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't-i!J-e- -s- THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, DECEMBER 9, 1897. SU.v-.JfJ, -tj "fJ. -I-'. W P.ace Commission Lad been much in debted to this same trader, "Ward, for advances of flour, sugar and cofiee to provide for the Crow Indians, who had come down from their reservation on the Yellowstone to meet us in 1868, before our own supplies had been received. For a time I could not comprehend the nature of Mr. Campbell's complaint, so I telegraphed to the department com mander, Gen. C. C. Augur, at Omaha, to know if any such occurrence had iappened, and the reasons therefor. I received a prompt answer that it was ubstantially true, and had been ordered iy the Secretary of War. It so happened that during Gen. Grant's command of the Army Congress had given to the General of the Army the appointment of " post-traders" He had naturally devolved it on the sub ordinate division and department com manders, but the legal power remained with the General of the Army. I went up to the Secretary of War, showed him the telegraphic correspond ence, and pointed out the existing law in the Revised Statutes. Gen. Belknap -was visibly taken aback, and explained that he had supposed the right of ap pointment rested with him ; that Ward TO5 an old rebel Democrat, etc.; where as Ward had been in fact the sutler of Fort Laramie, a United State3 military post, throughout the civil war. I told him that I should revoke his orders, and leave the matter where it belonged, to the local council of ad ministration and commanding officers. Ward was unanimously re-elected and reinstated. He remained the trader of the post until Congress repealed the law, and gave back the power of appoint ment to the Secretary of War, when, of course, he had to go. But meantime he -was able to make the necessary business arrangements which saved him and his partners the sacrifice which would have been necessary in the first instance. I never had any knowledge whatever of Gen. Belknap's transactions with the traders at Fort Sill and Fort Lincoln "which resulted in his downfall. I have never sought to ascertain his motives for breaking with me, because he knew I had alwavs befriended him while under my military command, and in securing Jtim his office of Secretary of War. I Spoke frequently to President Grant of the growing tendency pf his Secretary of War to usurp all the powers of the Com manding General, which would surely result in driving me away. He as fre quently promised to bring us together to agree upon a just line of separation of our respective offices, but never did. POWERS OF COMMANDING GENERAL. Determined to bring the matter to an issue, I wrote the following letter : Headquarters Army of the United") States, "Washington, D. C, Aug. 17, J 3870. J Gen. "W. "W. Belknap, Secretary of "War. General: I must urgently and respect fully invite yoor attention when at leisure to a matter of deep interest to future Command ing Generals of the Army more than to my self of the imperative necessity of fixing and clearly defining the limits of the powers and duties of the General of the Army or of whomsoever may succeed to the place of Commander-in-Chief. The case is well stated hy Gen. Grant in his letter of Jan. 29, 18GG, to the Secretary of War, Mr. Stanton, hereto appended, and though. I find no official answer recorded, I remember tlm Gen. Grant told me that the Secretary of War had promptly assured Mm in conversation that he fully approved of his views as expressed in this letter. At that time the subject was much dis cussed, and soon after Congress enacted the Dill reviving the grade of General, which bill Was approved July 25, 1HQG, and provided that the Geneial, when commissioned, maybe authorized under the direction and during the pleasure of the President to command the Annies of the United States; and a few das alter, viz, July 28, ltGG, was enacted tic law which defined the military peace establishment. Tbe enacting clause reads: "That the military peace establishment of the United States fchall hereafter consist of live regiments of artillery, 10 regiments of caalry, 45 regiments of infantry, the Pro fessors and Corps of Cadets ol the United States Military Academy, and such other forces as shall be provided for by this act, to be known as the .Army of the United tjtates." staff, but clearly makes each and ecry part an element of the whole. Section 37 provides for a Board to revise the Army Regulations and report; and de clares that the regulations then in force, viz, thce of lfc03, thould iemaiu until Congress 4 shall act on said report"; and section 38 and last enacts that all laws and parts of laws sneonsiitent witn the provisions of this act be and the same are heiuby lepealed. Under the proisions of this law my prede cessor, Gen. Giant, did not hesitate to com zfiand and make orders to all parts of the Army, the Military Academy, and staff, and t was under his advice that the new regula tions were compiled in lfcG8 that diew the line more clearly between the high and re eponsible duties of the Secretary of War'aud the General of the Army. He assured me many a time before I was called here to succeed him that he wanted me to perfect the distinction and it was