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;.. sr , -"tASap"' ' -?. B!V, '5g!-5S:s ...-V ,-'"'' "."' ' ' ' - r ' A K " -" - Sfy Jt f a.- :c o &TdHBry i w:mafe. i JA lyfcS flag-i::aM SifMTl Copyright, 1SDS, by CHAPTER II JOKES MAKES HIS FIRST CRUISE IN THE ALFRED TWO RICH PRIZES THE RESULT HIS PLEA FOR A EU ROPEAN CRUISE HE IS GIVEN COM MAND OF THE RANGER AND MAKES A REMARKABLE VOYAGE TO FRANCE TO CARRY THE NEWS OF BUR GOYNE'S SURRENDER. John Paul Jones received his commis 6:on as Captain in the Navy on Oct. 17, at Newport, R. L, and on Nov. 4 took com mand of the Alfred, which had hcen refitted at Proviuiee; and on Nov. 7 sailed in her, with the Providence, sloop-of-war, in company. This cruise lasted only 3,1 days: Hi. when Jones came to anchor in IJobton j Harbor, Dec. 10, 1770, he had in his wake ' In C O N TheDELEGATESoftheUNITED STATES of A&w Hanzfiirz, Mjfuhsfcttt'Bejs ' Zhode-IprJ, CoiaeSirut. Nev-Ybrk, Ncw-Jerey, Peaajytvstua, Ucituvr,, Mary'zr.J, Virginia, Mrtb-Carvbrui, Soutb-Qirshni, and GcorQa, TO rr'-jS' Y & ?cpofinS dpccialTruUsr.d Coridcncc in your Patriotifm, Valour, Conduced Fidelity? f D 0, by thefc Prefcnts, coailituc and appoint you. to be jjffi""' .". V , r-tvr-rfr-, n the SrrrrTof the United isf-M1 -I I..! . States of North-America, fitted out for the D:fcnc of Aracricrn I ibcrtv, and for repelling every hofUlc In'afioa thereof. You arc therefore carefully and d;hgenll) to fijiVnargc the Duty of A'f&it by doing and pc:form:n&all manner of Things thereunto belonging: Andwe doflriclly charge d eoairc all Officers. Marines and banner! unuer ant 5ajitZt?0 Ard you arc to obfervc Time as y on. ihsil receive rru:n iu.. b for that Purpofc appointed, or Commander in Chief States or tzir other yonr fuperior Officer, according a .a ZZ . lU.x nrt TIITIITP I nilU'i' F . . f! the Sea, and the Inftruaums herewith given ycu, - t- tl .M1..J 1t- Commiluon to continue in rorcc nw icuk uj vi . . .. . Ji& j, &, fa ?tf y4iJ.UH'""""7"- By Urdtr ..'ATTEST. Ho-rvftr?4-Cisy Paul. Jones's Commission. m,;o ;,, .inpiimnnt. isiriven in tec simile. It will he obscr.-cd from the erasures .. - , , -, .1 A A ?. the British armed transport Mellish, with a canro of 10.CC0 uniforms of heavy woolen, 10 0C(f great coats. 7,000 pairs of blankets. 1 -ICO tents, 1,GC0 saddles with cavalry equipments, 1.700.0CO rounds of fixed am munition for small-arms, a quantity of medical stores and 70 field-cases of surgi cal instruments; all intended for the use of the Brtish army, and all priceless in the UienstatC OI tneSB"S -"" .. He also had another prize part-oi wnose 2S2 7??,Tm e 'Rritish troons in Ganada, and 14,000- pairs of blankets in tended partly for the general Canadian market and partly for the Indians then in British pav on the northern frontier. This ship also "contained an elegant case of pistols and a quantity of wines and bran dies consigned to the Governor of Quebec, which Jones confiscated for his own use. Thirtv-two vears afterward these two prizes were adiudged and their value dis tributed among the few surviving captors and the heirs of those who had passed awav. But Jones's share was limited to the "case of pistols and the wines and brandies intended for Sir uuy uaneton The Winter of 1776-'77 was unusually severe. The stores captured in tue .lci lish and the other prize (the Bideford) were of untold value to the patriot army. Jones did not attempt another Winter cruise. He reported to the Marine Com mittee that the Alfred was not fit for another cruise, and no other ship was at once available. About Jan. 5, 1777, he was ordered to lay up his ships at Boston and come to Philadelphia for conference with the Marine Committee. They had begun to find out who he was! CONSULTING WITH PATRIOT LEADERS. As soon as he arrived in Philadelphia he held a series of consultations with Robert Morris, Joseph Hewes and John Langdon. Of these events the Hewes Me morial says- "Capt- Jones now urged upon the Com mittee the expediency of extending our naval operations. He declared that it was vital that we should mai.e a snow oi maritime force in European waters. He exclaimed that our new flag must be shown in the ports of continental Europe and along the coasts of England. . "When asked what ships were available for such duty, he said he could make an 18gun sloop out of his prize, the Mellish, though she was not so good a sailer as he would like for such an enterprise. These conferences were renewed from time to time, but all of the same tenor and result. In March Capt. Jones went to his plantation, near trie Rappahannock, whence he returned to Philadelphia early in April." This visit to the Rappahannock was a sad one. He had been absent only a year and a half. When he left his plantation in September. 1775, it was a paradise. When he returned in March, 1777. it was a waste. Between incursions from the British souad ron in the Chesapeake and the indolence or dishonesty of those he left in charge it had hcen wrecked. During 1773 and 1771 it had yielded him the then princely net income of about three thousand dollars annually; now it was worthless. The I uildings were in ashes, the wharf destroyed, the slock killed or driven off, and of his slaves only two or three old and decrepid couples re mained, and they were hardly able to raise crops enough for their own meager subsistence. This was a hard blow, coming as it did on the heels of the collapse of a commercial concern in the Island of Tobago, West Indies, in which he had an important interest, and from which he ultimately realized only II Mi sterling out of an original valuation of 3,000 guineas. When he went to Philadelphia in 1 775, he had several hundred guineas, perhaps a thousand some saj' 1. SCO