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.2 THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE : WASILIffQTQN, D. C3 THURSDAY, NOVEMBER I, 1897. m - -"fAr--'-- cusses the subject of military correspond- Old troops invariably deem it a special ence: whether the staff-officer should privilege to be in the front to beat correspond directly with his chief in the " head of column " because ex Palis, submitting to his General copies, j perience has taught them that it is the or whether he should lie required to ' easiest and most comfortable place, and carry on his correspondence through his ' danger only adds zest and stimulus to General, so that the latter could promptly forward the communication, indorsed with his own remarks aud opinions. The latter is declared by the board to be the only sale rule, because "the General should never be iqnorant of anything that is transpiring that con cerns his command." In this country, as in France, Con- gress controls the great questions of war'' To be at the head of a strong column and pence, make? all laws for the crea- of troops, in the execution of some task tion and government of armies, aud votes ' that requires brain, is the highest pleas the necessary supplies, leaving to the ure of war a grim one and terrible, President to execute and apply these ! but which leaves on the mind and mem laws, especially the harder task of limit- ory the strongest mark: to detect the ing the expenditure of public money to weak point of an enemy's line, to break the amount of the annua! appropria- through with vehemence and thus lead tions. 1 he executive power is nirther subdivided into the seven great depart ments, and to the Secretary of War is confided the general care of the military establishment, ami hi powers are further subdivided into 20 distinct and separate bureaus. The chiefs of these bureaus are under the immediate orders of the Sec retary of War, who, through them, in fact commands the arm- from " his office," but cannot do so " in the field " an absurdity in military if not civil law. THK STAFF AXP TITK LIXK. The subordinates of these staff corps and departments are selected and chosen 2m:n the army itself, or fiesh from West Point, and too c mimonlv construe them pelves into the tiitj, as made of better clay than the common soldier. Thus ihey separate themselves more and more irom their comrades of the line, and in process of time realize the condition of that old officer of artillery who thought the army would be a delightful place ior a gentleman if it were not for the soldier; or, better still, the conclusion of the young Lord in " Henry IV.," who told Harry Percy (Hotspur) that " but for these vile guns he would him self have been a soldier." This is all wrong; utterly at vafiauce with our democratic form of Govern ment and universal-experience ; and now that the rrench, from whom we had rnnmrl t.hfi svsrnm. hv nffnrlv nrn- scribed" it, I hope that our Congrs will follow suit. 1 admit, in its fullest force, the strength of the maxim that the civil law should be superior to the military in time of peace : that the army should be at all times subject to the direct control of Congress ; and I assert that, from the formation of our Government to the 'present day, the Regular Army has set the highest ex ample of obedience to law and authority ; but, for the very reason that our army is comparatively sc very small, I hold thatr it should be the best possible, organized aud governed on true military princi ples, and that in time of peace we should . preserve the " habits and usages of war," so that, when war does come, we may not again be compelled to suffer the dis grace, confusion, and disorder of 1861. The commanding officers of divisions, departments, and posts should have the amplest powers, not only to command their troops, but all the stores designed for their use, and the officers of the staff necessary to administer them, within the area of their command ; and then with fairness the' could be held to the most perfect responsibility. The President nnd Secretary of War can command the army quite as well through these Gen erals as through the subordinate staff officers. Of course, the Secretary would, as now, distribute tlie funds -according to the. appropriation bills, and reserve to himself the absolute control and supervision of the larger arsenals and depots of supply. The error lies in the law, or in the judicial interpretation thereof, and ho code of army regulations cau be made that meets the ease, until Congress, like the French Corps Legk lafif, utterly annihilates and " pro clitics" the old law and the system which has grown up under it. ,T THE 11KAU OF THH COI.Uir:.. It is related of Xapoleon that nis last ivoide wre " Tete-d'annee i " Doubt less : s the shadow of death obscured his meni'.ry, the last thought that remained for speech wag of some event when he was directing an important "head of column." J believe that every General who has; handled armies in battle must recall from his own experience the in-1 tensity oi though on some similar occa sion, when by a single command he had given the finishing stroke to sorie com plicated action ; but to me recurs another thought that is worthy of record, and may encourage otaers who are io follow us in our profession. I never say. the rear of an army engaged in battle but I feared that some calamity had happened at tlie front the apparent confusion, broken wagons, crippled hors, men lying tibout dead and maimed, parlies hastening to aud fro in seeming disorder, and a general apprehension of some thing dreadful about to ensue; all these fcigns, however, lessened as I neared the front, and there