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The National tribune. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, March 31, 1898, Image 3

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Copyright, 1SDS, by
CHAPTER
II
JOKES MAKES HIS FIRST CRUISE IN
THE ALFRED TWO RICH PRIZES
THE RESULT HIS PLEA FOR A EU
ROPEAN CRUISE HE IS GIVEN COM
MAND OF THE RANGER AND MAKES
A REMARKABLE VOYAGE TO FRANCE
TO CARRY THE NEWS OF BUR
GOYNE'S SURRENDER.
John Paul Jones received his commis
6:on as Captain in the Navy on Oct. 17, at
Newport, R. L, and on Nov. 4 took com
mand of the Alfred, which had hcen refitted
at Proviuiee; and on Nov. 7 sailed in
her, with the Providence, sloop-of-war, in
company.
This cruise lasted only 3,1 days: Hi.
when Jones came to anchor in IJobton j
Harbor, Dec. 10, 1770, he had in his wake '
In C O N
TheDELEGATESoftheUNITED STATES of A&w Hanzfiirz, Mjfuhsfcttt'Bejs
' Zhode-IprJ, CoiaeSirut. Nev-Ybrk, Ncw-Jerey, Peaajytvstua, Ucituvr,, Mary'zr.J, Virginia,
Mrtb-Carvbrui, Soutb-Qirshni, and GcorQa, TO
rr'-jS' Y & ?cpofinS dpccialTruUsr.d Coridcncc in your Patriotifm, Valour, Conduced Fidelity?
f D 0, by thefc Prefcnts, coailituc and appoint you. to be jjffi""'
.". V , r-tvr-rfr-, n the SrrrrTof the United
isf-M1 -I I..! .
States of North-America, fitted out for the D:fcnc of Aracricrn I ibcrtv, and for repelling every hofUlc
In'afioa thereof. You arc therefore carefully and d;hgenll) to fijiVnargc the Duty of A'f&it
by doing and pc:form:n&all manner of Things thereunto belonging: Andwe doflriclly charge
d eoairc all Officers. Marines and banner! unuer
ant
5ajitZt?0
Ard you arc to obfervc
Time as y on. ihsil receive rru:n iu.. b
for that Purpofc appointed, or Commander in Chief
States or tzir other yonr fuperior Officer, according
a .a ZZ . lU.x nrt TIITIITP I nilU'i'
F . . f!
the Sea, and the Inftruaums herewith given ycu,
- t- tl .M1..J 1t-
Commiluon to continue in rorcc nw icuk uj
vi . . .. . Ji& j, &, fa ?tf
y4iJ.UH'""""7"-
By Urdtr
..'ATTEST.
Ho-rvftr?4-Cisy
Paul. Jones's Commission.
m,;o ;,, .inpiimnnt. isiriven in tec simile. It will he obscr.-cd from the erasures
.. - , , -, .1 A A ?.
the British armed transport Mellish, with
a canro of 10.CC0 uniforms of heavy woolen,
10 0C(f great coats. 7,000 pairs of blankets.
1 -ICO tents, 1,GC0 saddles with cavalry
equipments, 1.700.0CO rounds of fixed am
munition for small-arms, a quantity of
medical stores and 70 field-cases of surgi
cal instruments; all intended for the use of
the Brtish army, and all priceless in the
UienstatC OI tneSB"S -"" ..
He also had another prize part-oi wnose
2S2 7??,Tm e 'Rritish troons in
Ganada, and 14,000- pairs of blankets in
tended partly for the general Canadian
market and partly for the Indians then in
British pav on the northern frontier. This
ship also "contained an elegant case of
pistols and a quantity of wines and bran
dies consigned to the Governor of Quebec,
which Jones confiscated for his own use.
Thirtv-two vears afterward these two
prizes were adiudged and their value dis
tributed among the few surviving captors
and the heirs of those who had passed
awav. But Jones's share was limited to
the "case of pistols and the wines and
brandies intended for Sir uuy uaneton
The Winter of 1776-'77 was unusually
severe. The stores captured in tue .lci
lish and the other prize (the Bideford)
were of untold value to the patriot army.
Jones did not attempt another Winter
cruise. He reported to the Marine Com
mittee that the Alfred was not fit for
another cruise, and no other ship was at
once available. About Jan. 5, 1777, he
was ordered to lay up his ships at Boston
and come to Philadelphia for conference
with the Marine Committee.
They had begun to find out who he was!
CONSULTING WITH PATRIOT LEADERS.
As soon as he arrived in Philadelphia
he held a series of consultations with
Robert Morris, Joseph Hewes and John
Langdon. Of these events the Hewes Me
morial says-
"Capt- Jones now urged upon the Com
mittee the expediency of extending our
naval operations. He declared that it was
vital that we should mai.e a snow oi
maritime force in European waters. He
exclaimed that our new flag must be
shown in the ports of continental Europe
and along the coasts of England. .
"When asked what ships were available
for such duty, he said he could make an
18gun sloop out of his prize, the Mellish,
though she was not so good a sailer as he
would like for such an enterprise.
These conferences were renewed from
time to time, but all of the same tenor and
result. In March Capt. Jones went to
his plantation, near trie Rappahannock,
whence he returned to Philadelphia early in
April."
This visit to the Rappahannock was a
sad one. He had been absent only a year
and a half. When he left his plantation in
September. 1775, it was a paradise. When
he returned in March, 1777. it was a waste.
Between incursions from the British souad
ron in the Chesapeake and the indolence
or dishonesty of those he left in charge it
had hcen wrecked.
