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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE:; WASHINGTON, D. C, THURSDAY, MARCH 17, 189S.
a 1Iian there is about trying to rclicAC poor "niggeis." Again, the little comfort it might afford us to meet again would be dearly bought by the paius of a final separation. "We mustpirt; and, I eel assured, for us to meet under such dreadful circuinslauces would only add to onr distress. If she come on hcie, she must be only a gazing-stock throughout the whole journey, to be remarked upon in every look, word, and action, and by all sorts of creatures, and by all sorts of papers thioughout the whole country. Again, it is my most decided judgment that in (juietly and submissively slaying at home, vastly more of generous sympathy will leach her, without such dreadful sacri fice of feeiiug as she must put up with if she comes on. The visits of one or two female friends that hae come on here have produced great excitement, which is very annoy iug, and they cannot possibly do nic any good. O Maiy, do not come; but patiently wait for the meeting (of those who love God and tljeir fellow-men) where no separation must follow. "The3- shall go no moie out for ever." I grcatby long to hear from some one of, you, and to learn any thing -that in any way affects' your welfiue. I sent you ?10, lheothcr day. Did you get it? 1 have also endeavored to stir up Christian friends to'visit and write to you in your deep afflic tion. I I.:ne no doubt that .sonic of them, at least, will heed the call. "Write to inc. care of Capt. John Avis, Chailestown, Jefferson County, Ya. u Finally, my Lelocd, be of good com fort." May all your names be "written in the Lamb's book of life " may you all have the purifting and sustaining influence of the Christian religion is the earnest prayer of your ail'ectionate husband and father, Joirx Brown. P. S. I cannot remember a night so dark as to have liindcied the coming day, nor a storm so furious or dreadful as to in event the return of warm sunshine and a cloudless iiy. Bur, Lcloved ones, do remember that this is not your 1 est, that in this woild you have no abiding-place or continuing city. To God and His iuiiuitc meicy I always com mend vou. J. B. Nov" 9. VISiT PROM HIS WIFE. Durinjr the 42 las of his confine ment at Charlestown, Brown lcceived several visits from sympathizing North ern friendSj many of whom had never Tjefoie seen him. His wife, overcoming many obstacles, was finally permitted to spend a few hours in his cell, and to take supper with him a short lime before his death. 2so irginians, so far as is known, proffered him any words of kindness, unless it were the reverend clergy of the neighborhood, who tendered him the solace of religion after their fashion, v?hich he civill, but firmly, declined. He could not recognize any one who justified or palliated slavery as a min ister of the God he worshiped, or the Sav iour in whom he trusted. He held anni ments on several occasions with pro slavery clergymen, but recognized them as men only, and not as invested with any peculiar sanctity. To one of them, who," s63igli 'to'ieconcile slaver' with Christianity, 'lie said : "3Iy dear Sir, 3-011 know nothing about Christianity: you will have to learn the A J3 Cs in the lesson of Christianity, as I find you entirely ignorant of the meaning of the word. I, of course, respect you as a gentleman ; but it is as a heathen gentleman." The argument" here closed. HiS EXECUTION. The 2d of December was the day ap- IUJ1ILV.U JU1 iJJ VAUbUliUti IVtlllV (JjVUW I militia were early on the ground. I1 ears of a foicible rescue or of a servile insur rection prevented a large attendance of citizens. Cannon were so planted as to sweep every approach to the jail,and to blow tl.o piisoner into shieds upon the first intimation of tumult. Virginia held lier'bieath until she heard that the old man was dead. Brown rose at daybreak, and con tinued wnling with energy until half past 10, when he was told to prepare to die. He shook hands with the Sherir!) visited the cell of Copeland and Clieen, to whom he handed a quarter of a dollar each, saying he had no more use for ; money, and bade them a iieu. He next visited Cook and Coppoc, the former of whom had made a con fession, which he pronounced false; say ing he had never sent Cook to Harper's Ferry, a he had staled. He handed a quaiter to Coppoc also, shook hands with him, and parted. He then visited and bade a kindly good-by to his more es pecial comrade, Stevens, gave him a quaiter, and charged him not to betray hi? friends. A sixth, named nazlett, was confined in the same prison, but he ! did not visit him, denying all knowledge j 01 mm. He walked out of the jail at 1 1 o'clock ; an eye witness said, " with a radiant countenance, and the step of a conqueror." His face was even joyous, and it has been remarked that probably liiswas the lightest lieart in Chailestown that day. A black woman, with a little child in her aims, stood by the door. He stopped a moment, and, stooping, kisd the child affectionately. Another black woman, with a child, as he passed along, exclaimed : " God bless you, old man ! I wish 1 could help you ; but 1 can't." He looked at lier with a tear in his eye. JJe mounted the wagon beside "his jailor. Capt. Avis, who had been one of the biavcst of his captors, who had treated him very kindly, and to whom he was profoundly grateful. The "wagon was instantly