the contrast was com plete jKjrfect order, . men and horses full of confidence, and it was not un usual for general hilarity, laughing, and cheering. Although cannon might be firing, the musketry clattering, and the enemy's ehot hitting close, there reigned a gen eral feeling of strength and security that bore a marked contrast to the bloody signs that had drifted rapidly to the rear; therefore, for confprt and safety, I surely would rather be at the front than the rear Jine-of-battle. So also on the march, the head of a column moves on steadily, while tlie rear Is alternately haltingand then rushing forward to clcsc "up the gap ; and all sorts of rumors, especi ally the worst, float back tc the rear. The fac-slmilo Eignuturo of &&&! j this fact. The hardest task in war is to lie in support of some position or batter', under tire without the privilege of re turning it ; or to guard some train loft in the rear, within hearing but out of danger ; or to provide for the wounded and dead of some corps which is too busy ahead to care for its own. to victory ; or to discover some key point and hold it with tenacity; or to do some other distinct act which is after- ward recognized as the real cause of success. These all become matters that are nev'er forgotten. Other great difficul tie?, experienced by every General, are to measure truly the thousaud-and-one reports that come to him in the midst of conflict; to preserve a clear ami well defined purpose at every instant of time, and to cause all efforts to converge to that end. cojiM.vxnnn must ue at tits front! To do these things he must know per fectly the strength and quality of each part of his own army, a3 well as that of his opponent, and must be where he can personally see and observe with his own eyes and judge with his own mind. 2o man can properly command an army from the rear, lie must be " at its front ;" and when a detachment is made, the commander thereof should be informed of the object to be accomplished, and left as free as possible to 'execute it in his own way; and when an army is di vided up into several, parts, the superior should always attend that one which he regards as most important. Some men think that modern armies may be so regulated that a General can sit in an office and play on his several columns as on the keys of a piano. This is a fearfuL mistake. The directing "a n e u very llCttU or tlie a""3;mf seen there, and the effect j of his mind and personal enenry must be felt by every officer and man present with it, to secure the best results. Every attempt to make war easy and safe will result in humiliation and disaster. Lastly, mail facilities should be kept up with an army if possible, that offi cers and men may receive and send let ters to their friends, thus maintaining the home influence of infinite assistance to discipline. Newspaper correspond ents with an arm", as a rule, are mis chievous. They are the world's gossip?, pick up and retail the camp scandal, and gradually drift to the Headquarters of some General who finds it easier to make reputation at home than with his own corps or division. They are also tempted to prophesy events and state facts which, io an enemy, reveal a purpose in time to guard against it. Moreover, they are always bound to see facts colored by the partisan or political character of their patrons, and thus bring army officers into the political controversies of the day, which are always mischievous aud wrong. Yet, so greedy are the people-at-large for war news, that it is doubt ful whether any army commander can exclude all reporters, without bringing down on himself a clamor that may im perii his own safety. Time and modera tion must bring a just solution to this modem difficulty. CHAPTER XXVI. In the foregoing pages I have en deavored to describe the public events in which I was an actor or spectator be fore and during the civil war of 1861 '65, and it now only remains for me to treat of similar matters of general in terest subsequent to the civil war. Within a few days of the grand re view of May 2-1, 1865, I took leave of the amy at Washington, and with my iamily went tu Uucago to attend a fair held in the interest of the families of soldiers impoverished by the war. I re mained there about two weeks ; on the 22d of June was at South Uend, Ind., where two of my children ,mv at school, and reached my native ,!, Lancaster, O., on the 24th. On he 4th of July I visited at Louis ville, K), the Fourteenth, Fifteenth, Sixteenth, and Seventeenth- Corps, which had come from Washington, under the command of Ggj. .John A. Logan, for "muster-out," or "further orders." I then made a short visit to Gen. George J I. Thomas at Xashville, and returned to 1 ancaster, where I re mained with the family till the receipt of General Orders Xo. 118 of Juno 27, 1865, which divided the whole territory of the United States into 11) depart ments and five military divisions, the second of which was the Milit.iry Divis ion of the "Mississippi," id'terward changed to "Missouri," Maj.