During 1773 and 1771 it had yielded him
the then princely net income of about
three thousand dollars annually; now it
was worthless. The I uildings were in
ashes, the wharf destroyed, the slock
killed or driven off, and of his slaves only
two or three old and decrepid couples re
mained, and they were hardly able to
raise crops enough for their own meager
subsistence.
This was a hard blow, coming as it did on
the heels of the collapse of a commercial
concern in the Island of Tobago, West
Indies, in which he had an important
interest, and from which he ultimately
realized only II Mi sterling out of an original
valuation of 3,000 guineas.
When he went to Philadelphia in 1 775, he
had several hundred guineas, perhaps a
thousand some saj' 1. SCO in ready money,
which he had invested in securities or had
by this time used up in expenses; for,
about this lime, he wrote to .Mr. Ilrwes
that in 20 months' service under his com
mission he had drawn only 50 pounds of
his lawful pay!
Turning his back on his desolate plan
tation and casting to oblivion his mercan
tile concern in Tobago, he returned to
Philadelphia in April, 1777, as he ex
pressed it, "With no fortune but my sword,
and no prospect but that of getting along
bide the enemy!"
URGING A EUROPEAN CRUISE.
Arriving in Philadelphia, he at once be
gan again to press his project of a Euro
pean cruise. OI the 13 frigates authorized
by the Congress in December, 1775, but
live had been laid down; of which three
were now ready for service. He tried to
get one of these the Trumbull but stood
sixth in the list of Captains, and his
seniors, Nicholson, Barry and Saltonstall,
must have the three frigates.
Finally, almost at his wits' ends, though
by no means in despair, he sought the aid
and interline tions that it wa, made out on the blank form ordinarily u-cd for assign
ment to a rartieular ship, and was in fact a copy oi the Hank form use i at .hat time in
the liritish Navy, with only s ch changes as v ere ne csxiry to denote the difference in
form of Government as between the revolted C'ol n es and Great Br.ta.n.
LtllJ-h-
a
or rauiuones:
l
pur RritMkvaf Hero.
-&SzJ
By Augustus CBuefL
Augustus C. Buell.
and counsel of George Washington mm
self. When .lones called on the Commander-in-Chief,
Lafayette was there, and
Gen. Wayne. .
He laid his plans before them with all
the passionate earnestness and vehement
eloquence he was master of. His own
record of the interview is characteristic.
'I-afavette and Wayne," ho says, "shared
mv feelings and partook of my spirit. But
Gen. Washington, calm and imperturbable,
walked up and down the ftc.or. mostly
listening, but now and airain asking a
ouestion or uttering a syllable of assent.
He remained in this mood for some time
after 1 had done. Then, approaching me
he took me by the hand and said
''Capt. Jones, you have conceived the
right project and you are the right man to
execute it. Early to-morrow 1 will see
moml nrs of the Marirc C remittee and
uri'c
that you lo prov'ded with the best
i:ic:ns at their disposal.
' Of course, ' pursues
.Tores, "Gen.
G R E S
you. omrr.ana, 10 cc ooctiicni to your vjruers as
and follow fucn Urders and Directions from i line to
.! lUnTT itnJ a fnn w I ah wn alt jin I AnirrAlP
" -o-
for the Time being cf the Ntvjr of the United
to the Rules and Difciplinc oE War, the Ufagc of
i (i. I :i t :.IIIM' 1..1 ".-.- Ill V.liiliCIIl LTZ1Z til IJJ1 VI Ll."
in Purfuance of the Trnft repofed in you.
ft,;, rtr 5 ftitT" fVrcrrv:-
This
... - . -.-.. 0..
of ttx VJongbess,,
Ph esid e nt.v
Washington kept his word, and the result
was instructions to the Marine Committee
to provide me with armament for a Euro
pean cruise."
The Marine Committee then proposed
that he should go to Portsmouth, N. II.,
raise a crew of 150 seamen, take them to
France in the French merchant ship L'
Amphitrite, then lying at Boston, which
the Committee would charter as a pacicet,
,! mlv ., hr an,u ntr.ros of n.ir Com-
r Dr Franklin ;md
Silas Deano, to obtain a suitable ship for
him there.
Jones instantly accepted this proposition,
went to New England and recruited his
crew, taking with him, however, about
forty whom he enlisted at Philadelphia.
TAKES COMMAND OF THE RANGER.
On arriving at Portsmouth, however, he
found that the 18-gun brig-sloop Ranger,
built by subscription of patriotic citizens
and presented to the Congress, was in
such a state of forwardness that he could
soon get her ready for sea.
The project of going to France in the
Amphitrite was then abandoned, and
Jones was ordered to command the Ranger,
with carle blanche to outfit her and select
his own cruising ground.
The Ranger was an exceedingly fine
ship of lier class. She was built of green
timber, which caused her to be short-lived,
but she was a fine model, a fast sailer and
was coppered to the turn of tho bilges,
which was a novelty in American ship
building. Her armament was also of guns cast in
America the first in that respect ab-o.
She had II iron ninc-pounders. cast at the
Moravian foundry near Bethlehem, Pa.,
and four brass sixes, cast in Boston from
church bells donated for the purpose.
Remarlcablc as these new departures
were in the technical sense, another and
far more romantic distinction awaited the '
little Ranger and her Captain a distinc-
tion enduring unto immortality!
On June 1 1, 1777, the Congress by -solu- ,
tion decreed the emblem that we now call
"Old Glory." - 1
x4 d
jJk$t&&f
Makquis de Lafayette
French statesman and General in the American army. A lover of liberty, he espoused
the cajsc of the Colonists at the darkest period of tho Revolutionary War. Congress
commissioned him Major-General while he yet lacked more than a month of being 20
years old.
