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T V - - .w ' ? " "C. 4""'' " h'fc"' w . j THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASHINGTON, D. C, THURSDAY, MARCH 31, 1898. - --v " - ste-r- 'iT.. iVS destruction of the Maine upon any person or persons. IV. T. SAMPSON, Captain, U. S. N., President. A. JMAR1X, Lieutenant-Commander, U. S. N., Judge-Advocate. The Court, having finished the inquiry it was ordered to make, adjourned at 11 a. m. to await the action of the convening au thority. IV. T. SAMPSON, Captain, United States Navy, President. A. MAKIX. Commander, United States Navy, Judge Advocate. U. S. Flagship New York, March 22, ISPS, Off Key West, Fla. Tho proceedings and findings of the. Court of Inquirv in the above case arc approved. M. SICARD. Rear Admiral, Commander-in-Chief of the lT. S. Naval forces on the North Atlantic Station. R DOUBLE MUNGHING. ISatllosliips Kearsarjjo ami Kentucky Teax-e tlio AVay at trj)ort "ct, Va. The twin battleships Kearsarge and Ken tucky were launched at Newport News, Va., on March 24. Mrs. Herbert YVinslAw. wife of Lieutenant Commander Winslow, U. S. N., performed the baptismal office for the Kearsarge, and Miss Christine Duncan Bradley, daughter of the Governor of the Blue Grass State, was sponsor for the Kentucky. Contrary to custom a. married woman named one of the vessels, the Kearsarge; while in the case of the Kentucky water was substituted for wine at the christen ing. These departures from established pre cedents created widespread interest in the latest additions to I ne'e Sam's Heel. But besides this the present situation made the ceremonies assume a magnitude and DiscnAKGixc Importance seldom equaled. That is why 18,000 spectators, about half of whom were visitors, saw the Kearsarge and Kentucky plunge into the historic James. The christening party included Calvin B. Orcutt. President of the Newport News Shipbuilding Company; Mrs. Herbert Wins low, sponsor for the Kearsarge; Miss Christine Bradley, sponsor for the Ken tucky; Gov. Bradley, of Kentucky, and staff; Gov. Tyler, of Virginia, and staff; Lieutenant-Commander Winslow, the only surviving son of the Captain who com manded the old Kearsarge in her ficht with the Alabama; Congressmen and other distinguished folks. The party first repaired to where the Rearsanrc rested on the ways. At the proper moment Mrs. Winslow very grace fully dashed a bottle of wine against the Kearsarge's bow, while the air was rent with the noise of steam-whistles and cheers. The official parly then ascended io the launching booth under the prow of the Kentucky. Miss Brad ley had dared io defy all customs sacred to American launch ings bv usinir pure water, in deference to the wi-shes of the W. C. T. U. But she had chosen the water of the spring that gushed out from a hillside .on the farm on which Abraham Lincoln was born. Miss Bradley cracked a cut-glass bottle of water acainst the prow of the ship and said: "I christen thee Kentucky." As the vessel was moving toward tfie water several bottles of old Bourbon whisicy were hurled against her sides by Kentuckians, who were opposed to the "water christening, and there was much merriment in consequence. The battleships each have a displace ment of 11,525 tons, drawing 23 feel 6 inches of water. Two lS-inch rifles occupy each of the two turrets. Both ships have small turrets, each containing two eight-inch rifles, on top of the big 13-inch turrets. The combination battery is supplemented by a numerous auxiliary battery of smaller rapid-fire guns perched on every conveni ent point of the superstructure. The ar mor is the best nickel-steel. The vessels are each 308 feet in length, 72 feet 5 inches beam and 22 feet 0 inches draft. They carry normally -110 tons of coal, but may take aboard 1,210 tons, and 511 officers, sailors and marines are required to navi gate each of them. THE ERA OF TORPEDOES. TVhatPait Will Tlu-y J'Jay in tho Coming Strucglc. The whole naval world is agog, and has been for 30 years, over the part that tor pedoes will play in jhc next naval war. Torpedoes are no recent thought. As soon as men beiran to use powder in guns they also thought of it to blow up ships. Four hundred years ago the D.itch, who weie the "iankees of their day. tried various de vices for blowing up the pestilent Spanish ships. During our Revolution a Capt. Bushnell invented a submarine boat which was to place torpedoes under the British men-of-war. It was workable, and he suc ceeded in destroying a schooner, but no frigates. Twenty years later, Robert Ful ton, the inventor of the steamboat, in vented an extensive series of torpedoes, but m-ver made practical use of them. We built torpedoes extensively toward the close of the War of lbl2 to defend our harbors. European engineers made numerous ex periments with torpedoes during the Crimean war, witout developing any thing very effective. The rebels went energetically into the torpedo business during the rebellion, and during the struggle they managed to blow up eight of our ironclads, 11 wooden war vessels, and six transports. On the other hand, they accidentally blew up three of their own steamers, and we destroyed the Albemarle, a powerful ironclad, by a tor pedo managed by the intrepid Cuslnng. During the Franco-Prussian war the Ger mans protected their coasts against the Trench very effectively by torpedoes and submarine mines. All maritime nations have been earnest ly studying the torpedo problem ever since, and an incalculable amount of time, money and ingenuity has been expended in developing the most efficient system possible. It is a weapon of overwhelming Iower, if it can be wielded at will. The primary idea of a torpedo is to pro duce a crushingly-destructive