-Gen. W. T. Sherman to command, with Head quarters at St. Louis, to embrace the Departments of the Ohio, Missouri, and Arkansas. This territorial command included the States north of the Ohio River and the States and Territories north of Texas as far west as the Rocky Mount ains, including Montana, Utah, and Xew Mexico; but the part east of the I Mississippi vras soon tiansfcrrcd to another division. The Department Commanders were Gen. E. O. C. Ord, at Detroit ; Gen. John Pope, at Fort Leavenworth; and Gen. J.J.Reynolds, at Little Rock; but these also were soon changed. I at once assumed command, and ordered my Staff and Headquarters from Washington to St. Louis, Mo., is on every wrapper of CASTORIA. there in person on the 16th of July. Mv thou eh ts and feelines at once re verted to the construction- of the great Pacific Railway, which had been chartered bv Congress in the midst of war, and was then in progress. I put myself in communication with the parties engaged in the work, visiting them in person, and assured them that I would afford them all possible assist ance and encouragement. Dr. JJurant, the leading man of the Union Pacific, seemed to me a person of ardent nature, of great ability and energy, enthusiastic in his undertaking, and determined to build the road from Omaha to San Francisco. He had an able cor,ps of assistants, collecting ma terials, letting out contracts for ties, grading, etc., and I attended the cele bration of the first completed division of 16 miles, from Omaha to Papillon. When the orators spoke so confidently of the determination to build 2,000 miles of railway across the plains, mountains, and desert, devoid- of tim ber, with no population, but on the con trary raided by the bold and bloody Sioux and Cheyennes, who had almost successfully defied our power for half a century, I was disposed to treat it jocularly, because I could not help recall our California experience of 1S55 56, when we celebrated the completion of 22i miles of the same road eastward of Sacramento; on which occasion Edward Baker had electrified us by his un equalled oratory, painting the glorious things which would result from uniting the Western coast with the East by bands of iron. Baker then, with a poet's imagina tion, saw the vision of the mighty future, but not the gulf which meantime was destined to swallow up half a million of the brightest and best youth of our land, and that he himself would be one of the first victims far awayon the banks of the Potomac. (He was killed in battle at Ball's Bluff, Oct."21, 1861.) The Kansas Pacific was designed to unite with the main branch about the 100 meridian, near Fort Kearney. Mr. Shoemaker was its General Superintend ent and building contractor, and this branch in I860 was finished about 40 miles to a point near Lawrence, Kan. I may not be able to refer to these roads again except incidentally, and will, there fore, record here that the location of this branch afterward was changed from the Republican to the Smoky Hill Fork of the Kansas River, and is now the main line to Denver. The Union and Central Railroads from the beginning were pushed with a skill, vigor, and courage which always commanded my admiration, the two meeting at Promontory Point, Utah, July 15, 1869, aud in my judgment con stitute one of the greatest and most beneficent achievements of man on earth. The construction of the Union Pacific Railroad was deemed so important that the President, at my suggestion, con stituted on the 5th of March, 1866, the new Department of the Platte, Gen. P. St. George Cooke commanding, succeed ed by Gen. C. C. Augur, Headquarters at Omaha, with orders to give ample pro tection to the working-parties, and tc afford every possible assistance in the construction of the road ; and subse quently in like manner the Department of Dakota was constituted, Gen. A. II. Terry commanding, with Headquarters at St. Paul, to give similar protection and encouragement to the Xorthem Pacific Railroad. These Departments?, with changed commanders, have con tinued up to the present day, and have fulfilled perfectly the uses for which they were1 designed. During the years 1865 and 1866 the great plains remained almost in a state of nature, being the pasture-fields of about 10,000,000 buffalo, deer, elk, and antelope, and were in full possession of the Sioux, Cheyennes, Arapahoes, and Kiowas, a race of bold Indians, who saw plainly that the construction of two parallel railroads right through their country would prove destructive to the game on which they subsisted, and con sequently fatal to themselves. The troops were po-ted to the best ad vantage to protect the parties engaged in building these roads, and in person J reconnoitered well to the front, traversing the buffalo regions from south to north, aud from east to west, often with a very small escort, mingling with the Indians whenever safe, and thereby gained per sonal knowledge of matters which enabled me to use the troops to the best advan tage. I am sure that without the courage and activity of the Department commanders with the small bodies of Regular troops on the plains during the years 1SOO-'60, the Pacific Railroads could not have been built; but once built and in full opera tion the fate of the buffalo and Indian was settled for all time to come. 7b be oittinuert. CalilVirniii in '.', Day, Via Chicago, Union Pacific, ami North-Westcrn Line. Xo change of cars. All meals in dining cars. Two trains daily, with first-class and tourist sleepers. Personally conducted excur sions every Tn ursday to California and Oregon. For raten aud other information ask your near est Ticket Agent or.write, 11. A. Gross, G. E. P. A.. 423 Broadway, New York. T. P. Vaille. S. E. P. A., 112 South Fourth street, Philadelphia, Pa. . That Hip .Snownt 01-111. Jacob Fink, Co. D, 55th 111., Canton, 111., writes; " I see by Dr. .7. P. Camion's ' Inside of Rebeldom,' that our Con fed -rate friends were visited by a big snowstorm while en camped in northern Alabama the night of Match 21,18(11. Icmvouih for the cor rectness of the date given by tlie Doctor. 1 was on picket duty not many miles from the 27th Ala., of which ho was a member. 