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7W 3?"1-? eV' - 9- TS ifSsSS -SH w ? -A " v &"" ;: - a."" " - y? i THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON,, D.rC, THURSDAY, MARCH 17, 1898. 3 V V f AM4 CHAPTER XXI. fhe Home of Salmon P. Chase and His Daughter Ancient Tablets An Indian Princess Georgetown Aristocrats The Tudor Estate The Linthieum Mansion. Philip Barton Key Gen. Forrest at Uos dale. On the northwest corner of Oth and E fctrccts is a square-built 'brick house that was once the home of Salmon P. Chase, who was successively Governor of his State. Senator in Congress, Secretary of the Treasury and Chief .Justice of the Supreme Court. In the country's direst need for level-headed men, he was the one who carried its finances triumphantly through the great civil war, and was lastly Chief Justice of the highest Court in the land. It was in this house that the beautiful Kate Chase graced the home of her great father. It is said that her history would, in part, be a history of the war; that no one woman had more to do in influencing the movements on the military and political chessboard than she, and it was her in fluence largely that Kept McClellan at the head of the army. An unfortunate marriage to a man of brilliant promise, for the sake of the father she adored, which failed by the smallest chance of making him the Chief Magistrate of the Nation, proved her donwfall. There was a tune when Mrs. Sprague's position, her ex quisite grace, her beauty of form and feature gave her the ascendency in society. Self-exiled was she for years. Edgewood, on the outskirts of the city, the country home of the family, had most of the time a deserted look. The change that came upon this once happy family laid its hand also upon beautiful Edgewood. An organization of members of the bar from Ohio, in the Summer of l&SG. removed the remains of Mr. Chase to Cincinnati, where he was best known as a lawyer. Mrs. Kate Chase Sprague returned from Europe to attend the last sad rites in honor of the father she adored. The Nation will always reverence the name of Salmon P. Chase, and not forget the beautiful daughter who went down into the valley of suffering through filial affec tion and aspirations. Not many year,s ago there were un earthed in Georgetown some tablets of great valje to the lover of antiquities. The.-e slabs bear date so remote that most of the inscriptions have been ejiten away by the tooth of time, but there remains sufficient to identify the Beale family, whose estate composed what is known as Georgetown Rights. Far back in the shadowy fast the clear, ringing tongue of the Celtic Bell made melody in the ear of an Irdian Princess, who soon after became his wife. The first home of this .young pair was a wigwam founded upon Dumbarton Rock; afterwards a log cabin snuggled in these woody hishts. Here Madam Bell, attended by hor pale-faced consort, led the fashion without rival, and with none to dispute her sway. To the east stretched. their vast posses sions, which embraced all the land within the scope of vision between the cottage and the rising sun. Over the stormy seas came the winged sailing vessels, bringing rich brocades and laces for this dusky queen. Her costumes were half civilized andlialf Jjarbariq. tl 'Tliese aHicien't Georgetown aristocrats have been slowly undergoing the bleaching process, and the past hundred years have almost obliterated the last trace of Indian origin. But true to their instinct they were the first to seize the deadly musket in the Southern cause; and the late battle fields of the South arc made richer by the bines of the last of the aristocracy of Georgetown. fter the Bells came the Peters family, whose slave call was answered by hun dreds -of sa"ble men. Georgetown Rights, in 'those days, wsls called the Tudor es tate, in memory of the royal line in Eng land. The Peters family was related to the Washingtons and the Lees. Washington Peters is the most prominent descendant of this aristocratic family, but the last fragment of the estate has passed away from him, and he lives on a farm at Flli oott's Mills, a man of nearly eighty years. He alone retains the haughty bearing of the proud family, the last of his race whose hand has rested on the yoke of a slave. The shifting panorama shows us Protes tant Thuldkill, who through the influence of Archbishop Carroll, of Baltimore, gave the extensive grounds, now occunied bv the Georgetown College and Convent, to the Catholic Church, during the latter part of the last century. But little has come down to us of the social element of the Tiiultjknis. They were a family of culture and refinement, and institutions of learn ing that have sprung up under their foster ing care are their enduring monuments. The following amusing incident was re lated to us by a friend. Mr. Thuldkill was a great stock breeder on his estate, Georgetown Rights. When .Merino sheep first attracted attention in this country he had obtained a small flock and had been negotiating for some time Tor a ram. At length it reached Washing Ion. He mounted his horse, and rode anxiously to see and possess it. It was a splendid animal, with a price correspond ingly high. He bought il, engaged a cart and negro driver, and hastily addressed a note to Mrs. Thuldkill, saying that a stranger and several gentlemen would dine with them, and to have especially a leg of mutton done up in superior style; adding aKo: "The colored boy who delivers this lakes over a splendid ram; please see to t " The ram was tied up, and the prelimi naries of the feast arranged. In reference lo the mutton, Mrs. Thuldkill consulted her steward, and they concluded from the tenor of the note that the animal sent by the cart was to supply the leg of mutton lor the festive board; so, accordingly, that costly and fine ram was victimized, and his plump quarter dressed, garnished and bcrved smoking at the head of the table. After some preliminary libations at the sideboard, the guests were seated, and a generous slice of mutton was placed upon each plate. They unanimously decided that it was very superior, and the host heartily indorsed the sentiment, and turn ing to his delighted spouse, inquired from which particular flock il had been taken. She, of