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New pension rulings (of
great Importancethisyear) appear first, and often exclusively, in this paper. Keep posted. It may put rr.cney in thy purse." Send $1 to THE NATIONAL T BISUNE, Washington, D. C, and get the paper every week for a whole year. Great Offer, 8th page One Dollar a Year. ESTABLISHED 1877-MTOT SERIES. Ipdopvill: A Story of Rebel Military Prisons. (COVYKIGUT.) SYNOPSIS OF PKKCKOING CnAFTEKS. The wonderM country ubmit Cumberland Gap, and the strategic importnnco of that place. The great need of food and forage for the garrison sends a battalion of cavalry up Powell's Valley to clear it out and secure its tnpplics. A rebel command starts down the valley to drive the Union troopers out. The two forces niPet on top of a liili, and a prompt charge Rives the day to the Uuiou men and scatters the rebels in headlong rout. The cavalry battalion occupies the country cained. and protects the for.'ge trains sent out to gather up the supplies and haul them iu. This duty la-U- until the niorniiic of Jan. 3, 1SG4. The battalion is attacked by Jones's JJripado of lebeis, and after a stubborn, desper ate light is compelled to surrender. The pris oners are taken' by rail through a picturesque part of Virginia to Richmond, searched at Lib by, and sent to different prisons. First week of prison life. Interior and exterior scenes iu Richmond. Stoppage of exchange. The first squad of prisoners leave Richmond for Andersonville. Scenes along the route. Arrival at the famous prison-pen. Sonielliing as to southern Garcia. A sterile land. Ingeniousconstrnction of shelters against the weather. Gen. Winder and CapU Wirz take charge of the Prison. The month of March is passed in tho peu, with little shelter from the snow, rain, and wind. Tho piison fills up with additional squads, including tho deserters from Castle Lightning in Richmond, with whom the other prisoners have much trouble. Mortality rap id! v increase. Crowd inside tho stockade constantly in creases. Arrival of prisoners and guns from Oolustee. Killing of "Poll Parrot." Prisoners planted by vermin. Trading with guards. The prisoners' minds are bent on oschango or escape. Much time devoted to tnnel dieeiug. Traitr.rs are summarily punished. The rainy month of June. The crowd in side the prison rapidly increases, the rations crow worse, and the misery iiitensifie. Terrible ravages of diseases of the digestive organs. Appalling increase iu the mortality. Some instances of deaths of the writer's com rades. Raiders crow unbearable. They attempt the murder of Leroy L. Key, who'forras a baud of Rvgulatois.- Tho latter defeat the Raiders in a terrible battle. The.Riider leaders are arrested, and at a court-martial of the prisoners six are sentenced to ieuh. The remaiuder Wtrz in sists shall bo released from the small stockade. The prisoners become infuriated at this, and as iho Raiders are let into the big stockade maul them severely. A scaffold is bnilt andthe Raid ers hanped amid intense excitement. The t-secutums are followed by organization of a strong polico force among the prisoners, and discipline becomes good. - A ymmg Ohio soldier, captured at Atlanta, tells the story of the battle. CHAPTER XL (continued). CONTINUATION". OF THE OHIO VETERAN'S GEAPHIC BECITAI. TO THE ANDERSON VIL1.E PRISONERS OF THE BATTLE OF ATLANTA HOW LOGAN TOOK COMMAND. FINDING il'PHERSON'S BODY THE WAY HE 31ET DEATH. w -E COULD PLAINLY SEE the rebel lines as they came out of the woods into the opeu grounds to attack the Six teenth Corps, which had hastily formed in the open field, without an' signs of works, and were standing up like men, having a hand-to-hand fight AVe were just far enough in the rear so that every blasted ehot or shell that was fired too high to hit the ranks of the Sixteenth Corps came rattling over amongst us. All this time we were marching fast, following in the direction Gen. Scott had taken, who evidently had ordered the Colonel to join his hrigade up at the front, We were down under the crest of a little hi!!, following along the bank of a little creek, keep ing under cover of the bank as much as possible to protect us from the shots of the enemy. We suddenly saw Gen. Logan and oue or two of his staff upon the right hank of the ravine riding rap idly toward us. As he neared the head of the regiment he shouted : " 'Halt! What rejjiment is that, and where are you going? ' " The Colonel, iu a loud voice, that all could hear, told him: " The G8th Ohio ; going to join our brigade of the Third Division your old division, General, of the Seveuteeuth Corps." "Logan says You had better uo rijrht in uere on tue leic oi uoage. ine Third Division have hardly ground enough left now to bury their dead. God knows, they need you. But try it on, if you think you can get to them.' "Just at this moment a staff officer came riding up on the opposite side of the raviucrwhere logan was, and inter rujrted Logan, who was about telling the