explosion diroctly against tho enemy, either in a fort or a ship. Innumerable plans for do ing this have been devised. Formerly the explosive material was gunpowder onlv ignited by slow -matches, percussion caps struck by clockwork, etc. Now, in addi tion to gunpowder, we have guncotton, the nitroglycerine compounds, the picrales, etc. Electricity has come in to enormously help the firing, though many of the older de vices are still in use. The first classification of these engines of destruction is into "mines," where sta tionary torpedoes of large size are placed to guard harbors, etc. The second class are "torpedoes," which includes all de vices for exploding charges of powder The fac-simile iigaature of f- t- --t rrVr "yr liTrfifMi f i iti mir'nl i i fif-3 1PJm 6&&&&&X guncotton, nitroglycerine, dynamite, etc., directly against the enemy. Torpedoes are again divided into "un controllable" and "controllable." The un controllable are those which carry their own motive power, and after being started take their own course. The best known of this class arc the Whitehead or "fish" torpedo, and tho Howell. In general terms these are cigar-shaped steel Kibes, from 12 to 18 inches in diameter, and from 10 to 17 feet long. They are loaded with ol to :.'UU pounds of guncotton. which is exploded by a fulminate upon striking the object. At the other end are twin-screws, which are worked by compressed air, and give pro pulsion. In the center is a very ingenious mechanism for giving the torpedo its proper submergence. 'ind holding it straight upon its course. This class of torpedoes are generally launched from a small, swift ves sel, which runs with all speed to within a short distance 200 or 300 yi.rds of its enemy, and launches its weapon out of a "tube," either with a small charge of powder or by compressed air. The controllable torpedoes, of which great tilings were expected some years ago, but apparently less to-day, are similar to the others, except that some of them are run by carbonic acid gas. electricity, or even a supply of steum from the ship's boilers, are steered by wires which roll out from the ship's deck or the shore. Of this class are the Brennan, Sims-Edison, and the Lay torpedoes. There are other types which are floated aeainsl ships, by taking careful note of the ducclion of the current, or towed asrainst them by small vessels drawing long wires; and so on throuch a trroat variety of devices. What the practical value of any or all of these schemes is lemains to be deter mined bj- the test of actual war., It is one thing to work a torpedo experiment; lly in calm water, with every circumstance favorable, ami quite another to manipulate one of these complicated affairs in the awful confusion and excitement of battle with probably the elements racing v.ildly. If the torpedoes can accomplish but a small portion of what their sanguine advo cates hope for. them, the day of the proud battleship, of whatever type, will be ex ceedingly brief, it may le that the tor- Torpedoes. pedoes will be able to sink the strongest fleet that can be assembled to the depths of the ocean within 15 minutes after the engagement opens. On the other hand, it may be that, like thousands of other war like devices which their advocates sin jruinely hoped would end Avar, by making fighting impossible, torpedoes will be found to have such limitations as will make them a very subordinate feature in hirhting. Naval people ;11 over the world are divided into two hostile camps on this question, one believing that the torpedoes will knock everything else out; the other, that torpedoes are really not such terrible things after all, and that fights will have to be decided in the old way, by crushing broadsides. The extensive tests which have bee.n made during the past quarter of a century have given encouragement to both sides, but the anti-torp?doists so far seem to have the best of the argument. The great British naval manuvers seem . to have resulted unfavorably to the torpe ! doists. who were generally beaten off, or failed lor some reason. One of the incidents which gave much encouragement to the torpedoisls was a battle between the Chilean insurgents and the regular Government vessels off Valparaiso in April, 1S91. The insurgents had possession of a fine armored cruiser the Blanco Fncalada. She was attacked by two Government torpedo boats, which swept her decks with rapid fire guns, and sent in all seven Whitehead torpedoes at her. In the meanwhile she was defend ing herself with her large and small guns, without producing much damage upon her small, agile opponents. Tho seventh tor pedo struck the Blanco Fncalada just abaft her foremast, and tore a terrible hole in her, causing her to sink, drowning about half her ciew of 200 men. Whatever may be the outcome, we can rest assured, we are as far advanced, to say the least, in the knowledge of tor pedo practice as any people in the world, and we have reason for believing that our system is superior to any other. Senator TIiurMon's Views. Senator J. M. Thurston, of Nebraska, in a thrilling speech in the Senate on March 2t, advocated freedom for Cuba, the United States to use force, if necessary, to secure it. He gave details of what he saw during his recent trip to Cuba, saying that Spain had lost control of every foot of land not surrounded by an actual intrenchment and protected by a ' fortified picket-lin The revolutionists are in absolute and al most peaceful possession of nearly one half of the island. Senator Thurston dilated on the horrible condition of the reconcentrados. The posi tion of this country was such that she must intervene, he said. ' Ours is the one grat Nation of the world, the mother of American