course, responded. "It was the large ram you sent for the occasion this morning." Tins was too much. The old gentle man's cue stood on end. his face was fairly purple, for at first he was dum founded. Re arose from his chair, nearly upsetting the table, and brought his fist down with a tremendous thump, and, with an emphasis pinned with oaths, said: "Madam, you have slaughtered my mag nificent ram, for which I paid $300 this morning.' It was a scene so ridiculous, it is said, one of the guests was obliged to withdraw to have out his laugh. Coming down to the last SO years, we find the aristocracy of Georgetown strongly flavored with merchants and trades-people. The Linthieum mansion, which is one of the finest, was built and owned by a hard ware merchant. He, too, has passed .away, like all the old residents who gave tone to the elegant society .which ruled during the Administrations of Polk and Buchanan. At this time one of the social queens of the Capital lived in Georgetown, the city of her birth and education, the daughter of an obseure but highly respected citizen. Mr. Williams. At the early age of 1G she was married to the Russian Minister, Bodisco. At this wedding there were eight bridesmaids. Miss .Jessie Benton, the first, walked with .James Buchanan. The bride wore a rich satin brocade and veil of Jloniton lace, her ornaments simply a pearl sprig and pin. Henry Clay gave her fcway. m. do Bodisco wore his splendid r' - - k MDIUKIC HOMES Or IIP - SHPr1 $&&&" ska Piii Ka$sai ssjfmmAnmmkMm aK-MJgargTOi'U( j. V . -a. 4 MB W WASHINGTON ed Men and Wo men. Who HavV, J V Inhabited Tkem, "Vv & - Br MARY S. LOCK WOOD- court dress of blue, decoraten with several Orders and precious stones, and silver lace of great depth. The foreign Ministers of his train Avore their uniforms. This marriage at once lifted Madame de BodisxM) to the highest round in the social ladder, while his vast wealth was used to give his wifely jewel the most costly set ting. From over the sea came the flash ing gems that had adorned the persons of a hundred generations of Bodisco Rus sians; diamonds eclipsed only by those of world-wide fame; the same that Mrs. Tyler mentions in a letter written in 1842: "I very seldom go to parties, but. of course, I could not refuse Madame Bo disco's invitation. Her ball was expected to be the grandest affair of the season. Madame Bodisco looked lovely and was attired in pink satin with lace, flowers and such splendid diamonds, stomacher, car rings, breastpin, bracelets! I never saw such beautiful ' diamonds. Most of the furniture was of European make, and the house was filled with a variety of curios, bric-a-brac and works of art, the china service unsurpassed, the plate magnifi cent." Articles from this mansion arc yet to be seen in some of the homes, and find a way into loan collections from time to time. The most superb fete ever given in the District, it is said, was riven in this house, in honor of the birthday of the Em peror Nicholas, when 800 guests were in vited. Music enlivened the brilliant scene. All the foreign Ministers were in attendance, with their attaches, in court dress. The supper was served at 1 o'clock. A commodious apartment in the second story was set apart to accommodate the ladies. The table was covered with gold and mirror plateaus, eandelabras. orna mental dishes, gold forks, etc. Thegentle men were not admitted to this room, the ladies being waited upon by servants. The gentleman's supper room was in the third story. The Czar of Russia was represented by one of the most popular Ministers of the Diplomatic Corps. None compared in popularity with M. Bodisco. Courtesies extended and entertainments given are often found to be the golden chain that binds nations together. In those primitive days the working people used to line the roadway to see Madame Bodisco pass from her mansion to the White Rouse, on occasions of recep tions or levees. If the weather permitted she was'visible to all in her open carriage, far more beautiful than the famous Eu genie, and with the same superior tact and grace. Creamy while satin and costly old lace was the favorite costume, and when adorned with jewels worth more than half a million, mounted policemen followed in her train. The people said. "Old Bodisco is afraid someone will steal his wife,' but he was simply protecting her after the Russian fashion. But this American girl was something more than a figure to be adorned with stones. With that' superb tact which only a .Josephine knew how to practice, she united the contending social elements. She thawed the frozen ocean of diplomatic ceremony and bade the foreign fortress open its doors to her countrywomen as well as herself. It is true she had, standing at her right hand, the incomparable Harriet Lane of the White House. History rarely records the fact that distinguished ladies arc beautiful, but popular accla mation gave both these women the fairest crown. Alike inj.stylej.and type,(both blondes, almost perfect Yn form arid feature, with Titian-tinted flesh and golden hair such as the masters gave their beloved Madon nas, they held their emblems of power with a firmer grasp than did Marie An toinette, a woman of the same mold. There is no place where the sacred rites r-.t li-vcitf.lW.' wrn mnrr. riifllv observed man on ne iigins ui ocorciwi., " it .! i ..r r- - I ., t no neriod of history was this more gener ously carried out than immediately after the Revolutionary war. One of the Generals of that war was Uriah Forrest, a member of an aristocratic Maryland family. During the struggle for independence he served in the "Maryland Line, and lost a leg at the battle of Brandy wine; he was again wounded at the battle of Germantown, from the effects of which he never recovered. He was as distinguished in civil as he was in military affairs. During the years 178fi-87 he was a Delegate from Maryland to the Continental Congress, and a Repre sentative in the Councils from 171)3 to 1704, when lie resigned. When the District of Columbia was ceded to the United States by the Slates of Mary land and Virginia. Gen. torrcst resided on his estate, "Rosedale." near Georgetown, then a portion of Montgomery County, but being with'n the 10 miles st.uare. it 