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' SV' TEE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHEGTON, D. 0., THURSDAY, DECEMBER 9, 1857. fr "" i " rr&i. y : s Mfk f TJ wiF 0 cu . rKf jnc;h. r w wb. v HUKl VJr V TmCr -ksk " j gt ...And Men and Women Live By JOHN Copyright, 1897, by ili miMUliors of The Na tional. Tuibitnk. btnopsis of rnrvinn? citaitek. The scone of this story of the war period is laid in the Southern Allegany Mountains. The hero, Henry Clay Pollock, in a. sturdy young mountaineer; his betrothed, the heroine, Miriam lnrule, is the d.mchtcr of Robert lnrule, one of the descendants of the honest, h:u.y men who penetrated into the mountains, and amid pioneer hardships and dangers, located rude but comfortable homesteads. Elder Stornmont is a Method ist circuit-rider. lY.rly in t.l:o story, at In rule's house, he with lnrule and Pollock engage in a hot polital discussion with Col. Khca, a bitter secessionist and slave holder. a ho. enraged at the others' loyalty and the preacher's later public speeches, vows to " teach them their duty." The Sang-diggers, who all belong (o the secession clement, and come und( r Rhea's military authority, annoy the Inrules, Pollock and Stornment in various wajs. The. wife of one of the leaders of the Sane diggers, Bill Hoskins, seeks protection from her husband at the Inrules and re sides with them. Disgusted at the failure of his men to capture Pollock, Rhea leads them in two parties to attack Pollock's home; the detachments fire :nto each other mine darkness, and several are hurt. Jiliea vents his wrath by burning Pollock s prop erty. Pollock and others join Gen. ISe, son's army at Camp Dick Robinson, in Kentucky, and are soon in active work. Meanwhile, at home, the lnrule boys and Miriam burn an important bridge, to inter fere with rebel movements. Elder Storn mont seveial times narrowly escapes cap ture bv the rebels. lnrule and his sons are arrested for burning the bridge. 'I he Elder, in a note to Col. Rhea, declares he is responsible for the work, and offers to give himself up upon release of the Inrules. The Inrules are leleased. Rhea, sitting in pretended military court, sentences Stornmont to be banned. The Unionists determine to release him by force. As they approach the rebel camp they meet the Elder, who has been released in the midst of a disastrous hurricane that partly de stroyed the warehouse i" which he was confined. The rebel camp is then de molished and the rebels put to flight. Col. Rhea is taken prisoner, but is rescued by rebel rava 'ry. Gen. George H. Thomas takes command of Camp Dick Robinson, lie captivates the Tennesseeans by his manner. The rebel Gen. Zollicoffer makes an advance, and Pollock and his comrades are sent out to secure information. Pollock and his companions report, and a Union victory is won. Capt. Sam Griggs, the former overseer, and now military henchman of Col. Rhea, makes a descent with a large party on In rule's farm, and runs oft the stock. CHAPTER XVIL "Warned by Capt. f-am Griggs's threat, and the spoliations upon his neighbors, 3?obert - lnrule and his sons began removing their grain and provisions to hiding-places at some distance from the house. Their farm ani mals being gone, they had to carry every thing on their backs; though they -would have had to do much of this anyway, since horse-tracks would have betrayed their Eecret stores. They built a rail pen in the woods for their corn, and put their wheat, meat, honey, a?id salt, and the apples, peaches, and pumpkins that Miriam and Sally had dried, in a large cave. Thither Miriam and Sally also carried their extra clothing, linen, and woolen cloth, and bed ding enough to make comfortable the .father and sons, for it was getting more dangerous every night for them to sleep in the house. Lastly, Miriam took thither, in many journeys, the articles she had made for Pol- lock's aud her home. She made one nook in the cave sacred to these, for hope had begun . to revive that she would see Pollock again. The war had already widened her world. Kentucky did not seem to J e so far away, after alL Men Unionists and rebels were constantly going back and forth over the mountains with news. She had received several messages from Pollock, brought by long-limbed, gant mountaineers, who had left the Union out posts but an astonishingly few dnj's before. They had seen Pollock and talked with him. They told strongly pr.iiseful stories of his achievement?, and the esteem in -which he was held by the Union commanders. One actually brought her a letter. Letters were the most infrequent incidents in the lives of the mountaineers. Births, mar riages, sickness and deaths came much oftener to their little community than letters. There was something momentous to Miriam in getting a letter, mid above all to get one from Henry Clay Pollock. She went off, out of sight of all the rest, Bat down, lay the unopened letter in her lap. and looked long at it. To her simple, wonder-kecking mind there was something awe-inspiring about it. The1 direction was clearly in Pollock's handwriting. He was not at all given to penmanship. One Winter le and fohe had attended a writing school set up by a vagrant writing-master. Pol lock's main efforts in acquiring the art seemed to be in the direction of being able to write her name, and he scrawled it so incessantly that she became pretty familiar with it. The envelope was white -a jther strange thing to her. The few that she had ever Been were in yellow envelopes, with a daub of sealing-wax to hold them together. There was none on this. On one end, before her name, there was a brilliant-coloied picture of a zouave in blue clothes and red cap, brandishing a red sword, and upholding with his left hand the Stars and Stripes. Under neath, in bold type, were the words: "The Union Forever." "Victory or Death." She believed that to be a picture of Henry Clay Pollock as he now appeared, and, as she kissed the picture, fondly tried to realize him in that gorgeous blue-and-red apparel, main taining the flag with