surrounded by six companies of militia. Being asked,-on the way, if he felt any fear, he replied : " It has been a characteristic of me T he day was clear and hrijrht, and he remarked, as he rode, that the country teemed very beautiful. Arrived at the gallows, he said : " I sec no citizens here ; where are they?" " Kone but the tioops are allowed to be prcnt," was the reply. "That ought not to be," said he; u citizens should be allowed to be pres ent as well as others." He bade adieu to some, acquaintances at the foot of the gallows, and was JSrt to mount the scaffold. His step The fac-simile signature of iront infancy not to sutler from physical school hymn wuter, 111 jtwo, tlie ciiorus fear. 1 have suffered a thousand times ' ' Hay, bummers, will you meet us V" r 1 1 1 ,i r i- it ! The air wa-s iuickly taken up by the eamp- mo:e fix in bnshf illness than Jrum iear." lliecti.r folk who changed the word "buni- a tyffi&c$k was still firm, and his bearing calm, yet hopeful. The hour having come, he said to Capt. Avis : " I have no words to thank you for all your kindness to me." His elbows and ankles being pinioned, the wThite cap drawn over his eyes, the hangman's rope adjusted around his neck, he stood wailing for death. " Capt. Brown," said the Sheriff, " you are not standing on the drop. Will you come forward?" " I can't see' was his firm answer ; "you must lead me." The Sheriff led him forward to the center of the drop. "Shall I give you a handkerchief, and let you drop it as a signal? " "No; I am ready at anytime; but do not keep me needlessly waiting." In defiance of this reasonable request, he was kept standing thus several minutes, while a military parade and display of readiness to repel an imaginary foe were enacted. The time seemed an hour to the impatient spectators; even the soldiers besmn to murmur " Shame ! " At last, the order was given, the rope cut with -a hatchet, and the trap fell; but so short a distance that the victim continued to struirle and to suffer for a consideiable time. Being at length duly pronounced dead, he was cut down after 3S minutes' suspension. His body was conveyed to Harper's Ferry, and delivered to his widow, by whom it was borno to her far northern home, among the mountains he so loved, and where he was so beloved. There let it rest forever, while the path to it is worn deeper and deeper 'by the pilgrim feet of the race he so bravely though rashly endeavored to rescue from a hideous and debasing thraldom ! (To be continued.) EDITORIAL NOTE.-Tlic ne it installment of "T.e American CoEflict" will relate to I the firing on Port Sumtsr. THE JOHH BROWfi SOflG. Origin and History of a Once Popular Com position. It is generally supposed that the John Brown song was first sung by the soldiers iu 1861. Certain it is thai when the Massachu setts troops, under command of Col. Fletcher "Webster, .son of DanieL Webster, v. ere en camped on one of the islands of Boston Har bor, before they set out to the. front, they gave vent to their patriotism by singing John Brown's body lies mouldering in the jrrave. But his soul goes marching on. Spraguc Hall was the reputed author of the words, though he neer laid claim to it himself. The truth is the original John Brown .sonj: was wntten by a woman, Edna Dean Proctor, just after John Brown was hung ,it Harper's Ferry, and from tins song was taken- the first line of the sung as now j sung. J" T ' j Ji.il, Uie luuc, oiju may usk, v.nu ujataunji that? A question, surely. Like the tune of "(Jod Pave the King." to which we sing 'My Country. 'Tisof Thee," it may be an old folk ton- to which nobodv has a right to am end lus name, a son" llie school c Iiililir.ii 1 of (JerniMiy were s nging long beioie any claim wasina c by Great Britain. Collin k:c, who has done the tame thing with "Columbia, tho Gem of the Ocean," Aisneaily as can be ascei mined the melody J aiiotlier-afpitnitiBMhoicOmninn heritage of Mississippi we were OTI1QK j, nJ.pn, , When we leaehed tjie road, well out ot tho,.Y:fglo,Saxon pcL-wiiVMl ihstf to set Jg pXftn&i h' W9 & 1 A the JohwiHromi sotti-JliHiufed music; but ,a'scd "efi trotted lelsm?V nlong be- a!I sccincdio be gomg home as you please. ha lavs no claim to tiie composition snnply ! jlin1 A jjeutenant through clcvilihlmess, ' So Wtt H'tumed, Veaclung Hampton .about marks it, "Ai ranged by Collin Coe." ! &hot him, though not fatally 1 o'clock, completely, btokeu up We had iJHkimmnm&V I . m mm fmTtmrim&vx ' xm& m t, . f M?t ,Miw tews VMsL mJkm A5- P&?ffizyzmA '' tm1 tmufmLsmmmsimmjPwm, mmm $mi . .k ihmz&ss-. - .&m&. -..m Zat&yimieii. $11 y"''zMiSmtkm- rtftfMMW I mi mm wm h wmmM l H wm?i W - , Wet w$s&wi T.AST MOM i:T.S OK JOHN JJIiOWM. Jobn Broun of O.uatoin".e, sjjakc on his dying day " I will not 1 aw; to s-hrie my hou! a priest in h'aeryN,pay, !Bnt lot some noor slave-mother. vhcm f haveatiivy.i to free. With her children, Irom the gallons John Brown of Os:uvatoinie, they led Audio! a poortlave-mother, with hit Then the bold blue eye trcw tender, As he stooped between the eiovuling of the John lit own song was composed for a fire company at Chin lesion, S. C, by abunda'- mei-ij " to " brother-." It appealed as a cam- mimi son" in Masachubetts in tho Lincoln campaign of 1800, and mis sung by the Ke- publican marching clubs, which were sup- j polling John A. Andrew for Governor and , Abraham Lincoln for Pieaideiit It came alcut this way. IW....,w The Dourlas clubs whe'i marching, would