in ready money, which he had invested in securities or had by this time used up in expenses; for, about this lime, he wrote to .Mr. Ilrwes that in 20 months' service under his com mission he had drawn only 50 pounds of his lawful pay! Turning his back on his desolate plan tation and casting to oblivion his mercan tile concern in Tobago, he returned to Philadelphia in April, 1777, as he ex pressed it, "With no fortune but my sword, and no prospect but that of getting along bide the enemy!" URGING A EUROPEAN CRUISE. Arriving in Philadelphia, he at once be gan again to press his project of a Euro pean cruise. OI the 13 frigates authorized by the Congress in December, 1775, but live had been laid down; of which three were now ready for service. He tried to get one of these the Trumbull but stood sixth in the list of Captains, and his seniors, Nicholson, Barry and Saltonstall, must have the three frigates. Finally, almost at his wits' ends, though by no means in despair, he sought the aid and interline tions that it wa, made out on the blank form ordinarily u-cd for assign ment to a rartieular ship, and was in fact a copy oi the Hank form use i at .hat time in the liritish Navy, with only s ch changes as v ere ne csxiry to denote the difference in form of Government as between the revolted C'ol n es and Great Br.ta.n. LtllJ-h- a or rauiuones: l pur RritMkvaf Hero. -&SzJ By Augustus CBuefL Augustus C. Buell. and counsel of George Washington mm self. When .lones called on the Commander-in-Chief, Lafayette was there, and Gen. Wayne. . He laid his plans before them with all the passionate earnestness and vehement eloquence he was master of. His own record of the interview is characteristic. 'I-afavette and Wayne," ho says, "shared mv feelings and partook of my spirit. But Gen. Washington, calm and imperturbable, walked up and down the ftc.or. mostly listening, but now and airain asking a ouestion or uttering a syllable of assent. He remained in this mood for some time after 1 had done. Then, approaching me he took me by the hand and said ''Capt. Jones, you have conceived the right project and you are the right man to execute it. Early to-morrow 1 will see moml nrs of the Marirc C remittee and uri'c that you lo prov'ded with the best i:ic:ns at their disposal. ' Of course, ' pursues .Tores, "Gen. G R E S you. omrr.ana, 10 cc ooctiicni to your vjruers as and follow fucn Urders and Directions from i line to .! lUnTT itnJ a fnn w I ah wn alt jin I AnirrAlP " -o- for the Time being cf the Ntvjr of the United to the Rules and Difciplinc oE War, the Ufagc of i (i. I :i t :.IIIM' 1..1 ".-.- Ill V.liiliCIIl LTZ1Z til IJJ1 VI Ll." in Purfuance of the Trnft repofed in you. ft,;, rtr 5 ftitT" fVrcrrv:- This ... - . -.-.. 0.. of ttx VJongbess,, Ph esid e nt.v Washington kept his word, and the result was instructions to the Marine Committee to provide me with armament for a Euro pean cruise." The Marine Committee then proposed that he should go to Portsmouth, N. II., raise a crew of 150 seamen, take them to France in the French merchant ship L' Amphitrite, then lying at Boston, which the Committee would charter as a pacicet, ,! mlv ., hr an,u ntr.ros of n.ir Com- r Dr Franklin ;md Silas Deano, to obtain a suitable ship for him there. Jones instantly accepted this proposition, went to New England and recruited his crew, taking with him, however, about forty whom he enlisted at Philadelphia. TAKES COMMAND OF THE RANGER. On arriving at Portsmouth, however, he found that the 18-gun brig-sloop Ranger, built by subscription of patriotic citizens and presented to the Congress, was in such a state of forwardness that he could soon get her ready for sea. The project of going to France in the Amphitrite was then abandoned, and Jones was ordered to command the Ranger, with carle blanche to outfit her and select his own cruising ground. The Ranger was an exceedingly fine ship of lier class. She was built of green timber, which caused her to be short-lived, but she was a fine model, a fast sailer and was coppered to the turn of tho bilges, which was a novelty in American ship building. Her armament was also of guns cast in America the first in that respect ab-o. She had II iron ninc-pounders. cast at the Moravian foundry near Bethlehem, Pa., and four brass sixes, cast in Boston from church bells donated for the purpose. Remarlcablc as these new departures were in the technical sense, another and far more romantic distinction awaited the ' little Ranger and her Captain a distinc- tion enduring unto immortality! On June 1 1, 1777, the Congress by -solu- , tion decreed the emblem that we now call "Old Glory." - 1 x4 d jJk$t&&f Makquis de Lafayette French statesman and General in the American army. A lover of liberty, he espoused the cajsc of the Colonists at the darkest period of tho Revolutionary War. Congress commissioned him Major-General while he yet lacked more than a month of being 20 years old. THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASfflNGEjjQlfc D. P., THURSDAY 3IAROH 31, 189ft, At the same time, in the samo resolu tion, the- Congress ordered Paul Jones to command the Ranger. Tho test of this remarkable resolution is: "IN CONGRESS, JUNE 14, 1777 "Resolved, That tho Flag of the Thirteen United States be Thirteen Stripes, alternate Red and White; That THE UNION be Thirteen Stars, Whito in a Blue Field; Representing a NEW CONSTELLATION. "Resolved, That Capt. Paul Jones be appointed to command the ship Ranger." The career of Paul Jones was unique in many things, though in none so com pletely, and, it may be said, so marvel ously as in this direct and imperishable association of his name and his fame with the birth of the American flag. Whether this