mortal soul, for God's sake, young man, as Jar as possible, keep out of it. But I think more young men are slaughter ed through irieligion. Take away a young man's religion and you make him the prey of evil. We all know that the Bible is the only perfect system of morals. Now, if you want to destroy the young man's morals, tako his Bible away. How will you do that? Well, you will caricature his reverence for the Scriptures; you will take all those incidents of the Hible which can be made mirth of Jonah's whale, Samson's foxes, Adam's rii s then you will caricature eccentric Christians, or inconsistent Christians, then you will, pass off as your own all those hackneyed argu ments against Christianity which are as old as Tom Paine, as old as Voltaire, as old as sin. Now you have captured his Bible, and jrou have taken hia strongest fortress, the way is comparatively clear, and all the gates of his soul arc sctopen in invitation to tho sins of earth and the sorrows of death, that they may come inland drive the stake for their encampmeut-or, , What a gencroui rand magnanimous busi ness infidelity hasone into ! This splitting up of life-boats, 'and taking away of fire escapes, and cxtiitenishing of light-houses. I come out and say;1o such people : ' "What are ycUi" doing all this for?" "Oh! " they say, jnst for fun." It is such fun to see Christinufttry to hold on to their Bibles! Many of them have lost loved ones, and have been tolaVlhat there is a resurrec tion, and it is suchfifnu to tell them there will be no resurrection! iMnny of them have be lieved that Christ came to carry the burdens and to heal the wounds of the world, and it is such fun to tell tliem they will have to be their own savior! ".Slaughter ft young man's faith in God, and ttiere is not much more left to slaughter. Now, what has become of the slaughtered ? Well, some of them are in their father's or mother's house, broken down in health, wait ing to die; others are in the hospital, others are in the cemetery, or, rather, their bodies are, for their souls have gone on to retribu tion. Not much prospect for a young man who started life with good health, and good educa tion, and a Christian example set him, aud opportunity of usefulness, who gathered all his treasures and put them in one box, and then dropped it into the sea. Now. how is this wholesale slaughter to be stopped? There is not a person who is not interested in that question. The object of my sermon is to put'a weapon in each of your hands for your own defense. First, have a roojn somewhere that you can call your own. Whether it be the back parlor of a fashionable boarding-house or a room in the fourth stoiy of a cheap lodging, I care not. Only have that one room your fortress. Let not the dissi pater or unclean, step over the threshold. If they come up the long flight of stairs and knock at the door, meet them face to face and kindly yet firmly refuse them admittance. Have a few family portraits on the wall, -if you brought them with yon from your coun try home. Have a Bible on the stand. If you can afford it, and can play on one, have an instrumentof music harp, or fluteor cor net, or mclodcon, or violin, or piano. 'Every morning before you leave that room, pray. Every night after you come home in that room, pray. . Let no bad book or newspaper come into that room. Take care of yourself. Nobody else will .take care of 3rou. Your help will not come up two, or three, or four flights of starisjyour help -will come through the roof, down frdm heaven, from that God who in the 0.000 year-s of the world's history never Jjetraycd a young man. who tried to be good and a Christian. Let me say in regard to your adverse worldly circumstances, in passing, that yrttt are .on a level now with those who art finally to succeed. Mark my words, young man, and think of it 30 years from now. Yoii will find that those who 150 years' from now are the millionaiies of this country, who are the orators of the country, who are the poets of the country, who are the strong merchants of the country, who are the great philan thropists of the country mightiest in church aud state arc this morning on a level with you, not an inch above, md you in strait ened circumstances now. No outfit, no capital to start with ! Young man; go down "jLo the library and get some books and read of what wonderful mechanism God gave you in your hand, in your foot, in your eye, in your ear, and then ask sonic odctor to take you into the dissecting-room" and illustrate to you what you have roTCiKtbout, and- never again commit the blaspliemy of saying you have no capital to starfcvjWi. 