sing: Go and toil John Andrews xo and tell Amir w?. John. Go and tuJJ JohnVtidrows. John Hrown is dead. t-'alt uoii'ib.uclrim ; wilt rou't uic him ; Suit won't sao him ; John Brown's dcud. To this, sung to the tune of " Go and tell Aunt KhoJy our old gray goose is. dead," the Lincoln clubs would reply, using the words from Edna J3eau Proctor's poptn, "John is ou every wrapper of OASTOElfA. Brown's body lies mouldering in the graved to which they added, "his soul goes march ing on,." The melody was introduced into the soldier camp by Mr. Grccnleaf, of Chailestown, Mass. The soldiers sang it when they weut to the front; it made the welkin ring in the Army of the Potomac, and soon enlivened every rally iu the North, from the Atlantic to the Pacific. It was echoed and re-echoed from the Red River to the James and resounded among the mountain peaks of Tennessee- and Geoigia. It cheeied the famishing soldier: in the pi ison pen, and gave a conquering rhythm to the feet of Sherman's marchers to the sea, and the triumphant hosts of Grant at Appo mattox. MISS PKOCTOR'S .70HS IUIOWN. John Brown died on the scaffold for the slave; Dark was the ground when we dug his hallowed prr.ivo; , Now God avenges thelife he gladly, gave, , Freedom reigns to-day. ' Cnoitus. Glory, glory hallelujah, ,, A. Freedom ruigns to-day. ' John Thrown sowed, and the harvcsfcraarcTvd: Honor to him who has made the bondmen free; Loved ovcrmore shall our noble ruler be. Freedom reigns to-day. John Brown's Lody lies mouldering in 'the irr.ive: ' ' Bright o'er the sod let the starry banuerwavc"'! J..O, tor the million he po til led all to S4,ye Fieedom leigns to-day. John Brown's soul through the world is inarch- t iug on; J ' -v; - IIiul totho hour when oppression shall bc,gony;s All men will sing in the better'dny's (lawn, Freedom's marching on. "' John Brown dwells where the. battle strife is Hate cannot harm him, nor sorrow stir him ' mm e. E irth will remember the martyrdom he bote, Freedom reigns to-day. . ' T John Brown's body lies mouldering ,in the grave; John Jliown lives in the triumph-of.-the, bra.ve; John Brown's soul not 11 higher- joy e.iu crave, FiceJom leigns to-u ly. ita; Kate "B. Sherwoo'd. to cum: a. cold is one day , Tako Laxative Bromo Quinine Tablets. All druggists refund tho money if ififails to cure. 25c. The gen nine has L. B. Q. on each tablet. THAT DOG JEFF.- i He Uclonsed to tho 6lh Iowa, and'Wfts a Great l'ct. " ' ' '' Editor National Tribune: Qri.c ot Uievlo,y.sr picked up a dog one day while we wore, marching through Missouri, iu 18tlfJ JIq' was then a pun, and we took lurnrt'carryr' ins him in our haversacks, until' Jicwa-s able to trot along with the conimundt ' Jeff, as we called him, grew to lie a good .sized dog, and was very serviceabk"ay a j forager in catching chickens,and turkeys. He would catch pigs (oo.t holding one until one of the boys could come and dis patch it. At the battle of Shiloh he was between two fires. The regiment, at unq, tune dur ing the engagement was located in .an, open road; the enemy in our front was firing grape-shot that were peiu by the lime they reached us. and rolled on the ground. ,jcrr would run afler and play with (hem as iC w(,uJd have done with a ball in I ho slrc(.( 1c &cernci (0 j,aVe HlHtinCt Or sense enough not to touch tliom. He was finally struck with a minie-ball in the - "."" -- --" "" '""J" "" " '- "' - "w. .. ' w- .-.---' " more the Surgeon treating him even more carefully than he did the lvys. After Jeff had recovered sufficiently to inarch with the regiment again, one day in Then th?re was trouble. John M. Corse frg.V ; a 1 ttair, put up a prayer for 1116 V'r Miir-th 1 him out to die; little child, pus-?ed nigh; t .., -. - and the old haih face g'.ew mild,. -j IU) ranks, and kied the negio'.s child 1 J. G. Vhittier.- was in command of the division, "ip knew Jeff, and was as much attached to the dog as any of the boys. J va.'J 'tu'd 'that the Lieutenant was eourt-mn.:alod iVml pun ished Ic-iT was cared for, and agiiin had & ride in the ambulance. At one time ve were stationed at 6'iaud Junction. Tenn.; a Lieutenant, havinir ron sinned, took JefT with him, the bow not knowing it until they received ,a letter after he arrived home, italing'the fact. 'I lie cars were then running from Grand Junction to Memphis, lie Ipid the dog with him in the car, and was ab nit four milci from the .station when Jeff, beeniing to realize the situation, jumped through tlie open window and was b.udc with the regiment, befuro he had been misled. JefT v.ould follow any mtin of the roui meat, and was a faithful and trusty dog. 1 hrough his fidelity each and every man of the regiment became trreatly attach od to him. He did valiant .service and will long be remembered. Vhen tjic regiment w.ts charging n'p tlie rugged fides of Missionary llidgts poor Jeff wa-s shot and killed The Iwi.vb buried him. putting up amnrker bearing a suitable inscription J.