by his express orders that on assuming the com mand of the Army I specifically placed the jacaus 01 me atau uorps lure in Washington - - -----. u i va-u iviuuvn u) me Aimy imcii tney would bear to an army m the field I am aware that subsequently, in his or ders of March 2G, he modified his former orders of Jhirch 5, but only as to the heads Of bureaus in Washington, who have, he told me, certain functions of office imposed on them by social laws of Congress, which laws, of a urse, override all orders and regu lations, but 1 did not either understand fiom nira in person or irom uen. Jtawlms.at whose instance this order as made, that it was de- signed in anyway to modify, a'ler. or change his purposes that division and department commauuers, as wen as the General of the Army, should exercise the Kime command of the staff as they did of the line of the Army. 1 need not remind the Secretary that orders and report are made to and from the Military Academy which the General does not even see, though the Military Academv is specific ally named as a part of that Army which he 1b required to command. Leaves of absence are granted, the btations of officers are changed, and other orders are now made directly to the Army, not through tho Gen eral, but direct through other officials and the Adjutant-General. So long as this is the case I surely do not command the Army of tho United States, nd am not responsible for it The fac-similq tignature of The act then recites in great detail all the ?H"? V Tq" rresiaen wnia parts of the Army, making no distinction C hiul ff otHcSccrelary ol War whoneac ions ?-..n i,r. ijn 1 cv u, ..i..i." " L would be regarded as those of the President. V WM .u-w &A14U. CJlLll. 1JI1U I H'itllV IIITIU 1 (&&S&&&&U I am aware that the confusion results from the fact that the 37th section of the act of July 28, 1SGG, clothes the Army Regulations of 1863 with the sanction of law, but the next section repeals all laws and parts of laws in consistent with the provisions of this act. The regulations of 18G3 are but a compilation of orders made prior to the war, when such men as Davis and Floyd took pleasure in stripping Gen. Scott of even the semblance of power, and purposely reduced him to a cipher in the command of the Army. Not one word can be found in those regu lations speaking of tho duties of the Licu-tenant-General Commanding the Army, or de fining a single act of authority rightfully devolving on him. Not a single mention is made of the rights and duties of a Commander-in-Chief of the Army, lie is ignored, and purposely, too, as a part of the program resulting in the rebellion, that the Army without a legitimate bend should pa into the anarchy which these men were shaping for the whole country. I invite your attention to the Army Regu lations of 1847, when our best soldiers lived, among whom was your own father, and see paragraphs 48 and 49, page 8, and they are so important that I quote tlieni entire: "48. The military establishment is placed under the orders of the Major-General Com manding in Chief in all that regards its disci pline and military control. Its fiscal arrange ments properly belong to the administrative departments of the staff and to the Treasury Department under the direction of the Secre tary of "War. " 49. The General of the Army will watch over the economy of the service in all that re lates to the expenditure of money, supply of arms, oidnauce and ordnance stores, clothing, equipments, camp equipage, medical and hospital stores, barracks, quarters, transpor tation, Military Academy, pa', and subsist ence; in short, everything which enters into the expenses of the military establishment, whether personal or material, lie an III also see that the estimates for the military service are based on proper data, and made for the objects contemplated by law and necessary to the due support and useful employment of the Army. In carrying into efl'cct these important duties he will call to his counsel and assistance the staff and those officers proper, in his opinion, to be employed in verifying and inspecting all the objects which may require attention. The rules and regu lations established for the government of the Army and the laws relating to the military establishment aie the guides to the Com manding General in the performance of his duties." "Why was this, or why was all mention of any field of duty for the head of the Army left out of the Army Regulations? Simply because Jefferon Davis had a ruirpose, and absorbed to himself, as Secretary of War2 as Gen. Grant well sa3'S all the powers of Com-mander-iu-Chief. Floyd succeeded him, and the last regulations of 18G3 were but a new compilation of their orders, hastily collected and published to supply a vast Army with a new edition. I contend that all parts of these regulations inconsistent with the law of July 28, 18GG, aie repealed. I surely do not ask for any power myself, but 1 hope and trust, now when we have a military President and a military Secretary of War, that, in the new regulations to be laid before Congress next session the functions and duties of the Commander-in-Chief will be so clearly marked out and defined that they may be understood by himself and the Arnvy nt large. I am, with great respect, your obedient serrant, "W. T. Sherman, General. Iuclosure. Washington, Jan. 29, 1866. Hon. E. JL Stanton, Secretary of War: From the period of the difficulties between Maj.