that terrible sword. Presently she turned her attention to open ing the letter, aud this was a puzzle. The envelope v,as firmly aud smoothly united everywhere. She hated to mar its beautiful hymiitelry. Finally, her anxiety to see what was inside overjwweivd her ; she found a tiny opening at one corner, into which she thrift. a knitting-needle, and ripped the envelope I upuu. The letter-head inside was embellished with a picture of an artilleryman, in a blue uniform, with a red cap, firing a cannon, which was shooting a torrent of red fire. The Star-Spaugled Banner floated proudly over gunner and gnn. Underneath were the vords, "Death to Traitors." Though the sentiments were analogous, Miriam's mind found diiheulty in connecting Pollock with lnith employments. Then, the faces were difiercnt. It "did not seem that both could 'be his. The brief scrawl had been, laboredly written, and was almost as labor edly read. It told her merely that he was well, and hoped tint she was. He was doing all he could for the Union, and had been very successful in whatever he undertook ; that he was hoping that they would soon be bade across the mountains with a force that would overwhelm the rebels, when he would bo with ber again never more to part. t The words were few, but inestimably weighty and precious. Though the first i reading indelibly impressed every one of t Jhem on her heart, Miriam could not tire of Blooms Near Nature's Heartw. . - McELEOY. reading them over and over again. She picked out a snowy linen handkerchief from her stock one that she had spun und woven with the greatest aire carefully wrapped the letter in it. and placed it in her bosom. Tlie skies seemed to clear up immeasurably. Hope blossomed with a fragrance that filed her entire being. She could bear everything now, for the hour of deliverance and lmppiuess was in sinht. Everr day. when she could gain an opportunity, she would go up the hillside, knitting as she walked, to the rock from which she had taken her farewell look of Pollock and his companion?, and strain her eyes for their reappearance over tho distant hill. J ler eager expectation became so intent that she would mistake the ilamiugrcd leaves of a black gum for the enmson of the Na tional Flag, and her heart leupallhc sight. Capt. Sam Griggs kept his promise only too well. Ho was scon back again, wun wagons into which his men loaded all the grain and provisions he could find. "Will yo' starve us?" asked Mrs. lnrule plaintively. " That e'er's purty nih my intention," he replied. "We need this grub t' feed the men who air fotitin' the battles o' their country agin yo' Lincolnites. Thcy'unsll starve if they "don't git hit, You'uns kin either starve or leave the country. Wo want t' git shet o' yo', one way or another, fur you'ns air a curse t' we' tins an' the country." Disappointed at not finding more grain, Griggs oidercd the stables and cribs to be set on lire. And again Kobert lnrule and sons were compelled to endure the mortification of seeing the results of innumerable days of haul work destroyed. Presently they learned that they would be for awhile free from their tormentors, for Col. llhea's regiment had been hurried forward to join ZollicofTer's force for a grand expedition into the very heirt of Kentucky, which would infallibly overthrow the Union force3 there and secure the State to the Southern Confederacy. .Robert Ini tile's heart sank a great deal when he saw from the summit of the mountain endless streams of rebels pour forward day after day toward Kentucky, and tales of their boastful conHdtnce reached his ears, but the Elder comforted him. "Jt is inJeed a mighty host, brother," faid he. 'But mighty as aie the hosts the devil has been able to rail' for his work, the Lord has alwaj's sent against them mightier ones, and their pride goeth befoie destruction and their haughty spirit lefore a fall.' I tell you, brother, that as sure as the Lord liveth. the day is near at hand when we shall see these vain boasters rushing in dismay for the rocks and the hills to save their lives." Though Henry Clay Pollock's mind de veloped rapidly in the exciting school of actual war, it seemed to him that every day he was getting less capable of understanding the plans and purposes of the mighty force of which he was a part. He saw, without the faintest comprehension of the reason why, the rebel force under Zollicoffer abandon its impregnable stronghold at Cumberland Ford, and retreat to Cumberland Gap. His heart was made buoyant hj the advance of the Union troops toward Cumberland Ford, and was then depressed 03' the sight of their fall ing back again, because it was impossible to supply them with food over the wretched roads. "When he went hack to the Union camps ho saw Gov. Andrew Johnson, Horace Mayuard, the Carters and other East Tennesseeans whose names were towers of strength. They talked familiarly with him, explained to him the necessities and perplexities of the mighty struggle which was going on for hundreds of miles on cither side of him, and encouraged him with their recitals of their earnestness in urging an advance for the Telief of their oppressed people, and the promises that the President had made them. Then came the news that Zollicoffer was entering Kentucky with a stronger force than ever, and by an easier route than his first ad vance. Off to the Cumberland River, 100 miles distant, at a point far from the first crossing, over unknown roads, but over the same kind of rugged mountains and ncross the same kind of rushing, turbulent streams, through freezing rains and cheerless cold the inde fatigable Tennesseeans pushed their way to place themselves in Zollicoffcr's front and re port his movements. But the people were friendly. Every mountaineer was a Union man and willing to shelter, feed aud aid them to the utmost of his ability. This time there was no mistake about the invasion. It was made with numbers and confidence. To the west Albert Sidney John ston had advanced far toward Louisville, and established his headquarters at Boxvling