'Equipped! Why, the poorest young'imjn is equipped as only the God of the vvfoje, universe,. cpuld afford to equip him. .uiV-r ', . , . There is up .cjgsg p.fjiersons tint so stirs, my sympathies as young-men "in- great-cities. Not quite enoughvsillaiy 6o live on, and all the temptations that conre from (Fiat deficit. Invited on all han'ds To drink, and their ex hausted nervous syt'em seeming to demand stimulus. Their rei'igion caricatured by the most of the clerks in the store, and most of the operatives in tlje factory. The rapids of temptation and death nibbing against that young man '10 miles the hour, and he in a frail boat headed up stream, with nothing but a, broken oar to1 work with. Unless Al mighty God help him he will go under. Ah ! when I told you to take care of your self you misunderstood me if you thought I meant you are to depend upon human reso lution, which may be dissolved in the foam of the wine cup, or may be blown out with the first gust of temptation. Here is the helmet, the sword of tho Lord God Almighty. Clothe yourself in that panoply, and you shall not be put to confusion. Sin .pays well neither in this world nor the next, but right thinking, and right believing, and right acting will take you in safety through this life and in transport tlnough the next. 0 ! friendless young man. O ! prodigal young man. O ! broken-hearted young man, discouraged young man, wounded young man, I commend to you Christ this day, the best friend a man ever had. J Ie meets you this morning. Despise not that emotion rising in your soul; it is divinely lifted. Look into the face of Christ. Lift one prayer to your father's God, to your mother's God, and this morning get the pardoning blessing. Now, while i speak, you are at the forks of the road, and this is the right road, and that is the wrong road, aud I see you start on the right road. But I have to tell, you, young man, if you live right and die right, that was a tame scene compared with that which will greet you when from the galleries of Heaven the one hundredand forty and four thousand shall accord with Christ in crying, "Well done, thou good and faithful servant." And the influences that on earth you put in motion will go down fiom generation to generation, the influences you wound up handed to your children, and their influences wound up and handed to their children, until watch and clock are no more needed to mark the progress, because time itself shall be no longer. Asthma iul Ilay-Fevcr Cure. Free. Wo aro glad to inform our readers that a sure specific cure for Asthma ami llay-fovcr is found in tho Kola Plaut,a now botanical discovery from tho Congo ItJ'ver, West Africa. Many sufferers report mb'it marvelous cures from its use. Among othe($j Mr. Alfred C. Lewis, Editor of tho FarnfcrlS Magazine, and llcv. J. L. Combs, of Martinalhi'fp, West Ya., were com- ..i. .!.. ..,! i... JOl ir!.. 1)1.... f,. !.: (liciuij tiiitu uy till! i.uii j.iiiiib iiifci-i tuiivy years' suffering. Mr.lLowis could not lio down at night in Hay-tefiar season for fear of chok ing, and Mr. Comfj's, waa a life-long sufl'erur from ABthtna. Holi,' L. G. Clute, of Grecloy, Iowa, writes that Vo'f 'eighteen years ho slept propped up iu a chair, being much worso in Hay-fever season, and tho Kola Plant cured him at once. It 3s 'truly a most wonderful remedy. If you nreakufTcror wo advise you to send your address fit tho Kola Importing Co., llfi-1 Broadway, "Ni-Yi, who to provo its power will send a Largo Ciso by nmil frco to every render of The National Tiuijune who