Republics She holds a position of tr ist and responsi bility toward the people and the affairs of the whole western hemisphere." "War with Spain," ho said, ' would in crease the business and the earnings of every American railroad, it would. increase the output of every American factory it w uld stimulate every branch of industry and domestic commerce; it would greatly increase the demand for American labor and in the end every certificate that repre sented a share in an American business enterprise would be worth more money than it is worth to-day. Force saved the I'nion. kept the Stars in the fiag made "niggers ' men. The time for God's force has come again." Tho Naval Keftortos. The Naval Reserves will apparently have the first chance after the Navy for active service. They have all been notified of this, and directed to hold themselves in readiness to man the old war monitors and form the second line of defense. New York lias appropriated S50,0 0 to fit out her reserves. New .Jersey has a bill pending for S:j7,500, and the other seaboard States are contemplating like action. The Massachu setts men will lake charge of the CatsKill and Lehigh; the New Yorkers will go to League Island and bring around two of the monitors there; the Connecticut Reserves already have the Wyandotte, the North Carolinians the Nantucket, the Georgians the Passaic. The Illinois and Ohio Re serves will probably be ordered last to reinforce the others. .- - Justice) Harlan's Views. Justice John M. Harlan, of the United States Supreme Court, who served during the war as Colonel of the 10th Ky., said re cently: "I am free to say that, in my opinion, there are two additions which the United States must make to its territory for its protection and safety Cuba andthe Ha waiian Islands. It would be folly almost criminal to neglect the opportunity now presented of acquiring possession of Hawaii." Tho Army. Gen. Miles wants GOO horses bought im mediately for the cavalry, and tho com panies niieu up to a war footing. is oa every wrapper of CAST0EIA. I VIM HISTORY REPEAT ITSELF? A War Just a Century Ajjo. that May be Duplicated by tlie Present Trouble Our L.ast Collision with France Two Kaval Battles Uncled tho Struggle and Brought Peace. History has a great fashion of repeating itself, and a struggle with France which we had at the close of tho 18th century seems likely to foreshadow' tho course of the present dispute. It was a war, how ever, upon which we entered with much more fear and trembling than wo enter tain wiih regard to the present, for Franco was then at the night of her power, while we were but a congcrie of weak, disjointed States, but lately formed into a Nation, and very poor in population, resources and all that go to make up a formidable fight ing power. In 1796 the French Directory, then in the fulness of its power, began to treat us very harshly. They were disappointed that we would not allow ourselves to be forced into a war against Great Britain, as their allies. They then felt that they dictated to the world, because their young General, Napoleon Bonaparte, had won a series of astonishing victories in Italy, and Lliey had brought Spain into alli.'incc. They issued secret orders to their cruisers to annoy and capture American shipping. They treated our Envoys with marked in suits, and issued a decree that any Ameri can sailor lounu on uoaru oi a unusn vessel, no matter whether there by his own free will or impressed, should be re garded as a pirate and hanged. Wc recalled one set of Envoys and sent another, who were treated just as badly. They were informed that they would re ceive no attention until they first paid the Directory S2.")t).000 as a friendly gift and bought ji large block of Dutch bonds, which had been wrung out of Holland as the price of peace. If they did not do this, they would be turned out of the country', and the United States coasts would be ravaged by French vessels from San Do mingo. The Envoys were firm, and Pincknoy uttered the 'famous sentiment- "Millions for defense; not one cent for tribute." Wc had a strong peace party at home, which insisted that it would be far belter and cheaoer to pay the tribute than to go to war. ' But the majority of our people were fr fighting, and in spite of the opposition in Congress bills were pa&'sed providing for calling out 80.000 militia, and greatly strengthening our young Navy. Washington was called from his retire ment at Mt. Vernon, and commissioned L'eutenant-Gcncral. The active command of the Army was given to Alexander Hamil ton, who was made a Major-General. The country was put in as good a condition of defense as was possible with our limited means, and in July, 1798, Congress de clared all the treaties with France at an end, and authorized American men-of-war to attack French vessels wherever found. A provision was made for .10 active cruis ers, and among this number were the famous United States, Constitution, Con stellation, Delaware, etc. The Delaware was under the command of the celebrated Capt. Stephen Deca tur. He left Baltimore in April. 179S. and a few days after fell in with the French cor sair Lo Crovable. 1 1 guns, captured her, and sent her to Philadelphia, where she was added to the Navy under tlie name of the Retaliation. S le was the first vessel captured by the present Navy of the United States. A little later she mistook some French vessels for English men-of-war, ran in among them, and was cap tured. The Navy was considerably increased during the year 1798, and it succeeded in capturing a large number of French mer chantmen. On Feb. 9. 