-Gen. (now Lieut.-Gen.) Scott -nith Secretiry Marcy, during the Administration of President Polk, the command of the Army virtually passed into the hands of the Secre tary of War. From that day to the breaking out of the rebellion the General-in-Chief never kept his Headquarters in Washington, and could not, consequently, with propriety resume his proper functions. To administer the affairs of the Army properly, Headquarters and the Adjutant-General's office must be in the same place. During the war, while in the field, my functions as commander of all the armies was never impaired, but were facilitated jn all essential matters by the Administration and by the War Department. Now, however, that the war is oer, and I have brought my Jload qnarters to the city, I find my present position embarrassing tmd, I think, out of place. I have been intending, or did intend, to make the beginning of the New Year the time to bring this matter before you, with the view of asking to have the old condition of affairs restored, but from diffidence about mention ing the matter ha-e delayed. In a few words I will state what I conceive to be 1113- duties and 1113 place, and ask respectfully to be re stored to them and it. The entire Adjutant-General's office should be under the entire control of the General-in-Chief of the Army. No orders bhould go to the Army, or the Adjutant-General, except through tho General-in-Chief. Such as re- In short, in my opinion, the General-in-Chief stands between the President and the Army in all official matters, and the Secretary of War is between the Army (through the Gen- eral-m-Chief) and the President. I ran very well conceive that a rule bo long 1 disregaided could not,-or would not, be re I stored without the subject being presented, and I now do so respectfully for your consider ation. U. S. Grant, Lieuteuaut-Gcneral. Gen. Belknap never answered that letter. In August, 1870, was held at Des Moine?, lown, an encampment of old soldiers, which I attended, en route to the Pacific, and at Omaha received this letter: Long Branch, N. J., Aug. 18, 1870. Gen. W. T. Sherman. Dear General: Your letter of the 7th iust. did not leach Long Branch until after I . ...... . w. -w- --- """"') Had leit ior fct. louis, and consequently is i just bcfoie me for the liiot time. J do not know what changes recent laws, particularly the last Army bill passed, make in the rela tions between tho General of the Army and the Secictat3' of War. Not liming this law or other statutes here, I cannot examine the sulject now, nor would I want to without consultation with the Sec retary of War. On our return to Washing ton 1 have no doubt but that the ielations be- tv,een the Secretary and yourself can be made pleasant, ami the duties of each be so cleaily - defined as to leave no doubt where the author- ity ot one leaves off and the other com- menccs. My own view, when commanding the Army, were that orders to the Army should go through the General. No changes should be made, however, either of the location of iioopaor officers, without the kuowledgo of the Secretary of War. In peace, the General commanded them without reporting to the Sccretaiy further than he chose the specific orders he gae from time to time, hut subjected him&elf to orders fiom the Secretary, the latter deriving his authority to give orders from the President. As Congress has the right, however, to make rules and i egulations for the govei nnieu t of the Army, r.-les made by them, whether they aie as they should he or not, will have to govern. li on every wrapper of CAST0BIA. I I .!. 11 T 1 I 1 1 HOW TO FIND OUT. Fill a bottle or common glass with urine and let it stand twenty-four hours; a sedi ment or settling indicates an unhealthy con dition of the kidneys. When urine stains linen it is evidence of kidney trouble. Too frequent desire to urinate or pain in the back, is also convincing proof that the kid neys and bladder are out of order. WHAT TO DO. There is great comfort in the knowledge so often expressed, that Dr. Kilmer's Swamp Root, the great kidney remedy, fulfils every wish in relieving pain in the back, kidneys, liver, bladder, and every part of the urinary passages. It corrects inability to hold urine and scalding pain in passing it, or bad effects following useof liquor, wine, or beer, and over comes that unpleasant necessity of being com pelled to get up many times during the night to urinate. The mild and the extra ordinary effect of Swamp-Root is soon re alized. It stands the highest for its wonder ful cures of the most distressing cases. If you need a medicine you should have the best. Sold by druggists, price fifty cents mid one dollar. You may have a sample bottle and pamphlet both sent free by mail. Men! ion The National Tkihunb, and send your address to Dr. Kilmer & Co., Binghamton, X. Y. The proprietors of this paper guaran tee the genuineness of this offer. As before stated, I have not examined tho recent law. Ycnw truly, U. S. Grant. To which I replied : Omaha, Neb., Sept. 2, 1870. Gen. U. S. Grant, Washington, D. C. Dear Genekal : I have received yonr most