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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, DEOEMBER 9, 1897. TflE HflTIOHfli TlplE. (ESTABLISHED 1877.) PUBLISHED WEEKLY. ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR, INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE. fix months, 75 cents. No subscription for a less period received. SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT. MONEY gent us otherwise than by regis tered letter, postal inouey order, or draft on Kew York, will be nt the risk of the sender. - AGKXTS. We employ no agents. The Na tional Tribune Tins ninny volunteer canvass ers, and they are generally honest and faithful; but persons who confide their subscriptions to them must be their own judges of their respon sibility. The paper will bi sent only on receipt of the" subscription price. ADDKESS1, RK.NKWALS ETC Ad dresses will be changed as often as desired, but each subscriber rhould in every case give the old as well as rew address. In renewing subscribers should be card ul to send us the label on the hist paper received, and specify any corrections or changes they desire made in Ban: i- or addi ess. COintEsl'ONDENCE. Correspondence is foliciied from every section in regard to Grand Arn y. Sons of Veterans, Tension, Military. Agricultural, lndustiial and Household mat ters, r.no letters to the Iv'itor will always receive prompt attention. "Write n 0x1: fim: or the paper only. We do not return communications or iniiiuscripts unless they s. re : ccompanied by a request to that JTeft jind the necessary postage, and under no circumstances guarantee Their publication at any spt cial date. I Addrof-s all t onr; unications to THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE, Washington, D. C. , ENTERED AT WASHINGTON POSTOFFICE AS SECOND-CLASS MATTER. The Jtoflflit TpuflE joen Mcelroy, Robert w. shopfell, byron andrews. washington, d. c, december 9, 1897. Adj't-Gen. Breck earnestly urges ftill greater educational facilities for the soldiers of the Army. This is all right. Presently it will be that a young man desiring an education will enlist in the Army, which will bring to the service the best class of men in the country. The Chicago Anarchists have again decorated the graves of the men who were properly hanged for bomb-throwing. Let them throw all the flowers they please, but if they throw any more bombs, promptly put them in a position to have their graves decorated. a That young Pullman whose girl jilted him because he was left only $3,000 a year is in great luck, after all. If he had gotten more she might lave married him. The Argentine wheat harvest seems to have escaped the grasshoppers toler ably well this year, but has been dam aged about 10 per cent by frosts. Will the provision of two umpires for each base-ball game require a double amount of temper and bad language on the part of the audience? a For fear that Turkey may get the tighead the other Nations are vigorously calling her down. Austria-Hungary brought her down very sharply with si threat to bombard her ports, and now when Turkey wants to avoid Euch little incidents in the future by increasing her navy, Russia step3 in with a demand that she pay off some of her old debts before spending money on armored ves- eels and big guns. The Turk submis- Eively bends to this demand. The first decade of Austro-Hungary's trial of the Postal Savings Bank system ended with 1892. At that time the number of depositors had risen to 913,- 447, or about one for every 40 persons in the whole Empire. They had about 60,000,000 florins to their credit, of which more than half was invested in Imperial bonds. The Austro-Hunga- rian is the only system which does a check business, and this department is constantly growing. "Up to that date 11,361,000,000 florins had been paid out on checks. Captain General Blanco offici ally reports that of the 192,000 regular troops sent to Gen. Weyler 103,000 are already lost 63,000 dead or perma nently disabled, and 40,000 seriously ill in hospitals. This leaves but 89,000 fit for duty. This report is probably very much under the truth. Its prin cipal effect will be to stilL further in tensify the opposition of the common people of Spain to have their sons sent to perish in the Cuban morasses. According to Lord Boseberry, Great Britain has annexed, in the last 12 years, about 2,600,000 square miles of territory, or nearly as much as there is in the whole United Slates, outside of Alaska. Yet the Mugwumps howl about our taking in a few acres of de sirable islands in the middle of the Pacific. There is a fear that the Postal Eavings Bank system will militate ftgiungt the private savings institution. This is ungrounded. The experience in England, and wherever the system has been tried, shows that the deposits in private institutions have increased in even greater ratio than those in the Gov ernment institutions. The latter does ' great missionary work in utirring up the I spirit of saving. money for the people. Far more than any other money ex pended by the Government, that dis bursed for pensions goes directly into the pockets of the people of the whole country, and everybody in the entire land gets the direct benefit of it. The 624,000,000 a year which the Government pays out for the Army goes to pay the soldiers and the contractors for Army supplies, and its benefit is felt only in a few restricted localities. The $1,600,000 spent for