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE: WASfflNGEjjQlfc D. P., THURSDAY 3IAROH 31, 189ft,
At the same time, in the samo resolu
tion, the- Congress ordered Paul Jones to
command the Ranger. Tho test of this
remarkable resolution is:
"IN CONGRESS, JUNE 14, 1777
"Resolved, That tho Flag of the Thirteen
United States be Thirteen Stripes, alternate
Red and White; That THE UNION be
Thirteen Stars, Whito in a Blue Field;
Representing a NEW CONSTELLATION.
"Resolved, That Capt. Paul Jones be
appointed to command the ship Ranger."
The career of Paul Jones was unique in
many things, though in none so com
pletely, and, it may be said, so marvel
ously as in this direct and imperishable
association of his name and his fame with
the birth of the American flag.
Whether this remarkable coincidence
was intentional or not on tho part of Con
gress, Jones himself accepted it as his
talisman. Long afterward, when asked
whether, in the most awful crisis of his
savagest battle, the thought of surrender
occurred to him, he calmly answereu.
"No! That, fiat: and 1 were twins
was decreed by Congress in the same
resolution that appointed me to command
the Ranger, and in that ship I first flung
its folds "to Iho breeze. Bow could I be the
first to strike it? No! 1 had always been
fully resolved that wherever 1 might find a
grave, by sea or land, that flag should
never be'lower than Jialf mast over me!"
This sentiment coupled with tho natural
stubbornness and the innate nerve of the
man may have been the secret of the
excessive and unheard-of desperation he
afterward displayed. It is certain that he
to the utmost appreciated tho honor
valued the distinction and comprehended
(he rare immortality that his personal
association with the origin of the American
flag must inevitably shed upon his name.
On another occasion, a personal repre
sentalive of the King of France urged him,
for diplomatic reasons, to hoist on his ship
the French flag in lieu or the American.
His reply was to exhibit and translate to
the Frenchman a copy of this resolution of
Congress, which he always kept within
reach. The Frenchman said no more.
Nearly two vears before this. Paul Jones,
a First Lieutenant of the Alfred, lying in
(he Delaware, off what is now Christian
street wharf, Philadelphia, had hoisted the
original "Rattlesnake Flag" with the motto
"Don't tread on me!" .
It was now his destiny to baptize the
lasting emblem of the Union on the sea.
When the news of the action of Congress
reached Portsmouth the patriotic mothers
and maids of that stanch American town
made a silk ensign and presented it to
Paul Jones oi behalf of the Pride of Ports
mouth, as they affectionately called the
little Ranger.
And when, on Auc. ?0, 1777, thai hero
broke his pennant from the gaff of his
gallant brig, the .Stars and Stripes first
bade defiance to the foes of Freedom and
braved the battle and the breeze.
STARTED AT LAST ON HIS CAREER.
Now, with a trood ship little as .she was
under his feet and a crew of 137 genuine
Yankee tars of the old school around him,
Paul Jones got under -way on Oct- 7, 1777,
and sailed on that pioneer European
eruise of our infant Navy which he had so
long and so persistently urged upon Con
gress. In his last letter before leaving our
shores, dated "On board the American
Continental Ship Ranger," he wrote to Mr.
Hewes: . . n .
"I have at last a good ship, toncr rate,
and a perfect crew, for its numbers. Com
pared to the hopes 1 had indulged it is a
small beginning; but I shall do my best to
prove tnat it is not. a pour hhv. jwl
assured, my dear friend, (hat you will hear
of me before very long from the other side
and from other pens than mine."
This expression from most men would
have had some favor of bravado. But
from Paul Jones it was the simple, un
affected utterance of his immeasurable
confidence in himself and his men; his
fearless, almost contemptuous indifference
to any peril that might be in his path; his
high, unconquerable resolution to do or die
His words were prophecy. Ho was, in
Aoi'tl heard of from the other side.- and
i from other pens than his.
CARRYING IMPORTANT NEWS.
Jones sailed from Portsmouth, N. II.,
November. 1777. Burgoyne had surren
dered Oct. 17, preceding. Gen. Gates's
dispatches to Congress announcing that
e ent had been conveyed to Philadelphia
and sent in duly authorized copy thence to
Portsmouth, N. If., by the slow convey
ances of those days, in just two weeks
Jones himself had heard the news at
Portsmouth four dtrys after tho surrender.
Anticipating tl at the Ranger would be
selected to carry the news to France, he
had crowded a month's work of preparation
and outfit into a few days by working day
and night and setting the example of help-
1 ing with his own hands, so that, when the
dispatches were delivered to mm, lie
weighed anchor within eight hours.
Of this he modestly says in his journal:
"When I went aboard with the precious
i packet 'the dispatches) in my hand, I gave
j orders to weigh at once, Fut was informed
l.y Lieut. Hall mat home necessary stores
were yet to come al; ard, that considerable
setting up of the rigging remained to le
done, and that as I saw the foretopsail
was yet to be bent.
"I then sent Litut. Walh'ngford off in my
gig to lurry up the stores, and myself
went aloft to help bend the foretopsail.
That was soon done, but the stores were
delayed, to my irfitvtc chagrin, and even
after all our diligence I felt forced to leave
behind several boat-loads of spare stuff,
and set sail without them, trusting to luck
to make good deficiencies after reaching a
French port!