needs it. AH thoy ask iii'rclurn is that when cured yourself you will tfeMl your neighbors about ir. It costs you nothing" aud you should suroly try it. -L. Knows a Good Thing When lio Sees It. I can't do without The National Titm tjne. Old comrades, you miss a treat if yon fail to subscribe now, when you can get $3 worth of books as a premium. It will be the best investment to which yon could apply 1. I know a good thing when I see it. 1 can't let this chance pass, so I renew at once. Adam Rawer, Co. A, 47th Ky., Welch burg, Ky. Free te all Women. Ihave learned of a very simple home treatment which will rcwlilycuco all female disorders. It is na ture's own rotnedyund I will Kladly send It freo toevery suu-his woman. Address Mabel ML Kuan, Jollet, Ilia. Mention The National Tribune. PEflSIOH POINTERS. Inquiries Answered and Sug gestions Made. . 8. N. B., liahcay, N. J. Tho pension appro priation net of March 2, 1895, provider " that from and after tho passage of this act all pen sioners now on tho rolls who aro pensionod at les than $(5 per mouth for any dogrco of pen sionable disability shall havo their ponsions increased to $0 per month : and that hereafter, when any applicant for pension would undor existing rates bo entitled to less than $G for any single disability or several combined disa bilities, such pensioner shall ho rated at not less than $0" ier month : Provided, also, That tho pro visions h'uredfshail not bo held to cover any pen sionable period prior to tho passngo of this net, nor authorize a rerating of any clitims for any piirt of sticli period, nor prevent th6"allowanco of lower rates than $fi per month, according to the existing practice in tiio Pension Ofllee in pending case3 covering any pensionable peticd prior to the passnge of this act." Tho Com missioner of Pensions will 6ond free, on re quest, a pamphlet containing all pension laws now in force. B. JD., Toledo, IVash.To bo entitled to a higher rate than $21 for disability "equivalent to tho loss of a bund or foot'7 it must l;o shown that tho pensioner Is unable to and does not per form any manual labor of any description In consequence of disability shown to hoof sorvico origin. Specific rntes for certain disabilities, as deafness aud total disability of a hand, cannot bo added together to mako up a rating. It a hand is practically uoIch tho rating therefor under. tho general law is $'J0 per month, and if the arm is practically usolccs tho rating would bo $3fJ per month. For disability of sorvico origin requiring the frequent aud periodical aid and attendance of another person, the rating is $50 per month. jr. IL If., IHlltbnry, Pa. Commissioner Evnna has hot as yet issued any order on the subject of rating?, whether under tho general law or tho act of 1800. llf. A. ,., Manhattan, Knns.M after May 1, 1 805, a soldier in tho volunteer military service loft without the formality of a discharge, his record at the War Department may be amended and an honorable discharge issued, under tho act of March 2, 1S89, if. previous to May 1, 18(55, ho had served an aggregato of not less than six mouths. Under the sumo law, a sol dier who absented himself Irom his com mand, or from hospital while suffering from disability incurred iu tho lino of duty, and did not return, can havo his record amended in like manner, if hu can show that during tho term for which he had enlisted, or during tho remainderof the term that he would havo been required to serve, ho was physically unable to return or report to the nearest military post or headquarters. When the charge of desertion is removed, tho pay accrued up to tho date of absence can be collected, as can all allowances, such as clothing money and ration mouoy. G. W. It., Cpper Tygart, Ky. A straight in crease claim is a claim for ihcroaso of pension on account of pmraio'ned disability. If the claim .for increase is based on disability not covered by the pension cortiiicate, it is called a new-disability claim. In claims under the geiteial law, the pension as to each disability commences fiom the dato n formal claim thereon was;" filed in tho Pension Uurcau. . . G., Berlin Ilightts, O. The question as to Whether real estate purchased with pension money is exempt from Jieii3 and executions is depenvdenc.upoij.the law of tho State where tho property Is situated; V. Y. B.', Kvol-uk. Iowa. There is no Federal statute: on the subject of licenses to poddlo mer chandise, except possibly as to the District of Columbia. What you saw in Tub National TkIBUNK probably referred to somo Stato law. O. M., Jacksonville, Ill.