Colcncl not to try to go to the posi tion held by the Third Division by the road cut through the woods whence we had come? out, but to kep oil to the ricrUt tmvirrrls tho Fifteenth Corns, ils -'o I the woods Veierred to were full of rebels. The officer1 saluted Logau, aud Ehouted across : " Gen. Sherman directs me to inform ycu of the death of Gen. McPherson, and orders you to take command of the Army of the Tennessee; have Dodge close well ;ip to the Seventeenth Corps, and Shernlau will reinforce you to the extent of ihe whole army.' " Logaii, standing in his etirrups, on his beautiml black horse, formed a pic ture againnt the blue sky as we looked up the mvine at him, his black eyes fairly blazing, and hi3 long black hair waving m .the wind. He replied in a ringing, cfear tone that we all could hear : " ' Say to Gen. Sherman I have heard of McPhcreou's death, and have assumed the conjiBJand of the Army of the Ten w, m a a ran I 1iaSFl$ L F. Mack, Ohio. Isaac F. Mack, of Ohio, wa3 a student at Oberlin, O., at the outbreak of the war, and at once enlisted in the famous company of students from that institution which formed part of the 7th Ohio. His regiment was attacked, at Cross Lanes, Aug. 21, 1SG1, by an overwhelming force of rebels, and about 100 captured, of whom Comrade MacK was one. He was kept in prison about one year, and endured such privations that his lieal th was broken down; he had to be discharged from the service, and was refused, when he offercrl to re enlist. He is editor and owner of the Register of Sandusky, 0., and has been earnest and prominent in good works for his comrades ever since the war. Ho has been Commander of the Department of Ohio, G.A.R., National President of the Prisoners of War Association, and the chief promoter of the erection of tho splendid Ohio Soldiers aud Sailors' Home at Sandusky. J. P. S. Gohin, of Pennsylvania, comes of old Pennsylvania Revolution ary stock. He was a lawyer at the oute break of the war, but enlisted at once in the 47th Pa., and came out at the cljisO; of the war its Colonel and a Brevet Brigadier-General for gallantry inaction. He has been an active Grand Army man for 30 years, was Department Com mander of Pennsylvania in 188G, and. has been inteiestcd and helpful in every work that promised benefit to his com rades. He is a lawyer, and Brigadier General of the Pennsylvania National Guard. " nessee, and have already anticipated his orders in regard to closing the gap be tween Dodge and the Seventeenth Corps.' " This, of course, all happened in one quarter of the time I have been telling you. Logan put spurs to his horse, and rode in one direction, the staff officer of Gen. Sherman in another, aud we started on a rapid step toward the front. This was the first we had heard of Mcpher son's death, and it made U3 feel very bad. Some of the officers and men cried as though they had lost a brother j others pressed their lips, gritted their teeth, I and swore to avenge jus aeatn. iae wjis a great favorite with all his army, par ticularly of our corps, which he com manded for a long while. Our company, especially, knew him well, and loved him dearly, for we had been his Headfiuar ters Guard for over a year. "As we marched along, toward the front, we could see brigades, and regi ments, and batteries of artillery, coming over from the right of the army, and taking position in new line3 in rear of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Corps. Major-Generals and their staffs, Brigadier-Generals and their staffs, were mighty thick along the banks of the little ravine we were following; stragglers and wounded men by the hundred were pouring in to the safe oo shelter formed by the broken ground along which we were rapidly march ing; stories were heard of divisions, brigades and regiments that these wounded or stragglers belonged to, hav ing been all cut to pieces; officers all killed ; and the speaker, the only one of his command not killed, wounded or captured. But you boys have heard and seen the same cowardly sneaks, probably, in fights that you were in. The battle raged furiously all this time ; part of the time the Sixteenth Corps seemed to be in the worst; than it would let up on them and the Seven teenth Corps would be hotly engaged along their whole front We had probably marched half an - 1 hour since leaving Logan, and were it "&0 tar? tt Mw Candidates for Jas. A Sexton, Illinois. getting pretty near. back to our main line of works, when the Colonel ordered a halt and knapsacks to be unslung and piled up. I tell you it was a relief to get tfcem off, for it was a fearful hot day, and we had been marching almost double quick. We ,kuew that this meant business, though, and that we were stripping for the fight, which we would soon be in. " Just at this moment we saw an am bulance, with the horses on a dead run, followed bv two or three mounted officers and men, coming right towards us out of the very woods Logan had cautioned the Colonel to avoid. When