Green, within easy striking distance of that great commercial metropolis. ZollicofTer's errand was to carry the right flank of the rebel army equally far forward to capture the Capital of Kentucky, aud Lexington, and even to threaten Cincinnati, if possible. All the days of November, Pollock watched the rebels pour into Kentucky from Tennes see bv all the roads leading from Knoxville to the west. They filled the little valleys with their camps, they swarmed in the in frequent and scattered settlements called towns, they devoured the poor people's meager stores of food, burned their fences and farm-buildings for campfircu, and carried oil their cooking utensils and bedding. By Dec. 1 they began to line up along the Cumberland Piver, from Mill Springs to Burkcsville, to throw up intrenchmenls at various points, and build boats to cross the rapid stream. Gen. Thomas, uncertain where they really meant to eros3, disposed his force so as to cover the most likely points. These were busy, exciting days for Henry Clay Pollock and his companions. They kept themselves constantly hi front of the main body of the enemy; they seemed to have an instinct as to where Zollicoffer was goiii" or could bo found, and their leports were in valuable to Gen. Thomas. Under strict instructions from him, they restrained themselves from firing a shot into the rebels until they reached the Cumberland River. Then there was daily skirmishing across the river, whenever a man showed himself in musket range on cither side, and in this they took their share. But Pollock was rapidly coming to under stand that in this war the Indian-lighting tactics of hi3 grandfather ln.d comparatively little place. Individual killings arc of small moment when great masses of men crash together. Rising above the desire to kill the common grade of rebels just because they were rebels, he became the more anxious to slay Zollicoffer aud Col. Rhea, whom he held lcipnnsible as the instigators of all the villainies the others committed. All the way from the Kentucky line he had sought to get tiicae men within certain range of hid riile, without success. "While others were firing across the river at anybody they could see there, or even into tents and houses where men might ha, he walked along the banks looking out only for mounted officers, aud particularly the two men whom he regarded as arch-enemies. Presently Zollicoffer threw a force across tfca Cumberland at Mill Springs, and began fortifying it there. Gen. Thomas's grave face lighted up with pleasure when Pollock reported this to him. "ZollicofTer's across the Cumberland, is he?" said he. "Wo shall make it very difficult for him to get back again. A rapid river is a very bad 'thing in the rear of a beaten army." 'J tie Union army began concentrating at Somerset, 17 miles from Mill Springs. The 1st and 2d Tenn.,made up of refugee Ten nesseeans, and eager to meet their enemies, werepushed out half-way toward Mill Springs, and there joined by the 10th Intl., 1st Ky. Giv., 4th, 'lOth, and 12th Ky., 2d Minn., and Standart's and Kenny's batteries. Other regiments were toiling toward them through the mud and the incessant rain. Every day there were vicious little scrimmages between small parties somewhere in the 10 miles of country separating the two armies. Theso were noisy and exciting preludes to the grand crash which all saw was inevitable. "1 tell vo thar's a-gwiue t' be an awful smashin' an' grindin' afore the moon changes agin," said Web Brainard oracularly. "Suthin's got t' bust, I tell yo'. The rebels can't keep on comin' tlrs-a-way aud we'uns can't keep on gwine that-a-way without kickiu' up a fracas that'll shake the limbs oiTen the trees. I'll bet it'll tike niore'n a 1 0-acre lot 1.' bury the dead rebels a'ter we'uns git through with 'em." "I hs 1 yit bin able t' ?cn?e all tW 'ere drillin' ftiid manuvcrin," said Pollock. "I can't make out jest the use of all the right nankin' and left nankin', an' presentin' arms and sich. Thar must bo a good deal o' use in hit though, or the ole Gineral wouldn't be so particular 'bout our larnin hit. Then, we've seen the rebels larnin' the same thing. I can't understand how hit's gwine t' make a man font any better, but we'uns '11 prob ably see hit tried onin this 'ere battle. Then we'll know more 'bout hit." The morning of Jan. 10, 18G2, Pollock and his companions, worn out by their incessant labors, were lying asleep in a comfort ible corn-crib, near Logan's Crossroads. They were lucky in getting this shelter from the cheerless drizzle, and were sleeping more soundly than for nights. Just about day break came an angry rattle of musketry and loud yells. "That's out whar the 1st Ky. Cav. is," said Pollock as he awakened. He listened a moment. The firing continued, growing stronger. " 1 hat means something serious," he said, awakening tho others. "Let's go out and help 'cm." 'J hey picked up their guns and rushed out on a litt'e hillock, which commanded an ex tensive view. The whole country seemed full of rebels. Tho outpost of cavalry was falling back, followed by a line of rebel in fantry, yelling aud firing at them. Several of our infantry companies were hurrying into position to help the cavalrymen. They heard the drums beating the portentous "long roll" in the camps behind them. Their first impulse was to join their friends in the 1st and 2d Tenn.,away to the left, and they started in that direction. But the hat tie grew fiercer toward tiie center and right. They saw a rebel battery leave the road, aud gallop as fast as the horses could be forced through the deep mud of the plowed field to an eminence, where it unlimbercd, and the whole six pieces fired a volley which shook the earth, directly at a Union regiment com ing into line in the open ground. The frightful crash, and the dread of what it would do made Pollock shudder. He ex pected to see the whole regiment blown out of existence. But to his amazement he saw only a few men fall, and the officers were all in their places, waving their swords, and encouraging their men to