remarkable coincidence was intentional or not on tho part of Con gress, Jones himself accepted it as his talisman. Long afterward, when asked whether, in the most awful crisis of his savagest battle, the thought of surrender occurred to him, he calmly answereu. "No! That, fiat: and 1 were twins was decreed by Congress in the same resolution that appointed me to command the Ranger, and in that ship I first flung its folds "to Iho breeze. Bow could I be the first to strike it? No! 1 had always been fully resolved that wherever 1 might find a grave, by sea or land, that flag should never be'lower than Jialf mast over me!" This sentiment coupled with tho natural stubbornness and the innate nerve of the man may have been the secret of the excessive and unheard-of desperation he afterward displayed. It is certain that he to the utmost appreciated tho honor valued the distinction and comprehended (he rare immortality that his personal association with the origin of the American flag must inevitably shed upon his name. On another occasion, a personal repre sentalive of the King of France urged him, for diplomatic reasons, to hoist on his ship the French flag in lieu or the American. His reply was to exhibit and translate to the Frenchman a copy of this resolution of Congress, which he always kept within reach. The Frenchman said no more. Nearly two vears before this. Paul Jones, a First Lieutenant of the Alfred, lying in (he Delaware, off what is now Christian street wharf, Philadelphia, had hoisted the original "Rattlesnake Flag" with the motto "Don't tread on me!" . It was now his destiny to baptize the lasting emblem of the Union on the sea. When the news of the action of Congress reached Portsmouth the patriotic mothers and maids of that stanch American town made a silk ensign and presented it to Paul Jones oi behalf of the Pride of Ports mouth, as they affectionately called the little Ranger. And when, on Auc. ?0, 1777, thai hero broke his pennant from the gaff of his gallant brig, the .Stars and Stripes first bade defiance to the foes of Freedom and braved the battle and the breeze. STARTED AT LAST ON HIS CAREER. Now, with a trood ship little as .she was under his feet and a crew of 137 genuine Yankee tars of the old school around him, Paul Jones got under -way on Oct- 7, 1777, and sailed on that pioneer European eruise of our infant Navy which he had so long and so persistently urged upon Con gress. In his last letter before leaving our shores, dated "On board the American Continental Ship Ranger," he wrote to Mr. Hewes: . . n . "I have at last a good ship, toncr rate, and a perfect crew, for its numbers. Com pared to the hopes 1 had indulged it is a small beginning; but I shall do my best to prove tnat it is not. a pour hhv. jwl assured, my dear friend, (hat you will hear of me before very long from the other side and from other pens than mine." This expression from most men would have had some favor of bravado. But from Paul Jones it was the simple, un affected utterance of his immeasurable confidence in himself and his men; his fearless, almost contemptuous indifference to any peril that might be in his path; his high, unconquerable resolution to do or die His words were prophecy. Ho was, in Aoi'tl heard of from the other side.- and i from other pens than his. CARRYING IMPORTANT NEWS. Jones sailed from Portsmouth, N. II., November. 1777. Burgoyne had surren dered Oct. 17, preceding. Gen. Gates's dispatches to Congress announcing that e ent had been conveyed to Philadelphia and sent in duly authorized copy thence to Portsmouth, N. If., by the slow convey ances of those days, in just two weeks Jones himself had heard the news at Portsmouth four dtrys after tho surrender. Anticipating tl at the Ranger would be selected to carry the news to France, he had crowded a month's work of preparation and outfit into a few days by working day and night and setting the example of help- 1 ing with his own hands, so that, when the dispatches were delivered to mm, lie weighed anchor within eight hours. Of this he modestly says in his journal: "When I went aboard with the precious i packet 'the dispatches) in my hand, I gave j orders to weigh at once, Fut was informed l.y Lieut. Hall mat home necessary stores were yet to come al; ard, that considerable setting up of the rigging remained to le done, and that as I saw the foretopsail was yet to be bent. "I then sent Litut. Walh'ngford off in my gig to lurry up the stores, and myself went aloft to help bend the foretopsail. That was soon done, but the stores were delayed, to my irfitvtc chagrin, and even after all our diligence I felt forced to leave behind several boat-loads of spare stuff, and set sail without them, trusting to luck to make good deficiencies after reaching a French port! "I irtirf realized -that the fate of our cause might hang-on ,n few days more or less delay in delivery of thofco dispatches at the Court of Frafico!v LONG BATTLE WMjTIIE ELEMENTS. The weather was exceptionally bad for even that bad limooof -year in tho North Atlantic; but, intfspiflo of northeasterly gales, Jones croWded-'his little ship for every rag she would bear and literally beat across the Atlanticr-denTd to windward in '.52 days! This terrific xyago itself was harder than a battle. Elijah Hall, Second Lieutenant of the Ranger, in his memorial "No such navigation had ever been known before. The Captain was in every body's watch. He was on deck to average 18 hours out of every 24, and frequently for 21 at a time. ' "We first made a great reach to the southward and eastward to clear George's Banks and get to windward of Sable Island: then another great reach north as ij s close to the wind as she would lay; it