1 e camc a part of the District, ar.d Gen. Fonest thus became literally one of the first families of the District of Columbia. He married Rebecca Plater, of ' Rousby Hall," Maryland, daurhter of George Plater. Mrs. Forrest was remarkable for her beauty; she was once toasted in Eng land as "one of America's great beauties." JTome or Fr..xcia .. Gen. Forrest died at his residence, "nose dale," in 1 fc03- One of his daughters mar ried .John Green, of Maryland, who was for many years an efficient clerk in the Navy Department. They lived at "Itoscdale," the former residence of her father. One of the daughters of Mr. Green mar ried Don Angel de lturbide, whose father was the ill-fated Don Augustine First, the first and last Emperor of Mexico, who after being banished from his country, bad the courage to return, and soon after fell into the hands of his enemies, and was shot in the presence of his family, who were banished and sought an asylum in the United States, where they remained many years. But in the lapse of time, the friends of the late Emperor came into power, and young lturbide, who from a long residence in this country, spoke English like a native, was appointed Secretary of the Mexican Legation in 1850; and it was while holding that position that his marriage wilh Miss Green took place. To them was born a son, Don Augustin. He was about seven or eight years old when Maximilian, supported by the bayonets of Napoleon 111., attempted his- unsuccessful conquest of Mexico. Maximilian, deeming it a wise policy to make himself popular with the people he was ambitious to govern, resolved to adopt young Augustin Iturbidc as his heir. . In order to get control of the boy, lie held out promises of power and wealth to the parents of Augustin, who, as soon as such promises were accepted and the child given up, were banished from the country, and once more sought the fostering care of the United States. Upon their arrival here they called upon William H. Seward, then Secretary of State, to ask him to use his influence as mediator between Maximilian and themselves. M But the United States being then at war, I Mr. Seward was timid about making any fresh complications with foreign countries, so he declined to interfere, but advised Madame Iturbidc to go to Paris, see iS'a poleon and lay her case before him. She followed Mr. Seward's instructions', but failed to get a personal interview with Napoleon; and was compelled to lay her case before him in writing. Re declined to interfere, and Madame lturbide was once more forced to return to her mother's home, "Rosedale." Soon after the downfall and death of Maximilian, Augustin and his parents were once more united. Young lturbide, after being educated in the best colleges in this country and Europe, again returned to the home of his fathers. Mrs. Green, the daughter of Gen. Forrest, and mother of Mrs. lturbide. during her lifetime, gave a portion of "Rosedale" to her son, George F. Green, whereon he erected a stone house. The point upon which the house was built presents a magnificent view of Washington and the surrounding country, and was called by him "Pretty Prospect." "Pretty Prospect" was afterwards pur chased by President Cleveland, who made many handsome improvements to the property. Willi the change of owners came a change of name, and it is now known as "Oak View." Gov. Plater's daughter, Ann, married .Judge Philip Barton Key. Re was born in Maryland in 17C.r. Re entered the Eng lish service as Captain, and distinguished himself bv refusing to bear arms against the Colonies. Afterward he established a high reputation as a lawyer, and lived at that beautiful spot called "Woodley." Francis Scott Key, who immortalized his name by the writing of the "Star Spangled Banner." was a nephew of .Judge Key. An authentic account of the incidents connected with the writing of this 'National song has been given by the grand niece of Dr. Beans, Mrs. Dorsey: "Francis Key, in 1H10, lived in George town. Dr. Beans, of Marlborough, a bur geon in the Unitad States Army, was-attending the disabled soldiers, when Com modore Barney's flotilla was attacked on the Patuxent. The British Army, on their march to Washington, bivouacked on the plantation of Dr. Beans, who, though de testing them, treated the officers with true Maryland hospitality. "A few davs after their departure, while he was at 'dinner with seme friends, a. slave brought the news that the British were marching back to their boats. Full of glee, the party went to a spring on uie estate, with lemons, whisky, etc., to drink to the confusion of 'perfidious Albion.' "Three tired English s-oldiers. coming for water, were made prisoners by the patriotic American gentlemen, and marched off to the County iail. The men were missed from the ranks, and a detachment sent in search of them traced them to Marlborough, where the terrified inhabitants betrayed who were the captors. The men were re covered. Dr. Beans was seized at mid night, placed, in his night-dress, on the bare back of a mule and taken,, closely guarded, to the troops. Thence he was sent to Admiral Cockburn's ship and into rigorous confinement. "The whole country was aroused, and as soon as steps could be taken, Francis Key, the intimate friend of Dr. Beans, was sent by President Madison, with a flag of truce, to get him exchanged. When Key reached the British fleet at North Point, they were about to attack Baltimore, and, though he was courteously received and invited to dine with Cockburn, he was informed that he must remain on board till after the bombardment of the city. Re shared hs friend's uncomfortable quarters that mem orable night, at sunset seeing me star Spangled Banner waving proudly from the ramparts of Fort McRenry. When the mo irning dawned after that night of battle, at intervals by the lurid flashes of ex- 111 ;- :.