stand firm. Op posite them, at the base of the eminence on which the battery stood, a rebel regiment had formed, which now advanced with loud yells and a scattering fire. More Union soldiers dropped under this, but they stood, closed np the gaps aud stood firmer than ever, with their guns on their shoulders, and no sound coming from them but the ringing voice of the Colonel. The rebel line padded on through the mud until it had gotten within 200 yards of the Union regiment. Then Pol lock heard the Colonel command, slowly and distinctly : "Ready." All the guns came down -from the shoulders at the same instant. "Aim." A long line of bright steel was leveled at the advancing enemy. "Fiuk!" The hundreds of guns crashed together al most as one, the rebel line seemed to shrivel up and disappear before the awful blaze. The officers reeled out of their saddles and fell into the mud. The wet soil was covered with writhing men, and those who escaped turned and ran for their lives through the fettering clay. Instinctively Pollock and the others had fired with the regiment. They rapidly surveyed the field as they re loaded. "My God, but that's war," said Pollock admiringly. No Injun fighting 'bout that." As he spoke a Union battery, which had been hurried up on a hill behind the regi ment, opened with a deafening roar on the rebel battery. Horses and men went down before its shells, and a limber blew up with a crash. The survivors of the battery were flying around frantically to withdrawit back under the shelter of the hill. "I knowed the ole man," said Web Brainard, in joyous excitement, and indicat ing the probable position of Gen. Thomas by a whirl of Jus hand. " wuz storm' up trouble for them fellers. He hain't bin settin' up nights thinkin' and planum' for notliiu'. An he's only begun. Tliis's only his fust nip at 'em. Lc's git over nigh whar he is, an see him git a good bite." They soon came to a hill, upon which Gen. Thomas was sitting on his horse receiving re ports, and directing movements as calmly as if in his tent back at Camp Dick Robinson. Occasional shots from the rebel cannon would plow up tile ground around him, and some times bullets would whistle by. Regiments were rushing up, Colonels were shouting commands, batteries and cavalrymen were galloping hither aud yon, excited officers and orderlies were dashing up making re ports and asking for orders, and everywhere the most intense excitement reigned. But the expression of Gen. Thomas's face never changed from that of grave composure, and his tones never raised. His words were alow, distinct, and measured. The Tennesseeans gazed at him for a few minutes in almost worshipful admiration. " He seems t' be ridin' the whirlwind and dircctin' tho storm, as the Elder would say," said Pollock. Then he stepped up nearer the General, and, saluting awkwardly, said: ""We're here for orders, Gineral." "Very good, men, lam glad to see you. I shall make use of you presently," said the General, as pleasantly :is if wishing them good morning on the road. Then he con tinued : "My Orderlies seem to be all gone. I wish you would go over as quickly as you am to the Colonel of that regiment that you see there (indicating it by a motion of his hand), give him my compliments and tell him to advance at once and clear the rebels out of that wood in front of him." The Tennesseeans sped away. The Colonel was evidently expecting just such orders. He at once ordered au advance, the Tennes seeans fell in with his men, and they swept across the open space aud routed tho enemy. The Tennesseeans secured two prisoners as their portion of the fruits of victory. The Union line was constantly advancing, and that of tho rebels receding before it, thongh there would be frequent halts and bitter fighting before tho rebels would yield. "VVlierever these occurred Gen. Thomas would be near, as if he divined beforehand whore they would occur, and a crushing force would be massed upon the obstinate rebels. . Finally, Pollock and lug companions paused on a hill-top and looked down upon a scene away to the right.. Tho rebels had gathered in strong numbers behind a stout rail fence, a long pile of rails and some cribs, stacks and farm buildings. They opened a savage lire from their coverts. Mounted officers could be seen rushing lup men aud aligning them behind shelters. "I believe ole Zollicoffer hisself is over thar," said Pollock, starting in that direc tion. As he spoke tftKsweet tones of a bngle rang ont and a regimguspraug into a solid, com pact line. ' lf "That's McCook's Bully Dutch," said Web Brainard, who recognized the 9th Ohio. An instant was occupied in dressing the line and everybody getting into his proper place. Again the bugle rang out. A clatter of steel ran down the line as bayonets were iiAiru, nuu ib seemea as n me very airsuivereu with the momentousness of the impending deed. Once more the clear bugle notes, and the lino moved forward like a blue wall bristling with sharp steel thorns. The ex cited rebels poured in a fiercer fire than ever, but there was not a check or a waver in the blue lino's slow, steady advance. It left a man here and there, a bine spot on the darkr brown furrows, but there was no break where he had fallen. Tie line seemed almost to have reached tho rebel muzzles, when the bugle again sang out. The guns carue down in a long flash of light, and tho volley from them rolled out as one simultaneous crash. It seemed to tear up the very earth, aud the next instant the wave of steel swept in over the rail-piles, over the fence, and eddied around tho corn-cribs and stacks, as a tor rent of vengeful destruction. The noise of the firing ceased so suddenly that the silence seemed painful, until it was broken by the deep-throated German cheers of victory, by the men who had done a piece of perfect soldierly work. "Hooray for (he Bully Dutch," shouted Pollock and the others in transports of joy. The last vestige of resistance now dis appeared, and everywhere tho rebels were rushing madly from tho field, abandoning their dead and