blowing all tne ume iroin nan iu -gale and our little ship, new rigged and straining, in the suds all the while. "I had sailed a great deal and with many Captains, but 1 had never seen any one crowd a new ship into the teeth of it as Copt. Jones crowded our little Ranger. She was a good, stanch little ship, fine model and well put together, except Unit her timber was mostly green, which made her short-lived. She was fast and wcath erly, but hard to handle in working to windward in heavy weather, for the reason that she was over-sparred. "She was a man-of-war-built ship-sloop of 290 tons, but in the hurry of building her slie was equipped with the masts, spars and sails intended for a -120-ton Indiaman laid down at Salem about the same time, whose construction was suspended on .ac count of the blockade. This over-sparring and over-canvassing, while it made a per fect hound of her with the wind abaft the beam, also made her crank arid uncertain in windward work. "So it happened that, in the November head-gales we encountered for the first fortnight out, the managemant of her was extremely trying, particularly as Capt. Jones never seemed to remember that sails had more than one set of reef-points, and. intent only on getting to France at the earliest moment, he kept her staggering right into it under single reefs m weather whore any other Captain I .ever knew ..otild have laicMOundcr storm-sails. "This, with now, cordage and an ovor- snarred shin at that, made fearful worn lor the orew, who w;re-at the lcc-r:gging all the time, settingitfp.the slack and making everything fast nihat tack, getting ready for the next reach-alout,. A MOMENT OF.IMMINENT DANGER. "During the 32 ,driys'- passage all hands were up for 18 to 21 hours no less than four, times; but, as the Captain kept the deck with them and served grog with his own hands, there could be no complaint. "Withal this, there was but one moment of extreme danger. This was about day light on Nov. 11. About sundown on the 10th the wind had hauled to the eastward, blowing fresh, and the Captain seeing that we had weatlfercdjthe Grand Banks, de(erm;ncd mske argreat northing, in hopes that when the .wind hauled to the norrard again we'might get a good slant ded to eastward. "We ran all night on a main course north -by-east-half-north and about sunrise-time put het nob-o into a b hnding snowstorm with shifting s ual.s. She was almost taken abavk ;nd as it was went down beam-end illmost and might have stayed down; but the Captain, who kept the deck all this night, and was much of the time at the wheel himself, had sta tioned men with hatchets to cut and let fiv the braces on order; and when this squall struck, he Jet go the fork and main bv cutting, so that she righted and came up in(o the wind all shivering forward. "This bevond oucsfion saved (he Ranger. The crippled sails were ouickly clewed up and the ship lay-to under jib, st;-ys and half-spanker till about noon, when the wind hauled to tii'Ngnorrard, steady, new braces were rove, and we squared away again for the Irish coast. had constantly boasted of his seamansnip, declaring he was the best and noioesi sailor in the world. After this affair every one of the 127 people in the ship agreed with them. "At that time of the year the regular easterly sailing course from Portsmouth, N. II.. to Brest or Nantes, France, wijh prevailing easterlies and northcasterlies would have been to stretch to (he south ward and eastward, leaving Nantucket Shoal on the starbcard hand, and southing, if nccessarv, quite as far as the Bermudas, and then run across to .the Portuguese, coast, creeping thence up" around Finis torre and Ortega I, and so through the Bay of Biscay into the first French port. "This would have been a CO or 70 day passaee; much .easier and safer than the "great-circle beat" into which Jones forced his ship; less trying and less dangerous, but not so quick. "He was determined, however, that the news of Bureoyne's surrerder should get to France bv the shortest and ruickest route, and in this battle with Jhf wirds and waves he won, as he did in all other kinds of battles." (To be emit in ued ) EDITORIAL NOTE. Other dram-.tlc inci dents in tin career of tlia" bol'l sailor, Paul Jones, will bs related in tin noxt installment. A. Wonderful Shrub -Good News for Sufferers from Disorders of the Kid neys or Rheumatic ATecb:on3. Jt gives us much pleasure toroalirm to diu readers the fact that in the new botanic dis covery, the Kava-ICava S'trab, found on the Gauges Uivcr, Kast India, medical science has found a True Specific Cur- for that large class of diseases caused by Uric Acid in the Blood, or disordered action of the Kidneys. It is a wonderful discovery, and is proving a blessing to suffering humanity. Many of oar readers have already experienced its value in restoring them to health. Among these may be mentioned Kev. Thomas Owen, of West Pawlet, Vermont, cured of Kidnev and Bladder disorders of many .years' stand ing; Kev. W. l. Moore, of Washington, D. C, cured of Rheumatism and Kidnev disease by this wonderful shrub; Hon. R. C. Wood, a leading attorney of Lowell, Intl., for many years a chronic sufiji,er,fbut now happily re stoied lo health, i Maiiy ladies also write of the benefits they have received from its use in Kidney and othtfr disorders peculiar to womanhood. For the benefit of any of our readers who may1 be suffering from liright's Disease, Kheuniatism, Kidney or Uladdcr Diborders,-PairHn liack, Gravel and similar disorders, we desire to state that the Church Kidney Cure Company, No. 89!) Fourth Avenue, New York, so far are the only iin'Kirtcrs of the Kava-Kava in the United States, and they will gladly send a free treatment thereof