-Tha Board of Eoviow of tho Pension Bureau has practically the final determination (in the Pension Bureau) as to tho legality of a pension claim. It is composed both of old soldiers and of men who wcro possi bly too joung for service iu tho late war. After a caso reaches tho Board it is usually taken up for consideration within 30 days. 'A. L Brochneuurille, Prt. Tho act of Jia'rch G. ISyfJ; provides' substantially that invalid pen sion under tnc act ot June z, itiUU, shall com- l mice from the date of filing of the first appli cation therefor. '1 ho law h;is been so construed as to defeat its manifest purpose, but it is be lieved that tho present Administration will in duo time correct this. . L. T. Oaklhorpc, O. Increase of pension on account of pensioned disability should com mence from the dato .of tho first favorablo modical examination had under tho applica tion. J. W. M., ZanesvUlc, 0. It is held that tho children who are entitled to pension that a sol dier's widow was entitled to receive, but died before the settlement of her claim, must bo children .of the soldier aud not of a subsequent marriage. A. J., Bnrllelt, Tom. It is believed that under the act of March 6, 18U0, every invalid pensioner under the act of Juno 27, 18!)0, is entitled to havo his pension dated from tho filing of his first application under the act, if, when granted, tho pension was dated from tho filing of a declaration subsequent to that first filed. .. J., Albany, If. Y. Under the general pen sion law, which is the act of July M, jSo'2. and. amendments, tho widow of a soldier is entitled to pension from the date of his death, if his death is shown to he due to his service. If tho soldier left no widow, his children undor the ago of JO at his death are entitled up to tho date they become 10. If tho widow survived and drew pension, the soldior's children under 1G at tho dale of her death or remarriago aro entitled thence onward until they become 1G. If tho widow died without having recoived pension, the children are pensionable in tho same manner as though no widow survived tho soldier. I. L., St. Helena, Cat. As $12 per month, tho maximum rate under the act of Juno 27, 1890, is, under present holdings, payable under that act only for "total inability to earn a support by manual labor," it would seem that for two thirds "inability" the rating should bo $3. C. E. ?., Hampden. O.K disability for which pension is drawn under tho general law exists iu such degree as to eutitlo to the $50 rate for frequent and periodical aid and at tendance of another person, the prosecution of a claim for pension on a disability of sorvico origin not coveted by a pension certificate would bo of no advantage unless tho combined disabilities so incapacitate tho pensioner as to mako necessary tho regular and constant aid and attendance of another person, and thus ontitlo him to the next rato of $72 per mouth. A. K. J., Hood. 0. What is roforrcd to is probably tho decision of Assistant Secretary Davis, in tho caso of tho widow of Win. F. Young, which was dnly notod iu a receut iasuo of Tin; National Tiiiiiu.ve. F. B. S., Lowvitle, N. Ir.T-rDependenfc parents of persons who served in the military or naval service of the United Statc3 are not entitled to pension under any law, unless tho sou's death is shown to have been duo to tho service aud the line of duty. C. If., MuHchaity, Afass. If nn invalid pen sioner di awing less than $12 per month under tho general law has an additional disability not coverod by his pension certificate, he has the choice of proving its origin in tho service