1 was without shelter of any kind. At that time my regiment was stationed at Larkin's Lauding, Ala., on theTennessee River, guard ing a pontoon bridge. The boys bail lots of fun on March 22 snowballing, but before uight thesnow was all gone. The inhabitants ot that part of the country said they never miw so much snow. We stayed at the Lauding until April 17, 1SG1, when wo marched to Larkinsville, Ala., 10 miles from the Landing, and tuok the cars North to enjoy a 30 days' furlough, which those who jre-enlisled received. going flGflTIN JW OliER n What tlie Veterans Have to Say About Their Campaigns. ii fTh Editor would be lnd to receiv front "tha veterans (Volunteers mid Kegulnrs) articles of froiwSJ 500 to I.CtO worrtu, written exclusively for Thk National Tribukk, mid for publication in the Fighting Them Orer, department. The aubjecU should be of Interest to reterans in genei-Al. aud treated with especihl regard for histnricttl accuracy of statement. Nnrrutiyes ( the behavior of some particular regiment, brigade, r division on some field whereon it distinguished itself, in soras puijjn in which it took a promiriant part, in lomt siege wherein it noted offensively or defensively; reminiscences of prison life, the innrch, the battla or the oamp till Biiuh aro solicited. The naval veterans are invited to jriv narratires ot their service in vnrlnas enterprises. The Editor nlso do sires for publication oiilsddo of the Fijjhtinp Them Over column true, drnrunticHkidchca of personal adventure, or of humorous incident, connected wilh wartime service. Articles will reooire prompt consideration, and if available be inserted. Stumps should be inclosed if It is deaired that tiie manu script be returned if unavailable. A HEGipfJTfllt REMINISCENCE Comrade Ijurttl Tells of Some of the Doings of the Grh Ivy. Editor Nationwi; Triiiue: Perhaps honor enough is done our old regimont, tho C'.h Ky., by Col. Fox, who catalogs it as one of the "300 fighting regiments "; yet, whon it is submitted, that this regiment came into being just at the time when Gen. Sidney Johnston crossed into Kentucky and Buckner advanced upon Louisville, and that this regiment was mustered out with Shiloh, Stone .River, Chickamauga, Mission Jiidge, and Atlanta inscribed upon its flags, I may be pardoned for venturing to write a few short paragraphs of its history. I was a nati.ve-born Kentnckian, and when the war broke out the young men generally inclined to the Southern cause. It was Gen. Sheiman, I believe, who said that no Kentnckian who owned a horse or mule or a negro could be trusted. Be that as it may, in September, 1SU1, I found my self with 104 other loyal Kentucky boys enrolled as a company, commanded by Caps. Dick Lee, all of Oldham County. During the Summer of 1861, the writer and part of the company, including a few who had seen Hervics in the Mexican war, and several who altorwards joined John Morgan's wild riders, were drilled by Col. John Marshall, a -brother of Gen.- Humphrey Marshall, of the rebel army. Col. Marshall had seen service in tho Mexican war. He was a fine-looking man. I do not remember whether he wenf to the rebel army later1 or not. . i Our company was mustered in by Gen. Jlobert Anderson, tfre hero of Fort Sumter, on Oct. 1,1 SGI, at Louisville, just seven days before he relinquished the command to Sherman. Most of ua were yet beardless boys. There were but five married men in the company. "When Buckner was supposed to be march ing on Louisville,- all wa3 bustle and con fusion. The Legislature at Frankfort was in session and all sorts of rumors wera rife a to the position in tlie war Kentucky should take. While McClellan had 100,000, and Fremont 00.000, Sherman, who had just succeeded Auderson in the command of the Army of the Cumberland, had scarcely 12,000 troops to hold Kentucky in the Union aud rend Z dlicofler, J3nckner, and Johnston, with their large aud well-disciplined armies. Excitement ran high. The rebel families, of whom there were plenty, boasted that Buckner would soon capture Louisville. Still, there were then even thousands of loyal Kentuckians in tho city who showed us every kindness in their power. Our company was quartered in the Nashville Depot grounds, and well do -I remember how the beautiful young women of the city camo out in their carriages every day aud 011 conragfd us with smiles and patriotic words. Thoy brought us more substantial evidence of their loyalty to the old ilag in boxes of cigars, bou bons, sandwiches, pies, cakc3 and other eatables. In the year of grace 1895 it was my good fortune as one of the Grand Army visitors at Louisvillo to receive similar at tentions at the hands of many of these same loyal women and of their bright young daughter-". In plain English, even in ISfil we found good aud loyal ladies in Louisville who were glad to see us and exerted their utmost hospitality for our entertainment while we remained in their beautiful city. "We were sorry to leave, but were neut to guard a railroad bridge at Shcpherdsville. 