by mail, prepaid, to any suffeier who applies for the same. They do this entirely to prove to you that this wonderful new remedy does all that is claimed for it, and they only ask in return that you will tell your friendp about it when cuted yourself. If you are so unfortunate as to sutler from any of the, above maladies, we ad vise you to send tho company your name and address, and you will receive tho fiee treatment by return mail. ' Don't hurry in the store. Salesmen are paid to bo patient. Seo that you have the right thing, and not a substitute, bofore you hand over your money. Flower .Seeds Free A Xiibcral OflTer! All ofour readers who are interested in flowers, and have a place in which to cultivate them. should accept the liberal offer of S. H. Moore & Co., 23 City Hall Place, New York, avIio agree to send their charming magazine, The Ladies' World, on trial six months for only 20 cents, and 30G varieties of Choice Flower Seeds free with every subscription. See their advertisement oil another page of this issue. "There were only 12 men in the Ranger who had previously sailed with Paul Jones in the Providence and the Alfred. 1 hey AS TJEY Vffl IT Veterans' Opinions of the Pen sion Question. Urclnjr Service Pension: William Selson, Corporal. Co. G, OfUh Ind., Geneva, Neb., writes: I believe in n service pension of 60 per month with a per diem attachment. This would do justice to both long and short term men. These should be in addition to any disability pen sion that the veterans arc now receiving." W. II. Sallada, .r7th Pa., Los Angeles, Cal., writes: " I believe in a service pen sion in addition to whatever pension the veteran may now be drawing. It would bo unfair to grant an able-bodied veteran a service pension, and deny a disabled com rade a service pension because he is'draw inga pension for disability." I. B. Homer, Weston, O., writes: " I am for a per diem service pension hill. It would do the most good to the greatest number." T. II. Kisncr, Co. G, 11th Pa., and Co. If, Kilst Pa., Watsontown, Pa., writes: " I favor a service pension of $12 per month for every honorably discharged soldier, and iii addition, one cent ner month for every day in the service. This would give a rea sonable pension to the short term men, some of whom saw the hardest kind of service, while the long term men would be benefited bv the per diem allowance." W. P. Larimore, Co. K, 1st Ala. Caw. Nauvoo, Ala., is in favor of a service pen sion of $1 or S3 per month, with an addi t'onal allowance of one cent per month for each day in the service. & W. S. Franklin, Co. II, 49lh Ohio, Platte ville, Iowa, writes: "1 believe veterans who served three and four years should re ceive a per diem pension in addition to a service pension of $S. It was these long term menwhod'd the real fighting. Those who enlisted late in the war generally re ceived large bounties, or often went as sub stitutes for wealthy men." I'rupoHllion for Orjriiniztttlon. P. C. ScuIi;, Co. I, Sth N. Y. Caw, Hoos burg, N. Y.j wriies: "The day hos come when the Inion soldiers, their sons and their friends should organize. The day was when-we wen feared and respected by all political parties, but since our ranks have become weak and enfeebled through age and death these parlies neither fear nor respect us. The money kings' rule, and the old and enfeebled I'n'on. soldiers who. by his patrioiism and bb od made their property and bonds par with g'ld, can now go beg girg. We ask only justice. Byprorer or ganization the old soldiers and their sons still have the power to demand and receive from all part es due respect and proper treatment. We should drop party affilia tions, and organize in every Town, County and State." An Iiicoiiiteiicy. "K.," a veteran, living in California, says that applications for increase under the old law have been for sometime ineffectual, while applications for increase under the Mexican War service pension law and the law of 1890 have been allowed every week day since those laws went into effect. MihC;l:UHMU. S- H. Draper, Kossburg, N. Y., writes: "Let Congress pass a general pension law and discharge four-fifths of the clerks now in the Pension Office, applying the money thus expended to paying pension claims " Uill'am Maynard, Halifax, Ky., writes: " I served over two years in Co. A, 5th Tenn. Cuv. and after the war was for nine months n the Slate Militia. I did my full duty. My pension has been taken away because I was persuaded into the Con fedcate army sit the I'Cginn'ng of the war. -My father was in the rebel prisons, and I and six of my brothers were in the Union army. I am unable to work. I have not been able to walk about the house for some time." S. B. I a Ban, Fountain, Ind., writes: "The only way to win victory is for the Union veterans to present a united front. The bondholders, who never had any use for the soldiers except when they were fighting their battles for them, are particu larly venomous against pensions." S. F. Dru'cy, Co. C,12th Ind., Peru, Kan., wriies in defense of the pensioners. He says mat he contracted rheumat sm and 1 ronchMis in the service, and is unable to leave Irs house. An'cxplcs'on of over 40 tons of powder occurred in South Carolina while Sherman was on his march to the sea, and Comrade Druley vas one of the victims. He was picked up by his comrades and placed with the dead. He saw over three years' service, and was in 28 battles, besides a number of skirmishes. J. S. Smith, Co. G, 8th Ohio, and Co. H, 10th Ohio, last Richland, O., writes: "The sold'ers took their pay in depreciated cur rency without a grumble, and did no object to paying the bondholders in gold. The sol dier risked his life and health, the bond holder his