"I irtirf realized -that the fate of our
cause might hang-on ,n few days more or
less delay in delivery of thofco dispatches
at the Court of Frafico!v
LONG BATTLE WMjTIIE ELEMENTS.
The weather was exceptionally bad for
even that bad limooof -year in tho North
Atlantic; but, intfspiflo of northeasterly
gales, Jones croWded-'his little ship for
every rag she would bear and literally beat
across the Atlanticr-denTd to windward in '.52
days! This terrific xyago itself was
harder than a battle. Elijah Hall, Second
Lieutenant of the Ranger, in his memorial
"No such navigation had ever been
known before. The Captain was in every
body's watch. He was on deck to average
18 hours out of every 24, and frequently for
21 at a time.
' "We first made a great reach to the
southward and eastward to clear George's
Banks and get to windward of Sable
Island: then another great reach north as
ij s close to the wind as she would lay; it
blowing all tne ume iroin nan iu -gale
and our little ship, new rigged and
straining, in the suds all the while.
"I had sailed a great deal and with
many Captains, but 1 had never seen any
one crowd a new ship into the teeth of it
as Copt. Jones crowded our little Ranger.
She was a good, stanch little ship, fine
model and well put together, except Unit
her timber was mostly green, which made
her short-lived. She was fast and wcath
erly, but hard to handle in working to
windward in heavy weather, for the reason
that she was over-sparred.
"She was a man-of-war-built ship-sloop
of 290 tons, but in the hurry of building her
slie was equipped with the masts, spars
and sails intended for a -120-ton Indiaman
laid down at Salem about the same time,
whose construction was suspended on .ac
count of the blockade. This over-sparring
and over-canvassing, while it made a per
fect hound of her with the wind abaft the
beam, also made her crank arid uncertain
in windward work.
"So it happened that, in the November
head-gales we encountered for the first
fortnight out, the managemant of her was
extremely trying, particularly as Capt.
Jones never seemed to remember that
sails had more than one set of reef-points,
and. intent only on getting to France at the
earliest moment, he kept her staggering
right into it under single reefs m weather
whore any other Captain I .ever knew
..otild have laicMOundcr storm-sails.
"This, with now, cordage and an ovor-
snarred shin at that, made fearful worn lor
the orew, who w;re-at the lcc-r:gging all
the time, settingitfp.the slack and making
everything fast nihat tack, getting ready
for the next reach-alout,.
A MOMENT OF.IMMINENT DANGER.
"During the 32 ,driys'- passage all hands
were up for 18 to 21 hours no less than four,
times; but, as the Captain kept the deck
with them and served grog with his own
hands, there could be no complaint.
"Withal this, there was but one moment
of extreme danger. This was about day
light on Nov. 11. About sundown on the
10th the wind had hauled to the eastward,
blowing fresh, and the Captain seeing
that we had weatlfercdjthe Grand Banks,
de(erm;ncd mske argreat northing, in
hopes that when the .wind hauled to the
norrard again we'might get a good slant
ded to eastward.
"We ran all night on a main course
north -by-east-half-north and about sunrise-time
put het nob-o into a b hnding
snowstorm with shifting s ual.s. She was
almost taken abavk ;nd as it was went
down beam-end illmost and might have
stayed down; but the Captain, who kept
the deck all this night, and was much of
the time at the wheel himself, had sta
tioned men with hatchets to cut and let
fiv the braces on order; and when this
squall struck, he Jet go the fork and main
bv cutting, so that she righted and came
up in(o the wind all shivering forward.
"This bevond oucsfion saved (he Ranger.
The crippled sails were ouickly clewed up
and the ship lay-to under jib, st;-ys and
half-spanker till about noon, when the
wind hauled to tii'Ngnorrard, steady, new
braces were rove, and we squared away
again for the Irish coast.
had constantly boasted of his seamansnip,
declaring he was the best and noioesi
sailor in the world. After this affair every
one of the 127 people in the ship agreed
with them.
"At that time of the year the regular
easterly sailing course from Portsmouth,
N. II.. to Brest or Nantes, France, wijh
prevailing easterlies and northcasterlies
would have been to stretch to (he south
ward and eastward, leaving Nantucket
Shoal on the starbcard hand, and southing,
if nccessarv, quite as far as the Bermudas,
and then run across to .the Portuguese,
coast, creeping thence up" around Finis
torre and Ortega I, and so through the Bay
of Biscay into the first French port.
"This would have been a CO or 70 day
passaee; much .easier and safer than the
"great-circle beat" into which Jones forced
his ship; less trying and less dangerous,
but not so quick.
"He was determined, however, that the
news of Bureoyne's surrerder should get to
France bv the shortest and ruickest route,
and in this battle with Jhf wirds and
waves he won, as he did in all other kinds
of battles."
(To be emit in ued )
EDITORIAL NOTE. Other dram-.tlc inci
dents in tin career of tlia" bol'l sailor, Paul
Jones, will bs related in tin noxt installment.
A. Wonderful Shrub -Good News for
Sufferers from Disorders of the Kid
neys or Rheumatic ATecb:on3.
Jt gives us much pleasure toroalirm to diu
readers the fact that in the new botanic dis
covery, the Kava-ICava S'trab, found on the
Gauges Uivcr, Kast India, medical science
has found a True Specific Cur- for that large
class of diseases caused by Uric Acid in the
Blood, or disordered action of the Kidneys.
It is a wonderful discovery, and is proving a
blessing to suffering humanity. Many of
oar readers have already experienced its
value in restoring them to health. Among
these may be mentioned Kev. Thomas Owen,
of West Pawlet, Vermont, cured of Kidnev
and Bladder disorders of many .years' stand
ing; Kev. W. l. Moore, of Washington, D.