- -. . - , ,,, f(..irflli i.v the thunders of cannon, the mist was too IIIWUIHU UUIIIUOi . ..... - -- . dense to discern whether the t!ag or tne red cross of St. George waved from the fori, in the direction in which the two watched through the porthole, trcmblirg with .sus pense. Presently there was a ripple in the water, a soft soufh in the fog, and, hl:e magic, it rolled away, revealing the Ameri can flag still floating defiantly frcm, he staff above the ramparts. rl he patriots fell on each other's breasts, weeping for iov. Mr. Key then drew a letter from his pocket, and on its back nenciled the first stanza of the celebrated National song. After the bombardment, Dr. Beans and Mr. Key were sent ashore in a skiff." With the coming of civil war aoeic(y mildew fell upon Georgetown. -Ncir-hP rs and friends looked upon each other, vjtb mutual distrust. As a general rule most of the fightir-K element rolled southward'. Inf a few instances a House was- dtvidetl against itself. Once a Georgetown mother appeared be- fore Abraham Lincoln to hen for the l!ft of her son. who had been caught ;s a pior rilla with am s in his rosscssion. "My eldest .con." said the mother, "is a trusty officer in the Union Aimy; my younrest. I my darling, was one of Mosby's ,uerriHas." Scott Kr.v. "Miserable mother," said the President; "God help you, for 1 cannot. I know who you are; this is the third time your hoy has been caught. Mercy is beyond me." And the man with streaming eyes supported the faltering steps of the wretched woman beyond the threshold. At this period social life was dead, ap parently beyond resurrection. One of the most hc-mlifnl nml liJUnrJo homes of Georgetown is the Tudcr Place. It is the ancestral home of the Peters family. The house is built of English brick and contains eighteen or twenty spacious apartments. At the period when the courtly manners of the old colonial times prevailed, all that was best of the social circles of George town and Washington used to assemble there, among them the Washingtons, Lees, Fairfaxes, Culverts and Spotsfords. To be continued. EDITORIAL NOTE.-In the next installment of "Historic Homes" Mrs. Lockwood will treat of Holland House, once famous for its gatherings of distinguished men and women. Reminiscences of prominent neople of a later period will be told also. ,ii!MmiA kte -1r 'LETTERS OF CHAS.,4- DANA, (Continued irom jtrst page. r rebels, and guarded only by a relatively small force of cavalry. Gen. Bragg thought he saw his chance, and toward the 1st of October sejifc , Gen. AVheeler, with all the rebeL cavalry he could gather, to cut the road, End starve array out. Dana telegraphs': Chattanooga, Oct. 3; 12 m. Yours of 30th arrived here at midnight last night. AVheeler, with a force of cavalry, lorded tlic Tennessee Wednesday night 30tlfj at various places above and below Washing ton. The highest statement concerning this force is that it consisted of two divisions; the lowest, two brigades. Crook, with two small brigades, was lying along the river watching the fords, but was unable to prevent the rebels from crossing. Immediately on receiving tbis news, Eo?e crans ordered Gen. Edward M. McCook with a division of cavalry about Bridgeport to hasten to the Sequatchie Valley to protect our wagon-trains. McCook inarched Thurs day, but the violent storm that day prevented his reaching Anderson, the distance being 39 miles, in season, and Wheeler fell upon n train yesterday morning at the foot of the mountain where the road rises out of the Sequatchie Valley. The 21st Ky., which was there to guard the wagons, made a gallant fight, bnt was driven back, and the wagons were destroyed. How many were lost is unknown, but prob ably from 250 to 300, all belonging to Four teenth Coqis. One-third of them contained ammunition. McCook being not far oil soon attacked the rebels and drove them up the valley, but we have no particulars. When McCook was ordered up from Bridgejwrt, Uurnside was also requested to send his cavalry down the west bank of the Teunessee to cut off Wheeler's retreat, and if helms done so it is hardly possible Wheeler should escape. Under liragg's agreement, 1,7-12 Union wounded have been brought 1 irom Crawfish Spring within oar lines, and about 750 remain in his hands, of whom one-third can be moved, leaving 500 severe cases which must remain. In return for those already delivered to us he demands an equal number of well men from among rctyel prisoners taken at Chickamauga. This liosecraus has decisively refused. Of pur Surgeons, 52 were left behind with our wounded, and four rebel Surgeons came into our hands. The latter Kosecrans re leased, and Bragg thereupon released four of ours, but refuses to release any more on the ground that we have detained rebel Surgeons at the East contrary to the cartel, aud,Xr. Flewellen, Bragg's Medical Director, litis notified our Surgeons that they will not only be removed to Atlanta, but be con fined in prison. . Dr. Perin, Medical DinjptorDepartment of the Cumberland, informs 'juq that he has, ample medical supplies, jhnfc,is temporarily prevented from moving tljeni here from Nash ville by the monopoly of tbe road transporting soldiers. Of medical ollicers'' he has already received eight from SaintjJouis, but owing to Bragg's sequestration will nee1 30 more. Our cavalry started1 With' a rush after' it iiuuici, man iiiLauivuu JiiJii ciiyugciy wliQHe;er they could come up with him. He captured and burned a large train near Anderson's Crossroads, and cap tured McMinnville, where' he destroyed a great amount of stores. But he was attacked eo incessantly and savagely that he was turned aside iYom Murfrees boro, and was forced vback across the Tennessee Hiver in a flight' to save him self, having lost 2,000 men and six cannon. Dana telegraphs: Oct. 4; 11 a. m. No direct advices from McCook's cavalry since'Roseorans'sdispatch to Ualleck yesterday, but Col. Palmer, of Anderson Cavalry, on wc3tern slope Walden's. Itidge-.reports last evening that enemy waai hotlv,engaged by McCook, and was retreating, J towanl', McMinnville. That place was atr. tacKeu- yesterday morning iy anotner de tachment of Wheeler's Avhieh had moved by way of 1'ikeville. The telegraph to McMinn ville being cut, no particulars have reached us. Stores at McMiunwlle moderate in amount. Hooker has been ordered to post strong detachments of Twelfth Corps along raflrpail till this raid is over. t No news of Btnnside's cavalry, nor of Crook's Cavalry Brigade belonging lo this army, which was concentrated aftereneiny had r forced the rassaxc of the Tennessee and .started .in pnisuit. Affairs here unchanged; onejny appai cut ly still in frce from Look out Mountain on 'west to Missionary liidge on cast. Approximate returns from Chickamauga battle make our total loss IJuUi killed, 8,747 wounded, 1,Q'.j8 missing. Of cannon wc lost 'Hi and capluied two. Of rchel prisoners wc look 2,00."). Assistant .Surgeon Walton, SGth llnd.. captured bv lebels and since released. repoits that he was on battlefield during Monday and Tuesday after contest, and carefully endeavored to ascertain enenry's comparative loss. He concludes it was double ours, and many Confederate officers thought so too. liven on Wednesday they had not yet finished burying thair dead or begun to bury ours The Atlanta Appeal of Wednesday last states that the rebel wounded had all been moved there from the field, except 2,.")