acceptable letter of Aug. 18, and assure you that I am perfectly willing to abide by any decision you may make. We had a most enthusiastic meeting at Des Moines, and Gen. Belknap pave us a fine, finished address. I have concluded to go over to San Francisco to attend the annual celebration of the Pioneers, to be held on the 9th instant; from there I will make a short tour, aiming to get back to St. Louis by the 1st of October, and so on to Washington without unnecessary delay. Conscious of the heavy burdens already on you, I should refrain from adding one ounce to your load of care, but it seems to me now is the time to fix clearly and plainly the field of duty for the Secietary of War and the Commanding General of the Army, so that wc may escape the unpleasant controversy that gave so much scandal in Gen. Scott's time, and leave to our successors a clear field. No matter what the result, I promise to submit to whatever decision you may make. I also feel certain that Gen. Belknap thinks ho is simply executing the law as it now stands, but 1 am equally certain that he does not interpret the law reviving the grade of General, and that fixing the " peace establish ment" of 18G3, as I construe them. For instance, I am supposed to control the discipline of the Military Academy as a part of the Army, wherea3 Gen. Belknap ordered a court of inquiry in the case of the colored cadet, made the detail, reviewed the proceed ings, and made his order, without my know ing a word of it, except through the news papers ; and more recently, when I went to Chicago to attend to some division business, I found the Inspector-General (Hardie) under orders from the Secretary of War to go to Montana on some claim business. All I ask js that such orders should go through me. If all the staff-officers arc sub ject to receive orders direct from the Secre tary of War it will surely clash with the orders they may be in tho act of executing fiom me, or from their immediate com manders. I ask that Gen. Belknap draw up some clear, well-defined rules for my action, that he show them to me before publication, that I make on them my remarks, and then that you make a final decision. I promise faith fully to abide by it, or give up my commis sion. Please show this to Gen. Belknap, and I will be back early in October. With great respect, your friend, W. T. Sherman. AN EUROPEAN TRIP. I did return about Oct. 15, saw Presi dent Grant, who said nothing had been done in the premises, but that he would bring Gen. Belknap and me together and settle this matter. Matters went along pretty much as usual till the month of August, 1871, when I dined at the Arlington with Admiral Alden and Gen. Belknap. The former said he had been promoted to Ptear-Admiral and appointed to com mand the European squadron, then at Villa Franca, near !Nice, and that he was going out in the frigate Wabash, inviting me to go along. I had never been to Europe, and the opportunity was too tempting to refuse. After some preliminaries I agreed to go along, taking with me as Aids-de-Camp Col. Audenned and Lieut. Jbred Grant. Tbe Wabash was being overhauled at the Navy-yard at Boston, and was not ready to sail till November, when she came to New York, wher6 we all em barked Saturday, Nov. J 1. I have very full notes of the whole trip, and here need only state that we went out to the Island of Madeira, and thence to Cadiz and Gibraltar. Here my party landed, and the Wabash went on to Villa Franca. From Gibraltar we made the general tour of Spain to Bordeaux, through the south of France to Marseilles, Toulon, etc., to Nice, from which place we re joined the Wabash and brought ashore our baggage. From Nice we went to Genoa, Turin, the Mont Cenis Tunnel, Milan, Venice, etc., to Rome. Thenco to Naples, Messina, and Syracuse, where we took a steamer to Malta. From Malta to Egypt and Constantinople, to Sebastopol, Poti, and Tiflis. At Constantinople and Febastopol my party was increased by Governor Curtin, hii son, and Mr. Mc Gahan. It was my purpose to have reached the Caspian, and taken boats to the Volga, and up that river as far as navi gation would permit, but we were dissuaded by the Grand-Duke Michael, Governor-General of the Caucasas, and took carriages GOO miles to Taganrog, on the Sea of Azof, to which point the railroad system of Kussia was completed. From Taganrog we took cars to Moscow and St. Petersburg. Iere Mr. Curtin and party remained, he being our Minister at that court ; also Fred-Grant left us to visit his aunt at Copenhagen. Col. Audenried and I then completed the tour of interior Europe, taking in Warsaw, Berlin, Vienna, Switzerland, France, England, Scotland, and Ireland, embarking for home in the good steamer Baltic, Satur day, Sept. 7, 1872, reaching Washing ton, J). C, Sept 22. I refrain from dwelling on this trip, because it would aweli thii chapter beyond nay purpose. (To bt continued.) FIGflTIflG TjEfl OltEfl i Wliat tlie Veterans Have to Say About Their Campaigns. fl TIlflEItWSPRIflT. ;.t i Two Yankee' Jjzb Carried Their How Owners t a Safe Place. Editor National Tribune : In your issue of Nov. 20 I J saw an article from Comiade Thomas P. Allen on Gaines's Mill. Ho was formerly a member of Co. D, 14th U. S. Well, when I saw one of the old 14th had written