and line of duty, aud possibly obtaining an aggregato .rate in excess of $12, or of filing a claim under the Act of Juno 27, 1890, to in clude the additional disability, and obtaining possibly as much as $12 per month, without proving tho origin of the disability iu the ser vice and line of duty. jV. A., Ossco, Minn. It is possible for re married widows to obtain pension by special act of Congress when they havo already re ceived pension under tho general law for the period of their widowhood, but it is not to be expected that any cousideiablo numberof such claims will be granted even by special act. F. C, Sibley, loica. When a widow peusiouor remarries leaviug children of the soldier under 10 years of ago, tho children aro entitled to pension until thoy attain tho ago of 16. Under tho general pension law their pension commences from tho iate of tho widow's ro marringc, but under tho act of June 27, lo90. it commences only from tho dato of tiling the application. .!. ;. M., West 'Troy, N. Y. Tho act of Aug. 5, 1SU2, provides: '"That all women employed by the Burgeon-General of tho Army as nurses, under contract or otherwise, durinj: tho late war of the rebellion, or who were employed as nuncs during such period by authority which is recognized by the War Department, and who rendered actual sorvico as nurses in attendance upon the sick or wounded in any ruglmcutal, post, camp, er general hospital of the armies of thoUnitod States for a period of six months or more, and who woro honorably relieved from such sorvico, and who aro now, or may hereafter be, unable to earn a support, shall, upon making duo proof of tho fact, according to such rules and regulations a3 the Secretary of tho Intorior may provide, bo placed upon tho list of pensioners 6f the United States. and bo. entitled to receive a pension of $12 por month, and such pension shall com men co from tho date of tho filing of tho application in tho Pension Office after the passage of this act." If. A. B., Bcdena, Kan.lo bo entitled to pension as widow of a soldier tho claimant must havo been his legal wife at tho dato of hi3 death. W. If. P., ffolt, Mont.Xo claim for pension before tho Pension Bureau Is couriered prop erly presented until set out in a sworn state ment and filed. A claim for rerating would p roomily ue a proper manner or presenting a claim for the restoration of a former rato of pension which was cut down by tho last Admin istration. AiV CovctL If tho disability for which a soldier was discharged from the sorvico was tho direct result of a .wound or injury incurred in tho service and lino of duty, ho would be re garded as though discharged for the wound or injury and entitled to bounty accordingly. S. M.t Burbank, Gal Undor. tho net of Feb. 3, 187D, the Quartermaster-General, War De partment, will furnish, free of cost, to the rail road station nearest to destination, suitably inscribod headstones to mark tho graves of soldiers and sailors of r,ho United States. D. V. N., Xeicburyport, Mans. A Justice of tho Peace will not bo recognized as attorney of record In a pension caso unless he qualifies and is duly admitted to practice before tho Interior Department. 8. If. I) Itossburg, N. Y. It is not uncommon for tho Pension Bureau to voluntarily reopen and allow ft rejected claim upon tho discovery of tho manifest orror in tho action of rejection. If it is thought iu any caso that tho rating allowed over any pensioned poriod is too low, a claim for rerating is the usual method of determining tho matter. BRASS BAND Instruments, Drums. Uniforms, Equip ments for Bands an J Drum Corps. Low est prices ever quoted. Fine Catalog. 4CO Illustrations, mailed free: it gives Band Music & Instructions for Amateur Bands. ,LY0.J&HEALY, 35 Adams St.,ChicaflO. Mention The National Tribune. LEARN TELEGRAPHY. Young men wanted. Situations guaranteed. Addres3 FINK TKLKIi'KAl'H SUIOOL, LEIUXOX, 1'EXJiA. Mention Tho .National Tribune. PENSIONS ! By hnstling Mr. Hunter had 117 cases allowed in one day aud 0u another. He is at the Pension Office each day looking np neglected and rejected cases, lie wants your business. No fee until allowed. JOSEPH H. HUNTER, Washington, D. C. "Eli" Baling Pressss 38 Styles & Sizes for Horse and Steam Power. Havor 6ss 46 Inch IB-1 JU Bell Straw .