dying, horses, cannons, wagons and anna. Their only thought was safety. The tensely-wrought Union Boldicrs wero in a delirium of joy. They threw up their hats, danced, yelled and hugged one another. Officers mounted stumps aud began con gratulatory addresses. Such as of the musi cians as could be found were set to playing anything that would make a noise. Calm and imperturbable in victory as in action, Gen. Thomas rode through the re joicing mass, ordering the officers to immedi ately reform their ranks and pursue the fly ing enemy. The cheers immediately stilled as ho moved along. Men picked up their guns and sprang into line, regiments and brigades were quickly re-established, batteries galloped forward to where they could throw shells into the fleeing herd, and tho whole line swept forward in relentless pursuit. "Drive them .into the Cumberland," said Gen. Thomas, to each commander as he came up with him. To be , continued.' PEpSIOJi DEGISIO JS. Cases of Interest Disposed of by Mr. Davis. , i Assistant Secretary Davis last week re versed the former decision in the case of Sarah, widow of 'James Saunders, Co. I, 20th N. Y. Cav. 7Tl,'ie soldier died having executed a las twill',, the provisions of which aro not disclosed by, the records, and at the time of bis death .he was possessed pf 140 acres of landvaliiedat $1,000 and personal, property valued at S000. He also had five children at time of death, three of whom were under and two over 10 years of age. In claimant's application it is alleged that the soldier was indebted in the sum of 61,200 or 81,400 at the time of death, which is unpaid and for which the real estate is subject. The claim was rejected on the ground that she has other means of support than her daily labor, but Mr. Davis orders a special examination. In the case of Sarah, widow of Jonathan Bush, Co.M, 1st Pa. Prov. Cav. (docket No. 35,S2'i), the former decision was affirmed. The soldier having been dishonorably dis charged, from his first term of enlistment during the war of the rebellion, and having subsequently reen listed and served for more than 00 days during said war and re ceived an honorable discharge, it is held that "his widow is notentillcd to pension under section '' of the act of .Juno 27, 189'i, said act requiring an honorable discharge from all service contracted, to be performed during the war. Tho contention in the ap peal was that the soldier having been honorably discharged from a term of serv ice of more than 00 days during the war of the rebellion, the requirements of the act of" June 27, 1800, as toserviceand discharge were fully complied with, and it was im material whether he was honorably dis charged from his prior enlistment or not. jIr Davis says: " It may well be argued that, in affixing the condition of an honor able discharge to the grant of pension made by the act of dune 27,1800, Congress in tended to limit tho benefits of said act to those who rendered faithfully all service contracted to be performed in the suppres sion of the rebellion, and that it did not intend to confer such benefits upon sol diers whose service was faithful only for a part of the time." A decision was rendered in the case of Daniel White, late of Co. M, 0th Tenn. Cav. Claimant is a pensioner at tho maximum rate under tho act of .Juno 27, 1800. He now claimed increase under general law, on account of hydrocele of right side and her nia of both sides. He claimed increase for the reason that he is unable to do any manual Labor on account of said hydrocele, its weight and size. Claimant was examined under his claim May 7, 3890, when the hydrocele was de scribed : "Find hydrocele right side, sack measures in circumference 18 inches, and nine inches in length; he claims lie is tapped two or three times a year." Tho certificate also shows that the.pensioner is suffering with double inguinal hernia. Tho Examining Surgeon further certifies that claimant is so disabled from hydrocele of right side as lobe incapacitated for perform ing manual labor'at this time. Secretary Davis 'sttys : " I am of the opin ion that the evidence in this case fairly shows thai claimant is so disabled from pensioned causb ay" to bo entitled to an in crease of the rate' of $8 per month under the act of July Hi, '1802. Tho action of the Commissioner of' Pensions in rejecting said claim is therefore'reversed." Mr. Davis passed unfavorably upon the appeal case of Louise, widow of Bernard Wicmerslage, Co. D, 58th 111. The opinion recites that it is shown by the testimony of this appellant herself, corroborated by that (if other witnesses obtained by a special ex amination of this claim, that she is the absolute owner of 51 acres of valuable real estate, situated 'about 12 miles from the city of Chicago, 111., worth, at her own valuation, $150 jier acre, and which, she states, she would1 not sell at that price, from which she)1 derives a not annual income of over $200. " It also appears that she retains and lives in a comfortable and commodious dwelling house situated on her farm, worth nearly $0,000 over and above all debts and incumbrances, and has no family depend ing on her except one daughter, a stout girl over 1. 'J years of age, who is fully able to contribue to her own support. "It is clear from tho foregoing that this appellant is not without other means of support than her daily labor within the meaning and intent of tho provisions of section 3, act of June 27, 1890, as construed by the decisions of this Department, and is not entitled to pension thereunder as the widow of fcaid deceased soldier. Therefore, tho claim is rejected." Tho total number of pension certificates issued during the week ending Dec. 4, was 1,350, divided thus: Original, 724; increase and additional, 322; reissue. 