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--.";'-- - .-;-- -- "a- .- V fS- ' " ' vtvv- - : ioFTSa&l -5SeJ-- Sjfft-SfSU ?JiSieii:"'-'-" mv- rfSM-ti--;.-- - sr- !ft'S-"J?f " - '-' " r s . -'i - tt r If there fee war with Spain the best history of it, from week to week, will be found in THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE, ESTABLISHED 1877-KEW Preparations for the Struggle Have Gone on With Unahated Activity. The President Makes a Number of Tentatives to Test PuWic Sentiment. Feeling Universal That the Time Has Arrived for Decisive Action No Patience With Dilatory, Temporizing Propositions Arrival of the Report of the Board of Inquiry Its Recep tion by Congress An Important Meeting of Party Leaders at the White Honse. The past week has been one of feverish anrest among tne people, preparations i for active hostilities have cone on with the greatest activity. Every nerve has been strained to put our seacoast in a proper condition for defense, to increase the Army and .Navy's personnel, to add to the num ber of our fighting-ships, and to put them into the best shape for active work. At this date it is altogether likely that our Jong seaboard has been made reason ably secure from attack, and our important i cities absolutely so. Our ships have been concentrated into the best strategic posi- tions, and their number greatly increased. Our agents abroad have succeeded in actu ally buying l)ut two battleships, one of which is on its way to the United States, and will shortly be in active service in one of our fleets. Some needed torpedo boats have been bought abroad, and a large number of yachts and other craft capable of being readily converted into war vessels have been bought at home, and are being rapidly fitted for their new purpose. These will prove very valuable. A large portion of the Spanish navy consists of very light gunboats, employed around Cuba. Our new acquisitions will be vary t useful in hunting these down and getting rid of them. The Spanish appear at their best in light, small, worrying raids, and we need to le fully prepared to meet them in this way. WAXT SOMimilXG DECISIVE DONE. All this activity and purposefulness have not been sunicicnt to meet public expecta tions. The ncoi!e are netting very tired of I the lon delav in bringing matters to an J7.i. ... : i .!.:.. ..tAr..nnu -..-,, ISSUC Willi OI ilin. itu nei UUVIUUI.I.J ..,, """"- m , I beginning to be overwhelming for an cm id ; to be made to the whole business. Thev View of the Doukle-Tukreted AIoxitor Puiutah. 3Xkttmrai SERIES. Launching of the Kearsarge and the Kentucky at 5f" ' h r$$i ' ' ! '?- ' - " IS " ' Ml I " ' Tjiu Kentucky Aru.i: L.wxi'iwc,. arc vcrv much more determined upon v:ar than the Administra tion, and stronglv dis satisfied that the President does not assume a firmer, more energetic tone in his communications to Spain. The President, who is nothing if not a skillfuVpblhician, has been sending out what the French call " Gal lons d'essai " trial balloons to see which way the wind is blow ing. Inspirations in JCgard to arbitration, mediation, another tr al of autonomy, modified Spanish rule, indemnity, armistice, etc., have been given out, only to be met with immediate and indignant rejection by the people. They feel that the domination of Spain in any form is a relic of cruel barbar ism, and that there is but one way to deal tcitli if rnrl lh:il i In enu ;t a once ;ind de- csive:y. 'J ney are weary of the circumlo cutions of dinomacv. Straigh tforward and direct themselves in all the business of life, they have no paiience with the tortuous ways of d plomacy. 1 heir clear " horse-sense " makes them under stand that Spain is only fi; an(.w fighting for time. anting to amuse I :u ..