1 shftll never forget a little experience I had while we ware guarding that bridge, standing on the street after daik in conver sation with the Deputy County Clerk, whose name I forget. He had a tlttid lamp in his hand, which had two tubps to it, with only one wick in it lighted. II threw his hand up carelessli' and the fluid coming out of the emptv tube struck 1110 in the face, and as it took fire instantly my face and hair J were in a blaze. Fortunately ho had the presence of mind to blow out the.ilitnie, not, however, before I was severely .burned. But youth and health furnished the necessary remedial agency, and in a few days I was well and sound again. - From ShepherdsvilJe we returned to Louisville, and there joined tho regiment. Alter we left Louisville and were encamped at Camp WickliiT,Ji!eur New Haven, we were in Hazen's Briga'dir of Nelson's Division. There we found out what a temper Nelson had. For the slightest cause ho would abuse anyone under him. One day a com laieof our company, who had never seen NelSon, got an introduction that ho will never forget. "Wlrjle on cwnp guard, in vio lation )f the ruleSj, be had lit his pipe, aud crawling up on a stump, in the rain, was quietly smoking, when an officer rode up and said, with an dafli: ""Why are yon not walking your beat?' As the man hud no insignia of rank, aud the guard was a recruit anyhow, as we all were yet, he replied more forcibly than politely. The officer dashed off to the guard-house and ordered up a Sergeant and squad to re lievo and rebuke him for his insolence. It was just like Nelson ; and, so, when we passed from under his command we were not sorry. Later w.e were told that he had fallen a victim to his own bad temper at the hands of a brother officer whom he had insulted. What a contrast with such an officer vras Col. George T. Shackelford. The boys used to say that no good soldier could ask him for a favor And be deuied, and no shirk could get a favor from him on any accrfunt. The boys woishiped him, and gathered "around AA ' V)) . fflY VM yMM'j&v Azsga-Ji'-Z'' fSiiiWhA oa& vr 'vi !wsm x . ZJ " iJ S N '- V fr :' Jrvv . 1 y ""Why Ann You Not "Walking Your JiKAT?" him and wept when he was severely vronnded at Chickamauga and. forced to quit the service with glorious scars and a grand record. He was tender as a mother, nnd yet brave as a lion a true knjght of old Kentucky. 1 purposely omit battle descriptions of Shiloh, S'one River. Mission L'ide, Chtcl; nmauga.and nrouud Atlanta. so ranch better described by other?. It was tho proud priv ilege of the old 6th to be there, and do its part. It was in the terrible conflict at Shiloh, whon the Gth Ky., then commanded by Col. "Walter C. Whitaker, captured a part of the rebel battery in the smoke of its dis charge, Col "Whitaker killing one of the guu nen with a knife he had captured from a Texan in tho same charge. Lieut. John C. Chilton, now of Louisville, was taken pris oner by six rebels, when throe of bis com rades rallied to his rescue. Licnt. Chilton killing ono of his captors and his boys kill ing the other five in a h;uid-:o-hand fight. The end of the term of its service found our (Co. B's) Second Lieut. liichard Daw kius promoted for gallant conduct till he bcnme the commander of the regimen K P.ut :jo of the original. 104 men who stood under the Hag to lo sworn in at Louisville Oct. 1, 18GI survived the cruel contest and were present at muster-out. In the blaze of Atlanta and the dramatic progress to Savannah the luster of Sher man's achievements in Kentucky is well nigh overshadowed and forgotten. But for big energy .and pluck I doubt if Kentucky would hare declared for the Union, and I know that Louisville would havo fallen into the hands of the rebels when Gen. Ander son's command devolved upon Sherman in October, 18G1. In his Memoirs Sherman refers to this as the most eventful chapter of his life, aud says ho does not see now, even, why Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston did uot capture Louisville. It was there and then Sherman was called crazy and driven almost wild by tho blnther.ikitea of tho press because he told Sacrotary of "War Cameron that it would take G0.000 men to hold Kentucky in the Union, and mors than 200,000 to make an offensive demonstration south of it. Before two years his wotd was made good, and double the number he name'd were in arms and in the field; and if you think wo had too many there go look at tlie monu ments from Shiloh to Stone River, Chat tanooga aud Atlanta, and count the heca tombs of ur men who died to wrest and keep not only Kentucky but all the States in the charmed circle of the Uniou. I thank God that in all these heroic labors the Gth Ky. vas not found wanting, and that there is not a blot or stain on her fair escutcheon to-day. Others there were, hun dreds of regiments, just as good, but none better in all the war for the Union Daring the Encampment at Louisville it was my privilege with that of 18 of old Co. B. Gth Ky., to enjoy a Reunion at the hos- p: tabic residence of our old neighnor, com rade and messmate, Comrade J. F. Rice, 315 East Gray street. It was an ideal Reunion a fefisfc of reason and a flow of soul such as larger Reunions cannot give forth. It was worth the three years' hard service, all its marches, sieges aud battles to have a right to sit at that board, feel the touch of elbows and hoar the music of those dear lips once more a joy no one can ever know who ha3 nob hail the baptism of fire and blood on many a fields Joirx H. Ladd, Ayers, 111., FIRST MY AT THE FROJiT. Seventoen-Torfr-OM Patriot Kept Busy JDodglujj Bullets. Editor National Tribune: Ai I love to read "Picket Shots" and ,: Fighting Them Over," as written by the comrades, I thought if I should fire a shot in amougst them it might awake someone else who would give something lively. Say, boyi, do you remember the first time vou got into it and heard the zip and zist of-the rubel bnllots? My , first time was at Knoxville, .when Longstret had 11s sur rounded. I had not been long in the army in fact, a number of our regiment were recruits so we were kept in the ditches. Well, I didn't like that a little bit. Aa we were short on rations, "Mug" "Weatherford and " Boog " "Wilee, who lived in Knoxville, were allowed to go home e.very morning after roll-call to get their breakfast, and in place of coming back they would fall in with some other regiment and go on the skirmish-line. Atniuht would come in and lio around the campfira and tell us of the exciting time