1799, Capt. Thomas Truxtun, in the Constellation, was cruising in the West Indies, when he came upon the In surgente, one of the finest and largest frjirates in the French navy. She carried 10 guns and 109 men, to ,'58 guns and :$09 men on the Constellation. Truxtun immediately attacked, and after a light of one hour and a quarter the' Frenchman surrendered, having Jos;t 70' men killed and wounded. The Constella tion only lost three wounded. Nothing more, beyond the capture of merchant men, was done in 1799. In February. 1800, Truxtun. still in com mand of the Constellation, was oft Guade-' loupe seeking for a large French frigate, L'i Vengeance. St guns and 400 men, which was in those waters, making trouble for our people. He came up with her at 8 o'clock of Feb. 1, and, notwithstanding the disparity in strength, immediately attack ed, and a desperate battle lasted until 1 o'clock in tho morning. Then the French man ceased firing and disappeared so sud denly that Truxtun thought she had gone to the bottom. A heavy squall had' como up, which threatened to destroy the Constellation, whose rigging had been badly cut up by the enemy's fire. When she was righted her enemy was gone. La Vengeance suc ceeded in making her way to Curacao, where she arrived in a vary shattered con dition, and reported a loss of 102 men killed and wounded in the battle. The Constellation lost 2- killed and 1 1 wounded. Our cruisers won some, minor victories, and France grew very tired of the war. She invited our Envoys back, and Sept. 30, 1800, signed a treaty of peace, which gave us substantially all that we asked for. ft is altogether probable that our "war" will be a pretty fair duplicate of our war with France 10') years ago. $'fwJWrX0 '& wZm fM9m MmMr" '' miwW i t WJM n.-- ' V, I II ill C . " ifoftnama' --,.- ..K1' jp'-vif & in- f777S. v w. w vw 'it axsk -v';.-.- Ouu Fleet in Cuiian Waters. The Navy Department goes on steadily arranging its forces in tho most effective manner and increasing its resources, calling for men, arms and vessels. Our fleet in the Cuban waters with headquarters at the Dry Tortugas and Koy West is a splendid one including three battleships, nine cruisers, five torpedo boats, and the monitor Terror. At Port Koyal, a day's sailing from Key West, lie the monitors Puritan, Miantonomoh, Amphitnte.and the Terror. AlHampton Hoads is tho battleship .Massachusetts and the cruisers Brooklyn, Minneapolis, and Columbia; the three cruisers being fast ships and forming what is called "The Flying Squadron." Guarding Washington is tlie dynamito gun vessel Vesuvius. The Spanish have eight or nine warships about the island and a torpedo flotilla on the way from tho Canary Islands, This flotilla numbers six or seven torpedo boats. SI SUBrm TOES. Something Abontf the iTwo Great classes of These AVai-Machines. Submarine mies Jire divided into two great classes those which are fired by watchers stationed on'(the shore and thoso which aro sot off Uy a ship striking against them. Tho first are f called "observation" mines, the second "contact." "Observation" mines arc the most numer ous class, the greatest ingenuity has been expended .ipon them; and the methods of manipulating them aro quite wonderful. Our first illustration shows a typical system of defending tho entrance to a harbor through a river or a channel. The mines are arranged in groups, technically known as "trees." The black dots in tlie picturo represent the mines, tho lines the electric cables communicating between them and the shore. "A" and "C" represent stations on each side, in which aro tho watchers, observing through telescopes. These tele- Ki'fHio mnvp fill nivofv: juul rri r-nnrtnrttntl by the cable "D." The dotted lines show i tie visiicii ungius in iiiu telescopes upon the approaching ship. By an ingenious arrangement familiar to electricians the contact pins connected with the two tele scopes fire the mino under the ship when their visual angles coincide upon her. Tho second picture shows one of the mines ready for firing. The details as to the construction of these are kept closely secret. It is one part of military informa- tion that no country will make public. Substantially the mine is a vessel of iron or steel, made carefully wafer-tight, and containing a heavy charge of high ex plosive. In the present instance it repre sents 300 pounds jof blasting gelatine. It is fired by a charge of gun-cotton, set off by a platinum wine which the electric cur rent heats to incandescence. It is held in place by a chain connecting it with an anchor on the bottom. ' The third picture shows a "contact" mine. Like the pthers;, it is anchored so that it will rest in I he stream a few feet below the bottoms-of passing ships. Above it extends a lead pipe, from each side of - t which extends a wooden arm. Inside tlie lead pipe is a glass tube containing sul phuric acid. Connected 'with this is an electric battery, without acid. The hull of the ship bends the lead pipe and brealts the glass lube, the acid runs into the bat tery, and generates a current which fires the mine. The mines in this country are all under the charge of the Topographical Entrineers, who have developed them to a pitch of ef ficiency which they think is not equaled anywhere else in the world. They keep all the details of their construction and working jealously guarded from outside knowledge. Of course, mines, like all other military appliances, are subject to strong limita tions, which seriously curtail their theo retic destrucliveness. They are quite limited in the area of (heir action, so that they must be exploded at exactly the right instant or they will be harmless. They have tolio anchored at exactly tlie right distance below the hulls of the ships, which may make them too high at low tide, and loo low at high, with similar troubles when they are located in rivers which rise and fall rapidly. They are liable to be swept out of place by currents, dam aged by anchors and other things dragging on the bottom, and to explode by counter mines of the enemy. Still, they are very terrible engines, and their moral value is even greater than their aculal physical worth. Admiral Sloaril Significant-. Words. Admiral Sicard has broken the reticence he has so far maintained far enough to say a faw weighty words. When asked if a Moating or stationary mine had done tho work he replied : "The depth of water is very favorable to a located mine." "But the Spanish Minister has denied that the harbor was mined," said his in terviewer. - "Well," replied the Admiral, "if tlie har bor had been mine should have mined it " fPll.. t.. ........ ..II 1V.' 1 ,!. -. . . j ..in .-n.-unia ciij-siiiiieieiu.. nie opanisli naval ofiicers, anliyipaling,.war, mined the harbor, and then some of them, finding the J. e-'"" jfwjij.iu.1 wvi u. mini;, CA- plodcd it. T , ' r-0 Y - sp' rnl 9 'JS ' n 1 'i ,-.,- WlrtlIGTOf (Q) Wlm IP) 1 lTfi ""ni ' ' i 'i ft" ' I ! LJfs if FIGHTING TrjErTI OVEfl What tlie Veterans Have to Say About Their Campaigns. -i. ... m i NOT WITHOUT Pfllfl. How a Veteran l'urformed a Neat Dental Operation on a Johnny. EniTon National Teihune: Tn the movement which culminated in a fight ner.r Madison Courthon.se, Va. , in the Fall of 18G3, my squadron, Cos. L and M, 2d N. Y. (Harris's Light) Cav., was sent at a jumping gallop to got possession of a road over which a force of 1,500 or 2,000 rebels were moving toward Orange Couf tlionse. We understood that the reus were hemmed in on three sides by Gen. Ihiford's and Kil patriek's commands, and that the road we were sent to occupy was the only ontlct by which they could hope to escape. "We had barely time to get there, dismount and deploy, facing to the west, the right of onr line being "in the air" not more than 100 feet on the north side of the road, when the enemy opened on us with case or canister, and at Uie tame time pushed forward a line of skirmishers through the woodland north of tlie road. On the south side of the road was an open field, over which the rebs made a mounted charge that was easily repulsed. Meantime tlie other squadious of our regi ment were forming on the left of our deployed line just as the enemy made a second charge, that was also repulsed. The third and final charge, however, was successful, tlie reb3 breaking through our thin line, taking a nnmbcr of prisoners, as well as several horses which the No. 4 men were holding. The men of my company who were near me at the time of the final charge (Harris, Spears, and, I think, Prentice) escaped capture by dropping into a gully fringed with a tangled growth of blackberry hushes, bnt wc kept up a steady lire at the Tehs, who charged and swarmed up to within 10 feet of us. and finding they conld not cross the gully, turned to the north in disorder, evidently much demoralized and "mighty glad to get out of the wilderness." As they disappeared from onr front Spears said to us: "I shot one of those rebs right through his right check, and sawhim throw down his saber and spit something out of his mouth like a tooth." And, climbing out of the gully, he found Hie saber and, close by it, a bjg hack tooth, freshly extracted. I have never met Spears since the war closed, but if he is living, and still has that tooth in his possession, I would suggest that he should try to find the original owner and present it to him as "a relic of tlie war." Spears was a Pennsylvanian who, before the war, settled on a farm near Fairfax Court house, wliere he joined my comiiany some time after the second battle of Bull Run. If lie is a National Tijibtjne reader I hope this reminder will induce him to write up some of our interesting and ludicrous ex periences after the fighL referred to, when we gobbled one of the teams and wagons in winch the rebs conveyed some of their wounded io a house about half a mile back of onr battle-line; and how we acted as rear guard to onr forces, and got into camp wjth a wagon load of apples, potatoes and half- boiled Muscovy ducks. H. C. "Wihtakkr, Cos. Mand A, 2d N. Y. Cav., Friend's Station, Tcnn. BEFOflE THE BATTLE A. New Yorlc Trooper TelN How ITo and His Comrades Went to Gettysburg. "Rditor National Tribune: The 10th N. Y. Cav. were tho discoverers of Gettysburg, as it were Perhaps not one in a thousand who took part in the battle of Gettysburg are aware that a regiment of Union soldiers had camped in the village, and became acquainted with many of its citizens, including Jennie "Wade, who was killed by a rebel bullet while assisting the hi ys in blue. Our regiment arrived at Gettysburg on Christmas night, lbo'l , having been more than 21 hours on tl.e road from Elmira, N. Y., the distance of which should have been covered in eight or 10 hours. The citizens of Gettysburg and the Porter Guards, as we were known by them, became the best of friends, and when we were or dered away in March, lfio'2, it was like part ing with old friends. "We were called Porter Guaids in honor of the Porters living at Niagara Falls, N. Y. From Gettysburg we went to Perryville, Md., and remained there guarding the large ferryboat that so many of the old comrades will remember crossing the L'appahannock on the J'., "W. & B. Ifciilroad between Havre de Grace and Baltimore. We received our horses just in time to take part in the second battle of Bull Jiuu under Gen. Kilpatrick. From that time up to the battle of Gettysburg, the Kill did its share in all the battles of the Army of the Potomac, including the largest cavalry battle, that of Brandy" Station, Va. The battle of Gettysburg found the old Porter Guard back home, as it were, taking