32; restoration and renewal, 52; supplemental!, 7; dupli cate, 10; accrued, 107. PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE. (Oontluucd from fourth piigd.) manity, which called forth expressions of condemnation from the nations of Christen dom, continued imbated. Desolation and ruin pervaded that productive region, enor mously affecting the oommerco of all com mercial nations, but that of the United States more than any other by reason of proximity and larger trade and intercourse. At that mncture Gen. Grant uttered these words, which now as then sum up the elements of tho problem: "A recognition of the independence of Cuba being, in my opinion, impracticable, and indefensible, the question which nest presents itself is that of the recognition of belligerent rights in the parties to the contest. In a former message to Congress 1 had occasion to consider this question, and reached the conclusion that the conflict in Cuba, dreadful and devastating as were its incidents, did not rise to the fearful dignity of war. It is possible that the acts of foreign powers, and oven acts of Spain herself, of this very nature might be pointed to in defense of sucn recognition. But now, as in its past his tory, tho United States should carefully avoid the false lights which might lead it into the mazes of doubtful law and of questionable propriety, and adhere rigidly and sternly to tho rule, which has been its guide, of doing only that which is right and honest and of good report. The question of according or of withholding rights of belligerency must be judged, in every case, in view of the particular attending facts. Unless justified by necessity, it is always, and justly, regarded as an unfriendly act and a gratuitous demonstration of moral support to the rebellion. It is necessary, and it is required, when tho interests and rights of another Government or of its people are so far affected by a pending civil conflict as to require a definition of its re lations to the parties thereto. But this conflict must be one which will 'be recog nized in tho sense of international law as war." President Grant's argument that it was necessary to have a fixed political govern ment to conduct w.ar and be a belligerent in a legal sense is quoted, as well as tho embarrassments he foresaw. MS. m'kinlky's wiew. Tho President closes tho discussion thus: Turning to the practical aspects of a recognition of belligerency and reviewing its inconveniences and positive dangers, still further pertinent considerations ap pear. In the code of nations there is no such thing as a naked recognition of bel ligerency unaccompanied by thea ssump tion of international neutrality. Such rec ognition without more will not confer upon either party to a domestic conflict a status not therefore actually possessed or affect the relation of either party to other States. Tho act of recognition usually takes tho form of a solemn proclamation of neutral ity which recites the de facto condition of belligerency as its motive. It announces a domestic law of neutrality in the declar ing State. It assumes the international obligations of a neutral in the presence of a public state of war. It warns all citizens and others within the jurisdiction of the proclaimant that they violate those rigor ous obligations at their own peril and cannot expect to be shielded from the con sequences.. The right of visit and search on the seas and seizure of vessels and cargoes and contraband of war and good pri.e under admiralty law must under in ternational law be admitted as a legitimate consequence of a proclamation of belliger ency. While according the equal belliger ent rights defined by public law to each party in our ports disfavors would be im posed on both, which while nominally equal would weigh heavily In behalf of Spain herself. Possessing a navy and controlling tho ports of Cuba her maritime rights could be asserted not only for the military in vestment of the island but up to the mar gin of our own territorial waters, and a condition of things would exist for which the Cubans within their own domain could not hope to create a parallel; while its creation through aid or sympathy from within our domain would be oven more im possible than now, with the additional obligations of international neutrality we would perforce assume. The enforcement of this enlarged and on erous code of neutrality would only be in fluential within our own jurisdiction by land and sea and applicable by our own instru mentalities. It could impart to tho United States no jurisdiction between Spain and the insurgents. It would give the United States no right of intervention to enforce the conduct of the strife within the para mount authority of Spain according to the international code of war. NOT TIMK FOR IlECnGNrTIOX. For these reasons I regard the recogni tion of tho belligerency of the Cuban in surgents as now unwiso and therefore in admissible. Should that step hereafter be deemd wise as a measure of right and duty the Executive will take it. Intervention upon humanitarian grounds has been frequently suggested and has not failed to receive my most anxious and earnest consideration. But should such a step be now taken when it is apparent that a hopeful change has supervened in the policy of Spain toward Cuba? A new gov ernment has taken office in the mother country. It is pledged in advance to the declaration that all the effort in the world cannot suffice to maintain peace in Cuba by the bayonet; that vague promises of re form after subjugation afford no solution of the insular problem; that with a substi tution of commanders must come a change of the past system of warfare for one in harmony with a new policy which shall no longer aim to drive the Cubans to the "hor rible alternative of taking to thothickctor succumbing in misery;" that reforms must be instituted in accordance with the needs and circumstances of the time, and that these reforms, while designed to give full autonomy to the colony and to create a vir tual entity and self-controlled administra tion, shall yet conserve and affirm tho sov ereignty of Spain by a just distribution of powers and burdens upon a basis of mu tual interest untainted by methods of self ish expediency. The President vouches for the reversal of the repressive and barbarous policy of Wey ler and Cunovas, and