- :.wi:j:.. l. t.n(iilinnti !i become engrossed with other matters. REPOET OF TIIK BOAP.D. The report of the Board of Inquiry was transmitted by the President to Congress last Monday, accom panied by a message which was a sevcro disappointment to the country, which ex pected a much more decisive utterance. The fc,-lin,j was so strong that the President was speedily made aware of it, and at once summoned to the White House for conference a number of the leading men from both Houses, and representing all divisions ol political opinions of these visitor diplomatically informed the President that the message had been disappointing and had been re tarded as lacking in strength. There seeme ' to be no doubt, however, that Con- gess would wait a day or two lor ute rrcsi- dent to formulate his policy before taking the matter in its own hands. So thoroughly was the President made ncmiaimed with the situation in Congress (that he finally decided to abandon his ' intention of sending in on Tuesday his - .. , ., ... ,ir..tv.,,.,wI nwiuufinn ir fulfill ro.liof II W ?;;'"' -.t.;" ":;;.: v:: . :..; which lime the President 'hopes that the U(M IJU lliIN.'IIIIK'l! llif il UilV IJI UUI. UUllli 0 tore for WASHINGTON, D. 0., ti NEW SHIPS FtR OUR NAVY. (The illustrations of the present excited slate of feeling will reach a more tractable stage. The Culan corre spondence is also to be withheld for the present at least. The President has been emphatically informed that if he sends in a messacro which proposes nothing more than an ap- j propnation for the relief of the Cubans, it acting on its own responsibility. Unless he assumes a firm and vigorous tone some amendment will be added to the resolution appropriating the 5500.000. and the recog nition of independence will be the least form of intervention that will be proposed, Senator Poraker will offer a resolution in the benate recognizing the indonendonri. or Cuba, and the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations is ready to act upon this or some more radical proposition. NO IIKIC KOR AX ARMISTICE. The President discussed wilh'all of his visitors the scheme of armistice which the Span- isn uovernment, through Minister Woodford, is now endeavoring to have him accept. He was told, how ever, that it would be futile to attempt any ne gotiation with Spain that did not meet the approval of the insurgents, and that they would not be satisfied with anvthing less than complete anil absolute ind pendence. The President was also told that Congress would not accept any proposition that did not immediately demand Spain's abandon ment of the present con centration poliey, and to this the President acqui esced, saying that he, too, would like to see it ended. Regarding the armistice, the President was inform ed that it would be regard ed throughout the counlrv as dsreet aid to thv. SpaiC ish cause, inasmuch as it would allow Spain to con centrate her fleets around tbo island and, by pre ! . i T i ri iSByriiiilf i5' -v. ' -m y LU. r milFNMBKKSKmliKmWKtM BBBB &BBM BH-'r- -"- Jm r- ""ftfBBBBM jBbM j t B IbBwBB BTw -- -II- vk(Biu4BBBBBVBHlBBBVBBBBBlV'1IBH MP, P ' i -tJMttiiiis-ri--iBf- WrMi it iStlfTl .vi'woBf ...-fc. - - viHlji rMaKi .. MkiBW LBBkBIHBBBhBBBIB .it!lKMiBWI Vm who his ton lte ttitt?, x for 10 trtfiow attf irpfeutf THURSDAY, -MCH 31, 1898 battleshiris arc from photographs taken by The f The Laun'Ciiino thb Kkntuckt Esterino TnE venting arms -tlnd supplies from reaching the insurgents, enable her to reduce the in surgent force -by a system of starvation more extended than that applied by Weyler to the peaceful-inhabi ants. SPAIN'S ATTITUDE. The Spaniards have been playing a very shrewd diplomatic game. While talking reforms and pcacc and what they propose to do for Cuba., they are, on the other hand, stirring up public sentiment .against as, making a show of getting ready for Mar, and hunting through Kurope for allies. In the latter they have liecn grievously dis appointed. No one will. promise the least active assistance, and scarcely anyone will give any show of even moral support. Little as the Germans, the French, the Austrians or the" Italians may like us, or like to see us gobble, up Cuba, they have an acute perception of the advantages of uninterrupted trade -willi our profitable markets, and profound respect for the po.ver we are able to wield by land and sea. France, from whom Spain expected very much, states, that'the almost that can bo looked Jfor from her is an offer of mediation. The Pope makes the same offer. The report of our Board of Inquiry and the undeniable accounts of the barbari ties committed in Cuba by the Spanish policy put the righfs of the. business so clearly and strongly on our side as to be very deterring to European -sympathies. Spain feels very hopeless, helpless and alone. REPORT OF BOARD OF IflQUlRV. l'ixes No ItespoiiHlbilfly, but Siiy Maine was Destroyed."by 11 .Siibinuritio Minn. The report of (he Board of Inquiry on the Maine disaster readied Washington on the night of