C, cured of Rheumatism and Kidnev disease
by this wonderful shrub; Hon. R. C. Wood,
a leading attorney of Lowell, Intl., for many
years a chronic sufiji,er,fbut now happily re
stoied lo health, i Maiiy ladies also write
of the benefits they have received from its
use in Kidney and othtfr disorders peculiar
to womanhood. For the benefit of any of
our readers who may1 be suffering from
liright's Disease, Kheuniatism, Kidney or
Uladdcr Diborders,-PairHn liack, Gravel and
similar disorders, we desire to state that the
Church Kidney Cure Company, No. 89!)
Fourth Avenue, New York, so far are the
only iin'Kirtcrs of the Kava-Kava in the
United States, and they will gladly send a
free treatment thereof by mail, prepaid, to
any suffeier who applies for the same. They
do this entirely to prove to you that this
wonderful new remedy does all that is claimed
for it, and they only ask in return that you
will tell your friendp about it when cuted
yourself. If you are so unfortunate as to
sutler from any of the, above maladies, we ad
vise you to send tho company your name
and address, and you will receive tho fiee
treatment by return mail.
' Don't hurry in the store. Salesmen are
paid to bo patient. Seo that you have the
right thing, and not a substitute, bofore
you hand over your money.
Flower .Seeds Free A Xiibcral OflTer!
All ofour readers who are interested in flowers,
and have a place in which to cultivate them.
should accept the liberal offer of S. H. Moore
& Co., 23 City Hall Place, New York, avIio
agree to send their charming magazine, The
Ladies' World, on trial six months for only
20 cents, and 30G varieties of Choice Flower
Seeds free with every subscription. See their
advertisement oil another page of this issue.
"There were only 12 men in the Ranger
who had previously sailed with Paul Jones
in the Providence and the Alfred. 1 hey
AS TJEY Vffl IT
Veterans' Opinions of the Pen
sion Question.
Urclnjr Service Pension:
William Selson, Corporal. Co. G, OfUh
Ind., Geneva, Neb., writes: I believe in n
service pension of 60 per month with a per
diem attachment. This would do justice
to both long and short term men. These
should be in addition to any disability pen
sion that the veterans arc now receiving."
W. II. Sallada, .r7th Pa., Los Angeles,
Cal., writes: " I believe in a service pen
sion in addition to whatever pension the
veteran may now be drawing. It would bo
unfair to grant an able-bodied veteran a
service pension, and deny a disabled com
rade a service pension because he is'draw
inga pension for disability."
I. B. Homer, Weston, O., writes: " I am
for a per diem service pension hill. It
would do the most good to the greatest
number."
T. II. Kisncr, Co. G, 11th Pa., and Co. If,
Kilst Pa., Watsontown, Pa., writes: " I
favor a service pension of $12 per month
for every honorably discharged soldier, and
iii addition, one cent ner month for every
day in the service. This would give a rea
sonable pension to the short term men,
some of whom saw the hardest kind of
service, while the long term men would be
benefited bv the per diem allowance."
W. P. Larimore, Co. K, 1st Ala. Caw.
Nauvoo, Ala., is in favor of a service pen
sion of $1 or S3 per month, with an addi
t'onal allowance of one cent per month for
each day in the service. &
W. S. Franklin, Co. II, 49lh Ohio, Platte
ville, Iowa, writes: "1 believe veterans
who served three and four years should re
ceive a per diem pension in addition to a
service pension of $S. It was these long
term menwhod'd the real fighting. Those
who enlisted late in the war generally re
ceived large bounties, or often went as sub
stitutes for wealthy men."
I'rupoHllion for Orjriiniztttlon.
P. C. ScuIi;, Co. I, Sth N. Y. Caw, Hoos
burg, N. Y.j wriies: "The day hos come
when the Inion soldiers, their sons and
their friends should organize. The day was
when-we wen feared and respected by all
political parties, but since our ranks have
become weak and enfeebled through age and
death these parlies neither fear nor respect
us. The money kings' rule, and the old
and enfeebled I'n'on. soldiers who. by his
patrioiism and bb od made their property
and bonds par with g'ld, can now go beg
girg. We ask only justice. Byprorer or
ganization the old soldiers and their sons
still have the power to demand and receive
from all part es due respect and proper
treatment. We should drop party affilia
tions, and organize in every Town, County
and State."
An Iiicoiiiteiicy.
"K.," a veteran, living in California, says
that applications for increase under the
old law have been for sometime ineffectual,
while applications for increase under the
Mexican War service pension law and the
law of 1890 have been allowed every week
day since those laws went into effect.
MihC;l:UHMU.
S- H. Draper, Kossburg, N. Y., writes:
"Let Congress pass a general pension law
and discharge four-fifths of the clerks now
in the Pension Office, applying the money
thus expended to paying pension claims "
Uill'am Maynard, Halifax, Ky., writes:
" I served over two years in Co. A, 5th Tenn.
Cuv. and after the war was for nine months
n the Slate Militia. I did my full duty.
My pension has been taken away because
I was persuaded into the Con fedcate army
sit the I'Cginn'ng of the war. -My father was
in the rebel prisons, and I and six of my
brothers were in the Union army. I am
unable to work. I have not been able to
walk about the house for some time."
S. B. I a Ban, Fountain, Ind., writes:
"The only way to win victory is for the
Union veterans to present a united front.