summarizes the new plan for autnomy in a commendatory spirit. sagasta's coukse. That the Government of Sagasta has entered upon a courso from which reces sion with honor is impossible can hardly be questioned; that in the few weeks it has existed it has made earnest of tho sincerity of its professions is undeniable. I shall not impugn its sincerity, nor should impatience be suffered to embarrass it in the task it has undertaken. It is honestly, duo to Spain and to our friendly relations with Spain that sho should bo given a reasonablo chance to realize her expectations and to prove tho asserted efficacy of the new order of things to which sho stands irrevocably committed. She has recalled the commander whose brutal orders inflamed the American mind and shocked the civilized world. She has modified the horrible order of concentra tion and has undertaken to care for tho helpless and permit those who desire to resume the cultivation of their fields to do so and assures them of tho protection of the Spanish Government in their lawful occupations. Sho has just released the "Competitor" prisoners heretofore sen tenced to death and who have been tho subject of repeated diplomatic correspond ence during both this and the preceding Administration. Not a single American citizen is now in arrest or confinement in Cuba of whom this Government has any knowledge. The near future will demonstrate whether the indispensable condition of a righteous peace, just alike to the Cubans and to Spain as well as equitable to all our in terests so intimately involved in the wel fare of Cuba, is likely to be attained. If not, the exigency of further and other action by tho United States will remain to be taken. When that time comes tha't ac- Whea Baby was sick, wo gave her Castoria. When sho was a Child, she cried for Casioria. When sho became 'Miss, sho clunic to Castoria. When she had Children, she gave them Castoria. j Coughs that kill art not distinguished by any mark or sign foa coughs that fail to be fatal. Any cough neglected, may sap the strength and undermine the health until recovery la impossible. All coughs lead to lung trouble, if not stopped. St. Ayer's Cherry Pectoral Cures Coughs. "My little danghUr was taken with a distressing coaji. which fr three years defied all the remedies I tried. At length on tho argent recommendation of a friend, I began t givo her Dr. Ayer's Cherry Pectoral. After nsing on bottle I found to my grea snrpriao that sho was improving. Three bottles completely cured her." J. A. GRAY, Trar. Salesman Wrought Iron Range Co., St. Louis, Ma. Jtyer's Cherry Pectoral is put up In hslf size bottles mi kaSf pHco , 50 cents i;; a&MMAMJUkl tion will be determined in the line of in disputable right and duty. It will be faced without misgiving or hesitancy in the light of the obligation this Government owes to itself, to the people who have confided to it the protection of their interests and honor and to humanity. Sure of the right, keeping free from all offense ourselves, actuated only by upright and patriotic considerations, moved neither by passion nor selfishness, the Govern ment will continue its watchful care over the rights and property of American citi zens and will abate none of its efforts to bring about by peaceful agencies a peace which shall bo honorable and enduring. If it shall hereafter appear to bo a duty imposed by our obligations to ourselves, to civilization and humanity to intervene with force, it shall be without fault on our part and only because the necessity for such action will be so clear as to command the support and approved of the civilized world. MISCELLANEOUS. The President strongly urges the ratifi cation of the treaty for the annexation of Hawaii. The Nicaragua Canal is briefly alluded to in terms of commendation. The operations of the Bimetallic Com mission are reported. A paragraph is given to reciprocity. The status of the negotiations on tho seal question is described. International arbitration, and the French Exposition receive formal paragraphs. The work of building up the Navy is commended, the vessels so far built praised, and recommendations made for in creased dock facilities, for more money for ammunition, for increasing the number of enlisted men, and the construction of ad ditional vessels. The attention of Congress 13 called to the need of additional legislation for Alaska. The question of the Five Nations in the Indian Territory is discussed at length with, recommendation for individual own ership of the lands, and a resumption by the Government of the trusts, which are perverted in the present hands. The creation of a Bacteriological Com mission to investigate the yellow fever is recommended, and amendment of the quar antine laws. Congressional attention is called to the sales of the Pacific Railways. civil service: With regard to Civil Service the Presi dent says: During the past few months the service has been placed upon a still firmer basis of business methods and per sonal merit. While the right of our vet eran soldiers to reinstatement in deserv ing cases has been asserted, dismissals for merely- political reasons have been carefully guarded against, the examina tions for admittance to the service en larged and at the same time rendered less technical and more practical; and a dis tinct advance has been made by giving a hearing before dismissal upon all cases where incompetency is charged or demand made for the removal of officials in any of the Departments. This order has been made to give to the accused his right to be heard, but without in any way impairing the power of removal, which should always be exercised in cases of inefficiency and incompetency," and which is one of the vital safeguards of the Civil Service re form system, preventing stagnation and dead wood and keeping every employee keenly alive to the fact that the security of his tenure depends not on favor but on his own tested and carefully watched record of service. tea Much of course still remains to be ac complished before the system can be made reasonably perfect for our needs. There arc places now in the classified service which ought to bo exempted and others not classified may properly be included. I shall not hesitate to exempt cases which I think have been improperly included in the classified service or include those which in my judgment will best promote the public service. The system has the approval of the people and it will be my endeavor to uphold and extend it. a&&3iaM44$.333333i A7;7-'''-'"- ''rvr''r' - ''r' - F SET Of lite m iac' wr.'V! .'' '0 &$ in 2-3 BBSS 5iS 5i' i'y ZZiZPi fu .: m ,WM .ezi Silve FREE f!fe -JlflM Will Stand To tcsl tftese spoons' use add or a Kf &$$$$ j WU1 Z,Lciim file. If returned to us we will re- i l Fw-'v AlW Tfi;f .