the ambulance got to where we were it halted. It was pretty well out of dan ger from the bullets and shell of the enemy. They stopped, and we recog nized" Maj. Strong, of McPhersou's Staff, whom we all knew, as he was the Chief Inspector of our Corps, and in the ambulance he had the body of Gen. McPherson. "Mai. Strong, it appears, during a slight lull in the fighting at that part of the line, having taken an ambulance and driven into the very jaws of death to recover the remains of his loved com mander. It seems he found the body right by the side of the little road that we had gone out on when we went to the rear. He was dead when he found him, having been shot off his horse, the bullet striking him in the back, just be low his heart, probably killing him in instautly. " There was a young fellow with him, who was wounded also, when Strong found them. He belonged, to our First Division, and recognized Gen. Mc Pherson, aud stood by him until Maj. Strong came up. He was iu the ambu lance with the body of McPherson when they stopped by us. " It seems that when the fight opened away back in the rear where we had been, and at the left of the Sixteenth Corps, which was almost directly in tho rear of tho Seventeenth Corps, Mc Pherson sent his Staff and Orderlies with various orders to different parts of r , v -," wftfl to foraw flttjfcittle, atf ft Mfi vol&w Mfl ante " WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, AUGUST CommanderinChiet G.A.R. J. P. S. Gobin, Pennsylvania. i John ithe line, and started himself to ride .over from the Seventeenth Corps to tjie Sixteenth Corps, taking exactly the same course our regiment had, perhaps, an hour before; but,the rebels had dis covered there was a' gap between the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Corps, and meeting no opposition to their advances in "this strip, of. -yvoods where they were hidden from vieX, they had marched right along down in the rear, and with their line at right angles with the line of works occupied by the left of the Seventeenth Corp?; they were thus parallel and close to the little road Mc Pherson had taken," and probably he rode right into them aud was killed be fore he realized the true situation. " Having piled our knapsacks, and left a couple of our older men, who were played put with the heat and most ready to drop with sunstroke, to guard them, we started onasrain. lhe ambu lance with the corpse of Gen. McPher son moved off towai-ds the right of the army, which was the last we ever saw of that brave and handsome soldier. V We bore off a little to the right of a large open fieldsoia top of a high hill where one of our .batteries was pound ing away at a tremendous rate. Wo came up to the main line of works just about at the left.pf lhe Fifteenth Corps. They seemed to be. having an easy time of it just then no fighting going on iu their front, except occasional shots from some heavy guns on tho main lino of rebel works around the city. We crossed right over jj-ho Fifteenth Corps' works and filed to the left, keeping along on the ouidej of our works. ,"fYio had not. gpne far before the rebel gunners, hi 'th&fmaiil works around the city discoverej us"; and the way they did tear loosest, us'. was a caution. Their aim was rata bad, however, and most of their shots; went over us. We saw oue" of them I think it was a shell strike ah artillery caisson belong ing to one of our batteries. It exploded as it struck, and then tho caisson, which was full of ammunition, exploded with an awful noise, throwing pieces of wood "--J- 1A, . ,,.,fji "" ' ' "4"'" "." ,. " "- " ' ' 26. 1897. ' .if -'',. ''4-:. I ' '"' '' ,S- ' - t ' " ' ' " ' ' -mi- '- & , '-' 't ' -. '- : -,.T'. I ,ii V -" ' -'- "' . ; & Geo. H. C. Linehan, New Hampshiee. .and iron and its own load of shot and shell high into the air, scattering death and destruction to the men and horses attached to it. We thought we saw arms and legs and parts of bodies of men flying in every direction ; but we Avero glad to learn afterwards that it wa3 the contents of the knapsacks of the battery boys, who had strapped them on the caissons for transportation. " Just after passing the hill where our battery was making things so lively they stopped firing to let us pas3. We saw Gen. Leggett, our division com mander, come riding toward, us. He was outside of our line of works, too. You know how we build breastworks soi?t of zigzag like, you kuow, so they cannot be enfiladed. Well, that's just the way the works were along there, and you never saw such a curious shape as we formed our division in. Why, part of them were on one side of the works, and go along a little farther aud here was a regiment, or part of a regiment, on the other side, both sets firing in opposite directions. " No sir'ee, they wore not demoralized or in confusion ; they were cool and as steady aa on parade. But the old di vision had, you know, never been driven from any position they had once taken, in all their long service, and