()0 cases which could not bear removal. Same paper says Bragg has 200 guns, includ ing some siege guns, bearing on Chattanooga. I sLsk your attention to the ease of Gen. Negley. Being ordered to post himself be hind Baird's Division in the battle of Chicka mauga, he seems to have sent ona of his brigades somewhere to the left, but Gen. Baiid tells me it did not come to him. With the leinainder of his force Negley took up a position out of lire in the rear, and a little to the left of the place from which he had been oidered to move, and theie remained doing nothing till about noon, when the conflict had grown hot, when ho marched iiis troops to Kossville without liripg a shot, leaving the rest of Thomas's Corps t) light the desperate battle without help fioin him, ThcBC facts were staled o me by Rose crans, who, when I said, .Xegjey ought to he shot, answered, "That ,is "my, opinion." He added that he should hayuhjm punished, yet now he has determine lo do nothing more 'than apply to have himlielictved and ordered elsewhere. Engineers are now engaged upon the pon toon bridge to cross the Tennessee at mouth of Lookout Creek. Nothing done yet on in terior fortifications he;cf without which a very large garrison is necessary. Gen. Thomas desires me to say to yon that he is deeply obliged to you for good opinion. MOKK THREATENING AliOUT CHATTANOOGA. Reliqved of fears as to Wheeler's operations, the army began to think more anxiously as to what the rebels in their immediate front were doing. All the advantages of position were with the rebels, stationed on the overlooking eminences, which not only afforded positions for dangerous batteries, but concealed their operations and manuvers. Dana sends two more dispatches, Oct. 4. 1 p. m. Sheridan reports rebels very act ive building works on Lookout Mountain, and thinks they are massing cannon there. 9 a. m. All cptiet in front. Rebels sepm to be intrenching themselves, bnt this cannot be positively known, as their lines are covered by woods. One of our trestle bridges over the Tennessee here gave way last night, J?rt3asf'fegSSrtffa5 sySsC - - p vaBgg Jjii-y owing to a rise in the river, and the other bridge threatens to fail. A new pontoon bridge will take their place to-day. Two 30 poundcr Parrotts have arrived and aro placed in Tort Wood, on our left. The largest rifle guns in this army previously were 3-inch. At McMinnville the rebels captured a Ten nessee infantry regiment, about 250 strong, also one locomotive and 11 cars, which they burned. Notice of their approach and full instructions had been sent there in season. Burnside telegraphed last night inquiring ifitwaslrue rebel cavalry had crossed Ten nessee. As lie was not only notified of the fact fonr days ago, bnt promised to send his cavalry in pursuit, this inquiry is astonish ing. Jt proves that he has done nothing. Hud he taken the proper measures to protect the left flank of this array this disaster could not have happened, and unless he acts now he will probably be responsible for worse ca lamities. TROUBLE' ABOUT CIPHER. The perennial trouble about cipher dispatches crops out: Oct. 5. T learn that part or all of my first report of the second day of the great battle was translated and shown about at Nashville On the evening of that day. Horace May nard even repeated at Cincinnati, a few days ago, a whole sentence of it. Gen. ii. S. Granger fs said to have had it. I have inquired of him respecting the facts, and suggest to yon that I ought to have a new cipher with many more arbitrary words and combinations less easy to discover. You ought also to deal with your faithless subordinates who betrayed me. Chattanooga, Och 5. Gen. Tl. 8. Granger, Nashville. General: I am informed that on the even ing of the 20th ultimo, or soon afterward, you were in possession of part or all of a dispatch of mine to the Secretary of War. Will you kindly oblige me by telliug me if my infor mation be correct, and, if so, by whom this dispatch was communicated to you? Yours, very respectfully, C. A. DANA. To Mr. Stanton : Chattanooga, Oct. 5; 4 p. m. About 1 o'clock rebels opened from batteries planted on eastern slope of LookoutMountain, and also from two gnns on the west Lase of Missionary liidge, and have been liring steadily but not rapidly since. On Lookout and low spur thereof, which stretches east wfirdly toward Chattanooga Creek, they fire seven guns in nil. They are apparently shodting to get the range. No damage done. Knoxville Jlegisicr, now issued at Atlanta, says, in its impression of 3d instant, that Polk and llindinan have come to Atlanta under arrest: by order ofGen. Bragg, for dis obedience in .second day's battle. THe'Va'tAT, OliliER OF CHICKAMAUGA. Oct 5 Mr. Dana opens up the bitter est question in the history of the Army of the Cumberland : Oct. '6; 4 p. m. Result of rebel bombard ment yesterday was that one private artil leryman, Stanley's Brigade, Negley's Divis ion, Fourteenth Corps, had foot shattered and leg amputated. No other casualty. Firing not yet resumed to-day. Chattanooga liebcL 4th instant, published at Atlanta, says rein forcements are constantly going forward to Bragg. Stevenson's Division went up last Saturday. This is a Vicksbnrg division. Tennessee here fell fonr inches last night, and the remaining trestle bridge is safe for the present. New pontoon bridge nearly completed. A boom of heavy logs is being stretched across above the bridges to guard them against ob jects that may be