-ftNott', Co A, Oth Iowa, .Marion, Iowa. 5?Vt FlGiTTiG TjlEItt OVEli m r Wliat tlie Veterans Have to Say i About Their Campaigns. ITlic Editor would-be glnd to receive from the veterans (Volunteers and Jtegulurs) articles of from 500 to 1,000 w'ords. written exclusively lor Tnn XationacThihunk. and for publica tion in the Fighting Them Over department. Tho subject should Wi or interest to veterans in guncial.nnd treated with special regard for historical accuracy ot statement. Narratives of the behavior of some particular regiment, brigade, or division on somo Held whereon it di-tingui&hed itself, in some campaign in which it took: a prominent part, in some siege whoroin it acted offensively or deteusively; remiuis ccnccs of prison life, the march, the battle or the camp all such nre solicited. The naval veterans are invited to give narratives of their Service in various enterprises. The Editor especially desires for publication outside of the Fighting Them Over columns dnimaticskctch.es of" personal adventure, or of humorous inci dent, connected with wnrtime service. Articles will receive prompt consideration, and if avail able be inserted. Stamps should be inclosed if it is desired thatthtmanuscriptbc returned if unavailablc.l , AS RECRUITS AND VETERRflS. Tho 3d '. Y.'.h Kxpcrlonco afc Kig llelliel 1 and Jrwry't lllufT. Jditou National Tnreuxc : When at Foit Monroe, the 3d N. Y., on June 9, 18G1, was ordered to move at 11 o'clock p. m.? carrying GO rounds of ball cartridges and two days'1 rations. "We had only been in eanig four days, and this was our first experience. Tiie excitement of the occasion and some other reasons prevented our leaving on time, and he consequence will be presented later on. ; When all was ready the legimcnt w'as formed on the parade-ground, Col. Fied Townsend iu command, and the baud in position on the right of the legimcnt. Yori would have thought we were going on a pic nic instead of looking for the Johnnies. The command was irivcu '"Right face llight shoulder arms Forward March ! " an (I 'l away we went to Hampton Creek, passing over the bridge to Hampton, and so we wejtt along. We tried to make up our lateness by going quick and double-quick. As we reached the road running through to Hampton from Newport News we were met with a terrible' lire from musketry and a heavy piece of ar tillery. We were thrown into confusion; very nmch surprised. Our Colonel and staff were mounted and in the advance, with the band , between them and Co. A. Everybody wasr wondering who onr assailants were; but re treating a short distance and daylight appeal ing a grc.it mistake was discovered. The 7th N. Y. (-"teuben Regiment), from Newport News, had mistaken us for rebels and given uSf our initiation. The oth N. Y. (Dttryea Zcfn-: Oil aves), who bad preceded us some time, came pack on the double-quick, expecting to liiid the rebels in their rear. ! Explanations soon. set things right, and the piarch was taken up'J?gain. We soon arrived at a place called' BigBethcl. Then there Wisf hurry and scurfy. 'iV battery came plunging-' down the road, moving up to the supp6sed front. Some tvoops'were' moving over to the right. But Co. A arid the :$d moved in linc-of-battle to thcTefr, With the oth N. Y. going down by the flank: 'As we neared the front r k ... .. . t. he Johnnies began to send over their com- laments, but ab vc.advaneed thev shot too u&h. Tlicie seemed to be no knowledge dPtlftj pdMtion of the eiimttj-, and each rcghnsnt acted on its own., accaunt. As our regiment advanced the bullcU, began to sing. By the commaud of Che Colonel wc about-faced and retreated, Ienving'''tno of Co. A's men wounded, who Tfrat rtfterward taken prisoner, Martin Uiche. of .WiHiamsburg. L. I. had a inarch of 1 miles out and 15 miles re luming, with almost two nights without sleep; so yon can imagine what a tired crowd we v.cie the next morning. The Colonel let ,1m rnst. nil that, ilav. lint the next oh.-'lny ! j Battalion drill morning aud afternoon j , kloublc-quick fiom right to leit every 'nYn'e- jnlent was doublc-iuick, and was hotworir. 'So this was our initiation to war. There was no head to the movement. It looked to n:c as my first experience as a match up the hill, ,ct a few shots and return in good order; no skirmishers were thrown out, and no one seemed to know what 4 as what. Kow for an action in the latter part of the war at Urewiy's Blufi". In camp at Bemnfda Hundred, on or about May J), 18G1, wc were enjoying GUI-selves' with camp life and duties when we were ordered to prepare for a movement to the front. Passing out thiough our works we found' we were heading towaid Kiclunond. Going along the turnpike we halted in rear of the Bin 11' and prepared for woik. We arrived there ifnluiday mornimr, ilay l'l, and ad aneid with our skiimisheis until we un covered the enemy's lines; then'wc halted for further developments. Company A was well to the front. Late in the afternoon a report reached us' that the enemy were retreating, and without,' instructions the men commenced to jnove forwaul. The officers, taking in tho situa tion, and anxious to be first, moved with J them, hoping that the repoit was true. But alter arnving well up to the enemy'rf i . . . . -.. . . 'i ;woik., aud almost looking into them, we found a hornets' nest. Ihe works were -well lined with tioops. The order was given to get back without delay. After returning to our original line flic" regiment at daik was icliecd and sent to the rear to rest. On Monday, May It!, tnc' show opened in earnest. Firing commen'ce'd lightly on our right, and the regiment -was ordered into line, Co. A on the rigiit. ' ' "J A fo: was hanging so thick that the mem bers of Co. A could not sec the colors. Soon'1 we heaid a horseman coming near us, 'ana finally he, reached Co. A. "Where's the Col nel'lccricd. "Fiontofthe colors, was answered, and away he went. ' Foon wo heard U10 command to inarch. Co. A led the way toward the firing, but suddenty the regiment went into line-of-hattlc and wc advanced fo5the charge. The most remarkable tiling wa9 the lilting of that fog, as it were, like n curiam before au audience in a theater. Wc saw' one of onr regiments breaking way liom tke front in rather a demoralized condition. We kept on iinril we readied a low fence in fiont of a pMcieYd' woads. In passing over the field Capt. II. L. Couch was .shot, and loit his aiifi, aihl shortly after reaching the tence, Lieut.