-Feed """""- i-t ii- -r.v. 1 Power Leveraqs G4 io 1 ST EEL Largest line in, tho world. Send for Catalog. COLLINS PLOW CO., 1 165 Hampshire St.,Quincy,lll. Mention The National Tribune. GET Send for descrip' tion of the famousO.I.C. Hess. First appli' for the cant from each locality secures a pair OiN TIME O :v!.i-nw. L. B. SILVER CO., 205 SummitSt. Clovelond, O. .Mention Tho .National Tribune. Pit Q. A. R. JEWELRY. Any man who has the right to wear this jewelry ought to fiave some of it, or all of it. The wearing of it means vastly more than mere personal adornment it means that the wearer bore himself manfully as a soldier in one of the greatest wars of modern times. See -"Club-Raising Made Easy,". 8th page. DESCRIPTION OF THE G-. A. R JEWELRY. G-.A.R. Ring. Onr specialty. Copy right. We have had made especially for 113 a Solid CJold Iving, -with setting modeled after the Bronze Lapel Button of the G-.A.R. The setting is made of hlaclc onyx, and the liutlon is of gold, set in the onyx. Remember, this ring is not plated in any part, either band, shank i setting. Fur nished in any size, deliver 'guaranteed. This makes a beautifu and suitable pres ent for anv veteran. Sent as a. premium for a club of 12 ub Bcriuers. No. 291 Grand Army Charm is a watch charm composed of a Grand Army enameled star in a ring of rolled gold. This is just the thing for veteran:?. Free for TV0 new subscribers. lo. 292 G-.A.R. Badge Charm made of rolled gold plate. At the top are the double eagles in rolled gold. Below them two rolled gold cannon lying upon a pile of enameled cannon-balls. Directly below this is the United States Hag made of red and blue enamel and rolled gold. Attached to the llag is the star containing the varions military emblems so welt known to our readers. The whole charm is about two inches in length. Free for a club of FOUR subscribers. No. 502. G-.A.R. Watch. We have sold large numbers of this -watch, and they have given entire satisfaction. The works are cither WALT! I AM or ELGIN, as the purchaser may choose. They contain seven valuable jewels, tempered st-el springs, compensat ing expansion balance, pateiit safety pinion, stem-winding, aud pendant-setting apparatus, full plate, a dust band that excludes every par ticle of dust, quick train, jewel balance, por celain dial, aud all the latest aud greatest im provements. The case is made of nickel sil ver, a composition just as haudsoiuc and dur able aa coin silver. On the hacK of this case is the "G.A.R." badge, the emblem of glori ous service. We oiler this really line waicli for a eluh of 15 yearly subscribers. Address PENSIONS IN PENSIONS IN go nxxs. 9 1,VY. renslon are often crantwt In from oo to tin dayi thronch the Oownlnsr aeency -nof the most Pieces fin claim axencslt Che L'nltwl tatetantf aslabllshel In iscy, "o ohanr unless succtsaful. Corrusgouil ene "oHruM J. t Dmiiiln;. the above Peivkn AUorney.lt located 'rmic'pl office) at A'o. 12. .South ?Iill Street. ;Utt!U'jMrJ. .. with bntmrfi otllet in Wnhiii;;fii), J. . MiMituii !..( niiiimi Tribune. Ai?i!Lr rncrea2? ?2- ni'l elinw reopened. ill,? freo 3I '" Practice. Succ-n or no feo Mention The :s'ition.a! Tribune. PI FfiTQfl&n! C r,,VN Invnnt reltef for CLLil I nUSULC lfLK. Final cure in few !.is a' .1 n-s r r tnrn. ' pnrifw. Iso sulvo. 2o lii'IeifiK Mai!e? fre". AiWrc. .1. II. ItJIKVKS. Hot GO.