on that subject I could feel my memory jog 14 cogs a second. Our regiment, not a large one, as only our 1st battalion was then in existence, lost heavily about248 on that 27th day of Jnno, 1862, between 9 a. m. and dark. Early that morning we were ordered to fall in, and be expeditious about it. Wo were at Camp Lovel about nine milc3 from Kichmoud. We all soon mounted, and moved out toward Gaines's Mill, some two or three miles dis tant. We were none too soon, for the Johnnies vvcre not far behind. We passed through a neck of low, swampy land near Caine3's Mill, and formed line in a rise of ground in a cleared, sandy field. The swamp and timber land below us, where we had just come through, was in a semi-circular form, and came up well to our right and farther away to our left. The old 5th N. Y. Zouaves wero formed on our left. They were good ones, too. At this time thero were no troops on our right in touch with us. We had just formed line and been ordered to lie down, when we could see through the road we had passed the swamp on, a battery of rebs coming on a keen run to a rise ol ground on the other side of the swamp. In a moment they had unlimbcrcd, a shot came over our heads, aud tho battle of Gaines's Mill lfad opened. Their range was too high, and about the second shot found a log cabin about 15 rods in our rear, where a lot of darkies and others had congregated to be out of the way of the shooting. Well, I have to laugh yet, at the way those fellows tumbled over themselves in trying to get out and away to a more congenial clime. About this time "Old Paddy "Col. J. D. O'Connell called us to attention, and said he wanted two men to volunteer for a scout into the swamp in our front, and lind out the enemy's position, and where first to exj ect an attack. Serg't Patrick Kerens, Co. A, at once stop ped to the front. It wasTa dangerous piece of business, and all knew it ; no one else made a move. In a moment Pat looked over his Bhoulder aud called out: " Come out here, Morris ! Vr.r a irood shot. Come" out here ! " Of course, when called out before the whole rejiiment I was as brave as a lion all at once, and took my place at Pat's side. Wc then got our instructions, and took the timber on our right and worked oiir way down io tho front and came out near the swamp. We saw a large oak qtt in the clearing, about 12 rods from the tijnber, and on a little higher ground than we were. We made our way to the tree, and could see the rebel skirmish-line just coming out of the woods on the left and in front of the 5th N. Y. One fellow had on a large white hat. Pat at once drew nis gun on nun auu ineu tuuiv il down and said: l "Morris, you try him; you are a better shot than I." , , "All right, Pat; I'll fix him," I said, and, resting my left hand against a tree, sighted for the hat. Just as 1 was going to pull the trigger, ping! came something into the tree near me. I did not yet know the kind of music the minie matlo. So I sighted again. Just' then I saw Pat jump and yell like a bog-trotter: " Kun for your life, Morris ! Run ! " I took one look and yelled: "Go it, Pat; I'm after you ! " The swamp near us was full of Johnnies, who didn't intend I should impair the use fulness of that old white hat, and sent in a lively remonstrance. Pat and I ran for the timber we had come out of about 12 rods away. I never saw a man run so well as Pat did. lie was the finest-built soldier I think I ever saw, and had served in the English army be fore he came our way. As he tan his body was as straight as if on parade. Tho ground around us seemed alive with lead. As we neared the timber we saw a log- and-polo fence. Pat, yelled to me: "Don't stop to climb Morris, or ye'r' a dead man. " We got over the fence, but I certainly never had any idea how. We did not go under it and we did not climb it. Just then Co. A came up to us on tho skirmish-line. Wc told them not to step into that clearing, or they wouldn't live a minute. Two men stepped out, and in a moment went down. But as I can almost hear the Editor grit his teeth at the length of this article, and know that a long manuscript aud the waste basket are apt to be near of kin, I fear I shall have to choke off till another time. But, land sakes alive! I had only just got started, aud would like to go on indefinitely. 1 think all the old 14th will remember me, as 1 was, I think, the youngest and smallest Sergeant in the regiment from 'C1-'G5, and was 15 years and six weeks old in August, 18G1, when I enlisted at Oswego City, N. Y. M. Rekd, Sergeant, Co. A, 1st battalion, 14th U. S., Seymour, Wis. THE FORT PHIIt pflW MSSflC5E One VTho Was Tlure Tells of That Droad Knisod. Editor National Tribune: I must disagree with A. B. Farquhar in his state ment that he was an eye-witues3 of the Fort Kearny massacre. No one ever saw Col. Fetterman, or any of the men who accom panied him, alive, with one exception, after they crossed the Big Piney. The exception was a private, Buzzard by name, who be longed to Co. C, 2d U. S. Cav., who was sent back by Col. Fetterman with a request to Col. Carringtou for a howitzer to bo sent him. Neither Col. Carringtou, ,nor any other offi cer was out on the hill uritir our men wero all killed, stripped and' mutilated, some of them beyond recognition, , add