-Col. E. G. Floyd was .shot in the leg. Capt. lA lex IMann, from New burg, then took comniand. Co. A was on the exlicmo right of 'the regiment, heing'in ntfiost dangerous position. Tl:e M2.1 N. Y.,'Col.'N. M. Curtis, came to our right, which gavb us some protection. It was not long before the enemy bioke thiough our lines nidi out of Gen. Hickman's Brigade, and for some reason or othci the 1 I'M was withdrawn, leaving the 3d's flank fully cnsed. Afler waiting consideiable time for orders, and seeing the enemy pass ing to our Hank, Co. A concluded that as the Captain commanding was near the colore, we had better git. So I ordered them to rise and about face. The whole regiment fol lowed biiit. It was well that we all retired. When tho Johnnieasaw they were going to lo:e us they opened fire. After 1 caching cover Gen. Giltnora orderel us to move by the flank. When we 1 cached the turnpike we were deployed as skirmibheis across the turnpike, facing Richnmul. aud ordered to drive the rebels back at all hazaids. This was promptly done and continued until all the side and wounded were secured and fafely beyond danger. A. I). Limukkgei:, Cieednuor, Long Island, N. Y. WITH THE lith iOltffl. Kolca of a Comrade Who Was In It From Start to Finish. ' Editou National Tribunc: The regi ment to which T belonged was organized in the early Fall ot 1SG1. Jt went into Missouri to operate against guerrilla bands. In the early Spring of 1SG2 it was ordered down the river via St. Louis, Cairo, aud up to Pittsburg Landing, Tenn. Then came the terrible battle. We were under McCIernand's command. Our Colonel, Hare, commanding the brigade, was severely wounded. Our Lieutenant-Colonel, Hall, commanding the regiment, had his hors-e killed under him. Many a good man fell in that struggle. Then caino the siege and capture of Cor inth, Miss. There was plenty of service during the Summer Of 18G2 at Bolivar, Tenn., to Iuka, Miss., and back to Corinth, Oct. 2. In the, early morning of Oct. 3, we were called, into lino of battle sonic two or three miles west of the town to meet Van Dorn and "Pap" Price, With their Confederate forces. This Friday night VanDorn's men slept where we had life night before; not that they were whipping us, but because wc had a little sur prise for them, nearer iown in the shape of some.nO-pound Pa rrott batteries. Thevarions regiments were placed to support these bat teries'. ' Here let me tell something historians may not know. About 4 o'clock in the morning of Odt. 4 one or two comrades and I went ' An" Interrupted Breakfast. back to where the teams were. Thinking to Ynake sbmo coffee to drink, and fill our can teens, tooK a camp-kettle from a wagon, rgpt water, aud started a fire. ,Koom! 'Whiz! came a shell; then an other. " 'Wc' failed to make the coffee, but deadened" that fire with tlie water and hur ried to the regiment. The Confederates had seen our fire and opened on us. While they were spoiling our plan -to have some coffee the officer in com mand of the battery, KicharUson, (tins our regiment was supporting.) made ready and replied with a boom and. a whirring sound that seemed to carry terror with it, knocking whirling the cannon that had spoiled onr coffee. It acted as a quietus. It was a beautiful morning. While the sun was rising among the trees during tiie hours' of stillness that followed, the Confed erates seemed to be gathering their forces for a terrible struggle. It came soon. Their Col. liogers fell within a few feet of our guns, while men were butchering one an other all around. I do not remember the regiment which met the brnnt of that charge at Battery IJobnett Before night the Con federates were rapidly retreating. r Tie,!:itetLday, a" beautiful Sabbath, we ' were chasing a demoralized army. Dr. B. If. Biedsoc, Co. G, 11 th Iowa, Marion, Ind. o CHICKASAW BLUFFS. The ITishlui or Dec. 20,1802, in Which the JiSd Ky. I'nrticip.itcri. Enrroit National Tribuni:: At Chicka saw Bluffs the 2d Ky. lay in CypiesaSwamp during night of Dec 28, 1802, preparatory to crossing the bayou between us and the rebel rillcpits and breastworks. Pontoon-bridges were laid about midnight. We awaited a re newal of the conflict of the previous ilay. At dawn we still held the position where the 54th Ind. and the rebels had swayed back and forth. Shells were scattered thickly about the ground, broken cypress branches were strewn about dead men who lay in rows awaiting burial. We broke the fast of tiie night at sun-up, with gloomy apprehensions of what might soon ocouiv -Uie bugle sounded Jail in." The lfith Ohio marched jup behind us. Some said they had come to relieve us, but such was trmisrak'e. We were ordered to march acro-3 the bayou. Before crossing we un sluiig knapsacks, throwing them in a pile without a guard. We crossed on the pontoons and soon struck a heavy outpost, commanding approaches to, the lcbel works. This the rebels had just left Oil our crossing. Foster's battery took station at our backs on the banks of the bayou, and tried to draw the enemy's fire from us, until we could get a good foothold on tlie east bank. Wejp'a.sicd'lue outpost and tried to deploy on the field, but the enemy's ciossfirc swept (Town on us from both wings in terrific vol leys 61 iron hail. Foster's battery could not drawjlhe enemy's fire. Men fell on all sides. Many of the line officers of the 22d Ky. were shot down. Captt Garrard, Co. II, and Capt. llegan, Co. G, were shot dead; Col. 