The bondholders, who never had any use
for the soldiers except when they were
fighting their battles for them, are particu
larly venomous against pensions."
S. F. Dru'cy, Co. C,12th Ind., Peru, Kan.,
wriies in defense of the pensioners. He
says mat he contracted rheumat sm and
1 ronchMis in the service, and is unable to
leave Irs house. An'cxplcs'on of over 40
tons of powder occurred in South Carolina
while Sherman was on his march to the
sea, and Comrade Druley vas one of the
victims. He was picked up by his comrades
and placed with the dead. He saw over
three years' service, and was in 28 battles,
besides a number of skirmishes.
J. S. Smith, Co. G, 8th Ohio, and Co. H,
10th Ohio, last Richland, O., writes: "The
sold'ers took their pay in depreciated cur
rency without a grumble, and did no object
to paying the bondholders in gold. The sol
dier risked his life and health, the bond
holder his money. Look after your repre
sentatives, see that they are your friends
in deed as well as word."
" LAND Of THE HEATHEN CHWEE ',
The Grnb Game; in tho Orient The Interest
of the United States Therein.
The Cabinets f the great powers are
still eyeing each other ami China closely,
and the great wonder to all who watch the
r..ap of the world with interest is, "What
pari will the United States play in this
great game of the powers?"
" R ssla started it by building her great
Trans Siberian railway, obtaining from the
Celestial F.mperor the privilege of crossing
Manlchooria and a terminal station on (he
coast. This rail road will be completed in
'about 190:, and will have its Chinese privi
leges including this port on the sea of
.Japan- for 9i) years, at the end of which
lime, so the agreement goes now, the rail
way is to bc'on-e the property of the
Chinese Fmperor if that power still exists.
Tiiis arrangement seems better for the
Chinese than is likely to be realized, as
anyone with one eye shut can see, for old
Uussia won't give up her precious railroad
and port so easily when the time comes.
During the building of this railway the
Russian soldiers engineers, laborers and
officials buy and sell with the Chinese,
make their homes and have their pleas
ures in the Chinese towns, and fly their
Hags with the Chinese dragons. The
Chinese themselves, the people, take
kindly lo this "Itussifieation of Mant
chooria." So much for what Hussia is
actually doing.
Now Germany has seized the port Kiao
chau because of certain missionaries mas
sacred by the Chinese. England wakes up
when F.mperor William Queen Victoria's
erratic grandson breaks out, and now she
begins to protest, mildly too mildly for
some, stalwart Britons, who cry "for a more
vigorous foreign policy."
Franco comes and "claims" various
positions in southeastern China the
Island of Hainan and a pari of the nearby
mainland and again England is touched
to the quiek, for on the Chinese edge of her
Buiniah is Yunnan a province which
Kngland has always had her heart set
upon. Ivwangtung, also, a coast province
a little north of opposite the island Hainan,
has seemed to the British to have been set
apart by Providence to be the care and
interest of Her Majesty, and if the French
think of including this in their claim Eng
land will have to resent it.
Kwangtung is the province the main
landnear which is situated Hong Kong,
the great English market in the Orient.
England cannot afford to have this port
closed, and indeed the closing of this mar
ket or the interruption or hindrance of its
business would be a serious blow to the
commercial affairs of the world.
And so we see old China thus being
parcelled out in the imagination of Cabi
nets. Wc see Russia slowly "getting there"
and we hear England while she is solemnly
praying for the integrity of the Empire,
planning for certain fat slices for her own
in case the Empire should be broken up.
We hear, see or know nothing ot what his
Celestial Highness, the Emperor of China,
himself is thinking of it all.
The United Stales has very important
interests in the Chinese trade, and at this
moment it should be our policy to give at
least moral support lo the British demand
that the Chinese ports shall continue lo
remain open to the trade of the world, in
stead of certain ones being seized and
closed to all trade except with their captors.
THE Plfllt OF DEATH.
It Shows tlie Record of Fatal
ity of Three Dread Diseases.
A TIMELY "WARNING FOR MANY.
In an article in a September issue of the
Illustrated Amtncan. Prof. Fletcher W.
Hewes publishes a dial, illustrating the ratio
of deaths in the United States from the most
prevalent diseases. This is a reproduction of
Prof. Hewes' dial.
In his article Prof. Hewes says:
" This dial s-hould serve as a guide to
.. .1 r .i. -i .- ii- -
c!ii'ii;i.si:- me neeu oi specially guarumg
ngain.-t exposures to at le.T-t three classes of
uisi-.-itvs. i jv j;cins rcauze now very large
arc tne pror-oiticui of deatlis ironi these three
classes of disorders. Figures alone do not
tell the story. 'I he wido spaces on the dial
between the lower and upper indicator)
should make one realize the fatality of those
diseases as never before, and be more careful."
Jt will be noted on the dial that where
diphtheria and typhoid fever each kill but
27,000 people, consumption alone kills 102,
000 people. Next to consumption in the
dread race of death stands pneumonia, with
a record of 7G,000. Jliglit at its heels is the
record of 74,000 for diairheal diseases.
There is more than one lesson to be learned
from, these figures and from this dial. And
there are other facts to be taken into consid
eration with them. For instance, the city of
Buffalo, 2s. Y., is said to have the smallest
death rate of any city in the world but
twelve in e cry one thousand. In other large
cities the death rate runs from twenty to
thirty-five in each thousand.
It is significant in this connection that
Ihiflido, N. Y., is the headqnarters of The
World's Dispensary Medical Association, dis
pensers of the famous family medicines of Dr.