their bodies, with the exception of seven, piled in one ghastly heap, covered with dry grass and set on lire. After Fettermfin's party had disap peared from view, wewhowereon the ground heard a shot now and again ; then the fre quency of the firing increased to a regular roar, for, i think, about two hours, aud sud denly ceased. After all was still where Fetterman and parly were, Col. Carriogton ordered Capt. Tncodorc Ten Eyck, of whoso company (II) then was a member, to lake 30 men all who could be spared and go to the relief. Capt. Ton Eyck obeyed the .order promptly, talcing four six-mule wagons aud a cannon. When this intended Reinforcement reached the summit of Lodge Trail Ridge, three and II iriW M M MM f 1 Rheumatism f Is permanently cured By Hood's Sarsaparilla Which neutralizes the Lactic acid in the blood. Thousands who were ' " Sufferers write that they Have felt no symptoms Of Rheumatism since , Taking; Hood's Sarsaparilla. one-half miles from Phil Knrny, there was re vealed to their unobstructed vision asightsuch ns humanity never beheld before nor since. Two or three hundred of the flnvoges wero indulging in a war dance around the funeral pyre, not more than 300 yards distant from the Captain and his men. Besides those who were dancing around the burning grass and the pile of dead there was estimated to be in sight, but moving in the direction of Little Goose Neck, 4,000 of the warriors who had been engaged in the fight. Capt. Ten Eyck insisted that our men were still alive, as he thought he could see a part of them about a mile to tho southwest, but he finally detailed a Sergeant and 15 men to go down and ascertain to a certainty. This detail was very reluctant to execute the Captain's order. It seemed certain death for 16 men to march against hundreds. But after a feeble remonstrance, they started down the hill towards the dead soldicra and live Indians. The Indians began to get on their ponies aud move away. Our detail kept on until they were within 50 yards of the smoking heap. The Indians by this time were all out of gunshot, but no shots were exchanged. Tho Sergeant sent a couple of men back to Capt. Ten Eyck with the information that our men were all dead, lie immediately ordered the teamsters to drive the wagons to the scene; they loaded 40 of the bodies xipon each wagon, and came hack to the fort, arriving about 15 o'clock p. m. It was the next morning that 100 men went to the scene and brought back the remaining bodies. Oscau F. JlAMnro.v, Miller, Neb. Ifl flflD OUT Op THE GUARDHOUSE. An Illinois Comrade Indulges in Humorous lleminiscencc. Editor National Tribune : While at Camp Dick Yates, near Louisville, Ity., in September, 1862, having been from homo in Uncle Sam's service about a month, one day I was camp guard, witn otliers or my regiment, Of course, wo had the counter sign, and. three ot us tlcciueu to use it m getting outside the lines on a little foraging trip, for grapes and sweet potatoes were abundant thereabouts. So, after dark, when wc were off guard, we started out with our guns and haversacks, got out all right, and did not have to go far before we landed in a large vineyard of ripe grapes. We filled up ourselves, then nr haversacks; "Don't You Know the Penalty for Giving tub Wuong Countersign?". with the Incious fruit. We started back, but took another route, hunting forsweet potatoes. Wc had got in sight of camp when Ave found a patch, and, of course, iilied up not our haversacks, for they were full of grapes ; but a Yank, although a raw recruit, could invent a way. We had room for about half a bushel in the blouse above the belt. We weie then ready to give the countersign and get back whence we had started. I was slower or more hoggish than my com rades in getting my load, so they passed the guard-line ahead of me. I thought I could give the countersign all right, which that night was " Cincinnati." So I boldly ad vanced. When the guard remarked "Halt! who goes there? " I duly replied. Then he told me to advance and give the countersign. Reaching over his bayonet I whispered "Philadelphia!" I always did get those two towns mixed ; I thought of the right one as soon as the wrong word was given, but too late. The guard ordered me to "Mark time mark ! " and I marked. Meanwhile I was busy getting rid of my supply of sweet potatoes. The guard called, "Corporal of the Guard; beat No. 8." To say I was scared is putting it mildly. The Corporal escorted me to the "guard-house," which was three lines of guards and the side of a barn. There were several others under guard. I had not been there over 20 minutes when up comes the officer of the day. Drawing his sword as he reined up, he demanded : "Where is that soldier who gave the wrong countersign." I arose and, saluting, modestly said: "Here he is, sir." "Well, don't you know the penalty for giving the wrong countersign ?" "No, sir," I replied; "I have only been in the army about a month." "Well, sir," he snapped out, " the penalty is death. You will be shot to-morrow morning at 9 o'clock! " This was a stunner. I began to have the ague right bad. My kuees knocked together, and my grapes were sour. But the darkest hour is just before day, and so it proved to me. The guards who were on guard over me were of my