'Monroe was slightly wounded. ' Finding we could not carry the works, the retreat was sounded and we fell behind Fos ter's -battery. The artillerymen did their pait nobly; so did the good old IGth Ohio, w-itlriwhom the 22d Ky. was-always the best of friends. Indeed, the brigade in all did well. After the Chickasaw Bluffs charge we fell back to tlie 'Yazoo 1 fiver. 1 was wounded, and rodein an ambulance from the field hos pital to the boat-landing. The field hospital was a bloody place. The Stngeons were plenty, and armed with all sorts of insliu ments to amputate people's aims aud legs; so tho gc-cne was ghastly to one who was not habituated. 1 recollect I set my Springfield down by the door and there 1 le'ft it. I reported to Chap lain Sunnier, who dressed my wound and or dered nic to go in first ambulance to the hos pitallioat. Here, the wounded were gathering fast fiom the Blull's, and many that were not wounded' "playing ofi'" as muses, getting away fiom the battlefield. The next morn ing 1 went aboard the hospital boat. I was standing on the bow. I heaid considerable noise in the direction of the cabin. Quite a crowd of so-called nurses were making a flight down thestaiis, followed by a large man, who was kicking at them. He walked up to me, looking me in the eyes, but did not say a Avoid, and walked away. I afterwards learned he was the Suigeou-General. Our command pioceeded up the river to assault Aikan&as Post, while we wounded were transferred to hospitals ab Keokuk, Iowa, and Memphis, Tenn. A. J. Jacobs, Co. D, 22d Ky., Wesleyville, Ky. - At Chaiioolloruvillf. William S. "WuUon, Co. D, 140th Pa., Danville, 111., says it was the oth Me. bat teiy which was in front of the Chancellor House, and whose guns were rescued by pait of tlm 140th Pa., aud other tioops. Ife thinks it was Col. Zook who came along the line shoutiug " Save those guns !" AFTER JuTOADUKE. A 2d Wis. STanft Story of tho Fight at Tako Chicot. Editor National Tktrune: Tho 2d Wis. Cav. led the advance on two important occasions. The first time was at the head of Gen. Sherman's army for four days, when driving Geu. Johnston from the rear of Yicks burg immediately following its surrender. The final wind-up of this trip and the suc cess of it are well known to all of the many thousands in coutestiug for the possession of Jackson, Miss. Giving this passing notice, I w-ill speak more fully of the second adventure. This Gen. Marmaduke's defeated soldiers remem ber well to this day; yet they were fighters, and gave up nothing until compelled to after much hard scrapping. Memory fails to name all of the, regiments that took part, and those noticing this article will readily recall it if they were there. On June '.I, 1661, a movo was inaugurated to try to put an end to the molesting of our transports, which were being constantly fired into by Marmaduke's forces (including a bat tery), that were located near Greenville, Miss. Many lioats were secured, and conveyed a bri gade of infantry, a battery, and some troops of cavalry to the infested grouuds. Our regiment, the 2d Wis. Cav., was first to unload, aud was thrown out as pickets till the lauding of all troops was effected about 4 p. m. We were then ordered to recounoiter. The rebel pickets were soon reached and driven in. The skirmishing continued until dark. The drizzling rain increased during the night and continued through the follow ing day; but in the early morning wc were engaged in skirmishing and steadily making an advance. In the thick: woody fields and brush many times we were compelled to dismount and work out on the flank, forming lines in advancing. Lake Chicot was reached in the afternoon; there a bold stand wa3 determined on the part of Marmaduke's men. Their first stop was made at the appioach of an open field, behind a heavy log fence. Our ca-alry be ing dismounted, and using the timber for protection, approached so near before they were seen, that when the first volley operfed the clattering on the log fence made more music than the Johnnies desired. They fell back to a second strong position, which our men soon confronted. We charged across a large field, but the dense weeds completely hid the forms of our men while advancing, the flags and staffs only being visible. At the advance our cavalry was placed in a position where they could plainly watch the line of infantry. When almost reaching the woods on the farther side, the air was rent with the open ing up of Marmaduke's whole force of in fantry and artillery,, located on a high bank j ust across a large bayou. The field of weeds was soon, trimmed down to stubble by the continuous fire from both sides. The soft ground "was the only protection afforded to our men ; into this they soon worked them selves while lying fiat. Gen3. A. J. Smith and Mower, wrho were in charge of thi3 expedition, were now most actively engaged in pressing the firing of the 1st Wis. battery and the work of the infantry. The