they bad out on the line. "Well, when I enlisted I expected to be in he fight some" so one morning after roll-call took my Enfield and cartridge-box, stole all the cartridges I could hide about me, jumped over the breastworks and struck out down through the old fair grounds in. the direction of considerable firing. I walked up to a line of infantry, theG3,th 111. (or Ind.). Some of the men spoke to me. I told them who I was, and that I wanted to help them fight. Of course they laughed, and said "All right," and gave me room. The rebs had taken up a position on a wooded ridge just east of the old Dr. -Rogers house, and were making it very interesting for the boys in the open field. Soon a mount ed officer with a red sash galloped past us and gave orders: "Advance the line, and drive those rebels off the hill." The line slarfed. I went, too. The rebs saw us, aud opened fire. Tho bullets began to come. As they would pass close to me with a zip I would side-step a little, just to give them plenty of space to pass. The boys would laugh at me: then I would straighten up, " right and left dress," to be sure I was not getting behind, and very careful not to get in advance. Tho firing was now getting rapid, and the bo3's began to go faster the east end of the line on a run. I had not fired a single allot. I was too busy stepping out of the way of those bullets. We were getting near the fence. The east end was crossing tho fenct', and had raised a yell ? How would I cross that fence? The bullets wereso thick that if I got on the fence they couldn't miss me. Off to the left someone had-pushed tho fence down. I would just oblique a little, and go through that gap. Just as I i;ot to the gap several others got there, aid here came the officer on tho hoise again. Tho rebels turned their fire in that direction. H just appeared to me that the bullets would cut that fence to pieces. I was in it sure. About that time tbe east end .'of the line had swung around the hill, and the west end went yelling across the field like they were going to surround the rebs. So the John- A Disease Caused by Bad Air Which Makes Bad Blood. Malarial germs may exist in the air we breathe, the food we eat aud the water we drink. Malaria causes exhaustion, head ache, and derangement of the digestive organs. It may lead to Bright's disease or tuberculosis. Hood's Sarsaparilla purifies the blood, eradicates malarial germs and scrofulous taints, tones the stomach, creates an appetite and builds up, sustains .and pro tects the whole system. Sarsa parilla Id solil by urug$;iats- Si; ."ix for S3. Prepared only by C. I. Hood &Co Lowell, Muss. uAnfi;c CSjISo m0 tbeonly plllatolakft liOOU S PilSS withilood'dSursnpiirllltt. Hood nies fell back, and the firing ceased. "We were ordered back into line in the field. But I drifted along to the weat,4ffwards Shieldstown, and dropped in with a dis nionntrd cavalry regiment. Thsy wi n g?ad to see ray Enfield, as t-heir guns would not reach tbe .l.huniesv As I had not tired a shot I had plenty of car'iidue. So they could take my gun and be on equal footing, with the rebs, and they made them mov,e asonnd pretty lif-ery. Tims ended my first day m line. I was then 17 years old. T. A. NKWM.ACo. L, 9th Ten 11. Cav., Bonham. Tex. II BAND OF RESGUERS. ThGy ."tliul Gallant Charge, and a Com rmlo A.tk "Who Thuy Were. Editor National Trirunk: After 33 years I write for information as to a circum stance that came under my observation at Stono River, I think, on Jan. 2, 13G3. After the ritrhtofthe army had been driven back and tbe lines established anew, our left was vigorously assailed on the above evening by Gen. Ch-hnrne's troop. Their asan It was swift and determined. The river we had forded just a few houra previons. Thore the slush ice was running thick. We Ind ad vanced from tht river a short distance in a cornfield in mud and slush over our shoe tops, and had formed line. "While in this poiitiou we had been attacked a nil drivtn inch by inch to and down the bank of the stream. The rebels now advanced almost to the bank and waved their fl almost in our faces. A company or batta:ion of men. not to exceed 100, and commanded by a Captain and Lieutenant, came wading the river in our rear. The Captain called out: "Let ns at them!" And they ad vanced at a charge with fixed bayonets, and a grander sight I never saw. They drove their way through the rebel lines, wheeled and returned, driving back into onr lines three times their numbers. The whole rebel line was driven back, and quiet reigned on that part of the line the rest of the night. Early the next rnorning I went to the spot where the charge was made, and there lay in a straight line 33 men of that little command with their feet to the east, and a guard on each side walking np and down the line of dead comrades. I have failed in all these years to see the occurrence mentioned. "W.il someone tell who these men were, aud how they came to do so daring a deed aud not be recognized in the events of tho great war? A. G. Kress, Co. F, 35th III., M-irion, Ind. DEFENDS TiHE EflROfcfcED ISIIblTIil. A Comrade Kxplaiit.s "Why They Should Not be ioken of .Liijlitly. Editor National Thijuise: In Fight ing Them Over of yonr issue of Oct.- 7, Com rade Reeves,. Co. F, 13th Mo. Cav., speaks slightingly 'ol the E. M. M. It is in the paper E. M. S. S., but he evidently meaus the Enrolled Missouri Militia. As I was a member of that organization I know all about it. "We were organized July 2D, 18G2. I was discharged Aug. 3, 1SG4, on account of iilness, and the first night 1 got home I was bnshwhaeked at my own house. 