they did not propose to leave that ridge until they got orders from someone beside the robs. " There were times when a fellow did not know which side of the works was the safest, for the Johnnies wore in front of U3 and in rear of us. You see, our Fourth Division, which had been to the left of us, had been forced to quit their works, when the rebs got into the works in their rear, so that our division was now at the point where our line turned sharply to the left and rear, in the di rection of the Sixteenth Corps. " AVe got into business before wo had been there over three minutes. A line of the rebs tried to charge across the open fields in front of us, but by the help of the old 24-pounders (which proved to be part of Cooper's Illinois - .? - . -.'"W ""', "f- Erilntiw. .2 b. c- e VOL. XVI Innis, Massachusetts. John 0. Linehan, of . ew Hamp shire, was born in Ireland, but came to this country at an early age. He en listed in 1SG1 in the band of the 3d N. H., and served with it until the band was discharged. He has been a member of the G.A.E. since 1874; Commander of his Post, Commander of the Depart ment of New Hampshire in 1&31,'82, President of the New Hampshire Veter ans Association, and Junior Vice Commander-in-Chief in 1839. He was for years a member of the National G.A.R. Pension C "littee, and very efficient in formulatfe, jpd securing the passage .of "thSDiaaba-'ty BilL He Is Insurance Commissioner .of New Hampshire. Geo. H. Innis, of Massachusetts, was born at Marblehead, and at the age of 16 enlisted in Sleeper's 10th Mass. battery, with which he served from Gettysburg to Appomattox, and wa3 al ways present for duty. He has been an active Grand Army man ever since the war, and has held nearly every position in the Order. He has been Department Commander of Massachusetts, and was chosen Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief in 1891. He is Street Commissioner of Boston. Jas. A. Sexton, of Illinois, enlisted April 19, 18G1, as a private, when but 17 years old, and wa3 discharged at Vicks burg, MLs3., Aug. 7, 18G5, by reason of the close of the war. He rose to be a Captain in the 72d 111., aud commanded his regiment in several battles, receiving much commendation. He is a Grand Army man of long and honorable record, and. was Commander of the Department of Hlinois in 1888. He is an extensive I manufacturer of stoves, ranges, etc., and was Postmaster of Chicago under Har rison. battery, that we had been alongside of in many a hard fight before), we drove them back a-flying, only to have to jump over on the outside of our works the next minute to tackle a heavy force that came for our rear through that blasted strip of woods. We soon drove them off; and the firing on both sides seemed to have pretty much stopped. " Our brigade, which we discovered, was now commanded bv ' Old Whiskers' (Col. Wiles, of the 78th Ohio. I'll bet he's got the longest whiskers of any man in the army). You see, Gen. Scott had not been seen or heard of since he had started to the rear after our regiment when the fighting first commenced. We all believed that he was either killed or captured, or he would have been with his command. He was a splendid sol dier, and a bulldog of a fighter. His absence wa3 a great loss, but we had not much time to think of such thing3, for our brigade was then ordered to leave the works and to move to the rightabout twenty or thirty rod3 acros3 a large ravine, where we were placed in posi tion in an open cornfield, forming a new line at quite an angle from the line of works we had just left, extending to the left, and getting U3 back nearer on to a line with the Sixteenth Corps. " The battery of howitzers, now rein forced by a part of the 3d Ohio heavy guns, still occupied the old works on the highest part of the hill, just to the right of our new line. We took our position just on tho brow of a hill, and were or dered to lie down, and the rear rank to go for rails, which we discovered a few rods behind U3 in the shape of a good 10-rail fence. Every rear-rank chap came back with all the rails he could lug, and we barely had time to lay them down in front of us, forming a little hnrricftde of six to eight or 10 inches high, when we heard the mo3t unearthly rebel yell directly in front of U3. " It grew louder and came nearer and nearer, until .we could see a solid line of the ray coats coming out of the woods and down the opposite slope, their battle- (CoutiiiUtid on third page.) Read "Andarsonvll!,'' "Shsrman's Memoir," "Where the Laurl Blooms," "Alf Wilson," "Picket Shots," etc., etc. i o secure such a treat" every week for a whole year, send $1 to THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE. Washington, D. C. See Great Offer, 8th page. Single Copy, 5 Cents. - NO. 46-WHOLB NO. 837. P0IHS op 6EJ. WH. T. SHEtUEAlL WRITTEN BY HIMSELF. MOST IMPORTANT MARCH In Position Where Nothing Can Stay Progress. OCCUPATION OF G0LDSB0E.0 Transmission of Correspondence Be tween the Union