Johnnies were driven front the field within a half hour's time, yet they could not be overtaken, owing to the destruction of the bridge over tho bayou, ,wliclv,bat to be re laid by our troopd before wp could effect a crossing. ' Our regiment was the first to cross, late in the afternoon, and darkness came on while we were trying to overtake the rebels. Wc returned after dark. The boats by this time were located at the head of the lake, on the river, aud we were transported back to Vicks burg. Tlie 8th Wis. found the hottest place in the charge, and suffered quite aloss. They had returned from the Eed IJiver expedition, and stopped td.lendns a'haud'wWlon their way home for veteran furtdngh. In conversa tion with one of their members recently, he remarked that "loose lead" was the thickest he ever witnessed at this engagement. O. S. ' Sisson, Co. B, 2d Wis. Cav., West Salem, Wis. " Stayer?." If. Robinson. Burrows, Ind., writes: "Co. A, 4fith Ind., was mustered into the service for three years, Oct. 5, 18C1. It contained 101 stalwart yonng m'eu, mostly' farmers' sons. With the regiment it was in 26 en gagements, many of them severe. It lost by desertion, 1; died of disease while in service, 8; killed in action, 11; seriously wounded, 17. This is one instance wherein disease did not kill more than bullet and shell, and when we take into consideration the fact that the company was engaged nearly its entire service in Missouri, Arkansas, Mississippi, and western Louisiana, it speaks volumes for the moral as well as physicaleatatns of the company. But the best of all is to come yet; from the best information at hand, 01 of the original 101 still survive." "What no Would Do. Gen. Edward S. Bragg, of Wisconsin, the veteran commander of the famous- ' Iron Brigade," has viewj. of his own as to the situation in Cuba. He says: " 1 know what I would do if I were in command at Havana Imrbor. I would shell the town, take it and then set it on pre. After the flames were well under way I would advise the Government at Washing ton what I had done. They might remove me from my command, but the Cuban problem would be solved completely." Greatest because Hood's Sareaparilla does what all other medicines fail to do. As an instance of its peculiar and unusual cura tive power, consider the most insidious disease, and the disease which taints the blood of most people, piodncing incalculable suffering to many, while iu others it is a latent fire liable to burst into activity and produce untold misery on the least piovoca tion. SC?Ofu!a is.thc only ailment to which the human family is subject, of which the above sweeping statement can honestly be made. Now, a medicine that can meet this common enemy of mankind and re peatedly effect the wonderful, yes, mirac ulous, cures Hood's Sarsaparilla has, clearlv has the ritrht to the title of Ameri ca's Greatest Medicine. Scrofulous Humor. FOXBOKO, MASS. "My little son was troubled with scrofulous humor. We gave him Hood's Sarsaparilla aud we have seen none of that trouble since. My husband aud myself have taken Hood's Sarsaparilla with benefit. I had trouble with my eyes but have been relieved by Hood's Sarsa parilla. " Mrs. E. B. Warren. Sarsa parilla Is America's Greatest Medicine. Sold by all druggists. Prepared only by C. I. Hood & Co., Lowell, Mass. HrmrPc PS lie cl,nI !ivor iUs; ePs5" ,0 11UUU a IilD take, easy to operate. 25s. America s E3 13 ga E PICKET SHOTS. From. Alert Comrades Whole Line. Along ino Clmrge at Joneboro. George W. Witherspoon, Lientcnant, Co. IT, 11th Mich., Detroit, Mich., writes: '-'Tho 14th Mich., of the First Brigade, Second Di vision, Fourteenth Corp?, under command of Col. Henry R. Mizner, was the first to enter the lines of the rebel Gen. Govan, capturing four pieces of artillery, two of which belonged, to Loomis's battery, of Coldwater, Mich., and which were taken from our men at Stone River, Tenn. In company with Maj. Fitz gibbons, of my regiment, and two privates, I assisted in turning one of these pieces, loaded and discharged it inside the rebel works. "It was about this time that a private of my command bayoneted two of the rebel gunners. He may have been the boy referred to in a recent article. According to the state ment of Gen. Govan, this was the first time their lines were broken, and by the 1-tth Mich. "I would state that in this charge the colors of tlie 1st Ark. were captured by-my brother, First Lieut. Alex. Witherspoon; also, a pair of silver spnrs belonging to Gen. Govan, and which have since been returned to that gentleman." I. If. Doughuian. Co. E, 17th Ohio, writes: "I wish to assist in locating the 17th N. Y. at Joncsboro. I claim the regiment was not in the first line of charge at all. but was on the reserve, the same as the 17th Ohio was, only a short distance to their left. When tbo, Regulars halted for a time, the 17th Ohio, di rectly in their rear, was ordered to take their place; but before we reached them they ral lied, went in again, and captnred their portion of the rebel line of works, which in their front was in a ravine. ' ' We returned to our place again. We had ( hardly Iain downln order to protect ourselves from the bullets when another order came for' us to go in on the right of the Regulars. We started, but just before we reached the brush, the 17th N. Y. came in on a left-oblique on the double-quick, and went in ahead of us. I have always understood they lost ISfi men in the next