Marcl&4. Eieu tenant-Commander Marix, Judge-Advocate of the Board, had it in charge. He was accompanied by Lieut. John Hood, Lieut. C. W. Jungen, Passed Assistant Engineer F. A. Bowers, Cadet Amon F. Boyd, Assistant Engineer J. R. Morris, and Carpenter G. M. Holm. It was handed to the President on Friday morning and considcreefby the Cabinet. - WITH SUPPLEMENT, Newport News, Va., March 24, 1898 National. Tiitp.une artist.) Vatrr. When President McKinley on Monday last sent to Congress the report of the Hoard it was accompanied by the testimony and a special message, in which the Presi dent simply reviews the circumstances connected with the sending of the Maine to Havana, her destruction, and the effect of the calamity upon the people. He gives the conclusions of the Board, but does not place the responsibility. He concludes: "1 have directed that the finding of the Court of Inquiry and the views of this Government thereon be communicated to the Government of Her Ma'esty. the Oueen Kegent, and 1 do not. permit myself to doubt in at the sense of mstice of the sense of iustice of the Spanish Nation will dictate a course of action sug- gested by honor and. the friendly relations of tlie two Governments. It will be the duty of the Executive to advise the Con gress of the result, and in the meantime de liberate consideration is invoked." The message was referred in both houses to the committees appointed to consider foreign affairs. The House adjourned; Senator Money addressed the Senate on Cuba. TEXT OF THE KEPORT. The report of the Board of Inquiry is as follows: In re Explosion of the U. S. B. S. Maine. Before a Court of Inquiry, Key West, Florida. U. S. S. IOWA, 1st Bate. Key West. Flor ida, Monday, March 21, 1898. After full and mature consideration of all the testimony beforo it, the Court finds as follows: 1. That tho United States battleship Maine arrived in the harbor of Havana, Cuba, on the 25th day M January, KS0S, and was taken to Buoy No. A, in from five and a half to six fathoms of water, by the regular Government Pilot. The United States Consul-General at Ha vana had notified the authorities at that place, the previous evening, of the intended arrival of the Maine. 2. The state of discipline on board the Maine was excellent; and all orders and regulations jn regard to the care -and safe ty of tho ship were strictly carried out. All ammunition was stowed in accord ance with prescribed instructions, and proper care was taken whenever ammuni tion was handled. riMim YOL. XYII Tul TCEAESAKac After Launxuikg. Nothing was stowed I S- -. ti rf flm nine- ! azines or shell rooms which was not permit ted to be stowed there. The magazines and sbell rooms were al ways locked after hav ing been opened; and after the destruction 6F:he Maine thclfey were found in. their proper place in the Captain's cabin, ev erything having been reported secure that evening at 8 p. m. The temperatures of the magazines and shell rooms were taken daily and re ported. The only mag azine Avhich had an undue amount of heat was the after 10-ineh magazine, and that did'not explode at the time the Alaino was destroyed. The torpedo war heads were all stowed in the after part of the ship under the ward room, and neither caused nor participateu in the destruction of the Maine. The dry gun-cotton primers and detona tors wore stowed in the cabin aft and re mote from the scene of the explosion. Waste was carefully looked after on board the Maine to obviate danger. Special orders in regard to tin's had been given by the com manding officer. Varnishes, dryers, alcohol and other com bustibles of this na ture were stowed on or above the main deck, and could not have had anything to do with the destruc tion of the Maine. i CiU JliV 1 V ..-, 1 The medical stores were stowed aft under the ward room and re mote from the scene of the explosion. No dangerous stores of any kind were stowed below in any of the other store rooms. . .. The coal bunkers were inspected daily. Of those bunkers adjacent to the forward magazines and shell rooms, four were i-niiiiv- niMiifiv is .1. ij ' - --t namely, had been p. :i ""K t.""li &. "" 0. "A i.v iirwi lwxin in nn that dav. and "A 16" was full of New River coal. This coal had been carefully inspected before re ceiving it on board. The bunker in which it was stowed was accessible on three sides at all times, and the fourth side at this time on account of bunkers "B A" and "P. fi" being empty. This bunker, "A 10," had been inspected that day uy tne en- gineer olhcer on duty. The fire alarms in the bunkers were in j working order, and there had never been a case of spontaneous combustion oi coal on board the Maine. The two after boilers of the ship were in use at the time of the disaster, but for auxiliary purposes only, with a compara tively low pressure of steam, and being tended by a reliable watch. These boilers could not have caused the explosion of the ship. The four forward boilers have since a'-'-'-- '-,"'--&'" "'--V ... ,:" .; r,-""-i.