part in that gieat battle. After the btttle, Comrade J. B. Buffum, of my company, and I took dinner with a family that we had be come acquainted with in the Spring of 'u'2; they were jiving at that time opposite the little brick house into which the rebels fired the cannon ball and left part of it sticking out of the brick. I understand that that ball Are You Ready for the Change to Warmer Weather Hood's Sarsaparilla Will Soon Put You in Good Order. It is difficult for the system to adjust itself to the change from cold to warmer weather. That is why Hood's Sarsaparilla is needed now. It is wonderful to see what this great medicine can accomplish at this season. It expels all impurities from the blood, leaving it rich, pure and nourishing. It overcomes the languor and depression so general when warm weather comes. It creates an appetite, tones and strengthens the stomach and diges tive organs and prevents fevers and other serious diseases to which a weak and debili tated system is so liable in Spring. Its great cures of all blood diseases, scrofula, salt rheum, boils, sores and humors prove it to be the best blood purifier and Spring Medicine. "A bunch appeared on one of my arms, due to enlargement of the bono. It increased in size. At last it broke and became a run ning sore, and I -was told it was scrofula. Medicines did me no good. The sore dis charged and was exceedingly disagreeable and I became discouraged. Then I was ad vised to try Hood's Sarsaparilla. I did so, and after taking one bottle the sore began to look more healthy. I kept on and when I had taken three bottles it Avas all healed ex cept a very small place. A few more bottles healed that also and left me as sound as a nut and the scrofula has not tioubled me since." Cai-t. AVm. S. Barker, Box 8, "Wilson's, N. Jf. lteniember Hood's Sarsaparilla Ts America's Greatest Medicine, SI ; six forS.". Prepared only by C. I. Hood 5c Co., Eowell, Muss. UaaH'c Dillo nct harmoniously with nUUU O flllS Hood's Saraaparill".. fl- m Spring is Here Dr. Hunter's Book on Weak Lungs. Dr. Robert TTuntor, of New York, extracts from whoso lectures on the lungs have been published In this papr from time to time, hns a ltoofc on tho nature, cuuses nml euro of Consumption, Itronclillb, Asthma, and Catarrh, explaining thelrdHTerence,and pointing out Hie curative treatment of such disease. Dr. Hunter Is one of the oldest lung specialists living, having devoted his life since IS'A exclusively to the study and treatment of Lung Complaints. The first inhaling Instruments ever employed for tho cire of tho lungs were of hU Invention, and the only knewn germicide having pow?r to kill and expel the germs of consumption from the lnn;s was discovered and successfully applied by him. Ills antiseptic in halation is the only scientific treatment for Lung Com plaints. It brings tho remedy to thu very seat of the disease In tho lungs in the only common-sene way. Its success is shown by hundreds of grateful patients whose lives It has saved. Xr. Edward J. Itaynor says: "I had hemorrhage after hemorrhage, and was utterly broken down in health, coughed up yellow lumpy matter, hud fever and night sweats, and was brought to my bed, from which I never expected to rise again Now J, am strong and able to do my work; all blood spitting and shortness of brenth are gone. I have gained my llesh back, and eat nnd sleep as well as ever. From a jer feet wreck f have been rebuilt and restored by Dr. Hunter's medicated air Inhalations. 1 owe my life to this wonderful treatment, and elievi everyone on lit lo know of it Alt who wish to do so can call o write to me at my placo of business, Wubli A Co.'S, 157 Market ht., Newark, Jf. J." Any Mibscriber of Tiik JCvrioxAr. Tnimrsi: who is Intended, can obtain th s book free by addressing Dr. Hunter at 117 West JV.h street, New York. has remained in the same place to the present time. The tirst I'nion soldier buried at Gettys burg was John Congdon, aged 22; enlisted from Syracuse, N. Y., Aug. ol, '(II, in Co. A. 10th 2sT. Y. Cav. He was accidentally killed Dec. 28, Jt?Gl. Waih:i:.v W. Jisisii, Co. B, 10th N. Y. Cav., West FalLs, X. Y. AMD GRAPE AND CANISTER. Illinois Cmnrado Tells of ISrignde Charge i;i-firo Atlanta. EniTon Nationai, Tninrxn: There have been many interestitig accounts of the battle of Atlanta, July 22, ldfM, given in The National Tnim'NE, but I do not remember to have read anything pertaining to the charge on the 21st, or tlie day previous to Hood's fatal Hank movement. I refer in particular to the charge of the First Brigade, Fourth Division, Seventeenth Corps, composed of the, 3d Iowa, -list and 53d 111., and, if memory serves me right, 32d Tnd. During the day and night previous we had succeeded in advancing and fortifying within about forty rods of the Confederate works, and sometime during the day of which I write our brigade was ordered to charge those works. Immediately in front of our regiment (53d 111.), and abont hall" way to the rebel works, stood an old deserted negro cabin, and a3 we advanced across an open field the rebels re served their fire until we had nearly reached the cabin, when they opened up on lis with grape, canister, and musketry. Soon men were dropping; killed or wounded, on all sides. Those unhurt (lacked their heads and moved forward as thongh facing a hail-storm, and those companies nearest the center, or colors, obliqued slightly to the right or left, as if to gain some small protection from the log cabin. IJut this divergence was only temporary, for at this moment our Colonel, John W. McCIannahan, with drawn sword, called out: "J'ovs, move forward in line! Don't you see they have the range, and it is certain death to remain here?" Quicker than I can