sent down the river by the rebels. Baldy Smith, appointed Chief Engi ngQr,oC.the Department, infuses much energy andl judgment info that branch of the opera tions. The news of consolidation of the two corps Tcached here last night in a Nashville newspaper; not having been previously pro mulgated it caused sensation. Crittenden was much excited; said as the Government no longer required his services he would resign to-day. At any rate, he would not hibernate like others, drawing pay and doing no work, lie has admirable quali ties of character. McCook takes it easily, t Reports of corps, division, and brigade com ,nunuier.s in recent battle now nearly all in. Careful examination of them seems to prove that the gap in the lines through which the enemy ponred, Hanking and routing all of three divisions and n part of a fourth, wjis caused by an order of the commanding General. Theyrprovc albo that there was much con fusion and uncertainty in the general move ments' of the day, though the probability still remains very strong that but for this unfortu nate order we should have gained a decisive victory. To'anake the case clear to you, let me slate the position of the various divisions. On the extreme lelt was Baird, supported by one brigade of Negley, which had moved there, leaving the remaindcrof division under Negley h lting in rear of Brannan, though he had been 'ordered to move his whole force to sup port Baird. Next to Baird was Palmer; next to Palmer, Johnson; next to Johnson, Rey nolds! , At 'least such was the original order, but after the line was formed, a gap appearing between Johnson and Reynolds, and the lat ter having no reserve, inasmuch as his third brigade. Wildcr's, being mounted, was de tatched and posted on the extreme right under McCook, Branuan's reserve brigade was matched into this gap and fought there. Nextto Reynolds, on his right, stood Brannan, and next to Brannan, in the original line, Negley. When that line was formed, Wood and Yau Clove, of Crittenden's Corps, were both held in reserve, while McCook with tho two divisions remaining under his command, Davis's and Sheridan's, Hanked on the right by .Wilder 's mounted infantry, was to hold the right, and also .to be ready to reinforce the left when necessary. On. taking Negley out to support Baiid, Wood, of Crittenden's Corps, was ordered to fill Negley's place and did so, having Davis closed in upon his rij;ht, as McCook main tains, though Davis tells me that there was always a space between him and Wood. However that may be, it is now certain that the fatal gap was caused by an order of Rose crans issued at 13 minutes before 11 a. in. Rosecrans had been informed by a staff ollicer of Thomas's that Brannan had been ordered out of tho line to support the extreme left, and supposing him to have lelt the line accordingly, Kosecrans sent a written order to Wood "to close up on Reynolds and support him." When Woo'd received this order he was, as he says, in some doubt about obeying it, as Brannan was between him and Reynolds, ami thus be could not close up on Reynolds, but supposing from the additional words, "and suppoit him," that Reynolds must be haul pressed and in danger, ho at once took his command out of the line and marched past the rear of Brannan to the rear of Rey nolds's right, where he found that Reynolds needed no support. McCook endeavored to close the vacancy thus left by Wood by moving Davis to the left, but before this could be accomplished, the enemy had broken through and all was over in that part of the field. Had Wood remained in the line, there is little reason to doubt that the partial repulse which tho enemy suffered from our dimin ished forces later in the day would have been changed into a complete and final victory for us. BRASS BAND Instruments. Drums, Uniforms, Equip ments for Bands and Drum Corps. Low est prices ever quoted. Fine Catalojr. 400 Illustrations, mailed free; it gives Band Music & Instructions for Amateur Bands. .LYON&IIEALY, 35 Adams St.,ChicaflO. lieu t ion Tlio National Trlbuua, s t - m. &.eft ..fe,;--. iTvS, Gen. Rosecrans says that in obeying this order Wood was guilty of an error of judg ment; that he should have seen in the fact "that it required him to close up on Reynolds evidence thafe-it was based on mistaken in formation, and should, therefore have re mained where he was. To this Wood replies that he was partially of that opinion, but that he consulted Gen. McCook, who was with him at the moment, and the latter advised him not to take the responsibility of disobe3ing a written order, especially as he could not know what was passing on the part of the field where he was ordered to go. I judge from intimations that have reached me, that in writing his own report Gen. Rosecrans will elaborately show that the blame of his failure in this great battle resU on the Administration; that is, on the Secretary of War and General-in-Chief, who did not fore sec Bragg would be reinforced, and who com pelled him to move forward withont cavalry enough, and very inadequately prepared in many other respects. THE FATAL GAP IK THE 1ASE. About 10 o'clock in the morning of Sept. 20 an Aid informed Gen. Rose crans that Gen. Reynolds's right was in the air, and should be protected. It appears that the Aid had not seen Geu. Branuan's Division, which was "re fused," on Reynolds's right. Gen. Rose crans, supposing that Gen. Brannan had gone to the left to the assistance of Gen. Thomas, sent an order to the next Di vision Commander on the right Gen. J. T. Wood to close up on Gen. Rey nolds's right and support it. Here is the beginning of a dispute of intense bitterness. It is claimed on the one hand that Gen. Wood should have known that the order was given under a misapprehension, and delayed its exe cution until he could communicate with Gen. Rosecrans, not 600 yards away. It is also claimed that Gen. Wood, who had been censured by Gen. Rosecrans some time previously about taking too l much liberty m obevinc orders, bad fully understood the momentous conse quences of literal obedience, but had determined upon it in a spirit of pique against his commanding officer. At all events, he obej-ed it, moved his division out of line, around the rear of Brannan, and to the