Leaders. REASONS FOR CERTAIN EVENTS References to Sheridan's man's Raid3. and Stonfr (COPYKIGHT). CHAPTER XXni. T HUS WAS CONCLUDED- one of the longest and most im portant marches ever made by an organized army m a civil ized country. The distance from Savan nah to Goldsboro' i3 425 miles, and the route traversed embraced five large navigable rivers, viz, the Edisto, Broac7 Catawba, Pedee, and Cape Fear, at either of which a comparatively small force, well handled, should have made the pass age most difficult, if not impossible. The country generally was in a stata of nature, with innumerable swamps, with simply mud roads, nearly every mile of which had to be corduroyed. In our route we had captured Columbia, Cheraw, and Fayetteville, important cities and depots of supplies, had com pelled the evacuation of Charleston City and Harbor, had utterly broken up all the railroads of South Carolina, and had consumed a vast amount of food and forage, essential to the enemy for the support of his own armies. Wa had in Midwinter accomplished the whole journey of 425 mile3 in 50 days, averaging 10 miles per day, allowing 10 lay-days, and had reached Goldsboro' with the army in superb order, and the trains almost as fresh as when we had started from Atlanta. It was manifest to me that we could resume our march, and come within the theater of Gen. Grant's field of operations in April, and that there was no force in existence that could delay our progress, unless Gen. Lee should succeed in eluding Gen. Grant at Peters burg, make junction with Gen. Johnston, and thus united meet me alone; and now that we had effected a junction with Gens. Terry and Schotield, I had no fear even of that event. On reaching Golds boro'. I learned from Gen. Schofield all 4he details of hi3 operations about Wil mington and iSewbern ; also, ot the fight of the Twenty-third Corp3 about Kinston with Gen. Bragg. I also found Lieut. Dunn, of Gen. Grant's staff, await ing me, with the General's letter of Feb. 7, covering instructions to Gens. Scho field and Thomas; and his letter of March 16, in answer to mine of the 12th, from Fayetteville. These are all given here to explain the full reasons for the event3 of the war then in progress, with two or three letters from myself to fill out the picture. Headquarters Armies o? the Unites? Statks, City Point. Va., Feb. 7, 1863. Maj.-Geu. W. T. Sherman, commanding liili tary Division of the Mississippi. General: Without much expectation of i4 reaching you in time to be of any service, I have mailed to you copies of instructions to Schofield and Thomas. 1 had informed Scho field by telegraph of the departure of AIahoue'3 Division south from the Petersburg front. These troops marched down the Weldon road, and, as they apparently went without baggage, it is doubtful whether they have not returned. I wa3 absent from hare when they left. Just returned yesterday morning from Cape Fear River. I went there to determine where Scho field's Corps had better go to operate againsft Wilmington and Goldsboro'. The instructions with this will inform you of the conclusion arrived at. Schofield was with me. and the plan of tho movement against Wilmington fully deter mined before we started back; hence the absence of more detailed instructions to him. He will laud one division at Smithville, and move rapidly up the south aide of the river, aud secure the Wilmington & Charlotte Bail road, and with his pontoon train cros3 over to the island south of the city, if he cau. With the aid of the guuboat3, there is no doubt this move will drive the enemy from their position eight miles ea3t of the city, either back to their lino or away altogether. Thera will bo a large force on the north bank of Capo Fear Kivor. ready to follow up and invest ih.9 garrison, if they should go inside. The railroads of North Carolina are four feel eitht aud one-half inches gage. I have sen largo parties of railroad men there to build thorn up. aud have ordered stock to run. them. We haveabundauce of it idle from the nou-uso of the Virginia roads: I have taken every pre caution to have supplies ready for you wherever you may turn up. I did this before when you left Atlanta, and regret that they did not reach you promptly when you reached salt-waer, a Alexander Stephens, R. il. T. Hunter and Judge Campbell are now at my Headquarters, very desiroui of goiug to Washington to see Mr. Lincoln, informally, on the subject of peace. The peace feoling within the rebel Hne3 ;a ,.c,;n;nr. nrnnnrl ruiiifllr. This, however. should not relax our energies in the least, dub should stimulate us to greater activity. I have received your very kind letters, m which you aay you would decline, or r.re op posed to, promotion. No ono would be mora ploased at your advancemout than 1, aud if yoa should bo placed in my position, and I put sub ordinate, it would not change our personal xo Published by permission of D. Appleton J 0., publishers of lhe Personal ileinoli ol Uou. . -U i Sherman.