& PIaca free c'charze. the spoon dam- k ffi k&&m$ y aKed tr. maklnsr the test, provided Ml ''". '. -4ji. v r. n't u We will send a set of these beautiful teaspoons, marked, for a club of only three yearly subscribers at $1 each. Address THE f ATIOX-LL TRIBUNE, TTWjOuiigtoii, . O. fUe330lliiiSP0OYI fta isaaiiiiiiflieaiiQiii WEEK IN WASHINGTON. Brents of General Interest in th Nation Cupltal. TUESDAY, NOV. 30. The President namei Maj. George II. Harries to be Brigadier General commanding the District of Columbia National Guard to succeed the late Gen. Albert N. Ordway, who died in New York on Nov. 21. Jlaj. Harries is Inspector-General of Rifle Practice in tha District Guard. In business life he is th Secretary of the Washington Board oi Trade. Col. Cecil Clay, commanding tb 2d Regiment, National Guard, tendered his resignation after hearing of the ap pointment of Maj. Harries, his junior. Col. Clay was an active candidate for tha office vacated by the death of Gen. Ord way, and he, as well as his friends, thought he was entitled to the promotion, on the ground of military precedence over all other candidates, and his long and faith ful services in the Union army during the war. Col. M. Emmet Urell, a gallant vet eran, will succeed him. WEDNESDAY, DEC. 1 Justice Field's re retirement from the Supreme Court took place to-day. There was no formality at tendant upon it. The Justice wasnotpres ent in the courtroom and, as "whe had ndt sat with the coart since the opening day of the term, the proceedings did not differ in any respect from those of ordinary days. If Justice Field's term had con tinued until next Tuesday he would have had '14 years of continuous service. Under the law he will draw full salary until hia death. THURSDAY, DEC. 2. The President appointed Blanche K. Bruce, of Mis sissippi, to be Registor of the Treas ury. Mr. Bruce represented Mississippi in the United States Senate in reconstruc tion days and Is one of the best-known colored Republicans in the country. The position to which he is appointed is on he held some years ago. FRIDAY, DEC. 3. It was announced to day that Peru is the first of the South American countries to open negotiations with the United States for a reciprocity treaty under the provisions of the Dingley law. The negotiations are proceeding briskly. Peru has submitted a schedule of the articles on"which it desires con cessions. These embrace brandies and wines, hides of cattle and goats, vicunu skins, sugar, wool, woven cotton goods,. Peruvian bark, rubber and many native products, which, it is said, had not come into competition with American products. SATURDAY, DEC. 4. The Naval Armor Board, created to ascertain the cost of an armor plant, submitted a report to the Seretary of the Navy. The cost of a plant suitable for making naval armor at the rate of about 6,000 tons per annum, which is fully equal to the capacity of both of the existing private plants, is estimated at a total of 3,717,012. Secretary Long will invite proposals for tuilding such plant as that designed. SUNDAY, DEC. 5. It was announced that Gov. John W. Griggs, of New Jersey, has been tendered and accepted the office of Attorney-General of the United States, which will be vacated by the nomination of Attorney-Gen oral McKenna to be As sociate Justice of the United States Su preme Court. It has not yet been settled when Gov. Griggs shall assume his new office, but it is probable the date will be about the beginning of the new year. ARMY AND NAVY. In his annual report Secretary Long asked for appropriations for the running expenses of the Navy, amounting to S22, 232,728.55, and $8,140,273 for the increase of the Navy; total of $30,073,001.55. The Sec retary recommended " that the authoriza tion of new ships by the coming Congress be limited to one battleship for the Pacific Coast, where, after the five now under con struction are completed, there will bo only two, while on the Atlantic there will be seven, and also a few torpedo-boats and torpedo-boat destroyers." FREE TO INVALID I.ADIES. A safe, simple home treatment that enredme after years of sunering with uterine troubles, displace ments, teucorrhea, eta, sent free to ladies with full Instructions how to use It. Address ilia. I. Hudnut, South Bend. Ind. - ' - '' - F --- - - -q SIX. rplated loons FOR A CLUB. See Offers Below. These teaspoons can Be used in cookxngf, eat ing and medicines THE SAME AS SOLID SILVER. They will not, cannot corrode or rust. Tea spoons of equal merit are sold in jewelry-stores for $J.50 and $2.00 a set; but Because we buy at factory prices, and because we do not make any profit on the spoons (the subscription is what we want), we furnish them at a great bargain. In beauty and finish they are perfect, and for daily use there is nothing better. The base of these spoons is nickel-silver metal, which is silver color through and through, and is then well plated with coin-silver. you tell some of your neighbors what the test proved. We make this offer because such a test Is the best advertise ment we can set, leading as it does to additional orders. Wc absolutely guarantee each and every spoon to be as described and to si ve entire satisfaction or money refunded. 1-ml-irZni I rJlr4-ri Cfiih asd e7ci7 spooo will be engraved fiSlUal L-CI-L fr c! cinrse itii yoar initial Istfcr. 551 1 a $