the diplo matic and consular service goes abroad. The $2,500,000 expended for fortifi cations goes mainly to contractors, and to a few localities on the seaboard. The 69,000,000 spent on the Indians goes largely to contractors. The 629,000,000 spent on the Navy is divided up among the contractors who furnish armor plate and structural steel, the ship-builder, the officers and men of the Navy, and foreign and domestic dealers in supplies. The 689,000,000 appropriated for the Postofiice Department goes largely to the railroads. The Legislative, Judicial and Ex ecutive appropriation of 622,000,000 is to pay the President, the Supreme Court, Members of Congress, and the army of subordinate officials and clerks. The City of Washington gets the benefit of the bulk of it. The 621,000,000 for Rivera and Harbors goes to a few favored localities. But the 6140,000,000 expended for pensions goes to the remotest crooks and crannies of the land. The Pension Agents' checks reach nearly every little postofiice. Every little community gets some. There are nearly 1,000,000 pen sioners on the roll, which means about one pensioner for every 70 people. Each one of the pensioner's 70 neigh bors gets immediate and direct benefits from the little stipend which he or she gets every three months and proceeds at once to set in circulation among them. Human ingenuity could not devise a surer or more equitable way of distribut ing again to the people the money which good public policy demands should be collected from the distillers, the liquor sellers, the brewers, the bogus butter makers, and the importers of articles which injuriously compete with the prod ucts of our own farms and factories. It take3 the money which everybody says should be collected from these men and at once puts it into active circulation among the common people in every part of the country. It is virtually the only money which the Government pays out that is absolutely independent of any control by the money power. MONUMENT TO THE IMtlVATE SOI.DIEIt The very discreditable fact that there is nowhere in Washington any monu ment to the enlisted man of the army and navy has been frequently and strongly commented upon. There is absolutely nowhere in the Capital of thi3 great Nation the least public evidence to show that anybody except some Gen erals and Admirals ever fought for this country. This fact was warmly discussed during the National Encampment held in Wash ington in 1892, and the Reunion Corn mittee, which so successfully managed the great consolidated Reunions held on the grounds south of the White House, and which every comrade who had the good fortune to be present remembers with the greatest pleasure, decided to take upon itself the duty of soliciting subscrip tions all over the country, and of putting upon the ground dedicated as " Grand Army Place " by the Vice-President of the United States, in the absence of President Harrison, and consecrated by the presence of such an immense throng of veterans a monument fitting the glory of the men who maintained the honor and greatness of the Government by land and sea. The Committee, which was a repre sentative one of members of every corps, squadron, fleet, and other division of the army and navy, reorganized itself as "The National Reunion Monument Association." It procured a charter from the District of Columbia, with John McElroy as President and Col. W. H. Lowdermilk as Treasurer. It re ceived a atrong indorsement from the National Encampment, and from Commander-in-Chief Adams, and has Eince been similarly indorsed by the Union Veteran Legion. Work was begun, and some Posts sent in contributions. Then the hard times set in, and it was decided that it was best to suspend operations until the out look was more favorable. It was a more imperative duty to provide for living comrades than to erect a monu ment to dead ones. Now that times are brightening, it is decided to resume operations. The As sociation is taking up the work anew, in the sanguine expectation that enough money can be raised to erect in Wash ington the finest monument in the world. The enlisted men of the Army and Navy deserve such a testimonial. It should be in Washington, the Capital of the Nation thir valor made the greatest and freest on earth. POSTAL SAVINGS BANKS. The following bill was introduced at the last session of Congress, by Senator Kyle, of South Dakota: A RILL to establish postal savinsrs banks and to encourage the savings of moneys in small amounts. Be it enacted by the Senate ami House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled. That the Postmaster General is berebj authorized to direct such postollices as lie may designate, not less than one in each County, as postal savings banks to receive deposits for remittance to the subdepositories. as hereinafter provided for, and to repay the same to depositors, or to their legal representative?, under such regulations as he may prescribe. Sec, 2. That the Postmaster-General shall fnniish and keep for sale at each postal sav ings bank adhesive stamp3 of the denomi nations of 10 cents and 51, to be known as postal savings stamps, and shall also furnish and keep for use of purchasers of said stamps" postal .livings cards, upon which said stamps when sold shall be affixed. Sec o. That all postal pavings moneys left with the Postmasters at the receiving offices, agreeable to the provisions of this act, shall be forwarded by them at stated