-v,"-"c r""1:- " raaa-'r: - &c r-' The Old Keaksarge as To learn how the United States make war read Headley's " Great Rebel lion,1 ' See 12th page (Sup plement), ..,, - NO. 25-WHOLE NO. 868. been found by the divers, and are in a fair pnnlifmn vvtMiiiwtt. On the night of the destruction of the Maine everything had been reported secure for the night, atf 8 p. in., by reliable per sons, through the proper authorities, to the commanding officer. At the time the Maine was destroyed the ship was quiet, and therefore least liable to accident caused by movements irorn- those on. beard. 3. .The destruction of the Maine occurred at 9'10 p. m. on the 15th day of February, 1898, in the harbor of Havana, Cuba, she being at the time moored to the same buoy to which she had been taken upon her ar rival. There were two explosions of a distinctly different character, with a very short but distinct interval between them, and the forward part of the ship was lifted to a marked degree at the time of the first ex plosion. The first explosion was more in the na ture of a report. like that of a gun; while the second explosion was more open, pro longed, and of greater volume. This sec ond explosion was, in the opinion of tho Court, caused by the partial explosion of two or more of the forward magazines of the Maine. 4.. The evidence bearing upon this, being: principally obtained from divers, did not enable the court to form a definite con clusion as to the condition of the wreck, although it was established that the after part of the ship was practically intact, and, sank in that condition a very "few minutes after the destruction of the forward part. The following facts in regard to the for ward part of the ship are, however, estab lished by the testimony- Tliat portion of the port side of the pro tective deck which extends from about Frame 30 to about Frame tl was blown up, aft, and over to port. The main deck from about Frame 30 to about Frame -11 was blown up. aft, and slightly over to star board, folding the forward part of the middle superstructure over and on top of the after part. This was, in the opinion of the Court, caused by the partial explosion of two or more of the forward magazines of tho Maine. ' 5. At Frame 17, the outer shell of the ship, from a point 114 feet from the mid dle line of the ship, and six feet above the keel when in its normal position, has been forced tip so as to be now about four feet above the surface .of the water; therefore, about 3-1 feet above where it would be had the ship sunk uninjured. The outside bottom plating is bent into a reversed V shape, the after wing of which, about 15 feet broad and 32 feet in length (from frame 17 to frame 25) is doubled back upon itself against the continuation, of the same plating extending forward. At Frame 18 the vertical keel is broken in two, and the tlat keel bent into an angle similar to the angle formed by the outside bottom plating. This brvak is now about six feet below the surface of the water, and about 20 feet above its normal posi tion. In the opinion of the Court, this effect could have been produced only by the ex plosion of a mine situated under the bot tom of the ship at about Frame 18, and somewhat on the port side of the ship. fi. Tho Court finds that the loss of the Maine, on the occasion named, was not in any respect due to fault or negligence on the part of any of the officers or members of the crew of said vessel. 7. In the opinion of the Court the Maine was destroyed by the explosion of a sub marine minb, which caused the partial ex plosion of two or more of her forward maga zines. 8. The Cent has been unable to obtain evidence fixing the responsibility for the She Appealed ix- 1SG4 .4?!. t .., A -.ft '-, B..g'.-fc-Jife..H;,'Agr..i'?'g-? , w,- u,.