money. Look after your repre sentatives, see that they are your friends in deed as well as word." " LAND Of THE HEATHEN CHWEE ', The Grnb Game; in tho Orient The Interest of the United States Therein. The Cabinets f the great powers are still eyeing each other ami China closely, and the great wonder to all who watch the r..ap of the world with interest is, "What pari will the United States play in this great game of the powers?" " R ssla started it by building her great Trans Siberian railway, obtaining from the Celestial F.mperor the privilege of crossing Manlchooria and a terminal station on (he coast. This rail road will be completed in 'about 190:, and will have its Chinese privi leges including this port on the sea of .Japan- for 9i) years, at the end of which lime, so the agreement goes now, the rail way is to bc'on-e the property of the Chinese Fmperor if that power still exists. Tiiis arrangement seems better for the Chinese than is likely to be realized, as anyone with one eye shut can see, for old Uussia won't give up her precious railroad and port so easily when the time comes. During the building of this railway the Russian soldiers engineers, laborers and officials buy and sell with the Chinese, make their homes and have their pleas ures in the Chinese towns, and fly their Hags with the Chinese dragons. The Chinese themselves, the people, take kindly lo this "Itussifieation of Mant chooria." So much for what Hussia is actually doing. Now Germany has seized the port Kiao chau because of certain missionaries mas sacred by the Chinese. England wakes up when F.mperor William Queen Victoria's erratic grandson breaks out, and now she begins to protest, mildly too mildly for some, stalwart Britons, who cry "for a more vigorous foreign policy." Franco comes and "claims" various positions in southeastern China the Island of Hainan and a pari of the nearby mainland and again England is touched to the quiek, for on the Chinese edge of her Buiniah is Yunnan a province which Kngland has always had her heart set upon. Ivwangtung, also, a coast province a little north of opposite the island Hainan, has seemed to the British to have been set apart by Providence to be the care and interest of Her Majesty, and if the French think of including this in their claim Eng land will have to resent it. Kwangtung is the province the main landnear which is situated Hong Kong, the great English market in the Orient. England cannot afford to have this port closed, and indeed the closing of this mar ket or the interruption or hindrance of its business would be a serious blow to the commercial affairs of the world. And so we see old China thus being parcelled out in the imagination of Cabi nets. Wc see Russia slowly "getting there" and we hear England while she is solemnly praying for the integrity of the Empire, planning for certain fat slices for her own in case the Empire should be broken up. We hear, see or know nothing ot what his Celestial Highness, the Emperor of China, himself is thinking of it all. The United Stales has very important interests in the Chinese trade, and at this moment it should be our policy to give at least moral support lo the British demand that the Chinese ports shall continue lo remain open to the trade of the world, in stead of certain ones being seized and closed to all trade except with their captors. THE Plfllt OF DEATH. It Shows tlie Record of Fatal ity of Three Dread Diseases. A TIMELY "WARNING FOR MANY. In an article in a September issue of the Illustrated Amtncan. Prof. Fletcher W. Hewes publishes a dial, illustrating the ratio of deaths in the United States from the most prevalent diseases. This is a reproduction of Prof. Hewes' dial. In his article Prof. Hewes says: " This dial s-hould serve as a guide to .. .1 r .i. -i .- ii- - c!ii'ii;i.si:- me neeu oi specially guarumg ngain.-t exposures to at le.T-t three classes of uisi-.-itvs. i jv j;cins rcauze now very large arc tne pror-oiticui of deatlis ironi these three classes of disorders. Figures alone do not tell the story. 'I he wido spaces on the dial between the lower and upper indicator) should make one realize the fatality of those diseases as never before, and be more careful." Jt will be noted on the dial that where diphtheria and typhoid fever each kill but 27,000 people, consumption alone kills 102, 000 people. Next to consumption in the dread race of death stands pneumonia, with a record of 7G,000. Jliglit at its heels is the record of 74,000 for diairheal diseases. There is more than one lesson to be learned from, these figures and from this dial. And there are other facts to be taken into consid eration with them. For instance, the city of Buffalo, 2s. Y., is said to have the smallest death rate of any city in the world but twelve in e cry one thousand. In other large cities the death rate runs from twenty to thirty-five in each thousand. It is significant in this connection that Ihiflido, N. Y., is the headqnarters of The World's Dispensary Medical Association, dis pensers of the famous family medicines of Dr. 11. V. Pierce. These family medicines are the product of the life-work of Dr. Pierce, who is probably the most widely known physician in America. Dr. Pierce has been in active practice in Buffalo for over thirty years. He is chief consulting phvsician to the Invalids' Hotel and Snrgical Institute, probably the best known medical institution in the United States. Among the family medicines that owe their origin to Dr. Pierce, one that has attained world-wide fame is known as Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery. It is a preventive and cure for the three elasse3 of diseases that are shown by Prof. Hewes' dial to cause the death of