five minutes; those who were not hit went over the rebel earthworks before they had time to reload their guns, and cap tured the men behind them. ,: I have never heard one of the 17th Ohio regret that the 17th N. Y. got ahead of us that day; for we should have received that volley instead of them had they been one minute slower. I afterwards learned the General ordered the 17th to assist at that point, and two orderlies started; one went to the 17th N. Y.,the other to the 17th Ohio. I think: Comrade Hudson is correct in placing the 17th N. Y. in the First Brigade, Second Division, Fourteenth. Corps. The 17th Ohio was iu the First Brigade, Third Division, Fourteenth Corps. This should locate the Zouaves." G. M. Banfill, Sergeant, Co. E, 10th Mich.. Turtle Lake, Wis. , writes: c Comrade Harvey is right about the troops that took the battery at Jonesboro. I belonged in the First Bri gade, Second Division, Fourteenth Corps. The Regular Brigade charged two-thirds across tlie open field and lay down. The First Brigade charged over them and into the woods. I fell within ten rods of the battery, with a bullet through my thigh. Our boys used the butts of their guns' before the rebels' would surrender." A Post Surgeon Speaks.. ,T. Lee McComas, M. D., Oakland, Md., noticed sometime ago an inoniry as to what rebel troops took part in the raid on Morgan town, W. Ya., in 1?63. He says he was Post Surgeon at Oakland during the war. " On the entrance of the Johnnies," the Doctor says, "I was captured and my horse confiscated by a tall gentleman and two others, after a dash. When they caught up with rue; the, taU.gep tleman thrust a pistol In my face" and" said: 'I am Lieut. Bell, of the 12th Va. Cav.,' etc Oh, it was funny. I am snre many of the boys of Blencker's Division, and others of Ohio, Indiana, Pennsylvania, and Con necticut, will remember 'Doc' McComas, and how I sent them home on furloughs." Picked Up the Shell. Patrick Dolau, 30th Ind., Albion, Ind., writes : " When we weie going lor Atlanta at Peach Tree Creek, I got into a rebel gopher hole, and a Johnny singed the hair on the side of my head about three times, shooting- at me. I yelled to him that he was either an awkward fellow or a good shot; that I had about (JO rounds of ammunition and he was welcome to it. I then let him have some of it and presently he stopped shooting. I saw the Johnnies load a cannon; when they fired it the shell came into my pit ; I picked it up and threw it out, but the shell did not ex plode. Then the Captain of our artillery, finding it fitted aguu, sent it back to the John nies. I wonder who was the Captain of the two Napoleons that stood north of the Widow Glenn's house on Sunday afternoon at Chicka mauga? I helped to use one of the guns." Another of Fremont's Men. Daniel Bnrket, Ashland, Kan., writes: "In a recent issue I read the sketch of one of Fremont's men. I know of another, Richard L. O wings. I have heard him speak of Charles Prucss, and he was present when the flag was tied to a ramrod at Pike's Peak, aud was also with the expedition of 1642. He now lives at Circleville, Kan. He is the man spoken of by Gen. Sherman as being with. Fremont at Los Angeles. Gen. Sherman calls him Capt. Owens. He was born at -Zaues-ville, O., in 1S13." Scattering-. James T. Crooks, Co. I, 49tb Ohio, Toledo, O., writes: 'Isee in a recent issne a letter from William Spencer, Co. I, Sth Kan. I re member a little fellow who belonged to that regiment, and whom the boys adled 'Chip munk.' To show how good a sailor he was, while we were on a transport lie would go fiom mast to mast hand over hand on the stays o'O feet above the deck. One day he was performing this feat when lie passed over the smokestack and was asphyxiated. He fell to the deck about four feet from the spot where I w as sleeping: He lived only an hour. We buried him with all the honors of war in. the Gulf of Mexico. The 4tfth Ohio left Texas in December, 1365." A. A. Blair, Past Commander, Delkcr Post, Birmingham, O., would like some comrade to send him the poem, "Why I Wear this Army Button." J. II. Wood, Co.'K, 119th 111., Brooklyn, Iowa, writes: "In the Fall of 1S61, while Gen. Price was raiding Missouri, the Union forces captured a desperado named Cole. He was taken prisoner near De Sota. Mo. On tho way to camp he killed a Union soldier by cutting his throat with a pocket-knife. Next mouiing the Union soldiers hanged him. I think the men belougcd to an Iowa regiment." D. J. O'Malley, Rosebnd, Mont., has the discharges of Samuel Townsend, Co. I, 50th Pa.; Joseph Heddou, Co. I, 50th Pa.; and Benj. F. Raymond, Co. F, lith Mich., and Co. B, 1st Mich. S. S. T. Coffin, 23d Ohio, New Castle, Ind., writes that he has the commission issued to Capt. John M. Newkiik, Co. K, 11th Ohio, and signed by William Denison, Governor. William 11. Payne, Co. I, 37th Intl., Al pine, Ind., writes: "Capt. Charles Grants Co. C, 18th Ohio, told of a successful charge by that regiment at Stone River. The 37th Ind. was in that charge. We went Into action with 4o6 otiicers and men, of whom 15G were either killed or Avonuded. Col. John F. Miller led the Third Brigade of Negley's Division, and without orders from his superiors attacked the Johimies under Gen. Breekimidge, and drove them from a very important position. Thatevcning Gen. Bragg commenced his retreat. The. o7tli Ind. was tho first regiment to reach Mur-freesboro." . ,. .0 Jn - r s W-t -&," J fj-s3f- jr j , A