11. V. Pierce. These family medicines are
the product of the life-work of Dr. Pierce, who
is probably the most widely known physician
in America. Dr. Pierce has been in active
practice in Buffalo for over thirty years. He
is chief consulting phvsician to the Invalids'
Hotel and Snrgical Institute, probably the
best known medical institution in the United
States.
Among the family medicines that owe their
origin to Dr. Pierce, one that has attained
world-wide fame is known as Dr. Pierce's
Golden Medical Discovery. It is a preventive
and cure for the three elasse3 of diseases that
are shown by Prof. Hewes' dial to cause the
death of more human beings annually than
the other serious ailments taken together. It
i3 an unfailing cure for weak lnngs, spitting
of blood, obstinate, lingering coughs, bron
chitis, throat disease and kindred affections
which, if neglected or badly treated, lead up
to consumption. It purifies the blood and
drives out disease germs. It keeps the lnngs
renewed by constantly supplying them with
rich, red, arterial blood of the best quality.
It clears the lungs and enables the blood to
receive its normal amount of life-givine oxy
gen. It steadies and strengthens the nerves.
It builds up the whole body and makes solid,
firm, healthy flesh. It does not build the
flabby, unhealthy flesh of corpulency and it
does not raise the weight above the normal
figure.
if every person who suffers from bronchial
or throat troubles or is threatened with con
sumption would resort to this remedy, the
number of deatlis credited to consumption on
Prof. Hewes' dial Avould be enormously
reduced.
This great remedy, by its action through the
blood upon thelungs, is also the best preventive
and protection against pneumonia. It will not
cure pneumonia after it has gained afoothold,
for the simple reason that it is an acute disease,
and once started, must rnn it course. But if
people who have weak lungs, narrow chests
and a hereditary tendency to lung troubles
.would build themselves up by taking Dr.
Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery, the
chances of an attack of pneumonia would be
reduced to a minimum. The "Golden
Medical Discovery " builds up and strength
ens not only the lungs but the whole body,
and gives to the weak constitution greatly
added powers of resistance.
JSeatly all diarrheal diseases are due to
neglected disorders of the digestion. When
the stomach is right and performs its proper
Junctions, and the large intestines are right
and perform their proper functions, there is
little danger of diarrheal disease. The first
work of Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discov
ery is to correct all disorders of the digestion.
It gives zest and snap to the appetite. It
makes grown people as hungry as when they
were boys and girls. It facilitates the flow
of digestive juices. It assists the blood to
take up the proper elements of the food that
go to build new and healthy tissues through
out the body. In a word, it sees to it that
the whole process of digestion is properly
performed, and under these circumstances
there is little if any danger, of an attack
from any diarrheal disease.
Thus the people of this country have at
their command a'simple, harmless, but effec
tive remedy that may be procured from any
high class medicine dealer, that is thoroughly
reliable protection against the three classes of
diseases that canse the largest proportion of
the annual death rate. The fact that the city
of Buffalo. N. Y., where this marvelous med
icine is made and sold has a death rate of but
twelve in a thousand, whereas other large
cities average from twenty to thirty-live in a
thousand, is most significant.
The merits of Dr. Piercers Golden Medical
Discovery are not based upon mere assertions.
1 housands all over the country who were in
imminent danger of death from the dread dis
eases that take precedence in Prof. Hewes'
dial, have testified to their speedy and per
manent recovery under the use of this great
medicine. These testimonials are open to
f investigation by any person who wishes to
see them.
The work of this masterful "Discovery"
begins at the very corner-stone of life, in the
stomach and nntntvye organism. It gives
appetite, nourishment, rich blood, healthy,
solid flesh. A cough is only a symptom;
there are other things that make the cough;
they must be got rid of first, the cough may
be the last thing to go away. Dr. Pierce's
marvelous "Discovery " isn't a lung specific;
but it does more than any such specific can
ever do. It sweeps out of the blood all the
foul disease germs that lodgo in the luugs
and originate consumption; it heals and
builds up the delicate tissues and imbues the
entire system with strength and active
energy.
neu Dr. Pierce says a case is curable, he
says it in the knowledge that those words
have been New Life to a host, doomed by
fear and friends aud ignorance and physicians
to a consumptive's grave.
Does Dr. Pierce claim .to cure consumption ?
That question isn't worth arguiug. Look
at the record. Take a case in point. Here is
S g 2XK&
XX o -o S X
a man with a hacking conch, a hectic flush,,
night sweats, great emaciation or wasting of
flesh, spitting of blood, shortness of breath,
and all the other symptoms. After every
remedy and every local physician has failed
he, as a last resort, takes ' " Golden Medical
Discovery'' and the cough vanishes, tho
cheek gets lack its natural color, sleep be
comes sound and refreshing, the spitting ofT
blood stops, flesh and muscles become firm,
weight increases, and life goes along in quiet
and comfort to the full limit of the three
score years and ten.
I?ut may be it wasn't consumption, after
all? May be it wasn't. Yon know it wa3
something that was attacking the very cita
del of life, and it was something that was
cured b thenseof Dr. Pierce's Golden Medi
cal Discovery. And Dr. Pierce is curing;
such "somethings" right along with a rcc-
) ord of over a quarter of a million cases, an7
. . .. --
: not. more man tnree per cent, otlailures.
j It is hard to draw the line where consnmp-
i tion negms, one tne important thin" to re
member is that all these wasting, debilitat
ing diseases caused by mal nutrition almost
imariably lead on to consumption, and thi3
I clasi of obscure and obstinate diseases are
what this great "Discovery" cures.