intervals, to be iixed by tho Postmaster-General, and not less frequently in any case than once a month, under regulations relating thereto, to such postofiice, of tho first-cla s ns may bs designated by the Postmaster-General as snbdepositories of postal savings Hinds; and the Postmasters at such depositories shall, at the end of each calendar month, make de tailed reports to such officer of tho Treasury as the Secretary of the Treasury may desig nate, of all postal savings funds a3 shall have been received by them during the pre ceding month from the receiving offices, and at the same time furnish copies of said re ports to the Postmaster-GeneraL Sec. 4. That it shall be the duty of the Postmaster-General and the Secretary of the Treasury to provide and issno interest bearing certificates of deposits to the de nomination of 20 and $100 each, bearing interest at a rate not to exceed two and a half percentum per annum upon de posits of $20, or a multiple of $20, interest to be paid upon sucn deposits only as re main a period of not less than six months, and shall dato from and begin the first of tha calendar month following the deposit of the amount of $20 or its multiple. Sec. 5. t That the Secretary of the Treasury is hereby authorized to loan to farmers own ing lands, the value of which does not ex ceed $.".000, within the State wherein such postal deposits are made, upon such securi ties and under such rules and regulations as he may prescribe, at a rate of interest not to exceed four per centum per annum, all such postal savings funds. Sec. (5. That the amonnt of accumulations of deposits of any one individual shall not ex ceed $1,000. Sec, 7. That it is hereby made the duty of the Postmaster-General and the Secretary of the Treasury to designate snch officers and subdivisions of their respective Departments to take charge of all business in connection with postal savings funds as may be neces sary. Sec. 8. That the provisions of the several statutes relating to the larcency, embezzle ment, or misappropriation of the postal funds, money-order funds, postage-Btamps, stamped envelopes, or postal-cards," and to the forging or counterfeiting of postage-stamps, the stamps printed on stamped envelopes or postal cards, or the dies, plates, or engraving used in the manufacture of the same, be, and they are hereby, extended, including the punish ment prescribed therefor, and made appli cable to the commission of similar crimes in connection with the postal savings system hereby established. Sec. 9. That the Postmaster-General is hereby authorized and directed to promulgate rulc3 and regulations, not inconsistent with law, for carrying out the purposes of this net and for conducting the business to which it relates. The amendments we would make to the above are : 1. To reduce the lowest denomination of stamps to one cent. This is the prac tice in all other countries, where the lowest stamp represents the lowest current coin a penny in England, a centime in Franco, a pfennig in Germany, and so on. To make the Postal Savings Banks a popular success, they must invite the smallest possible savings. 2. The lowest form of bonds should not exceed 85. Then each bond will represent an interest of one cent a trifle over a month. This will be readily understood and appreciated by deposit ors, and the bonds will become very popular. Millions of these bonds scat tered through the country would have the best possible effect. Besides teach ing their lesson of thrift, they would form a visible bond between their holders and the Government. It was in this way that Napoleon III. strengthened himself, and managed to hold power so long. Be conceived the happy idea of issuing 20-franc $4.80 bonds. The priests advised the peasants to invest their little hoards in these, and receive interest upon them. They did so, and then felt that they had a direct pecuni ary interest in the maintenance of the Empire. This feeling was strengthened at each regular payment of interest. Napoleon got immense sums of ready money, part of which he expended in works of permanent usefulness for the country. The provision about loaning money to farmers will excite discussion, but it seems that there might be a way devised in which such loans may be made en tirely secure, and the farmers receive loans at low interest. The provision that such loans must be made from money deposited within the State seems wise. It would stimulate saving. Yet the objection would arise that in the older States there would be more money deposited than the farmers woidd want to borrow, while in tho newer there would be less, and no equalization would be possible. This is a detail for discussion. THE PRESIDENT'S PSSHGE. ii The Constitnti6iial Review of Public Affairs Submitted to the .,. People's Representatives. SOU The Currency Question Has First Place, and Moderate Course Urged Toward Spain The AMtfexation of Hawaii Urged Civil Service Rules to Be Modi fiedVarious Topics of National Moment. The President sent his annual message to Congress on Dec. 6. The President begins the documont by felicitating Congress upon tho prosperity which has come to tho country and also upon tho disappearance of the spirit of sectionalism. He proceeds immediately to tho considera tion of tho currency question, and says: the ounnEKCY question: Tho work of putting our finances upon a sound basis, difficult as it may seem, will appear easier when wc recall the financial