more human beings annually than the other serious ailments taken together. It i3 an unfailing cure for weak lnngs, spitting of blood, obstinate, lingering coughs, bron chitis, throat disease and kindred affections which, if neglected or badly treated, lead up to consumption. It purifies the blood and drives out disease germs. It keeps the lnngs renewed by constantly supplying them with rich, red, arterial blood of the best quality. It clears the lungs and enables the blood to receive its normal amount of life-givine oxy gen. It steadies and strengthens the nerves. It builds up the whole body and makes solid, firm, healthy flesh. It does not build the flabby, unhealthy flesh of corpulency and it does not raise the weight above the normal figure. if every person who suffers from bronchial or throat troubles or is threatened with con sumption would resort to this remedy, the number of deatlis credited to consumption on Prof. Hewes' dial Avould be enormously reduced. This great remedy, by its action through the blood upon thelungs, is also the best preventive and protection against pneumonia. It will not cure pneumonia after it has gained afoothold, for the simple reason that it is an acute disease, and once started, must rnn it course. But if people who have weak lungs, narrow chests and a hereditary tendency to lung troubles .would build themselves up by taking Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery, the chances of an attack of pneumonia would be reduced to a minimum. The "Golden Medical Discovery " builds up and strength ens not only the lungs but the whole body, and gives to the weak constitution greatly added powers of resistance. JSeatly all diarrheal diseases are due to neglected disorders of the digestion. When the stomach is right and performs its proper Junctions, and the large intestines are right and perform their proper functions, there is little danger of diarrheal disease. The first work of Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discov ery is to correct all disorders of the digestion. It gives zest and snap to the appetite. It makes grown people as hungry as when they were boys and girls. It facilitates the flow of digestive juices. It assists the blood to take up the proper elements of the food that go to build new and healthy tissues through out the body. In a word, it sees to it that the whole process of digestion is properly performed, and under these circumstances there is little if any danger, of an attack from any diarrheal disease. Thus the people of this country have at their command a'simple, harmless, but effec tive remedy that may be procured from any high class medicine dealer, that is thoroughly reliable protection against the three classes of diseases that canse the largest proportion of the annual death rate. The fact that the city of Buffalo. N. Y., where this marvelous med icine is made and sold has a death rate of but twelve in a thousand, whereas other large cities average from twenty to thirty-live in a thousand, is most significant. The merits of Dr. Piercers Golden Medical Discovery are not based upon mere assertions. 1 housands all over the country who were in imminent danger of death from the dread dis eases that take precedence in Prof. Hewes' dial, have testified to their speedy and per manent recovery under the use of this great medicine. These testimonials are open to f investigation by any person who wishes to see them. The work of this masterful "Discovery" begins at the very corner-stone of life, in the stomach and nntntvye organism. It gives appetite, nourishment, rich blood, healthy, solid flesh. A cough is only a symptom; there are other things that make the cough; they must be got rid of first, the cough may be the last thing to go away. Dr. Pierce's marvelous "Discovery " isn't a lung specific; but it does more than any such specific can ever do. It sweeps out of the blood all the foul disease germs that lodgo in the luugs and originate consumption; it heals and builds up the delicate tissues and imbues the entire system with strength and active energy. neu Dr. Pierce says a case is curable, he says it in the knowledge that those words have been New Life to a host, doomed by fear and friends aud ignorance and physicians to a consumptive's grave. Does Dr. Pierce claim .to cure consumption ? That question isn't worth arguiug. Look at the record. Take a case in point. Here is S g 2XK& XX o -o S X a man with a hacking conch, a hectic flush,, night sweats, great emaciation or wasting of flesh, spitting of blood, shortness of breath, and all the other symptoms. After every remedy and every local physician has failed he, as a last resort, takes ' " Golden Medical Discovery'' and the cough vanishes, tho cheek gets lack its natural color, sleep be comes sound and refreshing, the spitting ofT blood stops, flesh and muscles become firm, weight increases, and life goes along in quiet and comfort to the full limit of the three score years and ten. I?ut may be it wasn't consumption, after all? May be it wasn't. Yon know it wa3 something that was attacking the very cita del of life, and it was something that was cured b thenseof Dr. Pierce's Golden Medi cal Discovery. And Dr. Pierce is curing; such "somethings" right along with a rcc- ) ord of over a quarter of a million cases, an7 . . .. -- : not. more man tnree per cent, otlailures. j It is hard to draw the line where consnmp- i tion negms, one tne important thin" to re member is that all these wasting, debilitat ing diseases caused by mal nutrition almost imariably lead on to consumption, and thi3 I clasi of obscure and obstinate diseases are what this great "Discovery" cures. One fact, at least, is well established. That