One fact, at least, is well established.
That the "Golden Medical Discovery " doss
cure weak lungs, bleeding from lungs, obsti
nate, lingering coughs, laryngitis, bronchitis,
throat disease, and kindred affections of tho
air passages, which, if neglected or badly
treated, lead up to consumption, can no
longer be doubted in view of the many thou
sands of well-established cures of such cases
reported by the most trustworthy citizens.
Many of these cases have been pronounced
consumption aud incurable by the best
local physicians liefore the sufferers com
menced the use of Dr. Pierce's Golden Medi
cal Discovery.
Whether the doctors have erred in their
judgment in these numerous cases or not is
not for us to decide.
Suppose we put some of these so-calletl
"incurables" in the witness box. Let us
call Mr. Harrison Smith, of Gapcreek, Wayne
County, Ky., whose cure is a conspicuous
object lesson to all sufferers from lung
troubles. "In the Spring of 1800," writes
Mr. Smith, "I took a severe cold which set
tled on my lungs and chest, and I suffered
intensely. I tried several of our best physi
cians here, and they gave up all hope of my
recovery; they said that I had consumption
and could live but a few days or weeks. Mr.
Jarnes Lorton, a neighbor, came to me and
told me to write to Dr. Pierce that he could
cure me. I did so, and he wrote me what
kind of medicine to get. I took five bottles
of Dr. Pierces Golden Medical Discovery
and now I am sound and well. I feel better
than I have in ten years. I gladly recom
mend the ' Golden Medical Discoverv ' for I
know it saved my life."
Still another witness writes: "I had a bad
cough and got so low with it that I could not
sit up." Thus writes Mrs. Mattie Gray, of
ew London, Union Co., Ark. She continues,
T ul family Physician told my hnsbantl that
I had consumption. I had pains through my
chest and spifc up blood. I took your
Golden Medical Discovery' and it cured me.
It saved my life. I don't think anyone
would die of consumption who would taka
Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery."
Mr. C. J. McNaney, of Stillwater, Wash
".g;0" County, Minn., writes: "In thespring
ot 1884, 1 vas taken ill with consumption.
and after trying everything I could hear of
and doctoring all summer, my phiciau said
1 had consumption, and that my left lunwas
nearly gone and that I could live but a short
time. About twelve bottles of Dr. Pierce's
Golden Medical Discovery brought me out all
r ght, and I cured myself of two more attacks
ol the same trouble. I am satisfied that tha
Golden Medical Discovery ' will cure con
sumption u taken m time. I consider it tho
best medicine in the world for the diseases for
which it is recommended."
"Last summer I was taken with diarrhea
of the very worst kind," writes Mrs. Kate H.
Summerson, oi Emporium, Cameron Co., Pa.
' I doctored a great deal, and for a time was
better, but the trouble soon came on again
worse than ever, and it went so long it be
came chronic. I doctored again and got
worse all the time. I had no appetite, and
was so run-down I felt badly all over.
"A lady friend told me to try Dr. Pierce's
medicines. I took four bottles of 'Golden
Medical Discovery 'and three vials of 'Pleas
ant Pellets.' Am entirely cured. I never
felt better, and I owe it all to Dr. Pierde's
medicines."
All high clas3 medicine dealers sell Dr.
Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery.
Dr. Pierce's Common Sense Medical Adviser
is full of useful knowledge from title page to
finish. A copy of it will save health and
money in the home. It may be had in paper
covers for the bare cost of mailing. Send
twenty-one one-cent stamps to the World's
Dispensary Medical Association. Buffalo, N.
Y., for it. For ten cents extra (3 1 cents in all)
the book will be sent in cloth binding.
Guns at Chaucellorsville.
J. T. James, Co. C, 4th U. S. Art., Union,
Kan., writes: "I find that my little inquiry
about the saving of those guns at Chancellors
ville has brought out a great many claimants
for the honor. Now, some of the comrades
are certainly mistaken. One says it was
Kirby's battery that was saved, and by the
148th Pa., commanded by Col. James A.
Beaver. Col. Beaver writes me that he was
wounded early in the action, and moved to
the opposite side of the river, and that ha
thinks it was saved by the 110th Pa. I saw
the statement of Gen. St. Clair Mulholland,
aud Corp'l Lebroke. They agree that tho
infantry regiment formerly referred to was
the 116th Pa., and that the guns belonged to
the 5th Me. battery. I am satisfied the two
last named comrades are right. If my
memory serves me right those guns were the
12-pound Napoleon brass guns with handles.
" There was someone else who had a hand
in taking those guns from the field. Does
any comrade remember a caisson that was
only a few rods from the 5th Me. battery?
Does Gen. Mulholland iemember any man
calling on. him lor a detail of two to mount
two teams to run a caisson out of the dilemma,
and that those two men were away from their
command for several days? Dos Corp'l
Lebroke remember of a Sergeant of his bat
tery coming to that caisson and getting one
of their guns after it was inside of the line,
near the river? Who were the two men that
mounted the teams? The caisson belonged
to Co. C, 4th U. S. Art."
Was at Jonesboro.
Euos Byers, Co. E, Both III., has been
reading with interest the different stories of
comrades on the Jonesboro light. He writes
that his regiment was in the Third Brigade,
Second Division, and took part in the charge
on the battery'. Col. Dilworth was wonndu I
while leading the brigade. Lieut.-Col. Lang
Icy, 125th 111., commanded the brigade at tho
close of the battle. The 85th HI., 80th 111..
125th 111. 22d Ind. and 52d Ohio compesed,
the command.

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