write it the "broken line again moved forward, perhaps 50 yards, when we were ordered to lie down and load and fire at will. Owing to the nature pf the ground the enemy could not depress their pieces sufficiently to reach us whilst occupy ing this position, bnt after we had used up our JO rounds of ammunition in picking off their gunners, we were ordered to fall back, when their fire .again became very destructive. The 53d had lost heavily, and in conse quence of that fact, it was said, the survivors were taken out of the line that evening and moved'off to protect the left flank. Wo were strung out with only a few in a place for picket duty. The writer of this article was a strip of a boy 19 j'ears old a Sergeant placed in charge of a squad of eight men on this occas ion, with very strict orders to halt anyone approaching daring the night. The morning of the 22d the sun rose in all its usual splendor. The birds flitted music ally from tree to tree, regardless of the boom ing cannon off in the distance, near Atlanta, and one of my boys expressed himself like this: Hamt we having a picnic to-day? " Quite early in the morning Capt. Frank King, of Co. C, came along and instructed me to let two of my men at a time go down to the brook in front to wash their powder begrimed bodies. This brook ran down a deep ravine about 50 yards south of our re serve post. The men had all been down to bathe, and I then took my turn and went down alone. "While I was industriously engaged in rid ding myself of some of the Georgia soil, with not a stitch of clothing on my person, the rebs advanced to the top of the hill on the opposite or south side of the ravine and com menced fighting a duel with my men in my rear. Owing to the undergrowth of hushes in my vicinity I had been thus far unobserved by them, which gave me-the advantage of being able to hastily don a portion of my wardrobe, as I surely thought I was to be taken as a guest to some Southern prison-pen, and I wanted to start ou my journey at least par tially clothed. I grabbed my gun and accouterments and up that hill I went with the rebel bullets cutting the bushes around me right and left. Hood had arrived suddenly and noiselessly on Sherman's flank, the battle of the 22d was on, and in a few hours from that time onr beloved commander's (Gen. James B. McPher son) body was pierced by a rebel bullet. M. S. Haktmax, Co. C, 53d 111., Kobiuson, III. IflGIDEflTS AT VIGKSBUHG. Tho Charge of May 22. 1803, and What a Com ratio Saw. Editor National Tribune : The storm ing party of May 22, 1SG3, at Vicksburg, was made up by voluuteers from the 30th, 37th, and 40th Ohio, HGth 111., and, I think, 4th Va. It was tho Fir3t Brigade of the Second Divis ion, Fifteenth Corps. The 30th Ohio followed the storming party, the 37th Ohio was next. This was about 10 o'clock a. in. The line was formed in the woods iu a hollow, with the right of regiments near the road running to the fort. We advanced up the hill and into the road leading to the fort, which was about 300 yards distant. The road was a cut in the top of the hill, then a little descent, with a "hog-back " connecting the two hills. Co. E, 30th Ohio, was the color company. When within about 100 yards of the Fort the road made a slight turn to the right. Just on the top of a hill here the cut Avas perhaps near three feet deep ; this road from the top of tho hill was arranged so that the rebels could .rake it with grape, as they did. The 30th lost about sixty men in killed and wounded. There was not a commissioned officer left in the right wing of the regiment "nothing above a Corporal in command. Then our company had advanced to the top of this hill. Maj. Hilt called a halt, and it was a good thing for the left wing he did, as the road from there to the fort was literally covered with dead and wounded. Wo lay in tho road, the dust being four inches deep, until abont 4 p. m., when we gave way for another brigade. About 3:30 Maj. Townsend, of our regi ment, asked me if I wonld take some canteens and go back and bring some water. I assented. He said: "I will take care of your gun, and 5 it if need be." I went back the same way I came, and when on the top of the bill where we had made our start, I tnrncd around and looked back toward the rebel lines. All was in fair view. I filled my canteens and started back, and when in same hollow wliere we formed our lines there was another brigade in line, tho Colonel sitting on his horse and giving them a cheering speech. Some of his speech I remcmlert and, stiould this be seen by any of the brigade, they will remember his statements. He said: "Com rades, we are about to make a charge on a fort. A brigade charged on this fort this morning, but couldn't stand the fire. Now we want to show them what we can da We never were repnlsed. When ordere to ad vance is given I want every man to yell at the top of his voice." I thought best to hurry up before they got ready to start. When I returned to my regi ment it had moved out of the road to give place to the coming brigade. In about Iwo minutes we heard the yell. They came with all force, but instead of taking the position wc had vacated for their special purpose, just as they struck the hog-back they shot down into the hollow, perhaps SO feet deep, and there they staid. Our brigade was up in line and exchanged shots for some time with Johnnies before dark. I think I saw the Colonel on the ex pedition up the Black Bayon. commanding a barge-load of soldiers. T. H. Pkkstox, Co. E, 30th O. V. I., Vans Vallev, O. TO CUIIC A COLDIX OXi: DAT Take Laxative Bromo Quinine Tablets. All druggists refund the money if it fails to cure. 2uc. The genuine has L.B.Q.oneacb tablet. PICKET SHOTS. From Alert Comrades "Whole Line. Along tn9 Capture of the Fort at Kcsnca. S. Eeasoner, 102d 111., Modena, Mo., writes: "I have read Comrade L. 0. B. Hubbard's account of the capture of the rebel tort at ftcsscn. He mentions the Third Bri gade, Third Division, Twentieth Corps. Tho brigade was composed of the 70tb Ind., 70th Ohio, 103d 11!., and two other Illinois regi ments. The brigade charged 10 minutes be fore the others, and crossed half a mile of open field. We were in range of the enemy's guns, and a terrible fire was concentrated upon U3. A retreat was sounded, but we fell on the ground and waited. There was heavy firing on our left. When reinforcements arrived and drove the enemy off our flank we were ordered forward, and were soon in tho fort" Mississippi Squadron. Daniel Bold. Laurel, 0., writes: "I should like to hear the experiences of those who served in the Mississippi Suadron in 1863. I was on -the Petrel. I well remember when a fleet went up the Yazoo Iiiver to Yazoo City, where the Confederate navy-yard was located. I was in one of the details that helped destroy the vessels and the yard. On our return to Liverpool Bluffs we were fired on. Our ves sel tv3 struck by two cannon-balls. The old Choctaw was up there with U3. We had two boys wounded." Out of AndersonTllle. Thomas Hinds, Malone, N. Y., writes: "I see by some of the articles published, that many believe only a very few men ever escaped from Andersonville to the Union lines. I know a man by the name of Conley who made his escape May 3 through a tun nel. I belonged to the same squad and de tachment (the 8th detachment, 3d sqnad)of which Herbert, the one-legged man, was a member. I made my escape June 8, 1S64, north of the prison, and was recaptured June 14. I made my escape the last time June 17 from Macon jail and reached Sherman's army 12 miles north of Marietta. Conley and I reached Washington, D. C, about July 21, 1864. Conley belonged to a Connecticut regiment 1 belonged to Co. A, 1st Md. Cav." Reminded by a Picture. William liussell, Co. K, 1st Minn. H. A., Myrtle Point, Ore., writes: "Your "war pictures are interesting, and the one in the issue of Feb. 3 reminds me of an incident in front of the old Slave Pen on Main street, Chattanooga. Gen. Johnston's army had sur rendered and returned to Chattanooga until trains could be furnished to carry them home. A young rebel officer had just turned his company over to the Lieutenant in charge of the militarv prison. He asked me to let him have $10 "for a 1,000 cotton-bond, with coupons. He did not want to stay in that 'bull-pen' with his men, bat wished to go to a hotel. I told him I had no use for the bond, but he said I could take it home and have it framed for my grandchildren. I thought him no better than his men. and that he could eat with them. I had left a loving wife and six children within two miles of an Indian reservation in Minnesota, and had no greenbacks to waste in that way." Was a Plymouth Pilgrim. W. H. Nott, Bristol, Conn., writes: "I en joyed reading 'Andersonville.' I was one of the Plymouth Pilgrims, and was taken prisoner when Gen. Wessels surrendered. I was in the service three years, eight months of which I was in Andersonville aud Florence. I know that what the author of 'Anderson ville ' states is true." Scattering:. E. Hurbaugh, Leavenworth, Ind., writes that the First Brigade, Second Division, Twenty-third Corps, saw much hard service, " but that he has seen very little written by its members. He would like some comrade to write its history. George Hunter, Sergeant. Co. D, 155th Pa., Allegheny, Pa., writes : '"Do any of the com rades remember seeing a large black dog run ning between the lines of battle at Fredericks burg. Dec. 13, 1862? The dog was only 30 feet in front of our regiment, and about an equal distance from the stone wall near the Sunken lload, where the rebels were concealed. We were lying down. I saw the dog fall once, but the smoke was so thick that I couldj" only get a glimpse of him as he went by." If il(l lo Qsiii IVorli. It is sad enough for a man to have no work, but when a man has to "shut up shop" on account of failing health, it is still worse. Mr. Henry Ensmiuger, of Morantown, Kans., had quite a time of it. He writes: "In 1893 I came to America. The first three years I enjoyed good health, but after that came a succession of ailments, one after the other, so that I shudder when I think of the past. I had frequent head aches, pains in the sides and back and finally inflammation of the lungs. I swal owed pills, powders and all kinds of medi cines without effect. One day I read an article in the paper about an old remedy, called Dk. Pbteu's Blood Vitahzeb. It seemed to be very highly recommended. I ordered a trial box, saying to myself, 'this is my last chance.' I would rather have died than to live in the condition I was. When the medicine arrived I was nearly crazy with headache aud very weak. I opened a bottle and began to use it at once. In two weeks' time I was able to do light chores aronud the house, and after a steady treatment of five weeks I was again able to work. I used altogether sir bottles, and I am now, thank God, well and hearty. I have gained over 45 lbs. in weight. I only weighed 140 when I was sick last, and I now turn the scales at 185. My neighbors are surprised at the results in my case." Dr. Petee's Blood Vitalizes noes right to the root of the disease, eliminating the impurities from the blood, nature does the rest health follows. Not for sale in drug stores. Sold only by special agents. For the protection of the public, each bottle has a registered number on the top of the carton. Look for it. Address all inquiries to Dr. Peter Fahrney, 112-114 So. Hoyne Ave., Chicago, IU.