own regi ment and the same detail as myself. They soon had me out of that scrape. One of them suggested that as I had my gun with me, I fix bayonet aud walk, my beat as one of them, and after awhile walk off to the reserve. I did so. Of course, the grapes were divided with my rescuers, and tasted good again. Nine o'clock the next morning came, but I was not shot. The officer of tho day was ' only trying to scare me. That was my first and last time in the guard-house during my three years' service. L. F. Gould, 7M 111., Stege, Cal. PICKET SHOTS From Alert Comrades Along the Whole Lino. Ansivowd iho lrimt Cttll. , Waller Scott, Henry, 111., was one of the men who responded to Lincoln's first call. Ho writer that he enlisted April 20, 1861, at Lucon, 111. F. V. Shaw was elected Cap tain of the company aud G. L. Fort, after wards Congressman from that District, Firat Lieu tenant. Jbu W. McClnnahan, later Coloael of the 53d 111., was Second Lieuten ant. The company was ordered to Spring field and nttnehed to the 11th 111., com manded by Col. W. H. L. Wallace. It went into instruction camp 12 lailes from Cairo and remained five weeks, then going to Bird's Point, Mo. It remained at that place until mustered out. Comrade Scott then enlisted in Co. G, 47th 111., and served until February, 18G4. He reinlisted as a veteran and remained with the regiment until its final muster-out at Selma, Ala., in 1866. If medals of houor are to be gtren, Comrade Scott thinks those who answered the first call Bhould not ha forgotten. Did Not Abandon tho Guns. Gilbert T. Young, Co. D, 22d 111., writes that there is no truth in the story that the men of Houghtaliug's Illinois battery abandoned their guns at Stone Birar. Comrade Young says: "I wa there and helped support the battery. All their horses wero either killed or wounded and their ammunition nearly gone. The gunner told the Captain that only two shots of grape and canister remained. 'Double-shot and give it to 'em ! ' was the reply. I do aoi be lieve any eoldier who wu in the battle would accuse the battery of abRndoning the guns. There waa never a stain on the record of the -organization, and thero were no braTer in the service than Capt. Hough taling and his men." Tho Battle of Helena. Columbus Beisher, Washburn, Mo., writes : "I have read W. B. Baujrh's sketch of the battle of Helena, Ark., and was much inter ested. I belonged to the 35th Mo. We were camped about a mile below the city, and bad orders to take six companies of the regiment and move at daylight. We had two gunboats and a mortar. Before we reached Helena tbe rebels had advanced as far as Gen. Solomon's Headquarters, and had it not been for the fighting done by the six companies of my regiment the whole town would have been captured. Tae firiag lasted from early merning until 2 o'clock in the afternoon, when the rebels retired, after losing heavily. We captured 1,800 prison ers. It was a torrible sight that met our eyes as we passed over the field. The dead and dying were eyerywhere. Some of the men my regiment opposed that day are now my neighbors." Scattering:. Wm. T. Deyarmin, Sergeant, Co. E, 2d battalion, Pa. Vols., and sharpshooter, Co. If, 20Gth Pa., Gouznles,Cal., writes that he ka3 received two books as premiums, and finds the place marked on the map where his regiment was located at Appomattox. J. H. Powell, Ce. K, 10th Tens., Bertram, Tex., writing of the law passed by the State Leuislaturc allowing both TJniou and Confederate Teterans the right to peddle without a license, Bays the act was framed mainly in the interest of tho latter. It grants tho privilege to blind, deaf, dumb and any wounded soldier who has lost a leg or foot, and to veterans of both armies who shall from old ae or other cau3e be in capacitated for manual labor, provided they are actual residents of the State and not inmate3 of any soldiers' home, or drawing a pension from the United States or State. The clause regarding pensions debars many Union veterans from the benefit of the act, aud gives Confederate soldiers ari, advantage. A. B. Clements, Cincinnati, O., writes that on his 54th birthday ho voted for Comrade LARGE NEW V1APS OF? CUBA M "Will he. given FREE to all who order the People's Atlas now. Size of each map, J4 hy 22 inches. & J c OVER 200 MAPS AND ILLUSTRATIONS THE PEOPLE'S ATLAS contains over 200 large Maps and Illustrations and 132 Pagea, ea'li page 11 by II Inches. It gives the Population of each St.tteand Terri tory, of All Counties of the United States, of American Cities, by Last U-S Census. HANDSOME MAPS. The hand pome Maps of all the State-! and Territories In the Union aro large, full naire. with a number of double- ' , jiu ye viap in represent the most im nnrhinthtatcs of our own country. All Countries on the Pace of tho Earth aro shown. Rivers and Lakerf, the Large Cities of tho "World, tho Railroads, To'vns and Villages or the United States aro accurately located. SPLENDID PICTURES embellish nearly every page of the reading matter, and faithfully depict ficenes in almost every part of tho "World. It contains a vast amount of historical, physical, educa tional, political and statistical matters, comprising a General De scription of the World. EACH STATE. This Atlas gives about each State the Population