right of Reynolds. At that the rebels broke through the gap left by his withdrawal, cut off the divisions to the right, and sent them off the field in confused flight. In his re port of the battle Gen. Rosecrans says : A message from Gen. Thomas soon followed, that he was heavily pressed, Capt. Kellogsr, Aid-de-Camp, the bearer, informing me at the same time that Gen. Brannan was out of line, and Gen. Reynolds's right was exposed. Orders were dispatched to Gen. Wood to close up on Reynolds, and word was sent to Gen. Thomas that he should be supported, even if it took away the whole corps of Crittenden and McCook. Gen. Davis was ordered to close on Gen. Wood, and Gen. McCook was advised of the state of affairs and ordered to close his whole command to the left with all dispatch. Geu. Wood, overlooking the direction to "close up" on Gen. Reynolds, supposed he was to support him, by withdrawing from the line and passing to the rear of Gen. Brannan, who, it appears, was not out of line, but was en echelon, and slightly ;n, rear of, Reynolds's right. By this unfortunate mistake a gap was opened in the line-of-battle, of which- the enemy took instant advantage, and striking Davis in flank and rear, as well as in front, threw his whole division in confusion. The same attack shattered the right brigade of Wood before it had cleared the space. The right of Brannan was thrown back, and two of his batteries, then in movement to a new position, were taken in flank and thrown back through two brigades of Van Cleve, then on the inarch to the left, throwing his divis ion into confusion, from which it never re covered until it reached Rossville. Wh.le the enemy poured iu through this breach, a long line stretching beyond Sheri dan's right was advancing. Laiboldt's Bri gade shared in the rout of Davis. Sheridan's other two brigades, in movement toward the left, under orders to support Thomas, made a gallant charge against the enemy's advanc ing column, but were thrown into disorder by the enemy's line advancing on their flank, and were likewise compelled to fall back, rallying on the Dry Valley road, and repulsing the enemy, but they were again compelled to yield to superior numbers and retired westward, of the Dry Valley road, and by a circuitous route reached Rossville, from which they advanced by the La Fayette road to snpport our left. Thus Davis's two brigades, one of Van Cleve "s, and Sheridan's entire division were driven from the field, and the remainder, consisting of the divisions of Baird, Johnson, Palmer, Reynolds, Brannan, and Wood, two of Negley's Brigades and one of Van Cleve's were lelt to sustain the conflict against the whole power of the rebel army, which, de sisting from pursuit on the right, concentrated their whole efforts to destroy them. GEN. AVOOD'S STORY. Gen. T. J.Wood, who always sustained a high reputation as a gallant, capable commander, did not attempt to discuss the angrily mooted question in his report. He stated his action as he did others during the battle, as straightforward obedience to orders, leaving the respon sibility for results to rest upon the Com manding General. He said : The position my command theu occupied closed the gap in our lines between Sheridan's left and Branuan's right. Although I had not been at all seriously engaged at any time during the morning, I was well satisfied the enemy was in considerable force iu my imme diate front. Consequently I was extremely vigilant. Such was the status of the battle in my immediate vicinity when I received the following order : " Headquarters Department of the! "Cumberland, Sept. 20; 10:45a. m. J "Brig.-Gen. WOOD, commanding division, etc.: The General commanding directs that you close up on Reynolds as fast as poisibl e, and support him. "Respectfully, etc., Frank S. Boxd, " Major and Aid-de-Camp." I received the order about 11 o'clock. At the moment of its receipt I was a short dis tance in rear of the center of my command. Gen. McCook was with me when I received it. I informed him that I would imme diately carry it into execution, and suggested that he should close up his command rapidly ou my right to prevent the occurrence A a gap in our lines. He said he would do so, and immediately rode away. I immediately dispatched my staff officers to the brigade commanders with the necessary orders, and the movement was at once begun. Reynolds's Division was posted on the left of Braunan's Division, which, in turn, was on the left of the position I was just quitting. I had con sequently to pass my commaud in rear of Braunan's Division to close up on aud go in to the support of Reynolds. So soon as I had got the command well in motion, I rode forward to find Gen. Reynolds and learn where and how it was desired to bring my command into action. I did not find Gen. Reynolds, but iu my search for him I met Gen. Thomas, to whom I communicated the order I had received from the Command ing General, and desired to know where I jfo-fifj Farmers Break the Buggy Monopoly. It is claimed that for years-buggy manufac turers have secured exorbitant prices for their goods, but recently, through the combined assistance or the farmers of 'Iowa, Illinois and other StatesSEAHS. Kokbuck & Co., or Chicago, have got the price of ofwmi buggies down to' S16.M); Top Iluggies. $23.73: Top Surries. $43.7.1 and upwards, and they are shipping them in immense numbers direct to farmers in every State. They fend an immense Huggy Cntnlojr uo free, postpaid, to any one who asks lor it. Thte certainly is a big victory for the farmer, but severe blow to the carriage manufacturers and dealers. should move my command to support Gen. Reynolds. Geu. Thomas replied that Gen. Reynolds did not need support, but that I had better move to the snpport of Gen. Baird, posted ou our extreme left, who needed as sistance. I exhibited my order to him-, and asked whether he would take the responsi bility, of changing it. Ife replied he would, and T then informed him I would move my command to the support of Gen. Baird. I re quested Gen. Thomas to furnish mc a staff officer who could conduct me to Gen. Baird, which he did. Taking this staff officer with me, I rode at once to Barnes's Brigade and directed tho staff officer to conduct it to and report