operations of tho Government since 18G6. On tho 30th day of June of tha year wo had outstanding demand liabilities in the sum of S728,8G8,417.4l. On the 1st of January, 1870, these liabilities had been reduced to 5113,889,-195.88. Of our interest-bearing ob ligations, the figures are even more strik ing. On July 1, 18GG, the principal of the interest-bearing debt of the Government was S2,332,331,208. On tbc 1st day of July, 18.03, this sum had been reduced to 5560,0.17 100, or an aggregate reduction of SI, 747,291, 108. The interest-bearing debt of the United States on the first day of December, 1897, was 88-17,3G3,G20. The Government money now outstanding (Dec. 1) consists of S31G,G81,01G of United States notes, $107, 793,280 of Treasury notes issued by author ity of the law of 1890, S38 1,063,50 1 of silver certificates, and 801,280,701 of standard silver dollars. fe With the great resources of the Govern ment and with the honorable example of the past before us, we ought not to hesi tate to enter upon a currency revision which will make our demand obligations less onerous to the Government and relieve our financial laws from ambiguity and doubt. The brief review of what was accom plished from the close of the war to 1893, makes unreasonable and groundless any distrust either of our financial ability or soundness; while the situation from 1S93 to lf-97 must admonish Congress of the imme diate necessity of so legislating as to make the return to the conditions then prevailing impossible. There are many plans proposed as a rem edy for the evil. Before we can find the true remedy we must appreciate the real evil. It is not that our currency of every kind is not good, for every dollar of it is good; good because the Government's pledge is out to keep it so, and that pledge will not be broken. However, the guranty of our purpose to keep the pledge will be host shown by advancing toward its fulfill ment. EVIL OP THE 'FP.E8ENT SYSTEM. The evil of tho present system is found in the great cost to the Government of maintaining tho parity of our different forms of money, that is, keeping all of them at par with gold. Wc surely cannot be longer heedless of the burden this im poses upon tbe people, even under fairly prosperous conditions, while the past four years have demonstrated that it is not only fin expensive charge upon the Government but a tkmgerous menace to tho National credit. It is manifest that we must devise some plan to protect the Government against bond issues for repeated redemptions. We must either curtail the opportunity for speculation, made easy by the multiplied redemptions of our demand obligations, or increase the gold resevc for their redemp tion. We have S900,000,000 of currency which the Government by solemn enact ment has undertaken1 to keep at par with gold. Nobody is obliged to redeem in gold but the Government. Tbe banks are not required to redeem in gold. The Govern ment is obliged to keep equal with gold all its outstanding'currtney and coin obli gations, while its receipts are not required to be paid in gold. They arc paid in every kind of money but gold, and the only means bv which the Government can with cer tainty get gold isby borrowing.. It can get it in no other way when it most needs it. The Government without any fixed gold revenue is pledged to maintain gold re demption, which it has steadily and faith fully done and which under tho authority now given it will continue to do. The law which requires the Government after having redeemed its United States notes to pay them out again as current funds demands a constant replenishment of the gold reserve. This is especially so in times of business panic and when the revenues are insufficient to meet tho expenses of the Government. At such times the Government has no other way to supply its deficit and maintain redemp tion but through the increase of its bonded debt, as during the Administration of my predecessor when 8202,315,400 of four-and-a half per cent, bonds were issued and sold and tbe proceeds used to pay the expenses of the Government in excess of the reve nues and sustain the gold reserve. While it is true that the greater part of tho pro ceeds of these bonds were used to supply deficient revenues, a considerable portion was required lo maintain the gold reserve. With our revenues equal to our expenses there would be no deficit requiring the is suance of bonds. But if the gold reserve falls below 8100,000,000, how will it be re plenished except by selling more bonds? Is there any other way practicable under existing law? The serious question then is, shall we continue the policy that has been pursued in the past; that is, when the gold reserve readies the point of danger, issue more bonds and supply the needed gold, or shall wo provide other means to prevent these recurring drains upon the gold reserve? If no further legis lation is had and the policy of selling bonds is to be continued, then Congress should give tho Secretary of the Treasury authority lo sell bonds at long or short periods, bearing a less rate of interest than is now authorized by law. WHAT IS IlECOMMENDED. I earnestly recommend as soon as the receipts of the Government are quite suffi cient to pay all the expenses of tho Gov ernment, that when any of the United States notes arc presented for redemption in gold and are redeemed in gold, such notes shall be kept and set apart, and only paid out in exchange, for