1 tried to get into the 13th Mo. Cav., with my brother and many others I knew, but on account of illness I conld not cet in. We were surrounded by bushwhackers nnd rebel sympathizers, and had to scont night and day, and lo3t a good many men. "We furnished our own horses and trappings, bnt were furnished with guns, accouter ments, uniforms, rations the same as all soldiers. "We were paid in "Union military bonds," which drew six per cent, interest; but we had to discount them 15 per cent, to get cash for or buy thing3 with them. I only know of one instance of thieving (of some bedclothes), and then the man had to take them back, and was severely reprimanded. There were few regiments which did not haye some such characters in them ; therefore, I claim Comrade Reeves does the E. M. M. nn injustice if he meant them. 6 "We were sworn in by Maj. Biggers, of Cof. Penick's regiment the 5th Mo., I think. In the Fall of ISGt the 44th Mo. was organ ized, aud most of the Unionists went into it. About the same time the provisional regi ments were organized, and I know of a good many rebels, deserters, sympathizers, and the like who&weiit into themr and are now drawing pensions, while we poor devils are not even recognized at "Washington, althongh I have all of my papers from Jefferson City Most of the disloyal citizens got exemption, papers through favoritism, or by piying for them. They called themselves " Constitu tional Union men." It seems rough that these fellows should draw pensions. "War. Fkugusson, Sergeant, Co. C, 5lst Reg't, E. M. M., Orrick, Mo. PICKET SHOTS From Alert Comrades "WholG Line. Along the FijfhtiiiK in tho Wilderness. Edward Yarton, of Omaha, Neb., saw much bard service and had many narrow escapes while in the ar.my. His first eulist ment of two years was in Co. G, 9th N. Y. He was wounded at the first battle of Bull Run. nnd again at Chancel lorsville. Com rade Yarton re-enlisted in the 7Gth N. Y. in lSG3,aud took part in the battle of tire "Wilderness. He wri'es of ibis engagement :. "The old First jTorps, of which my regiment was a part, went into the fight Sunday morning, May 5, 18G1, and drove the enemy back nearly two miles. Our los3 was heavy. n Monday we renewed the fighting, bat vcre almost out of cartridges. "We seemed some from the killed, but two men-had to be detailed from each compauy to bring up ammunition. My brother James was one of the detail, and as he started off he threw me all. the cartridges he hail left seven. I have never seen him Hince, and do not know if he is living: I was taken prisoner on the Gthafter a hand-to-hand fight. A blow over the" head with the barrel of the gun knocked me senseless. I was sant to. An dersonville. I have not been able to do mnch work, as my left hand was maimed by a rebel officer named Bentley, acting under orders of Capt. AVirz." Modal of Honor. George "W. Hilling, Co. L 27th Iowa, Mel rose Park, 111., writes regarding tho grant ing of medals of honor: '"Now, why not give them to all who showed signs of bravery ; as, for instance, the writer, who stood at his post on the steamer Clara Bell up Red River while the rebs gave her shot aud shell. ' I was on guard when Lieut. H. came on board and called out: 'Keep cool, Geo rue: thev say that there is lire in the hold, aud, if so, Ave will be blown up.' He J ran back, leaving me pacing tho aeeic atoue, not knowing how soon I would be sent into the jaw's of the alligators or somewhere else. But to my great relief the Lieutenant soon returned, and said the Captain had de cided thitt the smoke was blowing from the smokestacks down into the open hatchway. "I knew that " thera was ammunition enough stored in the hold to blow us all to kingdom come. Talk about bravery ! Why didn't I jump overboard and, get out of danger's way ? " Mnro About Southoni Loyalists. J. A. Isenbrey, Battery A, 1st Tenn. Art., Rando, Tenn., thinks very few realize what loyalty cost the Union people of southern Tenn ess te and northern Alabama. The comrade was born aud raised in East Ten nessee, and had some experience Avith the marauding rebel bands. He writes: "I re member how it cheered my old father, mother and, iu fact, the entire family, when we heard the Yanks had taken Knoxville. One of onr neighbors, a vptv old man, hear ing that tho Union forces wr ciminr, ran down the road cry tout "Tha Yankees aro coming! The Yankee1 r coming!' Our disappointment yrn r:t whw we hamd 'iKey.wcrw tilt at Cunlrlniil tiap, over 75 miles away. Oote the relic's t ok- my father to thsir camp and said they weo going to hang him for no oilitr re:soi than that he was a Union man. I vowed thin that if I ever uot a chance I would b a Y.mk or 'Lincohnte.' I availed myself of the first oppoi tunity, an i served 22 months for Uncie Sam, and was engaged in the battle at De catur. Ala." "o Kespcxt for Proi. Enos Norton, Sergeant. 16th Y. IndVt battery, Nanticoke, N. Y., attributes much of the-success of the Northern arni3 to lha crutl treatment of prisoners by the rebel.