it to I Gen. Baird. I then rode to the other two brigades for the pnrpose of following with them in the rear of Barnes's Brigade to tho assistance of Gen. Baird. When I rejoined them I found the valley outh of them swarm ing with the enemy. it appears that when I moved my com mand to go to the support of Gen. Reynolds, the gap thus made in our Hues was not closed by the troops on my right, and that the enemy ponred through it very soon in great force. The head of his column struck the right of Buell's Brigade, and cutting off a portion of it, forced it over the adjacent ridge, whence it retired, as I have subseonently learned, with the vast mass of fugitives from the troop3 on our extreme right toward Rossville. To be continued ) EDITORIAL NOTE More about the siege of Chattanooga will, be told in the next in stallment of the Dana letters. Death of Mrs. John M. Thurston. News was received on March II of tho death by apoplexy of Mrs. John M. Thurs ton, wife of the Nebraska Senator, on board a yacht at Sagua la Grande, Cuba. The Senator and Mrs. Thurston were mem bers of a party that went to Cuba as puesta of a New York newspaper, to look over the Cuban situation and especially in spect the condition of the reconcentrados The yacht encountered a very heavy gala off Cape Hatteras, but weathered it, and Mrs. Thurston was the only passenger not taken ill during the storm. Mrs. Thurston, according to the statement of Mrs. Gal linjjer, who with Senator Gallinger left the party at Charleston, had a presenti ment. Mrs. Thurston told her that she had written to her son at Harvard, giving him instruction as to what to do with her possessions in case something happened to her during the trip. " In fact, I do not' expect to return alive," were Mrs. Thurs ton's parting words. Mrs. Martha L. P. Thurston was the daughter of Col. and Mrs. Luther Poland, and a niece of Luke P. Poland, one of Vermont's greatest Statesmen. She was born in Vermont less than 50 years ago, and removed to Omaha about 30 years' ago. She was married to Senator Thurston, who was then a struggling lawyer, oh Christmas Day. 1872. A 17-yeaf-oId son, and two girls, 14 and 12 years old, are living, while three children are dead. During his campaign for the Senatorship she was present at 74 of the 7G appoint ments he made. She was his counselor as a lawyer, appearing in court with him as an assistant in important cases. Mrs. Thurston was an active member of the Society of the Daughters of the American . Revolution, and at the recent Congress'in this city was chosen one of the Vice-Presidents-General. Tlifn nnrl imrmro Klni-il ia mniln ,is.l, oi healthful by taking Hood's Sarsaparilla. Took Part of His Ear. Editob Natioxai. Tribute: I was much interested in reading the story of Dr. J. P. Cannon, particularly his description of tho battle of Nashville and the retreat of Hood's army. He speaks of a squad he was fall ing back with on the evening of Dec. IU, halting on a rise of ground and giving us a few parting shots. ' I think it must have been one of those shots which killed the Adjutant of my regiment and took a small portion of one of the writer's ears. It would be a great pleasure for me to meet Dr. Can non. W. B. Bkitto.v, Colonel, 8th Wis., Jancsville, Wis. Deaths in the Leavenworth Home. The following deaths are reported from the National Military Home, Kan.: Patrick Keliey, 0th N.Y.; John Ryan, L S. N.; Wm. Jacobs. Co. C, 2Gth III.; Jas. Steece, Co. G, 4th Ohio Cav.; John Sumers, Co. H, flth 111.; J. B. Gray, Co, C. 193d Ohio; Jerome H. Loveland, Co. A, 11th 111.; Jerry Hogan. Co. I, 2d Ohio; Andrew J. Hull. Co. II, 74th Ind.; Alonza Fowler, Co. I, USth Pa.; John King, Co. B, 18th N. Y. Cav.; Jos. Lvnch, Co. A, 13th .Jnd.; Benj. J. O'Con nell, Co. A, 22d Inf., and Co. F, 47th Iowa. Deaths In the Qnincy Soldiers Home. Adj't Higgins reports the following deaths in the Home during January: John Col quist, Co. C, Oth 111. Cav.; Kugene Hall, Co. I, 7th 111. Cav.; John Welch. Co. I. lOSth III.; Thomas Deaven, Co. C, ."3d Ohio; John Black, jr., Co. E. 1st 111 ; Andrew Mahan, Co. A. 12th Ohio; Moses Callison, Co. I, 144th 111.; James Snowden. Co. I, 61st Pa.; Jacob Poland, Co. K, 11th 111. THEY RIDICULE IT. MANY PEOPLE RIDICULE THE IDEA OF AN ABSOLUTE CURE FOR DYSPEP SIA AND STOMACH TROUBLES. Ridicule, However, is Xot Argument, and Facts are Stubborn Things. Stomach troubles are so common and in many cases so obstinate to cure that people are apt to look with suspicion on any remedy claiming to be a radical, permanent cure for dyspepsia and indigestion. Many such pride themselves on never being humbugged, especi ally on medicines. This fear of being humbngged may bo carried too far; so far, in fact, that many persons suffer for years with weak digestion, rather than risk a little time and money in faithfully testing the claims of a preparation so reliable and universally used as Stuart'd Dyspepsia Tablets. , Now Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets are vastly different in one important respect from ordi nary proprietary medicines, lor the reason that they are not a seer patent medicine, no secret is made of titur ingredients, but analysis shows them to contain the natural digestive ferments, pure aseptic pepsin, the digestive acids, Golden Seal, bismuth, hy drastis and mix. They are not cathartic, neither do they act powerfully ou any organ, but they cure indigestion on the common sense plan of digesting the food eaten promptly, thoroughly before it has time to ferment," sour and canse the-miscliief. This is the only secret of their success. Cathartic pills never have aud never can cure indigestion and stomach troubles, be cause they act entirely upon the bowels, whereas the whole trouble is really in the stomach. Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets, taken after meals, digest the food. That is all there is to it. Food not digested or half digested is poison, as it creates gas, acidity, headaches, palpitation of the heart, loss of flesh and ap petite, and many other troubles which are often called by some other name. They are sold by druggists everywhere at 50 cents per package. Address Stuart Co., Marshall, Mich., for book on stomach dis eases, or ask your druggist for it.