gold. This is an obvious duty. If the holder of the United States note, prefers the gold and gets it from the Govcrnnjent, he should not receive back from tho Government a United SUttcs note without (paying gold in ex change for it. The reason for this is made ill the more apparent,-when the Govern ment issues an interest-bearing debt lo provide grid for tho redemption of United States notes a non interest-bearing debt. Surely it should not pay them out again except on demand and for gold. If they are put out in any other way, they may return again to be .followed by another bond issue to redeem them another interest-bearing debt to redeem a non-interest-bcaring debt. i In my view it is of the utmost import ance that the Governjnent should bo re lieved from the burdeii.of providing all the gold required for exchanges and export. This responsibility is alono borne by tho Government, without any of the usual and necessary banking pqwora to help itself. The banks do not fe$l the strain of gold redemption. Tho whole strain rests upon tho Government, and tho size of the gold reserve in tho Treasury has como to be, with or without reason, tho signal of dan ger or of security. This ought to be stop ped. If we aro to have an era of prosperity in tho country, with sufficient receipts for tho expenses of tho Government, we may feel no immediate embarrassment from our present currency; but the danger still ex ists and will bo ever present, menacing us so long as tho existing system continues. And besidos it. is in times of adequate rev enues and business tranquility that tbe Government should propare for tho worst. Wo cannot avoid without serious conse quences the wise consideration and nromnt solution of this mwtinn ' The Secretary of tho Treasury has out lined a plan in great detail, for the pur pose of removing tho threatened recur rence of a depleted gold reserve and save us from future embarrassment on that ac count. To this plan I invite your careful consideration. I concur with tho Secretary of tho Treas ury in his recommendation that National banks be allowed to issue notes to the face value of the bonds which they have depos ited for circulation, and that the tax on circulating notes secured by deposit of such bonds be reduced to one-half of one per cent, per annum. I also join him in recommending that authoritv be given for the establishment of National banks with a minimum capital of 825,000. This will enable the smaller villages and agricul tural regions of the country to be supplied with currency to meet their needs. I recommend that the issue of National bank notes bo restricted to the denomina tion of 810 and upward. If the suggestions I have herein made shall have the ap proval of Congress, then I would recom mend that National banks be required to redeem their notes in gold. AS TO CUIIA. The President makes a complete histori cal review of the Cuban war in which ho dispassionately but unhesitatingly char acterizes Spain's course as contrary to the usages of civilized warfare. Coming down lo recent events he says: Tho instructions given to our new Minis ter to Spain before his departure for his post directed him to impress upon that Government the sincere wish of the United Slates to lend its aid toward the ending of the war in Cuba by reaching a peaceful and lasting result, justand honorable alike to Spain and to the Cuban people. These instructions recited the character and du ration of the contest, the widespread losses it entails, the burdens and restraints it imposes upon us, with constant disturb ance of National interests, and the injury resulting from an indefinite continuance of this state of things. It was stated that at this juncture our Government was con strained to seriously inquire if the time was not ripe when Spain of her own voli tion, moved by her own interests and every sentiment of humanity, should put a stop to this destructive war and make proposals of settlement honorable to her self and just to her Cuban colony. It was urged that as a neighboring Nation with largo interests in Cuba, we could bo required to wait only a reasonable time for the mother country to establish its au thority and restore peace and order within the borders of the Island; that we could not contemplate an indefinite period for the accomplishment of this result. No solution was proposed to which the slightest idea of humiliation to Spain could attach, and indeed precise proposals were withheld to avoid embarrassment to that Government. All that was asked or expected was that some safe way might be speedily provided and permanent peace re stored. It so chanced that the consideration of this offer, addressed to tbe same Spanish Administration which had declined the tenders of my predecessor and which for more than two years had poured men and treasure into Cuba in tho fruitless effort to suppress the revolt, fell to others. Be tween the departure of Gen. Woodford, the new Envoy, and his arrival in Spain the statesman who had shaped tho policy of his country fell by the hand of an assassin, and although the Cabinet of the late Pre mier still held office and received from our Envoy the proposals he bore, that Cabinet gave place within a few days thereafter to a new Administration, under the leader ship of Sagasta. SPAIN'S BEPLY. Tho reply lo our note was received on the 23d day of October. It is in the direc tion of a better understanding. It appre ciates tho friendly purposes