-.. Xmv York Clljr. Mention The .National f ribnuo. wB aQ39lmn-atnlOtliOmr3. NafirUU TtarrdinlOtvBonsra. KoPartlli ?urc!. DR. J.L.STPHMfi.XJE JLASOXeJUfe Mention Tho X4t.jn.il rr.ou.ie LTITO ErirFVSY. Itonvsure treatment. IlrmJri rl I n mi entireamlr.pl? -lire tomav cured for lifer ' u laik nofe . Iir. Kriiie;6.dLLouIs,Mo. Mention Hio Xntioimi I'rtlmiia. K S.VT.K. One hundred aere In Camden Co., Mo., with some improvement Will sell for $0O. Afi(!n-K I,. tU iAI.J,K.V,SaIfJn, Columbiana Co.. Ohio. Mention The National Tribune. LAND WARRANTS WANTED. Address : TV. K. Hone-. ISo.x S7, Icni er, Colo. Mention TheXatlona! Tribune. $75- i FerJIonthand EXPENSES jra.4 any acttr mas or womaa If Tick!. Good i(l by lamp! -only. W f-z a bt ie and I beer a!sai!i!m!i FREE Fn'ipvt -n'nn -tv- iijjMt. MiUtttt I larOETEB, r. O.Box S30S, Coiton, Su Mentl jn The Xationat Tribune. ATTENTION, COMRADES! Thcsreatest discovery of the asa. A. soft, oliable. comfortable aud duratlclir Pad, for all kinds ot Trusses. Cures Rupture. Every soldier pensioned for hernia under the old law can set one free of cost. Write for illustrated Catalogue free. Address mi: Konicic Airt cushion1 truss co o. tSIO 11th bL . TV., Washington. D. ti Mention The National Tnoune. Chleheater' KnelUh Diamond Brand. Pennyroyal pills ,-: Original and Onlr Genuine. sarc,3iarajsrelhibt.lJkoicsaK Drazrfil ror Viieaettn' Englan Uiarunui Brand la j KCU sua (XK.J nieui.io do.tm. hjiij imiy b!a ribbon. Take no other. Sefuii dan- Itrous tubstttutUint ami imitation. At l)mrfjW.orcncI.l-.iDitampforpfJ(riIr.t-l.monial as "Keller for I.ndle," in Utter. V return Mull. 10,OOOTejtlaioniU.AamPa ChIchctcrChm!euICo..MaitInnSnnn r- SoIJ b alt Local DrcsrLvj. IMIIIiAIJA.. JP.A. Mk1 It arrpctq in 4S hOIirS thOHO orrpcfi-ins which Cooatba and Injections fail to cure. All jtow Yorte. POST IT.fcK 81.00 01SGN a pnpnuil V M QY&UPi-l 3 ondaryorTer- tiarr IL001 .FU15U.N permanenur lcuredinl5to35days.Yoncanbotreatedat home foraame price under same jjujI ran- Ity. If yon prefer rocomohcro wcwillcon tract to DavralIroadfareandhoteIbiiIg,antl Bocnarco.ifwofall to euro. If yoa have taken mer cury, iodide potash, and still havo aches and pains, Mucous J'atchesln month, SoroThroati Finiples, Copper Colored Spots, Ulcers oa any part of tho body, Hair or Eyobrows falllna outfit Is this Secondary BLOOD POISOfl wo ffnaranteo to cure. Wo solicit the most obsti nate cases and cnalleneo the -world for a case we cannot cure. This disease has always battled the skill of the mo3t emlnentphysi cians. S50O.00O caaltal behind our uncondi tional guaranty. Absolute proofs sentscaled oa application. Address COO REMEDY CO 01 Maaonic Temple, CHICAGO, ILL. G.A.R. Sleeve Buttons. These Sleeva Buttons are no cheap imitation. The disk is pearl-tinted enamel, and upon its face, in raised work of heavy rolled ge'd plate, is the eagle, cannon and cannon-baila constituting the upper portion of the Grand Army badge, with the letters G.A.R. en graved in a scroll beneath. The setting ia also of gold plate, and by pressing on a spring the bntion can be taken apart, thus making it easy to adjust it in the enfis. In short, it is one of the most handsome, nseful and valuable pieces of jewelry that has yet been ne viscd. Sent to any address, postage prepaid For a club of TWO new subscribers. No. 5. National. Tvatch Chain. We have had made specially for snbscribera a Watch Chain which is to be a token of perj sonal service by its wear.rs in defense of their country. In the center is the star of the Grand Army, and on either side are the crossed cannons. It is made of heavy rolled gold, warranted for 10 years' constant wear. This fine chainwill be sent as a premium for a club of TJEX yearly sub scribers. No. 9. Victoria G.A.R. Chain. Tha cut shows the laust novelty for wives and other fair relatives of G.A.R. comrades. It is 14-karat rolled gold plate, warranted for 10 years' constant wear. The charm i3 heauti.ully curved like the center of tho official G.A.R. badge. The ground is enameled in red and bins, with the ligui?s in gold. This chain and charm will be sent v any address, free, for a club of six yearly subscribers. No. 120. "The Same Canteen" Charm. Ko. 120 is an old friend in new dress, which needs no introduction. It :s a lac-simile of an old canteen carried from An- tietatn to Appomattox. It is heavy rolled gold pL-.te, designed especially for us. It ia sent, postpaid, as a premium for a club of TWO yearly subscribers. It will look well on any veteran's watch-chain. mif ATrffrr rf mM ppffiTvftffjCT m m 2. EZYJ (WTO) HLQOD P TEE NATIONAL TRIBUNE, Washington, D. C. r