-. He says: "When our men were closely ru gagnd, with all the horrors of prison hie staring them in the face, rather than be I capturen and suffer slow starvation they wo.iltl tight to the last, even if it meant cer- f tain death. It would h:ivp ln-n miinh easier for the Southern army to hav paroled their captive on the field. They would have had neither to gmtrd nor teed them. The Northern soldiers would have gladly stayed out at least until exchanged, wluUs , the Southern soldiers turned back to tha army immediately. I have seen Cunr'odir ate sohiis recaptured who had been pa roled only three or four days." Scatteriiiir. Seru't S. E. Skinner, Co. I, H;b X. Y., "West Brighton. N. Y., has a a walking-stick; his old llnte which he earned with him dur ing his three-years' service. "When Comrade Skinner was taken prisoner his flute went with him to Lihby. He gained the good graces of the prison authorities to such an extent that he wa3 taken to see Jeff Civis. Joseph If. Gilmore, Bradbury, O., writes that he enrolled April 23, 18G1. under Presi dent Lincoln's call for 75.0UO threo-months men, and served in Co. II, 13th Ohio, until August. He re-enlisted in tho 2d "W. Ya. Car. for three year., but served eignt months over that time. Comraie Gilmore was in 55 engagements, and twice hi horse was shot from under him. He was never in a hos pital. James French, Co. F, 13th Ky., Attilla, Ky., presents a candidate for the houor of being the olde.it soldier living. James Nel son, who now resides about two miles froxi Lincoln Springs, Kv.. entered the service in Co. F, 33th Ky., Oct. 21, 1861.- Nelson was born in February, 1703, and was .too old to enlist as a soldier, so became teamster for the company. The teams were soon takon away, and he carried a gun with the 13th Ky. until honurably discharged Jan. 12, 1SG5. His first fight was at Shiloh. ire is now a member of Lincoln Post, Department of Kentucky. E. T. Stoueburner, Cooksviile. "Wis., write3 that he eerved in Co. F, 3jth "Wis., from February; 18G1, to Jan. 20, 18GG, when he was mustered out at Madison. He was with his regiment during all its hard marches: was under fire seven days at Spanish Fort, aud participated in the fight at Fort Blakely, which resulted in its sur render. He applied for a pension nearly 16 years ago, and was recently allowed 3G per month. V. D. Prutzman, Barberton, O., baa the discharge papers of Lee A. Remley, Co. It, 23d Ohio. Mk L. Johnston, Kearny, Neb., thinks that enough credit is not given the loyal women who remained at home and supported fami lies while their husbands were battling for the Union. Those women who went into field and hospital as nurses did not suffer near so much as many who remained at home. Elbert N. Norton, San Francisco, Cal., writes: " I would like to know how many veterans of the late- war voted for Maj. Mc Kinley last Fall on their birthdays ? I was one, aud I have been curious to know how many old ex-soldiers were born on the 3d of November?" E. H. Colcord, Yinton, Iowa, has the dis charge of Nahum C. Baker, Co. E, 2d Yt.; also, the warrant of Henry M. Newhall, Ser geant, Co. H, 4th Iowa Car. ' L. C. Leeds, Sergeant, Co. C, 25th Mich., Dallas, Tex., writes that during the dedica tion of the Confederate monument in hi3 city there was on exhibition a beautiful sword aud gilt scabbard. The scabbard had filigree work at both ends and at the center, where a ring was attached for hanging to a belt. Oh a label was written: '"Taken froa n Federal officer within 10 minutes after he was shot at Cape Girardeau, Mo., in April, 1SG3.'' Tue sword is now the prop erty of Judge Ed. Bower. I. L. Toombs. Richmond. Okln. Ter.. writes that Gen. R. "W. Johnson had in his division at Atlanta the 19th Ind. battery, the 20th Ohio battery, and B.t'.tery C, 1st III. L. A. Capt. Mark H. Prescott commanded th Illinois batten-, and not Capr. Di'ger, who" belongsd to an Ohio batterv. Peter C. Shaft, Co. A, 43111 P.i., Ambler, Pa., writes: "In the issue of Ot. 21 there appears an article from Charles H.Flournoy, who claims that the Nineteenth Corps cannot be said to have oppcaedthe enemy at Cedai Creek, as their camp was surprised early in the morniuir, and those escaping ran pell mell down the' Yalley toward "Winchester. This is a mistake. At the first volley fired into the Eighth Corps the Second Brigade, First Division, Nineteenth Corps, of which my regimeut .'orured a part, moved to the left of the pike and went into line in rear of the Eighth Corp?. My regimeut lost eight killed and as many wounded." -TO CUItK A COLO IX ON'K DAY Take LaxatLyo Brotno Qainine Tablets. All druggists refund the mouey if it fails to care. 25e. Hamilton's Dueling Pistol. Chicago Times-ITerahL In the parlor of the Roy homestead ii Superior, Wis., is the pistol with which Alexander Hamilton fought Aaron Burr oc the banks of the Hudson in the year 1S0G. and the mate of the weapon with whtcl Aaron Burr took Hamilton's life ou tha'. occasion. The owner of the relic is Margaref A. Roy, widow of Vincent Hoy. Mr. R05 was oi.e of Superior's pioneeis, and ovei twenty years. ago, upon the occasion of e visit to the town of a party of Southern and Eastern speculators, the pistol wis presented to him by ex-Senator J. B. Beck, of Ken tucky, in return for a favor con fened by Mr. Roy. Mr. Beck received the weapon from a rela tive of Col. James Boyle, and subsequently loaned it to a frieud who used it during the civil war. Col. Boyle received the pistol, together with its mate, from Judge Van Nes, who was Burr's second during the duel with Hamilton. The Burr pistol, whichjs an pxnet dupli cate of the other, is now owned by Louis Marshall, son of Col. Thomas Marshall, of Vermont. It has changed hands many times, and finally got iu;o the hands of Col. Marshall, after passing through the Mexican and civil wars. Both weapons were marked by Col. Van Ness to insure identification, the Burr pistol with an "X," to signify that it had killed one man, and the Hamilton pistol with the character "O" above the initials "A. H." Ti'e pistol owned by Mrs. Roy is of tho old flintlock, horse-pistol pattern. Although made of good material and well finished, it is a clumsy-looking; affair compared with the pistol of to-day. The barrel is 12 inches Ioag, aud carries a two-ounce ball, while the hniidlo 13 heavy and extremely difficult to L.VDIES: Valuable advice and a simple Cure for all Women's Woakne-Sies sent FREE. Ad dress .Mrs. L. Huduut, South Bend, Ind.