for the Pjust 50 Years, History, Miles of Railroad, Soil, Climate, Productions, Industries. Educa tional and Religious Interests, Interest Laws, Etc., Etc. THE UNITED STATES. Thl Atlas gives the Popular and Elec toral votes lor President in ism, 1S8S. 1S92 and 1895, by States. List of All the Presidents, Agricultural Productions, Mineral Products. Homestead Laws and Civil Service Rules, Statistics of Immigration, Public Debt for the Past 100 Years, Gold and Silver Statistics, Postal Information, and Other Infor mation that should be in every Home, Store, Oiiico and Sehool-room. We will send, postpaid, a copy of this large Atlas for a club of only two yearlj subscribe r3. Address THE NATIOXAIi TRIBUTE, TTasiiington, 3D. C. Standard Flags; to recruit a NATIONAL TRIBUNE Army of One Million, Wc shall spare no cost to accomplish this end. We give Flags of various Standard sizes for clubs of corre sponding numbers, as shown in the table below, viz i FOR A CLUB OF I FOR A CLUB OF 4 vearlv subscribers, a Flajr 2 ft. x 3 ft. 5 2m x 4 ft. 3 "ft. x 5 ft. 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 15 it it 4 4 4 5 5 6 6 ft x 6 It ftx7ft ft x 8 ft ftxSft ftxlOft ft x 9 ft. ftxlOft (i it a Gftxl2ft The Flag will be sent by Express, the receiver paying the Express charges, which should not usually exceed 40 cents. We have many testimonials about these flags, of tvhich the following are examples: July 21, 1S97. Editor National Tribune. Dear Sir and Comuadu : The flag pre mium for club is received, and is a great beauty. Yours in F. , C. & L., D. C. Kenyon, Ventura, Cal. Address THE NATIONAL TKIBUNE, "Washington, D. 0. McKinley as President. Comrade Clemestff is Trunin Officer oi Cincinnati. He nlntti m Co. E, 6th Onio, April 20. 1?CI ; wi tracs ferred to Co. G 6th Ohio, in Jane; ie-n-listed in Battery M, 4ib U. S. Art., Oct. 23, 1862, and was not finally mustered out until July, 1865. James Blackford, Co. F, 14th Ohio, Allen ville, 111., writes: "I want to correct a mis take iu 'AndersoHville.' One of the 14th Ohio boys says that when Gen. Baird'e horse was Bhot from under him at Jonesboro, the General did notstop toaecnreanotaer,bnt rnu along on foot. I was one of Gen. Baird's mounted Orderlies, and the only one with him at that time. The Gemeral had no more than reached the ground when I was at his side with my horse, which he took and rode until the battle had ended. I took the sad dle and carried it to Headquarters, there securing another horse." TO CUKE A COLD IN ONE DAT Tako Laxative Bromo Qninine Tablets. All druggists refund the money if it fails to ears, 25e. The genuine has L. B. Q. on each tablet. Tattooing Soldier. BaltimoT Sun. It is a pretty well-known fact that most of the deaths that occur on the field of battle result from bleeding to death before surgical aid arriTes. The French Government has under consideration a scheme for tattooing the soldiers of the French army with a cer tain mark over each artery, so that a wounded man would be able to stanch a flow of blood himself and thus increase his chance of living. Frank II. Smith, Binghamton, N. Y.: Tns National Tkibune is O. K. in every respect. A Wonderful Talking Machine. Perfection has at Inst surely ben readied In talkins mneluno?. Tlia Intuit nnd nio-tt perfac niHciimo lifts just come out. It is loud and clear and reproduces your own or any voice over and ovarKdii; speeches from the men I noted tntes meii. song from the world'. groatest singers, niu-tsc from the greatest b.nl. The price of this wontierful machine ii hut SIO.OO, and it nflrN wonderful opportunity for Dioso who wwh to giva public entertainments. This limcliine id now con trolled by, and catalogue and lull particulars can bo had from, ?Eua, ItoEiiuCK & Co.. Chicago. Just cut tills notice out and send to them for a book telling all about it. ALA A 5 I mmmmm 33P1 $A 'FsftaVrV-A i v? il .ii!i ii rvfcL'r LJV.l fl i .'HElRr P. U1 L I Tl'v . f77r:A. 2 i . .-., -p. - '-; jf M fliliA l !?5 ' ,-..--i-. . B.4S- m yi ' - r- - - -si s .: WJXrZJS,:.?rk '.' -j3LOt;r. . v-tKKi ws''"' m VrfJ T'- W nit i - V i - s. .iv' Z--. -? &jsatth hhj. ZJi : . aaJa i . n jiu il ! i i d - r.-g h ;r 'jeTG -'T ao"OTafc-rfE 3: I--- - - -- Ha --.pY-- .Jfiir Miniature Cut of Atlas. Actual Size, 11 by 14 Inches. We arc prepared to fur nish Flags without the cut lay of Money, We. will give them away as Pre miums to ClubRaisers as a reward for various sized clubs of yearly subscribers. All subscriptions must be taken for one year at Ose Dollar each, These Flags are made of Navy Bunting, and are Standard in every particular, and just such Flags used by the Army and Navy of the United States. There is a Star for every State, Remember no money is asked for the Flag. All we want is ccvopera tion in our effort 18 yearly subscribers, a Mas: 8 ftxl2 ft. 20 8 ftxl5ft 23 28 29 33 40 40 45 50 65 9 ftxl4ft 10 ftxl5ft 9 ftxl8ft, 10 ftxl8ft 12 ftxl8ft 10 ftx20ft. 12 ftx20 ft 12ftx25ft 15 ftx25 ft ii a ii a Sept. 2V, 1S97. Editor National Tribune. Dear Sir: Received flag yesterday, fl thing of beauty forever. Don't see how you can send such a premium for so few uames. The other premiums are all satisfactory. Wishing The Nation-al Tribune prosperity, I re main, yours respectfully, A. B. Keiimel, Muscatine, Iowa. .