the "Golden Medical Discovery " doss cure weak lungs, bleeding from lungs, obsti nate, lingering coughs, laryngitis, bronchitis, throat disease, and kindred affections of tho air passages, which, if neglected or badly treated, lead up to consumption, can no longer be doubted in view of the many thou sands of well-established cures of such cases reported by the most trustworthy citizens. Many of these cases have been pronounced consumption aud incurable by the best local physicians liefore the sufferers com menced the use of Dr. Pierce's Golden Medi cal Discovery. Whether the doctors have erred in their judgment in these numerous cases or not is not for us to decide. Suppose we put some of these so-calletl "incurables" in the witness box. Let us call Mr. Harrison Smith, of Gapcreek, Wayne County, Ky., whose cure is a conspicuous object lesson to all sufferers from lung troubles. "In the Spring of 1800," writes Mr. Smith, "I took a severe cold which set tled on my lungs and chest, and I suffered intensely. I tried several of our best physi cians here, and they gave up all hope of my recovery; they said that I had consumption and could live but a few days or weeks. Mr. Jarnes Lorton, a neighbor, came to me and told me to write to Dr. Pierce that he could cure me. I did so, and he wrote me what kind of medicine to get. I took five bottles of Dr. Pierces Golden Medical Discovery and now I am sound and well. I feel better than I have in ten years. I gladly recom mend the ' Golden Medical Discoverv ' for I know it saved my life." Still another witness writes: "I had a bad cough and got so low with it that I could not sit up." Thus writes Mrs. Mattie Gray, of ew London, Union Co., Ark. She continues, T ul family Physician told my hnsbantl that I had consumption. I had pains through my chest and spifc up blood. I took your Golden Medical Discovery' and it cured me. It saved my life. I don't think anyone would die of consumption who would taka Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery." Mr. C. J. McNaney, of Stillwater, Wash ".g;0" County, Minn., writes: "In thespring ot 1884, 1 vas taken ill with consumption. and after trying everything I could hear of and doctoring all summer, my phiciau said 1 had consumption, and that my left lunwas nearly gone and that I could live but a short time. About twelve bottles of Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery brought me out all r ght, and I cured myself of two more attacks ol the same trouble. I am satisfied that tha Golden Medical Discovery ' will cure con sumption u taken m time. I consider it tho best medicine in the world for the diseases for which it is recommended." "Last summer I was taken with diarrhea of the very worst kind," writes Mrs. Kate H. Summerson, oi Emporium, Cameron Co., Pa. ' I doctored a great deal, and for a time was better, but the trouble soon came on again worse than ever, and it went so long it be came chronic. I doctored again and got worse all the time. I had no appetite, and was so run-down I felt badly all over. "A lady friend told me to try Dr. Pierce's medicines. I took four bottles of 'Golden Medical Discovery 'and three vials of 'Pleas ant Pellets.' Am entirely cured. I never felt better, and I owe it all to Dr. Pierde's medicines." All high clas3 medicine dealers sell Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery. Dr. Pierce's Common Sense Medical Adviser is full of useful knowledge from title page to finish. A copy of it will save health and money in the home. It may be had in paper covers for the bare cost of mailing. Send twenty-one one-cent stamps to the World's Dispensary Medical Association. Buffalo, N. Y., for it. For ten cents extra (3 1 cents in all) the book will be sent in cloth binding. Guns at Chaucellorsville. J. T. James, Co. C, 4th U. S. Art., Union, Kan., writes: "I find that my little inquiry about the saving of those guns at Chancellors ville has brought out a great many claimants for the honor. Now, some of the comrades are certainly mistaken. One says it was Kirby's battery that was saved, and by the 148th Pa., commanded by Col. James A. Beaver. Col. Beaver writes me that he was wounded early in the action, and moved to the opposite side of the river, and that ha thinks it was saved by the 110th Pa. I saw the statement of Gen. St. Clair Mulholland, aud Corp'l Lebroke. They agree that tho infantry regiment formerly referred to was the 116th Pa., and that the guns belonged to the 5th Me. battery. I am satisfied the two last named comrades are right. If my memory serves me right those guns were the 12-pound Napoleon brass guns with handles. " There was someone else who had a hand in taking those guns from the field. Does any comrade remember a caisson that was only a few rods from the 5th Me. battery? Does Gen. Mulholland iemember any man calling on. him lor a detail of two to mount two teams to run a caisson out of the dilemma, and that those two men were away from their command for several days? Dos Corp'l Lebroke remember of a Sergeant of his bat tery coming to that caisson and getting one of their guns after it was inside of the line, near the river? Who were the two men that mounted the teams? The caisson belonged to Co. C, 4th U. S. Art." Was at Jonesboro. Euos Byers, Co. E, Both III., has been reading with interest the different stories of comrades on the Jonesboro light. He writes that his regiment was in the Third Brigade, Second Division, and took part in the charge on the battery'. Col. Dilworth was wonndu I while leading the brigade. Lieut.-Col. Lang Icy, 125th 111., commanded the brigade at tho close of the battle. The 85th HI., 80th 111.. 125th 111. 22d Ind. and 52d Ohio compesed, the command.