of this Gov ernment. It admits that our country is deeply affected by the war in Cuba and that its desires for peace are just. It de clares that the present Spanish Govern ment is bound by every consideration to a change of policy that should satisfy tho United States and pacify Cuba within a reasonable time. To this end Spain has decided to put into effect the political re forms heretofore advocated by the present Premier, without halting for any consider ation in the path which in its judgment leads to peace. The military operations, it is said, will continue, but "will be hu mane and conducted with all regard for private rights, being accompanied by polit ical action leading to the automy of Cuba, while guarding Spanish sovereignty. This, it is claimed, will result in invest ing Cuba with a distinct personality; tho Island to be governed by an executive and by a local council or chamber, reserving to Spain the control of the foreign relations, the army and navy and the judicial ad ministration. To accomplish this the present Govern ment proposes to modify existing legisla tion by decree, leaving the Spanish Cortes, with the aid of Cuban Senators and Depu ties, to solve tho economic problem, and properly distribute the existing debt. In tho absence of a declaration of the measures that this Government proposes to take in carrying out its profTer of good offices it suggests that Spain be left free lo conduct military operations and grant political reforms, while tho United States for its part shall enforce its neutral obli gations and cut oil the assistance which it is asserted tho insurgents receive from this country. The President discusses filibustering and maintains that we have done our whole duty in suppressing armed expeditions to Cuba. Proceeding he sajrs: Of the untried measures there remain only: Recognition of the insurgents as belligerents; recognition of the independ ence of Cuba; neutral intervention to end the war by imposing a rational compro mise between the contestants, and inter vention in favor of one or the other party. 1 speak not of forcible annexation, for that cannot be thought of. That by our code of morality would bo criminal aggression. Recognition of Ihc belligerency of the Cuban insurgents has otten been can vassed as a possiblo if not inevitable step both in regard to Hie previous 10 years' struggle and during the present war. I am not unmindful that the two Houses of Con gress in the Spring of 1890 expressed the opinion by concurrent resolution that a condition of public war existed requiring or justifying the recognition of a stato of belligerency in Cuba, and during the extra session the Senate voted a joint resolu tion of like import, which, however, was not brought lo a volo in tho House of Rep resentatives. In the presence of these significant ex pressions of the sentiment of tho Legisla tive branch it behooves the Executive to soberly consider the conditions under which so important a measure must needs rest for justification. It is to be seriously con sidered whether the Cuban insurrection possesses beyond dispute the attributes of statehood which alone can demand tho recognition of belligerency in its favor. Possession, in short, jof tho essential qualifications of sovereignty by the in surgents and,, the conduct of the war by them according to the received code of war are no less important factors toward the determination of the problem of belliger ency than are the influences and conse quences of tho struggle upon tho internal polity of the recognizing State. GEN. QHANT'd POSITION. The wise utterances of President Grant in his memorable message of Dec. 7, 1175, are signally relevant to the present situa tion in Cuba and it may be wholesome now to recall them. At that timo a ruinous conflict had for seven years wasted tho neighboring island. During all those years 'an utter disregard of tho laws of civilized warfare and of the just demands of hu- (Continucd on fifth pace.) Veterdn This serial be?nn with whole No. 849. Sub scriptions may bejrln with that issue, or back numbers bo obtained by application to The National Tuiuunk.) Copyright, J 897, by the publishers ot Tun Na tional TttlBCQ. CHAPTER 17. A Beam of the Sunshine of Life. There come times in every man's life when he feels himself part of the sunshine that illumines and warms the earth The lover, after he has won his beat girl's consent. The candidate, after he has been elected by a big majority. The valedictorian, after his address ha3 been received by bursts of ringing applause. The cleric, after he has been admitted into partnership. The next morning the camp of the 200th Ind. seemed to Si Klegg one of the most de lightful places on earth. The sun shone brightly and cheerily through the crisp December air. The fires of cedar rails sent up a pungent, grateful fra- rvV YA. Tjie Pkisoneks. grance. Hardtack, pork, and coffee tasted much better than he had ever known them. Everybody noticed him and spoke pleas antly to him. The other boys of Co. Q called out cheerily to him from their fires. Those from the other companies would stroll over to take a look at him and Shorty, and his comrades would point them out proudly as fair specimens of Co. Q, and -what it was capable of doing when called upon in an emergency. " The Captain spoke very cordially to him and Shorty, the busy Adjutant stopped and greeted them smilingly, and even the grave Colonel singled them out for a pleasant "Good morning" and an inquiry as to whether they had everything they wanted. It did not seem to Si that there was anything more on earth jost then for which he could ask. The 200th Ind., having been at the head of the column when it halted, was to take the rear for that day's march, and so remained in camp for awhile to let the rest pass on. After getting things ready for tho march Si and Shorty took a stroll through the camp to see what was to be seen. They came across their prisoners seated around a fire, under guard. How different they looked to what they did the evening before, when the two part ners encountered them in the depths of the cedar brake. Then they seemd like fierce giants, capable of terrible things, such as would make the heart quail. Now, power less for harm, and. awed by the presence of multitudes of armed men in blue, filling the country in every direction that they looked, they appeared very commonplace, ignorant, rough men, long-haired, staring-eyed, and poorly-clad in coarse, butternut-djed home Bxun, frayed and tattered. 4 ' Esther gits better men than them to work on the farm for 3 a month," Si remarked to Shorty, after a lengthened survey of them. "Eight dollars a month is Congressman's wages to what they git for fightin' for the Southern Confederacy, " answered Shorty. ' ' I don't s'pose any one of 'em ever had eight real dollars in h:s pocket in his life. They say they're fightin' to keep us from takin' their niggers away from 'em, and yit if niggers wuz selliu' for 1 a-piece not one of 'em could buy a six-months' old baby. Let's go up and talk to 'em." "1 don't know 'bout that," said Si, doubt fully. " Seems to mo I wouldn't be particu larly anxious to see men who'd taken me prisoner and talked very cross about blowin' my blamed head off." "O, that's all right," answered Shorty, confidently. " Words spoken in the heat of debate, and so on. They won't lay them up agin us. If they do, and want any satisfac tion, we can give it to 'em. I kin lick any man in that crowd with my fists, and so kin you. We'll jest invite 'em to a little argu ment with nature's weepons, without no in terference by the guard. Come on." The prisoners returned their greetings rather pleasantly. They were so dazed by the host of strange faces that Si and Shorty seemed in a measure like old acquaintances. "Had plenty to ent, boys?" asked Shorty, familiarly, seating himself on a log beside them, and passing his pipe and tobacco to the Sergeant 'Plenty, thankee," said the Sergeant, tailing the pipe and filling it. "More'n we 'uns 've had senco we left home, an' mouty good vittles, too. You Yanks S3rtinly live well, cf you'uns don't do nothin' else." "Yes," said Shorty, with a glance at his mud-stained garments, " we're bound to live high and dress well, oven if we don't lay up a ceut." " You eartiuly do have good cloze, too," said tho Sergeant, surveying the stout olue uniforms with admiration. " You'uu's com mon soldiers 've better cloze than our offi cers. We'uns 's got hold o' some o' you'uns' overcoats, and they wear like leather." "There's leather in them," said Shorty nnblushingly. "I tell you, old Abe Lin coln's a very smart man. He saw that this war was co3tin' a heap of money, especially for clothes. He got a bright idee that by soaking the clothes when they were new and green in the tan-vats, jest after the leather wuz taken out, they'd take up the strength o' the leather out o' the juice, and wear always. The idee worked bully, and now old Abe goes every morning to where they're makin' clothes and seos that every stitch is put to soak." "Nobody but a Yankee'd thought o' that," said the rebel reflectively. ' You bet," assented Shorty. " Jeff Davis'd never think of it if he lived to bo as old as Methnselah. But that's only tho beginning of Abo Lincoln's smartness." ' He's a durned sight smarter man than we'uns thought ho avuz when we begnn the war," admitted the Sergeant. " But we'uns '11 wollop him yit, in spito of his smartness." " Wo kin tell more about that a few months later," returned Shorty. " It's never safe to count the game until the last hand's played. We hain't fairly begun to lead trumps yit. But what are you fellers fight ing for, anyhow ? " 'We'uns fontin' for onr liberty, and t' vcp you'uns from tdkla' oar niggers away." y i A. r 2 J-- j - - - The reply tht came to Shorty's lips fii that they aeemed to be losing a great deal of liberty rather than gaining it, but he checked this by the fear that it would be construed aa an ungentlemanly boast of their capture. He said, instead : " I never knoweda3 any of ns wanted your niggers me particularly. I wouldn't take a wagon load of 'em, even if the freight was prepaid. Bnt, let me ask yon, Sergeant, fcovr many niggera do you own ? r' "I don't own nnry one." "Docs yonr father own any? " "No, he don't." "Does your mother, or brothers, uncles, aunte. or cousins own any? " persisted Shorty. "No thar aint nary one owned in the hull fambly." "Seems to nee," said Shorty, "you're doia' a great deal of fightin' to keep us from takin' away from you sorcothing that we don't want and yon haint got. That's the way it looks to a man from norths' tbe Okio River. Mebbe there's something in th Tennessee air that makes him see differently. I'll admit that I've changed my mind about a good many things since we crossed tho river." " I've allnz said," spoke another of tha prisoners, " that this wuz a rich man'a wah and a pore man's fout." " Well," said Shorty, philosophically, "for folks that like that gort o' fightin', that's the sort o' fightin' they like. I'm different. I don't. When I fight it's for something that I've got an interest in." While the discussion was going on Si had been studying the appearance of the prison ers. In spite of their being enemies his heart was touched by their comfortless condition. Not one of them had an overcoat or blanket. The Sergeant and a couple of others had over their shoalders pieces of the State Hon? carpet, which had been cut np into lengths and sewed together for blankets. Another had what bad once been a gaudy calico counterpane, with the pattern "Rose of Sharon" wrought on t in flaming colors. Ifc was now a sadly bedraggled substitute for a blanket. The .others had webs of jeans sewed together. The buttons were gone from their gar ments in many essential places, and replaced by strings, nails, skewers and thorns. Worst of" all, almost every one of them was nearly shoeless. A sndden impnlse seized Si. "Shorty," said he, " these men are going up where the weather is very cold. I wisk I was alc to give each of them a warm suit of clothes and. a blanket. I ain't though. But I tell you what I will do : I'll go dowa to the Quartermaster and see if he'll issue me a pair of shoes for each of 'em, and charge it to my clothin' account." "Bully idee," ejaculated Shorty. "I'll go you halves. Mebbe if they git their understandin' into Yankee leather it'll help git some Yankee idees into their understand in'. See?" And Shorty was so delighted with his littla joke that he laughed o'er it all the way te the Quartermaster's wagon, and then re hearsed it for that officer's entertainment. Fortunately, the Quartermaster had a box of shoes that he could get at without much trouble, and he was in sufficiently good humor to grant Si's request. They added a warm pair of socks to eack pair of shoes, and so wrought upon the A. Q. M.'s sympathies that be threw in goes damaged overcoats, and other articles, which he said he could report "lost in action." They came back loaded with stuff, which they dumped down on the ground before tb prisoners, with the brief remark: "Them's all yours. Put 'em on.?' The prisoners were overwhelmed by this generosity on the part of their foes and captors. "I alluz thought," said the SergeaJt "that you Yankees wuz not half so bad ea I believed that you'na wuz. You'uns is whit vP4 T-praV?. cSi 3 -I- The Adjutant Smiles on Si Jl2C& Sholty. men, if you'uns do want to take away onr 'niggere." "Gosh," said the man who had uttered th opinion that it was a rich man's war and a poor man's fight, "I'd give all my interert in every nigger in Tennessee for that ere on pa'r o' shoes. They're beauties, I tell yon. I never had so good a pa'r afore in all my life." IT be eontin.utd.1 EUSTEflED OUT. MEYENBORG. At Brooklyn, N. T., Henry A. Meyenborg, aged 59. Comrade Meyenborg was born in Hanover, Gcrmanv, and came to this country in 18.r)3. Ha served in the navv during the entire war, and in 1S63 was admitted to the bar. Ha was a member of CushingPost, 231, G.A.R., a Mason and Odd Fellow. He leaves a widow. BALDWIN. At Falls City, Neb., John O, Baldwin, 153d Ind., aged 16. He leaves a widow, two sons and a daughter. SMALL. At East New Sharon, Me., Paul D. Small. McGINNIS. At Elbert, Colo., John Hen derson McGinnis, aged 51. Comrade Mc Ginnis was born in Cook County, 111. He was with Sherman on the march to the sea, and after the war went West, and in 1S83 settled at Brush, Colo. He was a member of the G-A.lt. and K. P- at Brush, both bodies taking part in the funeral services. He leaves four children, the oldest a boy of 17. PARKS. At New Orleans, La., Elijah Parks, Co. F, 27th Mass., aged 56. Comrade Parks was born in Granger, N. Y., but in 18G2 was at Springfield, Mass., where ha joined the Massachusetts regiment. Ho was an honored member of J. A. Mower Post, 1, Department of Louisiana and Mis sissippi. ARNOLD. At Oshkosh, Wis., Joseph Arnold, aged 55. Comrade Arnold enlisted in the 1st Wis., a three-months regiment, and at the expiration of his term reinlisted in the 20th Wis., and at the close of the war was in command of his company. He was taken prisoner at Gettysburg, and was at Belle Isle eight months; rejoining his regiment just in time to take part in Sher man's march to the sea. He was a Past Commander of John W. Scott Post. SKILTON. At Brooklyn, N. Y., Dr. Julius A. Skilton, Surgeon, 87th N. Y., aged 64. After the battle of Williamsburg Dr. Skilton mado the first successful amputation oi the shoulder joint, and was honored bv surgeons for his daring operation. In 1865 he was sent by a New York paper as corre spondent at Vera Cruz, where the French army was besieged by the Mexicans. When Gen Grant was elected President he ap pointed Dr. Skilton Consul-General in the City of Mexico. While in Mexico, Dr. Skil ton made extensive archaeological dis coveries, and his collection is now in Yale University Museum. At tho close of Grant's second term, he remained in Meac ico to engage in railroad and mining enter prises until 10 vears ago, when he went ta New York, where he had been interested ut electrical and other contracting work la Mexico, the West Indies and South America, NEIGLER. At Newville, Pa., Samuel R. Neigler, old Co. I and Co. A, 48th Pa. Tha comrade lost a leg at the battle oi tht I Wilderness, May 5, 1804. a . - v - ' w --i ..jjr U ss? LN.